KR100722825B1 - The multi angle boring machine attached to a excavator and its excavating method of under the ground - Google Patents

The multi angle boring machine attached to a excavator and its excavating method of under the ground Download PDF

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KR100722825B1
KR100722825B1 KR1020070006370A KR20070006370A KR100722825B1 KR 100722825 B1 KR100722825 B1 KR 100722825B1 KR 1020070006370 A KR1020070006370 A KR 1020070006370A KR 20070006370 A KR20070006370 A KR 20070006370A KR 100722825 B1 KR100722825 B1 KR 100722825B1
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excavator
ground
tip
angle
pipes
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KR1020070006370A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20070017225A (en
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김철암
강진우
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주식회사 일성엔지니어링
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/06Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging screws
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/28Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging tools mounted on a dipper- or bucket-arm, i.e. there is either one arm or a pair of arms, e.g. dippers, buckets
    • E02F3/36Component parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/30Auxiliary apparatus, e.g. for thawing, cracking, blowing-up, or other preparatory treatment of the soil
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS CROSS-CUTTING VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
    • B60Y2200/00Type of vehicle
    • B60Y2200/40Special vehicles
    • B60Y2200/41Construction vehicles, e.g. graders, excavators
    • B60Y2200/412Excavators

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Earth Drilling (AREA)

Abstract

본 발명은 굴삭기에 부착하여 사용하는 다각도천공기 및 이의 지중 천공방법에 관한 것으로서, 이를 보다 상세히 설명하면, 도로나 하천 또는 건물의 측구와 지중의 기존구조물을 손상시키지 않고 상기 구조물의 하부를 수평과 수직 및 경사형으로 관통하는 굴삭기 부착형 다각도천공기 및 이의 천공방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a multi-angle perforator and a method of underground drilling thereof used by attaching to an excavator, which will be described in more detail, without damaging the existing structure of the road and river or the side of the building and the underground structure of the lower and horizontal And it relates to an excavator-attached multi-angle boring machine penetrating obliquely and a drilling method thereof.

종래에는 상·하수도관이나 가스관 또는 통신관을 지중에 매설하는 각종 분기관공사에서, 설치할 분기관이 기 설치된 배수로인 측구의 하부지중을 통과시켜 매설해야하며, 이를 위해 상기 구조물을 분쇄하거나 또는 인력에 의한 굴착작업을 함으로서 작업시간과 인력이 과다소요되어 작업성이 떨어질 뿐만 아니라 분기관 매설시 필요이상의 넓은 공간의 수작업 굴착후 이의 매움작업이 용이하지 않기 때문에 이로 인한 작업완료후 이 주위의 지반침하로 인한 도로 및 건물 파손 등의 폐단이 있었다.Conventionally, in various branch pipe works in which water, sewage pipes, gas pipes, or communication pipes are buried in the ground, the branch pipes to be installed must be buried through the lower ground of the side port, which is a previously installed drainage channel. Excavation work is not necessary due to excessive work time and manpower, and it is not easy to fill up after manual excavation in a large space that is more than necessary when laying branch pipes. There were closures such as road and building damage.

이의 발명요지는 상기한 굴삭기의 버켓연결부에 버켓 대신에 다각도천공기를 부착하되 이 다각도천공기의 후미에는 감속기와 유압모터를 장착하고 다이아몬드팁을 장착한 스크류를 선단부에 설치한 것인바, 이를 구동하여 유압방식으로 지중에서 기 구조물의 하부를 수직과 수평 및 경사형으로 천공하는 것으로서 이는 굴삭기의 본래 기능뿐만 아니라 지중구조물의 손상없이 신속하게 다각도방향으로 천공함으로서 작업시간과 인력을 절감하고 작업후의 하자를 감소함으로서 작업성을 향상시키는 등의 효과가 있다.The invention of the invention is to attach a multi-angle perforator instead of a bucket to the bucket connection of the above-mentioned excavator, but the rear end of the multi-angle perforator equipped with a reduction gear and a hydraulic motor and a screw equipped with a diamond tip at the tip, it is driven by hydraulic In this way, the lower part of the structure is drilled vertically, horizontally, and inclined in the ground, which is not only the original function of the excavator, but also drills quickly in various directions without damaging the underground structure, saving work time and manpower, and reducing after work defects. By doing so, there is an effect of improving workability.

다각도천공기, 굴삭기, 스크류, 감속기, 모터 Multi-angle Drill, Excavator, Screw, Reducer, Motor

Description

굴삭기 부착형 다각도천공기 및 이의 지중 천공방법{The multi angle boring machine attached to a excavator and its excavating method of under the ground}The multi angle boring machine attached to a excavator and its excavating method of under the ground}

도1은 굴삭기에 체결된 상태의 본 발명의 사시도1 is a perspective view of the present invention coupled to an excavator

도2는 본 발명의 분해 사시도2 is an exploded perspective view of the present invention

도3은 다각도천공기 몸체의 단면도Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the multi-angle punch body

도4는 도3의 분리사시도Figure 4 is an exploded perspective view of Figure 3

도5는 본 발명의 실시예도Figure 5 is an embodiment of the present invention

※도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명※ Explanation of symbols for main parts of drawing

1-몸체 2-체결핀 2a-핀공1-body 2-fastening pin 2a-pin ball

4-회전축 4a-끼움부 4b-키홈4-axis 4a-fitting 4b-keyway

5-커플링 5a-키홈 6-감속기5-coupling 5a-keyway 6-reducer

6a-키홈 7-모터 8-키(key)6a-keyway 7-motor 8-key

9-제1작동구 9a-요입홈 9b-돌출부9-First Actuator 9a-Indentation 9b-Protrusion

10-제2작동구 10a-요입홈 10b-돌출부10-Second Actuator 10a-Indentation groove 10b-Protrusion

11-다이아몬드 팁 12-핀 12a-핀공11-diamond tip 12-pin 12a-pin ball

13a,13b-유압호스(in, out) 14-스크류13a, 13b hydraulic hose (in, out) 14 screw

16-시일 17-고정링 18-볼트16-seal 17- retaining ring 18-bolt

19-테이퍼롤러베어링 20-분기관 21-중앙관로19-taper roller bearing 20-branch 21-center pipe

22-측구22-side

본 발명은 굴삭기 부착형 다각도천공기 및 이의 지중 천공방법에 관한 것으로서, 이를 보다 상세히 설명하면, 도로나 하천 제방 또는 건물 측구와 지중의 기존구조물을 손상시키지 않고 이의 하부를 다각도로 관통하는 천공기 및 천공방법에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to an excavator-attached multi-angle boring machine and its underground drilling method, which will be described in more detail, without damaging the existing structure of the road or river embankment or building side and underground, and the drilling machine and drilling method for penetrating the lower portion thereof It is about.

종래에는 상·하수도관이나 가스관 또는 통신관을 지중에 매설하는 대형관로공사에서는 기존의 도로나 하천 또는 지중구조물을 절개하지 않고 구조물 하부를 통과하는 대형 강관을 지중에서 수평방향으로 설치하는 공법이 이용되고 있으나 이는 강한 압입 공법을 사용함에 따라 넓은 공간이 확보되어야 하고 또한 소음과 진 동이 많이 발생하는 등의 단점이 있으며, 각종 분기관공사에서, 설치할 분기관이 기 설치된 배수로인 측구의 하부지중을 통과시켜 매설해야하며, 이를 위해 상기 구조물을 분쇄하거나 또는 인력에 의한 굴착작업을 함으로서 작업시간과 인력이 과다소요되어 작업성이 떨어질 뿐만 아니라 분기관 매설시 필요이상의 넓은 공간의 수작업 굴착후 이의 매움작업이 용이하지 않기 때문에 이로 인한 작업완료후 이 주위의 지반침하로 인한 도로 및 건물 파손 등의 폐단이 있었다.Conventionally, in the large pipeline construction in which water, sewage pipes, gas pipes, or communication pipes are buried in the ground, a method of horizontally installing large steel pipes passing through the lower part of the structure without cutting existing roads, rivers, or underground structures is used. However, this has the disadvantage of having a large space and strong noise and vibration due to the use of a strong indentation method.In various branch pipe constructions, the branch pipe to be installed is passed through the lower ground of the side opening, which is a drainage channel installed. It is necessary to bury the structure. For this purpose, by crushing the structure or carrying out excavation work by manpower, work time and manpower are excessively consumed, and workability is reduced, and the filling work is easy after manual excavation of a large space more than necessary when laying branch pipe. Because of this, the ground subsidence There were evils such as roads and buildings destroyed.

본 발명은 상기의 문제점을 해결하고자 안출한 것으로서, 이의 발명요지는 지상건물의 측구와 이의 지중에 매설된 기존 구조물을 훼손하지 않고 상기 구조물의 하부를 관통하여 이에 상·하수도관이나 가스관 또는 전기통신관 등을 매설하는 다각도천공기 및 이의 천공방법에 관한 것인바, 이는 굴삭기의 버켓연결부에 다각도천공기를 부착하되 이 다각도천공기 몸체(1)의 후미에는 감속기(6)와 유압모터(7)를 연결 설치하고 상기 천공기 몸체의 선단부에는 다이아몬드 팁(11)을 선단에 장착한 제2작동구(10)에 스크류(14)를 설치하여 상기 작동부를 굴삭기의 유압으로 회전구동하여 굴착하는 공법으로서 지중구조물의 손상없이 상기 구조물 하부를 용도에 따라 수평과 수직 및 경사방향으로 천공하는 것이다.The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, the present invention is to penetrate the lower portion of the structure without damaging the side of the ground and the existing structure buried in the underground water and sewage pipe or gas pipe or telecommunication pipe It relates to a multi-angle boring machine for embedding a back and a method of drilling the same, which attaches the multi-angle boring machine to the bucket connection part of the excavator, and connects the reducer (6) and the hydraulic motor (7) to the rear of the multi-angle boring body (1). A screw 14 is installed at the tip of the body of the perforator to install the screw 14 at the tip 10 of the diamond tip 11 at the tip, thereby rotating the drive by hydraulic pressure of the excavator to excavate the structure without damaging the underground structure. Perforating the lower part of the structure in the horizontal, vertical and inclined directions depending on the application.

이를 도면에 의거하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.This will be described in detail with reference to the drawings as follows.

도1에서와 같이 굴삭기의 하단측에 설치되는 다각도천공기 몸체(1)의 구조는 상기 천공기 몸체(1)의 좌우측면 상단부에는 핀공(2a)이 2개씩 형성되어 상부의 버 켓연결부와 체결핀(2)으로 체결되고 상기 몸체(1)의 전·후측면에는 원형상의 구멍을 중심부에 형성하여 이 전·후측 구멍사이로 원기둥형상의 회전축(4)을 몸체(1) 내부에 삽입하되 회전축(4)의 전측 외주연에는 시일(16), 테이퍼롤러베어링(19) 및 고정링(17)을 볼트(18)로 체결하여 결합한 후 이를 회전축(4)의 전측으로 삽입 장착하고 상기 회전축(4)의 후측에는 테이퍼롤러베어링(19)과 커플링(5)을 삽입하여 감속기(6)에 연결하며 상기 회전축(4)의 선단 중심부에는 육각형상의 끼움부(4a)를 돌출형성하고, 이의 후단 상측 주연부에는 키홈(4b)을 요입형으로 형성하고 이 회전축(4)과 커플링(5)을 개재하여 체결되는 감속기(6)의 선단돌출부에도 동일한 크기의 키홈(6a)이 형성되고 상기한 커플링(5)의 내측 주연부에도 같은 크기의 키홈(5a)을 형성하여 상기한 회전축(4)과 감속기(6) 및 커플링(5)의 키홈(4b),(6a)(5a)에 체결용 키(8)를 삽입하여 긴밀하게 체결하고 상기 감속기(6)의 후측에는 유압호스(13a)와 유출호스(13b)가 구비된 유압용 모터(7)가 장착되고, 상기한 회전축(4)의 선단 중심부에는 육각형상의 끼움부(4a)가 몸체(1)의 선단 구멍밖으로 돌출형성되고 상기 회전축(4)과 체결되는 제1작동구(9)의 후미에는 육각형상의 요입홈(9a)이 형성되고 상기 제1작동구(9)의 선단부에는 육각형상의 돌출부(9b)가 돌출형성되고 제1작동구(9) 몸체의 외주연부에는 스크류(14)가 나선형상으로 형성되고 상기 제1작동구(9)의 선단측 돌출부(9b)에 핀(12)을 끼워 삽입 체결되는 제2작동구(10)의 후미에도 육각형상의 요입홈(10a)이 형성되고, 이의 외주연부에도 스크류(14)가 나선형으로 형성되며, 상기 제2작동구(10)의 선단 중심부에는 굴삭용 다이아몬드 팁(11)이 장착된 구조로 구성된다.As shown in FIG. 1, the structure of the multi-angle perforator body 1 installed at the lower side of the excavator has two pin holes 2a formed at the upper left and right sides of the perforator body 1 so that the bucket connection part and the fastening pin of the upper part ( 2) and a circular hole is formed at the center of the front and rear sides of the body 1 so that a cylindrical rotation shaft 4 is inserted into the body 1 between the front and rear holes. At the outer periphery of the seal 16, the tapered roller bearing 19 and the retaining ring 17 is fastened by a bolt (18) and combined, and then inserted into the front side of the rotary shaft (4) and after the rotary shaft (4) A tapered roller bearing 19 and a coupling 5 are inserted into the side to connect to the reducer 6, and a hexagonal fitting portion 4a is protruded at the center of the tip of the rotary shaft 4, and a key groove is formed at the upper periphery of the rear end thereof. (4b) is formed in concave shape, and through this rotating shaft (4) and the coupling (5) A key groove 6a of the same size is formed in the tip protrusion of the reducer 6 to be fastened, and a key groove 5a of the same size is formed in the inner periphery of the coupling 5, so that the rotary shaft 4 and the reducer ( 6) and the fastening key 8 is inserted into the key grooves 4b and 6a and 5a of the coupling 5 and tightly tightened, and the hydraulic hose 13a and the outflow hose are provided at the rear side of the reducer 6. A hydraulic motor 7 equipped with a 13b is mounted, and a hexagonal fitting portion 4a protrudes out of the tip hole of the body 1 at the tip center of the rotary shaft 4, and the rotary shaft 4 Hexagonal recessed grooves 9a are formed at the rear of the first operating tool 9 to be engaged with the first operating tool, and a hexagonal protrusion 9b is protruded from the front end of the first operating tool 9 and the first operating tool 9 The second work is formed in the outer periphery of the body screw 14 is formed in a spiral shape and the pin 12 is inserted into the protruding portion 9b of the first operating port 9 by inserting and fastening Hexagonal recessed grooves 10a are formed in the rear of the sphere 10, and screws 14 are spirally formed in the outer periphery thereof, and the excavation diamond tip 11 is formed at the center of the distal end of the second operation port 10. ) Is constructed with a mounted structure.

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명의 실시예는 다음과 같다.Embodiments of the present invention configured as described above are as follows.

지표면 아래의 지중에 상·하수도관이나 가스관 또는 통신관 등의 분기관(20)을 연결 설치하는 작업을 할 경우에는, 먼저 중앙관로(21)에서 건물쪽 측구(22)와 기 설치된 분기관 및 지중구조물의 근접거리까지는 통상의 굴삭기로 지표면을 굴삭한 다음 상기한 측구(22) 등의 지중구조물을 손상하지 않기 위하여 상기한 굴삭기의 하단의 버켓연결부에 버켓대신에, 본 발명인 다각도천공기를 부착한 다음 유압모터와 감속기를 작동하여 다이아몬드 팁(11)이 장착된 제2작동구(10)를 사용하여 상기한 지중구조물의 하부를 작업용도에 따라 수평방향과 수직방향 및 경사형으로 관통한 다음 이 통로에 필요한 장치들을 설치하는 것으로서, 지중구조물의 크기와 작업형태에 따라 이의 하부를 수평과 수직 및 경사형으로 천공하는 작동부의 개수를 증감 설치할 수 있다.In the case of connecting and installing branch pipes 20 such as water and sewage pipes, gas pipes, and communication pipes in the ground below the ground, first, the branch side 22 and the branch pipes already installed in the central pipe passage 21 are installed. Excavate the ground surface with a conventional excavator to a close distance of the structure, and then attach the angled perforator of the present invention to the bucket connection part of the lower end of the excavator so as not to damage the underground structures such as the side openings 22 and the like. The hydraulic motor and the reducer are operated to penetrate the lower part of the above-mentioned underground structure in the horizontal direction, the vertical direction and the inclined shape according to the work purpose by using the second operation tool 10 equipped with the diamond tip 11. By installing the necessary devices, the number of actuators for drilling the lower part horizontally, vertically, and inclinedly can be increased or decreased according to the size and work type of the underground structure. .

상기한 바와 같이, 본 발명은 굴삭기 부착형 다각도천공기 및 이의 지중 천공방법에 관한 것으로, 이는 지중의 구조물을 절개하는 종래의 굴착방법과 달리 지중의 측구(22) 등의 구조물을 손상시키지 않고 이의 하부를 용이하게 천공하는 장치인 바 이는 작업인원을 줄이고 하자 및 위험성을 줄여 작업시간을 단축함으로서 경비를 절감할 뿐만 아니라 인력에 의한 작업시 안전사고를 방지하고 작업능률을 증대할 수 있다. 또한 매설하고자 하는 관의 직경에 맞는 크기의 스크류(14)를 사용하여 굴착함으로서 관매설후 지반침하 등의 피해를 방지할 수 있기 때문에 공사후 하자보수가 발생하지 않는 장점이 있는 것이다.As described above, the present invention relates to an excavator-attached multi-angle drill and its underground drilling method, which, unlike the conventional excavation method of cutting the underground structure, does not damage the structure such as the side port 22 of the ground without damaging the lower part thereof. It is a device for easy drilling, which can reduce the number of workers and reduce the work time by reducing defects and risks, which can reduce costs and prevent safety accidents and increase work efficiency. In addition, it is possible to prevent damages such as ground subsidence after embedding the pipe by digging by using a screw 14 having a size corresponding to the diameter of the pipe to be buried.

Claims (2)

몸체(1)의 좌우측면 상단부에 2개씩 형성된 핀공(2a)과 상부의 버켓연결부가 체결핀(2)으로 체결되고, 몸체(1)의 전·후측 중심부에 형성된 원형상의 구멍사이로 원기둥형상의 회전축(4)을 몸체(1)의 내부에 삽입하되 회전축(4)의 전측 외주연에는 시일(16)과 테이퍼롤러베어링(19) 및 고정링(17)을 볼트(18)로 체결하여 회전축(4)의 전측으로 장착하고, 상기 회전축(4)의 후측에는 테이퍼롤러베어링(19)과 커플링(5)을 삽입하여 감속기(6)에 연결하며, 상기 회전축(4)의 선단 중심부에는 육각형상의 끼움부(4a)를 돌출형성하고, 상기 회전축(4)의 후단 상측 주연부에 형성한 홈(4b)과 감속기(6)의 선단돌출부에 형성한 키홈(6a) 및 커플링(5)의 내측 주연부에 형성한 키홈(5a)에 체결용 키(8)를 삽입하여 긴밀하게 체결하고, 상기 감속기(6)의 후측에는 유입 및 유출호스(13a)(13b)가 구비된 유압용 모터(7)가 장착되고, 상기 회전축(4)의 선단 중심부에 육각형상의 끼움부(4a)가 몸체(1)의 선단 구멍밖으로 돌출 형성되어 제1작동구(9)의 후미에 형성된 육각형상의 요입홈(9a)과 체결되고, 상기 제1작동구(9)의 선단부에 형성된 육각형상의 돌출부(9b)와 제2작동구(10)의 후미에 형성된 육각형상의 요입홈(10a)을 끼워 삽입한 후 핀공(12a)에 핀(12)을 끼워 체결되며, 상기 제1작동구(9)와 상기 제2작동구(10)의 외주연부에는 스크류(14)가 나선형으로 형성되고, 상기 제2작동구(10)의 선단 중심부에는 굴삭용 다이아몬드 팁(11)이 장착되는 것을 특징으로 하는 굴착기 부착형 다각도천공기.The pin hole 2a formed at the upper left and right sides of the body 1 and the bucket connection part of the upper part are fastened by the fastening pins 2, and a cylindrical shaft is formed between the circular holes formed in the front and rear centers of the body 1. (4) is inserted into the inside of the body (1), the outer shaft of the front side of the rotating shaft (4) by fastening the seal 16, the tapered roller bearing (19) and the retaining ring (17) with a bolt (18) to the rotating shaft (4). ), And a tapered roller bearing 19 and a coupling 5 are inserted into the rear side of the rotary shaft 4 and connected to the reducer 6, and a hexagonal fitting is inserted into the center of the tip of the rotary shaft 4. The inner periphery of the key groove 6a and the coupling 5 formed in the groove 4b formed in the upper periphery of the rear end of the rotary shaft 4 and the protruding portion of the reduction gear 6 are formed by protruding the portion 4a. A fastening key 8 is inserted into the formed key groove 5a and tightly tightened. The inlet and outlet hoses 13a and 13b are provided at the rear side of the reducer 6. Is equipped with a hydraulic motor (7), the hexagonal fitting portion (4a) is formed in the center of the front end of the rotary shaft 4 protruding out of the end hole of the body (1) to the rear of the first operating port (9) It is engaged with the formed hexagonal recessed groove (9a), the hexagonal projection 9b formed in the front end of the first operating port (9) and the hexagonal recessed groove (10a) formed in the rear of the second operating port 10 After insertion, the pin 12 is inserted into the pin hole 12a to be fastened. A screw 14 is formed in a spiral shape on the outer periphery of the first operation tool 9 and the second operation tool 10. Excavator-attached multi-angle perforator, characterized in that the excavation diamond tip (11) is mounted on the tip center of the two operation port (10). 삭제delete
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KR100877661B1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2009-01-09 (주)서림건설 Hammer drill with air pressure impact apparatus
KR100769088B1 (en) * 2007-06-21 2007-10-22 주식회사 일성엔지니어링 An multiple-purpose apparatus for adjusting the boring angle
KR100769089B1 (en) * 2007-06-21 2007-10-22 주식회사 일성엔지니어링 A rock boring machine adjustable to multi angles
KR100786641B1 (en) * 2007-06-21 2007-12-21 주식회사 일성엔지니어링 An apparatus for inserting mortar into the boring hole in multi angle positions
KR100911341B1 (en) * 2007-10-26 2009-08-07 주식회사 일성엔지니어링 Method of piercing hole in the underground using an excavator and an apparatus therefore
KR101461597B1 (en) * 2012-07-17 2014-11-18 (주)에스엔씨 Vibrator for excavating machine
KR102527573B1 (en) * 2021-01-29 2023-05-11 주식회사 이건 Core drill system for connection to the excavator

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