KR101383513B1 - Terminal device, communication system, and communication method - Google Patents

Terminal device, communication system, and communication method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101383513B1
KR101383513B1 KR1020127000407A KR20127000407A KR101383513B1 KR 101383513 B1 KR101383513 B1 KR 101383513B1 KR 1020127000407 A KR1020127000407 A KR 1020127000407A KR 20127000407 A KR20127000407 A KR 20127000407A KR 101383513 B1 KR101383513 B1 KR 101383513B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
base station
cell
communication
terminal device
downlink
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KR1020127000407A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20120025590A (en
Inventor
다까또 에자끼
쯔요시 시모무라
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후지쯔 가부시끼가이샤
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Priority to PCT/JP2009/062998 priority Critical patent/WO2011007451A1/en
Publication of KR20120025590A publication Critical patent/KR20120025590A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/0426Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes between access points
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices

Abstract

The terminal device 110 receives the downlink data 141 through the first base station 120 and controls the control information 142 and 143 for receiving the downlink data 141 with the first base station 120. Send and receive between In addition, the terminal device 110 transmits the uplink data 151 through the second base station 130 that is different from the first base station 120, and the control information 152 for transmitting the uplink data 151. 153 is transmitted to and received from the second base station 130.

Description

Terminal device, communication system and communication method {TERMINAL DEVICE, COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND COMMUNICATION METHOD}

The present invention relates to a terminal device, a communication system, and a communication method for performing wireless communication.

In recent years, in a wireless communication system, by arranging small cells called micro cells or pico cells, a method of embedding a dead zone to expand cell coverage or increasing average received power to improve throughput has been studied. Typically, the mobile station measures the power of the signal transmitted from the base station and performs control of connecting to a cell of stronger reception power.

For this reason, the signal transmission power is constant in all base stations, and when the cell size is the same, the cell optimal for communication in the uplink and downlink is selected by the control of the mobile station. The optimal cell is, for example, a cell in which the reception power at the mobile station is maximum for the downlink and the reception power at the base station is maximum for the uplink.

On the other hand, in a wireless communication system in which cells of different sizes are mixed and different in transmission power from the base station, at the intermediate point between the large cell and the small cell, the cell having the maximum uplink reception power and the downlink reception power This maximum cell may be different. This is because the downlink receive power measured at the mobile station depends on two factors, the transmission power of each base station and the downlink propagation loss, while the uplink receive power measured at the base station depends on the uplink propagation loss.

For example, the downlink receive power of the mobile station may be stronger for a large cell having a larger transmit power, but the receive power from the mobile station on the base station side may be larger for a small cell with a shorter distance and a smaller propagation loss. In such a state, when the cell belonging to the mobile station is determined according to the reception power from the base station as in the prior art, the downlink reception quality is improved, but the uplink reception quality is deteriorated.

In contrast, a technique is disclosed in which a base station and a mobile station have a function of communicating with other cells for uplink and downlink, respectively (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2 below and Non-Patent Document 1 below). For example, the mobile station communicates with a cell having a stronger reception power in the mobile station for the downlink, and communicates with a cell with a smaller propagation loss and a stronger reception power in the base station for the uplink.

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Publication No. 2007-514367 Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 6-224828

[Non-Patent Document 1] Morimoto Akihito, Danno Motohiro, Kishiyama Yoshihisa, Miki Nobuhiko, Taoka Hidekazu, Higuchi Kenichi, Sawahashi Mamoru Connection Method Downlink / Uplink Radio Link Connection Methods in Heterogeneous Network for LTE-Advanced, 2008, Institute of Electronics and Telecommunications Association, September 16, 2008, p.327

However, in the above-described prior art, there is a problem in that the overhead of control information is increased when the uplink and downlink are connected to other cells, causing deterioration in communication efficiency. For example, in various wireless communication schemes such as Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA) and Long Term Evolution (LTE), a lot of control information is generally exchanged between a mobile station and a base station for wireless section control.

This control information includes, for example, feedback information for confirming delivery of transmission data, notification of allocation of radio resources, and the like. If communication is restricted in only one direction in the uplink and downlink, these control information is transmitted in a wired communication path between the base stations, which complicates the scheduling process at each base station. For example, when each base station transmits control information or the like, it is difficult to independently perform scheduling processing for each base station. Further, there is a delay in scheduling processing due to the transmission of control information.

The disclosed terminal device, communication system, and communication method solve the above-mentioned problems, and an object thereof is to stably communicate.

In order to solve the above problems and achieve the object, the terminal apparatus receives downlink data through a base station accommodating a first cell, and receives control information for receiving the downlink data. Downlink communication means for transmitting and receiving to and from a base station; and uplink data through a base station accommodating a second cell different from the first cell, and control information for transmitting the uplink data to the second cell. And uplink communication means for transmitting and receiving to and from a base station that accommodates the service information.

According to the disclosed terminal device, communication system and communication method, communication efficiency can be improved.

1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a communication system according to the first embodiment.
2 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of a terminal device according to the first embodiment.
3 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of a terminal device according to the second embodiment.
Fig. 4 is a diagram showing allocation of time resources according to the second embodiment.
5 is a flowchart showing an example of the operation of the terminal apparatus according to the second embodiment.
6 is a diagram illustrating an example of a process of a communication system according to a second embodiment.
FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a modification of the process of the communication system shown in FIG. 6; FIG.
8 is a diagram illustrating an example of operation of a communication system according to a third embodiment.
Fig. 9 is a diagram showing allocation of time resources according to the third embodiment.
10 is a diagram illustrating an example of operation of a communication system according to a fourth embodiment.
11 is a diagram illustrating an example of allocation of time resources according to the fourth embodiment.
12 is a diagram showing a process of a communication system according to the fifth embodiment;
Fig. 13 is a diagram showing an example of allocation of time resources according to the fifth embodiment.
14 is a diagram illustrating an example of overlapping timing of uplink and downlink.
15 is a diagram showing a process of a communication system according to the sixth embodiment;
16 is a diagram showing an example of allocation of time resources according to the sixth embodiment;
FIG. 17 is a diagram showing a modification of the communication system shown in FIG. 1. FIG.
FIG. 18 is a diagram showing an example of a process of the base station shown in FIG. 17; FIG.

EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Below, with reference to drawings, preferred embodiment of this terminal apparatus, communication system, and communication method is described in detail.

≪ Embodiment 1 >

1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a communication system according to the first embodiment. As shown in FIG. 1, the communication system 100 according to the first embodiment includes a terminal device 110, a first base station 120, and a second base station 130. The terminal device 110 is a mobile station capable of wireless communication, such as a mobile phone. The communication method of the terminal device 110 is, for example, a total duplex in which uplink and downlink communications are simultaneously performed. The first base station 120 accommodates the first cell, and the second base station 130 accommodates a second cell different from the first cell.

The terminal device 110 selects a base station for each of the uplink and the downlink, and communicates with the network through the selected base station. For example, the terminal device 110 communicates with the network via one base station (for example, the first base station 120) for both uplink and downlink. The terminal device 110 also communicates with the network via other base stations in the uplink and the downlink, depending on the communication environment.

Here, a description will be given of a situation in which the terminal device 110 communicates with the network through the first base station 120 in the downlink and communicates with the network through the second base station 130 in the uplink.

The terminal device 110 receives the downlink data 141 from the first base station 120 in the downlink. In addition, the terminal device 110 transmits and receives control information for receiving the downlink data 141 with the first base station 120. Specifically, the terminal device 110 receives the downlink control information 142 for receiving the downlink data 141 from the first base station 120, and the uplink control information for the transmission of the downlink data 141. 143 is transmitted to the first base station 120.

The terminal device 110 also transmits the uplink data 151 to the second base station 130 in the uplink. In addition, the terminal device 110 transmits and receives control information for transmitting the uplink data 151 with the second base station 130. Specifically, the terminal device 110 transmits the uplink control information 152 for transmitting the uplink data 151 to the second base station 130, and the downlink control for transmitting the uplink data 151. Information 153 is received from the second base station 130.

2 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of a terminal device according to the first embodiment. As shown in FIG. 1, the terminal device 110 includes an antenna 210, a circulator 220, frequency conversion circuits 230 and 240, an analog-to-digital conversion circuit 250, and a digital-to-analog conversion. The circuit 260, the downlink receiver 270, and the uplink transmitter 280 are provided.

The antenna 210 is an antenna for performing wireless communication with a base station such as the first base station 120 or the second base station 130. The antenna 210 outputs the signal received by radio to the circulator 220. In addition, the antenna 210 transmits the signal output from the circulator 220 by radio. The circulator 220 outputs the signal output from the antenna 210 to the frequency conversion circuit 230. In addition, the circulator 220 outputs the signal output from the frequency conversion circuit 240 to the antenna 210.

The frequency converter circuit 230 converts a high frequency signal from the circulator 220 into a baseband, and outputs the signal converted into a baseband to the analog-to-digital converter circuit 250. The frequency conversion circuit 240 converts the baseband signal from the digital analog conversion circuit 260 to a high frequency, and outputs the signal converted to the high frequency to the circulator 220.

The analog / digital converting circuit 250 (A / D: Analog / Digital) converts the analog signal output from the frequency converting circuit 230 into a digital signal and outputs it to the downlink receiving unit 270. The digital-analog converter 260 (D / A: Digital / Analog) converts the digital signal output from the uplink transmitter 280 into an analog signal and outputs it to the frequency converter circuit 240.

The downlink receiver 270 includes two downlink receiver circuits 271 and 272. For example, when the terminal device 110 communicates through the first base station 120 for the downlink, the downlink receiving circuit 271 transmits downlink data from the first base station 120 and associated control information. Is received. Further, the downlink receiving circuit 272 receives control information related to uplink data transmission to the second base station 130.

Specifically, the downlink receiving circuit 271 demodulates the signal output from the analog-to-digital conversion circuit 250 using control information related to the first base station 120, and the first base station 120 performs the demodulation. Receive the transmitted signal from The downlink receiving circuit 271 outputs a data signal (received data) in the received signal to the upper circuit, and feeds control information to be fed back to the first base station 120 such as delivery confirmation information to the uplink transmitting circuit 281. Output

The downlink receiving circuit 272 demodulates the signal output from the analog-to-digital conversion circuit 250 by using control information related to the second base station 130, and the signal transmitted from the second base station 130. Receive The downlink receiving circuit 272 outputs control information such as delivery confirmation information and resource allocation information required for uplink data transmission to the uplink transmitting circuit 282 which actually performs uplink data transmission.

The uplink transmitter 280 includes two uplink transmitters 281 and 282 and an adder circuit 283. For example, when the terminal device 110 communicates through the second base station 130 with respect to the uplink, the uplink transmission circuit 281 uplinks the second base station 130 and associated control information. Is sent. In addition, the uplink transmission circuit 282 transmits control information related to downlink data transmission to the first base station 120. The addition circuit 283 adds the transmission signals output from the uplink transmission circuits 281 and 282 to generate a baseband signal.

Specifically, the uplink transmission circuit 282 modulates the transmission data using control information related to the second base station 130 output from the downlink reception circuit 272, and modulates the addition circuit 283. Output one signal. The uplink transmission circuit 281 modulates control information related to the downlink data output from the downlink reception circuit 271, and outputs a modulated signal to the addition circuit 283. The addition circuit 283 adds the signals output from the uplink transmission circuits 281 and 282, and outputs the added signals to the digital analog conversion circuit 260 as baseband signals.

Each of the downlink receiver 270 and the uplink transmitter 280 can be realized by, for example, a digital signal processor (DSP). However, it is also possible to realize the downlink receiver 270 and the uplink transmitter 280 by one DSP.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the first embodiment, the terminal device 110 uses different base stations in data transmission of uplink and downlink. As a result, communication quality can be improved even when the optimal base station differs between the uplink and the downlink. For example, the terminal device 110 communicates with a base station (for example, the first base station 120) having a stronger reception power in the terminal device 110 in the downlink. In addition, the terminal apparatus 110 communicates with a base station (for example, the second base station 130) having a smaller propagation loss for the uplink and a stronger reception power at the base station.

In addition, the control information for data transmission is bidirectionally transmitted to and from each base station, thereby simplifying the scheduling process at each base station. For example, the scheduling process at each base station can be performed independently for each base station without transmitting control information or the like between the base stations. For this reason, a scheduling process can be performed stably by a simple process, avoiding the delay by transmission of control information, etc.

In addition, since the control information has less traffic than the data, the signal power is small. Therefore, even if the control information is transmitted in both directions, the signal loss is small and the influence on the communication quality is small. In this way, by using a different base station for uplink and downlink data transmission and transmitting control information bidirectionally with each base station, the scheduling process at each base station can be simplified and stable communication can be performed.

≪ Embodiment 2 >

In Embodiment 1 mentioned above, when control information can be simply transmitted in both directions, communication with other base stations may occur in the same link direction. For example, the terminal device 110 may transmit control information to the first base station 120 and also transmit uplink data or control signals to the second base station 130. Alternatively, the terminal device 110 may receive downlink data and control information from the first base station 120 and may receive a control signal from the second base station 130.

In the terminal device 110, it is difficult to completely match the timing of the communication with the first base station 120 and the communication with the second base station 130. Therefore, when performing communication with other base stations in the same link direction, for example, two system communication circuits that operate independently in the terminal device 110 are mounted (for example, the downlink receiving circuit 271 of FIG. 2). 272 and uplink transmission circuits 281 and 282.

In addition, since the maximum transmission power of the terminal device 110 is constant due to constraints such as the antenna 210, when transmitting signals simultaneously to other base stations, when the transmission power of each signal is insufficient, the communication quality deteriorates. I think too. On the other hand, in Embodiment 2, the 1st base station 120 and the 2nd base station 130 perform communication with the terminal device 110 by time division with each other. Since the basic structure of the communication system which concerns on Embodiment 2 is the same as that of the communication system which concerns on Embodiment 1 (refer FIG. 1), description is abbreviate | omitted.

3 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of a terminal device according to the second embodiment. In FIG. 3, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 2, and description is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in FIG. 3, the terminal apparatus 110 according to the second embodiment is a downlink receiver circuit 310 and an uplink transmitter circuit (instead of the downlink receiver 270 and the uplink transmitter 280 shown in FIG. 2). 320 and a time division control circuit 330. The downlink receiving circuit 310 and the uplink transmitting circuit 320 can be realized by, for example, a DSP.

The downlink receiving circuit 310 has the same function as the downlink receiving unit 270 shown in FIG. 2. That is, the downlink reception circuit 310 transmits downlink data from the first base station 120 and receives control information for uplink data transmission from the first base station 120 and outputs the uplink transmission unit. The uplink transmission circuit 320 has the same function as the uplink transmitter 280 shown in FIG. That is, the uplink transmitting circuit 320 transmits uplink data to the second base station 130 and transmits control information related to downlink data reception from the first base station 120 to the first base station 120. Send.

The time division control circuit 330 controls the downlink reception circuit 310 and the uplink transmission circuit 320 to time division the base station to be communicated with. For example, the terminal device 110 is notified of the allocation of different time resources from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130. The time division control circuit 330 executes communication (downward data) with respect to the first base station 120 to the downlink receiving circuit 310 and the uplink transmitting circuit 320 by the time resource notified from the first base station 120. Let's do it. In addition, the time division control circuit 330 communicates with the downlink receiving circuit 310 and the uplink transmitting circuit 320 (upward data) to the downlink receiving circuit 310 and the uplink transmitting circuit 320 by the time resource notified from the second base station 130. Run

4 is a diagram illustrating the allocation of time resources according to the second embodiment. In FIG. 4, the horizontal axis has shown the radio frame "0"-"9" which are time resources which time-divided a radio resource. The terminal device 110 shown in FIG. 3 assigns the radio frames "0" to "9" to any one of the downlink receiving circuit 310 and the uplink transmitting circuit 320, respectively, to the downlink receiving circuit 310. Communication and communication by the uplink transmission circuit 320 are switched to time division.

The downlink channel 410 is a channel related to downlink communication performed by the downlink receiving circuit 310 of the terminal device 110 with the first base station 120. The downlink channel 410 includes a downlink control channel 411, a downlink data channel 412, and an uplink control channel 413. Here, even-numbered radio frames "0", "2", "4", "6", and "8" are allocated to the downlink channel 410.

In the radio frame "0", the control information 411a of the downlink control channel 411 and the data 412a of the downlink data channel 412 are transmitted from the first base station 120 to the terminal device 110. The control information 411a is control information for receiving the data 412a by the terminal device 110, for example, information indicating a radio resource allocated for transmitting the data 412a. In the radio frame "4", the control information 413a of the uplink control channel 413 is transmitted from the terminal device 110 to the first base station 120. The control information 413a is, for example, delivery confirmation information Ack or Nack for the data 412a.

The uplink channel 420 is a channel related to uplink communication performed by the uplink transmission circuit 320 of the terminal device 110 with the second base station 130. The uplink channel 420 includes a downlink control channel 421, an uplink data channel 422, and an uplink control channel 423. In this case, odd-numbered radio frames "1", "3", "5", "7", and "9" are allocated to the uplink channel 420.

For example, in the radio frame "1", the control information 421a of the downlink control channel 421 is transmitted from the second base station 130 to the terminal device 110. The control information 421a is control information for transmitting the data 422a by the terminal device 110, for example, information indicating a radio resource allocated for transmitting the data 422a.

In the radio frame "5", data 422a of the uplink data channel 422 is transmitted from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130. In addition, in the radio frame "9", the control information 423a of the uplink control channel 423 is transmitted from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130. The uplink control channel 423 is, for example, information for requesting the second base station 130 to allocate a radio resource for transmission of the next data of the data 422a.

As such, by time-dividing the radio resources into the downlink channel 410 and the uplink channel 420, collision between the communication by the uplink transmission circuit 320 and the communication by the downlink reception circuit 310 can be avoided. have. The operation of the communication system 100 for time division of radio resources is described below.

5 is a flowchart showing an example of the operation of the terminal apparatus according to the second embodiment. The terminal device 110 performs the following steps, for example. First, each pilot signal transmitted from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is received, and the respective received powers from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 are measured (step S501). .

Next, the base station of the downlink is selected from the 1st base station 120 and the 2nd base station 130 based on each reception power measured by step S501 (step S502). In step S502, for example, a base station having a large reception power among the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is selected as the downlink base station.

Next, each transmission power information transmitted from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is received (step S503). Each transmission power information transmitted from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 represents the transmission power of each pilot signal transmitted by the first base station 120 and the second base station 130, respectively.

Next, the propagation loss of each of the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is calculated based on the respective received powers measured in step S501 and the respective transmitted power information received in step S503 (step S504). ). If the reception power measured in step S501 is TP and the transmission power indicated by the transmission power information received in step S503 is RP, the propagation loss PL calculated in step S504 is, for example, TP-RP. Can be represented.

Next, based on each propagation loss calculated in step S504, an uplink base station is selected from the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 (step S505). In step S505, for example, a base station having a small propagation loss among the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is selected as the uplink base station.

Next, it is judged whether or not the base station selected in step S502 and the base station selected in step S505 are different (step S506). If each base station is the same (step S506: NO), the series of operations is completed. In this case, the terminal device 110 communicates with either the first base station 120 or the second base station 130 in the uplink and the downlink.

In step S506, when each base station is different (step S506: YES), an asymmetric transmission request for requesting asymmetric transmission is transmitted to the base station currently in communication (step S507), and the series of operations ends. do. The asymmetric transmission request transmitted in step S507 includes information of the base station corresponding to the uplink of the terminal apparatus 110 and the base station corresponding to the downlink.

For example, it is assumed that the first base station 120 is selected as the downlink base station in step S502, and the second base station 130 is selected as the uplink base station in step S505. In this case, the asymmetric transmission request includes information that the first base station 120 is a downlink base station and the second base station 130 is an uplink base station.

Upon receiving the asymmetric transmission request, the base station controls the second base station 130 to receive the upstream data from the terminal apparatus 110 based on the asymmetric transmission request, and transmits the downlink data to the terminal apparatus 110. The first base station 120 is controlled to do so. For example, when the base station that receives the asymmetric transmission request is the first base station 120, the first base station 120 performs downlink communication with the terminal device 110, and the terminal device 110. The second base station 130 is controlled to perform uplink communication.

6 is a diagram illustrating an example of a process of the communication system according to the second embodiment. In FIG. 6, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted. Here, in a state where the terminal device 110 is communicating with the first base station 120, the first base station 120 is selected as the downlink base station by step S502 of FIG. 5, and the second step by step S505. It is assumed that base station 130 is selected as the base station in the uplink.

In this case, the terminal device 110 transmits an asymmetric transmission request (request signal) to the first base station 120 in step S507 of FIG. 5. The asymmetric transmission request transmitted by the terminal device 110 includes information of the base station corresponding to the uplink and the target base station indicating the base station corresponding to the downlink in the asymmetric transmission.

The first base station 120 includes a terminal communication unit 611, a time division controller 612, a wireless scheduler 613, and an inter-base station communication unit 614. The terminal communication unit 611 receives the asymmetric transmission request transmitted from the terminal device 110 and outputs it to the time division controller 612. The time division controller 612 allocates time resources for the uplink and the downlink based on the information of the target base station included in the asymmetric transmission request output from the terminal communication unit 611.

For example, the time division control unit 612 allocates odd-numbered radio frames "1", "3", "5", "7", and "9" to the uplink, and even-numbered to the downlink. Radio frames "0", "2", "4", "6", and "8" are allocated (see Fig. 4). The time division controller 612 notifies the radio scheduler 613 of the time resource allocated to the downlink.

In addition, the time division controller 612 notifies the second base station 130 of the asymmetric transmission request via the inter-base station communication unit 614. The asymmetric transmission request transmitted by the time division controller 612 includes information on the link direction indicating that the second base station 130 corresponds to the uplink, and information on the time resource allocated to the uplink.

The radio scheduler 613 performs downlink scheduling from the first base station 120 to the terminal device 110 by the time resource notified by the time division controller 612. The first base station 120 performs downlink communication with the terminal apparatus 110 based on the result of the scheduling by the radio scheduler 613.

The second base station 130 includes an inter-base station communication unit 621 and a wireless scheduler 622. The base station communication unit 621 receives an asymmetric transmission request sent from the first base station 120. The base station communication unit 621 notifies the radio scheduler 622 of the link direction and time resource included in the received asymmetric transmission request.

The radio scheduler 622 performs uplink scheduling from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130 by the time resource notified by the inter-base station communication unit 621. The second base station 130 performs uplink communication with the terminal apparatus 110 based on the result of the scheduling by the wireless scheduler 622.

In addition, the transmission of the asymmetric transmission request between the terminal device 110 and the first base station 120 is performed through each other's wireless communication interface. In addition, the transmission of the asymmetric transmission request between the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is performed through a communication interface with each other, and is realized by, for example, wired communication.

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a modification of the processing of the communication system shown in FIG. 6. In FIG. 7, the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 6 is attached | subjected with the same code | symbol, and description is abbreviate | omitted. It is assumed here that the communication system 100 includes a terminal device 110, a first base station 120, a second base station 130, and a third base station 710. Further, in the state where the terminal device 110 is communicating with the first base station 120, the second base station 130 is selected as the uplink base station by step S502 of FIG. 5 and the third by step S505. It is assumed that the base station 710 is selected as the downlink base station.

In this case, the terminal device 110 transmits the asymmetric transmission request to the first base station 120 in step S507 of FIG. 5. The time division controller 612 transmits the asymmetric transmission request to the second base station 130 and the third base station 710 via the inter-base station communication unit 614.

The asymmetric transmission request notified to the second base station 130 includes information on the link direction indicating that the second base station 130 corresponds to the uplink, and information on time resources allocated to the uplink. The asymmetric transmission request notified to the third base station 710 includes information on the link direction indicating that the third base station 710 corresponds to the downlink, and information on time resources allocated to the downlink.

The third base station 710 includes a base station communication unit 711 and a wireless scheduler 712. The base station communication unit 711 receives the asymmetric transmission request transmitted from the first base station 120. The base station communication unit 711 notifies the radio scheduler 712 of the link direction and time resource included in the received asymmetric transmission request.

The radio scheduler 712 performs downlink scheduling from the third base station 710 to the terminal device 110 by the time resource notified from the inter-base station communication unit 711. The third base station 710 communicates with the terminal apparatus 110 in downlink based on the result of the scheduling by the wireless scheduler 712. In this way, the base station receiving the asymmetric transmission request from the terminal device 110 may not be a base station corresponding to the uplink and the downlink.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the second embodiment, uplink communication and downlink communication are time-divisionally performed. This makes it possible to avoid communication with other base stations in the same link direction.

For this reason, while exhibiting the same effect as the communication system 100 which concerns on Embodiment 1, the communication circuit of the terminal device 110 can be simplified, and manufacturing cost and power consumption of the terminal device 110 can be suppressed. . In addition, since it is possible to avoid transmitting signals to other base stations at the same time, it is possible to secure the transmission power of the signals and to improve the communication quality.

≪ Embodiment 3 >

8 is a diagram illustrating an example of the operation of the communication system according to the third embodiment. In FIG. 8, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 6, and description is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in FIG. 8, the first base station 120 includes a traffic measuring unit 810 in addition to the configuration shown in FIG. 6.

The traffic measuring unit 810 measures the amount of uplink traffic in the terminal device 110 and the amount of downlink traffic in the terminal device 110. For example, the traffic measurement unit 810 may include downlink request information transmitted by the terminal device 110 to the first base station 120, and uplink transmitted by the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130. The link request information and the like are acquired, and each traffic amount is measured based on the obtained request information.

The traffic measurement unit 810 notifies the time division control unit 612 of each measured traffic amount. The amount of traffic from the traffic measurement unit 810 to the time division control unit 612 may be regularly reported, and may be performed when the first base station 120 receives an asymmetric transmission request from the terminal device 110. You may also

The time division controller 612 uses the uplink data rate in the terminal apparatus 110 and the downlink data in the terminal apparatus 110 based on the amount of traffic notified from the traffic measuring unit 810. Calculate the rate of the rate. Then, the time division control unit 612 assigns time resources to the uplink and the downlink of the terminal device 110 so as to be closest to the calculated data rate.

For example, if the downlink data rate is 384 [kbps] and the uplink data rate is 128 [kbps], then the ratio of the downlink and uplink data rates is 3: 1. It becomes In this case, the time division control unit 612 assigns the ratio of the time resource allocated to the downlink and the time resource allocated to the uplink to be 3: 1 (for example, see FIG. 9).

9 is a diagram showing the allocation of time resources according to the third embodiment. In FIG. 9, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the part similar to the part shown in FIG. 4, and description is abbreviate | omitted. Here, as a result of the measurement by the traffic measuring unit 810, the downlink data rate is 384 [kbps], the uplink data rate is 128 [kbps], and the ratio of the downlink and uplink data rates is 3: It was assumed to be one.

In this case, the time division control unit 612 may perform radio frame "0", "2", "3", "4", "6", "7", "for the downlink channel 410, for example. 8 ”is allocated. In addition, the time division control unit 612 assigns radio frames "1", "5", and "9" to the uplink channel 420.

As a result, the ratio of the time resources allocated to the downlink and the time resources allocated to the uplink is about 3: 1. In this manner, in the time resource allocation process, the allocation of time resources in the downlink and the uplink is dynamically changed based on the high and low traffic volume.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the third embodiment, time resources are allocated to the uplink and the downlink in the terminal apparatus 110 based on the traffic amounts of the uplink data and the downlink data. As a result, time resources can be efficiently allocated to the uplink and the downlink. For example, in data communication, the difference in traffic amount is large in the uplink and the downlink. For this reason, time resources can be efficiently utilized by allocating time resources at a rate corresponding to each traffic amount of upstream data and downlink data.

≪ Fourth Embodiment >

10 is a diagram illustrating an example of the operation of the communication system according to the fourth embodiment. In FIG. 10, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 6, and description is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in FIG. 10, the terminal device 110 according to the fourth embodiment includes an interference power measuring unit 1011. Moreover, the 2nd base station 130 which concerns on Embodiment 4 is equipped with the interference power measuring part 1012 other than the structure shown in FIG.

The interference power measurement unit 1011 of the terminal device 110 measures the interference power of the downlink from the first base station 120 to the terminal device 110 for each radio frame obtained by time-dividing a radio resource. For example, the interference power measuring unit 1011 measures the interference power based on a signal (for example, a pilot signal) transmitted from the first base station 120. The interference power measurement unit 1011 notifies the first base station 120 of the measured interference power.

The interference power measuring unit 1012 of the second base station 130 measures the uplink interference power from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130 for each radio frame obtained by time-dividing the radio resource. For example, the interference power measuring unit 1012 measures the interference power based on a signal (for example, a pilot signal) transmitted from the terminal device 110. The interference power measurement unit 1012 notifies the first base station 120 of the measured interference power.

In addition, when the interference power measurement unit 1011 notifies the first base station 120 of the interference power, the terminal device 110 may periodically transmit the asymmetric transmission request to the first base station 120. You may do it. In addition, the notification of the interference power from the interference power measurement unit 1012 to the first base station 120 may be periodically performed, and the interference power measurement unit 1012 receives an asymmetric transmission request from the first base station 120. You may carry out in the case.

The time division control unit 612 of the first base station 120 includes an uplink and an uplink based on the downlink interference power notified from the terminal device 110 and the uplink interference power notified from the second base station 130. Allocates time resources to each of the downlinks.

For example, the time division control unit 612 preferentially allocates a radio frame having a small downlink interference power to the downlink based on the downlink interference power for each radio frame notified from the terminal device 110. In addition, the time division control unit 612 preferentially allocates the radio frame having the small uplink interference power to the uplink based on the uplink interference power for each radio frame notified from the second base station 130.

In addition, the notification of the interference power between the terminal device 110 and the first base station 120 is performed through a mutual wireless communication interface. In addition, the notification of the interference power between the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is performed through a communication interface with each other, for example, by wired communication.

11 is a diagram illustrating an example of allocation of time resources according to the fourth embodiment. In FIG. 11, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the part similar to the part shown in FIG. 4, and description is abbreviate | omitted. The interference power characteristic 1110 represents an average value for each radio frame of downlink interference power from the first base station 120 to the terminal device 110. This average value is an average value computed for every fixed period, for example. Here, the interference power characteristic 1110 is relatively small in the radio frames "0", "1", "4", "5", "8", "9", and the radio frames "2", "3", It is relatively large in "6" and "7".

The interference power characteristic 1120 represents the average value for each radio frame of the uplink interference power from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130. This average value is an average value computed for every fixed period, for example. The interference power characteristic 1120 is relatively large in the radio frames "0", "1", "4", "5", "8", and "9", and the radio frames "2", "3", and "6". And relatively small in "7".

The time division controller 612 transmits radio frames "0", "1", "4", "5", "8", and "9" from the first base station 120 with small interference power characteristics 1110. To the downlink to (110). In addition, the time division control unit 612 uplinks the radio frames " 2 ", " 3 ", " 6 ", and " 7 " with small interference power characteristics 1120 from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130. FIG. Assign to In this manner, the time division controller 612 dynamically allocates time resources based on the measured interference power so that the interference power becomes smaller.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the fourth embodiment, time resources are allocated to the uplink and the downlink in the terminal apparatus 110 based on the interference power of the uplink data and the downlink data. This makes it possible to preferentially allocate time resources with small interference power to the uplink and the downlink, thereby improving communication quality.

≪ Embodiment 5 >

In the communication system 100, part of the control channel is transmitted and received using a base station different from the optimal base station. For example, although the first base station 120 is an optimal base station for the downlink in the terminal device 110, the downlink control information 153 (see FIG. 1) is obtained from the second base station 130. 110). In addition, although the second base station 130 is an optimal base station for the uplink in the terminal device 110, the uplink control information 143 (see FIG. 1) is transmitted from the terminal device 110 to the first base station 120. Will be sent to.

Since the downlink control information 153 and the uplink control information 143 are transmitted between base stations which are not optimal, transmission power is increased as compared with the case where they are transmitted between optimal base stations. For this reason, it is considered that interference between the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 is caused by the downlink control information 153 or the uplink control information 143. In particular, when the transmission power of the uplink control information 143 becomes large, it is considered that the interference to the communication of the second base station 130 becomes large and the communication quality deteriorates.

12 is a diagram illustrating a process of the communication system according to the fifth embodiment. In FIG. 12, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 6, and description is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in FIG. 12, the radio scheduler 613 of the first base station 120 notifies the second base station 130 of the radio resource allocated to the downlink uplink control channel in the terminal device 110. (Uplink Channel Resource Information).

The radio scheduler 622 of the second base station 130 allocates a radio resource different from the radio resource notified from the radio scheduler 613 of the first base station 120 to each communication of the second base station 130. . For example, the radio scheduler 622 prohibits the subsequent use for the radio resource notified from the radio scheduler 613. In addition, when the radio scheduler 622 has already allocated the radio resource notified from the radio scheduler 613, the radio scheduler 622 performs reallocation to another free time resource.

13 is a diagram illustrating an example of allocation of time resources according to the fifth embodiment. In FIG. 13, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the part similar to the part shown in FIG. 4, and description is abbreviate | omitted. The horizontal axis in FIG. 13 represents a radio frame (time resource). The vertical axis of FIG. 13 represents a frequency resource.

The downlink resource 1310 represents a radio resource allocated to the downlink of the terminal device 110. The downlink resource 1310 includes a control channel resource 1311 and a data channel resource 1312. The radio resource 1311a in the control channel resource 1311 is a radio resource allocated to the downlink uplink control channel in the terminal device 110.

The uplink resource 1320 represents a radio resource allocated to the uplink of the terminal device 110. The uplink resource 1320 includes a control channel resource 1321 and a data channel resource 1322. The radio resource 1321a of the control channel resource 1321 is the same radio resource as the radio resource 1311a of the control channel resource 1311.

The radio scheduler 613 of the first base station 120 notifies the second base station 130 of the radio resource 1321a allocated to the downlink uplink control channel in the terminal device 110. The radio scheduler 622 of the second base station 130 transmits a radio resource different from the radio resource 1321a of the second base station 130 based on the notification from the radio scheduler 613 of the first base station 120. Assign to each communication.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the fifth embodiment, the first base station 120 assigns a radio resource allocated to control information received from the terminal apparatus 110 for transmission of downlink data to the second base station 130. Notice). The second base station 130 then allocates a radio resource different from the time resource notified from the first base station 120 to each communication in the second base station 130. Thereby, interference with the communication of the 2nd base station 130 by the increase in the transmission power of a control signal can be avoided.

In addition, the second base station 130 may be configured to notify the first base station 120 of the radio resource allocated to the control information received from the terminal device 110 in order to receive the uplink data. In this case, the first base station 120 assigns a radio resource different from the time resource notified from the second base station 130 to each communication in the first base station 120. Thereby, interference with the communication of the 1st base station 120 by the increase in the transmission power of a control signal can be avoided.

≪ Embodiment 6 >

14 is a diagram illustrating an example of overlapping timing of uplink and downlink. Even if different radio frames are allocated for the uplink and the downlink, if the timing is shifted by the downlink communication and the uplink communication, it is considered that the communication between the uplink and the downlink overlaps in time.

For example, as shown in FIG. 14, when the timing of the uplink communication becomes faster with respect to the timing of the downlink communication, each communication of the uplink and the downlink overlaps in time. In a section in which the communication of the uplink and the downlink overlaps in time, only one of the downlink and the uplink can communicate.

15 is a diagram illustrating a process of the communication system according to the sixth embodiment. In FIG. 15, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the structure similar to the structure shown in FIG. 6, and description is abbreviate | omitted. The terminal device 110 measures the communication timing at the first base station 120 based on the pilot signal periodically transmitted from the first base station 120. In addition, the terminal device 110 measures the communication timing in the second base station 130 based on the pilot signal periodically transmitted from the second base station 130. The terminal device 110 transmits to the first base station 120 an asymmetric transmission request including information on the communication timings of the measured first base station 120 and the second base station 130.

The time division controller 612 allocates time resources to each of the uplink and the downlink based on the information of each communication timing of the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 included in the asymmetric transmission request. Specifically, the time division control unit 612 is configured to have a guard time based on each communication timing so that the communication timings of the downlink by the first base station 120 and the uplink by the second base station 130 do not overlap. Allocate resources.

16 is a diagram illustrating an example of allocation of time resources according to the sixth embodiment. In FIG. 16, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the part similar to the part shown in FIG. 4, and description is abbreviate | omitted. Here, radio frames "0", "1", "4", "5", "8", and "9" are allocated to the downlink channel 410. In addition, radio frames "2", "3", "6", and "7" are allocated to the uplink channel 420.

In this way, the time division control unit 612 of the first base station 120 is based on the respective timings so that the communication timings of the downlink by the first base station 120 and the uplink by the second base station 130 do not overlap. Allocate time resources to have guard time. In this case, by allocating a sufficiently long time resource for the downlink, the communication timing of the downlink and the uplink does not overlap.

As described above, in the communication system 100 according to the sixth embodiment, the terminal device 110 measures the communication timing of the first base station 120 and the communication timing of the second base station 130. The first base station 120 and the second base station 130 allocate time resources to the uplink and the downlink so as to have a guard time based on each timing measured by the terminal device 110. Accordingly, even if there is a deviation between the communication timing of the first base station 120 and the communication timing of the second base station 130, the guard time can be set so that the uplink and the downlink do not overlap in time, thereby improving communication quality. .

(Variation of communication system)

In each of the above-described embodiments, the case where the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 are different base stations has been described as shown in FIG. 1. In this case, the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 communicate with each other via, for example, a backbone network. In contrast, the first base station 120 and the second base station 130 may be included in the same base station.

FIG. 17 is a diagram illustrating a modification of the communication system shown in FIG. 1. As shown in FIG. 17, the communication system 100 includes a base station control device 1710 in addition to the configuration shown in FIG. 1. The first base station 120 and the second base station 130 are connected to the base station control device 1710 via a dedicated line or the like. The base station controller 1710 communicates by controlling the first base station 120 and the second base station 130.

18 is a diagram illustrating an example of a process of the base station shown in FIG. 17. The base station 1800 shown in FIG. 18 is a base station including the first base station 120, the second base station 130, and the base station control device 1710 shown in FIG. 17. The base station 1800 includes a terminal communication unit 1811, a time division controller 1812, a wireless scheduler 1813, and a wireless scheduler 1814.

The terminal communication unit 1811 has a configuration corresponding to the terminal communication unit 611 shown in FIG. 6. The terminal communication unit 1811 is realized by the first base station 120 and the second base station 130, and receives the asymmetric transmission request transmitted from the terminal device 110 and outputs it to the time division control unit 1812.

The time division controller 1812 is a configuration corresponding to the time division controller 612 shown in FIG. 6. The time division controller 1812 allocates time resources to the uplink and the downlink based on the information of the target base station included in the asymmetric transmission request output from the terminal communication unit 1811. The time division controller 1812 notifies the radio scheduler 1813 of the time resource allocated to the downlink. The time division control unit 1812 also notifies the radio scheduler 1814 of the time resource allocated to the downlink.

The radio scheduler 1813 has a configuration corresponding to the radio scheduler 613 shown in FIG. 6. The radio scheduler 1813 performs downlink scheduling from the first base station 120 to the terminal device 110 by the time resource notified by the time division controller 1812. The base station 1800 performs downlink communication with the terminal apparatus 110 based on the result of the scheduling by the radio scheduler 1813.

The radio scheduler 1814 has a configuration corresponding to the radio scheduler 622 shown in FIG. 6. The radio scheduler 1814 performs uplink scheduling from the terminal device 110 to the second base station 130 by the time resource notified by the time division controller 1812. The base station 1800 performs uplink communication with the terminal apparatus 110 based on the result of the scheduling by the radio scheduler 1814.

100: communication system
110: terminal device
120: first base station
130: second base station
141: downlink data
151: upward data
142, 153: downlink control information
143, 152: uplink control information
210: antenna
220: circulator
230, 240: frequency conversion circuit
250: analog to digital conversion circuit
260: digital analog conversion circuit
283: addition circuit
330: time division control circuit
411a, 413a, 421a, 423a: control information
410: downlink channel
412a, 422a: data
420: uplink channel
411, 421: downlink control channel
413, 423: uplink control channel
412: downlink data channel
422: uplink data channel
1110, 1120: interference power characteristics

Claims (13)

  1. As a terminal device,
    Downlink communication means for receiving downlink data through a base station accommodating a first cell and transmitting and receiving control information for receiving the downlink data with a base station accommodating the first cell;
    Uplink communication transmitting uplink data through a base station accommodating a second cell different from the first cell and transmitting and receiving control information for transmitting the uplink data with a base station accommodating the second cell. Way
    And,
    The terminal device receives downlink data through the base station accommodating the first cell and transmits a request signal to the base station in communication requesting to transmit uplink data through the base station accommodating the second cell.
    The base station in the communication controls the base station accommodating the first cell to transmit the downlink data to the terminal device based on the request signal transmitted from the terminal device, and receives the uplink data from the terminal device. And controlling the base station accommodating the second cell to receive.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    And control means for switching the communication by the downlink communication means and the communication by the uplink communication means into time division.
  3. Terminal device,
    A base station accommodating a first cell, transmitting downlink data to the terminal device, and transmitting and receiving control information for transmitting the downlink data to and from the terminal device;
    A base station that receives a second cell different from the first cell, receives uplink data from the terminal device, and transmits and receives control information for receiving the uplink data with the terminal device.
    / RTI >
    The terminal device receives downlink data through the base station accommodating the first cell and transmits a request signal to the base station in communication requesting to transmit uplink data through the base station accommodating the second cell.
    The base station in the communication controls the base station accommodating the first cell to transmit the downlink data to the terminal device based on the request signal transmitted from the terminal device, and receives the uplink data from the terminal device. And control a base station to receive the second cell to receive.
  4. delete
  5. The method of claim 3,
    A base station accommodating the first cell and a base station accommodating the second cell communicate with the terminal apparatus in time division with each other.
  6. 6. The method of claim 5,
    And a time resource is allocated to each communication of the base station accommodating the first cell and the base station accommodating the second cell based on the respective traffic amounts of the downlink data and the uplink data.
  7. 6. The method of claim 5,
    For each communication of a base station accommodating the first cell and a base station accommodating the second cell, each interference power of communication by a base station accommodating the first cell and communication by a base station accommodating the second cell Allocating a time resource based on the communication system.
  8. 6. The method of claim 5,
    The base station accommodating the first cell notifies the base station accommodating the second cell of a radio resource allocated to control information received from the terminal apparatus for transmitting the downlink data,
    And the base station accommodating the second cell allocates a radio resource different from the time resource notified from the base station accommodating the first cell to the communication of the base station accommodating the second cell.
  9. 6. The method of claim 5,
    The terminal device measures the communication timing of the base station accommodating the first cell and the communication timing of the base station accommodating the second cell,
    The base station accommodating the first cell and the base station accommodating the second cell are each measured by the terminal apparatus for each communication between the base station accommodating the first cell and the base station accommodating the second cell. And assign a time resource to have a guard time based on the timing.
  10. In the communication method in a terminal device,
    A downlink communication process of receiving downlink data through a base station accommodating a first cell and transmitting and receiving control information for receiving the downlink data with a base station accommodating the first cell;
    Uplink communication transmitting uplink data through a base station accommodating a second cell different from the first cell and transmitting and receiving control information for transmitting the uplink data with a base station accommodating the second cell. fair
    / RTI >
    The terminal device receives downlink data through the base station accommodating the first cell and transmits a request signal to the base station in communication requesting to transmit uplink data through the base station accommodating the second cell.
    The base station in the communication controls the base station accommodating the first cell to transmit the downlink data to the terminal device based on the request signal transmitted from the terminal device, and receives the uplink data from the terminal device. And controlling a base station to receive the second cell to receive.
  11. delete
  12. delete
  13. delete
KR1020127000407A 2009-07-17 2009-07-17 Terminal device, communication system, and communication method KR101383513B1 (en)

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