TWI551006B - Hybird dual-rotor motor structure - Google Patents

Hybird dual-rotor motor structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI551006B
TWI551006B TW104133582A TW104133582A TWI551006B TW I551006 B TWI551006 B TW I551006B TW 104133582 A TW104133582 A TW 104133582A TW 104133582 A TW104133582 A TW 104133582A TW I551006 B TWI551006 B TW I551006B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
coil
rotor
sub
stator
hybrid dual
Prior art date
Application number
TW104133582A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW201714388A (en
Inventor
彭明燦
黃賢雄
Original Assignee
財團法人工業技術研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 財團法人工業技術研究院 filed Critical 財團法人工業技術研究院
Priority to TW104133582A priority Critical patent/TWI551006B/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI551006B publication Critical patent/TWI551006B/en
Publication of TW201714388A publication Critical patent/TW201714388A/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K16/00Machines with more than one rotor or stator
    • H02K16/02Machines with one stator and two or more rotors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K3/00Details of windings
    • H02K3/04Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors
    • H02K3/28Layout of windings or of connections between windings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02PCONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, ELECTRIC GENERATORS OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS
    • H02P25/00Arrangements or methods for the control of AC motors characterised by the kind of AC motor or by structural details
    • H02P25/16Arrangements or methods for the control of AC motors characterised by the kind of AC motor or by structural details characterised by the circuit arrangement or by the kind of wiring
    • H02P25/18Arrangements or methods for the control of AC motors characterised by the kind of AC motor or by structural details characterised by the circuit arrangement or by the kind of wiring with arrangements for switching the windings, e.g. with mechanical switches or relays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures
    • H02K21/16Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures having annular armature cores with salient poles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/22Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating around the armatures, e.g. flywheel magnetos

Description

Hybrid double rotor motor structure

The present invention relates to a motor structure, and more particularly to a hybrid motor structure.

In general, a motor with dual rotors needs to have a corresponding double stator, and each stator needs to be provided with a coil to drive the corresponding rotor. However, the above design will greatly increase the size, weight and cost of the motor, and due to the design. The lack of the above design can not meet the needs of a wide range of speeds while meeting low speed and high torque.

However, due to the size and weight limitations of many applications such as electric wheel drive motors or Integrated Starter Generators (ISGs), it is necessary to meet low speed and high torque and to simultaneously accommodate a wide range of speeds. The above design has not been able to meet the actual application needs.

U.S. Patent No. US20130093276 discloses a motor having a dual rotor that utilizes a non-magnetically permeable layer in the stator to prevent mutual interference between a plurality of sets of coils. However, although the prior case can prevent mutual interference between multiple sets of coils, It is necessary to provide a non-magnetic conductive layer in the stator, which also increases the size, weight and cost of the motor.

US Pat. No. 7,030,528 discloses a motor having a dual rotor having a special structure of an inner stator, an outer stator, an inner rotor and an outer rotor to prevent mutual interference between a coil disposed on the inner stator and a coil disposed on the outer stator. However, although the previous case can prevent mutual interference between multiple sets of coils, it cannot effectively reduce the motor because it still has a double stator structure. Volume, weight and cost.

U.S. Patent No. 6,924,574 discloses a motor having a dual rotor having a special structure of a double rotor and a single stator, which can reduce the size, weight and cost of the motor, but the multiple sets of coils disposed on the single stator still interfere with each other. And the stator coil configuration is more limited, so there is a lack of flexibility in use.

Therefore, how to propose a motor can effectively improve the motor of the prior art, which is oversized, overweight, overcosted, inflexible in use, and unable to achieve low speed, high torque and wide speed range under the limitation of volume and weight. It has become an urgent issue.

In view of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a hybrid dual-rotor motor structure to solve the conventional art of a double-rotor motor having an excessively large structure, an excessively high weight, a high cost, and a lack of use. Resilience and the inability to achieve low speed, high torque and wide speed range in case of volume and weight limitations.

In accordance with one of the objects of the present invention, a hybrid dual rotor motor structure is proposed that can include a stator, a first rotor, a second rotor, a first coil, and a second coil. The stator can include a plurality of stator teeth. The first rotor can be arranged radially with the stator. The second rotor can be radially disposed with the stator. The first coil can be wound around the stator teeth. The second coil may be wound around the stator teeth, the second coil may comprise a plurality of sub-coil groups, each sub-coil group comprising a plurality of sub-coils, the sub-coils may be connected in series or in parallel, and the pole pairs of the second coil It may be an integer multiple of one of the pole pairs of the first coil.

In an embodiment, the number of pole pairs of the first coil may be greater than or equal to a pair.

In an embodiment, the number of sub-coil groups may be an integer multiple of a factor greater than one.

In an embodiment, the sets of sub-coils may be in series.

In an embodiment, the sets of sub-coils may be in parallel.

In one embodiment, when the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group is an odd number and is distributed evenly between 0 to 360 degrees of the mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or 0 to 360 degrees of the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil. The sub-coils of each sub-coil group may be in series.

In one embodiment, when the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group is an even number and is distributed evenly between 0 to 360 degrees of the mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or 0 to 360 degrees of the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil The sub-coils of each sub-coil group may be connected in parallel.

In one embodiment, when the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group is an even number and is distributed evenly between 0 to 360 degrees of the mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or 0 to 360 degrees of the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil The sub-coils of each sub-coil group may be in series.

In an embodiment, the first coil and the second coil may be Toroidal coils.

In an embodiment, the stator may be disposed between the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.

In an embodiment, the stator may be disposed outside of the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.

In an embodiment, the stator may be disposed within the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.

In an embodiment, the first rotor and the second rotor may both be permanent magnet rotors.

In an embodiment, the sum of the number of pole pairs of the first coil and the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor may be equal to the number of stator teeth, and the number of pole pairs of the second coil may be equal to the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the second rotor.

In an embodiment, the first coil may include a pole-changing structure, and the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the pole-changing structure may change the number of poles of the first coil by switching the switching elements.

In an embodiment, the second coil may comprise a pole-changing structure, and the pole-changing structure may comprise a plurality of cuts The component is changed, and the pole-changing structure can change the number of poles of the second coil by switching the switching elements.

In an embodiment, one of the first rotor and the second rotor may be a permanent magnet rotor, and the other of the first rotor and the second rotor may be an inductive rotor.

In an embodiment, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure further includes a reducer and an inverter, and the inverter can be coupled to the first coil and the second coil of the stator to drive the first rotor and the second rotor, and the first The rotor can be coupled to the axle, the second rotor can be coupled to the input end of the reducer, and the output of the reducer can be coupled to the axle.

In an embodiment, the ratio of the reduction ratio of the reducer may be equal to the ratio of the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor to the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the second rotor.

In an embodiment, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure further includes a first switch and a second switch, wherein the inverter is coupled to the first coil of the stator through the first switch, and is coupled to the stator through the second switch Two coil

1‧‧‧Hybrid double rotor motor structure

11‧‧‧ Stator

111‧‧‧ Stator teeth

12A‧‧‧First rotor

12B‧‧‧second rotor

13A‧‧‧First coil

13B‧‧‧second coil

14A‧‧‧First magnet group

14B‧‧‧Second magnet group

15‧‧‧Reducer

16‧‧‧Inverter

17A, 17B‧‧‧ switch

18‧‧‧Axle

SG1-SG2‧‧‧Sub coil group

S1-S6‧‧‧Sub-coil

AR1~AR2‧‧‧ arrow

Fig. 1 is a first schematic view showing a first embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a second schematic view showing the first embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a third schematic view showing the first embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is a fourth schematic view showing the first embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is a fifth schematic view showing the first embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Figure 6 is a schematic view showing a second embodiment of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Figure 7 is a schematic view showing a third embodiment of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention.

Figure 8 is a schematic view showing a fourth embodiment of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention.

The embodiments of the hybrid dual-rotor motor according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the related drawings. For ease of understanding, the same components in the following embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals. In addition to the above, the present invention can be widely practiced in other embodiments. That is, the scope of the present invention is not limited by the embodiments which have been proposed, and the scope of the patent application proposed by the present invention shall prevail.

In the following, when the elements or steps in the embodiments of the present invention are described in a single element or step description, the present invention should not be construed as limiting, that is, the following description does not particularly emphasize the numerical limitation. The spirit and scope of application can be derived from the structure and method in which many components or structures coexist. In addition, in the present specification, the various parts of the elements are not drawn in full accordance with the dimensions, and some dimensions may be exaggerated or simplified compared to other related dimensions to provide a clearer description to enhance the understanding of the present invention. The prior art of the present invention, which is used in the prior art, is only referred to herein by reference.

Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is a first schematic view of a first embodiment of a hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention. As shown, the hybrid dual rotor motor structure 1 can include a stator 11, a first rotor 12A, a second rotor 12B, a first coil 13A, a second coil 13B, and a first magnet group 14A second magnet group 14B.

The stator 11 may include a plurality of stator teeth 111; the first rotor 12A may be radially disposed with the stator 11, the first magnet group 14A may be disposed around the inner surface of the first rotor 12A; and the second rotor 12B may be formed with the stator 11. Radially disposed, the second magnet group 14B may be disposed on the inner surface of the second rotor 12B In the present embodiment, the stator 11 can be disposed in the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B in the radial direction; in the embodiment, the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can both be disposed. It is a permanent magnet rotor; in other preferred embodiments, one of the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B may be a permanent magnet rotor and the other may be an inductive rotor.

The first coil 13A can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B may include a plurality of sub-coil groups, which may be connected in series or in parallel. Each sub-coil group includes a plurality of sub-coils, which may be connected in series or in parallel, and the second coil 13B The logarithm may be an integer multiple of one of the pole pairs of the first coil 13A. The first coil 13A and the second coil 13B may be in various different forms, such as a Toroidal coil or the like.

In addition, the first coil 13A may include a pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the first coil 13A may be changed by switching the switching elements; likewise, the second coil 13B may include In the pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the second coil 13B may be changed by switching the switching elements. Therefore, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can provide more different dynamic characteristics by integrating the special variable pole structure, and the detailed technical content of the above-described variable pole structure is disclosed in the Republic of China Patent Application No. 101129353. Therefore, I will not repeat them here.

Please refer to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, which are a second schematic diagram and a third schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention. 2 and 3 illustrate schematic views of the winding of the three-phase coil of the present embodiment.

Since the stator of the motor structure proposed by the present invention has a plurality of coils, it is an important subject to minimize the flux linkage between the plurality of coils through a suitable magnetic pole relationship, so that it can be maintained. The motor is driven with good independence to independently drive the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B, respectively, to achieve precise motor control.

The winding mode of the U phase, the V phase, and the W phase of the first coil 13A of the present embodiment is exemplified in Fig. 2, and the number of pole pairs S1 is 1. As shown in FIG. 3, the U-phase, V-phase, and W-phase winding modes of the second coil 13B of the present embodiment are respectively illustrated, and the pole pair number S2 is 4, so that the pole pair number S2 of the second coil 13B is the first coil 13A. The pole number is 4 times that of S1.

That is, when the pole pair number S1 of the first coil 13A is equal to 1, the pole pair number S2 of the second coil 13B needs to be an integer multiple of the pole pair number S1 of the first coil 13A greater than 1, that is, the pole pair of the first coil S1=1; the pole pair of the second coil S2=n(n>1); in this embodiment, the sum of the pole pairs S1 of the first coil 13A and the pole pairs of the first magnet group 14A may be equal to the stator of the stator 11 The number of teeth 111, and the number of pole pairs S1 of the second coil 13B is equal to the number of pole pairs of the second magnet group 14B, so that the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B can be effectively reduced.

In other preferred embodiments, the pole pair number S1 of the first coil 13A may be greater than 1. Similarly, the pole pair number S2 of the second coil 13B needs to be an integer multiple of the pole pair number S1 of the first coil 13A greater than 1. That is, the pole pair S1=q (q>1) of the first coil; the pole pair S2=nq (n>1) of the second coil; of course, the above is only an example, in other preferred practical examples, the first The pole pair number S1 of the coil 13A and the pole pair number S2 of the second coil 13B can also have various configurations, and the invention is not limited thereto.

As apparent from the above, in order to effectively reduce the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B, the present embodiment has mentioned several preferred coil arrangements as described above. In this embodiment, the pole pair of the second coil 13B may be an integer multiple of one of the pole pairs of the first coil 13A, and the number of pole pairs of the first coil 13A may be greater than or equal to a pair. In addition to this, the sub-line of the second coil 13B The number of circle groups may be a factor greater than one of the integer multiples. For example, if the number of pole pairs of the first coil 13A is S1 and the number of pole pairs of the second coil 13B is S2, the number of sub-coil groups of the second coil 13B is a factor greater than one of S2/S1; if S2/S1= 6, the number of sub-coil groups of the second coil 13B may be 2, 3 or 6.

Through the above arrangement, the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention can be reduced, so that the motor can be maintained with good independence during driving, so that the control can be performed. The first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be independently controlled at the same time, thereby achieving precise motor control to provide better performance.

In addition, since the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B has been effectively reduced, the stator 11 does not need to be provided with a non-magnetic conductive layer, so that the volume, weight and cost of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 are large. reduce. Of course, the foregoing setting is only an example, and the winding of the coil may be changed according to the requirements of the actual application, and the invention is not limited thereto.

Please refer to FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 , which are a fourth schematic diagram and a fifth schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of the present invention. Figures 4 and 5 illustrate a preferred coil configuration for this embodiment.

As described above, in order to maintain good independence when driving the motor, and thus achieve precise motor control, the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be independently controlled at the same time to control the flux linkage between the plurality of coils. It is extremely important to minimize the variation, and in this embodiment, the flux linkage between the plurality of coils can be further reduced by the special series-parallel relationship of the sub-coils, and several preferred modes are exemplified in this embodiment.

As shown in FIG. 4, the number of pole pairs of the first coil 13A is 1, the number of pole pairs of the second coil 13B is 4, and the second coil 13B can be a three-phase coil, that is, a U phase, a V phase, and a W phase. For example, the U phase of the second coil 13B may include four sub-coils S1-S4, which may be wound around the stator 11, and any one of the sub-coils may be connected in parallel with the corresponding sub-coils to form a sub-coil. line The number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group is 2 (even), so that the second coil 13B includes a plurality of sub-coil groups SG1-SG2, and the sub-coil groups SG1-SG2 may be connected in parallel.

As shown, the second coil 13B includes four sub-coils S1-S4, the sub-coil S1 is connected in parallel with the corresponding sub-coil S3 to form one sub-coil group SG1, and the sub-coil S2 is connected in parallel with the corresponding sub-coil S4 to form one sub-coil group SG2. The sub coil group SG1 is connected in parallel with the sub coil group SG2, and the circumferential direction of the stator indicated by the arrow AR1 in the figure is an electrical angle of 0 to 360 degrees.

It can be seen from the above that, when the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group SG1, SG2 is an even number, and the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil 13A is 0 to 360 degrees along the circumference of the stator 11 or 0. When the average distribution is ~360 degrees, the sub-coils of the respective sub-coil groups SG1, SG2 may be connected in parallel, and the sub-coil groups SG1, SG2 may be connected in parallel. Of course, in another preferred embodiment, the sub-coil sets SG1, SG2 may be connected in series. In other preferred embodiments, the sub-coils of the sub-coil groups SG1 and SG2 may also be connected in series, and the sub-coil groups SG1 and SG2 may be connected in series or in parallel.

Of course, in other preferred embodiments, the sub-coils of each of the sub-coil groups SG1 and SG2 may be connected in series, and the sub-coil group SG1 and the sub-coil group SG2 may be connected in series or in parallel.

As shown in FIG. 5, the number of pole pairs of the first coil 13A is 1, the number of pole pairs of the second coil 13B is 6, and the second coil 13B can be a three-phase coil, that is, a U phase, a V phase, and a W phase. For example, the U phase of the second coil 13B may include a plurality of sub-coils S1-S6, which may be wound around the stator 11, so that the second coil 14 may include a plurality of sub-coil groups SG1-SG2, and The number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group is 3 (odd number), and the sub-coil groups SG1-SG2 may be connected in parallel, and the number of pole pairs of the second coil 14 may be an integral multiple of the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group SG1-SG2.

As shown, the second coil 13B includes six sub-coils S1-S6 to form two sub-coil groups. SG1-SG2, sub-coil S1, sub-coil S3 and sub-coil S5 are connected in series to form one sub-coil group SG1, sub-coil S2, sub-coil S4 and sub-coil S6 are connected in series to form one sub-coil group SG2, sub-coil group SG1 and sub-coil group The SG2 is connected in parallel, and the circumferential direction of the stator 11 indicated by the arrow AR2 in the figure is a mechanical angle of 0-360 degrees.

It can be seen from the above that, when the number of sub-coils of each sub-coil group SG1, SG2 is an odd number, and the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil 13A is 0 to 360 degrees along the circumference of the stator 11 or 0. When the average distribution is ~360 degrees, the sub-coils of the respective sub-coil groups SG1, SG2 may be connected in series, and the sub-coil groups SG1, SG2 may be connected in parallel. Of course, in another preferred embodiment, the sub-coil sets SG1, SG2 may be connected in series.

Of course, in other preferred embodiments, the sub-coils of the sub-coil groups SG1 and SG2 may be connected in parallel, and the sub-coil group SG1 and the sub-coil group SG2 may be connected in series or in parallel.

In summary, in order to maintain good independence during motor driving to independently drive the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B to achieve precise motor control, embodiments of the present invention propose a preferred string of several sub-coils. Parallel principle. When the first coil 13A has a pole pair number S1=1, if the second coil 14 has n sub-coils, where n>1, there are at least s in series, and s is a number of factors in which n is not equal to one, the set of factors Is A={n 1 , n 2 ,...,n s }. For example, when n=4, n 1 =4, n 2 =2, and s=2. If n i =k, the positions of the k sub-coils need to be evenly distributed on the circumference of the stator 11, that is, 0 to 360 degrees of the mechanical angle or 0 to 360 degrees of the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil 13A, and The k sub-coils may be connected in series or in parallel with each other, and the sub-coils connected in series may be connected in parallel or in series.

When the first coil pole pair S1>1, if the second coil has nq sub-coils, where n>1, there are at least s series connection manner, and s is the number of factors that n is not equal to one, the set of factors is A= {n 1 , n 2 ,...,n s }. For example, when n 1 = 4, n 2 = 2 and s = 2. If n i = k, the positions of the k sub-coils need to be evenly distributed on the circumference of the electrical angle of the magnetic field generated by the first coil 13A on the stator 11, that is, the electrical angle is from 0 to 360 degrees, and the k sub-coils can be connected in series with each other. Or in parallel, and the sub-coils in series can be connected in parallel or in series.

Through the above arrangement, the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 of the present invention can be reduced, so that the motor can be maintained with good independence during driving, and the control can be performed. The first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be independently controlled at the same time to achieve precise motor control to provide better performance.

Moreover, through the above arrangement, the stator 11 of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can have a plurality of different coil configurations, so that the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can have different dynamic characteristics, so that the application is more extensive and the use is more elasticity.

In addition, since the flux linkage between the first coil 13A and the second coil 13B has been effectively reduced, the stator 11 does not need to be provided with a non-magnetic conductive layer, so that the volume, weight and cost of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 are large. reduce.

Please refer to FIG. 6, which is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention. As shown, the hybrid dual rotor motor structure 1 can include a stator 11, a first rotor 12A, a second rotor 12B, a first coil 13A, a second coil 13B, and a first magnet group 14A second magnet group 14B.

The stator 11 may include a plurality of stator teeth 111; the first rotor 12A may be radially disposed with the stator 11, the first magnet group 14A may be disposed around the outer surface of the first rotor 12A; and the second rotor 12B may be formed with the stator 11. Radially disposed, the second magnet group 14B may be disposed around the outer surface of the second rotor 12B.

Different from the foregoing embodiment, in the present embodiment, the stator 11 can be disposed outside the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B; likewise, in the present embodiment, the first rotor 12A and second rotor 12B may both be permanent magnet rotors; in other preferred embodiments, One of the rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B may be a permanent magnet rotor, and the other may be an inductive rotor.

The first coil 13A can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B may include a plurality of sub-coil groups, which may be connected in series or in parallel. Each sub-coil group includes a plurality of sub-coils, which may be connected in series or in parallel, and the second coil 13B The logarithm may be an integer multiple of one of the pole pairs of the first coil 13A. The first coil 13A and the second coil 13B may be in various different forms, such as a Toroidal coil or the like.

Similarly, the first coil 13A may include a pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the first coil 13A may be changed by switching the switching elements; the second coil 13B may also include The pole structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the second coil 13B may be changed by switching the switching elements. Therefore, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can provide more different dynamic characteristics by integrating this special pole-changing structure.

As described above, in order to maintain good independence in driving the motor, and to achieve precise motor control, the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be independently controlled during the control, and a special coil configuration can also be applied in this embodiment. However, the coil configuration of this embodiment can be similar to the foregoing embodiment, and therefore will not be further described herein.

Please refer to FIG. 7, which is a schematic view of a third embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention. As shown, the hybrid dual rotor motor structure 1 can include a stator 11, a first rotor 12A, a second rotor 12B, a first coil 13A, a second coil 13B, and a first magnet group 14A second magnet group 14B.

The inner surface and the outer surface of the stator 11 may each include a plurality of stator teeth 111; the first rotor 12A may be radially disposed with the stator 11, and the first magnet group 14A may be disposed around the inner surface of the first rotor 12A; The rotor 12B may be radially disposed with the stator 11 and the second magnet group 14B may be disposed Around the outer surface of the second rotor 12B.

Different from the foregoing embodiment, in the present embodiment, the stator 11 can be disposed between the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B as viewed in the radial direction; likewise, in the present embodiment, the first rotor Both the 12A and the second rotor 12B may be permanent magnet rotors; in other preferred embodiments, one of the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B may be a permanent magnet rotor and the other may be an inductive rotor.

The first coil 13A can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B can be wound around the stator teeth 111. The second coil 13B may include a plurality of sub-coil groups, which may be connected in series or in parallel. Each sub-coil group includes a plurality of sub-coils, which may be connected in series or in parallel, and the second coil 13B The logarithm may be an integer multiple of one of the pole pairs of the first coil 13A. The first coil 13A and the second coil 13B may be in various different forms, such as a Toroidal coil or the like.

Similarly, the first coil 13A may include a pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the first coil 13A may be changed by switching the switching elements; the second coil 13B may also include The pole structure, the pole-changing structure may include a plurality of switching elements, and the number of poles of the second coil 13B may be changed by switching the switching elements. Therefore, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can provide more different dynamic characteristics by integrating this special pole-changing structure. As described above, in order to maintain good independence when driving the motor, precise motor control is achieved, and the control is performed. The first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be independently controlled at the same time, and a special coil configuration can also be applied in this embodiment. However, the coil configuration of this embodiment can be similar to the foregoing embodiment, and therefore will not be further described herein.

It is worth mentioning that the stator of the conventional dual-rotor motor structure needs to be provided with a non-magnetic conductive layer to reduce the interference between the plurality of coils, thereby greatly increasing its volume, weight and cost. In contrast, in one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be equipped with a dual rotor and The single stator and the non-magnetic conductive layer are not required in the stator, so the volume, weight and cost of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be further reduced.

Moreover, in one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can utilize a special coil configuration to minimize the flux linkage between the plurality of sets of coils, so that the plurality of sets of coils can be driven more easily and independently. The performance of the motor can be optimized.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the dual rotor motor structure of the prior art cannot have a variety of different coil configurations due to the lack of design, and thus cannot provide a variety of different dynamic characteristics. In contrast, in one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can utilize a variety of different coil configurations for the stator, so that the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can have different dynamic characteristics, so the application is more widely used. More flexible.

In addition, due to the lack of design, the dual-rotor motor structure of the prior art cannot meet the requirements of low speed and high torque and can simultaneously satisfy a wide range of speeds. In contrast, in an embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can simultaneously set two sets of coils on the stator, and the two sets of coils do not interfere with each other, so the two sets of coils can be separately excited by the case. The two rotors are driven to provide different characteristics such as high torque and high power, so that low speed and high torque can be achieved and the wide rotation speed range can be simultaneously considered.

Furthermore, in one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can achieve low speed and high torque without increasing the overall power, so the hybrid dual-rotor motor of the present invention can be used even if there is space and weight limitation in the application. It still has excellent performance, so it is suitable for applications with space and weight limitations such as in-wheel drive motors for electric vehicles or integrated starter generators.

Please refer to FIG. 8, which is a schematic view of a fourth embodiment of the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention. As shown, the hybrid dual rotor motor structure 1 can include a stator 11, a first rotor 12A, a second rotor 12B, a first coil 13A, a second coil 13B, a reducer 15, and an inverter. 16, and switches 17A, 17B.

The first coil 13A and the second coil 13B may be wound around the stator 11. The inverter 16 is coupled to the first coil 13A via the switch 17A, and is coupled to the second coil 13B via the switch 17B to drive the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B, respectively, and the first rotor 12A can be coupled to the axle 18, The second rotor 12B can be coupled to the input end of the reducer 15, and the output end of the reducer 15 can be coupled to the axle 18.

Similarly, in the present embodiment, the rotational speed of the axle 18 is W, and the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the second rotor 12B is four times the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor 12A, so the electrical angle of the second rotor 12B changes. The speed will also be four times the speed at which the electrical angle of the first rotor 12A changes. Therefore, in the present embodiment, in order to enable the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B to be driven by the same inverter 16, the back electromotive force of the three-phase coil of the first rotor 12A and the third rotor 12B can be achieved. For the purpose of the counter electromotive force of the phase coil being in phase, the reduction ratio of the reducer 15 of the present embodiment can be designed to be 1:4, that is, the ratio of the reduction ratio of the reducer 15 can be equal to the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor 12A. The ratio of the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the second rotor 12B can achieve the above object.

When the rotational speed W of the axle 18 is increased to a certain extent, the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B may be out of synchronization. At this time, the inverter 16 and the second can be selectively disconnected through the switches 17A and 17B. The connection of one of the coil 13A and the second coil 13B allows the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 to be stably operated.

With the above design, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 can synchronize the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B by only one inverter 16, so that the volume of the first rotor 12A and the second rotor 12B can be made. The weight and cost are greatly reduced. In addition, the above design makes the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure 1 have more different dynamic characteristics, making it more widely used.

It is worth mentioning that the dual-rotor motor structure of the prior art requires two rotors to drive the two rotors respectively, so that the cost is high. Conversely, in one embodiment of the invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor The structure can include a structure such as a reducer, so that the dual rotor can be driven only by a set of inverters, so that the size, weight and cost of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be further reduced, and more different dynamic characteristics can be provided.

In view of the above, the hybrid dual rotor motor structure of the present invention may have one or more of the following advantages:

(1) In one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be provided with a double rotor and a single stator, and a non-magnetic conductive layer is not required in the stator, so the volume, weight and cost of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be Further decrease.

(2) In one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can utilize a special coil configuration to minimize flux linkage between sets of coils, so that multiple sets of coils can be driven more independently. Therefore, the performance of the motor can be optimized.

(3) In one embodiment of the present invention, the stator of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can have a plurality of different coil configurations, so that the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can have different dynamic characteristics, so the application is more widely used. More flexible.

(4) In an embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure may include a structure such as a reducer, so that the dual rotor can be driven only by a set of inverters, so that the volume of the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can be further reduced. , weight and cost, and can provide more different dynamic characteristics.

(5) In an embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can simultaneously set two sets of coils on the stator, and the two sets of coils do not interfere with each other, so the two sets of coils can be separately excited by the case. The two rotors are driven to provide different characteristics such as high torque and high power, so that low speed and high torque can be achieved and the wide rotation speed range can be simultaneously considered.

(6) In one embodiment of the present invention, the hybrid dual-rotor motor structure can improve overall power without Under the premise of achieving low speed and high torque, the hybrid motor of the present invention can still exert excellent performance even if there is space and weight limitation in the application, so it is suitable for use in an in-wheel drive motor of an electric vehicle or an integrated starter. Applications such as Integrated Starter Generator (ISG) have space and weight limitations.

It can be seen that the present invention has achieved the desired effect under the prior art, and is not familiar with the skill of the artist, and its progressiveness and practicability have been met with the patent application requirements.提出 Submit a patent application in accordance with the law, and ask your bureau to approve the application for this invention patent, in order to encourage creation, to the sense of virtue.

The above is intended to be illustrative only and not limiting. Any other equivalent modifications or alterations of the present invention are intended to be included in the scope of the appended claims.

1‧‧‧Hybrid double rotor motor structure

11‧‧‧ Stator

111‧‧‧ Stator teeth

12A‧‧‧First rotor

12B‧‧‧second rotor

13A‧‧‧First coil

13B‧‧‧second coil

14A‧‧‧First magnet group

14B‧‧‧Second magnet group

Claims (20)

  1. A hybrid dual-rotor motor structure comprising: a stator comprising a plurality of stator teeth; a first rotor disposed radially with the stator; and a second rotor disposed radially with the stator; a first coil is wound around the stator teeth; and a second coil is wound around the stator teeth, the second coil comprises a plurality of sub-coil groups, each of the sub-coil groups comprising a plurality of sub-coils The coils are connected in series or in parallel, and the pole logarithm of the second coil is an integer multiple of the pole pair of the first coil greater than one.
  2. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the first coil has a pole pair number greater than or equal to a pair.
  3. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 2, wherein the number of the sub-coil groups is a factor greater than one of the integer multiples.
  4. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 3, wherein the sub-coil sets are connected in series.
  5. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 3, wherein the sub-coil sets are connected in parallel.
  6. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the number of sub-coils of each of the sub-coil groups is an odd number and is 0 to 360 degrees along a mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or When the electrical angles of the magnetic fields of the first coil are evenly distributed from 0 to 360 degrees, the sub-coils of the sub-coil groups are connected in series.
  7. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the number of sub-coils of each of the sub-coil groups is an even number and is 0 to 360 degrees along a mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or When the electrical angle of the magnetic field of the first coil is evenly distributed on 0 to 360 degrees, each of the sub-coils The sub-coils of the group are connected in parallel.
  8. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the number of sub-coils of each of the sub-coil groups is an even number and is 0 to 360 degrees along a mechanical angle of the circumference of the stator or When the electrical angles of the magnetic fields of the first coil are evenly distributed from 0 to 360 degrees, the sub-coils of the sub-coil groups are connected in series.
  9. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the first coil and the second coil are a Toroidal coil.
  10. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the stator is disposed between the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.
  11. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the stator is disposed outside the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.
  12. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the stator is disposed within the first rotor and the second rotor as viewed in a radial direction.
  13. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the first rotor and the second rotor are both permanent magnet rotors.
  14. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure according to claim 1, wherein the sum of the number of pole pairs of the first coil and the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor is equal to the number of teeth of the stator, and the pole of the second coil The logarithm is equal to the number of pole pairs of the magnet set of the second rotor.
  15. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein one of the first rotor and the second rotor is a permanent magnet rotor, and the first rotor and the second rotor The other is an inductive rotor.
  16. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the first coil system comprises a pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure comprises a plurality of switching elements, and the pole-changing structure is switched by switching The component changes the number of poles of the first coil.
  17. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, wherein the second coil system comprises a pole-changing structure, the pole-changing structure comprises a plurality of switching elements, and the pole-changing structure is switched by switching The component changes the number of poles of the second coil.
  18. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 1, further comprising a reducer and an inverter, the inverter being coupled to the first coil and the second coil of the stator to drive the The first rotor and the second rotor are coupled to an axle, the second rotor is coupled to the input end of the reducer, and the output end of the reducer is coupled to the axle.
  19. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure according to claim 18, wherein the ratio of the reduction ratio of the reducer is equal to the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the first rotor and the number of pole pairs of the magnet group of the second rotor ratio.
  20. The hybrid dual-rotor motor structure of claim 19, further comprising a first switch and a second switch, wherein the inverter is coupled to the first coil of the stator through the first switch, and The second coil is coupled to the second coil of the stator through the second switch.
TW104133582A 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Hybird dual-rotor motor structure TWI551006B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW104133582A TWI551006B (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Hybird dual-rotor motor structure

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW104133582A TWI551006B (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Hybird dual-rotor motor structure
CN201510845274.5A CN106571720A (en) 2015-10-13 2015-11-27 Hybrid dual-rotor motor structure
US14/968,182 US10320270B2 (en) 2015-10-13 2015-12-14 Hybrid dual-rotor structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TWI551006B true TWI551006B (en) 2016-09-21
TW201714388A TW201714388A (en) 2017-04-16

Family

ID=57445182

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW104133582A TWI551006B (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Hybird dual-rotor motor structure

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US10320270B2 (en)
CN (1) CN106571720A (en)
TW (1) TWI551006B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020076185A1 (en) * 2018-10-09 2020-04-16 Алексей Александрович НИКИФОРОВ Electric motor

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10574123B2 (en) * 2015-12-17 2020-02-25 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Concentric dual rotor electric machine
US10513986B2 (en) 2016-10-05 2019-12-24 Rolls-Royce North American Technologies, Inc. Counter-rotating electric generator in turbine engine
US10312781B2 (en) * 2016-10-05 2019-06-04 Rolls-Royce North American Technologies, Inc. Multiple coil electric generator in turbine engine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102099984A (en) * 2008-10-15 2011-06-15 松下电器产业株式会社 Dual-rotor motor
CN103346655A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-09 浙江大学 Birotor permanent magnet motor and washing machine
US8575810B2 (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-11-05 Panasonic Corporation Motor
US8816554B2 (en) * 2010-03-08 2014-08-26 Panasonic Corporation Motor

Family Cites Families (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR82903E (en) * 1962-02-05 1964-05-08 Improvements to electrical machines of variable reluctance type
GB965899A (en) * 1963-03-20 1964-08-06 Licencia Talalmanyokat Isochronal governors for power engines
JPS57101593A (en) * 1980-12-13 1982-06-24 Toshiba Corp Motor
US6531799B1 (en) 1999-12-20 2003-03-11 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Hybrid electric machine with two rotors, permanent magnet poles and controllable field current
DE60332906D1 (en) * 2002-10-26 2010-07-22 Lg Electronics Inc Electric engine
US7030528B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2006-04-18 General Motors Corporation Dual concentric AC motor
JP3903956B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2007-04-11 日産自動車株式会社 Multi-axis multilayer motor
US6924574B2 (en) 2003-05-30 2005-08-02 Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Dual-rotor, radial-flux, toroidally-wound, permanent-magnet machine
JP4608967B2 (en) * 2004-06-29 2011-01-12 日産自動車株式会社 Rotor structure and rotor manufacturing method for disk-type rotating electrical machine
TWI338434B (en) 2006-01-03 2011-03-01 Delta Electronics Inc Three phase opposite rotating motor and fan
JP4983022B2 (en) * 2006-01-05 2012-07-25 パナソニック株式会社 motor
EP1833147B1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2010-12-29 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Electric motor
JP4545702B2 (en) * 2006-03-06 2010-09-15 本田技研工業株式会社 Electric motor
US7521835B2 (en) * 2006-06-27 2009-04-21 General Electric Company Permanent magnet machine with windings having strand transposition
JP4693865B2 (en) * 2007-08-27 2011-06-01 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Power transmission device
US7911175B2 (en) * 2008-08-18 2011-03-22 Emerson Electric Co. Two speed induction motor with tapped auxiliary winding
FI20090115A0 (en) * 2009-03-25 2009-03-25 Abb Oy Permanently magnetized electric machine and permanent magnet for electric machine
JP4828666B2 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-11-30 パナソニック株式会社 Synchronous motor and synchronous motor drive system
CN201504159U (en) * 2009-09-24 2010-06-09 张世清 Double-stator-rotor multiple pole switch reluctance motor
US8575880B2 (en) 2010-03-17 2013-11-05 Alan Lyndon Grantz Direct current motor with independently driven and switchable stators
KR101140924B1 (en) 2010-06-23 2012-05-03 주식회사 아모텍 Motor having double stator and double rotor, and direct drive apparatus for washing machine using the same
CN101951092B (en) 2010-09-16 2014-12-24 上海中科深江电动车辆有限公司 Control method of planetary gear stepless speed changing system of double-rotor motor for electric automobile
TWI452803B (en) 2011-06-21 2014-09-11 Ind Tech Res Inst Electromagnetic speed-variable motor
TWI519057B (en) 2013-11-01 2016-01-21

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102099984A (en) * 2008-10-15 2011-06-15 松下电器产业株式会社 Dual-rotor motor
US8816554B2 (en) * 2010-03-08 2014-08-26 Panasonic Corporation Motor
US8575810B2 (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-11-05 Panasonic Corporation Motor
CN103346655A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-09 浙江大学 Birotor permanent magnet motor and washing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020076185A1 (en) * 2018-10-09 2020-04-16 Алексей Александрович НИКИФОРОВ Electric motor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106571720A (en) 2017-04-19
US10320270B2 (en) 2019-06-11
TW201714388A (en) 2017-04-16
US20170104398A1 (en) 2017-04-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103187846B (en) Four-phase and double-salient brushless direct current motor with symmetrical phase inductances
Torkaman et al. New double-layer-per-phase isolated switched reluctance motor: concept, numerical analysis, and experimental confirmation
KR101011396B1 (en) Motor and motor system
US8076811B2 (en) Flux-switching magnetic motor/generator machine
DE112006001916B4 (en) AC motor and control unit of the same
RU2533190C2 (en) Rotor for electric motor
JP5477161B2 (en) Double stator type motor
US7608965B2 (en) Field controlled axial flux permanent magnet electrical machine
Jian et al. Design and analysis of a magnetic-geared electronic-continuously variable transmission system using finite element method
US8264114B2 (en) Electric rotating machine having improved stator coil arrangement for reducing magnetic noise and torque ripple
US8487499B2 (en) Electric rotating machine drivable with a single three-phase inverter
CA2688376C (en) Multi-rotor electric machine
CN101663806B (en) Axial gap motor
US8258665B2 (en) Motor winding
CN102025248B (en) Motor used for power system of electric vehicle
CN102177640B (en) Electric motor
CN103339834B (en) Electric device, there is the motor of electric device and there is the electric motor car of motor
Rasmussen et al. Motor integrated permanent magnet gear with a wide torque-speed range
Rawcliffe et al. Induction-motor speed-changing by pole-amplitude modulation
US8552609B2 (en) Synchronous motor and system for driving synchronous motor
CN102832771B (en) Combined-type flux switching permanent magnet motor
Zhu et al. Design, analysis and control of hybrid excited doubly salient stator-permanent-magnet motor
JP3671836B2 (en) Compound motor
CN102315738B (en) The method of generator, wind turbine, assembling generator
US20070114871A1 (en) Stator