JPS61146654A - Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile - Google Patents

Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile

Info

Publication number
JPS61146654A
JPS61146654A JP26789584A JP26789584A JPS61146654A JP S61146654 A JPS61146654 A JP S61146654A JP 26789584 A JP26789584 A JP 26789584A JP 26789584 A JP26789584 A JP 26789584A JP S61146654 A JPS61146654 A JP S61146654A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
cover
mirror
driver
recess
seat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP26789584A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0262415B2 (en
Inventor
Masatoshi Nagano
昌俊 永野
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to JP26789584A priority Critical patent/JPS61146654A/en
Publication of JPS61146654A publication Critical patent/JPS61146654A/en
Publication of JPH0262415B2 publication Critical patent/JPH0262415B2/ja
Granted legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements; Real-time viewing arrangements for drivers or passengers using optical image capturing systems, e.g. cameras or video systems specially adapted for use in or on vehicles
    • B60R1/002Optical viewing arrangements; Real-time viewing arrangements for drivers or passengers using optical image capturing systems, e.g. cameras or video systems specially adapted for use in or on vehicles specially adapted for covering the peripheral part of the vehicle, e.g. for viewing tyres, bumpers or the like

Abstract

PURPOSE:To keep the area around the front wheel and the rear wheel visual from the driver's seat by retractably mounting a cover having a mirror inside thereof to a recess formed in the front side of the body and protruding the cover in a predetermined amount at a predetermined angle as required. CONSTITUTION:A body 1 has a recess 2, and a cover 3 to be fitted in the recess 2. The cover 3 has a mirror 4 attached to the inside thereof and connected to the bottom wall of the recess 2 by two links 5, 6. There are provided springs 7, 8 for urging the links 5, 6 toward the inside of the recess 2, and a wire 9 is connected to one link 5 to shift the cover 3 by pushing and pulling of the wire 9. Thus constructed, the wire 9 is pulled, as required, to rise the links 5, 6 and thereby to protrude the cover 3 out of the body 1 in a predetermined amount at a predetermined angle, so that the driver can have a view of the area around the front wheel 12 and the rear wheel 13 from the driver's seat.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 〔産業上の利用分野〕 本発明は、フロントボンネット型の自動車における前輪
及び後輪の接地部周辺の領域を、運転席から容易に目視
できるようにした側方死角解消装置に関する。
[Detailed Description of the Invention] [Field of Industrial Application] The present invention is directed to eliminating lateral blind spots in a front bonnet type automobile by making it possible to easily see the areas around the ground contact areas of the front wheels and rear wheels from the driver's seat. Regarding equipment.

〔従来の技術〕[Conventional technology]

従来、自動車には後方を目視確認するためのバックミラ
ーを装備しているが、バスや大型のトラック等以外は車
体の前部及び前輪部周辺の領域を目視できない。
Conventionally, automobiles are equipped with rearview mirrors for visually checking the rear, but except for buses and large trucks, it is not possible to visually see the front part of the vehicle body and the area around the front wheels.

このため、狭い場所で離合するときや駐車するとき等に
接触事故を起こしたり、側溝に脱輪するなど極めて危険
な事態を招くことが多く、その対策が、近来大幅に増加
する自動車交通における一つの大きな問題であった。
This often leads to extremely dangerous situations such as collisions when leaving or parking in narrow spaces, or vehicles running off the road into ditches. Countermeasures against these problems are one of the most important factors in automobile traffic, which has been increasing rapidly in recent years. This was one big problem.

この対策として、車体の前部側方に運転席と逆側の車輪
を目視できるように専用のミラーを後方確認のためのミ
ラーとは別個に配置することが一つの有効な手段であり
、大型車のように普通車に−も凸面のミラーを所定位置
に固定した構成のものがある。
As a countermeasure against this problem, one effective means is to place a dedicated mirror on the front side of the car body so that the wheels on the opposite side of the driver's seat can be visually seen, separate from the mirror for checking the rear. Some ordinary cars, such as cars, have a configuration in which a convex mirror is fixed in a predetermined position.

〔発明が解決しようとする問題点〕[Problem that the invention seeks to solve]

しかし、このような専用の固定ミラーを配置する場合、
運転席に対する反射領域は限定され、運転手の姿勢や車
幅、及びミラーの取りつけ位置によっては必要とする目
視領域を得ることが出来ず、また固定ミラーで広範囲を
映すための広角用短焦点凸面鏡では像の歪みや遠近差に
よる像の極端な大小差を生じるため、実際に使用するに
は不十分であるという問題があった。
However, when placing such a dedicated fixed mirror,
The reflective area for the driver's seat is limited, and depending on the driver's posture, vehicle width, and mirror mounting position, it may not be possible to obtain the necessary viewing area.Furthermore, a wide-angle short-focus convex mirror is used to reflect a wide area with a fixed mirror. However, this method causes image distortion and extreme differences in image size due to distance differences, so there is a problem that it is insufficient for actual use.

本発明の目的は、車体の大きさや運転手の姿勢等が様々
に変化してもこれに対応して前後輪部周辺の領域を確実
に目視可能とすることである。
An object of the present invention is to make it possible to reliably visualize the area around the front and rear wheels even if the size of the vehicle body, the posture of the driver, etc. change variously.

〔問題点を解決するための手段〕[Means for solving problems]

本発明は、自動車のフロントボンネットの側部に設けた
ミラー収納用凹部と、同凹部の開口部分を覆う開閉可能
なカバーと、同カバーの内面に取りつけたミラーと、前
記カバーの開度調整によ°って運転席から見た前記ミラ
ーの反射領域が前輪及び後輪部の側部近傍となるように
調整するミラー角度調整機構とを備えた構成とすること
により、運転手の姿勢が変化しても、また運転手が変わ
った場合でも、前方車輪近傍の最適位置に反射像が映る
ようにミラーを調節できるようにしたものである。
The present invention provides a recess for storing a mirror provided on the side of a front bonnet of an automobile, a cover that can be opened and closed to cover the opening of the recess, a mirror attached to the inner surface of the cover, and a method for adjusting the opening of the cover. Therefore, by adopting a configuration including a mirror angle adjustment mechanism that adjusts the reflection area of the mirror as seen from the driver's seat to be near the sides of the front wheels and rear wheels, the driver's posture changes. Even if the driver changes, the mirror can be adjusted so that the reflected image is reflected at the optimal position near the front wheels.

〔実施例〕〔Example〕

以下、図面に示す実施例に基づいて本発明を説明する。 The present invention will be described below based on embodiments shown in the drawings.

第1図は本発明に係る側方死角解消装置を備えた自動車
の斜視図、第2図は同装置部の断面図、第3図は同装置
のカバーを開いた状態の断面図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an automobile equipped with a side blind spot eliminating device according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the device, and FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the device with the cover open.

側方死角解消装置は運転席の逆側のボンネットの側部に
配置され、車体1には凹部2が凹設され、同凹部2の開
口域を車体1表面に整合して一体的な外観を呈するカバ
ー3を備えている。
The lateral blind spot elimination device is placed on the side of the hood opposite to the driver's seat, and a recess 2 is formed in the vehicle body 1, and the opening area of the recess 2 is aligned with the surface of the vehicle body 1 to create an integrated appearance. It is equipped with a cover 3 that exhibits

このカバー3の内面にはミラー4が取りつけられ、二本
の棒状または板状のリンク5.6により凹部2内の底壁
に連結されている。
A mirror 4 is attached to the inner surface of this cover 3 and is connected to the bottom wall within the recess 2 by two rod-shaped or plate-shaped links 5.6.

このリンク5.6は実質的に四節平行リンクを構成し第
3図のようにカバー3を車体1外にシフトすることがで
きる。
This link 5.6 essentially constitutes a four-bar parallel link and allows the cover 3 to be shifted out of the vehicle body 1 as shown in FIG.

このリンク5.6を車体1及びカバー3に枢着するため
のリンクピン5a、 6aは第4図に示すような車体1
に対する相対位置関係となるように構成する。即ち、同
第4図において、ABは車軸の方向、BCは車体の前後
方向、ADは鉛直方向をそれぞれ示すものとすれば、リ
ンクピン5a、 6aの軸線方向は線分DFで表される
Link pins 5a and 6a for pivotally connecting the links 5.6 to the vehicle body 1 and the cover 3 are connected to the vehicle body 1 as shown in FIG.
The configuration is such that the positional relationship is relative to . That is, in FIG. 4, if AB indicates the direction of the axle, BC indicates the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body, and AD indicates the vertical direction, then the axial direction of the link pins 5a and 6a is represented by the line segment DF.

このようなリンクピン5a、 6aの配置において、第
1図に示す運転席からミラー4の反射面に向けてひいた
直線と車軸方向のなす角度αが50度の場合には、第4
図におけるβ、Tの角度はそれぞれ40度、13度程度
が好ましい値である。但し、これらの角度β、Tの値は
、ミラー4の焦点距離や形状に応じて若干変動し、車幅
によって影響を受ける角度αの値に対しである一定の関
係によって決定されるものである。
In such arrangement of the link pins 5a, 6a, if the angle α between the straight line drawn from the driver's seat toward the reflective surface of the mirror 4 shown in FIG. 1 and the axle axis direction is 50 degrees, the fourth
Preferably, the angles β and T in the figure are approximately 40 degrees and 13 degrees, respectively. However, the values of these angles β and T vary slightly depending on the focal length and shape of the mirror 4, and are determined by a certain relationship with the value of the angle α, which is affected by the width of the vehicle. .

このカバー3のシフトを行う駆動機構は、従来から用い
られている各種のものを適用でき、本実施例では、各リ
ンク5.6を凹部2の内部方向に付勢するスプリング7
.8を夫々配置するとともに一方のリンク5にワイヤ9
を連結し、このワイヤ9を押し引きすることによりこれ
を行う構成である。
The drive mechanism for shifting the cover 3 can be any of a variety of conventionally used mechanisms, and in this embodiment, a spring 7 that biases each link 5.
.. 8 respectively, and wire 9 to one link 5.
This is done by connecting the wires 9 and pushing and pulling the wires 9.

ワイヤ9は車体l内に電動モータを配置してその出力軸
に接続しその正逆回転により操作したり、運転席にノブ
を配置してこれを出し入れすることにより駆動可能であ
る。この場合、ワイヤ9の伸縮量を運転席から自在に変
え、カバー3の車体1に対する相対角度を任意に設定で
きるように構成してお(。
The wire 9 can be driven by connecting an electric motor to the output shaft of an electric motor arranged inside the vehicle body 1 and operating it by rotating it in forward and reverse directions, or by placing a knob in the driver's seat and turning it in and out. In this case, the configuration is such that the amount of expansion and contraction of the wire 9 can be freely changed from the driver's seat, and the relative angle of the cover 3 to the vehicle body 1 can be set arbitrarily.

尚、10.11は後方確認用のバックミラーである。Note that 10.11 is a rearview mirror for checking the rear.

上記構成の側方死角解消装置は、通常走行時には第2図
のようにカバー3を閉じて車体lと一体化した状態にし
ておく、そして、必要が生じた場合にはワイヤ9を駆動
機構により引いて第3図のようにリンク5,6を立ち上
げ、カバー3を車体l外に繰り出して、運転席Mから運
転手が前輪12及び後輪13の周辺部領域を目視できる
ように変位させる。
In the side blind spot eliminating device having the above configuration, during normal driving, the cover 3 is closed and integrated with the vehicle body 1 as shown in Fig. 2, and when the need arises, the wire 9 is connected by a drive mechanism. Pull it up to raise the links 5 and 6 as shown in Figure 3, extend the cover 3 to the outside of the vehicle body, and displace it so that the driver can visually see the area around the front wheels 12 and rear wheels 13 from the driver's seat M. .

この時、ワイヤ9の引き締め量は電動モータ出力軸の回
動量または手動式の場合はノブの引き出し量によって任
意に変えることができるので、カバー3の変位量及び車
体lに対する相対角度を任意に設定できる。
At this time, the amount of tightening of the wire 9 can be arbitrarily changed by the amount of rotation of the electric motor output shaft or the amount of pull of the knob in the case of a manual type, so the amount of displacement of the cover 3 and the relative angle with respect to the vehicle body l can be arbitrarily set. can.

このカバー3のシフトはリンクピン5a、 6aを第4
図に示した車体1に対する配置としたことによリ、第5
図で示すようにカバー3の開く角度に応じて運転席Mに
対する反射領域を前輪12から後輪13の周辺へ向けて
変えることができる。
This shift of the cover 3 moves the link pins 5a and 6a to the fourth position.
By arranging the vehicle body 1 as shown in the figure, the fifth
As shown in the figure, the reflective area for the driver's seat M can be changed from the front wheels 12 to the periphery of the rear wheels 13 depending on the opening angle of the cover 3.

以上のようにカバー3の変位を任意に設定可能としたの
で車体1の大きさや運転手の姿勢によらず目視し易い位
置にセットできるので、運転席Mから見えない部分を容
易に目視確認でき事故を防止することができる。
As described above, since the displacement of the cover 3 can be set arbitrarily, it can be set at a position that is easy to see regardless of the size of the vehicle body 1 or the driver's posture, so parts that cannot be seen from the driver's seat M can be easily checked visually. Accidents can be prevented.

〔発明の効果〕〔Effect of the invention〕

本発明に係る自動車の側方死角解消装置はその構成によ
り下記の効果を奏する。
The lateral blind spot eliminating device for an automobile according to the present invention has the following effects due to its configuration.

(11運転席から見えない前輪部周辺を容易に目視確認
できるので、離合時における路肩への待避や駐車時の車
寄せを安全に行うことができる。
(11) Since you can easily visually check the area around the front wheels that cannot be seen from the driver's seat, you can safely evacuate to the roadside when leaving the vehicle or pull over when parking.

(2)  ミラーを取りつけたカバーの変位量を任意に
設定できるので、車体の大きさや運転手の姿勢によらず
確実な視野を得ることができる。
(2) Since the amount of displacement of the cover to which the mirror is attached can be set arbitrarily, a reliable field of view can be obtained regardless of the size of the vehicle body or the driver's posture.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief explanation of drawings]

第1図は本発明に係る側方死角解消装置を備えた自動車
の斜視図、第2図は側方死角解消装置を概略的に示す断
面図、第3図はカバーを開いた状態を示す断面図、第4
図はリンクピンの車体に対する配置を示す説明図、第5
図はカバーの移動により運転席に対する反射領域の変化
を示す説明図である。 (11車体     (2)凹部 (3)  カバー    (4)  ミラー(5)、 
(61リンク  (9)  ワイヤ(7)、(8)スプ
リング (至)、  (11)バックミラー (12)前輪    (13)後輪 (M)運転席 特許出願人     永 野  昌 俊代理人  手掘
 益(ほか1名) 第 1 図 第 2 図 第4図
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an automobile equipped with a side blind spot eliminating device according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing the side blind spot eliminating device, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the cover in an open state. Figure, 4th
The figure is an explanatory diagram showing the arrangement of link pins on the vehicle body.
The figure is an explanatory diagram showing changes in the reflection area relative to the driver's seat due to movement of the cover. (11 car body (2) recess (3) cover (4) mirror (5),
(61 link (9) Wire (7), (8) Spring (to), (11) Rearview mirror (12) Front wheel (13) Rear wheel (M) Driver's seat Patent applicant Masatoshi Nagano Agent Masu Tebori (1 other person) Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4

Claims (1)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 1、自動車のフロントボンネツトの側部に設けたミラー
収納用凹部と、同凹部の開口部分を覆う開閉可能なカバ
ーと、同カバーの内面に取りつけたミラーと、前記カバ
ーの開度調整によって運転席から見た前記ミラーの反射
領域が前輪及び後輪部の側部近傍となるように調整する
ミラー角度調整機構とを備えたことを特徴とする自動車
の側方死角解消装置。
1. A recess for storing a mirror provided on the side of the front bonnet of a car, a cover that can be opened and closed to cover the opening of the recess, a mirror attached to the inner surface of the cover, and an adjustment of the opening of the cover to facilitate driving. A side blind spot elimination device for an automobile, comprising: a mirror angle adjustment mechanism that adjusts the reflection area of the mirror as viewed from the seat to be near the sides of the front wheels and rear wheels.
JP26789584A 1984-12-18 1984-12-18 Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile Granted JPS61146654A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP26789584A JPS61146654A (en) 1984-12-18 1984-12-18 Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP26789584A JPS61146654A (en) 1984-12-18 1984-12-18 Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS61146654A true JPS61146654A (en) 1986-07-04
JPH0262415B2 JPH0262415B2 (en) 1990-12-25

Family

ID=17451111

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP26789584A Granted JPS61146654A (en) 1984-12-18 1984-12-18 Side dead angle eliminating device for automobile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS61146654A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5563741A (en) * 1993-08-28 1996-10-08 Reitter & Schefenacker Gmbh & Co. Kg Exterior rearview mirror for motor vehicles
US5717531A (en) * 1995-07-19 1998-02-10 Floyd; Roy R. Racing mirror
US6109755A (en) * 1997-05-24 2000-08-29 Britax Geco S.A. Retractable exterior mirror for a motor vehicle
ES2281230A1 (en) * 2005-01-17 2007-09-16 Jesus Tomas Lopez Valverde Outer rear view mirror for vehicles, has revolving cone, truncated revolving cone or semi spherical housing from which a fraction of ninety or more degree is made in its base and mirror is rotate about its axis of symmetry
JP2016107948A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 株式会社東海理化電機製作所 Visual confirmation device for vehicle

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0470694U (en) * 1990-10-29 1992-06-23

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS47840U (en) * 1971-01-18 1972-08-08
JPS5833346U (en) * 1981-08-31 1983-03-04 三菱農機株式会社 Rear view mirror of work vehicle

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4123923A (en) * 1977-11-29 1978-11-07 Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kiddie & Company, Inc. Combination lock

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS47840U (en) * 1971-01-18 1972-08-08
JPS5833346U (en) * 1981-08-31 1983-03-04 三菱農機株式会社 Rear view mirror of work vehicle

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5563741A (en) * 1993-08-28 1996-10-08 Reitter & Schefenacker Gmbh & Co. Kg Exterior rearview mirror for motor vehicles
US5717531A (en) * 1995-07-19 1998-02-10 Floyd; Roy R. Racing mirror
US6109755A (en) * 1997-05-24 2000-08-29 Britax Geco S.A. Retractable exterior mirror for a motor vehicle
ES2281230A1 (en) * 2005-01-17 2007-09-16 Jesus Tomas Lopez Valverde Outer rear view mirror for vehicles, has revolving cone, truncated revolving cone or semi spherical housing from which a fraction of ninety or more degree is made in its base and mirror is rotate about its axis of symmetry
JP2016107948A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 株式会社東海理化電機製作所 Visual confirmation device for vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0262415B2 (en) 1990-12-25

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