TWI614074B - Multi axis drilling machine capable of adjusting drill bit in two dimensions - Google Patents

Multi axis drilling machine capable of adjusting drill bit in two dimensions Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI614074B
TWI614074B TW105107127A TW105107127A TWI614074B TW I614074 B TWI614074 B TW I614074B TW 105107127 A TW105107127 A TW 105107127A TW 105107127 A TW105107127 A TW 105107127A TW I614074 B TWI614074 B TW I614074B
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
drill bit
sliding
power
driving
sliding seat
Prior art date
Application number
TW105107127A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201731614A (en
Inventor
余敏守
Original Assignee
余敏守
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 余敏守 filed Critical 余敏守
Priority to TW105107127A priority Critical patent/TWI614074B/en
Publication of TW201731614A publication Critical patent/TW201731614A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI614074B publication Critical patent/TWI614074B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit, mainly through a displacement driving unit which can respectively drive the bit to be displaced in two different directions, thereby driving the bit displacement to change the processing hole distance, and more capable of drilling When the number of holes is changed, the vertical displacement of the drill bit is driven away from the working state, so that the whole of the invention is not limited to the processing of the multiple of the number of drill bits, the degree of freedom of processing is increased, and the added value of the overall product is improved accordingly.

Description

Multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensional adjustment of drill bits
The present invention provides a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit, which is related to a turning machine.
Press, the drilling machine is a common processing tool, and the general drilling machine is mostly a single-axis drilling machine, that is, a processing machine that can only complete one hole in one process. However, with the diversification of processing and the processing area Amplification, the efficiency of the single-axis processing machine is no longer sufficient.
Therefore, a multi-axis drilling machine A has appeared on the market as shown in Fig. 1. The multi-axis drilling machine A directly uses a turntable A1 and a plurality of adjusting blocks A2 to adjust a plurality of drill bits A3, and provides multi-axis drilling operation through the structural configuration. However, the multi-axis drilling machine A is still limited in processing due to the limitation of the same axial center configuration, and cannot be applied if multiple drilling operations are to be arranged in a straight line; and the turntable A1 of the multi-axis drilling machine A It has multi-directional degrees of freedom, but lacks positioning design. As a result, each of the drill bits that are positioned and changed by each of the adjustment blocks cannot withstand large torque work, and it is easy to generate offset during the processing process and reduce the production yield;
Accordingly, another multi-axis drilling machine B is proposed as shown in FIG. 2. The multi-axis drilling machine B has a plurality of slides B1 combined with the drill bit, and can simultaneously drill a plurality of holes to improve work efficiency. The sliding block B1 of the multi-axis drilling machine B is slidably disposed on a screw B2, and one of the sliding blocks B1 is fixedly coupled to a passive screw B3. The passive screw B3 is screwed on the screw B2. The screw B2 can be rotated by a knob B4, and the rotation of the knob B4 can drive the passive screw B3 and the sliding block B1 fixedly coupled with the passive screw B3, thereby changing one of the drills to the screw B2. The upper position facilitates the drilling of different pitches, and the stable structural configuration improves the working torque range and can be applied to the linear drilling of porous drilling.
However, since each of the drill bits of the multi-axis drilling machine B is slidably disposed on the screw B2 through the sliding block B1, so that the drill bits are located at the same horizontal position, each of the drill bits is in the multi-axis drilling machine B. When processing, both are in the processing position. Therefore, the number of drill holes processed by the multi-axis drilling machine B will be limited to the work of multiples of the drill bit. In the example of Fig. 2, the multi-axis drilling machine B is set. For the four sets of slides B1, the number of holes drilled by the multi-axis drill B will be limited to a multiple of four drilling operations, thus resulting in more processing constraints and the need for improvement. In view of this, the inventors have devoted themselves to research and intensively conceived, and after many research and development trials, finally invented a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensional adjustment of the drill bit.
The invention provides a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensional adjustment of a drill bit, the main purpose of which is to improve the work of the general multi-axis drilling machine which can only be limited to the multiple of the number of drill bits, and there is a lack of processing limitations.
To achieve the foregoing objective, the present invention provides a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit, comprising:
a slot, a slot is opened along a first direction, and the first direction is a second direction;
a driving power source is disposed on the base;
The at least one first movable drill bit includes a first power connecting rod, a first sliding seat, a first drill bit and a first displacement driving unit, and one end of the first power connecting rod is dynamically coupled to the driving power source. The other end of the first power connecting rod is coupled to the first sliding seat, and the two ends of the first power connecting rod respectively connect the driving power source and the first sliding seat with a universal joint, and the first drill bit group Provided on the first sliding seat and dynamically coupled to the first power connecting rod, and the first displacement driving unit drives the first sliding seat to linearly displace in the first direction;
The at least one second movable drill bit includes a second power connecting rod, a second sliding seat, a second drill bit and a second displacement driving unit, and one end of the second power connecting rod is dynamically coupled to the driving power source. The other end of the second power connecting rod is coupled to the second sliding seat. The second sliding seat is received in the sliding slot and is limited to a fixed first direction position, and both ends of the second power connecting rod The driving power source and the second sliding seat are respectively connected by a universal joint, and the second drill set is disposed on the second sliding seat and is dynamically coupled to the second power connecting rod, and the second displacement driving unit is driven The second carriage is linearly displaced along the second direction.
The invention mainly provides a displacement driving unit which can respectively drive the bit to be displaced in two different directions, thereby driving the bit displacement to change the processing hole distance, and more capable of driving the bit vertical displacement away from the working state when the number of holes is changed, according to which The overall invention is not limited to the processing of the multiple of the number of drill bits, the degree of freedom of processing is increased, and the added value of the overall product is thereby increased.
The embodiment of the invention provides a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit, as shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 8 , comprising:
A frame 20 is defined by a peripheral wall 21, and the peripheral wall 21 has a closed contour. The peripheral wall 21 of the base 20 extends through a sliding slot 211. The sliding slot 211 is along a first direction D1. An extension length; and a side of the peripheral wall 21 where the sliding slot 211 is disposed is a bottom side Sd, and a reverse side is a top side Su, and the first direction D1 is a second direction D2, and the first direction D1 is perpendicular to each other. The second direction D2 is a third direction D3;
a driving power source 30, disposed on the top side Su of the peripheral wall 21 of the base 20;
The at least one first movable drill bit 40 includes a first power connecting rod 41, a first sliding seat 42, a first drill 43, a first displacement driving unit 44, and a first linear guiding unit 45. One end of the first power connecting rod 41 is electrically coupled to the driving power source 30 , and the other end of the first power connecting rod 41 is coupled to the first sliding seat 42 , and the two ends of the first power connecting rod 41 are respectively 10,000 The driving power source 30 and the first sliding seat 42 are coupled to the joint, and the first drill 43 is assembled to the first sliding seat 42 and is coupled to the first power connecting rod 41, and the first displacement driving unit The first sliding seat 42 is linearly displaced along the first direction D1; the first sliding seat 42 is an L-shaped block and is divided into a guiding section 421 and a sliding section 422, wherein the guiding section 421 is a sliding section 422 extending in a third direction D3, wherein the sliding section 422 extends in a second direction D2, the first power connecting rod 41 is coupled to the sliding section 422 of the first sliding seat 42, and the first The sliding block 42 is slidably inserted into the sliding slot 211 by the sliding section 422;
The first displacement driving unit 44 of the embodiment of FIG. 3 to FIG. 8 includes a first displacement driving source 441, a driving member 442, and a passive member 443. The first displacement driving source 441 is a driving motor. The driving member 442 is a screw, and the passive member 443 is a nut; the first displacement driving source 441 is disposed outside the housing 20, the driving member 442 is screwed with the passive member 443, and the driving member 442 is along the first The direction D1 extends and is rotatably disposed in the base 20 and passes through the guiding portion 421 of the first sliding seat 42 , and the passive member 443 is fixedly coupled to the first sliding seat 42 , and the first displacement driving The driving unit 442 is coupled to the driving member 442 and can drive the driving member 442 to rotate. The first linear guiding unit 45 includes a first linear sliding rail 451 and a first linear guiding unit 45. a first slider 452 extending along the first direction D1 and disposed inside the bottom side Sd of the base 20, and the position of the first linear slide 451 is connected to the first power The positions of the rods 41 are respectively in different third direction D3 positions, and the first slider 452 is slidably sleeved in the first direction D1. A linear slide 451, the first carriage 42 and then fixedly coupled to the first slider 452; and
The at least one second movable drill bit set 50 includes a second power connecting rod 51, a second sliding block 52, a second drill bit 53, a second displacement driving unit 54, and a second linear guiding unit 55. One end of the second power connecting rod 51 extends from the base 20 to be coupled to the driving power source 30 , the other end of the second power connecting rod 51 is coupled to the second sliding seat 52 , and two of the second power connecting rod 51 The driving power source 30 and the second sliding seat 52 are respectively connected by a universal joint, and the second drill 53 is assembled to the second sliding seat 52 and is dynamically coupled to the second power connecting rod 51, and the The second displacement driving unit 54 drives the second sliding block 52 to linearly displace in the second direction D2; the second displacement driving unit 54 is coupled to the second sliding base 52 at a position coupled to the second power connecting rod 51. The position of the second sliding seat 52 is located at a different first direction D1, and the second sliding seat 52 is received in the sliding slot 211 and is limited to the fixed first direction D1; and the second The linear guiding unit 55 includes a second linear slide 551 and a second slider 552. The second linear slide 551 The second direction D2 extends and is disposed inside the base 20, and the second slider 552 is slidably sleeved on the second linear slide 551 along the second direction D2, and the second slide 52 The second displacement driving unit 54 of the embodiment is a pressure cylinder.
The above is a structural configuration and a feature of the multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting the drill bit according to the embodiment of the present invention. In operation, the driving power source 30 passes through the first power connecting rod 41 and the second power connecting rod 51. Driving the first drill bit 43 and the second drill bit 53 to rotate to work, so that the drilling work of the two holes can be simultaneously performed;
When the pitch of the hole is adjusted, the first displacement driving source 441 of the first displacement driving unit 44 is driven. The first displacement driving source 441 drives the driving member 442 to rotate, and is screwed on the driving member 442. The passive member 443 can be linearly displaced along the driving member 442, and at the same time, the first sliding seat 42 coupled to the passive member 443 is linearly displaced in the first direction D1, thereby driving the first bit 43 to be displaced and changing. The spacing between the second drill bits 53 changes the pitch of the holes after processing.
The first linear guiding unit 45 can ensure that the first sliding seat 42 is linearly displaced along the first direction D1 smoothly. In addition, in order to make the linear displacement of the first sliding seat 42 smoother and smoother, An auxiliary linear guiding unit 46 can be disposed on the inner side of the base 20 near the top side Su. The auxiliary linear guiding unit 46 includes an auxiliary linear sliding rail 461 and an auxiliary linear sliding block 462. The auxiliary linear sliding rail 462 The auxiliary linear slider 462 is slidably sleeved on the auxiliary linear slide 461, and the two ends of the connecting plate 463 are fixedly coupled to the first sliding seat 42 and Auxiliary linear slider 462, according to which the first slider 42 is restricted by the first linear guiding unit 45 located at the bottom side Sd and the auxiliary linear guiding unit 46 located at the top side Su, and can be smoothly and determined The ground slides along the first direction D1 to improve the stability and accuracy of the actuation.
The state shown in FIGS. 3, 4, 6, and 7 is the state in which the first drill bit 43 and the second drill bit 53 are equal in height, and the processing state at this time is limited by the multiple of the two. And when the machining aspect is not a multiple of the drilling process, the second displacement driving unit 54 is driven to displace the second displacement driving unit 54 in the second direction D2 and drive the second sliding block 52 along The second direction D2 is displaced, whereby the position of the second drill bit 53 in the second direction D2 is displaced from the first drill bit 43, so that the drilling of the singular number of holes can be performed, as shown in FIG.
It can be seen from the above that the first displacement driving source 441 of the first displacement driving unit 44 can change the processing pitch, and the operation is simple and the operation convenience can be improved; the second displacement driving unit 54 can be changed. By processing the number of holes, the present invention can perform even or singular number of holes processing, and improve processing freedom and product added value; and the present invention is further provided with the first linear guiding unit 45 and the second linear guiding unit 55. And assisting the linear guiding unit 46, thereby ensuring that the first sliding seat 42 and the second sliding seat 52 can be linearly displaced stably and stably, thereby improving the accuracy and stability of driving.
<Prior technology>
A‧‧‧Multi-axis drilling machine
A1‧‧‧ turntable
A2‧‧‧ adjustment block
A3‧‧‧ drill bit
B‧‧‧Multi-axis drilling machine
B1‧‧‧ slide
B2‧‧‧ screw
B3‧‧‧ Passive screw
B4‧‧‧ Knob <present invention>
20‧‧‧ machine base
21‧‧‧Wall
211‧‧ ‧ chute
22‧‧‧Assembly space
30‧‧‧Drive power source
40‧‧‧First movable drill bit set
41‧‧‧First power link
42‧‧‧First slide
421‧‧‧ guiding section
422‧‧‧Sliding section
43‧‧‧First drill bit
44‧‧‧First displacement drive unit
441‧‧‧First displacement drive source
442‧‧‧ drive parts
443‧‧‧ Passive parts
444‧‧‧ drive shaft
45‧‧‧First linear guide unit
451‧‧‧First linear slide
452‧‧‧First slider
46‧‧‧Auxiliary linear guide unit
461‧‧‧Auxiliary linear slide
462‧‧‧Auxiliary linear slider
463‧‧‧Link board
50‧‧‧Second movable drill bit set
51‧‧‧Second power link
52‧‧‧Second slide
53‧‧‧second drill bit
54‧‧‧Second displacement drive unit
55‧‧‧Second linear guide unit
551‧‧‧Second linear slide
552‧‧‧Second slider
D1‧‧‧ first direction
D2‧‧‧ second direction
D3‧‧‧ third direction
Sd‧‧‧ bottom side
Su‧‧‧ top side
Figure 1 is a schematic illustration of a conventional multi-axis drilling machine. Figure 2 is a schematic illustration of another conventional multi-axis drill. Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the three-dimensional structure of a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to the present invention. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a three-dimensional structure of a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to the present invention. Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing another perspective view of a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to the present invention. Figure 6 is a plan sectional view showing a multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to the present invention. Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing the state of use of one of the drill bit horizontal displacements of the multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting the drill bit of the present invention. Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing the use state of one of the drill bit vertical displacements of the multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting the drill bit according to the present invention.
20‧‧‧ machine base
21‧‧‧Week wall
211‧‧ ‧ chute
22‧‧‧Assembly space
30‧‧‧Drive power source
40‧‧‧First movable drill bit set
41‧‧‧First power link
42‧‧‧First slide
43‧‧‧First drill bit
441‧‧‧First displacement drive source
442‧‧‧ drive parts
443‧‧‧ Passive parts
45‧‧‧First linear guide unit
451‧‧‧First linear slide
452‧‧‧First slider
461‧‧‧Auxiliary linear slide
463‧‧‧Link board
50‧‧‧Second movable drill bit set
51‧‧‧Second power link
52‧‧‧Second slide
53‧‧‧second drill bit
54‧‧‧Second displacement drive unit
55‧‧‧Second linear guide unit
551‧‧‧Second linear slide
552‧‧‧Second slider
D1‧‧‧ first direction
D2‧‧‧ second direction
D3‧‧‧ third direction
Sd‧‧‧ bottom side
Su‧‧‧ top side

Claims (7)

  1. A multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit, comprising: a base, a slot is opened along a first direction, and the first direction is a second direction; a driving power source is disposed at the base At least one first movable drill bit set includes a first power connecting rod, a first sliding seat, a first drill bit and a first displacement driving unit, and one end of the first power connecting rod and the driving power source are powered Connecting, the other end of the first power connecting rod is coupled to the first sliding seat, and the two ends of the first power connecting rod respectively connect the driving power source and the first sliding seat with a universal joint, and the first a bit set is disposed on the first sliding seat and is dynamically coupled to the first power connecting rod, and the first displacement driving unit drives the first sliding seat to linearly displace in the first direction; and at least one second movable drill bit set, The second power connecting rod includes a second power connecting rod, a second sliding seat, a second drill bit and a second displacement driving unit. One end of the second power connecting rod is electrically coupled to the driving power source, and the second power connecting rod is further One end links the second slip The second sliding seat is received in the sliding slot and is limited to the fixed first direction position, and the two ends of the second power connecting rod respectively connect the driving power source with the universal joint and the first sliding joint a second sliding block is disposed on the second sliding seat and is dynamically coupled to the second power connecting rod, and the second displacement driving unit drives the second sliding seat to linearly displace in the second direction.
  2. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 1, wherein the base defines an assembly space surrounded by a wall, the peripheral wall is a closed contour, and the peripheral wall of the base The sliding slot is formed through the slot, and the side of the peripheral wall where the sliding slot is disposed is a bottom side, and the opposite side is a top side, and the driving power source is disposed on a top side of the peripheral wall of the base.
  3. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 1, wherein the first direction and the second direction are respectively a third direction, and the first sliding seat is L-shaped. The block is divided into a guiding section and a sliding section. The guiding section is a structure extending from the sliding section in a third direction, and the sliding section extends in a second direction, and the first power connecting rod is coupled to the The sliding section of the first sliding seat, and the first sliding seat is slidably inserted into the sliding slot by the sliding section, and the first displacement driving unit comprises a first displacement driving source and a driving component And a passive component, the first displacement driving source is a driving motor, the driving component is a screw, and the passive component is a nut; the first displacement driving source is disposed outside the housing, and the driving component is screwed a passive member, and the driving member extends in the first direction and is rotatably disposed in the base and passes through the guiding portion of the first sliding seat, and the passive member is fixedly coupled to the first sliding seat, and the driving member is fixedly coupled to the first sliding seat The first displacement driving source protrudes into the housing with a driving shaft and is coupled with the driving member and can drive The drive member rotates.
  4. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 2, wherein the first movable drill bit group further comprises a first linear guiding unit, the first linear guiding unit comprising a first linear slide rail and a first slider extending in the first direction and disposed inside the bottom side of the base, and respectively perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction a third direction, the position of the first linear slide and the position of the first power link are respectively in different third direction positions, and the first slider can slide through the first direction The first sliding seat is fixedly coupled to the first sliding block on the first linear sliding rail.
  5. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 1, wherein the second displacement driving unit is a pressure cylinder.
  6. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 1, wherein the second movable drill bit group further comprises a second linear guiding unit, wherein the second linear guiding unit comprises a first a second linear slide rail and a second slider extending in the second direction and disposed inside the base, and the second slider is slidably sleeved in the second direction The second sliding seat is fixedly coupled to the second sliding block.
  7. The multi-axis drilling machine capable of two-dimensionally adjusting a drill bit according to claim 1, wherein a position of the second displacement driving unit coupled to the second sliding seat is coupled to the second power connecting rod The position on the second carriage is located at a different first direction position.
TW105107127A 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Multi axis drilling machine capable of adjusting drill bit in two dimensions TWI614074B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW105107127A TWI614074B (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Multi axis drilling machine capable of adjusting drill bit in two dimensions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW105107127A TWI614074B (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Multi axis drilling machine capable of adjusting drill bit in two dimensions

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TW201731614A TW201731614A (en) 2017-09-16
TWI614074B true TWI614074B (en) 2018-02-11

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200911423A (en) * 2007-09-14 2009-03-16 Ming-Shou Yu Multiple borer with different torques
TWM374924U (en) * 2009-10-07 2010-03-01 Min-Shou Yu Linear multi-axis processing machine
KR20130134212A (en) * 2012-05-30 2013-12-10 삼진산업 주식회사 Automatic drilling machine for flap door
CN203830768U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-09-17 菏泽市牡丹区金博利达精密机械有限公司 Numerically-controlled multi-axis drilling and milling machine tool with portal
CN204053478U (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-12-31 信义汽车玻璃(深圳)有限公司 A kind of drilling-milling apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200911423A (en) * 2007-09-14 2009-03-16 Ming-Shou Yu Multiple borer with different torques
TWM374924U (en) * 2009-10-07 2010-03-01 Min-Shou Yu Linear multi-axis processing machine
KR20130134212A (en) * 2012-05-30 2013-12-10 삼진산업 주식회사 Automatic drilling machine for flap door
CN203830768U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-09-17 菏泽市牡丹区金博利达精密机械有限公司 Numerically-controlled multi-axis drilling and milling machine tool with portal
CN204053478U (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-12-31 信义汽车玻璃(深圳)有限公司 A kind of drilling-milling apparatus

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