JPH08149916A - Harvester for head-forming vegetable - Google Patents

Harvester for head-forming vegetable

Info

Publication number
JPH08149916A
JPH08149916A JP29542994A JP29542994A JPH08149916A JP H08149916 A JPH08149916 A JP H08149916A JP 29542994 A JP29542994 A JP 29542994A JP 29542994 A JP29542994 A JP 29542994A JP H08149916 A JPH08149916 A JP H08149916A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
vegetable
vegetables
headed
head
heading
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP29542994A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3337329B2 (en
Inventor
Kazumasa Miyamoto
一正 宮本
Masamichi Matsui
正通 松井
Yoichi Uesugi
洋一 上杉
Hiroaki Iwamoto
洋明 岩本
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Matsuyama Plow Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Matsuyama Plow Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Matsuyama Plow Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Matsuyama Plow Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to JP29542994A priority Critical patent/JP3337329B2/en
Publication of JPH08149916A publication Critical patent/JPH08149916A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3337329B2 publication Critical patent/JP3337329B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE: To provide a harvester for a head-forming vegetable, capable of carrying out a consistent operation from an operation for extracting a head-forming vegetable in a field to an operation for removing a rhizome part B and shells, etc., forming the head-forming vegetable into a shipping state and packing into a case, immediately shipping the head-forming vegetable packed into the case from the field and extremely improving operation efficiency. CONSTITUTION: This harvester for head-forming vegetable is equipped with a vegetable extracting mechanism 8 for pulling out a head-forming vegetable A in a field. The rear part of the vegetable extracting mechanism 8 is furnished with a vegetable transporting mechanism 9 for sending the extracted head- forming vegetable A toward the rear upper part. A vegetable finishing mechanism 37 for removing a rhizome part B and shells, etc., of the head-forming vegetable A and forming the head-forming vegetable A into a shipping state is installed between A vegetable packing part 64 for packing the head-forming vegetable A formed into a shipping state into a case and the vegetable transporting mechanism 9. The vegetable finishing mechanism 37 has a cutter, a slider 47, a vegetable placing recessed part 48 with a guide hole 49, a vegetable receiving material 52 and a discharging conveyor 53.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は結球野菜収穫機に係り、
たとえば、キャベツ、白菜及びレタス等の結球野菜を収
穫するものに関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a headed vegetable harvester,
For example, it relates to harvesting headed vegetables such as cabbage, Chinese cabbage and lettuce.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、この種の結球野菜収穫機として
は、たとえば、圃場から結球野菜を抜き取るデバイダー
を設け、このデバイダーの後方部にこのデバイダーから
の結球野菜を支持して後方に向かって搬送する搬送コン
ベヤを設け、この搬送コンベヤの後端部に結球野菜の根
茎部を根元から離間した位置から一時的に切断するカッ
ターを設け、このカッターの後方部にこのカッターにて
根茎部が切断された結球野菜を収納するコンテナを設け
た構成が知られている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as a headed vegetable harvesting machine of this type, for example, a divider for extracting headed vegetables from a field is provided, and the headed vegetables from the divider are supported at the rear portion of the divider and conveyed backward. A conveyor is provided, and a cutter is provided at the rear end of the conveyor to temporarily cut the rhizome of headed vegetables from a position spaced from the root, and the rhizome is cut behind this cutter by this cutter. A configuration is known in which a container for storing headed vegetables is provided.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】前記搬送コンベヤの後
端部のカッターにて結球野菜の根茎部を根元から離間し
た位置から一時的に切断してコンテナ内に収納する構成
では、このコンテナに収納された多数の結球野菜を圃場
外の箱詰め作業場に搬出し、この箱詰め作業場にて、結
球野菜の鬼皮等を人手によって除去するとともに、たと
えば、実開昭54−23854号公報に記載されている
ような野菜根株切除装置にて結球野菜の根茎部を切除し
てから箱詰めする必要があって、圃場にて結球野菜を抜
き取る作業から結球野菜の根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去して
出荷用に結球野菜を整形して箱詰め作業するまでの一貫
作業を機械化することができず、圃場から直ちに箱詰め
した結球野菜を出荷することができず、圃場から運搬し
て箱詰めまでの経時変化により結球野菜の鮮度が低下す
ることがあるとともに、作業能率を向上する上で好まし
くない、という問題がある。
In the configuration in which the cutter of the rear end of the transfer conveyor cuts the rhizome of the headed vegetable from the position separated from the root and stores it in the container, the container is stored in this container. A large number of the headed vegetables thus produced are carried out to a boxing work place outside the field, and the demon skin of the heading vegetables is manually removed at this boxing work place. For example, it is described in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 54-23854. It is necessary to cut the rhizomes of the bulbous vegetables with such a vegetable root excision device and then package them in a box, and remove the rhizomes of the bulbous vegetables and the demon skin from the work of extracting the bulbous vegetables in the field for shipment. Since it is not possible to mechanize the integrated work from shaping and boxing of headed vegetables to shipping of boxed vegetables immediately from the field, it is necessary to transport the boxes from the field to box them. With freshness of heading vegetables may decrease by a change, there is a problem not preferable, that in order to improve work efficiency.

【0004】本発明は、このような点に鑑みてなされた
もので、圃場にて結球野菜を抜き取る作業から結球野菜
の根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去して出荷用に結球野菜を整形
して箱詰め作業するまでの一貫作業を機械化することが
でき、圃場から直ちに箱詰めした結球野菜を出荷するこ
とができ、したがって、結球野菜の鮮度が低下する間も
なく出荷することができるとともに、作業能率を大幅に
向上することができる結球野菜収穫機を提供することを
目的とするものである。
The present invention has been made in view of the above point, and the rhizome and the demon skin of the headed vegetables are removed from the work of extracting the headed vegetables in the field to shape the headed vegetables for shipping. It is possible to mechanize the integrated work until the boxing work, and it is possible to ship the boxed headed vegetables immediately from the field, so that it is possible to ship the headed vegetables even before the freshness of the headed vegetables declines and the work efficiency is greatly improved. The object is to provide a heading vegetable harvester that can be improved.

【0005】[0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1記載の結球野菜
収穫機は、圃場の結球野菜を抜き取る野菜抜取機構と、
この野菜抜取機構の後方部に配設されこの野菜抜取機構
にて抜き取られた結球野菜を後上方に向かって搬送する
野菜搬送機構と、出荷用に整形した結球野菜を箱詰めす
る野菜箱詰部と、前記野菜搬送機構と前記野菜箱詰部と
の間に配設され野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野菜の
根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去して出荷用に結球野菜を整形す
る野菜仕上機構とを具備したものである。
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a head-mounted vegetable harvesting machine, comprising a vegetable extracting mechanism for extracting head-bound vegetable in a field.
A vegetable transport mechanism that is arranged in the rear part of the vegetable extracting mechanism and conveys the headed vegetables extracted by the vegetable extracting mechanism toward the upper rear side, and a vegetable boxing unit for boxing the headed vegetables shaped for shipping. A vegetable finishing mechanism that is arranged between the vegetable transport mechanism and the vegetable boxing unit, removes the rhizomes and demon skin of the bulbous vegetables that are carried out from the vegetable transport mechanism, and shapes the bulbous vegetables for shipping. It is equipped with.

【0006】請求項2記載の結球野菜収穫機は、請求項
1記載の結球野菜収穫機において、野菜仕上機構は、結
球野菜の根茎部を切断する回転自在のカッターと、この
カッターに向かって進退自在に設けられ結球野菜を載置
する野菜載置凹部及びこの野菜載置凹部の底部に前記カ
ッターによって切断される結球野菜の根茎部を下方に向
かって突出させる案内孔を形成したスライダーとを具備
したものである。
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a head-mounted vegetable harvesting machine according to the first aspect, wherein the vegetable finishing mechanism has a rotatable cutter for cutting a rhizome of the headed vegetable, and a reciprocating cutter. A vegetable placing recess for freely mounting a headed vegetable and a slider having a guide hole formed at the bottom of the vegetable placing recess to guide the rhizome of the headed vegetable cut by the cutter downward. It was done.

【0007】請求項3記載の結球野菜収穫機は、請求項
1または2記載の結球野菜収穫機において、野菜仕上機
構は、野菜搬送機構側に位置して野菜搬送機構から搬出
される結球野菜を受け止める野菜受止体と、この野菜受
止体にて受け止められる結球野菜から分離した鬼皮等の
雑物を前記野菜搬送機構との間から排出する前上方に向
かって傾斜した排出コンベヤとを具備したものである。
A heading vegetable harvester according to a third aspect is the heading vegetable harvester according to the first or second aspect, wherein the vegetable finishing mechanism is located on the side of the vegetable transporting mechanism and transports the heading vegetables delivered from the vegetable transporting mechanism. A vegetable receiving body for receiving and a discharge conveyor inclined upward toward the front for discharging foreign substances such as demon skin separated from the heading vegetables received by the vegetable receiving body from between the vegetable conveying mechanism. It was done.

【0008】請求項4記載の結球野菜収穫機は、請求項
1ないし3のいずれか記載の結球野菜収穫機において、
野菜搬送機構は、結球野菜を後上方に向かって持ち上げ
る持上コンベヤを備え、この持上コンベヤは後上方に向
かって回行する無端回行体と、この無端回行体の外周部
に間隔をおいて順次突設され結球野菜を支持する支持凹
部を有する多数の搬送突体と、この各搬送突体の前面部
に配設され結球野菜の重量で前記支持凹部側に弾性変形
される弾性排出体とを具備したものである。
The headed vegetable harvester according to claim 4 is the headed vegetable harvester according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
The vegetable transport mechanism includes a lifting conveyor that lifts the heading vegetables rearward and upward, and this lifting conveyor has an endless traveling body that rotates upward and rearward, and an interval between the endless traveling body and the outer peripheral portion of the endless traveling body. In this case, a large number of transport projections each of which has a supporting recess for projecting sequentially and supporting the headed vegetables, and an elastic discharge which is disposed on the front surface of each of the transport projections and elastically deforms toward the support recessed side by the weight of the headed vegetables It is equipped with a body.

【0009】[0009]

【作用】請求項1記載の結球野菜収穫機では、この結球
野菜収穫機を結球野菜を有する圃場の畝に沿って走行す
ると、この野菜抜取機構にて圃場の結球野菜が順次抜き
取られるとともに、この野菜抜取機構の後方部に配設さ
れた野菜搬送機構にて抜き取られた各結球野菜が後上方
に向かって順次搬送され、この野菜搬送機構の搬出端部
から各結球野菜が野菜仕上機構に順次搬出される。
In the head-mounted vegetable harvesting machine according to claim 1, when the head-mounted vegetable harvesting machine is run along the ridges of the field containing head-mounted vegetables, the head-mounted vegetables harvesting mechanism sequentially picks up the head-mounted vegetables. Each headed vegetable extracted by the vegetable transfer mechanism arranged at the rear part of the vegetable extraction mechanism is sequentially conveyed upward and rearward, and each headed vegetable is sequentially transferred to the vegetable finishing mechanism from the carry-out end of the vegetable transfer mechanism. Be shipped.

【0010】そして、この野菜仕上機構にて各結球野菜
の根茎部及び鬼皮等が除去されて出荷用に各結球野菜が
順次整形され、これらの出荷用に整形された各結球野菜
が野菜箱詰部に順次搬出され、この野菜箱詰部にて出荷
用に整形された各結球野菜が所定の梱包箱内に所定の個
数ずつ順次箱詰めされて梱包される。そうして、圃場か
らの出荷に備える。
Then, the rhizome and the demon skin of each headed vegetable are removed by this vegetable finishing mechanism, the headed vegetables are sequentially shaped for shipping, and the headed vegetables shaped for shipping are vegetable boxes. The bulb-shaped vegetables, which are successively carried out to the packing section and shaped for shipping at the vegetable packing section, are sequentially packed in a predetermined number in a predetermined packing box and packed. Then, it prepares for shipment from the field.

【0011】請求項2記載の結球野菜収穫機では、スラ
イダーの野菜載置凹部内に結球野菜がその根茎部を下向
きの状態で載置されると、この結球野菜の根茎部が野菜
載置凹部の底部の案内孔から下方に向かって垂下した状
態で突出されるとともに、この根茎部の根元部分が案内
孔から露出される。
According to another aspect of the present invention, in the headed vegetable harvesting machine, when the headed vegetables are placed in the vegetable mounting recesses of the slider with the roots of the headed vegetables facing downward, the rooted heads of the headed vegetables are placed in the vegetable mounting recesses. The root portion of the rhizome is exposed while being projected downward from the guide hole at the bottom of the guide.

【0012】そして、この結球野菜を載置したスライダ
ーを回転駆動されているカッターに向かって進出する
と、このスライダーに載置された結球野菜の根茎部の根
元部分及び鬼皮等がカッターにて切断され、この結球野
菜の根茎部及び鬼皮等が除去され、出荷用の結球野菜と
して整形される。この際、結球野菜は根茎部を案内孔か
ら垂下して突出した状態で野菜載置凹部内に載置されて
いることにより、カッターにて結球野菜の根茎部の根元
部分が整然と切断される。
Then, when the slider on which the heading vegetables are placed advances toward the cutter which is rotationally driven, the root part of the rhizome of the heading vegetables placed on the slider and the demon skin are cut by the cutter. Then, the rhizome and demon skin of the headed vegetables are removed, and the headed vegetables are shaped as shipped headed vegetables. At this time, since the headed vegetables are placed in the vegetable mounting recesses with the rhizomes hanging down from the guide holes and protruding, the roots of the rooted heads of the headed vegetables are cut orderly by the cutter.

【0013】請求項3記載の結球野菜収穫機では、野菜
受止体にて野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野菜が受け
止められる一方、この結球野菜から分離した鬼皮等の雑
物は排出コンベヤにて前上方に向かって搬送されるとと
もに、野菜搬送機構との間から圃場に排出される。そし
て、野菜受止体上の結球野菜はスライダーの野菜載置凹
部に対する載置に備える。
In the headed vegetable harvesting machine according to the third aspect, the headed vegetables delivered from the vegetable transport mechanism are received by the vegetable receiving body, while the foreign substances such as demon skin separated from the headed vegetables are delivered to the discharge conveyor. And is transported toward the upper front, and is discharged to the field from between the vegetable transport mechanism. Then, the headed vegetables on the vegetable receiving body are prepared for mounting on the vegetable mounting concave portion of the slider.

【0014】請求項4記載の結球野菜収穫機では、野菜
抜取機構からの搬送される結球野菜は、持上コンベヤの
無端回行体に突設された各搬送突体にて弾性排出体を介
して順次載置支持されるとともに、これらの各結球野菜
が後上方に向かって持ち上げ搬送され、その搬出端部に
回行された各搬送突体上の結球野菜が弾性排出体を介し
て野菜仕上機構に向かって搬出される。
In the headed vegetable harvesting machine according to the present invention, the headed vegetables conveyed from the vegetable extracting mechanism are conveyed by elastic ejectors at the respective conveying projections provided on the endless moving body of the lifting conveyor. These head-mounted vegetables are lifted and transported upward and rearward, and the head-mounted vegetables on each transfer protrusion that is circulated to the carry-out end are finished by the elastic discharger. It is delivered to the mechanism.

【0015】この際、各搬送突体上に弾性排出体を介し
て各結球野菜が載置されると、この各結球野菜の重量で
それぞれの弾性排出体が搬送突体の支持凹部側に弾性変
形され、この各結球野菜は湾曲した弾性排出体を介して
それぞれの搬送突体にて安定した状態で後上方に向かっ
て持ち上げ搬送される。
At this time, when each headed vegetable is placed on each conveying projection through the elastic ejecting body, each elastic ejecting body elastically moves toward the supporting concave portion of the conveying protruding body due to the weight of each heading vegetable. After being deformed, each headed vegetable is lifted and conveyed upward and rearward in a stable state by the respective conveyance projections via the curved elastic discharge body.

【0016】そして、この各搬送突体にて各結球野菜が
搬出端部に回行されると、この各結球野菜の重心の移動
が起こるとともに、この各結球野菜の重量にて弾性変形
された各弾性排出体の弾性復帰作用によって各結球野菜
が野菜仕上機構に向かって搬出される。したがって、折
り返し回行速度が早くなる無端回行体の搬出端部に位置
した各搬送突体にて各結球野菜を巻き込むことが防止さ
れる。
When each heading vegetable is circulated to the carry-out end portion by each of the carrying projections, the center of gravity of the heading vegetable moves, and elastically deforms due to the weight of the heading vegetable. Each heading vegetable is carried out toward the vegetable finishing mechanism by the elastic return action of each elastic discharger. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the heading vegetables from being caught by the respective transport protrusions located at the carry-out end portion of the endless traveling body in which the turn-around traveling speed is high.

【0017】[0017]

【実施例】以下、本発明の一実施例の構成を図面を参照
して説明する。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The structure of an embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

【0018】1は収穫機本体で、この収穫機本体1は機
枠2を有し、この機枠2の下側部にはクローラ3が設け
られている。また、前記機枠2の上部には前記クローラ
3を走行駆動するエンジンのような動力源4が搭載され
ているとともに、前記動力源4及び前記クローラ3を操
作する操作ハンドル5aを有する操作機構5が設けられて
いる。
Reference numeral 1 denotes a harvester main body, and this harvester main body 1 has a machine frame 2, and a crawler 3 is provided below the machine frame 2. Further, a power source 4 such as an engine for driving the crawler 3 to travel is mounted on the upper part of the machine casing 2, and an operating mechanism 5 having an operating handle 5 a for operating the power source 4 and the crawler 3. Is provided.

【0019】また、前記機枠2の前端部には圃場のキャ
ベツ、白菜及びレタス等の結球野菜Aを抜き取る野菜抜
取機構8及びこの野菜抜取機構8の後方部に位置してこ
の野菜抜取機構8にて抜き取られた結球野菜Aを後上方
に向かって搬送する野菜搬送機構9がそれぞれ連結支持
されている。前記野菜搬送機構9は、前記野菜抜取機構
8にて抜き取られた結球野菜Aを順次挟持して後方に向
かって搬送する搬送コンベヤ10と、この搬送コンベヤ10
の搬出端部から搬出される各結球野菜Aを後上方に向か
って搬送する持上コンベヤ11とにより構成されている。
At the front end of the machine frame 2, there is a vegetable extracting mechanism 8 for extracting heading vegetables A such as cabbage, Chinese cabbage and lettuce in the field, and a vegetable extracting mechanism 8 located behind the vegetable extracting mechanism 8. A vegetable transporting mechanism 9 for transporting the headed vegetables A extracted in step upward and rearward is connected and supported. The vegetable transport mechanism 9 transports the headed vegetables A extracted by the vegetable extraction mechanism 8 in sequence and transports them backward, and the transport conveyor 10.
And a lifting conveyor 11 that conveys each heading vegetable A carried out from the carrying-out end portion of the above toward the upper rear.

【0020】前記搬送コンベヤ10は、前記機枠2の前端
部に連結支持されたコンベヤフレーム12を有し、このコ
ンベヤフレーム12には前端部の左右に一対を一組とする
二組の上下方向のローラ支軸13がそれぞれ並設固定さ
れ、この各組のローラ支軸13にはガイドローラ14がそれ
ぞれ回転自在に軸架されている。また、前記各組のロー
ラ支軸13の後方に位置して前記コンベヤフレーム12の後
端部には前記各組のローラ支軸13に対応して一対を一組
とする二組の上下方向の駆動軸15がそれぞれ回転自在に
軸支され、この各組の駆動軸15には駆動ローラ16がそれ
ぞれ軸架固定されている。
The transfer conveyor 10 has a conveyor frame 12 connected to and supported at the front end of the machine frame 2, and the conveyor frame 12 has two sets of a vertical direction, one pair on the left and right of the front end. Roller support shafts 13 are fixed side by side, and guide rollers 14 are rotatably mounted on the roller support shafts 13 of each set. In addition, two pairs of vertical pairs are formed at the rear end of the conveyor frame 12 located behind the roller support shafts 13 of each set, one pair corresponding to the roller support shafts 13 of each set. The drive shafts 15 are rotatably supported, and the drive rollers 16 are fixed to the drive shafts 15 of each set.

【0021】また、前記各組の前後に相対するガイドロ
ーラ14と駆動ローラ16との間には一対の無端ベルト17が
それぞれ互いに反対方向の内側部に向かって回行自在に
懸架され、この各組の一対の無端ベルト17の相対する内
側回行部18にて各結球野菜Aを両側部から挟持して後方
に向かって搬送するようになっている。なお、図中18a
は前記各組の一対の無端ベルト17の相対する内側回行部
18を後方に向かって平行状に移行させる複数のテンショ
ンローラである。
A pair of endless belts 17 are suspended between the guide roller 14 and the driving roller 16 which face each other in the front-rear direction, and are rotatably suspended toward inner parts in mutually opposite directions. The heading vegetables A are sandwiched between the inner traveling parts 18 of the pair of endless belts 17 which face each other, and are conveyed rearward. 18a in the figure
Is a pair of inner traveling parts of the pair of endless belts 17 facing each other.
It is a plurality of tension rollers that move 18 toward the rear in parallel.

【0022】また、前記一対を一組とする二組の上下方
向の駆動軸15において、その一組の駆動軸15の内の一方
の駆動軸15には前記無端ベルト17の下端部に近接して結
球野菜Aの根茎部Bを当接する上下の円板19が固着され
ているとともに、この一組の駆動軸15の内の他方の駆動
軸15には前記上下の円板19間に周縁部に形成された環状
刃20を配設した円板状のカッター21が固着されている。
Further, in the two sets of vertical drive shafts 15 of which the pair is one set, one drive shaft 15 of the one set of drive shafts 15 is close to the lower end portion of the endless belt 17. The upper and lower discs 19 that abut the rhizome B of the headed vegetable A are fixed, and the other drive shaft 15 of the pair of drive shafts 15 has a peripheral portion between the upper and lower discs 19. A disk-shaped cutter 21 having an annular blade 20 formed on it is fixed.

【0023】そして、前記上下の円板19の周縁部と前記
カッター21の環状刃20とにより、結球野菜Aの根茎部B
を切断するようになっている。また、前記二組の上下方
向の駆動軸15は図示しない連動媒体を介して前記動力源
4からの出力によってそれぞれの一対の無端ベルト17の
相対する内側回行部18を互いに反対方向の内側部に向か
って回行するようになっている。
Then, by the peripheral portions of the upper and lower discs 19 and the annular blade 20 of the cutter 21, the rhizome B of the headed vegetable A is formed.
Is designed to disconnect. Further, the two sets of vertical drive shafts 15 are provided with the output from the power source 4 via an interlocking medium (not shown) so that the inner traveling parts 18 of the pair of endless belts 17 face each other in opposite directions. It is supposed to go around.

【0024】さらに、前記コンベヤフレーム12の前端部
には連結フレーム22が取り付けられ、この連結フレーム
22には圃場の結球野菜Aを抜き取る前記野菜抜取機構8
が支持されている。この野菜抜取機構8は、前記一対の
無端ベルト17の相対する内側回行部18間に結球野菜Aを
抜き取って案内する一対を一組とする前後方向の左右の
デバイター23を有し、この各組の左右のデバイター23間
には前記一対の無端ベルト17の相対する内側回行部18側
の後端部が狭く前端部を幅広く拡開して開口した野菜誘
導口24が形成されている。なお、図中25は前記コンベヤ
フレーム12を支持した左右のゲージ輪である。
Further, a connecting frame 22 is attached to the front end portion of the conveyor frame 12, and the connecting frame 22 is attached.
22 is the vegetable extracting mechanism 8 for extracting the heading vegetable A from the field
Is supported. This vegetable extracting mechanism 8 has a pair of left and right dividers 23 in the front-rear direction, which form a pair between the inner traveling portions 18 of the pair of endless belts 17 that guide and extract the heading vegetable A. Between the left and right dividers 23 of the set, there is formed a vegetable guide port 24 in which the rear end portions of the pair of endless belts 17 facing the inner traveling portions 18 are narrow and the front end portions are widely opened. Reference numeral 25 in the figure denotes the left and right gauge wheels that support the conveyor frame 12.

【0025】そして、前記各組の左右のデバイター23に
て圃場の2条の結球野菜Aを各条毎に順次抜き取るとと
もに、これらの各条毎の結球野菜Aは前記各組一対の無
端ベルト17の相対する内側回行部18にて挟持されて根茎
部Bが前記上下の円板19の周縁部と前記カッター21の環
状刃20との間に向かって搬送されるようになっている。
Then, the left and right dividers 23 of each set sequentially pull out the two headed vegetables A from the field for each row, and the headed vegetables A for each row are paired with the endless belts 17 of each set. The rhizome B is sandwiched between the inner traveling parts 18 facing each other, and is conveyed between the peripheral edges of the upper and lower discs 19 and the annular blade 20 of the cutter 21.

【0026】つぎに、前記持上コンベヤ11は、前記機枠
2の前端部に後上方に向かって僅かに傾斜して連結支持
された上下方向のコンベヤフレーム26を有し、このコン
ベヤフレーム26の上端部には左右方向の駆動軸27が回転
自在に軸架され、この駆動軸27の両側部には左右の駆動
ローラ28がそれぞれ軸架固定されている。また、前記コ
ンベヤフレーム26の下端部には左右方向のローラ支軸29
が軸架され、このローラ支軸29の左右部には前記左右の
駆動ローラ28に対応した左右の従動ローラ30がそれぞれ
軸着されている。
Next, the lifting conveyor 11 has a vertical conveyor frame 26 that is connected and supported at the front end of the machine frame 2 with a slight inclination toward the rear upper side. A left and right drive shaft 27 is rotatably mounted on the upper end portion, and left and right drive rollers 28 are fixed on both sides of the drive shaft 27, respectively. A roller support shaft 29 in the left-right direction is provided at the lower end of the conveyor frame 26.
The right and left driven rollers 30 corresponding to the left and right driving rollers 28 are mounted on the left and right parts of the roller support shaft 29, respectively.

【0027】また、前記左右部の前後に相対する駆動ロ
ーラ28と従動ローラ30との間には前記各組一対の無端ベ
ルト17の相対する内側回行部18にて搬出される圃場の2
条分の結球野菜Aをそれぞれ後上方に向かって持上げる
無端回行体31がそれぞれ回行自在に懸架されている。
Between the drive roller 28 and the driven roller 30 facing the front and rear of the left and right parts, two fields of the field are carried out by the inner traveling parts 18 of the pair of endless belts 17 facing each other.
An endless traveling body 31 that lifts the headed vegetable A of the strip toward the upper rear is rotatably suspended.

【0028】また、この左右の無端回行体31には外周部
に所定の間隔をおいて結球野菜Aを支持して持上げる金
属・合成樹脂等の剛体部材にて形成された左右方向の爪
状の多数の搬送突体32がそれぞれ外方に向かって一体の
突設され、この各搬送突体32は搬送方向と反対側の後方
に向かって突出した支持凹部33を有して側面視略く字状
に形成されている。
Further, the left and right endless traveling bodies 31 are formed by rigid members made of a metal or synthetic resin for supporting and lifting the heading vegetables A at predetermined intervals on the outer circumference thereof. A large number of transport protrusions 32 each having an outward shape are integrally provided so as to project outward, and each of the transport protrusions 32 has a support recess 33 protruding rearward on the side opposite to the transport direction, and is substantially side view. It is formed in a V shape.

【0029】また、前記各搬送突体32には搬送方向の前
面部に結球野菜Aの重量によって前記支持凹部33側に向
かって弾性変形されるゴム板などからなる爪状の左右方
向の弾性排出体34がそれぞれ配設されている。この各弾
性排出体34は、その上端部が前記各搬送突体32の上端部
に固着されているとともに、その下端部がそれぞれの搬
送突体32の下端部に止着されている。
Further, each of the conveying projections 32 has a claw-shaped elastic discharge in the left-right direction, which is made of a rubber plate or the like, which is elastically deformed toward the supporting recess 33 side by the weight of the heading vegetables A on the front surface in the conveying direction. Each body 34 is provided. The upper ends of the elastic ejectors 34 are fixed to the upper ends of the respective transport protrusions 32, and the lower ends thereof are fixed to the lower ends of the respective transport protrusions 32.

【0030】そして、この各弾性排出体34に結球野菜A
の重量が作用すると、この重量によって各弾性排出体34
がそれぞれの搬送突体32の支持凹部33内に向かって弾性
変形して結球野菜Aを支持し、この弾性排出体34を介し
て結球野菜Aを支持した搬送突体32が搬出端部から折り
返し回行される際には搬送突体32にて結球野菜Aが後方
に向かって搬出されるとともに、この弾性排出体34の弾
性復帰作用によって結球野菜Aの搬出を助勢し結球野菜
Aの巻き込みを防止するようになっている。
Then, each of the elastic dischargers 34 has a headed vegetable A
When the weight of the elastic ejector 34
Elastically deform toward the inside of the support recess 33 of each of the transport projections 32 to support the headed vegetables A, and the transport projections 32 supporting the headed vegetables A via the elastic dischargers 34 are folded back from the carry-out end portion. When traveling, the heading vegetables A are carried out rearward by the transport projection 32, and the elastic returning action of the elastic discharging body 34 assists the carrying out of the heading vegetables A to entangle the heading vegetables A. It is designed to prevent it.

【0031】つぎに、前記機枠2の上部には複数の支柱
35を介して支持フレーム36が水平状に固定され、この支
持フレーム36の上部には前記持上コンベヤ11の搬出端部
から搬出される結球野菜Aの根茎部B及び鬼皮等を除去
して出荷用に結球野菜Aを整形する野菜仕上機構37が配
設されている。
Next, a plurality of columns are provided on the upper part of the machine casing 2.
A support frame 36 is horizontally fixed via 35, and the rhizome B of the heading vegetable A carried out from the carry-out end of the lifting conveyor 11 and the demon skin are removed from the upper portion of the support frame 36. A vegetable finishing mechanism 37 for shaping the headed vegetable A for shipping is provided.

【0032】前記野菜仕上機構37は、前記支持フレーム
36の上部に固定された左右方向に長い矩形状の架台38を
有し、この架台38の左右方向の中間部には軸受体39にて
上下方向の回転軸40が回転自在に軸架され、この回転軸
40の上端部に固着されたフランジ41の上部には周縁部に
環状刃42を有する円板状のカッター43がその中心部にお
いて固着されている。そして、前記回転軸40は図示しな
い連動媒体を介して前記動力源4からの出力によって回
転駆動されるようになっている。
The vegetable finishing mechanism 37 is the support frame.
A rectangular long frame 38 fixed in the left-right direction is fixed to the upper part of 36, and a vertical rotation shaft 40 is rotatably mounted by a bearing body 39 at an intermediate portion in the left-right direction of the frame 38, This axis of rotation
A disc-shaped cutter 43 having an annular blade 42 at its peripheral edge is fixed at the center of the upper portion of the flange 41 fixed to the upper end of 40. The rotary shaft 40 is rotationally driven by the output from the power source 4 via an interlocking medium (not shown).

【0033】また、前記架台38の上部にはガイドフレー
ム44が固着され、このガイドフレーム44の前端部及び後
端部には左右方向の支持片45が相対して平行に一体に突
設され、この前後の支持片45には左右方向に所定の間隔
をおいて後述するスライダーを左右方向に案内する多数
のガイドローラ46がそれぞれ回転自在に軸架されてい
る。
A guide frame 44 is fixed to the upper part of the gantry 38, and left and right supporting pieces 45 are integrally projected in parallel to each other at the front end and the rear end of the guide frame 44. On the front and rear support pieces 45, a large number of guide rollers 46 for guiding a slider to be described later in the left-right direction are rotatably mounted at predetermined intervals in the left-right direction.

【0034】また、前記カッター43を中心とした左右部
には前記前後の支持片45の多数のガイドローラ46にて左
右方向に、すなわち、前記カッター43に向かって進退自
在に支持された略矩形状の左右のスライダー47がそれぞ
れ配設されている。また、前記左右のスライダー47には
中心部に結球野菜Aを載置する下方に向かって凹んだ野
菜載置凹部48がそれぞれ形成され、この左右の菜載置凹
部48の底部には前記カッター43にて切断される結球野菜
Aの根茎部Bを下方に向かって突出させる案内孔49がそ
れぞれ形成されている。
The right and left parts centering on the cutter 43 are supported by a large number of guide rollers 46 of the front and rear support pieces 45 in the left and right direction, that is, a substantially rectangular shape which is supported so as to be movable back and forth toward the cutter 43. Left and right shaped sliders 47 are provided respectively. In addition, the left and right sliders 47 are respectively formed with vegetable placement recesses 48, which are recessed downward, for placing the heading vegetables A in the center thereof, and the cutters 43 are provided at the bottoms of the left and right vegetable placement recesses 48, respectively. Guide holes 49 are formed to allow the rhizomes B of the headed vegetables A to be cut off at 4 to project downward.

【0035】前記左右の案内孔49は結球野菜Aの根茎部
Bの根元部及び鬼皮の下端部等を前記カッター43にて切
断除去可能に露出する大きさで形成され、この左右の案
内孔49の開口縁部に沿って前記カッター43が回転される
ようになっている。しかして、前記案内孔49を有する野
菜載置凹部48は案内孔49に連通した切溝49a を放射状に
形成した一枚の金属板をプレス加工等の加工手段によっ
て形成されている。
The left and right guide holes 49 are formed in such a size that the root of the rhizome B of the headed vegetable A and the lower end of the demon skin are exposed so that they can be cut and removed by the cutter 43. The cutter 43 is adapted to be rotated along the opening edge of 49. Then, the vegetable placing recess 48 having the guide hole 49 is formed by a processing means such as a press working of a single metal plate having radial cut grooves 49a communicating with the guide hole 49.

【0036】また、前記左右のスライダー47の外端部に
はそれぞれのスライダー47を前記カッター43に向かって
進退動させる操作ハンドル50がそれぞれ突設されてい
る。また、前記ガイドフレーム44の左右の両端部には前
記左右のスライダー47を位置決めする上下方向のストッ
パー51が突設されている。
Further, operation handles 50 for moving the sliders 47 forward and backward toward the cutter 43 are provided at the outer ends of the left and right sliders 47, respectively. Further, vertical stoppers 51 for positioning the left and right sliders 47 are projectingly provided at both left and right ends of the guide frame 44.

【0037】さらに、前記野菜仕上機構37は、前記架台
38の前側部に位置して前記支持フレーム36の上部には前
記持上コンベヤ11の搬出端部から搬出される結球野菜A
を受け止める野菜受止体52及びこの野菜受止体52に結球
野菜Aを案内するとともに結球野菜Aから分離された鬼
皮等の雑物を前記持上コンベヤ11との間から圃場に排出
する排出コンベヤ53を有している。
Further, the vegetable finishing mechanism 37 is the pedestal.
Heading vegetables A carried out from the carry-out end of the lifting conveyor 11 are located on the front side of the support frame 36 at the front side of 38.
A vegetable receiving body 52 that receives the vegetables, and guides the headed vegetables A to the vegetable receiving bodies 52, and discharges foreign substances such as demon skin separated from the heading vegetables A to the field through the lifting conveyor 11. It has a conveyor 53.

【0038】前記野菜受止体52は平板状の受皿板54を有
し、この受皿板54の左右両端部及び前記左右のスライダ
ー47側の後端部に一連の平面視略コ字状の側枠片55が一
体に立設されている。また、前記排出コンベヤ53は前上
方に向かって傾斜した状態で回行自在に懸架された無端
回行体56を有し、この無端回行体56の外面部にはスポン
ジ等のクッション材57が一体に張り付けられている。
The vegetable receiving body 52 has a flat plate-like saucer plate 54, and a series of substantially U-shaped sides in a plan view is provided at both left and right ends of the saucer plate 54 and rear ends of the left and right sliders 47 side. The frame piece 55 is erected integrally. Further, the discharge conveyor 53 has an endless traveling body 56 suspended in a freely slanting manner in an upwardly inclined state, and a cushion material 57 such as sponge is provided on the outer surface of the endless traveling body 56. It is stuck together.

【0039】前記無端回行体56はコンベヤフレーム58の
前端部間に回転自在に軸架された駆動ローラ59と前記コ
ンベヤフレーム58の後端部間に回転自在に軸架された従
動ローラ60との間に回行自在に懸架されている。また、
前記無端回行体56の前端部は前記持上コンベヤ11の各搬
送突体32が近接回行する間隔をおいて配設されている。
The endless rolling body 56 includes a driving roller 59 rotatably mounted between the front ends of the conveyor frame 58 and a driven roller 60 rotatably mounted between the rear ends of the conveyor frame 58. Suspended between freely. Also,
The front end portion of the endless traveling body 56 is arranged at an interval at which the transport projections 32 of the lifting conveyor 11 travel in close proximity.

【0040】また、前記無端回行体56の前端部の下方部
に位置して無端回行体56から搬出される結球野菜Aの鬼
皮等の雑物を圃場に排出するガイド体61が配設固定され
ている。さらに、前記無端回行体56の前記駆動ローラ59
は前記持上コンベヤ11の駆動軸27に連動媒体を介して連
動連結されている。そして、前記駆動軸27からの出力に
よって前記無端回行体56の駆動ローラ59が回転駆動さ
れ、この駆動ローラ59にて前記無端回行体56が前記持上
コンベヤ11の搬出端部に向かって回行されるようになっ
ている。
A guide body 61 is disposed below the front end portion of the endless traveling body 56 and discharges into the field the foreign substances such as the demon skin of the headed vegetable A delivered from the endless traveling body 56. It is fixed. Further, the drive roller 59 of the endless traveling body 56.
Is linked to the drive shaft 27 of the lifting conveyor 11 via a link medium. Then, the drive roller 59 of the endless traveling body 56 is rotationally driven by the output from the drive shaft 27, and the drive roller 59 causes the endless traveling body 56 toward the unloading end portion of the lifting conveyor 11. It is supposed to go around.

【0041】さらに、前記野菜仕上機構37は、前記架台
38の後側部に位置して前記支持フレーム36上に立設した
支脚62を有し、この支脚62上には出荷用に整形された結
球野菜Aを載置する野菜載置台63が水平状に一体に固定
されている。
Further, the vegetable finishing mechanism 37 is the pedestal.
It has a support leg 62 which is located on the rear side of the support frame 38 and stands upright on the support frame 36. On the support leg 62, a vegetable placing table 63 for placing the bulb-shaped vegetables A shaped for shipping is placed horizontally. Is integrally fixed to.

【0042】つぎに、前記収穫機本体1の後側部に位置
する前記左右の支柱35には野菜箱詰部64が配設されてい
る。この野菜箱詰部64は、前記左右の支柱35及び前記収
穫機本体1の機枠2に固定された箱載置台65を有し、こ
の箱載置台65にはクロスリンク66及びこのクロスリンク
66を支持したコイルスプリング67にて箱詰作業台68が上
下動自在に支持されている。前記クロスリンク66は一対
のリンクのクロス部が支軸69にて開閉自在に軸支されて
いる。
Next, vegetable packing parts 64 are disposed on the left and right columns 35 located on the rear side of the harvester main body 1. The vegetable packing portion 64 has the left and right columns 35 and a box mounting table 65 fixed to the machine frame 2 of the harvester main body 1. The box mounting table 65 has a cross link 66 and the cross link 66.
A packaging work table 68 is supported by a coil spring 67 supporting 66 so as to be vertically movable. In the cross link 66, a cross portion of a pair of links is pivotally supported by a support shaft 69 so as to be freely opened and closed.

【0043】そして、前記箱詰作業台68上にて出荷用に
整形された結球野菜Aが段ボール箱等に箱詰め作業され
るようになっているが、この結球野菜Aを収納した段ボ
ール箱等の重量によって前記クロスリンク66及びこのク
ロスリンク66を支持したコイルスプリング67にて箱詰作
業台68が次第に下降するようになっている。
The heading vegetables A shaped for shipping on the boxing work table 68 are to be boxed in a cardboard box or the like. Due to the weight, the packing work table 68 is gradually lowered by the cross link 66 and the coil spring 67 supporting the cross link 66.

【0044】つぎに、前記実施例の作用を説明する。Next, the operation of the above embodiment will be described.

【0045】操作機構5の操作ハンドル5aを操作して動
力源4を駆動すると、この動力源4からの出力によって
クローラ3の無限軌道帯体3aが回行され、搬送コンベヤ
10の各組み一対の無端ベルト17の相対する内側回行部18
が互いに反対方向の内側に向かって同速度でそれぞれ回
行され、この各組み一対の無端ベルト17の後端部の一対
の駆動軸15にて上下の円板19及びカッター21が互いに反
対方向の内側に向かって回転駆動される。
When the power source 4 is driven by operating the operating handle 5a of the operating mechanism 5, the output from the power source 4 causes the endless track band 3a of the crawler 3 to circulate, and the conveyor belt 3a.
Each pair of 10 pairs of inner endless belts 18 of a pair of endless belts 17
Are respectively rotated at the same speed toward the inside in mutually opposite directions, and the upper and lower discs 19 and the cutter 21 are in opposite directions to each other by the pair of drive shafts 15 at the rear end of each pair of endless belts 17 of each pair. It is driven to rotate inward.

【0046】また、動力源4からの出力によって持上コ
ンベヤ11の両側部の無端回行体31が後方に向かって同速
度でそれぞれ回行され、この持上コンベヤ11の駆動軸27
にて連動媒体を介して排出コンベヤ53の無端回行体56が
前方に向かって回行され、さらに、野菜仕上機構37のカ
ッター43が回転駆動される。
Further, the output from the power source 4 causes the endless moving bodies 31 on both sides of the lifting conveyor 11 to rotate backward at the same speed, and the driving shaft 27 of the lifting conveyor 11 is driven.
The endless rotating body 56 of the discharge conveyor 53 is rotated forward through the interlocking medium, and the cutter 43 of the vegetable finishing mechanism 37 is rotationally driven.

【0047】そして、結球野菜収穫機が結球野菜Aを有
する圃場の畝に沿って走行すると、この野菜抜取機構8
の各組み一対のデバイダー23間の野菜誘導口24内に結球
野菜Aがそれぞれ誘導され、この各野菜誘導口24の後側
部を次第に狭めた各組み一対のデバイダー23にて圃場の
2条の結球野菜Aが順次抜き取られるとともに、この野
菜抜取機構8の後方部に配設された野菜搬送機構9の各
組み一対の搬送コンベヤ10にて抜き取られた2条の結球
野菜Aが後方に向かって順次搬送される。
When the headed vegetable harvester travels along the ridge of the field containing headed vegetable A, the vegetable picking mechanism 8
Each headed vegetable A is guided into the vegetable guide port 24 between the pair of dividers 23 of each set, and the pair of dividers 23 of each set in which the rear side of each vegetable guide port 24 is gradually narrowed down the two fields of the field. The headed vegetables A are sequentially extracted, and the two headed vegetables A extracted by the pair of transfer conveyors 10 of each set of the vegetable transfer mechanism 9 arranged at the rear part of the vegetable extraction mechanism 8 are directed rearward. Sequentially transported.

【0048】すなわち、各組み一対のデバイダー23にて
抜き取られた2条の結球野菜Aは、各組み一対のデバイ
ダー23から各組み一対の搬送コンベヤ10の無端ベルト17
の相対する内側回行部18にて挟持されて後方に向かって
搬送され、この2条の結球野菜Aが無端ベルト17の相対
する内側回行部18の搬出端部に搬送されるとともに、各
組みの上下の円板19及びこの上下の円板19間に環状刃20
を介在させたカッター21にて2条の結球野菜Aの根茎部
Bが順次切断除去される。
That is, the two headed vegetables A extracted by the pair of dividers 23 in each set are the endless belts 17 of the conveyer conveyors 10 in each set and pair from the divider 23 in each set.
Of the two headed vegetables A are conveyed to the rear side by being sandwiched between the inner traveling parts 18 facing each other, and are conveyed to the carry-out end parts of the inner traveling parts 18 of the endless belt 17 facing each other. The upper and lower discs 19 of the set and the annular blade 20 between the upper and lower discs 19
The rhizome B of the two headed vegetables A is sequentially cut and removed by the cutter 21 with the intervening cutter.

【0049】そして、2条の結球野菜Aは野菜搬送機構
9の各組み一対の搬送コンベヤ10の搬出端部から持上コ
ンベヤ11の左右の無端回行体31の搬入部に向かって順次
搬出され、この2条の結球野菜Aは、持上コンベヤ11の
左右の無端回行体31の搬入部に位置した各搬送突体32に
て弾性排出体34を介して順次載置支持されるとともに、
これらの各結球野菜Aが後上方に向かって持ち上げ搬送
され、その搬出端部に回行された各搬送突体32上の結球
野菜Aが弾性排出体34を介して野菜仕上機構37に向かっ
て搬出される。
The two headed vegetables A are successively carried out from the carry-out end portions of the paired conveyer conveyors 10 of the vegetable conveyer mechanism 9 toward the carry-in portions of the left and right endless traveling bodies 31 of the lifting conveyor 11. The two headed vegetables A are sequentially placed and supported via the elastic discharge bodies 34 by the respective transport projections 32 located at the carry-in portions of the left and right endless traveling bodies 31 of the lifting conveyor 11, and
Each of these heading vegetables A is lifted and conveyed rearward and upward, and the heading vegetables A on the respective conveying projections 32 that have been circulated to the carry-out end portion are directed toward the vegetable finishing mechanism 37 via the elastic discharger 34. Be shipped.

【0050】この際、各搬送突体32上に弾性排出体34を
介して各結球野菜Aがそれぞれ載置されると、この各結
球野菜Aの重量でそれぞれの弾性排出体34が搬送突体32
の支持凹部33側に弾性変形され、この各結球野菜Aは湾
曲した弾性排出体34を介してそれぞれの搬送突体32にて
安定した状態で支持されて後上方に向かって持ち上げ搬
送される。
At this time, when each headed vegetable A is placed on each carrying projection 32 via the elastic ejecting body 34, each elastic ejecting body 34 is transported by the weight of each heading vegetable A. 32
The head-shaped vegetables A are elastically deformed toward the supporting recess 33 side, and are stably supported by the respective conveying projections 32 via the curved elastic discharge bodies 34, and are lifted and conveyed rearward and upward.

【0051】そして、この各搬送突体32にて各結球野菜
Aが搬出端部に回行されると、この各結球野菜Aの重心
の移動が起こるとともに、この各結球野菜Aの重量にて
弾性変形された各弾性排出体34の弾性復帰作用によって
各結球野菜Aが野菜仕上機構37に向かって順次搬出され
る。したがって、折り返し回行速度が早くなる左右の無
端回行体31の搬出端部に位置した各搬送突体32にて各結
球野菜Aを無端回行体31の折り返し方向に巻き込むこと
が防止される。
When each heading vegetable A is circulated to the carry-out end portion by each of the carrying projections 32, the center of gravity of the heading vegetable A moves, and the weight of each heading vegetable A increases. Each headed vegetable A is successively carried out toward the vegetable finishing mechanism 37 by the elastic return action of the elastically deformed elastic dischargers 34. Therefore, it is possible to prevent each heading vegetable A from being caught in the folding direction of the endless traveling body 31 by the respective transport projections 32 located at the carry-out end portions of the left and right endless traveling bodies 31 at which the folding back traveling speed becomes faster. .

【0052】また、各結球野菜Aが野菜仕上機構37に向
かって搬出されると、この各結球野菜Aは野菜仕上機構
37の排出コンベヤ53の無端回行体56上に搬出落下される
とともに、この無端回行体56上から野菜受止体52の受皿
板54上に搬出搬入される。
When each headed vegetable A is carried out to the vegetable finishing mechanism 37, each headed vegetable A becomes a vegetable finishing mechanism.
While being carried out and dropped on the endless traveling body 56 of the discharge conveyor 53 of 37, it is carried out and carried on the saucer plate 54 of the vegetable receiving body 52 from the endless traveling body 56.

【0053】この際、無端回行体56の外周部にはクッシ
ヨン材57が張り付けられているので、この無端回行体56
上に各結球野菜Aが搬出落下されても各結球野菜Aが損
傷することが防止される。また、無端回行体56は前上方
に向かって傾斜して配設されているので、この無端回行
体56が前方に向かって回行されていても、この無端回行
体56の傾斜面にて各結球野菜Aが後方に向かって転動し
て野菜受止体52の受皿板54上に搬出搬入される。
At this time, since the cushion material 57 is attached to the outer peripheral portion of the endless traveling body 56, the endless traveling body 56 is
Even if each headed vegetable A is carried out and dropped, the headed vegetable A is prevented from being damaged. Further, since the endless traveling body 56 is arranged so as to be inclined forward and upward, even if the endless traveling body 56 is traveling forward, the sloped surface of the endless traveling body 56 is not limited. At each heading vegetable A rolls backward and is carried in and carried out on the saucer plate 54 of the vegetable receiving body 52.

【0054】また、この受皿板54は左右両端部及び後端
部に一連の側枠片55を有するので、この一連の側枠片55
にて各結球野菜Aが受け止められ、受皿板54から各結球
野菜Aが転落することが防止される。さらに、排出コン
ベヤ53の無端回行体56上に各結球野菜Aが搬出落下され
ることにより、これらの各結球野菜Aから分離した鬼皮
等及び各結球野菜Aの搬出落下とともに無端回行体56上
に搬入された雑物等は、無端回行体56にて前方に向かっ
て搬送されるとともに、その搬出端部から持上コンベヤ
11との間のガイド体61に案内されて圃場に排出される。
Since the saucer plate 54 has a series of side frame pieces 55 at both left and right end portions and a rear end portion, the series of side frame pieces 55 is provided.
Each heading vegetable A is received at and is prevented from falling from the saucer plate 54. Furthermore, each heading vegetable A is carried out and dropped onto the endless traveling body 56 of the discharge conveyor 53, so that the onihide and the like separated from each heading vegetable A and each heading vegetable A are carried out and endlessly traveling body. The miscellaneous materials, etc. carried onto the 56 are carried forward by the endless traveling body 56, and the carrying conveyor is carried from the carrying-out end.
It is guided by the guide body 61 between 11 and and discharged to the field.

【0055】つぎに、野菜受止体52の受皿板54上に各結
球野菜Aが搬入されると、この受皿板54上から結球野菜
Aを取り出すとともに、この結球野菜Aが左右のスライ
ダー47の各野菜載置凹部48内にその根茎部Bを下向きの
状態で載置されると、この各結球野菜Aの根茎部Bが各
野菜載置凹部48の底部の案内孔49からそれぞれ下方に向
かって垂下した状態で突出されるとともに、この各根茎
部Bの根元部分及び鬼皮部の下端部が各案内孔49から露
出される。
Next, when each headed vegetable A is carried onto the saucer plate 54 of the vegetable receiving body 52, the headed vegetable A is taken out from the saucer plate 54 and the headed vegetable A is moved to the left and right sliders 47. When the rhizome B is placed in each vegetable placing recess 48 with the root portion B facing downward, the rhizome B of each heading vegetable A is directed downward from the guide hole 49 at the bottom of each vegetable placing recess 48. The root portion of each rhizome B and the lower end of the devil skin are exposed from each guide hole 49 while being projected in a suspended state.

【0056】そして、この各結球野菜Aを載置した左右
のスライダー47を、回転駆動されているカッター43に向
かって進出すると、この左右のスライダー47に載置され
た各結球野菜Aの根茎部Bの根元部分及び鬼皮等がカッ
ター53にて切断され、この各結球野菜Aから根茎部B及
び鬼皮等が除去され、出荷用の結球野菜Aとして整形さ
れる。
Then, when the left and right sliders 47 on which the heading vegetables A are placed are advanced toward the cutter 43 that is being driven to rotate, the rhizomes of the heading vegetables A placed on the left and right sliders 47 are set. The root portion of B, the demon skin, etc. are cut by a cutter 53, the rhizome B, the demon skin, etc. are removed from each headed vegetable A, and the headed vegetable A for shipping is shaped.

【0057】この際、各結球野菜Aは根茎部Bを案内孔
49から垂下して突出した状態で各野菜載置凹部48内に載
置されていることにより、この各結球野菜Aは各野菜載
置凹部48内で支持されて動きずらくなっているので、カ
ッター53にて各結球野菜Aの根茎部Bの根元部分が整然
と切断され、その切り口が斜めになるなどの不具合な状
態で根茎部Bの根元部分等が切断されることが防止され
る。
At this time, each headed vegetable A has a rhizome B as a guide hole.
By being placed in each vegetable placing recess 48 in a state of hanging down from 49, each headed vegetable A is supported in each vegetable placing recess 48 and is difficult to move. The cutter 53 cuts the root portion of the rhizome B of each headed vegetable A in an orderly manner, and prevents the root portion and the like of the rhizome B from being cut in a defective state such that the cut end becomes oblique.

【0058】また、各結球野菜Aの根茎部Bの根元部分
及び鬼皮等を切断除去して出荷用に結球野菜Aが整形さ
れるとともに、この左右のスライダー47をカッター43か
ら後退させ、この左右のスライダー47を外端部の各スト
ッパー51に当接した位置で後退を停止させる。そして、
左右のスライダー47の各野菜載置凹部48内から出荷用に
整形された結球野菜Aを取り出し、この各結球野菜Aを
野菜載置台63上に載置する。
Further, the root portion of the rhizome B of each headed vegetable A, the demon skin, etc. are cut and removed to shape the headed vegetable A for shipping, and the sliders 47 on the left and right are retracted from the cutter 43. The backward movement is stopped at the position where the left and right sliders 47 are in contact with the stoppers 51 at the outer ends. And
The ball-shaped vegetables A that have been shaped for shipping are taken out from the vegetable-mounting recesses 48 of the left and right sliders 47, and the ball-shaped vegetables A are placed on the vegetable mounting table 63.

【0059】このように、野菜仕上機構37にて各結球野
菜Aの根茎部B及び鬼皮等が除去されて出荷用に各結球
野菜Aが順次整形され、これらの出荷用に整形された各
結球野菜Aが野菜箱詰部64に近接して配設した野菜載置
台63上に順次載置される。
As described above, the rhizome B and the demon skin of each headed vegetable A are removed by the vegetable finishing mechanism 37, the headed vegetables A are sequentially shaped for shipping, and each headed for shipping is shaped. The heading vegetables A are sequentially placed on the vegetable placing table 63 arranged near the vegetable packing portion 64.

【0060】つぎに、野菜箱詰部64の箱載置台65の箱詰
作業台68上に段ボール箱等の出荷用箱を載置し、この出
荷用箱内に野菜載置台63上から取り出した所定個数の結
球野菜Aを順次収納することにより、この野菜箱詰部64
にて出荷用に整形された各結球野菜Aが出荷用箱内に所
定の個数ずつ順次箱詰めされて梱包される。そうして、
圃場からの出荷に備える。
Next, a shipping box such as a corrugated cardboard box was placed on the packing work table 68 of the box placement table 65 of the vegetable packing section 64, and was taken out from the vegetable placement table 63 into this shipping box. By storing a predetermined number of headed vegetables A in sequence, this vegetable packing unit 64
Each heading vegetable A that has been shaped for shipping at 1 is sequentially boxed and packed in a predetermined number in the shipping box. And then
Prepare for shipment from the field.

【0061】この際、野菜載置台63上の出荷用箱内に結
球野菜Aが所定の個数収納されると、この各結球野菜A
の重量によって野菜載置台63が下降し、この出荷用箱内
に対して結球野菜Aを収納し易い高さに出荷用箱が次第
に下降され、この出荷用箱内に対する結球野菜Aの収納
作業が容易になる。
At this time, when a predetermined number of headed vegetables A are stored in the shipping box on the vegetable table 63, the headed vegetables A are
The vegetable placing table 63 is lowered by the weight of, and the shipping box is gradually lowered to a height where the bulb vegetables A can be easily stored in the shipping box. It will be easier.

【0062】[0062]

【発明の効果】請求項1の発明によれば、圃場の結球野
菜を抜き取る野菜抜取機構を設け、この野菜抜取機構の
後方部にこの野菜抜取機構にて抜き取られた結球野菜を
後上方に向かって搬送する野菜搬送機構を配設し、出荷
用に整形した結球野菜を箱詰めする野菜箱詰部と前記野
菜搬送機構との間に野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野
菜の根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去して出荷用に結球野菜を整
形する野菜仕上機構を配設したので、圃場にて結球野菜
を抜取る作業から結球野菜の根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去し
て出荷用に結球野菜を整形して箱詰め作業するまでの一
貫作業を機械化することができ、圃場から直ちに箱詰め
した結球野菜を出荷することができ、したがって、結球
野菜の鮮度が低下する間もなく出荷ことができるととも
に、作業能率を大幅に向上することができる結球野菜収
穫機を提供することができる。
According to the invention of claim 1, a vegetable extracting mechanism for extracting headed vegetables in the field is provided, and the heading vegetables extracted by the vegetable extracting mechanism are directed rearward and upward at the rear part of the vegetable extracting mechanism. And a vegetable transport mechanism for transporting the vegetables, and the rhizome and the demon skin of the bulbous vegetables delivered from the vegetable transport mechanism between the vegetable packaging mechanism and the vegetable packaging unit for packaging the bulbous vegetables shaped for shipping Since a vegetable finishing mechanism that removes the heading vegetables and shapes the heading vegetables for shipping is provided, the roots and demon skins of the heading vegetables are removed from the work of extracting the heading vegetables in the field, and the heading vegetables are shipped for shipment. It is possible to mechanize the integrated work from shaping to boxing work, and it is possible to ship the boxed headed vegetables immediately from the field, so that it is possible to ship the headed vegetables immediately before the freshness of the headed vegetables declines and to improve the work efficiency. Big It is possible to provide a heading toppers that can be improved.

【0063】請求項2の発明によれば、野菜仕上機構
は、結球野菜の根茎部を切断する回転自在のカッター
と、このカッターに向かって進退自在に設けられ結球野
菜を載置する野菜載置凹部及びこの野菜載置凹部の底部
に前記カッターによって切断される結球野菜の根茎部を
下方に向かって突出させる案内孔を形成したスライダー
とを具備したので、野菜載置凹部内に結球野菜を載置す
るとともに、この結球野菜の根茎部が野菜載置凹部の底
部の案内孔から下方に向かって簡単に突出させることが
でき、この結球野菜を載置したスライダーをカッターに
向かって進出することにより、このカッターにて結球野
菜の根茎部を根元部分から簡単に切断除去することがで
きる。この場合、結球野菜は野菜載置凹部内に載置する
ので、この結球野菜の根茎部を根元部分からカッターに
て整然と切断することができ、その切り口が斜めになる
等の不具合が生じることを防止でき、出荷用に結球野菜
を簡単に整形することができる。
According to the second aspect of the invention, the vegetable finishing mechanism comprises a rotatable cutter for cutting the rhizome of the headed vegetables, and a vegetable placement device for advancing and retracting toward the cutter for mounting headed vegetables. Since the concave portion and the slider having the guide hole for projecting the rhizome of the headed vegetable cut by the cutter downward are provided in the bottom of the vegetable placing concave portion, the headed vegetable is placed in the vegetable placing concave portion. When you place it, the rhizome of this headed vegetable can easily project downward from the guide hole at the bottom of the vegetable placing recess, and by advancing the slider on which this headed vegetable is placed toward the cutter. , The cutter can easily remove the rhizome portion of the heading vegetable from the root portion. In this case, since the bulb vegetables are placed in the vegetable placing recesses, the rhizomes of the bulb vegetables can be cut orderly from the root portion with a cutter, and there is a problem that the cut end becomes oblique. It can be prevented and the bulb vegetables can be easily shaped for shipping.

【0064】請求項3の発明によれば、野菜仕上機構
は、野菜搬送機構側に位置して野菜搬送機構から搬出さ
れる結球野菜を受け止める野菜受止体と、この野菜受止
体にて受け止められる結球野菜から分離した鬼皮等の雑
物を前記野菜搬送機構との間から排出する前上方に向か
って傾斜した排出コンベヤとを具備したので、この野菜
受止体にて野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野菜を確実
に受け止めて結球野菜の整形仕上げに備えることがで
き、排出コンベヤにて結球野菜から分離した鬼皮等の雑
物を野菜受止体に搬入することを防止できる。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, the vegetable finishing mechanism is located on the vegetable conveying mechanism side and receives the headed vegetables delivered from the vegetable conveying mechanism, and the vegetable receiving mechanism receives the vegetable receiving body. Since it is equipped with a discharge conveyor that is inclined upward toward the front for discharging foreign substances such as devil skins separated from the headed vegetables to be discharged from between the vegetable transfer mechanism and the vegetable transfer mechanism. It is possible to reliably receive the headed vegetables to be prepared and prepare for the finishing of the headed vegetables, and to prevent foreign matters such as demon skin separated from the headed vegetables by the discharge conveyor from being carried into the vegetable receiver.

【0065】請求項4の発明によれば、野菜搬送機構
は、結球野菜を後上方に向かって持ち上げる持上コンベ
ヤを備え、この持上コンベヤは後上方に向かって回行す
る無端回行体と、この無端回行体の外周部に間隔をおい
て順次突設され結球野菜を支持する支持凹部を有する多
数の搬送突体と、この各搬送突体の前面部に配設され結
球野菜の重量で前記支持凹部側に弾性変形される弾性排
出体とを具備したので、この各搬送突体上に支持凹部側
に弾性変形した弾性排出体を介して結球野菜を確実に支
持して搬送することができ、この搬出端部では弾性排出
体の弾性復帰作用によって搬送突体と相俟って結球野菜
を確実に搬出することができ、結球野菜を無端回行体の
折り返し方向に巻き込むことを防止できる。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the vegetable transport mechanism includes a lifting conveyor for lifting the headed vegetables rearward and upward, and the lifting conveyor includes an endless traveling body that rotates rearward and upward. , A large number of transport projections each having a supporting concave portion that sequentially projects at an outer peripheral portion of the endless traveling body and supports the headed vegetables, and the weight of the headed vegetables disposed on the front surface of each of the transport projections. Since the elastic discharge member elastically deformed on the side of the supporting recess is provided, the headed vegetables can be reliably supported and transferred on each of the conveying projections via the elastic discharge member elastically deformed on the side of the supporting recess. At this carry-out end part, the elastic return action of the elastic discharge body, together with the transport projection, can reliably carry out the headed vegetables, and prevent the headed vegetables from being rolled in the direction in which the endless rolling body is folded back. it can.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明の一実施例を示す結球野菜収穫機の側面
図である。
FIG. 1 is a side view of a heading vegetable harvester showing an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】同上野菜仕上機構を省略した平面図である。FIG. 2 is a plan view with the vegetable finishing mechanism omitted.

【図3】同上野菜仕上機構の平面図である。FIG. 3 is a plan view of the above vegetable finishing mechanism.

【図4】同上側面図である。FIG. 4 is a side view of the same.

【図5】同上結球野菜の根茎部の切断状態を示す側面図
である。
FIG. 5 is a side view showing a cut state of a rhizome of a headed vegetable.

【図6】同上結球野菜の搬出状態を示す説明図である。FIG. 6 is an explanatory view showing a carry-out state of headed vegetables according to the same as above.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

8 野菜抜取機構 9 野菜搬送機構 11 持上コンベヤ 31 無端回行体 32 搬送突体 33 支持凹部 34 弾性排出体 37 野菜仕上機構 43 カッター 47 スライダー 48 野菜載置凹部 49 案内孔 52 野菜受止体 53 排出コンベヤ 64 野菜箱詰部 A 結球野菜 B 根茎部 8 Vegetable Extraction Mechanism 9 Vegetable Transfer Mechanism 11 Lifting Conveyor 31 Endless Circulating Body 32 Conveying Projection Body 33 Supporting Cavity 34 Elastic Discharge Body 37 Vegetable Finishing Mechanism 43 Cutter 47 Slider 48 Vegetable Placing Cavity 49 Guide Hole 52 Vegetable Receiving Body 53 Discharge conveyor 64 Vegetable boxing section A Heading vegetable B Rhizome section

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 岩本 洋明 長野県小県郡丸子町大字塩川5155番地 松 山株式会社内 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (72) Inventor Hiroaki Iwamoto 5155 Shiokawa, Maruko-cho, Ogata-gun, Nagano Matsuyama Co., Ltd.

Claims (4)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 圃場の結球野菜を抜き取る野菜抜取機構
と、この野菜抜取機構の後方部に配設されこの野菜抜取
機構にて抜き取られた結球野菜を後上方に向かって搬送
する野菜搬送機構と、出荷用に整形した結球野菜を箱詰
めする野菜箱詰部と、前記野菜搬送機構と前記野菜箱詰
部との間に配設され野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野
菜の根茎部及び鬼皮等を除去して出荷用に結球野菜を整
形する野菜仕上機構とを具備したことを特徴とする結球
野菜収穫機。
1. A vegetable extracting mechanism for extracting head-bound vegetables from a field, and a vegetable conveying mechanism arranged at a rear portion of the vegetable extracting mechanism for conveying headed vegetables extracted by the vegetable extracting mechanism rearward and upward. , A vegetable packaging part for packaging the bulb-shaped vegetables shaped for shipping, and a rhizome part and a demon skin of the bulbous vegetables which are disposed between the vegetable transport mechanism and the vegetable packaging part and are carried out from the vegetable transport mechanism A heading vegetable harvesting machine, comprising a vegetable finishing mechanism for removing headings and shaping the heading vegetables for shipping.
【請求項2】 野菜仕上機構は、結球野菜の根茎部を切
断する回転自在のカッターと、このカッターに向かって
進退自在に設けられ結球野菜を載置する野菜載置凹部及
びこの野菜載置凹部の底部に前記カッターによって切断
される結球野菜の根茎部を下方に向かって突出させる案
内孔を形成したスライダーとを具備したことを特徴とす
る請求項1記載の結球野菜収穫機。
2. The vegetable finishing mechanism comprises a rotatable cutter for cutting a rhizome of headed vegetables, a vegetable placing recess for advancing and retreating toward the cutter for placing headed vegetables, and this vegetable placing recess. The head-mounted vegetable harvesting machine according to claim 1, further comprising: a slider having a guide hole formed at a bottom portion of the head for projecting a rhizome portion of the head-shaped vegetable cut by the cutter downward.
【請求項3】 野菜仕上機構は、野菜搬送機構側に位置
して野菜搬送機構から搬出される結球野菜を受け止める
野菜受止体と、この野菜受止体にて受け止められる結球
野菜から分離した鬼皮等の雑物を前記野菜搬送機構との
間から排出する前上方に向かって傾斜した排出コンベヤ
とを具備したことを特徴とする請求項1または2記載の
結球野菜収穫機。
3. The vegetable finishing mechanism is located on the vegetable transport mechanism side and receives a headed vegetable delivered from the vegetable transport mechanism and a demon separated from the headed vegetable received by the vegetable receiver. The ball head vegetable harvesting machine according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising: a discharge conveyor that is inclined upward and upward to discharge foreign matters such as leather from between the vegetable transport mechanism.
【請求項4】 野菜搬送機構は、結球野菜を後上方に向
かって持ち上げる持上コンベヤを備え、この持上コンベ
ヤは後上方に向かって回行する無端回行体と、この無端
回行体の外周部に間隔をおいて順次突設され結球野菜を
支持する支持凹部を有する多数の搬送突体と、この各搬
送突体の前面部に配設され結球野菜の重量で前記支持凹
部側に弾性変形される弾性排出体とを具備したことを特
徴とする請求項1ないし3のいずれかに記載の結球野菜
収穫機。
4. The vegetable transport mechanism includes a lifting conveyor that lifts the headed vegetables rearward and upward, and the lifting conveyor conveys an endless traveling body that rotates rearward and upward, and the endless traveling body. A large number of transport projections each having a supporting recess for sequentially supporting the headed vegetables arranged at intervals on the outer periphery, and a plurality of transfer projections disposed on the front surface of each of the transfer projections and elastic toward the support recess side due to the weight of the headed vegetables. The ball head vegetable harvesting machine according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a deformable elastic discharge body.
JP29542994A 1994-11-29 1994-11-29 Head vegetable harvester Expired - Fee Related JP3337329B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29542994A JP3337329B2 (en) 1994-11-29 1994-11-29 Head vegetable harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29542994A JP3337329B2 (en) 1994-11-29 1994-11-29 Head vegetable harvester

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08149916A true JPH08149916A (en) 1996-06-11
JP3337329B2 JP3337329B2 (en) 2002-10-21

Family

ID=17820494

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP29542994A Expired - Fee Related JP3337329B2 (en) 1994-11-29 1994-11-29 Head vegetable harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3337329B2 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100496009B1 (en) * 2002-08-21 2005-06-16 대한민국 Loading and unloading device of heading leaf vegetables harvester
JP2009247310A (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-10-29 National Agriculture & Food Research Organization Head-form vegetable harvester
CN103262709A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-28 泰祥集团技术开发有限公司 Self-propelled kale harvester
JP2014191473A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-06 Kubota Corp Farm product online sales system
CN104106339A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-22 卢建强 Orderly harvesting machine for vegetables
CN108076815A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-29 唐丙振 A kind of Chinese cabbage harvester

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100496009B1 (en) * 2002-08-21 2005-06-16 대한민국 Loading and unloading device of heading leaf vegetables harvester
JP2009247310A (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-10-29 National Agriculture & Food Research Organization Head-form vegetable harvester
JP2014191473A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-06 Kubota Corp Farm product online sales system
CN103262709A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-28 泰祥集团技术开发有限公司 Self-propelled kale harvester
CN104106339A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-22 卢建强 Orderly harvesting machine for vegetables
CN108076815A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-29 唐丙振 A kind of Chinese cabbage harvester

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Publication number Publication date
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