JP6390004B2 - Electric dust collector - Google Patents

Electric dust collector Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6390004B2
JP6390004B2 JP2014257297A JP2014257297A JP6390004B2 JP 6390004 B2 JP6390004 B2 JP 6390004B2 JP 2014257297 A JP2014257297 A JP 2014257297A JP 2014257297 A JP2014257297 A JP 2014257297A JP 6390004 B2 JP6390004 B2 JP 6390004B2
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filter
duct
main body
cleaning
side
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JP2016117006A (en
Inventor
大輔 小森
大輔 小森
稲垣 純
純 稲垣
加藤 亮
亮 加藤
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パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社
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Description

  The present invention is an electrostatic precipitator used to purify contaminated air, and improves the detergency of the electrostatic precipitator plate and at the same time includes a duct and a filter connected to the electrostatic precipitator. This relates to improving the overall cleaning performance and maintainability and maintaining the air cleaning effect.

  Conventionally, this type of electrostatic precipitator has been known to be capable of long-term use, with the electrode plate being cleaned with cleaning water sprayed from a number of cleaning nozzles provided above the electrode dust collecting electrode plate. (For example, see Patent Documents 1 and 2).

  FIG. 5 shows a conventional dry electrostatic precipitator cleaning device described in Patent Document 1. In FIG. In FIG. 5, a cleaning nozzle 102 for cleaning the electrostatic precipitator electrode plate is provided inside the dry electrostatic precipitator 101 above and on the side of the dry electrostatic precipitator 101 (in particular, a large number of cleaning nozzles are arranged in the upper part) In other words, the electrostatic precipitator electrode plate is cleaned to enable long-term use.

JP-A-10-165840 JP 2002-119889 A

  In such an electrostatic precipitator having a conventional cleaning means, even if the electrostatic precipitator electrode plate is sufficiently cleaned, the cleaning of the duct and filter connected to the electrostatic precipitator is efficient. In addition, the dust adhering to them re-scatters, resulting in a decrease in the air cleaning effect of the entire system including the filter and duct and pressure loss due to clogging of the filter. In addition, the number of cleaning points increases.

  The present invention solves the above-mentioned conventional problems, and improves the air cleaning effect of the entire system including the duct and filter connected to the main body of the electrostatic precipitator while improving the cleanability of the electrostatic precipitator plate. The purpose is to sustain.

In order to achieve this object, the present invention comprises a box-shaped main body, openings provided on opposite side surfaces of the main body, and ducts connected to the openings. The charging unit composed of an electrode and a ground electrode, and the dust collecting unit composed of a load electrode plate and a dust collecting electrode plate, in order from the upstream side to the downstream side where air flows in the horizontal direction, and the charging unit and the The dust collecting portion is arranged so that the end portions thereof are opposed to the openings, and a first cleaning means for cleaning the charging portion and the dust collecting portion is arranged above the inside of the main body. Is an electrostatic precipitator in which drainage means for treating the waste liquid from the first cleaning means is disposed, and a filter is disposed in each of the ducts, and the bottom surface of the duct from the filter to the opening is The opening side is the arrangement position of the filter Remote an inclined duct which gave inclined to become lower, above the gradient duct provided a second cleaning means having an injection angle toward the said body, upstream of said main body of said filter the filters disposed, is provided a third cleaning means having an injection angle to the filter side above the opposite side with respect to the second washing means across the filter, to lower the thickness of the filter The upper surface of the filter is thickened, the leeward surface of the filter is fixed so as to be perpendicular to the duct, and the leeward surface of the filter is inclined , thereby achieving the intended purpose. Is.

Electrical precipitator of the present invention is composed of a duct that connects a box-shaped body and each provided with openings on opposite sides of the body in the opening, inside the body, the discharge electrode and the ground electrode In order from the upstream side where the air flows in the horizontal direction to the downstream side, and the charging unit and the dust collection unit End portions are arranged so as to face the openings, respectively, a first cleaning means for cleaning the charging unit and the dust collecting unit is disposed in the upper part of the main body, and the first cleaning unit is disposed in the lower part of the main body. An electrostatic precipitator in which drainage means for treating waste liquid from one cleaning means is disposed, and a filter is disposed in each of the ducts, the bottom surface of the duct from the filter to the opening being on the opening side. To be lower than the filter placement position An inclined duct which gave obliquely, above the gradient duct provided a second cleaning means having an injection angle toward the said body, a filter disposed upstream of said main body of said filter, across the filter is provided a third cleaning means having an injection angle to the filter side above the opposite side with respect to the second washing means, thickening the upper thickness of the filter to the bottom, Since the windward surface of the filter is fixed to be perpendicular to the duct and the windward surface of the filter is inclined , the charging unit and the dust collecting unit are cleaned from the opening side by the second cleaning means. The filter can be cleaned by the third cleaning means. The waste water that has washed the filter descends while washing away the dust that has settled in the inclined duct, and can flow to the drainage means of the electrostatic precipitator. That is, not only the cleaning performance of the charging unit and the dust collecting unit is improved, but also dust attached to the filter and the duct can be removed .

In other words, it has the effect of reducing the amount of re-scattering from filters and ducts and reducing the pressure loss due to filter clogging, so that the amount of processing air can be maintained, and the cleaning of the inclined ducts and the maintenance of the filters become unnecessary for a long period of time. The entire system with the addition of filters and ducts has the effect of maintaining long-term performance.

Configuration diagram of electric dust collector of the present invention Configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention Configuration diagram characteristic of filter fixing according to an embodiment of the present invention Configuration diagram characteristic of the filter shape of the embodiment of the present invention Features of conventional electrostatic precipitator

An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1 of the present invention is composed of a box-shaped main body, openings provided on opposite side surfaces of the main body, and ducts connected to the openings. The charging unit composed of an electrode and a ground electrode, and the dust collecting unit composed of a load electrode plate and a dust collecting electrode plate, in order from the upstream side to the downstream side where air flows in the horizontal direction, and the charging unit and the The dust collecting portion is arranged so that the end portions thereof are opposed to the openings, and a first cleaning means for cleaning the charging portion and the dust collecting portion is arranged above the inside of the main body. Is an electrostatic precipitator in which drainage means for treating the waste liquid from the first cleaning means is disposed, and a filter is disposed in each of the ducts, and the bottom surface of the duct from the filter to the opening is The opening side is more than the arrangement position of the filter An inclined duct which gave inclined Kunar so, above the gradient duct provided a second cleaning means having an injection angle toward the main body, disposed on an upstream side of said main body of said filter the filter a third cleaning means having an injection angle to the filter side above the opposite side with respect to the second washing means across said filter is provided, the upper portion of the thickness of the filter with respect to the lower And the leeward surface of the filter is fixed so as to be perpendicular to the duct, and the leeward surface of the filter is inclined .

Accordingly, the charging unit and the dust collecting unit can be cleaned from the opening side by the second cleaning unit, and the filter can be cleaned by the third cleaning unit. The waste water that has washed the filter descends while washing away the dust that has settled in the inclined duct, and can be discharged to the drainage means of the electrostatic precipitator. That is, not only the cleaning performance of the charging unit and the dust collecting unit is improved, but also dust attached to the filter and the duct can be removed .

  Specifically, in the upstream filter, dust that adheres to and accumulates on the filter can be dropped by an air flow that blows the filter from the upper part to the lower part of the filter during blowing. In addition, since the washing water from the third washing means flows along the windward surface of the filter and flows to the inclined duct, the dust adhering to the windward surface of the filter and the dust falling into the duct from the filter are more effectively removed. be able to. The downstream filter can reduce the amount of re-scattering that pollutes clean air.

  In other words, it has the effect of reducing the amount of re-scattering from filters and ducts and reducing the pressure loss due to filter clogging, so that the amount of processing air can be maintained, and the cleaning of the inclined ducts and the maintenance of the filters become unnecessary for a long period of time. The entire system with the addition of filters and ducts has the effect of maintaining long-term performance.

Further, in the electrostatic precipitator according to claim 2, in the duct, on the bottom surface on the upstream side of the filter disposed on the upstream side of the main body, a water retaining member that crosses the duct is disposed, and the third cleaning is performed. The means is directed to the filter side arranged at a position to spray downstream from the water retaining member.

As a result, the cleaning water from the third cleaning means does not flow to the upstream side of the air supply duct, and the waste water that has cleaned the filter flows inside the inclined duct and goes down the slope, so that the drainage means of the electric dust collector Can be processed in the sink.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1)
As shown in FIG. 1, the electrostatic precipitator 1 includes a box-shaped main body 2, openings 3 provided on opposite side surfaces of the main body 2, and a duct 4 connected to the opening 3. In other words, the duct 4 is connected to the main body 2 on the upstream side and the downstream side, respectively. The duct 4 on the upstream side of the main body 2 is an air supply duct 5, and the duct 4 on the downstream side is an exhaust duct 6.

  Inside the main body 2, a charging unit 9 constituted by alternately arranging the discharge electrodes 7 and the ground electrodes 8 with a constant interval, and the load electrode plate 10 and the dust collecting electrode plate 11 with a constant interval are provided. And dust collecting parts 12 arranged alternately. The charging unit 9 and the charging unit 9 are arranged in order from the upstream side where the air flows in the horizontal direction to the downstream side, and the charging unit 9 and the dust collecting unit 12 are arranged so that the end faces the opening 3 respectively. ing. The discharge electrode 7, the ground electrode 8, the load electrode plate 10, and the dust collecting electrode plate 11 are made of a conductive metal, preferably SUS.

  A first cleaning means 13 for cleaning the charging unit 9 and the dust collecting unit 12 is provided in the upper part of the main body 2.

  The first cleaning means 13 includes a plurality of cleaning nozzles 15 attached to a pipe 14, and several pipes 14 are installed so that the charging unit 9 or the dust collection unit 12 crosses the duct 4 with respect to the wind direction. . The first cleaning means 13 performs cleaning by spraying cleaning water from the cleaning nozzle 15. One or more holes are provided as drainage means 16 below the charging section 9 and the dust collection section 12 to guide the waste liquid from the first cleaning means 13 out of the main body 2.

  An upstream filter 17 is disposed in the duct 4 on the upstream side of the main body 2 at a distance from the charging unit 9, and a distance from the dust collecting unit 12 is disposed in the duct 4 on the downstream side of the main body 2. A downstream filter 18 is arranged. Hereinafter, the upstream filter 17 and the downstream filter 18 are collectively referred to as a filter 19.

  The filter 19 is a demister filter, in which a plurality of thin metal wires (preferably aluminum) knitted in a knitted shape are stacked, and the periphery is sandwiched between frames. Are collected, but those with small particle sizes are passed. The upstream filter 17 prevents the short circuit between the discharge electrode 7 and the ground electrode 8 or between the load electrode plate 10 and the dust collecting electrode plate 11 from flowing in from the air supply duct 5, and the downstream filter 18 is This prevents the combustion product from flowing out after the exhaust duct 6 even when a spark or ignition occurs between the electrode 7 and the ground electrode 8 or between the load electrode plate 10 and the dust collecting electrode plate 11.

  In the above configuration, a voltage is applied to the charging unit 9 and the dust collecting unit 12 at the time of electrostatic dust collection, and contaminated air is caused to flow into the main body 2 from the air supply duct 5 by a blower. The inflowing contaminated air is charged with particles in the contaminated air due to corona discharge from the discharge electrode 7 of the charging unit 9. Thereafter, the charged particles move in the electric field space between the load electrode plate 10 and the dust collection electrode plate 11 of the dust collector 12 in the electrode plate direction, and adhere to the dust collection electrode plate 11. In this way, when the particles adhere to the dust collecting electrode plate 11, the contaminated air is cleaned and the purified air is discharged from the exhaust duct 6 on the downstream side.

  While the dust is collected, the jet of cleaning water from the first cleaning means 13 is stopped.

  On the other hand, when cleaning the particles collected and deposited by the dust collecting electrode plate 11, first, voltage application and ventilation to the charging unit 9 and the dust collecting unit 12 are stopped, and cleaning water is collected from the first cleaning means 13. It spreads on the dust electrode plate 11 and removes the accumulated particle dirt. The discharge electrode 7, the ground electrode 8, and the load electrode plate 10 can be cleaned by the same cleaning method. Thereafter, the washing water from the first washing means 13 is stopped, blown and dried to remove dirt attached to the electrode plate, and dust can be collected again.

  Generally, when particle dirt accumulates on the discharge electrode 7, the deposit becomes a resistance and corona discharge is weakened. Moreover, if particle dirt accumulates between the electrode plates of the load electrode plate 10 and the dust collecting electrode plate 11, the collected particles will rescatter and the apparent collection performance will be reduced. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the collection performance from being lowered by cleaning the electrode plate.

  In general, long-term use of an electrostatic precipitator is possible even if the dust collection, cleaning and drying cycle is performed for a long time by some cleaning means. If it occurs, the dust collection performance is reduced. Further, the upstream filter 17, the downstream filter 18, the air supply duct 5, and the exhaust duct 6 that have not been cleaned require periodic cleaning and maintenance.

  Therefore, as shown in FIG. 2, the electrostatic precipitator 1 includes an inclined duct 20 in which the bottom surface of the duct 4 from the filter 19 to the opening 3 is inclined so that the opening 3 side is lower than the arrangement position of the filter 19. It is said. Further, a second cleaning means 21 having an injection angle toward the inside of the main body 2 is provided above the inclined duct 20, and the upstream filter 17 is sandwiched between the upstream filter 17 to which particularly much dirt and dust adhere. Thus, a third cleaning means 22 having an injection angle on the upstream filter 17 side is provided above the side opposite to the second cleaning means 21. The configurations of the second cleaning means 21 and the third cleaning means 22 are the same as those of the first cleaning means 13 described above.

  Further, a water retainer 23 is provided so that the washing water from the third washing means 22 does not flow to the upstream side of the air supply duct 5. For this reason, the water retainer 23 is arranged at a position that is spaced from the upstream filter 17 so as to cross the bottom surface of the air supply duct 5 and that the wash water from the third cleaning means 22 does not spray upstream from the water retainer 23. To do. The water retainer 23 may be a metal plate that does not allow water to pass, and is higher than the frame on the lower side of the filter 19.

  In particular, the second cleaning means 21 on the upstream side of the electrostatic precipitator 1 is disposed above the inclined duct 20 and the spray angle of the cleaning nozzle 15 is provided on the charging unit 9 side. At the time of cleaning, the side surface of the charging unit 9 on the side of the opening 3 is cleaned, and at the same time, the upstream filter 17 is sprayed with cleaning water.

  Further, the bottom surface of the duct 4 from the upstream filter 17 to the opening 3 is an inclined duct 20 that is inclined so that the opening 3 side is lower than the arrangement position of the upstream filter 17. The waste liquid that has washed the upstream filter 17 descends the inclined duct 20 and reaches the drainage means 16 while being washed off dust that has settled on the bottom surface of the inclined duct 20 and is processed. The technical contents of the second cleaning means 21 and the inclined duct 20 are also useful for the downstream filter 18 side.

  The third cleaning means 22 is arranged above the air supply duct 5 and the spray angle of the cleaning nozzle 15 is provided on the upstream filter 17 side. At the time of cleaning, the upstream filter 17 is cleaned. In particular, the upstream filter 17 has a high effect by being cleaned by many cleaning means because a lot of contaminated air passes through and a lot of dirt and dust accumulate. The cleaning water that does not reach the upstream filter 17 from the third cleaning means 22 and falls into the air supply duct 5 is blocked by the water retainer 23 and therefore does not flow to the air supply duct 5 side. When the height becomes higher than the frame, it flows toward the inclined duct 20 side. In addition, since wastewater is not left in the air supply duct 5 because the air is guided to the inclined duct 20 by the air flow and flows into the inclined duct 20 at the time of blow drying.

  By performing these series of cleanings simultaneously with the first cleaning means 13, not only the cleaning performance of the charging unit 9 and the dust collecting unit 12 is improved, but also dust attached to the filter 19 can be removed. The upstream filter 17 can reduce the amount of dust re-scattered into the electrostatic precipitator 1, and the downstream filter 18 can reduce the amount of re-scatter that contaminates clean air. Furthermore, since pressure loss due to filter clogging due to dust can be reduced, the amount of processing air is maintained, and cleaning of the inclined duct 20 and maintenance of the filter 19 are not required for a long period of time. The entire device has the effect of maintaining the performance for a long time.

(Embodiment 2)
As described above, the basic configuration has been described in the first embodiment. In the second embodiment, a characteristic configuration of the upstream filter 17 will be described with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the upstream filter 17 may be a filter in which an inclined surface is provided on the windward surface 24 so that the upper side 25 is positioned on the windward side with respect to the lower side 26. For example, when the upstream filter 17 is fixed to the duct 4, the upper side filter fixing bracket 27 is provided on the windward side of the lower side filter fixing bracket 28 (the fixed bracket can be inserted and fixed, for example, from the side surface). Such as a groove), and the upstream filter 17 is disposed in a state slightly inclined to the windward side.

  Accordingly, the wind surface 24 that is sprayed from the upstream side of the filter 19 and adheres more than the dust that has flowed in can be more effectively cleaned, so that the amount of re-scattering from the filter and the pressure due to filter clogging can be reduced. There is an effect of reducing loss. The technical contents of the present embodiment are also useful for the downstream filter 18.

(Embodiment 3)
Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the upstream filter 17 may have a structure in which the upper part is thicker than the lower part, and the wind surface 29 of the upstream filter 17 is fixed to be perpendicular to the air supply duct 5. good.

  Thereby, the pressure loss of the upper part of the upstream filter 17 becomes higher than the lower part, and the airflow which flows toward the lower part from the upper part of the upstream filter 17 generate | occur | produces at the time of ventilation. In this way, it is possible to induce the air flow so as to stroke the surface of the upstream filter 17 and to drop the dust deposited and deposited on the upstream filter 17. Further, since the washing water from the third washing means 22 flows along the wind surface 24 and flows to the inclined duct 20, the wind surface 24 to which more dust flows in can be effectively washed, and the upstream filter Since dust falling from 17 to the inclined duct 20 can be more effectively removed, the effect of reducing the amount of re-scattering from the filter 19 and the duct 4 and reducing pressure loss due to filter clogging can be achieved. The technical contents of the present embodiment are also useful for the downstream filter 18.

  In the present invention, the inclined duct in which the bottom surface of the duct from the filter to the opening is inclined so that the opening side of the main body is lowered, and the second has an injection angle on the electric dust collecting electrode plate side above the inclined duct. And a structure having a structure in which a third cleaning means having an injection angle on the filter side is provided above the opposite side of the second cleaning means across the filter, and is contaminated. It is useful as an electrostatic precipitator used to purify air, and to maintain the electrostatic precipitating performance in the long term from the improvement of the cleaning performance of the filter and duct attached when cleaning the electrostatic precipitator electrode plate. .

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Electric dust collector 2 Main body 3 Opening 4 Duct 5 Air supply duct 6 Exhaust duct 7 Discharge electrode 8 Ground electrode 9 Charging part 10 Load electrode plate 11 Dust collection electrode plate 12 Dust collection part 13 First cleaning means 14 Piping 15 Cleaning Nozzle 16 Drainage means 17 Upstream filter 18 Downstream filter 19 Filter 20 Inclined duct 21 Second cleaning means 22 Third cleaning means 23 Water retaining 24 Wind surface 25 Upper side 26 Lower side 27 Upper side filter fixing fastener 28 Lower side filter fixing fastener Tool 29 Wind surface 101 Dry electrostatic precipitator 102 Cleaning nozzle

Claims (2)

  1. It is composed of a box-shaped main body, openings provided on opposite side surfaces of the main body, and ducts connected to the openings, and inside the main body, a charging unit composed of a discharge electrode and a ground electrode, and a load electrode plate And the dust collecting portion constituted by the dust collecting electrode plate in order from the upstream side to the downstream side where the air flows in the horizontal direction, and the charging unit and the dust collecting unit so that the end faces the opening, respectively. The first cleaning means for cleaning the charging part and the dust collecting part is disposed above the inside of the main body, and the waste liquid from the first cleaning means is processed at the lower part inside the main body. An electrostatic precipitator in which a drainage means is disposed and a filter is disposed in each of the ducts, and the bottom surface of the duct from the filter to the opening is such that the opening side is lower than the position where the filter is disposed. Inclined duct with inclination And, above the gradient duct provided a second cleaning means having an injection angle toward the said body,
    Among the filters, the filter arranged on the upstream side of the main body is
    Across the filter is provided a third cleaning means having an injection angle to the filter side above the opposite side with respect to the second washing means, thickening the upper thickness of the filter to the bottom, The electric dust collector which has the structure which fixed the wind surface of this filter so that it might become perpendicular | vertical with respect to the said duct, and inclined the wind surface of this filter .
  2. In the duct, a position where a water retaining member that crosses the duct is disposed on the upstream bottom surface of the filter disposed on the upstream side of the main body, and the third cleaning means is sprayed downstream of the water retaining member. The electric dust collector of Claim 1 arrange | positioned.
JP2014257297A 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 Electric dust collector Active JP6390004B2 (en)

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JP6390004B2 true JP6390004B2 (en) 2018-09-19

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Family Cites Families (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS63111957U (en) * 1987-01-14 1988-07-19
JPH0737720Y2 (en) * 1990-07-06 1995-08-30 ミドリ安全工業株式会社 Electrostatic dust collector electrode insulator cleaning and drying device
JPH0753720Y2 (en) * 1990-07-06 1995-12-13 ミドリ安全工業株式会社 Electric dust collector cleaning device
JPH0518623U (en) * 1991-08-28 1993-03-09 三菱重工業株式会社 Coarse dust catching device
JPH09141034A (en) * 1995-11-25 1997-06-03 Daido Steel Co Ltd Dust removing device and its operation
JPH11267433A (en) * 1998-03-24 1999-10-05 Sanden Corp Filter device
JP2003305380A (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-28 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Electric precipitator
EP1543273B1 (en) * 2002-08-16 2011-11-02 Kim Lui So Self-cleaning exhaust system and method
JP2009119316A (en) * 2007-11-12 2009-06-04 Panasonic Corp Electric dust collector
JP2011050886A (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-17 Panasonic Corp Electrostatic precipitator
CN103949349B (en) * 2014-04-03 2016-08-31 江苏保丽洁环境科技股份有限公司 Cleaning in purifying box body and pumping equipment in cooking fume remover

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