KR100458709B1 - Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery - Google Patents

Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery Download PDF

Info

Publication number
KR100458709B1
KR100458709B1 KR10-2001-0049391A KR20010049391A KR100458709B1 KR 100458709 B1 KR100458709 B1 KR 100458709B1 KR 20010049391 A KR20010049391 A KR 20010049391A KR 100458709 B1 KR100458709 B1 KR 100458709B1
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
case
solar cell
buoy
flashing
light emitting
Prior art date
Application number
KR10-2001-0049391A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Other versions
KR20010099039A (en
Inventor
송채인
Original Assignee
송채인
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 송채인 filed Critical 송채인
Priority to KR10-2001-0049391A priority Critical patent/KR100458709B1/en
Publication of KR20010099039A publication Critical patent/KR20010099039A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100458709B1 publication Critical patent/KR100458709B1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • B63B22/16Buoys specially adapted for marking a navigational route
    • B63B22/166Buoys specially adapted for marking a navigational route comprising a light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/037Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit and the lighting unit being located within or on the same housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V15/00Protecting lighting devices from damage
    • F21V15/01Housings, e.g. material or assembling of housing parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V5/00Refractors for light sources
    • F21V5/04Refractors for light sources of lens shape
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/40Mobile PV generator systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/38Energy storage means, e.g. batteries, structurally associated with PV modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B2201/00Signalling devices
    • B63B2201/04Illuminating
    • B63B2201/08Electric light
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B2209/00Energy supply or activating means
    • B63B2209/18Energy supply or activating means solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2111/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00
    • F21W2111/04Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00 for waterways
    • F21W2111/047Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00 for waterways for light-buoys
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

본 발명은 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치에 관한 것으로, 투명 및/또는 반투명 원통형 케이스(4) 내부에 수납실(14)을 형성하고, 수납실(14)에 원뿔형상의 상.하 반사체(10)(11)를 설치하고, 상.하 반사체(10)(11) 사이에 복수 개의 발광다이오드(36)가 고른 간격으로 고정된 프린트기판(38)을 고정하고, 상부반사체(10)의 상부면에는 태양전지판(42)을 고정하고, 케이스(4)의 개방부(6)에 렌즈형 커버(8)를 수밀되게 결합하고, 케이스(4)의 바닥면(16) 저부에 지지부(18)를 형성하고, 상부 반사체(10)의 공간부(46)에 충전회로 제어회로 및 충전지(48)를 설치한 것으로, 태양전지와 충전지를 이용하여 자체 전원이 공급되므로 별도의 전원이 불필요하여 반영구적으로 사용할 수 있으며, 유지/보수 비용이 거의 불필요한 효과가 있으며, 배선이 불필요하므로 설치가 간편하며, 쉽게 분리/결합할 수 있으므로 설치 후 A/S가 용이하며, 어장이나 양식장을 포함하여 유.무인 등대, 등표, 도등, 등주와 같이 경고광 점멸을 위하여 전력공급이 불가피한 해상표지장치에 전부 적용할 수 있도록 한 것이다.The present invention relates to a buoy flasher using a solar cell, wherein the storage chamber 14 is formed inside a transparent and / or translucent cylindrical case 4, and the upper and lower reflectors 10 having a conical shape are formed in the storage chamber 14. (11) is installed, and a plurality of light emitting diodes (36) are fixed between the upper and lower reflectors (10) (11) at fixed intervals, and the upper surface of the upper reflector (10) is fixed. The solar panel 42 is fixed, the lens cover 8 is tightly coupled to the opening 6 of the case 4, and the support 18 is formed at the bottom of the bottom 16 of the case 4. In addition, since the charging circuit control circuit and the rechargeable battery 48 are installed in the space portion 46 of the upper reflector 10, since the self power is supplied using the solar cell and the rechargeable battery, a separate power source is unnecessary and thus can be used semi-permanently. It has the effect that the maintenance cost is almost unnecessary and the installation is easy because the wiring is unnecessary. It is easy to A / S after installation because it can be easily separated / combined, and it is applied to the marine labeling device that power supply is inevitable for blinking warning light such as unmanned lighthouse, lamp, lamp, etc. It is to be done.

Description

태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치{Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery}Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery}
본 발명은 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치에 관한 것으로, 상세하게는 태양전지와 충전수단과 점멸수단으로 구성하여 별도의 전원없이 반영구적으로 사용할 수 있도록 하고, 배선이 불필요하여 설치가 간편하고 유지/보수 비용이 거의 불필요하며, 설치 후 A/S가 용이하도록 함으로써 어장이나 양식장을 포함한 유.무인 등대, 등표, 도등, 등주와 같이 경고광 점멸을 위하여 전력공급이 불가피한 해상표지장치 등에 효과적으로 적용할 수 있도록 한 것이다.일반적으로 해상 암초 및 각종 장애물의 존재나 항로를 표시하기 위하여 해저에 고정하여 해면위로 뜨게한 구조물을 부표(浮標:Buoy)라 정의할 수 있다.The present invention relates to a buoy flashing device using a solar cell, and in particular, consisting of a solar cell, a charging means and a flashing means to be used semi-permanently without a separate power supply, wiring is unnecessary, easy installation and maintenance / maintenance The cost is almost unnecessary, and after installation, it is easy to A / S so that it can be effectively applied to the marine labeling device that power supply is inevitable for flickering warning light such as unmanned lighthouse, lighthouse, lamp, etc. In general, buoys can be defined as structures anchored to the sea floor and floated on the surface of the sea to indicate the presence or course of marine reefs and various obstacles.
종래에도 여러가지 방식의 부표 점멸장치가 안출된 바 있으나 일일이 교환해주어야하는 건전지 점멸방식, 반사시트지를 이용하여 빛이 반사되게 한 방식이 주류를 이루고 있어서 효과가 떨어질 뿐 아니라 실용화에 많은 문제점이 있었다.In the past, various types of buoy flashers were devised, but battery flickering methods that need to be replaced one by one, and methods of allowing light to be reflected using reflective sheet paper are not only effective, but also have many problems in practical use.
따라서, 본 발명은 태양전지에 의한 기전력 발생수단과 충전지에 의한 충전수단과 발광소자에 의한 점멸수단을 구비한 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치를 제공함에 목적이 있다.Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a buoy flasher using a solar cell having an electromotive force generating means by a solar cell, a charging means by a rechargeable battery, and a blinking means by a light emitting element.
상기 목적을 달성하기 위하여 투명 또는 반투명으로 성형되는 원통형 케이스 내부에 수납실을 형성하고, 수납실 내부에 원뿔형상의 상.하 반사체를 설치하고, 상.하 반사체 사이에 복수 개의 발광다이오드가 전기적으로 접속된 프린트기판을 고정하고, 상부 반사체의 상부면에는 태양전지판을 고정하고, 케이스의 개방부에 렌즈형 커버를 수밀되게 결합하고, 케이스의 바닥면에 지지부를 형성하고, 상부 반사체의 공간부에 충전회로 제어회로가 구성된 프린트기판 및 충전지를 설치하여서 된 것이다.In order to achieve the above object, a storage chamber is formed inside a cylindrical case molded to be transparent or translucent, a cone-shaped upper and lower reflector is provided inside the storage chamber, and a plurality of light emitting diodes are electrically connected between the upper and lower reflectors. The fixed printed circuit board, the solar panel is fixed to the upper surface of the upper reflector, the lens-shaped cover is tightly coupled to the opening of the case, the support is formed on the bottom of the case, and the space of the upper reflector is filled. This is done by installing a printed circuit board and a rechargeable battery having a circuit control circuit.
또한, 발광다이오드 사이에 반사면을 갖는 칸막이를 각각 형성하여 경고광이 서로 간섭하지 않도록 한다.In addition, partitions each having a reflective surface are formed between the light emitting diodes so that the warning lights do not interfere with each other.
또한, 태양전지로 태양광 또는 태양빛을 입사시키는 렌즈형 커버는 직경에 비하여 완만한 곡면이고 가장자리로 향 할수록 굴절률이 커지는 오목렌즈로 구성하여 일출광과 일몰광이 입사되도록 한다.In addition, the lens-type cover for injecting sunlight or sunlight into the solar cell is composed of a concave lens with a gentle curved surface compared to the diameter and the refractive index becomes larger toward the edge so that the sunrise and sunset light is incident.
또한, 케이스의 바닥면에 상하 반사체와 프린트기판이 고정되는 지지부를 형성하고, 케이스의 내주면에 렌즈(옵틱 또는 프리즘 컷)를 조밀한 간격으로 빙둘러 형성한다.In addition, a support for fixing the upper and lower reflectors and the printed board is formed on the bottom surface of the case, and a lens (optic or prism cut) is formed on the inner circumferential surface of the case at tight intervals.
또한, 복수 개의 발광다이오드는 케이스의 중심점과 케이스의 외곽선의 중간 지점 가상 동심원에 각각 위치하도록 하여 효율적인 경고광이 표출되도록 한다.In addition, the plurality of light emitting diodes are positioned at the virtual concentric circles of the center point of the case and the middle point of the outline of the case so that an efficient warning light is displayed.
또한, 제어회로는 태양빛과 태양광을 흡수하여 기전력을 발생시키는 태양전지와, 태양전지의 기전력 일부를 충전부로 보내 충전지를 충전하고 일부의 기전력은 점멸회로로 공급하여 후단의 점멸램프가 점멸되도록하는 점멸부로 구성하고, 제어부는 태양전지로 입력되는 기전력을 체크하여 주변밝기(주변조도)를 감지하여 점멸시기를 결정하도록 한다.Also, the control circuit absorbs sunlight and sunlight to generate electromotive force, and sends a portion of the electromotive force of the solar cell to the charging unit to charge the rechargeable battery, and supplies a portion of the electromotive force to the flashing circuit so that a flashing lamp at the rear end thereof may blink. It consists of a flashing unit, the controller checks the electromotive force input to the solar cell to detect the ambient brightness (peripheral illumination) to determine the flashing time.
도 1 : 본 발명의 분해 사시도.1: An exploded perspective view of the present invention.
도 2 : 본 발명의 단면 구성도.2 is a cross-sectional configuration of the present invention.
도 3 : 본 발명의 회로 블럭도.3 is a circuit block diagram of the present invention.
도 4 : 본 발명 다른 실시예의 단면도.4 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the present invention.
도 5 : 본 발명 다른 실시예의 부분 분해 상태 사시도.5 is a partially exploded perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention.
<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>
(2)--점멸장치 (4)--케이스(2)-flasher (4)-case
(6)--개방부 (8)--렌즈형 커버(6)-open (8)-lens cover
(10)(11)--반사체 (10a)(11a)--평면부(10) (11)-Reflector (10a) (11a)-Plane
(12)--태양전지셀 (14)--수납실(12)-Solar Cells (14)-Storage Room
(16)--바닥면 (18)(24)--지지부(16)-bottom (18) (24)-support
(20)--나사홈 (22)--지주(20)-screw groove (22)-holding
(26)--렌즈(옵틱 또는 프리즘 컷) (28)(32)--나사부(26)-Lens (optic or prism cut) (28) (32)-Thread
(30)--단턱부 (34)--오링(30)-Jut (34)-O-Ring
(36)--발광다이오드 (38)--프린트기판(36)-Light Emitting Diode (38)-Printed Board
(40)(44)--피스 (42)--태양전지판(40) (44)-Piece (42)-Solar Panel
(46)--공간부 (48)--충전지(46)-Space Unit (48)-Battery Charger
(50)--격리판(50)-Isolation
이하, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 첨부한 도면에 따라 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
도 1은 본 발명 점멸장치(2)의 분해 사시도이고, 도 2는 그 단면도로, 부표(浮標:Buoy) 등에 설치되는 케이스(4)와, 케이스(4)의 개방부(6)에 결합되는 렌즈형 커버(8)와, 케이스(4) 내부에 실장되는 광(光) 점멸수단 및 회로와, 점멸광을 반사시키는 상하 반사체(10)(11)와, 케이스(4)의 개방부(6)에 설치되는 태양전지와 지지수단 및 수밀유지수단 등으로 구성된다.1 is an exploded perspective view of the flasher 2 of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention, which is coupled to a case 4 installed in a buoy or the like and to an opening 6 of the case 4. Lenticular cover 8, light blinking means and circuit mounted inside case 4, top and bottom reflectors 10 and 11 reflecting blinking light, and opening part 6 of case 4; ) Consists of a solar cell and a supporting means and a watertight holding means.
상기 케이스(4)는 대체로 원통형이며 내부에 회로 및 부분품을 실장시키기 위한 수납실(14)이 형성되고, 케이스(4)의 바닥면(16) 저부에는 하향 돌출되는 지지부(18)가 형성되며, 지지부(18)의 내주면에는 나사홈(20)이 빙둘러 형성되어 부표(도시안됨) 등에 고정되는 지주(22)가 나사 결합된다.The case 4 is generally cylindrical and has a storage chamber 14 formed therein for mounting circuits and parts therein, and a supporting part 18 protruding downward from the bottom 16 of the case 4 is formed. On the inner circumferential surface of the support portion 18, a screw groove 20 is formed round and a support 22 is fixed to a buoy (not shown) or the like.
물론, 상기 지주(22)는 볼트/너트로 체결되거나 또는 리벳팅으로 견고히 고정될 수 있다.Of course, the support 22 may be fastened with bolts / nuts or firmly fixed by riveting.
케이스(4)의 바닥면(16)에는 개방부(6) 방향으로 융기되는 지지부(24)가 형성되며, 케이스(4)의 내주면에는 점멸광을 외부로 확광굴절 및 효과있게 표출시키는 렌즈(옵틱 또는 프리즘 컷)(26)가 조밀한 간격으로 빙둘러 형성된다.The bottom surface 16 of the case 4 is provided with a support 24 which is raised in the direction of the open portion 6, and the lens (optic) for diffracting and effectively expressing blinking light to the outside on the inner circumferential surface of the case 4 Or prism cuts) 26 are formed in dense intervals.
상기 렌즈(26)는 피라미드 형상으로 돌출시키거나 아니면 도 1과 같이 세로 삼각형으로 돌출시켜 확광굴절되도록 하고, 케이스(4)는 투명 또는 경고광, 이를테면 황색이나 적색을 표출할 수 있도록 황색이나 적색을 띄는 반투명 색상 수지 또는 유리로 형성하여 경고 표시되도록 한다.The lens 26 protrudes into a pyramid shape, or protrudes into a vertical triangle as shown in FIG. 1 so that the lens can be diffracted. The case 4 has a yellow color or a red color so as to display a transparent or warning light such as yellow or red color. Formed with a clear translucent color resin or glass for warning signs.
상기에서 케이스(4)가 완전 투명일 경우 광 점멸수단은 황색광 또는 적색광을 발하는 발광소자를 이용하도록 하고, 케이스(4)가 황색 또는 적색 반투명일 경우 광 점멸수단은 황색광이나 적색광을 발하는 발광소자를 이용하거나 백색광소자를 사용할 수 있으며, 파장이 길어 먼거리까지 전달되는 적색 발광소자가 사용상 바람직하다.When the case 4 is completely transparent, the light blinking means uses a light emitting element that emits yellow light or red light. When the case 4 is yellow or red translucent, the light blinking means emits yellow light or red light. A device or a white light device may be used, and a red light emitting device having a long wavelength to be transmitted to a long distance is preferable in use.
케이스(4)의 개방부(6) 외주면에는 나사부(28)와 단턱부(30)를 빙둘러 형성하여 렌즈형 커버(8)의 나사부(32)를 체결할 수 있도록 하고, 케이스(4)와 렌즈형 커버(8)의 결합부에는 한 개 이상의 오링(34)를 끼워 견고한 수밀(水密)을 달성할 수 있도록 한다.On the outer circumferential surface of the opening part 6 of the case 4, a screw part 28 and a stepped part 30 are formed in a circumferential manner so that the screw part 32 of the lenticular cover 8 can be fastened, and the case 4 and One or more O-rings 34 are fitted to the engaging portion of the lenticular cover 8 to achieve a firm water tightness.
상기에서 단턱부(30)에 의해 케이스(4)의 성형이 어려운 경우 단턱부(30) 구조를 생략할 수 있다.When the case 4 is difficult to be formed by the stepped part 30, the stepped part 30 structure may be omitted.
그리고, 렌즈형 커버(8)는 직경이 비하여 곡률반경이 큰(완만한 곡면) 투명한 오목렌즈로 형성하여 가장자리로 향 할수록 굴절률이 커지도록 구성하여 일출광이나 일몰광(석양)이더라도 하부에 위치하는 태양전지셀(12)로 굴절 입사되게 한다.In addition, the lenticular cover 8 is formed of a transparent concave lens having a large curvature radius (slow curved surface) compared to the diameter so that the refractive index is increased toward the edge, so that the lens cover 8 is located at the bottom even in sunrise or sunset light (sunset). Refractive incidence is made into the solar cell 12.
본 발명에서 케이스(4)와 렌즈형 커버(8)를 성형할 때 빛 투과가 우수한 강화 합성수지 또는 강화유리를 사용하되 강화 합성수지의 경우 자외선(UV) 차단제를 혼합하여 바다의 악천후 조건에서도 충분히 견딜수 있는 화학적 성질(특히 염분)과 내구성 및 강도를 갖도록 한다.In the present invention, when the case 4 and the lenticular cover 8 are molded, a reinforced synthetic resin or tempered glass having excellent light transmission is used, but in the case of the reinforced synthetic resin, a UV-blocking agent is mixed to sufficiently endure even in bad weather conditions of the sea. It has chemical properties (especially salt), durability and strength.
본 발명에서 점멸 발광수단은 케이스(4)의 가운데 부분에 위치하도록 하고, 사용소자는 저 소비 전력이면서 고발광 고휘도의 발광다이오드(36)를 복수 개 사용함이 바람직하다.In the present invention, it is preferable that the flashing light emitting means is positioned at the center portion of the case 4, and the use device uses a plurality of light emitting diodes 36 of low power consumption and high light emission and high brightness.
그리고, 케이스(4)의 형상이 원통형인 점을 감안하여 점멸광을 반사시키는반사체(10)(11)는 도 1, 도 2와 같이 내부가 비어있는 원뿔형상으로 형성하여 발광다이오드(36)로 발하는 점멸광이 사방으로 반사되도록 하고, 발광다이오드(36)가 케이스(4)의 중간 부위에 위치하므로 상기 반사체(10)(11)는 발광다이오드(36)를 중심으로 상.하 구조를 갖도록 한다.In addition, reflecting the blinking light in consideration of the fact that the case 4 has a cylindrical shape, the reflectors 10 and 11 are formed in a conical shape with a hollow inside as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 to the light emitting diodes 36. The flashing light emitted is reflected in all directions, and since the light emitting diodes 36 are located in the middle of the case 4, the reflectors 10 and 11 have upper and lower structures around the light emitting diodes 36. .
상기 반사체(10)(11)의 표면에는 크롬을 도금하거나 알루미늄을 진공증착하는 등의 방법으로 반사면을 형성하여 점멸광이 케이스(4) 바깥으로 거의 전부 투과되도록 한다.The reflective surfaces are formed on the surfaces of the reflectors 10 and 11 by plating chromium or vacuum evaporating aluminum to allow almost all of the blinking light to pass through the case 4.
그리고, 복수 개의 발광다이오드(36)의 평면적인 위치는 케이스(4)의 중심점과 케이스(4)의 외곽선의 중간 부위의 가상 동심원에 각각 위치하도록 하여 최대의 반사효율을 얻을 수 있도록 한다.In addition, the planar positions of the plurality of light emitting diodes 36 are positioned at virtual centers of the center point of the case 4 and the middle portion of the outline of the case 4 to obtain the maximum reflection efficiency.
하부 반사체(11)는 지지부(24)의 상부면에 얹어 설치하되 직경이 좁은 부분이 상부에 위치하도록하고, 직경이 넓은 부분은 바닥면(16)에 닿도록 한다.The lower reflector 11 is installed on the upper surface of the support part 24 so that the narrow diameter part is located at the upper side, and the wide diameter part is in contact with the bottom surface 16.
하부 반사체(11)의 평면부(11a)에 복수 개의 발광다이오드(36)가 등간격으로 고정된 프린트기판(38)을 얹고 그 위에 상부 반사체(10)의 평면부(10a)를 얹은 다음 피스(40)로 체결시켜 반사체(10)(11)와 프린트기판(38)이 지지부(24)에 고정되도록 하고, 상부반사체(10)의 상부면에는 복수 개의 태양전지셀(12)이 고정된 태양전지판(42)을 피스(44)로 고정시켜 태양전지셀(12)이 렌즈형 커버(8) 하부에 위치하도록 한다.A printed circuit board 38 on which the plurality of light emitting diodes 36 are fixed at equal intervals is placed on the flat portion 11a of the lower reflector 11, and then the flat portion 10a of the upper reflector 10 is placed thereon. 40 to fasten the reflectors 10 and 11 and the printed board 38 to the support part 24, and a plurality of solar cells 12 fixed to the upper surface of the upper reflector 10. The 42 is fixed to the piece 44 so that the solar cell 12 is positioned below the lenticular cover 8.
상부 반사체(10)의 내부에 형성되는 공간부(46)에는 충전회로와 제어회로가 구성된 프린트기판(P.C.B) 및 충전지(48)는 일반적인 방법으로 고정시켜 유동하지 않도록 한다.이를테면, 도면으로 도시하지 않았지만 접착체로 이들 프린트기판(P.C.B) 및 충전지(48)를 상부 반사체(10)에 접착시켜 고정하거나, 또는 절연 몰딩제로 이들 프린트기판(P.C.B) 및 충전지(48)를 상부 반사체(10)에 몰딩시켜 고정하거나, 또는 이들 프린트기판(P.C.B) 및 충전지(48)를 상부 반사체(10)에 피스로 체결시켜 고정하는 등의 방법으로 그 유동을 방지하도록 한다. 이는 여타 산업분야에 적용하고 있거나 응용되고 있는 일반화 된 고정방법들이므로 구체적인 설명이나 도면 도시는 생략하도록 한다.In the space 46 formed inside the upper reflector 10, the printed circuit board (PCB) and the rechargeable battery 48 including the charging circuit and the control circuit are fixed in a general manner so that they do not flow. However, the printed circuit board (PCB) and the rechargeable battery 48 are adhered to the upper reflector 10 and fixed by using an adhesive, or the printed circuit board (PCB) and the rechargeable battery 48 are molded into the upper reflector 10 using an insulating molding agent. Or, to prevent the flow of the printed circuit board (PCB) and the rechargeable battery 48 to the upper reflector 10 by a piece, such as fixed by fixing. Since these are generalized fixing methods that are applied or applied to other industries, detailed descriptions or drawings are omitted.
도 3은 본 발명 회로블럭도로, 태양빛과 태양광을 흡수하여 기전력을 발생시키는 태양전지와, 태양전지의 기전력 일부를 충전부로 보내 충전지를 충전하고, 일부의 기전력은 점멸회로로 공급하여 후단의 점멸램프가 점멸되도록하는 점멸부로 구성된다.3 is a circuit block of the present invention, which absorbs sunlight and sunlight to generate electromotive force, and sends a portion of the electromotive force of the solar cell to the charging unit to charge the rechargeable battery, and a portion of the electromotive force is supplied to the flashing circuit to provide a rear end. It is composed of blinker to make flickering lamp.
그리고, 상기 제어부는 태양전지로 입력되는 기전력을 체크하여 주변밝기(주변조도)를 감지하도록 함으로써 점멸시기를 제어할 수 있도록 한다.In addition, the controller checks the electromotive force input to the solar cell to detect the ambient brightness (peripheral illumination) to control the blinking time.
즉, 주변밝기에 따라 발생기전력이 달라지는 점을 이용하여 주변밝기가 점멸을 시작해야하는 밝기의 기전력이면 점멸부로 점멸동작신호 또는 점멸에 필요한 동작전원을 공급하여 점멸램프인 발광다이오드(36)가 점멸을 시작하도록 하고, 반대로 주변밝기가 점멸을 중단해야하는 밝기의 기전력이면 점멸부로 점멸정지신호 또는 점멸동작전원을 차단하도록 함으로써 점멸이 중단되도록 한다.That is, if the electromotive force of the brightness that the ambient brightness should start flashing by using the point that the generator electromotive force varies according to the ambient brightness, the light emitting diode 36, which is the blinking lamp, supplies the blinking operation signal or the operating power necessary for the blinking to the blinking unit. On the contrary, if the ambient brightness is an electromotive force of brightness that should stop blinking, the blinking stops by stopping the blinking stop signal or the blinking power supply with the blinking part.
그리고, 점멸에 필요한 이외의 전력은 충전부를 통하여 충전지로 충분히 충전되게 함으로써 태양전지의 기전력이 급격히 떨어지는 밤이나, 비록 낮이더라도 주변이 매우 어두워 태양전지의 기전력이 급격히 떨어지는 경우 충전된 전원으로 발광다이오드(36)가 점멸될 수 있도록 한다.In addition, the power required for blinking is sufficiently charged by the rechargeable battery through the charging unit so that the electromotive force of the solar cell drops sharply at night, even if it is low, when the electromotive force of the solar cell drops sharply, even when it is low, the light emitting diode ( 36) will flash.
상기 충전지(48)는 태양전지로부터 기전력 공급이 없더라도 1주 내지 2주간 발광 다이오드(36)를 점멸시킬 수 있는 용량이면 만족한다.The rechargeable battery 48 satisfies a capacity capable of blinking the light emitting diode 36 for one to two weeks even when no electromotive force is supplied from the solar cell.
도 4, 도 5는 본 발명 다른 실시예의 사시도 및 그 단면도로, 발광다이오드(36) 사이에 칸막이(50)를 형성하여 상호 간섭하지 않게 구성함으로써 경고광이 2개 또는 그 이상으로 비치지 않아 혼동을 피할 수 있다.4 and 5 are a perspective view and a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the present invention, by forming a partition 50 between the light emitting diodes 36 so as not to interfere with each other, so that the warning light does not shine in two or more, confusion Can be avoided.
즉, 하부 반사체(11)의 외면에 삼각형상의 칸막이(50)를 등간격으로 설치하여 상부 반사체(10)와 케이스(4)를 결합하면 이웃하는 발광다이오드(36)끼리 완전히 격리되므로 경고광의 간섭이 방지된다.That is, when the triangular partition 50 is installed on the outer surface of the lower reflector 11 at equal intervals and the upper reflector 10 and the case 4 are combined, neighboring light emitting diodes 36 are completely isolated from each other, so that interference of the warning light is prevented. Is prevented.
상기 칸막이(50) 역시 반사체(10)(11)의 표면 처럼 크롬을 도금하거나 알루미늄을 진공증착하는 등의 방법으로 반사면을 형성하여 점멸광이 케이스(4) 바깥으로 거의 전부 투과되도록 한다.The partition 50 also forms a reflecting surface by plating chromium or vacuum evaporating aluminum as the surfaces of the reflectors 10 and 11 so that the blinking light is transmitted almost completely to the outside of the case 4.
본 발명은 어장이나 양식장을 포함하여 유.무인 등대, 등표, 도등, 등주와 같이 경고광 점멸을 위하여 전력공급이 불가피한 해상표지장치에 전부 적용할 수 있다.The present invention can be applied to a marine labeling device in which power supply is inevitable for flickering warning lights, such as a manned or unmanned lighthouse, a lamp, a lamp, or a light pole, including a fishery or a fish farm.
이상과 같이 본 발명은 태양전지와 충전지를 이용하여 자체 전원이 공급되므로 별도의 전원이 불필요하여 반영구적으로 사용할 수 있으며, 유지/보수 비용이 거의 불필요한 효과가 있으며, 어장이나 양식장을 포함하여 유.무인 등대, 등표, 도등, 등주와 같이 경고광 점멸을 위하여 전력공급이 불가피한 해상표지장치에 전부 적용할 수 있다.As described above, the present invention can be used semi-permanently because its own power is supplied using a solar cell and a rechargeable battery, and a separate power source is unnecessary, and maintenance / maintenance costs are almost unnecessary, including fisheries and fish farms. It can be applied to all marine labeling devices that power supply is inevitable for blinking warning light such as lighthouse, lamp, lamp, light pole.
또한, 배선 등이 불필요하므로 설치가 간편하며, 쉽게 분리/결합할 수 있으므로 설치 후 A/S가 용이한 등의 효과가 있다.In addition, since wiring is unnecessary, installation is simple, and since it can be easily separated / combined, there is an effect such as easy A / S after installation.

Claims (6)

  1. 부표 점멸장치에 있어서, 투명 및/또는 반투명 원통형 케이스(4) 내부에 수납실(14)을 형성하고, 수납실(14)에 원뿔형상의 상.하 반사체(10)(11)를 설치하고, 상.하 반사체(10)(11) 사이에 복수 개의 발광다이오드(36)가 고른 간격으로 고정된 프린트기판(38)을 고정하고, 상부반사체(10)의 상부에 태양전지판(42)을 고정하고, 케이스(4)의 개방부(6)에 렌즈형 커버(8)를 수밀되게 결합하고, 케이스(4)의 바닥면(16) 저부에 지지부(18)를 형성하고, 상부 반사체(10)의 공간부(46)에 충전회로와 제어회로 및 충전지(48)를 설치하여서 된 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.In the buoy flasher, the storage chamber 14 is formed inside the transparent and / or translucent cylindrical case 4, and the upper and lower reflectors 10, 11 of conical shape are provided in the storage chamber 14, . Fixing the printed circuit board 38 in which a plurality of light emitting diodes 36 are fixed at even intervals between the lower reflectors 10, 11, and fixing the solar panel 42 on top of the upper reflector 10, The lens-shaped cover 8 is tightly coupled to the opening 6 of the case 4, the support 18 is formed at the bottom of the bottom 16 of the case 4, and the space of the upper reflector 10 is provided. Buoy flashing device using a solar cell by providing a charging circuit, a control circuit and a rechargeable battery 48 in the unit 46.
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서, 발광다이오드(36) 사이에 반사면을 갖는 칸막이(50)를 형성하여 경고광이 서로 간섭하지 않도록 함을 특징으로 하는 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.The buoy blinking device using a solar cell according to claim 1, wherein a partition (50) having a reflective surface is formed between the light emitting diodes (36) to prevent the warning lights from interfering with each other.
  3. 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서, 렌즈형 커버(8)는 직경이 비하여 완만한 곡면이고 가장자리로 향 할수록 굴절률이 커지는 오목렌즈 임을 특징으로 하는 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.The buoy flasher according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the lenticular cover (8) is a concave lens having a gentle curved surface compared to its diameter and having a larger refractive index toward the edge.
  4. 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서, 케이스(4)의 바닥면(16)에 상하 반사체(10)(11)와 프린트기판(38)이 고정되는 지지부(24)를 형성하고, 케이스(4) 내주면에 렌즈(옵틱 또는 프리즘 컷)(26)를 조밀한 간격으로 빙둘러 형성하여서 된 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.The support part 24 according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the upper and lower reflectors 10 and 11 and the printed circuit board 38 are fixed to the bottom surface 16 of the case 4, and the case 4 is formed. A buoy flashing device using a solar cell formed by forming a lens (optic or prism cut) 26 on the inner circumferential surface at a tight interval.
  5. 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서, 복수 개의 발광다이오드(36)는 케이스(4)의 중심점과 케이스(4)의 외곽선의 중간 부위의 가상 동심원에 각각 위치하도록 함을 특징으로 하는 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.The solar cell according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the plurality of light emitting diodes 36 are positioned at virtual concentric circles of the center point of the case 4 and the middle portion of the outline of the case 4, respectively. Buoy flasher.
  6. 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서, 제어회로는 태양빛과 태양광을 흡수하여 기전력을 발생시키는 태양전지와, 태양전지의 기전력 일부를 충전부로 보내 충전지를 충전하고 일부의 기전력은 점멸회로를 공급하여 후단의 점멸램프가 점멸하도록하는 점멸부로 구성하고, 제어부는 태양전지로 입력되는 기전력을 체크하여 주변밝기(주변조도)를 감지하여 점멸시기를 결정하도록 함을 특징으로 하는 태양전지를 이용한 부표 점멸장치.The control circuit of claim 1 or 2, wherein the control circuit absorbs sunlight and sunlight to generate electromotive force, and sends a portion of the electromotive force of the solar cell to the charging unit to charge the rechargeable battery, and a portion of the electromotive force supplies a flashing circuit. And a flashing part to make the flashing lamp of the rear stage blink, and the control unit checks the electromotive force input to the solar cell to detect the ambient brightness (ambient illuminance) to determine the flashing time. Device.
KR10-2001-0049391A 2001-08-16 2001-08-16 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery KR100458709B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2001-0049391A KR100458709B1 (en) 2001-08-16 2001-08-16 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2001-0049391A KR100458709B1 (en) 2001-08-16 2001-08-16 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR2020010024844U Division KR200253808Y1 (en) 2001-08-16 2001-08-16 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20010099039A KR20010099039A (en) 2001-11-09
KR100458709B1 true KR100458709B1 (en) 2004-12-03

Family

ID=19713258

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR10-2001-0049391A KR100458709B1 (en) 2001-08-16 2001-08-16 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR100458709B1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101833426B1 (en) 2016-06-24 2018-02-28 주식회사 에스제이하이테크 Apparatus for indicating fishing net

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100657989B1 (en) 2005-12-30 2006-12-15 에이피엘시스템(주) Lamp for beacon
KR100612044B1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2006-08-17 주식회사 코솔라 Beacon system for aiding navigation and leading light system using the same
KR101174117B1 (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-08-16 주식회사 이건창호 Buoy with dye-sensitized solar cell system and solar power generating apparatus comprising the same
KR200493734Y1 (en) * 2018-09-19 2021-06-03 이 진 옥 solar identification light for aquaculture
KR102052014B1 (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-12-05 한국해양과학기술원 A multi-function position tracker

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4809458A (en) * 1986-02-25 1989-03-07 Nichimo Co., Ltd. Self-luminous buoy
US5362267A (en) * 1993-07-19 1994-11-08 Forrest Cynthia K Solar powered buoy
US5445103A (en) * 1992-05-01 1995-08-29 Bleth; Joel Anchor drift indicator
JPH07285492A (en) * 1994-04-20 1995-10-31 Mikado Propeller Kk Emitting device for buoy lamp
KR200253808Y1 (en) * 2001-08-16 2001-11-22 송채인 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4809458A (en) * 1986-02-25 1989-03-07 Nichimo Co., Ltd. Self-luminous buoy
US5445103A (en) * 1992-05-01 1995-08-29 Bleth; Joel Anchor drift indicator
US5362267A (en) * 1993-07-19 1994-11-08 Forrest Cynthia K Solar powered buoy
JPH07285492A (en) * 1994-04-20 1995-10-31 Mikado Propeller Kk Emitting device for buoy lamp
KR200253808Y1 (en) * 2001-08-16 2001-11-22 송채인 Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101833426B1 (en) 2016-06-24 2018-02-28 주식회사 에스제이하이테크 Apparatus for indicating fishing net

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR20010099039A (en) 2001-11-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5362267A (en) Solar powered buoy
US5585783A (en) Marker light utilizing light emitting diodes disposed on a flexible circuit board
CN100513863C (en) The luminous device using light emitting diodes
US5231781A (en) Illuminated float
US5680033A (en) Solar powered warning device
JP3065550B2 (en) Multi-source lamp and indicator lamp using the lamp
WO2008110796A1 (en) Beacons and other light-emitting units
GB2350176A (en) A beacon producing light with a wide horizontal angular spread
JP2011074728A (en) Road traffic sign of inner lighting type
KR100458709B1 (en) Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery
JP2009076333A (en) Lighting fixture for light-emitting buoy, and light-emitting buoy
JP2009021203A (en) Optical light source lamp complex
KR100729910B1 (en) Integrated solar delineator
KR200253808Y1 (en) Buoy flickering device by using a solar battery
KR20170094590A (en) lighted buoy
KR101123284B1 (en) Led high intensity whole-side floodlights having a light diffusing lens
US9470385B1 (en) Solar light
US20040156195A1 (en) Illuminated acrylic flashlight and tool chest light utility light
JP3241224B2 (en) Sign device and its snow hood
JP3194885B2 (en) Luminescent floating ball
KR200449725Y1 (en) Led flashing light
KR20160033486A (en) Fishing Lamp Of Highly Reflective Efficiency
JP2000319833A6 (en) Construction light
KR200353083Y1 (en) lighting apparatus used both as lantern and lighting
CN210073227U (en) Market area direction signboard device and intelligent direction signboard system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A201 Request for examination
G15R Request for early opening
E902 Notification of reason for refusal
E701 Decision to grant or registration of patent right
GRNT Written decision to grant
FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20100504

Year of fee payment: 6

LAPS Lapse due to unpaid annual fee