RU2709159C1 - Device for treating fungal infections of nails - Google Patents

Device for treating fungal infections of nails Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2709159C1
RU2709159C1 RU2018137878A RU2018137878A RU2709159C1 RU 2709159 C1 RU2709159 C1 RU 2709159C1 RU 2018137878 A RU2018137878 A RU 2018137878A RU 2018137878 A RU2018137878 A RU 2018137878A RU 2709159 C1 RU2709159 C1 RU 2709159C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
nail
nails
positive electrode
fungal infections
treatment
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Application number
RU2018137878A
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Евгений Александрович Оленев
Магеррам Насреддин Оглы Ахмедов
Original Assignee
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Владимирский Государственный Университет имени Александра Григорьевича и Николая Григорьевича Столетовых" (ВлГУ)
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Application filed by Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Владимирский Государственный Университет имени Александра Григорьевича и Николая Григорьевича Столетовых" (ВлГУ) filed Critical Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Владимирский Государственный Университет имени Александра Григорьевича и Николая Григорьевича Столетовых" (ВлГУ)
Priority to RU2018137878A priority Critical patent/RU2709159C1/en
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Publication of RU2709159C1 publication Critical patent/RU2709159C1/en

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Abstract

FIELD: medicine.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine. A device for treating fungal nail infections contains negative (2) and positive (1) electrodes connected to a voltage source and placed one above the other. Positive electrode is located above nail (4), on which medical preparation (6) is applied. In the positive electrode there is pipette (9) for application of the medical preparation.
EFFECT: invention provides higher clinical effectiveness and ease of use.
1 cl, 1 dwg

Description

The invention relates to medicine, and can be used to treat fungal infections of the nails.

The prototype is a method of treating fungal infections of the nails, including preliminary hydrothermal treatment of the nails with subsequent hydrothermal and therapeutic baths, which are made with 0.1-0.25% solution of didecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) [Pat. RF 2186565, IPC A61K 31/14, A61H 33/00, A61P 31/10 2002].

The disadvantages of the prototype are:

- low treatment efficiency due to insufficient penetration of the therapeutic substance into the affected nail plate. This is due to the fact that as a result of preliminary hydrothermal treatment of nails, water gets into the pores, which then prevents the deep penetration of the drug. In addition, the procedure requires two baths, which then need to be disinfected, which reduces convenience and increases the complexity of the operation.

The objective of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, namely increasing the effectiveness of treatment and ease of use.

The problem is solved in that in the device for the treatment of fungal infections of the nails, containing the negative and positive electrodes connected to the voltage source, and the therapeutic drug, the electrodes are placed one above the other, while the positive electrode is located above the nail, and the therapeutic drug is applied to the surface of the nail.

The positive electrode is made of conductive mesh. The positive electrode is made of a needle. The positive electrode is made in the form of an infrared emitter. The plane of the positive electrode is made with curvature repeating the curvature of the nail.

These distinctive features allow you to achieve the following advantages compared with the prototype.

Placing the electrodes one on top of the other, and the positive electrode above the nail, and applying the drug to the surface of the nail allow you to create a uniform electric field in which the drug and the affected nail are. Under the action of an external electric field, the lines of force of which are directed perpendicular to the nail, a liquid substance (medical preparation) moves along the capillaries of the nail plate. As a result, the substance completely soaks the nail, which increases the convenience and effectiveness of the treatment.

The implementation of the positive electrode from the conductive grid allows you to apply alternately layers of the medicinal product on the nail, without removing the positive electrode from the nail. This increases the convenience and effectiveness of the treatment. In addition, there is the possibility of visual observation of the treatment process, which also increases the convenience of performing this procedure.

Performing a positive electrode with a needle makes it possible to increase the electric field strength (due to the curvature at the tips of the needles) at a voltage safe for the patient on the "electrodes." The greater the electric field, the higher the penetration rate of the drug into the nail. This reduces the time of the treatment procedure and increases the effectiveness of treatment.

The implementation of a positive electrode in the form of an infrared emitter contributes to the simultaneous heating of the nail and the medicinal product (substance), due to which the capillaries expand in the nail, and the viscosity of the substance decreases, which increases the rate of penetration of the substance deep into the nail, and also improves the filling of capillaries with this substance. All this increases the effectiveness of treatment. In addition, heating accelerates chemical reactions that occur during the interaction of a substance with pathogenic microorganisms.

The implementation of the plane of the positive electrode with a curvature that repeats the curvature of the nail, allows you to provide better perpendicularity to the surface of the nail force lines, which increases the force that moves the therapeutic drug deep into the nail and contributing to better filling of the capillaries.

Placing the needles on the electrode increases the electric field.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing.

In FIG. depicts a device for the treatment of fungal infections of the nails.

A device for treating fungal infections of the nails contains a positive 1 and a negative 2 electrodes, between which towards the power lines 3 there is a nail 4 of a finger 5, covered with a medicinal product 6. In the electrode 1, a heating element 7, needles 8 and a dispenser (pipette) 9 of the treatment can be installed the drug.

The device operates as follows.

By means of a power source, an electric potential of the order of 40 V is formed on the electrodes 1, 2 and, thereby, an electric field is created between them with power lines 3 directed from the positive electrode 1 to the negative 2. A layer of liquid therapeutic substance 6 is applied to the nail 4 and the last (with a previously cleaned surface) between the electrodes 1, 2 perpendicularly and towards the power lines 3 of the created electric field, while the nail and finger 5 should not touch the electrodes. Under the influence of an electric field, the therapeutic substance 6 begins to penetrate deep into the nail. The penetration rate will be proportional to the magnitude of the electric field and inversely proportional to the viscosity of the liquid, therefore, if necessary, acceleration of penetration include a heating element 7, as a result of which the electrode 1 begins to emit infrared radiation directed to the nail. At the same time, simultaneous heating with the therapeutic substance of 6 nails promotes the expansion of pores in it, which also improves the penetration of the substance deep into the nail.

As a therapeutic substance, you can use hydrogen peroxide and silver nitrate, the application of which alternate on the surface of the nail (after the penetration of one applied another). For example, after a layer of hydrogen peroxide has penetrated into the nail, a layer of silver nitrate is applied to the surface, etc. Depending on the thickness of the nail and the layer of the drug, this procedure is repeated alternating until they completely soak the nail. Moreover, these substances are conveniently applied with a pipette 9, without removing the electrode 1 from the nail, and needles 8 are used to increase the electric field strength.

The implementation of the invention will allow you to create a simple design device for the effective treatment of fungal infections of the nails.

Claims (1)

  1. A device for treating fungal infections of the nails, containing negative and positive electrodes connected to a voltage source and placed one above the other, the positive electrode being located above the nail on which the medicinal product is applied, characterized in that a pipette for applying the medicinal product is installed in the positive electrode.
RU2018137878A 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Device for treating fungal infections of nails RU2709159C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2018137878A RU2709159C1 (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Device for treating fungal infections of nails

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2018137878A RU2709159C1 (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Device for treating fungal infections of nails

Publications (1)

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RU2709159C1 true RU2709159C1 (en) 2019-12-16

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2006233C1 (en) * 1991-07-17 1994-01-30 Сергей Михайлович Жуйков Medicinal ionophoresis device
US6192270B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2001-02-20 Genetronics, Inc. Apparatus and method for the delivery of drugs and genes into tissue
RU2191557C2 (en) * 2000-07-07 2002-10-27 Алексей Иванович Ступко Physiotherapeutic device
RU33013U1 (en) * 2002-12-10 2003-10-10 Домнин Лев Петрович Aeroinotherapy device
US20050038375A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2005-02-17 Zvika Nitzan Method, apparatus, and kit for onychomycosis treatment
US20060052739A1 (en) * 2000-05-31 2006-03-09 Transport Pharmaceuticals. Inc. Electrokinetic delivery of medicaments
US20170361123A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2017-12-21 Pavel V. Efremkin Apparatus and Method for Treatment of Foot and Nail Diseases
US20170361078A1 (en) * 2014-12-10 2017-12-21 Devicefarm, Inc. Onychomycosis treatment system and method

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2006233C1 (en) * 1991-07-17 1994-01-30 Сергей Михайлович Жуйков Medicinal ionophoresis device
US6192270B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2001-02-20 Genetronics, Inc. Apparatus and method for the delivery of drugs and genes into tissue
US20060052739A1 (en) * 2000-05-31 2006-03-09 Transport Pharmaceuticals. Inc. Electrokinetic delivery of medicaments
RU2191557C2 (en) * 2000-07-07 2002-10-27 Алексей Иванович Ступко Physiotherapeutic device
RU33013U1 (en) * 2002-12-10 2003-10-10 Домнин Лев Петрович Aeroinotherapy device
US20050038375A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2005-02-17 Zvika Nitzan Method, apparatus, and kit for onychomycosis treatment
US20170361123A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2017-12-21 Pavel V. Efremkin Apparatus and Method for Treatment of Foot and Nail Diseases
US20170361078A1 (en) * 2014-12-10 2017-12-21 Devicefarm, Inc. Onychomycosis treatment system and method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
ОЛЕНЕВ Е.А., СУШКОВА Л.Т. Метод лечения грибковых заболеваний кожи и ногтевых пластинок. // XII международная научная конференция с научной молодежной сессией "Физика и радиоэлектроника в медицине и экологии - ФРЭМЭ’2016", Книга 1, Издательство: Владимирский государственный университет им. Александра Григорьевича и Николая Григорьевича Столетовых, 2016 год. *

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