JP5907663B2 - Rotating electric machine stator - Google Patents

Rotating electric machine stator Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5907663B2
JP5907663B2 JP2011050188A JP2011050188A JP5907663B2 JP 5907663 B2 JP5907663 B2 JP 5907663B2 JP 2011050188 A JP2011050188 A JP 2011050188A JP 2011050188 A JP2011050188 A JP 2011050188A JP 5907663 B2 JP5907663 B2 JP 5907663B2
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coil
stator core
leg
stator
plate
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JP2012186977A (en
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武臣 沖光
武臣 沖光
浩一 奥
浩一 奥
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本田技研工業株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a stator used in a rotating electric machine such as an electric motor or a generator.

  Conventionally, a number of structures have been proposed for a stator (stator) of a rotating electrical machine composed of a stator core (stator core) and a stator coil (stator winding). For example, in Patent Document 1, a stator core having a plurality of slots and a plurality of coil end plates are formed by being laminated in the radial direction, and the coil end plate laminate inserted into the slots is inserted into different slots. There has been proposed a stator including a transition member that connects between the coil end plate laminates.

JP 2007-259555 A (see FIG. 1)

  However, the stator proposed in Patent Document 1 has a problem that many parts need to be physically connected, and the assemblability is poor. In addition, the stator proposed in Patent Document 1 has a problem in that the above-described transition member extends in the direction of the rotating shaft of the rotating electrical machine, so that the volume of the coil end portion is increased and the miniaturization is not easy. .

  The present invention was devised in view of the above-described problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a stator for a rotating electrical machine that can improve the assembly property and reduce the volume of the coil end portion to reduce the size. And

In order to solve the above problems, a stator of a rotating electrical machine according to the present invention includes a cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on an inner peripheral surface, and a plurality of stator cores inserted into the slots from one end surface side of the stator core. A stator of a rotating electrical machine comprising a coil segment and a plurality of coil end plates electrically connected to the coil segment on the other end face side of the stator core, wherein the coil segment is accommodated in the slot One leg part, the other leg part accommodated in a slot different from the one leg part, and the end face side of the stator core formed continuously between the one leg part and the other leg part And a pair of legs of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots of the stator core, and the step On the end face side of the core, each end of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment accommodated in the two slots is connected to a separate coil end plate, thereby forming an annular current path. The plurality of current paths are formed in a radial direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates, and the stator core Are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core, and are formed in the radial direction and circumferential direction of the stator core, corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into different slots and the coil end plates corresponding to the coil segments. Of the plurality of current paths, a circumference of the stator core The current path adjacent to the direction, the current flows in the direction of reverse rotation, respectively, the current path in the circumferential direction of the stator core, after passing around the coil turns of all clockwise, coil turns of all left-handed The coil loop is formed so as to go around .

A stator of a rotating electrical machine having such a configuration houses a plurality of coil segments in a slot of a stator core, and electrically connects the ends of the plurality of coil segments via a plate-like coil end plate. Thus, a coil loop (current path) around the rotation axis can be easily formed without extending the coil end portion in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotating electrical machine.
The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention includes a cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on an inner peripheral surface, a plurality of coil segments inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core, A stator of a rotating electrical machine including a plurality of coil end plates electrically connected to the coil segment on the other end face side of the stator core, the coil segment including one leg portion accommodated in the slot The other leg accommodated in a slot different from the one leg, and a bend that is continuously formed between the one leg and the other leg and is exposed to the end face side of the stator core. A pair of leg portions of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots in the stator core, and on the end face side of the stator core. In addition, an end of each of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment accommodated in the two slots is connected to the separate coil end plate, thereby forming an annular current path, and the current path Are formed in a plurality of radial directions of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates, and different slots in the stator core. Corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segment to be inserted and the coil end plate corresponding to the coil segment, a plurality of the coil segments are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core, and inserted into the slot from one end face side of the stator core, On the other end face side of the stator core, A left-right reversal coil segment that is electrically connected to a coil end plate and reverses the direction of the current flowing through the coil segment. One leg portion connected to the protruding portion, the other leg portion housed in a slot different from the one leg portion and having an end portion connected to the extending portion of the coil end plate, and the one leg A bent portion that is continuously formed between the first leg portion and the other leg portion and is exposed to the end face side of the stator core, and Among the plurality of current paths formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core, the length of the other leg is different, and the current path adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core The current may flow in the direction of reverse rotation.
Furthermore, the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention includes a cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on an inner peripheral surface, a plurality of coil segments inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core, A stator of a rotating electrical machine including a plurality of coil end plates electrically connected to the coil segment on the other end face side of the stator core, the coil segment including one leg portion accommodated in the slot The other leg accommodated in a slot different from the one leg, and a bend that is continuously formed between the one leg and the other leg and is exposed to the end face side of the stator core. A pair of leg portions of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots in the stator core, and the end face side of the stator core In this case, the ends of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments accommodated in the two slots are connected to the separate coil end plates, respectively, so that an annular current path is formed. A plurality of paths are formed in the radial direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates, and different slots in the stator core. A plurality of coil segments are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments and the coil end plates corresponding to the coil segments, and formed on the stator on one end surface side of the stator core. Forms the last of the plurality of current paths A middle-point short-circuited coil end plate that is electrically connected to the coil-end plate and short-circuits the currents of a plurality of phases supplied from the outside at a middle point; and the middle-point short-circuited coil end plate and the coil end plate are electrically connected A midpoint short-circuited coil end plate, and a midpoint short-circuited coil end plate that extends in a circumferential direction of the stator core, and a radial direction of the stator core from one end side of the plate portion. Each extending in accordance with the number of phases of the current, and having an extension portion to which one end of the midpoint coupling coil segment is connected,
The midpoint coupling coil segment is accommodated in the slot, the other end is connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate, the midpoint coupling coil segment is different in length for each phase of the flowing current, Of the plurality of current paths formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core, a current may flow in the reverse rotation direction in each of the current paths adjacent to the stator core in the circumferential direction.

  Further, in the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, the coil end plate extends in the radial direction of the stator core from a flat plate portion extending in the circumferential direction of the stator core, and one end side of the plate portion, Preferably, the coil segment has a pair of extending portions to which end portions of the leg portions are respectively connected.

  Since the stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration uses a plate-like coil end plate as the coil end member, the height of the coil end portion can be minimized.

  In the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, it is preferable that the current path is formed so as not to intersect with an adjacent current path in the circumferential direction of the stator core.

  Since the stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration can suppress the occurrence of cross points by crossing adjacent coil turns (current paths), the space factor of the coils can be improved.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention is inserted into the slot from one end face side of the stator core, and is electrically connected to the coil end plate on the other end face side of the stator core, and the coil segment A left-right reversal coil segment that reverses the direction of the current flowing through the left-right reversal coil segment, the left-right reversal coil segment is housed in the slot, and one end portion of which is connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate; One leg portion is accommodated in a slot different from the other leg portion connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate and the one leg portion and the other leg portion. And a bent portion that is formed on the end face side of the stator core.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration can reverse the direction of the current flowing through the coil segment, that is, the direction of the coil loop, by including the left-right reversal coil segment.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention includes a power supply coil segment that supplies power from an external power source to the coil segment and the left-right reversal coil segment, and the power supply coil segment is accommodated in the slot, One end portion is connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate, the other end portion is exposed to one end surface side of the stator core, and the one end surface side of the stator core is exposed to one end surface side. The other end of which is connected to an external power source, and the one end surface of the stator core is exposed to the other end of the one leg and one of the other leg. It is preferable to have a bent part that connects the end part.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration can supply a current having an arbitrary number of phases from the outside by including the power supply coil segment.

  Further, the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention is electrically connected to the coil end plate that forms the last current path among the plurality of current paths formed in the stator on one end face side of the stator core. A midpoint short-circuited coil end plate that short-circuits the currents of a plurality of phases that are connected and supplied from the outside at the midpoint, and a midpoint coupling coil segment that electrically connects the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate and the coil end plate And the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate corresponds to the number of phases of current in the radial direction of the stator core from the one end side of the plate portion, and a plate-like plate portion extending in the circumferential direction of the stator core. Each of which is extended and connected to one end of each of the midpoint coupling coil segments. Coil segments, is accommodated in the slot, it is preferable that the other end is connected to the extending portion of the coil end plate.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration can short-circuit the currents of a plurality of phases by including the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate and the midpoint-connected coil segment.

  In the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, it is preferable that the left and right reversing coil segments have different lengths of the one or the other leg for each phase of the flowing current.

  A stator of a rotating electrical machine having such a configuration has a laminated coil end plate that is laminated on the other end face side of the stator core in accordance with the number of phases of the current when a plurality of phases of current are supplied from the outside. Even if the number increases and the distance between the left-right reversal coil segment and the coil end plate is increased across the stator core, the length of the leg portion of the left-right reversal coil segment is adjusted according to the increased distance. be able to.

  Further, in the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, it is preferable that the midpoint coupling coil segment has a different length for each phase of the flowing current.

  A stator of a rotating electrical machine having such a configuration has a laminated coil end plate that is laminated on the other end face side of the stator core in accordance with the number of phases of the current when a plurality of phases of current are supplied from the outside. Even if the number increases and the distance between the midpoint coupling coil segment and the coil end plate increases across the stator core, the length of the leg of the midpoint coupling coil segment is increased according to the distance to be expanded. Can be adjusted.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention includes the coil segment, the left-right reversal coil segment, the coil end plate, the power supply coil segment, the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate, and the midpoint coupling coil segment. It is preferable that the cross-sectional areas orthogonal to the direction in which the gas flows are equal.

  Since the stator of the rotating electrical machine having such a configuration can make the electrical resistance in the stator coil constant, local heat generation is suppressed, the current is stabilized, and the rotating magnetic field is stably formed. be able to.

  According to the stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, a coil loop is formed by two types of members, which are roughly divided into a U-shaped continuous coil segment and a coil end plate, and therefore a physical connection is required. A part can be kept to the minimum, and assemblability can be improved. Moreover, since the stator of a rotary electric machine uses a plate-shaped coil end plate as a coil end member, the height of the coil end portion on the end surface of the stator core can be suppressed. Therefore, even in the case of a coil loop using a rigid conductor, the volume of the coil end portion can be reduced while establishing lap winding, and the entire apparatus can be reduced in size.

It is a perspective view which shows the whole structure of the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment. It is a top view which shows the structure of the stator core with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is provided. It is a figure which shows the connection state of the coil segment etc. with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, and a coil end plate, Comprising: It is the perspective view which notched a part of stator core. It is a figure which shows the structure of the coil segment which comprises a part of stator coil with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, Comprising: (a), (b) (c) is three types of coil segments from which a shape differs, respectively FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the coil segment which comprises a part of stator coil with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, Comprising: (a) is radial direction of a stator core from three types of coil segments from which a shape differs. (B) is a cross-sectional view taken along the line BB of (a), a cross-sectional view taken along the line CC of (a), and a cross-sectional view taken along the line DD of (a). is there. It is a figure which shows the structure of the stator core with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, and a stator coil, Comprising: It is a top view which shows the state by which some coil segments were accommodated in the slot of the stator core. It is a figure which shows the structure of the stator core with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, and a stator coil, Comprising: It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. 1 which shows the state by which all the coil segments were accommodated in the slot of the stator core. It is a figure which shows the structure of the stator core with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, and a stator coil, Comprising: It is the E section enlarged view of FIG. 6 which shows the state by which all the coil segments were accommodated in the slot of the stator core. It is a figure which shows the structure of the coil end plate with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, Comprising: (a) is the whole structure of the stator of a rotary electric machine when the side by which a coil end plate is arrange | positioned faces upwards. The perspective view shown and (b) are F section expanded sectional views of (a). It is a figure which shows the structure of the coil end plate which comprises a part of stator coil with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, Comprising: (a), (b), (c) is three types from which shape differs, respectively It is a perspective view which shows a coil end plate. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS It is a figure which shows the structure of the coil end plate which comprises some stator coils with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped, Comprising: (a) is a rotary electric machine by using the plate part of three types of coil end plates from which a shape differs. The perspective view which shows the state which is going to overlap in the rotating shaft direction, (b) is a top view which shows the state which piled up the plate part of three types of coil end plates from which a shape differs. It is a figure which shows the whole structure of the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment, Comprising: It is a sectional side view in the state which orient | assigned the side by which the coil end plate was arrange | positioned upwards. It is a figure which shows the whole structure of the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment, Comprising: It is a top view in the state which orient | assigned the side by which the coil end plate was arrange | positioned upwards. It is a figure which shows the structure of a part of stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment, Comprising: It is a perspective view which shows the state which removed all the coil segments. It is a perspective view which shows the structure of the left-right inversion coil segment which comprises some stator coils with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is provided. It is a perspective view which shows the power supply coil segment which comprises some stator coils with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped. It is a perspective view which shows the structure of the midpoint short circuit coil end plate which comprises some stator coils with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped. It is a perspective view which shows the structure of the middle point connection coil segment which comprises some stator coils with which the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment is equipped. It is the schematic for demonstrating the coil turn in the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment. It is the schematic for demonstrating the coil loop in the stator of a rotary electric machine, Comprising: (a) is the schematic for demonstrating the coil loop of the stator of the rotary electric machine which concerns on embodiment, (b) It is the schematic for demonstrating the coil loop of a stator.

  DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, embodiments for implementing a stator (hereinafter simply referred to as a stator) of a rotating electrical machine according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. Note that the dimensions and scales of the configurations shown in the drawings may be exaggerated for convenience of explanation.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the stator 1 is a stator of a rotating electrical machine that performs rotational motion by converting electrical energy supplied from outside into mechanical energy. The stator 1 receives electric energy from the outside and generates a magnetic field for rotating a rotor (rotor) having a permanent magnet. As shown in FIG. 1, the stator 1 includes a stator core 10 and a stator coil 20. Note that the stator 1 can also be used as a stator for an induction motor, a synchronous motor, or the like.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the stator core 10 is a core member to which the stator coil 20 is attached. As shown in FIG. 2, the stator core 10 is formed in a cylindrical shape, and a rotor (not shown) is disposed in the cylinder. The stator core 10 can be formed, for example, by laminating annular thin electromagnetic steel plates in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. As shown in FIG. 2, a plurality of slots (grooves) 11 are formed at equal intervals on the inner peripheral surface of the stator core 10.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the slot 11 is for accommodating a coil segment. As shown in FIG. 1, the slot 11 is formed linearly in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. In addition, the slot 11 is formed in the same size (same cross-sectional area) in the direction of the rotation axis X as seen in a plan view as shown in FIG. 2, and the width increases toward the outer diameter side of the stator core 10. It is formed in a simple shape. Thereby, the stator 1 according to the embodiment can reliably hold the coil segment accommodated in the slot 11. However, the slot 11 may be formed with a certain width when viewed in the radial direction of the stator core 10.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 2, 48 slots 11 are formed in a row in the direction of the rotation axis X. However, the number of the slots 11 is not particularly limited, and corresponds to the number of coil turns formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 (the number of turns of the coil loop) and the number of phases of current supplied from the outside. It can be changed as appropriate. Details of the coil turns formed in the stator 1 will be described later (see FIG. 19 described later).

  As shown in FIG. 3, the slot 11 has a plurality of types of coil segments (coil segments 21, 22, 23, left-right reversing coil segment 27, power supply coil segment 28, and midpoint connection from one end face side of the stator core 10. A coil segment 30) is inserted. Further, as will be described later, the slot 11 accommodates a plurality (three in this case) of the plurality of types of coil segments in the radial direction of the stator core 10 in a predetermined order.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the stator coil 20 is excited by electric energy input from the outside to generate a rotating magnetic field. Here, the stator coil 20 is supplied with a three-phase current consisting of a U-phase, a V-phase, and a W-phase from the outside. Here, as shown in FIG. 1, the stator coil 20 is not composed of a general winding, but is composed of a plurality of types of coil segments and a plurality of types of coil end plates.

  The stator 1 according to the embodiment forms a plurality of coil turns in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 by a plurality of types of coil segments and a plurality of types of coil end plates. Here, the coil turn means that the coil segments are accommodated in the two slots 11 in the stator core 10, and the end portions of the coil segments accommodated in the two slots on the end face side of the stator core 10 are respectively separate coil ends. This means an annular current path formed by being electrically connected to the plate (see FIG. 19 described later). The coil loop means a current path (current path around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine) of the entire stator 1 constituted by all coil turns formed in the stator 1 (a figure to be described later). 20). In the following description, first, each configuration of the stator 1 will be described, and then a coil turn and a coil loop formed by the stator 1 will be described.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1, the plurality of types of coil segments include coil segments 21, 22, 23, left-right reversal coil segment 27, power supply coil segment 28, and midpoint coupling coil segment 30. Composed. The plural types of coil end plates are specifically composed of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 and a midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29, as shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 1, the stator coil 20 is electrically connected to the plurality of types of coil segments and the plurality of types of coil end plates on the end face side of the stator core 10. A coil loop is formed.

  A plurality of types of coil segments (coil segments 21, 22, 23, left-right reversing coil segment 27, power supply coil segment 28, and midpoint coupling coil segment 30) constituting the stator coil 20 and a plurality of types of coil end plates ( The coil end plates 24, 25, 26 and the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29) are formed so that their cross-sectional areas perpendicular to the direction in which the current flows are equal. In other words, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the coil segments and the coil end plates that constitute the stator coil 20 are designed to have the same cross-sectional area, although the cross-sectional shapes are different as described later. Thereby, since the stator 1 according to the embodiment can make the electric resistance in the stator coil 20 uniform, it suppresses the generation of local heat generation, stabilizes the current, and stably forms the rotating magnetic field. be able to.

  Although not shown, a plurality of types of coil segments (coil segments 21, 22, 23, left-right reversing coil segment 27, power supply coil segment 28, and midpoint coupling coil segment 30) constituting the stator coil 20, The types of coil end plates (coil end plates 24, 25, 26 and midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29) are subjected to insulation treatment by resin impregnation, for example.

[Configuration of coil segments 21, 22, and 23]
Hereinafter, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 that constitute a part of the stator coil 20 will be described in detail. In the following description, when the coil segments 21, 22, 23 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are shown comprehensively or abstractly, they are expressed as “coil segment” and “coil end plate”, respectively. The code may be omitted. Moreover, in the following description, the common structure (for example, a pair of legs) which the coil segments 21, 22, 23 have, the common structure (for example, a pair of extension parts) which the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 have, etc. In order to avoid redundant description, the reference numerals of the common configuration may be omitted.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are main coil constituent members in the stator coil 20, and current supplied from the outside flows in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine and the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. Is for. The coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are made of conductive rod-like members made of, for example, copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy, etc., and as shown in FIG. 4, the rod-like members are bent into a substantially U shape. It has a different shape. However, the material of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 is not particularly limited as long as the material is excellent in conductivity and moldability.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 4A, the coil segment 21 includes a pair of leg portions 21a and 21b formed in a straight line, one (first) leg portion 21a, and the other (second) A curved bent portion 21c formed continuously between the leg portion 21b and the leg portion 21b. As shown in FIG. 1, the bent portion 21 c is exposed to one end face side of the stator core 10 when the coil segment 21 is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. Further, when the coil segment 21 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are connected to the respective end portions 21d, 21e of the pair of leg portions 21a, 21b, for example, a fastening member 31 (a figure to be described later) 9 (b)) is inserted, and a hole having a predetermined depth (not shown) is formed. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil segment 21. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Here, more specifically, the bent portion 21c of the coil segment 21 has a first bent portion 21c1 and a second bent portion 21c2, as shown in FIG. 4A and FIG. As shown in FIG. 4A, the first bent portion 21c1 is a first bent portion formed continuously from the other leg portion 21b, and the second bent portion 21c2 is shown in FIG. As shown, the second bent portion is formed continuously from the first bent portion 21c1 to the one leg portion 21a.

  When viewed in plan as shown in FIG. 6, the first bent portion 21 c 1 is formed so as to bend toward the inner diameter side of the stator core 10, and the second bent portion 21 c 2 is formed on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10 in different slots 11. It is formed so as to be curved toward. The shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 21c1 (side surface located on the inner diameter side of the stator core 10) is the other side surface of the first bent portion 22c1 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the same slot 11 (of the stator core 10). The shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 21c2 is the other side surface of the second bent portion 22c2 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the same slot 11. It is formed along the shape of Further, the shape of the other side surface of the first bent portion 21c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 22c1 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in a different slot (right slot) 11, The shape of the other side surface of the second bent portion 21 c 2 is formed so as to be within the outer diameter of the stator core 10.

  The first bent portion 21c1 and the second bent portion 21c2 are formed to bend toward one end face side (upper side) of the stator core 10 when viewed from the front. The shape of the lower surface of the first bent portion 21c1 (the surface located on the other side surface of the stator core 10) is the first bent portion 21c1 of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the different slots (left slot) 11. The coil segment is formed so as to conform to the shape of the upper surface of 22c1 (the surface located on one side surface of the stator core 10), and the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 21c2 is accommodated in a different slot (left slot) 11. It is formed along the shape of the upper surface of the second bent portions 21c2 and 22c2 of 21 and 22. Further, the shape of the upper surface of the first bent portion 21c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the first bent portions 21c1, 22c1 of the coil segments 21, 22 accommodated in different slots (right slots) 11, The shape of the upper surface of the second bent portion 21c2 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portions 21c2 and 22c2 of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the different slots (right slots) 11.

  Thus, on the upper surface and the lower surface of the first bent portion 21c1 and the second bent portion 21c2, the first bent portion and the second bent portion of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the different slots 11 are the first bent portion. The bent portions 21c1 and the second bent portions 21c2 are arranged without a gap along the curved portions. The coil segment 21 including the bent portion 21c having the above-described configuration has the coil segment 21 and the coil segment 22 disposed in the same or different slots 11 adjacent to each other in the radial direction of the stator core 10 and the rotation axis X direction. It can be arranged without waste.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 4B, the coil segment 22 includes a pair of leg portions 22a and 22b formed linearly, one (first) leg portion 22a, and the other (second) A curved bent portion 22c formed continuously between the leg portion 22b and the leg portion 22b. As shown in FIG. 1, the bent portion 22 c is exposed to one end face side of the stator core 10 when the coil segment 22 is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. Further, when the coil segment 22 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are connected to the respective end portions 22d, 22e of the pair of leg portions 22a, 22b, for example, a fastening member 31 (a figure to be described later) 9 (b)) is inserted, and a hole having a predetermined depth (not shown) is formed. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil segment 22. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Here, more specifically, the bent portion 22c of the coil segment 22 includes a first bent portion 22c1 and a second bent portion 22c2, as shown in FIG. 4B and FIG. As shown in FIG. 4B, the first bent portion 22c1 is a first bent portion formed continuously from the other leg portion 22b, and the second bent portion 22c2 is shown in FIG. 4B. As shown, the second bent portion is formed continuously from the first bent portion 22c1 to the one leg portion 22a.

  When viewed in plan as shown in FIG. 6, the first bent portion 22 c 1 is formed to bend toward the inner diameter side of the stator core 10, and the second bent portion 22 c 2 is formed on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10 in different slots 11. It is formed so as to be curved toward. The shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 22c1 (side surface located on the inner diameter side of the stator core 10) is formed so as to be within the inner diameter of the stator core 10, and the shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 22c2 is The second bent portion 21c2 of the coil segment 21 housed in a different slot (left slot) 11 is formed so as to follow the shape of the other side surface (side surface located on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10). Moreover, the shape of the other side surface of the first bent portion 22c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 21c1 of the coil segment 21 accommodated in the same slot 11, and the second bent portion 22c1 The shape of the other side surface is formed so as to follow the shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 21c2 of the coil segment 21 accommodated in the same slot 11.

  The first bent portion 22c1 and the second bent portion 22c2 are formed to bend toward one end face side (upper side) of the stator core 10 when viewed from the front. The shape of the lower surface of the first bent portion 22c1 (the surface located on the other side surface of the stator core 10) is the first bent portion 21c1 of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the different slots (left slot) 11. The coil segment is formed so as to follow the shape of the upper surface of 22c1 (the surface located on one side surface of the stator core 10), and the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 22c2 is accommodated in a different slot (left slot) 11. It is formed along the shape of the upper surface of the second bent portions 21c2 and 22c2 of 21 and 22. Further, the shape of the upper surface of the first bent portion 22c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the first bent portions 21c1, 22c1 of the coil segments 21, 22 accommodated in different slots (right slots) 11, The shape of the upper surface of the second bent portion 22c2 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portions 21c2 and 22c2 of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the different slots (right slots) 11.

  Thus, on the upper surface and the lower surface of the first bent portion 22c1 and the second bent portion 22c2, the first bent portion and the second bent portion of the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in different slots 11 are the first bent portion. The bent portions 22c1 and the second bent portions 22c2 are arranged without a gap along the curved portions. The coil segment 22 including the bent portion 22c having the above-described configuration has the coil segment 21 and the coil segment 22 disposed in the same or different slot 11 adjacent to each other in the radial direction of the stator core 10 and the rotation axis X direction. It can be arranged without waste.

  As shown in FIG. 4C, the coil segment 23 includes a pair of leg portions 23a and 23b formed linearly, one (first) leg portion 23a, and the other (second) leg portion. And a bent portion 23c formed continuously between the two and 23b. As shown in FIG. 1, the bent portion 23 c is exposed to one end face side of the stator core 10 in a state where the coil segment 23 is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. Further, when the coil segment 23 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are connected to the respective end portions 23d, 23e of the pair of leg portions 23a, 23b, for example, a fastening member 31 (a figure to be described later). 9 (b)) is inserted, and a hole having a predetermined depth (not shown) is formed. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil segment 23. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed. Here, the coil segment 23 is connected to the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 on the other end face side of the stator core 10, thereby forming a coil turn and a plurality of coil segments 23 in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. It also functions as a crossover member that connects the coil turns. Details of the coil turns formed in the stator 1 will be described later (see FIG. 19 described later).

  Here, more specifically, the bent portion 23c of the coil segment 23 has a first bent portion 23c1 and a second bent portion 23c2, as shown in FIG. 4C and FIG. As shown in FIG. 4C, the first bent portion 23c1 is a first bent portion formed continuously from the other leg portion 23b, and the second bent portion 23c2 is shown in FIG. As shown, the second bent portion is formed continuously from the first bent portion 23c1 to the one leg portion 23a.

  When viewed in plan as shown in FIG. 6, the first bent portion 23 c 1 is formed to bend toward the inner diameter side of the stator core 10, and the second bent portion 23 c 2 is formed on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10 in the different slots 11. It is formed so as to be curved toward. The shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 23c1 (side surface located on the inner diameter side of the stator core 10) is formed so as to be within the inner diameter of the stator core 10, and the shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 23c2 is The second bent portion 23c2 of the coil segment 23 housed in a different slot (left slot) 11 is formed so as to follow the shape of the other side surface (side surface located on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10). In addition, the shape of the other side surface of the first bent portion 23c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 23c1 of the coil segment 23 housed in a different slot (left slot) 11. The shape of the other side surface of the second bent portion 23c2 is formed so as to follow the shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 23c2 of the coil segment 23 housed in a different slot (right slot) 11.

  The first bent portion 23c1 and the second bent portion 23c2 are formed to be curved toward one end face side (upper side) of the stator core 10 when viewed from the front. The shape of the lower surface of the first bent portion 23c1 (the surface positioned on the other side surface of the stator core 10) is the upper surface of the first bent portion 23c1 (stator core) of the coil segment 23 housed in a different slot (left slot) 11. 10 is formed along the shape of the second bent portion 23c2, and the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 23c2 is the second bent of the coil segment 23 accommodated in the different slot (right slot) 11. It is formed along the shape of the upper surface of the portion 23c2. Further, the shape of the upper surface of the first bent portion 23c1 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the first bent portion 23c1 of the coil segment 23 accommodated in the different slot (right slot) 11, and the second bent portion 23c2. Is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 23c2 of the coil segment 23 accommodated in the different slot (left slot) 11.

  Thus, on the upper surface and the lower surface of the first bent portion 23c1 and the second bent portion 23c2, the first bent portion and the second bent portion of the coil segment 23 accommodated in the different slots 11 are the first bent portion. It will be arrange | positioned without a gap along the curved part of 23c1 and the 2nd bending part 23c2. The coil segment 23 including the bent portion 23c having the above-described configuration can be disposed without waste by causing the coil segments 23 disposed in different slots 11 to be adjacent to each other in the radial direction and the rotation axis X direction.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are formed in a shape in which the legs are opened at a predetermined interval. As a result, the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are accommodated in two different slots 11 of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG. The coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are set in advance in the order in which they are accommodated in the slots 11 of the stator core 10, and the pair of legs are formed in a cross-sectional shape that is the shape of the slots 11 (described later). (See FIG. 5B).

  The open leg intervals of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21 and 22 are all formed to be the same interval. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 5A, the interval between the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21 and 22 is such that when one leg portion 21a and 22a is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10, the other leg portion is separated. The portions 21b and 22b are formed at intervals such that the portions 21b and 22b are accommodated in the slots 11 adjacent to the slots 11 that accommodate the one leg portions 21a and 22a (five adjacent in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10). However, the distance between the legs of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21 and 22 is not particularly limited, and can be appropriately changed according to the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside.

  Further, the distance between the pair of leg portions of the coil segment 23 is different from that of the coil segments 21 and 22. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 5A, the distance between the pair of leg portions of the coil segment 23 is such that when one leg portion 23 a is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10, the other leg portion 23 b is It is formed at an interval so as to be received in the slot 11 next to the slot 11 that accommodates one leg portion 23a (seven next to the circumferential direction of the stator core 10). This is because, as described above, the coil segment 23 also functions as a bridge member that connects a plurality of coil turns formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. However, the distance between the legs of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment 23 is not particularly limited, and can be appropriately changed according to the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are mainly different in the shapes of the bent portions 21 c, 22 c, and 23 c. That is, the bent portions 21c, 22c, and 23c are formed to be bent at different angles as shown in FIG. The coil segments having different shapes with different bent portions as shown in FIG. 4 correspond to the number of coil turns (the number of turns of the coil loop) formed in the radial direction of the stator core 10 by the stator coil 20.

  The coil turn is a coil segment in which a pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 is accommodated in the two slots 11 in the stator core 10 and is accommodated in the two slots on the end face side of the stator core 10. This means an annular current path formed by electrically connecting the end portions of the pair of leg portions 21, 22, and 23 to a separate coil end plate (see below). 19). Such coil turns (current paths) correspond to the number of combinations of the coil segments 21, 22, 23 inserted in the same slot 11 in the stator core 10 and the corresponding coil end plates 24, 25, 26. A plurality of stator cores 10 are formed in the radial direction of the stator core 10, and correspond to the number of combinations of coil segments 21, 22, 23 inserted into different slots 11 in the stator core 10 and corresponding coil end plates 24, 25, 26. A plurality of stator cores 10 are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 19 described later).

  The coil loop means a current path (current path around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine) of the entire stator 1 constituted by all the coil turns formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. (See FIG. 20 described later). Specifically, such a coil loop is composed of two types, clockwise and counterclockwise (see FIG. 20 described later).

  Here, as will be described later, the stator 1 according to the embodiment accommodates three coil segments in the slot 11 of the stator core 10 and forms three coil turns in the radial direction of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 19 described later). . Therefore, as shown in FIG. 4, the stator 1 according to the present embodiment uses three coil segments having different shapes with different bent portions. Thereby, as shown in FIG. 5A, the stator 1 according to the embodiment overlaps the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 in the radial direction of the stator core 10, and combines the three leg portions. When accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10, the bent portions 21 c, 22 c, and 23 c are disposed adjacent to each other in the radial direction of the stator core 10.

  Further, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the coil segments 21, 22 and 23 having different shapes with different bent portions are combined and accommodated in the slots 11 of the stator core 10. The coil segments can be arranged so as not to interfere with 21, 22, and 23, and can be placed within one end face of the stator core 10 and at a certain height on one end face of the stator core 10. 21, 22, 23 can be arranged. That is, even if the stator 1 is a coil segment made of a rigid conductor different from a normal winding, it can form a lap winding state as if it were a winding. Therefore, the stator 1 can realize lap winding with a rigid conductor, and can suppress the volume of the exposed portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 from the end face of the stator core 10 as much as possible. Further, since the stator 1 can efficiently arrange the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 without waste, the space factor of the coil can be improved.

  Although not shown in the drawings, the stator 1 according to the embodiment has different lengths of the pair of leg portions in addition to the coil segments 21, 22, 23 having different shapes of the bent portions. Segments 21, 22, and 23 are used. The coil segments having different lengths with different lengths of the pair of leg portions correspond to the number of phases of current supplied to the stator coil 20 from the outside.

  Here, as will be described later, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is a number obtained by multiplying the number of coil turns (the number of coil loop turns) formed in the radial direction of the stator core 10 and the number of phases of current supplied from the outside. Only (for 9 layers here), coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are laminated on the other end face of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 12 described later). In this case, the number of layers of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is doubled according to the number of phases of the current, and the distance between the coil segment and the coil end plate is separated in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. Therefore, the stator 1 according to the embodiment prepares three different lengths of the pair of leg portions for each of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23. That is, the stator 1 uses a total of nine types of coil segments by summing up the difference in shape of the bent portion and the difference in length of the pair of leg portions. Accordingly, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, adjacent ones of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are held at the same height position, and the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are arranged in the direction of the rotation axis X. Arranged with steps. When the stator 1 is supplied with a plurality of phases from the outside, the stator 1 is laminated with coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 that are laminated on the other end face side of the stator core 10 in accordance with the number of phases of the current. Even if the number increases and the distance between the coil segments 21, 22, 23 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 increases across the stator core 10, the coil segments 21, The lengths of the legs 22 and 23 can be adjusted. Therefore, the stator 1 can easily connect the coil end plate and the coil segment arranged in each layer, and can improve the assemblability.

  The coil segments 21, 22 and 23 having the above-described configuration are inserted into two different slots 11 of the stator core 10 from one end face side of the stator core 10. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 5, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are as shown in FIG. 7, with their legs overlapped in a predetermined order in the radial direction of the stator core 10. And accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. And the edge part of a pair of leg part of the coil segments 21,22,23 accommodated in the said slot 11 is the other end surface side of the stator core 10, by the fastening member 31 (refer FIG.9 (b) mentioned later), The coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are electrically connected to a pair of second extending portions (see FIG. 10 described later). Instead of fastening by the fastening member 31, it may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing, or the like.

  When the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are stacked in a predetermined order in the radial direction of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG. 5A, as shown in FIG. These are formed to have different cross-sectional shapes. Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 have the same cross-sectional area, and the width is larger as they are accommodated on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10. It is formed in such a cross-sectional shape. When the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are overlapped in a predetermined order in the radial direction of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG. 5A, as shown in FIG. The stator core 10 is formed so as to have the same cross-sectional shape as the cross-sectional shape of the slot 11 of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 2). Thereby, the stator 1 according to the embodiment has the same cross-sectional shape of the slot 11 and the cross-sectional shape of the combination of the plurality of coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 in a predetermined order. In addition, since the taper shape becomes wider in the radial direction from the inner diameter, the coil segment accommodated in the slot 11 can be more reliably held as compared with the parallel width. However, when the slot 11 is formed with a constant width as described above, the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are formed with a constant width in accordance with the cross-sectional shape of the slot 11. Also good.

  As shown in FIG. 5B, the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are accommodated in the slots 11 of the stator core 10 in a state where the one or other leg portion is displaced in the radial direction of the stator core 10. Is done. For example, as shown in FIG. 5B, when one leg 21a of the coil segment 21 is accommodated at a position on the outermost diameter side of the slot 11, the other leg 21b corresponding to this is shown in FIG. As shown in (b), it is accommodated in the middle position of the slot 11 shifted by one on the inner diameter side. Similarly, the remaining coil segments 22 and 23 are accommodated in positions where one leg 21a and the other leg 21b are displaced in the radial direction.

  As shown in FIG. 5A, three coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10 in the radial direction of the stator core 10. The number of coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in one slot 11 of the stator core 10 corresponds to the number of coil turns (the number of turns of the coil loop). Here, as will be described later, the stator 1 according to the embodiment forms three coil turns in the radial direction of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 20 described later), so that the coil segment 21 accommodated in the radial direction of the stator core 10 is used. , 22 and 23 are three as shown in FIG.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 8, currents of respective phases supplied from the outside flow through the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slots 11 of the stator core 10. That is, when a three-phase current is supplied from the outside like the stator 1 according to the embodiment, for example, the coil segment (the legs 21a, 22a, and 23b) accommodated in the leftmost slot 11 and the rightmost A U-phase current flows through the coil segments (the leg portions 23a, 21b, and 22b) accommodated in the slot 11. Also, the coil segments (leg portions 21a, 22a, 23b) accommodated in the second slot 11 from the left and the coil segments (leg portions 23a, 21b, 22b) accommodated in the third slot 11 from the left. In this case, a V-phase current flows. And the coil segment (the leg portions 21a, 22a, 23b) accommodated in the fourth slot 11 from the left and the coil segment (the leg portions 23a, 21b, 22b) accommodated in the fifth slot 11 from the left In this case, a W-phase current flows.

  Although not shown, a U-phase current flows through the coil segments housed in the leftmost slot 11 and the slot located on both sides (left and right) of the rightmost slot 11 shown in FIG. Therefore, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10 have U-phase, U-phase, V-phase, V-phase, W-phase, W-phase, U-phase around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. , U-phase,..., Three-phase currents flow in two rows. 4, the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the leftmost slot 11 shown in FIG. 8, and the coil segments 21 and 22 accommodated in the leftmost slot 11 shown in FIG. Are the same coil segments.

[Configuration of coil end plates 24, 25, 26]
Hereinafter, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 constituting a part of the stator coil 20 will be described in detail.

  As shown in FIG. 9, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are coil end members in the stator coil 20. On the other end face side of the stator core 10, currents that flow through the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are separated. It is for passing to the coil segments 21, 22, and 23. The coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are made of conductive plate members made of, for example, copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy, or the like. However, the material of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is not particularly limited as long as the material is excellent in conductivity and formability.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 10A, the coil end plate 24 includes a plate portion 24a formed in a flat plate shape, and a pair of extending portions 24b and 24c extending from one end side of the plate portion 24a. ,have. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 10 (a), the extending portions 24b and 24c include a pair of first extending portions 24b1 and 24c1 extended from one end side of the plate portion 24a, and the pair. And a pair of second extending portions 24b2 and 24c2 respectively extending from one end sides of the first extending portions 24b1 and 24c1. Further, when the coil end plate 24 and the coil segments 21, 22, 23 are connected to the second extending portions 24b2, 24c2, for example, a fastening member 31 shown in FIG. 10B is inserted. The hole is formed through. In the above example, a hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil end plate 24. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 10B, the coil end plate 25 includes a plate portion 25a formed in a flat plate shape, and a pair of extending portions 25b and 25c extending from one end side of the plate portion 25a. ,have. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 10 (b), the extending portions 25b and 25c include a pair of first extending portions 25b1 and 25c1 extending from one end side of the plate portion 25a and the pair. And a pair of second extending portions 25b2 and 25c2 respectively extending from one end sides of the first extending portions 25b1 and 25c1. Further, when the coil end plate 25 and the coil segments 21, 22, 23 are connected to the second extending portions 25b2, 25c2, for example, a fastening member 31 shown in FIG. 9B is inserted. The hole is formed through. In the above example, a hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil end plate 25. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 10C, the coil end plate 26 includes a plate portion 26a formed in a flat plate shape, and a pair of extending portions 26b and 26c extending from one end side of the plate portion 26a. ,have. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 10C, the extending portions 26b and 26c are a pair of first extending portions 26b1 and 26c1 extended from one end side of the plate portion 26a, and the pair. And a pair of second extending portions 26b2 and 26c2 respectively extending from one end sides of the first extending portions 26b1 and 26c1. Further, when the coil end plate 26 and the coil segments 21, 22, 23 are connected to the second extending portions 26b2, 26c2, for example, a fastening member 31 shown in FIG. 9B is inserted. The hole is formed through. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the coil end plate 26. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  As shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, the plate portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are arranged in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 when the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are arranged on the end surface of the stator core 10. It is formed to extend. That is, the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are formed to be curved in accordance with the shape of the end face of the stator core 10, as shown in FIG.

  The plate portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are formed so as to have the same area when viewed in plan. Therefore, the plate portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked in this order in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine as shown in FIG. As shown in (), when viewed in plan, they are arranged so as to overlap at the same position. That is, when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are overlapped, as shown in FIG. 11 (b), only the uppermost plate portion 24a is exposed and the other plate portions 25a and 26a are not exposed. Become.

  The pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are formed in the stator core 10 when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are disposed on the end surface of the stator core 10 as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10. It is formed so as to extend in an L shape from one end side. Further, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are formed to be thicker than the plate portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. Thereby, even if the stator 1 which concerns on embodiment is a case where a coil end plate is made thin, the cross-sectional resistance value of the member which forms a coil loop can be made uniform.

  The pair of first extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26, when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are disposed on the end surface of the stator core 10, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, The stator core 10 is formed so as to extend in the radial direction. Similarly, the pair of second extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 extend in the same direction in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10. Formed as follows. Accordingly, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the extending direction of the pair of first extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 and the extending direction of the pair of second extending portions are orthogonal to each other. In addition, the extending directions of the pair of second extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are aligned. Therefore, when the plurality of coil end plates are stacked in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotating electrical machine, the second extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 do not overlap the first extending portions of the other coil end plates. It becomes. Therefore, the stator 1 can increase the space factor of the coil by using the coil segments 21, 22, and 23, and can also be used on the other end surface of the stator core 10 by using the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. The volume of the crossing portion of the coil can be reduced, and a space for fastening the fastening member 31 can be secured when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are laminated. Further, the stator 1 can regularly stack the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 by extending the second extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 in the same direction.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 extend from one end side of the plate portions 24a, 24b, and 24c at a predetermined interval. As a result, the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are connected to the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 respectively accommodated in two different slots 11 of the stator core 10, as will be described later. They are electrically connected (see FIG. 19 described later).

  The intervals between the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are all formed to be the same interval. Further, the distance between the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 is specifically set to be substantially the same as the distance between the leg portions of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22. It is formed. As a result, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 form coil turns together with the corresponding coil segments 21 and 22 as described later (see FIG. 19 described later).

  As shown in FIG. 10, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 have different lengths of the extending portions 24b, 24c, 25b, 25c, 26b, and 26c. That is, the extension portions 24b, 24c, 25b, 25c, 26b, and 26c are provided when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are disposed on the end face of the stator core 10 as shown in FIGS. The stator core 10 is formed to have different lengths in the radial direction. As shown in FIG. 10, the coil end plates having different shapes with different extending portions correspond to the number of coil turns (the number of turns of the coil loop) formed in the radial direction of the stator core 10 by the stator coil 20.

  Here, as will be described later, the stator 1 according to the embodiment accommodates three coil segments in the slot 11 of the stator core 10 and forms three coil turns in the radial direction of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 19 described later). . Therefore, as shown in FIG. 10, the stator 1 according to the present embodiment uses three coil end plates having different shapes with different shapes of the extending portions. Accordingly, the stator 1 according to the embodiment uses the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 having different extension lengths by the same number as the number of coil turns (the number of turns of the coil loop). Regardless of this, the extended portions (second extended portions) of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 do not overlap the extended portions of the other coil end plates 24, 25, 26. Therefore, the coil space factor can be increased by using the coil segments 21, 22, and 23, and the coil transition portion on the other end face of the stator core 10 can be obtained by using the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. In addition, when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked, a space for fastening the fastening member 31 can be secured regardless of the number of coil turns.

  Since the pair of first extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are formed with different lengths as described above, for example, as shown in FIG. , 25 and 26 are stacked in this order in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine, and when viewed in plan as shown in FIG. On the other hand, the pair of second extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are arranged so that they do not overlap each other when viewed in plan as shown in FIG. It becomes.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 having the above-described configuration are opposite to one end face side of the stator core 10 where the bent portions of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 are exposed. It arrange | positions at the other end surface side. Further, as shown in FIG. 12, a plurality of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 arranged on the other end face side of the stator core 10 are stacked in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. And a pair of extension part of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 laminated | stacked on the other end surface of the said stator core 10 is the coil segments 21, 22, 23 by the fastening member 31 (refer FIG.9 (b)). Of the pair of legs (see FIG. 4). Instead of fastening by the fastening member 31, it may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing, or the like.

  The number of laminated coil end plates 24, 25, 26 on the other end face of the stator core 10 is a number obtained by multiplying the number of coil turns (the number of turns of the coil loop) and the number of phases of the current. Here, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the number of coil turns is three and the number of current phases is three. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 12, the number of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is stacked. Is a total of 9 layers.

  On the other end face of the stator core 10, the same type of coil end plate is disposed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. That is, as described above, when nine layers of coil end plates are stacked on the end face of the stator core 10, for example, as shown in FIG. 12, the first to third layers from the bottom are the coil end plates 26, four layers. Coil end plates having the same shape (type) are arranged for each layer, such as the coil end plate 25 for the sixth to sixth layers, and the coil end plate 24 for the seventh to ninth layers.

  Further, as described above, the coil end plate has a pair of extending portions (first extending portions) formed in the order of the coil end plate 24, the coil end plate 25, and the coil end plate 26 in a long manner (see FIG. 10), when the layers are stacked in the order shown in FIG. 12, the pair of extending portions are arranged so as to be displaced in the radial direction of the stator core 10, and the pair of extending portions are arranged in the lower layer (in the radial direction of the stator core 10). B) a long coil end plate will be placed. In other words, as shown in FIG. 12, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked on the end surface of the stator core 10, and the pair of extending portions are shifted in the radial direction of the stator core 10 for each layer. Laminated in a staircase shape (mortar shape). Accordingly, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, since the pair of extending portions are displaced in the radial direction of the stator core 10 for each layer, the extending portions (second extending portions) of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are provided. Will not overlap with the extended portions of the other coil end plates 24, 25, 26. Therefore, the coil space factor can be increased by using the coil end segments 21, 22, and 23, and the coil crossing on the other end face of the stator core 10 can be achieved by using the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. The volume of the portion can be reduced, and a space for fastening the fastening member can be secured when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are laminated.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 12, the stator 1 according to the embodiment has the plate-like coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 stacked as coil end members, so that the height h of the coil end portion is minimized. Can be suppressed. In the stator 1, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked stepwise, so that heat generated by current flowing through the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is easily transferred to the stator core 10, and cooling is performed. Efficiency is improved.

  Here, in-phase current flows through the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 stacked on the other end face of the stator core 10 for each layer. That is, as described above, when nine layers of coil end plates are laminated on the end face of the stator core 10, for example, as shown in FIG. 12, the first layer from the bottom is the V phase, the second layer is the U phase, Layer is W phase, Layer 4 is U phase, Layer 5 is W phase, Layer 6 is V phase, Layer 7 is W phase, Layer 8 is V phase, Layer 9 is U phase, and so on In addition, in order to match the resistance values of the coils through which in-phase current flows for each layer, the U phase, the V phase, and the W phase are arranged as described above, and the lengths of the coil segments are made equal for each phase. I have to. In FIG. 12, the one shown by sand (sand-like) hatching is the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 through which the U-phase current flows, and the one shown by cross (cross-hatched) hatching is through the V-phase current. The coil end plates 24, 25, and 26, which are indicated by dot (granular) hatching, are the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 through which a W-phase current flows.

  As shown in FIG. 13, a plurality of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are arranged in an annular shape for each layer in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 when the stator 1 is viewed in plan from the other end face side (upward). Is done. In addition, as described above, the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked stepwise on the other end face of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 12), and therefore, as shown in FIG. , 25, 26 are arranged in an annular shape so that the radius of the extension portion arranged in the lower layer becomes smaller. Thereby, as shown in FIG. 13, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is on the other end face of the stator core 10 with the pair of second extending portions (holes) of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 exposed. The coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 can be stacked on each other. Therefore, the coil space factor can be increased by using the coil segments 21, 22, and 23, and the coil transition portion on the other end face of the stator core 10 can be obtained by using the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. In addition, a space for fastening the fastening member 31 can be secured when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked.

  Further, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 13, a pair of second extending portions (hole portions) of all the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 that form a coil turn in the stator 1 are externally provided. Visible easily. Therefore, at the time of assembly, the fastening operation by the fastening member 31 can be easily performed, and for example, the number of coil turns, the positions of the coil end plates 24, 25, 26, and the like can be easily changed. And maintenance is also excellent.

Here, on the other end face of the stator core 10, currents in the same direction flow through the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 arranged in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. That is, as described above, when the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are arranged in an annular shape on the end surface of the stator core 10, for example, as shown in FIG. clockwise current I 1 around the rotation axis X of the rotary electric machine flows, each of the top layer of the coil end plates 24L, counterclockwise current I 2 around the rotation axis X of the rotary electric machine flows. The same applies to the other coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 stacked under the same. Thus, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, currents in the reverse direction flow through the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 adjacent to each other. In FIG. 13, those shown by sand (sand-like) hatching are coil end plates 24, 25, 26 through which U-phase current flows, and those shown by cross (cross-hatched) hatching are through V-phase current. The coil end plates 24, 25, and 26, which are indicated by dot (granular) hatching, are the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 through which a W-phase current flows.

[Remaining configuration of stator coil 20]
Hereinafter, the remaining configuration of the stator coil 20 will be described in detail. As shown in FIG. 14, in addition to the coil segment and the coil end plate described so far, the stator coil 20 includes a left-right reversal coil segment 27, a power supply coil segment 28, a midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29, a middle coil Point connection coil segment 30.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the left / right reversing coil segment 27 reverses the direction of the current flowing through the coil segments 21, 22, and 23. The left-right reversal coil segment 27 is composed of a conductive rod-shaped member made of, for example, copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy or the like, and as shown in FIG. 14, the rod-shaped member is bent in a substantially U shape. Presents. However, the material of the left-right reversal coil segment 27 is not particularly limited as long as it is a material excellent in conductivity and formability.

  Inverting the direction of the current specifically means changing the direction of the coil loop formed by the stator coil 20. That is, the stator 1 according to the embodiment forms coil turns in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 by the coil segments 21, 22 and 23 and the coil end plates 24, 25 and 26 as described later. Then, two coil loops are formed, a clockwise coil loop around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine and a counterclockwise coil loop (see FIG. 20 described later). The left-right reversal coil segment 27 is electrically connected to the coil end plate that forms the end point of the clockwise coil loop and the coil end plate that forms the start point of the counterclockwise coil loop. Switch between rotating and counterclockwise coil loops. The details of the coil loop formed in the stator 1 will be described later (see FIG. 20 described later).

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 15, the left / right reversal coil segment 27 includes a pair of leg portions 27a and 27b formed linearly, one (first) leg portion 27a, and the other (second) And a curved bent portion 27c formed continuously between the leg portion 27b and the leg portion 27b. As shown in FIG. 14, the bent portion 27 c is exposed to one end face side of the stator core 10 in a state where the left-right reversal coil segment 27 is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. Further, when the left and right reversal coil segment 27 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are connected to the end portions 27d, 27e of the pair of leg portions 27a, 27b, for example, the fastening member 31 (see FIG. 9 (b)) is inserted, and a hole having a predetermined depth (not shown) is formed. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the left-right reversal coil segment 27. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 15, more specifically, the bent portion 27c of the left-right reversing coil segment 27 has a first bent portion 27c1 and a second bent portion 27c2. As shown in FIG. 15, the first bent portion 27c1 is a first bent portion formed continuously from the other leg portion 27b, and the second bent portion 27c2 is a first bent portion as shown in FIG. This is a second bent portion formed continuously from the bent portion 27c1 to the one leg portion 27a.

  When viewed in a plan view, the first bent portion 27c1 is formed to bend toward the inner diameter side of the stator core 10, and the second bent portion 27c2 is formed to be bent toward the inner diameter side of the stator core 10 in the different slots 11. . The shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 27c1 (side surface located on the inner diameter side of the stator core 10) is formed so as to be within the inner diameter of the stator core 10, and the shape of one side surface of the second bent portion 27c2 is The second bent portion 22c2 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the different slot 11 is formed so as to follow the shape of the other side surface (the side surface located on the outer diameter side of the stator core 10). In addition, the shape of the other side surface of the first bent portion 27c1 is formed along the shape of one side surface of the first bent portion 22c1 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the different slot 11, and the second bent portion 27c2 The shape of the other side surface is formed so as to be within the outer diameter side of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 1).

  The first bent portion 27c1 and the second bent portion 27c2 are formed to bend toward one end face side (upper side) of the stator core 10 when viewed from the front. The shape of the lower surface of the first bent portion 27c1 (the surface located on the other side surface of the stator core 10) is the same as the upper surface of the first bent portion 22c1 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the different slot 11 (one of the stator cores 10). The shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 27c2 is aligned with the shape of the upper surface of the second bent portion 22c2 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the different slot 11. Formed. Further, the shape of the upper surface of the second bent portion 27c2 is formed so as to follow the shape of the lower surface of the second bent portion 22c2 of the coil segment 22 accommodated in the different slot 11 (see FIG. 1).

  Thus, the first bent portion and the second bent portion of the coil segment 22 accommodated in different slots 11 are provided on the lower surface of the first bent portion 27c1 and the lower surface and the upper surface of the second bent portion, respectively. It arrange | positions without a gap along the curved part of the part 27c1 and the 2nd bending part 27c2. The left-right reversing coil segment 27 including the bent portion 27c having the above-described configuration can be disposed without waste by causing the coil segments 22 disposed in different slots 11 to be adjacent to each other in the radial direction and the rotation axis X direction. .

  As shown in FIG. 15, the left-right reversal coil segment 27 is formed in a shape in which the legs are opened at a predetermined interval. As a result, the pair of leg portions of the left-right reversing coil segment 27 are accommodated in two different slots 11 of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 14, when the leg portion 27b is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10, the interval between the pair of leg portions of the left-right reversing coil segment 27 is different from the other leg portion 27b. Are formed at intervals so as to be accommodated in the slots 11 adjacent to the slots 11 accommodating the leg portions 27a (six adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core 10). However, the distance between the legs of the pair of leg portions of the left / right reversing coil segment 27 is not particularly limited, and can be appropriately changed according to the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside. Note that the distance between the pair of leg portions of the left-right reversal coil segment 27 is wider than the distance between the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21 and 22 and is narrower than the distance between the pair of leg portions of the coil segment 23. This is because the direction of the current is reversed by connecting to the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 forming the loop.

  Although not shown in the drawing, the length of the pair of leg portions of the left-right reversing coil segment 27 is different in accordance with the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside, similarly to the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 described above. Three types with different lengths are used. Thereby, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is configured such that when a plurality of phases of current are supplied from the outside, the coil end plate 24 stacked on the other end face side of the stator core 10 corresponding to the number of phases of the current. Even when the number of layers 25 and 26 is increased and the distance between the left / right reversal coil segment 27 and the coil end plates 24, 25 and 26 is increased with the stator core 10 interposed therebetween, The length of the leg portion of the reversal coil segment 27 can be adjusted. Therefore, the stator 1 can easily connect the coil end plate and the left-right reversal coil segment 27 arranged in each layer, and can improve assemblability.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the left-right reversal coil segment 27 having the above configuration is inserted into two different slots 11 of the stator core 10 from one end face side of the stator core 10. More specifically, the left-right reversing coil segment 27 has one of its pair of leg portions and any two of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, 23 in a predetermined order in the radial direction of the stator core 10. Are accommodated in the slots 11 of the stator core 10. The ends of the leg portions of the left and right reversal coil segments 27 and the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 are connected to the fastening member 31 (FIG. 9B) on the other end face side of the stator core 10. ) To electrically connect the pair of second extending portions (see FIG. 10) of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. Instead of fastening by the fastening member 31, it may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing, or the like.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the power supply coil segment 28 supplies current from an external power source to the coil segments 21, 22 and 23 and the left-right reversal coil segment 27. The power supply coil segment 28 is composed of a conductive rod-shaped member made of, for example, copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy, or the like, and has a linear shape with a part bent as shown in FIG. . However, the material of the power supply coil segment 28 is not particularly limited as long as it is a material excellent in conductivity and formability.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 16, the power supply coil segment 28 includes a pair of leg portions 28a and 28b formed linearly, one (first) leg portion 28a, and the other (second) And a curved bent portion 28c formed continuously between the leg portion 28b. As shown in FIG. 14, the bent portion 28 c is exposed to one end face side of the stator core 10 in a state where the power supply coil segment 28 is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. The bent portion 28c is formed so as to follow the shape of the bent portion of the coil segment accommodated in the adjacent slot 11, and is formed so as to be exposed on one end face side of the stator core 10 (see FIG. 1). ). Further, when the power supply coil segment 28 and the coil end plates 24, 25, 26 are connected to the end portions 28d of the pair of leg portions 28a, for example, a fastening member 31 (see FIG. 9B). A hole having a predetermined depth (not shown) is formed. In the above example, a hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the power supply coil segment 28. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed.

  Although not shown, the power supply coil segment 28 also has a pair of leg portions having different lengths corresponding to the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside, like the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 described above. Three types with different lengths are used. Thereby, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is configured such that when a plurality of phases of current are supplied from the outside, the coil end plate 24 stacked on the other end face side of the stator core 10 corresponding to the number of phases of the current. Even when the number of layers 25 and 26 is increased and the distance between the power supply coil segment 28 and the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is increased with the stator core 10 interposed therebetween, the power The length of the legs of the supply coil segment 28 can be adjusted. Therefore, the stator 1 can easily connect the coil end plate and the power supply coil segment 28 arranged in each layer, and can improve the assemblability.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the power supply coil segment 28 having the above configuration is inserted into the slot 11 of the stator core 10 from one end face side of the stator core 10. More specifically, the power supply coil segment 28 has one leg portion 28a and any two of the pair of leg portions of the coil segments 21, 22, 23 in a predetermined order in the radial direction of the stator core 10. The stacked state is accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator core 10. The ends of the leg portions of the power supply coil segment 28 and the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 are connected to the fastening member 31 (FIG. 9B) on the other end face side of the stator core 10. ) To electrically connect the pair of second extending portions (see FIG. 10) of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26. Further, as shown in FIG. 14, the other leg portion 28b of the power supply coil segment 28 is exposed to one end portion side of the stator core 10, and the end portion is connected to an external power source. Note that the ends of the leg portions of the power supply coil segment 28 and the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing, or the like instead of being fastened by the fastening member 31.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 short-circuits the currents of a plurality of phases supplied from the outside to the coil segment group and the coil end plate group at the midpoint. The midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 is made of a conductive plate-like member made of, for example, copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy or the like, and has a trifurcated shape as shown in FIG. However, the material of the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 is not particularly limited as long as it is a material excellent in conductivity and formability.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 17, the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 includes a plate portion 29a formed in a flat plate shape and three extending portions 29b, 29c extending from one end side of the plate portion 29a. 29d. Further, as shown in FIG. 17, when the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 and the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 are connected to the extending portions 29b, 29c, and 29d, a fastening member (FIG. 9 ( A hole into which b) is inserted is formed through. The midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 and the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 can also be formed integrally.

  As shown in FIGS. 14 and 17, the plate portion of the midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 extends in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 when the midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 is disposed on the end surface of the stator core 10. As shown, it is curved along the shape of the end face of the stator core 10.

  As shown in FIGS. 14 and 17, the extended portion of the midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 extends in the radial direction of the stator core 10 when the midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 is disposed on the end surface of the stator core 10. It is formed to extend. Further, as shown in FIG. 17, a plurality of (here, three) extending portions of the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 extend from one end side of the plate portion 29a. The number of extending portions of the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 corresponds to the number of phases of current supplied from the outside, and three-phase current is supplied from outside like the stator 1 according to the embodiment. In this case, a midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 having three extending portions is used.

  As shown in FIG. 17, the extending portion of the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 extends from one end side of the plate portion 29a with a predetermined interval therebetween. Thereby, the extension part of the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 is electrically connected to the leg part of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 respectively accommodated in three different slots 11 of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG. Is done.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 14, the interval between the extension portions of the midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 is different when each midpoint short-circuit coil end plate 29 is disposed on one end face of the stator 1. The protrusions 29b, 29c, and 29d are formed so as to have an interval such that one slot 11 is positioned.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 having the above-described configuration is disposed on one end face side of the stator core 10 where the bent portions of the coil segments 21, 22 and 23 are exposed. And the extension part of the midpoint short circuit coil end plate 29 arrange | positioned on the end surface of the stator core 10 is the midpoint connection accommodated in the slot 11 of the stator 1 by the fastening member 31 (refer FIG.9 (b)). It is electrically connected to the end of the leg of the coil segment 30 (see FIG. 18 described later). The midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is electrically connected to coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 that form the last coil loop among the plurality of coil loops formed on the stator 1. Therefore, the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 is electrically connected to the coil end plate 24 that forms the final coil loop via the midpoint coupling coil segment 30. The extended portion of the midpoint coil end plate 29 may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing or the like instead of being fastened by the fastening member 31.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 electrically connects the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29 and the coil end plate 24. The midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is composed of, for example, a conductive rod-shaped member made of copper, copper alloy, aluminum, aluminum alloy, or the like, and has a linear shape as shown in FIG. However, the material of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is not particularly limited as long as it is a material excellent in conductivity and formability.

  As shown in FIG. 18, the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is formed in a straight line, and at each end of one (first) leg 30a and the other (second) leg 30b, When the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is connected to the coil end plate 24 and the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate 29, for example, a hole having a predetermined depth into which the fastening member 31 (see FIG. 9B) is inserted. Is formed. In the above example, the hole for fastening by the fastening member 31 is formed in the midpoint coupling coil segment 30. However, when joining by a method such as welding, the hole may not be formed. .

  Although not shown, the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 also has a pair of leg lengths corresponding to the number of phases of the current supplied from the outside in the same manner as the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 described above. Three types of midpoint coupling coil segments 30 having different lengths are used. Thereby, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is configured such that when a plurality of phases of current are supplied from the outside, the coil end plate 24 stacked on the other end face side of the stator core 10 corresponding to the number of phases of the current. Even when the number of layers 25 and 26 is increased and the distance between the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 and the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is increased across the stator core 10, depending on the increased distance. The length of the leg part of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 can be adjusted. Therefore, the stator 1 can easily connect the coil end plate and the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 arranged in each layer, and can improve the assemblability.

  The midpoint coupling coil segment 30 having the above configuration is inserted into the slot 11 of the stator core 10 as shown in FIG. Then, the end of one leg 30a of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 accommodated in the slot 11 is fixed to the stator 1 by the fastening member 31 (see FIG. 9B) on the other end face side of the stator core 10. Are electrically connected to the second extension portion (see FIG. 10) of the coil end plate 24 that forms the last coil loop among the plurality of coil loops formed in the above. Further, as shown in FIG. 14, the end portion of the other leg portion 30b of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 is positioned at the midpoint by a fastening member 31 (see FIG. 9B) on one end face side of the stator core 10. It is electrically connected to the extending portion (see FIG. 17) of the short-circuit coil end plate 29. The pair of leg portions 30a and 30b of the midpoint coupling coil segment 30 may be fixed by caulking, welding, brazing or the like instead of being fastened by the fastening member 31.

  The stator 1 according to the embodiment having the configuration as described above accommodates a plurality of coil segments 21, 22, 23 in the slot 11 of the stator core 10 and via plate-like coil end plates 24, 25, 26. By connecting the ends of the plurality of coil segments 21, 22, and 23 electrically, the coil loop around the rotation axis X can be achieved without extending the coil end portion in the direction of the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine. Can be easily formed

  In the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 and the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 continuously formed in a U-shape are roughly divided to form a coil loop by two types of members. Therefore, the portion requiring physical connection can be kept to a minimum, and assemblability can be improved. In addition, since the stator 1 uses plate-like coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 as coil end members, the height of the coil end portion on the end surface of the stator core 10 can be suppressed. Therefore, even in the case of a coil loop using a rigid conductor, the volume of the coil end portion can be reduced while establishing lap winding, and the entire apparatus can be reduced in size.

[Operation of stator 1]
Hereinafter, the operation of the stator 1 according to the embodiment, that is, the details of the coil turn and the coil loop formed by the stator 1 will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 19 and 20.

  First, coil turns will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 19 shows two coil turns formed by adjacent coil segments and coil end plates. As shown in FIG. 19, the two coil turns include a clockwise coil turn (left side in the drawing) and a counterclockwise coil turn (right side in the drawing). As shown in FIG. 19, such clockwise and counterclockwise coil turns include coil segments 21, 22, 23 inserted in the same or different slots 11 in the stator core 10 and corresponding coil end plates 24, A plurality of stator cores 10 are formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction corresponding to the number of combinations of 25 and 26, respectively. Of the plurality of coil turns formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core 10, the current paths adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 are respectively in the reverse rotation direction as shown in FIG. 19. Current is flowing.

  As shown in FIG. 19, the clockwise coil turn is a current path including coil segments 21R, 22R, and 23R and coil end plates 24R, 25R, and 26R. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 19, each of the pair of legs of the coil segment 22R and the coil segment 21R is overlapped in the radial direction of the stator core 10, and the other leg (right side) of the coil segment 22R and the coil The other leg portion (right side) of the segment 21 </ b> R and the one leg portion (left side) of the coil segment 23 </ b> R are overlapped in the radial direction of the stator core 10.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg portion of the coil segment 21R is connected to the other (left side) extension portion of the coil end plate 24R, and the other (right side) leg portion of the coil segment 21R. Is connected to one (left side) extending portion of the coil end plate 25R. As shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg portion of the coil segment 22R is connected to the other (left side) extension portion of the coil end plate 25R, and the other (right side) leg portion of the coil segment 22R. Is connected to the other (right side) extension of the coil end plate 26R. Further, as shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg part of the coil segment 23R is connected to one (right side) extension part of the coil end plate 24R. Although not shown, the other leg portion (right side) of the coil segment 23R is one side (left side) of the coil end plate 26R disposed on the right side of one of the coil end plates 24L, 25L, 26L shown in FIG. ).

When the current I 1 to the end of the other leg of the coil segments 23R is a starting point of the right-handed coil turns is supplied, the current I 1 is coil segments 23R, the coil end plates 24R, coil segments 21R, coil The process proceeds in the order of the end plate 25R, the coil segment 22R, and the coil end plate 26R. Thus, a current I 1 is circulated in the radial direction of the stator core 10, clockwise coil turns are formed.

  As shown in FIG. 19, the counterclockwise coil turn is a current path including coil segments 21L, 22L, and 23L and coil end plates 24L, 25L, and 26L. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 19, each of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment 22L and the coil segment 21L is overlapped in the radial direction of the stator core 10, and the other leg portion of the coil segment 22L and the coil segment 21L The other leg portion and one leg portion of the coil segment 23 </ b> L are overlapped in the radial direction of the stator core 10.

  As shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg portion of the coil segment 21L is connected to the other (left side) extension portion of the coil end plate 24L, and the other (right side) leg portion of the coil segment 21L. Is connected to one (right side) extension part of the coil end plate 25L. As shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg portion of the coil segment 22L is connected to the other (left side) extension portion of the coil end plate 25L, and the other (right side) leg portion of the coil segment 22L. Is connected to the other (right side) extension of the coil end plate 26L. Further, as shown in FIG. 19, one (left side) leg portion of the coil segment 23L is connected to one (right side) extension portion of the coil end plate 24L. Although not shown, the other leg portion (right side) of the coil segment 23L is one side (left side) of the coil end plate 26L disposed on the right side of the two coil end plates 24L, 25L, 26L shown in FIG. ).

Then, as shown in FIG. 19, when the current I 2 is supplied to the other extending portion of the coil end plate 26L is a starting point of the coil turns counterclockwise, the current I 2 is the coil end plate 26L, the coil segments 22L The coil end plate 25L, the coil segment 21L, the coil end plate 24L, and the coil segment 23L proceed in this order. Thus, current I 2 circulating in the radial direction of the stator core 10, coil turns counterclockwise is formed.

  A plurality of such clockwise and counterclockwise coil turns are respectively formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core. Then, as shown in FIG. 19, the clockwise coil turn proceeds in the left direction as a whole around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine to form a counterclockwise coil loop. As shown in FIG. 19, the rotation proceeds in the right direction as a whole around the rotation axis X of the rotating electrical machine, and a clockwise coil loop is formed.

  Here, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, specifically, a clockwise coil loop and a counterclockwise coil loop are each formed in three turns between predetermined slots in the radial direction of the stator core 10. Further, four clockwise loops and four counterclockwise coil loops are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 for each phase of current supplied from the outside (total of eight loops).

  Next, the coil loop will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 20 shows an entire coil loop formed by the stator, FIG. 20A is a coil loop formed by the stator 1 according to the embodiment, and FIG. 20B is formed by a conventional stator. The coil loop being shown. In FIG. 20, in order to simplify the description, the coil turns in the radial direction of the stator core are described as 3 turns, and the coil turns in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10 are described as 4 loops. Further, description will be made assuming that the right end and the left end in FIG. 20 are closed and connected.

  As shown in FIG. 20A, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, for example, when a W-phase current is supplied from the outside, the current circulates the coil turn indicated by “1” three times clockwise. Then, go left and go around the coil turn “2” next to the left two times three times clockwise. Then, as shown in FIG. 18 (a), the direction of the current is switched at the end point of the coil turn “2”, and this time around the coil turn “3” three times counterclockwise, then proceed to the right, Two “4” coil turns adjacent to the left are circulated three times counterclockwise and output to the outside. That is, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 18A, “1 (clockwise)”, “2 (clockwise)”, “3 (counterclockwise)”, “4 (counterclockwise)”. , First, all the clockwise coil turns are circulated, and then all the counterclockwise coil turns are circulated.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 20B, in the conventional general stator, for example, when a W-phase current is supplied from the outside, the current is rotated three times clockwise around the coil turn indicated by “1”. After going around, go to the left and go around the coil turn “2” next to the left by 3 turns counterclockwise. Then, as shown in FIG. 20 (b), this time, after turning the “3” coil turn three times clockwise, proceed to the left and turn left one “4” coil turn counterclockwise. It goes around 3 times and is output to the outside. That is, as shown in FIG. 20B, the conventional general stator includes “1 (clockwise)”, “2 (counterclockwise)”, “3 (clockwise)”, and “4 (counterclockwise)”. In this order, the clockwise coil turns and the counterclockwise coil turns are alternately circulated.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 20B, when the coil loop is formed so as to circulate alternately in the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction, as shown in the G part of FIG. At the time of switching, a cross point in which three coils are overlapped is formed, and the space factor of the coil is lowered. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 20 (a), when the coil loop is formed so as to circulate all clockwise and then rotate all counterclockwise, the number of occurrences of cross points can be suppressed to the minimum. Compared with the coil, the space factor of the coil is improved.

  20A, the stator 1 according to the embodiment is formed so that the clockwise (counterclockwise) coil turns do not intersect with adjacent coil turns in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10. As shown in FIG. The Thereby, since the stator 1 which concerns on embodiment can suppress generation | occurrence | production of the cross point by crossing an adjacent coil turn, it can improve the space factor of a coil.

  The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention has been specifically described above with reference to the embodiments for carrying out the invention. However, the gist of the present invention is not limited to these descriptions, and is described in the claims. Should be widely interpreted on the basis. Needless to say, various changes and modifications based on these descriptions are also included in the spirit of the present invention.

  For example, in the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the pair of extending portions of the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are arranged on the end surface of the stator core 10 so as to go to the lower layer (in the radial direction of the stator core 10). ) The longer ones are arranged, and the layers arranged in the lower layer are arranged in an annular shape so that the radius becomes smaller, but conversely, the pair of extension parts ( Shorter ones (in the radial direction of the stator core 10) may be arranged, and the layers arranged in the lower layer may be arranged in an annular shape for each layer so that the radius becomes larger. Even in such a configuration, since the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 are stacked stepwise, the heat generated by the current flowing through the coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 is easily transferred to the stator core 10. Thus, the cooling efficiency is improved.

  In the stator 1 according to the embodiment, the fastening member 31 is exemplified as the joining means between the coil segment and the coil end plate. However, the joining means is not limited to this, and as described above, means such as caulking, welding, brazing, and the like. May be used.

  In the stator 1 according to the embodiment, three coil turns are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10, but the coil turns may be two turns or four turns. In addition, when making a coil turn into 2 turns in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10, the number of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 shown in FIG. 7 is two, and the other of the stator core 10 shown in FIG. The number of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 stacked on the end face side may be six. Further, when the coil turns are set to four turns in the circumferential direction of the stator core 10, the number of the coil segments 21, 22, and 23 accommodated in the slot 11 shown in FIG. 7 is set to four, and the other stator core 10 shown in FIG. The number of coil end plates 24, 25, and 26 laminated on the end face side may be twelve.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Stator 10 Stator core 11 Slot 20 Stator coils 21, 22, 23, 21L, 22L, 23L, 21L, 22L, 23L Coil segments 21a, 21b, 22a, 22b, 23a, 23b Leg portions 21c, 22c, 23c Bent portions 21d, 21e, 22d, 22e, 23d, 23e End portions 24, 25, 26, 24L, 25L, 26L, 24R, 25R, 26R Coil end plates 24a, 25a, 26a Plate portions 24b, 24c, 25b, 25c, 26b, 26c Protruding part 24b1, 24c1, 25b1, 25c1, 26b1, 26c1 1st extending part 24b2, 24c2, 25b2, 25c2, 26b2, 26c2 2nd extending part 27 Left-right reversing coil segment 27a, 27b Leg part 27c Bending part 27d, 27e End 28 Power supply Coil segment 28a, 28b Leg 28c Bending part 28d, 28e End 29 Middle point short circuit coil end plate 29a Plate part 29b, 29c, 29d Extension part 30 Middle point connection coil segment 30a, 30b End 31 Fastening member X Rotating electric machine Axis of rotation

Claims (10)

  1. A cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on the inner peripheral surface, a plurality of coil segments inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core, and the coil segment and the electric coil on the other end surface side of the stator core A plurality of coil end plates connected to each other, and a stator of a rotating electrical machine,
    The coil segment is
    One leg housed in the slot;
    The other leg accommodated in a slot different from the one leg;
    A bent portion formed continuously between the one leg portion and the other leg portion and exposed to the end face side of the stator core,
    A pair of leg portions of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots in the stator core, and end portions of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment accommodated in the two slots are disposed on the end surface side of the stator core. An annular current path is formed by connecting to the coil end plates that are separate from each other,
    A plurality of the current paths are formed in the radial direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates. A plurality of coil segments are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core, corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into different slots and the corresponding coil end plates.
    Among the plurality of current paths formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core, a current flows in a reverse rotation direction in each of the current paths adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core,
    In the circumferential direction of the stator core, the current path forms a coil loop so as to circulate all the counterclockwise coil turns, and then forms a coil loop so as to circulate all the counterclockwise coil turns. .
  2. A cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on the inner peripheral surface, a plurality of coil segments inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core, and the coil segment and the electric coil on the other end surface side of the stator core A plurality of coil end plates connected to each other, and a stator of a rotating electrical machine,
    The coil segment is
    One leg housed in the slot;
    The other leg accommodated in a slot different from the one leg;
    A bent portion formed continuously between the one leg portion and the other leg portion and exposed to the end face side of the stator core,
    A pair of leg portions of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots in the stator core, and end portions of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment accommodated in the two slots are disposed on the end surface side of the stator core. An annular current path is formed by connecting to the coil end plates that are separate from each other,
    A plurality of the current paths are formed in the radial direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates. A plurality of coil segments are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core, corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into different slots and the corresponding coil end plates.
    A left-right reversal coil segment that is inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core and that is electrically connected to the coil end plate on the other end surface side of the stator core and reverses the direction of the current flowing through the coil segment. With
    The left-right reversal coil segment is
    One leg portion accommodated in the slot and having an end portion connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate;
    The other leg part housed in a slot different from the one leg part, and the end part connected to the extension part of the coil end plate;
    A bent portion that is continuously formed between the one leg portion and the other leg portion and is exposed to the end face side of the stator core;
    The left and right reversal coil segments have different lengths of the one or the other leg for each phase of the flowing current,
    Of the plurality of current paths formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core, a current flows in a reverse rotation direction in each of the current paths adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core. Stator.
  3. A cylindrical stator core having a plurality of slots formed on the inner peripheral surface, a plurality of coil segments inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core, and the coil segment and the electric coil on the other end surface side of the stator core A plurality of coil end plates connected to each other, and a stator of a rotating electrical machine,
    The coil segment is
    One leg housed in the slot;
    The other leg accommodated in a slot different from the one leg;
    A bent portion formed continuously between the one leg portion and the other leg portion and exposed to the end face side of the stator core,
    A pair of leg portions of the coil segment are accommodated in two slots in the stator core, and end portions of the pair of leg portions of the coil segment accommodated in the two slots are disposed on the end surface side of the stator core. An annular current path is formed by connecting to the coil end plates that are separate from each other,
    A plurality of the current paths are formed in the radial direction of the stator core corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into the same slot in the stator core and the corresponding coil end plates. A plurality of coil segments are formed in the circumferential direction of the stator core, corresponding to the number of combinations of the coil segments inserted into different slots and the corresponding coil end plates.
    One end face side of the stator core is electrically connected to the coil end plate that forms the last current path among the plurality of current paths formed in the stator, and includes a plurality of phases supplied from the outside. A midpoint short-circuited coil end plate that short-circuits the current at the midpoint; and
    A midpoint connection coil segment that electrically connects the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate and the coil end plate;
    The midpoint short-circuited coil end plate is
    A plate-like plate portion extending in the circumferential direction of the stator core;
    Extending from the one end side of the plate portion in the radial direction of the stator core in correspondence with the number of phases of the current, and extending to one end of the midpoint coupling coil segment. And
    The midpoint coupling coil segment is accommodated in the slot, and the other end is connected to the extension of the coil end plate,
    The midpoint coupling coil segment has a different length for each phase of the flowing current,
    Of the plurality of current paths formed in the radial direction and the circumferential direction of the stator core, a current flows in a reverse rotation direction in each of the current paths adjacent to the circumferential direction of the stator core. Stator.
  4. The coil end plate is
    A plate-like plate portion extending in the circumferential direction of the stator core;
    2. A pair of extending portions that extend from one end side of the plate portion in the radial direction of the stator core and are respectively connected to end portions of the leg portions of the coil segments. The stator of the rotary electric machine as described in any one of Claims 3.
  5.   The stator of a rotating electrical machine according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the current path is formed so as not to intersect with an adjacent current path in a circumferential direction of the stator core.
  6. A left-right reversal coil segment that is inserted into the slot from one end surface side of the stator core and that is electrically connected to the coil end plate on the other end surface side of the stator core and reverses the direction of the current flowing through the coil segment. With
    The left-right reversal coil segment is
    One leg portion accommodated in the slot and having an end portion connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate;
    The other leg part housed in a slot different from the one leg part, and the end part connected to the extension part of the coil end plate;
    2. The rotating electrical machine according to claim 1, further comprising a bent portion that is continuously formed between the one leg portion and the other leg portion and is exposed to an end face side of the stator core. Stator.
  7. A power supply coil segment that supplies power from an external power source to the coil segment and the left-right reversal coil segment;
    The power supply coil segment is:
    One leg portion that is accommodated in the slot, one end portion is connected to the extension portion of the coil end plate, and the other end portion is exposed to one end face side of the stator core;
    The other leg portion that is exposed to one end face side of the stator core and the other end portion is connected to an external power source;
    7. A bent portion that is exposed to one end face of the stator core and connects the other end of the one leg to the one end of the other leg. The stator of the rotary electric machine as described in 2.
  8. One end face side of the stator core is electrically connected to the coil end plate that forms the last current path among the plurality of current paths formed in the stator, and includes a plurality of phases supplied from the outside. A midpoint short-circuited coil end plate that short-circuits the current at the midpoint; and
    A midpoint connection coil segment that electrically connects the midpoint short-circuited coil end plate and the coil end plate;
    The midpoint short-circuited coil end plate is
    A plate-like plate portion extending in the circumferential direction of the stator core;
    Extending from the one end side of the plate portion in the radial direction of the stator core in correspondence with the number of phases of the current, and extending to one end of the midpoint coupling coil segment. And
    The stator of a rotating electrical machine according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the midpoint coupling coil segment is accommodated in the slot, and the other end portion is connected to an extension portion of the coil end plate. .
  9.   The stator of a rotating electrical machine according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the left and right reversal coil segments have different lengths of the one or the other leg for each phase of the flowing current.
  10. The stator of the rotating electrical machine according to claim 9, wherein the midpoint coupling coil segments have different lengths for each phase of flowing current.
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