KR20160058258A - Combustion device - Google Patents

Combustion device Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20160058258A
KR20160058258A KR1020140158414A KR20140158414A KR20160058258A KR 20160058258 A KR20160058258 A KR 20160058258A KR 1020140158414 A KR1020140158414 A KR 1020140158414A KR 20140158414 A KR20140158414 A KR 20140158414A KR 20160058258 A KR20160058258 A KR 20160058258A
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
catalyst
combustion
combustion chamber
main body
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020140158414A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
윤미화
Original Assignee
윤미화
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 윤미화 filed Critical 윤미화
Priority to KR1020140158414A priority Critical patent/KR20160058258A/en
Publication of KR20160058258A publication Critical patent/KR20160058258A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B60/00Combustion apparatus in which the fuel burns essentially without moving
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B80/00Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel
    • F23B80/04Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel by means for guiding the flow of flue gases, e.g. baffles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B90/00Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus
    • F23B90/04Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus including secondary combustion
    • F23B90/08Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus including secondary combustion in the presence of catalytic material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L1/00Passages or apertures for delivering primary air for combustion 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L5/00Blast-producing apparatus before the fire
    • F23L5/02Arrangements of fans or blowers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B2700/00Combustion apparatus for solid fuel
    • F23B2700/003Combustion apparatus for solid fuel adapted for use in water-tube boilers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a combustion device for improving combustion efficiency using internal fire and, more specifically, to a combustion device for improving combustion efficiency using internal fire, which remarkably reduces gas emission through the inducement of the complete combustion of smoke by installing an internal fire pipe for connecting a combustion chamber formed in a main body to an upper body and installing a catalyst member heated at high-temperatures by flames supplied through the internal fire pipe to re-combust the smoke in the upper body, improves combustion efficiency by supplying the air to the inside of the combustion chamber in a spiral direction to allow the flames to be concentrated to the center, and can be efficiently used to a stove or a boiler.

Description

[0001] Combustion device for improving combustion efficiency by using in flames [0002]

The present invention relates to a combustion apparatus that improves the combustion efficiency by using an inhaler, and more particularly, to an inhaler which connects a combustion chamber provided in a main body and an upper body, A catalyst member for re-burning the smoke is installed in the upper body to induce the complete combustion of the smoke, thereby significantly reducing the amount of gas discharged. In addition, air is supplied into the combustion chamber in a spiral direction so that the flame is concentrated at the center And more particularly, to a combustion apparatus which improves the combustion efficiency by using an in fl ation that can be efficiently applied to a stove or a boiler.

In a vinyl house or factory, a heating device is used that uses a combustion device such as a hearth or a boiler that uses solid fuel (wood, algae, lignite, etc.) in winter.

Generally, the solid fuel combustion apparatus has a combustion chamber inside the main body, and an exhaust port for discharging the smoke generated when the solid fuel is burned in the combustion chamber is provided.

However, the conventional combustion apparatus has a problem that a large amount of exhaust gas is generated because the combustion efficiency is not high, and there is a problem that the heating efficiency is low because the thermal efficiency is low.

* Prior art literature *

Published Utility Model No. 2000-0017415

Patent No. 10-1138127

In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a method of manufacturing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst, comprising the steps of providing an after-fire pipe connecting a combustion chamber and an upper body of a main body, By installing in the upper body, it is possible to induce complete combustion of the smoke, thereby significantly reducing the amount of gas discharged. In addition, air is supplied into the combustion chamber in a spiral direction so that the flame is concentrated at the center, And to provide a combustion apparatus that improves the combustion efficiency by using an in fl at which it can be efficiently applied.

In order to achieve the above object,

A main body (1) having a combustion chamber (2);

An upper body 4 formed on the upper side of the main body 1 and having an outlet 5;

An incandescent pipe (10) connecting the middle part of the combustion chamber (2) and the upper body (4) to supply the flames of the flames to the upper body (4);

A catalyst member 20 installed in the upper body 4 and heated to a high temperature by the flame supplied through the after-service pipe 10 to re-burn the smoke,

.

According to the present invention, it is possible to reduce the amount of gas discharged by inducing the complete combustion of smoke and to supply the air in the direction of the spiral to the inside of the combustion chamber so that the flame is concentrated at the center, It is possible to expect an effect that the present invention can be applied.

1 is a perspective view showing a combustion apparatus of the present invention.
2 is a sectional view showing the combustion apparatus of the present invention.
3 is a sectional view showing a catalyst member applied to the present invention.
4 is a view showing an installation state of a nozzle applied to the present invention.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

According to the drawings,

A main body (1) having a combustion chamber (2);

An upper body 4 formed on the upper side of the main body 1 and having an outlet 5;

An incandescent pipe (10) connecting the middle part of the combustion chamber (2) and the upper body (4) to supply the flames of the flames to the upper body (4);

A catalyst member 20 installed in the upper body 4 and heated to a high temperature by the flame supplied through the after-service pipe 10 to re-burn the smoke,

.

The catalyst member (20)

The first catalyst 21 and the second catalyst 21 having different diameters are provided on the bottom surface of the blocking plate 29. The first catalyst 21 and the second catalyst 21 are disposed on the opposite sides of the blocking plate 29, 23, the third catalyst 25 and the guider 27 in the vertical direction,

Small holes 22 and 26 of small diameter are formed in the first catalyst 21 and the third catalyst 25 and rectangular holes 24 are formed in the second catalyst 23, A plurality of flow holes 28 are formed so as to be positioned at the lower end of the guider 27 and the first catalyst 21, the second catalyst 23 and the third catalyst 25 are provided so as to maintain a closely spaced distance .

The upper end of the combustion chamber 2 is formed with a cap 11 connecting the middle portion of the afterglow pipe 10 and the sidewall of the combustion chamber 2 so that the smoke can be sucked into the inbuilt pipe 10 do.

The air tube 31 to which the blower 30 is connected is formed on the outer periphery of the lower end of the main body 1 and a plurality of air supply pipes 32 branching in the vertical direction from the air tube 31 are connected to the main body 1), and a nozzle 33 for injecting air supplied through the air supply pipe 32 into the combustion chamber 2 is provided on the inner wall of the main body 1 so as to be inclined in one direction .

Further, a water circulation line (34) may be installed outside the upper body (4) to realize a boiler function.

The combustion apparatus of the present invention is constituted by a main body 1 and an upper body 4 as shown in the figure.

A door 6 is provided on the front surface of the main body 1 so as to be able to see the inside of the main body 1. The main body 1 is provided with a combustion chamber 2, A pedestal (3) is formed at the bottom part so as to be spaced from the bottom surface so that solid fuel such as wood, lignite, and geotail can be loaded on the pedestal (3).

The air tube 31 to which the blower 30 is connected is formed on the outer peripheral edge of the lower end of the main body 1 and a plurality of air supply pipes 32 branched in the vertical direction from the air tube 31 are connected to the main body And a nozzle 33 for spraying the air supplied through the air supply pipe 32 into the combustion chamber 2 is installed on the inner wall of the main body 1 so as to be inclined in one direction.

4, the inner wall of the main body 1 is inclined so that the air injected through the nozzle 33 rises while circulating in the combustion chamber 2, The flames generated within the flame are naturally looped and centered.

2, an in-flight pipe 10 connecting the middle portion of the combustion chamber 2 and the upper body 4 to guide the flames of the flame to be supplied to the upper body 4 is connected to the main body 1 and the upper end of the combustion chamber 2 is provided with a cap 11 connecting the middle portion of the after-fire pipe 10 and the side wall of the combustion chamber 2, .

That is, since the entrance of the on-hand pipe 10 is formed to protrude downward from the shoulder 11, the flame in the combustion chamber 2 is guided as it is sucked into the inbuilt pipe 10, The smoke in the combustion chamber 2 is collected in the upper space of the cap 11 and then supplied to the upper body 4 along with the gas through the choke pipe 10. [

Then, a catalyst member 20 which is heated to a high temperature by the flame supplied through the after-fire pipe 10 and re-burns the smoke is installed in the upper body 4. [

The catalyst member 20 is provided with a blocking plate 29 provided in a horizontal plane so as to face the traveling direction of the flame supplied through the in-flight pipe 10, The first catalyst 21, the second catalyst 23, the third catalyst 25 and the guider 27 are formed in the vertical direction.

At this time, the diameter of the first catalyst 21 is set to be equal to or larger than the diameter of the idle pipe 10, so that the flame guided through the idle pipe 10 flows into the first catalyst 21.

The first catalyst 21 and the third catalyst 25 are formed with small-diameter holes 22 and 26. The second catalyst 23 has a rectangular elongated hole 24, A plurality of flow holes 28 are formed in the lower end of the guider 27 so as to move the smoke to the discharge port 5 side in order to form the porous holes 22 and 26 formed in the first to third catalysts, And moves in a zigzag manner along the long holes 24 to naturally collide with the catalyst body at a high temperature to be re-burned.

It is preferable that the first catalyst 21, the second catalyst 23 and the third catalyst 25 are installed so as to maintain a closely spaced distance so that the contact area of the smoke is widened.

In the present invention, the water circulation line 34 may be provided outside the upper body 4 as shown in a dotted line in FIG. 2 to be used as a boiler.

The operation and effect of the present invention constituted as described above are as follows.

When the blower 30 is operated, a high-pressure air is blown into the air tube 31 and air (air) as the blower 30 is operated, Supplied through the supply pipe 32 and then supplied into the combustion chamber 2 through the nozzles 33 provided in the respective air supply pipes 32.

4, the air supplied to the inside of the combustion chamber 2 through the nozzle 33 rises while rotating within the combustion chamber 2. In this case, since the nozzle 33 is inclined in one direction as shown in FIG.

Since the air rotates in the combustion chamber 2 as it rotates, the flames generated in the combustion chamber 2 are naturally formed as a loop while gathering at the center.

Thus, the flames of the flame are guided as if sucked into the idle pipe 10 and supplied to the catalyst member 20, and the first to third catalysts 21, 23, 25 constituting the catalyst member 20 and the guider 27 ) Is heated to a high temperature while rising hot.

On the other hand, the smoke generated in the combustion chamber 2 is collected on the upper part of the shovel 11 and then sucked into the onium pipe 20 together with the flame to pass through the first to third catalysts. Passes through the hole 24 of the second catalyst 23 after passing through the porous hole 22 and then passes through the porous hole 26 of the third catalyst 23.

In this process, the smoke is re-burned by colliding with the first to third catalysts, which are densely installed, so that most of the smoke is removed.

The smoke that has passed through the porous holes 26 of the third catalyst 23 is discharged to the outside through the discharge port 5 after passing through the flow holes 28 provided below the guider 27.

As described above, according to the present invention, the catalytic member is heated to a high temperature by using an inhaler, and the smoke is re-burned and removed by the catalytic member, so that the combustion efficiency can be significantly increased and the gas discharge amount can be significantly reduced. In addition, it can be expected to have an effect that can be utilized as a boiler.

1: main body, 2: combustion chamber,
3: pedestal, 4: upper body,
5: outlet, 6: door,
10: Incomplete pipe, 11: Fresh,
20: catalyst member, 21: first catalyst,
22, 26: porous hole, 23: second catalyst,
24: long hole, 25: third catalyst,
27: guider, 28: flow hole,
30: blower, 31: air tube,
32: air supply pipe, 33: nozzle,
34: Water circulation line,

Claims (5)

A main body (1) having a combustion chamber (2);
An upper body 4 formed on the upper side of the main body 1 and having an outlet 5;
An incandescent pipe (10) connecting the middle part of the combustion chamber (2) and the upper body (4) to supply the flames of the flames to the upper body (4);
A catalyst member 20 installed in the upper body 4 and heated to a high temperature by the flame supplied through the after-service pipe 10 to re-burn the smoke,
The combustion apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
The method according to claim 1,
The catalyst member (20)
The first catalyst 21 and the second catalyst 21 having different diameters are provided on the bottom surface of the blocking plate 29. The first catalyst 21 and the second catalyst 21 are disposed on the opposite sides of the blocking plate 29, 23, the third catalyst 25 and the guider 27 in the vertical direction,
Small holes 22 and 26 of small diameter are formed in the first catalyst 21 and the third catalyst 25 and rectangular holes 24 are formed in the second catalyst 23, A plurality of flow holes 28 are formed so as to be positioned at the lower end of the guider 27 and the first catalyst 21, the second catalyst 23 and the third catalyst 25 are provided so as to maintain a closely spaced distance And the combustion efficiency is improved by using the flame.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the upper end of the combustion chamber 2 is formed with a cap 11 connecting the middle portion of the after-fire pipe 10 and the side wall of the combustion chamber 2 so that the smoke can be sucked into the in-flight pipe 10. To improve the combustion efficiency.
The method according to claim 1,
The air tube 31 to which the blower 30 is connected is formed on the outer periphery of the lower end of the main body 1 and a plurality of air supply pipes 32 branched in the vertical direction from the air tube 31 are connected to the main body 1, And a nozzle 33 for spraying the air supplied through the air supply pipe 32 into the combustion chamber 2 is provided on the inner wall of the main body 1 so as to be inclined in one direction. A combustion device that improves the combustion efficiency by using in flames.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein a water circulation line (34) is provided outside the upper body (4) to realize a boiler function.
KR1020140158414A 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Combustion device KR20160058258A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020140158414A KR20160058258A (en) 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Combustion device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020140158414A KR20160058258A (en) 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Combustion device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20160058258A true KR20160058258A (en) 2016-05-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020140158414A KR20160058258A (en) 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Combustion device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111076165A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-04-28 郑州贴玲电子科技有限公司 Auxiliary device for promoting circulation in boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111076165A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-04-28 郑州贴玲电子科技有限公司 Auxiliary device for promoting circulation in boiler
CN111076165B (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-12-18 泰兴市申联环保科技有限公司 Auxiliary device for promoting circulation in boiler

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