KR100458183B1 - Method for disposal of wast matter of reconstruction on the spot and its appratus - Google Patents

Method for disposal of wast matter of reconstruction on the spot and its appratus Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100458183B1
KR100458183B1 KR10-2001-0046922A KR20010046922A KR100458183B1 KR 100458183 B1 KR100458183 B1 KR 100458183B1 KR 20010046922 A KR20010046922 A KR 20010046922A KR 100458183 B1 KR100458183 B1 KR 100458183B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
conveyor
waste
belt conveyor
centrifuge
blower
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KR10-2001-0046922A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20030011460A (en
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김장용
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주식회사 신텍
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/04Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to size
    • B07B13/07Apparatus in which aggregates or articles are moved along or past openings which increase in size in the direction of movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2207/00Indexing codes relating to constructional details, configuration and additional features of a handling device, e.g. Conveyors
    • B65G2207/14Combination of conveyors

Abstract

본 발명은 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리 방법과 그 장치에 관한 것으로 호퍼에 투입된 재건축 폐기물을 죠 크라샤에서 일정 크기로 파쇄시켜 마그네틱,벨트 컨베이어를 통해 원심분리기를 이송시켜 하단으로 분리된 토사는 측면 컨베이어에서 더블 진동 스크린을 통하여 수중컨베이어와 벨트 컨베이어로 폐기물 크기에 따라 2단계로 분리,선별시키고 원심 분리기를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어,벨트 컨베이어를 거쳐 콘 크라샤에서 파쇄 후 벨트 컨베이어로 원심분리기의 전단 벨트 컨베이어로 이송시켜골재를 연속적으로 분리시키고 골재의 입자가 작은 골재를 다단계로 선별하여 재활용할 수 있게 한 것으로 재건축 현장에서 철거된 폐기물을 선별함에 있어서,호퍼(1)에 투입된 폐기물은 죠 크라샤(2)에서 일정크기로 파쇄되어 마그네틱 컨베이어(3)에서 금속류를 선별시키고 벨트 컨베이어(4)를 통하여 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기(5)에서 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄된 폐기물은 하단의 측면 컨베이어(6)로 분리 이송시켜 더블진동 스크린(7)에서 단계별로 분리시켜 송풍기(8)(8') 및 수중 컨베이어(9)와 벨트 컨베이어(10)로 2단선별하고 원심분리기(5)를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어(11)로 이송하여 선단에서 송풍기(8")로 쓰레기를 선별 후 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)에서 파쇄시켜 벨트 컨베이어(14)로 원심분리기(5)의 전단 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 공급하여 연속적으로 선별시켜서 폐기물의 입자 크기가 작게 다단계로 선별시켜 재활용 할 수 있게한 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리방법 및 그 장치를 그 기술적 특징으로 한다.The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for on-site treatment of reconstructed waste. The reconstructed waste injected into the hopper is crushed to a certain size in the jaw crusher to transfer the centrifuge through the magnetic and belt conveyor. The double conveyor screen is divided into two stages according to the size of waste by submersible conveyor and belt conveyor, and the waste that passes through centrifuge is shredded in cone crusher by ascending conveyor, belt conveyor, and then the belt conveyor of the centrifuge by belt conveyor. In order to separate the aggregate continuously by conveying to the conveyor and to collect and recycle the aggregate having small aggregate particles in multiple stages, the waste put into the hopper 1 is selected from the waste material of the hopper (1). 2) is crushed to a certain size and the magnetic conveyor (3) In the centrifuge (5) formed of a rubber net through the belt conveyor (4), the earth and small shredded wastes are separated and transferred to the lower side conveyor (6). The waste is separated into two stages by the blower (8) (8 '), the submersible conveyor (9) and the belt conveyor (10), and the waste passed through the centrifuge (5) is transferred to the lift conveyor (11) and the blower ( 8 ") and then sorting the wastes in the cone crusher 13 through the belt conveyor 12, fed to the belt conveyor 14 of the front end of the centrifuge 5 to the belt conveyor 14 to continuously sort the waste Its technical features are on-site treatment method and apparatus for reconstruction waste that can be selected and recycled in multiple stages with small particle size.

Description

재건축 폐기물의 현장처리 방법과 그 장치 {Method for disposal of wast matter of reconstruction on the spot and its appratus}Method for disposal of reconstruction waste and its device {Method for disposal of wast matter of reconstruction on the spot and its appratus}

본 발명은 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리 방법과 그 장치에 관한 것으로 본 출원인이 선출원한 특허출원 2000년 제37732호의 이용 발명으로서 호퍼에 투입된 재건축 폐기물을 죠 크라샤에서 일정 크기로 파쇄시켜 마그네틱,벨트 컨베이어를 통해 원심분리기를 이송시켜 하단으로 분리된 토사는 측면 컨베이어에서 더블 진동 스크린을 통하여 수중컨베이어와 벨트 컨베이어로 폐기물 크기에 따라 2단계로 분리,선별시키고 원심 분리기를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어,벨트 컨베이어를 거쳐 콘 크라샤에서 파쇄 후 벨트 컨베이어로 원심분리기의 전단 벨트 컨베이어로 이송시켜골재를 연속적으로 분리시키고 골재의 입자가 작은 골재를 다단계로 선별하여 재활용할 수 있게 한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method and a device for on-site treatment of reconstructed wastes. The invention is a patented application filed by Patent Applicant No. 37732 of 2000. The reconstruction wastes put into a hopper are crushed to a certain size in a jaw crusher to produce a magnetic belt conveyor. The sediment separated by the centrifuge through the bottom is divided into two stages according to the size of the waste through the double vibrating screen from the side conveyor to the submersible conveyor and the belt conveyor. After crushing at the corn crusher, the belt conveyor was transferred to the front belt conveyor of the centrifuge to separate the aggregate continuously and to aggregate the small aggregate of aggregate in multiple stages.

일반적으로 재건축현장에서 발생되는 철거된 폐기물은 콘크리트,철근,폐목재,아스팔트,암석,토사,합성수지,지류 및 비닐류의 다양한 혼합물로 구성되어 있어서 분리,선별시에는 재활용을 할 수 있는 자원이나 종래에는 재활용이 가능한 폐기물도 분리,선별에 따른 시간과 경비등의 경제적인 문제로 인해 모든 폐기물을 매립 처리장에 폐기시키고 있어서 활용 가능한 자원을 낭비하고 있는 실정이며 폐기물의 매립으로 인한 자연환경을 파괴할 뿐만아니라 매립지의 확보 문제와 환경보호에 역행하고 있는 등의 문제점이 있었다.In general, the demolition waste generated at the reconstruction site is composed of various mixtures of concrete, rebar, waste wood, asphalt, rock, earth, synthetic resin, paper, and vinyls. Recyclable waste is also a waste of available resources by disposing all wastes in landfills due to economic problems such as time and expense due to separation and selection, and not only destroy the natural environment caused by the landfills of wastes. There were problems such as securing landfills and reversing environmental protection.

따라서 본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위한 목적으로 창출된 것으로 재건축 현장에서 폐기물을 다단계로 분리,선별하고 재활용 골재의 입자크기를 작게하여 활용도를 향상시키고 폐기되는 매립쓰레기의 양을 최소화시킨 환경친화적인 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리 방법과 장치를 제공하기 위한 것이다.Therefore, the present invention has been created for the purpose of solving the above problems, in which the waste is separated and sorted in multiple stages at the reconstruction site, the particle size of the recycled aggregates is improved, the utilization efficiency is improved, and the amount of landfill waste is minimized. To provide a friendly method and apparatus for the onsite treatment of reconstructed waste.

상기한 방법과 장치를 제공하기 위하여 재건축 현장에서 중장비로 철거된 폐기물을 호퍼에 투입시키고 투입된 폐기물은 죠 크라샤에서 일정크기로 파쇄되고 마그네틱 컨베이어에서 철근과 금속류를 선별시키고 벨트 컨베이어를 통하여 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기에서 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄된 폐기물은 하단의 측면 컨베이어로 분리 이송시켜 더블진동 스크린에서 단계별로 분리시켜 송풍기 및 수중,벨트 컨베이어로 다단,선별하고 원심분리기를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어로 이송하여 선단에서 송풍기의 풍압으로 가벼운 쓰레기는 분류시키고 벨트 컨베이어를 통해 콘 크라샤에서 굵은 입자의 골재를 파쇄시켜 벨트 컨베이어를 통해 원심분리기의 전단 컨베이어에 공급하여 재차 연속적으로 선별하여 폐기물에서 선별한 골재의 입자 크기가 작게 다단계로 선별하여 재활용시 활용도를 향상시킨 방법과 장치를 제공할 수 있는 것이다.In order to provide the above method and apparatus, the wastes removed by heavy equipment at the reconstruction site are put into the hopper, and the wastes are shredded to a certain size in the Ja Krasha, and the steel conveyors are sorted out by the magnetic conveyors and the rubber nets through the belt conveyors. In the formed centrifuge, the earth and small shredded waste are separated and transferred to the side conveyor at the bottom, separated by stages in the double vibrating screen, and multi-stage selected by the blower, the underwater and the belt conveyor. The waste is sorted by the wind pressure of the blower at the front end, and the coarse particles are crushed in the cone crusher through the belt conveyor, and then fed to the shear conveyor of the centrifuge through the belt conveyor, and then sorted again and again. Particle size It is possible to provide a method and apparatus for improving the utilization at the time of recycling by selecting in multiple stages.

도 1 은 본 발명의 전체공정을 설명하기 위한 평면구조 개념도1 is a conceptual diagram of a planar structure for explaining the overall process of the present invention

<도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

(1) 호퍼 (2) 죠 크라샤(1) Hopper (2) Jaw Krasha

(3) 마그네틱 컨베이어 (4)(10)(12)(14) 벨트 컨베이어(3) magnetic conveyor (4) (10) (12) (14) belt conveyor

(5) 원심분리기 (6) 측면 컨베이어(5) Centrifuge (6) Side conveyor

(7) 더블진동 스크린 (8)(8')(8") 송풍기(7) Double Vibration Screen (8) (8 ') (8 ") Blower

(8a) 송풍기 흡입라인 (9) 수중 컨베이어(8a) blower suction line (9) underwater conveyor

(10) 벨트 컨베이어 (11)(11')(11") 상승 컨베이어(10) Belt Conveyor (11) (11 ') (11 ") Lift Conveyor

(13) 콘 크라샤(13) Corn Krasha

이하 발명의 요지를 첨부된 도면에 연계시켜 그 방법과 장치에 대하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다Hereinafter, the method and apparatus will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

도 1 은 본 발명의 전체공정을 설명하기 위한 평면구조 개념도이다.1 is a conceptual diagram of a planar structure for explaining the overall process of the present invention.

재건축 현장에서 철거된 폐기물을 선별함에 있어서,In sorting out waste removed from the reconstruction site,

호퍼(1)에 투입된 폐기물은 죠 크라샤(2)에서 일정크기로 파쇄되어 마그네틱 컨베이어(3)에서 금속류를 선별시키고 벨트 컨베이어(4)를 통하여 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기(5)에서 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄된 폐기물은 하단의 측면 컨베이어(6)로 분리 이송시켜 더블진동 스크린(7)에서 단계별로 분리시켜 송풍기(8)(8') 및 수중 컨베이어(9)와 벨트 컨베이어(10)로 2단선별하고 원심분리기(5)를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어(11)로 이송하여 선단에서 송풍기(8")로 쓰레기를 선별 후 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)에서 파쇄시켜 벨트 컨베이어(14)로 원심분리기(5)의 전단 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 공급하여 연속적으로 선별시켜서 폐기물의 입자 크기가 작게 다단계로 선별시켜 재활용 할 수 있게한 방법이다.The waste put into the hopper (1) is crushed to a certain size in the jaw crusher (2) to sort metals in the magnetic conveyor (3), and the soil and size in the centrifuge (5) formed of a rubber net through the belt conveyor (4). The small shredded waste is separated and transferred to the lower side conveyor (6) step by step on the double vibration screen (7) to the blower (8) (8 '), the underwater conveyor (9) and the belt conveyor (10). The waste which has been screened and passed through the centrifuge 5 is transferred to the ascending conveyor 11, and sorted the waste by the blower 8 "at the front end, and then crushed in the cone crusher 13 through the belt conveyor 12. The conveyor 14 is supplied to the shear belt conveyor 4 of the centrifuge 5 to be continuously sorted to reduce the particle size of the waste in multiple stages and to recycle.

그리고 상기한 방법에 적용되는 장치의 구조는 다음과 같다.The structure of the apparatus applied to the above method is as follows.

호퍼(1)의 선단에 죠 크라샤(2)를 설치하고 마그네틱,벨트 컨베이어(3)(4)를 통해 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기(5)로 연결시키고 원심분리기(5)의 하단은 측면 컨베이어(6)에서 더블진동 스크린(7)으로 연결시키고 더블진동 스크린(7)의 하단은 벨트 컨베이어(10),측단은 슈트로 연결된 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")의 하단에 송풍기(8)(8')가 설치되고 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")에서 수중 컨베이어(9)로 연결시키며,원심분리기(5)에서 상승 컨베이어(11)로 연결시키고 하단에는 송풍기(8")가 설치되고 상승 컨베이어(11)의 선단에서 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)와 벨트 컨베이어(14)를 통해 재차 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 연결된 구조이다.A jaw crusher (2) is installed at the tip of the hopper (1) and connected to a centrifuge (5) formed of a rubber net through a magnetic belt conveyor (3) (4), and the bottom of the centrifuge (5) is a side conveyor. The blower 8 is connected to the double vibrating screen 7 at the lower end of the double vibrating screen 7 at the lower end of the belt conveyor 10 and at the lower end of the lift conveyor 11 ', 11 " (8 ') is installed and connected from the lift conveyor (11') 11 "to the submersible conveyor (9), from the centrifuge (5) to the lift conveyor (11), and at the bottom of the blower (8"). At the tip of the lift conveyor 11, the belt conveyor 12 is connected to the belt conveyor 4 again via the cone crusher 13 and the belt conveyor 14.

도면중 미설명부호 (15)(15')는 쓰레기 적재대이다.Unexplained reference numerals 15 and 15 'in the drawing are trash cans.

이와같이된 본 발명은 재건축 현장에서 철거된 폐기물을 중장비를 이용하여 호퍼(1)에 투입시키면 순차적으로 폐기물이 죠 크라샤(2)에서 일정크기로 파쇄시키고 이때 파쇄되는 과정에서 분진을 감소시키기 위하여 죠 크라샤(2)의 측면에서 고압 분사노즐로 물을 분사시킬 수 있는 것이다.In the present invention, when the wastes removed at the reconstruction site are put into the hopper 1 using heavy equipment, the wastes are sequentially crushed in the jaw crusher 2 to reduce the dust in the crushing process. In the side of the crusher (2) it is possible to inject water with a high-pressure jet nozzle.

파쇄된 폐기물은 마그네틱 컨베이어(3)를 통과하면서 철근등과 같은 금속류를 분류 선별시키고 순차적으로 연결된 벨트 컨베이어(4)를 통해 원심분리기(5)로 투입되면 원심분리기(5)는 회전작동되며 이때에도 먼지 및 분진의 발생을 방지하기 위하여 물을 분사시킬 수 있으며 천공된 고무망으로 폐기물 중의 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄물은 하단으로 선별되어 측면 컨베이어(6)를 통하여 더블진동 스크린(7)으로 이동되고 더블진동 스크린(7)의 하단으로 선변된 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄물은 벨트 컨베이어(10)를 통해 선별되고,더블진동 스크린(7)에 잔류하는 파쇄물은 슈트에 의하여 각각의 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")로 이송되어 수중 컨베이어(9)로 낙하시킬 때 하단에 설치된 송풍기(8)(8')의 풍압으로 폐기물 중에 포함되어 있는 가벼운 쓰레기,지류 및 비닐류는 날려서 분류시키고 수중 컨베이어(9)로 낙하된 폐기물은 수중 컨베이어(9)로 이송하여 분류 선별하는데 수중컨베이어(9)로 낙하된 폐기물중에 물에 부유하는 목재등의 물질은 수중에서 부유시켜 별도로 수거하고 최종적으로 수중에 가라앉은 폐기물은 선별분류 시킨다.The crushed waste passes through the magnetic conveyor (3), sorts and sorts metals such as reinforcing bars, etc., and enters the centrifuge (5) through the belt conveyor (4) which is sequentially connected, and the centrifuge (5) rotates. Water can be sprayed to prevent the generation of dust and dust and the perforated rubber nets and sediment in the waste are sorted to the bottom and moved to the double vibrating screen 7 through the side conveyor 6 and doubled. The soil and the small sized debris destined to the lower end of the vibrating screen 7 are sorted by the belt conveyor 10, and the debris remaining on the double vibrating screen 7 is discharged by the chute to each lift conveyor 11 '( 11 ") and light wastes, papers and vinyls contained in the waste due to the wind pressure of the blowers 8 and 8 'installed at the bottom when being dropped onto the underwater conveyor 9 The waste that is blown and sorted and dropped on the underwater conveyor 9 is transferred to the underwater conveyor 9 for sorting. In the waste dropped by the underwater conveyor 9, materials such as wood suspended in the water are suspended in water and collected separately. Finally, the submerged waste is sorted out.

그리고 벨트 컨베이어(10)로 분류된 폐기물의 적재대 상단부위에 송풍기(8')의 흡입라인(8a)을 설치하여 폐기물의 상단에 존재하는 부피가 작고 가벼운 쓰레기(짚,지류,비니류 등)등을 흡입하여 같이 배출시킬 수 있게 하였다.In addition, the suction line 8a of the blower 8 'is installed at the upper end of the loading table of the waste classified as the belt conveyor 10, and small and light waste (straw, paper, beanie, etc.) existing at the top of the waste is installed. The back can be inhaled and discharged together.

상기한 분류과정에서 일차적으로 더블진동 스크린(7)의 하단으로 분류된 폐기물의 크기는 약 0-12㎜ 정도이고,수중 컨베이어(9)를 통하여 분류된 폐기물의 크기는 약 13-40㎜ 정도이며 한단계를 추가로 분류하기 위해서는 도 1 에서 이점쇄선으로 도시된 바와같이 수중 컨베이어(9)의 반대편으로 1기의 수중 또는 벨트 컨베이어를 추가로 설치하여 13-25,25-40㎜로 세분화 분류 선별할 수도 있다.In the above sorting process, the waste sorted to the lower end of the double vibrating screen 7 is about 0-12 mm, and the waste sorted through the underwater conveyor 9 is about 13-40 mm. In order to further classify one step, as shown by the dashed line in FIG. 1, an additional one underwater or belt conveyor is installed on the opposite side of the submersible conveyor 9 to be subdivided and sorted into 13-25, 25-40 mm. It may be.

그리고 선별 골재의 입자 크기를 작게 선별하기 위하여 원심분리기(5)를 통과한 입자 크기가 굵은 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어(11)의 선단에서 벨트 컨베이어(12)로 낙하시킬 때 상승 컨베이어(11)의 하단에 설치된 송풍기(8")의 풍압으로 폐기물 중에 포함되어 있는 가벼운 쓰레기,지류 및 비닐류는 날려서 분류시키고 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)로 보내 파쇄시킨 후 벨트 컨베이어(14)로 원심분리기(5)의 전단 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 이송시켜 재차 원심분리기(5)에서 선별,분류 시킴으로 본 발명에 의해 분류되는 골재의 입자 크기는 약 40㎜ 이하의 크기로 다단게로 선별,분류시킬 수 있는 것이다.The waste having a large grain size that has passed through the centrifuge 5 to separate the particle size of the sorting aggregate from the tip of the lift conveyor 11 to the belt conveyor 12 is disposed at the bottom of the lift conveyor 11. Light wastes, papers and vinyls contained in the wastes are blown and sorted by the wind pressure of the installed blower (8 "), sent to the cone crusher (13) by the belt conveyor (12), and crushed. The particle size of the aggregate classified according to the present invention can be sorted and sorted in multiple stages with the size of about 40 mm or less by transferring to the shear belt conveyor 4 of 5 and again sorting and sorting in the centrifuge 5. It is.

본 발명은 상술한 특정의 바람직한 실시예에 한정되지 아니하며, 청구범위에서 청구하는 본 발명의 요지를 벗어남이 없이 당해 발명이 속하는 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자라면 누구든지 다양한 변형실시가 가능한 것은 물론이고, 그와 같은 변경은 청구범위 기재의 범위 내에 있게 된다.The present invention is not limited to the above-described specific preferred embodiments, and various modifications can be made by any person having ordinary skill in the art without departing from the gist of the present invention claimed in the claims. Of course, such changes will fall within the scope of the claims.

그러므로 본 발명은 재건축 현장에서 폐기물을 다단계로 분리,선별하고 선별된 골재의 입자크기가 작아 폐기물의 활용도를 향상시켜 현장에서 직접 필요한 골재로 대체 사용이 편리하게 하였으며 작업시 발생되는 먼지와 분진으로 인한 환경공해를 방지하고 폐기되는 매립쓰레기의 양을 최소화시켜 매립지 확보에 따른 자연환경을 보호할 수 있는 환경친화적인 방법과 장치를 제공하여 재건축에 따른 폐기물의 효과적인 활용을 증대시킬 수 있는 것이다.Therefore, the present invention separates and selects the waste in multiple stages at the reconstruction site and improves the utilization of the waste due to the small particle size of the selected aggregate, which makes it easy to replace and use the aggregate directly required on the site, By preventing environmental pollution and minimizing the amount of landfill waste disposed of, it is possible to increase the effective use of wastes by reconstruction by providing environmentally friendly methods and devices that can protect the natural environment.

Claims (2)

호퍼등의 투입수단, 각종 크러셔등의 분쇄수단, 마그네틱컨베이어 및 콘베이어 등의 이동수단, 원심분리기 및 송풍기등의 분류수단 등을 조합 설치하여 재건축 현장에서 철거된 폐기물을 선별하는 방법에 있어서,In the method of sorting wastes removed at the reconstruction site by combining a hopper or other means, a crushing device such as various crushers, a moving means such as a magnetic conveyor and a conveyor, a sorting means such as a centrifuge and a blower, etc. 호퍼(1)에 투입된 폐기물은 죠 크라샤(2)에서 일정크기로 파쇄되어 마그네틱 컨베이어(3)에서 금속류를 선별시키고 벨트 컨베이어(4)를 통하여 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기(5)에서 토사와 크기가 작은 파쇄된 폐기물은 하단의 측면 컨베이어(6)로 분리 이송시켜 더블진동 스크린(7)에서 단계별로 분리시켜 송풍기(8)(8') 및 수중 컨베이어(9)와 벨트 컨베이어(10)로 2단선별하고, 원심분리기(5)를 통과한 폐기물은 상승 컨베이어(11)로 이송하여 선단에서 송풍기(8")로 쓰레기를 선별 후 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)에서 파쇄시켜 벨트 컨베이어(14)로 원심분리기(5)의 전단 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 공급하여 연속적으로 선별시켜서 폐기물의 입자 크기가 작게 다단계로 선별시켜 재활용 할 수 있게 한 방법을 특징으로 하는 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리방법.The waste put into the hopper (1) is crushed to a certain size in the jaw crusher (2) to sort metals in the magnetic conveyor (3), and the soil and size in the centrifuge (5) formed of a rubber net through the belt conveyor (4). The small shredded waste is separated and transferred to the lower side conveyor (6) step by step on the double vibration screen (7) to the blower (8) (8 '), the underwater conveyor (9) and the belt conveyor (10). After sorting, the waste passed through the centrifuge 5 is transferred to the lift conveyor 11, and the waste is sorted by the blower 8 " from the front end and crushed in the cone crusher 13 through the belt conveyor 12. On-site treatment of reconstruction waste, characterized in that the belt conveyor 14 is fed to the front belt conveyor 4 of the centrifuge 5 and continuously sorted to make it possible to sort and recycle the waste particles in multiple stages. Way. 호퍼등의 투입수단, 각종 크러셔등의 분쇄수단, 마그네틱컨베이어 및 콘베이어 등의 이동수단, 원심분리기 및 송풍기등의 분류수단 등을 조합 설치하여 재건축 현장에서 철거된 폐기물을 선별하는 장치구성에 있어서,In the construction of a device for sorting wastes removed at the reconstruction site by combining a hopper or other means, a crushing device such as various crushers, a moving means such as a magnetic conveyor or a conveyor, a sorting means such as a centrifuge and a blower, etc. 호퍼(1)의 선단에 죠 크라샤(2)를 설치하고 이후 마그네틱(3) 및 벨트 컨베이어(3)를 통과한 후 고무망으로 형성된 원심분리기(5)로 연결시키고,Jaw crusher (2) is installed at the tip of the hopper (1), and then passed through the magnetic (3) and the belt conveyor (3) and connected to a centrifuge (5) formed of a rubber net, 상기 원심분리기(5)의 하단은 측면 컨베이어(6)에서 더블진동 스크린(7)으로 연결시키고, 더블진동 스크린(7)의 하단은 벨트 컨베이어(10)로 측단은 슈트로 연결된 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")가 설치되고, 이 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")의 하단에 는 송풍기(8)(8')가 설치되고, 상기 상승 컨베이어(11')(11")는 선단에서 수중 컨베이어(9)로 연결시키며,The lower end of the centrifuge 5 is connected to the double vibrating screen 7 on the side conveyor 6, and the lower end of the double vibrating screen 7 is connected to the belt conveyor 10 by the side conveyor 11 '. ) 11 "are installed, and the blowers 8 and 8 'are installed in the lower ends of these lift conveyors 11' and 11", and the lift conveyors 11 'and 11 "are provided at the front end. Connected by an underwater conveyor (9), 상기 원심분리기(5)이 선단을 상승 컨베이어(11)로 연결시키고, 상승 컨베이어(11)의 하단에는 송풍기(8")가 설치되며, 상승 컨베이어(11)의 선단에서 벨트 컨베이어(12)를 통해 콘 크라샤(13)와 벨트 컨베이어(14)를 통해 재차 벨트 컨베이어(4)로 연결되게 구성한 것을 특징으로 하는 재건축 폐기물의 현장처리장치.The centrifugal separator 5 connects the tip to the lift conveyor 11, and a blower 8 ″ is installed at the bottom of the lift conveyor 11, and through the belt conveyor 12 at the tip of the lift conveyor 11. Reconstruction waste site treatment apparatus, characterized in that configured to be connected to the belt conveyor (4) through the cone crusher (13) and the belt conveyor (14) again.
KR10-2001-0046922A 2001-08-03 2001-08-03 Method for disposal of wast matter of reconstruction on the spot and its appratus KR100458183B1 (en)

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