KR100573084B1 - Self closing means for a slide - Google Patents

Self closing means for a slide Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100573084B1
KR100573084B1 KR1020050047588A KR20050047588A KR100573084B1 KR 100573084 B1 KR100573084 B1 KR 100573084B1 KR 1020050047588 A KR1020050047588 A KR 1020050047588A KR 20050047588 A KR20050047588 A KR 20050047588A KR 100573084 B1 KR100573084 B1 KR 100573084B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
moving
moving pin
slide
guide
fixing
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020050047588A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20050062502A (en
Inventor
박윤식
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박윤식
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Priority to KR1020040080602 priority Critical
Priority to KR20040080602 priority
Application filed by 박윤식 filed Critical 박윤식
Publication of KR20050062502A publication Critical patent/KR20050062502A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100573084B1 publication Critical patent/KR100573084B1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/453Actuated drawers
    • A47B88/46Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs
    • A47B88/467Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs self-closing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B2210/00General construction of drawers, guides and guide devices
    • A47B2210/0091Drawer movement damping
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/473Braking devices, e.g. linear or rotational dampers or friction brakes; Buffers; End stops
    • A47B88/477Buffers; End stops
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/90Constructional details of drawers
    • A47B88/919Accessories or additional elements for drawers, e.g. drawer lighting
    • A47B88/931Rails or rods mounted above the drawer walls, e.g. for stabilisation of the drawer or for suspension of the content

Abstract

 The present invention relates to an automatic closing device for a slide that moves the housing to the fully closed position when the housing such as a drawer is moved to the closed position.
  According to the present invention, the automatic closing device for a slide is composed of a pair of springs, a moving pin, a moving pin guide, a plate-shaped moving member, and a plate-shaped fixing member. At this time, the moving pin includes a support pillar, a support plate, and a guide. It is preferred that the cross section has a cylindrical shape, and the moving pin guide includes a moving pin guide groove formed by a moving pin inlet formed by two entrance surfaces and a moving pin engaging portion formed by three engaging surfaces, and a first The moving member has a plate-shaped portion having a groove at its central portion, a sliding pillar portion integrally formed with the plate-shaped portion, and a spring engaging portion to which one side of the spring is coupled. A support pillar having a spring coupling portion coupled to one side, a protruding pillar having a sliding member sliding portion formed on both sides and a moving pin guide portion formed inside, a head portion, and a second grain It has means.
 According to the present invention, the spring to be used is not broken at an early stage, and an automatic closing device having a simple structure and low manufacturing cost is obtained.
Slide, automatic closing device, moving pin, fixing member, moving member, moving pin guide

Description

Self closing means for a slide}

1 is a cross-sectional view of a three-member slide.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a three-member slide with an automatic closing device according to the present invention.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the automatic closing device according to the present invention.

4 is a perspective view of a moving pin.

5a to 5c are a perspective view, a back view and a front view of a moving pin guide, respectively.

6A and 6B are a perspective view and a front view of the movable member.

Fig. 6C is a sectional view of the moving member as seen in direction B of Fig. 6A.

7A and 7B are front and rear views of the fixing member.

Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken along the line A-A in Fig. 7a;

Figure 9 is a perspective view showing a state in which only the moving pin is fixed to the fixing member.

10A and 10B are views illustrating a state in which a moving pin is positioned at an end portion of a linear guide part of a moving pin guide part of a fixing member and is caught in a curved guide part;

11 is a view showing a state in which the moving pin is separated from the moving pin guide.

Figure 12 is a view showing a state in which the moving pin guide coupled with the moving pin hanging on the curved guide portion.

Figure 13 shows that the moving pin guide is in the fully retracted position of the slide by the force of the spring in combination with the moving pin.

14 shows that the automatic closing device is in an abnormal operating state.

15 is a view showing that the moving pin guide is formed on the inner moving rail end portion.

The present invention relates to an automatic closing device for a slide, and more particularly, an automatic closing device for a slide for automatically moving the receiving part to a fully closed position by elastic contraction force by a spring when the receiving part such as a drawer is moved to a closed position. It is about.

 The slides are mounted in pairs so as to be symmetrical with each other on the inner wall of the inner space of the main body in which the storage part is located, and the members are moved to the closed position and the open position in a sliding manner with respect to the main body. It is a drawer such as a wardrobe or a toilet, and besides, it has a storage unit like a kimchi refrigerator and can be used wherever the storage unit needs to be sealed or opened in a sliding manner with respect to the main body.

Conventionally, the force should be applied to the housing until the housing is completely closed, and if the housing is closed with too much force, the housing will reopen due to impact repulsion with the body. By installing the slide to prevent the opening of the housing and to close automatically, but closed by a strong shock due to the load of the housing and the goods contained therein, damage to the main body, the housing itself, and the rail of the slide supporting the housing. There was a problem giving.

 In order to solve this problem, the present applicant has filed a "slider fixing and guiding device for a storage mechanism" (Korean Registered Utility Model No. 20-0287996). However, this device has a problem in that, when one ring spring is used, the ring part of the spring is easily broken when it is used in an accommodating part in which a heavy article is stored.

WO 2001-82749 describes a device for self-closing slides comprising guide pins, springs, actuators and housings. The springs and actuators of the slide device are mounted on the guide pins and press the springs against the rear wall of the housing. The spring is compressed in the open position of the slide and in the steady state in the closed position of the slide to prevent the spring from breaking and preventing the spring from breaking.

The housing of the device, however, has opposing side walls, rear walls, top walls and front walls, and has a structure that can accommodate all of the guide pins, the springs and the actuators in the housing. The spring-actuator is structured in the box. The housing of the box-like structure is not easy to manufacture, and the manufacturing cost is high. Furthermore, a plurality of legs are provided to fix the housing to the fixing member (outer member) of the slide. By forming the unit integrally with the housing, the manufacturing becomes more complicated and the manufacturing cost also increases.

An object of the present invention is to provide an automatic closing device for a slide that is not broken early, the structure used to solve the problems of the prior art as described above, easy to structure.

 According to the present invention, the automatic closing device for a slide is composed of a pair of springs, a moving pin, a moving pin guide, a plate-shaped moving member, and a plate-shaped fixing member.

According to the present invention, the moving pin has a support pillar, a support plate, and a guide protrusion, and the cross section is preferably cylindrical, and the moving pin guide is formed by the moving pin inlet and the three engaging surfaces formed by the two inlet surfaces. A moving pin guide groove formed of a moving pin engaging portion to be formed, and a first fastening means. The moving member has a plate portion having a groove in a central portion thereof, a slide pillar portion integrally formed with the plate portion, and one side of a spring. In addition, the fixing member has a support pillar portion having a spring coupling portion to which the other side of the spring is coupled, a protruding pillar portion having a movable member sliding portion formed on both sides and a moving pin guide portion formed inside, A head portion and a second fastening means.

According to the present invention, the sliding pillar portion of the moving member is composed of a protrusion and a slide groove, the moving pin guide portion of the fixing member is composed of a straight guide portion and a curved guide portion, the moving pin guide is a moving rail of the slider by the first fastening means. It is fixed to one end of the movement along the moving rail, the fixing member is fixed to one end of the fixing rail of the slide to correspond to the moving pin guide by the second fastening means.

According to the present invention, the moving pin is fastened to the moving pin guide part of the fixing member, and the sliding groove of the moving member is fastened to the moving member sliding part of the fixing member while the support pillar of the moving pin is inserted into the groove of the moving member. When the movable member slides along the slide portion of the fixed member, the movable pin moves together with the movable pin guide portion of the fixed member integrally with the movable member.

According to the present invention, in the state in which the slide is drawn out, the moving pin of the automatic closing device is located in the curved guide portion of the fixing member, and in the state in which the slide is inserted, the moving pin is located in the inner end of the linear guide portion of the fixing member. It acts to close the slide automatically by moving the position by elastic tension and contraction force. In the automatic closing device according to the present invention, the spring used is not broken early, the structure is simple, and the manufacturing cost is low. Even if the operating state is abnormal, it has the advantage that it can be easily returned to the normal operating state.

According to the present invention, it is preferable that a locking groove is formed on the second linear locking surface of the moving pin locking portion.

According to the present invention, it is preferable that both ends of the spring are tapered.

In addition, according to the present invention, it is preferable that the protruding portion is formed in a direction parallel to the moving member sliding portion adjacent to the protruding pillar portion of the fixing member.

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described the present invention in more detail.

In general, the slide is composed of two members (fixed rail and moving rail) or three members (fixed rail and two moving rails). The three-member slide 10 is typically a fixed rail (outer member) 800 and two members. A moving rail, that is, an intermediate moving rail (intermediate member) 900 which slides in the fixed rail 800 and an inner moving rail (inner member) 700 which slides in the intermediate moving rail 900 ( 1 and 2). There is a ball retainer 950 of a suitable length between each rail, and a ball 955 is inserted into the ball retainer 950 so that each moving rail 700 and 900 can slide smoothly. Will be.

  The slide is a member for moving the drawer-like receiving portion 960 to the closed position and the open position in a sliding manner with respect to the main body (not shown), as shown in FIG. By being attached to the position slide 10 is installed and the receiving portion 960 is fastened to the inner moving rail 700 by a fixing means such as the binding groove 720. Therefore, the movement of the receiving portion 960 is moved inward This results in a sliding movement of the rail 700 and / or the intermediate movable rail 900. In the fully closed position of the housing 960, the slide 10 is fully folded (with all the movable rails retracted) and In the fully open position of the payment part 960, the slide 10 is fully extended (all the moving rails are pulled out).

The automatic closing device for a slide 20 according to the present invention is installed at the rear end of the fixed rail 800. A portion of the automatic closing device 20 is accommodated in the longitudinal direction at the rearmost end of the intermediate rail 900. Rail groove 910 is formed to be.

 Figure 3 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the automatic closing device 20 according to the present invention, the device 20 is a moving pin 400, the moving member 200, the fixing member 100 and a pair of springs 500 In addition, the automatic closing device 20 is fastened to the inside of the inner moving rail 700, and includes a moving pin guide 300 to be coupled to the removable pin 400, removable (see Figure 11). .

4 is a perspective view of the moving pin. The moving pin 400 has a guide protrusion 410 on one side, a support pillar 430 on the other side, and a support plate 420 on the middle portion thereof. The groove 411 is formed therebetween by the guide protrusion 410 and the support plate 420. The support column 430 of the moving pin 400 generally has a cylindrical shape.

5A to 5C are respectively a perspective view, a rear view, and a front view of the moving pin guide 300. A moving pin guide groove 350 is formed on the moving pin guide 300 (FIG. 5A) and a moving pin guide groove 350. ) Is composed of a moving pin inlet 310 and a moving pin engaging portion 320 (Fig. 5b). The moving pin inlet 310 is formed by the first inlet surface 311 and the second inlet surface 312. The moving pin locking portion 320 is formed by the first linear locking surface 323, the second linear locking surface 324, and the curved locking surface 325. It is preferable that the locking grooves 328 through which the moving pins are caught are formed on the two straight locking surfaces 324. A more detailed operation of the moving pin guide grooves 350 will be described later.

The moving pin guide 300 is provided with a first fastening means for fastening the moving pin guide to the inner moving rail 700 (see Fig. 11) of the slide. It shows that the groove 330 is inserted into the binding protrusion 710.

In addition, the moving pin guide 300 is preferably formed on both sides of the buffer post 340. The buffer post 340 is formed so as to slightly open out, the buffer post 340 around the buffer section groove 341 is formed. Since the shock absorber pillar 340 has a shape of being unfolded outwards, a rear view of the moving pin guide (here, the rear side refers to a surface to which the moving pin guide binds to the inner moving rail of the slide). In FIG. 5B, the buffer pillar 340 is shown to protrude from both sides of the moving pin guide 300, but in FIG. 5C showing the front view of the moving pin guide, both sides of the moving pin guide 300 are shown in a straight line. The shock absorbing portion pillar 340 is a resilient cushioning action when the moving pin guide 300 is inserted into the inner moving rail 700 of the slide (the automatic closing device of the present invention including the moving pin guide is all suitable plastic). It is made of a material, so the buffer column of the configuration as described above can be easily inserted into), but once inserted the moving pin guide 300 is separated from the inner moving rail 700 of the slide As such, the moving pin guide 300 is easily inserted into and secured to the inner moving rail 700 by the first fastening means and the buffer part pillar 340.

 6A and 6B are a perspective view and a front view of the movable member 200, and FIG. 6C is a cross-sectional view of the movable member 200 in the direction B of FIG. 6A. The movable member 200 has a substantially rectangular plate shape ( 210, a sliding column 220 formed integrally with the plate portion 210, and a spring coupling portion 212 formed at both sides of the plate portion 210.

Slide section pillar 220 is formed with a protrusion 221 and a U-shaped slide groove 222, the slide groove 222 is coupled to the moving member slide 121 of the fixing member 100 to be described later do.

 The spring coupling part 212 is formed at both sides of the plate-shaped part 210 in a direction opposite to the binding surface 223. In the present invention, a spring (taper type spring) 500 having a tapered portion 510 is used instead of an annular spring having hooks formed at both ends (see FIGS. 10A to 10B). This is because the tapered spring 500 can be used for a long time without breaking the spring even if a heavy load is applied to the receiving portion of the slide compared to the annular spring. According to the applicant's experiment, the ring spring has been broken by using the same load part, but the ring part of the spring has been broken after about 5,000 times of repeated use. It has been shown to have a service life. The spring coupling portion 212 of FIG. 6A has a groove portion 215 into which the tapered portion 510 of the tapered spring 500 is inserted and shows that the end of the tapered spring 500 can be inserted therein.

 The plate portion 210 has a groove 211 formed in the central portion thereof. The support pillar 430 of the movable pin 400 described with reference to FIG. 4 is inserted into the groove 211 from the slide groove 222 direction. The support pillar 430 is inserted into the groove 211 to move the support pillar in left and right directions, but the transverse length C of the moving pin guide part 123 formed in the fixing member 100 (FIG. It is preferred to have a length corresponding to 7a). In addition, it is preferable that an impact buffer portion 213 is formed on one side of the plate portion 210 to cushion the impact applied to the movable member 200 when colliding with another member.

 7A and 7B are front and rear views of the fixing member 100, wherein the back surface refers to a surface that is fixed when the fixing member 100 is attached to the fixing rail 800 (see FIG. 11) of the slide. The fixing member 100 includes a support pillar 110, a protrusion pillar 120 integrally formed with the support pillar 110, and a head portion 130 integrally formed with the protrusion pillar 120. It consists of a plate-like shape as a whole.

 The support pillar portion 110 is formed with a spring coupling portion 111 to which one side of the spring 500 is coupled to both side portions in a direction opposite to the locking jaw 119. The spring coupling portion 111 is also tapered. The tapered portion 510 of the spring 500 has a groove 115 into which it is inserted and has a structure corresponding to the spring engaging portion 212 of FIG. 6A.

  The moving pin guide part 123 is formed in the longitudinal direction inside the protruding pillar 120, and the moving pin guide part 123 includes a straight guide part 124 and a curved guide part 125. The moving pin 400 is attached to the portion 123 to perform the sliding movement. The moving member sliding portion 121 into which the sliding groove 222 of the moving member 200 is inserted is formed at both sides of the protruding pillar portion 120. Is formed. The movable member slide 121 is formed to have a thickness corresponding to the size of the slide groove 222, although thinner than the thickness of the protruding pillar body. Further, the protruding pillar 120 is shown in the section AA of FIG. 7A. As shown in FIG. 8, the protrusion 122 is formed in a direction parallel to the moving member sliding part 121. The protrusion 122 serves as a support to prevent the movable member 200 from bending or twisting even when the movable member 200 receives a compressive force acting in both sides or the longitudinal direction. A buffer space portion 126 is formed at one side of the linear guide portion 124 of the pin guide portion 123. The buffer space portion 126 is formed to communicate with each other in a direction parallel to the moving pin guide portion 123, A support protrusion 127 is formed between the moving pin guide part 123 and the buffer space part 126. The support protrusion 127 has a twist preventing protrusion that prevents the support protrusion from being twisted in the rear direction of the fixing member 100. It is preferable that 128 be formed. The operation of the buffer space portion 126 and the warpage preventing protrusion 128 will be described later.

 The shock absorbing portion 132 is preferably formed in the head portion 130 of the fixing member 100. The shock absorbing portion 132 may be formed of another member of the slide (for example, an intermediate moving rail in the case of a three-member slide). When it collides with (the collision occurs when the slide comes into position), it absorbs the shock.

 A second fastening means for fastening the fastening member to the fastening rail 800 of the slide is formed in the support pillar 110 and the head 130 of the fastening member 100. Here, the second fastening means is used for the rivet fastening. Binding holes 112 and 131 are shown.

Hereinafter, the coupling relationship and the operation between the components.

First, the moving pin 400 is attached to the moving pin guide part 123 of the fixing member 100. FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing a state in which only the moving pin 400 is attached to the fixing member 100. The groove portion 411 formed by the guide protrusion 410 and the support plate 420 of the moving pin 400 is inserted to couple to the moving pin guide portion 123 of the fixing member 100, the guide protrusion 410 Is completed by inserting the support member 430 toward the rear side of the fixing member 100 toward the front. At this time, the insertion is facilitated by pushing the guide protrusion 410 of the moving pin 400 to the moving pin guide portion 123 while pushing the support protrusion 127 toward the buffer space portion 126 of the fixing member 100. When the moving pin 400 is fastened to the moving pin guide part 123, the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400 is inserted into the groove 211 of the moving member 200, and the moving member 200. The slide groove 222 of the fixing member 100 is inserted into the moving member sliding part 121 of the fixing member 100 to bind the moving member 200 to the fixing member 100. Finally, one side of the spring 500 is fixed member Binding to the spring coupling portion 111 of the 100 and the other side of the spring 500 is bound to the spring coupling portion 212 of the movable member 200. A perspective view of the thus-completed form, as described above Figure 3. In such a coupled state, the movable member 200 slides along the movable member sliding portion 121 of the fixed member and simultaneously moves pin 400. Is integrated with the moving member is moved along the moving pin guide portion 123 of the fixing member (100).

10a and 10b are front views of the automatic closing device showing a state in which the fixing member 100, the moving member 200, the moving pin 400, and the spring 500 is coupled, Figure 10a is a moving pin (400) ) Is shown at the end portion of the linear guide portion 124 of the moving pin guide portion 123 of the fixing member 100, Figure 10b is a curved guide portion of the moving pin 400 moving pin guide portion 123 The moving pin 400 moves between the above two positions. When the moving pin 400 is hung on the curved guide portion 125, the spring 500 is shown. Is in maximum tension.

As mentioned above, the fixing member 100 to which the moving pin 400, the moving member 200, and the spring 500 are coupled is fastened to the fixing rail 800 of the slide by the second fastening means, and the moving pin guide is fixed. 300 is fastened to the inner moving rail 700 of the slide by the first fastening means.

The operation of the automatic closing device according to the present invention will be described with reference to Figs. 11 to 13. In Figs. 11 to 13, the illustrated slide includes two moving rails (middle moving rail and inner moving rail) and one fixed rail. Three-member slide having a, or the intermediate moving rail between the inner moving rail 700 and the fixed rail 800 for the sake of simplicity is not shown, for convenience, the storage unit, the body wall portion is omitted and illustrated only the slide, In addition, the fixing member 100 is fixed to the fixing rail 800, the moving pin guide 300 is fixed to the inside of the inner moving rail 700 so as to face the fixing member 100, but is not visible from the outside, here it is moved for convenience The pin guide 300 is indicated by a solid line.

11 shows that the fixing member 100 is riveted to the fixing rail 800 of the slide, and the moving pin guide 300 is separated from each other in the state of being bound to the binding protrusion 710 of the inner moving rail 700 of the slide. In other words, when the storage unit is pushed from the open position to the closed position, the inner moving rail 700 of the slide comes from the withdrawal position to the retracted position, and is inserted into the groove 211 of the movable member 200. The moving pin 400 moving integrally with the moving member 200 is hung on the curved guide part 125 of the moving pin guide part 123 of the fixing member 100 and the spring 500 is in the maximum tensioned state. to be.

12 shows that the inner moving rail 700 moves to a more retracted position so that the moving pin guide 300 is hung on the curved guide portion 125, in particular, the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400. The support pillar 430 of the movable pin 400 is inserted into the movable pin inlet 310 formed by the first inlet surface 311 and the second inlet surface 312. Subsequently, the first and second linear fastening surfaces 323 and second linear fastening surfaces 324 of the moving pin locking unit 320 are continuously moved. This movement allows the moving pin 400 to be separated from being caught in the curved guide portion 125. As soon as the moving pin 400 completes the departure from the curved guide part 125, the moving member 200 and the moving pin 400 moving integrally therewith are moved along the straight guide part 124 by the tension force of the spring 500. Move along the straight guide portion 124 of the fixing member 100 until the binding surface 223 (see FIG. 6A) of the moving member 200 is engaged with the locking step 119 of the fixing member 100. The moving pin guide 300 is moved because the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400 is caught on the second linear locking surface 324 of the moving pin guide 300. Moving along the pin 400, this results in automatically moving the inner moving rail 700 of the slide to the full retracted position.

 According to the present invention, as mentioned, the locking groove 328 is formed in the second straight locking surface 324. The locking groove 328 is formed at a position at which the support pin 430 of the moving pin 400 is caught at the moment when the moving pin 400 almost terminates the departure from the curved guide part 125. In this case, as soon as the moving pin 400 terminates the departure from the curved guide part 125, the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400 is safely caught in the locking groove 328 and moves along the straight guide part 124. Done.

 FIG. 13 is a view showing that the moving pin guide 300 is coupled to the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400 in the fully retracted position of the slide (ie, the closed part is completely closed) by the force of the spring 500. to be.

 Withdrawal of the slide takes place in the reverse order of the above procedure. When the withdrawal of the inner movable member of the slide (ie, withdrawal of the accommodating member), the moving pin 400 in the state of FIG. 13 has a linear guide part 124 in a state in which the support pillar 430 of the moving pin is caught in the locking groove 328. When moving along, and arrive at the curved guide portion 125, the support pillar 430 is separated from the locking groove 328 in the direction of the moving pin inlet 310 along the second linear locking surface 324 Move. When the support pillar 430 moves along the second linear locking surface 324 to reach the moving pin inlet 310, the moving pin 400 is moved by the moving pin guide 123 of the fixing member 100. The state is caught by the curved guide portion 125 (Fig. 12 state), and then the continuous movement to the withdrawal position moves by moving the moving pin 400 from the moving pin inlet portion 310 of the moving pin guide 300. To be separated from the pin guide 300. In this way, the moving pin guide 300 is separated from the moving pin 400 to go to the withdrawal position corresponds to the state of FIG.

As described above, when the inner moving rail 700 of the slide is in the withdrawal position, the moving pin 400 is caught by the curved guide portion 125 of the fixing member 100, and the inner moving rail 700 is retracted. When moving to the position moving pin engaging portion 320 of the moving pin guide 300 is fixed to the inner moving rail 700 is coupled with the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400, the elastic contracting force of the spring 500 Pulled to move along the straight guide portion 124 of the fixing member 100, and fixed until the binding surface 223 of the moving member 200 is engaged with the locking step 119 of the fixing member 100. By moving along the linear guide portion 124 of the member 100, it is possible to automatically move the receiving portion to the fully closed position.

On the other hand, in use, when the moving pin guide 300 comes to the retracted position, the moving pin 400 is not completely caught in the curved guide portion 125 (FIG. 11), but in a fully retracted position, that is, a straight line. It may be in the state (figure 13 state) completed the movement along the guide part 124. This may occur when another member enters the slide due to user's carelessness when the slide is in the retracted position and the other member releases the moving pin 400 from the state of being caught in the curved guide portion 125. Even in the same abnormal operating state, the automatic closing device for a slide according to the present invention can be easily returned to its original normal operating position.

When in the state as mentioned, that is, as shown in Figure 14, when the moving pin guide 300 comes to the retracted position, the moving pin 400 has completed the movement along the straight guide portion 124 In the abnormal operating state in the moving pin guide 300 is brought into the retracted position by the user to move the storage unit to the retracted position to move, the second inlet surface 312 of the movable pin guide 300 is Meet the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400. Since the second inlet surface 312 is inclined in the direction of about 45 degrees, the movement of the moving pin guide 300 to the retracted position continuously moves the support pillar 430 of the moving pin 400 to the fixing member 100. The force pushing against the buffer space part 126 of () is generated. This force moves the free end of the support protrusion 127 to the buffer space 126. This movement allows the moving pin 400 to move in the direction of the buffer space 126, which means that the moving pin 400 passes through the second inlet surface 312 of the moving pin guide 300. The moving pin 400 finally moves to the moving pin catching part 320 through the moving pin inlet 310 of the moving pin guide 300. In this way, when the moving pin 400 enters the moving pin catching part 320 of the moving pin guide 300, the automatic closing device for a slide according to the present invention is returned to its original normal operating position (Fig. 13 state). Will be

 At this time, as mentioned above, the support protrusion 127 is preferably formed with a distortion preventing projection 128 to prevent the distortion of the support protrusion in the rear direction of the fixing member 100 (see Fig. 7b). This warp prevention projection 128, when the automatic sealing device for a slide according to the present invention as described above returns to the normal operating state from the abnormal operating state, that is, the moving pin guide 300 to the continuous retracted position The force of pushing the support pillar 430 of the movable pin 400 to the buffer space 126 of the fixing member 100 is generated to move the free end of the support protrusion 127 to the buffer space 126. In this case, the support protrusion 127 is linearly moved to the buffer space 126 without being twisted. When the support protrusion 127 is severely twisted, in some cases, the moving pin 400 is fixed to the fixing member 100. In some cases, the linear guide 124 of the moving pin guide 123 may be separated to enter the buffer space 126. The automatic closing device is no longer provided until the slide is disassembled and returned to the normal position. In a state where normal operation is impossible Will be. The anti-twist protrusion 128 prevents the support protrusion 127 from being twisted when the support protrusion 127 is subjected to a twisting force by being contacted with the inner side of the fixed rail 800 of the slide to receive a repulsion force.

 Although the present invention has been described using only one slide, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that two slides should be installed symmetrically to achieve their original purpose. At this time, when the two slides are installed symmetrically, the automatic closing device of the present invention is also manufactured symmetrically, that is, the fixing member 100 and the moving pin guide 300 is made to be paired with each other to be left, right Should be used.

In addition, although the automatic closing device of the present invention has been described using a three-member slide including two moving rails and one fixed rail, the same applies to a two-member slide using only one moving rail and one fixed rail. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention can be applied.

In addition, the automatic closing device of the present invention is preferably made of a plastic material having appropriate strength and elasticity, but is not limited thereto.

In addition, the moving pin guide constituting the automatic closing device of the present invention may be manufactured separately and formed by means of punching or the like on the end of the moving rail body without binding to the moving rail end. 15 is a view showing that the moving pin guide 300 'is formed at the end portion of the inner moving rail 700 by punching, and in the case of a two-member slide, it will be formed at the moving rail end portion.

 The automatic closing device for a slide according to the present invention is sealed even if you do not apply the force to the housing until it completely closes, even if you close the storage by applying too much force to prevent the housing from reopening with impact repulsive force Very useful.

In addition, there is an advantage that the spring used is not broken early, the structure is simple, the manufacturing cost is low, and even when the operating state is abnormal, it can be easily returned to the normal operating state.

Claims (12)

  1.  A pair of springs 500;
    A cylindrical moving pin 400 having a support column 430, a support plate 420, and a guide protrusion 410;
    A moving pin guide groove 350 including a moving pin inlet portion 310 formed by two entrance surfaces 311 and 312 and a moving pin locking portion 320 formed by three locking surfaces 323, 324 and 325, and Moving pin guide 300 having a binding means;
    A movement having a plate portion 210 having a groove 211 formed in the center portion thereof, a sliding pillar portion 220 formed integrally with the plate portion, and a spring coupling portion 212 to which one side of the spring 500 is coupled. Member 200; And
    A support pillar 110 having a spring coupling portion 111 to which the other side of the spring 500 is coupled, a moving member slide portion 123 formed at both sides, and a moving pin guide portion 123 formed therein. It includes a protruding pillar portion 120, the head portion 130, and a plate-like fixing member 100 having a second fastening means,
    The spring 500 is a tapered spring having a tapered portion 510 near both ends,
    Slide pillar portion 220 of the moving member 200 is composed of a protrusion 221 and the slide groove 222,
    The moving pin guide part 123 of the fixing member 100 includes a straight guide part 124 and a curved guide part 125.
    The moving pin 400 is fastened to the moving pin guide part 123 of the fixing member 100, and the moving member 200 is inserted into the groove 211 of the moving member 200 while the support pillar of the moving pin 400 is inserted. The sliding groove 222 of the) is bound to the moving member sliding portion 121 of the fixing member 100, so that the moving pin 200 when the moving member 200 slides along the sliding portion 121 of the fixing member. Is moved along the moving pin guide portion 123 of the fixing member integrally with the moving member 200,
    The moving pin guide 300 is fixed to one end of the moving rail of the slide by the first fastening means and moves along the moving rail, and the fixing member slides to correspond to the moving pin guide 300 by the second fastening means. Automatic closing device for a slide, characterized in that fixed to one end of the fixed rail.
  2.  According to claim 1, The groove 211 formed in the plate portion 210 of the moving member 220 has a length corresponding to the transverse length (C) of the moving pin guide portion 123 of the fixing member 100. Automatic closing device for a slide, characterized in that.
  3.  2. The automatic closing device for a slide according to claim 1, wherein a locking groove (328) is formed in the second linear locking surface (324) of the moving pin locking portion (320).
  4.  (delete)
  5.  The automatic closing device for a slide according to claim 1, wherein the first fastening means is a groove (330) coupled to the fastening protrusion (710) of the moving rail and the second fastening means is a rivet fastening (112,131).
  6.  The method according to claim 1, wherein the buffer space portion 126 is formed in the protruding pillar portion 120 of the fixing member 100, the mutual communication in a direction parallel to the linear guide portion 124 of the moving pin guide portion 123 And a support protrusion 127 is formed between the moving pin guide part 123 and the buffer space part 126.
  7. 7. The automatic closing device for a slide according to claim 6, wherein the anti-twist protrusions 128 are formed on the support protrusions 127 to prevent distortion of the support protrusions.
  8.  The method of claim 1, wherein both sides of the moving pin guide 300, the buffer column 340 and the buffer portion groove 341 is formed, but the buffer column 340 is formed so as to be opened to the elastic action Automatic closing device for slide.
  9.  The automatic closing device for a slide of claim 1, wherein a protrusion 122 is formed in a direction parallel to the moving member sliding part 121 at the protruding pillar 120 of the fixing member 110.
  10. According to claim 1, Automatic closing device for a slide, characterized in that the shock absorbing portion 132 is formed in the head portion 130 of the fixing member (100).
  11. The automatic closing device for a slide according to claim 1 or 10, wherein an impact buffer unit (213) is formed at one side of the plate (210) of the movable member (200).
  12.  The slide of claim 1, wherein the moving pin guide 300 'is formed at an end portion of the moving rail.
KR1020050047588A 2004-10-08 2005-06-03 Self closing means for a slide KR100573084B1 (en)

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KR1020040080602 2004-10-08
KR20040080602 2004-10-08

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Cited By (2)

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KR100876955B1 (en) 2007-05-21 2009-01-09 주식회사 전한슬라이드 Self closing device of guide rail for drawer
KR101362191B1 (en) * 2013-06-19 2014-02-11 주식회사 전한슬라이드 Self closing device rail for drawer

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KR100890903B1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2009-04-03 박윤식 Self-closing member with a damper
KR101129571B1 (en) * 2006-03-13 2012-03-28 박윤식 Self-closing mechanism with a damper at the front thereof
KR101129570B1 (en) * 2006-03-13 2012-03-27 박윤식 Self-closing mechanism with a damper at the side thereof
KR100729201B1 (en) * 2006-05-24 2007-06-19 주식회사 동양슬라이드 Automatic closing device having a damping function for slide
KR101129569B1 (en) * 2006-06-01 2012-03-28 박윤식 Self closing means with a moving pin without being accidentally released
KR101056922B1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2011-08-12 박윤식 Durable automatic closing device
KR101114477B1 (en) * 2009-08-07 2012-02-24 (주)세고스 sliding apparatus with self-closing apparatus
CN101963426A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-02-02 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Lock sheet for refrigerator sliding door
CN101963428B (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-09-26 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Guide rail with self-locking device for refrigerator sliding door
CN101963430B (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-09-26 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Inner rail mechanism for refrigerator sliding door
CN102322723B (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-02-13 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Refrigerator sliding rail with simple structure
CN103445528B (en) * 2013-08-23 2016-08-17 无锡海达尔精密滑轨有限公司 Automatic recycling device for drawer sliding rail
CN105700632A (en) * 2014-11-24 2016-06-22 鸿富锦精密工业(武汉)有限公司 Case
JP6539136B2 (en) * 2015-07-15 2019-07-03 日立グローバルライフソリューションズ株式会社 refrigerator
CN105083091B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-12-26 东莞龙迈汽车用品制造有限公司 A kind of car refrigerator frame
KR101754368B1 (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-07-07 동부대우전자 주식회사 Refrigerator and drawer guide assembly thereof
CN110150885A (en) * 2018-02-14 2019-08-23 明昌国际工业股份有限公司 Drawer sliding rail assembly

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KR100473100B1 (en) * 2000-05-01 2005-03-10 어큐라이드 인터내셔널 인코포레이티드 Self-closing slide and mechanism for a self-closing slide

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100876955B1 (en) 2007-05-21 2009-01-09 주식회사 전한슬라이드 Self closing device of guide rail for drawer
KR101362191B1 (en) * 2013-06-19 2014-02-11 주식회사 전한슬라이드 Self closing device rail for drawer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101052328A (en) 2007-10-10
CN101052328B (en) 2010-06-09
KR20050062502A (en) 2005-06-23

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