JPH07269227A - Automatic door - Google Patents

Automatic door

Info

Publication number
JPH07269227A
JPH07269227A JP6058387A JP5838794A JPH07269227A JP H07269227 A JPH07269227 A JP H07269227A JP 6058387 A JP6058387 A JP 6058387A JP 5838794 A JP5838794 A JP 5838794A JP H07269227 A JPH07269227 A JP H07269227A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
door
opening
speed
closing
passing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP6058387A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shigenori Kuwabara
茂紀 桑原
Original Assignee
Hitachi Cable Ltd
日立電線株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hitachi Cable Ltd, 日立電線株式会社 filed Critical Hitachi Cable Ltd
Priority to JP6058387A priority Critical patent/JPH07269227A/en
Publication of JPH07269227A publication Critical patent/JPH07269227A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE:To improve facility, and to conserve energy by adjusting a door driving gear by detecting the place, width and speed of a passing body by a body detector while arithmetically operating the position of opening and closing, opening and speed of opening and closing of a door by an arithmetic unit. CONSTITUTION:The place of passage, speed and width of a man, a body, etc., approaching to the inlet side and the outlet side of a door are detected by detectors 1, 7 respectively. The opening and speed of opening and closing of one-side doors 3, 2 are fed back to a driving controller 15 by detectors 12, 13 respectively. The opening and speed of opening and closing of the doors corresponding to the passing body are arithmetically operated by the detecting signals of the detectors 1, 7 by an arithmetic unit 14, and transmitted over the driving controller 15. Driving sources 10, 11 are moved in accordance with the operation command of the driving controller 15, door transmission gears 8, 9 are moved, and the doors 3, 2 are opened and closed. Accordingly, the man, the body, etc., can pass without stoppage at the time of passage while the replacement of the indoor air and the outside air is inhibited, energy loss can be reduced, and a cold countermeasure, in which a doorway is doubled, can be omitted.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は自動ドア、特に開閉式自
動ドアに関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an automatic door, and more particularly to an automatic door that can be opened and closed.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来の自動ドアの動作は図3に説明する
ように物体検出器16,17によってそのそれぞれの動
作範囲18,19内に物体があるか無いかを検出し、扉
の開閉を行っている。扉はあらかじめ設定された速度に
て開閉を行い、開端まで開き全開状態になる。物体が扉
を通過後、物体検出器16,17の動作範囲18,19
から無くなって一定時間後にドア2,3を閉じる。
2. Description of the Related Art In the operation of a conventional automatic door, as shown in FIG. 3, the object detectors 16 and 17 detect whether or not there are objects in their respective operating ranges 18 and 19 to open and close the door. Is going. The door opens and closes at a preset speed, opens to the open end, and is in the fully open state. After the object passes through the door, the operating ranges 18, 19 of the object detectors 16, 17
The doors 2 and 3 are closed after a certain period of time after the disappearance.
【0003】即ち、単に物体を検出し、ある、なしによ
ってドア全体の開閉を繰り返すものである。
That is, the object is simply detected, and the opening and closing of the entire door is repeated depending on whether the object is present or not.
【0004】[0004]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】この方式のドアは通過
する物体が検出されれば、その幅如何に拘らず扉は開端
まで全開状態となる。
When an object passing through the door of this system is detected, the door is fully opened up to the open end regardless of its width.
【0005】2枚扉において左側を進行した物に対して
も左右2枚の扉が全開状態になる。低速度で接近するも
のに対しては、タイミングよくドアが開き容易に通過で
きるが、高速度で接近するものは、ドアの開きが遅いた
めドアの前でしばし立ち止まりを余儀なくされる。した
がって建築物の出入口においては、建屋内部を冷房、暖
房等の空調を行っている場合に、ドア全開状態によって
損失するエネルギーは、大きいものであり、広い幅の扉
に対して狭い幅の物体が通過する際、ドアが全開となる
のは、省エネルギーに合わない。また通過する物体に対
しても開閉する速度が物体の通過速度に合わない場合、
待たされたり、急がされたりして多少の不快感を与え
る。
Even if the two-door door moves to the left, the two left-right doors are fully opened. For a vehicle approaching at a low speed, the door can be opened and passed easily at a timely timing, but for a vehicle approaching at a high speed, the door is slow to open so that it is forced to stop in front of the door. Therefore, at the entrance and exit of a building, when the interior of the building is being air-conditioned, such as cooling and heating, the energy lost due to the fully open state of the door is large, and an object with a narrow width can be used for a wide door. When passing, it is not suitable for energy saving that the door is fully opened. Also, if the speed of opening and closing the passing object does not match the passing speed of the object,
It causes some discomfort due to waiting and rushing.
【0006】以上の点からみて、従来方式においては、
安全性、省エネルギーの面からみても問題が多い。さら
に、移動物体が人であれば従来方式に妥協しても、無人
化、オートメーション化を考えた場合、移動物体は人と
は限らず、利用性の面からみても限界がある。
From the above point of view, in the conventional system,
There are many problems in terms of safety and energy saving. Furthermore, if the moving object is a person, even if the moving object is compromised, the moving object is not limited to a person and there is a limit in terms of usability when considering unmanned and automation.
【0007】本発明の目的は前記した従来技術の欠点を
解消し、通過物体、または人の通過位置、速度、及び幅
をあらかじめ検知し、それらに対応してドアを開閉する
ことにより、人または物体が立ち止まることなく自然に
通過でき、しかも空調等のエネルギー損失を食い止める
ことができる自動ドア装置を提供することにある。
The object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art, and to detect the passing position, speed, and width of a passing object or a person in advance, and open or close the door correspondingly to detect the passing position. An object of the present invention is to provide an automatic door device that allows an object to pass through naturally without stopping and also to prevent energy loss such as air conditioning.
【0008】[0008]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明の上記目的は、通
過しようとする物体の検出器と、その検出信号によりド
アの開閉を指示する駆動制御装置と、ドア駆動装置から
なる自動ドアにおいて、前記物体検出器が通過する物体
の通過位置、物体の幅、通過速度を検知し、前記駆動制
御装置に属する演算装置がドアの開閉位置、開度、開閉
速度を演算してドアの駆動装置を調節することを特徴と
する自動ドア。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The above object of the present invention is to provide an automatic door including a detector for an object passing through, a drive control device for instructing opening and closing of the door by the detection signal, and an automatic door including a door drive device. The object detector detects the passing position of the object, the width of the object, and the passing speed, and the arithmetic unit belonging to the drive control device calculates the opening / closing position, the opening degree, and the opening / closing speed of the door to determine the door driving device. An automatic door characterized by adjusting.
【0009】によって達成される。Is achieved by
【0010】本発明の物体検出器としては、一般に光学
式のセンサーを用いることができる。
An optical sensor can be generally used as the object detector of the present invention.
【0011】本発明の駆動制御装置に属する演算装置と
しては、通過する物体の通過位置としては左右に多少の
余裕をみて、両側のドアにかかる場合にはそれぞれのド
アの開閉幅を指示し、ドアの駆動装置としてはドア駆動
源と伝達装置とより成る。通過速度としてはある範囲を
設けてその範囲で開閉速度を調節することが望ましい。
この装置により、余分で無駄なドアの開度がなくなり、
空調等のエネルギー損失を最低に止めることができる。
The arithmetic unit belonging to the drive control apparatus of the present invention allows a slight margin to the left and right for the passage position of an object passing therethrough, and indicates the opening / closing width of each door when it touches both doors. The door drive device includes a door drive source and a transmission device. It is desirable to set a certain range for the passage speed and adjust the opening / closing speed within this range.
This device eliminates unnecessary and unnecessary door opening,
Energy loss such as air conditioning can be minimized.
【0012】[0012]
【実施例】図1に本発明の自動ドアの装置構成の一実施
例を示し、動作について説明する。検出器1はドアのA
側において、検出器7はドアのB側において、ドアに接
近する人または物体の通過位置、速度及び幅の検出器で
ある。8,9は片側ドア2,3の駆動源10,11より
それぞれの片側ドア2,3に開閉力を伝える伝達装置で
ある。12,13は片側ドア2,3の開度及び開閉速度
を駆動制御装置についてフィードバックする検出器であ
る。14は駆動制御装置に属する演算装置であって検出
器1,7の検出信号によって、通過物体に合ったドア開
度及び開閉速度を演算し、駆動制御装置15に伝える。
駆動制御装置15による動作命令にしたがって駆動源1
0,11は動き、ドアの伝達装置8,9を動かしてドア
を開閉する。図2によって本発明の自動ドアの動作を説
明する。例えば通過物体Bが図2に示す幅、位置、速度
で接近したとするとき、ドアは、通過物体幅の余裕も合
せ片側ドア2,3を2a,3aの幅に開く。その際ドア
開閉速度は接近する物体が片側ドア2,3の前で立ち止
まることのないような速度に演算・設定される。ドアを
通過した物体Bは通過時の速度に準じて前記条件のもと
に片側ドアの2aの閉を行う。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of the device construction of an automatic door according to the present invention, and its operation will be described. Detector 1 is the door A
On the side, the detector 7 is a detector on the B side of the door for the passing position, speed and width of a person or object approaching the door. Reference numerals 8 and 9 denote transmission devices for transmitting opening / closing forces from the drive sources 10 and 11 of the one-side doors 2 and 3 to the one-side doors 2 and 3, respectively. Reference numerals 12 and 13 denote detectors that feed back the opening degrees and opening / closing speeds of the one-side doors 2 and 3 to the drive control device. Reference numeral 14 is an arithmetic unit belonging to the drive control unit, which calculates a door opening and an opening / closing speed suitable for a passing object according to the detection signals of the detectors 1 and 7, and transmits the calculated door opening and opening / closing speed to the drive control unit 15.
The drive source 1 according to the operation command from the drive control device 15.
0 and 11 move and move the transmission devices 8 and 9 of the door to open and close the door. The operation of the automatic door of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. For example, when the passing object B approaches at the width, position, and speed shown in FIG. 2, the door also opens the one-side doors 2 and 3 to the widths of 2a and 3a, with the allowance of the passing object width. At this time, the door opening / closing speed is calculated and set so that the approaching object does not stop in front of the one-side doors 2, 3. The object B that has passed through the door closes the one-side door 2a according to the speed at the time of passage.
【0013】また、異なった例として、通過物体Aが接
近する場合、片側ドアはその幅に適合して3bのごとく
開を行う。その場合は2の片側ドア2は閉じたままであ
る。
Further, as another example, when the passing object A approaches, the one-side door opens according to the width thereof as shown by 3b. In that case, the one-sided door 2 of 2 remains closed.
【0014】速い速度でAがドアに接近した場合、通過
物体Bのドア開閉速度よりも速くドアが開くように設定
しなければならない。
When A approaches the door at a high speed, the door must be set to open faster than the opening / closing speed of the passing object B.
【0015】また、本制御装置を利用することにより、
防犯用、遠隔操作用に使用するなど、機能拡張ができる
ことはいうまでもない。
Further, by utilizing this control device,
It goes without saying that the functions can be expanded such as use for crime prevention and remote control.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の効果】本発明の自動ドアによりドア開度、及び
開閉速度を通過物体に合せ可変することにより以下の効
果が得られる。
The following effects can be obtained by changing the door opening degree and the opening / closing speed according to the passing object by the automatic door of the present invention.
【0017】1 自動ドアを通過する際立ち止まること
がなくなる。
(1) It does not stop when passing through an automatic door.
【0018】2 室内の空調を行っている所において
は、室内と外気の入れ換りを低減しエネルギー損失を少
なくできる。
(2) In a place where air conditioning is performed in a room, it is possible to reduce the exchange of air between the room and the outside air and reduce energy loss.
【0019】3 寒冷地においては、室内外の出入口を
2重にし寒気対策を行っていたが省略可能となる。
3 In cold regions, the indoor and outdoor entrances are doubled to prevent cold air, but this can be omitted.
【0020】4 通過物体に対向してくる際、お互いを
待つことなく通過できる。
4 When passing objects, they can pass without waiting for each other.
【0021】以上、述べた様に本発明の効果は絶大なも
のであり、省エネルギー、安全などの面からみても応用
性は多いといえる。
As described above, the effect of the present invention is tremendous, and it can be said that it has many applicability in terms of energy saving and safety.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明の自動ドアの構成図。FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of an automatic door of the present invention.
【図2】本発明の自動ドアの動作説明図。FIG. 2 is an operation explanatory view of the automatic door of the present invention.
【図3】従来の自動ドアの動作説明図。FIG. 3 is an operation explanatory view of a conventional automatic door.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1,7 物体位置、幅、速度検出器 2,3 ドアの片側 2a,3a 物体B通過時のドア開状態 3b 物体A通過時のドア開状態 8,9 伝達装置 10,11 ドア駆動源 12,13 ドア位置、速度検出器 14 演算装置 15 駆動制御装置 16,17 物体検出器 18,19 物体検出器動作範囲 1,7 Object position, width, speed detector 2,3 One side of door 2a, 3a Door open state when passing object B 3b Door open state when passing object A 8,9 Transmission device 10,11 Door drive source 12, 13 Door position / speed detector 14 Computing device 15 Drive control device 16,17 Object detector 18,19 Object detector operating range

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】通過しようとする物体の検出器と、その検
    出信号によりドアの開閉を指示する駆動制御装置と、ド
    ア駆動装置からなる自動ドアにおいて、前記物体検出器
    が通過する物体の通過位置、幅、通過速度を検知し、前
    記駆動制御装置に属する演算装置がドアの開閉位置、開
    度及び開閉速度を演算してドアの駆動装置を調節するこ
    とを特徴とする自動ドア。
    1. An automatic door including a detector for an object passing through, a drive control device for instructing opening and closing of a door based on the detection signal, and a passage position of the object passing through the object detector in an automatic door. The automatic door is characterized in that a width, a passing speed are detected, and an arithmetic unit belonging to the drive controller calculates an opening / closing position, an opening and an opening / closing speed of the door to adjust the door driving unit.
JP6058387A 1994-03-29 1994-03-29 Automatic door Pending JPH07269227A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6058387A JPH07269227A (en) 1994-03-29 1994-03-29 Automatic door

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6058387A JPH07269227A (en) 1994-03-29 1994-03-29 Automatic door

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07269227A true JPH07269227A (en) 1995-10-17

Family

ID=13082938

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP6058387A Pending JPH07269227A (en) 1994-03-29 1994-03-29 Automatic door

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH07269227A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005028795A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-31 Thk Co., Ltd. Automatic door device
CN105347130A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-24 安徽省特种设备检测院 Door-closing kinetic energy detection method and device for automatic elevator doors at average door-closing speed
JP2016159796A (en) * 2015-03-03 2016-09-05 日本信号株式会社 Rope type platform safety fence
KR20180001971U (en) * 2016-12-22 2018-07-02 김도훈 Open control door system for energy saving
CN109489202A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-03-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Control method, device and the air-conditioning of air-conditioning

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005028795A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-31 Thk Co., Ltd. Automatic door device
US7984590B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2011-07-26 Thk Co., Ltd. Automatic door apparatus
JP2016159796A (en) * 2015-03-03 2016-09-05 日本信号株式会社 Rope type platform safety fence
CN105347130A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-24 安徽省特种设备检测院 Door-closing kinetic energy detection method and device for automatic elevator doors at average door-closing speed
KR20180001971U (en) * 2016-12-22 2018-07-02 김도훈 Open control door system for energy saving
CN109489202A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-03-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Control method, device and the air-conditioning of air-conditioning

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