KR20090070462A - A boiler using heat transfer fluid - Google Patents

A boiler using heat transfer fluid Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20090070462A
KR20090070462A KR1020070138479A KR20070138479A KR20090070462A KR 20090070462 A KR20090070462 A KR 20090070462A KR 1020070138479 A KR1020070138479 A KR 1020070138479A KR 20070138479 A KR20070138479 A KR 20070138479A KR 20090070462 A KR20090070462 A KR 20090070462A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
heat
medium oil
boiler
heat transfer
heat medium
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KR1020070138479A
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Korean (ko)
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윤홍용
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윤홍용
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Priority to KR1020070138479A priority Critical patent/KR20090070462A/en
Publication of KR20090070462A publication Critical patent/KR20090070462A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/34Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H7/00Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release
    • F24H7/02Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water
    • F24H7/04Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid
    • F24H7/0408Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid with electrical energy supply
    • F24H7/0433Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid with electrical energy supply the transfer medium being a liquid
    • F24H7/0441Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid with electrical energy supply the transfer medium being a liquid with supplementary heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • F24H9/001Guiding means
    • F24H9/0026Guiding means in combustion gas channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1818Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters electric heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1836Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters fluid combustible heating means

Abstract

A boiler using heat transfer fluid is provided to allow selective use of electric heater and burner by arranging the electric heater and the burner together within a heat storage container. A boiler using heat transfer fluid comprises a combustion container(10) including a combustion chamber(11) arranged on the lower part and a heating chamber(13) installed on the top of the combustion chamber, a heat storage container(20) which is mounted in the heating chamber while keeping a hot air path(14) and filled with heat transfer oil(70), an electric heater(30) heating the heat transfer oil with electrical energy, and a heat exchanger(40) which is sunk under the heat transfer oil and heats the water passing through its inside.

Description

열 매체유를 이용한 보일러{A Boiler Using Heat Transfer Fluid}Boiler Using Heat Transfer Fluid

본 발명은 가정이나 사우나시설 등에서 사용가능한 보일러에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 유류, 가스연료나 전기에너지를 겸용할 수 있게 한 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a boiler that can be used in homes or sauna facilities, and more particularly, to a boiler using a heat medium oil that can be combined with oil, gas fuel or electric energy.

종래에도 열 매체유를 축열재로 이용한 보일러는 많이 개발되어 왔으며, 이들은 유류연료를 이용한 것이 있고 전기히터를 이용한 것이 있다.Conventionally, many boilers using heat medium oil as heat storage materials have been developed, and those using oil fuel and those using electric heaters.

상기와 같은 종래 보일러들은 축열재를 이용하기 때문에 열효율에 있어서 축열재를 이용하지 아니한 것에 비하여 유리한 점이 많으나, 유류(또는 가스)연료와 전기를 겸용하지 않기 때문에 보일러의 사용자가 자신에게 유리한 연료를 선택하여 사용할 수 없는 문제점이 있었다.Since the conventional boilers use the heat storage material, there are many advantages in terms of thermal efficiency compared with not using the heat storage material, but since the user does not use oil (or gas) fuel and electricity, the user of the boiler selects a fuel that is advantageous to him. There was a problem that can not be used.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위한 것으로, 에너지원으로 전기와 유류를 겸용가능하게 하고 더욱이 열효율을 더욱 향상시킨 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러를 제공함에 그 목적이 있다.The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a boiler using heat medium oil which can make electricity and oil both compatible as energy sources and further improve thermal efficiency.

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명의 해결수단은, 하부에 연소실이 배치되고 연소실의 상부에 가열실이 마련된 연소통과; 상기 가열실에 열기통로가 유지되게 장착되고 내부에 열 매체유가 충전되어 있는 축열통과; 상기 열 매체유를 전기에너지로 가열하는 전기히터와; 상기 열 매체유에 통과시켜 물을 가열하는 열교환기와;를 포함하여 구성된 특징이 있다. Solution to Problem The present invention for achieving the above object, the combustion chamber is disposed in the lower portion and the combustion passage provided with a heating chamber in the upper portion of the combustion chamber; A heat storage passage in which the heat passage is maintained in the heating chamber and the heat medium oil is filled therein; An electric heater for heating the thermal medium oil with electric energy; And a heat exchanger for heating the water by passing the heat medium oil.

본 발명은 또 상기 열기통로에 나선형의 열기순환구가 설치되어 구성된 다른 특징이 있다.The present invention also has another feature that the spiral hot air circulation port is installed in the hot air passage.

본 발명은 또 상기 연소실의 상부에 역 깔때기 형의 화염안내구를 설치하여서 구성된 다른 특징이 있다.The present invention also has another feature configured by installing a flame funnel of the reverse funnel type in the upper portion of the combustion chamber.

상기와 같은 특징을 지닌 본 발명은 역 깔때기 형으로 형성된 화염안내구, 오목하게 형성된 축열통의 바닥면, 열기통로에 배치된 나선형의 열기순환구 등에 의해 연소실에서 공급되는 열 에너지를 효율적으로 수열(受熱)하기 때문에 연료의 사용량을 줄일 수 있고, 축열통 내부에 전기히터를 버너와 병설함으로써 사용자의 형편에 맞추어 선택적으로 사용할 수 있게 하여 가정이나 사우나시설 등의 사용자에게 사용상의 편리성을 제공하는 효과가 있다.The present invention having the features as described above can efficiently heat the heat energy supplied from the combustion chamber by a flame guide formed in the reverse funnel type, the bottom surface of the concave heat storage cylinder, the spiral hot air circulation port disposed in the hot air passage (受熱) Because it can reduce the amount of fuel used, and by installing an electric heater with a burner inside the heat storage tank, it can be selectively used according to the user's convenience, thus providing convenience for users at home or sauna facilities. There is.

이하 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 예를 첨부된 도면에 의해 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

도 1은 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 예를 설명하는 단면도이고, 도 2는 본 발명에 따른 나선형의 열기순환구가 배치된 열기통로의 설명도이다.1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a preferred embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is an explanatory view of a hot air passage in which a spiral hot air circulation port according to the present invention is disposed.

도시한 바와 같이 본 발명은 연소통(10)과, 축열통(20)과, 전기히터(30)와, 열교환기(40)로 이루어진다.As shown, the present invention comprises a combustion cylinder 10, a heat storage cylinder 20, an electric heater 30, and a heat exchanger 40.

상기 연소통(10)은 하부에 연소실(11)이 형성되고 이 연소실(11)에는 버너(50)가 설치되어 있으며, 연소실(11)의 상부에 화염안내구(12)가 형성되고 그 상부에 가열실(13)이 형성되어 있고, 연소통(10)의 상부에는 연통(60)이 세워져 있다. The combustion cylinder 10 has a combustion chamber 11 formed at a lower portion thereof, a burner 50 is installed at the combustion chamber 11, and a flame guide 12 is formed at an upper portion of the combustion chamber 11, The heating chamber 13 is formed, and the communication 60 is erected on the upper part of the combustion cylinder 10.

상기 가열실(13)에는 축열통(20)이 수용되어 있고 이 축열통(20)의 외주면과 연소통(10)의 내주면 사이에 열기통로(14)가 형성되며 이 열기통로(14)에는 열기를 순환시키기 위한 열기순환구(15)가 나선형으로 설치되어 있다.The heat storage chamber 20 is accommodated in the heating chamber 13, and a heat passage 14 is formed between the outer circumferential surface of the heat storage cylinder 20 and the inner circumferential surface of the combustion cylinder 10, and the heat passage 14 is heated. Hot air circulation port 15 for circulating the spiral is provided.

상기 화염안내구(12)는 연소실(11)의 화염을 중앙으로 모아 상승시키기 위한 것으로 역 깔때기 형으로 만들어지고 하단은 연소통(10)의 내주면에 부착되어 있으며 상부 중앙에는 통공(12a)이 천공되어 있다.The flame guide 12 is for raising the flame of the combustion chamber 11 to the center to raise the inverted funnel type, the lower end is attached to the inner circumferential surface of the combustion cylinder 10, the upper center hole 12a is perforated It is.

상기 축열통(20)은 수열기능을 향상시키기 위하여 상부로 오목하게 형성된 바닥면(21)이 형성되어 있고, 그 내부에는 전기히터(30)와 수관으로 된 열교환기(40)가 설치되어 있으며 이들은 축열재인 열 매체유(70)에 잠겨져 있다.The heat storage cylinder 20 has a bottom surface 21 formed to be concave upward to improve the heat-receiving function, the heat exchanger 40 consisting of an electric heater 30 and a water pipe is installed therein. It is immersed in the heat medium oil 70 which is a heat storage material.

그리고, 상기 축열통(20)은 측면 상부에 열 매체유(70)의 유면(油面)을 확인하기 위한 유면투시부(22)가 형성되고, 측면 하부에는 열 매체유배출관(25)이 마련되어 있다.In addition, the heat storage cylinder 20 is provided with a oil level through-hole 22 for checking the oil surface of the heat medium oil 70 at the upper side, and the heat medium oil discharge pipe 25 is provided at the lower side. have.

또, 상기 축열통(20)은 뚜껑(23)이 덮여 있는데 이 뚜껑(23)에는 열 매체유공급관(24)과 축열통(20)의 내부를 환기해주는 환기수단(26)이 형성되어 있다.In addition, the heat storage cylinder 20 is covered with a lid 23, the lid 23 is formed with a ventilation means 26 for ventilating the inside of the heat medium oil supply pipe 24 and the heat storage cylinder 20.

상기 열 매체유(70)는 콩기름 등의 식물성 기름을 사용하면 유해가스가 발생하지 않고 악취가 발생하지 않아 식물성 기름을 사용하는 것이 바람직하다.When the heat medium oil 70 uses vegetable oil such as soybean oil, it is preferable to use vegetable oil because no harmful gas is generated and odor does not occur.

상기 연소실(11)에 배치되어 있는 버너(50)의 연료는 등유와 같은 유류를 사용하며 경우에 따라 가스버너를 사용하여도 무방하다.The fuel of the burner 50 disposed in the combustion chamber 11 uses an oil such as kerosene, and in some cases a gas burner may be used.

상기와 같은 본 발명은 버너(50)의 열기가 화염안내구(12)에 의해 중앙으로 모아져 통공(12a)으로 배출되면 배출된 화염은 축열통(20)의 바닥면(21)을 가열한 뒤 주변으로 확산하여 열기통로(14)로 진입하게 되고 열기통로(14)로 진입한 열기는 나선형으로 된 열기순환구(15)를 따라 축열통(20)의 둘레를 순환하면서 축열통(20)을 통하여 열 매체유(70)를 가열한 다음 연통으로 배출된다.In the present invention as described above, when the heat of the burner 50 is collected in the center by the flame guide 12 and discharged to the through hole 12a, the discharged flame heats the bottom surface 21 of the heat storage barrel 20. It spreads around and enters the hot air passage 14, and the hot air entering the hot air passage 14 circulates around the heat storage cylinder 20 along the spiral hot air circulation port 15, and opens the heat storage cylinder 20. The heat medium oil 70 is heated through and then discharged into the communication.

한편, 축열통(20)의 내부에 장착되어 있는 전기히터(30)로 전기를 인가하면 전기히터(30)는 열 매체유(70)를 직접 가열하게 된다.On the other hand, when electricity is applied to the electric heater 30 mounted in the heat storage cylinder 20, the electric heater 30 directly heats the heat medium oil 70.

따라서 축열통(20)의 내부에 충전되어 있는 축열재인 열 매체유(70)는 별도의 온도컨트롤러 등에 의해 소정의 온도로 축열유지되며 이 열 매체유(70) 속에 잠겨있는 열교환기(40)의 내부로 통과하는 물은 소망하는 적정온도로 가열되어 사용처로 공급된다.Therefore, the heat medium oil 70, which is a heat storage material filled in the heat storage cylinder 20, is thermally maintained at a predetermined temperature by a separate temperature controller or the like, and the heat medium 40 is immersed in the heat medium oil 70. The water passing through the inside is heated to the desired temperature and supplied to the place of use.

이상 설명한 바와 같은 본 발명은 역 깔때기 형으로 형성된 화염안내구(12), 오목하게 형성된 축열통(20)의 바닥면(21), 열기통로(13)에 배치된 나선형의 열기순환구(15) 등에 의해 연소실(11)에서 공급되는 열 에너지를 효율적으로 수열하기 때문에 연료의 사용량을 줄일 수 있고, 축열통(20) 내부에 전기히터(30)를 버너(50)와 병설함으로써 사용자의 형편에 맞추어 선택적으로 사용할 수 있게 하여 사용자에게 사용상의 편리성을 제공하는 효과가 있다.As described above, the present invention provides a flame guide tool 12 having a reverse funnel shape, a bottom surface 21 of a concave heat storage cylinder 20, and a spiral hot air circulation hole 15 disposed in the hot air passage 13. By efficiently heating the thermal energy supplied from the combustion chamber 11 by means of a gas, etc., the amount of fuel used can be reduced, and the electric heater 30 is installed in the heat storage barrel 20 together with the burner 50 to suit the user's convenience. By selectively using it, there is an effect of providing convenience to the user.

도 1은 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 얘의 단면도1 is a cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention

도 2는 본 발명에 따른 열기순환구가 배치된 열기통로의 설명도2 is an explanatory diagram of a hot air passage in which a hot air circulation port is disposed according to the present invention;

<도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호설명> <Code Description of Main Parts of Drawing>

10; 연소통 11; 연소실 12; 화염안내구 13; 가열실 10; Combustion bin 11; Combustion chamber 12; Flame Guide 13; Heating chamber

14; 열기통로 15; 열기순환구 20; 축열통 21; 바닥면14; Hot aisle 15; Hot air circulation 20; Heat storage 21; Bottom

30; 전기히터 40; 열교환기 50; 버너 70; 열 매체유30; Electric heater 40; Heat exchanger 50; Burner 70; Thermal media

Claims (4)

  1. 하부에 연소실이 배치되고 연소실의 상부에 가열실이 마련된 연소통과;A combustion passage in which a combustion chamber is disposed below and a heating chamber is provided above the combustion chamber;
    상기 가열실에 열기통로가 유지되게 장착되고 내부에 열 매체유가 충전되어 있는 축열통과;A heat storage passage in which the heat passage is maintained in the heating chamber and the heat medium oil is filled therein;
    상기 열 매체유를 전기에너지로 가열하는 전기히터와;An electric heater for heating the thermal medium oil with electric energy;
    상기 열 매체유에 통과시켜 물을 가열하는 열교환기와;를 포함하여 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러.And a heat exchanger for heating water by passing the heat medium oil.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1,
    상기 열기통로에 나선형의 열기순환구가 설치됨을 특징으로 하는 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러.A boiler using heat medium oil, characterized in that the spiral hot air circulation is installed in the hot air passage.
  3. 제1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 연소실의 상부에 역 깔때기 형의 화염안내구를 설치하여서 됨을 특징으로 하는 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러. A boiler using heat medium oil, characterized in that to install a flame funnel of the reverse funnel type in the upper portion of the combustion chamber.
  4. 제1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 열 매체유는 식물성인 것을 특징으로 하는 열 매체유를 이용한 보일러.The heat medium oil is a boiler using a heat medium oil, characterized in that the vegetable.
KR1020070138479A 2007-12-27 2007-12-27 A boiler using heat transfer fluid KR20090070462A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102012057A (en) * 2010-04-10 2011-04-13 山东圣威新能源有限公司 Boiler heating device with organic heat carrier of high efficiency, energy saving, environmental protection and gas liquid two-phase
CN102927681A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 青岛艳阳天环保锅炉有限公司 Boiler special for cultivation
KR20160118493A (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-12 배현순 Thermal oil heating boiler

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102012057A (en) * 2010-04-10 2011-04-13 山东圣威新能源有限公司 Boiler heating device with organic heat carrier of high efficiency, energy saving, environmental protection and gas liquid two-phase
CN102927681A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 青岛艳阳天环保锅炉有限公司 Boiler special for cultivation
KR20160118493A (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-12 배현순 Thermal oil heating boiler

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