KR100922095B1 - Flux-cored wire for gas-shielded arc welding - Google Patents

Flux-cored wire for gas-shielded arc welding Download PDF

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KR100922095B1
KR100922095B1 KR1020070098727A KR20070098727A KR100922095B1 KR 100922095 B1 KR100922095 B1 KR 100922095B1 KR 1020070098727 A KR1020070098727 A KR 1020070098727A KR 20070098727 A KR20070098727 A KR 20070098727A KR 100922095 B1 KR100922095 B1 KR 100922095B1
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mass
mgo
welding
tio
wire
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KR20080030936A (en
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가즈유키 스에나가
요시토미 오카자키
히토시 이시다
다케시 히다카
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가부시키가이샤 고베 세이코쇼
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/24Selection of soldering or welding materials proper
    • B23K35/30Selection of soldering or welding materials proper with the principal constituent melting at less than 1550 degrees C
    • B23K35/3053Fe as the principal constituent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/24Selection of soldering or welding materials proper
    • B23K35/30Selection of soldering or welding materials proper with the principal constituent melting at less than 1550 degrees C
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/02Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by mechanical features, e.g. shape
    • B23K35/0255Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by mechanical features, e.g. shape for use in welding
    • B23K35/0261Rods, electrodes, wires
    • B23K35/0266Rods, electrodes, wires flux-cored
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/36Selection of non-metallic compositions, e.g. coatings, fluxes; Selection of soldering or welding materials, conjoint with selection of non-metallic compositions, both selections being of interest
    • B23K35/3601Selection of non-metallic compositions, e.g. coatings, fluxes; Selection of soldering or welding materials, conjoint with selection of non-metallic compositions, both selections being of interest with inorganic compounds as principal constituents
    • B23K35/3602Carbonates, basic oxides or hydroxides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/36Selection of non-metallic compositions, e.g. coatings, fluxes; Selection of soldering or welding materials, conjoint with selection of non-metallic compositions, both selections being of interest
    • B23K35/3601Selection of non-metallic compositions, e.g. coatings, fluxes; Selection of soldering or welding materials, conjoint with selection of non-metallic compositions, both selections being of interest with inorganic compounds as principal constituents
    • B23K35/3603Halide salts
    • B23K35/3605Fluorides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/36Selection of non-metallic compositions, e.g. coatings, fluxes; Selection of soldering or welding materials, conjoint with selection of non-metallic compositions, both selections being of interest
    • B23K35/368Selection of non-metallic compositions of core materials either alone or conjoint with selection of soldering or welding materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/40Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with nickel
    • C22C38/50Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with nickel with titanium or zirconium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/18Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium
    • C22C38/40Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with nickel
    • C22C38/58Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing chromium with nickel with more than 1.5% by weight of manganese

Abstract

Flux-containing wire for gas shielded arc welding of the present invention is C; 0.02 to 0.14%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1%, Mn; 0.8-3.0%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1%, Ti; 0.2% or less, at least one of Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by total, TiO 2 and MgO to 5.0 to 7.2% in total, N; It is regulated to 0.0150% or less, and further contains 2.0% or less of alkali metal fluoride, alkali metal oxide, alkaline earth metal fluoride, alkaline earth metal oxide, B, Al and Mg in total, and the rest is inevitable impurities and Fe When x (= MgO / TiO 2 ) It is 0.05≤x≤0.22. According to the wire of the present invention, low temperature toughness at about -60 ° C, welding workability and crack resistance of a weld metal are improved in welding high tensile strength steel of 620 MPa or more.

Description

FLUX-CORED WIRE FOR GAS-SHIELDED ARC WELDING}

The present invention relates to a flux-containing wire suitable for use in gas shielded arc welding of high-strength steel having a strength of 620 MPa or higher. In particular, a weld metal having excellent low temperature toughness can be obtained, and welding workability and crack resistance in the electric field welding can be obtained. The present invention relates to a gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high strength steel.

In recent years, with the increase in size of steel structures, the weight reduction of the structures has been promoted, and thus, the application of high-strength steel to steel structures is in progress. In particular, in fields such as offshore structures and pressure vessels, good low-temperature toughness of steel structures is required, and the demand for welding materials satisfying this is increasing. To date, coated arc welding, submerged arc welding, and the like have been used for welding materials having excellent low-temperature toughness, but there are problems in terms of work efficiency, welding workability, and application posture. Therefore, there is a strong demand for a flux-containing wire having excellent three characteristics of high efficiency, excellent low-temperature toughness and good welding workability in electric field welding.

Various things are developed as such a high performance flux containing wire. As an example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-253886 discloses a gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for tensile strength: 690 MPa class high tensile steel, which includes TiO 2 , metal fluoride, and C based on the total weight of the wire. Good welding workability and long-term PWHT by defining the appropriate range of the content of Mg / metal fluoride ratio in the content of Si, Mn, Ni, Cr, Mo, Cu, Mg, Ti and B and wire High temperature strength and low temperature toughness after heat treatment).

Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 3-047695 discloses a high-strength steel flux-containing wire filled with titania-based fluxes mainly composed of TiO 2 , MgO, and MnO. This prior art defines the contents of C, Mn, Ni and Mo of the high strength steel flux-containing wire, and also ensures good welding workability and toughness by optimizing the TiO 2 / MgO ratio and adding Co and Cr.

In addition, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-174275 discloses a gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high tensile strength steel having a tensile strength of 680 N / mm 2 or more. This prior art defines a proper range of the contents of C, Si, Mn, P, S, Ni, Cr, and Mo with respect to the total weight of the wire, and regulates the amount of Ta to be used for a wide range of use from quench heat to large heat input. In order to secure a considerable strength and good toughness in the base material strength and to improve work efficiency, the weight ratio of the metal powder in the flux is defined.

Further, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 3-294093 relates to a flux containing wire for titania-based gas shield arc welding, which promotes floating separation of molten slag from molten metal by adding MgO and metal fluoride to the flux containing wire. In addition, a method of improving the low temperature toughness of the weld metal by reducing the amount of oxygen in the weld metal has been proposed.

However, in each of the above-mentioned prior arts, low-temperature toughness is evaluated by the Charpy impact value at -30 to -40 ° C, so the purpose is also to secure low-temperature toughness of about -30 to -40 ° C. However, in consideration of application to structures used under cryogenic temperatures such as offshore structures, even if high toughness is obtained in the above-described temperature range, it is necessary to secure high toughness in the cryogenic region of about -60 ° C.

In addition, the technique disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 9-253886 and 8-174275 discloses no effect of adding MgO to titania-based fluxes. Furthermore, in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 3-294093, the improvement of welding workability in the electric field welding is not a problem, and the bead shape in the upright welding is poor due to the TiO 2 / MgO ratio prescribed in the document. You lose. Therefore, there is a problem that the application of the welding wire is difficult when welding a large structure in which the posture cannot be changed in accordance with the development of the welding site to the positioner or the like in the field.

Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 3-047695 discloses weldability in vertically advanced welding at a relatively low current of about 150 A, and determines a range of TiO 2 / MgO ratios. It is difficult to obtain the effect of applying flux-containing wire (FCW) for the purpose of improvement. On the other hand, if a high current of about 220 A is used to improve the welding construction efficiency, the TiO 2 / MgO ratio defined in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 3-047695 is very likely to cause bead shape defects or make welding impossible. high.

As described above, in the prior art, a flux-containing wire for high tensile strength steel that satisfies toughness in one low temperature region, good welding workability in electric field welding, improved welding construction efficiency, and excellent crack resistance is not obtained. It is strongly desired.

The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is possible to obtain a weld metal having excellent low temperature toughness at about −60 ° C. in welding high tensile strength steel of 620 MPa or higher, and to ensure good welding workability in electron thin welding. It is an object of the present invention to provide a gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high-strength steel which can improve welding construction efficiency and is excellent in crack resistance of weld metal.

The gas-shielded arc welding flux containing wire for high tensile steel which concerns on this invention is C; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Ti; 0.2 mass% or less, Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by mass in total, TiO 2 and MgO to 5.0 to 7.2% by mass, and alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al and Mg Containing 2.0 mass% or less in total amount, and N; It is regulated to 0.0150 mass% or less, and the remainder consists of inevitable impurities and Fe.

In addition, the other high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present invention, C; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Ti; 0.2 mass% or less, Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by mass in total, 5.0 to 7.2% by mass of TiO 2 and MgO in total, and further N; Regulated to less than 0.0150% by weight and the remainder consists of unavoidable impurities and Fe, the 0.05≤x≤0.22 when the La content and the ratio of the content of TiO 2 in MgO x (= MgO / TiO 2 ).

Further, another gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high tensile strength steel according to the present invention is C; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Ti; 0.2 mass% or less, Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by mass in total, TiO 2 and MgO to 5.0 to 7.2% by mass, and alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al and Mg Containing 2.0 mass% or less in total amount, and N; Regulated to less than 0.0150% by weight and the remainder is composed of a Fe and unavoidable impurities, when the La content and the ratio of the content of TiO 2 in MgO x (= MgO / TiO 2 ), is 0.05≤x≤0.22.

According to the present invention, it is possible to obtain good low-temperature toughness of the weld metal at a low temperature of about -60 ° C., to obtain excellent welding workability and welding construction efficiency in the electric field welding, and to obtain a weld metal excellent in crack resistance. Can be.

EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Hereinafter, embodiment of this invention is described concretely. The present inventors made various studies on the alloy components and slag aids effective to improve the low temperature toughness of the gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high tensile steel, and as a result, the addition amount of the alloy components in the gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high tensile steel. The relationship between the low temperature toughness of the weld metal and the weld metal is clarified. In addition, the relationship between the amount of TiO 2 and the amount of MgO to secure good low-temperature toughness and welding workability was found. In addition, since the toughness of the weld metal is influenced by the interaction of the alloy components, the effect of various alloy components in the gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high tensile strength on the low temperature toughness of the weld metal is investigated. Got it.

First, in the welding of high strength steel with a strength of 620 MPa or higher, the toughness tends to decrease with the increase of C, Cr, Ti, and Mo in the gas-shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high-strength steel. Big.

Due to the increase of Ti, the solid solution Ti in the weld metal increases, and TiC precipitates in the reheating portion, so that the nucleation capacity decreases. As a result, the coarse lath bainite becomes dominant, which greatly reduces toughness. In addition, a reheating part means the heat influence part by the following pass (welding path by a follow-up electrode) of a weld metal. In addition, due to the increase of C, island-like martensite is formed in the weld metal, thereby deteriorating toughness.

On the contrary, addition of Si, Mn, and Ni tends to improve toughness, and especially the toughness improvement effect by containing Si and Mn is large. Increasing the content of Mn and Si reduces the amount of oxygen in the weld metal, thereby ensuring good toughness.

MgO is one of the most deacidifying basic slag preparations among various slag preparations. In titania-based FCW, by adding MgO as a slag aid, the oxygen concentration in the weld metal can be greatly reduced, and low-temperature toughness is greatly improved.

On the other hand, the addition of MgO in titania-based flux lowers the slag viscosity and melting point, which causes deterioration of the welding workability, such as convex bead shape in the electric field welding, in particular, upstream welding. Due to slag viscosity and melting point decrease, molten slag hardly coagulates and flows easily. Therefore, it becomes difficult to suppress the fall of the molten metal by slag, and when a large amount of MgO is added, a fall occurs and welding becomes difficult.

Therefore, as a result of various studies by the present inventors, the relationship between the TiO 2 amount and the MgO amount is summarized as the MgO / TiO 2 ratio, which is effective in improving low-temperature toughness, and optimally ensuring welding workability in electron thin welding. It became possible to find out the balance. Here, MgO is the sum of the amount of MgO, and the value which converted the amount of metal Mg and Mg compound into the amount of oxide. Like MgO, the metal Mg and the Mg compound have a strong deoxidation effect of the weld metal and thus have a great effect on improving low-temperature toughness. However, when a large amount of the metal Mg and the Mg compound are added, defects in the bead shape and impossibility of welding due to the drop are caused. Therefore, by converting the amounts of the metal Mg and Mg compounds into the amount of oxides and arranging them as the amount of MgO, it was possible to clarify the factors affecting the low temperature toughness and the workability of welding in the electric field welding.

However, optimizing the MgO / TiO 2 ratio alone is not sufficient to evaluate the weldability in electron beam welding. The amount of slag is largely related to the shape of beads in the upstream welding, and it is important to define the amount of slag.

In the case where the slag amount is too low, convex beads or drops occur because the absolute amount of slag that suppresses the molten metal cannot be secured in the upstream welding. On the contrary, in the case of excessive slag amount, the arc is buried in the molten slag, resulting in deterioration of the arc stability and a marked increase in the amount of sputter generation.

From this fact, it is possible to secure good welding workability in the electric field welding by defining the optimum slag amount after securing the optimum balance of the MgO / TiO 2 ratio (mass ratio of each compound). In addition, compatibility with low temperature toughness is possible by matching with the alloy component optimization described above.

The present invention is based on the above-described realization of the optimization of alloy components in the wire and the component optimization of the slag aid (MgO / TiO 2 Ratio, slag amount) to solve the problems of the present invention.

Next, the reason for component addition and the reason for the composition limitation for the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire of the present invention will be described. In addition, the component shown below represents a component per wire total weight. The high-strength steel flux-containing wire according to the present invention consists of a steel sheath and a filling flux, and the components shown below are added as a composition component of the steel sheath and / or as a content component of the filling flux.

"C: 0.02 to 0.14 mass%"

C is a very important component in securing the strength of the weld metal. In the gas-shielded arc welding flux-containing wire for high-strength steel according to the present embodiment, when the C content is less than 0.02 mass%, a yield strength of 620 MPa or higher cannot be secured. Moreover, when C content exceeds 0.14%, the intensity | strength of a weld metal will increase and a low temperature crack susceptibility will become remarkably high. Therefore, the C content of the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present embodiment is 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, more preferably 0.02 to 0.08 mass%.

"Si: 0.4-1.1 mass%"

Si is a deoxidizer and is an element having the effect of securing the strength of the weld metal and reducing the amount of oxygen. In the high tension steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present embodiment, when the Si content is less than 0.4% by mass, deoxidation is insufficient, resulting in blowhole generation and poor toughness. On the other hand, when Si content exceeds 1.1 mass%, the weld metal viscosity will become high and affinity to a base material will worsen, and welding workability will deteriorate. Therefore, Si content of the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux containing wire which concerns on this embodiment shall be 0.4-1.1 mass%, More preferably, you may be 0.4-0.9 mass%.

"Mn: 0.8-3.0 mass%"

Mn is effective for improving the toughness of the weld metal in addition to using it as a deoxidizer like Si. In the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present embodiment, when the Mn content is less than 0.8% by mass, deoxidation is insufficient, resulting in blowhole generation and poor toughness. On the other hand, when Mn content exceeds 3.0 mass%, the intensity | strength of a weld metal will increase and low moisture crack susceptibility will become remarkably high. Therefore, Mn content of the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux containing wire which concerns on this embodiment shall be 0.8-3.0 mass%, More preferably, you may be 2.1-2.9 mass%.

"Ni: 0.2 to 3.1 mass%"

Ni is a very important component in securing the strength and toughness of the weld metal. In the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present embodiment, when the Ni content is less than 0.2% by mass, a sufficient toughness improvement effect cannot be obtained. When the Ni content is more than 3.1%, the risk of high temperature cracking increases. Therefore, Ni content of the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux containing wire which concerns on this embodiment shall be 0.2-3.1 mass%, More preferably, you may be 0.8-2.7 mass%.

"Ti: 0.2 mass% or less"

A small amount of Ti is effective in miniaturization of crystal grains, but in the addition of Ti exceeding 0.2% by mass, the solid solution Ti in the weld metal increases and TiC precipitates in the reheating portion, so that the nucleation capacity decreases. As a result, the coarse lath bainite becomes dominant, which greatly reduces toughness. Therefore, Ti content of the gas shielded arc welding flux containing wire for high tensile strength which concerns on this embodiment is regulated to 0.2 mass% or less. However, in the present invention, even in the absence of Ti, it is possible to ensure satisfactory low temperature toughness by optimizing other alloy components. On the other hand, Ti is added to a Ti alloy such as metal Ti, Fe-Ti.

"N; 0.0150 mass% or less"

When N exceeds 0.0150 mass%, the amount of N in a weld metal will increase, a blowhole will generate | occur | produce, and it will become a cause of toughness deterioration. Therefore, N is made into 0.0150 mass% or less.

"Cr + Mo: 0.1-4.0 mass%"

Cr is a component that can secure the strength stably, and Mo can secure the stable strength, and further refine the grains of grains by the addition thereof, thereby improving low-temperature toughness. In the high-strength gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire according to the present invention, any one or both of Cr and Mo is contained, and the Cr + Mo content (if the addition of Cr or Mo alone, the amount, the complex addition of Cr and Mo) If the total amount) is less than 0.1% by mass, sufficient strength cannot be secured. On the other hand, when Cr + Mo content exceeds 4.0 mass%, the strength of a weld metal will increase, toughness will deteriorate, and it may become a cause of low temperature crack. Therefore, Cr + Mo content of the high-strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux containing wire of this invention shall be 0.1-4.0 mass%, More preferably, you may be 0.2-1.1 mass%.

"TiO 2 + MgO: 5.0 to 7.2 mass%"

In the high-strength gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire of the present invention, when the TiO 2 + MgO content (total content of TiO 2 and MgO) is less than 5.0 mass%, the weld metal is transferred to the slag in the upward direction welding by the slag amount being reduced. It cannot be suppressed by this and falls. On the other hand, when the content of TiO 2 + MgO exceeds 7.2% by mass, the arc is buried in the molten slag due to excessive slag amount, thereby deteriorating arc stability and increasing the amount of sputter generation. Therefore, TiO 2 + MgO content is set to 5.0 to 7.2% by weight. In addition, MgO is the sum total of oxide conversion of MgO, a metal Mg, and a Mg compound here. TiO 2 is the amount added as TiO 2 .

"Alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al and Mg: up to 2.0 mass% in total"

Alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al and Mg may or may not be contained. However, when it contains these elements or compounds, it shall be 2.0 mass% or less in total amount. Alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides improve arc stability and reduce spatters. B also improves the toughness of the weld metal. Al and Mg are added as deoxidizers. When these substances are contained in a total amount exceeding 2.0 mass%, the effects of the present invention are inhibited. Therefore, the content of these substances is made 2.0 mass% or less in total amount.

"MgO / TiO 2 Ratio (x): 0.05-0.22 "

When the ratio of the content of MgO to the content of TiO 2 (x (= MgO / TiO 2 )) exceeds 0.22, the amount of MgO, which is a component that is easy to drop the weld metal in the upward-facing welding, becomes relatively excessive compared to the amount of TiO 2 . As a result, the slag easily flows during welding, and the slag makes it difficult to suppress the fall of the molten metal. Thus, the bead shape becomes convex or falls. When x is 0.22 or less, the ratio (described in the following examples) between the leg length L of the fillet beads and the weld tooth height H in fillet welding becomes 10 or more, so that good characteristics can be obtained. Moreover, when x is 0.10 or less, L / H will be 12 or more, and more preferable characteristic can be obtained. On the other hand, since the upper limit of the function F (x) described later is 15, the lower limit of the MgO / TiO 2 ratio x is necessarily 0.05. Therefore, the MgO / TiO 2 ratio (x) is set to 0.05 to 0.22. In addition, MgO is the sum of oxide conversion of MgO, a metal Mg, and a Mg compound here. TiO 2 is the amount added as TiO 2 .

"F (x): 11-15"

F (x) is given by Equation 1 below. Where x is the foregoing (MgO / TiO 2) ) Is rain.

Figure 112007070605706-pat00001

F (x) is the experimentally obtained MgO / TiO2 This equation shows the relationship between ratio (x) and low temperature toughness. This relational formula uses dozens of different types of wires in the component ranges of various alloys and slag preparations shown below, and the results of the Charpy impact test at -60 ° C of the weld metal and the MgO / TiO in the wire components.2 The relationship with the ratio (x) is calculated by statistical processing.

C: 0.02 to 0.14 mass%

Si: 0.4-1.1 mass%

Mn: 0.8-3.0 mass%

Ni: 0.2-3.1 mass%

Cr: 0.1-4.0 mass%.

Mo: 0.1-4.0 mass%

Ti: 0-0.2 mass%

Fe: 84.1 to 90.1 mass%

N: 0.0150 mass% or less

Other components (B, Na, F, K, Li, Al, Ca, Mg, P, S): 0.10-3.25 mass%

TiO 2 : 3.5 to 7.8 mass%

MgO: 0.1-5.0 mass%

1 is a graph showing the relationship between the F (x) value obtained by the experiments of the present inventors and the Charpy impact value (hereinafter referred to as vE-60 ° C) at -60 ° C. F (x) and vE-60 ° C are in the relationship of forging reduction, and it can be seen that at F (x) ≤ 15, vE-60 ° C? Also MgO / TiO 2 Since the upper limit of ratio (x) is 0.22, the lower limit of F (x) becomes 11 necessarily. Therefore, by this F (x), it is possible to accurately estimate the relationship between the wire component of the high strength steel gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire and the low temperature toughness of the weld metal.

In summary, the above-mentioned x and F (x) are summed up to 0.05 ≦ x ≦ 0.22.

In addition, as shown in the following examples, by satisfying the above-mentioned other conditions without satisfying the range of x, a flux-containing wire in which both the welding workability and the low temperature toughness of the weld metal can be obtained can be obtained. However, by satisfying this range of x, the low temperature toughness of the weld metal can be further improved.

The remaining main components of the flux-containing wire according to the invention are derived from steel shells, various Fe alloys (Fe-Si, Fe-Mn, Fe-Cr, Fe-Mo, Fe-Ti, etc.) and iron contained in the filling flux. Fe. This Fe is contained at least 80% by mass per weight of the wire. In addition, the flux-containing wire of the present invention contains an alkali metal fluoride, an alkali metal oxide, an alkaline earth metal fluoride, an alkaline earth metal oxide, B, Al, Mg, and the like.

The amount of N of the flux containing wire used for this test is 0.0150 mass% or less. When this amount of N exceeds 0.0150 mass%, the amount of N in a weld metal increases and blowholes bundle.

<Example>

Hereinafter, the effect of the Example of this invention is demonstrated compared with the comparative example which departs from the scope of this invention. First, as a wire of the Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention, a wire component (ratio relative to the total wire mass) and F (x) values shown in Tables 3 to 5 below were used. The hoop compositions of these test wires are shown in Table 6 below. Table 7 is a control table showing the types of hoops used in the wires of Examples and Comparative Examples. As shown in this Table 7, each wire shown in Table 3 and Table 4 used the hoop of A or B described in this Table 6. In addition, in the wire of an Example and a comparative example, other additive component is P, S, Nb, V. FIG.

(Downward welding)

Table 1 shows the welding conditions in the downward welding. HT780 steel was welded under the welding conditions shown in Table 1 to form a weld metal. Tensile test pieces (JIS Z3111 A1) and Charpy impact test pieces (JIS Z3111 A4) were sampled from this weld metal, and the mechanical test was done. As a result, the measured value of the obtained 0.2% yield strength and the Charpy impact value, and the evaluation result of welding workability are shown in following Table 8 and Table 9. In Table 8 and Table 9, (circle) evaluation columns are favorable and x is impossible.

On the other hand, when the 0.2% yield strength of the weld metal was 620 MPa or more and the Charpy impact value at -60 ° C was 27 J or more, it was judged that the mechanical properties were good. Moreover, when Charpy impact value in -60 degreeC was 47J or more, it judged that it had the outstanding low-temperature toughness.

Figure 112007070605706-pat00002

Welding conditions are as follows.

Shield gas: 80% Ar-20% CO 2 , 25 liters / minute

Wire diameter: 1.2mm

Welding position: downward

Tested steel plate: JIS G 3128 SHY685 (thickness: 20 mm)

Improved Geometry: 45 ° V

Improvement gap: 12mm

(Fillet welding)

Table 2 shows the welding conditions in fillet welding. The upright fillet welding was performed under the welding conditions shown in Table 2, and the welding workability in the upright welding was evaluated. 2 is a diagram illustrating a method of evaluating a bead shape. At this time, in order to evaluate the ease of falling of the beads with respect to the leg length L and the weld tooth height H of the fillet beads, it was determined that the value of this L / H was 10 or more. On the other hand, when beads fell and the welding became impossible, the value of L / H was made into zero.

Figure 112007070605706-pat00003

Welding conditions are as follows.

Shield gas: 80% Ar-20% CO 2 , 25 liters / minute

Wire diameter: 1.2mm

Welding Posture: Upward Advancement

Tested steel plate: JIS G 3128 SHY685 (thickness: 12 mm)

Improvement gap: 0mm

Moreover, in the welding test of these downward welding and fillet welding, the evaluation method of a low temperature crack and a high temperature crack is as follows. That is, the low temperature crack was left to stand 96 hours after welding, the back damp was cut, and the presence or absence of the defect was confirmed by the ultrasonic flaw test (JIS Z 3060) and the magnetic particle flaw test (JIS G 0565). In addition, the fracture surface was observed by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope), and the shape of the crack was confirmed.

Moreover, the high temperature crack cut | disconnected the back damp after welding, and confirmed the presence or absence of a defect by the ultrasonic flaw test (JIS Z 3060) and the radiographic test (JIS Z 3104). Moreover, the fracture surface was observed by SEM and the form of the crack was confirmed.

In addition, the tensile test and the Charpy impact test were based on the tensile and impact test method of JISZ3111 weld metal.

Figure 112007070605706-pat00004

Figure 112007070605706-pat00005

On the other hand, in Table 3 and Table 4, the breakdown of the numerical values described in the other columns is based on alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al and Mg and inevitable impurities (P, S, Total amount with V and Nb). However, the amounts of unavoidable impurities are all 0.1 mass%, and therefore, for example, Example 17 of Table 4 is 1.0 mass% of others, and alkali metal fluoride, alkali metal oxide, alkaline earth metal fluoride, alkaline earth metal oxide, B, Al And a total amount of Mg is 0.9% by mass and 0.1% by mass of unavoidable impurities. In addition, Example 20 does not include alkali metal fluorides, alkali metal oxides, alkaline earth metal fluorides, alkaline earth metal oxides, B, Al, and Mg, and the values in the other columns are amounts of unavoidable impurities.

Figure 112007070605706-pat00006

Figure 112007070605706-pat00007

Figure 112007070605706-pat00008

Figure 112007070605706-pat00009

Figure 112007070605706-pat00010

Tables 8 and 9 above show the results of these tests. Examples 1 to 5 and Examples 17 to 21 were able to obtain excellent properties in both 0.2% yield strength (PS) and welding workability including low temperature toughness and bead shape at -60 ° C. On the other hand, the comparative examples 6-16 and the comparative examples 22-30 were one in which these characteristics were low.

1 is a graph showing the relationship between F (x) and vE-60 ° C.

2 is a diagram illustrating a method of evaluating a bead shape.

Claims (5)

  1. C for the total wire mass; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Cr and Mo; A gas shielded arc welding flux-containing wire comprising 0.1 to 4.0 mass% in total amount, 5.0 to 7.2 mass% in total amount of TiO 2 and MgO, and the remainder consisting of inevitable impurities and Fe.
  2. C for wire total mass; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by mass in total, TiO 2 and MgO in total amount of 5.0 to 7.2% by mass, the remainder consisting of inevitable impurities and Fe, the ratio of the content of MgO and the content of TiO 2 is x ( Wire containing gas shielded arc welding flux with 0.05 ≦ x ≦ 0.22 when = MgO / TiO 2 ).
  3. Claim 3 was abandoned when the setup registration fee was paid.
    C for wire total mass; 0.02 to 0.14 mass%, Si; 0.4 to 1.1 mass%, Mn; 0.8 to 3.0 mass%, Ni; 0.2 to 3.1 mass%, Cr and Mo; 0.1 to 4.0% by mass in total, TiO 2 and MgO in total amount of 5.0 to 7.2% by mass, the remainder consisting of inevitable impurities and Fe, the ratio of the content of MgO and the content of TiO 2 is x ( Wire containing gas shielded arc welding flux with 0.05 ≦ x ≦ 0.22 when = MgO / TiO 2 ).
  4. The method according to claim 1 or 3,
    Ti; It contains 0.2 mass% or less, and contains 2.0 mass% or less of alkali metal fluoride, alkali metal oxide, alkaline earth metal fluoride, alkaline earth metal oxide, B, Al, and Mg in total amount, and N; Wire containing gas shielded arc welding flux regulated to 0.0150 mass% or less.
  5. The method of claim 2,
    Ti; 0.2 mass% or less, and N; Wire containing gas shielded arc welding flux regulated to 0.0150 mass% or less.
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JP5416605B2 (en) * 2010-02-02 2014-02-12 株式会社神戸製鋼所 Flux cored wire
JP5415998B2 (en) * 2010-03-11 2014-02-12 株式会社神戸製鋼所 Flux-cored wire for gas shielded arc welding
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CN102181814B (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-07-25 河海大学 Cored wire for high amorphous content wear-resistant anticorrosive coating layer
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JP6257193B2 (en) * 2013-07-12 2018-01-10 株式会社神戸製鋼所 Flux-cored wire for overlay welding
CN103878501A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-06-25 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 Metal-cored seamless flux-cored wire for high-strength steel
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