SU1287930A1 - Rotary and pulsating apparatus - Google Patents

Rotary and pulsating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
SU1287930A1
SU1287930A1 SU853851431A SU3851431A SU1287930A1 SU 1287930 A1 SU1287930 A1 SU 1287930A1 SU 853851431 A SU853851431 A SU 853851431A SU 3851431 A SU3851431 A SU 3851431A SU 1287930 A1 SU1287930 A1 SU 1287930A1
Authority
SU
USSR - Soviet Union
Prior art keywords
stator
rotor
holes
sections
inlet
Prior art date
Application number
SU853851431A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Анатолий Николаевич Воликов
Александр Константинович Абрамов
Владимир Владиславович Гуров
Владимир Иванович Шаврин
Валентин Андреевич Слемзин
Original Assignee
Тульский Политехнический Институт
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Тульский Политехнический Институт filed Critical Тульский Политехнический Институт
Priority to SU853851431A priority Critical patent/SU1287930A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of SU1287930A1 publication Critical patent/SU1287930A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F11/00Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms
    • B01F11/02Mixing by means of high-frequency, e.g. ultrasonic vibrations, e.g. jets impinging against a vibrating plate
    • B01F11/0225Mixing by means of high-frequency, e.g. ultrasonic vibrations, e.g. jets impinging against a vibrating plate comprising a supplementary stirring element
    • B01F11/0233Mixing by means of high-frequency, e.g. ultrasonic vibrations, e.g. jets impinging against a vibrating plate comprising a supplementary stirring element the vibrations being generated by the rotation of the stirring element

Description

The invention relates to the field of chemical, petrochemical, oil refining, fuel technology, in particular, to devices for producing multicomponent liquid and visco-plastic mixtures, and can be used in other industries.

The purpose of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the apparatus,

The drawing shows the proposed device, a longitudinal section.

The rotor-pulsation apparatus contains a cylindrical case 1j with an impeller 8. It is installed inside the stator at a distance from the main hole; equal to the sum of the diameter of the side holes, increases the

5 note converts the potential energy of the flow into the kinetic energy of the rotor rotation by eliminating the confused effect and leads to the equalization of the rotation frequency after

fO it5 that contributes to the leveling of the particle size of the dispersed phase and the passage of the disperse system through the side openings of the cylinders,

In the distribution volume of a hundred

fluid flow and opening at an angle between each other and to the plane of rotation of the turbine; The arrangement of the axes of the input exit sections of the lateral orifices facilitates the flow of fluid into the stator's versts and gives the necessary direction when it is withdrawn from the opening of the rotor. As a result, a significant decrease in the hydraulic resistance of the apparatus is achieved. In addition, the inclined arrangement of the side holes increases the areas of inlet and outlet sections and the length of pr 30 runs of the dispersible components.

20

25

The cylinders 15 are located concentrically concentrically, the place where there is a reverse rotor 2 and a stator 3 with lateral holes 4 and 5 located along the perimeter and central inlets 6 and 7. The device is equipped with an impeller 8 rigidly connected to the rotor by means of a shaft 9 and placed inside the stator at a distance from its inlet 7, equal to the sum of the diameters of the lateral holes 5 located along the stator perimeter, while the lateral apertures 4 and 5 of the rotor and stator are made at an acute angle between themselves and to the plane of rotation of the impeller 8, top and which is directed towards the inlet 7 of the stator 3.

The axes passing through the centers of the entrance sections of the side holes 5 of the stator 3 and the output sections of the holes 4 of the rotor 2, as well as the axes passing through the centers of the output sections of the side holes 5 of the stator 3 and the input sections of the holes 4 of the rotor 2 are parallel to the plane of rotation of the turbine.

The shaft 9 is fixed in the bearings 10 slide. The lower end of the shaft rests on the ball 11. An inter-cylinder space 12 is formed between the rotor and the stator, the value of which is selected depending on the concentration and dispersion of solid inclusions in the dispersed system, as well as the diameter of the side holes. A diffuser 13, apertures 14 and a confuser 15 serve as liquid for entering the stator inside. The finished product is discharged through the openings 16 and the confuser 17.

35

40

50

An increase in the cross sections of the inlet sections, as well as a smooth entrance into the liquid from the distribution of the stator, leads to an increase in the ratio of the velocities of the dispersible elements in the holes. Since ponents have different viscosities, sweats, and surface drawing powers, this stimulates the percentage of dispersion. The increase in the cross-section of the outlet openings intensifies the shear factor. As a result, the pulse speed of the liquid components in the stator apertures, as it exits the inter-cylinder space, an increase occurs in the pulsating forces directed toward the side openings of the stator, where pressure increases . At some of its value, the particles of dispersible components go into the holes of the rotor, where the process proceeds similarly to the process in the holes of the stator.

The device works as follows.

The coarse-dispersed system successively passes the diffuser 13, the apertures 14, the confuser 15, and interacts with the impeller 8. Its installation inside the stator at a distance from the inlet; equal to the sum of the diameters of the side holes increases the completeness of the conversion of the potential energy of the flow into the kinetic energy of rotation of the rotor by eliminating the confused effect and leads to equalization of the frequency of rotation of the latter, 5 which helps level the particle size of the dispersed phase when the dispersed system passes through the side holes of the cylinders,

In the distribution volume of the liquid flow and discharge, the holes are made at a sharp angle between each other and to the plane of rotation of the turbine; and the specified location of the axes of the inlet and outlet sections of the side holes facilitates the flow of fluid into the holes of the stator and gives the right direction when it is discharged from the holes of the rotor. As a result, a significant decrease in the hydraulic resistance of the apparatus is achieved. In addition, the inclined arrangement of the side openings increases the areas of the input and output sections and the length of the run of the dispersible components.

where is the place

where is the place

The increase in the cross sections of the inlets, as well as the smooth entry of fluid from the distribution volume of the stator into them, leads to an increase in the velocity gradient of the dispersible components in the apertures. Since the components have different viscosity, p, sweat and surface tension, this stimulates the dispersion process. The increase in the cross sections of the outlet holes intensifies the cutting factor. As a result of the increment of the velocity pulse of the liquid components in the holes of the stator, as they exit into the inter-cylinder space, an increase in the pulsation forces is directed towards the adjacent holes of the stator, where the pressure increment occurs. At a certain value, particles of dispersible components pass into the rotor apertures, where the process proceeds as in the aperture of the stator.

The arrangement of the axes of the inlet and outlet sections of the holes affects the hydraulic characteristics of the device and the orderliness of the process, and also prevents the possibility of direct flow of fluid from the holes of the stator into the holes of the rotor.

The use of the proposed apparatus allows reducing the hydraulic resistance of the device, as well as improving the quality of the finished product.

Claims (2)

  1. Claim 1. A rotor-pulsation apparatus comprising a cylindrical body in which the rotor and stator cylinders with lateral orifices are located concentrically along the perimeter and central inlets, characterized in that, in order to increase the working efficiency, it is provided with Turbine Editor V. Danko Order 7749/9
    Compiled by N. Fedorov
    Tehred L. Oleynik Proofreader. E.Roshko
    Circulation 587 Subscription VNIIPI USSR State Committee
    for inventions and discoveries 113U35, Moscow, Zh-35, Raushsk nab., 4/5
    . Production and printing company, Uzhgorod, Projecto st., 4
    which is rigidly connected to the rotor by means of a shaft and placed inside the stator at a distance from its inlet aperture equal to the sum of the diameters of the lateral orifices located along the perimeter of the stator, while the lateral orifices of the rotor and the stator are made at an acute angle between plane of rotation of the impeller,
    the top of which is directed towards the inlet of the stator.
  2. 2. An apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the axes passing through the centers of the lateral inlet sections
    the stator holes and the outlet sections of the rotor holes, as well as the axes passing through the centers of the output sections of the side holes of the stator and the input sections of the rotor holes, are parallel to the plane of rotation of the impeller.
SU853851431A 1985-02-04 1985-02-04 Rotary and pulsating apparatus SU1287930A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU853851431A SU1287930A1 (en) 1985-02-04 1985-02-04 Rotary and pulsating apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU853851431A SU1287930A1 (en) 1985-02-04 1985-02-04 Rotary and pulsating apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
SU1287930A1 true SU1287930A1 (en) 1987-02-07

Family

ID=21161331

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
SU853851431A SU1287930A1 (en) 1985-02-04 1985-02-04 Rotary and pulsating apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
SU (1) SU1287930A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005082508A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-09 Novaseptic Ab Processing unit

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Авторское свидетельство СССР № 725691, кл. В 01 F 7/28, 1975. *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005082508A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-09 Novaseptic Ab Processing unit
CN100415353C (en) * 2004-03-01 2008-09-03 米丽波尔公司 Processing unit
US7815362B2 (en) 2004-03-01 2010-10-19 Millipore Ab Processing unit
US8167480B2 (en) 2004-03-01 2012-05-01 Millipore Ab Processing unit

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