KR100884890B1 - The interior ventilation system which has the function for smoke removal on fire - Google Patents

The interior ventilation system which has the function for smoke removal on fire Download PDF

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KR100884890B1
KR100884890B1 KR1020070083653A KR20070083653A KR100884890B1 KR 100884890 B1 KR100884890 B1 KR 100884890B1 KR 1020070083653 A KR1020070083653 A KR 1020070083653A KR 20070083653 A KR20070083653 A KR 20070083653A KR 100884890 B1 KR100884890 B1 KR 100884890B1
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South Korea
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fire
heat exchanger
ventilation
gas
air supply
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KR1020070083653A
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Korean (ko)
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임병국
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임병국
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • F24F11/32Responding to malfunctions or emergencies
    • F24F11/33Responding to malfunctions or emergencies to fire, excessive heat or smoke
    • F24F11/35Responding to malfunctions or emergencies to fire, excessive heat or smoke by closing air passages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/04Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation
    • F24F7/06Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit
    • F24F7/08Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit with separate ducts for supplied and exhausted air with provisions for reversal of the input and output systems

Abstract

An indoor ventilating system with a smoke removing function in the case of a fire is provided to prevent diffusion of a fire by the supply of atmospheric air and discharge harmful gas to the outside in a short time. A ventilating unit(1) includes a heat exchanger(11) circulating indoor and outdoor air and carrying out heat exchanger therebetween, an air supply duct(12) introducing the outdoor air into the inside, and an exhaust duct(13) for discharging polluted indoor air to the outside. A controller(2) is connected to the ventilating unit electrically for setting operation steps thereof. A sensing unit(3) senses the generation of a fire and gas leakage. A control panel(4) automatically controls the ventilating unit via the controller according to signals output from the sensing unit. A relay(5) automatically informs a user of accidents such as a fire or gas explosion.

Description

화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템{THE INTERIOR VENTILATION SYSTEM WHICH HAS THE FUNCTION FOR SMOKE REMOVAL ON FIRE}The indoor ventilation system which shows the functionality of flue in case of fire {THE INTERIOR VENTILATION SYSTEM WHICH HAS THE FUNCTION FOR SMOKE REMOVAL ON FIRE}
본 발명은 실내 환기시스템에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 쾌적한 주거 환경조성을 위하여 공동주택에 의무적 설치를 규정하고 있는 환기장치가 화재 또는 가스폭발 사고시 화기 및 연기의 확산을 돕는 조연(助煙)현상과 같은 역효과를 발생시킴을 방지토록 한 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an indoor ventilation system, and more particularly, to assist in the spread of fire and smoke in the event of a fire or gas explosion, a ventilation system that mandatoryly installs in a multi-family house for the purpose of creating a comfortable living environment. The present invention relates to an indoor ventilation system that exhibits the functionality of flue gas in a fire so as to prevent such adverse effects.
공동주택 또는 다중이용시설인 아파트·빌딩 등의 신축 및 리모델링 후에는, 건축자재나 벽지 등에서 발생하는 발암물질이 포함된 휘발성 유해물질로 인해 호흡기질환(천식 등), 피부질환(아토피피부염 등), 집중력장애(구토, 두통 등)를 일으키는 근원인 새집증후군(Sick house syndrome) 혹은 밀폐된 실내공간 내에서의 호흡으로 인한 이산화탄소의 함량 증가로 인체(人體)의 생체리듬에 악영향을 끼치게 마련이다. 따라서, 거실이나 사무실과 같은 협소한 장소에 많은 사람이 머무를 경우 실내·외 공기를 급기(給氣, Inhalation) 및 배기(排氣, Exhaustion)하는 실내환기(室內換氣) 작업을 수시로 실시하여야 한다.After construction and remodeling of apartments or multi-use apartments and buildings, respiratory diseases (asthma, etc.), skin diseases (such as atopic dermatitis), etc., are caused by volatile harmful substances including carcinogens generated from building materials and wallpaper. Sick house syndrome, a source of concentration disorders (vomiting, headaches, etc.) or increased carbon dioxide content due to breathing in an enclosed indoor space, adversely affects the biological rhythm of the human body. Therefore, when a large number of people stay in a small place such as a living room or an office, indoor ventilation should be performed from time to time for inhalation and exhaust of indoor and outdoor air. .
한편, 현재의 "건축물의 설비기준 등에 관한 규칙[일부개정 2006.5.12, 건설교통부령 제512호]" 중 제11조를 살펴보면, 『①영(건축법 시행령) 제87조제2항의 규정에 따라 신축 또는 리모델링하는 다음 각 호의 어느 하나에 해당하는 주택 또는 건축물은 시간당 0.7회 이상의 환기가 이루어질 수 있도록 자연환기설비 또는 기계환기설비를 설치하여야 한다.』라고 의무적으로 규정하고 있다.On the other hand, if you look at Article 11 of the current "Regulations on Equipment Standards of Buildings, etc. (some amended 2006.5.12, Ordinance of the Ministry of Construction and Transportation, No. 512)", it is newly constructed in accordance with the provisions of Article 87 (2) of ①young Or, a house or building falling under any of the following subparagraphs must be equipped with a natural ventilation system or a mechanical ventilation system to provide at least 0.7 ventilation per hour. ”
위와 같이 명기된 다음 각 호에 해당하는 건축물의 기준은, 100세대 이상의 공동주택(기숙사 제외)과 주택 외의 시설과 동일건축물로 건축하는 경우로서 주택이 100세대 이상인 건축물을 말한다.The standards for buildings falling under each of the following subparagraphs refer to buildings in which 100 or more households are housed in apartments (excluding dormitories) and buildings with the same building as other buildings.
이에 따라, 국내 등록실용신안 제 20-406146호에서는, 신선한 외기를 실내에 공급하고 오염된 내기를 실외로 신속히 배출시켜 원활한 실내환기를 도모함과 함께 내,외기의 열교환효율을 향상시킬 수 있도록 된 급,배기덕트 및 전열교환기(Heat-exchanger : 폐열회수형 환기장치)를 이용한 실내 환기장치가 제공된바 있다.Accordingly, in Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-406146, it is possible to supply fresh outside air to indoors and quickly discharge polluted bets to the outside to promote smooth indoor ventilation and improve heat exchange efficiency of internal and external air. Indoor ventilators using exhaust ducts and heat-exchangers have been provided.
종래 기술에 따르면, 건물의 벽면 등에 고정설치되는 상기 전열교환기를 통해 정화된 외기가 상기 급기덕트를 거쳐 실내로 공급하도록 하고, 실내의 오염된 내기가 상기 배기덕트를 통하여 실외로 용이하게 배출되게 한다.According to the prior art, the outside air purified through the heat exchanger fixed to the wall of the building and the like to be supplied to the room via the air supply duct, and the indoor polluted bet is easily discharged to the outside through the exhaust duct. .
하지만, 상술한 바와 같은 실내 환기장치는, 평상시 실내 환기를 위해 유용하나, 화재발생시에는 도리어 화기와 연기의 흐름을 돕는 조연(助煙)현상을 일으키는 역효과로, 화재진행의 급속화 및 여타 실내장소로 화기를 전이시켜 화재의 초기진압 불가능하게 함에 따른 막대한 재산피해와 아울러, 상기 급기덕트를 통해 유입되는 기체흐름에 의해 유해가스가 외부로 배출됨이 더디게 되어 화재발생 장소로부 터 미처 대피하지 못한 사람들의 질식사고 발생률을 증가시키는 등의 크나큰 재난의 원인이 되어 왔다.However, the above-described indoor ventilation device is useful for normal indoor ventilation, but in the event of a fire, it is a adverse effect of causing an assisting phenomenon to help the flow of fire and smoke, and thus the rapid fire progress and other indoor places. People who could not evacuate from the place of fire due to the enormous damage to property caused by disabling the fire extinguisher and making it impossible to extinguish the fire early, as well as the slow release of harmful gases by the gas flow flowing through the air supply duct. It has been a major cause of disaster, such as increasing the incidence of asphyxia.
본 발명의 목적은 상기와 같은 제반 문제점을 해결하기 위한 것으로, 화재나 폭발사고시 연기·화기 또는 가스누출을 즉시 확인할 수 있는 감지수단과 상기 감지수단으로부터 송출된 신호로써 실내,외 기체순환(환기)를 위한 환기장치의 작동을 자동제어하는 장치제어반 및 전술한 각종 재난발생을 알리기 위한 중계기를 함께 구비하여, 상기한 환기장치를 통해 공급되는 외부공기의 급기로 화재가 확산됨을 방지하면서도 유해가스가 신속히 실외로 배출되도록 하여 화상이나 질식에 의한 인명피해와 재산피해를 극소화하도록 한 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템을 제공함에 있다.An object of the present invention is to solve the problems described above, and the indoor and outdoor gas circulation (ventilation) as a detection means that can immediately check the smoke, fire or gas leakage in the event of fire or explosion and the signal sent from the detection means It is equipped with a device control panel for automatically controlling the operation of the ventilator for the operation and a repeater for notifying the above-mentioned various disasters, to prevent the harmful gas is rapidly spreading the fire to the air supply of the external air supplied through the ventilator It is to provide an indoor ventilation system that exhibits the function of flue gas in the fire to minimize the damage to people and property caused by burns or suffocation by being discharged to the outside.
상기한 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 발명에 의한 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템은, 아파트의 발코니 등과 같은 건축물 외부측에 설치되는 것으로, 급기팬과 OA댐퍼 및 배기팬과 RA댐퍼가 구비결합됨에 따라 실내환기를 위한 내,외기의 순환과 열교환을 가능하게 하는 전열교환기와, 상기 전열교환기 일측에 연통연결됨과 함께 실내 각 공간의 천장에 배치결합되어 외기를 실내로 유입하도록 하는 급기덕트와, 상기 전열교환기에 역시 연통연결됨과 동시에 실내의 각 공간 천장에 더 배치결합됨으로써 오염된 내기를 실외로 용이하게 배출하도록 된 배기덕트의 결합으로 구성된 환기장치와; 상기 환기장치와 전기적으로 연결되어, 그의 작동을 설정하기 위한 컨트롤러와; 상기 컨트롤러에 연결된 상태로, 화재발생 및 가스누출 사고를 센싱하도록 된 감지수단과; 상기 감지수단으로부터 송출된 신호로써, 상기 컨트롤러에 직접 개입하여 상기 환기장치를 자동제어하기 위한 장치제어반과; 그리고, 상기 감지수단으로부터 더 송출된 신호를 통해, 화재나 가스폭발 등과 같은 재난발생을 자동으로 알리도록 하는 중계기;를 포함하여 구성된 것을 특징으로 한다.In order to achieve the above object, the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the flue in case of fire according to the present invention is installed outside the building such as a balcony of an apartment, and is provided with an air supply fan, an OA damper, an exhaust fan, and an RA damper. Combined with the heat exchanger to enable the circulation and heat exchange of the internal and outdoor air for indoor ventilation, and the air supply duct connected to the one side of the heat exchanger and arranged on the ceiling of each indoor space and the outside air into the room And a ventilation device configured to be connected to the heat exchanger and coupled to the ceiling of each space of the room and coupled to the ceiling of the space, so that the exhaust duct is easily discharged to the outside. A controller electrically connected to the ventilator to set its operation; Sensing means configured to sense a fire occurrence and a gas leakage accident in a state connected to the controller; An apparatus control panel for automatically controlling the ventilation device by directly intervening the controller as a signal transmitted from the sensing means; And, through a signal further sent from the detection means, a repeater to automatically notify the occurrence of a disaster, such as a fire or gas explosion, characterized in that it comprises a.
이상의 설명에서 분명히 알 수 있듯이, 본 발명의 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템은, 연기와 화기 또는 가스누출을 감지수단을 통해 빠르게 확인할 수 있고 상기 감지수단으로부터 전달받은 신호로써 환기장치의 작동을 자동제어하는 장치제어반 그리고 재난발생을 구조단체에 자동으로 알려주는 중계기에 의해, 재난에 의한 사고의 확산을 미연에 차단할 수 있는 효과가 있다.As can be clearly seen in the above description, the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the flue in case of fire of the present invention, the smoke and fire or gas leakage can be quickly confirmed through the detection means and the signal received from the detection means of the ventilation device The device control panel that automatically controls the operation and the repeater that automatically informs the rescue organization of the occurrence of the disaster have the effect of preventing the spread of the accident due to the disaster.
또한, 상기한 바와 같은 화재 및 폭발사고시 상기 환기장치의 작동을 위한 컨트롤러에 직접 개입하여 자동조작하는 상기 장치제어반을 통해, 외기가 실내로 공급됨을 차단함에 따른 조연현상의 발생을 미리 방지하고도 실내에 머무르는 기체(유해가스 등)를 신속히 외부로 배출함과 같은 배연작용을 도와 화상이나 질식에 의한 인명피해 및 재산피해를 최소화하는 효과를 기대할 수 있다.In addition, through the device control panel that automatically intervenes by directly intervening in the controller for the operation of the ventilation device in the event of a fire and explosion as described above, even in advance to prevent the occurrence of a supporting phenomenon caused by blocking the outside air supply to the room It can be expected to help flue gas such as gaseous gas (harmful gas) staying in the outside to minimize the damage to human life and property caused by burns or suffocation.
이와 함께, 위와 같은 각종 재난의 발생을 인근에 비상방송하거나 소방관서 등과 같은 방재센터에 알리도록 하는 상기 중계기를 통하여, 화재나 폭발사고시 주민들의 신속한 대피와 대응을 가능하게 하는 유용한 발명이다.Along with this, it is a useful invention that enables the rapid evacuation and response of residents in the event of fire or explosion through the repeater to notify the occurrence of various disasters such as emergency broadcast in the vicinity or to the disaster prevention center such as fire department.
이하, 본 발명이 속하는 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자가 본 발명을 용이하게 실시할 수 있을 정도로 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 예를 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 상세하게 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings such that those skilled in the art may easily implement the present invention.
첨부도면 중 도 1은 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템의 구성관계를 나타낸 배치도이고, 도 2는 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템의 전체적인 작용구조를 나타낸 블럭도이며, 도 3은 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템에 있어서, 장치제어반의 구성구조를 나타낸 블럭도이다.1 is a layout view showing the configuration of the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the smoke in the fire according to the present invention, Figure 2 is the overall operation of the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the smoke in the fire according to the present invention Figure 3 is a block diagram showing the structure, Figure 3 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the device control panel in the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the smoke in the fire according to the present invention.
도 1에 도시된 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따른 실내 환기시스템(A)은, 아파트·빌딩 등과 같은 건축물의 각 세대공간이나 사무실 천장에 설치된 채로 실내,외 공기를 순환토록 하는 환기장치(1)와; 상기 환기장치(1)와 전기적으로 연결되어 그의 작동을 설정하기 위한 컨트롤러(2)와; 화재발생 및 가스누출 사고를 센싱하도록 된 감지수단(3)과; 상기 감지수단(3)으로부터 송출된 신호로써 상기 컨트롤러(2)에 직접 개입하여 상기 환기장치(1)를 자동제어하기 위한 장치제어반(4)과; 화재나 가스폭발 등과 같은 재난발생을 자동으로 알리도록 하는 중계기(5)를 포함하여 구성된다.As shown in FIG. 1, the indoor ventilation system A according to the present invention includes a ventilation device 1 for circulating indoor and outdoor air while being installed in each generation space of a building such as an apartment building or an office ceiling. ; A controller (2) electrically connected to the ventilator (1) for setting its operation; Sensing means (3) configured to sense a fire occurrence and a gas leakage accident; An apparatus control panel (4) for automatically controlling the ventilator (1) by directly intervening the controller (2) as a signal transmitted from the sensing means (3); It is configured to include a repeater (5) to automatically notify the occurrence of a disaster such as fire or gas explosion.
환기장치(1)는, 에너지 손실을 최소화하면서도 오염된 실내공기(이하 "내기"라 함)를 실외로 방출하고 신선한 외부공기(이하 "외기"라 함)를 실내로 유입하도록 하기 위한 수단으로써, 발코니(베란다) 등과 같은 건물 외부에 설치된 상태로 내,외기의 순환/환기 및 순환되는 기체의 열교환을 위한 전열교환기(11)와, 상기 전열교환기(11) 일측에 연통연결됨과 함께 실내 각 공간의 천장에 배치결합되어 외기를 실내로 유입하도록 하는 급기덕트(12)와, 상기 전열교환기(11)에 역시 연통연결됨과 동시에 실내의 각 공간 천장에 더 배치결합함으로 오염된 내기를 실외로 용이하게 배출하도록 된 배기덕트(13)로 구성됨이 바람직하다.The ventilator 1 is a means for releasing contaminated indoor air (hereinafter referred to as "outer") to the outside and introducing fresh external air (hereinafter referred to as "outer air") into the room while minimizing energy loss. The heat exchanger (11) and the heat exchanger (11) for heat exchange between the inside and the outside of the building and the heat exchange of the circulated gas in a state of being installed outside the building such as a balcony (veranda) and connected to one side of the heat exchanger (11) The air supply duct 12 is coupled to the ceiling to introduce the outside air into the room, and is also connected to the heat exchanger 11, and at the same time it is further coupled to the ceiling of each space in the room to easily discharge the polluted bet to the outside It is preferred that the exhaust duct 13 be configured.
또한, 상기 전열교환기(11)에는, 외기의 강제 흡입을 위한 급기팬(111-1)과 외기공급의 차단을 위한 OA댐퍼(111-2) 및 내기의 유출을 위한 배기팬(112-1)과 내기배출의 차단을 위한 RA댐퍼(112-2)가 구비되되, 상기 급기덕트(12)는 OA댐퍼(111-2)와 연통결합하고, 상기 배기덕트(13)는 RA댐퍼(112-2)에 연통결합한다.In addition, the heat exchanger 11 has an air supply fan 111-1 for forced suction of the outside air, an OA damper 111-2 for blocking the supply of outside air, and an exhaust fan 112-1 for outflow of the inside air. And an RA damper 112-2 for blocking the discharge of the air, the air supply duct 12 is in communication with the OA damper 111-2, and the exhaust duct 13 is the RA damper 112-2. To communicate with).
컨트롤러(2)는, 상기 환기장치(1)를 통해 내,외기가 원활히 순환될 수 있도록 그를 작동시키기 위한 것으로, 전기적 신호의 송출로써 상기 환기장치(1)의 작동을 제어하는 회로기판이(도시하지 않음) 내장되고, 상기 회로기판에 프로그램 입력을 위한 각종 조작버튼(21)과, 상기 환기장치(1)의 작동과정을 사용자가 간단히 알 수 있도록 하는 디스플레이(22)가 케이스 외부에 더 구비결합됨이 바람직하다.The controller 2 is to operate the internal and external air smoothly through the ventilator 1, and a circuit board for controlling the operation of the ventilator 1 by transmitting electric signals (shown in FIG. And a plurality of operation buttons 21 for inputting a program to the circuit board, and a display 22 for allowing the user to easily know the operation process of the ventilation device 1. Is preferred.
감지수단(3)은, 화재발생시에 따른 연기 및 화기 또는 가스 누출을 센싱함과 동시에 감지신호를 상기 장치제어반(4)에 송출하기 위한 것으로, 연기감지센서(31)와, 열감지센서(32), 그리고 가스감지센서(33)로 구성된다.The sensing means 3 is configured to sense smoke and fire or gas leaks at the time of fire, and to transmit a detection signal to the apparatus control panel 4, and includes a smoke detection sensor 31 and a heat detection sensor 32. ), And a gas detection sensor 33.
장치제어반(4)은, 도 3에 도시된 바와 같이, 상기 감지수단(3)으로부터 송출된 그 신호를 기반으로 상술한 전열교환기(11)의 급기팬(111-1) 정지 및 OA댐퍼(11-2) 폐쇄 또는 상기 배기팬(112-1)의 배출력 증대를 위한 것으로, 상기 연기감지센서(31)와 열감지센서(32) 그리고 가스감지센서(33)으로부터 송출된 각 신호 를 입력받는 화재신호입력부(41)와, 상기 화재신호입력부(41)를 거쳐 입력된 송출신호를 상기 전열교환기(11)에 전달하기 위한 입력신호송출부(42)와, 상기 입력신호송출부(42)로부터 전해진 전달신호로써 상기 급기팬(111-1)과 OA댐퍼(111-2)에 외부전력을 인가하여 그들 각각이 정지 및 폐쇄되도록 하는 급기팬구동부(43)와, 상기 배기팬(112-1)에 외부전력을 더 인가시켜 그의 배출력을 증대시키기 위한 배기팬구동부(44)로 구성된다.As shown in FIG. 3, the apparatus control panel 4 stops the air supply fan 111-1 and the OA damper 11 of the heat exchanger 11 described above based on the signal transmitted from the sensing means 3. -2) To close or increase the discharge force of the exhaust fan 112-1, and receives each signal transmitted from the smoke sensor 31, the heat sensor 32, and the gas sensor 33. From the fire signal input section 41, the input signal sending section 42 for transmitting the transmission signal input through the fire signal input section 41 to the electrothermal heat exchanger 11, and from the input signal sending section 42 An air supply fan driver 43 for applying external power to the air supply fan 111-1 and the OA damper 111-2 as an transmitted transmission signal so that each of them is stopped and closed; and the exhaust fan 112-1. Exhaust fan driving unit 44 for further applying an external power to increase the discharge force.
중계기(5)는, 상기 감지수단(3)으로부터 신호를 더 송출받아 화재발생 또는 가스누출에 의한 폭발사고와 같은 재난발생을 인근에 방송하거나 방재센터에 자동연락하기 위한 정보전달수단으로써, 화재진압을 위한 기존의 스프링쿨러 및 화재경보기가 이에 전기적으로 더 연결된다.The repeater 5 receives a signal from the sensing means 3, and transmits a signal as an information transmission means for broadcasting a disaster occurrence, such as a fire occurrence or an explosion due to gas leakage, or automatically contacting the disaster prevention center. Conventional sprinklers and fire alarms are further electrically connected thereto.
상기와 같은 구성으로 되는 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템(A)의 작용을 구체적으로 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the operation of the indoor ventilation system (A) exhibiting the functionality of the smoke in the fire according to the present invention having the configuration as described above in detail as follows.
평상시에는, 상기 환기장치(1)의 급기덕트(111-2)를 통해서 신선한 외기가 실내로 공급되고 오염된 내기는 상기 배기덕트(112-2)를 통해 실외로 배출되는 기체의 순환 및 환기과정에 따라, 새집증후군과 이산화탄소 증가에 따른 호흡곤란의 원인을 해소할 수 있게 된다.Normally, fresh air is supplied to the room through the air supply duct 111-2 of the ventilation device 1, and the contaminated bet is in the circulation and ventilation process of the gas discharged to the outside through the exhaust duct 112-2. Therefore, it is possible to solve the cause of respiratory distress caused by sick house syndrome and carbon dioxide increase.
한편, 본 발명에 따른 실내환기시스템(A)의 상기 감지수단(3)과 장치제어반(4) 그리고 중계기(5)에는 항시적으로 외부전원이 공급되는 것으로 재난발생시에 신속히 작동될 수 있는 준비상태에 있다.On the other hand, the sensing means (3), the device control panel (4) and the repeater (5) of the indoor ventilation system (A) according to the present invention is supplied with external power at all times and ready to be operated quickly in the event of a disaster. Is in.
이와 같은 상황 중, 거주자의 부주의로 화재가 발생되거나 가스누출 사고의 경우, 화재에 의한 연기 발생시에는 상기 감지수단(3) 중 연기감지센서(31)가 감지작동되는 것이며, 화기 발생시에는 상기 열감지센서(32)가 감지작동한다. 반면, 가스누출의 경우에는 상기 가스감지센서(33)가 이를 감지한 다음 작동된다.In such a situation, when a fire occurs due to carelessness of a resident or a gas leakage accident, the smoke detection sensor 31 of the detecting means 3 is activated when a smoke is generated by a fire, and when the fire occurs, the heat detection is performed. The sensor 32 detects. On the other hand, in the case of gas leakage, the gas detection sensor 33 detects this and then operates.
그 후, 상기 연기감지센서(31)와 열감지센서(32) 그리고 가스감지센서(33)로부터 감지된 신호가 상기 장치제어반(4)에 즉시 송출되는 것으로 인해서, 상기 장치제어반(4)이 상술한 환기장치(1)의 작동을 자동제어함이 가능하게 된다.After that, the signal detected from the smoke sensor 31, the heat sensor 32 and the gas sensor 33 is immediately sent to the device control panel 4, so that the device control panel 4 is described above. It is possible to automatically control the operation of one ventilator (1).
즉, 상기 장치제어반(4)의 화재신호입력부(41)로 감지신호가 먼저 송출되고, 송출된 그 신호는 다시 상기 입력신호송출부(42)에 전달되며, 상기 입력신호송출부(42)는 또다시 상기 급기팬구동부(43)와 배기팬구동부(44)를 통해서 상기 환기장치(1)의 전열교환기(11)에 구비결합된 급기팬(111-1)과 OA댐퍼(111-2) 그리고 상기 배기팬(112-1)에 전력을 인가하게 되는 것이며, 그로 인해 상기 급기팬(111-1)은 정지되고 상기 OA댐퍼(111-2)는 폐쇄되며 상기 배기팬(112-1)의 배기력은 최대로 증대되게 된다.That is, the detection signal is first sent to the fire signal input unit 41 of the device control panel 4, and the signal is transmitted to the input signal transmitter 42 again, and the input signal transmitter 42 is Again, the air supply fan 111-1 and the OA damper 111-2 provided and coupled to the total heat exchanger 11 of the ventilator 1 through the air supply fan driver 43 and the exhaust fan driver 44. Power is applied to the exhaust fan 112-1, whereby the air supply fan 111-1 is stopped, the OA damper 111-2 is closed, and the exhaust fan 112-1 is discharged. The energy will be maximized.
따라서, 상기 급기팬(111-1)의 정지 및 OA댐퍼(111-2)의 폐쇄 작동으로써 외기가 실내로 유입되는 것이 완전히 차단됨과 동시에, 상기 배기팬(112-1)의 배기력 증대로 인한 내기의 신속한 외부배출로, 화재 및 폭발사고에 따른 화기의 확산방지와 함께 재난장소에서 미처 대피하지 못한 이들에게 연기가 미치지 않도록 하여 질식사와 같은 인명사고의 원인을 미연에 차단할 수 있게 되는 것이다.Therefore, by stopping the air supply fan 111-1 and closing the OA damper 111-2, the outside air is completely prevented from flowing into the room, and at the same time, the exhaust force of the exhaust fan 112-1 is increased. The rapid external discharge of bets prevents the spread of fire due to fires and explosions, and prevents smoke from reaching those who have not been evacuated from the disaster area, thereby preventing the cause of deaths such as asphyxiation.
이에 더하여, 상기 감지수단(3)으로부터 신호를 더 송출받아 작동하는 상기 중계기(5)를 통해서는, 기존의 실내 천장에 마련된 스프링쿨러가 작동되게 함으로 써 화기를 조기에 진압할 수 있도록 하고, 재난장소에서 벗어나지 못한 이들과의 의사소통을 위한 비상전화를 가능케 하며, 아울러 화재경보와 비상방송 및 인근 주거민들의 피난유도방송과 함께, 소방서 등과 같은 방재센터에 자동으로 알리는 것으로 화재발생 및 가스 폭발사고에 신속히 대응하도록 하여 인명피해와 재산피해를 극소화할 수 있게 된다.In addition, through the repeater (5), which receives and receives a signal from the sensing means (3), the sprinkler provided in the existing indoor ceiling is operated so that the fire can be extinguished early and the disaster Emergency telephones are available for communication with those who have not escaped from the place.In addition to fire alarms, emergency broadcasts, and evacuation guidance broadcasts of neighboring residents, it is automatically notified to disaster prevention centers such as fire departments, to prevent fires and gas explosions. By responding promptly, it is possible to minimize human and property damage.
이상에서와 같이 본 발명을 바람직한 실시 예를 이용하여 상세히 설명하였으나, 본 발명의 범위는 특정 실시 예에 한정되는 것은 아니며, 첨부된 특허청구범위에 의하여 해석되어야 할 것이다. 또한, 이 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 습득한 자라면, 본 발명의 범주와 사상을 벗어나지 않는 범위 내에서 다양한 변형실시가 가능함은 물론이다.As described above, the present invention has been described in detail by using a preferred embodiment, but the scope of the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiment, it should be interpreted by the appended claims. In addition, those of ordinary skill in the art that various modifications can be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템의 구성관계를 나타낸 배치도.1 is a layout view showing the configuration of the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the flue in the fire according to the present invention.
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템의 전체적인 작용구조를 나타낸 블럭도.Figure 2 is a block diagram showing the overall working structure of the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the flue in the fire according to the present invention.
도 3은 본 발명에 따른 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템에 있어서, 장치제어반의 구성구조를 나타낸 블럭도.Figure 3 is a block diagram showing the configuration of the device control panel in the indoor ventilation system exhibiting the functionality of the smoke in the fire according to the present invention.
*** 도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명 ****** Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawing ***
A : 실내 환기시스템, 1 : 환기장치, 2 : 컨트롤러A: indoor ventilation system, 1: ventilation system, 2: controller
3 : 감지수단, 4 : 장치제어반, 5 : 중계기3: sensing means, 4: device control panel, 5: repeater
11 : 전열교환기, 12 : 급기덕트, 13 : 배기덕트11: total heat exchanger, 12: air supply duct, 13: exhaust duct
21 : 조작버튼, 22 : 디스플레이, 31 : 연기감지센서21: operation button, 22: display, 31: smoke detection sensor
32 : 열감지센서, 33 : 가스감지센서, 41 : 화재신호입력부32: heat detection sensor, 33: gas detection sensor, 41: fire signal input unit
42 : 입력신호송출부, 43 : 급기팬구동부, 44 : 배기팬구동부42: input signal transmitter, 43: air supply fan driver, 44: exhaust fan driver

Claims (3)

  1. 아파트의 발코니 등과 같은 건축물 실외에 설치되는 한편, 급기팬과 OA댐퍼 및 배기팬과 RA댐퍼가 구비결합됨에 따라 실내환기를 위한 내,외기의 순환과 열교환을 가능케 하는 전열교환기와, 상기 전열교환기 일측에 연통연결됨과 함께 실내 각 공간의 천장에 배치되어 외기를 실내로 유입토록 한 급기덕트와, 상기 전열교환기에 역시 연통연결됨과 동시에 실내의 각 공간 천장에 더 배치됨으로써 오염된 내기를 실외로 용이하게 배출하도록 하는 배기덕트의 조합으로 된 환기장치와; 상기 환기장치와 전기적으로 연결된 채로, 그의 작동단계 설정을 위한 컨트롤러와; 상기 컨트롤러에 연결된 상태로, 화재발생 및 가스누출 사고를 센싱하도록 된 감지수단과; 상기 감지수단으로부터 송출된 신호로써, 상기 컨트롤러에 직접 개입하여 상기 환기장치를 자동제어하기 위한 장치제어반과; 그리고, 상기 감지수단으로부터 더 송출된 신호를 통해, 화재나 가스폭발과 같은 재난발생을 자동으로 알리도록 한 중계기;를 포함하여 구성되되,It is installed outside the building, such as a balcony of the apartment, while the air supply fan, OA damper, exhaust fan and RA damper is combined with the heat exchanger to enable the circulation and heat exchange of the inside and outside air for indoor ventilation, and one side of the heat exchanger The air supply duct is connected to each other and is placed on the ceiling of each room to introduce outside air into the room, and the heat exchanger is also connected to the heat exchanger. A ventilation device having a combination of exhaust ducts for discharging; A controller for setting its operation stage while being electrically connected with the ventilator; Sensing means configured to sense a fire occurrence and a gas leakage accident in a state connected to the controller; An apparatus control panel for automatically controlling the ventilation device by directly intervening the controller as a signal transmitted from the sensing means; And, through the signal further sent from the detection means, a repeater to automatically notify the occurrence of a disaster such as fire or gas explosion; configured to include,
    상기 장치제어반은, 상기 감지수단으로부터 송출된 각 신호를 입력받는 화재신호입력부와, 상기 화재신호입력부를 거쳐 입력된 송출신호를 상기 전열교환기에 전달하기 위한 입력신호송출부와, 상기 입력신호송출부로부터 전해진 전달신호로써, 상기 급기팬과 OA댐퍼에 외부전력을 인가하여 각각 정지 및 폐쇄되도록 하는 급기팬구동부와, 상기 배기팬에 외부전력을 더 인가시켜 배출력을 증대시키기 위한 배기팬구동부로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템.The apparatus control panel may include a fire signal input unit for receiving each signal transmitted from the sensing means, an input signal transmitter for transmitting a signal transmitted through the fire signal input unit to the heat exchanger, and the input signal transmitter As a transmission signal transmitted from the air supply fan and the air supply fan and the OA damper is supplied with an external power supply fan driver for stopping and closing, respectively, and an exhaust fan driver for increasing the discharge power by further applying an external power to the exhaust fan Indoor ventilation system to show the functionality of the flue in the event of fire.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 감지수단은, 화재발생시에 따른 연기 및 화기 또는 가스 누출을 센싱함과 동시에 그 감지신호를 상기 장치제어반에 송출하기 위하여, 연기감지센서와, 열감지센서, 그리고 가스감지센서로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 화재시 배연의 기능성을 발휘하는 실내 환기시스템.The sensing means is characterized by comprising a smoke sensor, a heat sensor, and a gas sensor in order to sense the smoke and fire or gas leakage in the event of a fire and to send the detection signal to the device control panel. Indoor ventilation system that demonstrates the functionality of flue gas in case of fire.
  3. 삭제delete
KR1020070083653A 2007-08-20 2007-08-20 The interior ventilation system which has the function for smoke removal on fire KR100884890B1 (en)

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KR100981722B1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-09-10 린나이코리아 주식회사 Air cleaning control system for a heat recovery ventilator
KR101115314B1 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-03-05 주식회사 에어패스 Ventilating apparatus with smoke removal function on fire
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KR101504620B1 (en) 2013-10-24 2015-03-20 한국수력원자력 주식회사 Variable reverse-flow ventilation method and system at the fire of main control room in a nuclear power plant
CN105423504A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-23 南阳市中通防爆电机电器有限公司 Explosion-proof air conditioner and control method thereof
KR101922812B1 (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-11-27 주식회사 삼원알텍 System using scrubber control for protecting and repressing fire
CN109869860A (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-11 深圳沃海森科技有限公司 Cigarette air conditioner is removed in subway tunnel ventilation
CN110131830A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-08-16 北京市亚太安设备安装有限责任公司 Air supply duct system
CN110260449A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-20 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of house fire-proof flue gas ventilation device and method
KR20200003989A (en) 2018-07-03 2020-01-13 강민수 Rechargeable smoke exhaust system for fire fighting
CN110131830B (en) * 2019-04-24 2021-06-01 北京市亚太安设备安装有限责任公司 Air supply duct system

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100981722B1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-09-10 린나이코리아 주식회사 Air cleaning control system for a heat recovery ventilator
KR101115314B1 (en) 2011-06-30 2012-03-05 주식회사 에어패스 Ventilating apparatus with smoke removal function on fire
US10359205B2 (en) * 2012-03-20 2019-07-23 Air Distribution Technologies Ip, Llc Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
US10598398B2 (en) * 2012-03-20 2020-03-24 Air Distribution Technologies Ip, Llc Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
US10344994B2 (en) * 2012-03-20 2019-07-09 Air Distribution Technologies Ip, Llc Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
US20170254556A1 (en) * 2012-03-20 2017-09-07 Ruskin Company Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
US20170299214A1 (en) * 2012-03-20 2017-10-19 Ruskin Company Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
US20130252537A1 (en) * 2012-03-20 2013-09-26 Josiah Wiley Energy recovery ventilation smoke evacuation
KR101504620B1 (en) 2013-10-24 2015-03-20 한국수력원자력 주식회사 Variable reverse-flow ventilation method and system at the fire of main control room in a nuclear power plant
CN105423504B (en) * 2015-11-18 2018-02-09 南阳市中通防爆电机电器有限公司 Explosion-proof air-conditioner and its control method
CN105423504A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-23 南阳市中通防爆电机电器有限公司 Explosion-proof air conditioner and control method thereof
KR101922812B1 (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-11-27 주식회사 삼원알텍 System using scrubber control for protecting and repressing fire
CN109869860A (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-11 深圳沃海森科技有限公司 Cigarette air conditioner is removed in subway tunnel ventilation
KR20200003989A (en) 2018-07-03 2020-01-13 강민수 Rechargeable smoke exhaust system for fire fighting
CN110131830A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-08-16 北京市亚太安设备安装有限责任公司 Air supply duct system
CN110131830B (en) * 2019-04-24 2021-06-01 北京市亚太安设备安装有限责任公司 Air supply duct system
CN110260449A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-20 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of house fire-proof flue gas ventilation device and method

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