JP6175004B2 - Sensor - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP6175004B2
JP6175004B2 JP2014002954A JP2014002954A JP6175004B2 JP 6175004 B2 JP6175004 B2 JP 6175004B2 JP 2014002954 A JP2014002954 A JP 2014002954A JP 2014002954 A JP2014002954 A JP 2014002954A JP 6175004 B2 JP6175004 B2 JP 6175004B2
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inner cylinder
portion
separator
rear end
filter
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JP2015132492A (en
Inventor
健弘 大場
健弘 大場
山田 裕一
裕一 山田
伊藤 慎悟
慎悟 伊藤
省吾 永田
省吾 永田
誠 久米
誠 久米
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日本特殊陶業株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a sensor such as a gas sensor or a temperature sensor that has a seal member at a rear end portion and detects the concentration of a specific gas component.

As sensors for improving fuel consumption and combustion control of internal combustion engines such as automobile engines, oxygen sensors and air-fuel ratio sensors that detect the oxygen concentration in exhaust gas are known.
As such a sensor, a structure in which a sensor element for detecting a concentration of a specific gas is held in a metal shell and a rear end side of the sensor element is surrounded by an insulating ceramic separator is generally used (Patent Document). 1). This is because the terminal fittings connected to the lead wires are electrically connected to the respective electrode pads of the sensor element, rubber grommets (seal members) are arranged on the rear end side of the separator, and the separator and grommets are It is covered with a metal outer cylinder. The lead wire is drawn out through the lead hole of the grommet.
Then, by crimping the rear end side of the outer cylinder, the grommet elastically presses the separator toward the front end side, and the separator is held between the grommet and the holding metal fitting on the front end side of the separator. ing.

  On the other hand, in recent years, there is a need to shorten the sensor element length in order to reduce the heat capacity of the element and achieve early activation. However, in the sensor having the configuration as disclosed in Patent Document 1, in order to satisfy the above-described needs, it is necessary to dispose a separator on the front end side in accordance with the sensor element length. However, since the grommet supported by the separator is also arranged on the tip side when the separator is arranged on the tip side, the heat from the sensor element exposed to the high-temperature exhaust gas is transmitted to the separator through the metal shell, There is a possibility that the heat of the separator having reached a high temperature is transmitted to the grommet and accelerates the deterioration of the grommet.

JP2010164591 (FIG. 4)

Therefore, it is possible to reduce the heat transferred from the separator to the grommet by separating the grommet from the separator via the inner cylinder. However, if the inner cylinder and the separator remain in contact, the heat transferred from the inner cylinder to the grommet can be considered. It is not sufficient to reduce this.
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a sensor that can significantly reduce heat transmitted from a sensor element to a seal member and further suppress thermal deterioration of the seal member.

In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a sensor according to the present invention includes a sensor element that extends in the axial direction and has a detection portion on a front end side, a cylindrical metal shell that surrounds the outer peripheral surface of the sensor element, and a rear end of the metal metal shell A cylindrical outer cylinder disposed on the side, an insulating separator that is disposed on the rear end side of the metal shell, surrounds the rear end side of the sensor element, and is fixed to the inner side of the outer cylinder; An inner cylinder that is disposed on the rear end side of the separator and that is fixed to the inner side of the outer cylinder, and an extending part that extends radially inward from the cylindrical part, and the tip of itself The facing surface is in contact with the extending portion of the inner cylinder, is elastically connected to the rear end side of the outer cylinder, is electrically connected to the sensor element, and the lead hole of the seal member A lead wire that is inserted through and pulled out to the outside, and the separator A serial inner cylinder is spaced in the axial direction.
According to this sensor, the seal member can be separated from the separator to suppress thermal deterioration of the seal member. Therefore, the heat transmitted from the inner cylinder to the sealing member can be greatly reduced, and the thermal deterioration of the sealing member can be further suppressed.

The separator and the metal shell may be separated from each other in the axial direction.
According to this sensor, the heat of the metal shell is not directly transmitted to the separator, and the separator is difficult to reach a high temperature. Therefore, the heat transmitted from the inner cylinder to the seal member is greatly reduced, and the thermal deterioration of the seal member is further suppressed. Can do.

The seal member may have a vent hole penetrating in the axial direction, and a water repellent vent filter may be inserted into the vent hole.
The extending portion of the inner cylinder has a through hole communicating with the vent hole, and a tubular filter fastener is further inserted into the vent hole, and the inside of the through hole and the filter fastener is inserted. You may make it the front end direction surface of the said filter clasp contact | abut to the said extension part of the said inner cylinder, communicating with space.
Furthermore, the ventilation filter is a sheet-like filter that covers the outside of the filter clasp, and the filter clasp has a flange portion that protrudes radially outward on the distal end side of the filter clasp, and faces the distal end of the flange portion. You may make it a surface contact | abut to the said extension part of the said inner cylinder.
According to this sensor, the extending portion of the inner cylinder is brought into contact with the front surface of the ventilation filter, the filter clasp, and the flange portion thereof, to the front end side of the vent filter and the filter clasp disposed in the seal member. Can be prevented from falling off.

A projecting portion projecting to the rear end side is formed in the extending portion of the inner cylinder, and the projecting portion is fitted into the tip-facing surface of the seal member so as to restrict the circumferential rotation of the seal member. It may be.
According to this sensor, rotation of the seal member in the circumferential direction is restricted, and it is possible to prevent the lead wire from being damaged by applying an excessive force to the lead wire inserted through the lead hole of the seal member.

The tip-facing surface is formed with a rotation restricting portion that restricts rotation in its circumferential direction, and the extending portion of the inner cylinder is formed with an engaging portion that comes into contact with the rotation restricting portion. Also good.
According to this sensor, rotation of the seal member in the circumferential direction is restricted, and it is possible to prevent the lead wire from being damaged by applying an excessive force to the lead wire inserted through the lead hole of the seal member.

  According to this invention, the heat transmitted from the sensor element to the seal member can be greatly reduced, and the thermal deterioration of the seal member in the sensor can be further suppressed.

It is sectional drawing which follows the axial direction of the sensor which concerns on embodiment of this invention. It is a disassembled perspective view of a grommet, an inner cylinder, and a separator.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described.
A gas sensor (oxygen sensor) 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view taken along the direction of the axis O of the gas sensor 100, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the grommet (seal member) 50, the inner cylinder 40, and the separator 75. The lower side in FIG. 1 (side on which the detection part 10a of the sensor element 10 is located) is referred to as “tip side”, and the upper side (side on which the electrode extraction part (electrode pad) 10e of the sensor element 10 is located) is referred to as “rear side”. It is called “end side”.

The gas sensor 100 is an assembly in which the sensor element 10 is assembled. The gas sensor 100 includes a plate-like sensor element 10 extending in the direction of the axis O (vertical direction in FIG. 1), and a metal shell 2 fixed to the exhaust pipe of the automobile engine. The metal shell 2 has a substantially cylindrical shape, and a threaded portion 24 for fixing to the exhaust pipe is formed on the outer surface, while a shelf portion 2p having an inner hole 25 and projecting radially inward from the inner hole 25. On the tip side. The metal shell 2 accommodates the sensor element 10 in the inner hole 25, and the detection portion 10a provided on the front end side of the sensor element 10 and the electrode pad 10e provided on the rear end side protrude from the metal shell 2, respectively. In this state, the sensor element 10 is held. Further, between the inner peripheral surface of the metal shell 2 and the outer peripheral surface of the sensor element 10, an annular holding member 21 made of ceramic surrounding the outer peripheral surface of the sensor element 10, powder fillers (talc rings) 22, 23, And the ceramic sleeve 30 is laminated | stacked from the detection part 10a side in this order. Then, the rear end portion 2a of the metal shell 2 is swaged and the sleeve 30 is pressed to the front end side, so that the holding member 21 is locked to the shelf portion 2p and the talc rings 22 and 23 are crushed into the inner hole 25. The sensor element 10 is filled and firmly fixed at a predetermined position in the metal shell 2. Examples of the talc rings 22 and 23 include talc (ceramic powder) and glass (silicate compounds such as silicate glass or silicate glass).
The holding member 21 and the talc ring 22 are accommodated in the inner hole 25 of the metal shell 2 via the metal cup 20.

Further, a metal external protector 4 and an internal protector 3 that surround the detection portion 10 a of the sensor element 10 are attached to the outer periphery on the front end side of the metal shell 2.
In this example, the sensor element 10 is an oxygen sensor element having a configuration in which a pair of electrodes are arranged on the surface of the solid electrolyte layer. In addition, a heater for activating the cell and a solid electrolyte layer are protected. Insulating layers (such as alumina) are laminated. Further, the porous protective layer 12 covers the surface of the detection unit 10 a of the sensor element 10.

On the other hand, electrode pads 10e (two in each case, a total of four in this example) provided on both plate surfaces of the rear end side of the sensor element 10 and the rear end side of the sensor element 10 are cylindrical ceramics. It is surrounded by a separator 75 made of. As will be described later, the separator 75 has an insertion hole 75h in the center of the sensor element 10, and communicates with the insertion hole 75h to accommodate a plurality of terminal fittings 60 (four in this example). As shown in FIG. 2, there are four in this example. The terminal fittings 60 are inserted through the partitioned holes 75k while ensuring insulation, and the terminal fittings 60 are electrically connected to the electrode pads 10e of the sensor element 10, respectively.
Each terminal fitting 60 held in the separator 75 is folded inward at the tip, and the folded portion is electrically connected to each electrode pad 10 e of the sensor element 10. On the other hand, the rear end side of each terminal fitting 60 is a crimping portion 65 protruding from the rear end of the separator 75. The crimping portion 65 has a lead wire 68 crimped and connected to the inside thereof. Each lead wire 68 is drawn out through an outer through hole 41h (see FIG. 2) of the inner cylinder 40, which will be described later, and a lead hole 51h of the grommet 50.

A cylindrical elastic seal member (grommet) 50 such as rubber is disposed at the rear end of the separator 75 so as to be separated from the separator 75, and the separator 75 and the grommet 50 are covered with a metal outer cylinder 90. Further, between the grommet 50 and the separator 75 inside the outer cylinder 90, a bottomed cylindrical inner cylinder 40 made of metal and closed at the rear end side is disposed, and the inner cylinder 40 and the separator 75 are also separated in the direction of the axis O. doing. The inner cylinder 40 has a cylindrical portion extending in the axial direction and an extending portion 40a extending radially inward from the cylindrical portion (see FIG. 2).
A metal-made substantially cylindrical fastener 80 that holds the separator 75 from the front end side is caulked and fixed to the front end side of the center of the outer cylinder 90 in the axis O direction to form a caulking portion 90t. Further, the rear end portion of the outer cylinder 90 is narrower than the outer diameter of the separator 75 toward the rear end side from the crimped portion 90t, thereby forming an inner convex portion 90a. As shown in FIG. 2, the fastener 80 is made of metal and has a substantially cylindrical shape, and a plurality of long pieces 80s each having a folded surface 80b from its rear edge toward the inner surface are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction (six in this example). ) In addition, in the direction of the axis O, the front-facing surface of the fastener 80 is substantially at the same position as the rear end 2a of the metal shell 2.

Then, the rear end side of the outer cylinder 90 is crimped, the grommet 50 is held in the outer cylinder 90, and the outer cylinder 90 is crimped radially inward at the position of the cylindrical portion of the inner cylinder 40 to be crimped. A portion 90 s is formed, and the inner cylinder 40 is fixed in the outer cylinder 90. In addition, the leading end facing surface 50 a of the grommet 50 is thereby pressed against the extending portion 40 a of the inner cylinder 40.
In addition, with the folded surface 80b of the fastener 80 fitted into the tip-facing surface 75b of the separator 75, the rear end-facing surface 75a of the separator 75 is locked to the tip-facing surface of the inner convex portion 90a. The outer cylinder 90 is crimped radially inward at the side surface. As a result, the separator 75 is held apart from the metal shell 2 (rear end portion 2a) in the axis O direction while being sandwiched in the axis O direction at the top and bottom of the front end side and the rear end side. The long piece 80s abuts on the outer surface of the separator 75, and the impact applied to the outer cylinder 90 is not directly transmitted to the separator 75 due to the elastic force of the long piece 80s.
Further, the outer cylinder 90 holding the separator 75, the inner cylinder 40 and the grommet 50 therein is fitted to the rear end side of the metal shell 2, and after crimping the fitting portion, the entire circumference is welded to connect them. ing.

Further, as shown in FIG. 2, a vent hole 50h that penetrates in the direction of the axis O is formed at the center of the grommet 50, and a plurality (4 in this example) penetrates in the direction of the axis O on the radially outer side of the vent hole 50h. Pieces of lead holes 51h are formed along the circumferential direction.
Each lead wire 68 is drawn out through the lead hole 51h. On the other hand, a cylindrical filter clasp 55 and a water-repellent vent filter 52 that covers the outside of the filter clasp 55 are inserted into the vent hole 50h. Thereby, the reference gas (atmosphere) can be introduced into the gas sensor from the outside of the grommet 50. The ventilation filter 52 is made of a fluororesin such as PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and can pass through the atmosphere without passing water droplets.
The filter clasp 55 is made of metal and has a bottomed cylindrical shape with the rear end closed. A center hole 55h is formed in the rear end face of the filter clasp 55, and the reference atmosphere flows into the gas sensor through the vent hole 52 from the center hole 55h. On the other hand, a flange portion 55 f that protrudes radially outward is formed on the tip end side of the filter clasp 55. Further, the peripheral edge of the vent hole 50h is recessed toward the rear end side on the side facing the front end surface 50a of the grommet 50 to form a concave portion 50a1, and the rear end facing surface 55a of the flange portion 55f is formed into the concave portion 50a1 via the vent filter 52. In contact (contained in the recess 50a1)

On the other hand, a through hole 40h is formed at the center of the extending portion 40a of the inner cylinder 40, and a plurality (four in this example) of outer through holes 41h are formed along the circumferential direction on the radially outer side of the through hole 40h. Has been. The through hole 40h communicates with the vent hole 50h, and the outer through hole 41h communicates with the lead hole 51h.
It is necessary to prevent the through hole 40h from completely overlapping with the flange portion 55f so that the filter clasp 55 does not fall off through the through hole 40h. In the present embodiment, since the diameter of the flange portion 55f is larger than the diameter of the through hole 40h, the through hole 40h does not completely overlap the flange portion 55f, and the through hole 40h is the inner surface of the filter clasp 55 ( The tip-facing surface 55b of the flange portion 55f is in contact with the extending portion 40a of the inner cylinder 40 while communicating with the center hole 55h).
Furthermore, in the present embodiment, the extended portion 40a of the inner cylinder 40 is formed with a rectangular protruding portion 40s that protrudes toward the rear end side between two adjacent outer through holes 41h. And the protrusion part 40s fits in the front end surface 50a of the grommet 50, and the rotation of the circumferential direction of the grommet 50 is controlled.

As described above, in the present embodiment, the inner cylinder 40 is disposed between the grommet 50 and the separator 75, and the grommet 50 is separated from the separator 75. The contact area between the inner cylinder 40 and the separator 75 is small. For this reason, the transfer of heat from the separator 75 to the grommet 50 is reduced, and thermal degradation of the grommet 50 can be suppressed.
Furthermore, since the separator 75 and the metal shell 2 are also separated from each other, the heat of the metal shell 2 is not directly transmitted to the separator 75, and the separator 75 is unlikely to reach a high temperature. Therefore, the heat transmitted from the inner cylinder 40 to the grommet 50 can be significantly reduced, and thermal degradation of the grommet 50 can be further suppressed.

Further, by causing the extending portion 40a of the inner cylinder 40 to contact the front end facing surface 55b of the flange portion 55f, it is possible to prevent the filter clasp 55 disposed in the grommet 50 from falling off to the front end side. In addition, by disposing the ventilation filter 52 on the radially inner side from the lead hole 51h of the grommet 50, the heat of the outer cylinder 90, which is heated due to the heat on the exhaust gas side, is difficult to be transmitted to the ventilation filter 52. Deterioration can be suppressed. Further, when the grommet 50 is crimped to fix the ventilation filter 52 in the ventilation hole 50h, the ventilation hole 50h is located on the side close to the center of the grommet 50, so that the crimping force is evenly distributed in the circumferential direction of the ventilation hole 50h. In addition, the caulking can be performed stably, and the sealing performance of the ventilation filter 52 is maintained.
Further, by forming the protruding portion 40 s in the extending portion 40 a of the inner cylinder 40, the circumferential rotation of the grommet 50 is restricted, and an extra force is applied to the lead wire 68 inserted through the lead hole 51 h of the grommet 50. This can prevent the lead wire 68 from being damaged.

It goes without saying that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, but extends to various modifications and equivalents included in the spirit and scope of the present invention. For example, the shapes of the separator, the grommet, the inner cylinder, and the ventilation filter are not limited to the above.
In addition to the oxygen sensor, the sensor is not limited to a gas sensor for measuring a gas concentration such as a NOx sensor, HC, and H 2 , and can be applied to a temperature sensor, for example.
Further, the inner cylinder 40 may be fixed to the outer cylinder 90 by welding such as laser welding. The method of fixing the separator 75 inside the outer cylinder 90 is not limited to the above.
In this embodiment, the protrusion 40s formed on the inner cylinder 40 is fitted into the tip-facing surface 50a of the grommet 50 to restrict the rotation. However, the rotation restricting portion 50b is formed on the tip-facing surface 50a of the grommet 50. Further, the rotation may be restricted by forming an engaging part in contact with the rotation restricting part 50b in the extending part 40a of the inner cylinder 40. The above-described rotation restricting portion 50b on the grommet 50 side may be a protruding portion that protrudes toward the front end side, or a concave portion that is recessed toward the rear end side.
The position of the extending part 40a of the inner cylinder 40 is not limited to the rear end of the cylindrical part.
The shape, position, number, and the like of the rectangular projecting portion 40s projecting from the extending portion 40a of the inner cylinder 40 are not limited.
Furthermore, when the front end edge of the inner cylinder 40 is positioned on the rear end side of the crimping portion 65 of the terminal fitting 60, it is possible to suppress the insulating portion from being lowered due to the crimping portion 65 being in contact with the conductive inner cylinder 40.
The ventilation filter 52 is not limited to a sheet shape, and may be, for example, a columnar shape or a cylindrical shape. Further, if the diameter of the filter clasp 55 is formed larger than the diameter of the through hole 40h, the flange portion 55f may be omitted. In this case, the tip edge of the filter clasp 55 comes into contact with the extended portion 40 a of the inner cylinder 40.

2 Metal shell 10 Sensor element 10a Detection part 40 Inner cylinder 40a Extension part of inner cylinder 40h Through hole 40s Protrusion part of inner cylinder 50 Seal member (grommet)
50a Seal member (grommet) tip-facing surface 50b Rotation restricting portion 50h Seal member (grommet) vent hole 51h Lead hole 52 Ventilation filter 55 Filter clamp 55a Flange portion rear end surface 55b Flange portion tip-facing surface 55f Filter Fastener flange 60 Terminal bracket 68 Lead wire 75 Separator 90 Outer cylinder 100 Sensor O Axial direction

Claims (7)

  1. A sensor element extending in the axial direction and having a detector on the tip side;
    A cylindrical metal shell surrounding the outer peripheral surface of the sensor element;
    A cylindrical outer cylinder disposed on the rear end side of the metal shell,
    An insulating separator that is disposed on the rear end side of the metal shell, surrounds the rear end side of the sensor element, and is fixed to the inside of the outer cylinder;
    An inner cylinder that is disposed on the rear end side of the separator and that is fixed to the inner side of the outer cylinder, and an extending part that extends radially inward from the cylindrical part;
    An elastic seal member that has its own tip-facing surface in contact with the extending portion of the inner cylinder and is accommodated on the rear end side of the outer cylinder;
    A lead wire that is electrically connected to the sensor element and that is inserted into the lead hole of the seal member and pulled out;
    A sensor comprising:
    A sensor in which the separator and the inner cylinder are separated in the axial direction.
  2.   The sensor according to claim 1, wherein the separator and the metal shell are separated from each other in the axial direction.
  3. The seal member has a vent hole penetrating in the axial direction;
    The sensor according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a water-repellent ventilation filter is inserted into the ventilation hole.
  4. The extending portion of the inner cylinder has a through hole communicating with the vent hole,
    A tubular filter clasp is further inserted into the vent hole,
    The sensor according to claim 3, wherein the tip-facing surface of the filter fastener abuts on the extension portion of the inner cylinder while the through hole communicates with the internal space of the filter fastener.
  5. The ventilation filter is a sheet-like filter that covers the outside of the filter clasp,
    The filter clasp is provided with a flange portion protruding outward in the radial direction on its tip side,
    The sensor according to claim 4, wherein a surface facing the tip of the flange portion abuts on the extending portion of the inner cylinder.
  6. A protruding portion that protrudes toward the rear end side is formed in the extending portion of the inner cylinder,
    The sensor according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the protruding portion is fitted into the tip-facing surface of the seal member to restrict circumferential rotation of the seal member.
  7. A rotation restricting portion that restricts rotation in the circumferential direction of the seal member is formed on the tip-facing surface of the seal member.
    The sensor according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein an engaging portion that contacts the rotation restricting portion is formed in the extending portion of the inner cylinder.
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CN201410646203.8A CN104777209B (en) 2014-01-10 2014-11-14 Sensor

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4359368B2 (en) * 1999-10-29 2009-11-04 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Gas sensor
JP2004198360A (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-07-15 Denso Corp Gas sensor
CN100507545C (en) * 2003-09-17 2009-07-01 日本特殊陶业株式会社 Sensor and sensor producing method
JP4209817B2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2009-01-14 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Water-repellent filter member, manufacturing method thereof, waterproof device, and gas sensor
CN101275924A (en) * 2007-03-31 2008-10-01 王冬梅 Gas sensor
JP4996510B2 (en) * 2008-03-06 2012-08-08 日本特殊陶業株式会社 sensor
JP4961416B2 (en) * 2008-12-10 2012-06-27 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Sensor
DE102009044867B4 (en) * 2008-12-10 2015-05-21 Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd. Sensor
JP4801181B2 (en) * 2009-03-19 2011-10-26 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Sensor
JP2012008017A (en) * 2010-06-25 2012-01-12 Denso Corp Gas sensor
JP5592336B2 (en) * 2011-11-16 2014-09-17 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Gas sensor
JP5934727B2 (en) * 2013-03-13 2016-06-15 日本特殊陶業株式会社 Gas sensor

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CN104777209A (en) 2015-07-15
CN104777209B (en) 2018-10-02

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