JP5587722B2 - Component measuring device - Google Patents

Component measuring device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5587722B2
JP5587722B2 JP2010223065A JP2010223065A JP5587722B2 JP 5587722 B2 JP5587722 B2 JP 5587722B2 JP 2010223065 A JP2010223065 A JP 2010223065A JP 2010223065 A JP2010223065 A JP 2010223065A JP 5587722 B2 JP5587722 B2 JP 5587722B2
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substrate
measurement
portion
light
formed
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JP2012078182A (en
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靖 長澤
孝敏 小山
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テルモ株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a component measuring apparatus that optically measures a biological component in a body fluid.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a component measuring device has been used when detecting biological components in body fluids such as blood and urine and optically measuring the amount and properties of the components (see, for example, Patent Document 1). The component measuring device includes a measuring unit on the tip side, and this measuring unit irradiates a test paper (measurement target) soaked with body fluid with irradiation light having a predetermined wavelength, and receives reflected light from the test paper. The component in the liquid is detected by measuring the intensity (light quantity).

  In this type of component measuring apparatus, a lens that collects irradiation light (or a lens that collects reflected light may be included) is usually disposed in a measurement unit that detects biological components. In this case, the component measuring apparatus increases the amount of light at the time of measurement by condensing the irradiation light on a part of the measurement target with the lens.

  In addition, the test paper is usually attached to the tip of the component measuring device via a measurement chip having a holder for holding the test paper. The component measurement device is provided with an eject member so that the measurement chip after measurement can be attached and detached without touching it. The eject member is arranged in the vicinity of the measurement unit and configured to push out the measurement chip.

Utility Model Registration No. 3155842

  By the way, in the component measuring apparatus, dirt may adhere to the surface of the lens disposed in the measuring unit, and maintenance work such as cleaning of the lens is performed as necessary. When cleaning the lens, the dirt is usually wiped off by rubbing the lens surface with a cotton swab containing a liquid such as water or alcohol. However, at the time of this cleaning, the liquid enters the space where the ejection member is arranged, that is, the side surface of the holding member (hereinafter referred to as a photometric block) of the component measuring apparatus that holds the lens, and the liquid directly enters the rear part of the photometric block. May wrap around.

  For this reason, in a structure in which a substrate on which electronic components such as a light emitting element and a light receiving element are mounted is attached to the rear part of the photometric block, the liquid that has come around the rear part of the photometric block comes into contact with the substrate. This can cause problems with electronic components. In addition, dust may enter from the opening of the measurement unit in the component measurement device, and this dust travels from the measurement surface of the photometry block and adheres to the substrate, thereby adversely affecting the substrate and electronic components mounted on the substrate. There is also a risk of affecting.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems, and with a simple configuration, it is possible to reduce liquid contact and adhesion of dust and the like to the substrate, thereby stabilizing the electronic components on the substrate. It is an object of the present invention to provide a component measuring apparatus that contributes to the operation and consequently stabilizes the measurement of biological components.

To achieve the above object, the present invention includes a measuring unit for receiving the reflected light reflected from the measurement object is irradiated with irradiation light for measurement to the measurement object, a housing for chromatic said measuring unit , And a component measuring device that measures a component included in the measurement object based on the detection result of the reflected light, wherein the measuring unit is attached to the inside of the measuring unit, and the irradiation light and the reflected light A photometric block having a light optical path and holding a lens in a front portion facing the measurement target; a substrate on which a light emitting element that emits the irradiation light and a light receiving element that receives the reflected light are mounted; and a measurement chip An opening that can be detachably attached and can expose the lens when the measurement chip is detached, and a rear surface of the photometric block is provided with a substrate placement portion on which the substrate is disposed. Together with the group Placement portion and the partition wall projecting is formed behind than the partition wall, in a state in which is disposed the substrate to the substrate placement portion, the enclosure all sides of the substrate, and to the rear than the substrate project and said Rukoto.

  According to the above configuration, since the partition wall is formed at the rear part of the photometry block, for example, when cleaning a lens or the like, the liquid is blocked by the partition wall protruding backward even if the liquid goes around from the side surface of the photometry block. And the liquid can be made difficult to contact the substrate. In addition, for example, even if dust or the like enters from the opening of the measurement unit, the dust or the like can be made difficult to adhere to the substrate by providing the partition wall. Therefore, the component measuring apparatus is less affected by liquid, dust, etc., thereby contributing to the stable operation of the electronic component mounted on the substrate and further stabilizing the component measurement accuracy.

  Further, the partition wall can reduce the entry of external light from the side via the contact portion between the photometry block and the substrate. As a result, unnecessary light can be prevented from entering the light receiving element that receives the reflected light, so that the measurement accuracy can be improved. In addition, by preventing the entry of external light by the partition walls, it is possible to improve the degree of design freedom such as forming the casing thinly or making the casing transparent or translucent.

  As described above, in order to prevent liquid contact, dust adhesion, and light intrusion with respect to the substrate including the light emitting element and the light receiving element, the substrate is attached close to the lens of the photometry block. There is no hindrance, and the measurement unit can be downsized.

Further, since the septum walls surround the entire side edge of the substrate, it can prevent further adhesion of the contact, dust or the like of the liquid to the substrate.

Further, if the protruding septum wall to the rear than the substrate, by the partition wall, a contact portion between the metering block and the substrate can be reliably covered from the side, the adhesion of the contact and dust of the liquid to the substrate It can be further hindered.

Here, as a specific configuration of the component measuring device, the measuring chip Bei give a lockable locking portion to the front Symbol measurement unit, around the measurement optical block, the insertion direction of the measuring tip And an eject member that pushes the measuring tip forward by contacting the locking portion, and further, between the inner peripheral surface of the housing and the side surface of the photometric block, the eject member A slidable clearance may be formed.

  Thus, the ejection member slides in the clearance between the inner peripheral surface of the housing and the side surface of the photometry block, so that the measurement chip can be easily pushed out by abutting against the locking portion of the measurement chip. . Even if liquid or dust enters from the clearance and enters the side of the photometric block, a partition wall is formed at the rear of the photometric block, so that contact of liquid to the substrate and adhesion of dust or the like can be prevented. .

  Moreover, the board | substrate arrangement | positioning part may be formed with the board | substrate fixing hole to which the said board | substrate is screwed in the vicinity of the said partition. Since the substrate fixing hole is formed in the vicinity of the partition wall in this way, even if stress is applied to the substrate placement portion when the photometry block and the substrate are screwed, the partition wall near the substrate fixing hole Distortion of the placement portion can be prevented. Therefore, the photometric block and the substrate can be firmly screwed, and the entry of external light or the like into the mounting surface of the substrate on which the light emitting element or the light receiving element is mounted can be further reduced.

  Further, a stepped portion connected to the partition wall is formed at the rear of the photometric block with the same protruding amount as the partition wall, and a mounting screw to which the photometric block is screwed to the housing is formed on the stepped portion. A hole may be drilled. Since the stepped portion that has the same protrusion amount as the partition wall has a sufficient thickness, a mounting screw hole is drilled in the stepped portion, so that the photometric block is firmly screwed to the housing. be able to. Therefore, for example, when carrying the component measuring apparatus, even if vibrations are transmitted from the housing, the photometric block and the substrate are not rattled.

  According to the present invention, with a simple configuration, it is possible to prevent liquid contact with the substrate and adhesion of dust, etc., thereby contributing to stable operation of electronic components on the substrate, and thus stable measurement of biological components. The effect of becoming is obtained.

It is a perspective view showing the whole blood sugar level measuring device composition concerning an embodiment of the invention. It is a side view of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. It is a front view of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. It is a disassembled perspective view of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. It is the VV sectional view taken on the line of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the measurement part of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus which concerns on embodiment of this invention. It is a rear view of the measurement part of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. It is side surface sectional drawing of the measurement part of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional plan view of a measurement unit of the blood sugar level measuring apparatus shown in FIG. 5. It is explanatory drawing which shows the state which actually detects a blood component with the blood glucose level measuring apparatus which concerns on this Embodiment. It is explanatory drawing which shows the state which wash | cleans a lens in the blood glucose level measuring device which concerns on this Embodiment.

  DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of a component measuring apparatus according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  In the description of the present embodiment, a blood sugar level measuring apparatus that mainly measures blood sugar levels among blood components will be described in detail as a component measuring apparatus. This blood glucose level measuring device is a device in which a doctor, a nurse, a diabetic patient, or the like collects blood, measures the blood glucose level, and manages the measurement data of the blood glucose level. Of course, the component measuring device is not limited to the blood glucose level measuring device.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the overall configuration of a blood glucose level measuring apparatus (component measuring apparatus) according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a side view of the apparatus, FIG. 3 is a front view of the apparatus, and FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the apparatus, and FIG. 5 is a side sectional view taken along the line V-V in FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 has a casing 12 that forms an appearance, and this casing 12 can be easily operated by one person holding the operation switch 14 with one hand. Furthermore, it is formed in a three-dimensional shape that is slightly elongated and fits the hand. The housing 12 includes an upper case 16, a lower case 18, and a tip case 20, and the upper case 16 and the lower case 18 are stacked one above the other and at the tips of the upper case 16 and the lower case 18. The tip case 20 is assembled and attached. In addition, the housing 12 is provided with a display unit 22 for displaying information items necessary for blood glucose measurement, confirmation items, measurement results, and an operation unit 24 including two operation switches 14. .

  As shown in FIG. 4, a liquid crystal cover 28 is fitted into an opening window 26 formed in the upper case 16 in the display unit 22 of the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10, and a liquid crystal panel 30 is placed under the liquid crystal cover 28. Built in. A front panel 32 formed in an appropriate size is attached to the upper surface of the upper case 16 so as to cover the liquid crystal cover 28 and the two operation switches 14.

  In the operation unit 24, two operation switches 14 are respectively inserted into insertion holes 34 provided on the upper surface of the upper case 16, and various operations such as an on / off operation of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 are performed via these operation switches 14. Is possible.

  A liquid crystal panel 30 of the display unit 22 and a main wiring board 36 for controlling the blood glucose level measuring device 10 are disposed on the back side (inside the housing 12) of the upper case 16 provided with the display unit 22 and the operation unit 24. Has been. On the main wiring board 36, an electric circuit formed in a predetermined shape is provided by printed wiring or the like. The main wiring board 36 is mounted with a microcomputer for executing a predetermined function set in advance, a storage device such as a ROM and a RAM in which a predetermined program is stored, a capacitor, a resistor, and other electronic components. (Both not shown).

  In addition, a battery housing portion 38 is provided on the upper surface side of the lower case 18 (inside the housing 12). The battery storage unit 38 stores a button type battery 40 as a portable power source. The battery housing portion 38 is covered with a battery lid 42 that can be attached to and detached from the lower case 18 so as to be opened and closed. The blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 is configured to control the main wiring board 36 or the like or display the display unit 22 by the power of the button-type battery 40. The power source used in the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 is not limited to the button type battery, and may be configured to be connected to a round battery, a square battery, a secondary battery, or an external power source via a power cord. .

  As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the casing 12 in which the upper case 16 and the lower case 18 are overlapped is formed so as to taper from the intermediate portion to the tip portion and bend toward the lower case 18 as a whole. ing. The tip case 20 is attached to the tip portion, and is configured as a housing of the measurement unit 50 that detects blood.

  Further, a long hole 46 for guiding the movement of the eject operation element 44 is provided near the tip of the upper surface of the upper case 16 (see FIG. 4). The long hole 46 extends linearly by a predetermined length in the front-rear direction of the housing 12, and the leg portion 44a of the eject operator 44 is slidably inserted (see FIG. 5). An eject member 48 is screwed to the leg portion 44 a inside the housing 12. That is, the eject operator 44 can manipulate the sliding of the eject member 48.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the tip case 20 includes a rectangular tube portion 52 attached to the upper case 16 and the lower case 18, and a cylindrical portion 54 formed on the distal end side of the rectangular tube portion 52. Various members for optically measuring blood are attached to the inside of the rectangular tube portion 52. On the other hand, the cylindrical portion 54 has an open front end surface, and a measuring chip 58 is detachably attached to the opening 56.

  The measurement chip 58 includes a base portion 60 formed in a disc shape, a nozzle 62 formed on the tip surface side of the base portion 60, and an engagement portion 64 formed on the opposite surface side of the nozzle 62. Prepare. The base portion 60 is formed so that the outer diameter substantially matches the outer diameter of the cylindrical portion 54. A nozzle 62 is erected in the center of the base portion 60. The nozzle 62 has a sampling hole 62a penetrating from the tip surface to the back surface on the central axis (see FIG. 5). Further, a concave groove 62b for facilitating blood absorption is provided on the tip surface of the nozzle 62 (see FIG. 3).

  The engaging portion 64 of the measuring chip 58 is formed in a cylindrical shape and has an outer diameter that fits into the opening 56 of the cylindrical portion 54. The engaging portion 64 is formed so that four locking claws (locking portions) 66 having elastic force protrude rearward. Each locking claw 66 is formed with a convex portion 66a that engages with a protrusion 54a formed in the cylindrical portion 54 when inserted into the cylindrical portion 54, and this convex portion 66a is formed on the protruding portion 54a. And the measurement tip 58 can be attached to the cylindrical portion 54 (see FIG. 8).

  Further, as shown in FIG. 5, a test paper container 68 that communicates with the sampling hole 62 a is provided inside the engaging portion 64. The test paper storage unit 68 stores a test paper (measuring object) 70 into which blood is permeated when blood is collected. The blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 measures the blood component by irradiating the test paper 70 with irradiation light and receiving the reflected light from the test paper 70.

  6 is an exploded perspective view showing the measurement unit 50 of the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 7 is a rear view of the measurement unit 50, and FIG. 8 is a side sectional view of the measurement unit 50. FIG. 9 is a plan sectional view of the measurement unit 50.

  The measuring unit 50 of the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 is a part that optically measures blood components collected on the measuring chip 58. As shown in FIG. 6, the measurement unit 50 includes a tip case 20, a photometric block 72, a substrate 74, an eject member 48, and the like. As described above, the tip case 20 includes the rectangular tube portion 52 and the cylindrical portion 54, and is attached to the tip portion of the casing 12 in which the upper case 16 and the lower case 18 are overlapped. The tip case 20 is formed of synthetic resin such as ASB resin or polycarbonate, for example.

  The photometric block 72 is a member that holds a substrate 74 for detecting blood components and is attached to the inside of the tip case 20. The photometric block 72 can be formed of the same material as that of the distal end case 20 and includes a flat base end portion 76 and a projecting portion 78 projecting from the proximal end portion 76 in the distal end direction.

  As shown in FIG. 8, the base end portion 76 of the photometric block 72 has a protruding portion 78 formed on the front surface and a substrate placement portion 80 on the rear surface. The substrate placement portion 80 is formed in a flat shape on which the substrate 74 can be placed, and the substrate placement portion 80 is provided with a positioning projection 80a for positioning the substrate 74 in a substantially central portion. The positioning protrusion 80a penetrates the substrate 74 and is interposed between a light emitting element 100 and a light receiving element 102, which will be described later, to prevent direct light propagation from the light emitting element 100 to the light receiving element 102.

  Two screw holes 82 for attachment are formed in the base end portion 76 (see FIG. 7). The photometric block 72 is inserted into the mounting screw hole 82 from behind, and is fixed to the tip case 20 by being screwed to a mounting female screw (not shown) formed in the tip case 20. It is attached.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 6, the projecting portion 78 of the photometric block 72 is formed in a circular body whose both side surfaces are linear and whose upper and lower surfaces are arcs. A protrusion-side opening 86 is formed on the front surface of the protrusion 78, and a lens 88 is attached to the protrusion-side opening 86. The lens 88 attached to the photometry block 72 is an integral type in which an irradiation light lens 88a is formed on the upper side and a reflected light lens 88b is formed on the lower side. Further, the lens 88 is fitted into the protruding portion side opening 86 by fitting an O-ring 90 on the side peripheral surface thereof, so that the protruding portion side opening 86 is sealed by the lens 88.

  The substrate 74 of the measurement unit 50 is formed in a shape that can be arranged on the substrate arrangement unit 80, and substrate side screw holes 92 are formed at predetermined locations (two locations) of the substrate 74. The board 74 is disposed in the photometry block 72 by inserting a board screw 94 from behind into the board side screw hole 92 and screwing it into a board fixing hole 96 formed in the board placement portion 80. (See FIG. 7).

  The substrate 74 has two light emitting elements 100 (first light emitting element 100a and second light emitting element 100b: see FIG. 9) that irradiate irradiation light on the surface facing the substrate arrangement portion 80, and light reception that receives reflected light. The element 102 and various electronic components necessary for detecting blood components are mounted. For example, a light emitting diode (LED) that emits light of a predetermined wavelength can be applied as the light emitting element 100 that emits irradiation light, and, for example, a photodiode (PD) can be applied as the light receiving element. . In the present embodiment, the light emitting element 100 and the light receiving element 102 that do not have a shell-shaped exterior (transmitter) are mounted on the substrate 74, thereby reducing the size of the substrate 74 and the size of the blood glucose level measuring device 10. Has been realized.

  As shown in FIG. 8, when the substrate 74 is arranged on the substrate arrangement portion 80 of the photometry block 72, the light emitting element 100 and the light receiving element 102 are arranged toward the substrate arrangement portion 80. Here, two openings (irradiation light substrate side opening 104 and reflected light substrate side opening 106) are formed in the substrate placement portion 80 of the photometry block 72. In a state where the substrate 74 is disposed in the substrate placement portion 80, the light emitting element 100 enters the irradiation light substrate side opening 104 and the light receiving element 102 enters the reflected light substrate side opening 106.

  Further, the irradiation light substrate side opening 104 communicates with the irradiation light optical path 108, and the reflected light substrate side opening 106 communicates with the reflected light optical path 110. The irradiation light optical path 108 and the reflected light optical path 110 pass through the inside of the base end portion 76 and the protruding portion 78, respectively, and communicate with the protruding portion side opening 86 on the distal end side. As described above, the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 can reduce the number of components and reduce the manufacturing cost by forming both the irradiation light optical path 108 and the reflected light optical path 110 in the photometry block 72. It becomes.

  Therefore, in a state where the substrate 74 is disposed on the substrate placement portion 80, the light emitting element 100 is on the proximal end side of the irradiation light optical path 108, and the irradiation light emitted from the light emitting element 100 is transmitted from the irradiation light optical path 108 to the lens 88. Then, the test paper 70 can be irradiated through the lens 88. On the other hand, the light receiving element 102 is on the base end side of the reflected light optical path 110 and receives reflected light reflected from the test paper 70 via the lens 88 and the reflected light optical path 110.

  Furthermore, a partition wall 112 protruding rearward from the substrate placement portion 80 is formed on the rear surface of the base end portion 76 of the photometric block 72 according to the present embodiment. The partition 112 is formed so as to surround the entire rear surface of the photometry block 72 and to protrude rearward from the substrate 74 in a state where the substrate 74 is disposed in the substrate placement portion 80. It has the function of preventing liquid contact and dust adhesion. The effect of the partition 112 will be described later.

  Further, in a state where the photometric block 72 is attached to the tip case 20, a clearance 114 is formed between the inner peripheral surface of the tip case 20 and the side surface of the projecting portion 78 of the photometric block 72. An eject member 48 is slidably disposed in the clearance 114.

  As shown in FIG. 6, the ejecting member 48 of the measuring unit 50 includes an extruding part 116 formed on the tip side, and a sliding plate 118 to which the extruding part 116 is fixed and slidable by a predetermined distance. It is the composition which includes. The extruding portion 116 is formed in an arc shape in which a cylindrical lower portion is cut out by a predetermined amount.

  The sliding plate 118 is formed in a flat plate shape that extends rearward from the pushing portion 116. The sliding plate 118 has a central portion cut out in the longitudinal direction, and a spring projection 120 is formed at the rear end of the cutout portion 118a. In addition, an eject member side screw hole 124 is formed in the rear portion of the sliding plate 118 so as to be screwed into the leg portion 44a of the eject operation element 44 by an eject screw 122 (see FIG. 5).

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 7, the tip case 20 is formed with an eject member placement portion 126 that houses the tip side of the eject member 48. The eject member placement portion 126 is formed on the upper side in the rectangular tube portion 52, and includes support pieces 128 that support both end portions of the sliding plate 118, and a spring placement projection 130 that protrudes rearward in the upper center portion. (See FIG. 8).

  As shown in FIGS. 6 and 8, the eject member 48 is arranged in the eject member arrangement portion 126 with the spring member 132 arranged in the notch portion 118a. In this case, the spring protrusion 120 is inserted into one end of the spring member 132 and the spring arrangement protrusion 130 is inserted into the other end.

  In a state in which the photometric block 72 and the eject member 48 are arranged in the tip case 20, the pushing portion 116 is arranged on the outer peripheral surface (upper surface and both side surfaces) of the projecting portion 78 of the photometric block 72. Further, the eject member 48 is slidably disposed in the front end and rear end directions of the housing 12, and the ejecting portion 116 is moved on the outer periphery of the projecting portion 78 by sliding the eject member 48. (Ie, clearance 114) moves forward and backward. When the measurement tip 58 is attached to the tip case 20, the pushing portion 116 pushes out the locking claw 66 of the measurement tip 58 by the movement of the eject member 48 in the tip direction. As a result, the measurement chip 58 can be removed from the housing 12.

  Next, measurement of blood components by the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 according to the present embodiment will be described. In the measurement of blood components, first, the user's blood is collected using the housing 12 to which the measurement chip 58 is attached. Specifically, the fingertip is punctured with a dedicated puncture device (not shown), and a small amount (for example, about 0.3 to 1.5 μL) of blood is allowed to flow out onto the skin. Then, the tip of the nozzle 62 of the measurement chip 58 attached to the tip of the blood glucose level measuring device 10 is brought into contact with the blood that has flowed out of the fingertip.

  Thereby, the blood enters the collection hole 62a through the concave groove 62b at the tip of the nozzle 62, and is sucked to the rear end by capillary action. Then, the ink penetrates into the test paper 70 stored in the test paper storage section 68 and spreads in a circular shape toward the outer side in the radial direction of the test paper 70. Simultaneously with the development of the blood, the glucose in the blood and the coloring reagent contained in the test paper 70 start to react, and the test paper 70 is colored according to the amount of glucose.

  FIG. 10 is an explanatory diagram showing a state where blood components are actually detected by the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 according to the present embodiment. That is, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 emits the irradiation light Li from the first light emitting element 100a (or the second light emitting element 100b). The irradiation light Li emitted from the first light emitting element 100a (or the second light emitting element 100b) passes through the irradiation light optical path 108 and enters the irradiation light lens 88a. The irradiation light Li incident on the irradiation light lens 88a is condensed by the irradiation light lens 88a and applied to the test paper 70.

  The irradiation light Li applied to the test paper 70 is reflected by the test paper 70 and is incident on the reflected light lens 88b as reflected light Lr. Then, the reflected light Lr incident on the reflected light lens 88b is collected by the reflected light lens 88b, passes through the reflected light optical path 110, is received by the light receiving element 102, and the amount of light is measured. Is done. Thereby, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 can measure the degree of coloration of the test paper 70.

  In the measurement of the blood glucose level by the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10, the irradiation light Li of the first light emitting element 100a and the second light emitting element 100b is emitted alternately. And the pigment | dye produced by reaction with a coloring reagent and glucose is detected with the irradiation light Li which the 1st light emitting element 100a irradiates, and the color density according to the quantity of glucose is measured. Further, red blood cells are detected by the irradiation light Li emitted from the second light emitting element 100b, and the red density of the red blood cells is measured. Then, the blood glucose level can be determined by quantifying the glucose concentration while correcting the glucose value obtained from the color concentration using the hematocrit value obtained from the red concentration.

  When the measurement chip 58 is removed from the housing 12 after the measurement is completed, the eject operation member 44 is pressed toward the front end side, and the eject member 48 is slid forward (front end side). Thereby, the pushing part 116 of the ejection member 48 presses the locking claw 66 of the measurement tip 58 forward, and the measurement tip 58 can be removed. When measuring blood components again, a new measurement chip 58 is attached to the tip case 20. Thus, since the measuring chip 58 can be easily replaced, it is possible to efficiently measure blood components.

  In this case, the user can easily remove the measurement chip 58 from the blood glucose level measurement device 10 by one-handed operation. In addition, since the measurement chip 58 is attached to the tip of the housing 12 curved to the lower case 18 side, the measurement chip 58 can be easily and quickly operated without touching the measurement chip 58 by operating the eject operator 44. 58 disposal processes can be performed.

  FIG. 11 is an explanatory view showing the function of the partition wall 112 in the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 according to the present embodiment. FIG. 11A shows a case where the partition 112 is provided in the photometry block 72, and FIG. The case where there is no partition 112 is shown.

  As shown in FIG. 11, when the lens 88 of the blood glucose level measuring device 10 is washed, for example, the tip of the device 10 is directed upward so that the lens 88 to be washed is visible to the user, and water or alcohol is used. The surface of the lens 88 is rubbed with a cotton swab containing a liquid such as. At this time, liquid may enter from a clearance 114 formed between the inner peripheral surface of the tip case 20 and the side surface of the photometry block 72. In this case, as shown in FIG. 11B, in the configuration in which the photometric block 72 does not have the partition 112, there is a possibility that the liquid wraps around the substrate 74 and the liquid contacts the substrate 74 to cause a defect in the electronic component.

  However, as shown in FIG. 11A, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 according to the present embodiment is provided with a partition wall 112 on the rear surface of the photometric block 72. The partition wall 112 prevents the liquid that has entered the side surface of the photometry block 72 from entering the substrate placement unit 80. For this reason, the liquid can be prevented from coming into contact with the substrate 74.

  Further, when the measurement chip 58 is not attached to the housing 12, dust or the like may enter the clearance 114 because the measurement unit 50 is open. However, since the partition 112 provided in the photometry block 72 blocks the path of dust and the like, it is possible to prevent the dust and the like from adhering to the substrate 74.

  As described above, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 is less affected by liquid, dust, and the like, and thereby operates electronic components such as the light emitting element 100 and the light receiving element 102 mounted on the substrate 74 more stably. It is possible to stabilize the measurement accuracy.

  Further, as described above, the partition 112 according to the present embodiment surrounds the entire rear surface of the photometry block 72 and is formed with a protruding amount larger than the thickness of the substrate 74. By forming the partition 112 in this manner, the substrate 74 disposed on the substrate placement portion 80 can be reliably covered from the side surface direction, and liquid contact to the substrate 74 and adhesion of dust and the like can be further prevented.

  Here, the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 is required to have the tip case 20 or the measuring chip 58 formed to be translucent (or transparent) in order to visually check the blood penetration state of the test paper 70. When such a translucent tip case 20 or measurement chip 58 is applied, as shown in FIG. 11B, external light passes through the tip case 20 and measurement chip 58, and this external light further passes through the photometry block 72 and the substrate 74. It may enter from the contact part. In this case, external light is detected by the light receiving element 102 arranged in the photometry block 72, resulting in a decrease in measurement accuracy.

  However, as shown in FIG. 11A, the blood glucose level measurement apparatus 10 according to the present embodiment allows external light to enter the contact portion between the photometry block 72 and the substrate 74 from the side due to the presence of the partition wall 112. Can be reduced. Accordingly, extra light is prevented from entering the light receiving element 102 that receives reflected light, so that the accuracy of component measurement can be improved. Therefore, the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10 does not hinder measurement accuracy even if the tip case 20 and the measurement chip 58 are made translucent (or transparent), and the degree of design freedom is improved. For example, the measurement accuracy can be maintained even if the casing 12 including the tip case 20 is formed thin and the casing 12 transmits external light.

  In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7, the substrate fixing hole 96 is provided in the vicinity of the partition 112. Thereby, even if the stress which distorts the board | substrate arrangement | positioning part 80 is applied by screwing and fixing the photometry block 72 and the board | substrate 74, it can prevent that the board | substrate arrangement | positioning part 80 is distorted by the partition 112 formed in rib shape. it can. Therefore, the photometric block 72 and the substrate 74 can be firmly screwed together, and external light and the like can be further reduced from entering the mounting surface on which the light emitting element 100 and the light receiving element 102 are mounted.

  Further, the photometric block 72 of the present embodiment has a step 113 formed on the rear surface that has the same protruding amount as the partition 112 and continues to the partition 112 (see FIG. 7). Is drilled. That is, since the mounting screw hole 82 is formed in the step portion 113 having a sufficient thickness, the photometric block 72 can be firmly screwed to the tip case 20 by the mounting screw 84. Therefore, for example, when carrying the blood sugar level measuring apparatus 10, even if vibration or the like is transmitted from the housing 12, the photometric block 72, the substrate 74, and the like are not rattled.

  Further, the blood glucose level measuring apparatus 10 prevents liquid contact, dust adhesion, and intrusion of external light to the substrate 74 including the light emitting element 100 and the light receiving element 102. Therefore, it is possible to reduce the size of the measuring unit 50 without causing any trouble in attaching the substrate 74 close to 88.

  Note that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and it is needless to say that various configurations can be adopted without departing from the gist of the present invention. For example, the component measuring apparatus according to the present invention may be applied as an apparatus for measuring urine components, or may be applied as an apparatus for measuring components such as waste water and industrial water in addition to body fluids.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Blood glucose level measuring device 12 ... Case 16 ... Upper case 18 ... Lower case 20 ... Tip case 48 ... Eject member 50 ... Measuring part 52 ... Square cylinder part 54 ... Cylindrical part 58 ... Measuring chip 66 ... Locking claw 70 ... Test paper 72 ... Photometry block 74 ... Substrate 80 ... Substrate placement portion 82 ... Mounting screw hole 96 ... Substrate fixing hole 100 ... Light emitting element 102 ... Light receiving element 112 ... Bulkhead 113 ... Step part 114 ... Clearance 116 ... Extrusion part

Claims (4)

  1. Comprising a measuring unit for receiving the reflected light reflected from the measurement object is irradiated with irradiation light for measurement to the measurement object, a housing for chromatic said measuring section, and on the basis of the reflected light detection result A component measuring device for measuring a component contained in the measurement object,
    The measurement unit is mounted inside the measurement unit, has a light path for the irradiation light and the reflected light, and holds a lens at a front portion facing the measurement target, and light emission for emitting the irradiation light A substrate on which an element and a light receiving element that receives the reflected light are mounted, a measurement chip can be detachably attached, and an opening that can expose the lens in a detached state of the measurement chip ,
    A rear surface of the photometric block is provided with a substrate placement portion on which the substrate is disposed, and a partition wall protruding rearward from the substrate placement portion is formed .
    The partition wall, in a state in which is disposed the substrate to the substrate placement portion, the enclosure all sides of the substrate, and the component measuring device according to claim Rukoto protruding rearward from the substrate.
  2. In the component measuring device according to claim 1 Symbol placement,
    The measurement chip Bei give a lockable locking portion to the front Symbol measuring unit,
    Around the measuring light block slides in the insertion direction of the measuring tip abuts the eject member for pushing the measuring chip forward is provided in the locking portion,
    Further, a component measuring apparatus is characterized in that a clearance is formed between the inner peripheral surface of the casing and the side surface of the photometric block so that the eject member can slide.
  3. In the component measuring device according to claim 1 or 2 ,
    The component measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a substrate fixing hole in which the substrate is screwed is formed in the vicinity of the partition.
  4. In the component measuring apparatus as described in any one of Claims 1-3 ,
    A step portion connected to the partition wall is formed at the rear of the photometry block with the same protruding amount as the partition wall, and a mounting screw hole for screwing the photometry block to the housing is formed in the step portion. A component measuring apparatus characterized by being perforated.
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DE102012018015B3 (en) * 2012-09-06 2013-12-05 Jenoptik Polymer Systems Gmbh Measuring module for remission photometric analysis and method for its production
WO2014045343A1 (en) * 2012-09-18 2014-03-27 テルモ株式会社 Component measuring device

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EP1878379B1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2019-10-16 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG Test tape system, in particular for blood sugar analysis
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