JPH09253062A - Earphone type pulse sensor - Google Patents

Earphone type pulse sensor

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Publication number
JPH09253062A
JPH09253062A JP8066747A JP6674796A JPH09253062A JP H09253062 A JPH09253062 A JP H09253062A JP 8066747 A JP8066747 A JP 8066747A JP 6674796 A JP6674796 A JP 6674796A JP H09253062 A JPH09253062 A JP H09253062A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
light
ear
rod
support
hole
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Withdrawn
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JP8066747A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Tsutomu Ochiai
勉 落合
Original Assignee
Ikyo Kk
株式会社アムテックス
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Priority to JP8066747A priority Critical patent/JPH09253062A/en
Publication of JPH09253062A publication Critical patent/JPH09253062A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To eliminate the sense of incompatibility on appearance by irradiating a living body near an ear with light emitted from a light emitting body provided at the outer peripheral part of a holder, scattering/reflecting that light, receiving the scattered/reflected light by a light receiving element, and outputting a pulse signal corresponding to the change of blood stream in the living body. SOLUTION: At the outer periphery of intermediate part of an earplug-shaped bar-shaped holder 2 having a diameter and a length at a certain degree to be just inserted into a hole 1 of the ear while being protruded from the outside base part of the hole 1 of the ear, a light emitting body 5 and a light receiving element 6 are provided while being mutually separated for a prescribed distance and inclined so as to be turned toward the same section. Then, a hollow hole 4 having both opening terminals is formed inside the holder 2, and a sounding device 3 is provided inside a base part 10 of the holder 2. Light flux L emitted from the light emitting body 5 is infiltrated into a body H, reflected on a capillary B and scattered but the light made incident on the light receiving element 6 is affected by a change in the flow rate of blood and a signal outputted from the light receiving element 6 becomes the function of the pulse. Thus, the change of blood stream is detected by utilizing the light emitting body 5 and the light receiving element 6 and the number of pulses is measured.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、耳の孔に突っ込んで使用するイヤホーン型脈拍センサに関する。 The present invention relates to relates to earphone type pulse sensor used digs into ear hole.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】最近のコンピュータを使用するゲーム機では、プレーヤの生理的信号を、ゲームの展開過程にフィードバックさせて、ゲームを進行させている。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION game machine using a modern computer, a physiological signal of the player, and is fed back to the development process of the game, thereby advancing the game. この時の生理的信号の一つには脈拍の変化が採用され、電源により発光された発光体からの光を、人体に入射し、血液の流れにより変化された光量を受光素子で検出している。 The one physiological signal when the change of the pulse is employed, the light from the light emitting luminescent material by a power source, enters the human body, the amount of light changed by the blood flow is detected by the light receiving element there. プレーヤの各瞬間の脈拍の周期を常時測定し、その脈拍数をもとに心身の状況を判断して画面にその状況を表示する。 The period of the pulse of the moment of players constantly measured, and displays the status on the screen to determine the mental and physical condition on the basis of the pulse rate. プレーヤの生理的信号は、洗濯挟み状の脈拍センサから取り出しており、この時洗濯挟み状の脈拍センサを耳たぶや指を挟むように身体に取り付けている。 Physiological signal of the player is removed from the clothespin-like pulse sensor, it is attached to the body so that this time clothespin shaped pulse sensor of sandwiching the earlobe or finger.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】従来の洗濯挟み状の脈拍センサで耳たぶや指を挟んで身体に取り付けるのでは、ゲームをしていないプレーヤ以外の他人から見ると奇妙で違和感があった。 The object of the invention is to be Solved across the earlobe or finger than attached to the body in a conventional washing scissors-like pulse sensor, there has been a strange and uncomfortable when viewed from another person other than the player you do not have a game. またゲームしているプレーヤにとっても外見上多少見苦しかったり、ゲームのコントローラを操作する上では邪魔になるものであった。 In addition or even some seemingly Migurushika' for the player that is the game, in order to manipulate the game controller of were those that get in the way. また、 Also,
プレー中に頻繁に起こる画面のオン・オフによってもセンサが影響を受けてノイズを発生してしまう欠点があった。 Sensor also by frequent screen on and off during play is affected there is a disadvantage that generate noise. また、耳たぶセンサーの場合は、外部光の影響を受け易く、指センサーでは、ゲームのコントローラ操作のじゃまになるという欠点があった。 In addition, in the case of earlobe sensor, susceptible to the influence of external light, the finger sensor, there has been a drawback that in the way of game controller operation. 本発明は、このような実情に鑑み成されたものであって、外見上も違和感がなく、使用する本人にとっても自然に受け入れられるような脈拍センサを提供するものである。 The present invention has been made such has been made in view of the circumstances, apparently without any discomfort, there is provided a pulse sensor to be received naturally even for himself to use.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1記載の発明は、 Means for Solving the Problems The invention according to claim 1,
耳の孔に挿入して保持される棒状支持体と、この支持体内に設けられた発音装置と、この発音装置が発する音波を導くために前記支持体に形成され先端部に開口した中空孔とからなるイヤホーンにおいて、前記支持体の外周部に設けた発光体と、この発光体から発射された光が、 And the rod support to be held by inserting the ear hole, a sound device provided in the support body, a hollow hole which is open to the formed a support tip for guiding sound waves the sound device emits in earphone consisting of a light emitting body provided on the outer periphery of the support, the light emitted from the light emitter,
耳近傍の生体に照射して散乱・反射し、この散乱・反射した光を受光して、前記生体内の血流の変化に対応した脈拍信号を出力する受光素子とを設けたイヤホーン型脈拍センサとする。 And irradiating the living body of the ear near the scattered and reflected, by receiving light scattered and reflected, earphones pulse sensor provided with a light receiving element for outputting a pulse signal corresponding to the change in blood flow in said living body to. 請求項2記載の発明は、前記支持体の外周部に弾性体を設けた。 According to a second aspect of the invention, provided with a resilient member on the outer periphery of the support.

【0005】請求項3記載の発明は、耳の孔に挿入して保持される棒状支持体と、この支持体内の外周部に設けた発光体と、この発光体から発射された光が、耳近傍の生体に照射して散乱・反射し、この散乱・反射した光を受光して、前記生体内の血流の変化に対応した脈拍信号を出力する受光素子とからなるイヤホーン型脈拍センサとした。 [0005] According to a third aspect, the rod-shaped support to be held by inserting the ear hole, a light emitting body provided on the outer periphery of the supporting body, the light emitted from the luminous body, the ears was irradiated in the vicinity of a living body is scattered and reflected, by receiving light scattered and reflected, and the earphone-type pulse sensor comprising a light receiving element for outputting a pulse signal corresponding to the change in blood flow in said living body . 請求項4記載の発明は、前記支持体の基部側で耳の孔に挿入されない外周部に弾性体を設けた。 According the invention in claim 4, wherein the providing the elastic member on an outer peripheral portion which is not inserted into the ear hole at the base side of the support. 請求項5記載の発明は、外部からの音波を導くために両端部が開口した中空孔を前記支持体内に形成した。 According the invention in claim 5, wherein formed a hollow bore having both ends opened to guide the sound waves from the outside to the support body. これにより、外見上も違和感がなく、使用する本人にとっても自然に受け入れられるような脈拍センサとなる。 This, apparently without any discomfort, the pulse sensor to be received naturally also for the person that you want to use.

【0006】 [0006]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面を参照し説明する。 DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings. 発明の実施の形態. Embodiment of the invention. 図1において、 In Figure 1,
1は耳の孔、2は耳の孔の外側の基部より突出して耳の孔1に丁度挿入できる程度の径及び長さを有する耳栓状の棒状支持体であり、Hは耳近傍の人体の頭部である。 1 ear hole, 2 is the earplug rod-shaped support with a diameter and length that can be just inserted protruding from the outer base of the ear hole to ear hole 1, H is human ear near which is the head.
支持体2の中間部の外周には、互いに一定距離離れかつ同じ部位を向くように傾斜されたLED等の発光体5と受光素子6とがそれぞれ設けられている。 The outer periphery of the intermediate portion of the support 2, a light emitter 5 such as an LED that is inclined so as to face a predetermined distance away and the same site to each other and a light receiving element 6 are provided respectively. Bは模式的に現した耳内部の血管の毛細管、4は棒状の支持体2内部に形成され両端が開口する中空孔を示す。 B is capillary blood vessels inside the ear represents schematically, 4 denotes a hollow hole opening at both ends are formed in the inner support 2 rod-shaped. 3は支持体2 3 support 2
の基部10内に設けられた発音装置で、通常のピエゾ型のスピーカである。 In sound generating device provided in the base 10, a conventional piezo-type speaker. 中空孔4の基端はこのスピーカ3に届き、先端は開口して、スピーカ3が発する音声が鼓膜に到達するようになっている。 The proximal end of the hollow hole 4 arrives at the speaker 3, the tip is open, so that the sound speaker 3 emits reaches the eardrum.

【0007】ケーブル7は、発光体5に電源を供給し発光させ、受光素子6からの検出信号を外部に取り出すもので、中空孔4内部を配線され、基部10内で太いケーブル9にまとめられている。 [0007] cable 7, the light emitter 5 power supply to emit light to, those taking out a detection signal from the light receiving element 6 to the outside, the wiring inside the hollow bore 4, summarized in thick cable 9 in the base portion 10 ing. ケーブル9にはスピーカ3 Speaker cable 9 3
に音声信号を供給する配線が含まれ、基部10内を通り、中空孔4内から伸びるケーブル7と繋がっている。 To include wiring for supplying the audio signal, it passes through the base portion 10, and is connected to the cable 7 extending from the hollow hole inside 4.
発光体5から投光する光束Lは耳周辺の人体Hに侵入して散乱し、人体Hを透過して斜めから照射し、耳内部の血管の毛細管Bで反射し、反射光は丁度受光素子6に入射するように、設定されている。 Light flux L for projecting light from the light emitting body 5 is scattered invade the human body H near the ear, is applied from obliquely transmitted through the human body H, reflected by capillary B ear inside of the vessel, the reflected light just receiving element to be incident to 6, it is set.

【0008】このイヤホーン型脈拍センサを耳に挿入すれば、スピーカ3からゲームの音響を聞きながら(他人に迷惑をかけずに)コントローラを操作し、ゲームができる。 [0008] By inserting the earphone type pulse sensor to the ear, while listening to the sound of the game from the speaker 3 (without disturbing the others) to operate the controller, it is a game. 発光体5から投光する光束Lは、身体Hに侵入して毛細管Bで反射して散乱するが、散乱と反射は人体H Light flux L for projecting light from the light emitting body 5 is scattered and reflected by the capillary B invade the body H, scattering and reflecting the human body H
を流れる血液の流量の変化に影響される。 It is affected by a change in the flow rate of the blood flowing through. 受光素子6に入射する光は血の流量の変化に影響されているので、受光素子6が出力する信号は脈拍の関数となっている。 Since light incident on the light-receiving element 6 is affected by changes in the flow rate of blood, the signal receiving element 6 outputs is a function of the pulse.

【0009】この時、発光体5と受光素子6を利用して血流の変化を検出し、脈拍数を計測できる。 [0009] At this time, by using the light emitting element 5 to the light receiving element 6 detects a change in the blood flow can be measured pulse rate. ゲームをしながら脈拍を検出しているので、ゲームから受ける心理的な反応を正確に反映した信号となる。 Because it detects a pulse while the game, and accurately reflect signal of the psychological reaction to receive from the game. 外の人が見ても、イヤホーンを付けているようにしか見えないので、 Looking at the outside of the people, because the only visible as with the earphone,
外見上もなんらおかしくなく普通になる。 Apparently also become normal without any funny.

【0010】図2は図1の脈拍センサにスポンジ等の弾性体8を追加した第1発明の他の実施例、請求項2記載の発明である。 [0010] Figure 2 is another embodiment of the first invention which is added to the elastic body 8 such as a sponge pulse sensor of FIG. 1, an invention of claim 2 wherein. 支持体2の基部10側で、耳の孔より外部にはみ出る程度の外周部にスポンジ等の弾性体8を環状に設けている。 At the base 10 side of the support 2, an elastic body 8 such as sponge on the outer peripheral portion of the extent to protrude to the outside from ear hole is provided in the annular. 支持体2が耳の孔1に挿入された時に、基部10と耳との接触を柔らかくし、かつ支持部2 When the support 2 is inserted into the hole 1 of the ear, to soften the contact between the base portion 10 and ears, and support 2
の外周面と耳の孔1の内周面との間の隙間を埋めて、外部からの光が受光素子6に入るのを防止する。 Filling the gap between the outer peripheral surface and the inner surface of the ear hole 1 of light from the outside is prevented from entering the light receiving element 6. 外乱光がスポンジ等の弾性体8で遮断されるので、ノイズの影響を受けなくなり、高精度に脈拍数が検出できる。 Since ambient light is blocked by the elastic member 8 such as a sponge, is not affected by noise can be detected pulse rate with high accuracy. また、 Also,
支持体を耳の内部で固定させ、耳から落ちるのを防止することができる。 The support is fixed inside the ear, it can be prevented from falling from the ear.

【0011】図3は第2発明の実施例、請求項3、4、 [0011] embodiment of FIG. 3 the second aspect of the invention, claim 3 and 4,
5記載の発明である。 5 an invention described. 図3において、第1発明とはスピーカ3がない点のみが相異する。 3, the first invention only in that there is no speaker 3 is differences. 1は耳の孔、2は耳栓状の棒状支持体であり、Hは耳近傍の人体の頭部である。 1 ear hole, 2 is the earplug shaped rod-like support, H is a human head in the near-ear. 支持体2の中間部の外周には、図1、図2と同様のLED等の発光体5と受光素子6とがそれぞれ設けられている。 The outer periphery of the intermediate portion of the support 2, FIG. 1, a light emitter 5 such as a same LED as in FIG. 2 and the light receiving element 6 are provided respectively. Bは耳内部の血管の毛細管、4は棒状の支持体2内部に形成された中空孔を示す。 B capillaries of the ear internal vessels 4 denotes a hollow hole formed inside the support 2 of the rod-shaped.

【0012】中空孔4の基端は支持体2の基部10を貫通し外部に開口し、先端も開口して、外部の音声が鼓膜に自由到達するようになっている。 [0012] proximal end of the hollow hole 4 is open to the outside through the base portion 10 of the support 2, the tip also opened, so that the external sound to freely reach the eardrum. ケーブル7は、発光体5に電源を供給し発光体5を発光させ、受光素子6からの検出信号を外部に取り出すもので、中空孔4内部を配線され、基部10内に埋め込まれ外方に引き出されている。 Cable 7, the light emitting element 5 to emit light emitter 5 supplies power to, those taking out a detection signal from the light receiving element 6 to the outside, the wiring inside the hollow bore 4, outward embedded in the base 10 It is drawn out. 発光体5から投光する光束Lは耳周辺の人体Hに侵入して散乱し、人体Hを透過して斜めから照射し、耳内部の血管の毛細管Bで反射し、反射光は丁度受光素子6に入射するように、設定されている。 Light flux L for projecting light from the light emitting body 5 is scattered invade the human body H near the ear, is applied from obliquely transmitted through the human body H, reflected by capillary B ear inside of the vessel, the reflected light just receiving element to be incident to 6, it is set.

【0013】支持体2の基部10側で、耳の孔に挿入されない外周部に弾性体8を環状に設けている。 [0013] In the base portion 10 side of the support 2 is provided with elastic body 8 annularly on the outer peripheral portion which is not inserted into the ear hole. この実施例でも、スポンジ等の弾性体8は、基部10と耳との接触を柔らかくし、かつ支持部2の外周面と耳の孔1の内周面との間の隙間を埋めて、外部からの光が受光素子6 In this embodiment, the elastic member 8 such as a sponge is to fill the gap between the base 10 and the contact between the ear and soft and the outer peripheral surface of the support portion 2 and the inner peripheral surface of the ear hole 1, external light from the light-receiving element 6
に入るのを防止するので、外来光によるノイズの発生を防止できる。 Since prevented from entering the can prevent the generation of noise due to external light.

【0014】発光体5から投光する光束Lは、人体Hに侵入して毛細管Bで反射して散乱するが、散乱と反射は人体Hを流れる血液の流量の変化に影響される。 [0014] Light flux L for projecting light from the light emitting body 5 is scattered and reflected by the capillary B invade the human body H, scattering and reflection is affected by changes in the flow rate of blood through the body H. 受光素子6に入射する光は血の流量の変化に影響されているので、受光素子6が出力する信号は脈拍の関数となっている。 Since light incident on the light-receiving element 6 is affected by changes in the flow rate of blood, the signal receiving element 6 outputs is a function of the pulse. 外乱光がスポンジ等の弾性体8で遮断されるので、 Since ambient light is blocked by the elastic member 8 such as a sponge,
ノイズの影響を受けなくなり、高精度に脈拍数が検出できる。 Is not affected by noise can be detected pulse rate with high accuracy. この実施例でも、外の人が見ても、イヤホーンを付けているようにしか見えないので、外見上もなんらおかしくなく普通になる。 Also in this embodiment, even when seen out of the people, because the only visible as with the earphone, will apparently be normal without any funny. 支持体2には、外部の音を聞くための中空孔を設けることなく、棒状のままであってもイヤホーン型の脈拍センサとなる。 The support 2, without providing a hollow bore for listening to external sounds, even remain rodlike the earphone type pulse sensor.

【0015】なお、本発明においては、図4に示すように棒状支持体2の外部の一部の発光体5aと光受光部6 [0015] In the present invention, the rod-shaped support 2 external part emitters 5a and the light receiving section 6 as shown in FIG. 4
aに、光ファイバ5b,6bの先端を臨ませ、この光ファイバ5b,6bを支持体2内を通過させて、基部10 To a, the optical fiber 5b, 6b is made to face the tips of, and the optical fiber 5b, 6b and pass through the support 2, the base portion 10
に設置した発光体5,受光素子6にその基端を接続して、光ファイバ5b,6bを用いて構成してもよい。 Luminescent body 5 installed in, by connecting the proximal end to the light receiving element 6, the optical fiber 5b, it may be configured using a 6b.

【0016】また、本発明においては、図5(a), [0016] In the present invention, FIG. 5 (a), the
(b)に示すように支持体2の周りにゴムチューブ等の弾性体を巻回してもよい。 An elastic body such as rubber tubing may be wound around the support member 2 as shown in (b). これによれば、支持体2が耳の孔1に入ったときに図5(b)に示すように押しつぶされるので、耳にフィットして動きにくくでき、外来光をより効果的に阻止できる。 According to this, since the support 2 is crushed as shown in FIG. 5 (b) when entering the hole 1 of the ear, fit the ear made difficult to move, it can be more effectively prevented external light.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】第1発明のイヤホーン型脈拍センサの断面図である。 1 is a cross-sectional view of the earphone pulse sensor of the first invention.

【図2】第1発明の他の実施の形態としてのイヤホーン型脈拍センサの断面図である。 2 is a cross-sectional view of the earphone pulse sensor as another embodiment of the first invention.

【図3】第2発明のイヤホーン型脈拍センサの断面図である。 3 is a cross-sectional view of the earphone pulse sensor of the second invention.

【図4】他の実施形態を示す断面図である。 4 is a sectional view showing another embodiment.

【図5】他の実施形態を示す側面図である。 5 is a side view showing another embodiment.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 耳の孔 2 棒状支持体 3 スピーカ 4 中空孔 5 発光体 6 受光素子 7、9 ケーブル 8 弾性体 10 基部 B 毛細管 H 生体 L 光束 1 ear hole 2 rod-shaped support body 3 speakers 4 hollow holes 5 emitters 6 receiving element 7,9 cable 8 elastic body 10 base B capillary H biometric L light beam

Claims (5)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 耳の孔に挿入して保持される棒状支持体と、この棒状支持体内に設けられた発音装置と、この発音装置が発する音波を導くために前記棒状支持体に形成され先端部に開口した中空孔とからなるイヤホーンにおいて、 前記棒状支持体の耳の孔に挿入される部位の外周部に設けた発光体及びこの発光体から発射された光が、耳の孔の内面近傍の生体に照射して散乱・反射し、この散乱・ And 1. A rod-shaped support to be held by inserting the ear hole, formed a sound generating device provided in the rod-like support body, the rod-shaped support to guide sound waves the sound device emits tip in earphone consisting of open ended hollow hole in part, near the inner surface of the light emitter provided on the outer periphery of the portion to be inserted into the ear hole of the rod-like support and the light emitted from the light emitter, ear hole living body to be irradiated scattering and reflection of, the scattering and
    反射した光を受光して、前記生体内の血流の変化に対応した脈拍信号を出力する受光素子を設けたことを特徴とするイヤホーン型脈拍センサ。 Reflected by receiving the light, earphone pulse sensor, characterized in that a light receiving element for outputting a pulse signal corresponding to the change in blood flow in said living body.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記棒状支持体は耳の孔の外側に位置する基部より突出するものであって、この基部側の外周部に弾性体を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1記載のイヤホーン型脈拍センサ。 Wherein said rod-like support has been made to protrude from the base portion located outside the ear hole, earphone according to claim 1, characterized in that an elastic body on the outer peripheral portion of the base side type pulse sensor.
  3. 【請求項3】 耳の孔に挿入して保持される棒状支持体と、この棒状支持体の耳の孔に挿入される部位の外周部に設けた発光体及びこの発光体から発射された光が、耳の孔の内面近傍の生体に照射して散乱・反射し、この散乱・反射した光を受光して、前記生体内の血流の変化に対応した脈拍信号を出力する受光素子とを設けたことを特徴とするイヤホーン型脈拍センサ。 3. A rod-shaped support to be held by inserting the ear hole, the light emitted from the light emitter and the light emitter provided on the outer periphery of the portion to be inserted into the hole of the ear of the rod-like support but by irradiating the living body of the vicinity of the inner surface of the ear hole scattered and reflected, by receiving light scattered and reflected, and a light receiving element for outputting a pulse signal corresponding to the change in blood flow in said living body earphone pulse sensor, characterized in that provided.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記棒状支持体は耳孔の外側に位置する基部より突出するものであって、この基部側の外周部に弾性体を設けたことを特徴とする請求項3記載のイヤホーン型脈拍センサ。 Wherein said rod-like support has been made to protrude from the base portion located outside the ear canal, earphone type pulse according to claim 3, characterized in that an elastic body on the outer peripheral portion of the base side sensor.
  5. 【請求項5】 外部からの音波を導くために、両端が開口した中空孔を前記棒状支持体内に形成したことを特徴とする請求項3記載のイヤホーン型脈拍センサ。 To guide sound waves from wherein external, earphone pulse sensor according to claim 3, wherein the hollow bore opposite open ends formed in the rod-shaped support.
JP8066747A 1996-03-22 1996-03-22 Earphone type pulse sensor Withdrawn JPH09253062A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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JP8066747A JPH09253062A (en) 1996-03-22 1996-03-22 Earphone type pulse sensor

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8066747A JPH09253062A (en) 1996-03-22 1996-03-22 Earphone type pulse sensor

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JPH09253062A true JPH09253062A (en) 1997-09-30

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