JPH09327098A - Hearing aid - Google Patents

Hearing aid

Info

Publication number
JPH09327098A
JPH09327098A JP16047796A JP16047796A JPH09327098A JP H09327098 A JPH09327098 A JP H09327098A JP 16047796 A JP16047796 A JP 16047796A JP 16047796 A JP16047796 A JP 16047796A JP H09327098 A JPH09327098 A JP H09327098A
Authority
JP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
microphone
electric signal
coil
sound
amplifier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP16047796A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yoshihiro Koseki
芳宏 小関
Original Assignee
Yoshihiro Koseki
芳宏 小関
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve sound quality and to reduce power consumption by providing the conductor of a magnet or a closed loop provided in a drum, which is driven by a magnetic field generated by an amplified electric signal.
SOLUTION: A hearing aid is constituted of a microphone 2 for collecting sound and converting it into the electric signal, an amplifier 3 for amplifying the electric signal which is outputted from the microphone 2, a coil 14 on which the amplified electric signal is impressed and a small magnet 11 adhered on the drum 9 and a converter is formed by arranging the coil 14 so as to be adjacent to the small magnet 11. Then, when sound is collected by the microphone 2, the electric signal is outputted from the microphone 2. When the electric signal is amplified by the amplifier 3 so as to be impressed on the coil 14, the magnetic field corresponding to sound is generated. The small magnet 11 is vibrated by the magnetic field generated by the coil 14 so that the drum 9 is directly vibrated.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1997,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は、難聴者が使用する補聴器に関し、特に、鼓膜に音響振動を伝達する際に、マイクロフォンで得た電気信号を空気振動に変換することなく、直接鼓膜に伝達するように構成したものである。 TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a hearing aid hearing impaired is used, in particular transmission, while transmitting acoustic vibration to the eardrum, the electrical signal obtained by the microphone without converting into aerial vibration, direct eardrum it is obtained by configured to.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】難聴者が使用する従来の補聴器は、集音された微弱な音響の空気振動をマイクロフォンによって電気信号に変換し、その電気信号を増幅器によって増幅し、小型イヤフォンより振幅の大きい空気振動に変換して鼓膜に伝えている。 Conventional hearing aids BACKGROUND ART hearing impaired uses, a weak sound of the air vibrations which are collected and converted into an electric signal by the microphone, the electric signal is amplified by an amplifier, a large air amplitude than small earphones are transmitted to the eardrum is converted to vibration. そして、鼓膜の振動は、中耳の耳小骨により音圧を大きくして内耳の蝸牛に伝達され、聴神経に伝えられる。 The vibration of the tympanic membrane, by increasing the sound pressure by the ossicles of the middle ear is transmitted to the cochlea of ​​the inner ear, it is transmitted to the auditory nerve.

【0003】従来の補聴器においては、小型イヤフォンで発生した音響を空気を介して鼓膜に伝えている。 In conventional hearing aids, the sound generated by the small earphones are transmitted through the air to the tympanic membrane.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、小型イヤフォンの性能には限界があり、音質よく鼓膜に伝えることができない。 The object of the invention is to be Solved However, the performance of small earphones there is a limit, can not be transmitted to the sound quality well eardrum.

【0005】また、鼓膜を振動させるために、小型イヤフォンで空気振動に変換して鼓膜に伝えなければならないので、変換においてエネルギーの損失を生じていた。 Further, in order to vibrate the ear drum, so must convey converted to air vibrations in the eardrum small earphone, it has resulted in loss of energy in the conversion.

【0006】そこで、この発明は、このような音質の劣化およびエネルギー損失の問題点を解決するために考えられたものである。 [0006] Therefore, this invention has been devised to solve the problems of degradation and loss of energy such sound quality.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】この発明の補聴器は、音響を集音して電気信号に変換するマイクロフォンと、このマイクロフォンから出力する電気信号を増幅する増幅器と、増幅された電気信号によって磁界を発生する手段と、この発生した磁界で駆動され、鼓膜に設けられた磁石または閉ループの導電体とにより構成されている。 Means for Solving the Problems The hearing aid of the present invention includes a microphone for converting into an electric signal by collecting sound, and an amplifier for amplifying the electric signal output from the microphone, a magnetic field by the amplified electrical signal means for generating, is driven by the generated magnetic field is constituted by the conductor of the magnet or closed loop provided in the tympanic membrane.

【0008】また、音響を集音して電気信号に変換するマイクロフォンと、このマイクロフォンから出力する電気信号を電圧増幅する増幅器と、増幅された電気信号が印加される電極と、この電極で発生する電界で動され、 Further, a microphone for converting into an electric signal by collecting sound, an amplifier for voltage amplifying the electric signal output from the microphone, and the electrode an electrical signal is applied which is amplified, generated by the electrode It is moving in the electric field,
鼓膜に設けられるエレクトレットとにより構成してもよい。 It may be constituted by an electret provided on the eardrum.

【0009】 [0009]

【発明の実施の形態】この発明の補聴器は、鼓膜に音響振動を伝達する際に、マイクロフォンで得た電気信号を空気振動に変換することなく、直接鼓膜に伝達するように構成したものである。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION hearing aid of the invention, when transmitting acoustic vibration to the eardrum, without converting the electric signal obtained by the microphone to the air vibration, which is constituted so as to transmit directly to the eardrum .

【0010】(第1の実施の形態)図1に示すように、 [0010] (First Embodiment) As shown in FIG. 1,
音響を集音して電気信号に変換するマイクロフォン2 Microphone 2 for converting into an electric signal by collecting acoustic
と、このマイクロフォン2から出力される電気信号を増幅する増幅器3と、増幅された電気信号が印加されるコイル14と、鼓膜9に貼り付けられた小磁石11とにより構成され、この小磁石11にコイル14を接近して配置することによって変換器を形成している。 When, an amplifier 3 for amplifying the electric signal output from the microphone 2, the coil 14 an electrical signal amplified is applied, is constituted by a small magnet 11 affixed to the tympanic membrane 9, the small magnets 11 forming a transducer by placing close the coil 14 on.

【0011】マイクロフォン2で音響を集音すると、このマイクロフォン2から電気信号を出力するので、この電気信号を増幅器3で増幅してコイル14に印加すると、 [0011] for collecting sound by the microphone 2, so outputs an electrical signal from the microphone 2, is applied to the coil 14 by amplifying the electrical signal in the amplifier 3,
音響に対応した磁界を発生する。 To generate a magnetic field corresponding to the acoustic. このコイル14で発生した磁界により小磁石11が振動させられて鼓膜9を直接振動させることができる。 The small magnet 11 by magnetic field generated by the coil 14 can vibrate the tympanic membrane 9 is vibrated directly.

【0012】このようにして鼓膜9を振動させると、マイクロフォン2で集音した音響に対応した振動を鼓膜9 [0012] vibrate this way the eardrum 9, eardrum vibrations corresponding to sound collected by the microphone 2 9
に与えることができる。 It can give to.

【0013】(第2の実施の形態)図2(a)に示すように、マイクロフォン2と、増幅器3と、増幅された電気信号が印加されるコイル14およびこのコイル14の中に配置された磁芯15と、鼓膜9に貼り付けられた1ターンまたは複数ターンの閉ループの導電体よりなる振動箔12 [0013] As shown in (Second Embodiment) FIG. 2 (a), the microphone 2, an amplifier 3, amplified electrical signals is disposed within the coil 14 and the coil 14 is applied a magnetic core 15, the vibrating foil 12 made of a conductor loop of one turn or a plurality of turns affixed to the tympanic membrane 9
とにより構成され、この磁芯15に振動箔12を接近して配置することによって変換器を形成している。 Forming a transducer by the configuration will be located close vibration foil 12 in the magnetic core 15 by the.

【0014】この振動箔12は、図2(b)に示すように、鼓膜9の形状に合わせた合成樹脂のフィルム12aにアルミニューム箔を真空蒸着したものに、エッチング処理を施して閉ループのコイル12bを形成することにより軽量の振動箔12を得ることができる。 [0014] The vibration foil 12, as shown in FIG. 2 (b), the film 12a of the combined synthetic resin in the shape of the tympanic membrane 9 a aluminum foil that was vacuum deposited in a closed loop by etching coil it is possible to obtain vibration foil 12 lightweight by forming 12b.

【0015】マイクロフォン2で集音し、増幅器3で増幅された音響の電気信号をコイル11に印加すると、磁芯 [0015] collected by the microphone 2, when an electrical signal of sound amplified by the amplifier 3 is applied to the coil 11, the magnetic core
15より音響に対応した磁界が発生する。 Magnetic field corresponding to the acoustic than 15 occurs. この磁界により閉ループのコイル12bとともに振動箔12が振動させられて鼓膜9を直接振動させ、音響を伝えることができる。 The magnetic field due to vibrations foil 12 together with the coil 12b of the closed loop is vibrated by vibrating the tympanic membrane 9 directly, can convey acoustic.

【0016】(第3の実施の形態)図3に示すように、 [0016] (Third Embodiment) As shown in FIG. 3,
マイクロフォン2と、増幅器3と、電圧増幅された電気信号が印加される電極16と、鼓膜9に形成されたエレクトレット13とにより構成され、このエレクトレット13に電極16を接近して配置することによって変換器を形成している。 Converting a microphone 2, an amplifier 3, an electrode 16 for electric signal voltage amplification is applied, it is constituted by the electret 13 formed eardrum 9, by placing close to the electrode 16 on the electret 13 to form a vessel.

【0017】このエレクトレット13は、鼓膜の形状に合わせた合成樹脂のフィルムにエレクトレットを接着して形成すると軽量の振動体を得ることができる。 [0017] The electret 13 can obtain the vibrating body weight when formed by adhering an electret to the film of the combined synthetic resin in the shape of the tympanic membrane.

【0018】マイクロフォン2で集音し、増幅器3で電圧増幅された音響の電気信号を電極16に印加すると、電極16より音響に対応した電界を発生する。 [0018] collected by the microphone 2, when an electric signal is applied to the acoustic whose voltage has been amplified by the amplifier 3 to the electrode 16, it generates an electric field corresponding from the electrode 16 to the acoustic. この電界によりエレクトレット13が振動させられて鼓膜を直接振動させることができる。 This field can be electret 13 vibrates directly be vibrated eardrum.

【0019】(その他の実施の形態)この発明の補聴器は、従来の補聴器と同様に、変換器1、マイクロフォン2、増幅器3、電池などを単一のシェル内に収めて耳栓のように構成してもよく、変換器のみをを耳栓のように形成し、他のマイクロフォン2、増幅器3、電池などを別のハウジングに収めて、変換器と電線によって接続してもよいのである。 The hearing aid (Other Embodiments) This invention, as with conventional hearing aid transducer 1, a microphone 2, an amplifier 3, configured as earplug enjoyed such a in a single shell cell may be, formed as transducers only earplugs, other microphone 2, an amplifier 3, met with such a separate housing batteries is the may be connected by the transducer and the electric wire.

【0020】 [0020]

【発明の効果】以上の実施の形態に基づく説明から明らかなように、この発明の補聴器によると、マイクロフォンで得た電気信号を空気振動に変換することなく、直接鼓膜に伝達させるので、音質がよく、電力の消費を少なくすることができる。 As it is apparent from the description based on the above embodiment according to the present invention, according to a hearing aid of the invention, without converting the electric signal obtained by the microphone to air vibrations, since the directly transmitted to the eardrum, sound quality well, it is possible to reduce the power consumption of.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】この発明の補聴器の第1の実施の形態を示すブロック図、 1 is a block diagram showing a first embodiment of a hearing aid of the invention,

【図2】この発明の補聴器の第2の実施の形態を示すブロック図(a)、振動箔の平面図(b)、 2 is a block diagram showing a second embodiment of a hearing aid of the invention (a), a plan view of the vibration foil (b),

【図3】この発明の補聴器の第3の実施の形態を示すブロック図である。 3 is a block diagram showing a third embodiment of a hearing aid of the present invention.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

2 マイクロフォン 3 増幅器 9 鼓膜 11 小磁石 12 振動箔 13 エレクトレット 14 コイル 15 磁芯 2 microphone 3 amplifier 9 eardrum 11 small magnets 12 vibrating foil 13 electret 14 coil 15 magnetic core

Claims (2)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 音響を集音して電気信号に変換するマイクロフォンと、該マイクロフォンから出力する電気信号を増幅する増幅器と、増幅された電気信号によって磁界を発生する手段と、該磁界で駆動され、鼓膜に設けられる振動体とを具備することを特徴とする補聴器。 A microphone for converting into an electric signal by collecting 1. A sound, an amplifier for amplifying the electric signal output from the microphone, means for generating a magnetic field by the amplified electrical signal is driven by the magnetic field hearing aid, characterized by comprising a vibrating body provided on the tympanic membrane.
  2. 【請求項2】 音響を集音して電気信号に変換するマイクロフォンと、該マイクロフォンから出力する電気信号を電圧増幅する増幅器と、増幅された電気信号が印加される電極と、該電極で発生した電界により駆動され、鼓膜に設けられるエレクトレットとを具備することを特徴とする補聴器。 2. A microphone for converting into collects sound and electrical signals, an electrode and the amplifier electrical signal to a voltage amplification, the electrical signal amplified is applied to output from the microphone, it is generated by the electrodes It is driven by an electric field, a hearing aid, characterized by comprising an electret provided on the eardrum.
JP16047796A 1996-06-03 1996-06-03 Hearing aid Pending JPH09327098A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP16047796A JPH09327098A (en) 1996-06-03 1996-06-03 Hearing aid

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP16047796A JPH09327098A (en) 1996-06-03 1996-06-03 Hearing aid

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH09327098A true true JPH09327098A (en) 1997-12-16

Family

ID=15715807

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP16047796A Pending JPH09327098A (en) 1996-06-03 1996-06-03 Hearing aid

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH09327098A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003520004A (en) * 1999-12-30 2003-06-24 インソナス メディカル,インコーポレイテッド Floating filament assembly for transmitting the vibration to the eardrum directly
EP1787492A2 (en) * 2004-07-28 2007-05-23 Earlens Corporation Improved transmitter and transducer for electromagnetic hearing devices
JP2007251643A (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-09-27 Jr Higashi Nippon Consultants Kk Sound transmission system
US8845705B2 (en) 2009-06-24 2014-09-30 Earlens Corporation Optical cochlear stimulation devices and methods
US8986187B2 (en) 2009-06-24 2015-03-24 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled cochlear actuator systems and methods
US9055379B2 (en) 2009-06-05 2015-06-09 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled acoustic middle ear implant systems and methods
US9277335B2 (en) 2009-06-18 2016-03-01 Earlens Corporation Eardrum implantable devices for hearing systems and methods
US9544700B2 (en) 2009-06-15 2017-01-10 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled active ossicular replacement prosthesis
US9749758B2 (en) 2008-09-22 2017-08-29 Earlens Corporation Devices and methods for hearing
US9924276B2 (en) 2014-11-26 2018-03-20 Earlens Corporation Adjustable venting for hearing instruments
US9930458B2 (en) 2014-07-14 2018-03-27 Earlens Corporation Sliding bias and peak limiting for optical hearing devices
US9949039B2 (en) 2005-05-03 2018-04-17 Earlens Corporation Hearing system having improved high frequency response
US9961454B2 (en) 2008-06-17 2018-05-01 Earlens Corporation Optical electro-mechanical hearing devices with separate power and signal components
US10034103B2 (en) 2015-03-18 2018-07-24 Earlens Corporation High fidelity and reduced feedback contact hearing apparatus and methods

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003520004A (en) * 1999-12-30 2003-06-24 インソナス メディカル,インコーポレイテッド Floating filament assembly for transmitting the vibration to the eardrum directly
EP1787492A2 (en) * 2004-07-28 2007-05-23 Earlens Corporation Improved transmitter and transducer for electromagnetic hearing devices
EP1787492A4 (en) * 2004-07-28 2011-03-16 Earlens Corp Improved transmitter and transducer for electromagnetic hearing devices
JP4870669B2 (en) * 2004-07-28 2012-02-08 イヤーレンズ コーポレイション Improved transmitter and converter for electromagnetic hearing device
US9949039B2 (en) 2005-05-03 2018-04-17 Earlens Corporation Hearing system having improved high frequency response
JP2007251643A (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-09-27 Jr Higashi Nippon Consultants Kk Sound transmission system
US9961454B2 (en) 2008-06-17 2018-05-01 Earlens Corporation Optical electro-mechanical hearing devices with separate power and signal components
US9949035B2 (en) 2008-09-22 2018-04-17 Earlens Corporation Transducer devices and methods for hearing
US9749758B2 (en) 2008-09-22 2017-08-29 Earlens Corporation Devices and methods for hearing
US9055379B2 (en) 2009-06-05 2015-06-09 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled acoustic middle ear implant systems and methods
US9544700B2 (en) 2009-06-15 2017-01-10 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled active ossicular replacement prosthesis
US9277335B2 (en) 2009-06-18 2016-03-01 Earlens Corporation Eardrum implantable devices for hearing systems and methods
US8986187B2 (en) 2009-06-24 2015-03-24 Earlens Corporation Optically coupled cochlear actuator systems and methods
US8845705B2 (en) 2009-06-24 2014-09-30 Earlens Corporation Optical cochlear stimulation devices and methods
US9930458B2 (en) 2014-07-14 2018-03-27 Earlens Corporation Sliding bias and peak limiting for optical hearing devices
US9924276B2 (en) 2014-11-26 2018-03-20 Earlens Corporation Adjustable venting for hearing instruments
US10034103B2 (en) 2015-03-18 2018-07-24 Earlens Corporation High fidelity and reduced feedback contact hearing apparatus and methods

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