JPH05200364A - Mushroom sorting device - Google Patents

Mushroom sorting device

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Publication number
JPH05200364A
JPH05200364A JP3413192A JP3413192A JPH05200364A JP H05200364 A JPH05200364 A JP H05200364A JP 3413192 A JP3413192 A JP 3413192A JP 3413192 A JP3413192 A JP 3413192A JP H05200364 A JPH05200364 A JP H05200364A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
sorting
rotary drum
mushroom
shiitake
drum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP3413192A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kazuya Ono
Toshihiko Yokoo
和也 小野
寿彦 横尾
Original Assignee
Kanebo Ltd
鐘紡株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kanebo Ltd, 鐘紡株式会社 filed Critical Kanebo Ltd
Priority to JP3413192A priority Critical patent/JPH05200364A/en
Publication of JPH05200364A publication Critical patent/JPH05200364A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To continuously sort a mushroom and also to enhance sorting precision at a time for sorting.
CONSTITUTION: A feed mechanism 3 for successively supplying a 'SHIITAKE' (Cortinellus shiitake) (mushroom) into a rotary drum 8 is provided in the upper end side of the rotary drum 8 wherein many sorting holes 9... are bored to sort the 'SHIITAKE' at every size. A plurality of stagnation plates 10... are provided in the inside of the rotary drum 8 by separating them in the axial direction and also respectively shifting the same at about 90 degrees in the circumferential direction. A resorting mechanism 12 is provided in the outer circumference side of the rotary drum 8, rotated and driven in the direction opposite to the rotary drum 8. Therefore, the 'SHIITAKE' placed on the feed mechanism 3 is successively supplied into the rotary drum 8 without stopping an operating state. The 'SHIITAKE' supplied into the rotary drum 8 is surely sorted while a stagnation time is given by the respective stagnation plates 10... Further the 'SHIITAKE' caught in each sorting hole 9 is allowed to fall into the rotary drum 8 by the resorting mechanism 12 and resorted by the respective sorting holes 9....
COPYRIGHT: (C)1993,JPO&Japio

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 - 0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、例えば椎茸等のきのこを大きさ別に選別するのに用いて好適なきのこ選別装置に関する。 The present invention relates, for example of a preferred mushroom sorting apparatus used to screen the mushroom shiitake etc. by size.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】一般に、台枠状のフレームと、該フレームに傾斜した状態で支持され、回転源によって回転駆動される回転軸と、該回転軸と一体的に回転するように該回転軸と同軸に配設された筒状体からなり、上流側に選別すべききのこを投入する蓋付投入口を有する回転ドラムと、該回転ドラムの周面に位置して上流側より下流側の孔径が大となるように多数個穿設され、該回転ドラム内に投入されたきのこの大,小を選別する選別孔とからなるきのこ選別装置は、例えば実開平3−59077号公報等によって知られている。 In general, the underframe shaped frame, is supported in a state of being inclined in the frame, a rotary shaft driven to rotate by the rotation source, and the rotary shaft to integrally rotate with the rotary shaft consists to a cylindrical body disposed coaxially with the rotary drum having a lid with inlets for introducing mushrooms to be sorted on the upstream side, the pore diameter of the downstream side from the upstream side is positioned on the peripheral surface of the rotating drum is a large number bored so large, large mushroom that has been put into the rotary the drum, mushrooms sorting apparatus comprising a sorting hole for sorting small, for example known by the real Hei 3-59077 Patent Publication there.

【0003】そして、このようなきのこ選別装置では、 [0003] and, in such mushrooms sorting device,
まず、作業者が回転ドラムの蓋付投入口の蓋部を開口し、この投入口から選別すべききのこを該選別ドラム内に投入する。 First, the operator opens the lid of the lid with inlet of the rotating drum, turning on the mushroom to be picked from the inlet to the 該選 by drum. そして、該投入口の蓋部を閉じた後、回転軸を介して回転ドラムを手動により回転駆動させる。 After closing the lid portion of-projecting inlet, manually rotationally driving the rotary drum through the rotary shaft. これにより、該回転ドラム内のきのこは、回転ドラムの傾斜によって上流側から下流側に移動しつつ、各選別孔の孔径に応じて該各選別孔から外部に落下し、それぞれの大きさに選別される。 Thus, mushroom in the rotary drum, while moving from the upstream to the downstream side by the inclined rotary drum, falls outside the respective sorting holes according to the hole diameter of each sorting hole, sorted into each size It is.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】ところで、上述した従来技術によるきのこ選別装置では、きのこを回転ドラム内に供給するときに、蓋付投入口の蓋部を開口した状態で選別すべききのこを投入するようにしているため、投入毎にきのこ選別装置の運転を停止させなければならない。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Incidentally, in mushroom sorting apparatus according to the prior art described above, when supplying the mushrooms into the rotary drum, mushrooms poured to be sorted while opening the lid of the lid with inlet due to the arrangement, it must stop the operation of the mushroom sorter each turned. この結果、該きのこ選別装置の稼動が間欠稼動となってしまうばかりか、人手によって毎回きのこを投入しなくてはならず、作業性が低下してしまい、生産性が大幅に低下するという問題がある。 This result, or operation of the mushroom sorting apparatus has just becomes intermittent operation must not not put the mushrooms every time manually, will decreases the workability, is a problem that the productivity is greatly reduced is there.

【0005】また、選別されるきのこは、その傘の形状が略円形となっているものが多いため、選別ドラムへの投入時や選別時にきのこが該選別ドラムの上流側から下流側に一気に転がって移動してしまい、本来落下すべき選別孔を通り過ぎてしまうことがあり、きのこの選別精度が低下して信頼性が大幅に低下してしまうという問題がある。 Further, mushrooms to be sorted, because in many cases the shape of the umbrella has a substantially circular, mushrooms when turned on or sorted into sorting drum rolling stretch from upstream to downstream in 該選 by drum will move Te, may inadvertently past the sorting hole be originally dropped, there is a problem that reliability sorting accuracy is lowered mushroom is greatly reduced.

【0006】さらに、きのこは、傘部と該傘部の中央から不特定の曲率をもって伸長した柄部とからなっているものが多いため、選別時に各選別孔に柄部が引っ掛かってしまうことがあり、選別効率を低下させて生産性が大幅に低下してしまうという問題がある。 Furthermore, mushrooms, since many of them consist a handle portion which is extended with a non-specific curvature from the center of the umbrella portion and the bevel portion, that handle portion being caught in each sorting hole when sorting There, there is a problem that productivity is lowered sorting efficiency is greatly reduced.

【0007】本発明は上述した従来技術の問題に鑑みなされたもので、きのこを連続的に選別できる上に、選別時の選別精度を向上できるようにしたきのこ選別装置を提供することを目的とする。 [0007] The present invention has been made in view of the problems in the conventional technology, and aims on which mushrooms can be continuously selected, to provide a mushroom sorting device capable improved sorting accuracy during selection to.

【0008】 [0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】上述した課題を解決するために本発明が採用する構成は、台枠状のフレームと、 Means for Solving the Problems The configuration with which the invention is employed to solve the above problems, the underframe shaped frame,
該フレーム上に搭載され、選別すべききのこを順次供給する供給機構と、前記フレームに傾斜した状態で支持され、回転源によって回転駆動される回転軸と、該回転軸と一体的に回転するように該回転軸と同軸に配設された筒状体からなり、上流側に前記供給機構から順次供給されるきのこを受入れる受入口を有する回転ドラムと、該回転ドラムの周面に位置して上流側よりも下流側の孔径が大となるように多数個穿設され、該回転ドラム内に供給されたきのこの大,小を選別する選別孔と、前記回転軸と回転ドラムとの間に位置し、それぞれが軸方向に離間すると共に周方向に所定角度ずらした状態で複数配設され、該各選別孔で選別されるきのこに滞留時間を与える滞留板と、前記回転ドラムの外周側に設けられ、該回転ドラムと反対方 Mounted on the frame, and sequentially supplies supply mechanism mushrooms to be sorted is supported in a state of being inclined in the frame, a rotary shaft is rotated by rotational source, so as to rotate integrally with the rotating shaft a rotary drum having the rotary shaft and made by a cylindrical body disposed coaxially receiving opening for receiving a mushroom sequentially supplied from the supply mechanism to the upstream side, the upstream located on the peripheral surface of the rotating drum pore size of the downstream side from the side is a large number bored so large, large mushroom supplied to the rotating the drum, located between the sorting hole for sorting small, and the rotary drum and the rotary shaft and, each of a plurality of arranged at a predetermined angle staggered state in the circumferential direction together with the axially spaced, and retention plate to provide a residence time in the mushrooms to be sorted by the respective sorting holes, provided on the outer peripheral side of the rotating drum is, the opposite side and the rotating drum に回転駆動されることによって前記各選別孔に引っ掛かったきのこを再選別させる再選別機構とからなる。 Consisting of rescreened mechanism for re-sorting mushrooms that caught in each sorting hole by the rotary driven thing.

【0009】 [0009] The

【作用】上記構成により、きのこは、供給機構によって受入口を介して回転ドラム内に順次供給され、該回転ドラムの周面に穿設された各選別孔によって連続的に大, By the action above configuration, mushrooms, are sequentially supplied into the rotary drum through the inlet opening by the feed mechanism, continuously large by each sorting hole formed on the circumferential surface of the rotary drum,
小選別される。 It is a small selection. また、前記回転ドラム内に投入されたきのこは、各滞留板によって滞留時間が与えられ誤選別が防止されると共に、各選別孔に引っ掛かったときには再選別機構によって回転ドラム内に落され、再度各選別孔によって選別される。 Further, mushrooms which are put into the rotary within the drum, together with the erroneous given dwell time by each retention plate sorting is prevented, dropped into the rotary drum by the re-sorting mechanism when caught on each sorting hole, each again They are sorted by sorting hole.

【0010】 [0010]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例を図1ないし図4に基づき、きのこ選別装置で椎茸を選別した場合を例に挙げて説明する。 EXAMPLES Hereinafter, based on the example of the present invention in FIGS. 1 to 4, will be described as an example when screened shiitake mushroom sorter.

【0011】図において、1は本実施例によるきのこ選別装置を示し、該きのこ選別装置1は、後述する架台2、供給機構3、回転軸6、回転ドラム8、選別孔9、 [0011] In FIG, 1 shows a mushroom sorting apparatus according to the present embodiment, the mushroom sorting device 1, frame 2 to be described later, the supply mechanism 3, the rotation shaft 6, the rotary drum 8, the sorting hole 9,
滞留板10、再選別機構12等から構成されている。 Retention plate 10, and an rescreened mechanism 12 and the like. そして、該きのこ選別装置1はきのことしての椎茸15の大,小を選別するもので、該椎茸15は周知のように略円盤状の傘部15Aと、該傘部15Aの下面中央部から不特定の曲率をもって下向きに伸長した柄部15Bとからなっている(図4参照)。 The large shiitake 15 of the mushroom sorting device 1 as mushrooms, intended for sorting small, vertebral mushrooms 15 substantially disc-shaped valve head 15A as is well known, from the central portion of the lower surface of the bevel portion 15A not consists a handle portion 15B which is extended downward with a certain curvature (see FIG. 4).

【0012】次に、きのこ選別装置1の具体的構成について説明する。 [0012] Next, a specific configuration of the mushroom sorting apparatus 1.

【0013】2は鋼材等によって直方体状に組立てられたフレームとしての架台を示し、該架台2の一端側には、後述する回転軸6のブラケット6Aが取付けられる一側台座2Aが、他端側には、回転軸6のブラケット6 [0013] 2 shows the rack as a frame assembled into a rectangular shape by steel or the like, to one end of said cross table 2, one side pedestal 2A bracket 6A of the rotating shaft 6 to be described later is mounted is, the other end the bracket 6 of the rotating shaft 6
Bが取付けられる他側台座2Bがそれぞれ設けられ、該各台座2A,2Bは、回転軸6を傾斜させた状態で配設するために、一側台座2Aよりも他側台座2Bのほうが低くなるように取付けられている。 B are respectively provided other-side seat 2B attached has respective seat 2A, 2B, in order to dispose in a state of being inclined to the rotation axis 6, towards the other side pedestal 2B is lower than the one side base 2A It is attached to. また、該架台2の一端側には、後述の駆動モータ7が搭載されるモータフレーム2Cが形成され、該架台2の横方向には、後述の各案内板14A,14B,14C,14D等が取付けられる一対の傾斜フレーム2D,2D(片方のみ図示)が横架されている。 Further, the one end of said cross-table 2, the motor frame 2C is formed to the driving motor 7 to be described later is mounted, a lateral cross-platform 2, the guide plate 14A to be described later, 14B, 14C, 14D and the like pair of inclined frame 2D mounted, 2D (shown only one) is horizontally extends.

【0014】3は架台2の上端側に設けられ、椎茸15 [0014] 3 provided at the upper side of the frame 2, mushroom 15
を回転ドラム8内に供給する供給機構、4は後述のホッパー5と共に該供給機構3を構成する供給コンベアを示し、該供給コンベア4は、架台2の長手方向に伸長して左,右に離間し、該架台2の上端側に固着された一対のフレーム部4A,4Aと、該各フレーム部4Aの両端側に回転可能に支持された一対のローラ4B,4Bと、該各ローラ4Bに亘って巻回された帯状の搬送ベルト4C Supply mechanism for supplying into the rotary drum 8, 4 denotes a supply conveyor constituting the supply mechanism 3 with the hopper 5 to be described later, the feed conveyor 4 is spaced left, right and extends in the longitudinal direction of the stand 2 and, a pair of frame portions 4A fixed to the upper side of said cross-table 2, and 4A, a pair of rollers 4B rotatably supported at both ends of the respective frame portions 4A, and 4B, over the respective roller 4B belt of the conveyor belt 4C wound Te
と、前記各ローラ4Bのうち他端側のローラ4Bに取付けられたスプロケット4Dと、該スプロケット4Dとチェーン4Eを介して連結され、他端側のローラ4Bを回転駆動するモータ4Fとから大略構成されている。 When the sprocket 4D attached to the other end of the roller 4B of the rollers 4B, is connected via the sprocket 4D and the chain 4E, generally constitutes the other end of the roller 4B and a motor 4F for rotating It is. そして、該供給コンベア4は、モータ4Fによってローラ4 Then, the feed conveyor 4, the roller 4 by the motor 4F
Bを回転駆動することにより、搬送ベルト4C上に搭載された椎茸15を矢示A方向に搬送するようになっている。 By rotating the B, and so as to convey the shiitake 15 mounted onto the conveying belt 4C the arrow A direction.

【0015】5は供給コンベア4の一端側に位置して架台2の上端側に固着され、その下端側が後述する回転ドラム8の受入口8Cに僅かに進入したホッパーを示し、 [0015] 5 is fixed to the upper end of the stand 2 is positioned at one end of the feed conveyor 4 shows a hopper slightly enters the receiving opening 8C of the rotary drum 8 to the lower end will be described later,
該ホッパー5は、前記供給コンベア4によって矢示A方向に搬送され、該搬送ベルト4Cの一端から下方に落下した椎茸15を受入口8Cを介して回転ドラム8内に順次供給するものである。 The hopper 5, the by the supply conveyor 4 are conveyed in the direction of arrow A, is to sequentially supplied into the rotary drum 8 through the receiving port 8C shiitake 15 from one end dropped below the conveyance belt 4C.

【0016】6は供給機構3の下端側に位置し、一端側から他端側に向けて下向きに傾斜した状態で配設された回転軸を示し、該回転軸6は、その両端側がそれぞれ架台2の各台座2A,2Bに固着されたブラケット6A, [0016] 6 is located at the lower end of the supply mechanism 3, shows a rotary shaft disposed in a state inclined downward toward the other end from one end side, the rotating shaft 6, the gantry its both ends, respectively each base 2A of 2, brackets 6A secured to 2B,
6Bに軸受(図示せず)を介して回転自在に支持されている。 It is rotatably supported by bearings (not shown) to 6B. また、該回転軸6の一端側には、図2にも示す如く、スプロケット6Cが取付けられ、該スプロケット6 Further, one end of the rotary shaft 6, as shown in FIG. 2, the sprocket 6C is mounted, the sprocket 6
Cはチェーン6Dを介して架台2のモータフレーム2C C is the pedestal 2 via a chain 6D motor frame 2C
上に搭載された回転源としての駆動モータ7に連結されている。 It is connected to a driving motor 7 as a rotation source mounted on top. これによって、該駆動モータ7は、チェーン6 Thus, the driving motor 7, the chain 6
D等を介して回転軸6を矢示B方向に回転駆動するようになっている。 Has a rotational shaft 6 such that rotational drive in the direction of arrow B through D, and the like. さらに、該回転軸6の一端側には大径なプーリ6Eが取付けられ、該プーリ6Eはベルト6Fを介して後述の再選別機構12のプーリ12Eに接続されている。 Further, at one end of the rotary shaft 6 is mounted a large-diameter pulley 6E, the pulley 6E is connected via a belt 6F pulley 12E of the re-sorting mechanism 12 will be described later.

【0017】8は回転軸6の軸方向中間部に位置し、該回転軸6の外周側に設けられた回転ドラムを示し、該回転ドラム8は、前記回転軸6と同軸になるように複数の棒状フレーム(図示せず)を介して該回転軸6に固着された大径な円筒状の筒部8Aと、該筒部8Aの一端から内向きに突設された環状の端面部8Bとから構成され、 [0017] 8 is located axially intermediate portion of the rotary shaft 6, shows a rotary drum provided on the outer periphery side of the rotating shaft 6, the rotary drum 8, a plurality such that the rotary shaft 6 coaxially the large diameter cylindrical tubular portion. 8A via the rod-like frame (without illustrated) secured to the rotating shaft 6 of an end face 8B annular projecting inwardly from the one end of tubular unit 8A It is composed of,
該端面部8Bの内周側は、供給機構3から供給された椎茸15を受入れる受入口8Cとなっている。 The inner peripheral side of the end surface portion 8B has a receiving opening 8C accept shiitake mushrooms 15 supplied from the supply mechanism 3. そして、該回転ドラム8は、前記回転軸6と共に傾斜された状態で、該回転軸6と共に駆動モータ7によって回転駆動されることにより、前記受入口8Cから供給された椎茸1 Then, the rotary drum 8, in a state of being tilted together with the rotating shaft 6 by being rotated by a drive motor 7 together with the rotary shaft 6, shiitake 1 supplied from the receiving port 8C
5を上流側(一端側)から下流側(他端側)に向けて順次移動させるようになっている。 5 from the upstream side (one end side) are adapted to successively move toward the downstream side (the other end).

【0018】9,9,…は回転ドラム8の筒部8Aに位置して径方向に穿設された多数の選別孔を示し、該各選別孔9は、筒部8Aの上流側(一端側)に位置する第1 [0018] 9,9, ... indicates the number of sorting hole formed to the radial position on the cylindrical portion 8A of the rotary drum 8, respective sorting holes 9, upstream of the cylindrical portion 8A (one end side first located)
選別区Xに多数個穿設された小径な小選別孔9A,9 Large number sorting ku X number drilled diameter small sorting hole 9A, 9
A,…と、該第1選別区よりも下流側(筒部8Aの軸方向中間部)に位置する第2選別区Yに多数個設けられ、 A, ... a, large number provided in the second sorting ku Y located downstream (axially intermediate portion of the cylindrical portion 8A) than the first sorting zone,
該各小選別孔9Aよりも大径に穿設された中選別孔9 Sorted in drilled larger diameter than respective small sorting hole 9A hole 9
B,9B,…と、該第2選別区Yよりも下流側(他端側)に位置する第3選別区Zに多数個設けられ、該各中選別孔9Bよりも大径に穿設された大選別孔9C,9 B, 9B, ... and, than the second sorting ku Y are a large number provided in the third sorting ku Z located downstream (the other end), it is formed in a larger diameter than the respective in sorting hole 9B large sorting hole 9C was, 9
C,…とから構成されている。 C, and it is composed of ... and.

【0019】そして、該各選別孔9は、回転ドラム8内に供給された多数の椎茸15,15,…を各小選別孔9 [0019] Then, respective sorting holes 9, a large number of mushroom 15 and 15 supplied into the rotary drum 8, ... each small sorting hole 9
Aから外部に落下する小型の椎茸15と、該各小選別孔9Aを通過することはできないが各中選別孔9Bから外部に落下する中型の椎茸15と、該各中選別孔9Bは通過できないが各大選別孔9Cから外部に落下する大型の椎茸15と、該各大選別孔9Cも通過できない特大の椎茸15との4種類の大きさに選別するようになっている。 A small mushroom 15 falling from A to the outside, the medium size mushroom 15 can not pass through the respective small sorting hole 9A falling outside from the middle sorting hole 9B, respective in sorting holes 9B can not pass There a large mushroom 15 falling to the outside from the large sorting hole 9C, is adapted to sorting the four sizes of the oversized mushroom 15 is not also pass through respective atmospheric sorting hole 9C.

【0020】10,10,…は回転ドラム8内に位置して軸方向にそれぞれ離間して配設された複数枚の滞留板を示し、該各滞留板10は、図3に示す如く、所定の開度K、例えば約90度の開度をもって開いた状態で、 [0020] 10, 10, ... denotes a plurality of retention plates disposed apart respectively axially located within the rotary drum 8, respective residence plate 10, as shown in FIG. 3, a predetermined opening K, while for example the open with the opening of approximately 90 degrees,
左,右対象となるように配設された一対の扇状に形成されている。 Left, it is formed in the pair of fan-shaped arranged so that the right target. そして、このように形成された各滞留板10 Each retention plate 10 which is formed in this way
は、隣合う滞留板10が互いに周方向に約90度だけずらした状態で回転軸6と回転ドラム8の筒部8Aとの間に固定されることによって、椎茸15の選別時に前記回転ドラム8の傾きによって該椎茸15が一気に下流側に転がって移動してしまうのを防止し、椎茸15に滞留時間を与えている。 Is adjacent by fixed between the rotary shaft 6 and the cylindrical portion 8A of the rotary drum 8 in a state in which retention plate 10 is shifted by about 90 degrees in the circumferential direction, wherein the rotary drum during sorting of mushroom 15 8 slope by preventing the vertebral mushrooms 15 will move rolling at once downstream, it has given residence time mushroom 15.

【0021】11は回転ドラム8の一端側に位置して架台2に固着されたこぼれ止めを示し、該こぼれ止め11 [0021] 11 shows the anchored spill stop positioned at one end of the rotating drum 8 to the frame 2, the spill stopper 11
は、回転ドラム8の受入口8Cの下端側を施蓋するように配設された半円状の止板11Aと、該止板11Aを架台2側に固定する一対の固定アーム11B,11Bとから構成されている。 Has a semicircular stop plate 11A of the lower end of the receiving opening 8C is disposed so as to lidding of the rotary drum 8, a pair of fixed arms 11B for fixing the 該止 plate 11A to the frame 2 side, and 11B It is configured from. そして、該こぼれ止め11は、椎茸15が供給コンベア4、ホッパー5を介して受入口8C Then, the spill stop 11, Shiitake 15 feed conveyor 4, the receiving port 8C through the hopper 5
から回転ドラム8内に供給されたときに、この椎茸15 When supplied into the rotary drum 8, the mushroom 15
が受入口8Cから外部に飛び出すのを防止するものである。 There is to prevent the jumping out to the outside from the receiving port 8C.

【0022】12は回転ドラム8の外周側に設けられた再選別機構を示し、該再選別機構12は、架台2の一側台座2Aに取付けられたブラケット12Aと、他側台座2Bに取付けられたブラケット12Bと、該各ブラケット12A,12B間に軸受(図示せず)を介して回転自在に支持された回転軸12Cと、該回転軸12Cの外周側から径方向外向きに伸長するように固着され、柔軟なビニール等の合成樹脂材料等から平板状に形成された4 [0022] 12 represents a re-sorting mechanism provided on the outer peripheral side of the rotary drum 8, 該再 selection mechanism. 12, a bracket 12A which is attached to one side pedestal 2A of the mount 2, attached to the other-side seat 2B and the bracket 12B has, respective brackets 12A, a rotating shaft 12C which is rotatably supported via a bearing (not shown) between 12B, so as to extend from the outer peripheral side of the rotary shaft 12C radially outwardly is fixed, is formed in a plate shape from synthetic resin material such as flexible vinyl 4
枚の羽根部12D,12D,…とから大略構成され、該各羽根部12Dの先端は、回転時に回転ドラム8の筒部8A外周に近接または接触するようになっている。 Vane portions 12D, 12D, is largely constituted from ... and the tip of the respective wing portion 12D is configured to close to or in contact with the cylindrical portion 8A outer periphery of the rotary drum 8 during rotation. また、前記回転軸12Cの一端側には小径なプーリ12E Also, small diameter pulleys 12E at one end of the rotary shaft 12C
が取付けられ、該プーリ12Eには、該回転軸12Cの回転方向が前記回転ドラム8の回転方向に対して逆となる矢示C方向に回転するように途中で一回ねじった状態で回転軸6のベルト6Fが連結されている。 Is attached, the pulley 12E is a rotary shaft in a state where the rotation direction of the rotary shaft 12C is twisted once in the middle so as to rotate in the arrow C direction is opposite the rotation direction of the rotary drum 8 6 of the belt 6F are connected.

【0023】そして、上述のように構成された再選別機構12は、図4に示す如く、椎茸15の選別時に各選別孔9に柄部15B等が引っ掛かった椎茸15を各羽根部12Dによって下方から押し上げることにより、該椎茸15を回転ドラム8内に落下させて各選別孔9によって再選別させるものである。 The Then, re-selection mechanism 12 constructed as described above, as shown in FIG. 4, lower shiitake 15 stem portion 15B or the like is caught in each sorting hole 9 when selecting the mushroom 15 by the blade portions 12D by push from those for re-screened by each sorting hole 9 by dropping the vertebral mushrooms 15 into the rotary drum 8.

【0024】13,13,…は回転ドラム8の下側に置かれた4個の収容箱、14A,14B,14C,14D [0024] 13, 13, ... four of the storage box which is placed on the lower side of the rotary drum 8, 14A, 14B, 14C, 14D
は該各収容箱13と回転ドラム8との間に位置し、それぞれが架台2の各傾斜フレーム2Dに固着された案内板を示し、該各案内板14A,14B,14C,14Dは各選別孔9から落下した椎茸15が誤った収容箱13に入り込まないように案内するものである。 Located between the respective accommodating box 13 and the rotary drum 8, each show a guide plate fixed to the inclined frames 2D of the gantry 2, respective guide plates 14A, 14B, 14C, 14D each sorting hole 9 in which guide the not enter the housing box 13 shiitake 15 erroneous dropped from.

【0025】本実施例によるきのこ選別装置1は上述の如き構成を有するもので、次に、その作動について説明する。 The mushroom sorting apparatus 1 according to this embodiment has the above-described configuration, will now be described the operation.

【0026】まず、選別すべき多数の椎茸15,15, [0026] First of all, a number should be the selection of shiitake mushrooms 15, 15,
…が人手または図示しない搬送ラインによって供給コンベア4の搬送ベルト4C上に搭載されると、該各椎茸1 If ... is mounted on the conveying belt 4C feed conveyor 4 by hand or not shown conveying line, each of said mushroom 1
5は、該搬送ベルト4C上を矢示A方向に搬送され、ホッパー5を介して受入口8Cから矢示B方向に回転駆動されている回転ドラム8内に順次供給される。 5 is conveyed on the conveyance belt 4C in the direction of arrow A, it is sequentially supplied to the rotating drum 8 being rotated from the receiving port 8C in the direction of arrow B through the hopper 5.

【0027】そして、該回転ドラム8内に供給された各椎茸15は、最初に第1選別区Xで回転ドラム8の筒部8A内周側を転がりながら小型の椎茸15のみ各小選別孔9Aから外部に落される。 The Then, the respective mushroom 15 supplied into the rotary drum 8, initially the first sorting District X in the cylindrical portion 8A inner periphery rolling while small mushroom 15 alone the small sorting holes 9A of the rotary drum 8 It dropped to the outside from. 次に、第1選別区Xで各滞留板10によって滞留時間が与えられ、充分に選別された後も回転ドラム8内に残った各椎茸15は、該回転ドラム8の傾斜によって下流側へと移動し、第2選別区Y Then, the residence time is given by the retention plate 10 at the first sorting District X, fully sorted each mushroom 15 also remaining in the rotary drum 8 then was is to the downstream side by the inclination of the said rotary drum 8 It moved, second sorting District Y
で中型の椎茸15のみが各中選別孔9Bから外部に落される。 In only shiitake 15 Medium is dropped to the outside from the middle sorting hole 9B. さらに、第2選別区Yで充分に選別された後にも回転ドラム8内に残った椎茸15は、さらに下流側に移動して第3選別区Zで大型の椎茸15のみが各大選別孔9Cから外部に落される。 Further, the remaining mushroom 15 also in the rotary drum 8 after being fully sorted by the second sorting Ward Y, third only large mushroom 15 in sorting Ward Z each large sorting hole 9C further moves downstream It dropped to the outside from. そして、第3選別区Zで選別されても、なお回転ドラム8内に残った椎茸15は、下流端の滞留板10の開口部から特大の椎茸15として外部に落される。 Then, be sorted by the third sorting ku Z, Note shiitake 15 remaining in the rotary drum 8 is dropped to the outside as oversized mushroom 15 from the opening of the retention plate 10 at the downstream end. また、上述した選別時に各選別孔9に引っ掛かった椎茸15は、常時再選別機構12によって回転ドラム8内に落され、それぞれの選別区X,Y,Zで再選別される。 Further, shiitake 15 caught in each sorting hole 9 when selecting the above is by constantly re selection mechanism 12 dropped into the rotating drum 8, each of the sorting District X, Y, and re-screened with Z.

【0028】このようにして回転ドラム8から外部に落された各椎茸15は、各案内板14A,14B,14 [0028] In this way each mushroom 15 dropped to the outside from the rotating drum 8., each guide plates 14A, 14B, 14
C,14Dに案内されつつ、それぞれの収容箱13内に、小型、中型、大型、特大の4種類に選別された状態で収容され、出荷される。 C, while being guided by the 14D, each of the accommodating box 13, small, medium, large, housed in a state of being sorted into four kinds of oversized and shipped.

【0029】かくして、本実施例によれば、回転ドラム8の上端側に供給コンベア4、ホッパー5からなる供給機構3を設け、きのことしての各椎茸15を該供給機構3から順次前記回転ドラム8内に供給するようにしたから、該各椎茸15の供給毎にきのこ選別装置1の運転を停止することなく各椎茸15を供給することができ、該きのこ選別装置1を連続稼動させて生産性を大幅に向上することができる。 [0029] Thus, according to the present embodiment, the upper end side to the supply conveyor 4 of the rotary drum 8. The provided supply mechanism 3 consisting of the hopper 5, sequentially the rotating drum of each mushroom 15 from the supply mechanism 3 of a mushroom 8 it is so arranged to supply within, each supplying respective mushroom 15 can supply each mushroom 15 without stopping the operation of the mushroom sorting device 1, the productivity the mushroom sorting device 1 by continuous operation it can be significantly improved.

【0030】また、回転ドラム8内に複数の滞留板1 Further, a plurality of retention plates to the rotary drum 8 1
0,10,…を設け、選別時に各椎茸15が一気に下流側に転がって移動するのを防止するようにしたから、各選別区X,Y,Zで各椎茸15に充分に滞留時間を与えて選別することができ、該各椎茸15の選別精度を効果的に向上して、当該きのこ選別装置1の信頼性を大幅に向上することができる。 0,10, and ... provided, given it is so arranged to prevent the respective mushroom 15 moves rolls at once downstream during sorting, the sorting District X, Y, sufficiently dwell time at each mushroom 15 Z be sorted Te possible, and effectively improve the sorting accuracy of each of mushroom 15, the reliability of the mushrooms sorting apparatus 1 can be improved remarkably.

【0031】さらに、回転ドラム8の外周側に再選別機構12を設け、各選別孔9に引っ掛かった椎茸15を前記回転ドラム8内に落して該各選別孔9によって再選別させるようにしたから、椎茸15を積極的に選別することができ、きのこ選別装置1の選別効率を向上させて生産性を向上することができる。 Furthermore, the re-sorting mechanism 12 provided on the outer peripheral side of the rotary drum 8, it is so arranged to re-sorted by the respective sorting holes 9 dropped shiitake 15 caught by the respective sorting holes 9 in the rotary drum 8 , can be sorted actively shiitake 15, you are possible to improve the productivity by improving the screening efficiency of the mushroom sorting apparatus 1.

【0032】なお、前記実施例では、各滞留板10は所定の開度K、例えば約90度の開度をもって開いた状態で、左,右対象となるように配設された一対の扇状に形成するものとして述べたが、本発明はこれに限らず、例えば各滞留板10の扇状の部分の開度Kを選別速度、選別量等に応じて90度未満、または90度以上としてもよく、あるいは、図5に示す変形例の如く、滞留板1 [0032] In the above embodiment, each retention plate 10 predetermined opening K, while for example the open with the opening of the approximately 90 degrees left, the pair of fan-shaped arranged so that the right target well have been described as forming the present invention is not limited to this, for example, fan-shaped portion of the opening K sorting speed of each retention plate 10, less than 90 degrees depending on the selection amount, etc., or even more than 90 degrees or, as in the modification shown in Figure 5, retention plate 1
0′の外周側に調整溝21A,21Aが形成された扇状の調整板21,21を1枚以上(図では2枚設けた場合を図示)設け、該各調整板21によって扇状の部分の開度K′を適宜調整するようにしてもよい。 The outer peripheral side adjustment groove 21A of 0 ', 21A provided one or more fan-shaped adjusting plate 21, 21 is formed (shown a case of providing two in the drawing), the opening of the fan-shaped portion by respective adjusting plate 21 it may be appropriately adjusted in degrees K '.

【0033】また、前記実施例では、各選別孔9は円形状に穿設するものとして図示したが、これに替えて、例えば各選別孔を六角形、八角形等の他の形状に穿設するようにしてもよい。 [0033] In the above embodiment, each sorting hole 9 have been illustrated as being formed in a circular shape, instead of this, for example, drilling each sorting hole hexagon, other shape such as octagon it may be.

【0034】また、前記実施例では、各選別孔9を第1 [0034] In the above embodiment, each sorting hole 9 first
選別区Xの各小選別孔9Aと、第2選別区Yの各中選別孔9Bと、第3選別区Zの大選別孔9Cとの3種類から構成し、きのことしての各椎茸15を小型、中型、大型、特大の4種類に選別した場合を例に挙げて説明したが、本発明はこれに限らず、例えば各選別孔9を4種類、または2種類にして各椎茸15の選別種を増減させてもよい。 And each of the small sorting hole 9A of the sorting District X, and the middle sorting hole 9B of the second sorting Ward Y, composed of three large sorting hole 9C of the third sorting ku Z, compact each mushroom 15 as mushroom , medium, large, has been described as an example a case where the sorted four oversized, the present invention is not limited to this, for example, each sorting hole 9 four or two to to selected species of each shiitake 15, it may be increased or decreased.

【0035】さらに、前記実施例では、再選別機構12 Furthermore, in the above embodiment, re-sorting mechanism 12
の羽根部12Dは、柔軟なビニール等の合成樹脂材料から平板状に形成し、回転軸12Cの外周側に4枚設けるものとして述べたが、これに替えて、例えば柔軟なウレタン等の他の材料を用いてもよく、その枚数についてもこれに限るものではない。 Blade portions 12D are formed from a synthetic resin material such as flexible vinyl in a plate shape, it has been described as providing four on the outer peripheral side of the rotary shaft 12C, instead of this, for example, a flexible other of urethane It may be used material, not limited to this also the number. また、各羽根部12Dの替わりに束ねられたブラシ状のものを用いてもよい。 Further, it may also be used instead brush-like bundled of each blade portion 12D.

【0036】また、前記実施例では、再選別機構12 [0036] In the above embodiment, re-sorting mechanism 12
は、その回転軸12Cをプーリ12E、ベルト6F等を介して回転軸6と連動させるものとして述べたが、本発明はこれに限らず、例えば再選別機構12に該再選別機構12専用の駆動モータを設け、回転軸6と別駆動させるようにしてもよい。 Has its rotation axis 12C of the pulley 12E, has been described as to work with the rotation shaft 6 via the belt 6F, but the present invention is not limited to this, for example 該再 selection mechanism 12 dedicated drive to re-sorting mechanism 12 the motor may be provided so as to the rotation axis 6 different driven.

【0037】さらにまた、前記実施例では、回転ドラム8の下側には選別種に応じて複数の収容箱13,13, [0037] Furthermore, in the above embodiment, a plurality of receiving boxes 13, 13 in accordance with the sorting species below the rotary drum 8,
…を配置するものとして述べたが、これに替えて、例えば回転ドラム8の下側に選別種に応じた数の搬送コンベアを設け、別の場所で出荷用の収容箱に収容するようにしてもよい。 Has been described ... as to place, instead of this, for example, the number conveyor of in accordance with the selected type on the lower side of the rotary drum 8 is provided, so as to accommodate the receiving box for shipment elsewhere it may be.

【0038】一方、前記実施例では、きのこ選別装置1 On the other hand, in the above embodiments, mushrooms sorting apparatus 1
できのことしての椎茸15を選別した場合を例に挙げて説明したが、本発明はこれに限らず、例えばきのこ選別装置1を一本しめじ、松茸、乾燥椎茸等のきのこを選別するのに用いてもよい。 In but a case of selecting the shiitake 15 as mushrooms has been described, the present invention is not limited to this, for example, using mushrooms sorting device 1 a single shimeji, matsutake mushrooms, to screen mushroom dried shiitake etc. it may be.

【0039】 [0039]

【発明の効果】以上詳述した通り、本発明によれば、フレーム上にきのこを供給する供給機構を設け、該供給機構によって選別すべききのこを受入口から回転ドラム内に順次供給するようにしたから、当該きのこ選別装置を連続稼動させることができ、生産性を向上できる。 As detailed above, according to the present invention, in accordance with the present invention, the feed mechanism for supplying mushroom provided on the frame, so sequentially supplied into the rotary drum mushrooms should be selected by the feed mechanism from the receiving port since the, the mushroom sorting apparatus can be continuously operated, the productivity can be improved. また、回転軸と回転ドラムとの間に複数の滞留板を設け、 Further, a plurality of retention plates between the rotary shaft and the rotary drum,
選別されるきのこに該各滞留板によって滞留時間を与えるようにしたから、きのこを充分に選別して誤選別を防止することができ、選別精度を効果的に向上して信頼性を向上できる。 It is so arranged give residence time by respective retention plate mushroom to be sorted, mushrooms can be prevented sufficiently screened to erroneous sorting effectively improve the sorting accuracy can be improved in reliability. さらに、前記回転ドラムの外周側に再選別機構を設け、該再選別機構を前記回転ドラムと反対方向に回転駆動することにより、選別時に各選別孔に引っ掛かったきのこを回転ドラム内に落として該各選別孔によって再選別させるようにしたから、きのこを積極的に選別することができ、選別効率を向上して生産性の向上を図ることができる。 Moreover, the re-sorting mechanism provided on the outer peripheral side of the rotary drum, by rotating the 該再 selection mechanism in the direction opposite to the rotating drum, dropped the mushrooms caught on each sorting hole during sorting in the rotary drum the it is so arranged to re-sorted by the sorting hole, it can be screened actively mushrooms, to improve the sorting efficiency can be improved in productivity.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の実施例によるきのこ選別装置を示す一部破断の正面図である。 1 is a front view of a partially cutaway showing a mushroom sorting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】図1中の回転軸、回転ドラム、再選別機構等を上流側(一端側)から見た状態を示すII−II方向矢示図である。 [2] the rotation axis in FIG. 1, the rotary drum, a II-II direction arrows 示図 showing a state viewed resorted mechanism or the like from the upstream side (one end side).

【図3】図1中の各滞留板の配設状態を拡大して示す断面斜視図である。 3 is a cross-sectional perspective view showing an enlarged arrangement state of each retention plate in Fig.

【図4】再選別機構で選別孔に引っ掛かったきのこを落した状態を示す図1中矢示IV−IV方向断面図である。 4 is a diagram 1 Nakaya shows IV-IV cross section view showing a state in which dropped mushroom caught in the sorting hole at resorted mechanism.

【図5】本発明の変形例による滞留板を示す図4と同様の断面図である。 Figure 5 is sectional view similar to FIG. 4 showing a retention plate according to a modification of this invention.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 きのこ選別装置 2 架台(フレーム) 3 供給機構 6 回転軸 7 駆動モータ(回転源) 8 回転ドラム 8A 筒部 8C 受入口 9 選別孔 9A 小選別孔 9B 中選別孔 9C 大選別孔 10,10′ 滞留板 12 再選別機構 15 椎茸(きのこ) 1 mushroom sorting device 2 frame (frame) 3 supply mechanism 6 rotating shaft 7 driving motor (rotational source) 8 rotating drum 8A tubular section 8C receiving port 9 sorting hole 9A small sorting opening 9B in sorting hole 9C large sorting hole 10, 10 ' The residence plate 12 again selecting mechanism 15 shiitake (mushroom)

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 台枠状のフレームと、該フレーム上に搭載され、選別すべききのこを順次供給する供給機構と、 And 1. A underframe shaped frame, mounted on the frame, and sequentially supplies supply mechanism mushrooms to be sorted,
    前記フレームに傾斜した状態で支持され、回転源によって回転駆動される回転軸と、該回転軸と一体的に回転するように該回転軸と同軸に配設された筒状体からなり、 The supported in a state of being inclined frame, a rotary shaft is rotated by rotational source, made from the rotating shaft and coaxially disposed a tubular member so as to rotate integrally with the rotating shaft,
    上流側に前記供給機構から順次供給されるきのこを受入れる受入口を有する回転ドラムと、該回転ドラムの周面に位置して上流側よりも下流側の孔径が大となるように多数個穿設され、該回転ドラム内に供給されたきのこの大,小を選別する選別孔と、前記回転軸と回転ドラムとの間に位置し、それぞれが軸方向に離間すると共に周方向に所定角度ずらした状態で複数配設され、該各選別孔で選別されるきのこに滞留時間を与える滞留板と、前記回転ドラムの外周側に設けられ、該回転ドラムと反対方向に回転駆動されることによって前記各選別孔に引っ掛かったきのこを再選別させる再選別機構とから構成してなるきのこ選別装置。 Rotary drum and, plurality bored as the pore size of the downstream side of the upstream located on the peripheral surface of the rotating drum is large with a receiving opening for receiving a mushroom sequentially supplied from the supply mechanism to the upstream side are large mushroom fed into the rotary the drum, located between the sorting hole for sorting small, and the rotary drum and the rotary shaft, and shifted by a predetermined angle in the circumferential direction with each axially spaced a plurality arranged in a state, the retention plate to provide a residence time in the mushrooms to be sorted by the respective sorting holes, provided on the outer peripheral side of the rotary drum, each by being rotated in the opposite direction with the rotary drum mushroom sorting device comprising consist of re-selection mechanism and for re-sorting the mushrooms caught by the sorting holes.
JP3413192A 1992-01-24 1992-01-24 Mushroom sorting device Pending JPH05200364A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3413192A JPH05200364A (en) 1992-01-24 1992-01-24 Mushroom sorting device

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JP3413192A JPH05200364A (en) 1992-01-24 1992-01-24 Mushroom sorting device

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JPH05200364A true JPH05200364A (en) 1993-08-10

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6666318B2 (en) * 1996-03-07 2003-12-23 Coinstar, Inc. Method and apparatus for conditioning coins prior to discrimination
US6863168B1 (en) 1996-03-07 2005-03-08 Coinstar, Inc. Method and apparatus for conditioning coins prior to discrimination
KR101288021B1 (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-07-22 태경농산주식회사 Method for selecting foreign material from dried mushroom and device thereof
US8967361B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2015-03-03 Outerwall Inc. Coin counting and sorting machines
US9022841B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2015-05-05 Outerwall Inc. Coin counting and/or sorting machines and associated systems and methods
US9036890B2 (en) 2012-06-05 2015-05-19 Outerwall Inc. Optical coin discrimination systems and methods for use with consumer-operated kiosks and the like
US9443367B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-09-13 Outerwall Inc. Digital image coin discrimination for use with consumer-operated kiosks and the like

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6666318B2 (en) * 1996-03-07 2003-12-23 Coinstar, Inc. Method and apparatus for conditioning coins prior to discrimination
US6863168B1 (en) 1996-03-07 2005-03-08 Coinstar, Inc. Method and apparatus for conditioning coins prior to discrimination
US7017729B2 (en) 1996-03-07 2006-03-28 Coinstar, Inc. Method and apparatus for conditioning coins prior to discrimination
US9036890B2 (en) 2012-06-05 2015-05-19 Outerwall Inc. Optical coin discrimination systems and methods for use with consumer-operated kiosks and the like
KR101288021B1 (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-07-22 태경농산주식회사 Method for selecting foreign material from dried mushroom and device thereof
US8967361B2 (en) 2013-02-27 2015-03-03 Outerwall Inc. Coin counting and sorting machines
US9022841B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2015-05-05 Outerwall Inc. Coin counting and/or sorting machines and associated systems and methods
US9443367B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-09-13 Outerwall Inc. Digital image coin discrimination for use with consumer-operated kiosks and the like

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