KR101396631B1 - Method and apparatus for transceiving a mimo packet in a wireless lan system - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for transceiving a mimo packet in a wireless lan system Download PDF

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KR101396631B1
KR101396631B1 KR20127020039A KR20127020039A KR101396631B1 KR 101396631 B1 KR101396631 B1 KR 101396631B1 KR 20127020039 A KR20127020039 A KR 20127020039A KR 20127020039 A KR20127020039 A KR 20127020039A KR 101396631 B1 KR101396631 B1 KR 101396631B1
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mimo
mimo packet
field
packet
mu
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KR20120117845A (en
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이대원
강병우
노유진
석용호
노동욱
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엘지전자 주식회사
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Application filed by 엘지전자 주식회사 filed Critical 엘지전자 주식회사
Priority to PCT/KR2011/004819 priority patent/WO2012002758A2/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • H04L1/0009Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff by adapting the channel coding
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/0413MIMO systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/0413MIMO systems
    • H04B7/0452Multi-user MIMO systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • H04L1/0023Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff characterised by the signalling
    • H04L1/0028Formatting
    • H04L1/0031Multiple signaling transmission
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/004Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by using forward error control
    • H04L1/0056Systems characterized by the type of code used
    • H04L1/0057Block codes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/004Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by using forward error control
    • H04L1/0056Systems characterized by the type of code used
    • H04L1/0059Convolutional codes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/004Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by using forward error control
    • H04L1/0075Transmission of coding parameters to receiver
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/02Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by diversity reception
    • H04L1/06Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received by diversity reception using space diversity
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L25/00Baseband systems
    • H04L25/02Details ; Arrangements for supplying electrical power along data transmission lines
    • H04L25/0202Channel estimation
    • H04L25/0224Channel estimation using sounding signals
    • H04L25/0226Channel estimation using sounding signals sounding signals per se
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L27/00Modulated-carrier systems
    • H04L27/26Systems using multi-frequency codes
    • H04L27/2601Multicarrier modulation systems
    • H04L27/2602Signal structure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0048Allocation of pilot signals, i.e. of signals known to the receiver
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/12WLAN [Wireless Local Area Networks]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • H04L1/0002Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff by adapting the transmission rate
    • H04L1/0003Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff by adapting the transmission rate by switching between different modulation schemes

Abstract

A method for transmitting a MIMO packet by a sender in a wireless LAN system is provided. The method includes generating a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packet comprising a set of at least one spatial stream transmitted to each of at least one or more receivers, each spatial stream set comprising one of two encoding schemes And transmits first control information including a MIMO indicator and a first modulation and coding scheme (MCS) field, wherein the MIMO indicator indicates that the MIMO packet is a SU (Signle User) -MIMO or a MU ) -MIMO, and the first MCS field indicates an MCS used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is for SU-MIMO transmission, and the MIMO packet indicates an MCS used for the MU-MIMO transmission Indicating an applied encoding scheme for each of the spatial stream sets and transmitting the MIMO packet to at least one or more receivers. Each of the two encoding schemes is characterized by low density parity check (LDPC) encoding and binary convolutional coding (BCC) encoding.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for transmitting / receiving MIMO packets in a wireless local area network (WLAN)

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a wireless local area network (WLAN) system, and more particularly, to a method of transmitting and receiving a packet by an MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) transmission method using an access point (AP) and a station (STA).

Recently, various wireless communication technologies have been developed along with the development of information communication technologies. Among these, a wireless local area network (WLAN) is a wireless LAN that can be used for home, business or the like using a portable terminal such as a personal digital assistant (PDA), a laptop computer, a portable multimedia player (PMP) It is a technology that enables wireless access to the Internet in a specific service area.

IEEE 802.11n is a relatively recently established technical standard to overcome the limitation of communication speed which is pointed out as a weak point in wireless LAN. IEEE 802.11n aims to increase the speed and reliability of the network and to extend the operating distance of the wireless network. More specifically, IEEE 802.11n supports high throughput (HT) with data rates of up to 540 Mbps or higher, and uses multiple antennas at both ends of the transmitter and receiver to minimize transmission errors and optimize data rates. It is based on Multiple Inputs and Multiple Outputs (MIMO) technology.

As STA has become popular with WLAN and diversification of applications using it, there is a need for a new WLAN system in order to support a higher throughput than the data processing rate supported by IEEE 802.11n. The next generation wireless LAN system supporting Very High Throughput (VHT) is the next version of the IEEE 802.11n wireless LAN system. To support data processing speed of 1Gbps or higher in the MAC service access point (SAP) Is one of the newly proposed IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN systems.

The next-generation wireless LAN system supports transmission of MU-MIMO (Multi User Multiple Input Multiple Output) method in which a plurality of STAs simultaneously access channels in order to utilize wireless channels efficiently. According to the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, an AP can simultaneously transmit a packet to one or more STAs that are MIMO-paired.

In the wireless LAN system, Binary Convolutional Coding (BCC) and Low Density Parity Check (LCPC) encoding are provided as a data encoding method. In a legacy wireless LAN system and a wireless LAN system supporting high throughput, a one-to-one relationship is established between the AP and the STA, so it is sufficient to add information related to the encoding technique of the encoded data to the packet to be transmitted. However, in the next generation wireless LAN system, the AP can transmit packets to a plurality of STAs at the same time using the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, so that the encoding scheme of the data sequence transmitted to each STA may be different.

The AP may change the MCS to signal according to a situation where the SU-MIMO transmission is performed to a specific STA, or the MU-MIMO transmission is performed to a plurality of STAs. In SU-MIMO transmission, an MCS index may be signaled to a specific STA. However, in the case of MU-MIMO transmission, it is necessary to signal an MCS index to each of a plurality of MU-MIMO-paired STAs. Therefore, in the next generation wireless LAN system, there is a need for a packet transmission / reception method considering the MIMO transmission scheme of the AP and the capability value of the STA to be transmitted.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a method of transmitting and receiving MIMO packets in a wireless local area network (WLAN) system supporting a multi-user multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) transmission scheme

In an aspect, a method for transmitting a MIMO packet by a sender in a wireless LAN system is provided. The method includes generating a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packet comprising a set of at least one spatial stream transmitted to each of at least one or more receivers, each spatial stream set comprising one of two encoding schemes And transmits first control information including a MIMO indicator and a first modulation and coding scheme (MCS) field, wherein the MIMO indicator indicates that the MIMO packet is a SU (Signle User) -MIMO or a MU ) -MIMO, and the first MCS field indicates an MCS used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is for SU-MIMO transmission, and the MIMO packet indicates an MCS used for the MU-MIMO transmission Indicating an applied encoding scheme for each of the spatial stream sets and transmitting the MIMO packet to at least one or more receivers. Each of the two encoding schemes is characterized by low density parity check (LDPC) encoding and binary convolutional coding (BCC) encoding.

If the MIMO packet is for MU-MIMO transmission, the MIMO indicator may indicate an MU-MIMO transmission by indicating a receiver group including the at least one receiver.

Further comprising transmitting second control information including a second MCS field, wherein if the MIMO packet is for an MU-MIMO transmission, the second MCS field may include an MCS used for each of the at least one spatial stream set You can tell.

Transmitting a training sequence used for estimating a MIMO channel between the sender and the at least one receiver before transmitting the second control information after transmitting the first control information .

The first control information may further include a subfield of the number of spatial streams indicating the number of spatial streams contained in each of the at least one spatial stream.

In another aspect, a wireless device is provided. The wireless device includes a transceiver for receiving or transmitting a MIMO packet and a processor operatively associated with the transceiver. Wherein the processor generates a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packet comprising a set of at least one spatial stream transmitted to each of at least one or more receivers, each spatial stream set comprising one of two encoding schemes, And transmits first control information including a MIMO indicator and a first modulation and coding scheme (MCS) field, wherein the MIMO indicator indicates that the MIMO packet is a SU (Signle User) -MIMO or a MU ) -MIMO, and the first MCS field indicates an MCS used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is for SU-MIMO transmission, and the MIMO packet indicates an MCS used for the MU-MIMO transmission Indicating an applied encoding scheme for each of the spatial stream sets and transmitting the MIMO packet to at least one or more receivers. Each of the two encoding schemes is characterized by low density parity check (LDPC) encoding and binary convolutional coding (BCC) encoding.

In yet another aspect, a method for decoding a MIMO packet by a receiver in a wireless LAN system is provided. The method includes receiving a MIMO indicator indicating whether a MIMO packet comprising at least one spatial stream set transmitted to at least one receiver is for an MU-MIMO transmission or for SU-MIMO, Wherein the MIMO indicator indicates a MU-MIMO transmission by indicating a recipient group of the MIMO packet if the MIMO indicator is for MU-MIMO transmission, and receives a coding field, Indicating an encoding scheme applied to the first spatial stream set and receiving a first MCS field, wherein the first MCS field indicates an MCS used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is for SU-MIMO transmission, If the MIMO packet is for MU-MIMO transmission, the first spatial stream set excluding at least one of the at least one spatial stream set Indicating whether each of the applied encoding method and and includes receiving the MIMO packet. Wherein if the MIMO packet is for MU-MIMO, the receiver checks if the receiver is a member of the receiver group, and if the MIMO packet is a member of the receiver group, And decoding the MIMO packet according to an encoding scheme applied to the spatial stream set.

If the MIMO packet is for SU-MIMO, the MIMO packet may be decoded according to the encoding scheme indicated by the coding field.

PPDU (physical layer convergence procedure (PLCP) protocol data unit) In transmission / reception, the control information contained in the PPDU is analyzed to confirm the transmission method. A receiving station (STA) can interpret the control information provided according to the transmission scheme differently and decode and demodulate it according to a supported encoding scheme and a modulation and coding scheme (MCS) Can be obtained.

An access point that transmits PPDUs provides STA with control information that can be interpreted differently according to a PPDU transmission method when a supported capability such as an encoding scheme supported by a plurality of MU-MIMO paired STAs is different It can provide services to various kinds of STAs. This can improve the compatibility of the wireless LAN system.

1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a wireless local area network (WLAN) system to which an embodiment of the present invention can be applied.
2 is a diagram illustrating a physical layer architecture of a wireless LAN system supported by IEEE 802.11.
3 is a diagram illustrating a PPDU format that may be applied to an embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a PPDU transmission / reception method according to an embodiment of the present invention.
5 is a flowchart illustrating a PPDU transmission method according to an MU-MIMO transmission scheme according to an embodiment of the present invention.
6 is a flowchart illustrating a method of transmitting a PPDU according to an SU-MIMO transmission scheme according to an embodiment of the present invention.
7 is a block diagram illustrating a wireless device to which an embodiment of the present invention may be applied.

1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a wireless local area network (WLAN) system to which an embodiment of the present invention can be applied.

Referring to FIG. 1, a WLAN system includes one or more Basic Service Sets (BSSs). BSS is a set of stations (STAs) that can synchronize successfully and communicate with each other,

An infrastructure BSS is a service provider that provides one or more non-AP stations (non-AP STA1, non-AP STA2, non-AP STA3, non-AP STA4, non-AP STA5) (AP) and a distribution system (DS) for connecting a plurality of APs. In the infrastructure BSS, the AP manages the non-AP STAs of the BSS.

On the other hand, an independent BSS (IBSS) is a BSS operating in an ad-hoc mode. Since the IBSS does not include APs, there is no centralized management entity in the center. That is, non-AP STAs are managed in a distributed manner in the IBSS. In the IBSS, all STAs can be made as mobile STAs, and self-contained networks are established because access to the DS is not allowed.

The STA is an arbitrary functional medium including a medium access control (MAC) conforming to IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 802.11 standard and a physical layer interface for a wireless medium. It includes both an AP and a non-AP station.

The non-AP STA is a non-AP STA, the non-AP STA is a mobile terminal, a wireless device, a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU), a user equipment (UE) May also be referred to as another name, such as a mobile station (MS), a mobile subscriber unit, or simply a user. Hereinafter, non-AP STA will be referred to as STA for convenience of explanation.

An AP is a functional entity that provides access to a DS via wireless media for an associated STA to the AP. Communication between STAs in an infrastructure BSS including an AP is performed via an AP, but direct communication is also possible between STAs when a direct link is established. The AP may be referred to as a central controller, a base station (BS), a node-B, a base transceiver system (BTS), a site controller, or the like.

A plurality of infrastructure BSSs including the BSS shown in FIG. 1 may be interconnected through a distribution system (DS). A plurality of BSSs connected through a DS is referred to as an extended service set (ESS). The APs and / or STAs included in the ESS can communicate with each other, and the STA can move from one BSS to another BSS while continuing to communicate in the same ESS.

In a wireless LAN system according to IEEE 802.11, the basic access mechanism of Medium Access Control (MAC) is a CSMA / CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance) mechanism. The CSMA / CA mechanism is also referred to as the Distributed Coordination Function (DCF) of the IEEE 802.11 MAC, which basically employs a "listen before talk" access mechanism. According to this type of connection mechanism, the AP and / or STA senses a wireless channel or medium prior to initiating a transmission. As a result of sensing, if it is determined that the medium is in the idle status, packet transmission is started through the medium. On the other hand, if it is detected that the medium is occupied, the AP and / or STA sets a delay period for medium access without waiting to start its own transmission.

The CSMA / CA mechanism also includes virtual carrier sensing in addition to physical carrier sensing in which the AP and / or STA directly senses the media. Virtual carrier sensing is intended to compensate for problems that may arise from media access, such as hidden node problems. For the virtual carrier sensing, the MAC of the wireless LAN system uses a network allocation vector (NAV). The NAV is a value indicating to another AP and / or the STA that the AP and / or the STA that is currently using or authorized to use the medium has remaining time until the media becomes available. Therefore, the value set to NAV corresponds to the period during which the medium is scheduled to be used by the AP and / or the STA that is transmitting the packet.

In addition to DCF, the IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol is a DCF and pollination-based, synchronous access scheme that uses an HCF (Point Coordination Function) that periodically polls all receiving APs and / or STAs to receive data packets. (Hybrid Coordination Function). The HCF is a protocol that allows a provider to provide data packets to a large number of users using a competing based EDCA (Enhanced Distributed Channel Access) and a non-contention based channel approach using a polling mechanism (HCCA Access). The HCF includes a medium access mechanism for improving the quality of service (QoS) of a WLAN and can transmit QoS data in both a contention period (CP) and a contention free period (CFP).

2 is a diagram illustrating a physical layer architecture of a wireless LAN system supported by IEEE 802.11.

The PHY architecture of IEEE 802.11 includes a PHY Layer Management Entity (PLME), a Physical Layer Convergence Procedure (PLCP) sublayer 210, and a PMD (Physical Medium Dependent) sublayer 200. PLME provides the management functions of the physical layer in cooperation with the MAC Layer Management Entity (MLME). The PLCP sublayer 210 transmits an MPDU (MAC Protocol Data Unit) received from the MAC sublayer 220 to the sublayer according to an instruction of the MAC layer between the MAC sublayer 220 and the PMD sublayer 200, And delivers the frame coming from the PMD sublayer 200 to the MAC sublayer 220. The PMD sublayer 200 enables the transmission / reception of a physical layer entity between two stations via a wireless medium as a PLCP lower layer. The MPDU transmitted from the MAC sublayer 220 is referred to as a physical service data unit (PSDU) in the PLCP sublayer 210. MPDUs are similar to PSDUs, but individual MPDUs and PSDUs can be different when an aggregated MPDU (aggregated MPDU) aggregating multiple MPDUs is delivered.

The PLCP sublayer 210 adds an additional field including information required by the physical layer transceiver in the process of receiving the PSDU from the MAC sublayer 220 and transferring the PSDU to the PMD sublayer 200. In this case, the added field may be a PLCP preamble, a PLCP header, a tail bit for returning the convolutional encoder to a zero state, or the like, to the PSDU. The PLCP preamble serves to prepare the receiver for the synchronization function and antenna diversity before the PSDU is transmitted. The data field may include padding bits in the PSDU, a service field including a bit sequence for initializing the scrap blur, and a coded sequence in which a bit sequence with tail bits appended thereto is encoded. In this case, the encoding scheme may be selected from Binary Convolutional Coding (BCC) encoding or Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) encoding according to the encoding scheme supported by the STA receiving the PPDU. The PLCP header includes a field including information on a PLCP Protocol Data Unit (PPDU) to be transmitted. This will be described in more detail with reference to FIG.

In the PLCP sublayer 210, the above-described field is added to the PSDU to generate a PLCP Protocol Data Unit (PPDU) and transmitted to the receiving station via the PMD sublayer. The receiving station receives the PPDU and generates a PLCP preamble, data Get and restore the information needed for restoration.

Unlike existing wireless LAN systems, next generation wireless LAN systems require higher throughputs. This is called Very High Throughput (VHT). For this purpose, the next generation wireless LAN system is intended to support 80 MHz, 160 MHz continuous (contiguous 160 MHz), discrete 160 MHz (non-contiguous 160 MHz) bandwidth transmission and / or higher bandwidth transmission. In addition, a MU-MIMO (Multi User-Multiple Input Multiple Output) transmission method is provided for higher throughput. In the next generation wireless LAN system, the AP can simultaneously transmit data packets to at least one STA paired with the MU-MIMO.

Referring to FIG. 1 again, in the given WLAN system, the AP 10 includes at least one STA among a plurality of STAs 21, 22, 23, 24, and 30 associated therewith The data can be simultaneously transmitted to the STA group. At this time, data transmitted to each STA can be transmitted through different spatial streams. The data packet transmitted by the AP 10 may be referred to as a frame as a data field included in a PPDU or PPDU generated and transmitted in the physical layer of the WLAN system. The data field included in the PPDU for SU-MIMO and / or MU-MIMO may be referred to as a MIMO packet. In the example of the present invention, it is assumed that STA1 21, STA2 22, STA3 23 and STA4 24 are STA groups that are paired with AP 10 and MU-MIMO. At this time, since a spatial stream is not allocated to a specific STA of a transmission target STA group, data may not be transmitted. On the other hand, it is assumed that the STAa 30 is an STA that is coupled to the AP but is not included in the STA group to be transmitted.

In order to support MU-MIMO transmission in an WLAN system, an identifier may be assigned to a STA group to be transmitted, which is referred to as a group identifier (Group ID). The AP transmits a Group ID management frame including group definition information to the STAs supporting the MU-MIMO transmission, and the group ID is transmitted to the STAs supporting the MU-MIMO transmission before the PPDU transmission Lt; / RTI > One STA can be assigned a plurality of group IDs.

Table 1 below shows the information elements included in the group ID management frame.

Figure 112012060602067-pct00001

The category field and the VHT action field are set so that the corresponding frame corresponds to a management frame and is a group ID management frame used in a next-generation wireless LAN system supporting MU-MIMO.

As shown in Table 1, the group definition information indicates membership status information indicating whether or not it belongs to a specific group ID, and when it belongs to the group ID, the spatial stream set of the STA is located at a certain position in the entire spatial stream according to the MU- And the spatial stream position information indicating whether it is applicable.

Since there are a plurality of group IDs managed by one AP, the membership status information provided to one STA needs to indicate whether each STA belongs to each group ID managed by the AP. Thus, the membership state information may exist in the form of an array of subfields indicating whether or not they belong to each group ID. The spatial stream location information indicates a location for each group ID, and therefore may exist in the form of an array of subfields indicating the location of the spatial stream set occupied by the STA for each group ID.

When transmitting the PPDU to the plurality of STAs through the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, the AP transmits information indicating the group ID in the PPDU as control information. When the STA receives the PPDU, the STA checks the group ID field to confirm that the STA is the member STA of the STA group to be transmitted. If it is confirmed that the STA group is a member of the STA group to which the STA is to be transmitted, it is possible to confirm how many spatial stream sets transmitted to the STA group are located among the entire spatial streams. Since the PPDU includes information on the number of spatial streams allocated to the receiving STA, the STA can receive data by searching for the spatial streams assigned to the receiving STA.

In a wireless LAN system, each of the STAs may have different capability values. STAs may have different channel bandwidth capabilities, and there may be STAs that do not support MIMO transmission schemes, STAs that support SU (Single User) -MIMO transmission schemes, and STAs that support SU / MU-MIMO transmission schemes . Also, the supported encoding / decoding techniques may vary depending on the type of the STA. In the wireless LAN system, the BCC (Binary Convolution Coding) technique is an essential encoding technique, whereas the LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) technique corresponds to a selectively supported technique. Therefore, the STA may support only BCC encoding, Encoding may also be supported.

The AP transmits signaling information for interpreting the PPDU when transmitting the PPDU to the STA. The control information for analyzing the PPDU may include channel bandwidth used to transmit the PPDU, information indicating the STA or STA group of the PPDU to be transmitted, information on the transmission technique, and MCS information. The AP may transmit SU-MIMO to one STA or MU-MIMO transmission to at least one STA in transmitting PPDUs. In case of SU-MIMO transmission, the STA can decode the PPDU by transmitting one signal including the encoding information of the PPDU. On the other hand, in case of transmitting MU-MIMO, since the encoding method that can be supported for each STA may be different, it is necessary to inform each STA individually of the encoding method. Therefore, the AP transmits the PPDU by including information on the encoding method for each STA according to the transmission method, and when receiving the corresponding PPDU, the STA requires a MIMO packet transmission / reception method that can decode the PPDU according to a known encoding scheme .

3 is a diagram illustrating a PPDU format that may be applied to an embodiment of the present invention.

3, the PPDU 300 includes an L-STF 310, an L-LTF 320, an L-SIG field 330, a VHT-SIGA field 340, a VHT- STF 350, LTF 360, a VHT-SIGB field 370, and a data field 380.

The PLCP sublayer constituting the PHY adds necessary information to the PSDU received from the MAC layer and converts the data into a data field 380. The L-STF 310, the L-LTF 320, the L-SIG field 330, SIGA field 340, VHT-STF 350, VHT-LTF 360 and VHT-SIGB 370 are added to generate a PPDU 300, and one or more PMD sub- To the STA.

The L-STF 310 is used for frame timing acquisition, automatic gain control (AGC) convergence, coarse frequency acquisition, and the like.

The L-LTF 320 uses channel estimation for demodulation of the L-SIG field 330 and the VHT-SIGA field 340.

The L-SIG field 330 is used by the L-STA to receive and interpret the PPDU 300 and obtain data.

The VHT-SIGA field 340 includes control information (or signal information) for interpreting the received PPDU 300 as a field related to the common control information required for the STAs receiving the PPDU . The VHT-SIGA field 340 may include channel bandwidth information used for PPDU transmission, information indicating the manner in which the PPDU is transmitted among SU or MU-MIMO, a plurality of MU-MIMO paired APs if the transmission method is MU- Information indicating a STA group to be transmitted which is an STA, information on a spatial stream allocated to each STA included in the STA group to be transmitted, identification information related to whether or not STBC (Space Time Block Coding) is used, Related GI (Guard Interval) related information and MCS (modulation coding scheme) information for the transmitter-receiver channel.

The information indicating the MIMO transmission scheme and the information indicating the STA group to be transmitted may be implemented as one MIMO indication information, and may be implemented as a group ID, for example. The group ID may be set to a value having a specific range, and a specific value in the range indicates the SU-MIMO transmission scheme. Otherwise, when the PPDU 300 is transmitted in the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, It can be used as an identifier for STA group.

The VHT-STF 350 is used to improve the performance of AGC estimation in MIMO transmission.

The VHT-LTF 360 is used by the STA to estimate the MIMO channel. Since the next generation wireless LAN system supports MU-MIMO, the VHT-LTF 360 can be set to the number of spatial streams to which the PPDU 300 is transmitted. In addition, full channel sounding is supported, and the number of VHT LTFs can be increased when it is performed.

The VHT-SIGB field 370 contains dedicated control information necessary for a plurality of MIMO paired STAs to receive the PPDU 300 and obtain the data. Therefore, the STA is designed to decode the VHT-SIGB field 370 only when the common control information included in the VHT-SIGB field 370 indicates that the PPDU 300 currently received is MU-MIMO-transmitted . Conversely, the STA may be designed not to decode the VHT-SIGB field 370 if the PPDU 300 in which the common control information is currently received indicates that it is for a single STA (including SU-MIMO).

The VHT-SIGB field 370 contains information on the modulation, encoding and rate-matching of each STA. The size of the VHT-SIGB field 370 may vary depending on the type of MIMO transmission (MU-MIMO or SU-MIMO) and the channel bandwidth used for PPDU transmission.

The data field 380 contains data intended for transmission to the STA. The data field 380 includes a service field for initializing a scrambler and a PLCP service data unit (PSDU) to which a MAC protocol data unit (MPDU) is transmitted in the MAC layer, a service field for initializing a convolution encoder, a tail field including a bit sequence necessary for returning the data field to a normal state, and padding bits for normalizing the length of the data field.

In a WLAN system in which STAs having different STAs related to the encoding scheme that can be supported, the AP needs to signal the encoding scheme applied to the PPDU so that the STA to be transmitted can normally acquire data through PPDU reception. When the PPDU is transmitted through the SU-MIMO transmission scheme, the applied encoding scheme may be included anywhere in the VHT-SIGA field or the VHT-SIGB field including the control information. However, in the MU-MIMO transmission scheme for transmitting PPDUs to a plurality of STAs, the AP needs to provide information on the encoding scheme for each STA. Such a PPDU transmission / reception method can be implemented as shown in FIG.

4 is a flowchart illustrating an example of a PPDU transmission / reception method according to an embodiment of the present invention. 1, STA1 21, STA2 22, STA3 23 and STA4 24 are included in the MU-MIMO transmission target STA group, and STA1 21 and STA2 22 are included in the MU- Assume that both STA3 23 and STA4 24 support BCC / LDPC encoding and STA supports only BCC encoding.

Referring to FIG. 4, the AP 10 transmits a preamble and a VHT-SIGA field to the STAs 21, 22, 23 and 24 paired with the MU-MIMO in the PPDU format of FIG. 3 (not shown). Then, the VHT-SIGB field 410 is transmitted to each of the STAs 21, 22, 23, and 24 (S410). Since the VHT-SIGB field 410 is beamformed and transmitted, each of the VHT-SIGB fields 411, 412, 413, and 414 is transmitted to each STA 21, 22, 23, The AP 10 then transmits the data field 420 to each STA 21, 22, 23, 24 (S420).

 When the AP 10 transmits the PPDU using the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, the AP 10 may transmit the PPDU including the coding indication information including the coding subfield 410a. In this case, the coding subfield 410a may be set to '0' when BCC encoding is applied as a bit field and '1' when LDPC encoding is applied. If the coding subfield 410a is included in the VHT-SIGB field 410 containing dedicated control information for each STA, the AP 10 can signal the encoding information for each of the MU-MIMO paired STAs have. However, bit values may be used in reverse as a way of indicating the encoding scheme.

The STA1 21 and the STA2 22 transmit to the STA2 21 and the STA2 22 the values of the coding subfields 411a and 412a included in the VHT-SIGB fields 411 and 412 transmitted thereto, The data fields 421 and 422 may be BCC decoded to obtain data. If the data fields 421 and 422 are '1', the data fields 421 and 422 may be LDPC decoded in accordance with LDPC encoding to acquire data. The STA3 23 and the STA4 24 transmit to the STA3 23 and the STA4 24 the values of the coding subfields 413a and 414a included in the VHT-SIGB fields 413 and 414 transmitted to the STA3 23 and the STA4 24, Data fields 423 and 424 are BCC decoded to obtain data. If the values of the coding subfields 413a and 414a are " 1 ", they can be set to be BCC decoded by ignoring them. However, since the AP 10 can acquire information on the capability values of the combined STAs through the coupling process with the STA, the BCC encoding is instructed to the STAs 23 and 24 supporting the BCC encoding, and the LDPC encoding is performed The supporting STAs 21 and 22 can set coding subfield values to instruct LDPC encoding.

According to the embodiment as shown in FIG. 4, the AP 10 can instruct each STA to each of the encoding methods. However, since the data field can be decoded only after the value of the coding subfield 410a is analyzed by analyzing the VHT-SIGB field 410, a latency problem may occur. It is possible to propose a PPDU transmission method in which a coding subfield indicating an applied encoding scheme is included in the VHT-SIGA field for solving the delay problem.

5 is a flowchart illustrating a PPDU transmission method according to an MU-MIMO transmission scheme according to an embodiment of the present invention. The AP transmits PPDUs to a plurality of MU-MIMO paired STAs.

5, the AP 10 transmits the VHT-SIGA field 510 to the STA1 21, STA2 22, STA3 23 and STA4 24. In the VHT-SIGA field 510, a group ID subfield 511 including a group ID as a MIMO indicator, a spatial stream sub-field 511 including number indication information of a spatial stream transmitted to an STA included in the STA group indicated by the group ID, A coding subfield 513 indicating an encoding scheme of the encoded PSDU included in the data field 530 and a modulation and coding scheme index (MCS) index of the channel between the AP 10 and the STA index, or an MCS subfield 514 indicating the encoding scheme of the PSDU.

The group ID subfield 511 may be set to a value indicating an STA group including STA1 21, STA2 22, STA3 23 and STA4 24. In this case, the group ID means that the PPDU transmitted by the AP 10 corresponds to the MU-MIMO PPDU transmitted by the MU-MIMO transmission scheme. More specifically, the group ID can be set to have a value between 0 and 63. [ In this case, 0 and 63 are values indicating that the PPDU is SU-MIMO-transmitted. 1 to 62 are values indicating a specific STA group, which means that PPDUs are MU-MIMO-transmitted.

The spatial stream subfield 512 indicates the number of spatial streams allocated to individual STAs of the STA group indicated by the group ID value in the group ID subfield 511. [ The spatial stream subfield 512 may be set to indicate from 0 to 4 spatial streams by allocating 3 bits per STA. The number 0 of the spatial stream means that there is no data to be transmitted to the corresponding STA.

When the group ID subfield 511 is set to a value indicating transmission to the MU-MIMO, the coding subfield 513 and the MCS subfield 514 are set to values indicating the encoding scheme of the PSDU. The PPDUs transmitted to the MU-MIMO include data fields 531, 532, and 533 that are intended to be transmitted to a plurality of STAs, respectively. Each coded data sequence included in each of the data fields 531, 532, 533 may have different encoding schemes applied. That is, the data sequence transmitted to the STA supporting only the BCC encoding is coded by the BCC encoding scheme, but the data sequence transmitted to the STA supporting the BCC / LDPC encoding scheme can be coded by the LDPC encoding scheme. Therefore, the AP 10 needs to transmit to each of the STAs to be transmitted information on the encoding method of the coded data sequence included in the data field that is intended to be transmitted to each STA. For this, the coding subfield 513 is set to indicate the encoding scheme applied to the data field 531 transmitted to the STA1 21 and the MCS subfield 514 is set to indicate the encoding scheme applied to the STA2 22, the STA3 23, 24 to indicate the encoding scheme applied to each data field 532, 533. The STA4 24 may be set to indicate any one of the encoding schemes supported by the STA4 24 for the STA4 24 to which the spatial stream is not allocated or to indicate it if LDPC encoding is supported. When the value included in the coding subfield 513 and the MCS subfield 514 is '0', the BCC encoding is instructed. If the value is '1', it is set to indicate LDPC encoding. Which means that the encoding method for each STA can be indicated.

The AP 10 transmits the VHT-SIGB field 520 through the spatial streams allocated to the STAs 21, 22, and 23 (S520). In the VHT-SIGB 520 field, information indicating the length of the PSDU transmitted to the STA to be transmitted and MCS index information about the channel between the AP 10 and the STAs 21, 22, and 23 may be included. Next, the AP 10 transmits the data fields 531, 532, and 533 to the STAs 21, 22, and 23 (S530). The VHT-SIGB field 520 and the data field 530 are beamformed according to the MU-MIMO transmission scheme and transmitted.

The STAs 21, 22, 23 and 24 determine whether the STA 21 is a destination STA through the group ID of the group ID subfield 511 of the VHT-SIGA field 510 transmitted from the AP 10 and whether the transmitted PPDU is a MU -MIMO transmission. The STA1 21, the STA2 22 and the STA3 23 can confirm the number of the spatial streams allocated to the STA1 21, the STA2 22 and the STA3 23 through the spatial stream subfield 512, It can be seen that there is no data to be transmitted to itself. Also, since the STAs 21, 22, 23, 24 receive the group ID management frame before transmission of the PPDU and know their spatial stream set position information about the specific group ID and whether they belong to the specific group ID, Receive and know what spatial streams are assigned to them.

STA1 21 Since the STA2 22 and the STA3 23 transmit the PPDU in MU-MIMO transmission, the coding subfield 513 and the MCS subfield 514 are interpreted as information indicating the encoding method of the data field. Therefore, in response to the encoding scheme indicated by the coding sub-field 513, the STA1 21 generates a data field (a data field) using the decoding scheme for the encoding scheme and the MCS index information included in the VHT-SIGB field 520 531) to obtain data. The STA2 22 and the STA3 23 can decode the transmitted data fields 532 and 533 in accordance with the encoding scheme indicated by the MCS subfield 514 to acquire the data.

In the PPDU transmission and reception method shown in FIG. 5, the VHT-SIGB field 520 and the data field 530 are beamformed and transmitted to each STA through a spatial stream. Accordingly, the AP 10 transmits a channel between the AP 10 and a plurality of MU-MIMO paired STAs 21, 22, 23, 24 between the VHT-SIGA field transmission (S510) and the VHT- (LTF) containing a training sequence for estimation.

On the other hand, if the PPDU is transmitted to the SU-MIMO, it is sufficient that the AP informs one receiving STA of one encoding method. Hereinafter, this will be described in more detail with reference to FIG.

6 is a flowchart illustrating a method of transmitting a PPDU according to an SU-MIMO transmission scheme according to an embodiment of the present invention. The AP sends the PPDU to the specific STA.

Referring to FIG. 6, the AP 10 transmits a VHT-SIGA field 610 to the STAa 30 (S610). The VHT-SIGA field 610 includes a group ID subfield 611, a spatial stream subfield 612, a coding subfield 613, and an MCS subfield 614 as shown in FIG. However, bit values or bit sequence values set in the subfields described above may be interpreted differently from the embodiment of FIG. 5 when the PPDUs are SU-MIMO-transmitted.

The group ID subfield 611 may be set to a value indicating that the PPDU is transmitted through the SU-MIMO transmission scheme. For example, the group ID subfield 611 may be set to indicate a value of 0 or 63. [ The STAa 30 interprets the value of the group ID subfield 611 included in the VHT-SIG A field and notifies that the transmitted PPDU has been SU-MIMO transferred.

Spatial stream subfield 612 indicates to STAa 30 the number of spatial streams allocated for transmission of PPDUs. As shown in FIG. 5, in the case of MU-MIMO transmission, it can be interpreted to indicate the number of each spatial stream allocated to each of a plurality of STAs. On the other hand, in the case of SU-MIMO transmission, it is set to indicate the number of spatial streams allocated to the STA to be transmitted, and the remaining bits of the field can be set to indicate a partial AID (partial AID) of the STA to be transmitted. The partial AID may be set to some bit string of AID which is the identification information allocated when the STAa 30 associates with the AP 10 and is set to 9LSB (least significant bits) or 9MSB (most significant bits) . A new bit sequence may be set to partial AID using AID as needed.

When the group ID subfield 612 is set to a value indicating that it is transmitted in SU-MIMO, the coding subfield 613 is set to a value indicating the encoding scheme of the PSDU. In case of SU-MIMO transmission, since the STA to be transmitted is one STA, one encoding method is applied when PPDU is generated. Accordingly, the AP 10 sets the coding subfield 613 to indicate the BCC encoding or the LDPC encoding scheme.

When the PPDU is SU-MIMO-transmitted, one MCS index information for the channel between the AP 10 and the STA 30 is sufficient. Therefore, the MCS index information is included in the MCS subfield 614 of the VHT-SIGA field 610, not the VHT-SIGB field 620, and is transmitted.

The AP 10 transmits the VHT-SIGB field 620 to the STAa 30 (S620) and transmits the data field (S630). The VHT-SIGB field may include information indicating the length of the PSDU included in the data field transmitted to the STAa 30.

The STAa 30 can know that the PPDU is transmitted in SU-MIMO instead of MU-MIMO through the value set in the group ID subfield 611 of the VHT-SIGA field 610 transmitted from the AP 10. [ At this time, the STAa 30 includes the spatial stream sub-field 612, which does not include the number of spatial streams allocated to each of the plurality of STAs, but also information indicating the number of spatial streams allocated to the STAa 30 and the partial AID So that the bit sequence can be analyzed.

The STAa 30 may decode and demodulate the data field using the encoding scheme applied to the data field from the coding field 613 and the MCS index information from the MCS subfield 614 to obtain data.

As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the receiving STA of the PPDU or the plurality of receiving STAs can check whether the transmission scheme is MU-MIMO or SU-MIMO through the group ID of the VHT-SIGA field 510 or 610, So that the data can be acquired.

Table 2 below shows an example of a VHT-SIGA field format indicating information included in the VHT-SIGA field applied to the embodiment of the present invention. The VHT-SIGA field may be divided into the VHT-SIGA1 field and the VHT-SIGA2 field, and the VHT-SIGA1 field and the VHT-SIGA2 field may be transmitted through each OFDM symbol. Table 2 below corresponds to an example of the VHT-SIGA field included in the PPDU format of FIG. 3 that can be applied to the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 112012060602067-pct00002

Figure 112012060602067-pct00003

Figure 112012060602067-pct00004

In addition to the PPDU transmission / reception method shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 in which the coding subfield indicating the applied encoding scheme is included in the VHT-SIGA field, the VHT-SIGA field may include a bit subfield indicating an encoding scheme. The VHT-SIGA field includes a 1-bit coding sub-field. When the BCC encoding is '1', the coding sub-field may be set to indicate LDPC encoding.

When all STAs that are MU-MIMO paired support the BCC encoding, the AP can transmit the PPDU by setting the coding subfield value of the VHT-SIGA field to '0' in transmitting the PPDU. At this time, each PSDU of the data field to be transmitted is BCC encoded and transmitted. When all the MU-MIMO paired STAs support BCC and LDPC encoding, the AP can transmit the PPDU by setting the coding subfield value of the VHT-SIGA field to '1'. At this time, each PSDU of the data field to be transmitted is LDPC-encoded and transmitted.

When some of the MU-MIMO paired STAs support the BCC encoding and some of the BCC / LDPC encodings, the AP sets the coding subfield value of the VHT-SIGA field to '1' Lt; / RTI > However, the AP encodes the PSDU of the data field in accordance with the encoding scheme supported by the STA to be transmitted, and transmits the encoded PSDU. At this time, STAs supporting both BCC / LDPC encoding can decode data fields corresponding to LDPC encoding. However, STAs supporting only BCC encoding can ignore the value of the coding subfield and decode the data field corresponding to the BCC encoding.

According to the embodiment of the PPDU transmission method described above with reference to the drawings, the AP can transmit PPDUs different in encoding method to the STAs supporting different encoding schemes through the MU-MIMO transmission scheme, and the MU-MIMO The paired STAs can also identify and decode the appropriate decoding scheme to obtain data.

7 is a block diagram illustrating a wireless device to which an embodiment of the present invention may be applied. The wireless device may be an AP or STA.

The wireless device 700 includes a processor 710, a memory 720, and a transceiver 730. The transceiver 730 transmits / receives wireless signals, but the physical layer of IEEE 802.11 is implemented. Processor 710 is functionally coupled to transceiver 730 to implement the MAC and physical layers of IEEE 802.11. The processor 710 may be configured to generate and transmit the PPDU format proposed by the present invention and may also receive the transmitted PPDU and interpret the included field values to obtain control information and obtain data using it . ≪ / RTI > The processor may be configured to implement the embodiment of the present invention described above with reference to Figures 2 and 6.

Processor 710 and / or transceiver 730 may include an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), other chipset, logic circuitry and / or data processing device. The memory 720 may include read-only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), flash memory, memory cards, storage media, and / or other storage devices. When the embodiment is implemented in software, the above-described techniques may be implemented with modules (processes, functions, and so on) that perform the functions described above. The module may be stored in memory 720 and executed by processor 710. [ The memory 720 may be internal or external to the processor 710 and may be coupled to the processor 710 in a variety of well known means.

The embodiments of the present invention, which have been described in detail above, are merely illustrative and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. The protection scope of the present invention is specified by the claims of the present invention described later.

Claims (20)

  1. A method for transmitting Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packets in a wireless LAN system, the method comprising:
    Generating a MIMO packet wherein the sender includes at least one spatial stream and first control information; And
    The sender sending the MIMO packet to at least one recipient,
    Wherein the first control information includes a first field and a second field,
    The first field indicates whether the MIMO packet is an SU (Single User) -MIMO packet or an MU (Multi User) -MIMO packet,
    Wherein the second field comprises:
    Indicates an MCS (Modulation and Coding Scheme) index used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is the SU-MIMO packet,
    And if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet, indicating an encoding scheme applied to each of the at least one recipient.
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the encoding scheme includes one of a Binary Convolution Coding (BCC) encoding scheme and a Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) encoding scheme.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises second control information,
    The second control information includes a third field,
    And the third field indicates an MCS used for each spatial stream if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  4. 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises a training sequence used to estimate a MIMO channel between the sender and the at least one receiver,
    Wherein the training sequence is located between the first information and the second information in the MIMO packet.
  5. 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the first control information further comprises a fourth field indicating a number of spatial streams included in the at least one spatial stream.
  6. An apparatus configured to transmit a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packet in a wireless LAN system, the apparatus comprising:
    telautograph; And
    And a controller operatively coupled to the transmitter, wherein the controller
    Generating a MIMO packet comprising at least one spatial stream and first control information, and
    And to transmit the MIMO packet to at least one receiver,
    Wherein the first control information includes a first field and a second field,
    The first field indicates whether the MIMO packet is an SU (Single User) -MIMO packet or an MU (Multi User) -MIMO packet,
    Wherein the second field comprises:
    Indicates an MCS (Modulation and Coding Scheme) index used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is the SU-MIMO packet,
    And indicates an encoding scheme applied to each of the at least one receiver if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the encoding scheme includes one of a Binary Convolution Coding (BCC) encoding scheme and a Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) encoding scheme.
  8. 7. The method of claim 6, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises second control information,
    The second control information includes a third field,
    And the third field indicates an MCS used for each spatial stream if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  9. 9. The method of claim 8, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises a training sequence used to estimate the device and the at least one receive period MIMO channel,
    Wherein the training sequence is located between the first information and the second information in the MIMO packet.
  10. 7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the first control information further comprises a fourth field indicating a number of spatial streams included in the at least one spatial stream.
  11. A method for receiving Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packets in a wireless LAN system, the method comprising:
    Receiving a MIMO packet from a sender, the MIMO packet including at least one spatial stream and first control information,
    Wherein the first control information includes a first field and a second field,
    The first field indicates whether the MIMO packet is an SU (Single User) -MIMO packet or an MU (Multi User) -MIMO packet,
    Wherein the second field comprises:
    Indicates an MCS (Modulation and Coding Scheme) index used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is the SU-MIMO packet,
    And if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet, indicating an encoding scheme applied to the receiver.
  12. 12. The method of claim 11, wherein the encoding scheme includes one of a Binary Convolution Coding (BCC) encoding scheme and a Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) encoding scheme.
  13. 12. The method of claim 11, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises second control information,
    The second control information includes a third field,
    And the third field indicates an MCS used for each spatial stream if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  14. 14. The method of claim 13, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises a training sequence used to estimate a MIMO channel between the sender and the recipient,
    Wherein the training sequence is located between the first information and the second information in the MIMO packet.
  15. 12. The method of claim 11, wherein the first control information further comprises a fourth field indicating a number of spatial streams included in the at least one spatial stream.
  16. An apparatus configured to receive a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) packet in a wireless LAN system, the apparatus comprising:
    receiving set; And
    And a controller operatively coupled to the receiver, wherein the controller
    And to receive from the transmitter a MIMO packet comprising at least one spatial stream and first control information,
    Wherein the first control information includes a first field and a second field,
    The first field indicates whether the MIMO packet is an SU (Single User) -MIMO packet or an MU (Multi User) -MIMO packet,
    Wherein the second field comprises:
    Indicates an MCS (Modulation and Coding Scheme) index used for the MIMO packet if the MIMO packet is the SU-MIMO packet,
    And indicates an encoding scheme applied to the apparatus if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  17. 17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the encoding scheme comprises one of a Binary Convolution Coding (BCC) encoding scheme and a Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) encoding scheme.
  18. 17. The method of claim 16, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises second control information,
    The second control information includes a third field,
    And the third field indicates an MCS used for each spatial stream if the MIMO packet is the MU-MIMO packet.
  19. 19. The method of claim 18, wherein the MIMO packet further comprises a training sequence used to estimate a MIMO channel between the transmitter and the device,
    Wherein the training sequence is located between the first information and the second information in the MIMO packet.
  20. 17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the first control information further comprises a fourth field indicating a number of spatial streams included in the at least one spatial stream.
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