JP6384959B2 - Concrete product manufacturing apparatus and method for manufacturing concrete product - Google Patents

Concrete product manufacturing apparatus and method for manufacturing concrete product Download PDF

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JP6384959B2
JP6384959B2 JP2015047951A JP2015047951A JP6384959B2 JP 6384959 B2 JP6384959 B2 JP 6384959B2 JP 2015047951 A JP2015047951 A JP 2015047951A JP 2015047951 A JP2015047951 A JP 2015047951A JP 6384959 B2 JP6384959 B2 JP 6384959B2
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tension
mold
prestressed
concrete
locking
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JP2016168675A (en
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岩田 隆雄
隆雄 岩田
博隆 関
博隆 関
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日本コンクリート工業株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a concrete product manufacturing apparatus and a concrete product manufacturing method for manufacturing two prestressed concrete products.

  Prestressed concrete products such as prestressed concrete piles and prestressed concrete poles are placed with concrete in a state where a tension material such as PC steel is tensioned in a mold. And after shaping | molding by methods, such as centrifugal molding, and curing, it demolds, the tension | tensile_strength of tension material is released, and a prestress is added to a concrete product, and it is manufactured.

  As a technique for manufacturing two kinds of this kind of prestressed concrete products in one mold, there are two sets including a tension member and an end member such as a flange member or an anchor plate connected to one end of the tension member. The two prestressed units are connected to each other with a jig so that the end member sides face each other, the other end of one prestressed unit is connected to the tensioning means, and the other end of the other prestressed unit is fixed, There is known a method of tensioning both prestressed units together via a jig by tensioning a tendon from the prestressed unit side (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2).

Japanese Patent Publication No. 39-19818 Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 51-22950

  However, in the configurations of Patent Documents 1 and 2 described above, the end members of the two prestressed units are connected to each other with a jig or the like and installed in one formwork, and are tensioned collectively on one side. There is a problem that only prestressed concrete products can be manufactured, and many types of prestressed concrete products with different amounts of tension cannot be manufactured in one mold.

  Therefore, a technique capable of efficiently producing two different prestressed concrete products has been demanded.

  This invention is made | formed in view of such a point, and it aims at providing the manufacturing method of the concrete product which can manufacture two prestressed concrete products efficiently, and a concrete product.

  The concrete product manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 is a concrete product manufacturing apparatus capable of manufacturing two prestressed concrete products, and includes two prestressed members each including a tension member and an end member to which one end of the tension member is connected. A substantially cylindrical mold that can be installed so that the end members face each other, and a tension means that tensions the tendon to one side and the other side in the axial direction of the mold, One end locking portion capable of locking the end member against the tension force of the tension material to one side in the axial direction by the tension means, and the tension material to the other side in the axial direction by the tension means. The other side latching part which can latch the said end member with respect to the tension force of this.

  In the method for producing a concrete product according to claim 2, two prestressed units having a tension material and an end member to which one end of the tension material is connected are installed in a mold, and the tension force of the tension material is increased. A method of manufacturing a concrete product using two prestressed concrete products by using the mold, wherein the mold can lock the end member against the tension force of the tension material toward one side in the axial direction. A pre-stressed portion having a side locking portion and another side locking portion capable of locking the end member against the tension of the tension material toward the other side in the axial direction. The end member of the unit is locked to the one side locking portion, the end member of another prestressed unit different from the one prestressed unit is locked to the other side locking portion, and the end members are Each presto as opposed A tension unit is installed, the tension material of the one prestressed unit is tensioned to one side in the axial direction of the mold, and the tension material of the other prestressed unit is tensioned to the other side in the axial direction of the mold. Then, after the molding, the tension of each of the tendons is released and prestress is applied to the concrete.

  The method for manufacturing a concrete product according to claim 3 is the method for manufacturing a concrete product according to claim 2, wherein the tension material of one prestressed unit and the tension material of another prestressed unit are different in tension amount. I'm nervous.

  The concrete product manufacturing method described in claim 4 is a concrete product manufacturing method according to claim 2 or 3, wherein concrete is placed in a mold by either a filling method or an injection method. is there.

  According to the present invention, in the formwork, the end member of one prestressed unit is locked to the one side locking portion, and the end member of the other prestressed unit is locked to the other side locking portion, Because it can be tensioned from both the prestressed unit side and the other prestressed unit side, two prestressed concrete products can be produced efficiently.

It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of the concrete product manufacturing apparatus which concerns on one embodiment of this invention. It is a block diagram which shows roughly the structure of a concrete product manufacturing apparatus same as the above. It is a block diagram which shows roughly the modification of a concrete product manufacturing apparatus same as the above. It is a block diagram which shows roughly the modification of a concrete product manufacturing apparatus same as the above.

  Hereinafter, the configuration of an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

  In FIG. 1, 1 is a concrete product manufacturing apparatus, and this concrete product manufacturing apparatus 1 is for manufacturing a prestressed concrete pile as a concrete product.

  The concrete product manufacturing apparatus 1 can be installed with two sets of prestressed units 2 and 3 inside, and at both ends in the axial direction of a substantially cylindrical formwork 4 that can be divided into a plurality of, for example, two along the axial direction. Tensioning means 5 such as a tension jack is provided.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the prestressed unit 2 installed on one side in the axial direction of the mold 4 has a configuration corresponding to the production of the prestressed concrete pile, and is arranged along the axial direction of the mold 4. An anchor plate 12 serving as an end member is connected to one end of a plurality of PC steel materials 11 serving as tension members.

  The other prestressed unit 3 installed on the other side in the axial direction of the mold 4 has a configuration corresponding to the production of the prestressed concrete pile, and a plurality of tension materials disposed along the axial direction of the mold 4. An anchor plate 16 as an end member is connected to one end of the PC steel material 15.

  The anchor plates 12 and 16 correspond to the case where concrete is poured in when placing the concrete into the mold 4, and a hole for ventilation is provided in the center of the disk-shaped plate bodies 13 and 17. 14 and 18 are provided.

  Further, in the prestressed units 2 and 3, the other end portions of the PC steel materials 11 and 15 are connected to the tension means 5 via the tension plate 19.

  The prestressed units 2 and 3 each have a plurality of PC steel materials 11 and 15, but FIG. 1 shows only a part of the plurality of PC steel materials 11 and 15.

  The mold 4 includes a one-side mold part 21 located on one side in the axial direction, a second-side mold part 22 located on the other side in the axial direction, and the one-side mold part 21 and the other-side mold part. And a formwork intermediate part 23 located between them.

  The one-side mold part 21 and the other-side mold part 22 are formed in a substantially cylindrical shape having a smaller diameter than the outer diameter of the anchor plates 12 and 16.

  The mold intermediate part 23 is formed in a substantially cylindrical shape having a larger diameter than the one-side mold part 21 and the other-side mold part 22 and a slightly larger diameter than the anchor plates 12 and 16.

  When the PC steel materials 11 and 15 are tensioned by the tension means 5 due to the difference in diameter between the one-side mold frame portion 21 and the other-side mold frame portion 22 in the mold frame 4 and the mold frame intermediate portion 23. The anchor plate 12 is engaged with the end of the mold intermediate part 23 on the one mold part 21 side so as to be hooked, and is fixed with, for example, a screw or the like, thereby accompanying the tension force acting on the PC steel material 11 The movement of the anchor plate 12 from the mold intermediate part 23 to the one mold part 21 side is restricted, and the anchor plate 16 is caught on the other mold part 22 side end of the mold intermediate part 23. By being engaged and fixed with, for example, a screw or the like, the movement of the anchor plate 12 from the mold intermediate part 23 to the other mold part 22 side due to the tension acting on the PC steel material 15 is limited.

  In other words, in the mold 4, the end of the mold intermediate part 23 on the one side mold part 21 side acts as one side locking part 25 that can lock the anchor plate 12 against the tension force to one side. The end of the mold intermediate part 23 on the other mold frame part 22 side acts as the other side locking part 26 that can lock the anchor plate 16 against the tension force to the other side.

  Next, the manufacturing method of the prestressed concrete pile as a concrete product by the said concrete product manufacturing apparatus 1 is demonstrated.

  When the prestressed concrete pile is manufactured by the concrete product manufacturing apparatus 1, first, two sets of prestressed units 2 and 3 are installed in the mold 4 in a state of being divided along the axial direction.

  These prestressed units 2 and 3 lock the anchor plate 12 to one side locking portion 25 of the mold intermediate portion 23 and lock the anchor plate 16 to the other side locking portion 26 of the mold intermediate portion 23. Install. That is, the anchor plates 12 and 16 are opposed to each other at the mold intermediate part 23, and the PC steel material 11 extends from the anchor plate 12 to one side in the axial direction at the one side mold part 21 to the other side mold part 22 The prestressed units 2 and 3 are installed in the mold 4 so that the PC steel material 15 extends from the anchor plate 16 to the other side in the axial direction.

  In this manner, concrete is placed in the mold 4 with the prestressed units 2 and 3 installed in the mold 4.

  Further, after the concrete is placed, the divided mold 4 is assembled into a substantially cylindrical shape and fixed with a bolt (not shown) or the like.

  Next, the tensioning means 5 tensions the PC steel material 11 on the one side in the axial direction with a predetermined tension amount, and tensions the PC steel material 15 on the other side in the axial direction with a predetermined tension amount.

  Specifically, the one side locking portion 25 and the other side locking portion 26 receive the reaction force of the tension force caused by pulling the PC steel materials 11 and 15 with the tension means 5 via the anchor plates 12 and 16. The PC steel materials 11 and 15 are strained.

  The PC steel material 11 and the PC steel material 15 are each tensioned with an appropriate amount of tension according to the prestressed concrete pile to be manufactured.

  After placing concrete and tensioning the PC steel materials 11 and 15, the mold 4 is subjected to centrifugal molding as it is, the concrete in the mold 4 is compacted, and then the mold 4 is subjected to curing, Curing of concrete under specified conditions.

  Then, the mold 4 is divided and opened along the axial direction, and the prestressed concrete pile after molding is removed from the mold 4 to release the tension of the PC steel materials 11 and 15, thereby producing a prestressed concrete pile. Prestressed concrete pile is given strength by applying prestress and compressive force.

  Next, the operation and effect of the one embodiment will be described.

  According to the above-described embodiment, in the mold 4, the anchor plate 12 of the prestressed unit 2 is locked to the one side locking portion 25, and the anchor plate 16 of the prestressed unit 3 is locked to the other side locking portion 26. By locking, the one side locking portion 25 and the other side locking portion 26 can act as a reaction force receiving portion, and tension is applied from both the prestressed unit 2 side and the prestressed unit 3 side in the mold 4. it can.

  Therefore, the PC steel material 11 and the PC steel material 15 are tensioned with different tension amounts, and different prestressed concrete piles, for example, A type in the one side mold part 21 and C type in the other side mold part 22, are used. It is possible to produce two prestressed concrete piles efficiently.

  In addition, when centrifugal molding is performed, two prestressed concrete piles can be formed by using one mold 4 for centrifugal molding. Therefore, the centrifugal time becomes one of the molds 4 and the two prestressed concrete piles are separated. Compared with the case of centrifugal molding, it is possible to reduce the power consumption by suppressing the motor usage time during centrifugal molding.

  Furthermore, when manufacturing a relatively short prestressed concrete pile, the formwork 4 is longer than when one prestressed concrete pile is centrifugally molded, so that stability during centrifugal molding can be improved.

  In addition, when curing, the formwork 4 after centrifugal molding of the prestressed concrete pile is carried into the curing room, so that the volumetric efficiency in the curing chamber is improved compared to molding and curing the prestressed concrete piles one by one. This saves space and reduces the amount of steam used.

  Since the load handling in each manufacturing process is equivalent to one form 4, the number of man-hours can be reduced as compared with the case where two prestressed concrete piles are separately manufactured.

  In addition, for example, in a factory that manufactures long products, short products that could not be manufactured due to problems with equipment such as transfer tables can be secured with dimensions that can be applied to the transfer table using the above-described formwork 4, so that various products can be manufactured. It becomes easy to cope with.

  The mold 4 has a one-side mold part 21, the other-side mold part 22, and a mold-frame intermediate part 23 having a diameter larger than those of the one-side mold part 21 and the other-side mold part 22. Because of the difference, one end of the mold intermediate part 23 acts as the one-side locking part 25, and the other end of the mold intermediate part 23 acts as the other-side locking part 26. The anchor plates 12 and 16 can be securely locked against the tension force with a simple structure.

  In the above embodiment, the prestressed units 2 and 3 are configured with the anchor plates 12 and 16 connected as end members. However, the present invention is not limited to such a configuration, and flanges are used as end members. May be.

  In addition, the prestressed units 2 and 3 are configured using PC steel as a tension material. However, the configuration is not limited to such a configuration, and the tension material is appropriately selected according to the desired performance. it can.

  The mold 4 has a one-side mold part 21, the other-side mold part 22, and a mold-frame intermediate part 23 having a diameter larger than those of the one-side mold part 21 and the other-side mold part 22. Due to the difference, one end of the mold intermediate part 23 acts as one side locking part 25, and the other end of the mold intermediate part 23 acts as the other locking part 26. However, it is not limited to such a configuration.

  That is, the mold 4 may be configured so that the anchor plates 12 and 16 can be locked against the tension force by the one side locking portion 25 and the other side locking portion 26. The side locking portion 26 may be configured to lock the anchor plates 12 and 16 against tension.

  Further, in the formwork intermediate portion 23, the anchor plates 12, 16 are fixed with screws or the like in a state of being engaged with the one side locking portion 25 and the other side locking portion 26, so that the anchor plate 12, However, the configuration is not limited to such a configuration, and a configuration in which the anchor plates 12 and 16 are not fixed in a locked state may be used.

  Prestressed units 2 and 3 corresponding to the filling method are installed in the mold 4 to form a prestressed concrete pile structure as a concrete product. However, the present invention is not limited to such a structure.

  That is, as in the modified example shown in FIG. 3, pump-stressed prestressed units 31 and 32 are installed on both one side and the other side in the mold 4 to produce a prestressed concrete pole as a concrete product, etc. It may be.

  In the configuration shown in FIG. 3, the anchor plates 35 and 36 as end members to which the PC steel materials 33 and 34 as tension members are connected correspond to the case where concrete is placed in the mold 4 by an injection method. In the center of the disk-shaped plate bodies 37 and 38, holes 39 and 40 for passing the concrete pressure-feed pipe through the mold 4 are provided.

  When the prestressed concrete pole is manufactured by the pouring method, the prestressed units 31 and 32 are installed in the divided formwork 4 and the formwork 4 is assembled. Tension each with a predetermined amount of tension.

  In addition, concrete is placed in the mold 4 by pouring in a state where the PC steel materials 33 and 34 are in tension, and is molded and cured by centrifugal molding or the like.

  After curing, the prestressed concrete pole is removed from the mold 4 to release the tension of the PC steel materials 33 and 34, and the prestressed concrete pole is prestressed.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, it is selected whether anchor plates 12 and 16 suitable for the filling method are used or anchor plates 35 and 36 suitable for the injection method are used as shown in FIG. The concrete placement method can be selected simply by changing to a configuration suitable for either one of the pouring method and the pouring method.

  Furthermore, it is not limited to the structure which manufactures the cylindrical concrete product whose outer periphery length is constant along an axial direction, For example, the concrete shape | molded thinly toward the front end like the modification shown in FIG. You may make it the structure etc. which manufacture the prestressed concrete pole as a product. When manufacturing such a prestressed concrete pole, prestressed units 41 and 42 configured to become narrower toward the tip are installed.

  The PC steel materials 33 and 34 and anchor plates 35 and 36 in the prestressed units 31 and 32, and the PC steel materials 43 and 44 as tension members in the prestressed units 41 and 42 and the anchor plates 45 and 46 as end members are shown. A structure can be suitably selected according to the concrete product to manufacture.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Concrete product manufacturing apparatus 2 Prestressed unit 3 Prestressed unit 4 Formwork 5 Tensioning means
11 PC steel as tension material
12 Anchor plate as end member
15 PC steel as tension material
16 Anchor plate as end member
25 One side locking part
26 Locking part on the other side
31 Prestressed unit
32 prestressed units
33 PC steel as tension material
34 PC steel as tension material
35 Anchor plate as end member
36 Anchor plate as end member
41 Prestressed unit
42 Prestressed unit
43 PC steel as tension material
44 PC steel as tension material
45 Anchor plate as end member
46 Anchor plate as end member

Claims (4)

  1. A concrete product manufacturing apparatus capable of manufacturing two prestressed concrete products,
    A substantially cylindrical formwork that can be installed so that the end members face each other two prestressed units having a tension member and an end member to which one end of the tension member is connected;
    Tensioning means for tensioning the tendon to one side and the other side in the axial direction of the mold,
    The mold has one side locking portion capable of locking the end member against the tension force of the tension material to one side in the axial direction by the tension means, and to the other side in the axial direction by the tension means. A concrete product manufacturing apparatus comprising: the other side locking portion capable of locking the end member against the tension force of the tension material.
  2. A concrete product in which two prestressed units having a tension material and an end member to which one end of the tension material is connected are installed in a mold, and two prestressed concrete products are manufactured using the tension of the tension material. A manufacturing method comprising:
    The mold is provided with a one-side locking portion capable of locking the end member with respect to a tension force of the tension material on one side in the axial direction, and a tension force of the tension material on the other side in the axial direction. And having the other side locking portion capable of locking the end member,
    Within the mold, the end member of one prestressed unit is locked to the one side locking portion, and the end member of another prestressed unit different from the one prestressed unit is locked to the other side locking portion. Each prestressed unit so that the end members face each other,
    Tension the tension material of the one pre-stressed unit to one side in the axial direction of the mold,
    Tension the tendon of the other prestressed unit to the other side in the axial direction of the mold,
    A method for producing a concrete product, comprising: applying prestress to concrete by releasing the tension of each tendon after forming.
  3. The method for producing a concrete product according to claim 2, wherein the tension material of one prestressed unit and the tension material of another prestressed unit are tensioned with different tension amounts.
  4. The method for producing a concrete product according to claim 2 or 3, wherein concrete is placed in the mold by either a filling method or an injection method.
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CN106217590B (en) * 2016-09-30 2018-11-30 中铁二十三局集团有限公司 Pre-tensioned rail plate flowing water unit method produces tooling device and method

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JPS5755055Y2 (en) * 1980-04-15 1982-11-29
JPH0272905A (en) * 1988-09-07 1990-03-13 Dainippon Glass Kogyo Kk Manufacture of prestressed concrete member and latticelike reinforcing rod for prestressed concrete member
EP0436859A3 (en) * 1990-01-12 1992-03-04 Wayss & Freytag Aktiengesellschaft Shuttering for making prestressed concrete sleepers with immediate anchoring
JP2004148768A (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-27 Times Engineering:Kk Prestressed concrete structure and its production method
JP4260044B2 (en) * 2004-02-27 2009-04-30 ジャパンパイル株式会社 Method for manufacturing concrete joint piles

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