KR100292225B1 - Method and apparatus of reusing for dirty and waste water including excretion - Google Patents

Method and apparatus of reusing for dirty and waste water including excretion Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100292225B1
KR100292225B1 KR1019990004806A KR19990004806A KR100292225B1 KR 100292225 B1 KR100292225 B1 KR 100292225B1 KR 1019990004806 A KR1019990004806 A KR 1019990004806A KR 19990004806 A KR19990004806 A KR 19990004806A KR 100292225 B1 KR100292225 B1 KR 100292225B1
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South Korea
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water
tank
ozone
dehydrator
pyramid
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KR1019990004806A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20000055904A (en
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김선동
김영근
유은선
이중신
변재진
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장홍열
전북무용촌 보훈복지공장 성진엔바이로주식회사
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/34Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with mechanical oscillations
    • C02F1/36Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage with mechanical oscillations ultrasonic vibrations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/78Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with ozone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/24Separation of coarse particles, e.g. by using sieves or screens

Abstract

본 발명은 우리가 일차로 사용한 더러워진 물을 빠른시간내에 처리하고, 생활용수로서 재사용하여 그 효용을 얻을 수 있게하고자 하는 목적을 가지고 있는 것으로서, 입자가 큰 부유물을 걸러내는 스크린(1)을 집수조(2)에 연결 설치하고, 초음파에어장치(22)에 연결된 초음파폭기장치(4)(5)를 집수조(2)에 설치하여 산화 분해 폭기를 하며, 상기 집수조(2)에 피라밋장치순환펌프(9)가 설치된 피라밋산화장치(6)를 설치하여 원수가 순환펌프에 의하여 상기 피라밋산화장치(6)를 반복하여 순환하게하여 산화 접촉하게 하며, 상기 집수조(2)를 펌프(7)를 통하여 약품자동혼합장치(8)에 연결시키고, 상기 약품자동혼합장치(8)는 응집부상여과조(15)에 연결시키고, 상기 응집부상여과조(15)는 그 상부에서 배출되는 농축 슬러지를 이송시키는 농축슬러지배송관(25)을 통하여 탈수기(20)에 연결시키고, 상기 탈수기(20)는 집수조(2)에 연결시켜 탈리액을 다시 순환시키며, 상기 응집부상여과조(15)에서 배출되는 처리수를 이송시키는 처리수배관(34)을 통하여 상기 응집부상여과조(15)를 오존기폭장치(18)와 수질측정기가 설치된 오존반응조(16)에 연결시키고, 상기 오존반응기(16)에서 나오는 슬러지는 탈수기(20)로 보내고, 최종처리수는 최종처리수밸브(29)(30)를 통하여 재사용하거나 방류하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention has the object of treating the dirty water used in the first time in a short time, and reuse it as living water to obtain its utility, and has a screen (1) for filtering a large particle suspended matter ( 2) and the ultrasonic aeration device (4) (5) connected to the ultrasonic air device (22) is installed in the collection tank (2) for oxidative decomposition aeration, the pyramid device circulation pump (9) in the collection tank (2) ) Is installed pyramid oxidation unit (6) is installed so that the raw water is repeatedly circulated by the circulation pyramid oxidation unit (6) by the circulation pump to oxidized contact, the water tank (2) through the pump (7) It is connected to the mixing device (8), the automatic drug mixing device (8) is connected to the flocculation flotation filter tank 15, the flocculation flotation filter tank 15 is concentrated sludge delivery pipe for transporting the concentrated sludge discharged from the upper portion Through 25 The dehydrator 20 is connected to the dehydrator 20, and the dehydrator 20 is connected to the water collecting tank 2 to circulate the desorption liquid again, and the treated water pipe 34 for transferring the treated water discharged from the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15. The flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 is connected to the ozone reactor 18 and the ozone reactor 16 in which the water quality meter is installed, and the sludge from the ozone reactor 16 is sent to the dehydrator 20, and the final treated water is It is characterized in that the reused or discharged through the final treatment water valve (29) (30).

Description

오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 방법 및 장치{Method and apparatus of reusing for dirty and waste water including excretion}Method and apparatus for remediation of wastewater, livestock and manure wastewater

인간과 자연의 동식물에 절대적으로 필요한 수자원은 자연계의 순환으로 인한 자정작용에 의하여 원래의 청정수로 환원되어 인간과 자연의 동식물에 충족되었으나, 각종 산업사회의 발달, 인구의 증가 및 집중화에 따른 생활수준의 향상으로 수질오염문제는 날이 갈수록 더욱 악화되어 일부 생태계의 파괴는 물론 우리 인간생활에서도 조차 절대적으로 부족한 상태에 이르렀다. 수자원이 부족한 현실에서도 우리가 사용한 물들(각종 오 폐수, 축산, 분뇨폐수)을 하천과 바다에 그대로 유출하거나 또는 재사용할 수 없도록 미흡하게 처리해 방류함으로써 더욱 더 수자원의 고갈을 초래하고 자연 생태계를 파괴하고 있다.The water resources absolutely necessary for the animals and plants of nature and nature were reduced to the original clean water by the self-cleaning action of the natural cycle, but the animals and plants of human and nature were satisfied.However, the standard of living according to the development of various industrial societies, the increase and the concentration of the population The problem of water pollution has become worse with the improvement of Korea, and it has reached an absolute shortage not only in the destruction of some ecosystems but also in our human lives. Even in the realities of lack of water resources, the waste water, various livestock, and manure waste waters that we used (leakage, livestock, and manure waste water) are discharged to the rivers and the seas without being disposed of or reused, resulting in the depletion of water resources and the destruction of natural ecosystems. have.

일반적으로 오,폐수를 처리하는 방법에는 물리적, 화학적, 생물학적 처리등 여러 가지가 있으나, 국내에서는 대부분 생물학적(활성오니법) 처리를 하고 있는 것이 기본 공정이다 또한 특별한 공법이 있는 것도 아니다. 그러나 생물학적 처리는 넓은 면적과 공간, 처리시간의 장기화, 폐수의 수질에 따른 미생물 관리등 처리공정에 있어서, 전문성을 요할뿐만 아니라 매우 까다로우므로 효율적으로 관리되지 못하고 있으며, 또한 지금까지의 오 폐수 처리는 단지 환경보전법(수질오염방지법)의 기준에만 의존하여 기준만 맞추면 방류하도록 시행하고 있는 관계로 재활용(중수도)이란 개념은 아예 없었다.In general, there are various methods of treating wastewater and wastewater, including physical, chemical, and biological treatments, but most of the domestic biological (active sludge) treatments are basic processes. There is no special method. However, biological treatments require not only expertise but also are very difficult in treatment processes such as large area and space, prolongation of treatment time, and microbial management according to the quality of wastewater, and they are not managed efficiently. Recycling is based on the Environmental Conservation Act (Water Pollution Prevention Act) only, so that it is discharged if the standard is met.

본 발명은 전술한 바와같은 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 안출한 것으로서, 우리가 일차로 사용한 더러워진 물을 빠른시간내에 처리하고, 생활용수로서 재사용하여 그 효용을 얻을 수 있게하여 수자원 고갈 원인인 각종 오수, 폐수, 분뇨, 축산폐수들을 완벽하게 처리하여 앞으로는 수자원의 부족으로 인하여 모든 오 폐수를 재활용(중수도)할 수 있도록 BOD 기준 10ppm 미만으로 처리하고 반복하여 재사용함으로 인하여 우리의 수자원을 보호하고 나아가 자연생태계를 보전하고자하는 목적을 가지고 있다.The present invention has been made in order to solve the problems described above, it is possible to treat the dirty water we used primarily in a short time, and reuse it as domestic water to obtain its utility to the various sources of wastewater, wastewater that causes depletion of water resources To protect our water resources and conserve the natural ecosystem by completely treating manure and livestock wastewater, and treating it repeatedly to less than 10ppm of BOD standard so that it can be recycled (heavy water) due to lack of water resources. Has a purpose.

전술한 바와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 발명은 입자가 큰 부유물을 걸러내는 스크린을 집수조에 연결 설치하고, 초음파에어장치에 연결된 초음파폭기장치를 집수조에 설치하여 산화 분해 폭기를 하며, 상기 집수조에 피라밋장치순환펌프가 설치된 피라밋산화장치를 설치하여 원수가 순환펌프에 의하여 상기 피라밋산화장치를 반복하여 순환하게하여 산화 접촉하게 하며, 상기 집수조를 펌프를 통하여 약품자동혼합장치에 연결시키고, 상기 약품자동혼합장치는 응집부상여과조에 연결시키고, 상기 응집부상여과조는 그 상부에서 배출되는 농축 슬러지를 이송시키는 농축슬러지배송관을 통하여 탈수기에 연결시키고, 상기 탈수기는 집수조에 연결시켜 탈리액을 다시 순환시키며, 상기 응집부상여과조에서 배출되는 처리수를 이송시키는 처리수배관을 통하여 상기 응집부상여과조를 오존기폭장치와 수질측정기가 설치된 오존반응조에 연결시키고, 상기 오존반응기에서 나오는 슬러지는 탈수기로 보내고, 최종처리수는 최종처리수밸브를 통하여 재사용하거나 방류하는 것을 특징으로 하는 장치를 제공하며, 스크린에서 각종 협잡물 및 부유물을 제거하고 집수조로 원수를 보내는 부유물 제거단계; 집수조내 원수에 초음파에어장치에 의하여 초음파폭기장치 및 피라밋산화장치를 이용하여 산소공급, 산화, 분해작용 및 폭기작용을 하는 산화접촉단계; 약품자동혼합장치에서 약품을 주입시켜 응결시키는 약품혼합단계; 응집부상여과조에서 농축슬러지를 분리하여 탈수기로 보내고 처리수는 여과기를 거쳐 오존반응조로 보내어 오존기폭장치을 거쳐 오 폐수를 완전히 정화시켜 안전하게 재사용할 수 있는 물을 생산하는 최종 고도처리단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 방법을 제공한다.In order to achieve the object as described above, the present invention is connected to the collecting tank to screen a large particle suspended matter, the ultrasonic aeration device connected to the ultrasonic air device in the collection tank to oxidative decomposition aeration, pyramid in the collection tank Install a pyramid oxidation device equipped with a device circulation pump to allow the raw water to circulate the pyramid oxidation device repeatedly by a circulation pump to oxidize contact, connect the sump to the automatic chemical mixing device through a pump, the chemical automatic mixing The apparatus is connected to the flocculation filtration tank, the flocculation filtration tank is connected to the dehydrator through a concentrated sludge delivery pipe for transporting the concentrated sludge discharged from the upper part, and the dehydrator is connected to the sump tank to circulate the desorption liquid and the flocculation. Treated water to transfer the treated water discharged from the flotation tank The flocculation flotation tank is connected to an ozone reactor equipped with an ozone detonator and a water quality meter through a pipe, and the sludge from the ozone reactor is sent to a dehydrator, and the final treated water is reused or discharged through a final treated water valve. It provides a device for removing, and removing the various debris and floats from the screen and removing the float to send raw water to the sump; An oxidative contacting step of supplying oxygen, oxidizing, decomposing and aeration using the ultrasonic aeration device and the pyramid oxidation device by the ultrasonic air device to the raw water in the sump tank; A drug mixing step of condensing the medicine by injecting the medicine in the automatic medicine mixing device; The final advanced treatment step of separating the concentrated sludge from the flocculation flotation tank and sending the treated water to the ozone reactor through the filter to completely purify the wastewater through the ozone detonator to produce water that can be safely reused. It provides a method for the dewatering of sewage, livestock, and manure wastes.

도 1은 본 발명의 오폐수 처리장치를 나타내는 개략도.1 is a schematic view showing a wastewater treatment apparatus of the present invention.

도 2는 도 1의 A부분을 포함하여 처리되는 재공정FIG. 2 is a reprocessing process including part A of FIG.

〈 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명 ><Description of the reference numerals for the main parts of the drawings>

1 : 스크린 2 : 집수조1: screen 2: sump

4 : 초음파폭기장치 5 : 초음파폭기장치4: ultrasonic aeration device 5: ultrasonic aeration device

6 : 피라밋 산화장치 7,31,32 : 펌프6: pyramid oxidizer 7,31,32 pump

8 : 약품자동혼합장치 9 : 피라밋장치순환펌프8: automatic chemical mixing device 9: pyramid device circulation pump

10 : 유량조절밸브 11 : 압력펌프10: flow control valve 11: pressure pump

12 : 이젝트 에어 흡입구 13 : 오존발생장치12: eject air inlet 13: ozone generator

14 : 오존 이송배관 15 : 응집 부상여과조14 ozone transport piping 15 flocculation flotation tank

16 : 오존 반응조 17 : 잉여오존파괴장치16: ozone reactor 17: excess ozone destruction device

18 : 오존기폭장치 19 : 수질측정기18: ozone detonator 19: water quality measuring instrument

20 : 탈수기 21 : 슬러지 케이크20: dehydrator 21: sludge cake

22 : 초음파 에어장치 23 : 슬러지 배송관22: ultrasonic air device 23: sludge delivery pipe

24 : 탈리액 이송관 25 : 농축슬러지 배송관24: desorption liquid delivery pipe 25: concentrated sludge delivery pipe

26, 27, 28 : 슬러지배출밸브 29, 30 : 최종 처리수밸브26, 27, 28: sludge discharge valve 29, 30: the final treated water valve

33 : 약품주입기 34 : 처리수 배관33: chemical injection machine 34: treatment water piping

35 : 처리수 예비순환 배관35: treatment water pre-circulation piping

이하 도면을 참조하여 본발명의 구성 및 작용을 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the configuration and operation of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

도 1은 본 발명의 오폐수 처리장치를 나타내는 개략도로서, 도면부호 1은 스크린을나타낸다. 상기 스크린은 일반적인 체와 유사한 것으로서, 각종 협잡물이 포함된 원폐수의 유입으로 인하여 다음 공정의 기계의 부하 및 공정상의 부하를 초래하는 입자가 큰 부유물(직경 2mm 이상의 협잡물 : 실, 나뭇잎, 머리카락, 씨앗류등)을 제거하는 기능을 가지고 있으며, 상기 스크린(1)은 집수조(2)에 연통되어 있다.1 is a schematic diagram showing a wastewater treatment apparatus of the present invention, wherein reference numeral 1 denotes a screen. The screen is similar to a general sieve, and has a large particle suspended matter (clumps of 2 mm or more in diameter: thread, leaves, hair, seeds, etc.) which causes the load of the machine and the process load of the next process due to the inflow of raw waste water containing various contaminants. Etc.), and the screen (1) is in communication with the sump (2).

상기 집수조(2)의 하부에는 초음파에어장치(22)에 연결되어 있는 초음파폭기장치(4)(5)가 설치되어 있으며, 상기 초음파폭기장치(4)(5)는 3Kg의 고압력에서 18.000Hz 이상의 초고주파가 발생되도록 하여 폭기시키는 장치로서 종래의 전극을 이용한 진동방법이 아닌 공기로서 발생되는 초음파기를 사용한다. 상기 집수조(2)의 상부에는 피라밋산화장치(6)를 설치하고, 상기 피라밋산화장치(9)와 집수조(2)를 연결순환시키는 피라밋순환펌프(9)를 설치하여 연속적으로 원수가 순환함으로 인하여 산화,분해 및 산소공급을 효과적으로 이루어 지도록 하는 장치이며, 이로 인하여 산화, 분해 및 산소공급을 효과적으로 이루어 지도록 하는 장치이다.In the lower part of the water collecting tank 2, ultrasonic aeration devices 4 and 5 connected to the ultrasonic air device 22 are installed, and the ultrasonic aeration devices 4 and 5 are 18.000 Hz or more at a high pressure of 3 Kg. Ultrasonic waves are generated so that the aeration is not an oscillation method using a conventional electrode but an ultrasonic wave generated as air. The pyramid oxidation unit 6 is installed on the top of the sump tank 2, and the pyramid circulation pump 9 for circulating the pyramid oxidation unit 9 and the sump tank 2 is installed to continuously circulate raw water. It is a device to effect oxidation, decomposition and oxygen supply effectively, and thus the device to effect oxidation, decomposition and oxygen supply effectively.

이로 인하여 집수조(2)에서는 계속적인 산화,분해 및 폭기가 동시에 일어나 다음단계 응집부상 여과조(15)에서 처리할 수 있는 응집부상효과를 최대한 발휘하게 하는 역할을 하는데 그 중요성이 있다.Because of this, the collection tank (2) has a significant role in maximizing the effect of flocculation injuries that can be processed in the next stage flocculation flotation filtration tank (15) by the continuous oxidation, decomposition and aeration.

상기 집수조(2)에 설치된 초음파폭기장치(4)(5) 및 피라밋 산화장치(6)는 폐수내의 안정된 성상을 유지시키며, 유 무기물 산화 분해 및 약품자동믹스장치(8)에서의 응집 반응단계를 더욱 신속하고 세밀하게 함으로써 공정의 흐름을 원활하게 하고 응집부상효과를 최대한 발휘하게 한다.Ultrasonic aeration device (4) (5) and pyramid oxidation device (6) installed in the sump (2) maintains the stable properties in the waste water, the inorganic oxidation and decomposition and the coagulation reaction step in the automatic chemical mixing device (8) By making the process more rapid and fine, the process flow is smooth and the flocculation effect is maximized.

상기 집수조(2)에 유량조절밸브(10)와 펌프(7)가 설치된 공급라인을 통하여 약품자동혼합장치(8)에 연결시키고 상기 약품자동혼합장치(8)에 약품을 주입할 수 있도록 약품주입기(33)를 약품자동혼합장치(8)에 설치한다.The chemical injector is connected to the automatic chemical mixing device 8 through a supply line in which the flow control valve 10 and the pump 7 are installed in the water collecting tank 2, and injects the chemical into the automatic chemical mixing device 8. (33) is installed in the automatic chemical mixing device (8).

이러한 약품자동혼합장치(8)는 고효율적이므로 약품교반탱크 및 교반기가 필요 없으며, 전처리의 초음파폭기장치(4,5) 및 피라밋산화장치(6)에 의하여 약품주입을 50% 정도 줄여준다. 이러한 요인으로는 전처리의 초음파폭기장치 및 피라밋산화장치에 의하여 유기물산화에 의한 응집력 증가, 유기물을 합성시켜 FLOC형성 촉진에 의한 응집력 증대 및 금속성 유기물에 함유된 Fe 3가, Mn 4가를 분리시켜 응집에 활용되며, 장치 내부에 존재하는 조류가 물질의 화학적 사슬을 끊어주는 역할을 하기 때문에 약품 비용이 줄어들며, 효과 또한 상승한다.This automatic chemical mixing device (8) is highly efficient and does not require a chemical stirring tank and agitator, and reduces the chemical injection by about 50% by the ultrasonic aeration device (4, 5) and pyramid oxidation device (6) of the pretreatment. These factors include the increase of cohesion by organic matter oxidation by the ultrasonic aeration device and pyramid oxidation device of pretreatment, the increase of cohesion force by promoting the formation of FLOC by synthesizing organic matters, and the separation of Fe 3 and Mn tetravalents contained in metallic organic matters. As the algae present in the device serve to break the chemical chain of the substance, the cost of the drug is reduced and the effect is increased.

그리고 상기 약품자동혼합장치(8)와 응집부상여과조(15)를 연결설치한다. 상기 응집부상여과조(15)는 처리대상의 액상물이 포함되어 있는 이물질이 응집되도록 하는 응집수단과, 응집된 이물질이 미세기포와 결합하여 부상되도록 함과 동시에 부상된 이물질을 수거하여 배출하는 이물질 응집 및 부유수거 수단에 의하여 1차 처리된 처리수를 별도의 여과층을 통과시켜 여과하는 여과수단과 여과층에 이물질이 쌓이게 되면 역세척동작이 실행되도록 하는 역세척제어수단으로 구성되며, 일정한 고압으로 부유물을 부상시키는 고압 부상기능을 가진 것으로서 공지의 것이다.And the chemical automatic mixing device 8 and the flocculation flotation filter tank 15 is installed. The flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 is a flocculation means for agglomeration of foreign matters containing a liquid substance to be treated, and agglomeration of foreign matters to collect and discharge the flocculated foreign matters while allowing the flocculated foreign matters to be combined with microbubbles. It consists of a filtering means for filtering the treated water firstly treated by the floating collecting means through a separate filtration layer and a backwashing control means for performing a backwashing operation when foreign matter is accumulated in the filtration layer. It is known as having a high-pressure floating function to float the.

상기 약품자동혼합장치(8)와 응집부상여과조(15)사이에 이젝트에어흡입구 (12)가 형성되어 있는 압력펌프(11)를 설치하여 약품자동혼합장치(8)에서 응결된 폐수를 압력펌프(11)로 응집부상여과조(15)에 이송시키고, 응집부상여과조(15)에서는 압력 에어 혼합펌핑에 의하여 물과 부유물이 빠르게 분리되며 분리된 물은 처리수배관(34)를 통하여 자연유수로서 오존반응조(16)로 유입되도록 설치한다. 상기 오존 반응조(16)에는 수질측정기가 설치되어 있으며, 하부에 오존기폭장치(18)가 장착되어 있다. 상기 오존기폭장치(18)는 오존발생장치(13)에 연결 설치된다. 그리고 오존반응조(16)는 내부가 서로 연통할 수 있는 여러개의 칸으로 형성되어 있으며, 다단으로 통과 하게끔 되어 있다. 상기 오존반응조(16)의 상측에는 잉여오존 파괴장치(17)가 설치되어 있다. 이상과 같은 잉여오존 파괴장치(17)는 환경에 심각한 문제를 일으키는 오존이 배출되지 않도록 남는 오존을 파괴시키는 장치이다.A pressure pump 11 having an ejection air suction opening 12 is formed between the automatic chemical mixing device 8 and the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 so that the waste water condensed in the automatic chemical mixing device 8 is pumped. 11) is transferred to the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15, in the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15, the water and the suspended matter are quickly separated by the pressure air mixing pump, and the separated water is the ozone reaction tank as the natural flowing water through the treated water pipe 34. (16) Install to enter. The ozone reactor 16 is provided with a water quality measuring instrument, and an ozone detonator 18 is mounted at the bottom thereof. The ozone detonator 18 is connected to the ozone generator 13. And the ozone reaction tank 16 is formed of a plurality of compartments that can communicate with each other inside, is to pass through in multiple stages. An excess ozone depleting apparatus 17 is provided above the ozone reaction tank 16. The redundant ozone destructor 17 as described above is a device that destroys the remaining ozone so that ozone that causes serious problems in the environment is not discharged.

또한 상기 응집부상여과조(15)에서 부상농축된 슬러지는 슬러지 배송관(25)를 통하여 연결된 탈수기(20)에 보내어져 탈수되어 슬러지 케이크(21)로 배출된다.In addition, the sludge concentrated in the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 is sent to the dehydrator 20 connected through the sludge delivery pipe 25 to be dewatered and discharged to the sludge cake 21.

그리고 오존반응조(16)에 유입된 응집부상여과조(15)의 처리수는 난분해성 및 미처리된 유 무기물을 포함하고 있으므로 상기 오존반응조(16)에서는 고도산화방법인 오존산화장치를 이용하여 난분해성 및 미처리된 유 무기물을 처리한다. 오존 이송배관(14)을 통하여 오존반응조(16)에 공급된 오존은 물질중의 유해화학반응을 일으켜 OH라디칼을 형성한다. OH라디칼은 난분해성, 미처리된 유, 무기물과의 친화력이 오존의 단독반응보다 단계적으로 빠르게 반응하고 또한 빠르게 산화 분해하여 처리되어 최초의 유입된 오 폐수를 우리가 재사용할 수 있는 BOD, COD 10ppm 이하의 수질로써 다시금 가장 빠르게 재사용할 수 있게 된다.In addition, since the treated water of the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 introduced into the ozone reaction tank 16 includes hardly decomposable and untreated inorganic substances, the ozone reaction tank 16 uses the ozone oxidizer, which is a high oxidation method, Treat untreated minerals. The ozone supplied to the ozone reactor 16 through the ozone transfer pipe 14 causes a harmful chemical reaction in the substance to form OH radicals. OH radicals are hardly decomposable, affinity with untreated oils and inorganics is reacted faster step by step than ozone alone, and is rapidly oxidized and treated so that we can reuse the first influent waste water below BOD, COD 10ppm As the quality of the water can be reused again the fastest.

더불어 집수조(2) 및 오존반응조(16)의 하부에 슬러지 배송관(23)을 연결하고 상기 슬러지 배송관(23)에 펌프(32)를 설치하여 탈수기(20)에 연결시킨다. 그리고 상기 슬러지 배송관(23)에는 슬러지 배출밸브(26)(27)(28)를 설치하여 상기 집수조(2)와 오존반응조(16)의 하부 표면에 침전된 부유물을 제거한다. 비중이 큰 침전물은 하부 표면에 쌓여 공정의 부하를 초래하게 되는데, 이 부하의 원인인 침전물을 배출하기 위한 예비장치의 밸브이며, 기 형성된 침전물은 펌프(32)로 펌핑함으로써 슬러지 배송관(23)을 통해 탈수기(20)에 유입되어 슬러지(21)과 탈리액으로 분리되어 처리된다. 분리된 탈리액을 집수조(2)로 보내기 위한 탈리액 이송관(24)이 탈수기(20)와 집수조(2)사이에 연결되어 있다. 이러한 탈리액 이송관(24)을 통하여 집수조(2)로 이송되어 다시 공정을 거쳐 재처리된다.In addition, the sludge delivery pipe 23 is connected to the lower part of the water collection tank 2 and the ozone reaction tank 16, and a pump 32 is installed in the sludge delivery pipe 23 to connect to the dehydrator 20. The sludge delivery pipe 23 is provided with sludge discharge valves 26, 27, 28 to remove suspended matters deposited on the lower surfaces of the water collecting tank 2 and the ozone reaction tank 16. Sediments having a high specific gravity accumulate on the lower surface and cause a load of the process, which is a valve of a preliminary device for discharging the sediment which is the cause of the load, and the pre-formed sediment is pumped by the pump 32 to supply the sludge delivery pipe 23. Through the dehydrator 20 is introduced into the sludge 21 is separated and treated with a desorption liquid. A desorption liquid delivery pipe 24 for sending the separated desorption liquid to the collection tank 2 is connected between the dehydrator 20 and the collection tank 2. The desorption liquid is transferred to the collection tank 2 through the conveying pipe 24 and is reprocessed through the process.

전술한 바와같은 최종처리수 밸브(29)(30)를 거친 최종수를 다시 한 번 처리공정을 거치기 위하여 도 2에서 보듯이 약품자동혼합장치(8)부터의 시스템을 최종처리수 밸브(29)(30)에 연결시킬 수 있다.As shown in FIG. 2, the system from the automatic chemical mixing device 8 is subjected to the final treatment water valve 29 (see FIG. 2) in order to pass through the final treatment water through the final treatment water valves 29 and 30 as described above. 30).

이상과 같은 구성의 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 장치를 사용하여 폐수를 처리하는 방법을 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Looking at the method of treating wastewater by using the device for the dewatering of sewage, livestock, and manure wastewater of the configuration as described above is as follows.

우선 스크린(1)에서 각종 협잡물 및 부유물을 제거하고 집수조(2)로 원수를 보내는 부유물 제거단계를 거치고, 집수조(2)내의 원수에 초음파에어장치(22)를 이용하여 산소를 공급하여 부패를 방지하고 유,무기물을 산화하며 또한 피라밋장치 순환펌프(9)에 의하여 피라밋산화장치(6)를 계속 순환통과하여 유 무기물의 산화를 촉진시키는 작용을 하는 집수조내의 산화 분해 폭기단계를 거친다. 이 단계에서 초음파폭기장치(4,5) 및 피라밋산화장치(6)에 의하여 수중에 함유되어 있는 각종 유기물을 분해 산화하고 폭기하며 다음단계에서 이루어지는 응집 부상, 여과의 효능을 상승시켜 처리효율을 높인다.First, various impurities and floats are removed from the screen (1), and the floating material is sent to the water collecting tank (2), and the raw water in the water collecting tank (2) is supplied with oxygen using an ultrasonic air device (22) to prevent corruption. And oxidizes the organic and inorganic matters, and also passes through the pyramid oxidation device 6 by the pyramid device circulation pump 9 to undergo an oxidative decomposition aeration step in the sump to promote oxidation of the inorganic matter. In this step, the ultrasonic aeration devices 4 and 5 and the pyramid oxidation device 6 decompose and oxidize and aerated various organic substances contained in the water and increase the efficiency of flocculation flotation and filtration performed in the next step, thereby increasing the treatment efficiency. .

다음은 약품자동혼합장치(8)에서 약품을 주입시켜 응결시키는 교반단계를 거치고, 응집부상여과조(15)에서 농축슬러지를 분리하여 탈수기(20)로 보내고 처리수는 오존반응조(16)로 보내어 오존반응을 시켜 오 폐수를 완전히 정화시켜 안전하게 재사용할 수 있는 물을 생산하는 최종처리수 생산단계를 거친다. 이 단계에서 각종 병원균살균, 대장균살균 및 냄새까지 제거한다.Next, after the stirring step of injecting and condensing the drug in the automatic chemical mixing device (8), the concentrated sludge is separated from the flocculation flotation filter (15) and sent to the dehydrator (20), and the treated water is sent to the ozone reaction tank (16). The reaction takes place in the final treated water production stage, which completely purifies the wastewater and produces water that can be safely reused. At this stage, various pathogen sterilization, E. coli sterilization and odor are removed.

위의 공정에서 탈수기로 보낸 농축슬러지는 탈수시켜 탈리액은 탈리액이송관(24)을 통하여 집수조(2)로 보내어 위의 단계를 다시 거치게 되고 나머지는 슬러지(21)로 방출하게 된다.In the above process, the concentrated sludge sent to the dehydrator is dehydrated and the desorption liquid is sent to the water collection tank 2 through the desorption liquid transporting tube 24 to go through the above steps again, and the rest is discharged to the sludge 21.

그리고 집수조(2)와 오존반응조(16)의 하부에 침전된 슬러지도 탈수기(20)로 보내어 탈리액과 슬러지로 분리하여 탈리액은 다시 집수조(2)로 보내어 재처리하고, 슬러지는 고체로 분리 방출한다.The sludge precipitated at the bottom of the sump (2) and the ozone reaction tank (16) is also sent to the dehydrator (20) to separate the desorption solution and the sludge. The desorption solution is sent back to the sump (2) for reprocessing and the sludge is separated and discharged as a solid. .

또한 고농도의 축산 분뇨 폐수를 더욱 완벽하게 처리하기 위하여 교반단계부터 최종처리수단계를 한 번 더 거칠 수도 있다. 그러면 완벽한 수질을 얻을 수 있다.In addition, in order to more completely treat the high concentration livestock manure waste water may be subjected once more from the stirring step to the final treated water step. This will give you perfect water quality.

본 발명의 처리방법은 기존의 물리, 화학, 생물학적 처리보다도 여러 가지 장점을 가지는 물리 + 화학의 복합시스템 방법이다.The treatment method of the present invention is a complex system method of physics + chemistry which has various advantages over conventional physical, chemical, and biological treatments.

일반 폐수처리는 성상의 변화에 따라 관리해야 하는등 효율면에 있어서 많은 문제점을 야기시키며 복잡다양한 관리가 어려우며 초기 투자비가 고가이며 유지관리비가 큰것등이 문제이며 제대로 처리되지 않는 등의 어려움이 있으나 본 발명의 처리방법은 성상에 따른 문제가 없으며, 누구나 관리하기가 쉬우며 초기투자비가 60%정도, 유지관리비가 60%정도로 저렴하며 별도의 관리인이 필요하지 않으며, 폐수 발생시마다 가동하므로 24시간 기계를 작동시킬 필요가 없으며, 또한 빠르게 중수도로 재사용할 수 있는 효과가 있다.General wastewater treatment causes many problems in terms of efficiency, such as management according to changes in properties, difficult to manage various complexities, high initial investment cost, high maintenance cost, etc. The treatment method of the invention has no problem according to the characteristics, it is easy to manage by anyone, the initial investment cost is about 60%, the maintenance cost is about 60% cheaper, and there is no need for a separate manager, and it operates every 24 hours because the waste water is generated. It does not need to be activated, and also has the effect of being quickly reused in heavy water.

Claims (4)

입자가 큰 부유물을 걸러내는 스크린(1)을 집수조(2)에 연결 설치하고, 초음파에어장치(22)에 연결된 초음파폭기장치(4)(5)를 집수조(2)에 설치하여 산화 분해 폭기를 하며, 상기 집수조(2)에 피라밋장치순환펌프(9)가 설치된 피라밋산화장치 (6)를 설치하여 원수가 순환펌프에 의하여 상기 피라밋산화장치(6)를 반복하여 순환하게하여 산화 접촉하게 하며, 상기 집수조(2)를 펌프(7)를 통하여 약품자동혼합장치(8)에 연결시키고, 상기 약품자동혼합장치(8)는 응집부상여과조(15)에 연결시키고, 상기 응집부상여과조(15)는 그 상부에서 배출되는 농축 슬러지를 이송시키는 농축슬러지배송관(25)을 통하여 탈수기(20)에 연결시키고, 상기 탈수기(20)는 집수조(2)에 연결시켜 탈리액을 다시 순환시키며, 상기 응집부상여과조(15)에서 배출되는 처리수를 이송시키는 처리수배관(34)을 통하여 상기 응집부상여과조(15)를 오존기폭장치(18)와 수질측정기가 설치된 오존반응조(16)에 연결시키고, 상기 오존반응기(16)에서 나오는 슬러지는 탈수기(20)로 보내고, 최종처리수는 최종처리수밸브 (29)(30)를 통하여 재사용하거나 방류하는 것을 특징으로 하는 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 장치.A screen (1) for filtering the suspended particles having a large particle is connected to the collection tank (2), and an ultrasonic aeration device (4) (5) connected to the ultrasonic air device (22) is installed in the collection tank (2) for oxidative decomposition aeration. And, the pyramid oxidation unit (6) provided with a pyramid device circulation pump (9) is installed in the sump (2), the raw water is circulated by the circulation pump to repeat the pyramid oxidation unit (6) to oxidize contact, The collection tank (2) is connected to the automatic chemical mixing device (8) through the pump (7), the automatic chemical mixing device (8) is connected to the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15, the flocculation flotation filtration tank (15) It is connected to the dehydrator 20 through the concentrated sludge delivery pipe 25 for transporting the concentrated sludge discharged from the upper portion, the dehydrator 20 is connected to the collection tank (2) to circulate the desorption liquid again, the flocculation flotation filter tank Treated water for transferring the treated water discharged from (15) The agglomeration flotation filtration tank 15 is connected to an ozone reactor 16 equipped with an ozone detonator 18 and a water quality meter through a pipe 34, and the sludge from the ozone reactor 16 is sent to the dehydrator 20. , The final treatment water is reused or discharged through the final treatment water valve (29) (30), characterized in that the wastewater and livestock, the device for the dewatering of the manure wastewater. 제 1 항에 있어서, 오존반응조(16)의 상부에 잉여오존 파괴장치(17)를 각각 설치하는 것을 특징으로 하는 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 장치.The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a redundant ozone depleting device (17) is provided on an upper portion of the ozone reaction tank (16), respectively. 제 1 항에 있어서, 최종처리수밸브(29)(30)에 약품자동혼합장치(8), 응집부상여과조(15), 오존반응조(16)를 다시 2중으로 설치하는 것을 특징으로 하는 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 장치.The waste water treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the chemical treatment device (8), the flocculation flotation filter (15), and the ozone reaction tank (16) are again provided in the final treatment water valve (29) (30). And a device for desalination of livestock and manure wastewater. 스크린(1)에서 각종 협잡물 및 부유물을 제거하고 집수조(2)로 원수를 보내는 부유물 제거단계; 집수조(2)내 원수에 초음파에어장치(22)에 의하여 초음파폭기장치(4, 5) 및 피라밋산화장치(6)를 이용하여 산소공급, 산화, 분해작용 및 폭기작용을 하는 산화접촉단계; 약품자동혼합장치(8)에서 약품을 주입시켜 응결시키는 약품혼합단계; 응집부상여과조(15)에서 농축슬러지를 분리하여 탈수기(20)로 보내고 처리수는 여과기를 거쳐 오존반응조(16)로 보내어 오존기폭장치(18)을 거쳐 오 폐수를 완전히 정화시켜 안전하게 재사용할 수 있는 물을 생산하는 최종 고도처리단계;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 오·폐수 및 축산, 분뇨폐수의 중수도화에 관한 방법.A float removal step of removing various contaminants and floats from the screen 1 and sending raw water to the water collecting tank 2; An oxidative contact step of supplying oxygen, oxidizing, decomposing and aeration using the ultrasonic aeration devices 4 and 5 and the pyramid oxidation device 6 by the ultrasonic air device 22 to the raw water in the water collecting tank 2; A drug mixing step of injecting and condensing drugs in the automatic medicine mixing device (8); The concentrated sludge is separated from the flocculation flotation filtration tank 15 and sent to the dehydrator 20, and the treated water is sent to the ozone reactor 16 through a filter to completely purify the wastewater through the ozone detonator 18 so that it can be safely reused. The final advanced treatment step of producing water; wastewater and livestock, characterized in that the method for the dewatering of the wastewater.
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KR20010027426A (en) * 1999-09-13 2001-04-06 황종균 Device for reclaiming waste water
KR20010094491A (en) * 2000-03-31 2001-11-01 박상두 Water treatment apparatus using a ultrasonic, for infrared radiation, and a plasmatic oxygen and ozone, and a method to treat water
KR100359989B1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-11-09 이경남 A sewage and waster water treatment system

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KR100414580B1 (en) * 2001-04-10 2004-01-07 주식회사 아이이아이 A purification system for a waste water of livestock
KR20030037810A (en) * 2001-11-06 2003-05-16 주식회사 제이슨컨설턴트 Water resuing system
KR100475451B1 (en) * 2002-10-07 2005-03-10 주식회사 아이이아이 The treatment system for purifying
KR100491865B1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2005-05-27 조통래 Advanced method of water treatment of septic tank and so on
CN104961289A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-10-07 湖北源中清生物环保科技有限公司 Micro-nano aeration high-efficiency biotreatment technical system for livestock and poultry breeding wastewater
KR101877935B1 (en) * 2017-02-08 2018-07-13 한국해양대학교 산학협력단 Pressure controlled type micro-bubble dissolved air flotation equipment and dissolved-air flotation method using of the same and water treatment system using of the sames
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010027426A (en) * 1999-09-13 2001-04-06 황종균 Device for reclaiming waste water
KR100359989B1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-11-09 이경남 A sewage and waster water treatment system
KR20010094491A (en) * 2000-03-31 2001-11-01 박상두 Water treatment apparatus using a ultrasonic, for infrared radiation, and a plasmatic oxygen and ozone, and a method to treat water

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