KR100877056B1 - Hybrid heat pump type heat and cooling system - Google Patents

Hybrid heat pump type heat and cooling system Download PDF

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KR100877056B1
KR100877056B1 KR1020070083181A KR20070083181A KR100877056B1 KR 100877056 B1 KR100877056 B1 KR 100877056B1 KR 1020070083181 A KR1020070083181 A KR 1020070083181A KR 20070083181 A KR20070083181 A KR 20070083181A KR 100877056 B1 KR100877056 B1 KR 100877056B1
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South Korea
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heat exchanger
refrigerant
hot water
pipe
heat
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KR1020070083181A
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Korean (ko)
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김규원
안영래
정동필
나기윤
한국철
최규원
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주식회사 귀뚜라미 범양냉방
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B30/00Heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0477Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being bent in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2313/00Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for
    • F25B2313/027Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means
    • F25B2313/02742Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means using two four-way valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/01Heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/24Storage receiver heat

Abstract

A hybrid heat pump system is provided to improve hot water supply efficiency by using four connection pipes in which the refrigerant gas circulates and two four-way valves. A hybrid heat pump system comprises four refrigerant pipes(100) connecting an outdoor unit(2) and an indoor unit(3), two four-way valves(110,120) converting a refrigerant circuit, and a water boiling heat exchanger(200) in which the refrigerant gas discharged from a compressor circulates. The refrigerant pipes include a first refrigerant pipe(101) inducing the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor to the water boiling heat exchanger, a second refrigerant pipe(102) circulating the refrigerant gas induced to the water boiling heat exchanger toward the outdoor unit, a third refrigerant pipe(103) circulating the refrigerant gas circulating to the outdoor unit toward the indoor heat exchanger, and a fourth refrigerant pipe(104) circulating the refrigerant gas circulating to the indoor heat exchanger toward the outdoor heat exchanger.

Description

하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템{HYBRID HEAT PUMP TYPE HEAT AND COOLING SYSTEM}Hybrid heat pump system {HYBRID HEAT PUMP TYPE HEAT AND COOLING SYSTEM}

본 발명은 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 관한 것으로서, 특히 4개의 실내외기 연결배관과 2개의 4방변밸브를 구성하여 간단한 냉매전환으로 냉방과 난방 및 급탕이 선택적으로 이루어질 뿐만 아니라, 냉방과 급탕, 및 난방과 급탕이 단일 기기로 운용되도록 할 뿐만 아니라, 급탕효율성을 크게 향상시킬 수 있도록 한 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a hybrid heat pump system, and in particular, by configuring four indoor and outdoor air connection pipes and two four-way valves, cooling and heating and hot water supply are not only selectively performed by simple refrigerant switching, but also cooling and hot water supply, and heating and The present invention relates to a hybrid heat pump system that not only allows a hot water supply to be operated as a single device but also significantly improves the hot water efficiency.

일반적으로, 히트펌프 시스템은, 기본적으로 냉방 사이클과 난방 사이클을 동일한 유닛 안에 내장하여 냉각, 가열이 겸용으로 이루어지며, 한 대의 유닛으로 하절기에는 냉방 사이클에 의해 냉방을 수행하고, 동절기에는 역사이클로 전환시켜 난방 및 급탕을 수행하는 시스템이다.In general, the heat pump system is basically a cooling cycle and a heating cycle in the same unit, the cooling and heating are combined, one unit performs the cooling by the cooling cycle in the summer, the reverse cycle in the winter System to perform heating and hot water supply.

이러한, 히트펌프 냉난방 시스템은 가스엔진 구동형(GHP; Gas Heat Pump), 전기 압축형(EHP; Electric Heat Pump) 또는 지열원형(GSHPs; Ground Source Heat Pumps)을 이용한 냉난방 시스템으로 구성되는 바, 이들 GHP, EHP 및 GSHPs는 모두 냉매의 히트펌프 사이클 순환을 통해 이루어진다.The heat pump air-conditioning system is composed of a heating and cooling system using a gas engine driven type (GHP; Gas Heat Pump), electric compression type (EHP; Electric Heat Pump), or ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). GHP, EHP and GSHPs are all made through the heat pump cycle circulation of the refrigerant.

또한, 히트펌프 냉난방 시스템은 냉매의 양방향 흐름을 통해 저온을 고온으 로 전환하거나 고온을 저온으로 전환하여 냉방과 난방을 동시에 수행하는 시스템으로서, 히트펌프 냉난방 시스템은 한대의 실외 열원공급기기에 다수의 실내기가 연결되거나, 한대의 실내기에 다수의 실외 열원공급기기가 연결되거나, 실내기와 실외열원공급기기가 각각 한대씩 연결되어 사용된다.In addition, the heat pump air-conditioning system is a system for cooling and heating at the same time by switching the low temperature to high temperature or the high temperature to low temperature through the bi-directional flow of the refrigerant, the heat pump air-conditioning system is a number of outdoor heat source equipment An indoor unit is connected, or a plurality of outdoor heat source devices are connected to one indoor unit, or one indoor unit and one outdoor heat source device are connected to each other.

종래의 히트펌프 냉난방 시스템은 압축기, 사방변 밸브, 공기 열교환기, 팽창밸브 및 실내기가 냉매 순환회로에 의해 연결되는 한편 상기 실내기 각각은 팽 창밸브 및 실온감지센서와 함께 다수 마련된 채 다수의 실내공간에 설치되는 구성을 가지며, 흔히, 자체의 열교환기가 실외기팬의 송풍에 의해 공냉식으로 냉매를 증발 또는 응축시키는 구조를 갖는다.Conventional heat pump air-conditioning system has a compressor, a four-way valve, an air heat exchanger, an expansion valve and an indoor unit connected by a refrigerant circulation circuit, while each indoor unit is provided with a plurality of expansion valves and a room temperature sensor and a plurality of indoor spaces. It has a configuration that is installed in, often, its own heat exchanger has a structure for evaporating or condensing the refrigerant by air cooling by the blowing of the outdoor fan.

하지만, 이러한 종래의 히트펌식 냉난방 시스템은 냉난방 사이클의 선택적인 운전을 통해 실내에 대한 냉방이나 난방을 수행할 뿐 급탕공급기능을 갖지 못하여 그 범용성이 크게 떨어지는 문제점을 가지고 있었다.However, the conventional heat pump type air-conditioning system has a problem that its versatility is greatly reduced since it does not have a hot water supply function by performing cooling or heating of the room through selective operation of an air conditioning cycle.

한편, 이러한 히트펌프 시스템의 문제점을 해결하기 위해 급탕이 공급되는 냉난방 시스템들이 안출된 바 있다.Meanwhile, in order to solve the problem of the heat pump system, heating and cooling systems in which hot water is supplied have been devised.

일예로, 특허등록 제567491호인, 히트펌프 급탕장치가 안출된 바 있으며 이는 압축기와, 방열기와, 감압부와, 흡열기와, 상기 압축기와, 상기 방열기와, 상기 감압부와, 상기 흡열기를 폐회로로 구성하는 냉매 유로를 갖는 히트 펌프 사이클과, 상기 방열기의 냉매 유로와 열교환을 실행하는 수류로를 갖는 열교환기와, 상기 수류로에 수돗물을 공급하는 급수관과, 상기 수류로로부터 급탕 단말로 유수하 도록 접속하는 급탕관과, 온수를 저장하는 저류 탱크와, 상기 저류 탱크와 상기 수류로를 접속하여 형성된 물 순환로와, 상기 저류 탱크로부터 유출하는 온수와 상기 수류로로부터의 온수를 혼합하여, 상기 급탕 회로로 통수하는 혼합부를 구비하며, 온수를 저장하는 경우에는 상기 물 순환로에 의해 상기 저류 탱크에 상기 열교환기에 의해 승온된 온수가 저장되도록 하고 있다.For example, patent registration No. 556791, a heat pump hot water supply device has been devised, which is a compressor, a radiator, a decompression unit, a heat absorber, the compressor, the radiator, the decompression unit, and the heat absorber in a closed circuit A heat pump cycle having a refrigerant flow path constituting a heat exchanger, a heat exchanger having a flow path for exchanging heat with the refrigerant flow path of the radiator, a water supply pipe for supplying tap water to the water flow path, and a flow of water from the water flow path to the hot water supply terminal A hot water supply pipe, a storage tank for storing hot water, a water circulation path formed by connecting the storage tank and the water flow path, hot water flowing out of the storage tank, and hot water from the water flow path to the hot water supply circuit. It is provided with a mixing unit for passing water, in the case of storing hot water, the hot water heated by the heat exchanger to the storage tank by the water circulation path It is to be stored.

다른 예로서, 특허등록 제540362호인, 히트펌프를 구비한 냉난방 급탕시스템이 안출된 바 있으며 이는, 압축기, 응축기, 팽창밸브 및 증발기가 순차적으로 연결되어 냉동사이클을 이루고 있는 냉동기와, 압축기, 과열열교환기, 사방제어밸브, 주열교환기, 양방향팽창밸브, 보조열교환기가 순차적으로 연결되어 냉난방사이클을 이루고 있는 히트펌프와, 상기 냉동기의 응축기 및 상기 히트펌프의 과열열교환기와의 열교환으로 얻어진 고온의 온수를 저장 및 공급하기 위한 급탕공급수단 및 상기 히트펌프의 주열교환기와의 열교환으로 얻어진 저온 또는 고온의 열매체를 냉난방에 사용하기 위하여 저장 및 순환시키기 위한 열매체순환수단으로 구성되어 있다.As another example, Patent No. 54,362, a heating / cooling hot water supply system with a heat pump was devised. The compressor, the condenser, the expansion valve, and the evaporator were sequentially connected to form a refrigeration cycle, a compressor, and superheat heat exchange. Heat pump, four-way control valve, main heat exchanger, two-way expansion valve, auxiliary heat exchanger is connected in sequence to form a heating and cooling cycle, the hot water obtained by heat exchange between the condenser of the refrigerator and the superheat heat exchanger of the heat pump. And a heat medium circulating means for storing and circulating the hot water supply means for supplying and the low or high temperature heat medium obtained by heat exchange with the main heat exchanger of the heat pump for use in cooling and heating.

이와 같이 종래 급탕이 공급되는 냉난방 히트펌프들은, 냉난방과 더불어 급탕을 추가적으로 공급하도록 함으로써 사용성이 크게 향상되도록 하고 있으나, 급탕의 공급이 원활하게 이루어지지 않고, 급탕시에 냉방효율이 떨어지거나 또는 냉방시에 급탕효율이 저하되는 등의 문제점이 발생된다.As described above, the conventional heating and cooling heat pumps to which hot water supply is supplied have an additional supply of hot water along with heating and cooling to greatly improve the usability. However, the supply of hot water is not smoothly performed, and the cooling efficiency of the hot water supply decreases or during cooling. Problems such as deterioration of hot water supply efficiency occur.

더욱이, 2개의 실내외기 연결배관과 1개의 4방변 밸브에 의해 냉매순환이 이루어짐으로써, 급탕효율이 크게 저하되는 문제점이 있다.In addition, the refrigerant circulation is performed by the two indoor and outdoor air connection pipes and one four-way valve, so that the hot water supply efficiency is greatly reduced.

본 발명은, 종래 냉난방 히트펌프 시스템이 지닌 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로, 실내기와 실외기측을 연결하는 4개의 연결배관과, 2개의 4방변밸브에 의해 냉매순환이 이루어지도록 함으로써, 간단한 냉매전환으로 냉방과 난방 및 급탕은 물론, 냉방과 급탕, 난방과 급탕을 병행하여 사용할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 냉방과 난방 및 급탕을 혼용함에 있어서 급탕효율성이 저하되는 것을 방지할 수 있도록 한 급탕기능을 갖는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템을 제공함에 그 목적이 있다.The present invention has been made to solve the problems of the conventional heating and cooling heat pump system, by four refrigerant pipes connecting the indoor unit and the outdoor unit, and the refrigerant circulation by the two four-way valve, the simple refrigerant switching As well as cooling, heating and hot water supply, as well as cooling and hot water supply, heating and hot water supply can be used in parallel, and a hybrid having a hot water supply function to prevent the hot water supply efficiency from being lowered when mixing cooling and heating and hot water supply. The purpose is to provide a heat pump system.

상기 목적을 달성하기 위한 수단으로 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 실외기와, 실내기 및 제어부의 제어에 의해 제어되어 상기 실외기와 실내기를 순환하는 냉난방용 냉매순환부와, 압축기, 4방변밸브, 실외열교환기, 팽창밸브 및 실내열교환기가 연속적으로 설치되어 냉매흐름절환에 따라 냉난방을 선택적으로 수행하는 냉난방시스템에 있어서, 상기 압축기 출구의 고온고압의 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기로 경유시켜 급탕효율을 최적화 하도록 실외기와 실내기를 연결하는 4개의 냉매배관과; 냉매회로를 전환하는 2개의 4방변 밸브와; 압축기로부터 토출되는 냉매가스가 순환되는 급탕열교환기가 더 포함되어 이루어진다.As a means for achieving the above object, the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention includes an outdoor unit, a refrigerant circulating unit for cooling and heating circulating the outdoor unit and an indoor unit controlled by control of an indoor unit and a control unit, a compressor, a four-way valve, and outdoor heat exchange. Air conditioner, expansion valve and indoor heat exchanger are continuously installed to selectively perform heating and cooling according to the refrigerant flow switching, the outdoor unit to optimize the hot water supply efficiency by passing the high-temperature, high-pressure refrigerant gas from the compressor outlet to the hot water supply heat exchanger Four refrigerant pipes connecting the indoor unit; Two four-way valves for switching the refrigerant circuit; It further comprises a hot water supply heat exchanger for circulating the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor.

상기 4개의 냉매배관은, 상기 압축기로부터 토출된 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기측으로 유도하는 제1냉매배관과; 상기 제1냉매배관에 의해 급탕열교환기측으로 유 도된 냉매가스가 상기 실외기측으로 순환되도록 하는 제2냉매배관과; 상기 제2냉매배관에 의해 실외기측으로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실내열교환기측으로 순환하는 제3냉매배관과; 상기 실내열교환기로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실외열교환기측으로 순환시키는 제4냉매배관으로 구성된다.The four refrigerant pipes include: a first refrigerant pipe guiding refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor to a hot water heat exchanger side; A second refrigerant pipe configured to circulate the refrigerant gas induced to the hot water heat exchanger side by the first refrigerant pipe to the outdoor unit side; A third refrigerant pipe circulating the refrigerant gas circulated to the outdoor unit by the second refrigerant pipe to the indoor heat exchanger side; And a fourth refrigerant pipe circulating the refrigerant gas circulated to the indoor heat exchanger to the outdoor heat exchanger.

또한, 상기 급탕열교환기는, 수도전으로부터 공급되는 직수가 유입되는 유입관과 상기 유입관으로부터 유입된 직수가 토출되어 급탕수를 사용자에게 공급하는 토출관이 연결되어 열교환되는 열교환관과; 내부에 축열수가 수용된 축열탱크와; 상기 축열탱크의 상부와 중부에 각각 연결되고 개폐밸브에 의해 개폐되며 상기 제1냉매배관과 연결된 판형열교환기에 의해 열교환되어 축열탱크의 내부에 축열수를 공급하는 2개의 입수관과; 상기 축열탱크의 내부에 수용되는 축열수를 가열하는 히터로 구성될 수 있다.The hot water supply heat exchanger may include: a heat exchange tube connected to an inflow pipe through which direct water supplied from a tap water flows in and a direct discharge water flowing through the inflow pipe to supply a hot water supply to a user; A heat storage tank in which heat storage water is received; Two inlet pipes connected to an upper portion and a middle portion of the heat storage tank and opened and closed by an on / off valve and heat exchanged by a plate heat exchanger connected to the first refrigerant pipe to supply heat storage water to the inside of the heat storage tank; It may be configured as a heater for heating the heat storage water received in the heat storage tank.

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 하나의 유닛에 의해 냉방 및 난방수단으로 사용할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 급탕기능을 병행하여 사용하도록 하여 범용성이 뛰어나도록 하고, 냉방운전과 난방운전 및 급탕운전이 하나의 제어부에 의해 이루어지도록 하여 사용성이 향상되도록 하며, 냉난방 운전에 관계없이 급탕기능을 사용할 수 있어, 항시 일정한 온도의 따뜻한 온수를 사용자가 사용할 수 있다.Hybrid heat pump system of the present invention, not only can be used as a cooling and heating means by one unit, but also to be used in parallel with the hot water supply function to have excellent versatility, and the cooling operation, heating operation and hot water operation is one control unit In order to improve the usability by using, and the hot water supply function can be used regardless of the heating and cooling operation, the user can always use the warm hot water of a constant temperature.

더욱이, 실내기와 실외기를 연결하여 냉매가스가 순환되는 4개의 연결배관과, 2개의 4방변밸브에 의해 간단한 냉매전환으로 냉방과, 난방 및 냉방/급탕, 난방/급탕 운전이 효율적으로 이루어지고 급탕효율이 증대된다.Furthermore, four connection pipes for circulating the refrigerant gas by connecting the indoor unit and the outdoor unit, and two four-way valves make cooling and heating, heating and cooling / hot water supply, and heating / hot water supply efficient by simple refrigerant changeover. Is increased.

본 발명의 특징 및 이점들은 첨부도면에 의거한 다음의 상세한 설명으로 더욱 명백해질 것이며, 본 명세서 및 청구범위에 사용된 용어나 단어는 발명자가 그 자신의 발명을 가장 최선의 방법으로 설명하기 위해 용어의 개념을 적절하게 정의할 수 있다는 원칙에 입각하여 본 발명의 기술적 사상에 부합하는 의미와 개념으로 해석되어야만 한다.The features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description based on the accompanying drawings, and the terminology or words used in the specification and claims are used to explain the invention in its best way. Based on the principle that the concept of can be properly defined, it should be interpreted as meaning and concept corresponding to the technical idea of the present invention.

도 1 내지 도 5는 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 구성예를 각각 나타낸 구성도이다.1 to 5 are each a configuration diagram showing a configuration example of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도시된 바와 같이 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 실외기와, 실내기 및 제어부의 제어에 의해 제어되어 상기 실외기와 실내기를 순환하는 냉난방용 냉매순환부와, 압축기, 4방변밸브, 실외열교환기, 팽창밸브 및 실내열교환기가 연속적으로 설치되어 냉매흐름절환에 따라 냉난방을 선택적으로 수행하는 냉난방시스템에 있어서, 상기 압축기(1) 출구의 고온고압의 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기로 경유시켜 급탕효율을 최적화 하도록 실외기(2)와 실내기(3)를 연결하는 4개의 냉매배관(100)과, 냉매회로를 전환하는 2개의 4방변 밸브(110)(120)와, 압축기(1)로부터 토출되는 냉매가스가 순환되는 급탕열교환기(200)로 구성되어 이루어진다.As shown, the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention includes an outdoor unit, a refrigerant circulation unit for cooling and heating, which is controlled by control of an indoor unit and a control unit, and circulates the outdoor unit and an indoor unit, a compressor, a four-way valve, an outdoor heat exchanger, and an expansion valve. And an indoor heat exchanger continuously installed to selectively perform heating and cooling according to the refrigerant flow switching, wherein the outdoor unit is configured to optimize the hot water supply efficiency by passing the high-temperature, high-pressure refrigerant gas at the outlet of the compressor (1) to the hot water supply heat exchanger. ) Four refrigerant pipes (100) connecting the indoor unit (3), two four-way valves (110) and (120) for switching the refrigerant circuit, and a hot water heat exchange in which refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor (1) is circulated. It consists of a group 200.

상기 4개의 냉매배관(100)은, 상기 압축기(1)로부터 토출된 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기(200)측으로 유도하는 제1냉매배관(101)과, 상기 제1냉매배관(101)에 의해 급탕열교환기(200)측으로 유도된 냉매가스가 상기 실외기(2)측으로 순환되도록 하 는 제2냉매배관(102)과, 상기 제2냉매배관(102)에 의해 실외기(2)측으로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실내열교환기(4)측으로 순환하는 제3냉매배관(103)과, 상기 실내열교환기(4)로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실외열교환기(5)측으로 순환시키는 제4냉매배관(104)으로 구성된다.The four refrigerant pipes 100 include a first refrigerant pipe 101 for guiding the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor 1 toward the hot water supply heat exchanger 200, and a hot water supply by the first refrigerant pipe 101. The refrigerant gas circulated to the outdoor unit 2 by the second refrigerant pipe 102 and the second refrigerant pipe 102 to circulate the refrigerant gas guided to the heat exchanger 200 side to the outdoor unit 2 side. And a third refrigerant pipe 103 circulating to the indoor heat exchanger 4 side, and a fourth refrigerant pipe 104 to circulate the refrigerant gas circulated to the indoor heat exchanger 4 to the outdoor heat exchanger 5 side. .

또한, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)는, 수도전으로부터 공급되는 직수가 유입되는 유입관(211)과 상기 유입관(211)으로부터 유입된 직수가 토출되어 급탕수를 사용자에게 공급하는 토출관(212)이 연결되어 열교환되는 열교환관(213)과, 내부에 축열수가 수용된 축열탱크(214)와, 상기 축열탱크(214)의 상부와 중부에 각각 연결되고 개폐밸브에 의해 개폐되며 상기 제1냉매배관(101)과 연결된 판형열교환기(215)에 의해 열교환되어 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 축열수를 공급하는 2개의 입수관(216)(216)과, 상기 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 수용되는 축열수를 가열하는 히터(217)로 구성된다.
그러나 본 발명에 따른 급탕열교환기(200)는 전술된 구성에 특별히 한정될 필요는 없으며, 첨부된 도면 도3에 도시된 바와 같이, 축열탱크(221), 축열탱크(221)의 내부에 장입되고 제1냉매배관(101)의 끝단부와 제2냉매배관(102)의 끝단부를 연결하는 지그재그형의 배관연결부(222), 축열탱크(221) 내부에 일측이 장입되어 직수가 유입되는 유입관(223) 및 급탕수가 토출되는 토출관(224) 및 유입관(223)과 토출관(224)을 연결하는 지그재그형 연결관(225)을 포함하여 구성될 수도 있음에 유의한다. 여기서, 토출관(224)은 축열탱크(221)에 직접 연결되는 것이 바람직하다.
또한, 첨부된 도면 도5에 도시된 바와 같이, 급탕열교환기(200)는, 직수가 유입되는 유입관(231), 급탕수가 토출되는 토출관(232), 유입관(231)과 토출관(232)을 연결하는 지그재그형 열교환부(233) 및 지그재그형 열교환부(233)의 외부를 따라 설치되어 유입관(231)으로부터 유입되는 직수를 열교환하고, 제1냉매배관(101)과 제2냉매배관(102)이 각각 연결된 이중열교환부(234)로 구성될 수도 있다.
상기 급탕열교환기(200)의 축열탱크(214) 내부측으로 장입되는 유입관(211)과 토출관(212)은 연결관에 의해 연결되지 않고, 각각 독립되어 직접적으로 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 일측이 장입구성될 수 있다.
In addition, the hot water supply heat exchanger 200, the inlet pipe 211 through which the direct water supplied from the tap water flows in and the discharge pipe 212 through which the direct water introduced from the inlet pipe 211 is discharged to supply the hot water supply to the user. Heat exchange tube 213 is connected to the heat exchange, the heat storage tank 214, the heat storage water is accommodated therein, and the upper and middle portions of the heat storage tank 214, respectively, is opened and closed by an opening and closing valve and the first refrigerant pipe Two inlet pipes 216 and 216 which are heat-exchanged by the plate heat exchanger 215 connected to the 101 and supply the heat storage water to the heat storage tank 214, and accommodated inside the heat storage tank 214. It consists of the heater 217 which heats the heat storage water which becomes.
However, the hot water heat exchanger 200 according to the present invention does not need to be particularly limited to the above-described configuration, and as shown in FIG. 3, the heat storage tank 221 and the heat storage tank 221 are charged inside the heat storage tank 221. An inlet pipe into which one side is inserted into the zigzag-type pipe connection part 222 connecting the end of the first refrigerant pipe 101 and the end of the second refrigerant pipe 102 and the heat storage tank 221 to inject the direct water into the pipe ( 223 and the discharge tube 224 for discharging the hot water and the zigzag connection tube 225 for connecting the inlet tube 223 and the discharge tube 224 may be configured. Here, the discharge pipe 224 is preferably directly connected to the heat storage tank 221.
In addition, as shown in FIG. 5, the hot water supply heat exchanger 200 includes an inlet pipe 231 through which direct water flows, a discharge pipe 232 through which hot water is discharged, an inlet pipe 231, and a discharge pipe ( It is installed along the outside of the zigzag heat exchanger 233 and the zigzag heat exchanger 233 connecting 232 to heat the direct water flowing from the inlet pipe 231, the first refrigerant pipe 101 and the second refrigerant The pipe 102 may be composed of a double heat exchanger 234 connected to each other.
The inlet pipe 211 and the discharge pipe 212, which are charged into the heat storage tank 214 of the hot water heat exchanger 200, are not connected to each other by a connection pipe, but are independent of each other and directly inside the heat storage tank 214. One side may be charged.

삭제delete

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 냉방과 급탕, 난방과 급탕은 물론, 냉방, 난방, 급탕이 각각 별도로 운전되어 사용자가 필요한 운전을 선택하여 사용할 수 있음으로써 범용성이 향상될 뿐만 아니라 실외기(2)와 실내기(3)를 연결하는 4개의 냉매배관(100)에 의해 급탕효율성이 크게 향상된다.Hybrid heat pump system of the present invention configured as described above, the cooling and hot water supply, heating and hot water supply, as well as the cooling, heating, hot water supply is operated separately, so that the user can select and use the required operation as well as improve the versatility outdoor unit The hot water supply efficiency is greatly improved by the four refrigerant pipes 100 connecting the indoor unit 3 and the indoor unit 3.

본 발명인 급탕기능을 갖는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 실내기에 구비된 마이컴 콘트롤러(미도시)에 의해 제어되며 사용자가 냉방과 급탕모드를 선택하여 가동시키면, 냉방모드와 급탕모드가 동시에 가동되는 것으로, 이와 같이 냉방과 급탕기능이 동시에 이루어질 때, 실내온도가 설정된 희망온도에 도달하면 급탕단독모드로 절환되고, 축열탱크의 물온도가 희망온도에 도달하면 냉방단독모드로 자동절환되어 운전되며, 냉방과 급탕기능이 모두 설정된 온도에 도달하면 양 모드는 운전대기상태로 전환된다.The hybrid heat pump system having a hot water supply function of the present invention is controlled by a microcomputer controller (not shown) provided in an indoor unit, and when a user selects and operates a cooling and hot water mode, the cooling mode and the hot water mode are simultaneously operated. When the cooling and hot water supply function is performed at the same time, when the indoor temperature reaches the set desired temperature, it is switched to the hot water alone mode, and when the water temperature of the heat storage tank reaches the desired temperature, it is automatically switched to the cooling alone mode and operated. When both functions reach the set temperature, both modes will switch to standby mode.

또한, 본 발명인 급탕기능을 갖는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은, 실내기에 구비된 마이컴 콘트롤러에 의해 난방과 급탕기능이 동시에 가동될 수 있으며, 사용자가 난방과 급탕기능을 선택하여 구동시키면 실내의 난방과 급탕수의 공급이 진행되는 바, 실내온도가 설정된 온도에 도달하면 급탕단독모드로 절환되고, 축열탱크의 물온도가 설정된 온도에 도달하면 난방단독모드로 절환되며, 난방과 급탕수 모두 설정된 온도에 도달되면, 양 모드는 운전대기 상태로 전환된다.In addition, the present invention hybrid heat pump system having a hot water supply function, the heating and hot water supply function can be operated at the same time by the microcomputer controller provided in the indoor unit, when the user selects and drives the heating and hot water supply function of the room heating and hot water supply When the supply temperature is in progress, when the indoor temperature reaches the set temperature, it is switched to the hot water supply alone mode. When the water temperature of the heat storage tank reaches the set temperature, it is switched to the heating alone mode. Both modes are switched to standby mode.

본 발명인 급탕기능을 갖는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 냉방운전은, 도 6에 도시된 바와 같이 압축기(1)에서 토출된 고온고압의 냉매가스가 제1냉매배관(101)을 지나 4방변밸브(110)에 의해 전환되어 실외열교환기(5)에서 방열되어 응축액화한 후, 실내기(3)의 팽창기구를 지나 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 다음, 증발기로 유입되어 실내의 공기로부터 열을 흡입하여 저온저압가스로 상변화되어 4방변밸브(120)를 지나 다시 압축기(1)로 유입되는 사이클이 반복되어 이루어진다.In the cooling operation of the hybrid heat pump system having the hot water supply function of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 6, the high-temperature, high-pressure refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor 1 passes through the first refrigerant pipe 101 and the four-way valve 110. By the heat exchanger (5), heat dissipates and condensates the liquid, passes through the expansion mechanism of the indoor unit (3), thermally expands with low temperature low pressure liquid, and then flows into the evaporator to suck heat from the air in the room The phase change into the gas passes through the four-way valve 120 and the cycle flowing back into the compressor 1 is repeated.

또한, 난방운전은 도 7에 도시된 바와 같이, 압축기(1)에서 토출된 고온고압의 냉매가스가 제1냉매배관(101)을 통해 실내기(3)의 급탕열교환기(200)로 유입된 후 제2냉매배관(102)을 지나 4방변밸브(110)(120)의 전환에 의해 실내기(3)에 설치된 실내열교환기(4)에서 방열하여 응축액화 하는 바, 이 때 응축열을 송풍팬으로 실내로 유입시켜 실내의 난방이 이루어진다. 또한, 응축액화된 냉매가스는 제4냉매배관(104)를 지나 4방변밸브(110)의 전환에 의해 실외기(2)의 수액기에 인입되어 실외측 팽창기구를 지나 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 후, 실외열교환기(5)에서 외부의 열을 흡입하여 저온저압가스로 상변화한 후, 4방변 밸브(120)를 지나 다시 압축기(1)로 유입되는 사이클이 반복되어 이루어진다.In addition, the heating operation, as shown in Figure 7, after the high-temperature, high-pressure refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor 1 is introduced into the hot water supply heat exchanger 200 of the indoor unit 3 through the first refrigerant pipe 101 The heat exchanger 4 is installed in the indoor unit 3 by switching the four-way valves 110 and 120 after passing through the second refrigerant pipe 102 to condense and condensate the liquid. By heating the room is heated. In addition, the condensed refrigerant gas is introduced into the receiver of the outdoor unit 2 by switching the four-way valve 110 after passing through the fourth refrigerant pipe 104, and thermally expands into a low temperature low pressure liquid through the outdoor expansion mechanism. In addition, the outdoor heat exchanger 5 sucks external heat to change phase into a low temperature low pressure gas, and then passes through the four-way valve 120 to the compressor 1 again.

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 급탕운전은 도 8에 도시된 바와 같이, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)에 의해 이루어지는 바, 상기 축열탱크(214)의 내부에서 유입관(211)을 통해 유입된 직수가 토출관(212) 및 이들을 연결하는 열교환관(213)을 타고 순환되는 과정에서 열교환이 이루어지고, 이 때, 상기 열교환관(213)이 축열탱크(214)의 내부에서 간접적으로 열교환되어 상기 히터(217)에 의해 데워진 축열탱크(214)의 내부 축열수에 의해 급탕이 공급된다.Hot water supply operation of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention is made by the hot water heat exchanger 200, as shown in Figure 8, the direct water flowing through the inlet pipe 211 in the heat storage tank 214 Heat exchange is performed in the process of circulating through the discharge tube 212 and the heat exchange tube 213 connecting them, and at this time, the heat exchange tube 213 is indirectly heat exchanged inside the heat storage tank 214 to the heater ( Hot water supply is supplied by the internal heat storage water of the heat storage tank 214 warmed by 217.

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 급탕운전시의 냉매순환은, 압축기(1)에서 토출된 냉매가스가 제1냉매배관(101)을 지나 실내기(3)의 급탕열교환기(200)의 판형열교환기(215)를 지나면서 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 장입되는 2개의 입수관(216)을 통해 급탕수를 제조 한 다음, 응축액화되며 실내기(3)의 팽창기구에서 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 후, 제2냉매배관(102)을 지나 4방변밸브(110)의 전환에 의해 증발기에 유입되어 실내의 공기로부터 흡열하여 저온저압가스로 상변화한 후 다시 4방변밸브(120)의 전환에 의해 압축기(1)로 유입되어 순환된다.In the hot water circulation operation of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention, the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor 1 passes through the first refrigerant pipe 101 and the plate heat exchanger of the hot water heat exchanger 200 of the indoor unit 3 ( After passing through the water supply tank 216 is inserted into the heat storage tank 214 while passing through the 215, the hot water is manufactured, and then condensed into liquid and adiabatic expansion with low temperature and low pressure liquid in the expansion mechanism of the indoor unit 3 After passing through the second refrigerant pipe 102, the four-way valve 110 is introduced into the evaporator and absorbed from the air in the room to change into a low-temperature low-pressure gas, and then the compressor is switched by the four-way valve 120 again. It enters and circulates in (1).

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 냉방/급탕운전시의 냉매순환은도 9에 도시된 바와 같이, 압축기(1)에서 토출된 냉매가스가 제1냉매배관(101)을 지나 실내기(3)의 급탕열교환기(200)에서 급탕수 제조 후, 응축액화되며 제2냉매배관(102)와 4방변밸브(110)를 지나 실내기(3)의 팽창기구에서 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 후 증발기로 유입되어 실내의 공기로부터 저온저압가스로 상변화한 다음, 4방변밸브(120)를 지나 압축기(1)로 유입되는 순환이 이루어진다.Refrigerant circulation in the cooling / hot water operation of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention, as shown in Figure 9, the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor (1) passes through the first refrigerant pipe 101, the hot water heat exchange of the indoor unit (3) After the hot water is produced in the gas 200, it is condensed and passed through the second refrigerant pipe 102 and the four-way valve 110 and adiabatic expansion with low-temperature low-pressure liquid in the expansion mechanism of the indoor unit 3, and then introduced into the evaporator After the phase change from the air to the low temperature low pressure gas, the four-way valve 120 is passed through the inlet into the compressor (1).

또한, 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 난방/급탕운전시의 냉매순환은 도 10에 도시된 바와 같이, 압축기(1)에서 토출된 냉매가스가 제1냉매배관(101)을 지나 실내기(3)의 급탕열교환기(200)에서 급탕수 제조 후 응축액화하며 제2냉매배관(102)과 4방변밸브(110)를 지나 실외기(2)의 4방변밸브(120)에 의해 전환되어 제3냉매배관(103)을 지나 실내기(3)의 실내열교환기(4)에서 공기온도를 상승시키고 2차응축되며 다시 제4냉매배관(104)를 지나 실외기(2)의 수액기로 인입되어 수액기출구에서 실외측 팽창기구를 지나 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 후, 실외열교환기(5)에서 외기의 열을 흡열하여 저온저압가수로 상변화 한 다음, 4방변밸브(120)의 전환에 의해 압축기로 유입되는 순환이 이루어진다.In addition, the refrigerant circulation in the heating / hot water operation of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention, as shown in Figure 10, the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor (1) passes the first refrigerant pipe 101 of the indoor unit (3) After the hot water is produced in the hot water heat exchanger 200, the condensate is liquefied, and the second refrigerant pipe 102 and the four-way valve 110 pass through the four-way valve 120 of the outdoor unit 2 to be converted into a third refrigerant pipe ( The air temperature is increased in the indoor heat exchanger (4) of the indoor unit (3) after passing through 103, and condensed secondly, and then is introduced into the receiver of the outdoor unit (2) through the fourth refrigerant pipe (104). After thermal expansion and expansion with low temperature low pressure liquid through the expansion mechanism, the outdoor heat exchanger (5) absorbs the heat of the outside air and changes the phase into a low temperature low pressure singer, and then circulates into the compressor by switching of the four-way valve (120). This is done.

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 제상운전은, 압축기에서 토출된 냉매가스가 실내기(3)측 급탕열교환기(200)를 지나 실외기(2)측 실외열교환기(5)에서 방열하여 실외열교환기(5)를 제상하며, 응축액화한 후 실내기(2)로 유입 실내측 팽창기구를 지나 저온저압액으로 단열팽창한 후, 실내열교환기(4)로부터 흡열하여 저온저압가스로 상변화, 4방변밸브를 지나 압축기로 유입되는 순환에 의해 이루어진 다.In the defrosting operation of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention, the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor radiates from the outdoor heat exchanger (5) to the outdoor heat exchanger (5) through the hot water heat exchanger (200) of the indoor unit (3). ), And after condensing and condensing into the indoor unit (2), passing through the indoor expansion mechanism, adiabatic expansion with low temperature low pressure liquid, and absorbing heat from the indoor heat exchanger (4) to change phase into low temperature low pressure gas, This is done by circulation entering the compressor.

본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템은 도시하고 설명한 것 이외에도 다양하게 변형실시가 가능한 것으로 본 발명의 목적범위를 일탈하지 않는 한, 변형되는 실시예들은 모두 본 발명의 권리범위에 포함되어 해석되어야 한다.The hybrid heat pump system of the present invention is capable of various modifications in addition to those shown and described, so that the embodiments to be modified should all be included in the scope of the present invention without departing from the scope of the present invention.

도 1은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 구성을 나타낸 구성도이다.1 is a configuration diagram showing the configuration of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 2는 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 다른 예를 나타낸 구성도이다.2 is a configuration diagram showing another example of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 3은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 또 다른 예를 나타낸 구성도이다.Figure 3 is a block diagram showing another example of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 4는 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 또 다른 예를 나타낸 구성도이다.Figure 4 is a block diagram showing another example of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 5는 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템의 또 다른 예를 나타낸 구성도이다.5 is a configuration diagram showing another example of the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 6은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 의해 냉방운전시 냉매 흐름을 나타낸 구성도이다.6 is a block diagram showing a refrigerant flow during the cooling operation by the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 7은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 의해 난방운전시 냉매 흐름을 나타낸 구성도이다.Figure 7 is a block diagram showing the refrigerant flow during the heating operation by the present invention hybrid heat pump system.

도 8은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 의해 급탕 운전시 냉매 흐름을 나타낸 구성도이다.8 is a block diagram showing a refrigerant flow during hot water supply operation by the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 9는 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 의해 냉방/급탕운전 시 냉매 흐름을 나타낸 구성도이다.9 is a block diagram showing a refrigerant flow during the cooling / hot water operation by the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

도 10은 본 발명인 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템에 의해 난방/급탕운전 시 냉매 흐름을 나타낸 구성도이다.10 is a block diagram showing a refrigerant flow during the heating / hot water operation by the hybrid heat pump system of the present invention.

<도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

1 : 압축기 2 : 실외기1: compressor 2: outdoor unit

3 : 실내기 4 : 실내열교환기3: indoor unit 4: indoor heat exchanger

5 : 실외열교환기5: outdoor heat exchanger

100 : 냉매배관 101 : 제1냉매배관100: refrigerant piping 101: first refrigerant piping

102 : 제2냉매배관 103 : 제3냉매배관102: second refrigerant piping 103: third refrigerant piping

104 : 제4냉매배관 110, 120 : 4방변밸브104: fourth refrigerant piping 110, 120: four-way valve

200 : 급탕열교환기 211, 223, 231 : 유입관200: hot water supply heat exchanger 211, 223, 231: inlet pipe

212, 224, 232 : 토출관 213 : 열교환관212, 224, 232: discharge tube 213: heat exchanger tube

214, 221 : 축열탱크 215 : 판형열교환기214, 221: heat storage tank 215: plate heat exchanger

216 : 입수관 217 : 히터216: water supply pipe 217: heater

222 : 배관연결부 225 : 연결관222: pipe connection 225: connector

233 : 열교환부 234 : 이중열교환부233: heat exchanger 234: double heat exchanger

Claims (7)

실외기; 실내기 및 제어부의 제어에 의해 제어되어 상기 실외기와 실내기를 순환하는 냉난방용 냉매순환부; 압축기; 4방변밸브; 실외열교환기; 팽창밸브; 및 실내열교환기가 연속적으로 설치되어 냉매흐름절환에 따라 냉난방을 선택적으로 수행하는 냉난방시스템에 있어서,Outdoor unit; A cooling and cooling refrigerant circulation unit which is controlled by an indoor unit and a control unit to circulate the outdoor unit and the indoor unit; compressor; 4-way valve; Outdoor heat exchanger; Expansion valve; In the air-conditioning system and the indoor heat exchanger is installed continuously to selectively perform cooling and heating according to the refrigerant flow switching, 상기 압축기(1) 출구의 고온고압의 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기로 경유시켜 급탕효율을 최적화하도록 실외기(2)와 실내기(3)를 연결하는 4개의 냉매배관(100);Four refrigerant pipes (100) connecting the outdoor unit (2) and the indoor unit (3) to optimize the hot water supply efficiency by passing the high temperature and high pressure refrigerant gas at the outlet of the compressor (1) through the hot water supply heat exchanger; 냉매회로를 전환하는 2개의 4방변 밸브(110)(120); 및Two four-way valves 110 and 120 for switching the refrigerant circuit; And 압축기(1)로부터 토출되는 냉매가스가 순환되는 급탕열교환기(200);를 더 포함하고, And a hot water supply heat exchanger 200 through which refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor 1 is circulated. 상기 4개의 냉매배관(100)은, The four refrigerant pipes 100, 상기 압축기(1)로부터 토출된 냉매가스를 급탕열교환기(200)측으로 유도하는 제1냉매배관(101);A first refrigerant pipe (101) for guiding the refrigerant gas discharged from the compressor (1) to the hot water supply heat exchanger (200) side; 상기 제1냉매배관(101)에 의해 급탕열교환기(200)측으로 유도된 냉매가스가 상기 실외기(2)측으로 순환되도록 하는 제2냉매배관(102);A second refrigerant pipe (102) configured to circulate the refrigerant gas guided to the hot water heat exchanger (200) by the first refrigerant pipe (101) to the outdoor unit (2); 상기 제2냉매배관(102)에 의해 실외기(2)측으로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실내열교환기(4)측으로 순환하는 제3냉매배관(103);A third refrigerant pipe 103 circulating the refrigerant gas circulated to the outdoor unit 2 by the second refrigerant pipe 102 to the indoor heat exchanger 4 side; 상기 실내열교환기(4)로 순환되는 냉매가스를 실외열교환기(5)측으로 순환시키는 제4냉매배관(104);을 포함하여 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템.And a fourth refrigerant pipe (104) for circulating the refrigerant gas circulated to the indoor heat exchanger (4) to the outdoor heat exchanger (5) side. 삭제delete 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)는, The hot water supply heat exchanger 200, 수도전으로부터 공급되는 직수가 유입되는 유입관(211)과 상기 유입관(211)으로부터 유입된 직수가 토출되어 급탕수를 사용자에게 공급하는 토출관(212)이 연결되어 열교환되는 열교환관(213);The heat exchanger tube 213 is connected to the heat exchanger tube 211 is connected to the inlet pipe 211 is introduced into the direct flow water supplied from the tap water and the discharge pipe 212 to supply the hot water supply to the user is discharged ; 내부에 축열수가 수용된 축열탱크(214);A heat storage tank 214 having heat storage water received therein; 상기 축열탱크(214)의 상부와 중부에 각각 연결되고 개폐밸브에 의해 개폐되며 상기 제1냉매배관(101)과 연결된 판형열교환기(215)에 의해 열교환되어 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 축열수를 공급하는 2개의 입수관(216)(216); 및The heat storage water is connected to the upper and middle portions of the heat storage tank 214 and opened and closed by an on / off valve and heat-exchanged by the plate heat exchanger 215 connected to the first refrigerant pipe 101 to store the heat storage water in the heat storage tank 214. Two inlet pipes 216 and 216 for supplying the same; And 상기 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 수용되는 축열수를 가열하는 히터(217);를 포함하여 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템.And a heater (217) for heating the heat storage water received in the heat storage tank (214). 제 3항에 있어서,The method of claim 3, wherein 상기 급탕열교환기(200)의 축열탱크(214) 내부측으로 장입되는 유입관(211)과 토출관(212)은 연결관에 의해 연결되지 않고, 각각 독립되어 직접적으로 축열탱크(214)의 내부에 일측이 장입 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템.The inlet pipe 211 and the discharge pipe 212, which are charged into the heat storage tank 214 of the hot water heat exchanger 200, are not connected to each other by a connection pipe, but are independent of each other and directly inside the heat storage tank 214. Hybrid heat pump system, characterized in that the one side is charged. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)는,The hot water supply heat exchanger 200, 축열탱크(221);Heat storage tank 221; 상기 축열탱크(221)의 내부에 장입되고 상기 제1냉매배관(101)의 끝단부와 제2냉매배관(102)의 끝단부를 연결하는 지그재그형의 배관연결부(222);A zigzag pipe connection portion 222 charged into the heat storage tank 221 and connecting the end of the first refrigerant pipe 101 to the end of the second refrigerant pipe 102; 상기 축열탱크(221) 내부에 일측이 장입되어 직수가 유입되는 유입관(223) 및 급탕수가 토출되는 토출관(224); 및An inlet pipe 223 into which one side is charged into the heat storage tank 221 and direct water flows in, and a discharge pipe 224 in which hot water is discharged; And 상기 유입관(223)과 토출관(224)을 연결하는 지그재그형 연결관(225);을 포함하여 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템.Hybrid heat pump system comprising a; zigzag connection pipe 225 for connecting the inlet pipe 223 and the discharge pipe 224. 제 5항에 있어서,The method of claim 5, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)의 직수가 유입되는 유입관(223)과 급탕수가 토출되는 토출관(224)은, 상기 축열탱크(221)에 직접 연결되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이 브리드 히트펌프 시스템.Hybrid heat pump system, characterized in that the inlet pipe 223 for the direct flow of the hot water supply heat exchanger 200 and the discharge pipe 224 for discharging the hot water is directly connected to the heat storage tank (221). 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 급탕열교환기(200)는,The hot water supply heat exchanger 200, 직수가 유입되는 유입관(231);An inflow pipe 231 into which direct water flows; 급탕수가 토출되는 토출관(232);A discharge tube 232 through which hot water is discharged; 상기 유입관(231)과 토출관(232)을 연결하는 지그재그형 열교환부(233); 및A zigzag heat exchanger 233 connecting the inlet 231 and the outlet 232 to each other; And 상기 지그재그형 열교환부(233)의 외부를 따라 설치되어 상기 유입관(231)으로부터 유입되는 직수를 열교환하고, 상기 제1냉매배관(101)과 제2냉매배관(102)이 각각 연결된 이중열교환부(234)로 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 하이브리드 히트펌프 시스템.A double heat exchanger installed along the outside of the zigzag heat exchanger 233 to heat-exchange direct water flowing from the inlet pipe 231 and to which the first refrigerant pipe 101 and the second refrigerant pipe 102 are respectively connected. Hybrid heat pump system, characterized in that consisting of (234).
KR1020070083181A 2007-08-20 2007-08-20 Hybrid heat pump type heat and cooling system KR100877056B1 (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100917246B1 (en) 2008-09-04 2009-09-16 장광균 A heatpump for heating and/or cooling
KR101374912B1 (en) 2011-06-10 2014-03-25 엘지전자 주식회사 A system for heating water which can operates air conditioning
CN106440282A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Multi-split air conditioner heat recovery system and multi-split air conditioner provided with same

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200390333Y1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2005-07-21 주식회사 이에이치피 Heat pump type air conditioning and heating system

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200390333Y1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2005-07-21 주식회사 이에이치피 Heat pump type air conditioning and heating system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100917246B1 (en) 2008-09-04 2009-09-16 장광균 A heatpump for heating and/or cooling
KR101374912B1 (en) 2011-06-10 2014-03-25 엘지전자 주식회사 A system for heating water which can operates air conditioning
CN106440282A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Multi-split air conditioner heat recovery system and multi-split air conditioner provided with same

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