JP5720911B2 - Projector and projector system - Google Patents

Projector and projector system Download PDF

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JP5720911B2
JP5720911B2 JP2014003388A JP2014003388A JP5720911B2 JP 5720911 B2 JP5720911 B2 JP 5720911B2 JP 2014003388 A JP2014003388 A JP 2014003388A JP 2014003388 A JP2014003388 A JP 2014003388A JP 5720911 B2 JP5720911 B2 JP 5720911B2
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discharge lamp
period
electrode
current
projector
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JP2014075363A (en
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寺島 徹生
徹生 寺島
竹澤 武士
武士 竹澤
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セイコーエプソン株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a projector.

  Projectors using discharge lamps such as high-pressure mercury lamps and metal halide lamps have been put into practical use. As such a projector, for example, Patent Document 1 discloses a projector having means for changing the intensity of a light source in accordance with a color separation means in synchronization with a video signal. However, Patent Document 2 describes a problem that if the intensity of the light source is simply changed, the electrodes of the discharge lamp are significantly consumed.

  In recent years, projectors that output stereoscopic images using discharge lamps such as high-pressure mercury lamps and metal halide lamps have been put into practical use.

  One of the three-dimensional video output methods is a method of switching the right-eye video and the left-eye video alternately and outputting them alternately (for example, an active shutter glasses method such as “XPAND beond cinema (trademark of X6D Limited)”) There is. In this method, using active shutter glasses synchronized with the video signal, the right-eye video is shown to the right eye and the left-eye video is shown to the left eye, so that the video is shown in three dimensions using the parallax of the left and right eyes. .

JP 2003-102030 A JP 2009-237302 A

  When three-dimensional images are projected by alternately outputting right-eye and left-eye images, the amount of light entering the right and left eyes is less than half compared to the case of projecting conventional planar images (two-dimensional images). It becomes. In addition, when a crosstalk occurs in which the right-eye video enters the left eye or the left-eye video enters the right eye, the video is not perceived as a three-dimensional image, so a period in which both active shutters are closed is required. Therefore, when a stereoscopic video is projected by a method of alternately outputting a right-eye video and a left-eye video, there is a problem that the video looks darker than when a conventional planar video is projected. In order to make the image look brighter, it may be possible to simply increase the driving power, but there are problems such as increasing the power consumption of the projector and promoting the deterioration of peripheral parts caused by increasing the driving power. .

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems. According to some aspects of the present invention, it is possible to provide a projector capable of projecting a stereoscopic image so as to appear bright while suppressing consumption of the electrodes of the discharge lamp.

The projector according to the present invention is a projector that switches a right-eye image and a left-eye image alternately at a given switching timing, and outputs a discharge lamp and a driving current for driving the discharge lamp to the discharge lamp. Including a discharge lamp driving unit that supplies the control unit and a control unit that controls the discharge lamp driving unit, and a period between the switching timings adjacent in time starts with a first period and ends with a second period, The control unit controls the discharge lamp driving unit so that an absolute value of the driving current is relatively small in the first period and relatively large in the second period, and the second In the period, a second period AC control process is performed to control the discharge lamp driving unit so that an AC current is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current.

  According to the present invention, the control unit controls the discharge lamp driving unit so that the absolute value of the driving current is relatively small in the first period and relatively large in the second period. A projector capable of projecting brightly can be realized.

  Further, according to the present invention, in the second period, the control unit performs the second period AC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit so as to supply an AC current as a driving current to the discharge lamp. Electrode consumption can be suppressed.

  In the projector, the control unit performs a first period DC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit so that a DC current is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current in the first period. In the period direct current control process, the discharge lamp drive unit is configured to supply the discharge lamp with direct currents having opposite polarities as the drive current in the two first periods sandwiching one second period in time. May be controlled.

  Thereby, the heat load balance of the electrode of a discharge lamp can be maintained. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly.

  In the projector, the control unit may perform a first period AC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit so that an AC current is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current in the first period.

  Thereby, generation | occurrence | production of the flicker in the 1st period when the temperature of the electrode of a discharge lamp becomes low can be suppressed. Further, the suppression of flicker generation also means that the position of the discharge starting point is stabilized. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the deformation of the protrusion when the temperature of the electrode becomes relatively low.

  In the projector, the control unit controls the discharge lamp driving unit in the first period AC control process so as to supply an AC current having a higher frequency than the second period AC control process to the discharge lamp. Also good.

  Thereby, generation | occurrence | production of the flicker in the 1st period when the temperature of the electrode of a discharge lamp becomes low can further be suppressed. Further, the suppression of flicker generation also means that the position of the discharge starting point is stabilized. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the deformation of the protrusion when the temperature of the electrode becomes relatively low.

  In the projector, the control unit causes the discharge lamp to supply alternating currents having opposite phases as the drive current to the discharge lamp in two first periods sandwiching one second period in time. You may perform the said 1st period alternating current control process which controls a lamp drive part.

  Thereby, the thermal load balance of the electrode of a discharge lamp can be taken. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly.

  In the projector, the control unit releases the discharge lamp so that alternating currents having phases opposite to each other as the drive current are supplied to the discharge lamp in the two second periods sandwiching one first period in time. You may perform the said 2nd period alternating current control process which controls an electric lamp drive part.

Thereby, the thermal load balance of the electrode of a discharge lamp can be taken. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly.

  The projector is disposed on the first electrode side of the discharge lamp, and reflects a light beam generated by the discharge lamp and emits it to an illuminated area, and faces the main reflector of the discharge lamp. A sub-reflecting mirror disposed on the second electrode side and reflecting the light beam generated by the discharge lamp toward the main reflecting mirror, and the control unit includes the first period AC control process and the second period In at least one of the AC control processes, the discharge lamp driving unit may be controlled such that an AC current starting with a phase in which the second electrode serves as an anode is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current.

  Thereby, the deformation | transformation of the 2nd electrode which is easy to deform | transform rather than a 1st electrode can be suppressed, and the distance between electrodes of a discharge lamp can be stabilized.

Explanatory drawing which shows the optical system of the projector 500 which concerns on 1st Embodiment. 4 is an explanatory diagram illustrating a configuration of a light source device 200. FIG. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing an example of a circuit configuration of a projector 500 according to the first embodiment. The figure which shows an example of the circuit structure of the discharge lamp lighting device. The figure for demonstrating the other structural example of the control part. 6A to 6D are explanatory diagrams showing the relationship between the polarity of the drive current I supplied to the discharge lamp 90 and the electrode temperature. The figure for demonstrating a 1st period, a 2nd period, and switching timing. 4 is a timing chart showing an example of a waveform of the drive current I in the first embodiment. The timing chart which shows the waveform example of the drive current I in the modification 1 of 1st Embodiment. The timing chart which shows the waveform example of the drive current I in the modification 2 of 1st Embodiment. The timing chart which shows the waveform example of the drive current I in 2nd Embodiment. The timing chart which shows the example of a waveform of the drive current I in the modification of 2nd Embodiment.

  DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. The embodiments described below do not unduly limit the contents of the present invention described in the claims. Also, not all of the configurations described below are essential constituent requirements of the present invention.

1. 1. Projector according to first embodiment 1-1. Optical System of Projector FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram showing an optical system of a projector 500 according to the first embodiment. The projector 500 includes a light source device 200, a collimating lens 305, an illumination optical system 310, a color separation optical system 320, three liquid crystal light valves 330R, 330G, and 330B, a cross dichroic prism 340, and a projection optical system 350. And have.

  The light source device 200 includes a light source unit 210 and a discharge lamp lighting device 10. The light source unit 210 includes a main reflecting mirror 112, a sub reflecting mirror 50 (described later), and a discharge lamp 90. The discharge lamp lighting device 10 supplies power to the discharge lamp 90 to light the discharge lamp 90. The main reflecting mirror 112 reflects the light emitted from the discharge lamp 90 in the irradiation direction D. The irradiation direction D is parallel to the optical axis AX. Light from the light source unit 210 passes through the collimating lens 305 and enters the illumination optical system 310. The collimating lens 305 collimates the light from the light source unit 210.

  The illumination optical system 310 makes the illuminance of light from the light source device 200 uniform in the liquid crystal light valves 330R, 330G, and 330B. The illumination optical system 310 aligns the polarization direction of light from the light source device 200 in one direction. This is because the light from the light source device 200 is effectively used by the liquid crystal light valves 330R, 330G, and 330B. The light whose illuminance distribution and polarization direction are adjusted enters the color separation optical system 320. The color separation optical system 320 separates incident light into three color lights of red (R), green (G), and blue (B). The three color lights are respectively modulated by the liquid crystal light valves 330R, 330G, and 330B associated with the respective colors. The liquid crystal light valves 330R, 330G, and 330B include liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B (described later) and polarizing plates (not shown) disposed on the light incident side and the emission side of the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B, respectively. . The modulated three color lights are combined by the cross dichroic prism 340. The combined light enters the projection optical system 350. The projection optical system 350 projects incident light onto a screen (not shown). Thereby, an image is displayed on the screen.

  Note that various well-known configurations can be adopted as the configurations of the collimating lens 305, the illumination optical system 310, the color separation optical system 320, the cross dichroic prism 340, and the projection optical system 350.

  FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram showing the configuration of the light source device 200. The light source device 200 includes a light source unit 210 and a discharge lamp lighting device 10. In the drawing, a cross-sectional view of the light source unit 210 is shown. The light source unit 210 includes a main reflecting mirror 112, a discharge lamp 90, and a sub reflecting mirror 50.

  The shape of the discharge lamp 90 is a rod shape extending along the irradiation direction D from the first end 90e1 to the second end 90e2. The material of the discharge lamp 90 is a translucent material such as quartz glass, for example. A central portion of the discharge lamp 90 swells in a spherical shape, and a discharge space 91 is formed therein. The discharge space 91 is filled with a gas that is a discharge medium containing a rare gas, a metal halide compound, or the like.

  In addition, the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 protrude from the discharge lamp 90 in the discharge space 91. The first electrode 92 is disposed on the first end 90 e 1 side of the discharge space 91, and the second electrode 93 is disposed on the second end 90 e 2 side of the discharge space 91. The shape of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 is a rod shape extending along the optical axis AX. In the discharge space 91, the electrode tip portions (also referred to as “discharge ends”) of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 face each other with a predetermined distance therebetween. The material of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 is, for example, a metal such as tungsten.

  A first terminal 536 is provided at the first end 90 e 1 of the discharge lamp 90. The first terminal 536 and the first electrode 92 are electrically connected by a conductive member 534 that passes through the inside of the discharge lamp 90. Similarly, a second terminal 546 is provided at the second end 90 e 2 of the discharge lamp 90. The second terminal 546 and the second electrode 93 are electrically connected by a conductive member 544 that passes through the inside of the discharge lamp 90. The material of the first terminal 536 and the second terminal 546 is, for example, a metal such as tungsten. Further, as each of the conductive members 534 and 544, for example, a molybdenum foil is used.

  The first terminal 536 and the second terminal 546 are connected to the discharge lamp lighting device 10. The discharge lamp lighting device 10 supplies a drive current for driving the discharge lamp 90 to the first terminal 536 and the second terminal 546. As a result, arc discharge occurs between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93. Light (discharge light) generated by the arc discharge is radiated in all directions from the discharge position, as indicated by the dashed arrows.

  The main reflecting mirror 112 is fixed to the first end 90 e 1 of the discharge lamp 90 by a fixing member 114. The shape of the reflecting surface (the surface on the discharge lamp 90 side) of the main reflecting mirror 112 is a spheroid shape. The main reflecting mirror 112 reflects the discharge light in the irradiation direction D. The shape of the reflecting surface of the main reflecting mirror 112 is not limited to the spheroid shape, and various shapes that reflect the discharge light toward the irradiation direction D can be employed. For example, a rotating parabolic shape may be adopted. In this case, the main reflecting mirror 112 can convert the discharge light into light substantially parallel to the optical axis AX. Therefore, the collimating lens 305 can be omitted.

  The sub-reflecting mirror 50 is fixed to the second end 90 e 2 side of the discharge lamp 90 by a fixing member 522. The shape of the reflective surface (surface on the discharge lamp 90 side) of the sub-reflecting mirror 50 is a spherical shape that surrounds the second end 90e2 side of the discharge space 91. The sub-reflecting mirror 50 reflects the discharge light toward the main reflecting mirror 112. Thereby, the utilization efficiency of the light radiated | emitted from the discharge space 91 can be improved.

  As a material for the fixing members 114 and 522, any heat-resistant material (for example, an inorganic adhesive) that can withstand the heat generated by the discharge lamp 90 can be used. Further, the method of fixing the arrangement of the main reflecting mirror 112 and the sub-reflecting mirror 50 and the discharge lamp 90 is not limited to the method of fixing the main reflecting mirror 112 and the sub-reflecting mirror 50 to the discharge lamp 90, and any method can be used. It can be adopted. For example, the discharge lamp 90 and the main reflecting mirror 112 may be independently fixed to a housing (not shown) of the projector. The same applies to the sub-reflecting mirror 50.

1-2. Circuit Configuration of Projector FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an example of a circuit configuration of the projector according to the first embodiment. In addition to the optical system described above, the projector 500 includes an image signal conversion unit 510, a DC power supply device 80, a discharge lamp lighting device 10, a discharge lamp 90, liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, 560B, an image processing device 570, a CPU ( Central Processing Unit) 580 may be included. Further, the projector system 400 including the projector 500 and the active shutter glasses 410 may be configured.

  The image signal converter 510 converts an externally input image signal 502 (such as a luminance-color difference signal or an analog RGB signal) into a digital RGB signal having a predetermined word length to generate image signals 512R, 512G, and 512B. This is supplied to the image processing device 570. In addition, when a stereoscopic video signal in which a right-eye video and a left-eye video are alternately switched at a given switching timing is input as the image signal 502, the image signal conversion unit 510 receives a right-eye video and a left-eye video. The synchronization signal 514 is supplied to the CPU 580 based on the switching timing.

  The image processing device 570 performs image processing on each of the three image signals 512R, 512G, and 512B, and supplies drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B for driving the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B, respectively, to the liquid crystal panels 560R and 560G. 560B.

  The DC power supply device 80 converts an AC voltage supplied from an external AC power supply 600 into a constant DC voltage, and an image signal conversion unit on the secondary side of a transformer (not shown, but included in the DC power supply device 80). 510, a DC voltage is supplied to the image processing device 570 and the discharge lamp lighting device 10 on the primary side of the transformer.

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 generates a high voltage between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 at the time of startup to cause a dielectric breakdown to form a discharge path, and thereafter supplies a driving current I for the discharge lamp 90 to maintain a discharge.

  The liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B modulate the luminance of the color light incident on each liquid crystal panel via the optical system described above based on the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B, respectively.

  The CPU 580 controls the operation from the start of lighting of the projector to the turning off of the projector. For example, a lighting command or a lighting command may be output to the discharge lamp lighting device 10 via the communication signal 582. Further, the CPU 580 may receive lighting information of the discharge lamp 90 from the discharge lamp lighting device 10 via the communication signal 584. Further, based on the synchronization signal 514, the CPU 580 outputs a control signal 586 for controlling the active shutter glasses 410 in synchronization with the image signal 502 to the active shutter glasses 410 via wired or wireless communication means. Also good.

  The active shutter glasses 410 may include a right shutter 412 and a left shutter 414. The right shutter 412 and the left shutter 414 are controlled to open and close based on a control signal 586. When the user wears the active shutter glasses 410, the right shutter 412 is closed, so that the visual field on the right eye side can be blocked. Further, when the user wears the active shutter glasses 410, the left shutter 414 is closed so that the visual field on the left eye side can be blocked. The right shutter 412 and the left shutter 414 may be configured with, for example, a liquid crystal shutter.

1-3. Configuration of Discharge Lamp Lighting Device FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating an example of a circuit configuration of the discharge lamp lighting device 10.

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 includes a power control circuit 20. The power control circuit 20 generates driving power to be supplied to the discharge lamp 90. In the first embodiment, the power control circuit 20 includes a down chopper circuit that receives a DC power supply 80 and steps down the input voltage to output a DC current Id.

  The power control circuit 20 can include a switch element 21, a diode 22, a coil 23, and a capacitor 24. The switch element 21 can be composed of, for example, a transistor. In the first embodiment, one end of the switch element 21 is connected to the positive voltage side of the DC power supply 80, and the other end is connected to the cathode terminal of the diode 22 and one end of the coil 23. One end of a capacitor 24 is connected to the other end of the coil 23, and the other end of the capacitor 24 is connected to the anode terminal of the diode 22 and the negative voltage side of the DC power supply 80. A current control signal is input to a control terminal of the switch element 21 from a control unit 40 (described later), and ON / OFF of the switch element 21 is controlled. For example, a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) control signal may be used as the current control signal.

  Here, when the switch element 21 is turned ON, a current flows through the coil 23 and energy is stored in the coil 23. Thereafter, when the switch element 21 is turned OFF, the energy stored in the coil 23 is released through a path passing through the capacitor 24 and the diode 22. As a result, a direct current Id corresponding to the proportion of time during which the switch element 21 is turned on is generated.

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 includes a polarity inversion circuit 30. The polarity inversion circuit 30 receives the direct current Id output from the power control circuit 20 and reverses the polarity at a given timing, so that the polarity inversion circuit 30 can be a direct current that lasts for a controlled time or has an arbitrary frequency. The drive current I is generated and output. In the first embodiment, the polarity inverting circuit 30 includes an inverter bridge circuit (full bridge circuit).

The polarity inversion circuit 30 is, for example, a first switch element 3 constituted by a transistor or the like.
1st, 2nd switch element 32, 3rd switch element 33, and 4th switch element 34, 3rd connected in series with 1st switch element 31 and 2nd switch element 32 connected in series The switch element 33 and the fourth switch element 34 are connected in parallel to each other. The polarity inversion control signal is input from the control unit 40 to the control terminals of the first switch element 31, the second switch element 32, the third switch element 33, and the fourth switch element 34, respectively. Based on this, ON / OFF of the first switch element 31, the second switch element 32, the third switch element 33, and the fourth switch element 34 is controlled.

  The polarity inversion circuit 30 repeats the ON / OFF operation of the first switch element 31 and the fourth switch element 34, and the second switch element 32 and the third switch element 33 alternately. The polarity of the direct current Id to be output is alternately inverted, and the common connection point between the first switch element 31 and the second switch element 32 and the common connection between the third switch element 33 and the fourth switch element 34. From this point, a drive current I that is a direct current that lasts for a controlled time or an alternating current that has a controlled frequency is generated and output.

  That is, when the first switch element 31 and the fourth switch element 34 are ON, the second switch element 32 and the third switch element 33 are turned OFF, and the first switch element 31 and the fourth switch element 34 are When the switch is OFF, the second switch element 32 and the third switch element 33 are controlled to be turned ON. Therefore, when the first switch element 31 and the fourth switch element 34 are ON, the drive current I flowing from the one end of the capacitor 24 in the order of the first switch element 31, the discharge lamp 90, and the fourth switch element 34 is generated. To do. In addition, when the second switch element 32 and the third switch element 33 are ON, a drive current I flowing from the one end of the capacitor 24 to the third switch element 33, the discharge lamp 90, and the second switch element 32 is generated. To do.

  In the first embodiment, the power control circuit 20 and the polarity inversion circuit 30 are combined to correspond to the discharge lamp driving unit 230. That is, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 supplies the driving current I for driving the discharge lamp 90 to the discharge lamp 90.

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 includes a control unit 40. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230. In the example shown in FIG. 4, the control unit 40 controls the power control circuit 20 and the polarity inversion circuit 30 to determine the holding time during which the drive current I continues with the same polarity, the current value of the drive current I, the frequency, etc. Control. The control unit 40 performs polarity reversal control for controlling the holding time for the drive current I to remain the same polarity, the frequency of the drive current I, and the like based on the polarity reversal timing of the drive current I with respect to the polarity reversal circuit 30. Further, the control unit 40 performs current control for controlling the current value of the output direct current Id to the power control circuit 20.

  The configuration of the control unit 40 is not particularly limited, but in the first embodiment, the control unit 40 includes a system controller 41, a power control circuit controller 42, and a polarity inversion circuit controller 43. Note that a part or all of the control unit 40 may be configured by a semiconductor integrated circuit.

  The system controller 41 controls the power control circuit 20 and the polarity reversing circuit 30 by controlling the power control circuit controller 42 and the polarity reversing circuit controller 43. The system controller 41 may control the power control circuit controller 42 and the polarity inversion circuit controller 43 based on the drive voltage Vla and the drive current I detected by an operation detection unit 60 provided in the discharge lamp lighting device 10 described later. .

  In the first embodiment, the system controller 41 includes a storage unit 44. The storage unit 44 may be provided independently of the system controller 41.

  The system controller 41 may control the power control circuit 20 and the polarity inversion circuit 30 based on information stored in the storage unit 44. The storage unit 44 may store information on drive parameters such as a holding time during which the drive current I continues with the same polarity, a current value of the drive current I, a frequency, a waveform, and a modulation pattern.

  The power control circuit controller 42 controls the power control circuit 20 by outputting a current control signal to the power control circuit 20 based on the control signal from the system controller 41.

  The polarity inversion circuit controller 43 controls the polarity inversion circuit 30 by outputting a polarity inversion control signal to the polarity inversion circuit 30 based on the control signal from the system controller 41.

Note that the control unit 40 can be realized by a dedicated circuit to perform the above-described control and various kinds of control of processing to be described later. For example, a control in which a CPU (Central Processing Unit) is stored in the storage unit 44 or the like. It is also possible to function as a computer by executing the program and to perform various controls of these processes. FIG. 5 is a diagram for explaining another configuration example of the control unit 40. As shown in FIG. 5, the control unit 40 is configured to function as a current control unit 40-1 that controls the power control circuit 20 and a polarity reversal control unit 40-2 that controls the polarity reversing circuit 30 according to a control program. May be.

  In the example shown in FIG. 4, the control unit 40 is configured as a part of the discharge lamp lighting device 10. However, the CPU 580 may be configured to perform a part of the function of the control unit 40. .

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 may include an operation detection unit 60. The operation detection unit 60 detects, for example, the drive voltage Vla of the discharge lamp 90, detects the drive voltage information to the control unit 40, detects the drive current I, and outputs the drive current information to the control unit 40. A current detector may be included. In the first embodiment, the operation detection unit 60 includes a first resistor 61, a second resistor 62, and a third resistor 63.

  In the first embodiment, the voltage detection unit detects the drive voltage Vla in parallel with the discharge lamp 90 by using a voltage divided by the first resistor 61 and the second resistor 62 connected in series. In the first embodiment, the current detection unit detects the drive current I based on the voltage generated in the third resistor 63 connected in series to the discharge lamp 90.

  The discharge lamp lighting device 10 may include an igniter circuit 70. The igniter circuit 70 operates only at the start of lighting of the discharge lamp 90. At the start of lighting of the discharge lamp 90, the igniter circuit 70 breaks down the insulation between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 (between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93). Is supplied between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 (between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93). In the first embodiment, the igniter circuit 70 is connected in parallel with the discharge lamp 90.

1-4. Relationship between Polarity of Driving Current and Electrode Temperature FIGS. 6A to 6D are explanatory diagrams showing the relationship between the polarity of the driving current I supplied to the discharge lamp 90 and the electrode temperature. 6A and 6B show the operating state of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93. FIG. In the drawing, the tip portions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are shown. Protrusions 552p and 562p are provided at the tips of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93, respectively. The discharge generated between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 is mainly caused by the protrusion 55.
It occurs between 2p and the protrusion 562p. In this embodiment, the movement of the discharge position (arc position) in the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 can be suppressed as compared with the case where there is no protrusion. However, such protrusions may be omitted.

  FIG. 6A shows a first polarity state P1 in which the first electrode 92 operates as an anode and the second electrode 93 operates as a cathode. In the first polarity state P1, electrons move from the second electrode 93 (cathode) to the first electrode 92 (anode) by discharge. Electrons are emitted from the cathode (second electrode 93). Electrons emitted from the cathode (second electrode 93) collide with the tip of the anode (first electrode 92). Heat is generated by this collision, and the temperature of the tip (projection 552p) of the anode (first electrode 92) rises.

  FIG. 6B shows a second polarity state P2 in which the first electrode 92 operates as a cathode and the second electrode 93 operates as an anode. In the second polarity state P2, electrons move from the first electrode 92 to the second electrode 93, contrary to the first polarity state P1. As a result, the temperature of the tip (projection 562p) of the second electrode 93 rises.

  Thus, the temperature of the anode tends to be higher than that of the cathode. Here, the continued high state of the temperature of one electrode compared to the other electrode can cause various problems. For example, when the tip of the high temperature electrode melts excessively, unintended electrode deformation may occur. As a result, the arc length may deviate from an appropriate value. Moreover, when the melting | fusing of the front-end | tip of a low-temperature electrode is inadequate, the fine unevenness | corrugation produced at the front-end | tip may remain without melting. As a result, a so-called arc jump may occur (the arc position moves without being stable).

  As a technique for suppressing such inconvenience, AC driving in which the polarity of each electrode is repeatedly changed can be used. FIG. 6C is a timing chart showing an example of the drive current I supplied to the discharge lamp 90 (FIG. 2). The horizontal axis indicates time T, and the vertical axis indicates the current value of the drive current I. The drive current I indicates the current flowing through the discharge lamp 90. A positive value indicates the first polarity state P1, and a negative value indicates the second polarity state P2. In the example shown in FIG. 6C, a rectangular wave alternating current is used as the drive current I. In the example shown in FIG. 6C, the first polarity state P1 and the second polarity state P2 are alternately repeated. Here, the first polarity section Tp indicates the time that the first polarity state P1 continues, and the second polarity section Tn indicates the time that the second polarity state P2 continues. In the example shown in FIG. 6C, the average current value in the first polarity section Tp is Im1, and the average current value in the second polarity section Tn is -Im2. The frequency of the drive current I suitable for driving the discharge lamp 90 can be determined experimentally according to the characteristics of the discharge lamp 90 (for example, a value in the range of 30 Hz to 1 kHz is adopted). Other values Im1, −Im2, Tp, and Tn can be determined experimentally in the same manner.

  FIG. 6D is a timing chart showing the temperature change of the first electrode 92. The horizontal axis represents time T, and the vertical axis represents temperature H. In the first polarity state P1, the temperature H of the first electrode 92 increases, and in the second polarity state P2, the temperature H of the first electrode 92 decreases. Further, since the first polarity state P1 and the second polarity state P2 state are repeated, the temperature H periodically changes between the minimum value Hmin and the maximum value Hmax. Although illustration is omitted, the temperature of the second electrode 93 changes in a phase opposite to the temperature H of the first electrode 92. That is, in the first polarity state P1, the temperature of the second electrode 93 decreases, and in the second polarity state P2, the temperature of the second electrode 93 increases.

In the first polarity state P1, the tip of the first electrode 92 (projection 552p) is melted, so that the tip of the first electrode 92 (projection 552p) is smooth. Thereby, the movement of the discharge position in the 1st electrode 92 can be suppressed. In addition, since the temperature at the tip of the second electrode 93 (projection 562p) falls, excessive melting of the second electrode 93 (projection 562p) is suppressed. Thereby, unintended electrode deformation can be suppressed. In the second polarity state P2, the positions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are reversed. Therefore, by repeating the two states P1 and P2, problems in each of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 can be suppressed.

  Here, when the waveform of the current I is symmetric, that is, when the waveform of the current I satisfies the condition “| Im1 | = | −Im2 |, Tp = Tn”, the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93, the condition of the supplied power is the same. Therefore, if the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 have the same thermal conditions (ease of temperature rise and fall), the temperature difference between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 is estimated to be small. Is done. However, when the thermal conditions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are different, the projection at the electrode tip portion that is likely to become a higher temperature may disappear. If the protrusion at the tip of the electrode disappears, the arc starting point becomes unstable or further deformation of the electrode is caused. In addition, excessive electrode material evaporates from the electrode tip that is subject to higher temperatures, and blackening and acicular crystal formation that adheres to the sealed body more easily proceeds.

  Further, if the electrode is heated too much over a wide range (an arc spot (a hot spot on the electrode surface accompanying arc discharge) becomes large), the shape of the electrode is destroyed due to excessive melting. On the other hand, if the electrode is too cold (the arc spot is small), the tip of the electrode cannot be melted sufficiently, and the tip cannot be returned smoothly, that is, the tip of the electrode is easily deformed. Therefore, when the uniform energy supply state is continued with respect to the electrode, the tip of the electrode (the protrusion 552p and the protrusion 562p) easily deforms into an unintended shape.

1-5. Example of Driving Current Control Next, a specific example of controlling the driving current I in the projector 500 according to the first embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 7 is a diagram for describing the first period, the second period, and the switching timing. FIG. 7 shows the contents of the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B, the opening / closing state of the right shutter 412, the opening / closing state of the left shutter 414, the first period and the second period, and the switching timing in order from the top. Yes. The horizontal axis in FIG. 7 is time.

  In the example shown in FIG. 7, the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B are the right-eye video from time t1 to time t3, the left-eye video from time t3 to time t5, and from time t5 to time t7. Between the time t7 and the time t9 is a drive signal corresponding to the left-eye video. Therefore, in the example shown in FIG. 7, the projector 500 switches the right-eye video and the left-eye video alternately by using the time t1, the time t3, the time t5, the time t7, and the time t9 as switching timings.

  The period between the temporally adjacent switching timings starts with the first period and ends with the second period. In the example illustrated in FIG. 7, for example, the period between the time t1 and the time t3 that is the switching timing starts with a first period from the time t1 to the time t2, and is between the time t2 and the time t3. Ends in the second period. The same applies to a period sandwiched between time t3 and time t5 serving as switching timing, a period sandwiched between time t5 and time t7 serving as switching timing, and a period sandwiched between time t7 and time t9 serving as switching timing. In the example shown in FIG. 7, the length of the first period is the same as the length of the second period, but the length of the first period and the length of the second period are appropriately set as necessary. Can be set. In addition, a third period may exist between the first period and the second period. In the third period, control different from the control of the drive current I in the first period and the second period described later may be performed.

The right shutter 412 is in an open state during at least a part of the period in which the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B corresponding to the right-eye video are input to the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B. In the example shown in FIG. 7, the right shutter 412 is in a closed state from time t1 to time t2, and is in an open state from time t2 to time t3. In the example shown in FIG. 7, the right shutter 412 starts to be closed from time t3 during the period in which the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B corresponding to the left-eye video are input to the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B. It is closed between time t3 and time t4, and is closed between time t4 and time t5. The change in the open / close state of the right shutter 412 from time t5 to time t9 is the same as the change in the open / close state from time t1 to time t5.

  The left shutter 414 is in an open state during at least a part of the period in which the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B corresponding to the left-eye video are input to the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B. In the example shown in FIG. 7, the left shutter 414 is in a closed state from time t3 to time t4, and is in an open state from time t4 to time t5. In the example shown in FIG. 7, the left shutter 414 starts to close from time t <b> 1 during the period in which the drive signals 572 </ b> R, 572 </ b> G, 572 </ b> B corresponding to the right-eye video are input to the liquid crystal panels 560 </ b> R, 560 </ b> G, 560 </ b> B. It is closed between time t1 and time t2, and is closed between time t2 and time t3. The change in the open / close state of the left shutter 414 between the time t5 and the time t9 is the same as the change in the open / close state between the time t1 and the time t5.

  In the example shown in FIG. 7, during the period in which the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B corresponding to the right-eye video are input to the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B, the period in which the right shutter 412 is closed is the first period. The period during which the right shutter 412 is open corresponds to the second period. In the example shown in FIG. 7, during the period in which the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B corresponding to the left-eye image are input to the liquid crystal panels 560R, 560G, and 560B, the period in which the left shutter 414 is closed is the first. The period during which the left shutter 414 is open for one period corresponds to the second period. In the example shown in FIG. 7, in the first period, there is a period in which both the right shutter 412 and the left shutter 414 are closed.

  FIG. 8 is a timing chart showing a waveform example of the drive current I in the first embodiment. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the current value of the drive current I. In FIG. 8, the drive current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is represented as a positive value, and the drive current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is represented as a negative value. In the following description, the polarity of the driving current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is expressed as positive polarity, and the polarity of the driving current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is expressed as negative polarity.

  In the projector 500 according to the first embodiment, the control unit 40 determines that the absolute value of the drive current I is relatively smaller in the first period than in the second period, and is relatively smaller in the second period than in the first period. The discharge lamp driving unit 230 is controlled so as to be large.

  In the example shown in FIG. 8, the absolute value of the current value of the drive current I is I1 in the first period from time t1 to time t2, I2 in the second period from time t2 to time t3, and time It is I1 in the first period from t3 to time t4, I2 in the second period from time t4 to time t5, and I1 in the first period after time t5. Further, in the example shown in FIG. 8, I1 <I2. Therefore, the absolute value of the drive current I is relatively small in the first period and relatively large in the second period.

In the example shown in FIG. 8, the absolute value of the drive current I in the first period and the absolute value of the drive current I in the second period are constant in each period, but are not limited thereto. For example, when the absolute value of the drive current I in the first period and the absolute value of the drive current I in the second period change in each period, the control unit 40 determines the drive current I in each period. The discharge lamp driving unit 230 may be controlled such that the average absolute value is relatively small in the first period and relatively large in the second period. Further, for example, when the absolute value of the drive current I in the first period and the absolute value of the drive current I in the second period change within the respective periods, the control unit 40 determines the drive current I in the first period. The discharge lamp driving unit 230 may be controlled to take the minimum absolute value and take the maximum absolute value of the driving current I in the second period.

  In the projector 500 according to the first embodiment, in the second period, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply an AC current as the driving current I to the discharge lamp 90. Second period AC control Process.

  In the example shown in FIG. 8, in the second period from time t2 to time t3 and in the second period from time t4 to time t5, the control unit 40 uses the alternating current as the driving current I as a discharge lamp. The second period AC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to be supplied to 90 is performed. In the example shown in FIG. 8, in the second period AC control process, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 inverts the polarity while keeping the absolute value of the current value of the drive current I within the second period to be one cycle. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that a corresponding alternating current is generated and supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. The frequency of the drive current I in the second period AC control process can be experimentally determined according to the characteristics of the discharge lamp 90. For example, the frequency of the drive current I may be selected in the range of 30 Hz to 1 kHz.

  According to the projector 500 according to the first embodiment, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that the absolute value of the driving current I is minimum in the first period and maximum in the second period. When driving with the average driving power through the first period and the second period kept constant, the driving is performed with the average driving power in the second period, which is darker than the driving with the average driving power in the first period. Images can be projected brighter than usual. In the first period, there is a period in which both the right shutter 412 and the left shutter 414 are closed. Therefore, even if the projected image is dark, the image quality is hardly affected. On the other hand, in the second period, either the right shutter 412 or the left shutter 414 is in an open state, and the image projected to the user can appear brighter than when driving with average driving power. . Therefore, it is possible to realize a projector that can project a stereoscopic image so that it looks bright. Further, the occurrence of crosstalk can be suppressed by projecting the image darkly in the first period. In addition, since it is possible to suppress the need to increase the average driving power in order to make the video appear brighter, the power consumption of the projector can be suppressed. As a result, it is possible to suppress the deterioration of the peripheral components accompanying the increase in the average driving power.

  Further, according to the projector 500 according to the first embodiment, in the second period, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 to supply the alternating current to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. Since the AC control process is performed, the consumption of the electrode of the discharge lamp can be suppressed.

  In the projector 500 according to the first embodiment, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that a DC current is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I in the first period. In the first period direct current control process, in the two first periods sandwiching one second period in time, direct currents having opposite polarities as the drive current I are discharged to the discharge lamp 90. The lamp driving unit 230 may be controlled.

In the example shown in FIG. 8, the drive current I is a positive DC current in the first period from time t1 to time t2, and a negative DC current in the first period from time t3 to time t4. In the first period after time t5, a positive direct current is obtained. That is, two first periods (for example, the first period from time t1 to time t2) sandwiching one second period (for example, the second period from time t2 to time t3), In the first period from time t3 to time t4), the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that the direct currents having opposite polarities as the drive current I supply the direct current to the discharge lamp 90. doing.

  By such control, the heat load balance between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 of the discharge lamp 90 can be maintained. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly.

  As described with reference to FIG. 2, the projector 500 is disposed on the first electrode 92 side of the discharge lamp 90, reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90, and emits it to the illuminated area. And a sub-reflecting mirror 50 which is disposed on the second electrode 93 side so as to face the main reflecting mirror 112 of the discharge lamp 90 and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 toward the main reflecting mirror 112. In the second period AC control process, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply the discharge lamp 90 with an AC current starting with a phase in which the second electrode 93 serves as an anode as the driving current I. May be.

  In the example shown in FIG. 8, in the second period from time t2 to time t3 and also in the second period from time t4 to time t5, the alternating current starting from positive polarity ( That is, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply the discharge lamp 90 with an alternating current that starts with a phase in which the second electrode 93 serves as an anode.

  A main reflecting mirror 112 that is disposed on the first electrode 92 side of the discharge lamp 90 and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 and emits it to the illuminated area, and a second facing the main reflecting mirror 112 of the discharge lamp 90. And a sub-reflecting mirror 50 that is arranged on the electrode 93 side and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 toward the main reflecting mirror 112, the light reflected by the sub-reflecting mirror 50 (return light), etc. As a result, the second electrode 93 is in a thermal condition in which the temperature is likely to rise as compared with the first electrode 92. Therefore, the second electrode 93 is more easily deformed than the first electrode 92.

  In general, when the electrode temperature is low, it is more stable to supply the drive current I that reverses the polarity after increasing the current value and increasing the electrode temperature. For example, rather than supplying the discharge current 90 with a drive current I that reverses the polarity after reducing the current value in the latter half of the period of the same polarity, the polarity is increased after the current value of the latter half of the period of the same polarity is increased. The electrode shape is more stable when the driving current I that reverses the current is supplied to the discharge lamp 90. Therefore, in the example shown in FIG. 8, the first period from time t1 to time t2 and the first half of the second period from time t2 to time t3 are combined and deformed more than the first electrode 92. On the second electrode 93 side, which is easy to perform, the drive current I for inverting the polarity is supplied after increasing the current value in the latter half of the period of the same polarity. Thereby, the deformation of the second electrode 93 that is more easily deformed than the first electrode 92 can be suppressed, and the distance between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 can be stabilized.

1-6. Modification 1
FIG. 9 is a timing chart showing a waveform example of the drive current I in the first modification of the first embodiment. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the current value of the drive current I. In FIG. 9, the driving current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is represented as a positive value, and the driving current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is represented as a negative value.

In the example shown in FIG. 9, in the second period AC control process, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 inverts the polarity while keeping the absolute value of the current value of the drive current I in the second period to be two cycles. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that a corresponding alternating current is generated and supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. In order to maintain the thermal load balance between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 during the second period, an alternating current corresponding to an integral multiple of one cycle is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. The control unit 40 preferably controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230.

  Thus, the frequency and wavelength of the drive current I in the second period AC control processing can be appropriately set as necessary.

1-7. Modification 2
FIG. 10 is a timing chart showing a waveform example of the drive current I in Modification 2 of the first embodiment. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the current value of the drive current I. In FIG. 10, the driving current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is represented as a positive value, and the driving current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is represented as a negative value.

  The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 to supply the discharge lamp 90 with alternating currents having opposite phases as the driving current I in two second periods sandwiching one first period in time. You may perform a 2nd period alternating current control process.

  In the example shown in FIG. 10, in the second period from time t2 to time t3, the drive current I is an alternating current that starts from the positive polarity (that is, the alternating current that starts at the phase where the second electrode 93 becomes the anode). ) Is supplied to the discharge lamp 90, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230. On the other hand, in the second period from time t4 to time t5, as the drive current I, an alternating current starting from the negative polarity (that is, an alternating current starting from the phase in which the first electrode 92 becomes the anode) is supplied to the discharge lamp 90. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to be supplied.

  By such control, the heat load balance between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 of the discharge lamp 90 can be maintained. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly. When the thermal influence by the sub-reflecting mirror 50 is small, or when using a discharge lamp designed so that the thermal conditions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are symmetrical as the discharge lamp 90, It is particularly effective.

2. Projector According to Second Embodiment Next, a projector 500 according to a second embodiment will be described. The configuration of the optical system, circuit, and the like of the projector 500 according to the second embodiment is the same as that of the projector 500 according to the first embodiment. Therefore, a specific example of control of the drive current I in the projector 500 according to the second embodiment will be described below. Note that the temporal relationship between the contents of the drive signals 572R, 572G, and 572B, the open / close state of the right shutter 412, the open / close state of the left shutter 414, the first period and the second period, and the switching timing has already been described with reference to FIG. That's right.

2-1. Control Example of Drive Current FIG. 11 is a timing chart showing a waveform example of the drive current I in the second embodiment. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the current value of the drive current I. In FIG. 11, the drive current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is represented as a positive value, and the drive current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is represented as a negative value.

In the projector 500 according to the second embodiment, the control unit 40 determines that the absolute value of the drive current I is relatively smaller in the first period than in the second period, and is relatively smaller in the second period than in the first period. The second period AC control for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit 230 to control the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that an AC current is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I in the second period. Process. Details and various modifications of the absolute value of the drive current I, details and various modifications of the second period AC control process, and effects thereof are the same as those of the projector 500 according to the first embodiment.

  In the projector 500 according to the second embodiment, the control unit 40 performs the first period AC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that an AC current is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I in the first period. You may go. The frequency of the drive current I in the first period AC control process can be experimentally determined according to the characteristics of the discharge lamp 90. For example, the frequency of the drive current I may be selected in the range of 30 Hz to 1 kHz.

  In the example shown in FIG. 11, the drive current I is an alternating current both in the first period and in the second period. In the example shown in FIG. 11, the absolute value of the current value of the drive current I is I1 in the first period from time t1 to time t2, and I2 in the second period from time t2 to time t3. The first period from time t3 to time t4 is I1, the second period from time t4 to time t5 is I2, and the first period after time t5 is I1. In the example shown in FIG. 11, I1 <I2. Therefore, the absolute value of the drive current I is relatively small in the first period and relatively large in the second period.

  Generally, when the electrode temperature is low, flicker is likely to occur. In order to suppress the occurrence of flicker, it is preferable to drive the discharge lamp 90 with an alternating current rather than with a direct current. Therefore, in both the first period and the second period, by supplying an alternating current as the driving current I to the discharge lamp 90, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of flicker in the first period when the temperature of the electrode of the discharge lamp is lowered. Further, the suppression of flicker generation also means that the position of the discharge starting point is stabilized. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the deformation of the protrusion when the temperature of the electrode becomes relatively low.

  In the projector 500 according to the second embodiment, the control unit 40 causes the discharge lamp 90 to supply an alternating current having a higher frequency than the second period alternating current control process as the drive current I in the first period alternating current control process. In this way, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 may be controlled.

  In the example shown in FIG. 11, the drive current I in the first period is an alternating current having a higher frequency than the drive current I in the second period.

  In general, when the electrode temperature is low, driving with a high-frequency alternating current stabilizes the discharge start point of the electrode. Accordingly, in the first period AC control process, by supplying an AC current having a frequency higher than that of the second period AC control process to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I, the temperature of the electrode of the discharge lamp is lowered in the first period. The occurrence of flicker can be further suppressed. Further, the suppression of flicker generation also means that the position of the discharge starting point is stabilized. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the deformation of the protrusion when the temperature of the electrode becomes relatively low.

  As described with reference to FIG. 2, the projector 500 is disposed on the first electrode 92 side of the discharge lamp 90, reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90, and emits it to the illuminated area. And a sub-reflecting mirror 50 which is disposed on the second electrode 93 side so as to face the main reflecting mirror 112 of the discharge lamp 90 and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 toward the main reflecting mirror 112. The control unit 40 causes the discharge lamp 90 to supply an alternating current starting with a phase in which the second electrode 93 serves as an anode as the driving current I in at least one of the first period alternating current control process and the second period alternating current control process. In this way, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 may be controlled.

In the example shown in FIG. 11, the drive current is not limited in the first period from time t1 to time t2, in the first period from time t3 to time t4, or in the first period after time t5. As I, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply the discharge lamp 90 with an alternating current that starts with positive polarity (that is, an alternating current that starts with the phase at which the second electrode 93 serves as an anode). .

  In the example shown in FIG. 11, the alternating current starting from the positive polarity is used as the drive current I in both the second period from time t2 to time t3 and also in the second period from time t4 to time t5. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply the discharge lamp 90 with a current (that is, an alternating current that starts with a phase in which the second electrode 93 serves as an anode).

  A main reflecting mirror 112 that is disposed on the first electrode 92 side of the discharge lamp 90 and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 and emits it to the illuminated area, and a second facing the main reflecting mirror 112 of the discharge lamp 90. And a sub-reflecting mirror 50 that is arranged on the electrode 93 side and reflects the light beam generated by the discharge lamp 90 toward the main reflecting mirror 112, the light reflected by the sub-reflecting mirror 50 (return light), etc. As a result, the second electrode 93 is in a thermal condition in which the temperature is likely to rise as compared with the first electrode 92. Therefore, the second electrode 93 is more easily deformed than the first electrode 92.

  In general, when the electrode temperature is low, it is more stable to supply the drive current I that reverses the polarity after increasing the current value and increasing the electrode temperature. Therefore, in the example shown in FIG. 11, the alternating current starting from the positive polarity in which the second electrode 93 becomes the anode is released as the driving current I after the first period from the time t1 to the time t2 when the electrode temperature decreases. It is supplied to the electric lamp 90. On the side of the second electrode 93 that is more easily deformed than the first electrode 92, the drive current I is supplied to reverse the polarity after increasing the current value by increasing the current value from the low electrode temperature state. Thereby, the deformation of the second electrode 93 that is more easily deformed than the first electrode 92 can be suppressed, and the distance between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 can be stabilized.

2-2. Modification FIG. 12 is a timing chart showing a waveform example of the drive current I in a modification of the second embodiment. The horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the current value of the drive current I. In FIG. 12, the driving current I when the second electrode 93 is an anode is represented as a positive value, and the driving current I when the first electrode 92 is an anode is represented as a negative value.

  The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 to supply the discharge lamp 90 with alternating currents having opposite phases as the driving current I in two second periods sandwiching one first period in time. You may perform a 2nd period alternating current control process.

  In the example shown in FIG. 12, in the second period from time t2 to time t3, the drive current I is an alternating current that starts with negative polarity (that is, an alternating current that starts with a phase in which the first electrode 92 becomes an anode). ) Is supplied to the discharge lamp 90, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230. On the other hand, in the second period from time t4 to time t5, as the drive current I, an alternating current starting from positive polarity (that is, an alternating current starting from the phase in which the second electrode 93 becomes the anode) is supplied to the discharge lamp 90. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to be supplied.

  By such control, the heat load balance between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 of the discharge lamp 90 can be maintained. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly. When the thermal influence by the sub-reflecting mirror 50 is small, or when using a discharge lamp designed so that the thermal conditions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are symmetrical as the discharge lamp 90, It is particularly effective.

In addition, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 to supply the discharge lamp 90 with alternating currents having opposite phases as the driving current I in the two first periods sandwiching one second period in time. You may perform the 1st period alternating current control process to control.

  In the example shown in FIG. 12, in the first period from time t1 to time t2 and in the first period after time t5, the alternating current starting from positive polarity (that is, the second electrode 93 is the driving current I). The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to supply the discharge lamp 90 with an alternating current (starting with a phase serving as an anode). On the other hand, in the first period from time t3 to time t4, as the drive current I, an alternating current starting from the negative polarity (that is, an alternating current starting from the phase in which the first electrode 92 becomes the anode) is supplied to the discharge lamp 90. The control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so as to be supplied.

  By such control, the heat load balance between the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 of the discharge lamp 90 can be maintained. Therefore, it can suppress that the electrode of a discharge lamp wears out unevenly. When the thermal influence by the sub-reflecting mirror 50 is small, or when using a discharge lamp designed so that the thermal conditions of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 are symmetrical as the discharge lamp 90, It is particularly effective.

  Further, in the first period and the second period sandwiched between temporally adjacent switching timings, the discharge lamp driving unit 230 is controlled to supply the discharge lamp 90 with alternating currents starting from opposite phases as the driving current I. May be.

  In the example shown in FIG. 12, in the first period from time t1 to time t2, the control unit 40 drives the discharge lamp so that an alternating current starting from positive polarity is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the drive current I. The unit 230 is controlled. On the other hand, in the second period from time t2 to time t3, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that the alternating current starting from the negative polarity is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. Yes.

  In the example shown in FIG. 12, in the first period from time t3 to time t4, the control unit 40 releases the alternating current starting from negative polarity to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. The lamp driving unit 230 is controlled. On the other hand, in the second period from time t4 to time t5, the control unit 40 controls the discharge lamp driving unit 230 so that an alternating current starting from positive polarity is supplied to the discharge lamp 90 as the driving current I. Yes.

  In general, when the electrode temperature is low, it is more stable to supply the drive current I that reverses the polarity after increasing the current value and increasing the electrode temperature. For example, rather than supplying the discharge current 90 with a drive current I that reverses the polarity after reducing the current value in the latter half of the period of the same polarity, the polarity is increased after the current value of the latter half of the period of the same polarity is increased. The electrode shape is more stable when the driving current I that reverses the current is supplied to the discharge lamp 90.

  Therefore, in the example shown in FIG. 12, the second electrode period from time t2 to time t3 is combined with the second half of the first period from time t1 to time t2, and on the first electrode 92 side, The drive current I that reverses the polarity is supplied after increasing the current value in the latter half of the period of the same polarity. In addition, the second half of the first period from time t3 to time t4 and the second period from time t4 to time t5 are combined, and the second half of the period of the same polarity on the second electrode 93 side. A drive current I that reverses the polarity after the current value is increased is supplied. Thereby, the deformation of the first electrode 92 and the second electrode 93 can be suppressed, and the distance between the electrodes of the discharge lamp 90 can be stabilized.

  In each of the above embodiments, a projector using three liquid crystal panels has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and one, two, four or more liquid crystal panels are used. It can also be applied to projectors.

In each of the above embodiments, a transmissive projector has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and can be applied to a reflective projector. Here, “transmission type” means that an electro-optic modulation device as a light modulation means such as a transmission type liquid crystal panel transmits light, and “reflection type” means This means that an electro-optic modulator as a light modulator such as a reflective liquid crystal panel or a micromirror type light modulator is a type that reflects light. As a micromirror type light modulation device, for example, DMD (digital micromirror device; trademark of Texas Instruments)
Can be used. Even when the present invention is applied to a reflective projector, the same effect as that of a transmissive projector can be obtained.

  The present invention can be applied to a front projection type projector that projects from the side that observes the projected image, or to a rear projection type projector that projects from the side opposite to the side that observes the projected image. is there.

  In addition, this invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiment, A various deformation | transformation implementation is possible within the range of the summary of this invention.

  The present invention includes configurations that are substantially the same as the configurations described in the embodiments (for example, configurations that have the same functions, methods, and results, or configurations that have the same objects and effects). In addition, the invention includes a configuration in which a non-essential part of the configuration described in the embodiment is replaced. In addition, the present invention includes a configuration that exhibits the same operational effects as the configuration described in the embodiment or a configuration that can achieve the same object. Further, the invention includes a configuration in which a known technique is added to the configuration described in the embodiment.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Discharge lamp lighting device, 20 Power control circuit, 21 Switch element, 22 Diode, 23 Coil, 24 Capacitor, 30 Polarity inversion circuit, 31 1st switch element, 32 2nd switch element, 33 3rd switch element, 34 Fourth switch element, 40 control unit, 41 system controller, 42 power control circuit controller, 43
Polarity inversion circuit controller, 44 storage unit, 50 sub-reflecting mirror, 60 motion detection unit, 61 first resistor, 62 second resistor, 63 third resistor, 70 igniter circuit, 80
DC power supply device, 90 discharge lamp, 90e1 first end, 90e2 second end, 91 discharge space, 92 first electrode, 93 second electrode, 112 main reflector, 114 fixing member, 200
Light source device, 210 light source unit, 230 discharge lamp driving unit, 305 collimating lens, 310 illumination optical system, 320 color separation optical system, 330R, 330G, 330B liquid crystal light valve, 340 cross dichroic prism, 350 projection optical system, 400 projector System, 410 Active shutter glasses, 412 Right shutter, 414 Left shutter, 500 Projector, 502 Image signal, 510 Image signal converter, 512R, 512G, 512B Image signal, 514 Sync signal, 522 Fixing member, 534 Conductive member, 536 First terminal, 544 Conductive member, 546 Second terminal, 552p protrusion, 560R, 560G, 560B Liquid crystal panel, 562p protrusion, 570 Image processing device, 572R, 572G, 572B Drive signal, 582 Communication signal No. 584 Communication signal 600 AC power supply 700 screen

Claims (6)

  1. A projector that switches between a right-eye image and a left-eye image alternately at a given switching timing,
    A discharge lamp,
    A discharge lamp driving unit that supplies a driving current for driving the discharge lamp to the discharge lamp;
    A control unit for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit;
    Including
    The period between the switching timings adjacent in time starts with the first period and ends with the second period,
    The projector controls the discharge lamp driving unit such that an absolute value of the driving current in the second period is larger than an absolute value of the driving current in the first period .
  2. The projector according to claim 1.
    The controller is
    In the first period, a first period DC control process is performed to control the discharge lamp driving unit so that a DC current is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current,
    In the first period direct current control process, the discharge lamp is supplied so that direct currents having opposite polarities as the drive current are supplied to the discharge lamp in the two first periods sandwiching one second period in time. A projector that controls the lamp drive unit.
  3. The projector according to claim 1.
    In the first period, the control unit performs a first period AC control process for controlling the discharge lamp driving unit so that an AC current is supplied to the discharge lamp as the driving current.
  4. The projector according to claim 3.
    The controller is
    In the two first periods sandwiching one second period in time, the discharge lamp driving unit is controlled to supply the discharge lamp with alternating currents having opposite phases as the driving current. A projector that performs AC control processing for a period of time.
  5. The projector according to claim 3 or 4 ,
    A main reflector that is disposed on the first electrode side of the discharge lamp and reflects the luminous flux generated by the discharge lamp to be emitted to an illuminated area;
    A sub-reflecting mirror disposed on the second electrode side facing the main reflecting mirror of the discharge lamp and reflecting a light beam generated by the discharge lamp toward the main reflecting mirror;
    Including
    In the first period AC control process, the control unit controls the discharge lamp driving unit so that the driving current is supplied to the discharge lamp with an AC current starting from a phase in which the second electrode becomes an anode. projector.
  6. A projector according to any one of claims 1 to 5;
    Shutter glasses having a right shutter and a left shutter that are switched between an open state and a closed state based on a signal from the control unit;
    Including
    In the first period, the right shutter and the left shutter are in the closed state,
    In the second period, one of the right shutter and the left shutter is in the open state, and the other is in the closed state.
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JP4091312B2 (en) * 2002-02-15 2008-05-28 フェニックス電機株式会社 AC ballast for discharge lamp lighting device, AC lighting device for discharge lamp, and light source device using the lighting device
JP2008034187A (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-02-14 Seiko Epson Corp Light source device and projector
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JP4760799B2 (en) * 2007-08-07 2011-08-31 ソニー株式会社 Liquid crystal projector and liquid crystal projector control method
JP5169785B2 (en) * 2007-12-18 2013-03-27 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Light source device, projector, and driving method of discharge lamp
JP4462364B2 (en) * 2008-03-17 2010-05-12 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Discharge lamp driving method and driving device, light source device, and image display device
JP4605407B2 (en) * 2008-04-08 2011-01-05 岩崎電気株式会社 High pressure discharge lamp lighting device and light source device
JP5239729B2 (en) * 2008-10-17 2013-07-17 岩崎電気株式会社 High pressure discharge lamp lighting device, light source device, and high pressure discharge lamp lighting method
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