KR100983887B1 - A water heating apparatus unified with solar heat collector using vaccum pipe - Google Patents

A water heating apparatus unified with solar heat collector using vaccum pipe Download PDF

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KR100983887B1
KR100983887B1 KR1020090128357A KR20090128357A KR100983887B1 KR 100983887 B1 KR100983887 B1 KR 100983887B1 KR 1020090128357 A KR1020090128357 A KR 1020090128357A KR 20090128357 A KR20090128357 A KR 20090128357A KR 100983887 B1 KR100983887 B1 KR 100983887B1
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South Korea
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tube
heat
pipe
water
vacuum
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KR1020090128357A
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Korean (ko)
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이운해
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유한회사 지오선
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/40Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
    • F24S10/45Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors the enclosure being cylindrical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/90Solar heat collectors using working fluids using internal thermosiphonic circulation
    • F24S10/95Solar heat collectors using working fluids using internal thermosiphonic circulation having evaporator sections and condenser sections, e.g. heat pipes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S60/00Arrangements for storing heat collected by solar heat collectors
    • F24S60/30Arrangements for storing heat collected by solar heat collectors storing heat in liquids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

PURPOSE: A solar heat boiler integrated into a solar collector using a vacuum pipe is provided to improve the heat efficiency since a dual vacuum pipe is communicated with a space of a heat storage tank and the heat medium of the dual vacuum pipe flows into the heat storage tank. CONSTITUTION: A solar heat boiler integrated into a solar collector using a vacuum pipe comprises a heat storage tank(10), a vacuum pipe(50), a water supply pipe(20), one or more heat pipes(30), a heat exchange pipe(40) and a water outlet pipe(21). The heat storage tank holds the heat medium in a space. The vacuum pip is communicated with the space of the heat storage tank and holds the heat medium(80). The water supply pipe passes through the space of the heat storage tank and the water flows into the water supply pipe from outside. After the water incoming through the water supply pipe flows into the vacuum pipe and then is first-heated, one or more heat pipes discharge the water to the outside of the vacuum pipe. The heat exchange pipe passes through the space of the heat storage tank. The heat exchange pipe second-heats the water discharged from the vacuum pipe. The water outlet pipe supplies the warm water to a target. The vacuum pipe comprises an inner pipe and an outer pipe. The upper end of the inner pipe is opened and is communicated with the space of the heat storage tank. The outer pipe is installed outside of the inner pipe at a given interval. There is a vacuum state between the outer pipe and the inner pipe.

Description

진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기{A Water Heating Apparatus Unified with Solar Heat Collector Using Vaccum Pipe}Solar Water Heater Integrated Vacuum Heater using Vacuum Tube {A Water Heating Apparatus Unified with Solar Heat Collector Using Vaccum Pipe}
본 발명은 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 이중진공관 타입의 태양열 집열기와 축열탱크를 일체로 결합 되도록 설치하여, 집열기와 축열탱크를 연결하는 별도의 배관이 필요 없으며, 대상물에 공급될 물을 직접 집열기에 급수하여 데울 수 있는 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a solar heat collector-integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube, and more specifically, to install a double vacuum tube type solar collector and a heat storage tank integrally, there is no need for a separate pipe connecting the heat collector and the heat storage tank, The present invention relates to a device for heating water supplied to an object by directly supplying it to a collector.
태양열이용시스템이란 태양광선의 파동성질과 광열학적성질을 이용하여 태양열 흡수, 저장, 열변환을 통하여 건물의 냉난방 및 급탕 등에 활용하는 기술이며, 크게 집열부, 축열부, 이용부로 구성되어 있다The solar heat utilization system is a technology used for cooling and heating and hot water supply of buildings by absorbing, storing, and converting solar heat using wave characteristics and photothermal properties of solar rays.
집열부는 태양의 복사에너지를 흡수하여 재생가능한 열에너지로 변환시키는 기기로 중요한 역할을 담당하고 있으며, 일반적으로 태양열 집열기는 집광식과 비집광식이 있다.The heat collecting unit plays an important role as a device for absorbing the sun's radiant energy and converting it into renewable heat energy. Generally, the solar heat collecting unit has a condensing type and a non-condensing type.
집광식의 경우에는 200℃이상의 고온열을 얻을 수 있으나, 태양추적시스템을 구비해야 하는 등 초기 설치비 및 관리비가 많이 들어 주로 태양열 발전에 쓰인다. In the case of condensing type, high temperature heat of 200 ℃ or more can be obtained, but it is mainly used for solar power generation because it requires a lot of initial installation and management costs such as having to provide a solar tracking system.
비집광식은 평판형과 진공관형으로 나뉘는데, 종래의 평판형 태양열 집열기는 도 1에서 나타낸 바와 같이 금속제 태양열 집열판(130)에 가열관(140)이 설치되어 있는 것으로, 태양으로부터 발산된 태양열이 집열판(130)에 집열되면 집열판에 설치된 가열관(140)의 내부에 있는 열매체가 가열되고, 가열된 열매체는 밀도차에 의해 열매체 유입관(110)을 통해 축열탱크(100)로 유입된다. 유입된 열매체는 축열탱크(100)내에서 냉수와 상호열교환을 통해 온도가 감소하고 온도가 감소된 열매체는 다시 열매체 환수관(120)을 통해 가열관(140)으로 돌아오게 된다. 자연순환방식이라고 한다.The non-condensing type is divided into a flat plate type and a vacuum tube type. In the conventional flat plate type solar collector, as shown in FIG. 1, the heating tube 140 is installed in the metal solar heat collecting plate 130, and the solar heat emitted from the sun is collected. When the heat collector 130 is collected, the heat medium inside the heating tube 140 installed on the heat collecting plate is heated, and the heated heat medium flows into the heat storage tank 100 through the heat medium inlet pipe 110 by the density difference. The heat medium introduced into the heat storage tank 100 is reduced in temperature through mutual heat exchange with cold water, and the heat medium whose temperature is reduced is returned to the heating tube 140 through the heat medium return pipe 120. It is called natural circulation.
이러한 태양열 온수 급탕 시스템에 사용되는 기본적인 태양열 집열기로서 가격이 저렴할 뿐 아니라 열매체가 자연순환되어 가장 효율적인 집열기로 알려져 있으나, 열매체에 의한 열 취득 온도는 80℃이하로 비교적 낮아 사용이 제한되고 있다.The basic solar collector used in such a solar hot water hot water supply system is not only inexpensive but also known as the most efficient collector due to the natural circulation of the heat medium.
종래의 진공관형 태양열 집열기는 도 2에서 나타낸 바와 같이 하방이 밀폐된 진공 유리관(210) 내에 열전달 플레이트와 U자형의 가열관(220)이 설치되어 있는 것으로 열매체에 의한 열 취득 온도는 80℃~200℃의 범위 내로 종래의 평판형 태양열 집열기 보다 고온의 열을 취득할 수 있으나, 열매체가 자연순환되지 않으므로 별도의 열매체 순환펌프(200)가 필요하여 효율성이 떨어진다는 단점이 있다. In the conventional vacuum tube solar collector, as shown in FIG. 2, the heat transfer plate and the U-shaped heating tube 220 are installed in the vacuum glass tube 210 sealed downward, and the heat acquisition temperature by the heat medium is 80 ° C. to 200 ° C. FIG. It is possible to obtain heat at a higher temperature than the conventional flat solar collector in the range of ℃, but since the heat medium is not naturally circulated, a separate heat medium circulation pump 200 is required and the efficiency is low.
집열기 타입에 따른 장단점과는 별개로, 도 1 및 도 2에 개시된 종래 태양열 집열기는 가열된 열매체를 축열탱크로 보내고, 차가워진 열매체를 환수하기 위한 배관들이 필요하고 그에 따라 설치 공간이 커지고 제작비용이 높은 단점이 있다.Apart from the advantages and disadvantages of the collector type, the conventional solar collectors disclosed in FIGS. 1 and 2 require piping to send the heated heating medium to the heat storage tank, and to return the cooled heating medium, thereby increasing the installation space and manufacturing cost. There is a high disadvantage.
본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로서, 본 발명의 목적은 태양열 집열기와 축열탱크를 일체형으로 형성함으로써 설치 공간이 컴팩트해지고 제작비용이 절감될 수 있도록 하는 것이다.The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to form a solar collector and the heat storage tank integrally, so that the installation space is compact and manufacturing cost can be reduced.
상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명에 따르면, 내부에 수용공간이 형성되어 열매체가 수용되는 축열탱크와, 상단부가 개방되어 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되고 하단부가 밀폐형성되어 내부에 열매체가 수용되는 진공관과, 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간을 통과하고, 외부로부터 물이 유입되는 급수관과, 상기 급수관과 일단이 연결되고, 상기 급수관을 통해 유입된 물이 진공관내로 유입되어 1차 가열된 후 진공관 외부로 출수되도록 경로를 형성하는 적어도 하나 이상의 가열관과, 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간을 통과하고, 일단이 상기 가열관의 타단과 연결되어 상기 진공관에서 출수되는 물을 2차 가열하는 열교환관과, 일단이 상기 열교환관의 타단과 연결되어 대상물로 온수를 공급하는 출수관을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기가 제공된다.According to the present invention for achieving the above object, the storage space is formed inside the heat storage tank and the heat medium is accommodated, the upper end is open and in communication with the storage space of the heat storage tank and the bottom end is sealed to form a heat medium A vacuum tube to be accommodated, a water supply tube passing through a receiving space of the heat storage tank, water is introduced from the outside, and one end is connected to the water supply tube, and the water introduced through the water supply tube is introduced into the vacuum tube and heated first, and then the vacuum tube At least one heating tube forming a path to be discharged to the outside, a heat exchange tube passing through a receiving space of the heat storage tank, and one end of which is connected to the other end of the heating tube to heat the water discharged from the vacuum tube; One end is connected to the other end of the heat exchange tube is a vacuum tube, characterized in that it comprises a discharge pipe for supplying hot water to the object Is a solar collector integrated solar water heater is provided.
여기서, 상기 진공관은 상단부가 개방되어 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되는 내관과, 상기 내관을 감싸도록 상기 내관의 외측으로 이격되게 설치되는 외관을 포함하며, 상기 외관과 상기 내관 사이가 진공으로 되는 이중진공관 구조인 것 이 바람직하다.Here, the vacuum tube includes an inner tube which is open at an upper end and communicates with the receiving space of the heat storage tank, and is disposed to be spaced apart from the inner tube so as to surround the inner tube, and the vacuum is between the outer tube and the inner tube. It is preferable that it is a double vacuum tube structure.
또한, 상기 이중진공관의 하측에 상기 이중진공관과 동일한 방향의 원형굴곡된 형상의 반사판이 설치되는 것이 보다 바람직하다.In addition, it is more preferable that a reflecting plate having a circular curved shape in the same direction as the double vacuum tube is provided below the double vacuum tube.
또한, 상기 축열탱크의 하측에 수용공간과 연통되어 설치되어 있는 벤트관을 더 포함하는 것이 보다 바람직하다.In addition, it is more preferable to further include a vent pipe which is installed in communication with the receiving space in the lower side of the heat storage tank.
또한, 상기 가열관은 제조 또는 설치 상의 편리를 위해, 상기 급수관과 연결된 제 1관과, 상기 열교환관과 연결된 제 2관과, 일단이 상기 제 1관에 연결되고, 타단이 상기 제 2관에 연결되는 'U'자 형상의 제 3관과, 상기 제 1관과 제 3관, 제 2관과 제 3관 사이에 게재되어 제 1관과 제 3관 및 제 2관과 제 3관의 내부를 연통하는 연결부재를 더 포함하여 구성되는 것이 더욱 바람직하다.In addition, the heating tube has a first tube connected to the water supply pipe, a second tube connected to the heat exchange tube, one end is connected to the first tube, and the other end is connected to the second tube for convenience in manufacturing or installation. The third tube having a 'U' shape connected to it, and the first and third tubes, and the second and third tubes, are placed between the first and the third and second and third tubes. More preferably, it further comprises a connection member for communicating.
또한, 상기 열교환관은 코일 형상으로 다수 회 권취형성되어 있는 것이 더욱 바람직하다.Further, the heat exchange tube is more preferably wound up a plurality of times in a coil shape.
또한, 상기 급수관과 출수관 간에 설치되어 급수관으로부터 출수관으로의 물의 역류를 방지하는 체크 밸브와, 상기 체크밸브와 상기 급수관 간에 설치되어 온수가 출수관으로 배출되지 않는 경우 상기 급수관으로 유입된 물이 상기 가열관과 열교환관을 순환하도록 하기 위한 펌프가 더 포함되는 것이 더욱 바람직하다.In addition, a check valve is installed between the water supply pipe and the water outlet pipe to prevent the backflow of water from the water supply pipe to the water outlet pipe, and the water flowing into the water supply pipe is installed between the check valve and the water supply pipe when the hot water is not discharged to the water outlet pipe. More preferably, a pump for circulating the heating tube and the heat exchanger tube is further included.
상기와 같은 본 발명에 따르면, 이중진공관을 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되도록 설치됨으로써, 이중진공관의 열매체가 축열탱크로 유입되어 열효율이 뛰어나 고, 집열기와 축열탱크를 연결하는 별도의 배관이 필요 없고, 설치공간이 절약되며, 이중진공관의 열매체가 축열탱크로 유입되고, 대상물로 공급될 물을 직접 가열관을 통과시켜 가열되도록 하며, 이중진공관의 열매체가 축열탱크로 유입되므로 간접열교환방식보다 열효율이 더 뛰어난 효과가 있다.According to the present invention as described above, the double vacuum tube is installed so as to communicate with the storage space of the heat storage tank, the heat medium of the double vacuum tube is introduced into the heat storage tank is excellent in thermal efficiency, there is no need for a separate pipe connecting the heat collector and the heat storage tank. In addition, the installation space is saved, and the heat medium of the double vacuum tube is introduced into the heat storage tank, and the water to be supplied to the object is directly heated through the heating tube. It is more effective.
이하에서는 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 본 발명의 바람직한 일 실시예를 상세하게 설명하도록 한다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described in detail a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
도 3은 본 발명의 제 1 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기의 구조를 도시한 단면도이다.3 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of a solar collector-integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
도 3에 도시된 바와 같이, 본 발명의 제 1 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기에 축열탱크(10)가 일체형으로 형성된 구조를 갖는다.As shown in FIG. 3, the solar collector integrated solar water heater using the vacuum tube according to the first embodiment of the present invention has a structure in which the heat storage tank 10 is integrally formed in the solar collector using the vacuum tube.
축열탱크(10)는 내부 수용공간에 열매체(80)가 수용되어 있고, 하측으로부터 상측으로 벤트관(70)이 연장형성되어 축열탱크(10)의 내부 압력을 조절할 수 있도록 되어 있다.The heat storage tank 10 has a heat medium 80 is accommodated in the inner receiving space, the vent pipe 70 is extended from the lower side to the upper side to adjust the internal pressure of the heat storage tank 10.
축열탱크(10)의 하단에는 복수개의 진공관(50)이 축열탱크(10)의 수용공간과 연통되도록 설치되어 있다. 즉, 진공관(50)은 축열탱크(10)와 연통되도록 상단부가 개방되고 하단부가 밀폐형성되어 축열탱크(10)의 열매체(80)가 진공관(50)의 하 부까지 채워져 있다. 진공관(50)은 태양열의 집열이 용이하도록 투명한 유리재질로 이루어지고, 상단부가 개방되어 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되는 내관과, 상기 내관을 감싸도록 상기 내관의 외측으로 이격되게 설치되는 외관을 포함하며, 상기 외관과 상기 내관 사이가 진공으로 되는 이중진공관 구조를 취하여 태양열 집열이 성능을 향상시키는 것이 바람직하다.A plurality of vacuum tubes 50 are installed at the lower end of the heat storage tank 10 so as to communicate with the receiving space of the heat storage tank 10. That is, the vacuum tube 50 is open so that the upper end is in communication with the heat storage tank 10 and the lower end is sealed, the heat medium 80 of the heat storage tank 10 is filled to the bottom of the vacuum tube 50. Vacuum tube 50 is made of a transparent glass material to facilitate the collection of solar heat, the inner end is opened and the inner tube communicating with the storage space of the heat storage tank, and the outer space is installed to be spaced apart outside the inner tube to surround the inner tube It includes, it is preferable to take a double vacuum tube structure in which the vacuum between the outer tube and the inner tube to improve the solar heat collection performance.
축열탱크(10)의 일측에는 냉수가 유입되는 급수관(20)과 데워진 온수가 대상물로 보내어지는 출수관(21)이 연결되어 있다.One side of the heat storage tank 10 is connected to the water supply pipe 20 through which cold water is introduced and the water discharge pipe 21 through which warmed hot water is sent to the object.
급수관(20)은 축열탱크(10)의 내부에서 가열관(30)과 연결되는데, 가열관(30)은 "U"자 형상으로 형성되어 진공관(50)의 내부에 삽입되어, 상기 급수관을 통해 유입된 물이 진공관내로 유입되어 집열에 의해 고온상태인 열매체(80)와 열교환을 통해 1차 가열된 후 진공관 외부로 출수되도록 경로를 형성한다. 가열관(30)은 열전도도가 높은 동관인 것이 바람직하다.The water supply pipe 20 is connected to the heating pipe 30 in the heat storage tank 10, the heating pipe 30 is formed in a "U" shape is inserted into the vacuum tube 50, through the water supply pipe The introduced water is introduced into the vacuum tube to form a path to be first heated through heat exchange with the heat medium 80 in a high temperature state by heat collection, and then discharged to the outside of the vacuum tube. It is preferable that the heating tube 30 is a copper tube with high thermal conductivity.
진공관(50)으로부터 인출되는 가열관(30)은 축열탱크(10)의 수용공간내에서 열교환관(40)과 연결된다. 열교환관(40)은 상기 진공관에서 출수되는 물이 축열탱크(10)의 수용공간에 있는 열매체(80)와의 열교환에 의해 2차 가열되도록 하는 역할을 하는 것으로서, 열교환 효율을 향상시키기 위해 코일 형상으로 다수 회 권취되어 있는 것이 바람직하다.The heating tube 30 drawn out from the vacuum tube 50 is connected to the heat exchange tube 40 in the storage space of the heat storage tank 10. The heat exchange tube 40 serves to cause the water discharged from the vacuum tube to be secondarily heated by heat exchange with the heat medium 80 in the storage space of the heat storage tank 10, and has a coil shape to improve heat exchange efficiency. It is preferable to wind up many times.
이중진공관 구조의 진공관(50)의 하측에는 진공관(50)과 동일한 방향으로 원형굴곡된 형상의 반사판(60)이 설치되어 있다.The reflecting plate 60 of the shape bent circularly in the same direction as the vacuum tube 50 is provided below the vacuum tube 50 of the double vacuum tube structure.
본 발명과 같은 구조에서는 이중진공관 내에 열매체가 충진되어 태양열에 의 해 열매체가 직접 가열되고, 직접 가열된 열매체와 물 과의 열교환에 의해 물이 가열되므로 종래 흡열부재와 열전달 플레이트를 통해 전달된 열로 동관 내의 열매체를 가열하는 방식에 비해 신속하게 물을 가열할 수 있는 장점이 있다.In the same structure as the present invention, the heat medium is filled in the double vacuum tube so that the heat medium is directly heated by solar heat, and the water is heated by heat exchange between the directly heated heat medium and water, so that the copper tube is heat transferred through the heat absorbing member and the heat transfer plate. Compared to the heating method of the heating medium there is an advantage that can heat the water quickly.
실험결과, 본 발명과 같은 구조에서 축열탱크(10) 내부로 유입된 물이 70 ~ 80℃로 가열되는데 약 1시간 30분 정도가 소요되는 것으로 나타났다.As a result of the experiment, the water introduced into the heat storage tank 10 in the same structure as the present invention was shown to take about 1 hour 30 minutes to be heated to 70 ~ 80 ℃.
도 4는 본 발명의 제 2 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기에서 가열관이 조립식으로 형성되는 것을 도시한 것이고, 도 5는 조립식으로 결합된 가열관의 단면도이다.Figure 4 shows that the heating tube is prefabricated in the solar collector integral solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to a second embodiment of the present invention, Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of the heating tube prefabricated.
제 2 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기는 가열관(30)이 3개의 관으로 분리되어 있고, 3개의 관이 조립되어 하나의 가열관(30)을 형성하는 구조를 갖는 것이 제 1 실시예와 상이한 부분이다.The solar water collector-integrated solar water heater using the vacuum tube according to the second embodiment has a structure in which the heating tube 30 is separated into three tubes, and the three tubes are assembled to form one heating tube 30. This is a different part from the embodiment.
즉, 도 4에 도시된 바와 같이, 가열관(30)은 급수관(20)과 연결되는 제 1관(31)과, 열교환관(40)과 연결된 제 2관(32)과, 일단이 제 1관(31)에 연결되고, 타단이 제 2관(32)에 연결되는 'U'자 형상의 제 3관(33)으로 이루어지고, 제 1관(31)과 제 3관(33) 및 제 2관(32)과 제 3관(33)은 각각 연결부재(90)를 통해 결합된다.That is, as shown in FIG. 4, the heating tube 30 includes a first tube 31 connected to the water supply pipe 20, a second tube 32 connected to the heat exchange tube 40, and one end of the heating tube 30. It is connected to the tube 31, the other end is composed of a third tube 33 of the 'U' shape connected to the second tube 32, the first tube 31 and the third tube (33) and third The two pipes 32 and the third pipe 33 are coupled through the connecting member 90, respectively.
따라서, 설치시에는 축열탱크(10) 본체의 하부로 돌출되는 제 1관(31)과 제 2관(32)을 연결부재(90)를 이용하여 "U"자 형상의 제 3관(33)에 결합한 후, 이중진공관(50)을 축열탱크(10) 하단에 체결하여 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기를 완성한다.Therefore, during installation, the first tube 31 and the second tube 32 protruding to the lower portion of the heat storage tank 10 by using the connecting member 90 have a “U” shaped third tube 33. After coupling to, the double vacuum tube 50 is fastened to the bottom of the heat storage tank 10 to complete the solar collector integral solar water heater.
도 5를 참조하면, 연결부재(90)는 내부에 중공(91a)이 형성되고 내주면에 나사산(91b)이 형성된 제 1 연결부재(91)와 상단 외주면에 나사산(91b)에 대응되는 나사산(92b)이 형성되고, 나사산(92b)이 형성된 상단 내부에 중공(92aa)이 형성되고, 하단에는 중공(92aa)보다 작은 직경의 중공(92ab)이 형성되는 제 2 연결부재(92)를 포함하여 구성된다.Referring to FIG. 5, the connecting member 90 has a hollow 91a formed therein and a thread 91b corresponding to the thread 91b on the upper outer peripheral surface and the first connecting member 91 having the thread 91b formed on the inner circumferential surface thereof. ) Is formed, and a hollow 92aa is formed inside the upper end where the thread 92b is formed, and a lower connection hollow 92a having a diameter smaller than the hollow 92aa is formed at the lower end. do.
제 1관(31)과 제 2관(32)이 제 1 연결부재(91)의 중공(91a)와 제 2 연결부재(92)의 중공(92aa)이 연접한 부분에 삽입되고, 제 3관(33)이 제 2 연결부재(92)의 중공(92ab)에 삽입된 후, 제1 연결부재(91)와 제 2 연결부재(92)를 나사결합하여 삽입된 관체들을 연결부재(90)내에 고정적으로 설치하게 된다. The first pipe 31 and the second pipe 32 are inserted into a portion where the hollow 91a of the first connecting member 91 and the hollow 92aa of the second connecting member 92 are connected to each other. After the 33 is inserted into the hollow 92ab of the second connecting member 92, the tubular bodies inserted by screwing the first connecting member 91 and the second connecting member 92 are inserted into the connecting member 90. It is fixedly installed.
도 6은 본 발명의 제 3 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기의 구조를 도시한 단면도이다.6 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of a solar collector-integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
제 3 실시예는 급수관(20)과 출수관(21) 간에 체크 밸브(V)와 펌프(P)가 추가적으로 설치되어 있는 것이 특징적인 구성으로서, 온수를 사용하지 않는 동안, 즉, 급수관(20)으로의 물의 유입과 출수관(21)으로부터의 온수의 유출이 없는 경우에 탱크 내부의 물이 내부 유로를 따라 순환하도록 하는 것이 특징적이다. The third embodiment is characterized in that the check valve (V) and the pump (P) is additionally installed between the water supply pipe (20) and the water discharge pipe (21), while not using hot water, that is, the water supply pipe (20) When there is no inflow of water into and outflow of hot water from the outlet pipe 21, the water inside the tank is circulated along the inner flow path.
체크 밸브(V)는 급수관(20)으로부터 출수관(21)으로의 물이 역류하는 것을 방지하는 것이고, 펌프(P)는 가열관(30)에 머무르고 있는 물이 열교환관(40)을 따라 순환하도록 하는 기능을 수행한다.The check valve V prevents the backflow of water from the water supply pipe 20 to the water outlet pipe 21, and the pump P circulates along the heat exchange pipe 40 with the water remaining in the heating pipe 30. Perform the function to make it work.
온수를 사용하고 있지 않은 동안에는 가열된 온수가 외부로 유출되지 않으므로 지속적으로 태양열을 받는 가열관(30) 내에 위치한 물의 온도가 열교환관(40) 내의 물의 온도 또는 축열탱크(10) 내의 열매체(80)의 온도보다 높게 된다. 따라서, 이러한 경우 펌프(P)의 구동에 의해 물을 순환시켜 가열관(30)측의 고온의 물이 열교환관(40)을 통과하면서 축열탱크(10) 내의 열매체(80)와 열교환하여 열매체(80)의 온도를 높여줌으로써 열효율을 증가시키게 된다.Since the heated hot water does not flow to the outside while the hot water is not used, the temperature of the water located in the heating tube 30 continuously receiving solar heat is the temperature of the water in the heat exchange tube 40 or the heat medium 80 in the heat storage tank 10. It is higher than the temperature of. Therefore, in this case, the water is circulated by the driving of the pump P so that the hot water of the heating tube 30 passes through the heat exchange tube 40 and heat-exchanges with the heat medium 80 in the heat storage tank 10 to heat the heat medium ( Increasing the temperature of 80 will increase the thermal efficiency.
온수 사용중에는 펌프(P)가 동작하지 않으므로 가열관(30)과 열교환관(40)을 통해 가열된 온수가 출수관(21)을 통해 외부로 공급된다.Since the pump P does not operate while the hot water is in use, the hot water heated through the heating tube 30 and the heat exchange tube 40 is supplied to the outside through the water outlet tube 21.
비록 본 발명이 상기 언급된 바람직한 실시예와 관련하여 설명되어졌지만, 발명의 요지와 범위로부터 벗어남이 없이 다양한 수정이나 변형을 하는 것이 가능하다. 따라서 첨부된 특허청구의 범위는 본 발명의 요지에서 속하는 이러한 수정이나 변형을 포함할 것이다.Although the present invention has been described in connection with the above-mentioned preferred embodiments, it is possible to make various modifications or variations without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the appended claims are intended to cover such modifications or changes as fall within the scope of the invention.
도 1은 종래 평판형 태양열 집열기의 개략도이다.1 is a schematic view of a conventional flat solar collector.
도 2는 종래 진공관형 태양열 집열기의 개략도이다.2 is a schematic diagram of a conventional vacuum tube solar collector.
도 3은 본 발명의 제 1 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기의 구조를 도시한 단면도이다.3 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of a solar collector-integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
도 4는 본 발명의 제 2 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기에서 가열관이 조립식으로 형성되는 것을 도시한 것이다.Figure 4 shows that the heating tube is prefabricated in the solar collector integral solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
도 5는 조립식으로 결합된 가열관의 단면도이다.5 is a cross-sectional view of a prefabricated coupled heating tube.
도 6은 본 발명의 제 3 실시예에 따른 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기의 구조를 도시한 단면도이다.6 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of a solar collector-integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
<주요 도면부호에 관한 설명><Description of the major reference numerals>
10 : 축열탱크 20 : 급수관10: heat storage tank 20: water supply pipe
21 : 출수관 30 : 가열관21: outlet tube 30: heating tube
31 : 제 1 관 32 : 제 2 관31: First Hall 32: Second Hall
33 : 제 3 관 40 : 열교환관33: third tube 40: heat exchanger tube
50 : 진공관 60 : 반사판50: vacuum tube 60: reflector
70 : 벤트관 80 : 열매체70 vent tube 80 heat medium
90 : 연결부재 91 : 제 1 연결부재90: connecting member 91: first connecting member
92 : 제 2 연결부재92: second connecting member

Claims (7)

  1. 내부에 수용공간이 형성되어 열매체가 수용되는 축열탱크와;A heat storage tank in which a receiving space is formed to accommodate the heat medium;
    상단부가 개방되어 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되고 하단부가 밀폐형성되어 내부에 열매체가 수용되는 진공관;A vacuum tube having an upper end opened to communicate with a receiving space of the heat storage tank, and a lower end closed to receive a heat medium therein;
    상기 축열탱크의 수용공간을 통과하고, 외부로부터 물이 유입되는 급수관과;A water supply pipe passing through a storage space of the heat storage tank and into which water is introduced from the outside;
    상기 급수관과 일단이 연결되고, 상기 급수관을 통해 유입된 물이 진공관내로 유입되어 1차 가열된 후 진공관 외부로 출수되도록 경로를 형성하는 적어도 하나 이상의 가열관과;At least one heating tube connected to one end of the water supply pipe and configured to form a path such that water introduced through the water supply pipe is introduced into the vacuum tube to be primarily heated and then discharged out of the vacuum tube;
    상기 축열탱크의 수용공간을 통과하고, 일단이 상기 가열관의 타단과 연결되어 상기 진공관에서 출수되는 물을 2차 가열하는 열교환관과;A heat exchange tube passing through a storage space of the heat storage tank and having one end connected to the other end of the heating tube to heat the water discharged from the vacuum tube secondly;
    일단이 상기 열교환관의 타단과 연결되어 대상물로 온수를 공급하는 출수관을 포함하되,One end is connected to the other end of the heat exchange tube and includes a water discharge pipe for supplying hot water to the object,
    상기 진공관은 상단부가 개방되어 상기 축열탱크의 수용공간과 연통되는 내관과, 상기 내관을 감싸도록 상기 내관의 외측으로 이격되게 설치되는 외관을 포함하며, 상기 외관과 상기 내관 사이가 진공으로 되는 이중진공관 구조인 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기.The vacuum tube includes an inner tube which is open at an upper end and communicates with the receiving space of the heat storage tank, and is disposed to be spaced apart from the inner tube so as to surround the inner tube, wherein the vacuum tube is vacuumed between the outer tube and the inner tube. Solar collector integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube, characterized in that the structure.
  2. 삭제delete
  3. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 이중진공관의 하측에 상기 이중진공관과 동일한 방향의 원형굴곡된 형상의 반사판이 설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기.A solar collector integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube, characterized in that a reflecting plate of a circular curved shape in the same direction as the double vacuum tube is installed below the double vacuum tube.
  4. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 축열탱크의 하측에 수용공간과 연통되어 설치되어 있는 벤트관을 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기.Solar heat collector integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube, characterized in that it further comprises a vent pipe installed in communication with the receiving space in the lower side of the heat storage tank.
  5. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 가열관은, The heating tube,
    상기 급수관과 연결된 제 1관과;A first pipe connected to the water supply pipe;
    상기 열교환관과 연결된 제 2관과;A second tube connected to the heat exchange tube;
    일단이 상기 제 1관에 연결되고, 타단이 상기 제 2관에 연결되는 'U'자 형상의 제 3관과;A third tube having an 'U' shape having one end connected to the first tube and the other end connected to the second tube;
    상기 제 1관과 제 3관, 제 2관과 제 3관 사이에 게재되어 제 1관과 제 3관 및 제 2관과 제 3관의 내부를 연통하는 연결부재를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기. It is characterized in that it further comprises a connecting member which is placed between the first tube and the third tube, the second tube and the third tube and communicates inside the first tube and the third tube and the second tube and the third tube. Solar water heater integrated solar water heater using a vacuum tube.
  6. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 열교환관은 코일 형상으로 다수 회 권취형성되어 있는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기.The heat exchanger tube is a solar collector integral solar water heater using a vacuum tube, characterized in that the coil is wound a plurality of times formed.
  7. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 급수관과 출수관 간에 설치되어 급수관으로부터 출수관으로의 물의 역류를 방지하는 체크 밸브와,A check valve installed between the water supply pipe and the water discharge pipe to prevent backflow of water from the water supply pipe to the water discharge pipe;
    상기 체크밸브와 상기 급수관 간에 설치되어 온수가 출수관으로 배출되지 않는 경우 상기 급수관으로 유입된 물이 상기 가열관과 열교환관을 순환하도록 하기 위한 펌프가 더 포함되는 것을 특징으로 하는 진공관을 이용한 태양열 집열기 일체형 태양열 온수기.When the hot water is not discharged to the discharge pipe is installed between the check valve and the water supply pipe is a solar collector using a vacuum tube further comprises a water pump for circulating the heating tube and the heat exchange tube Integral solar water heater.
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KR101374390B1 (en) * 2011-10-11 2014-03-19 쥴온돌(주) Solar collecting apparatus having railings for a veranda
CN103712348A (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-04-09 王超生 Coaxial double-pipe heat-exchanging same-side wate-outflowing closed jetting heat collection core
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KR101972524B1 (en) * 2017-11-14 2019-08-16 조선대학교산학협력단 Solar collector using thermoelement

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