JP5531344B2 - Transfer equipment - Google Patents

Transfer equipment Download PDF

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JP5531344B2
JP5531344B2 JP2010021973A JP2010021973A JP5531344B2 JP 5531344 B2 JP5531344 B2 JP 5531344B2 JP 2010021973 A JP2010021973 A JP 2010021973A JP 2010021973 A JP2010021973 A JP 2010021973A JP 5531344 B2 JP5531344 B2 JP 5531344B2
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support column
holding member
struts
support
base material
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JP2011156255A (en
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邦雄 小泉
美奈子 中林
真理子 新鞍
芳正 丸谷
雅典 河原
清司 鳥海
聡 稲葉
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Toyama University
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この発明は、介護が必要な人の身体を保持する身体保持部材を有する移乗支援器具に関する。   The present invention relates to a transfer assist device having a body holding member that holds the body of a person who needs care.

一般的に、高齢による足腰の筋力低下や障害等により、自分の力で立ち上がり、向きを変えたり歩くことができなくなると、介護者の介助が必要となる。介護者は、このような被介護者が、ベッドから車椅子やトイレ等に移る際の動作の介助において、移乗作業を行っている。従来、このような移乗作業は、介護者が腰を屈めて両腕を被介護者の腋の下から背に回し、抱きかかえて少し立たせ、被介護者の体の向きを変えて座らせている。しかし、被介護者を抱きかかえて立たせたり座らせたりする動作は、介護者に被介護者の体重がかかるため負担が大きく、介護者にとっては腰痛等が発生しやすいものであった。また、トイレの前後に下着の着脱をするためには、被介護者を立たせておかなければならず、立位保持が不安定な被介護者の場合には、介護者はその介助も同時に行う必要があり、介助動作は重労働であった。さらに、被介護者も苦痛であり、転倒する危険にさらされていた。そのため、そのような状態の被介護者は「寝かせきり」にされ、その後、自分で何もできない「寝たきり老人」となってしまう場合が多く、被介護者の尊厳が損なわれている状況にあった。   Generally, caregivers need assistance when they are unable to stand up, change their direction or walk because of their weakness or disability due to aging. The caregiver performs the transfer work in assisting the operation when such a cared person moves from the bed to a wheelchair or a toilet. Conventionally, in such a transfer operation, a caregiver bends his / her waist and turns both arms from the underside of the cared person's heel to the back, holds it a little, and sits by changing the direction of the cared person's body. However, the operation of holding a cared person while standing or sitting on the cared person is heavy because the carer takes the weight of the cared person, and the caregiver is likely to suffer from back pain. In addition, in order to put on and take off the underwear before and after the toilet, the cared person must be standing, and in the case of the cared person who is unstable in standing, the caregiver also provides assistance It was necessary and the assistance operation was heavy labor. In addition, carers were also in pain and at risk of falling. As a result, the cared person in such a state is often laid down and then often becomes a bedridden elderly person who cannot do anything by himself, and the dignity of the cared person is impaired. It was.

そこで、被介護者をトイレに連れて行く際に、介護者の移乗作業の負担を軽減するために用いられる移乗器が提案されている。特許文献1に開示されている移乗介護支援車は、移動用台車と移乗用架台とで構成され、移乗用架台はガススプリングを介して移動用台車に対して回転可能に設けられている。移乗用架台には、被介護者の身体の各部分をそれぞれ保持する足置き、すね当て、差し込みもも当て、腹当て、腕置き机、握り棒が設けられている。この移乗介護支援車の使用法は、移乗用架台に被介護者の身体を各部材に当て、移乗用架台を被介護者の前方へ向かってガススプリングにより回動させ、任意の位置で停止させて被介護者の体重を移乗用架台に受ける。トイレ等まで移動用台車で移動させ、移乗用架台を元の位置に回動させて被介護者をトイレに座らせるものである。   Therefore, a transfer device has been proposed that is used to reduce the burden of the caregiver's transfer work when the care recipient is taken to the toilet. The transfer care support vehicle disclosed in Patent Document 1 includes a moving carriage and a transfer carriage, and the transfer carriage is provided to be rotatable with respect to the movement carriage via a gas spring. The transfer stand is provided with a footrest, a shin rest, an insertion rest for holding each part of the cared person's body, a stomach rest, an arm rest desk, and a grip bar. The use of this transfer care support vehicle is achieved by placing the cared person's body against each member on the transfer frame, rotating the transfer frame forward of the cared person with a gas spring, and stopping at any position. Receive the weight of the cared person on the transfer platform. The vehicle is moved to a toilet or the like by a moving carriage, and the transfer platform is rotated to the original position so that the cared person is seated on the toilet.

特許文献2に開示されている移乗装置は、台車と、台車上に傾動自在に設けられた支柱が設けられている。支柱には、被介護者の臀部を支える座部プレートと、胸部を支える胸当パッドと、腋下を支える腋部サポートが設けられている。座プレートは支柱に対して開閉自在である。胸当パッドと腋部サポートは、支柱に沿って摺動自在に設けられている。この移乗装置の使用方法は、被介護者を座部プレートに座らせて支柱を被介護者の前方へ傾動させ、被介護者の体重は胸当パッドと腋部サポートで担うことになり、座部プレートは体重から開放される。そして、被介護者をトイレに座らせるには、体重から開放された座部プレートを閉じて畳み、胸当パッドと腋部サポートを下方にスライドさせ、被介護者の上体が前傾姿勢のまま滑り降り、臀部が便器等に着座するものである。   The transfer device disclosed in Patent Document 2 is provided with a carriage and a support column that can be tilted on the carriage. The column is provided with a seat plate that supports the buttocks of the care recipient, a breast pad that supports the chest, and a buttocks support that supports the armpit. The seat plate can be opened and closed with respect to the column. The chest pad and the buttocks support are slidable along the support column. The method of using this transfer device is to place the cared person on the seat plate, tilt the column forward of the cared person, and bear the weight of the cared person with the chest pad and the buttocks support. The part plate is released from the body weight. In order to make the cared person sit in the toilet, the seat plate released from the body weight is closed and folded, the chest pad and the buttocks support are slid downward, and the upper part of the cared person is in a forward leaning posture. It slides down and the buttocks sit on the toilet.

特開2005−211628号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2005-21628 特開2005−328950号公報JP 2005-328950 A

上記背景技術の場合、被介護者の体重を受ける部材である差し込みもも当てや座部プレートは、被介護者が座る位置を変える際の移動の便宜について考えられていないものであり、被介護者が乗り込むときや降りるときに、体重をかけながら体の位置をずらすことが困難で不便なものであった。   In the case of the above-mentioned background art, the insert and the seat plate, which is a member for receiving the weight of the cared person, are not considered for the convenience of movement when changing the position where the cared person sits. It was difficult and inconvenient to shift the position of the body while applying weight when the person got in and off.

この発明は、上記背景技術の問題点に鑑みてなされたものであり、介護者が簡単に操作することができ、被介護者の乗り降りが容易且つ安全であり、確実に移乗作業を補助することができる移乗器具を提供することを目的とする。   The present invention has been made in view of the problems of the background art described above, and can be easily operated by a caregiver, is easy and safe for a caregiver to get on and off, and reliably assists the transfer operation. It is an object of the present invention to provide a transfer device that can be used.

この発明は、床面に設置される基材と、前記基材に対して上方に向かって垂直な面を回動可能に設けられた支柱と、前記支柱を回動方向に付勢可能に設けられた姿勢保持部材と、前記支柱に取り付けられ前記姿勢保持部材と反対側に位置し介護が必要な被介護者の胸の前側を受ける胸部保持部材と、前記被介護者の大腿部を受けて前記支柱の回動方向と同方向に回転する支持面である大腿部保持部材とを備えた移乗器具である。 The present invention provides a base material installed on a floor surface, a support column provided so that a surface perpendicular to the base material can be rotated upward, and the support column can be urged in a rotating direction. A posture holding member, a chest holding member that is attached to the support column and is located on the opposite side of the posture holding member and that receives the front side of the breast of a care recipient who needs care, and receives the thigh of the care recipient And a thigh holding member that is a support surface that rotates in the same direction as the rotation direction of the support column .

前記支柱は、被介護者の左右の両側に位置する一対の第一支柱とこの第一支柱に各々軸支された一対の第二支柱とから成り、前記第一支柱は前記基材に対して上方に突出して固定され、前記第二支柱は前記第一支柱の上端部に回動可能に取り付けられ、前記大腿部保持部材は、前記一対の第一支柱の間に取り付けられ、前記胸部保持部材は、前記一対の第二支柱の間に取り付けられ、前記姿勢保持部材は、上端部が前記胸部保持部材に軸止され、下端部が前記第一支柱に対して揺動可能に設けられたものである The struts are composed of a pair of first struts located on the left and right sides of the care recipient and a pair of second struts that are pivotally supported by the first struts, and the first struts with respect to the base material The second strut is pivotably attached to the upper end of the first strut, the thigh holding member is attached between the pair of first struts, and holds the chest. The member is mounted between the pair of second struts, and the posture holding member is provided with an upper end portion pivotally supported by the chest holding member and a lower end portion swingable with respect to the first strut. Is .

または、前記支柱は、前記被介護者の正面に位置する一対の第一支柱と第二支柱とから成り、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は互いに同形で、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱の各下端部が前記基材に対して前記被介護者の前後方向に所定距離だけ離れて取り付けられ、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は、前記基材に対して垂直方向の面内で前記被介護者の前後方向に揺動可能に設けられ、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は互いに平行に位置して平行四辺形のリンク構造に形成され、前記大腿部保持部材は、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に対して、前記被介護者側に取り付けられ、前記胸部保持部材は、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に取付部材を介して設けられ、前記取付部材が前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に軸支されたものである。 Alternatively, the support column includes a pair of first support column and second support column positioned in front of the care recipient, and the first support column and the second support column have the same shape, and the first support column and the second support column Each lower end portion of the support is attached to the base material at a predetermined distance in the front-rear direction of the care recipient, and the first support post and the second support post are in a plane perpendicular to the base material. The first support post and the second support post are formed in a parallelogram-shaped link structure in parallel with each other, and the thigh holding member is The first support column and the second support column are attached to the care receiver side, the chest holding member is provided on the first support column and the second support column via an attachment member, and the attachment member is The first support and the second support are pivotally supported .

前記支持面は、前記被介護者の足下から膝裏まで上下動し、固定可能に設けられている。さらに、前記支持面は、ローラクッションから成るものである。   The support surface is provided so as to move up and down from the care recipient's feet to the back of the knee and be fixed. Further, the support surface is a roller cushion.

また、前記基材の前記支柱の取付位置付近に設けられ前記大腿部保持部材と平行に位置したステップと、前記基材の下側面に取り付けられたキャスタが設けられたものでも良い。   Moreover, the thing provided in the attachment position vicinity of the said support | pillar of the said base material and the caster attached to the lower surface of the said base material provided in the step located in parallel with the said thigh holding member may be provided.

本発明の移乗器具は、簡単な構造で被介護者の乗り降りの動作が容易且つ安全であり、介護者が被介護者の前方から確実に移乗作業を補助することができ、介護者の負担を軽減することができる。被介護者は着座姿勢から単純に体重移動することにより臀部が開放されるため、衣服の着脱が容易であり、転倒を防止し、また自助動作を容易にすることにより、介助時間が短縮し被介護者の尊厳を守ることができる。   The transfer device of the present invention is easy and safe for the caregiver to get in and out of the caregiver, and the caregiver can reliably assist in the transfer work from the front of the caregiver, thereby reducing the burden on the caregiver. Can be reduced. Caregivers simply move their weight from the sitting position to open their buttocks, making it easy to put on and take off clothes, preventing falls, and facilitating self-help operations, reducing assistance time and taking care. Can protect the dignity of caregivers.

この発明の第一実施形態の移乗器具の使用状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the use condition of the transfer instrument of 1st embodiment of this invention. この発明の第一実施形態の移乗器具の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the transfer instrument of a first embodiment of this invention. 第一実施形態の移乗器具の変形例の使用状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the use condition of the modification of the transfer instrument of 1st embodiment. 第一実施形態の移乗器具の他の変形例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the other modification of the transfer instrument of 1st embodiment. この発明の第二実施形態の移乗器具の使用状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the use condition of the transfer instrument of 2nd embodiment of this invention. この発明の第二実施形態の移乗器具の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the transfer instrument of 2nd embodiment of this invention.

以下、この発明の実施形態について図面に基づいて説明する。図1、図2はこの発明の第一実施形態を示すもので、この移乗器具10は、床面にほぼ水平に位置する金属や樹脂、木製等の所定長さのフレームで作られたH形の板部材から成る基材12が設けられている。基材12の下面には、四隅にそれぞれキャスタ15が取り付けられている。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 show a first embodiment of the present invention. This transfer device 10 is an H shape made of a frame of a predetermined length such as a metal, a resin, a wood, etc., which is positioned substantially horizontally on the floor surface. The base material 12 which consists of this board member is provided. On the lower surface of the base material 12, casters 15 are attached to four corners, respectively.

一対の基材12の長手方向の途中には、上方に向かって第一支柱16がそれぞれ設けられている。第一支柱16は、基材12に沿う方向が側面となる板体であり、基材12の長手方向に対してほぼ直角に立設されている。一対の第一支柱16の互いに対向する面には、第一支柱16の長手方向に沿って溝部19が形成されている。一対の溝部19には、被介護者40が一時的に腰を下ろす支持面であるとともに、被介護者40の大腿部を受ける大腿部保持部材であるローラクッション18の両端部が、移動可能に取り付けられている。ローラクッション18の回転軸は、一対の第一支柱16の長手方向に直角に交差してほぼ水平に位置し、この回転軸等が第一支柱16の内側に形成された溝部19に移動可能に差し込まれている。溝部19には、ローラクッション18を任意の位置で係止するロック部材とレバーからなる係止部材17が設けられ、係止部材17によりローラクッション18を地面から膝裏までの間の所望の位置で固定することができる。係止部材17のレバー17aは、溝部19に収納可能に設けられている。   In the middle of the pair of base materials 12 in the longitudinal direction, first struts 16 are provided upward. The first support column 16 is a plate body whose side faces the direction along the base material 12, and is erected substantially at a right angle to the longitudinal direction of the base material 12. Groove portions 19 are formed along the longitudinal direction of the first support column 16 on the mutually opposing surfaces of the pair of first support columns 16. In the pair of grooves 19, both ends of the roller cushion 18, which is a support surface on which the care receiver 40 temporarily sits down and receives the thigh of the care receiver 40, are moved. It is attached as possible. The rotational axis of the roller cushion 18 is positioned substantially horizontally so as to intersect the longitudinal direction of the pair of first struts 16 at right angles, and the rotational shaft and the like can be moved to a groove portion 19 formed inside the first strut 16. Plugged in. The groove portion 19 is provided with a locking member 17 comprising a locking member and a lever for locking the roller cushion 18 at an arbitrary position, and the locking member 17 allows the roller cushion 18 to be positioned at a desired position from the ground to the back of the knee. It can be fixed with. The lever 17 a of the locking member 17 is provided in the groove portion 19 so as to be housed.

第一支柱16の上端部16aは、被介護者40がベッド42等に腰かけたときの腰付近に達している。一対の第一支柱16の上端部16aには、基材12の長手方向に対してほぼ平行に突出する取付部材20が各々設けられている。取付部材20は、基材12に沿う方向が側面となる板体であり第一支柱16の外側面に固定され、取付部材20の先端部20aは、基材12の端部よりも内側に位置している。一対の取付部材20の間には、取付板22が設けられている。取付板22は、一対の取付部材20に対して直角に取り付けられて、取付部材20とともにコの字形に形成されている。取付板22は、被介護者40の大腿部に当接し、被介護者40が前方に滑り出てしまうのを防止している。   The upper end portion 16a of the first support column 16 reaches the vicinity of the waist when the care receiver 40 sits on the bed 42 or the like. The upper end portions 16 a of the pair of first support columns 16 are each provided with a mounting member 20 that protrudes substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction of the base material 12. The mounting member 20 is a plate body having a side surface in the direction along the base material 12 and is fixed to the outer side surface of the first support column 16, and the distal end portion 20 a of the mounting member 20 is positioned inside the end portion of the base material 12. doing. A mounting plate 22 is provided between the pair of mounting members 20. The attachment plate 22 is attached to the pair of attachment members 20 at a right angle, and is formed in a U shape together with the attachment members 20. The mounting plate 22 abuts on the thigh of the cared person 40 and prevents the cared person 40 from sliding forward.

一対の第一支柱16の上端部16aには、上方に向かって第二支柱24がそれぞれ設けられている。第二支柱24は、第一支柱16に沿う方向が側面となる柱状体であり、第一支柱16の上端部16aの内側面に、回転可能に軸部材26で取り付けられている。第一支柱16の上端部16a近傍には、取付部材20の突出方向と反対側の側縁部24bに、胸部保持部材30が取り付けられている。   On the upper end portions 16 a of the pair of first support columns 16, second support columns 24 are respectively provided upward. The second support column 24 is a columnar body having a side surface along the first support column 16, and is rotatably attached to the inner surface of the upper end portion 16 a of the first support column 16 by a shaft member 26. In the vicinity of the upper end portion 16 a of the first support column 16, a chest holding member 30 is attached to a side edge portion 24 b opposite to the protruding direction of the attachment member 20.

胸部保持部材30は、被介護者40がもたれかかっても大丈夫な強度に形成された樹脂や金属、その他布製等の剛性を有する部材であり、被介護者40の胸の前側を覆う湾曲した帯状に形成されている。胸部保持部材30は、一対の第二支柱24に対して直角方向に取り付けられ、略コの字形に湾曲して形成されている。   The chest holding member 30 is a member having rigidity such as resin, metal, or other cloth formed with sufficient strength even when the cared person 40 leans against it, and a curved belt-like shape covering the front side of the breast of the cared person 40 Is formed. The chest holding member 30 is attached in a direction perpendicular to the pair of second support columns 24 and is formed to be bent in a substantially U-shape.

取付部材20の取付板22と、第二支柱24の胸部保持部材30との間には、ガススプリング28が取り付けられている。ガススプリング28は第二支柱24の傾きを抑制し制御するものであり、上端部が胸部保持部材30の被介護者40と反対側となる外側面に軸止され、下端部が取付板22の外側面に軸止され、第二支柱24の回動方向に揺動可能である。   A gas spring 28 is attached between the attachment plate 22 of the attachment member 20 and the chest holding member 30 of the second support column 24. The gas spring 28 suppresses and controls the inclination of the second support column 24, and the upper end is pivotally fixed to the outer surface of the chest holding member 30 opposite to the cared person 40, and the lower end is attached to the mounting plate 22. The shaft is fixed to the outer side surface and can swing in the rotating direction of the second support column 24.

一対の第二支柱24の、胸部保持部材30が取り付けられている位置には、被介護者40の背中に回して締め、胸部保持部材30に上半身を固定するベルト32が一対取り付けられている。一対のベルト32は、被介護者40の背中で互いに重なる長さであり、重なる部分には、面ファスナ34が取り付けられている。   A pair of belts 32 are attached to the positions of the pair of second struts 24 to which the chest holding member 30 is attached. The pair of belts 32 has a length that overlaps with each other on the back of the care receiver 40, and a hook-and-loop fastener 34 is attached to the overlapping portion.

次に、この実施形態の移乗器具10の使用方法について図2に基づいて説明する。ここでは、ベッド42や椅子に腰掛けている被介護者40を、ベッド42からベッド42近傍に置いた図示しないトイレ等に座らせる動作を例に説明する。   Next, the usage method of the transfer instrument 10 of this embodiment is demonstrated based on FIG. Here, an explanation will be given by taking as an example an operation in which a cared person 40 sitting on a bed 42 or a chair sits on a toilet (not shown) placed near the bed 42 from the bed 42.

まず被介護者40をベッド42等に座らせた状態とし、被介護者40の前に移乗器具10を配置する。このとき、移乗器具10の胸部保持部材30を被介護者40に向け、基材12をベッド42の下に差し込んで、被介護者40の近くに寄せてキャスタ15をロックする。このとき、図1に示す左側の二点鎖線の被介護者40の状態で、移乗器具10のローラクッション18は、溝部19に沿って下げてあり、被介護者40は、座位のままでローラクッション18を容易にまたぐことができる。そして、移乗する際、ローラクッション18を被介護者40の膝裏に引き上げて、係止部材17のレバー17aにより固定する。   First, the care receiver 40 is placed on the bed 42 or the like, and the transfer device 10 is placed in front of the care receiver 40. At this time, the chest holding member 30 of the transfer device 10 is directed toward the care receiver 40, the base material 12 is inserted under the bed 42, and the caster 15 is locked near the care receiver 40. At this time, the roller cushion 18 of the transfer device 10 is lowered along the groove portion 19 in the state of the care receiver 40 on the left two-dot chain line shown in FIG. The cushion 18 can be easily straddled. And when transferring, the roller cushion 18 is pulled up to the back of the knee of the cared person 40 and fixed by the lever 17 a of the locking member 17.

この後、被介護者40を介護者が側方から押して、被介護者40をローラクッション18上で滑らせ、第二支柱24側に寄せて、腰がベッド42から離れた図1に示す右側の二点鎖線の被介護者40の状態とする。このとき、ローラクッション18が中心軸で回転するので、被介護者40の移動動作が容易である。この状態で、図1の右側の二点鎖線に示すように、被介護者40の胸に胸部保持部材30を当て、ベルト32を背中に回して締めて固定する。   Thereafter, the carer pushes the cared person 40 from the side, slides the cared person 40 on the roller cushion 18, approaches the second support column 24 side, and the waist is separated from the bed 42, as shown in FIG. It is set as the state of the care recipient 40 of a two-dot chain line. At this time, since the roller cushion 18 rotates around the central axis, the care receiver 40 can easily move. In this state, as shown by the two-dot chain line on the right side of FIG. 1, the chest holding member 30 is applied to the chest of the cared person 40, and the belt 32 is turned around and fastened to the back.

次に、被介護者40が胸部保持部材30に上半身を載せるように体重移動すると、被介護者40が前のめりになるように傾動して、第二支柱24を倒しながら胸部保持部材30に被介護者40の上半身が預けられる。このとき被介護者40は、胸部保持部材30に体重を預けた状態となり、ローラクッション18にほとんどは体重をかけていない状態、または離れた状態となる。これで図1の実線で示す状態となる。   Next, when the cared person 40 moves his / her weight so that his / her upper body is placed on the chest holding member 30, the cared person 40 tilts so as to turn forward, and the second support 24 24 is tilted and the chest holding member 30 is cared for. The upper body of the person 40 is deposited. At this time, the cared person 40 is in a state where his / her body weight is entrusted to the chest holding member 30, and the roller cushion 18 is in a state where the body weight is hardly applied or separated. This is the state shown by the solid line in FIG.

この後、介護者がキャスタ15により移乗器具10を水平方向に移動させ、ベッド42から離し、向きを回転させて被介護者40の背面が目的のトイレや車椅子等に向くようにする。この方向転換は介護者が被介護者40や移乗器具10を押して行う。   Thereafter, the caregiver moves the transfer device 10 in the horizontal direction by the caster 15, moves it away from the bed 42, and rotates the direction so that the rear surface of the care receiver 40 faces the target toilet or wheelchair. This direction change is performed by the caregiver pressing the care receiver 40 or the transfer device 10.

次に、被介護者40は移乗器具10の第二支柱24を元に戻しながら、ローラクッション18から離れるように移動してトイレに移り、胸部保持部材30に体重を預けた状態で、ズボン等を下げ、体をローラクッション18側に戻し、トイレの便座に腰掛ける。この後、ベルト32の面ファスナ34を剥がしてベルト32を外し、ローラクッション18を下げて、不要であれば、ローラクッション18を下げて移乗器具10を被介護者40から離して移乗作業が終了する。また、ローラクッション18から体重移動した後、臀部がローラクッション18から開放された状態となるので、自助動作が可能な被介護者40は、この状態で衣服の着脱を行う。また、トイレからベッド等へ戻る場合も、上記と同様の動作を行う。   Next, the care receiver 40 moves away from the roller cushion 18 while moving the second support post 24 of the transfer device 10 back to the toilet, and puts the weight on the chest holding member 30, pants, etc. Lower the body, return the body to the roller cushion 18 side, and sit on the toilet seat. Thereafter, the surface fastener 34 of the belt 32 is peeled off, the belt 32 is removed, the roller cushion 18 is lowered, and if not necessary, the roller cushion 18 is lowered and the transfer device 10 is separated from the care receiver 40 to complete the transfer operation. To do. In addition, since the heel portion is released from the roller cushion 18 after shifting the weight from the roller cushion 18, the cared person 40 capable of self-help operation attaches and detaches clothes in this state. Also, when returning from the toilet to the bed or the like, the same operation as described above is performed.

この実施形態の移乗器具10によれば、簡単な構造で被介護者40の移乗動作が容易且つ安全であり、介護者が被介護者40の前方から移乗作業を確実に補助することができ、介護者の負担も軽減することができる。さらに、トイレや車椅子への移動に容易に使用することができ、車椅子を利用する被介護者40の活動範囲を広げ、生活の質を改善することができる。また、介護者の作業姿勢が楽なように改善され、足腰の重量負荷を軽減し、在宅介護や老々介護の場合も使いやすいものである。さらに、被介護者40は、ローラクッション18に大腿部を載せて、容易に胸部保持部材30へ移動することができる。しかも、被介護者40が胸部保持部材30に上半身の体重を預けた状態で、介護者が移乗器具10を押してキャスタ40により長い距離を移動させることができる。   According to the transfer device 10 of this embodiment, the transfer operation of the cared person 40 is easy and safe with a simple structure, and the caregiver can reliably assist the transfer work from the front of the cared person 40, The burden on the caregiver can be reduced. Furthermore, it can be easily used for movement to a toilet or a wheelchair, and the range of activities of the cared person 40 using the wheelchair can be expanded and the quality of life can be improved. In addition, the work posture of the caregiver is improved so as to ease the weight load on the legs, and it is easy to use for home care and elderly care. Furthermore, the cared person 40 can easily move to the chest holding member 30 by placing the thigh on the roller cushion 18. In addition, the caregiver can push the transfer device 10 and move a long distance by the caster 40 while the cared person 40 deposits the upper body weight in the chest holding member 30.

その他、ローラクッション18は軸周りに回転するため、移乗器具10の乗り降りの動作がきわめて容易で安全なものとなる。ローラクッション18の回転により、腰を上げることなく滑りを可能とし、移乗器具10に乗っているときに、被介護者40は安定した位置にくるように座る位置を前後に調整することができる。被介護者40がローラクッション18から離れる後ろ方向に移動すると、臀部をローラクッション18から離して開放することができ、トイレの前後に衣服を着脱する介護を容易に行うことができ、胸部保持部材30に体を預けた姿勢のままで衣服の着脱が可能となり、転倒を防止して安全なものとなる。また、トイレの自助動作を容易にして介助を最低限に抑えて尊厳を守ることができる。   In addition, since the roller cushion 18 rotates around the axis, the transfer operation of the transfer device 10 is extremely easy and safe. The rotation of the roller cushion 18 enables slipping without raising the waist, and the cared person 40 can adjust the sitting position so as to be in a stable position when riding on the transfer device 10. When the cared person 40 moves rearward away from the roller cushion 18, the buttocks can be released away from the roller cushion 18, and care for attaching and detaching clothes before and after the toilet can be easily performed, and the chest holding member The clothes can be attached and detached with the body left in the position 30, which prevents falling and is safe. In addition, the self-help operation of the toilet can be facilitated, and dignity can be protected with minimal assistance.

次に、この発明の第一実施形態の変形例について、図3を基にして説明する。ここで、上記実施形態と同様の部材は同様の符号を付して説明を省略する。この移乗器具10は、ローラクッション18に代えて、抵抗が軽減され滑りの良い生地等により表面が覆われた支持面45を備えたものである。支持面45も、ローラクッション18と同様に、第一支柱16間を任意の位置にロック可能に上下動可能である。   Next, a modification of the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. Here, the same members as those in the above embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted. The transfer device 10 is provided with a support surface 45 whose surface is covered with a cloth with reduced resistance and good slippage, instead of the roller cushion 18. Similarly to the roller cushion 18, the support surface 45 can also be moved up and down so that the first struts 16 can be locked at arbitrary positions.

また、図4に示すように、ローラクッション18a,18bが中央部で分割されており、各ローラクッション18a,18bが片持ち状態で回転可能に支持されていても良い。これにより、脚部を容易にローラクッション18a,18bに載せることができ、より移乗が容易となる。さらに、各ローラクッション18a,18bが弾性的に上下左右に揺動可能に設けられていると良い。これにより、より容易に移乗が可能となる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the roller cushions 18a and 18b may be divided at the center, and the roller cushions 18a and 18b may be rotatably supported in a cantilever state. Thereby, a leg part can be easily mounted on roller cushion 18a, 18b, and transfer becomes easier. Further, the roller cushions 18a and 18b are preferably provided so as to be elastically swingable in the vertical and horizontal directions. Thereby, transfer becomes possible more easily.

次に、この発明の第二実施形態について、図5、図6を元にして説明する。ここで、上記実施形態と同様の部材は同様の符号を付して説明を省略する。この実施形態の移乗器具50は、床面にほぼ水平に位置する金属製などの所定長さのフレームで作られた第一基材52と、第一基材52の両端部にほぼ直角に交差する一対の第二基材54が、H字形に連結されて設けられている。   Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. Here, the same members as those in the above embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted. The transfer device 50 according to this embodiment includes a first base 52 made of a metal frame or the like that is positioned substantially horizontally on a floor surface, and intersects both ends of the first base 52 at a substantially right angle. A pair of second base materials 54 are provided so as to be connected in an H shape.

第一基材52の長手方向の途中には、上方に向かって第一支柱56と第二支柱58が設けられている。第一支柱56と第二支柱58は互いに同形で、断面形状が四角形の中空のフレームであり、第一支柱56、第二支柱58のそれぞれ下端部56a,58aは、連結部材60を介して、第一基材52に沿って互いに所定距離はなれて取り付けられている。第一支柱56、第二支柱58は、第一基材52の長手方向を含む垂直な面を回動可能に、連結部材60に軸止されている。   A first support column 56 and a second support column 58 are provided upward in the middle of the first base material 52 in the longitudinal direction. The first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are hollow frames having the same shape and a square cross-sectional shape, and the lower ends 56a and 58a of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are respectively connected via the connecting member 60. The first base material 52 is attached with a predetermined distance. The first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are pivotally fixed to the connecting member 60 so as to be rotatable on a vertical surface including the longitudinal direction of the first base material 52.

第一支柱56、第二支柱58のそれぞれ上端部56b,58bには、第一基材52に対してほぼ平行な1個の取付部材62が設けられている。取付部材62は、第一基材52よりも短いフレームで作られ第一基材52の長手方向を含む垂直な面に位置している。第一支柱56、第二支柱58の上端部56b,58bは、下端部56a,58aと同じ間隔で取付部材62に取り付けられ、第一支柱56と第二支柱58は互いに平行に位置している。さらに、第一支柱56、第二支柱58は、第一基材52の長手方向を含む垂直な面を回転可能に軸止され、第一支柱56、第二支柱58、第一基材52、取付部材62からなる平行四辺形のリンク構造となっている。取付部材62の一方の端部は第一支柱56の上端部56bに位置し、他方の端部は第二支柱58の上端部58bを通過して外側に突出し、被介護者を介護する介護者44が使用する介護者用ハンドル63が設けられている。介護者用ハンドル63は、取付部材62の長手方向に対して直角に交差してほぼ水平に両側に突出する棒体である。   One mounting member 62 that is substantially parallel to the first base material 52 is provided at each of the upper end portions 56 b and 58 b of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58. The attachment member 62 is made of a frame shorter than the first base material 52 and is positioned on a vertical surface including the longitudinal direction of the first base material 52. Upper ends 56b and 58b of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are attached to the mounting member 62 at the same interval as the lower end portions 56a and 58a, and the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are positioned in parallel to each other. . Further, the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are rotatably supported on a vertical plane including the longitudinal direction of the first base material 52, and the first support column 56, the second support column 58, the first base material 52, A parallelogram link structure comprising the mounting members 62 is formed. One end of the mounting member 62 is located at the upper end 56b of the first support column 56, and the other end protrudes outward through the upper end 58b of the second support column 58, and caregivers care for the care recipient. A caregiver handle 63 used by 44 is provided. The caregiver handle 63 is a bar that intersects at right angles to the longitudinal direction of the mounting member 62 and protrudes substantially horizontally on both sides.

第二支柱58の下端部58aより少し上の位置には、姿勢保持部材であるガススプリング28が設けられている。ガススプリング28の上端部は第二支柱58に軸止され、下端部は第一基材52の端部に連結された第二基材54の、第一基材52の延長線上の位置に軸止されている。ガススプリング28は第二支柱58の傾きを制御するものである。   At a position slightly above the lower end portion 58a of the second support column 58, a gas spring 28 that is a posture holding member is provided. The upper end of the gas spring 28 is pivoted to the second support column 58, and the lower end is pivoted to a position on the extended line of the first substrate 52 of the second substrate 54 connected to the end of the first substrate 52. It has been stopped. The gas spring 28 controls the inclination of the second support column 58.

第一支柱56、第二支柱58の途中には、ガススプリング28と反対側に突出する胸部保持部材30が設けられている。胸部保持部材30は、被介護者40の胸の前側を覆う矩形の板状に形成され、被介護者40に当接する表面にはクッション材が取り付けられている。胸部保持部材30の裏面には支持部材67が突出して設けられ、支持部材67の先端には、第一支柱56、第二支柱58を挟んで交差して軸止する一対の取付部材68が設けられている。支持部材67、取付部材68は所定長さのフレームで作られている。胸部保持部材30は、支持部材67、取付部材68を水平にしたとき上端側が第一支柱56に近づく方向に僅かに傾斜している。取付部材68には、第一支柱56、第二支柱58に当接する位置に孔部69が形成され、また第一支柱56、第二支柱58には長手方向に孔部69に連通する孔部57,59がそれぞれ長手方向に沿って複数形成されている。取付部材68の孔部69を、第一支柱56、第二支柱58の任意の位置の孔部57,59に一致させてボルト等が挿通されて、第一支柱56、第二支柱58の高さを調整して回転可能に取り付けられている。一対の取付部材68の、胸部保持部材30と反対側の端部は、第二支柱58を通過してガススプリング28側へ突出し、被介護者用ハンドル65が設けられている。被介護者用ハンドル65は、一対の取付部材68をほぼ直角に貫通してほぼ水平に両側へ突出する棒体である。   In the middle of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58, a chest holding member 30 that protrudes on the opposite side of the gas spring 28 is provided. The chest holding member 30 is formed in a rectangular plate shape that covers the front side of the chest of the cared person 40, and a cushion material is attached to the surface that contacts the cared person 40. A support member 67 protrudes from the back surface of the chest holding member 30, and a pair of attachment members 68 are provided at the front end of the support member 67. It has been. The support member 67 and the attachment member 68 are made of a frame having a predetermined length. The chest holding member 30 is slightly inclined in the direction in which the upper end side approaches the first support column 56 when the support member 67 and the attachment member 68 are leveled. A hole 69 is formed in the attachment member 68 at a position where the first support 56 and the second support 58 come into contact with each other, and the first support 56 and the second support 58 are connected to the hole 69 in the longitudinal direction. A plurality of 57 and 59 are formed along the longitudinal direction. Bolts or the like are inserted so that the holes 69 and 59 of the attachment member 68 are aligned with the holes 57 and 59 at arbitrary positions of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58, and the height of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 is increased. It is attached so that it can be rotated. The ends of the pair of attachment members 68 opposite to the chest holding member 30 pass through the second support column 58 and project toward the gas spring 28 side, and a care receiver handle 65 is provided. The care receiver handle 65 is a rod that passes through the pair of attachment members 68 at a substantially right angle and protrudes substantially horizontally on both sides.

第二支柱58の、ガススプリング28の取付位置よりも少し上方に、介護者44用の足踏みペダル72が設けられている。足踏みペダル72は、第二支柱58から第一基材52に沿う方向に突出し、わずかに下方へ傾斜する棒部材である。   A foot pedal 72 for the caregiver 44 is provided on the second column 58 slightly above the attachment position of the gas spring 28. The foot pedal 72 is a bar member that protrudes from the second support column 58 in a direction along the first base material 52 and is slightly inclined downward.

第一基材52の下端面には、第一支柱56の取付位置の近傍に、被介護者40が足を乗せるステップ74が設けられている。ステップ74は、第一基材52にほぼ直角に交差してほぼ水平に両側へ突出する棒体である。   On the lower end surface of the first base material 52, a step 74 for the care receiver 40 to put his / her foot in the vicinity of the attachment position of the first support column 56 is provided. Step 74 is a bar that intersects the first base member 52 at a substantially right angle and protrudes to both sides substantially horizontally.

第一基材52の、第一支柱56よりも胸部保持部材30の突出する方向に移動した位置に、被介護者40の大腿部を受ける支持面である大腿部保持部材のローラクッション18が設けられている。ローラクッション18は、第一基材52の長手方向に直角に交差してほぼ水平な方向を中心軸とし、回転可能であり、ローラクッション18の中心部が取付部材70の上端部に連結されている。取付部材70は被介護者40の体重を受けるため強度が高いフレームで作られ、取付部材70の下端部は第一基材52に取り付けられている。取付部材70は、移乗時に乗りやすいように下げることができ、被介護者40の膝の位置や身長に合わせて伸ばした際の固定高さを変えることができる。一対の第二基材54の下側面には、キャスタ15が設けられている。キャスタ15は、一対の第二基材54のそれぞれ両端部に計4個が設けられている。   The roller cushion 18 of the thigh holding member which is a support surface for receiving the thigh of the care receiver 40 at a position where the chest holding member 30 protrudes from the first support post 56 in the first base 52. Is provided. The roller cushion 18 is rotatable with a substantially horizontal direction intersecting at right angles to the longitudinal direction of the first base material 52 as a central axis, and the central portion of the roller cushion 18 is connected to the upper end portion of the mounting member 70. Yes. The attachment member 70 is made of a frame having high strength in order to receive the weight of the cared person 40, and the lower end portion of the attachment member 70 is attached to the first base material 52. The attachment member 70 can be lowered so that it can be easily ridden at the time of transfer, and the fixed height when extended according to the knee position and height of the cared person 40 can be changed. The casters 15 are provided on the lower surfaces of the pair of second base materials 54. A total of four casters 15 are provided at both ends of the pair of second base materials 54.

次に、この実施形態の移乗器具50の使用方法について図5に基づいて説明する。ここでは、ベッドや椅子76に腰掛けている被介護者40を、椅子76から椅子76近傍に置いた図示しないトイレ等に座らせる動作を例に説明する。まず被介護者40の前に、移乗器具50を持って介護者44が立ち、移乗器具50の胸部保持部材30を被介護者40に向ける。そして被介護者40は、座位のままで移乗器具50のローラクッション18が膝裏付近に来るように、ローラクッション18側方から足を差し入れ、ローラクッション18上を体重移動させながら滑り込むようにして乗り込み、椅子76から離れる。このときローラクッション18が回転するので乗り込み動作が容易である。乗り込むときに、被介護者40が胸部保持部材30を手で持ち、引き寄せると簡単に移動する。被介護者40はローラクッション18に大腿部を載せて体重をかけた状態となる。そして、介護者44がキャスタ40を転がしながら移乗器具50を水平方向に移動させ、椅子76から離れ、次に回転させて被介護者40の背面が目的のトイレ等に向くようにする。この方向転換は介護者44が介護者用ハンドル63により行う。   Next, the usage method of the transfer instrument 50 of this embodiment is demonstrated based on FIG. Here, an operation will be described in which the care receiver 40 sitting on the bed or chair 76 is seated on a toilet (not shown) placed near the chair 76 from the chair 76 as an example. First, the caregiver 44 stands with the transfer device 50 in front of the care receiver 40, and points the chest holding member 30 of the transfer device 50 toward the care receiver 40. Then, the care receiver 40 inserts his foot from the side of the roller cushion 18 so that the roller cushion 18 of the transfer device 50 is in the vicinity of the back of the knee in the sitting position, and slides while moving the weight on the roller cushion 18. Get in and leave the chair 76. At this time, since the roller cushion 18 rotates, the boarding operation is easy. When getting in, the cared person 40 holds the chest holding member 30 by hand and moves easily when pulled. The cared person 40 puts his thigh on the roller cushion 18 and puts his weight on it. Then, the caregiver 44 moves the transfer device 50 in the horizontal direction while rolling the caster 40, moves away from the chair 76, and then rotates it so that the back surface of the care receiver 40 faces the target toilet or the like. This direction change is performed by the caregiver 44 by the caregiver handle 63.

次に、被介護者40はローラクッション18から離れるように移動してトイレに移り、移乗器具50から降りて移乗作業が終了する。移乗器具50から降りる動作は、ローラクッション18が回転するため容易である。ローラクッション18から降りる途中で、臀部がローラクッション18から開放された状態となり、自助動作が可能な被介護者40は、この状態で衣服の着脱を行う。不可能な場合は介護者44が行う。   Next, the cared person 40 moves away from the roller cushion 18 and moves to the toilet, gets off the transfer device 50, and the transfer operation is completed. The operation of getting off the transfer device 50 is easy because the roller cushion 18 rotates. On the way down from the roller cushion 18, the buttocks are released from the roller cushion 18, and the cared person 40 capable of self-help operation attaches and detaches clothes in this state. If this is not possible, the caregiver 44 will do it.

なお、椅子76がある程度硬いものであれば、被介護者40がローラクッション18に乗り込み、胸部保持部材30を持って引き寄せることで臀部が椅子76から上がることができ、第一支柱56、第二支柱58を固定したままで傾動させる必要が無い。しかし、椅子76が柔らかくで体重によるくぼみが大きいときは、臀部が食い込んで抵抗が大きいため乗り移ることが困難であり、第一支柱56、第二支柱58を傾動させて、椅子76から離れる動作を補助する。まず、被介護者40がローラクッション18に少し乗っている状態で被介護者40の胸部を胸部保持部材30に当て被介護者用ハンドル65を握らせる。両足はステップ74にのせる。この状態で介護者44は、足踏みペダル72に片足を載せながら介護者用ハンドル63を介護者44の手前に引く。すると第一支柱56、第二支柱58が回転し、被介護者40を前方向に引き出し、体重が胸部保持部材30にかかり、臀部が椅子76とローラクッション18から離れて開放される。なお第一支柱56、第二支柱58が回動するとき、倒れる方向にはガススプリング28の反発力が抵抗となって動作を安定にし、起こす際にはガススプリング28の反発力が動作を助け、介護動作を補助する。また、ガススプリング28により、第一支柱56、第二支柱58の傾倒動作において、任意の角度で容易に姿勢を維持可能にしている。この状態で介護者44が移乗器具50を椅子76から離れるほうへ移動すると被介護者40は椅子76から離れる。   If the chair 76 is somewhat hard, the cared person 40 gets on the roller cushion 18 and pulls it with the chest holding member 30 so that the buttocks can be lifted from the chair 76. There is no need to tilt the column 58 while it is fixed. However, when the chair 76 is soft and the depression due to the body weight is large, it is difficult to change because the buttocks bite and the resistance is large, and the first column 56 and the second column 58 are tilted to move away from the chair 76. Assist. First, the cared person's handle 65 is held by applying the chest part of the cared person 40 to the chest holding member 30 while the cared person 40 is slightly on the roller cushion 18. Put both feet on step 74. In this state, the caregiver 44 pulls the caregiver handle 63 toward the caregiver 44 while placing one foot on the foot pedal 72. Then, the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 rotate, the care receiver 40 is pulled forward, the weight is applied to the chest holding member 30, and the buttocks are released away from the chair 76 and the roller cushion 18. When the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are rotated, the repulsive force of the gas spring 28 becomes a resistance in the direction of tilting to stabilize the operation, and the repulsive force of the gas spring 28 assists the operation when waking up. Assisting care operations. Further, the gas spring 28 enables the posture to be easily maintained at an arbitrary angle in the tilting operation of the first column 56 and the second column 58. In this state, when the care giver 44 moves the transfer device 50 away from the chair 76, the care receiver 40 leaves the chair 76.

また、トイレの前後で衣服を着脱する際に、被介護者40の残存能力に合わせて、臀部をローラクッション18から広く離す必要がある場合も、第一支柱56、第二支柱58を倒す。第一支柱56、第二支柱58が回転し、被介護者40を被介護者40の前方向に引き出し、体重が胸部保持部材30にかかり、臀部がローラクッション18から離れて開放される。そして衣服の着脱の介護をした後は、第一支柱56、第二支柱58の傾斜を戻して被介護者40を一旦ローラクッション18に降ろしてからローラクッション18を移動してトイレに移り、移動作業が終了する。   Moreover, when attaching and detaching clothes before and after the toilet, the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are also tilted when it is necessary to widely separate the buttocks from the roller cushion 18 in accordance with the remaining ability of the care recipient 40. The first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are rotated, the care receiver 40 is pulled forward of the care receiver 40, the weight is applied to the chest holding member 30, and the buttocks are released away from the roller cushion 18. Then, after taking care of attaching and detaching clothes, the inclination of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 is returned, the care receiver 40 is once lowered onto the roller cushion 18, the roller cushion 18 is moved, moved to the toilet, and moved. The work is finished.

この実施形態の移乗器具50によれば、簡単な構造で被介護者40の乗り降りの動作が容易で安全であり、確実に移乗作業を補助することができ、介護者44の負担を軽減することができる。介護者44の人力による操作を基本とし、ガススプリング28はサポートする目的で取り付けられた小形のものであり、装置が小形・軽量で可搬性に富むものである。さらに、トイレや車椅子への移動に使用することができ、車椅子を利用する被介護者40の活動範囲を広げ、生活の質を改善することができる。介護者44の作業姿勢が楽なように改善され、足腰の重量負荷を軽減し、在宅介護や老々介護を支援することができる。被介護者40は、ローラクッション18に大腿部を当接して体重をかけて安定して座ることができ、座った状態で介護者44が移乗器具50を押してキャスタ40により長い距離を移動させることもできる。   According to the transfer device 50 of this embodiment, the operation of getting on and off the cared person 40 is easy and safe with a simple structure, the transfer work can be surely assisted, and the burden on the caregiver 44 is reduced. Can do. The gas spring 28 is a small one that is attached for the purpose of support, and the device is small, light, and highly portable. Furthermore, it can be used for movement to a toilet or a wheelchair, the range of activities of the cared person 40 using the wheelchair can be expanded, and the quality of life can be improved. The work posture of the caregiver 44 can be improved so that the weight load on the legs and hips can be reduced, and home care and elderly care can be supported. The cared person 40 can sit on the roller cushion 18 with his thighs in contact with his / her weight, and the cared person 44 pushes the transfer device 50 and moves the caster 40 over a long distance while sitting. You can also

ローラクッション18は軸周りに回転するため、移乗器具50の乗り降りの動作が容易で安全なものとなる。ローラクッション18の回転により、腰を上げることなく滑りを可能とし、移乗器具50に乗っているときに、被介護者40は安定した位置にくるように座る位置を前後に調整することができる。被介護者40がローラクッション18から離れる後ろ方向に移動すると、臀部をローラクッション18から離して開放することができ、トイレの前後に衣服を着脱する介護を容易に行うことができる。   Since the roller cushion 18 rotates around the axis, the transfer operation of the transfer device 50 is easy and safe. The rotation of the roller cushion 18 enables slipping without raising the waist, and the cared person 40 can adjust the sitting position so as to be in a stable position when riding on the transfer device 50. When the care receiver 40 moves in the rearward direction away from the roller cushion 18, the buttocks can be released away from the roller cushion 18, and care for attaching and detaching clothes before and after the toilet can be easily performed.

第一支柱56、第二支柱58はリンク構造となり、強度が高く、安全に被介護者40の身体を前上方に押し上げ、椅子76から離れて移動させることができる。第一支柱56、第二支柱58を傾動させても胸部保持部材30と被介護者用ハンドル65の角度や高さが大きく変化することが無く、自然な動きとなる。肘掛けが固定された椅子や車椅子でも、肘掛が邪魔にならず、円滑に方向を変えることができる。   The first support column 56 and the second support column 58 have a link structure, have high strength, and can safely push the body of the care receiver 40 forward and upward and move it away from the chair 76. Even if the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 are tilted, the angles and heights of the chest holding member 30 and the care receiver handle 65 do not change greatly, and a natural movement is obtained. Even in a chair or wheelchair with a fixed armrest, the armrest does not get in the way, and the direction can be changed smoothly.

第一支柱56、第二支柱58と、胸部保持部材30は、第一支柱56、第二支柱58の孔部57,59に胸部保持部材30の孔部69を一致させて連結するため高さ調節が可能であり、被介護者40の身長や運動能力に合わせて調節することができる。   The first support column 56, the second support column 58, and the chest holding member 30 are connected to the hole portions 57 and 59 of the first support column 56 and the second support column 58 so that the hole portions 69 of the chest holding member 30 are aligned with each other. Adjustment is possible, and it can be adjusted according to the height and athletic ability of the cared person 40.

また、被介護者40はローラクッション18上を移動したり胸部保持部材30に寄りかかって擬似的な立位移乗をすることで、足で自分の体重の一部を支えて下肢訓練を促し、リハビリや介護予防に結びつく効果がある。被介護者40の足は固定されていないため、自由に動かすことができ、被介護者40の意思で身体を支えることができる。第一支柱56、第二支柱58を傾動するときは、上体の前傾を増して自然な立ち上がり状態に近づけることができる。   In addition, the cared person 40 moves on the roller cushion 18 or leans on the chest holding member 30 to perform a pseudo standing transfer, thereby supporting a part of his / her body weight with his / her foot to promote lower limb training, It has the effect of rehabilitation and care prevention. Since the cared person's 40 leg is not fixed, it can move freely and can support the body by the cared person's 40 will. When tilting the first support column 56 and the second support column 58, it is possible to increase the forward tilt of the upper body to approach a natural standing state.

なお、この発明の移乗器具は、上記実施形態に限定されず、各部材は適宜変更可能である。例えば支持面である大腿部保持部材は、回転せずに滑りの良い素材でも良く、滑りの良い素材を表面に設けることにより、前方移動動作を容易にすることができる。また、腰部に当てるベルトの内側には、クッション材を設けても良い。さらに、ガススプリングはコイルスプリング等その他の伸縮要素を用いても良い。胸部保持部材やローラクッション、被介護者用ハンドルは、被介護者の体形に合わせて位置や角度を調整可能としても良い。各部材は形状や素材等、自由に変更可能である。   In addition, the transfer instrument of this invention is not limited to the said embodiment, Each member can be changed suitably. For example, the thigh holding member, which is the support surface, may be made of a material that does not rotate and is slippery. By providing a material that is slippery on the surface, the forward movement operation can be facilitated. Moreover, you may provide a cushioning material inside the belt applied to a waist | hip | lumbar part. Further, the gas spring may use other expansion and contraction elements such as a coil spring. The position and angle of the chest holding member, the roller cushion, and the care receiver's handle may be adjustable according to the body shape of the care receiver. Each member can be freely changed in shape and material.

10 移乗器具
12 基材
14 板部材
15 キャスタ
16 第一支柱
18 ローラクッション
19 溝部
20 取付部材
22 取付板
24 第二支柱
26 軸部材
28 ガススプリング
30 胸部保持部材
40 被介護者
44 介護者
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Transfer device 12 Base material 14 Plate member 15 Caster 16 1st support | pillar 18 Roller cushion 19 Groove part 20 Attachment member 22 Attachment board 24 2nd support | pillar 26 Shaft member 28 Gas spring 30 Chest holding member 40 Caregiver 44 Caregiver

Claims (5)

床面に設置される基材と、前記基材に対して上方に向かって垂直な面を回動可能に設けられた支柱と、前記支柱を回動方向に付勢可能に設けられた姿勢保持部材と、前記支柱に取り付けられ前記姿勢保持部材と反対側に位置し介護が必要な被介護者の胸の前側を受ける胸部保持部材と、前記被介護者の大腿部を受けて前記支柱の回動方向と同方向に回転する支持面である大腿部保持部材とを備え、
前記支柱は、被介護者の左右の両側に位置する一対の第一支柱とこの第一支柱に各々軸支された一対の第二支柱とから成り、前記第一支柱は前記基材に対して上方に突出して固定され、前記第二支柱は前記第一支柱の上端部に回動可能に取り付けられ、
前記大腿部保持部材は、前記一対の第一支柱の間に取り付けられ、前記胸部保持部材は、前記一対の第二支柱の間に取り付けられ、前記姿勢保持部材は、上端部が前記胸部保持部材に軸止され、下端部が前記第一支柱に対して揺動可能に設けられたことを特徴とする移乗器具。
A base material installed on a floor surface, a support column provided so as to be able to rotate a surface perpendicular to the base material upward, and a posture maintenance provided so that the support column can be urged in a rotating direction. A member, a chest holding member that is attached to the support column and is located on the opposite side of the posture holding member and that receives the front side of the breast of a cared person who needs care; A thigh holding member that is a support surface that rotates in the same direction as the rotation direction,
The struts are composed of a pair of first struts located on the left and right sides of the care recipient and a pair of second struts that are pivotally supported by the first struts, and the first struts with respect to the base material Protruding upward and fixed, the second support post is pivotally attached to the upper end of the first support post,
The thigh holding member is attached between the pair of first struts, the chest holding member is attached between the pair of second struts, and the posture holding member has an upper end portion that holds the chest. A transfer device, wherein the transfer device is fixed to a member and has a lower end swingable with respect to the first support column .
床面に設置される基材と、前記基材に対して上方に向かって垂直な面を回動可能に設けられた支柱と、前記支柱を回動方向に付勢可能に設けられた姿勢保持部材と、前記支柱に取り付けられ前記姿勢保持部材と反対側に位置し介護が必要な被介護者の胸の前側を受ける胸部保持部材と、前記被介護者の大腿部を受けて前記支柱の回動方向と同方向に回転する支持面である大腿部保持部材とを備え、
前記支柱は、前記被介護者の正面に位置する一対の第一支柱と第二支柱とから成り、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は互いに同形で、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱の各下端部が前記基材に対して前記被介護者の前後方向に所定距離だけ離れて取り付けられ、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は、前記基材に対して垂直方向の面内で前記被介護者の前後方向に揺動可能に設けられ、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱は互いに平行に位置して平行四辺形のリンク構造に形成され、
前記大腿部保持部材は、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に対して、前記被介護者側に取り付けられ、前記胸部保持部材は、前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に取付部材を介して設けられ、前記取付部材が前記第一支柱と前記第二支柱に軸支されたことを特徴とする移乗器具。
A base material installed on a floor surface, a support column provided so as to be able to rotate a surface perpendicular to the base material upward, and a posture maintenance provided so that the support column can be urged in a rotating direction. A member, a chest holding member that is attached to the support column and is located on the opposite side of the posture holding member and that receives the front side of the breast of a cared person who needs care; A thigh holding member that is a support surface that rotates in the same direction as the rotation direction,
The strut is composed of a pair of first struts and second struts positioned in front of the care recipient, the first struts and the second struts having the same shape, and the first struts and the second struts. Each lower end is attached to the base material at a predetermined distance in the front-rear direction of the care recipient, and the first support column and the second support column are within the plane perpendicular to the base material. It is provided so as to be swingable in the front-rear direction of the care recipient, and the first support post and the second support post are formed in a parallelogram link structure positioned parallel to each other,
The thigh holding member is attached to the care receiver side with respect to the first support post and the second support post, and the chest holding member is attached to the first support post and the second support post via an attachment member. A transfer device , wherein the mounting member is pivotally supported by the first support column and the second support column .
前記大腿部保持部材は、前記被介護者の足下から膝裏まで上下動し、固定可能に設けられている請求項1または2記載の移乗器具。 The transfer device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the thigh holding member is provided so as to move up and down from the care recipient's feet to the back of the knee and be fixed. 前記大腿部保持部材は、ローラクッションから成る請求項1,2または3記載の移乗器具。 The transfer device according to claim 1, wherein the thigh holding member is a roller cushion. 前記基材の前記支柱の取付位置付近に設けられ前記大腿部保持部材と平行に位置したステップと、前記基材の下側面に取り付けられたキャスタが設けられた請求項2記載の移乗器具。   The transfer device according to claim 2, further comprising: a step provided in the vicinity of the attachment position of the support of the base material and positioned parallel to the thigh holding member; and a caster attached to a lower surface of the base material.
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JP6082376B2 (en) * 2013-12-13 2017-02-15 光雄 長友 Transfer device
JP2016036366A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-03-22 学校法人金沢工業大学 Standing/seating support device
JP6631082B2 (en) * 2015-08-17 2020-01-15 株式会社今仙電機製作所 Rise assist device
KR101954506B1 (en) * 2017-01-12 2019-05-17 인제대학교 산학협력단 Upper support type electric lift for caregiver

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JPH04146749A (en) * 1990-10-11 1992-05-20 Nippon Uiile Chieaa Kk Mobile helping device
JP2003079678A (en) * 2001-09-12 2003-03-18 Hideo Fujimoto Transfer caring support machine
JP2005211628A (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-08-11 Yoichi Igari Supporting car for transferring person who receives nursing care
JP2011092324A (en) * 2009-10-28 2011-05-12 Toyota Motor Corp Transfer supporting apparatus

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