KR20040028023A - a device for selection and crushing/fine crush of wastes construction - Google Patents

a device for selection and crushing/fine crush of wastes construction Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20040028023A
KR20040028023A KR1020020059096A KR20020059096A KR20040028023A KR 20040028023 A KR20040028023 A KR 20040028023A KR 1020020059096 A KR1020020059096 A KR 1020020059096A KR 20020059096 A KR20020059096 A KR 20020059096A KR 20040028023 A KR20040028023 A KR 20040028023A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
crushing
screen
sorting
construction waste
raw
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KR1020020059096A
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Korean (ko)
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KR100506369B1 (en
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성남균
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성남균
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Priority to KR10-2002-0059096A priority Critical patent/KR100506369B1/en
Publication of KR20040028023A publication Critical patent/KR20040028023A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B9/00General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • B03B9/06General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse
    • B03B9/061General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse the refuse being industrial
    • B03B9/065General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse the refuse being industrial the refuse being building rubble
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/14Details or accessories
    • B07B13/16Feed or discharge arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

PURPOSE: Provided is a device for crushing/pulverizing and screening constructional wastes, which prevents the dusts generated by treating the wastes from flying into atmosphere, and to produce a high-quality aggregate like a natural aggregate. CONSTITUTION: The device comprises: a first crushing part(100) equipped with a hopper(110) for introducing constructional wastes, and a crude crusher, a screen(130) and a cone crusher(150) disposed successively to crush the raw materials into a predetermined particle size; a second crushing part(200) equipped with a sand mill(210) to crush and pulverize the raw materials having at least the predetermined particle size obtained by passing the raw materials introduced from the first crushing part(100) through a screen; and a raw material screening and separating part(300) equipped with a screen and a conveyor(310) for discharging the raw materials having at most the predetermined particle size and a fine-particle recovery member(330) connected to the conveyor(310) to settle and recover fine particles.

Description

건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치{a device for selection and crushing/fine crush of wastes construction}{A device for selection and crushing / fine crush of wastes construction}
본 발명은 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치에 관한 것으로서 보다 상세하게는, 원자재를 입정입도로 파쇄하는 1,2차 파쇄부, 파쇄된 입자를 사용상태에 따라 분리선별하는 원료선별분리부를 포함하는 구성으로 건축 폐기물에서 양질의 골재및 모래와 미분을 분리선별하여 재활용 할수 있도록 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a crushing / crushing and sorting device of construction waste, and more specifically, the first and second crushing unit for crushing the raw material to the grain size, and includes a raw material separation separator for separating and sorting the crushed particles according to the usage The present invention relates to a crushing / crushing and sorting device for construction wastes, which enables to sort and recycle high-quality aggregates and sand and fines from building wastes.
일반적으로 건설 폐기물은, 토목이나 건축물의 노후화및 재시공, 건축물의 기능저하등에 의해 발생되는 것으로서, 구조물의 해체시 발생되는 건설 폐기물에는 천연의 토사등에 이물질이 포함되어 배출토록 된다.In general, construction wastes are caused by aging and reconstruction of civil engineering or buildings, deterioration of buildings, etc., and construction wastes generated at the time of dismantling of structures include foreign substances in natural soils and the like.
또한, 상기 건설폐기물은, 일반적으로 무기물로 구성되어 인체에 무해한 것으로서 재활용이 가능한 것이나, 그동안에는 재생시 품질이 저하되어 대부분이 성토나, 복토및 매립용등의 기초지반 형성용으로 사용되고 있는 실정이다.In addition, the construction waste is generally composed of inorganic materials, harmless to the human body, and can be recycled. However, the quality of the construction waste is degraded during regeneration, and most of the construction wastes are used for the formation of foundation soil such as fill, cover, and landfill. .
이러한 폐기물의 재활용을 위한 건설폐기물 처리와 추출및 투입골재를 위한 가공장치가 실용신안등록 276764호에 개시되어 있다.The treatment device for construction waste treatment and extraction and input aggregate for recycling such waste is disclosed in Utility Model Registration No. 276764.
즉, 그 구성은 도1에서와 같이, 파쇄공정을 거친 재생골재 또는 수거된 건설폐기물이 각각 투입될수 있도록 피더가 구비된 호퍼와;That is, the configuration is, as shown in Figure 1, a hopper equipped with a feeder so that each of the recycled aggregate or the collected construction waste that has undergone the crushing process can be put;
상기 호퍼와 컨베이어벨트로 연결되어 투입된 폐기물 및 골재에 포함된 금속을 선별한후 일정한 크기로 선별하는 진동식 선별수단;A vibrating sorting means connected to the hopper and the conveyor belt and sorting the metal included in the waste and aggregates into a predetermined size;
상기 선별수단에서 25㎜ 이상으로 선별된 골재는 컨베이어로 배출되고, 5㎜ 이하의 골재는 모래배출이 가능하도록 설치되는 분급기를 포함하는 구성으로 이루어 진다.Aggregate sorted by more than 25mm in the sorting means is discharged to the conveyor, the aggregate less than 5mm is made of a configuration comprising a classifier is installed to enable sand discharge.
그러나, 상기와 같은 건설폐기물 처리와 추출및 투입골재를 위한 가공장치는, 일정입도 이하의 모래만을 선별하는 장치이고, 입도를 유지하기 위하 반복적인 공정으로 작업공정이 증가하게 되며, 골재에 부착되는 시멘트 성분의 완전한 제거가 힘들어 재생효율이 저하되는 문제점이 발생되었다.However, the processing equipment for the construction waste treatment and extraction and input aggregate as described above, is a device for sorting only sand below a certain granularity, the work process is increased in an iterative process to maintain the particle size, attached to the aggregate It is difficult to completely remove the cement component has a problem that the regeneration efficiency is lowered.
상기와 같은 문제점을 해소하기 위한 본 발명의 목적은, 폐콘크리트·폐아스콘·건축폐자재·건축폐기물·혼합폐기물 등을 선별 처리하는 과정에서 발생되는 먼지가 대기중으로 비산되는 것을 최소화하여 환경오염을 방지하도록 한다.An object of the present invention for solving the above problems is to minimize environmental pollution by minimizing the scattering of dust generated in the process of treating waste concrete, waste ascon, construction waste materials, construction waste, mixed waste, etc. Prevent it.
또한, 골재에 혼합되는 이물질을 완벽하게 분리하여 골재의 재활용시 발생되는 강도저하 현상을 방지하도록 하고, 폐건축자재중 다양한 입도를 갖는 골재와 모래및 미분을 하나의 공정에 의해 선별하도록 하고, 천연골재에 근접하는 양질의 골재를 얻을수 있도록 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치를 제공하는데 있다.In addition, to completely separate the foreign matter mixed in the aggregate to prevent the strength degradation caused by the recycling of the aggregate, and to sort the aggregate, sand and fine powder having various particle size among the waste building materials by one process, natural It is to provide a crushing / grinding and sorting device of construction waste to obtain a good aggregate close to the aggregate.
도1은 종래의 건설폐기물 처리,추출및 투입골재를 위한 가공장치를 흐름도.1 is a flow chart of a processing apparatus for conventional construction waste treatment, extraction and input aggregate.
도2는 본 발명에 따른 건설폐기물 파/분쇄및 선별장치를 도시한 개략도.Figure 2 is a schematic diagram showing a construction waste wave / crushing and sorting apparatus according to the present invention.
도3은 본 발명에 따른 건설폐기물 파/분쇄및 선별장치의 중력분리수단을 도시한 개략도.Figure 3 is a schematic diagram showing the gravity separation means of the construction waste wave / crushing and sorting apparatus according to the present invention.
도4는 본 발명에 따른 건설폐기물 파/분쇄및 선별장치의 스크린을 도시한 개략도.4 is a schematic view showing a screen of construction waste wave / grinding and sorting apparatus according to the present invention;
<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>
110...호퍼 120...피더110 Hopper 120 Feeder
140...죠크러셔 150...콘크러셔140 Jaw crusher 150 ...
210...샌드밀 230...스크린210 Sand Sand 230 Screen
320...컨베이어 330a...침전조320 Conveyor 330a Precipitator
330c...탈수건조기330c ... Dehydration Dryer
이러한 목적 달성을 위하여 본 발명은, 원료를 1차분쇄하도록 공정상에 연속하여 죠크러셔와 콘크러셔가 설치되는 1차파쇄부;In order to achieve the above object, the present invention, the primary crushing unit is provided with a jaw crusher and a cone crusher continuously in the process to primary grinding the raw material;
1차파쇄부에서 공급되는 원료중의 이물질을 이물질분리수단에 의해 분리하고, 이를 파분쇄하도록 샌드밀이 설치되는 2차파쇄부;및,Secondary crushing unit is separated from the raw material supplied from the primary crushing unit by a foreign matter separating means, and the sand mill is installed to crush it; And,
상기 2차파쇄부를 통과한 원료를 분급하도록 복수의 스크린및 컨베이어와 미분회수수단이 설치되는 원료선별분리부를 포함하여 구성되는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치가 제공된다.Provided is a crushing / crushing and sorting device for construction waste comprising a raw material sorting separator having a plurality of screens and a conveyor and a fine collection means installed to classify the raw materials passed through the secondary crushing unit.
이하, 첨부된 도면에 의거하여 본 발명의 실시예를 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
본 발명은, 도 2 내지 도 4 에 도시된 바와 같이, 공급된 원료를 파쇄하는 1,2파쇄부(100)(200)와 파쇄된 원료를 선별분리하는 원료선별분리부(300)로서 이루어 진다.The present invention, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, is composed of the first and second shredding unit 100, 200 for crushing the supplied raw material and the raw material selection separation unit 300 for selectively separating the crushed raw material .
건설폐기물(이물질등이 폐콘크리트등에 혼합되는 상태의 건설폐기물)이 주원료로서 투입되는 호퍼(110)와 이를 공급하는 컨베이어(120)가 설치된다.A hopper 110 into which construction waste (construction waste in a state in which foreign matters are mixed with waste concrete, etc.) is introduced as a main raw material, and a conveyor 120 is provided.
상기 컨베이어(120)의 일측에는 투입되는 원료를 200㎜ 이하의 크기로 파쇄하도록 설치되는 죠크러셔(140)및 이와 공정라인상에 순차로 연결되어 25㎜ 이하의 크기로 파쇄하도록 콘크러셔(150)가 설치된다.The jaw crusher 140 is installed on one side of the conveyor 120 to crush the input raw material to a size of 200 mm or less and the crusher 150 to be crushed to a size of 25 mm or less by being sequentially connected to the process line. Is installed.
또한, 상기 죠크러셔(140)의 공정라인상에 수작업에 의한 이물질 선별이 가능토록 스크린(130)이 더 연결되어도 좋다.In addition, the screen 130 may be further connected on the process line of the jaw crusher 140 to allow the selection of foreign matter by hand.
상기 스크린(130)의 일측에 금속을 분리시키는 자력선별기(130a)가 설치된다.On one side of the screen 130, a magnetic separator 130a for separating the metal is installed.
더하여, 상기 스크린(130)은, 각각 상이한 관통공(130b)을 갖는 하나 이상의 개체 스크린이 다단 적재토록 설치되며, 각각의 스크린은 진동및 회전운동하는 진동자(130c)와 고압의 살수노즐(130d)이 연결 설치된다.In addition, the screen 130 is installed so that one or more individual screens each having different through holes 130b are stacked in multiple stages, and each screen is a vibrator 130c that vibrates and rotates and a high pressure spray nozzle 130d. This connection is installed.
그리고, 상기 죠크러셔(140)의 후방에 중력분리수단(170)이 설치되고, 상기 중력분리수단(170)은, 케이스(170a)와 배출컨베이어(170b)및 배풍기(170c)와 스크린(170c)으로 이루어 진다.In addition, a gravity separating means 170 is installed at the rear of the jaw crusher 140, and the gravity separating means 170 includes a case 170a, an exhaust conveyor 170b, an exhaust fan 170c, and a screen 170c. Is done.
상기 1차파쇄부(100)에 의해 투입되는 원료를 파분쇄하는 2차파쇄부(200)는, 샌드밀(210)이 설치되며, 상기 샌드밀(210)을 통과하여 배출되는 원료를 자력선별기(230a)를 갖는 스크린에 의해 다시한번 선별한다.In the secondary crushing unit 200 for crushing the raw material introduced by the primary crushing unit 100, a sand mill 210 is installed, and the raw material discharged through the sand mill 210 is a magnetic separator. Screening once again by screen with 230a.
더하여, 상기 스크린(230)은 각각 상이한 관통공(230b)을 갖는 하나 이상의 개체 스크린이 다단 적재토록 설치되며, 각각의 스크린은 진동및 회전운동하는 진동자(230c)와 고압의 살수노즐(230d)이 연결 설치된다.In addition, the screen 230 is installed so that one or more individual screens having different through holes 230b are stacked in multiple stages, and each screen includes a vibrator 230c and a high pressure water spray nozzle 230d that vibrate and rotate. Connection is installed.
상기 2차파쇄부(200)를 통과한 원료를 분급하는 원료선별분리부(300)는, 적층되는 각각의 스크린에 연결되는 컨베이어(310)와 스크린에서 배출되는 미분이 공급되는 컨베이어(320)및 미분을 침강회수시키는 미분회수수단(330)이 설치된다.Raw material sorting separator 300 for classifying the raw material passed through the secondary crushing unit 200, the conveyor 310 is connected to each screen to be stacked and the conveyor 320 is supplied with the fine powder discharged from the screen; Differential recovery means 330 is provided to settle and recover the fines.
상기 미분회수수단(330)은, 다단의 침전조(330a)로 구성되며, 최후의 침전조에서 회수되는 물은 각각의 살수노즐과 연결되는 펌프(330b)및 다공질의 스크린(330c-1)을 갖는 탈수조(330c)로서 이루어 진다.The differential recovery means 330 is composed of a multi-stage settling tank 330a, and the water recovered in the last settling tank is dewatered having a pump 330b and a porous screen 330c-1 connected to each spray nozzle. It is made as a bath 330c.
상기와 같은 구성으로 이루어진 본 발명의 작용을 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the operation of the present invention made of the above configuration as follows.
도2 내지 도4에서와 같이, 호퍼(110)에 투입되는 600㎜ 정도의 건설폐기물을 피더(120)를 통하여 건설폐기물을 파쇄하는 크러셔에 공급하고, 상기 크러셔는 연속 공정라인에 순차로 장착된 죠크러셔(140)및 콘크러셔(150)를 경유하면서 파쇄된다.2 to 4, the construction waste of about 600 mm input to the hopper 110 is supplied to the crusher to crush the construction waste through the feeder 120, the crusher is sequentially mounted in a continuous process line It is crushed while passing through the jaw crusher 140 and the cone crusher 150.
이때, 죠크러셔(140)에서 100~300㎜정도로 파쇄되고, 1차파쇄된 원료는 콘크러셔(150)를 통과하면서 20~30㎜정도로 파쇄된다.At this time, the jaw crusher 140 is crushed to about 100 ~ 300mm, the primary crushed raw material is crushed to about 20 ~ 30mm while passing through the cone crusher 150.
그리고, 상기와 같은 죠크러셔(140)에 의한 파쇄의 완료후에는중력분리수단(170)에 의해 원료중에 포함된 프라스틱이나 스티로폼등의 이물질과 미분이 분리토록 된다.After completion of the crushing by the jaw crusher 140 as described above, foreign matter such as plastic or styrofoam contained in the raw material and the fine powder are separated by the gravity separating means 170.
상기 중력분리수단(170)은, 먼저 케이스(170a)의 상부에 연결되는 피더(120)를 통하여 낙하된 원료는 컨베이어(170a)에 낙하되면서 그 일측에 설치된 배풍기(170b)에 의해 비중이 낮은 이물질이 분리되고, 상기 이물질은 하부에 설치된 스크린(170c)을 통하여 걸러지게 된다.The gravity separating means 170, the raw material dropped through the feeder 120 is first connected to the upper portion of the case (170a) is dropped on the conveyor (170a) foreign matter having a low specific gravity by the blower (170b) installed on one side thereof This is separated, the foreign matter is filtered through the screen 170c installed at the bottom.
상기 구성에 의해 일차로 이물질이 분리된 원료는 콘크러셔(150)에 공급되어 일정입도(약20~30㎜)의 자갈및 골재로 배출된다.The raw material in which foreign matters are first separated by the above configuration is supplied to the cone crusher 150 and discharged into gravel and aggregate having a predetermined particle size (about 20 to 30 mm).
그리고, 상기 콘크러셔(150)의 공정라인 상에는 스크린(130)이 더 연결되어 수작업에 의한 이물질 선별및 자력선별기(130a)를 통한 이물질의 선별이 가능토록 한다.In addition, the screen 130 is further connected on the process line of the cone crusher 150 to allow the selection of foreign matters by hand and the foreign matters through the magnetic separator 130a.
더하여, 상기 스크린(130)에는 관통공(130b)이 일체로 형성되어 분리된 미분이 이를 통과하여 저부에 낙하토록 되고, 이때 상기 스크린(130)에 상에 투입되는 폐기물은 진동자(130c)에 의한 진동과 고압의 살수노즐(130d)에 의한 세척작업을 통하여 쇄골재에 부착되는 시멘트 미분이 수세토록 된다.In addition, the through-hole 130b is integrally formed in the screen 130 so that the separated fine powder passes through it and falls to the bottom, and the waste introduced into the screen 130 is moved by the vibrator 130c. Cement fine powder adhering to the clavicle aggregate is washed by vibration and high pressure spray nozzle 130d.
그리고, 상기 스크린(130)의 하측에는 미분을 수거토록 컨베이어(130f)가 설치된다.In addition, a conveyor 130f is installed below the screen 130 to collect the fine powder.
계속하여, 상기 1차파쇄부(100)에 의해 파쇄되는 원료는 2차파쇄부(200)의 샌드밀(210)에 의해 다시한번 파분쇄되어 19㎜이하의 쇄석및 모래상태로 되고, 상기 쇄석및 모래상태로 배출되는 원료는 그 후방의 공정라인 상에 설치되는스크린(230)의 자력선별기(230a)등으로서 이물질을 선별한다.Subsequently, the raw material crushed by the primary crushing unit 100 is crushed once again by the sand mill 210 of the secondary crushing unit 200 to be in the form of crushed stone and sand of 19 mm or less, and the crushed stone And the raw material discharged in the sand state is selected as a foreign matter magnetic separator (230a) of the screen 230 is installed on the process line of the rear.
더하여, 상기 스크린(230)에는 관통공(230b)이 일체로 형성되어 분리되는 미분이 관통공을 통하여 저부에 낙하되고, 상기 스크린(230) 상에 투입되는 폐기물은 진동자(230c)에 의한 진동과 고압의 살수노즐(230d)에 의한 세척작업을 통하여 쇄골재에 부착되는 시멘트 미분을 다시한번 수세토록 한다.In addition, the screen 230, the through-hole 230b is integrally formed to separate the fine powder is dropped to the bottom through the through-hole, the waste injected into the screen 230 and the vibration by the vibrator (230c) Through the washing operation by the high pressure spray nozzle 230d, the cement fine powder attached to the clavicle aggregate is washed again.
그리고, 상기 스크린(230)의 하측면 역시 미분을 수거토록 컨베이어(230f)가 설치된다.And, the lower side of the screen 230 is also provided with a conveyor 230f to collect the fine powder.
상기 스크린(230)을 통과한 원료는 이물질이 완전 제거된 천연상태의 쇄석이나 모래와 실질적으로 동일하게 되어 원료선별분리부(300)에 공급된다.The raw material that has passed through the screen 230 is substantially the same as natural crushed stone or sand from which foreign substances are completely removed and is supplied to the raw material sorting separator 300.
또한, 2차파쇄부(200)를 통과 한후 파쇄된 원료는 스크린에 의해 분리되어 그 일측에 연결되는 컨베이어(310)로서 각각의 야적 장소에 배출되고, 이때 상기 스크린의 하측으로 배출되는 미분은 미분회수수단(330)을 통하여 회수된다.In addition, the raw materials shredded after passing through the second shredding unit 200 is discharged to each yard as a conveyor 310 is separated by the screen and connected to one side, the fine powder discharged to the lower side of the screen is fine powder It is recovered through the recovery means 330.
상기 미분회수수단(330)은, 다단의 침전조(330a)로 구성되어 각각의 침전조(330a)를 통과하면서 중력침강되는 구성으로 포집된다.The differential recovery means 330 is composed of a multi-stage settling tank 330a is collected in a configuration that is gravity settled while passing through each settling tank 330a.
또한, 최후의 침전조에서 회수되는 물은 살수노즐과 연결되는 펌프(330b)에 의해 살수노즐에 재공급되어 순환되도록 하며, 상기 미분은 열원을 공급되면서 스크린(330c-1)을 갖는 건조탈수조(330c)로서 탈수 건조되어 도자기의 원료나 블록등의 코팅재로 재사용토록 된다.In addition, the water recovered in the last settling tank is recirculated to the spray nozzle by the pump 330b connected to the spray nozzle, and the fine powder is supplied to the heat source while drying the dehydration tank having a screen (330c-1) ( 330c) is dehydrated and dried to be reused as a coating material for ceramics or blocks.
한편, 상기 콘크러셔(150)의 일측의 스크린을 통과한 원료중 일정입도 이하의 원료만이 2차파쇄부(200)를 향하도록 설치되며, 일정입도 이상의 원료는 각각상이한 관통공(130b)을 갖는 개체의 스크린에 의해 선별되어 다양한 규격의 골재 생산이 가능토록 되는 것이다.Meanwhile, only raw materials having a predetermined particle size or less of the raw materials that pass through the screen of one side of the cone crusher 150 are installed to face the secondary crushing unit 200. Raw materials having a predetermined particle size or more have different through holes 130b. It is selected by the screen of the individual having it is possible to produce aggregates of various specifications.
이상과 같이 본 발명에 따르면, 폐콘크리트·폐아스콘·건축폐자재·건축폐기물·혼합폐기물 등을 선별 처리하는 과정에서 발생되는 먼지가 대기중으로 비산되는 것을 방지하여 환경오염을 방지하도록 한다.According to the present invention as described above, to prevent the environmental pollution by preventing the dust generated in the process of sorting the waste concrete, waste ascon, building waste materials, construction waste, mixed waste and the like to the air.
또한, 골재에 혼합되는 이물질을 완벽하게 분리하여 골재의 재활용시 발생되는 강도저하 현상을 방지하도록 하고, 폐건축자재중 골재의 재활용하도록 하며, 다양한 입도를 갖는 골재의 하나의 공정에 의해 선별하도록 하고, 천연골재에 근접하는 양질의 골재를 얻을수 있도록 하는 것이다.In addition, to completely separate the foreign matter mixed in the aggregate to prevent the strength degradation caused when the aggregate is recycled, to recycle the aggregate in the waste building materials, and to sort by one process of aggregate having a different particle size In order to obtain high quality aggregate close to natural aggregate.
본 발명은 특정한 실시예에 관련하여 도시하고 설명 하였지만, 이하의 특허청구범위에 의해 제공되는 본 발명의 정신이나 분야를 벗어나지 않는 한도내에서 본 고안이 다양하게 개량 및 변화될수 있다는 것을 당업계에서 통상의 지식을 가진자는 용이하게 알수 있음을 밝혀 두고자 한다.While the invention has been shown and described with respect to specific embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as provided by the following claims. I would like to clarify that those who have knowledge of this can easily know.

Claims (7)

  1. 건축폐기물이 투입되도록 호퍼(110)가 설치되며, 원료를 일정입도로 파쇄하도록 연속공정선상에 죠크러셔(140)와 스크린(130)및 콘크러셔(150)가 설치되는 1차파쇄부(100);Hopper 110 is installed so that construction waste is input, and primary crusher 100 is installed with jaw crusher 140, screen 130, and cone crusher 150 on a continuous process line to crush raw materials to a certain granularity. ;
    상기 1차파쇄부(100)에서 투입되는 원료가 스크린(230)을 통과한후 일정입도 이상의 원료만 파분쇄 하도록 샌드밀(210)이 설치되는 2차파쇄부(200); 및,A secondary crushing unit 200 in which a sand mill 210 is installed to crush only raw materials having a predetermined granularity after the raw material introduced from the primary crushing unit 100 passes the screen 230; And,
    상기 2차파쇄부(200)를 통과한 원료중 일정입도 이하의 원료만을 배출토록 스크린및 컨베이어(310)가 설치되며, 상기 컨베이어(310)에 연결되어 미분을 침강회수하는 미분회수수단(330)이 설치되는 원료선별분리부(300)을 포함하는 구성으로 이루어진 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.A screen and a conveyor 310 are installed to discharge only raw materials having a predetermined particle size or less among the raw materials that have passed through the secondary crushing unit 200, and are connected to the conveyor 310 to settle and recover the fine powder. The waste / crushing and sorting device of the construction waste consisting of a configuration comprising the raw material selection separation unit 300 is installed.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 죠크러셔(140)의 일측에 연결되는 스크린(130)은, 그 일측에 수작업에 의한 이물질 선별및 자력선별기(130a)와, 살수노즐(130d)및 진동자(130c)가 구비되는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.According to claim 1, The screen 130 is connected to one side of the jaw crusher 140, the foreign matter sorting and magnetic separator 130a by hand, the spraying nozzle (130d) and the vibrator (130c) Demolition / sorting and sorting device of the construction waste, characterized in that provided.
  3. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 스크린(230)은, 각각 상이한 관통공(230b)을 갖는 개체의 스크린이 다단 적재되는 것으로, 상기 스크린에 자력선별기(230a)와, 살수노즐(230d)및 진동자(230c)가 더 연결설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.According to claim 1, wherein the screen 230, the screen of the object having a different through hole 230b, respectively, is stacked in multiple stages, the magnetic separator 230a, the water spray nozzle 230d and the vibrator 230c ) Crushing / grinding and sorting device of the construction waste, characterized in that the connection is further installed.
  4. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 미분회수수단(330)은, 다단의 침전조(330a)로 구성되며, 최후의 침전조에서 회수되는 물은 살수노즐과 연결되는 펌프(330b)및 각각의 컨베이어에 연결되는 스크린(330c-1)으로 이루어 지는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.The method of claim 1, wherein the fine collection means 330 is composed of a multi-stage settling tank 330a, the water recovered in the last settling tank is connected to the pump 330b and the respective conveyors connected to the water spray nozzle (330c-1), characterized in that the construction waste, crushing and sorting device.
  5. 제4항에 있어서, 상기 침전조(330a)는, 케이크상태의 미분을 탈수건조하여 도자기의 원료나 블록등의 코딩재로 사용토록 열원이 공급되면서 고속회전하는 탈수건조기(330c)가 더 연결설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.The dewatering dryer (330c) of claim 4, wherein the settling tank (330a) is further connected to a dehydration dryer (330c) which rotates at a high speed while a heat source is supplied to be used as a coding material such as ceramics or blocks by dehydrating and drying the fine powder in a cake state. Separation and sorting device for the construction waste, characterized in that.
  6. 제4항에 있어서, 상기 펌프는, 살수노즐(130d)(230d)에 각각 연결되어 용수를 공급토록 설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.5. The method of claim 4, wherein the pump is connected to each of the spray nozzles (130d, 230d) is installed, so as to supply water to the waste / crushing and sorting device of the construction waste.
  7. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 죠크러셔(140)는, 그 일측에 중력분리수단(170)이 더 구비되며, 상기 중력분리수단(170)은, 케이스(170a)와 배출컨베이어(170b)및 배풍기(170c)와 스크린(170d)으로 이루어 지는 것을 특징으로 하는 건설폐기물의 파/분쇄및 선별장치.According to claim 1, The jaw crusher 140, the gravity separation means 170 is further provided on one side, the gravity separation means 170, the case 170a, the discharge conveyor 170b and the exhaust fan ( 170c) and the screening / shredding and sorting device for the construction waste, characterized in that consisting of (170d).
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100697250B1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2007-03-21 주식회사 진흥중공업 A construction waste sorting machine
KR100918426B1 (en) * 2009-06-10 2009-09-24 (주)가람산업 Separation apparatus
CN106861870A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-20 袁亮国 Sandstone aggregate line and its production method
CN110152866A (en) * 2018-03-02 2019-08-23 淄博名堂教育科技有限公司 A kind of efficient municipal construction sandstone screening installation
CN110215997A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-09-10 日昌升集团有限公司 A kind of Machine-made Sand lapicide's skill of self raising flour dirt
CN111500863A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-07 深圳市翠绿黄金精炼有限公司 Gold production refines device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100697250B1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2007-03-21 주식회사 진흥중공업 A construction waste sorting machine
KR100918426B1 (en) * 2009-06-10 2009-09-24 (주)가람산업 Separation apparatus
CN106861870A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-20 袁亮国 Sandstone aggregate line and its production method
CN110152866A (en) * 2018-03-02 2019-08-23 淄博名堂教育科技有限公司 A kind of efficient municipal construction sandstone screening installation
CN110215997A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-09-10 日昌升集团有限公司 A kind of Machine-made Sand lapicide's skill of self raising flour dirt
CN111500863A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-07 深圳市翠绿黄金精炼有限公司 Gold production refines device

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