JP6142647B2 - Blower - Google Patents

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JP6142647B2
JP6142647B2 JP2013095759A JP2013095759A JP6142647B2 JP 6142647 B2 JP6142647 B2 JP 6142647B2 JP 2013095759 A JP2013095759 A JP 2013095759A JP 2013095759 A JP2013095759 A JP 2013095759A JP 6142647 B2 JP6142647 B2 JP 6142647B2
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ventilation
air
water
opening
closing damper
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JP2014215029A (en
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郁仁 佐藤
郁仁 佐藤
中林 憲洋
憲洋 中林
俊介 野谷
俊介 野谷
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マックス株式会社
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  The present invention relates to a blower used in a humid environment such as a bathroom.
  Conventionally, there is a blower device called a bathroom heating ventilation drying device that is installed on the ceiling of a bathroom, etc. and realizes functions such as ventilation of the bathroom and other rooms, heating of the bathroom, drying of objects to be dried in the bathroom, etc. Proposed.
  In a bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus, since humid air in the bathroom is sucked in, there is a possibility that condensation occurs in the air passage. Thus, a technique has been proposed in which condensed water can be stored in a fan case (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
JP 11-226297 A
  In an air blower or the like constituting a bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus, a technique including an air path opening / closing member that opens and closes a suction port is known in order to prevent intrusion of another room or outside air. In an apparatus used in a place where the humidity is high, such as a bathroom, water droplets may adhere to the airway opening / closing member due to a difference in humidity or temperature / humidity in the installation place.
  In a ventilation device used in a house, the lower surface of the device is covered with a decorative member called a front panel or the like, but the decorative member is provided with an opening called an inlet grille or the like for sucking air. In addition, there is a possibility that water adhering to the air path opening / closing member may drip out of the machine from the opening of the decorative member.
  The present invention has been made to solve such a problem, and an object of the present invention is to provide a blower capable of suppressing dripping of water outside the apparatus.
In order to solve the above-described problems, the present invention is configured by providing an air passage having a ventilation port through which air flows, a first member disposed below the ventilation port, and an opening on a lower surface of the first member. includes an opening through the vent holes and the communication, and a second member for adjusting the air passage, the surface of the inner side of the first member outside the opening, at least a portion facing the second member The first member has a convex portion protruding from the inner surface, and includes a water receiving portion that suppresses dripping of water dropped from the second member from the opening, and the second member has a concave shape. And a convex portion protruding from the concave portion, and the convex portion and the concave portion operate in a direction facing the water receiving portion, thereby opening the air vent .
  According to the present invention, when water adheres to the second member, the water dripped from the second member can be received on the inner surface side outside the opening in the first member. It can suppress dripping from the opening part of the member to the exterior of an apparatus.
It is an internal block diagram which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is a whole block diagram which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is a bottom view which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is a bottom view which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows an example of an air path opening / closing damper. It is a principal part block diagram which shows an example of a water receiving part. It is explanatory drawing which shows the effect of the water induction | guidance | derivation by the shape of an air path opening / closing damper. It is a schematic diagram which shows the flow of the air suck | inhaled by a ventilation fan. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows the modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows the other modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows the other modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows the other modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. It is an internal block diagram which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. It is an internal block diagram which shows the modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. It is an internal block diagram which shows another modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows another modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows another modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows another modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment.
  Hereinafter, with reference to drawings, the bathroom heating ventilation drying device as an embodiment of the air blower of the present invention is explained.
<Configuration example of bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus of this embodiment>
FIG. 1 is an internal configuration diagram illustrating an example of a bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus according to the present embodiment, and FIG. 2 is an overall configuration diagram illustrating an example of a bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus according to the present embodiment. 3 and 4 are bottom views showing an example of the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus according to the present embodiment, FIG. 3 shows a state in which the front panel is attached, and FIG. 4 shows a state in which the front panel is removed. .
  First, with reference to FIG. 2 etc., the whole structure of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A of this Embodiment is demonstrated. As shown in FIG. 2, the bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A according to the present embodiment is installed in a form in which the apparatus main body 10 is placed in an opening (not shown) provided on the ceiling 100 a of the bathroom 100.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, a front panel 11 including an inlet grill 11a into which air is sucked and an outlet grill 11b through which air is blown out is attached to the lower surface of the apparatus body 10, and the front panel 11 is attached to the bathroom 100. Exposed to the ceiling 100a.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A installed on the ceiling 100 a of the bathroom 100 is connected to the exhaust duct 12. The exhaust duct 12 is connected to an outdoor grill 12a installed on an outer wall 101 of a building (not shown).
  Moreover, 1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are connected with the one or some sub suction duct, and the two sub suction ducts 13 in this example. One sub-suction duct 13 is connected to a sub-suction grill 13a installed at 102a on the ceiling of the washroom 102, which is another room, and the other sub-suction duct 13 is connected to the toilet 103, which is another room. It is connected to the auxiliary inlet grill 13a installed at 103a on the ceiling.
  In addition, in this example, although it was set as the structure in which air is sucked from both the washroom 102 and the toilet 103 as another room, it is good also as a structure in which air is sucked from either one.
  Next, the configuration of the front panel 11 will be described with reference to FIG. The front panel 11 is an example of a first member that is a decorative member. For example, a lattice-shaped opening is provided at a position covering the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10 as shown in FIG. A blowout grill 11b is formed.
  The front panel 11 is provided with an inlet grill 11a and an outlet grill 11b along a direction along one side of the front panel 11, in this example, along the longitudinal direction. The front panel 11 has an inlet grill 11a provided on one end side in the longitudinal direction, and an outlet grill 11b provided on the other end side in the longitudinal direction.
  The front panel 11 has a filter 110 attached to a suction grill 11a serving as a suction opening that is an opening. As shown in FIG. 1, the front panel 11 is provided with a guide portion 11c on the inside of the inlet grill 11a to which the filter 110 is detachably attached by moving in the horizontal direction.
  As shown in FIG. 3, the front panel 11 is configured to be detachable from the front panel 11 by a sliding operation that moves the filter 110 horizontally from one side of the front panel 11.
  The filter 110 includes a filter part 110a through which air passes and dust or the like adheres, and a frame part 110b to which the filter part 110a is attached. For example, the filter 110 is provided with a frame portion 110b along at least four sides of a rectangular shape, and the filter portion 110a is provided inside the frame portion 110b. The frame portion 110b may be provided in a lattice shape.
  When the filter 110 is attached to the guide portion 11 c of the front panel 11, the inside of the suction grill 11 a is covered with the filter 110, and the air sucked from the opening of the suction grill 11 a passes through the filter 110 a of the filter 110.
  Further, the front panel 11 is provided with an opening on the lower surface to form the inlet grille 11a, so that the filter 110 attached to the guide portion 11c can be viewed from the opening of the inlet grille 11a. Thereby, the state of the filter 110 such as the degree of contamination can be confirmed without removing the filter 110 from the front panel 11.
  The front panel 11 includes a water receiver 11d at a predetermined position facing the apparatus main body 10 in the vicinity of the inlet grill 11a. Although details of the water receiving portion 11d will be described later, moisture such as condensed water generated in the apparatus main body 10 is received in the front panel 11 to prevent dripping from the inlet grill 11a.
  Next, with reference to FIG. 1 etc., the detail of a structure of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A of this Embodiment is demonstrated. 1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are equipped with the circulation fan 2 which inhales the air of the bathroom 100 from the inlet grill 11a of the apparatus main body 10, and blows it out from the blower outlet grill 11b of the apparatus main body 10 to the bathroom 100.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A sucks air in the bathroom 100 from the suction grill 11 a of the apparatus body 10 and exhausts the air to the outside through the exhaust duct 12, and also includes a bathroom undressing room 102 and a toilet that are other rooms. A ventilation fan 3 is provided that sucks 103 air from the sub-inlet grill 13a through the sub-intake duct 13 and exhausts the air to the outside through the exhaust duct 12.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A is provided in such a manner that the ventilation fan 3 overlaps the upper side of the circulation fan 2. Case 4 is attached.
  The circulation fan 2 is an example of a circulation blower, and includes a multi-blade impeller 20, a circulation fan motor 21 that rotationally drives the impeller 20, and a circulation fan case 22 that forms an air passage.
  The circulation fan case 22 is an example of an air passage forming means. The circulation fan suction port 22a which is a suction portion into which air is sucked when the impeller 20 is rotationally driven, and the air sucked from the circulation fan suction port 22a blows out. The circulation fan outlet 22b which is a blowout part to be provided is provided.
  In addition, the circulation fan case 22 includes a circulation fan case air passage 22c that is an air passage that generates a flow of air that blows out air sucked from the circulation fan suction port 22a from the circulation fan air outlet 22b.
  In the circulation fan 2, a circulation fan suction port 22 a configured by a circular opening called a bell mouth is provided in the rotation axis direction of the impeller 20. In addition, the circulation fan 2 is provided with a circulation fan case air passage 22 c with a circulation fan case 22 having a shape along the outer periphery of the impeller 20.
  The circulation fan 2 is attached to the apparatus main body 10 in a form in which the rotating shaft of the impeller 20 is vertically oriented, and the circulation fan case 22 constitutes a part of the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10. The circulation fan 2 is provided with a circulation fan suction port 22a on the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10 on one side of the rotation axis direction of the impeller 20, and the impeller 20 is disposed inside the circulation fan suction port 22a. Further, the circulation fan 2 is provided with a circulation fan outlet 22b on the lower surface of the apparatus body 10 so as to communicate with the circulation fan case air passage 22c.
  Thereby, when the impeller 20 is rotationally driven by the circulation fan motor 21, the circulation fan 2 draws air from the circulation fan suction port 22a, and the air sucked from the circulation fan suction port 22a becomes the circulation fan case air path. It passes through 22c and is blown out from the circulating fan outlet 22b.
  1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are provided with the heater 5 inside the circulation fan blower outlet 22b. The heater 5 is an example of a heating unit, and in this example, is constituted by a PTC heater. The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A generates heat when the heater 5 is energized, and the air blown out from the circulation fan outlet 22b is heated.
  The circulation fan 2 is attached to the lower side of the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22 such that the circulation fan motor 21 enters the inside of the impeller 20, and the circulation fan motor 21 protrudes from the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22 and retracts. This is a configuration in which no convex shape is provided.
  Thereby, the circulation fan 2 does not need to provide a space for retracting the circulation fan motor 21 above the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22, and circulates without providing a space between the circulation fan 2 and the ventilation fan 3. The ventilation fan 3 is attached to the upper surface of the fan case 22.
  The ventilation fan 3 is an example of a ventilation fan unit, and includes a multi-blade impeller 30, a ventilation fan motor 31 that rotationally drives the impeller 30, and a ventilation fan case 32 that forms an air passage.
  The ventilation fan case 32 is an example of an air path forming means, and the ventilation fan suction port 32a which is a suction portion into which air is sucked when the impeller 30 is driven to rotate, and the air sucked from the ventilation fan suction port 32a blows out. The ventilation fan blower outlet 32b which is a blower part to be provided is provided.
  The ventilation fan case 32 includes a ventilation fan case air passage 32c that is an air passage that generates an air flow for blowing out air sucked from the ventilation fan inlet 32a from the ventilation fan outlet 32b.
  The ventilation fan 3 is provided with a ventilation fan suction port 32 a configured by a circular opening called a bell mouth in the direction of the rotation axis of the impeller 30. The ventilation fan 3 is provided with a ventilation fan case air passage 32c with a ventilation fan case 32 having a shape along the outer periphery of the impeller 30. The ventilation fan case air passage 32c communicates with the ventilation fan case air passage 32c in the lateral direction of the impeller 30. A ventilation fan outlet 32b is provided.
  The ventilation fan 3 is attached to the apparatus main body 10 in a form in which the rotating shaft of the impeller 30 is vertically oriented. The ventilation fan 3 is provided with a ventilation fan suction port 32a on the upper surface of a ventilation fan case 32 on the other side in the rotational axis direction of the impeller 30, and the impeller 30 is disposed inside the ventilation fan suction port 32a.
  The ventilation fan 3 is attached to the upper side of the circulation fan 2 such that the ventilation fan case 32 overlaps the circulation fan case 22 of the circulation fan 2. As described above, the circulation fan 2 disposed on the lower side of the ventilation fan 3 has a configuration in which no convex shape is provided on the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22 so that the circulation fan motor 21 protrudes and retracts.
  Therefore, the ventilation fan 3 is attached to the upper side of the circulation fan 2 in such an arrangement that the impeller 30 of the ventilation fan 3 and the impeller 20 of the circulation fan 2 overlap, and the lower surface of the ventilation fan case 32 is connected to the ventilation fan case 32. It is comprised by the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22 of the overlapping part.
  The ventilation fan 3 is provided with a motor mounting portion 33 on the upper side of the ventilation fan suction port 32a. The ventilation fan 3 is attached to the motor mounting portion 33 so that the ventilation fan motor 31 enters the ventilation fan suction port 32a, and an air path is formed between the ventilation fan motor 31 and the ventilation fan suction port 32a.
  Thereby, when the impeller 30 is rotationally driven by the ventilation fan motor 31, the ventilation fan 3 draws air from the ventilation fan suction port 32a, and the air sucked from the ventilation fan suction port 32a becomes the ventilation fan case air path. It passes through 32c and is blown out from the ventilation fan outlet 32b.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32 made of a resin material are covered with the metal case 4, and the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32 are provided between the metal case 4. The air path communicating with the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 is formed in the space that is formed.
  That is, the bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A is a communication space provided between the metal case 4 and the side surfaces of the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32, and between the metal case 4 and the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32. Thus, the bathroom suction air passage 14a is formed.
  The bathroom suction air passage 14a is one end in the direction along one side of the apparatus main body 10, in this example, one end in the longitudinal direction, and includes the metal case 4, the circulation fan case 22, and the ventilation. It is comprised by the space provided between the side surfaces of the fan case 32.
  The bathroom suction air passage 14 a is a space provided between the metal case 4 and the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32, and is mainly configured by a space on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10. Is done.
  As a result, the bathroom suction air passage 14a has a space formed along the side surfaces of the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32 inside the metal case 4 and the ventilation fan suction formed in the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32. It communicates with the mouth 32a.
  1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are equipped with the ventilation inlet 15 in the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10. As shown in FIG. The ventilation suction port 15 is an example of a ventilation port that is a suction port. The ventilation suction port 15 is configured by opening the lower end of the bathroom suction air passage 14a and communicates with the ventilation fan suction port 32a.
  1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are provided with the ventilation inlet 15, the circulation fan inlet 22a, and the circulation fan outlet 22b along the longitudinal direction which is a direction along the one side of the apparatus main body 10. As shown in FIG.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A is provided with a ventilation suction port 15 on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus body 10 according to the arrangement of the bathroom suction air passage 14 a, and a circulation fan is provided inside the ventilation suction port 15. The suction ports 22 a are arranged in parallel along the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10. Moreover, 1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are provided with the circulation fan blower outlet 22b in the other edge part side of the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10. FIG.
  The ventilation suction port 15 extends in the direction along the other side of the apparatus main body 10, in this example, along the short direction of the apparatus main body 10, and the side on the side along the short direction of the apparatus main body 10 has a side. The apparatus body 10 is longer than the side along the longitudinal direction.
  Moreover, the ventilation inlet 15 is comprised by the shape matched with the bathroom suction air path 14a formed between the inner surface of the metal case 4 which is planar, and the outer peripheral surface of the circulation fan case 22 which is convex circle shape. Is done.
  That is, the ventilation suction port 15 includes a curved recess 15 a on the inner opening surface that is the side facing the circulation fan case 22. The curved concave portion 15 a of the ventilation suction port 15 is configured in a shape in which an inner opening surface facing the circulation fan case 22 is concavely curved in accordance with the shape of the outer peripheral surface of the circulation fan case 22.
  Further, the ventilation suction port 15 is configured such that an opening surface along the longitudinal direction, which is one surface facing the metal case 4, is linear along the short direction of the apparatus main body 10. Further, the ventilation suction port 15 is configured such that the opening surface along the short direction, which is the other surface facing the metal case 4, is linear along the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10.
  When the front panel 11 is attached to the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A is provided with the inlet grill 11 a of the front panel 11 below the ventilation inlet 15 and the circulation fan inlet 22 a. Moreover, the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A is provided with an outlet grill 11b of the front panel 11 below the circulation fan outlet 22b.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, the ventilation suction port 15 and the circulation fan suction port 22a of the apparatus body 10 and the suction grille 11a of the front panel 11 communicate with each other, and the air sucked by the circulation fan 2 and the ventilation fan 3 are sucked. Air passes through the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the circulation fan inlet 22 a of the circulation fan 2 formed by providing an opening on the lower surface of the apparatus body 10 faces the inlet grill 11 a of the front panel 11.
  Accordingly, in the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A, a part of the air passing through the suction inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11 is formed between the circulation fan suction inlet 22a on the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10 and the suction inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11. The space formed between them is sucked from the circulation fan suction port 22a of the circulation fan 2 using the air passage as a wind path.
  Further, the bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus 1A is formed such that the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 provided on the upper side of the circulation fan 2 is provided with an opening on the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32, and the ventilation fan suction port 32a is formed. It communicates with the bathroom suction air passage 14a provided with the ventilation suction port 15.
  Thus, in the bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the remaining air passing through the inlet grille 11 a of the front panel 11 is circulated in the apparatus main body 10 from the ventilation inlet 15 on the lower surface of the apparatus main body 10 and the ventilation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan The air is sucked from the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 through the bathroom suction air passage 14a formed by the space on the side surface of the case 32 and the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32.
  Furthermore, 1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses communicate with the circulation fan blower outlet 22b of the apparatus main body 10, and the blower outlet grill 11b of the front panel 11. FIG. Thereby, the air blown out by the circulation fan 2 passes through the circulation fan outlet 22b and is blown out from the outlet grill 11b of the front panel 11.
  1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are the spaces provided between the metal case 4, and the upper surface of the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32, and the other room suction air path 14b is formed.
  The other-chamber suction air passage 14b is a space provided between the metal case 4 and the upper surfaces of the circulation fan case 22 and the ventilation fan case 32, and mainly the other end side in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10. It is composed of a space.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 communicates with the other-room suction air passage 14b. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, one or a plurality of sub-suction ports 16 communicated with the ventilation fan suction port 32a via the other-room suction air passage 14b are provided on the other end side in the longitudinal direction of the device body 10. Formed on the side.
  Further, in the bathroom heating / ventilation drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the exhaust air outlet 17 communicating with the ventilation fan air outlet 32 b of the ventilation fan 3 is formed on the side surface on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus body 10.
  In the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, an exhaust duct joint 18 is attached to the exhaust outlet 17, and the exhaust duct 12 is connected to the exhaust duct joint 18. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, in this example, the sub suction duct joints 19 are respectively attached to the two sub suction ports 16, and the sub suction ducts 13 are connected to the sub suction duct joints 19.
  As a result, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A includes the bathroom 100, the washroom 102 and the toilet 103, the bathroom suction air passage 14 a and the other room suction air passage 14 b in the apparatus body 10, and the auxiliary suction duct 13. It is connected to the wind path.
  1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are equipped with the air-path opening-and-closing damper 6A which opens and closes the ventilation inlet 15. FIG. The air path opening / closing damper 6A is an example of a second member that is an air path opening / closing member, and is rotated by using a driving force of a motor (not shown) as a fulcrum. In this example, the longitudinal direction of the air path opening / closing damper 6A The ventilation suction port 15 is opened and closed by rotating around the shaft 60 extending along the axis.
  FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing an example of an air path opening / closing damper. The air path opening / closing damper 6 </ b> A is configured to match the ventilation suction port 15 shown in FIG. 4, and the inner side portion 61 on the side facing the circulation fan case 22 is the shape of the curved recess 15 a of the ventilation suction port 15. Adapted to.
  That is, the air path opening / closing damper 6A has a concave portion 61a formed in the side portion 61 near the center in the longitudinal direction. Further, the air path opening / closing damper 6A has a convex shape that protrudes from the concave portion 61a in a shape that matches the ventilation suction port 15 that is an opening that matches the curved shape of the circulation fan case 22 on the side portions 61 on both ends in the longitudinal direction. A shaped portion 61b is formed.
  Further, the air path opening / closing damper 6 </ b> A is configured such that a side portion along the longitudinal direction, which is one side portion facing the metal case 4, is linear along the longitudinal opening surface of the ventilation suction port 15. The Further, the air path opening / closing damper 6 </ b> A has a side portion along the short direction, which is the other side portion facing the metal case 4, linearly along the short direction opening surface of the ventilation inlet 15. Composed.
  The air path opening / closing damper 6A is a rotation operation with a shaft 60 along the longitudinal direction as a fulcrum, and in this example, the side portion 61 provided with the concave portion 61a and the convex portion 61b is rotated in a downward direction. Open the ventilation inlet 15.
  That is, the air path opening / closing damper 6A closes the ventilation suction port 15 in the lateral direction along the substantially horizontal direction at the closed position P1 indicated by a broken line in FIG. The air path opening / closing damper 6A rotates from the closed position P1 indicated by a broken line in FIG. The air path opening / closing damper 6A opens the ventilation suction port 15 in the vertical direction along the substantially vertical direction at the open position P2 indicated by the solid line in FIG.
  Further, the air path opening / closing damper 6A is rotated from the open position P2 indicated by the solid line in FIG. 1 with the shaft 60 as a fulcrum, and the side portion 61 is rotated in the horizontal direction, and is closed by the broken line in FIG. The ventilation inlet 15 is closed at the position P1.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A receives moisture such as condensed water generated mainly at the site of the air path opening / closing damper 6 </ b> A by a water receiving portion 11 d provided on the front panel 11. 11 d of water receptacles are provided in the position which opposes the lower end position N of the side part 51 in the open position P2 of 6 A of air-path opening-and-closing dampers on the inner surface which is the side facing the apparatus main body 10 of the front panel 11.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A is arranged such that the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A is located on the outer side from the open end position M of the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11. The positions and sizes of the air path opening / closing damper 6A and the inlet grill 11a, the trajectory due to the rotation operation of the air path opening / closing damper 6A, and the like are determined.
  Thereby, bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A is an inner surface facing the apparatus main body 10 of the front panel 11, and is outside the opening end position M of the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11, and the air path opening / closing damper 6A. The water receiving portion 11d is provided at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 51 at the open position P2.
  FIG. 6 is a main part configuration diagram showing an example of the water receiving part. The water receiving portion 11d is configured by providing a convex portion 11e on the inner surface of the front panel 11 to suppress the flow of water mainly in the direction of the inlet grille 11a.
  The water receiving portion 11d is configured, for example, by providing a convex portion 11e protruding from the inner surface of the front panel 11 around a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A. Is done. As a result, the water receiving portion 11d allows the water to be stored inside the convex portion 11e in the front panel 11 when water is dripped from the air passage opening / closing damper 6A opened at the open position P2. Prevents water from flowing in the direction of 11a.
  In this example, the water receiving portion 11d is configured by a guide portion 11c of the filter 110 provided along the suction grille 11a on the inner surface of the front panel 11, and from the air path opening / closing damper 6A opened to the open position P2. The dropped water is received by the guide portion 11c outside the inlet grill 11a.
  Here, the filter 110 attached to the front panel 11 has a configuration in which the frame portion 110b is attached to the guide portion 11c, and water may be received by the frame portion 110b of the filter 110 attached to the guide portion 11c. .
<Examples of effects of bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus of this embodiment>
In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, when the circulation fan 2 is driven, the air in the bathroom 100 is sucked into the circulation fan 2 from the suction grille 11a of the front panel 11 attached to the apparatus body 10 and sucked from the bathroom 100. The air thus blown out is blown out from the blowout grill 11 b of the front panel 11 into the bathroom 100 by the circulation fan 2.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the heater 5 is driven in conjunction with the driving of the circulation fan 2, so that warm air is blown into the bathroom 100 and, if the heater 5 is not driven, the temperature of the bathroom 100. The wind according to the above is blown out into the bathroom 100.
  Further, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A sets the air path opening / closing damper 6A to the open position P2 indicated by a solid line in FIG. 1, and when the ventilation fan 3 is driven, the air in the bathroom 100 is sucked into the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11. Is sucked into the ventilation fan 3 through the bathroom suction air passage 14a and exhausted to the outside through the exhaust duct 12 from the ventilation fan 3.
  Further, the bathroom heating / ventilation drying apparatus 1A sets the air passage opening / closing damper 6A to the open position P2 indicated by the solid line in FIG. 1 or the closed position P1 indicated by the broken line, and when the ventilation fan 3 is driven, Air in the toilet 103 is sucked into the ventilation fan 3 from the auxiliary suction grill 13a through the auxiliary suction duct 13 and exhausted to the outside through the exhaust duct 12 from the ventilation fan 3.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A according to the present embodiment drives the ventilation fan 3 by setting the air passage opening / closing damper 6A to the open position P2 indicated by a solid line in FIG. 1 as an operation mode executed in accordance with a predetermined program set in advance. Thus, a 24-hour ventilation operation mode in which a normal ventilation operation is performed with a predetermined ventilation airflow is provided.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A performs a heating operation in which warm air is blown into the bathroom 100 by driving the circulation fan 2 and the heater 5 by setting the air path opening / closing damper 6A to the closed position P1 indicated by a broken line in FIG. A heating operation mode and a cool air operation mode in which the circulation fan 2 is driven to perform a cool air operation in which air is blown into the bathroom 100 according to the temperature of the bathroom 100 are provided.
  Furthermore, the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A sets the air path opening / closing damper 6A to the open position P2 indicated by a solid line in FIG. 1, and drives the ventilation fan 3 to increase the predetermined ventilation larger than the ventilation air volume in the 24-hour ventilation operation mode. It has a ventilation operation mode in which ventilation operation of the bathroom 100 is mainly performed by the air volume.
  Further, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A performs the ventilation operation in the bathroom 100 by driving the circulation fan 2, the heater 5, and the ventilation fan 3 with the air path opening / closing damper 6A in the open position P2 indicated by the solid line in FIG. However, it has a drying operation mode in which hot air is blown into the bathroom to perform the drying operation.
  Since the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A is installed in the bathroom 100 where the humidity is high, in the ventilation operation mode in which the ventilation fan 3 is driven with the air path opening / closing damper 6A as the open position P2, the humidity in the bathroom 100 is high. Air is sucked from the inlet grill 11a.
  When the humid air in the bathroom 100 is sucked from the inlet grill 11a, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A opens and closes the air path provided in the ventilation inlet 15 of the bathroom inlet air passage 14a communicating with the inlet grill 11a. Water droplets may adhere to the damper 6A.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, if water droplets are attached to the air path opening / closing damper 6A at the open position P2, the water may drop along the vertical air path opening / closing damper 6A.
  Therefore, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A, the water receiving portion 11d is provided on the inner surface of the front panel 11 at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 61 in the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A.
  Thereby, when water is dripped from the air path opening / closing damper 6A opened to the open position P2, the water receiving portion 11d receives water and can store the water in the front panel 11.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A is provided with an opening grill 11a provided with an opening on the lower surface of the front panel 11, but in this example, a water receiving portion 11d is provided outside the suction opening grill 11a. Even when water drops from the air passage opening / closing damper 6A opened to the open position P2, it is possible to prevent water from dropping from the suction grill 11a to the bathroom 100.
  In a bathroom heating / ventilating / drying device, if a panel member is attached to the front face of the inlet grille and air is sucked in from the side of the front panel, the water dripped from the inlet grille with the panel member covering the front face of the inlet grille. Can receive.
  However, if the air can be sucked from the side of the front panel, the front panel becomes thick and the appearance in the bathroom deteriorates. In addition, the number of parts constituting the front panel increases, leading to an increase in cost. Furthermore, the weight of the front panel increases.
  Moreover, if it is set as the structure which can inhale air from the side of a front panel, a suction inlet will become narrow and ventilation resistance will become large and desired ventilation airflow will not be obtained. When the rotation speed of the ventilation fan is increased to obtain a desired ventilation air volume, the sound becomes louder. In addition, power consumption increases. If the dimension between the front panel and the panel member is enlarged, the suction port can be enlarged, but the front panel becomes thicker and the appearance in the bathroom is deteriorated.
  Furthermore, since the front surface of the suction grill is covered with a panel member, the state of the filter cannot be visually confirmed unless the filter provided inside the suction grill is removed from the front panel. Thereby, it cannot be easily confirmed that it is used in a state where clogging due to adhesion of dust or the like occurs, and there is a possibility that a desired ventilation air volume cannot be obtained.
  Further, when the air is sucked in from the side of the front panel, the flow of the sucked air becomes a flow along the ceiling panel, and there is a possibility that dirt is attached to the ceiling panel.
  On the other hand, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A of the present embodiment, the water receiving portion 11d is provided with the water receiving portion 11d on the inner surface of the front panel 11, so that the water receiving portion 11d has substantially the same shape as the conventional front panel. The appearance can be improved.
  Further, the water receiving portion 11d can be realized by integrally forming a convex portion or a groove portion on the inner surface of the front panel 11 made of a resin material, and the number of parts constituting the front panel 11 increases. And an increase in cost can be suppressed. Furthermore, an increase in the weight of the front panel 11 can be suppressed.
  Moreover, the state of the filter 110 attached to the front panel 11 can be visually observed from the opening of the inlet grill 11a. As a result, the state of the filter 110 such as the degree of contamination can be confirmed without removing the filter 110 from the front panel 11, and the timing of cleaning and replacement of the filter 110 can be accurately determined to reduce the ventilation airflow. The occurrence of an event can be prevented in advance.
  Furthermore, since the inlet grill 11a is opened downward, the flow of air sucked from the inlet grill 11a is mainly the downward flow, and the ceiling panel is attached with dirt on the ceiling panel. It is possible to suppress the generation of air flow along the line.
  Even if a water receiving member such as a drain pan is provided as a separate member between the air path opening / closing damper and the inlet grille, water dripping from the inlet grille can be received, but the number of parts is still increased and the cost is reduced. Leading to a rise. Further, a part of the air passage is blocked by the water receiving member, and the ventilation resistance is increased, so that a desired ventilation air volume cannot be obtained. When the rotation speed of the ventilation fan is increased to obtain a desired ventilation air volume, the sound becomes louder. In addition, power consumption increases.
  On the other hand, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A according to the present embodiment, the water intake portion 11d is provided on the inner surface of the front panel 11, so that the ventilation inlet 15 and the inlet grill 11a are partly provided. The opening area of the ventilation inlet 15 and the inlet grill 11a can be used effectively without being blocked by a member for receiving water. Thereby, an increase in ventilation resistance is suppressed, and a desired ventilation air volume can be obtained without increasing the air volume of the ventilation fan 3. Therefore, noise reduction can be achieved and power consumption can be suppressed.
  FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram showing the effect of water induction by the shape of the airway opening / closing damper. In the air path opening / closing damper 6A, a concave portion 61a and a convex portion 61b are formed on the side portion 61 that faces downward at the open position P2.
  As a result, water droplets adhere to the air path opening / closing damper 6A at the open position P2, and when water flows through the air path opening / closing damper 6A that is vertically oriented, the center along the longitudinal direction of the air path opening / closing damper 6A In the vicinity, water is guided to both ends along the concave shape of the concave portion 61a as indicated by an arrow A. And the water induced | guided | derived to the both ends of 6 A of air path opening / closing dampers is dripped from the convex-shaped part 61b.
  In this way, the entire position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of the air path opening / closing damper 6A is provided by guiding the water dropped from the air path opening / closing damper 6A to a desired position. Instead of the configuration in which the water receiving portion 11d is provided, the water receiving portion 11d can be provided only at a position facing the convex portion 61b.
Further, instead of the configuration to induce water in the form of air path opening and closing dampers 6A, the convex member is had as to direct the flow of water to the front and back surfaces of the air passage opening and closing the damper 6A is provided a groove or the like, the desired Water may be guided to the position.
  Next, a technique for preventing dripping of water with an air passage configuration that realizes quietness will be described. In the 24-hour ventilation operation mode described above, the entire building including the bathroom 100, the washroom 102 and the toilet 103 is ventilated. The ventilation air volume in the 24-hour ventilation operation mode is such that the air of the entire building (not shown) including the bathroom 100, the washroom 102, and the toilet 103 is replaced in a predetermined time by performing continuous or intermittent ventilation. Is set.
  Thus, in the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A, since the ventilation fan 3 is driven constantly or for a long time by executing the 24-hour ventilation operation mode, the silence of the ventilation fan 3 is required.
  For this reason, 1 A of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses shield the sound which generate | occur | produces with the ventilation fan motor 31 etc. with the circulation fan 2 by arrange | positioning the ventilation fan 3 on the upper side of the circulation fan 2. FIG. Further, the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 is formed on the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32, so that the sound from the ventilation fan suction port 32a is hardly leaked and the ventilation fan suction is sucked from the suction grille 11a of the front panel 11. The length up to the opening 32a is configured to attenuate sound leaking from the ventilation fan suction port 32a.
  FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the flow of air sucked into the ventilation fan. As described above, in the bathroom heating / ventilation drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the bathroom suction air passage 14 a and the other-chamber suction air passage 14 b are formed in a space between the metal case 4 and the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> A, the air A <b> 1 in the bathroom 100 sucked from the suction grill 11 a of the front panel 11 passes through the bathroom suction air passage 14 a from the ventilation suction inlet 15, mainly in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus main body 10. Is sucked into the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 from one end side.
  On the other hand, the air A2 in the washroom 102 and the toilet 103 sucked from the auxiliary suction grill 13a passes through the other room suction air passage 14b, mainly from the other end side in the longitudinal direction of the apparatus body 10, The air is sucked into the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3.
  As a result, the high-humidity air A1 sucked from the bathroom 100 and the cold air A2 sucked from the washroom 102 and the toilet 103 are on the upper surface side of the ventilation fan case 32 and in the vicinity of the ventilation fan suction port 32a. Join at.
  Such a bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A is installed in such a manner that the apparatus main body 10 can be put into an opening (not shown) provided in the ceiling 100a of the bathroom 100, so that the height of the apparatus main body 10 is the ceiling where the apparatus is installed. It must fit within the height dimension of the back.
  For this reason, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A having a configuration in which the ventilation fan 3 is arranged on the upper side of the circulation fan 2, it is necessary to keep the size of the apparatus main body 10 in the height direction low. The dimension in the height direction of the chamber suction air passage 14b is kept low.
  Thereby, in the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1A, the vicinity of the ventilation fan suction port 32a where the air A1 with high humidity sucked from the bathroom 100 and the cold air A2 sucked from the washroom 102 and the toilet 103 merge, This is a relatively narrow space formed between the metal case 4 and the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32.
  Condensation occurs when the air with high humidity and cold air merge. However, when the air confluence is formed in a relatively narrow space, the location where condensation occurs is limited to a narrow range. Moreover, since the location where condensation occurs is on the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32, water due to condensation is prevented from dripping from the bathroom suction air passage 14 toward the ventilation suction port 15.
  Further, since the ventilation fan motor 31 is attached to the ventilation fan suction port 32a, the high-humidity air A1 sucked from the bathroom 100 and the cold air A2 sucked from the bathroom undressing place 102 and the toilet 103 merge. In the vicinity of the ventilation fan suction port 32a, the ventilation fan motor 31 functions as a partition that partitions the air flow.
  Thereby, it is suppressed that the flow of air in which high humidity air and cold air merge is generated on the upper surface side of the ventilation fan case 32, and the occurrence of condensation is suppressed.
  Therefore, in the bathroom heating / ventilation drying apparatus 1A, the ventilation fan suction port 32a of the ventilation fan 3 arranged on the upper side of the circulation fan 2 is formed on the upper surface of the ventilation fan case 32, so that the noise reduction is improved. The effects of suppressing the occurrence of condensation and suppressing the dripping of water due to condensation are obtained.
  And by providing the water receiving portion 11d on the inner surface of the front panel 11, it is possible to suppress dripping of water adhering to the air passage opening / closing damper 6A at the open position P2 from the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11. It is possible to suppress the dripping of water from the inlet grill 11a of the front panel 11 due to condensation or moisture adhering that can occur in the air path on the ventilation fan 3 side.
<Modified example of bathroom heating / ventilation / drying apparatus of this embodiment>
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of an essential part showing a modification of the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus according to the present embodiment. As described above, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1A according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 and the like has a configuration in which the water receiving portion 11d is provided on the inner surface of the front panel 11 and outside the inlet grill 11a. On the other hand, it is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part according to the part of the grating | lattice of the inlet grill 11a which is a grid | lattice-like opening.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1B of the modification shown in FIG. 9, the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A and the position of the grid 11f of the inlet grill 11a which is a grid-like opening are set. In addition, a water receiver 11g is provided.
  In this example, the lattice 11f of the suction grill 11a and the position of a part or all of the frame 110b of the filter 110 are aligned and face the lower end position N of the side 61 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A. A water receiving portion 11g is provided on the frame portion 110b of the filter 110 at the above position.
  The water receiving part 11g is configured by providing a convex part 11h that suppresses the flow of water mainly in the direction of the filter part 110a on the inner surface of the frame part 110b of the filter 110.
  As a result, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1B allows the water receiver provided at a position other than the filter portion 110a by the filter 110 in the front panel 11 when water is dropped from the air passage opening / closing damper 6A opened at the open position P2. The portion 11g can receive water and can prevent water from flowing in the direction of the inlet grill 11a.
  Here, since the filter 110 is a member that can be attached to and detached from the front panel 11, by providing the filter 110 with the water receiving portion 11 g, the water received by the water receiving portion 11 g can be removed from the front panel 11. It can be easily removed by removing it. Further, a water absorbing member (not shown) may be provided in the water receiving portion 11g so that the water absorbing member can absorb water, or the water absorbing member may be configured to be replaceable.
  Further, a water receiving portion may be provided on the lattice 11f of the inlet grille 11a at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6A, and both the filter 110 and the front panel 11 may be provided. It is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part.
  FIG.10 and FIG.11 is principal part sectional drawing which shows the other modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1C according to another modification shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the air passage opening / closing damper 6 </ b> B is configured to incline the side 62 serving as the lower end in the operation of opening the ventilation suction port 15 in one direction, A water guiding part 62a is provided.
  As shown in FIG. 10, in the air passage opening / closing damper 6B opened at the open position P2, the water guiding portion 62a is arranged such that one end side along the longitudinal direction of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B is set to the other end side. On the other hand, it is made to incline in the direction of projecting downward.
  Further, as shown in FIG. 11, in the air passage opening / closing damper 6B opened at the open position P2, the water guiding portion 62a has a groove portion 62b having an opening facing upward in the side portion 62 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B. It is provided along. Further, the water guiding part 62a includes a water discharge part 62c that opens at one end side along the longitudinal direction of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B and communicates with the groove part 62b.
  1 C of bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatuses are the lower end position N of the side part 62 in the open position P2 of the air-path opening-and-closing damper 6B, Comprising: The water receiving part 11i is provided in the position facing the water discharge part 62c. In this example, the water receiving portion 11i is an inner surface of the front panel 11, and is at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 62 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B, and at least the water discharge portion 62c. It is provided at an opposing position.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1C, if water adheres to the air passage opening / closing damper 6B at the open position P2, the water flows downward along the surface of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B in the vertical direction. The water flowing downward through the surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6B is guided to the groove 62b of the water guiding part 62a provided on the lower end side in the air path opening / closing damper 6B at the open position P2.
  As shown in FIG. 10, in the air passage opening / closing damper 6B opened at the open position P2, the water guiding portion 62a is arranged such that one end side along the longitudinal direction of the air passage opening / closing damper 6B is set to the other end side. On the other hand, it is made to incline in the direction of projecting downward.
  In the state where the air path opening / closing damper 6B is opened to the open position P2, the water guiding portion 62a is inclined in a direction in which one end portion provided with the water discharging portion 62c protrudes downward, so the water guiding portion 62a. The water guided to the groove portion 62b flows in the direction of the water discharge portion 62c as indicated by the arrow B along the inclination of the water guide portion 62a and is dropped from the water discharge portion 62c.
  As described above, the water guide portion 62a having the groove 62b is provided in the air passage opening / closing damper 6B, so that the water adhering to the air passage opening / closing damper 6B drops from a place other than the water discharge portion 62c. It can be suppressed and guided to the desired position.
  Thereby, it replaces with the structure which provides a water receiving part in the whole position facing the lower end position N of the edge part 62 in the open position P2 of the air path opening / closing damper 6B, and a water receiving part only in the position facing the water discharge part 62c 11i can be provided.
  FIG. 12: is principal part sectional drawing which shows the other modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of this Embodiment. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus according to each of the embodiments described above, the water receiving portion is configured by the members on the front panel 11 side such as the front panel 11 and the filter 110, but the water receiving portion is configured by the members on the apparatus main body 10 side. May be.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1D according to another modification shown in FIG. 12, for example, a circulation fan case 22 constituting the bathroom suction air passage 14a and the ventilation suction opening 15 is used as a member on the apparatus body 10 side. A water receiving portion 22d is provided at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 61 at the open position P2 of 6A.
  The water receiving portion 22d is formed integrally with the circulation fan case 22, and a part of the circulation fan case 22 protrudes into the bathroom suction air passage 14a, in this example, into the ventilation suction port 15, and the air passage opening / closing damper 6A. Opposite to the lower end position N of the side 61 at the open position P2.
  Thereby, the water receiver 22d can be provided on the apparatus main body 10 side without increasing the number of components. In addition, the front panel may be provided with a water receiving part, or a conventional panel without a water receiving part may be used. In this example, the water receiving portion 22d is provided integrally with the circulation fan case 22, but the main body case portion 22e constituting a part of the circulation fan case 22 or other components on the apparatus main body 10 side. The structure in which a water receiving part is provided integrally may be sufficient.
<Another embodiment of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of the present invention>
FIG. 13: is an internal block diagram which shows an example of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1E is installed in a bathroom 100 having high humidity as shown in FIG. 2 and sucks air from the bathroom 100 and discharges it to the outside. Air is also drawn from the dressing room 102 and the toilet 103 and discharged outside.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1E, when the toilet 103 shown in FIG. 2 is ventilated, the air path opening / closing damper 6C is closed as shown by a broken line in FIG. A ventilation operation is performed as the position P1.
  When the ventilation operation is performed with the air path opening / closing damper 6C at the closed position P1, the cold air sucked from the toilet 103 or the like passes through the other room suction air path 14b described with reference to FIG. On the other hand, because the other-room suction air passage 14b and the bathroom suction air passage 14a communicate with each other, the lower surface of the air passage opening / closing damper 6C at the closed position P1 is in contact with high-humidity air in the bathroom 100 to open / close the air passage. The upper surface of the damper 6C comes into contact with cold air.
  For this reason, dew condensation may occur on the lower surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6C due to the difference in temperature and humidity between the front and back surfaces of the air path opening / closing damper 6C at the closed position P1, and water droplets may adhere. Therefore, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1E, on the inner surface of the front panel 11, the position N1 of the side 63 at the closed position P1 of the air path opening / closing damper 6C and the air path opening / closing damper 6C indicated by a two-dot chain line in FIG. The water receiving portion 11j is provided at a predetermined position facing the lower end position N2 of the side portion 63 at the open position P2. Then, the water adhering to the air path opening / closing damper 6C due to condensation or the like is dropped onto the water receiving portion 11j by the operation of opening the air path opening / closing damper 6C.
  That is, the air path opening / closing damper 6C rotates in a direction in which the side portion 63 is directed downward by a rotation operation with the shaft 60 as a fulcrum from the closed position P1. The air path opening / closing damper 6C is inclined at a predetermined half-open position P3 indicated by a solid line in FIG. 13 in a direction in which the side 63 facing the water receiving portion 11j is lowered, and is attached to the air path opening / closing damper 6C due to condensation or the like. Water is transferred to the air path opening / closing damper 6C and dripped onto the water receiving portion 11j. The air passage opening / closing damper 6C opens the ventilation suction port 15 in the vertical direction along the substantially vertical direction at the open position P2.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1E, the air path opening / closing damper 6C is opened from the closed position P1 to the open position P2, and for example, the rotation of the air path opening / closing damper 6C is stopped once at the half-open position P3 or the rotation speed is decreased. Thus, the water adhering to the air path opening / closing damper 6C can be reliably dropped onto the water receiving portion 11j.
  Here, if the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus 1E receives the water dripped from the air passage opening / closing damper 6C in the half-open position P3, the closed position P1 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6C on the inner surface of the front panel 11. The water receiving portion 11j may be provided at a predetermined position facing the position N1 of the side portion 63 at the position N3 and the position N3 of the side portion 63 at the half-open position P3 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6C.
  On the other hand, if the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1E receives water dropped from the air path opening / closing damper 6C at the half-open position P3 and water dropped from the air path opening / closing damper 6C at the open position P2, the front panel 11, the position N1 of the side 63 at the closed position P1 of the air path opening / closing damper 6C and the position N2 opposite to the lower end position N2 of the side 63 at the opening position P2 of the air path opening / closing damper 6C. What is necessary is just to set it as the structure which provides the water receiving part 11j.
  In the example of FIG. 13, the water receiving portion 11 j is provided on the front panel 11, but the water receiving portion may be provided on the apparatus main body 10 side. For example, the circulation fan case 22 or a part of the main body case portion 22e constituting a part of the circulation fan case 22 is projected into the ventilation suction port 15 in a form in which the opening of the ventilation suction port 15 is secured. . Thereby, it is good also as a structure which provides a water-receiving part in the position which opposes the position N3 of the edge part 63 in the half-open position P3 of the air path opening / closing damper 6C.
  FIG. 14 is an internal configuration diagram illustrating a modified example of the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus according to another embodiment. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1F, the water receiving portion 11k is provided on the inner surface of the front panel 11 at least at a predetermined position facing the position N1 of the side portion 64 in the closed position P1 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6D.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1 </ b> F includes an inclined surface portion 65 in which at least the lower surface of the air passage opening / closing damper 6 </ b> D is inclined in a direction in which the side portion 64 is lowered. Thereby, the water adhering to the air passage opening / closing damper 6D at the closed position P1 due to condensation or the like flows in the direction of the side 64 as indicated by the arrow C due to the inclination of the slope 65, and the water receiving part from the side 64 side. 11k.
  In the example of FIG. 14, the water receiving portion 11k is provided on the front panel 11, but the water receiving portion may be provided on the apparatus main body 10 side. For example, the circulation fan case 22 or a part of the main body case portion 22e constituting a part of the circulation fan case 22 is projected into the ventilation suction port 15 in a form in which the opening of the ventilation suction port 15 is secured. . Thereby, it is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part in the position facing the position N1 of the edge part 64 in the closed position P1 of the air path opening / closing damper 6D.
  FIG. 15: is an internal block diagram which shows another modification of the bathroom heating ventilation drying apparatus of other embodiment. The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1G includes a curved portion 66 in the air path opening / closing damper 6E at the closed position P1 by curving at least the lower surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6E in a direction in which the sides 66a and 66b on both sides are lowered. In this example, the air path opening / closing damper 6E has a shape in which both the upper surface and the lower surface are curved in a direction in which the sides 66a and 66b on both sides are lowered.
  Further, the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1G is on the inner surface of the front panel 11 at least at a predetermined position facing the positions N4 and N5 of the side portions 66a and 66b on both sides in the closed position P1 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6E. A water receiver 11m is provided. In this example, the water receiving portion 11m is provided in the entirety between the positions facing the positions N4 and N5 of the side portions 66a and 66b on both sides in the closed position P1 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6E.
  Thereby, in the bathroom heating / ventilation drying apparatus 1G, the water adhering to the air passage opening / closing damper 6E at the closed position P1 due to condensation or the like is directed to the sides 66a and 66b on both sides as indicated by the arrow D by the inclination of the bending portion 66. And can be dropped from the sides 66a, 66b to the water receiver 11m.
  In the example of FIG. 15, the water receiving portion 11m is provided on the front panel 11. However, the water receiving portion may be provided on the apparatus main body 10 side. For example, the circulation fan case 22 or a part of the main body case portion 22e constituting a part of the circulation fan case 22 is projected into the ventilation suction port 15 in a form in which the opening of the ventilation suction port 15 is secured. . Thereby, it is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part in each position which opposes the position N4 of the one side part 66a and the position N5 of the other side part 66b in the closed position P1 of the air path opening / closing damper 6E.
  FIGS. 16, 17 and 18 are cross-sectional views showing the main parts of another modification of the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus according to another embodiment. In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1H according to another embodiment shown in FIGS. 16, 17 and 18, the shaft 67 extending along the longitudinal direction of the air passage opening / closing damper 6F is connected to one end along the longitudinal direction. The part side is inclined in the vertical direction in a direction that is downward with respect to the other end part side.
  Accordingly, in the air path opening / closing damper 6F at the closed position P1 shown in FIG. 17, one end side along the longitudinal direction is inclined in a direction protruding downward with respect to the other end side. Further, in the air path opening / closing damper 6F at the open position P2 shown in FIG. 18, the side portion 68 which is the lower end in the operation of opening the ventilation suction port 15 has one end side along the longitudinal direction on the other end side. It inclines in the direction which protrudes below.
  The bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1H includes a water receiving portion 11n at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 68 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6F. In this example, the water receiving portion 11n is an inner surface of the front panel 11, and is provided at a position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 68 at the open position P2 of the air path opening / closing damper 6F.
  In the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1H, when water adheres to the air path opening / closing damper 6F at the closed position P1, one end is transmitted along the inclined air path opening / closing damper 6F as indicated by an arrow E. Water flows to the club side. The water flowing along the surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6F is dropped onto the water receiving part 11n from one end side of the air path opening / closing damper 6F.
  Further, in the bathroom heating / ventilating / drying apparatus 1H, when water adheres to the air passage opening / closing damper 6F at the open position P2, the water flows downward through the surface of the air passage opening / closing damper 6F in the vertical direction. The water flowing downward along the surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6F flows in the direction of arrow F along the inclination of the side 68, and is dripped onto the water receiving part 11n from one end side of the air path opening / closing damper 6F. The
  In this way, by tilting the shaft 67 of the air path opening / closing damper 6F in the vertical direction, water adhering to the air path opening / closing damper 6F at the closed position P1 is allowed to be received by the inclination of the surface of the air path opening / closing damper 6F. 11n. Further, the water adhering to the air passage opening / closing damper 6F at the open position P2 can be dropped onto the water receiving portion 11n by the inclination of the side portion 68 serving as the lower end in the operation of opening the ventilation suction port 15.
  And since the water dripped from the air passage opening / closing damper 6F can be guided to a desired position, the water receiving portion 11n is provided at the entire position facing the lower end position N of the side portion 68 at the open position P2 of the air passage opening / closing damper 6F. It can replace with the structure to provide, and can be set as the structure which provides the water receiving part 11n only in the position facing the edge part on the side inclined below the air path opening / closing damper 6F.
  In addition, in the example of FIG.16, FIG17 and FIG.18, it was set as the structure which provides the water receiving part 11n in the front panel 11, However, It is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part in the apparatus main body 10 side. For example, the circulation fan case 22 or a part of the main body case portion 22e constituting a part of the circulation fan case 22 is projected into the ventilation suction port 15 in a form in which the opening of the ventilation suction port 15 is secured. . Thereby, it is good also as a structure which provides a water receiving part in the position facing the position N of the side part 68 in the open position P2 of the air path opening / closing damper 6F.
  Here, the parts constituting the air passage where water may adhere, such as the bathroom suction air passage 14a and the other-room suction air passage 14b, are inclined to induce water in a predetermined direction or position within the apparatus body. By providing a water receiving portion at a predetermined position or a position where water is dripped from a predetermined direction, water generated in the apparatus main body is collected at a predetermined location and is prevented from dripping outside the apparatus. It is good also as a simple structure.
  Further, in each of the above-described embodiments, the water dripping suppression means is configured by the arrangement, shape, water receiving portion, and the like of the air path opening / closing damper, but the front and back surfaces of the air path opening / closing damper are closed while the air path opening / closing damper is closed. In order to prevent dew condensation from occurring on the lower surface of the airway opening / closing damper due to the temperature difference in the water and to prevent water droplets from adhering to the airway opening / closing damper, the airway opening / closing damper is formed of a heat insulating member as water adhesion suppressing means In addition, the air path opening / closing damper has a hollow structure and an air layer is formed inside the air path opening / closing damper. Thereby, generation | occurrence | production of the dew condensation water resulting from the temperature difference in the front and back of an air path opening / closing damper can be suppressed, and it can suppress that dew condensation water dripping out of an apparatus.
  Furthermore, it is good also as a structure which water-absorbs water with a moisture absorption member by arrange | positioning a moisture absorption member to an air path opening / closing damper, and a water droplet does not adhere to an air path opening / closing damper.
Further, as the water drip suppressing means, provided the weight sensor and the detection means such as an optical sensor for detect the water attached to the air passage opening and closing the damper rotates the basis air path opening and closing the damper in the detection value of the detection means Further, it is possible to adopt a configuration in which water adhering to the air path opening / closing damper is dropped onto a predetermined water receiving portion.
  Alternatively, as water dripping suppression means, a heater provided in the vicinity of the air path opening / closing damper is heated based on the detection value of the detecting means, and the hot air is applied to the air path opening / closing damper to evaporate the condensed water, thereby It is good also as a structure which does not make it dripped in.
  For example, in a configuration in which a weight sensor is provided as the detection means, the control means stores the weight of the air path opening / closing damper to which water is not attached, and the weight of the reference air path opening / closing damper stored in the control means is If the detected value is high or low, in this example, if the detected value exceeds a predetermined value from the reference weight, it is determined that water has adhered to the airway opening / closing damper, and the airway opening / closing damper is operated as shown in FIG. Control is performed so that water adhering to the water drops to a predetermined water receiving portion.
  Alternatively, a heater provided in the vicinity of the air path opening / closing damper is heated based on the detection value of the detection means, and the hot air is applied to the air path opening / closing damper so that the condensed water is not evaporated and dropped outside the apparatus. Take control.
  In the configuration in which an optical sensor is provided as a detection means, for example, a configuration in which light emitted from a light emitting element is reflected by an air path opening / closing damper and received by a light receiving element, and a change in surface state such as a change in reflectance is detected. In this example, when the reference value and the detected value are high or low, in this example, when the detected value is equal to or lower than a predetermined value, it is determined that water is attached to the airway opening / closing damper, and the operation shown in FIG. Control is performed so that water adhering to the air path opening / closing damper is dropped onto a predetermined water receiving portion.
  Alternatively, a heater provided in the vicinity of the air path opening / closing damper is heated based on the detection value of the detection means, and the hot air is applied to the air path opening / closing damper so that the condensed water is not evaporated and dropped outside the apparatus. Take control.
  Furthermore, as a water adhesion suppression means, a humidity sensor and a heater are arranged in the vicinity of the air path opening / closing damper, and when the detected value at the humidity sensor and the reference value are high or low, in this example, the detected value is a predetermined value or more, By heating the heater and heating the air in the vicinity of the air path opening / closing damper, the relative humidity can be lowered, and it is possible to suppress the condensation water from adhering to the air path opening / closing damper and to prevent the condensation water from dripping out of the machine. It is good also as composition to make.
  The above-described air path opening / closing damper is configured to open and close the air path by a rotational operation with the shaft as a fulcrum, but may be configured to adjust the air volume by the opening degree. Moreover, it is good also as a structure which opens and closes or adjusts an air path by linear operation | movement. Further, in each of the embodiments, the technique for suppressing the dripping of water at the air suction port has been described, but it may be applied to an air outlet.
  The present invention is applied to a blower device that is used in a high humidity environment such as a bathroom and in which condensation can occur in an air passage.
  1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G, 1H ... bathroom heating ventilation drying device, 2 ... circulation fan, 3 ... ventilation fan, 4 ... metal case, 6A, 6B, 6C , 6D, 6E, 6F ... Airway opening / closing damper, 10 ... Device main body, 11 ... Front panel, 11a ... Suction grill, 11b ... Air outlet grill, 11d, 11g, 11i, 11j, 11k, 11m, 11n, 22d ... water receiving part

Claims (3)

  1. An air passage having a vent hole through which air flows;
    A first member disposed below the ventilation opening;
    An opening provided on the lower surface of the first member, the opening communicating with the vent;
    A second member for adjusting the air path,
    Surface of the inner side of the outside of the first member from the opening faces at least a portion of said second member,
    The first member is
    A convex portion protruding from the inner surface, and a water receiving portion that suppresses dripping of water dropped from the second member from the opening,
    The second member is
    A concave portion and a convex portion protruding from the concave portion;
    The air blower characterized by opening the vent hole by operating the convex part and the concave part in a direction facing the water receiving part .
  2. A circulation fan case shaped along the outer periphery of the impeller;
    A metal case covering the circulation fan case,
    The outer surface of the circulation fan case and the inner surface of the metal case form the vent hole,
    The second member has a shape in which a side portion facing the circulation fan case matches the shape of the circulation fan case,
    The blower according to claim 1, wherein the convex part and the concave part are provided on the side part .
  3. The second member is
    The blower according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein a surface on a side facing the water receiving portion has a slope portion inclined toward the water receiving portion .
JP2013095759A 2013-04-30 2013-04-30 Blower Active JP6142647B2 (en)

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Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4432102B2 (en) * 2002-09-30 2010-03-17 Toto株式会社 Bathroom air conditioner
JP2004308999A (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-11-04 Toto Ltd Antisweating ventilation device
JP2005172320A (en) * 2003-12-09 2005-06-30 Max Co Ltd Air conditioner for bathroom
JP2006078011A (en) * 2004-09-07 2006-03-23 Max Co Ltd Bathroom air conditioner and bathroom air conditioning system

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