TWI600252B - Mobile charge-discharge device - Google Patents

Mobile charge-discharge device Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI600252B
TWI600252B TW105123634A TW105123634A TWI600252B TW I600252 B TWI600252 B TW I600252B TW 105123634 A TW105123634 A TW 105123634A TW 105123634 A TW105123634 A TW 105123634A TW I600252 B TWI600252 B TW I600252B
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power
charging
discharging
electrically connected
switch
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TW105123634A
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TW201701563A (en
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張欽奇
蘇恆昌
榮璋 張
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緯創資通股份有限公司
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Description

行動充放電裝置 Mobile charging and discharging device

本發明是關於一種行動充放電裝置,更特別地,是一種用於邊充邊放的行動充放電裝置。 The present invention relates to a mobile charging and discharging device, and more particularly to a mobile charging and discharging device for charging and discharging.

隨著積體電路(IC)的製程與設計越來越進步,晶片的尺寸也大幅下降,因此行動裝置的體積越來越小,功能越來越多,耗電量也與日俱增,然而在要求體積的情況下,配製在行動裝置中的電池容量也受到限制,因此為了使裝置能夠在任何時間地點皆能充電且正常運作,一種行動充電裝置(如行動電源)是必要的。 As the process and design of integrated circuit (IC) progresses, the size of the wafer is also greatly reduced. Therefore, the size of the mobile device is getting smaller and smaller, the function is more and more, and the power consumption is increasing day by day. In this case, the capacity of the battery to be formulated in the mobile device is also limited, so in order to enable the device to be charged and functioning at any time and place, a mobile charging device such as a mobile power source is necessary.

請參閱第1圖,其為行動電源的內部電路圖,由於輸入埠110為電壓5伏特的USB介面接頭,而蓄電池160為電壓4.2伏特的鋰電池,因此需要一個降壓IC 120,同樣的,鋰電池將電能傳送到輸出埠時也須要一個升壓IC,如果輸出端配製兩個輸出埠(170、180),則需要兩個升壓IC(130、140),因此在習知技術中的行動電源如要正常運作,需要三個IC與多個電阻電感(151、152、153)等被動元件,其中被動元件的體積很大,因此會占用大量的電路面積使電路設計更加困難。 Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is an internal circuit diagram of the mobile power supply. Since the input port 110 is a USB interface connector with a voltage of 5 volts, and the battery 160 is a lithium battery with a voltage of 4.2 volts, a step-down IC 120 is required. Similarly, lithium battery A boost IC is required to transfer power to the output port. If the output is configured with two output ports (170, 180), two boost ICs (130, 140) are required, so the actions in the prior art are For the power supply to operate normally, three ICs and a plurality of passive components such as resistance inductors (151, 152, 153) are required. The passive components are bulky, and thus occupy a large amount of circuit area, making circuit design more difficult.

另外,當行動電源與行動裝置皆需要充電的時候,行動電源輸入端與轉換器(adaptor)連接,輸出端與行動裝置連接,市電經由轉換器與充電電路對充電電池充電,充電電池再經由放電電路對行動裝置充電,由於被動元件的體積大且數量多,因此電流通過時會產生大量的熱,使得行動電源內部溫度可能會高達100℃,高溫的環境會縮短充電電池的壽命且可能危害使用者的安全。 In addition, when both the mobile power source and the mobile device need to be charged, the mobile power input terminal is connected to the converter (adaptor), the output terminal is connected to the mobile device, and the commercial power source charges the rechargeable battery via the converter and the charging circuit, and the rechargeable battery is discharged again. The circuit charges the mobile device. Due to the large size and the large number of passive components, a large amount of heat is generated when the current passes, so that the internal temperature of the mobile power source may be as high as 100 ° C. The high temperature environment may shorten the life of the rechargeable battery and may harm the use. The safety of the person.

有鑑於此,發明人鑒於前述習知技術之缺失,經過細心實驗與研究,本著鍥而不捨之精神,發明出本案「行動充放電裝置」,以下為本 案之說明。 In view of the above, the inventors have invented the "action charging and discharging device" in the present invention in the spirit of perseverance in view of the lack of the above-mentioned conventional techniques. Description of the case.

本發明為了克服先前技術的缺失,提出一種行動充放電裝置,係分別偵測轉換器與行動裝置所需之電壓,再以最適當的電壓供電給行動裝置以及行動充放電裝置內部的電池,以達成最佳的電池管理。 In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a mobile charging and discharging device for separately detecting the voltage required by the converter and the mobile device, and then supplying the most suitable voltage to the mobile device and the battery inside the mobile charging and discharging device. Achieve the best battery management.

本發明之一構想是一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及一第一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該第一受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率,一輸入埠,具有一第一功率提供接腳(pin)電連接於該授電電源,一輸出埠,具有一第二功率提供接腳電連接於該第一受電需電裝置,以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該第一受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置。 One embodiment of the present invention is a mobile charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an auxiliary power supply and a first power receiving and powering device. The mobile charging and discharging device includes: a detecting circuit for detecting the power supply. a first working power and a second working power of the first power receiving and demanding device, an input port having a first power supply pin (pin) electrically connected to the power supply, an output port, having a first The second power supply pin is electrically connected to the first power receiving and powering device, and a control circuit that controls the power source to supply the second power to the first power receiving device and the difference between the first power and the second power The value simultaneously supplies the action charging and discharging device.

本發明另一構想是一種電力傳輸裝置,包括:一電力儲存器,用以儲存來自透過一轉接器(adaptor)供電之一電源之一電力,一偵測電路,偵測該轉接器所能供給之一最高工作電壓;以及一控制電路,控制該電力傳輸裝置以該最高工作電壓儲存該電力。 Another embodiment of the present invention is a power transmission device comprising: a power storage device for storing power from a power supply through an adapter, a detection circuit, and detecting the adapter One of the highest operating voltages can be supplied; and a control circuit that controls the power transmission device to store the power at the highest operating voltage.

本發明又一構想是一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率;以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置。 Another embodiment of the present invention is a mobile charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an electric power supply and a power receiving and powering device. The mobile charging and discharging device includes: a detecting circuit for detecting one of the power receiving power supplies a working power and a second operating power of the power receiving device; and a control circuit for controlling the power source to supply the power receiving device to the power receiving device and the difference between the first power and the second power Power the charging and discharging device.

110、210、310、410、510、610、710‧‧‧輸入埠 110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610, 710‧‧‧ Input 埠

120‧‧‧降壓IC 120‧‧‧Buck IC

130、140‧‧‧升壓IC 130, 140‧‧‧Boost IC

151、280‧‧‧電阻 151, 280‧‧‧ resistance

152、153、270‧‧‧電感 152, 153, 270‧ ‧ inductance

160‧‧‧蓄電池 160‧‧‧Battery

170、180、220、320、520、620‧‧‧輸出埠 170, 180, 220, 320, 520, 620‧‧‧ Output埠

200、300、400、500、600、700‧‧‧行動充放電裝置 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700‧‧‧ action charging and discharging devices

2101、3101、4101、5101、6101‧‧‧第一功率提供接腳 2101, 3101, 4101, 5101, 6101‧‧‧ first power supply pin

2102、3102、4102‧‧‧第一數據提供接腳 2102, 3102, 4102‧‧‧ First data supply pin

2201、3201、5201、6201‧‧‧第二功率提供接腳 2201, 3201, 5201, 6201‧‧‧second power supply pin

2202、3202‧‧‧第二數據提供接腳 2202, 3202‧‧‧Second data supply pin

230、330、430、530、630、730‧‧‧控制電路 230, 330, 430, 530, 630, 730‧‧‧ control circuits

231、531、631‧‧‧第一開關 231, 531, 631‧‧‧ first switch

2311、5311、6311‧‧‧第一端 2311, 5311, 6311‧‧‧ first end

2312、5312、6312‧‧‧第二端 2312, 5312, 6312‧‧‧ second end

232、532、632‧‧‧第二開關 232, 532, 632‧‧‧ second switch

2321、5321、6321‧‧‧第三端 2321, 5321, 6321‧‧‧ third end

2322、5322、6322‧‧‧第四端 2322, 5322, 6322‧‧‧ fourth end

333、633‧‧‧第三開關 333, 633‧‧‧ third switch

3331、6331‧‧‧第五端 3331, 6331‧‧‧ fifth end

3332、6332‧‧‧第六端 3332, 6332‧‧‧ sixth end

334‧‧‧第四開關 334‧‧‧fourth switch

3341‧‧‧第七端 3341‧‧‧ seventh end

3342‧‧‧第八端 3342‧‧‧ eighth end

370、470、670、770‧‧‧第二輸出埠 370, 470, 670, 770‧‧‧ second output埠

3701、4701、6701‧‧‧第三功率提供接腳 3701, 4701, 6701‧‧‧ third power supply pin

3702‧‧‧第三數據提供接腳 3702‧‧‧ Third data supply pin

240、340、440、540、640、740‧‧‧充放電模組 240, 340, 440, 540, 640, 740 ‧ ‧ charge and discharge modules

250、350、450、550、650、750‧‧‧偵測電路 250, 350, 450, 550, 650, 750‧‧‧ detection circuits

260、360、460、560、660‧‧‧電力儲存器 260, 360, 460, 560, 660‧‧‧ power storage

4501‧‧‧第一偵測子電路 4501‧‧‧First detection subcircuit

4502‧‧‧第二偵測子電路 4502‧‧‧Second detection subcircuit

420、720‧‧‧第一輸出埠 420, 720‧‧‧ first output埠

480‧‧‧微控制單元 480‧‧‧Micro Control Unit

第1圖為習知技術之行動電源示意圖;第2圖為本發明構想之第一較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖;第3圖為本發明構想之第二較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖;第4圖為本發明構想之第三較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖; 第5圖為本發明構想之第四較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖;第6圖為本發明構想之第五較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖;第7圖為本發明構想之第六較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置示意圖。 1 is a schematic diagram of a mobile power supply according to a prior art; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a mobile charging and discharging device according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention; and FIG. 3 is a motion charging of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention. Schematic diagram of a discharge device; FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a mobile charging and discharging device according to a third preferred embodiment of the present invention; 5 is a schematic diagram of a mobile charging and discharging device according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a mobile charging and discharging device according to a fifth preferred embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the present invention A schematic diagram of a mobile charging and discharging device of a sixth preferred embodiment.

本發明可由以下的實施例而得到充分瞭解,使得本領域之技術人員可據以完成之,然而所討論的具體實施例僅是說明使用本發明的特定方式,並不會限制本發明的範圍,本領域之技術人員可依據所揭露之實施例而推演出其他實施例,該等實施例皆屬本發明之範圍。 The present invention is fully understood by the following examples, which are to be understood by those skilled in the art, Other embodiments may be devised by those skilled in the art in light of the disclosed embodiments, which are within the scope of the invention.

請參閱第2圖,其為本發明構想之第一較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置200,包括輸入埠210、輸出埠220、控制電路230、第一開關231、第二開關232、充放電模組240、偵測電路250、電力儲存器260。 Please refer to FIG. 2 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 200 according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, including an input port 210 , an output port 220 , a control circuit 230 , a first switch 231 , a second switch 232 , and charging and discharging . The module 240, the detection circuit 250, and the power storage 260.

輸入埠210及輸出埠220較佳地為一通用序列匯流排(Universal Serial Bus,USB)介面,且各自選自由Type A、Type B、Type C、Mini-A、Mini-B、Micro-A、Micro-B、USB 3.0 Type A、USB 3.0 Type B與USB 3.0 Micro B所組成的群組其中之一,輸入埠210電連接於一轉接器(adaptor)(未示出)並具有第一功率提供接腳(pin)2101接收連接於市電電源的轉接器電源,輸出埠220電連接於受電需電裝置(未示出),該受電需電裝置較佳為一行動裝置(或可攜式裝置),且亦可選自由行動電話、平板電腦、音樂播放器、行動電源、與任何適用於USB介面的行動裝置所組成的群組其中之一,其中轉接器所能提供的電壓、電流等資訊經由輸入埠210的第一功率提供接腳2101或第一數據提供接腳2102傳送到控制電路230與偵測電路250,且行動裝置所能接收的電壓、電流等資訊透過輸出埠220的第二功率提供接腳2201或第二數據提供接腳2202傳送到控制電路230與偵測電路250,且電力儲存器260選自由鎳氫電池、鎳鎘電池、鋰電池、鋰聚合物電池或任何具有可重複充放電功能之蓄電池所組成的群組其中之一。 The input port 210 and the output port 220 are preferably a Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface, and are each selected from Type A, Type B, Type C, Mini-A, Mini-B, Micro-A, One of the groups consisting of Micro-B, USB 3.0 Type A, USB 3.0 Type B and USB 3.0 Micro B, the input port 210 is electrically connected to an adaptor (not shown) and has a first power A pin 2101 is provided to receive an adapter power supply connected to the mains power supply, and the output port 220 is electrically connected to the power receiving device (not shown), and the power receiving device is preferably a mobile device (or portable device) Device), and optionally one of a group of mobile phones, tablets, music players, mobile power, and any mobile device suitable for the USB interface, where the voltage and current provided by the adapter The information is transmitted to the control circuit 230 and the detection circuit 250 via the first power supply pin 2101 or the first data supply pin 2102 of the input port 210, and the voltage, current, and the like that can be received by the mobile device are transmitted through the output port 220. The second power supply pin 2201 or the second data supply pin 22 02 is transmitted to the control circuit 230 and the detection circuit 250, and the power storage 260 is selected from the group consisting of a nickel-hydrogen battery, a nickel-cadmium battery, a lithium battery, a lithium polymer battery, or any battery having a rechargeable and dischargeable function. one.

充放電模組240較佳地為一具有快速充放電功能的積體電路 (IC)(未示出),包括控制電路230與偵測電路250,且具有5V/9V/12V的充放電功能。值得注意的是,本案所提之「快速充放電」、「快速充電」、「快速放電」係指與習知技術相比較為快速,並不限定於特定的協定內容,且9V/12V僅表示高於習用技術所用5V電壓之較佳實施例,本發明內容並不限定於此二電壓值。 The charging and discharging module 240 is preferably an integrated circuit with a fast charge and discharge function. (IC) (not shown) includes a control circuit 230 and a detection circuit 250, and has a charge and discharge function of 5V/9V/12V. It is worth noting that the "quick charge and discharge", "fast charge" and "rapid discharge" mentioned in this case are faster than the prior art and are not limited to specific agreement contents, and 9V/12V only indicates The preferred embodiment is higher than the 5V voltage used in the conventional technology, and the present invention is not limited to the two voltage values.

當輸入埠210與輸出埠220分別電連接於轉接器(未示出)與行動裝置(未示出)時,表示使用者欲同時對行動裝置以及行動充放電裝置內部之鋰電池充電,偵測電路250偵測行動裝置所能接收之最大功率(後稱第二功率),以及偵測轉接器所能提供之最大功率(後稱第一功率),值得注意的是,在本發明中最大功率可替換成等效之最大電壓與等效之最大電流。與習知技術不同的是,控制電路230經由一旁路電路直接使輸入埠之第一功率提供接腳與輸出埠之第二功率提供接腳電連接,而不經過行動充放電裝置內部之鋰電池,該旁路電路較佳地以第一開關來實現,第一開關231具有第一端2311電連接於第一功率提供接腳2101與充放電模組240,及第二端2312電連接於第二功率提供接腳2201。當第一功率大於第二功率時,控制電路230控制轉接器與第一開關231使轉接器以第二功率供電行動裝置,以及以第一功率及第二功率之差值供電電力儲存器260,當第一功率小於第二功率時,控制電路230控制轉接器與第一開關231使轉接器以第一功率供電行動裝置,也就是說,控制電路230會將轉接器所提供之功率優先分配給行動裝置,讓行動裝置可以優先回復工作狀態以利使用者使用,且不需先將電能儲存至鋰電池,再由鋰電池放電,不需充電IC、鋰電池與放電IC三者之間的多個開關,減少鋰電池的充放電次數以及電流經過額外主被動元件時所產生之熱能,可增加行動充放電裝置內部鋰電池之使用壽命與充電轉換效率,另外,本發明將習知技術中的充電IC與放電IC整合成一快速充放電IC,因此充放電模組與鋰電池之間只需耦合一組電感270與電阻280,減少被動元件的數量可減少電路設計的面積及行動充放電裝置的體積,或是在固定體積下增加鋰電池容量。 When the input port 210 and the output port 220 are electrically connected to an adapter (not shown) and a mobile device (not shown), respectively, it indicates that the user wants to charge the lithium battery inside the mobile device and the mobile charging and discharging device at the same time. The measuring circuit 250 detects the maximum power that the mobile device can receive (hereinafter referred to as the second power), and detects the maximum power that the adapter can provide (hereinafter referred to as the first power). It is worth noting that in the present invention The maximum power can be replaced by the equivalent maximum voltage and the equivalent maximum current. Different from the prior art, the control circuit 230 directly connects the first power supply pin of the input port to the second power supply pin of the output port via a bypass circuit without passing through the lithium battery inside the action charging and discharging device. The bypass circuit is preferably implemented by a first switch. The first switch 231 has a first end 2311 electrically connected to the first power providing pin 2101 and the charging and discharging module 240, and the second end 2312 is electrically connected to the first end. The second power supply pin 2201. When the first power is greater than the second power, the control circuit 230 controls the adapter and the first switch 231 to cause the adapter to supply the mobile device with the second power, and supplies the power storage with the difference between the first power and the second power. 260. When the first power is less than the second power, the control circuit 230 controls the adapter and the first switch 231 to cause the adapter to supply the mobile device with the first power, that is, the control circuit 230 provides the adapter. The power is preferentially allocated to the mobile device, so that the mobile device can preferentially return to the working state for the user to use, and does not need to first store the electrical energy to the lithium battery, and then discharge the lithium battery, without charging the IC, the lithium battery and the discharging IC. A plurality of switches between the two, reducing the number of times of charge and discharge of the lithium battery and the heat energy generated when the current passes through the additional active and passive components, can increase the service life and charge conversion efficiency of the lithium battery inside the mobile charging and discharging device, and the present invention The charging IC and the discharge IC in the technology are integrated into a fast charge and discharge IC, so only a set of inductors 270 and resistors 280 need to be coupled between the charge and discharge module and the lithium battery to reduce the passive The number of components can reduce the area of the circuit design and the volume of the mobile charging and discharging device, or increase the capacity of the lithium battery in a fixed volume.

舉例來說,當轉接器最高可提供第一功率18W時,若行動裝置最高能接收第二功率10W,控制電路230控制第一開關231為ON-STATE, 使10W的電能直接傳送到行動裝置而不經過行動充放電裝置之內部電路,且將第一、第二功率兩者差值8W儲存到電力儲存器260。而當轉接器最高可提供第一功率10W時,而行動裝置最高能接收第二功率18W時,此時第一功率小於第二功率,因此控制電路230將電能全部傳送到行動裝置,電力儲存器260不會儲存任何電能,直到行動裝置完成充電,控制電路230再控制第一開關231為OFF-STATE,並將轉接器提供之10W對電力儲存器260充電。 For example, when the adapter can provide the first power 18W, if the mobile device can receive the second power 10W, the control circuit 230 controls the first switch 231 to be an ON-STATE. 10 W of electric energy is directly transmitted to the mobile device without passing through the internal circuit of the mobile charging and discharging device, and the difference between the first and second powers is stored in the power storage 260. When the adapter can provide the first power 10W, and the mobile device can receive the second power 18W, the first power is less than the second power, so the control circuit 230 transmits all the power to the mobile device, and the power storage The device 260 does not store any power until the mobile device completes charging, and the control circuit 230 controls the first switch 231 to be OFF-STATE and charges the power storage 260 by 10W provided by the adapter.

本發明之第一開關、第二開關及第三開關較佳地以PMOS或NMOS的組合來實現,且ON-STATE意味著開關閉合的導通狀態,OFF-STATE意味著開關打開的斷路狀態。 The first switch, the second switch and the third switch of the present invention are preferably implemented in a combination of PMOS or NMOS, and ON-STATE means the on state of the switch closure, and OFF-STATE means the open state of the switch opening.

另外,第二開關232具第三端2321電連接至充放電模組240,及第四端2322電連接於第二功率提供接腳2201,當移除轉接器之電源時,控制電路控制第一開關為OFF-STATE,第二開關232保持ON-STATE,以使行動裝置由行動充放電裝置200之電力儲存器260供電,由於快速充放電模組具有5V/9V/12V的充放電功能,因此能夠以行動裝置所能接受之最高電壓對行動裝置充電,達到快速充電的效果。 In addition, the second switch 232 has a third end 2321 electrically connected to the charging and discharging module 240, and the fourth end 2322 is electrically connected to the second power providing pin 2201. When the power of the adapter is removed, the control circuit controls the second One switch is OFF-STATE, and the second switch 232 is kept ON-STATE, so that the mobile device is powered by the power storage 260 of the mobile charging and discharging device 200. Since the fast charging and discharging module has a charging and discharging function of 5V/9V/12V, Therefore, the mobile device can be charged at the highest voltage that the mobile device can accept, achieving the effect of fast charging.

請參閱第3圖,其為本發明構想之第二較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置300,第3圖與第2圖的電路配製方式相似,差異處在於第3圖的行動充放電裝置300更包括第二輸出埠370、第三開關333與第四開關334,其中第二輸出埠370具有第三功率提供接腳3701與第三數據提供接腳3702,第三開關333具有第五端3331電連接於第一功率接腳3101及充放電模組340,以及第六端3332電連接於第三功率提供接腳3701,第四開關334具有第七端3341電連接於充放電模組340,以及第八端3342電連接於第三功率提供接腳3701。第二輸出埠370電連接於第二行動裝置(未示出),第二行動裝置所能接收的電壓、電流等資訊經由輸出埠370的第三功率提供接腳3701或第三數據提供接腳3702傳送到控制電路330與偵測電路350。 Please refer to FIG. 3 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 300 according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention. The circuit configuration of FIG. 3 and FIG. 2 is similar, and the difference lies in the mobile charging and discharging device 300 of FIG. 3 . The second switch 370, the third switch 333 and the fourth switch 334 are further included, wherein the second output port 370 has a third power supply pin 3701 and a third data providing pin 3702, and the third switch 333 has a fifth end 3331. The first power pin 3101 and the charging and discharging module 340 are electrically connected to the first power pin 3101, and the sixth end 3332 is electrically connected to the third power supply pin 3701. The fourth switch 334 has a seventh end 3341 electrically connected to the charging and discharging module 340. And the eighth end 3342 is electrically connected to the third power supply pin 3701. The second output port 370 is electrically connected to the second mobile device (not shown). The voltage, current, and the like that can be received by the second mobile device are provided via the third power supply pin 3701 or the third data providing pin of the output port 370. 3702 is transmitted to control circuit 330 and detection circuit 350.

當兩輸出埠皆電連接於行動裝置時,偵測電路350偵測兩個輸出埠所接之行動裝置所需充電電壓以及轉接器所能輸出之電壓,其中控制電路控制第一、三開關為ON-STATE,第二、四開關為OFF-STATE,以使行動裝置直接由轉接器之電源供電,由於不同的行動裝置與不同的轉接器 其所需及所供之電壓可能不相同,舉例來說,如果轉接器提供5V/9V的輸出電壓,當輸出的兩個裝置皆適用9V之快速充電時,則控制電路340控制轉接器使之輸出9V電壓以對兩裝置進行快速充電。當第一輸出埠所接裝置僅可接收5V之電壓,而第二輸出埠所接裝置最高可接收9V之電壓時,控制電路340控制轉接器使之仍僅輸出5V電壓以保護第一輸出埠所接裝置。 When both output ports are electrically connected to the mobile device, the detecting circuit 350 detects the required charging voltage of the mobile device connected to the two output ports and the voltage that the adapter can output, wherein the control circuit controls the first and third switches. For ON-STATE, the second and fourth switches are OFF-STATE, so that the mobile device is powered directly from the power supply of the adapter, due to different mobile devices and different adapters. The voltage required and supplied may be different. For example, if the adapter provides an output voltage of 5V/9V, when both devices of the output are suitable for fast charging of 9V, the control circuit 340 controls the adapter. It is outputted with a voltage of 9V to quickly charge both devices. When the device connected to the first output port can only receive a voltage of 5V, and the device connected to the second output port can receive a voltage of up to 9V, the control circuit 340 controls the adapter to still output only 5V voltage to protect the first output.埠 Connected device.

當移除轉接器之電源時,控制電路控制第一、三開關為OFF-STATE,第二、四開關為ON-STATE,以使行動裝置由行動充放電裝置300之電力儲存器360供電,由於快速充放電模組具有5V/9V/12V的充放電功能,因此可以輸出5V或9V至兩裝置,以使兩裝置以最適電壓充電,達到快速充電的效果。 When the power of the adapter is removed, the control circuit controls the first and third switches to be OFF-STATE, and the second and fourth switches are ON-STATE, so that the mobile device is powered by the power storage device 360 of the mobile charging and discharging device 300. Since the fast charge and discharge module has a 5V/9V/12V charge and discharge function, it can output 5V or 9V to two devices, so that the two devices can be charged at an optimum voltage to achieve a fast charging effect.

請參閱第4圖,其為本發明構想之第三較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置400,第4圖與第3圖的電路配製方式相似,差異處在於將第3圖的第二輸出埠370替換為一種傳統USB介面(即僅能輸出5V,不支援快速充電)的第二輸出埠470,用於對不支援快充的裝置充電,且偵測電路450較佳地具第一偵測子電路4501用以偵測轉接器之第一工作功率,及第二偵測子電路4502用以偵測裝置之第二工作功率。當輸入埠410電連接於轉接器(未示出)且第一與第二輸出埠皆連接於行動裝置(未示出)時,控制電路430控制轉接器僅輸出5V電壓至第一與第二輸出埠以避免損壞裝置。當轉接器的電源移除時,第二偵測子電路4502再次偵測第一輸出埠420與第二輸出埠470皆連接於行動裝置時,第一輸出埠420與第二輸出埠470同樣保持5V之輸出電壓。當電連接於第二輸出埠470之第二行動裝置移除時,第二偵測子電路4502重新偵測第一輸出埠420所接第一行動裝置之最高充電電壓,行動充放電裝置400再以該最高充電電壓對該第一行動裝置充電。 Please refer to FIG. 4 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 400 according to a third preferred embodiment of the present invention. The circuit configuration of FIG. 4 and FIG. 3 is similar, and the difference is that the second output of FIG. 3 is The 370 is replaced with a second output port 470 of a conventional USB interface (ie, capable of outputting only 5V, which does not support fast charging), for charging a device that does not support fast charging, and the detecting circuit 450 preferably has the first detecting The sub-circuit 4501 is configured to detect the first operating power of the adapter, and the second detecting sub-circuit 4502 is configured to detect the second operating power of the device. When the input port 410 is electrically connected to the adapter (not shown) and the first and second output ports are both connected to the mobile device (not shown), the control circuit 430 controls the adapter to output only 5V voltage to the first and The second output is to avoid damage to the device. When the power of the adapter is removed, the second detecting sub-circuit 4502 detects that the first output port 420 and the second output port 470 are both connected to the mobile device, and the first output port 420 is the same as the second output port 470. Maintain 5V output voltage. When the second mobile device electrically connected to the second output port 470 is removed, the second detecting sub-circuit 4502 re-detects the highest charging voltage of the first mobile device connected to the first output port 420, and the mobile charging and discharging device 400 The first mobile device is charged with the highest charging voltage.

請繼續參閱第4圖,當第一輸出埠420與第二輸出埠470沒有連接裝置時,即表示轉接器所提供之電力完全對電力儲存器460充電,其中偵測電路450經由第一功率提供接腳4101或第一數據提供接腳4102偵測該轉接器所能供給之最高工作電壓,且控制電路控制該行動充放電裝置400以該最高工作電壓儲存電力。本發明之行動充放電裝置,在充電時依據轉接器能提供之最大電壓對行動充放電裝置內部之鋰電池充電,放電時以行動 裝置能接受之最大電壓對行動裝置充電,因此無論對行動充放電裝置內部的電池或外部的行動裝置皆能達到快充之目的。 Referring to FIG. 4, when the first output port 420 and the second output port 470 are not connected to the device, it means that the power provided by the adapter completely charges the power storage 460, wherein the detecting circuit 450 passes the first power. The pin 4101 or the first data providing pin 4102 detects the highest operating voltage that the adapter can supply, and the control circuit controls the mobile charging and discharging device 400 to store the power at the highest operating voltage. The action charging and discharging device of the present invention charges the lithium battery inside the mobile charging and discharging device according to the maximum voltage that the adapter can supply during charging, and acts upon discharging The maximum voltage that the device can accept charges the mobile device, so the battery inside the mobile charging and discharging device or the external mobile device can achieve fast charging.

控制電路430較佳地包括一微控制單元480(MCU)用於接收偵測電路所偵測之資料以控制第一~第四開關、轉接器提供之電壓,以及第一、第二輸出埠輸出之電壓。 The control circuit 430 preferably includes a micro control unit 480 (MCU) for receiving the data detected by the detecting circuit to control the first to fourth switches, the voltage provided by the adapter, and the first and second outputs. The voltage of the output.

請參閱第5圖,其為本發明構想之第四較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置500,第5圖與第2圖的電路配製方式與運作方式相似,差異處第5圖的旁路電路以第一開關531串聯第二開關532來實現,第一開關531具有第一端5311電連接於輸入埠510之第一功率提供接腳5101與充放電模組540,及第二端5312電連接於充放電模組540與第二開關之第三端5321,第二開關532具有第三端5321電連接於充放電模組540與第一開關之第二端5312,及第四端5322電連接於輸出埠520之第二功率提供接腳5201,當偵測電路550偵測到輸入埠510與輸出埠520分別電連接於轉接器(未示出)與行動裝置(未示出)時,控制電路530控制第一開關531及第二開關532為ON-STATE,使轉接器所提供之電力直接對行動裝置充電而不經過行動充放電裝置500之內部電路,當偵測電路550偵測到轉接器由輸入埠510移除時,控制電路530控制第一開關531為OFF-STATE及第二開關532保持ON-STATE,以使行動裝置由行動充放電裝置500之電力儲存器560供電,充放電模組540的充放電機制與第二~四較佳實施例相同,能提供快速充電之功能。 Please refer to FIG. 5 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 500 according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the present invention. The circuit configuration mode and operation mode of FIG. 5 and FIG. 2 are similar, and the bypass circuit of FIG. 5 is different. The first switch 531 has a first switch 531 connected to the first power supply pin 5101 of the input port 510 and the charging and discharging module 540, and the second end 5312 is electrically connected. The third switch 540 has a third end 5321 electrically connected to the charging and discharging module 540 and the second end 5312 of the first switch, and the fourth end 5322 is electrically connected to the charging and discharging module 540 and the third end 5321 of the second switch. The second power supply pin 5201 of the output port 520, when the detecting circuit 550 detects that the input port 510 and the output port 520 are electrically connected to the adapter (not shown) and the mobile device (not shown), respectively. The control circuit 530 controls the first switch 531 and the second switch 532 to be ON-STATE, so that the power provided by the adapter directly charges the mobile device without passing through the internal circuit of the mobile charging and discharging device 500. When the detecting circuit 550 detects When the adapter is removed by the input port 510, the control circuit 530 controls the first opening. 531 is OFF-STATE and the second switch 532 is kept ON-STATE, so that the mobile device is powered by the power storage device 560 of the mobile charging and discharging device 500, and the charging and discharging mechanism of the charging and discharging module 540 is compared with the second to fourth preferred embodiments. The same, can provide fast charging function.

請參閱第6圖,其為本發明構想之第五較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置600,第6圖與第3圖的電路配製方式與運作方式相似,差異處在於第6圖的旁路電路以第一開關631串聯第二開關632與第三開關633來實現,第一開關631具有第一端6311電連接於第一功率接腳6101,以及第二端6312電連接於充放電模組640、第二開關632之第三端6321與第三開關633之第五端6331,第二開關632具有第四端6322電連接於輸出埠620之第二功率提供接腳6201,第三開關633具有第六端6332電連接於第二輸出埠670之第三功率提供接腳6701。當偵測電路650偵測到輸入埠610電連接於轉接器(未示出)且當兩輸出埠皆電連接於行動裝置(未示出)時,控制電路630控制第一、第二與第三開關為ON-STATE,以使行動裝置直接由轉接器之電源供電,當偵 測電路650偵測到轉接器由輸入埠610移除時,控制電路630控制第一開關為OFF-STATE且第二、三開關保持ON-STATE,以使行動裝置由行動充放電裝置600之電力儲存器660供電,充放電模組640的充放電機制與第二~四較佳實施例相同,能提供快速充電之功能。 Please refer to FIG. 6 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 600 according to a fifth preferred embodiment of the present invention. The circuit configuration modes of FIG. 6 and FIG. 3 are similar to the operation mode, and the difference lies in the bypass of FIG. 6 . The circuit is implemented by the first switch 631 connecting the second switch 632 and the third switch 633. The first switch 631 has a first end 6311 electrically connected to the first power pin 6101, and the second end 6312 is electrically connected to the charging and discharging module. 640, the third end 6321 of the second switch 632 and the fifth end 6331 of the third switch 633, the second switch 632 has a fourth end 6322 electrically connected to the second power supply pin 6201 of the output port 620, the third switch 633 A third power supply pin 6701 having a sixth end 6332 electrically coupled to the second output port 670. When the detecting circuit 650 detects that the input port 610 is electrically connected to the adapter (not shown) and when both output ports are electrically connected to the mobile device (not shown), the control circuit 630 controls the first and second contacts. The third switch is ON-STATE, so that the mobile device is directly powered by the power supply of the adapter. When the measuring circuit 650 detects that the adapter is removed by the input port 610, the control circuit 630 controls the first switch to be OFF-STATE and the second and third switches remain ON-STATE, so that the mobile device is activated by the mobile charging and discharging device 600. The power storage device 660 supplies power, and the charging and discharging mechanism of the charging and discharging module 640 is the same as that of the second to fourth preferred embodiments, and can provide a function of fast charging.

請參閱第7圖,其為本發明構想之第六較佳實施例之行動充放電裝置700,第7圖與第6圖的電路配製方式與運作方式相似,差異處在於將第6圖的第二輸出埠670替換為一種傳統USB介面(即僅能輸出5V,不支援快速充電)的第二輸出埠770,用於對不支援快充的裝置充電,當輸入埠710電連接於轉接器(未示出)且第一與第二輸出埠皆連接於行動裝置(未示出)時,控制電路730控制轉接器僅輸出5V電壓至第一與第二輸出埠以避免損壞裝置。當轉接器的電源移除時,偵測電路750再次偵測第一輸出埠720與第二輸出埠770皆連接於行動裝置時,第一輸出埠720與第二輸出埠770同樣保持5V之輸出電壓,且充放電模組740的充放電機制與第二~四較佳實施例相同,能提供快速充電之功能。 Please refer to FIG. 7 , which is a mobile charging and discharging device 700 according to a sixth preferred embodiment of the present invention. The circuit configuration and operation modes of FIG. 7 and FIG. 6 are similar, and the difference lies in the sixth drawing. The second output port 670 is replaced with a second USB port 770 of a conventional USB interface (ie, capable of outputting only 5V, which does not support fast charging), for charging a device that does not support fast charging, and when the input port 710 is electrically connected to the adapter. (Not shown) and when both the first and second output ports are connected to a mobile device (not shown), the control circuit 730 controls the switch to output only 5V voltage to the first and second output ports to avoid damaging the device. When the power of the adapter is removed, the detecting circuit 750 detects that the first output port 720 and the second output port 770 are both connected to the mobile device, and the first output port 720 and the second output port 770 are also maintained at 5V. The output voltage and the charging and discharging mechanism of the charging and discharging module 740 are the same as those of the second to fourth preferred embodiments, and can provide a function of fast charging.

實施例 Example

1.一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及一第一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該第一受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率,一輸入埠,具有一第一功率提供接腳(pin)電連接於該授電電源,一第一輸出埠,具有一第二功率提供接腳電連接於該第一受電需電裝置;以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該第一受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置。 A mobile charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an electric power supply and a first power receiving and discharging device, the mobile charging and discharging device comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting the first working of the power receiving power source Power and a second working power of the first power receiving device, an input port having a first power supply pin electrically connected to the power source, a first output port having a second power Providing a pin electrically connected to the first power receiving and powering device; and a control circuit for controlling the power source to supply the first power receiving device and the difference between the first power and the second power Power the charging and discharging device.

2.如實施例1所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中當該第一工作功率小於該第二工作功率時,該控制電路控制該授電電源以該第一工作功率供電該第一受電需電裝置。 2. The mobile charging and discharging device of embodiment 1, wherein the control circuit controls the power supply to supply the first power receiving power at the first operating power when the first operating power is less than the second operating power Electrical device.

3.如實施例1或2所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中該授電電源為一電連接於市電電源之轉接器電源,該行動充放電裝置包括:一充放電模組,電連接於一電力儲存器,且包括該偵測電路與該控制電路,一第一開關,具有一第一端電連接於該第一功率接腳及該充放電模組,以及 一第二端電連接於該第二功率提供接腳,以及一第二開關,具有一第三端電連接於該充放電模組,以及一第四端電連接於該第二功率提供接腳。 3. The mobile charging and discharging device of embodiment 1 or 2, wherein the power supply is an adapter power supply electrically connected to the mains power supply, the mobile charging and discharging device comprises: a charging and discharging module, and the electrical connection In a power storage device, including the detecting circuit and the control circuit, a first switch has a first end electrically connected to the first power pin and the charging and discharging module, and a second end is electrically connected to the second power supply pin, and a second switch is electrically connected to the charging and discharging module, and a fourth end is electrically connected to the second power supply pin .

4.如實施例1~3其中之一所述之一種行動充放電裝置,更包括一第二輸出埠,具有一第三功率提供接腳電連接於一第二受電需電裝置,且該行動充放電裝置更包括:一第三開關,具有一第五端電連接於該第一功率接腳及該充放電模組,以及一第六端電連接於該第三功率提供接腳,以及一第四開關,具有一第七端電連接於該充放電模組,以及一第八端電連接於該第三功率提供接腳,其中該偵測電路偵測該第一受電需電裝置之一第一工作電壓及該第二受電需電裝置之一第二工作電壓,該控制電路控制該授電電源以該第一與第二工作電壓中較低之一供電該第一與第二受電需電裝置。 4. The mobile charging and discharging device of any one of embodiments 1 to 3, further comprising a second output port having a third power supply pin electrically connected to a second power receiving device, and the action The charging and discharging device further includes: a third switch having a fifth end electrically connected to the first power pin and the charging and discharging module, and a sixth end electrically connected to the third power providing pin, and a The fourth switch has a seventh end electrically connected to the charging and discharging module, and an eighth end electrically connected to the third power providing pin, wherein the detecting circuit detects one of the first power receiving and powering devices a first working voltage and a second working voltage of the second power receiving and powering device, wherein the control circuit controls the power feeding source to supply the first and second power receiving requirements by using one of the first and second operating voltages Electrical device.

5.如實施例1~4其中之一所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中該第一端電連接於該第一功率接腳及該充放電模組,該第二端電連接於該充放電模組及該第三端,且該第四端電連接於該第二功率提供接腳。 5. The mobile charging and discharging device of any one of embodiments 1 to 4, wherein the first end is electrically connected to the first power pin and the charging and discharging module, and the second end is electrically connected to the charging The discharge module and the third end, and the fourth end is electrically connected to the second power supply pin.

6.如實施例1~5其中之一所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中該第一端電連接於該第一功率接腳及該充放電模組,該第二端電連接於該充放電模組、該第三端及該第五端,該第六端電連接於該第三功率提供接腳,且第四端電連接於該第二功率提供接腳。 6. The mobile charging and discharging device of any one of embodiments 1 to 5, wherein the first end is electrically connected to the first power pin and the charging and discharging module, and the second end is electrically connected to the charging The discharge module, the third end and the fifth end are electrically connected to the third power supply pin, and the fourth end is electrically connected to the second power supply pin.

7.一種電力傳輸裝置,包括:一電力儲存器,用以儲存來自透過一轉接器(adaptor)供電之一電源之一電力,一偵測電路,偵測該轉接器所能供給之一最高工作電壓,以及一控制電路,控制該電力傳輸裝置以該最高工作電壓儲存該電力。 7. A power transmission device comprising: a power storage device for storing power from a power source that is powered by an adaptor, and a detecting circuit for detecting one of the power supplies of the adapter The highest operating voltage, and a control circuit that controls the power transmission device to store the power at the highest operating voltage.

8.如實施例7所述之一種電力傳輸裝置,其中該電力傳輸裝置電連接於一受電需電裝置,該偵測電路偵測該受電需電裝置之一最高充電電壓,且該控制電路控制該電力傳輸裝置以該最高充電電壓對該受電需電裝置充電。 8. The power transmission device of embodiment 7, wherein the power transmission device is electrically connected to a power receiving device, the detecting circuit detects a highest charging voltage of the power receiving device, and the control circuit controls The power transmission device charges the power receiving and powering device with the highest charging voltage.

9.一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率,以及一控制電路, 控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置。 A mobile charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to a power supply and a power receiving device, the mobile charging and discharging device comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting a first working power of the power source and a second working power of the power receiving device, and a control circuit, The power supply is controlled to supply the power receiving and powering device with the second power, and the mobile charging and discharging device is simultaneously powered by the difference between the first power and the second power.

10.如實施例9所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中該偵測電路具一第一偵測子電路用以偵測該授電電源之該第一工作功率,及一第二偵測子電路,用以偵測該受電需電裝置之該第二工作功率。 10. The mobile charging and discharging device of embodiment 9, wherein the detecting circuit has a first detecting sub-circuit for detecting the first operating power of the power receiving power, and a second detecting sub- And a circuit for detecting the second working power of the power receiving and powering device.

11.如實施例9或10所述之一種行動充放電裝置,,其中該授電電源為一電連接於市電電源之轉接器電源。 11. The mobile charging and discharging device of embodiment 9 or 10, wherein the power receiving power source is an adapter power source electrically connected to the commercial power source.

12.如實施例9~11其中之一所述之一種行動充放電裝置,其中該第一工作功率為該轉接器電源之最高工作功率。 12. A mobile charging and discharging device according to any one of embodiments 9-11, wherein the first operating power is the highest operating power of the adapter power supply.

綜上所述,本發明提供一種行動充放電裝置,利用一旁路電路將轉接器所提供之功率同時提供給行動裝置與行動充放電裝置內之鋰電池,且偵測所連接之轉接器與行動裝置之工作電壓,將轉接器所提供之功率做最好的分配,當輸入/輸出埠的裝置連接/移除時皆會重新偵測轉接器與行動裝置之工作電壓,並對於每個行動裝置給予最佳與最快速的充電狀態,以達到快速充電與保護電路的效果,因此本發明之行動充放電裝置可以智慧型的方式來做電源管理。另外本發明使用單一個具有快充功能的充放電IC,減少IC與被動元件數量,可減少電路面積、減少元件成本、減少配置電路成本、增加鋰電池容量、延長鋰電池壽命及避免電路過熱。因此本發明之行動充放電裝置可以適用於提供任何電壓的轉接器以及接收任意電壓的行動裝置,在不更換現有連接埠以及連接線材的情況下做出最好的整合效果。 In summary, the present invention provides a mobile charging and discharging device that utilizes a bypass circuit to simultaneously supply the power provided by the adapter to the lithium battery in the mobile device and the mobile charging and discharging device, and detects the connected adapter. The operating voltage of the mobile device is used to best distribute the power provided by the adapter. When the input/output device is connected/removed, the operating voltage of the adapter and the mobile device is re-detected, and Each mobile device gives the best and fastest state of charge to achieve the effect of fast charging and protection circuits. Therefore, the mobile charging and discharging device of the present invention can perform power management in an intelligent manner. In addition, the present invention uses a single charge and discharge IC with fast charge function to reduce the number of ICs and passive components, thereby reducing circuit area, reducing component cost, reducing configuration circuit cost, increasing lithium battery capacity, extending lithium battery life, and avoiding circuit overheating. Therefore, the mobile charging and discharging device of the present invention can be applied to an adapter that provides any voltage and a mobile device that receives an arbitrary voltage, and achieves the best integration effect without replacing the existing port and connecting the wires.

200‧‧‧行動充放電裝置 200‧‧‧Action charging and discharging device

210‧‧‧輸入埠 210‧‧‧ Input埠

2101‧‧‧第一功率提供接腳 2101‧‧‧First power supply pin

2102‧‧‧第一數據提供接腳 2102‧‧‧First data supply pin

2201‧‧‧第二功率提供接腳 2201‧‧‧second power supply pin

2202‧‧‧第二數據提供接腳 2202‧‧‧Second data supply pin

220‧‧‧輸出埠 220‧‧‧ Output埠

230‧‧‧控制電路 230‧‧‧Control circuit

231‧‧‧第一開關 231‧‧‧First switch

2311‧‧‧第一端 2311‧‧‧ first end

2312‧‧‧第二端 2312‧‧‧ second end

232‧‧‧第二開關 232‧‧‧second switch

2321‧‧‧第三端 2321‧‧‧ third end

2322‧‧‧第四端 2322‧‧‧ fourth end

240‧‧‧充放電模組 240‧‧‧Charge and discharge module

250‧‧‧偵測電路 250‧‧‧Detection circuit

260‧‧‧電力儲存器 260‧‧‧Power storage

270‧‧‧電感 270‧‧‧Inductance

280‧‧‧電阻 280‧‧‧resistance

Claims (10)

一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及外部的一第一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置包括:一充放電模組,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該第一受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率;以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該第一受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置;一輸入埠,具有一第一功率提供接腳(pin)電連接於該授電電源;一第一輸出埠,具有一第二功率提供接腳電連接於該第一受電需電裝置;一第一開關,具有一第一端電連接於該第一功率提供接腳及該充放電模組,以及一第二端;以及一第二開關,具有一第三端電連接於該第二端及該充放電模組,以及一第四端電連接於該第二功率提供接腳。 A charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an auxiliary power supply and an external first power receiving and discharging device, the mobile charging and discharging device comprising: a charging and discharging module, comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting the a first working power of the electric power source and a second working power of the first power receiving device; and a control circuit for controlling the power source to supply the first power receiving device and the first power The difference between the first power and the second power simultaneously supplies the mobile charging and discharging device; an input port having a first power supply pin electrically connected to the power supply; and a first output port having a second power Providing a pin electrically connected to the first power receiving and powering device; a first switch having a first end electrically connected to the first power providing pin and the charging and discharging module, and a second end; and a first The second switch has a third end electrically connected to the second end and the charging and discharging module, and a fourth end electrically connected to the second power providing pin. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的行動充放電裝置,其中當該第一工作功率小於該第二工作功率時,該控制電路控制該授電電源以該第一工作功率供電該第一受電需電裝置。 The action charging and discharging device of claim 1, wherein the control circuit controls the power supply to supply the first power according to the first working power when the first working power is less than the second working power. Electrical device. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的行動充放電裝置,其中該授電電源為一電連接於市電電源之轉接器電源,且該充放電模組電連接於一電力儲存器。 The mobile charging and discharging device of claim 1, wherein the power feeding source is an adapter power source electrically connected to the commercial power source, and the charging and discharging module is electrically connected to a power storage device. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的行動充放電裝置,更包括一第二輸出埠,具有一第三功率提供接腳電連接於一第二受電需電裝置,且該行動充放電裝置更包括:一第三開關,具有一第五端電連接於該第二端及該充放電模組,以及一第六端電連接於該第三功率提供接腳;其中該偵測電路偵測該第一受電需電裝置之一第一工作電壓及該第二受電需電裝置之一第二工作電壓,該控制電路控制該授電電源以該第一與第二工作電壓中較低之一供電該第一與第二受電需電裝置。 The action charging and discharging device of claim 1, further comprising a second output port, wherein the third power supply pin is electrically connected to a second power receiving device, and the action charging and discharging device further comprises a third switch having a fifth end electrically connected to the second end and the charging and discharging module, and a sixth end electrically connected to the third power providing pin; wherein the detecting circuit detects the first a first operating voltage of one of the power receiving devices and a second operating voltage of the second power receiving device, the control circuit controlling the power source to supply the lower one of the first and second operating voltages The first and second power receiving and powering devices. 一種電力傳輸裝置,包括:一電力儲存器,用以儲存來自透過一轉接器(adaptor)供電之一電源之一電力;一充放電模組,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該轉接器所能供給之一最高工作電壓;以及一控制電路,控制該電力傳輸裝置以該最高工作電壓儲存該電力;一第一開關,具有一第一端電連接於該轉接器及該充放電模組,以及一第二端;以及一第二開關,具有一第三端電連接於該第二端及該充放電模組,以及一第四端電連接於外部的一受電需電裝置。 A power transmission device includes: a power storage device for storing power from one of power sources powered by an adaptor; and a charging and discharging module comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting the transfer And a control circuit for controlling the power transmission device to store the power at the highest operating voltage; a first switch having a first end electrically connected to the adapter and the charging and discharging The module, and a second end; and a second switch having a third end electrically connected to the second end and the charging and discharging module, and a fourth end electrically connected to an external power receiving and powering device. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述的電力傳輸裝置,其中該偵測電路偵測該受電需電裝置之一最高充電電壓,且該控制電路控制該電力傳輸裝置以該最高充電電壓對該受電需電裝置充電。 The power transmission device of claim 5, wherein the detection circuit detects one of the highest charging voltages of the powered device, and the control circuit controls the power transmission device to receive the power at the highest charging voltage. The electric device is charged. 一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及外部的一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置包括:一充放電模組,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率;以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置;一電力儲存器,電連接於該充放電模組;一第一開關,電連接於該充放電模組並受控於該控制電路;以及一第二開關,電連接於該充放電模組並受控於該控制電路;其中當該第一開關及該第二開關皆保持導通狀態時,電能由該授電電源傳送至該受電需電裝置,當該第一開關保持斷路狀態且該第二開關保持導通狀態時,電能由該電力儲存器傳送至該受電需電裝置。 A charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an auxiliary power supply and an external power receiving and powering device, the mobile charging and discharging device comprising: a charging and discharging module, comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting the power supply a first working power and a second working power of the power receiving device; and a control circuit for controlling the power source to supply the power receiving device and the first and second powers The difference is simultaneously supplied to the mobile charging and discharging device; a power storage device is electrically connected to the charging and discharging module; a first switch electrically connected to the charging and discharging module and controlled by the control circuit; and a second switch Electrically connected to the charging and discharging module and controlled by the control circuit; wherein when the first switch and the second switch are both kept in an on state, electrical energy is transmitted from the power receiving power source to the power receiving and powering device, when When the first switch remains in an open state and the second switch remains in an on state, electrical energy is transmitted from the power storage to the powered demanding device. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述的行動充放電裝置,其中該偵測電路具一第一偵測子電路用以偵測該授電電源之該第一工作功率,及一第二偵測子電路,用以偵測該受電需電裝置之該第二工作功率。 The action charging and discharging device of claim 7, wherein the detecting circuit has a first detecting sub-circuit for detecting the first working power of the power receiving power, and a second detecting unit And a circuit for detecting the second working power of the power receiving and powering device. 一種行動充放電裝置,用以電連接於一授電電源及外部的一受電需電裝置,該行動充放電裝置包括:一充放電模組,包括:一偵測電路,偵測該授電電源之一第一工作功率及該受電需電裝置之一第二工作功率;以及一控制電路,控制該授電電源以該第二功率供該受電需電裝置及以該第一及第二功率之差值同時供電該行動充放電裝置;一電力儲存器,電連接於該充放電模組;一第一開關,電連接於該充放電模組並受控於該控制電路;以及一第二開關,電連接於該充放電模組並受控於該控制電路;其中當該第一開關保持導通狀態且該第二開關保持斷路狀態時,電能由該授電電源傳送至該受電需電裝置,當該第一開關保持斷路狀態且該第二開關保持導通狀態時,電能由該電力儲存器傳送至該受電需電裝置。 A charging and discharging device for electrically connecting to an auxiliary power supply and an external power receiving and powering device, the mobile charging and discharging device comprising: a charging and discharging module, comprising: a detecting circuit for detecting the power supply a first working power and a second working power of the power receiving device; and a control circuit for controlling the power source to supply the power receiving device and the first and second powers The difference is simultaneously supplied to the mobile charging and discharging device; a power storage device is electrically connected to the charging and discharging module; a first switch electrically connected to the charging and discharging module and controlled by the control circuit; and a second switch Electrically connected to the charging and discharging module and controlled by the control circuit; wherein when the first switch is kept in an on state and the second switch is in an open state, power is transmitted from the power supply to the power receiving and powering device, When the first switch remains in an open state and the second switch remains in an on state, electrical energy is transmitted from the power storage to the powered demanding device. 如申請專利範圍第9項所述的行動充放電裝置,其中該偵測電路具一第一偵測子電路用以偵測該授電電源之該第一工作功率,及一第二偵測子電路,用以偵測該受電需電裝置之該第二工作功率。 The mobile charging and discharging device of claim 9, wherein the detecting circuit has a first detecting sub-circuit for detecting the first working power of the power receiving power, and a second detecting unit And a circuit for detecting the second working power of the power receiving and powering device.
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