KR20180097427A - Apparatus for generating minimum accident information for use in a vehicle emergency rescue system and method for the same - Google Patents

Apparatus for generating minimum accident information for use in a vehicle emergency rescue system and method for the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20180097427A
KR20180097427A KR1020170084328A KR20170084328A KR20180097427A KR 20180097427 A KR20180097427 A KR 20180097427A KR 1020170084328 A KR1020170084328 A KR 1020170084328A KR 20170084328 A KR20170084328 A KR 20170084328A KR 20180097427 A KR20180097427 A KR 20180097427A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
information
accident
accident information
minimum
vehicle
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KR1020170084328A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
심태형
이준섭
이진영
임정일
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한국전자통신연구원
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Priority to KR20170024068 priority
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Publication of KR20180097427A publication Critical patent/KR20180097427A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B27/00Alarm systems in which the alarm condition is signalled from a central station to a plurality of substations
    • G08B27/001Signalling to an emergency team, e.g. firemen
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/01Electrical circuits for triggering passive safety arrangements, e.g. airbags, safety belt tighteners, in case of vehicle accidents or impending vehicle accidents
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/14Central alarm receiver or annunciator arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/12Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by using return channel
    • H04L1/16Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by using return channel in which the return channel carries supervisory signals, e.g. repetition request signals
    • H04L1/18Automatic repetition systems, e.g. van Duuren system ; ARQ protocols

Abstract

One embodiment of the present invention provides an apparatus for generating minimum accident information. The apparatus comprises: an accident information collecting unit collecting accident information from a moving object accident information collecting device; an accident information reconstructing unit reconstructing the accident information to match a predetermined data type and value; and a minimum accident information generating unit composed of version information of minimum accident information, basic information, which is an essential element including an accident occurrence time, control information, and a position of an accident vehicle, and optional information, which can be additionally included as needed for accident situation identification and lifesaving according to an operation method, using the reconstructed accident information and generating the minimum accident information having a predetermined structure.

Description

[0001] APPARATUS FOR GENERATING MINIMUM ACCIDENT INFORMATION FOR USE IN VEHICLE EMERGENCY RESCUE SYSTEM [0002] AND METHOD FOR THE SAME [0003]

The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for generating minimum accident information for use in a vehicle emergency relief system.

The emergency rescue system is a service that can receive rescue services by transmitting the user location information to the emergency rescue system center (server) in case of an accident.

In the e-call system, various sensors included in the accident information collecting system collect information necessary for accident judgment and use it to judge whether an accident occurs in the e-call center.

However, since various accident information collecting devices exist and accident information collected by each accident information collecting device is not unified, the accident information received by the e-call center has various forms, resulting in inefficiency.

Therefore, it is necessary to generate the minimum accident information according to the predefined data structure from the collected accident information, and transmit it to the e-Call center so as to have a uniform data structure and format.

The above-mentioned background art is technical information that the inventor holds for the derivation of the present invention or acquired in the derivation process of the present invention, and is not necessarily known technology disclosed to the general public prior to the filing of the present invention.

Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2016-0130870

It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and method for defining a structure of minimum accident information used in a vehicle emergency rescue system and thereby generating minimum accident information.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an accident information collecting part for collecting accident information from a moving object accident information collecting device; An accident information reconstruction unit reconstructing the accident information so as to match the predetermined data type and value; And the reconstructed accident information, basic information, which is essential information including the version information of the minimum accident information, the accident occurrence time, the control information, and the location of the accident vehicle, And a minimum-accident-information generating unit configured to generate minimum-accident information having a predetermined structure, the minimum-accident-information generating unit being composed of selection information that can be additionally included as needed.

According to the present invention, an apparatus for generating minimum accident information and a method thereof can define the structure of minimum accident information used in a vehicle emergency rescue system and generate minimum accident information accordingly, thereby generating accident information So that the data can be unified and compatibility can be improved.

1 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a system for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a block diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus for generating minimum accident information shown in FIG.
3 is a flowchart illustrating a method for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a diagram illustrating a structure of minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.
5 is a diagram showing an example of the control type shown in FIG.
Fig. 6 is a view showing an example of the vehicle type shown in Fig. 4. Fig.
FIG. 7 is a view showing an example of the vehicle identification number shown in FIG.
8 is a view showing an example of the vehicle position shown in FIG.
FIG. 9 is a view showing an example of the latest vehicle position N1 shown in FIG.
10 is a diagram showing an example of the latest vehicle position N2 shown in FIG.
11 is a view showing an example of the vehicle fuel information shown in FIG.
12 is a diagram showing an example of the additional information shown in FIG.

The present invention is capable of various modifications and various embodiments, and specific embodiments are illustrated and described in the drawings. The effects and features of the present invention and methods of achieving them will be apparent with reference to the embodiments described in detail below with reference to the drawings. Hereinafter, a repeated description, a known function that may obscure the gist of the present invention, and a detailed description of the configuration will be omitted. Embodiments of the present invention are provided to more fully describe the present invention to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, the shapes and sizes of the elements in the drawings and the like can be exaggerated for clarity.

However, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described below, but all or some of the embodiments may be selectively combined and implemented in various forms. In the following embodiments, the terms first, second, and the like are used for the purpose of distinguishing one element from another element, not the limitative meaning. Also, the singular expressions include plural expressions unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Also, the terms include, including, etc. mean that there is a feature, or element, recited in the specification and does not preclude the possibility that one or more other features or components may be added.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like or corresponding components throughout the drawings, and a duplicate description thereof will be omitted .

1 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a system 1 for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 1, in a system 1 for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention, a minimum accident information generating apparatus 100 includes an accident information collecting apparatus 210, an emergency rescue system server 220, Lt; / RTI >

Here, the minimum accident information generating apparatus 100 may correspond to the accident information collecting apparatus 210 in a one-to-one relationship, but may correspond to a plurality of the accident information collecting apparatuses 210 in a 1: n manner.

The minimum accident information generating apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention receives and collects accident information collected by the accident information collecting apparatus 210 with respect to a moving object and collects the collected incident information into a predetermined data type and a value And reconstructs the reconstructed information so as to comply with the reconstructed incident information, and includes basic information, which is an essential element including the version information of the minimum accident information, the time of occurrence of the accident, the location of the control information and the accident vehicle, Thereby generating a minimum set of data (MSD) having a predetermined structure.

Also, the minimum-accident-information generating apparatus 100 can encode the minimum-accident information. At this time, the encoding rule may follow IETF RFC 7049. Here, the IETF is the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet International Organization for Standardization, and the RFC stands for "Request for Comments". The IETF can accept some RFCs as Internet standards.

Herein, the minimum accident information means a set of information for generating and transmitting an accident situation to the emergency rescue system server 220, which is generated by the minimum accident information generating apparatus 100 from the collected accident information, And basic information and additional information according to general purpose.

Basic information among the minimum accident information means a set of information that must be included in the minimum accident information when the terminal performs normal operation, and includes version information of the minimum accident information, the time of occurrence of the accident, control information, do.

At this time, the version information of the minimum accident information is indispensable information, and it can be classified as basic information or as essential items that are separate from basic information.

If the version information of the minimum accident information is classified as essential items separate from the basic information, the minimum accident information may be composed of version information, basic information, and additional information of the minimum accident information.

At this time, the basic information of the minimum accident information includes at least one of message sequence number, vehicle type, vehicle number, vehicle position, at least one latest vehicle position and time when collecting the position, vehicle direction and time when collecting the direction, , The number of passengers, and the vehicle information.

The selection information among the minimum accident information defines a set of information about the accident situation grasp and the life history structure that can be additionally included depending on how the accident information collecting apparatus 210 operates.

The structure of the minimum accident information can be defined as different data versions according to the requirements of the accident information collecting device 210 or the emergency rescue system server 220 and must be provided to the accident information collecting device 210 or the emergency rescue system server 220) should be able to interpret the minimal incident information structure per version.

A detailed description of the minimum accident information will be given later.

The accident information collecting device 210 collects various sensor information on the target moving object using various sensors. In particular, accident information is collected through sensor information at the time of an accident, and the accident information generating apparatus 100 can use the information.

Here, a vehicle such as an automobile or a motorcycle may be included in the target moving body.

At this time, the sensor included in the accident information collecting device 210 may include at least one of an acceleration sensor, a temperature sensor, a gyro sensor, a pressure sensor, an infrared sensor, and a GPS sensor.

Also, the accident information collecting device 210 may include a manual button for manually starting the emergency rescue service.

In addition, the accident information collecting device 210 can primarily determine whether an accident has occurred by using the collected accident information.

In addition, the accident information collecting device 210 can provide a voice communication function with the operation staff of the emergency rescue system server. To this end, the accident information collecting apparatus 210 may include a microphone and a speaker for voice input / output, and may include a camera and a display to enable video input / output.

The emergency recovery system server 220 receives the minimum accident information generated by the accident information generation apparatus 100 to determine whether or not an accident has occurred, and performs a function of requesting a rescue organization for a structure, if necessary.

Here, the emergency rescue system server 220 may be configured with a PSAP (Public Safety Answering Point) and a Proxy PSAP (PSAP) function. The PSAP communicates with the driver / passenger to carry out the final accident judgment and perform the function of requesting the rescue organization to go to the rescue. The proxy PSAP receives the minimum incident information and performs automatic voice guidance to the driver / passenger using the automated function to determine whether or not an accident has occurred. If it is estimated that an accident is required, the minimum PSID received is transmitted to the PSAP , You can connect the connected call to the PSAP.

Accordingly, by reconstructing the accident information collected from the various accident information collecting apparatuses into a predetermined structure and generating the minimum accident information, it is possible to solve the compatibility problem and the data unity problem, and to judge whether an accident has occurred or not.

2 is a block diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 100 for generating the minimum accident information shown in FIG.

2, an apparatus 100 for generating minimum accident information according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes a controller 110, a communication unit 120, a memory 130, an accident information collecting unit 140, A reconstruction unit 150, a minimum accident information generation unit 160, and the like.

In detail, the control unit 110 controls the entire process of generating the minimum accident information as a kind of central processing unit. That is, the control unit 110 controls the communication unit 120, the memory 130, the accident information collecting unit 140, the accident information reconstructing unit 150, and the minimum accident information generating unit 160 to provide various functions can do.

Here, the control unit 110 may include any kind of device capable of processing data, such as a processor. Herein, the term " processor " may refer to a data processing apparatus embedded in hardware, for example, having a circuit physically structured to perform a function represented by a code or an instruction contained in the program. As an example of the data processing apparatus built in hardware, a microprocessor, a central processing unit (CPU), a processor core, a multiprocessor, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) circuit, and a field programmable gate array (FPGA), but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

The communication unit 120 provides a communication interface necessary for transmitting the transmission / reception signal between the apparatus 100 for generating minimum accident information and the accident information collecting apparatus (see 210 in FIG. 1) and the emergency recovery system server (see 220 in FIG. 1) do.

Here, the communication unit 120 may be a device including hardware and software necessary to transmit / receive a signal such as a control signal or a data signal through a wired / wireless connection with another network device.

The memory 130 performs a function of temporarily or permanently storing data processed by the controller 110. Here, the memory 130 may include magnetic storage media or flash storage media, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

The accident information collecting unit 140 collects accident information from the accident information collecting apparatus 210 through the communication unit 120.

Here, the accident information collecting unit 140 may collect accident information from one or more accident information collecting apparatuses 210, respectively.

The accident information reconstructing unit 150 reconstructs data of various structures and types included in the accident information collected by the accident information collecting unit 140 in accordance with a predetermined data structure and format.

Here, the accident information reconstructing unit 150 can convert the data format so that the specific item of the collected accident information does not fit the predefined data format.

The minimum accident information generating unit 160 generates minimum accident information using the accident information reconstructed by the accident information reconstructing unit 150. The minimum accident information generated here is transmitted to the emergency recovery system server (refer to 220 in FIG. 1) and can be used for judging whether an accident has occurred or not. The minimum accident information may be composed of basic information which is an essential element and additional information which is an optional element.

At this time, the version information of the minimum accident information is indispensable information, and it can be classified as basic information or as essential items that are separate from basic information.

If the version information of the minimum accident information is classified as essential items separate from the basic information, the minimum accident information may be composed of version information, basic information, and additional information of the minimum accident information.

At this time, the basic information of the minimum accident information may include the version information of the minimum accident information, the time of the accident occurrence, the control information, and the location information of the accident vehicle.

At this time, the basic information of the minimum accident information includes at least one of message sequence number, vehicle type, vehicle number, vehicle position, at least one latest vehicle position and time when collecting the position, vehicle direction and time when collecting the direction, , The number of passengers, and the vehicle information.

In addition, the minimum-accident-information generating unit 160 may encode the minimum-accident information when generating the minimum-accident information.

At this time, the coding rule used when coding the minimum accident information may be in accordance with IETF RFC 7049.

3 is a flowchart illustrating a method for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 3, a method for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention collects accident information using various sensors from a target moving object (S301).

In addition, the method for generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention sets a minimum accident information version to generate minimum accident information from the collected accident information (S303).

This is because there may be some differences in the structure and format of the data depending on the version of the minimum accident information. Therefore, the version information is set by reflecting the version information that can be supported by the emergency recovery system server (refer to 220 in FIG. 1) that will use the minimum accident information to be generated.

In addition, the method of generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention reconstructs collected accident information to generate basic information which is an essential element of minimum accident information (S305).

At this time, the basic information may include a minimum accident information version, an accident occurrence time, control information, and the location of the accident vehicle.

At this time, the basic information includes at least one of message sequence number, vehicle type, chassis number, vehicle position, at least one latest vehicle position and time when collecting the position, time when collecting the vehicle direction and its direction, callback number, And vehicle information.

In addition, the method of generating minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention reconstructs collected accident information to generate additional information, which is an optional element of minimum accident information (S307).

In an alternative embodiment, in steps S301, S303, S305, and S307, step S305 of generating basic information and step S307 of generating additional information may be performed in parallel.

In an alternative embodiment, in steps S301, S303, S305, and S307, the step of generating additional information (S307) may be performed first, and the step of generating basic information (S305) may be performed.

4 is a diagram showing the structure of the minimum accident information 40 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 4, the MSD 40 includes version information (msdVersion, 300) of minimum accident information, basic information (msdStructure, 400) as essential elements, and additional information (additionalData, 500) do.

The version information 300 of the minimum accident information is defined to be able to interpret the minimum accident information in the emergency recovery system server (see 220 in FIG. 1). This indicates the version value of the minimum accident information. Depending on the type of the data structure, it can have a value of 1 byte (Integer) sequentially increasing from 1 to 255.

The basic information 400 of the minimum accident information is a set of information that must be included in the minimum accident information when the apparatus for generating minimum accident information (see 100 in FIG. 1) performs normal operation.

Table 1 below shows data types, order and size of data included in basic information of minimum accident information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

turn Basic Information Explanation Data Size One messageIdentifier Message number of least accident information 1 Byte 2 timestamp Time of accident judgment 4 Bytes 3 controlType Control type 3 bits 4 vehicleType Vehicle type 5 bits 5 vehicleIdentificationNumber VIN Number 17 Bytes 6 vehicleLocation Vehicle location 8 Bytes 7 timestampOfRecentVehicleLocationN1 Time of the latest vehicle position N1 4 Bytes 8 recentVehicleLocationN1 Recent vehicle position N1 8 Bytes 9 timestampOfRecentVehicleLocationN2 Time of the latest vehicle position N2 4 Bytes 10 recentVehicleLocationN2 Recent vehicle position N2 8 Bytes 11 timestampOfVehicleDirection Vehicle direction time 4 Bytes 12 vehicleDirection Vehicle direction 4 bits 13 callbackNumber Callback Number 15 Bytes 14 numberOfPassengers Number of passengers 1 Byte 15 vehiclePropulsionStorageType Vehicle fuel 7 bits Sum 76 Bytes
3 bits

Referring to Table 1, the first data of the basic information is a messageIdentifier (401) indicating the number of retransmission messages of the minimum-accident information at the time of an accident judgment, and is a 1-byte integer type having a value from 1 to 255 have.

For example, the message sequence number 401 of the minimum accident information transmitted first at the time of occurrence of an accident has a value of 1, and when an application layer ACK (acknowledgment) is not received from the emergency rescue system server (see 220 in FIG. 1) Increase the message sequence number by 1 for each second to retransmit the minimum incident information. If the message sequence number exceeds 255, it is initialized to 1 and retransmitted. If an additional event occurs, the minimum event information value is updated and the message sequence number 401 is initialized to a value of 1 again.

The second data of the basic information is a timestamp (402) indicating the time at which the accident information collecting device (see 210 in FIG. 1) judged the accident, and can have a value of 0 to 4294967295 as an integer of 4 bytes.

The time stamp 402 follows the reference time value of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which increases in units of one second from 0:00:00 on January 1, 1970. Korea Standard Time (KST) can be converted through the calculation of +09 time based on UTC. In the emergency recovery system server (see 220 in FIG. 1), the accident time of the minimum accident information received is compared to identify the same accident . If time information can not be acquired, the time stamp 402 can be set to zero.

The third data of the basic information is a control type (controlType, 403) and can have a boolean sequence of 3 bits.

5 is a diagram showing an example of a control type (controlType) 403 shown in FIG.

Referring to FIG. 5, the control type 403 includes an automatic emergency service 403a, an emergency service test 403b, a vehicle position information trust 403c, and a cancel request 403d. Etc., each of which has a Boolean type.

The following number 1 code represents an example of the definition of the control type 403.

[Water Code 1]

controlType :: = SEQUENCE {

automaticActivation BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE,

testCall BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE,

positionTrusted BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE,

cancelRequest BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

}

Here, the automatic emergency rescue service 403a has a logical value of 'True' when the minimum accident information is automatically generated and a logical value of 'False' if it is manually generated through the SOS button. In addition, the emergency salvage service test 403b has a logical value of false when the minimum accident information is transmitted for the purpose of emergency rescue service test, and a false value when it is transmitted by automatic algorithm based on the accident judgment. In addition, the vehicle location information trust 403c is true when the location information is acquired through the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), and is false when the location information is acquired in a different manner. In addition, the cancellation of the accident report 403d is true if the accident report is canceled automatically or by the driver / passenger, otherwise it has a logical value of false.

The fourth data of the basic information is vehicle type (vehicleType, 404) and may have an enumerated data type of 5 bits. This can be expressed as a 5 digit binary number.

6 is a view showing an example of the vehicle type 404 shown in Fig.

Referring to FIG. 6, the vehicle type 404 includes four kinds of passenger vehicles (Passenger VehicleClass1 to Passenger VehicleClass4, 404a to 404d), four kinds of buses (busesAndCoachesClass1 to busesAndCoachesClass4, 404e to 404h), four kinds of cargoes (truckClass1 to truckClass4, 404i to 404l) , Four special species (heavyDutyVehicleClass1 to heavyDutyVehicleClass4, 404m to 404p), and two-wheeled (motorcyclesClass1 to motorcyclesClass4, 404q to 404t).

Table 2 below is an example showing vehicle type 404 according to an embodiment of the present invention. This can be done according to scale-specific criteria in Table 1 of the Enforcement Regulations of the Automobile Control Act (related to Article 2). If the vehicle type 404 value can not be obtained, it may have a binary value " 00000 ".

Type of vehicle Scale Detailed criteria vehicleType Binary number Decimal number Passenger Light type Displacement less than 1,000cc, Length 3.6m, Width 1.6m, Height 2.0m or less 00001 One small type The displacement is less than 1,600cc, length 4.7m, width 1.7m, height less than 2.0m 00010 2 Medium A displacement of less than 1,600cc or less than 2,000cc or any one of length, width, and height exceeding the compactness 00011 3 large The exhaust volume is more than 2,000cc, or the length, width, height both exceed the small size 00100 4 Match Light type Displacement less than 1,000cc, Length 3.6m, Width 1.6m, Height 2.0m or less 00101 5 small type Length is 4.7m, width 1.7m, height 2.0m or less, with a passenger capacity of 15 persons or less 00110 6 Medium The number of passengers is not less than 16 persons and not more than 35 persons, or any one of length, width, height is less than 9m in length. 00111 7 large The number of passengers is 36 or more, or both length, width, and height are over 9m in length and over 9m in length. 01000 8 freight Light type Displacement less than 1,000cc, Length 3.6m, Width 1.6m, Height 2.0m or less 01001 9 small type The maximum load is less than 1 ton, and the total weight is less than 3.5 ton 01010 10 Medium The maximum load is more than 1 ton and less than 5 ton, or the total weight is more than 3.5 ton but less than 10 ton 01011 11 large A maximum load of 5 tons or more, or a total weight of 10 tons or more 01100 12 special Light type Displacement less than 1,000cc, Length 3.6m, Width 1.6m, Height 2.0m or less 01101 13 small type Gross weight less than 3.5 tons 01110 14 Medium Gross weight exceeding 3.5 tons but less than 10 tons 01111 15 large Gross weight exceeding 10 tons 10000 16 Two-wheeler Light type The exhaust amount is less than 50cc (maximum rated output 4kW or less) 10001 17 small type A maximum load of 60 kg or less with a displacement of 100 cc or less (maximum rated output of 11 kW or less) 10010 18 Medium The exhaust capacity is more than 100cc and less than 260cc (the maximum rated output is more than 11kW and less than 15kW) and the maximum load is more than 60kg and less than 100kg 10011 19 large A displacement exceeding 260cc (maximum rated output 15kW) 10100 20

The fifth data of the basic information is a vehicle identification number (vehicle identification number) 405, which indicates a unique identification string of the vehicle and can have a sequence of 17 bytes.

At this time, the vehicle identification number 405 may follow the unique identification string of the vehicle defined in " ISO 3779: 2009 Road Vehicles - Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) - Content and structure ".

FIG. 7 is a view showing an example of the vehicle identification number 405 shown in FIG.

7, the vehicle identification number 405 includes 3-digit manufacturer information (isowmi) 405a, 6-digit automobile characteristic information (isovds) 405b, 1-digit production year (isovisModelYear) 405c, (IsovisSeqPlant, 405d).

The following number code 2 represents an example of the definition of vehicle identification number 405.

[Water supply code 2]

VIN :: = SEQUENCE {

isowmi PrintableString (SIZE (3)) (From ("0" .. "9", "A" .. "Z"))

isovds PrintableString (SIZE (6)) (From ("0" .. "9", "A" .. "Z"))

isovisModelYear PrintableString (SIZE (1)) (From ("0" .. "9", "A" .. "Z"))

isovisSeqPlant PrintableString (SIZE (7)) (From ("0" .. "9", "A" .. "Z"))

}

Each digit can consist of the digits 0 through 9, or the alphabets A through Z. That is, the vehicle identification number 405 may be composed of 17 digits in total. If the vehicle identification number 405 is not acquired or has an invalid value, it may have a default value of " 00000000000000000 ".

For example, a code corresponding to the country in the first digit, a code corresponding to the manufacturer in the second digit, a code corresponding to the vehicle classification in the third digit, a code corresponding to the vehicle in the fourth digit, The code corresponding to the body shape in the sixth digit, the code corresponding to the safety device in the seventh digit, the code corresponding to the engine type in the eighth digit, the code corresponding to the driver's seat in the ninth digit, A code corresponding to the production year, a symbol corresponding to the production plant in eleventh place, and a code corresponding to the vehicle production serial number in the last six positions may be assigned to the seat.

The sixth data of the basic information may be a vehicle location (vehicleLocation) 406, and the location information of the vehicle may have a sequence of 8 bytes.

At this time, the vehicle location 406 may follow the definition of " ISO 6709: Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates ".

Fig. 8 is a view showing an example of the vehicle position 406 shown in Fig.

8, the vehicle position 406 may be composed of a positionLatitude 406a of the vehicle and a positionLongitude 406b of the vehicle. The vehicle position 406 may represent the latitude 406a and the longitude 406b in degrees, minutes, seconds to the second decimal place of the last second.

The following number 3 represents an example of the definition of the vehicle location 406.

[Water code 3]

vehicleLocation :: = SEQUENCE {

positionLatitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

positionLongitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

}

At this time, the latitude 406a satisfies the range condition of -90 (-324000000) to +90 (+324000000), and the longitude 406b satisfies the range condition of -180 (-64,800,000) to +180 . If the vehicle position information can not be acquired at the time of the accident determination or the acquired value is an invalid value, the latitude 406a and the longitude 406b may be " 2147483647 ".

At this time, the location of the vehicle is divided into latitude and longitude, and the latitude is expressed as -324,000,000 at the south-east (S) -90 degrees and +324,000,000 at the north (N) +90. The hardness can be calculated as -648,000,000 for west (W) -180 degrees and +648,000,000 for east (E) +180 degrees.

For example, when the latitude is measured as 36 degrees 22 minutes and 51.50 seconds, and the hardness is measured as 127 degrees 21 minutes and 53.50 seconds, the latitude may have a value of 130971.50 according to the following equation 1 and 458513.50 according to the following equation.

[Equation 1]

36 ° 22 '51.50˝ = 36 ×× 60 × 60.00 + 22 × 60.00 + 51.50 = 130971.50

&Quot; (2) "

127 ° 21 '53.50˝ = 127 ×× 60 × 60.00 + 21 × 60.00 + 53.50 = 458513.50

The seventh data of the basic information represents the time information of the position information recorded in the latest vehicle position N1 (recentVehicleLocationN1, 408) at the time of the latest vehicle position N1 (timestampOfRecentVehicleLocationN1, 407) Lt; / RTI >

At this time, the time 407 of the latest vehicle position N1 may follow the data format of the time stamp 402.

The eighth data of the basic information indicates recent vehicle position information recorded in order to improve the accuracy of the position of the accident vehicle and to understand the traveling direction of the vehicle at a complicated intersection, a multi-level road, etc. with the recent vehicle position N1 (recentVehicleLocationN1, 408) It can have a sequence of 8 bytes.

At this time, the latest vehicle position N1 408 may follow the data format of the vehicle position 406. [ That is, the recent vehicle position N1 408 may follow the definition of " ISO 6709: 2008 Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates ".

FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an example of the latest vehicle position N1 408 shown in FIG.

Referring to FIG. 9, the latest vehicle position N1 408 may be composed of a positionLatitude 408a of the vehicle and a positionLongitude 408b of the vehicle. The latest vehicle position N1 408 may represent the latitude 408a and the longitude 408b in degrees, minutes, and seconds to the second decimal place of the last second.

The following number 4 represents an example of the definition of the latest vehicle position N1 (408).

[Water supply code 4]

recentVehicleLocationN1 :: = SEQUENCE {

positionLatitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

positionLongitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

}

At this time, the latitude 408a satisfies the range condition of -90 (-324000000) to +90 (+324000000), and the longitude 408b satisfies the range condition of -180 (-64,800,000) to +180 .

Here, if the newly acquired vehicle position 406 is a valid value, the value of the vehicle position 406 may be updated to the latest vehicle position N1 408 after 5 seconds have elapsed. However, if the newly acquired vehicle position 406 is an invalid value, the value of the existing latest vehicle position N1 408 may not be updated.

The ninth data of the basic information represents the time information of the position information recorded in the latest vehicle position N2 (recentVehicleLocationN2, 410) at the time of the latest vehicle position N2 (timestampOfRecentVehicleLocationN2, 409) Lt; / RTI >

At this time, the time 409 of the latest vehicle position N2 may follow the data format of the time stamp 402.

The tenth data of the basic information is updated to the latest vehicle position N2 (410) after 5 seconds after the latest vehicle position N1 (408) is updated with the latest vehicle position N2 (recentVehicleLocationN2, 410) Lt; / RTI >

At this time, the latest vehicle position N2 410 may follow the data format of the vehicle position 406. [ That is, the recent vehicle position N2 410 may follow the definition of " ISO 6709: 2008 standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates ".

10 is a diagram showing an example of the latest vehicle position N2 410 shown in FIG.

Referring to FIG. 10, the recent vehicle position N2 410 may be composed of a positionLength 410a of the vehicle and a positionLongitude 410b of the vehicle. The latest vehicle position N1 408 may represent the latitude 408a and the longitude 408b in degrees, minutes, and seconds to the second decimal place of the last second.

The following number 5 is an example of the definition of the latest vehicle position N2 410. [

[Capital code 5]

recentVehicleLocationN2 :: = SEQUENCE {

positionLatitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

positionLongitude INTEGER (-2147483648..2147483647),

}

At this time, the latitude 410a satisfies the range condition of -90 (-324000000) to +90 (+324000000), and the hardness 410b satisfies the range condition of -180 (-64,800,000) to +180 .

The eleventh data of the basic information is time information (vehicleDirectionTimestamp) 411 in the vehicle direction and indicates time information in which the vehicle direction 412 is recorded when the vehicle direction (vehicleDirection) 412 has a valid value. Lt; RTI ID = 0.0 > 4294967295. ≪ / RTI >

At this time, the time 407 of the latest vehicle position N1 may follow the data format of the time stamp 402.

The twelfth data of the basic information is the vehicle direction (vehicle direction 412), and indicates the direction of the vehicle finally obtained immediately before the accident is divided into eight directions, and is a 4-bit integer type having values from 0 to 15 .

At this time, the vehicle direction 412 can be expressed by cutting the decimal point in accordance with Table 3 on the basis of the geomagnetic north pole.

Central angle (degrees) Azimuth range (degrees) Vehicle direction value 0 338 to 22 One 45 23 to 67 2 90 68-112 3 135 113 ~ 157 4 180 158 ~ 202 5 225 203 ~ 247 6 270 248-292 7 315 293 to 337 8

The thirteenth data of the basic information is a callback number (callback number) 413, which indicates a telephone number of a driver or a passenger used to call back from the emergency rescue service to a driver or a passenger, and can have a sequence of 15 bytes.

At this time, the callback number (143) can be represented by a total of 15 numbers including the international identification number defined in " ITU-T E.164 Numbering of the international telephone service " and the domestic telephone number. A number less than 15 is recorded from the previous number, and the backward digit is filled with 0 and can be represented by a 15-digit number. If the callback number 143 is an unavailable or invalid value, it may have " 000000000000000 ".

The fourteenth data of the basic information is the number of passengers (numberOfPassengers) 414, which indicates the number of persons including both the driver and the passenger who boarded the vehicle, and may be a 1-byte integer type having 0 to 255. [

If it fails to acquire the number of passengers 414, it may have " 00000000 ".

The fifteenth data of the basic information is vehicle fuel information (vehiclePropulsionStoryType, 415), which represents the fuel information of the vehicle for responding to the type of fuel at the time of the accident, and may have a 7-bit Boolean sequence.

If the vehicle is a hybrid vehicle, it may include a plurality of vehicle fuel information 415. [

11 is a view showing an example of the vehicle fuel information 415 shown in FIG.

11, the vehicle fuel information 415 includes a gasoline tank 415a, a diesel tank 415b, a compressed natural gas 415c, an LPG gas 415d, electricEnergyStorage 415e, hydrogen storage 415f, and other storage 415g, each of which has a Boolean type.

The following numerical code 6 shows an example of the definition of the vehicle fuel information 415.

[Capital code 6]

vehiclePropulsionStorageType :: = SEQUENCE {

gasolineTankPresent BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

dieselTankPresent BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

compressedNaturalGas BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

liquidPropaneGas BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

electricEnergyStorage BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

hydrogenStorage BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

otherStorage BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE

}

Here, the vehicle fuel information 415 indicates that the vehicle fuel information 415 indicates that the gasoline zone 415a is diesel, the diesel zone 415b is true, and the natural gas zone 415c The use of the liquid propane gas is advantageous for the LPG zone 415d, for the electric energy zone 415e for the battery, for the hydrogen zone 415f for the hydrogen, and for others When fuel is used, it has a logic value of "other" (415 g).

12 is a diagram showing an example of the additional information 500 shown in FIG.

Referring to FIG. 12, the additional information 500 indicates additional information that can be transmitted to the emergency recovery system server 220 (see FIG. 1) for an additional function such as an accident severity determination.

At this time, each of the additional information 500 may include an identifier (object identifier) 501 and data (data) 502.

At this time, a plurality of additional information 500 may exist.

At this time, the identifier 501 of the additional information 500 may record a relative object identifier (Relative OID) as an object identifier (OID) allocated to identify the data 502.

The embodiments of the present invention described above can be implemented in the form of program instructions that can be executed through various computer components and recorded in a computer-readable recording medium. The computer-readable recording medium may include program commands, data files, data structures, and the like, alone or in combination. The program instructions recorded on the computer-readable recording medium may be those specifically designed and configured for the present invention or may be those known and used by those skilled in the computer software arts. Examples of computer-readable media include magnetic media such as hard disks, floppy disks and magnetic tape, optical recording media such as CD-ROM and DVD, magneto-optical media such as floptical disks, medium, and hardware devices specifically configured to store and execute program instructions, such as ROM, RAM, flash memory, and the like. Examples of program instructions include machine language code, such as those generated by a compiler, as well as high-level language code that can be executed by a computer using an interpreter or the like. The hardware device may be modified into one or more software modules for performing the processing according to the present invention, and vice versa.

The specific acts described in the present invention are, by way of example, not intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way. For brevity of description, descriptions of conventional electronic configurations, control systems, software, and other functional aspects of such systems may be omitted. Also, the connections or connecting members of the lines between the components shown in the figures are illustrative of functional connections and / or physical or circuit connections, which may be replaced or additionally provided by a variety of functional connections, physical Connection, or circuit connections. Also, unless explicitly mentioned, such as " essential ", " importantly ", etc., it may not be a necessary component for application of the present invention.

Accordingly, the spirit of the present invention should not be construed as being limited to the above-described embodiments, and all ranges that are equivalent to or equivalent to the claims of the present invention as well as the claims .

1: System to generate minimum accident information
100: Device for generating minimum accident information
110: control unit 120: communication unit
130: memory 140: accident information collecting unit
150: accident information reconstruction unit 160: minimum accident information generation unit
210: accident information collecting device 220: emergency rescue system server

Claims (1)

  1. An accident information collecting unit for collecting accident information from a moving object accident information collecting apparatus;
    An accident information reconstruction unit reconstructing the accident information so as to match the predetermined data type and value; And
    Using the reconstructed incident information, version information of the minimum accident information,
    Basic information which is an essential element including an accident occurrence time, control information, and location of an accident vehicle,
    A minimum accident information generating unit for generating minimum accident information having a predetermined structure, which is composed of selection information that can be additionally included in the accident structure,
    And generating the minimum accident information.
KR1020170084328A 2017-02-23 2017-07-03 Apparatus for generating minimum accident information for use in a vehicle emergency rescue system and method for the same KR20180097427A (en)

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KR20170024068 2017-02-23

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Country Link
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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20160130870A (en) 2010-11-15 2016-11-14 인터디지탈 패튼 홀딩스, 인크 Certificate validation and channel binding

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20160130870A (en) 2010-11-15 2016-11-14 인터디지탈 패튼 홀딩스, 인크 Certificate validation and channel binding

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