KR20060070836A - Thin film transistor array panel and liquid crystal display using the same - Google Patents

Thin film transistor array panel and liquid crystal display using the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20060070836A
KR20060070836A KR1020040109641A KR20040109641A KR20060070836A KR 20060070836 A KR20060070836 A KR 20060070836A KR 1020040109641 A KR1020040109641 A KR 1020040109641A KR 20040109641 A KR20040109641 A KR 20040109641A KR 20060070836 A KR20060070836 A KR 20060070836A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
liquid crystal
resolution region
low resolution
crystal display
data line
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Application number
KR1020040109641A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김상우
김형걸
박원상
안보영
이승규
Original Assignee
삼성전자주식회사
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Priority to KR1020040109641A priority Critical patent/KR20060070836A/en
Priority claimed from TW094137660A external-priority patent/TWI386744B/en
Publication of KR20060070836A publication Critical patent/KR20060070836A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells
    • G02F1/136286Wiring, e.g. gate line, drain line
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3648Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3666Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix with the matrix divided into sections
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3674Details of drivers for scan electrodes
    • G09G3/3677Details of drivers for scan electrodes suitable for active matrices only
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3685Details of drivers for data electrodes
    • G09G3/3688Details of drivers for data electrodes suitable for active matrices only
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F2001/133391Constructional arrangement for sub-divided displays
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/04Structural and physical details of display devices
    • G09G2300/0421Structural details of the set of electrodes
    • G09G2300/0426Layout of electrodes and connections

Abstract

A low resolution region and a high resolution region; a first gate line and a first data line formed in the low resolution region; and a second gate line and a second data line formed in the high resolution region; and a pixel of the low resolution region An area of R is wider than an area of a pixel of the high resolution area, the low resolution area has a width direction and a length direction, and the first data line extends along the length direction of the low resolution area.
LCD, low resolution area, high resolution area, aperture ratio, selective reflection, driving circuit

Description

Thin film transistor array panel and liquid crystal display using the same {THIN FILM TRANSISTOR ARRAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY USING THE SAME}

1 is an exploded perspective view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

2 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

3 is a view comparing pixel areas of a low resolution area and a high resolution area of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

4 is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of individual pixels in a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line VV ′ of FIG. 4.

6 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, illustrating an arrangement state of a driving circuit.

7 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and illustrates an arrangement state of a driving circuit.

8 is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of individual pixels in a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IX-IX 'of FIG. 8.

10 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

11 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

12 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

13 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and illustrates an arrangement state of a driving circuit.

The present invention relates to a liquid crystal display device and a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display device.

A general liquid crystal display device includes two display panels provided with a field generating electrode and a liquid crystal layer having dielectric anisotropy interposed therebetween. A voltage is applied to the field generating electrode to generate an electric field in the liquid crystal layer, and by adjusting the intensity of the electric field, the transmittance of light passing through the liquid crystal layer is adjusted to obtain a desired image.

In this case, the light may be provided by an artificial light source provided separately or may be natural light.

Artificial light sources for liquid crystal displays, i.e. back light devices, use multiple fluorescent lamps such as cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs) or external electrode fluorescent (EEFL) light sources, or a plurality of light emitting diodes. use.

However, the power consumed by the backlight occupies a substantial portion of the total power consumption of the liquid crystal display. Therefore, in order to reduce power consumption of the liquid crystal display, a method of increasing the power efficiency of the backlight or reducing the use time thereof is most effective.

On the other hand, mobile devices such as mobile phones use a battery as a power source, so there is a limit to the amount of power supplied. Therefore, various methods have been studied to reduce the power consumption of liquid crystal display devices used in mobile devices and to extend the use time of mobile devices.

An object of the present invention is to reduce the power consumption of a liquid crystal display.

Another technical problem of the present invention is to provide a liquid crystal display having an area that can be displayed at all times regardless of whether the backlight is on or off.

According to the present invention, a first gate line and a first data line formed in the low resolution region and a second gate line and a second data line formed in the high resolution region are provided. The area of the pixel of the low resolution region is larger than the area of the pixel of the high resolution region, the low resolution region has a width direction and a length direction, and the first data line extends along the length direction of the low resolution region. A liquid crystal display device is provided.

Here, the second data line extends in a direction perpendicular to the first data line, the first gate line extends along a width direction of the low resolution region, and a low resolution for supplying a scan signal to the first gate line. A region gate driving circuit may be further included, wherein the low resolution region gate driving circuit is formed on one side of the low resolution region along the direction of the first data line, and the second gate line is perpendicular to the first gate line. And a high resolution region gate driving circuit extending in a direction forming the second gate line and supplying a scan signal to the second gate line, wherein the high resolution region gate driving circuit is disposed along one side of the high resolution region along the second data line direction. It is preferable that it is formed. The apparatus may further include a data driver circuit for supplying an image signal to the first and second data lines, and a connection line connecting the data driver circuit and the first data line.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art may easily implement the present invention. As those skilled in the art would realize, the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.

In the drawings, the thickness of layers, films, panels, regions, etc., are exaggerated for clarity. Like parts are designated by like reference numerals throughout the specification. When a part of a layer, film, area, plate, etc. is said to be "on" another part, this includes not only the other part being "right over" but also another part in the middle.

First, a light source for a display device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is an exploded perspective view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 1, the liquid crystal display according to the present invention includes a liquid crystal display panel assembly 330 for displaying an image using light, a backlight assembly 340 for generating light, a liquid crystal display panel assembly 330, and a backlight. A mold frame 364 accommodating the selective reflection film 347, the liquid crystal display panel assembly 330, the selective reflection film 347, and the backlight assembly 340 disposed between the assemblies 340, and an upper part surrounding and fixing the selective reflection film 347. And lower chassis 361 and 362.

The liquid crystal display panel assembly 330 includes a liquid crystal display panel 300 for displaying an image, a driving chip 510, and a flexible circuit board 550.

The liquid crystal display panel 300 again includes a thin film transistor display panel (TFT display panel) 100, a color filter display panel 200, a TFT display panel 100, and a color filter, which face each other and are combined with the TFT display panel 100. It includes a liquid crystal layer (not shown) injected between the display panel 200.

The TFT display panel 100 includes a plurality of pixels (not shown) in a matrix form. Each pixel is defined by a gate line (not shown) extending in a first direction, a data line (not shown) extending in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction and insulated from and intersecting the gate line, and having pixel electrodes. do. Further, in each pixel, a thin film transistor (hereinafter referred to as TFT) (not shown) connected to the gate line, the data line, and the pixel electrode is formed.

In the color filter display panel 200, red, green, and blue color filters (not shown) expressing a predetermined color using white light are formed by a thin film process, and a common electrode facing the pixel electrode is formed.

The liquid crystal layer is arranged by voltages applied to the pixel electrode and the common electrode, thereby changing the polarization state of the light provided from the backlight assembly 340.

At a first end of the TFT display panel 100, a driving chip 510 for applying a driving signal to the data line and the gate line is mounted. The driving chip 510 may be composed of two or more chips separated into a data line chip and a gate line chip, or may be composed of one chip integrating them. The driving chip 510 is mounted on the TFT display panel 100 by a chip on glass (COG) process.

A flexible circuit board 550 for applying a control signal for controlling the driving chip 510 is attached to the first end of the TFT display panel 100. The flexible circuit board 550 includes a timing controller for adjusting the timing of the driving signal, a memory for storing the data signal, and the like. The flexible circuit board 550 is electrically connected to the TFT display panel 100 through an anisotropic conductive film.

A backlight assembly 340 is provided below the liquid crystal display panel assembly 330 to provide uniform light to the liquid crystal display panel 300.

The backlight assembly 340 includes a light source 344 for generating light, a light guide plate 342 for guiding a path of light, optical sheets 343 and a light guide plate 342 for uniforming the luminance of light emitted from the light guide plate 342. Reflector 341 for reflecting light leaked from the < RTI ID = 0.0 >

The light source 344 is positioned at one side of the light guide plate 342 and provides light to the light guide plate 342. As the light source 344, a linear light such as CCFL, EEFL, or the like is used, or a light emitting diode having a low power consumption is used. One side of the light source 344 is attached with a flexible circuit board (not shown) for controlling the light source 344. In this embodiment, the light source 344 is disposed on one side of the light guide plate 342, but may be disposed on both sides of the light guide plate 342 or a plurality of light guide plates below the light guide plate 342 as needed. 342 may be omitted.

The light guide plate 342 has a light guide pattern (not shown) for guiding light to a display area of the liquid crystal display panel 300 where an image is displayed.

Optical sheets 343 are interposed between the light guide plate 342 and the liquid crystal display panel 300. The optical sheets 343 make the luminance of the light provided from the light guide plate 342 uniform and provide it to the liquid crystal display panel 300.

Meanwhile, a selective reflection film 347 is disposed between the liquid crystal display panel assembly 330 and the backlight assembly 340 to reflect an external light and display an image while the backlight light source 344 is turned off. The selective reflection film 347 partially reflects and partially transmits light. Therefore, when the backlight light source 344 is turned on, the backlight light passes through the selective reflection film 347 and enters the liquid crystal display panel 300 to be used for display. When the backlight light source 344 is turned off, the liquid crystal display panel ( External light incident through 300 is reflected by the selective reflection film 347 and then incident on the liquid crystal display panel 33 to be used for display.

Under the light guide plate 342, a reflection plate 341 is provided. The reflection plate 341 reflects the light leaked from the light guide plate 342 back to the light guide plate 342 to improve light utilization efficiency.

The mold frame 252 sequentially accommodates the reflective plate 341, the light guide plate 342, the optical sheets 343, and the liquid crystal display panel 300. The mold frame 252 includes an open bottom surface 251 and a side wall 252 extending from the bottom surface 251, and is made of a synthetic resin material.

The flexible circuit board 550 is bent along the outer wall 252 of the mold frame 364. A plurality of first coupling protrusions 51 are formed on the sidewall 252 of the mold frame 364 to engage the lower chassis 362.

The mold frame 364 is accommodated in the lower chassis 362 made of a metal material. The lower chassis 362 has a bottom plate 261 and a side plate 262 extending from the edge of the bottom plate 261 to form a receiving space. The side plate 262 is formed with a plurality of coupling grooves 61 corresponding to the plurality of first coupling protrusions 51.

When the mold frame 364 and the lower chassis 362 are coupled, the side plate 262 of the lower chassis 362 is partially located outside the sidewall 252 of the mold frame 364. The plurality of first coupling protrusions 51 are inserted into the plurality of coupling grooves 61 to couple the mold frame 364 and the lower chassis 362. In this case, in order to reduce the overall size of the liquid crystal display, the mold frame 364 partially contacts the side plate 262 of the lower chassis 362 by the thickness of the side plate 262 of the lower chassis 362.

The upper chassis 361 is disposed on the liquid crystal display panel 300. The upper chassis 361 covers the liquid crystal display panel 300 so as to open an effective display area in which an image is displayed, and is coupled to the lower chassis 362. The upper chassis 361 guides the position of the liquid crystal display panel 300 and fixes the liquid crystal display panel 300 in the mold frame 364.

Next, the liquid crystal display panel 300 of the liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 2 to 3.

2 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a diagram comparing pixel areas of a low resolution region and a high resolution region of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

First, referring to FIG. 2, the driving chip 510 is mounted under the liquid crystal display panel 300, and the display area of the liquid crystal display panel 300 is divided into a low resolution region and a high resolution region.

The low resolution region is formed such that the size of the pixel is four times larger than that of the low resolution region. The low resolution region is a part that displays a normalized display such as a time display, an antenna sensitivity display, and a battery consumption level in a mobile phone, and is used as an auxiliary display unit having less trouble with display even if the resolution is low.

The high resolution area is an area for displaying various images that are not standardized and is used as a main display unit for displaying an image requiring more detailed display.

As shown in FIG. 3, the pixels of the low resolution region have four times the autonomous area as compared to the pixels of the high resolution region, but the wirings such as the gate line 121 and the data line 171 and the size of the thin film transistor TFT are low resolution regions. It is the same in the high resolution region and the aperture ratio of the low resolution region is much higher than that of the high resolution region. For example, in the case of a 128-by-160 1.8-inch liquid crystal display panel, the aperture ratio is 53%, but when the pixel area is four times, the aperture ratio increases to 76%. That is, the opening ratio increase of the low resolution region to the high resolution region reaches 43%. In this way, when the aperture ratio is increased, the display quality is improved by increasing the light utilization efficiency in displaying using the light reflection of the selective reflection film 347 while the light source 344 of FIG. 1 is turned off.

That is, in the conventional liquid crystal display device, even when the selective reflection film 347 is applied, the light utilization efficiency is low, so that the image is not clearly displayed in the state where the backlight light source 344 is turned off. However, in the case where the pixel size of the portion to be displayed at all times as in the present invention is formed to be large, necessary display may be performed using the selective reflection film 347 even when the backlight light source 344 is turned off to reduce power consumption. have.

For example, in the case of a liquid crystal display applied to a mobile phone, the backlight is set to be turned on only when the mobile phone is used in order to reduce power consumption. However, the time display and the degree of battery consumption should be checked at any time, so it is desirable to display at all times. Therefore, if the low resolution area and the high resolution area are formed on the liquid crystal display panel and the low resolution area is displayed, and the information necessary for the use of the mobile phone is displayed on the high resolution area, it is possible to reduce power consumption and display the necessary information at all times. The effect can be obtained at the same time.

In the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the pixel area of the low resolution area is presented as the sum of four pixels belonging to the 2 × 2 matrix of the high resolution area, but the pixel area of the low resolution area may be increased or decreased as necessary.

Next, the structure of the liquid crystal display panel 300 in FIG. 1 will be described in more detail. Since the pixels of the low resolution region and the pixels of the high resolution region have the same structure except for the area occupied, they will be described without distinguishing them.

4 is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of individual pixels in a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line VV ′ of FIG. 4.

First, the thin film transistor array panel 100 will be described.

A gate signal is transmitted on the insulating substrate 110, and a plurality of gate lines 121 extending mainly in a horizontal direction are formed.

A portion of each gate line 121 forms a plurality of gate electrodes 124. In addition, each gate line 121 includes an extension 125 extending in width for connection with an external device. Most of the gate line 121 is located in the display area, but the extension 125 of the gate line 121 is located in the peripheral area. Here, in the case where the gate driving circuit is directly formed on the TFT display panel (100 in FIG. 1), the extended portion of the gate line 121 may be omitted.                     

The gate line 121 includes two layers having different physical properties, that is, a lower layer 121p and an upper layer 121q thereon. The upper layer 121q is made of a metal having a low specific resistance, for example, aluminum-based metal such as aluminum (Al) or aluminum alloy, so as to reduce the delay or voltage drop of the gate signal. In contrast, the lower layer 121p is a material having excellent physical, chemical, and electrical contact properties with other materials, particularly indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium zinc oxide (IZO), such as molybdenum (Mo) and molybdenum alloys. Tungsten (MoW) alloy], chromium (Cr), tantalum (Ta), titanium (Ti) and the like. An example of the combination of the lower layer 121p and the upper layer 121q may be a chromium / aluminum-neodymium (Nd) alloy. In FIG. 5, lower and upper layers of the gate electrode 124 are denoted by reference numerals 124p and 124q, respectively. The extension 125 of the gate line 121 also includes an upper layer 125q and a lower layer 125p.

In addition, the side surfaces of the lower layer 121p and the upper layer 121q are inclined, respectively, and the inclination angle is about 30 to 80 degrees with respect to the surface of the substrate 110.

A gate insulating layer 140 made of silicon nitride (SiNx) is formed on the gate line 121.

A plurality of semiconductors 150 made of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (amorphous silicon is abbreviated a-Si) and the like are formed on the gate insulating layer 140. The semiconductor 150 is mainly formed on the gate electrode 124, and the semiconductor 150 covers a larger area than the gate electrode 124.

A plurality of island type ohmic contact members 163 and 165 made of a material such as n + hydrogenated amorphous silicon doped with silicide or n-type impurities at a high concentration are formed on the semiconductor 150. The island-like ohmic contact members are divided into two and are paired with each other and positioned on the semiconductor.

Side surfaces of the semiconductor 150 and the ohmic contacts 163 and 165 are also inclined, and the inclination angle is 30-80 degrees.

A plurality of data lines 171 and a plurality of drain electrodes 175 are formed on the ohmic contacts 163 and 165 and the gate insulating layer 140, respectively.

The data line 171 mainly extends in the vertical direction and crosses the gate line 121 to transmit a data voltage. Each data line 171 includes an expansion unit 179 which is extended in width for connection with an external device. Most of the data line 171 is located in the display area, but the extension 179 of the data line 171 is located in the peripheral area.

A plurality of branches extending from the data line 171 toward the drain electrode 175 forms the source electrode 173. The pair of source electrode 173 and the drain electrode 175 are separated from each other and positioned opposite to the gate electrode 124. The gate electrode 124, the source electrode 173, and the drain electrode 175 form a thin film transistor (TFT) together with the semiconductor 150, and channels of the thin film transistor include the source electrode 173 and the drain electrode ( 175 is formed in the semiconductor 150 between.

 The data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 may also have lower layers 171p and 175p such as molybdenum (Mo), molybdenum alloy, and chromium (Cr), and upper layers 71q and 175q that are aluminum or silver based metals disposed thereon. ) The extension 179 of the data line 171 also includes an upper layer 179q and a lower layer 179p.

The lower layers 171p and 175p and the upper layers 171q and 175q of the data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 are also inclined at an angle of about 30 to 80 degrees, similarly to the gate line 121.

The ohmic contacts 161 and 165 exist only between the semiconductor 150 below and the data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 above and serve to lower the contact resistance.

On the data line 171, the drain electrode 175, and the exposed portion of the semiconductor 150, an organic material having excellent planarization characteristics and photosensitivity, a-Si: C: O formed by plasma chemical vapor deposition, A protective film 180 made of a low dielectric constant insulating material having a dielectric constant of 4.0 or less, such as a-Si: O: F, or silicon nitride, which is an inorganic material, is formed.

The passivation layer 180 is provided with a plurality of contact holes 185 and 189 respectively exposing the drain electrode 175 and the extension 179 of the data line 171, and the extension 125 of the gate line 121. A plurality of contact holes 182 exposing the plurality of contact holes 182 are formed through the gate insulating layer 140 and the passivation layer 180.

A plurality of pixel electrodes 190 made of a transparent conductive material such as indium tin oxide (ITO) or indium zinc oxide (IZO) and a plurality of contact assistants 906 and 908 are formed on the passivation layer 180.

The pixel electrode 190 is physically and electrically connected to the drain electrode 175 through the contact hole 185 to receive a data voltage from the drain electrode 175.

The pixel electrode 190 also overlaps the neighboring gate line 121 and the data line 171 to increase the aperture ratio, but may not overlap.

The contact auxiliary members 906 and 908 are connected to the extension part 125 of the gate line and the extension part 179 of the data line through contact holes 182 and 189, respectively. The contact auxiliary members 906 and 908 are not essential to complement and protect the adhesion between the extension portions 125 and 179 of the gate line 121 and the data line 171 and the external device. Their application is optional

Next, the color filter display panel 200 will be described.

The black matrix 220 is formed on the insulating substrate 210, and the color filter 230 is formed on the black matrix 220. The color filter 230 is formed for each pixel region partitioned by the black matrix 220, and typically includes three primary color filters of red, green, and blue. In some cases, an area in which the color filter 230 is not formed may be provided or a white color filter made of a transparent resin may be included.

The common electrode 270 made of a transparent conductive material such as ITO or IZO is formed on the color filter 230.

The liquid crystal layer 3 is formed between the thin film transistor array panel 100 and the color filter display panel 200. The liquid crystal layer 3 comprises a twisted alignment liquid crystal.

In the present exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystals of the liquid crystal layer 3 are oriented in a torsion-oriented manner, but the liquid crystal molecules are aligned perpendicular to the two display panels 100 and 200 or parallel to the two display panels 100 and 200, and the liquid crystal molecules are mutually aligned. Parallel alignment can also be carried out.

The lower polarizer 12 and the upper polarizer 22 are disposed on outer surfaces of the thin film transistor array panel 100 and the color filter panel 200, respectively.

In the liquid crystal display panel, the pixel electrode 190 to which the image signal voltage is applied through the data line 171 generates an electric field together with the common electrode 270 of the color filter panel 200 to which the common voltage is applied. Rearranges the liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal layer 3.

In addition, the pixel electrode 190 and the common electrode 270 form a capacitor (hereinafter referred to as a "liquid crystal capacitor") to maintain the applied voltage even after the thin film transistor is turned off, in order to enhance the voltage holding capability of the liquid crystal capacitor In some cases, a holding capacitor is connected in parallel with the capacitor. In order to form such a storage capacitor, a storage electrode line (not shown) may be formed of the same layer as the gate line 121.

In the present invention, the display area of the liquid crystal display panel 300 is divided into a high resolution area and a low resolution area. The driving method of these two areas will be described.

6 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and illustrates an arrangement of the driving circuits, and FIG. 7 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

First, referring to FIG. 6, the data driving chip 510 is mounted on the liquid crystal display panel 300, the low resolution region driving gate driving circuit 411 is formed on the left side of the low resolution region, and on the right side of the high resolution region. A high resolution region driving gate driving circuit 412 is formed. The gate driving circuits 411 and 412 may be mounted in the form of a chip or may be directly formed on the thin film transistor array panel 100.

The low resolution region gate line 121a and the high resolution region gate line 121b are formed in the thin film transistor array panel 100 of the liquid crystal display panel 300, and both the low resolution region gate line 121a and the high resolution region gate line 121b are formed. The even data line 171a insulated from and intersecting with and the odd data line 171b insulated from and intersecting with only the high resolution region gate line 121b are formed. Here, the spacing between the low resolution region gate lines 121a is twice the spacing between the high resolution region gate lines 121b.

When the image is to be displayed only in the low resolution region in the liquid crystal display having such a structure, the operation signal may be supplied only to the low resolution driving gate driving circuit 411, and the operation signal may not be supplied to the high resolution driving gate driving circuit 412. have. At this time, the data line 171 only needs to supply an image signal necessary for the even-numbered data line 171a extending to the low resolution region.

Next, referring to FIG. 7, a gate driving circuit 410 is formed on the left side of the low resolution region and the high resolution region. The gate driving circuits 411 and 412 may be mounted in the form of a chip or may be directly formed on the thin film transistor array panel 100.

In an LCD having such a structure, only an off signal is continuously applied to a high resolution region, and a normal gate on-off signal is applied to a low resolution region. The data line 171 supplies the necessary image signal only to the even-numbered data line 171a extending to the low resolution region.

In the above example, when the image is displayed only in the low resolution region, the signal is not supplied to the high resolution region or only the off signal is applied. However, when the image is displayed only in the low resolution region, the normal driving signal may be supplied to the high resolution region.

The present invention can also be applied to a transflective liquid crystal display device.

The transflective liquid crystal display device to which the present invention is applied has a configuration in which the selective reflection film 347 is removed from FIG. 1.

2 and 3, the liquid crystal display panel 300 has a low resolution region and a high resolution region, and an area of a pixel belonging to the low resolution region is larger than an area of a pixel belonging to the high resolution region.

The structure of the transflective liquid crystal display device to which the present invention is applied will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 8 and 9.

FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of individual pixels in a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment. FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IX-IX ′ of FIG. 8.

First, the thin film transistor array panel 100 will be described.

A gate signal is transmitted on the insulating substrate 110, and a plurality of gate lines 121 extending mainly in a horizontal direction are formed.

A portion of each gate line 121 forms a plurality of gate electrodes 124. In addition, each gate line 121 includes an extension 125 extending in width for connection with an external device. Most of the gate line 121 is located in the display area, but the extension 125 of the gate line 121 is located in the peripheral area. Here, in the case where the gate driving circuit is directly formed on the TFT display panel (100 in FIG. 1), the extended portion of the gate line 121 may be omitted.

The gate line 121 includes two layers having different physical properties, that is, a lower layer 121p and an upper layer 121q thereon. The upper layer 121q is made of a metal having a low specific resistance, for example, aluminum-based metal such as aluminum (Al) or aluminum alloy, so as to reduce the delay or voltage drop of the gate signal. In contrast, the lower layer 121p is a material having excellent physical, chemical, and electrical contact properties with other materials, particularly indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium zinc oxide (IZO), such as molybdenum (Mo) and molybdenum alloys. Tungsten (MoW) alloy], chromium (Cr), tantalum (Ta), titanium (Ti) and the like. An example of the combination of the lower layer 121p and the upper layer 121q may be a chromium / aluminum-neodymium (Nd) alloy. In FIG. 5, lower and upper layers of the gate electrode 124 are denoted by reference numerals 124p and 124q, respectively. The extension 125 of the gate line 121 also includes an upper layer 125q and a lower layer 125p.

In addition, the side surfaces of the lower layer 121p and the upper layer 121q are inclined, respectively, and the inclination angle is about 30 to 80 degrees with respect to the surface of the substrate 110.

A gate insulating layer 140 made of silicon nitride (SiNx) is formed on the gate line 121.

A plurality of semiconductors 150 made of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (amorphous silicon is abbreviated a-Si) and the like are formed on the gate insulating layer 140. The semiconductor 150 is mainly formed on the gate electrode 124, and the semiconductor 150 covers a larger area than the gate electrode 124.

A plurality of island type ohmic contact members 163 and 165 made of a material such as n + hydrogenated amorphous silicon doped with silicide or n-type impurities at a high concentration are formed on the semiconductor 150. The island-like ohmic contact members are divided into two and are paired with each other and positioned on the semiconductor.

Side surfaces of the semiconductor 150 and the ohmic contacts 163 and 165 are also inclined, and the inclination angle is 30-80 degrees.

A plurality of data lines 171 and a plurality of drain electrodes 175 are formed on the ohmic contacts 163 and 165 and the gate insulating layer 140, respectively.

The data line 171 mainly extends in the vertical direction and crosses the gate line 121 to transmit a data voltage. Each data line 171 includes an expansion unit 179 which is extended in width for connection with an external device. Most of the data line 171 is located in the display area, but the extension 179 of the data line 171 is located in the peripheral area.

A plurality of branches extending from the data line 171 toward the drain electrode 175 forms the source electrode 173. The pair of source electrode 173 and the drain electrode 175 are separated from each other and positioned opposite to the gate electrode 124. The gate electrode 124, the source electrode 173, and the drain electrode 175 form a thin film transistor (TFT) together with the semiconductor 150, and channels of the thin film transistor are the source electrode 173 and the drain electrode. It is formed in the semiconductor 150 between (175).

 The data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 may also have lower layers 171p and 175p such as molybdenum (Mo), molybdenum alloy, and chromium (Cr), and upper layers 71q and 175q that are aluminum or silver based metals disposed thereon. ) The extension 179 of the data line 171 also includes an upper layer 179q and a lower layer 179p.

The lower layers 171p and 175p and the upper layers 171q and 175q of the data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 are also inclined at an angle of about 30 to 80 degrees, similarly to the gate line 121.

The ohmic contacts 161 and 165 exist only between the semiconductor 150 below and the data line 171 and the drain electrode 175 above and serve to lower the contact resistance.

On the data line 171, the drain electrode 175, and the exposed portion of the semiconductor 150, an organic material having excellent planarization characteristics and photosensitivity, a-Si: C: O formed by plasma chemical vapor deposition, A protective film 180 made of a low dielectric constant insulating material having a dielectric constant of 4.0 or less, such as a-Si: O: F, or silicon nitride, which is an inorganic material, is formed.

In the passivation layer 180, a plurality of contact holes 185 and 189 respectively exposing the drain electrode 175 and the extension 179 of the data line 171 are formed, and the extension 125 of the gate line 121 is formed. A plurality of contact holes 182 exposing the plurality of contact holes 182 are formed through the gate insulating layer 140 and the passivation layer 180.

The passivation electrode 192 and the contact auxiliary members 906 and 908 formed of a transparent conductive material such as indium tin oxide (ITO) or indium zinc oxide (IZO) are formed on the passivation layer 180.

On the transmissive electrode 192, a reflective electrode 194 made of a conductor having good reflective properties such as silver (Al) is formed. The reflective electrode 194 has a transmission window 195 through which light can pass.

The transmissive electrode 192 and the reflective electrode 194 function as the pixel electrode 190 depending on the mode, and the reflective electrode 194 also serves to reflect light.

The transmission electrode 192 is physically and electrically connected to the drain electrode 175 through the contact hole 185 to receive a data voltage from the drain electrode 175.

The contact auxiliary members 906 and 908 are connected to the extension part 125 of the gate line and the extension part 179 of the data line through contact holes 182 and 189, respectively. The contact auxiliary members 906 and 908 are not essential to complement and protect the adhesion between the extension portions 125 and 179 of the gate line 121 and the data line 171 and the external device. Their application is optional

Next, the color filter display panel 200 will be described.

The black matrix 220 is formed on the insulating substrate 210, and the color filter 230 is formed on the black matrix 220. The color filter 230 is formed for each pixel region partitioned by the black matrix 220, and typically includes three primary color filters of red, green, and blue. In some cases, an area in which the color filter 230 is not formed may be provided or a white color filter made of a transparent resin may be included.

The common electrode 270 made of a transparent conductive material such as ITO or IZO is formed on the color filter 230.

The liquid crystal layer 3 is formed between the thin film transistor array panel 100 and the color filter display panel 200. The liquid crystal layer 3 comprises a twisted alignment liquid crystal.

In the present exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystals of the liquid crystal layer 3 are oriented in a torsion-oriented manner, but the liquid crystal molecules are vertically aligned with respect to the two display panels 100 and 200 or parallel to the two display panels 100 and 200, and the liquid crystal molecules are mutually aligned. Parallel alignment can also be carried out.

The lower polarizer 12 and the upper polarizer 22 are disposed on outer surfaces of the thin film transistor array panel 100 and the color filter panel 200, respectively.

When the external light is strong, the transflective liquid crystal display is used in a reflection mode in which external light is reflected and used for image display. When the external light is weak, it is used in a transmissive mode in which an image is displayed by using backlight light.

In such a transflective liquid crystal display, when the backlight is turned off for power saving, necessary information may be displayed at all times by driving the low resolution region in the reflective mode.

Arrangements of the driving circuit or the driving chip of the transflective liquid crystal display device having the low resolution region and the high resolution region are shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, and the driving method may be the same as described above.

10 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

In the liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 10, red, green, and blue color filters R, G, and B are formed for each pixel in the high resolution region so that color display can be performed. In the low resolution region, there is no color filter or a white color filter W made of a transparent photoresist film or the like is formed to enable monochrome display. At this time, one pixel of the low resolution region occupies the same area as the sum of three pixels of the high resolution region.

As such, if the pixel of the low resolution region is formed to have the same area as that of the three pixels of the high resolution region, the color filter is omitted, or the white color filter is formed, the light absorption due to the color filter disappears as the aperture ratio of the pixel is increased. Light utilization efficiency is greatly increased. In the absence of the color filter, the light transmittance is increased by almost three times compared to the case of the color filter, and the aperture ratio is also increased.

The pixel arrangement of the low resolution region is the same as the arrangement of pixel groups formed by grouping red, blue, and green pixels representing a dot in the high resolution region. Therefore, the data line for supplying the image signal to the green pixels of the high resolution region is extended to supply the image signal to each pixel of the low resolution region.

As such, when the data line connected to the green pixel of the high resolution region is connected to the pixel of the low resolution region, the low resolution region may be displayed in black and white without changing a special driving method or image processing.

In addition, when the gate driving circuit is separately used for the high resolution region and the low resolution region as shown in FIG. 6, and only the low resolution region is driven, the data driving circuit reduces power consumption by about 90% when driven in the still image mode. The effect can be obtained.

11 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

In the liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 11, the red color filter R is formed in one portion and the blue color filter B is formed in one portion, and the low resolution region is divided into two portions. ) Is formed. In the high resolution region, red, green, and blue color filters R, G, and B are formed for each pixel so that color display can be performed. At this time, one pixel of the low resolution region occupies the same area as the sum of three pixels of the high resolution region.

At this time, any one of the red, green, and blue color filters (R, G, and B) may be formed in the entire low resolution region in the color filter formed in the low resolution region, and as shown in FIG. It is also possible to form different color filters in each part by dividing by

In this way, the image displayed in the low resolution area can be colored. For example, the time display may be displayed in blue, the antenna display may be displayed in green, and the battery charge display may be displayed in different colors depending on the type of information to be displayed in the low resolution area.

12 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display panel of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

In the liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 11, the low resolution region is divided into two parts, and the red color filter R and the blue color filter B are formed in half on one pixel. In the other part of the pixel, the green color filter G and the blue color filter B are formed in half and half. In the high resolution region, red, green, and blue color filters R, G, and B are formed for each pixel so that color display can be performed. At this time, one pixel of the low resolution region occupies the same area as the sum of three pixels of the high resolution region.

The low resolution region may be divided into three or more portions so that each portion may display a different color, or the entire low resolution region may display only one color. In addition, as shown in FIG. 11, a monochrome region may be provided.

In this way, the image displayed in the low resolution area can have colors other than the three primary colors. When the color filter is formed as illustrated in FIG. 12, the left low resolution region represents purple (V) and the right low resolution region represents light blue (S).

13 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and illustrates an arrangement state of a driving circuit.

In the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 13, the data line 171a in the low resolution region and the data line 171b in the high resolution region are formed separately. Here, the data line 171b of the high resolution region extends in the vertical direction, but the data line 171a of the low resolution region extends in the horizontal direction perpendicular thereto. Therefore, the data line lead-in portion 792 of the high resolution region for connecting with the data driving circuit 510 is disposed below the high resolution region, and the data line lead portion 791 of the low resolution region is disposed to the right of the low resolution region. have.

The image signal supplied from the data driver circuit 510 is also supplied to the data line lead portion 791 of the low resolution region and the data line 791 of the high resolution region through separate connection wirings 511a and 511b.

On the other hand, since the gate lines 121a and 121b extend perpendicular to the data lines 171a and 171b of each region, the gate lines 121a of the low resolution region extend in the vertical direction and the gate lines 121b of the high resolution region extend in the horizontal direction. Is laid out. Therefore, the gate driving circuit 411 of the low resolution region is disposed above the low resolution region, and the gate driving circuit 412 of the high resolution region is disposed to the right of the high resolution region. The gate driving circuits 411 and 412 may be mounted in the form of a chip or may be directly formed on the thin film transistor array panel of the liquid crystal panel.

On the other hand, in the case of the low resolution region is usually formed in the form of an elongated band, in the present embodiment has a band shape having a horizontal direction in the longitudinal direction and the vertical direction in the width direction. However, since the data lines 171a of the low resolution region are formed long along the longitudinal direction of the low resolution region, the number of data lines 171a is greatly reduced as compared with the case where the data lines are formed along the width direction. For example, in a liquid crystal display having a resolution of 128 × 160, when the data line 171a of the low resolution region is formed in the width direction of the low resolution region, 128 × 3 data lines 171a are required. However, when the data line 171a of the low resolution region is formed in the longitudinal direction of the low resolution region as in the present embodiment, 160-128 = 32 data lines 171a are sufficient. On the other hand, the number of gate lines 121a increases.

As described above, when the number of data lines 171a in the low resolution region decreases, the number of connection lines 511a connecting the data driving circuit 510 and the data line lead portion 791 in the low resolution region decreases. When the number of connection wirings 511a is reduced, wiring arrangement becomes easier by design.

On the other hand, while the number of gate lines 121a in the low resolution region increases, a gate driving circuit 411 for supplying a scan signal to the gate lines 121a is formed above the low resolution region along the longitudinal direction of the low resolution region and the data driving circuit Since the type of the signal transmitted to the gate driving circuit 411 through 510 does not change even if the number of gate lines 121a is changed, the wiring connecting the data driving circuit 510 and the gate driving circuit 411 ( The number of 512a) remains the same.

Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and various modifications and improvements of those skilled in the art using the basic concepts of the present invention defined in the following claims are also provided. It belongs to the scope of rights.

According to the present invention, the low resolution region and the high resolution region are formed on the liquid crystal display panel so that the low resolution region displays the information that should be displayed at all times, thereby reducing power consumption and displaying the necessary information at the same time. In addition, the driving circuit and wiring arrangement for separately driving the low resolution region and the high resolution region can be efficiently performed to increase the margin of the manufacturing process.

Claims (5)

  1. A low resolution region and a high resolution region; a first gate line and a first data line formed in the low resolution region; and a second gate line and a second data line formed in the high resolution region; and a pixel of the low resolution region The area of the liquid crystal display device is wider than the area of the pixel of the high resolution area, the low resolution area has a width direction and a length direction, and the first data line extends along the length direction of the low resolution area.
  2. In claim 1,
    And the second data line extends in a direction perpendicular to the first data line.
  3. In claim 2,
    The first gate line extends in a width direction of the low resolution region, and further includes a low resolution region gate driving circuit configured to supply a scan signal to the first gate line, wherein the low resolution region gate driving circuit includes one of the low resolution regions. A liquid crystal display device formed on a side surface of the first data line in a direction.
  4. In claim 3,
    The second gate line extends in a direction perpendicular to the first gate line, and further includes a high resolution region gate driving circuit configured to supply a scan signal to the second gate line, and the high resolution region gate driving circuit includes the high resolution region. The liquid crystal display device which is formed along one side of the second data line.
  5. In claim 2,
    And a data driver circuit for supplying an image signal to the first and second data lines, and a connection line connecting the data driver circuit and the first data line.
KR1020040109641A 2004-12-21 2004-12-21 Thin film transistor array panel and liquid crystal display using the same KR20060070836A (en)

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KR1020040109641A KR20060070836A (en) 2004-12-21 2004-12-21 Thin film transistor array panel and liquid crystal display using the same
TW094137660A TWI386744B (en) 2004-12-14 2005-10-27 Thin film transistor panel and liquid crystal display using the same
JP2005348063A JP2006171727A (en) 2004-12-14 2005-12-01 Thin film transistor display panel and liquid crystal display using same
EP05026359A EP1672411A3 (en) 2004-12-14 2005-12-02 Thin film transistor panel and liquid crystal display using the same
US11/302,968 US7633473B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2005-12-14 Thin film transistor panel and liquid crystal display using the same
US12/623,049 US20100066655A1 (en) 2004-12-14 2009-11-20 Thin film transistor panel and liquid crystal display using the same

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10347165B2 (en) 2016-07-04 2019-07-09 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Organic light emitting display panel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10347165B2 (en) 2016-07-04 2019-07-09 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Organic light emitting display panel
US10529269B2 (en) 2016-07-04 2020-01-07 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Organic light emitting display panel

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