JP5395442B2 - Boxing equipment - Google Patents

Boxing equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5395442B2
JP5395442B2 JP2009000029A JP2009000029A JP5395442B2 JP 5395442 B2 JP5395442 B2 JP 5395442B2 JP 2009000029 A JP2009000029 A JP 2009000029A JP 2009000029 A JP2009000029 A JP 2009000029A JP 5395442 B2 JP5395442 B2 JP 5395442B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
plate member
packages
cardboard box
plate
boxing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2009000029A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2010155647A (en
Inventor
清作 岩佐
祐嗣 横田
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ishida Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ishida Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ishida Co Ltd filed Critical Ishida Co Ltd
Priority to JP2009000029A priority Critical patent/JP5395442B2/en
Publication of JP2010155647A publication Critical patent/JP2010155647A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5395442B2 publication Critical patent/JP5395442B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Description

本発明は、柔軟な薄状体によって包装された包装物を箱詰する場合に使用する箱詰装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a boxing device used when boxing a package packed with a flexible thin body.

従来から、包装物を箱詰する場合に種々の箱詰装置が使用されている。例えば、包装物を真空吸着機器により吸着し、移動させて箱詰を行う装置がある。   Conventionally, various boxing devices are used for packing packages. For example, there is an apparatus that packs a package by sucking and moving the package with a vacuum suction device.

特許文献1は、トレーを使用したテーパー状商品の自動箱詰めはもとより、トレーを使用せず、直接ダンボールケース等の内部定位置に確実にテーパー状商品を供給して自動箱詰めをすることができる自動箱詰装置について開示されている。   Patent Document 1 discloses an automatic boxing of taper-shaped products using a tray as well as an automatic boxing without using a tray and supplying taper-shaped products directly to an internal fixed position such as a cardboard case. A packaging device is disclosed.

特許文献1記載のテーパー状商品の自動箱詰装置においては、適数列にテーパー状商品を移送するベルトコンベアの前方に該ベルトコンベア上面と水平に支持板が設けられ、前記ベルトコンベア先端部及び支持板の側方には順次該ベルトコンベア先端部及び支持板上に進出して前記テーパー状商品のそれぞれ横列間に侵入し、さらに該テーパー状商品を前記ベルトコンベアの先端部から支持板上面に移送する整列移送杆が設けられ、前記支持板上方には適時に下降して支持板上面に整列させられた適数のテーパー状商品に吸着して上昇し、隣設した箱詰部にテーパー状商品を移送する吸着移送装置が設けられてなるものである。   In the automatic boxing device for tapered products described in Patent Document 1, a support plate is provided in front of the belt conveyor for transferring the tapered products in an appropriate number of rows in parallel with the upper surface of the belt conveyor, and the belt conveyor tip and support On the side of the plate, the belt conveyer sequentially advances onto the front end of the belt conveyor and the support plate and enters between the rows of the tapered products, and further transfers the tapered product from the front end of the belt conveyor to the upper surface of the support plate. An aligning and transporting rod is provided, and descends above the support plate in a timely manner and adsorbs and rises on an appropriate number of tapered products aligned on the upper surface of the support plate. Is provided with an adsorption transfer device for transferring the liquid.

また、特許文献2には、袋物を落下させる箱体内に段積み用プレートと崩れ防止用プレートを適宜繰出して規制し集積と詰めの工程を一挙に果たす構成とし、課題を解決する如くした袋物等の包装物の箱詰方法及びその装置について開示されている。   Further, Patent Document 2 discloses a structure in which a stacking plate and a collapsing prevention plate are appropriately fed into and regulated in a box for dropping a bag, and the steps of stacking and packing are performed at once to solve the problem. A packaging method and apparatus for the package are disclosed.

特許文献2記載の袋物等の包装物の箱詰方法及びその装置においては、箱体が所定の詰込み位置に来たとき、横方向のワークコンベヤ側からワーク案内杆を突出すると共に、上方から段積み用プレートを箱体下方に降下させ詰込み間隙を形成し、該詰込み間隙にワークコンベヤから繰出される包装物を落下詰込みをし、所定個数の段積みの後、この包装物群を上方から降下する崩れ防止用プレートで積み整えをし乍ら箱体と一緒に所定ピッチ分前進させ、該崩れ防止用プレートと不動待機の前記段積み用プレート間の詰込み間隙に後続の包装物を段積みし、この段積み用プレートと崩れ防止用プレートの昇降で所定列分の整列段積みするものである。   In the boxing method and apparatus for packages such as bags described in Patent Document 2, when the box comes to a predetermined packing position, the workpiece guide bar protrudes from the workpiece conveyor side in the lateral direction, and from above. The stacking plate is lowered below the box to form a packing gap, the package fed from the work conveyor is dropped into the packing gap, and after a predetermined number of stacks, this package group Are stacked with a collapsible prevention plate that descends from above, and moved forward by a predetermined pitch together with the box, and the subsequent packaging is placed in the clogging gap between the collapsible prevention plate and the stationary stacking plate. The objects are stacked, and the stacked plate and the collapsing prevention plate are moved up and down for a predetermined number of rows.

特開平11−91704号公報JP-A-11-91704 特許第2749633号公報Japanese Patent No. 2794633

しかしながら、特許文献1記載のテーパー状商品の自動箱詰装置においては、真空吸着機器を用いているため、吸着部の平面度が必要となる。したがって、固形の商品でなく袋状の包装物の場合、真空吸着が安定して実現できず問題となる。   However, since the automatic boxing device for tapered products described in Patent Document 1 uses a vacuum suction device, the flatness of the suction portion is required. Therefore, in the case of a bag-like package rather than a solid product, vacuum suction cannot be realized stably, which is a problem.

また、特許文献2に記載の袋物等の包装物の箱詰方法及びその装置においては、横方向のワークコンベヤ側からワーク案内杆を突出すると共に、上方から段積み用プレートを箱体下方に降下させ詰込み間隙を形成するため、数多くの包装物を短時間で箱詰する場合には、問題となる。   Moreover, in the boxing method and apparatus for packages such as bags described in Patent Document 2, the work guide rod is protruded from the side of the work conveyor in the horizontal direction, and the stacking plate is lowered downward from the box. In order to form a clogging gap, it becomes a problem when many packages are packed in a short time.

本発明の目的は、袋状の包装物を簡易な構成で箱詰することができる箱詰装置を提供することである。   An object of the present invention is to provide a boxing device capable of packing a bag-like package with a simple configuration.

(1)
本発明に係る箱詰装置は、複数の包装物を整列させる整列装置の下流に備えられる箱詰装置であって、整列装置から搬送された複数の包装物の鉛直下面に設けられた開閉機構と、開閉機構の動作に同期して、複数の包装物の鉛直上方向から板部材により複数の包装物を箱内に押下する板押下装置と、を含む。板部材は、前記箱内に突入する大きさである。板部材の中央部には、複数の孔が形成される板部材の外縁部の鉛直下面には、板部材の全周にわたって凸形状が設けられる。
(1)
A boxing device according to the present invention is a boxing device provided downstream of an aligning device for aligning a plurality of packages, and an opening / closing mechanism provided on a vertical lower surface of the plurality of packages conveyed from the aligning device. , in synchronization with the operation of the switching mechanism, a plurality of the plate pressing unit that presses into the box a plurality of packages by the plate member from the vertically upward direction of the package, the including. The plate member is sized to enter the box. The central portion of the plate member, a plurality of holes are formed. A convex shape is provided on the vertical lower surface of the outer edge of the plate member over the entire circumference of the plate member.

本発明に係る箱詰装置においては、開閉機構が整列装置から搬送された複数の包装物の鉛直下面に設けられ、当該開閉機構の動作に同期して、板押下装置が複数の包装物の鉛直上方向から孔部が形成された板部材を用いて複数の包装物を箱内に押下する。   In the boxing device according to the present invention, the opening / closing mechanism is provided on the vertical lower surface of the plurality of packages conveyed from the aligning device, and the plate pressing device synchronizes with the operation of the opening / closing mechanism. A plurality of packages are pushed into the box using a plate member in which a hole is formed from above.

この複数の包装物を鉛直上方向から板部材により押下する場合、孔部が設けられているので空気抵抗を低減することができ、複数の包装物の自由落下スピードよりも速いスピードで板部材を容易に移動させることができる。また、複数の包装物を個々の自由落下により箱詰させるのではなく、複数の包装物を能動的に箱詰することができるので、安定した箱詰作業を行うことができる。その結果、複数の包装物を短時間で箱詰することができる。また、真空吸引装置を使用しないので電力を削減することができる。   When the plurality of packages are pushed down from the vertical direction by the plate member, the air resistance can be reduced because the holes are provided, and the plate member is moved at a speed faster than the free fall speed of the plurality of packages. It can be moved easily. Moreover, since a plurality of packages can be boxed actively instead of packing a plurality of packages by individual free fall, a stable boxing operation can be performed. As a result, a plurality of packages can be boxed in a short time. Further, since no vacuum suction device is used, power can be reduced.

(2)
孔部は、複数の円形の孔からなることが好ましい。
(2)
The hole portion is preferably composed of a plurality of circular holes.

この場合、板部材に複数の円形の孔が設けられているので、板部材を鉛直下方向に移動させる際に、空気抵抗を大きく低減することができる。また、空気の流れが、一定になるので、複数の包装物に対する乱れを低減することができる。   In this case, since a plurality of circular holes are provided in the plate member, the air resistance can be greatly reduced when the plate member is moved vertically downward. Moreover, since the flow of air becomes constant, disturbances to a plurality of packages can be reduced.

(3)
板押下装置を制御する制御装置をさらに含み、制御装置は、板部材の移動速度を制御することが好ましい。
(3)
Further comprising a control unit for controlling the plate pressing apparatus, the control device preferably controls the speed of movement of the plate member.

この場合、制御装置により板部材の移動速度が制御される。その結果、包装物の種類または大きさに応じて板部材の移動速度を制御し、箱内に確実に包装物を収容させることができる。   In this case, the moving speed of the plate member is controlled by the control device. As a result, the moving speed of the plate member can be controlled in accordance with the type or size of the package, and the package can be reliably stored in the box.

(4)
板部材は、箱内の突入する大きさで、かつ鉛直下面の中央部に凹形状を設けてもよい。
(4)
The plate member may be sized to enter into the box and may have a concave shape at the center of the vertical lower surface.

この場合、板部材を平面視した場合の外周側が、包装物に最初に接触するので、複数の包装物がまとまりやすくなる。すなわち、整列された複数の包装物をばらつかせず箱内に収納させることができる。   In this case, since the outer peripheral side when the plate member is viewed in plan comes into contact with the package first, a plurality of packages are easily collected. That is, a plurality of aligned packages can be stored in the box without being scattered.

(5)
板部材は、箱内の突入する大きさで、かつ鉛直下面の外縁部に凹形状を設けてもよい。
(5)
The plate member may be sized to enter into the box and may have a concave shape on the outer edge portion of the vertical lower surface.

この場合、板部材を平面視した場合の外周側が、包装物に最初に接触するので、複数の包装物がまとまりやすくなる。すなわち、整列された複数の包装物をばらつかせず箱内に収納させることができる。   In this case, since the outer peripheral side when the plate member is viewed in plan comes into contact with the package first, a plurality of packages are easily collected. That is, a plurality of aligned packages can be stored in the box without being scattered.

本発明に係る第1の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置の一例を示す模式的外観図Schematic external view showing an example of the boxing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention 図1に示す板部材駆動装置の板部材の裏面を示す模式的斜視図The typical perspective view which shows the back surface of the plate member of the plate member drive device shown in FIG. 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 箱詰装置の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図Schematic process diagram for explaining the details of the operation of the packaging device 板部材駆動装置の板部材の複数の孔の効果を説明するための模式的断面図Typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the effect of the several hole of the plate member of a plate member drive device 板部材駆動装置の板部材の複数の孔の効果を説明するための模式的断面図Typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the effect of the several hole of the plate member of a plate member drive device 本発明に係る第2の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置の一例を示す模式的外観図Schematic external view which shows an example of the boxing apparatus which concerns on 2nd Embodiment concerning this invention. 図11に示す板部材駆動装置の板部材の裏面を示す模式的斜視図The typical perspective view which shows the back surface of the plate member of the plate member drive device shown in FIG. 板部材駆動装置の板部材の複数の孔の効果を説明するための模式的断面図Typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the effect of the several hole of the plate member of a plate member drive device 板部材駆動装置の板部材の複数の孔の効果を説明するための模式的断面図Typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the effect of the several hole of the plate member of a plate member drive device 図12に示す板部材駆動装置の板部材の裏面の他の例を示す模式的斜視図Typical perspective view which shows the other example of the back surface of the plate member of the plate member drive device shown in FIG. 図11に示すダンボール箱の蓋を開く機構を説明するための模式的外観図Typical external view for demonstrating the mechanism which opens the cover of the cardboard box shown in FIG. 図11に示すダンボール箱の蓋を開く機構を説明するための模式的外観図Typical external view for demonstrating the mechanism which opens the cover of the cardboard box shown in FIG. 図11に示すダンボール箱の蓋を開く機構を説明するための模式的外観図Typical external view for demonstrating the mechanism which opens the cover of the cardboard box shown in FIG.

以下、本発明に係る実施の形態について図面を用いて説明する。本実施の形態においては、柔軟な薄状体によって包装された包装物をダンボール箱に収納する箱詰装置について具体例を挙げて説明する。   Embodiments according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In the present embodiment, a boxing device that stores a package packaged in a flexible thin body in a cardboard box will be described with a specific example.

(第1の実施の形態)
図1は、本発明に係る第1の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置100の一例を示す模式的外観図であり、図2は、図1に示す板部材駆動装置200の板部材210の裏面を示す模式的斜視図である。
(First embodiment)
FIG. 1 is a schematic external view showing an example of the boxing device 100 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a back surface of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200 shown in FIG. It is a typical perspective view which shows.

図1に示す箱詰装置100は、主に板部材駆動装置200および保持板400からなる。箱詰装置100は、包装物移動装置300の下流に設けられ、ダンボール箱500内に複数の包装物800を収納するものである。
ダンボール箱500は、ローラ600により水平方向に搬送され、箱詰装置100の鉛直下方向に移動される。
A boxing device 100 shown in FIG. 1 mainly includes a plate member driving device 200 and a holding plate 400. The boxing device 100 is provided downstream of the package moving device 300, and stores a plurality of packages 800 in the cardboard box 500.
The cardboard box 500 is conveyed in the horizontal direction by the roller 600 and moved vertically downward of the boxing device 100.

図1および図2に示すように、板部材駆動装置200は、板部材210、複数の孔220、支持部材230、保持部材240、モータ250および一対の開閉装置260,261からなる。また、包装物移動装置300は、移動部材310および板部材320からなり、保持板400は、第1保持板410、第2保持板420および第3保持板430からなる。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the plate member driving device 200 includes a plate member 210, a plurality of holes 220, a support member 230, a holding member 240, a motor 250, and a pair of opening / closing devices 260 and 261. The package moving device 300 includes a moving member 310 and a plate member 320, and the holding plate 400 includes a first holding plate 410, a second holding plate 420, and a third holding plate 430.

図1および図2の板部材210の中央部には、貫通された複数の孔220が設けられており、板部材210の一端側には、支持部材230が鉛直上方向に延在するように取り付けられ、支持部材230は、コ字状の保持部材240により保持される。また、コ字状の保持部材240の内部には、モータ250が設けられる。当該モータ250が駆動することにより、支持部材230および板部材210が鉛直上下方向に移動する。
また、板部材210の下方には、板部材210に対向して一対の開閉装置260,261が設けられる(図4および図5参照)。
1 and FIG. 2 is provided with a plurality of holes 220 penetrating through the central portion of the plate member 210, and a support member 230 extends vertically upward at one end of the plate member 210. The supporting member 230 is attached and held by a U-shaped holding member 240. A motor 250 is provided inside the U-shaped holding member 240. When the motor 250 is driven, the support member 230 and the plate member 210 move in the vertical vertical direction.
A pair of opening / closing devices 260 and 261 are provided below the plate member 210 so as to face the plate member 210 (see FIGS. 4 and 5).

以下、図3,〜,図8を用いて箱詰装置100の動作について説明する。図3,〜,図8は、箱詰装置100の動作の詳細を説明するための模式的工程図である。   Hereinafter, operation | movement of the boxing apparatus 100 is demonstrated using FIG. 3 to 8 are schematic process diagrams for explaining details of the operation of the boxing device 100. FIG.

まず、図3に示すように、包装物移動装置300により複数の包装物800が箱詰装置100に搬入される。具体的には、包装物移動装置300の板部材320の上に載置された複数の包装物800に対して、移動部材310が直立姿勢で矢印H1の方向にスライド移動する。それにより、箱詰装置100に整列された複数の包装物800が搬入される。   First, as shown in FIG. 3, a plurality of packages 800 are carried into the boxing device 100 by the package moving device 300. Specifically, the moving member 310 slides in the direction of the arrow H1 in an upright posture with respect to the plurality of packages 800 placed on the plate member 320 of the package moving device 300. Thereby, a plurality of packages 800 arranged in the boxing device 100 are carried in.

次に、図4に示すように、移動部材310が矢印H1の方向にスライド移動し終えた場合、複数の包装物800は、第1保持板410、第2保持板420、第3保持板430および包装物移動装置300の移動部材310に周囲を支持された状態となる。   Next, as illustrated in FIG. 4, when the moving member 310 has finished sliding in the direction of the arrow H <b> 1, the plurality of packages 800 include the first holding plate 410, the second holding plate 420, and the third holding plate 430. And the periphery is supported by the moving member 310 of the package moving apparatus 300.

続いて、図5に示すように、一対の開閉機構260,261が開閉動作を開始する。なお、図5においては、説明上複数の包装物800の表示を省略している。
一対の開閉機構260,261は、それぞれ矢印H1および矢印H2の方向に短時間でスライド移動する。さらに、一対の開閉機構260,261の動作に応じて板部材駆動装置200のモータ250が駆動され、支持部材230が鉛直下方向(矢印V1の方向)に移動される。それにより、支持部材230の端部に取り付けられた板部材210が矢印V1の方向に移動される。
Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 5, the pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260 and 261 starts the opening / closing operation. In addition, in FIG. 5, the display of the several package 800 is abbreviate | omitted on description.
The pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260 and 261 slide in a short time in the directions of arrows H1 and H2, respectively. Further, the motor 250 of the plate member driving device 200 is driven according to the operation of the pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260 and 261, and the support member 230 is moved vertically downward (in the direction of the arrow V1). Thereby, the plate member 210 attached to the end of the support member 230 is moved in the direction of the arrow V1.

次いで、図6に示すように、一対の開閉機構260,261は、矢印H1および矢印H2の方向にそれぞれ移動し終える。それにより、複数の包装物800が矢印V1の方向に自由落下を開始し、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210が当該複数の包装物800の自由落下スピードよりも速い速度で矢印V1の方向に移動される。   Next, as shown in FIG. 6, the pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260 and 261 finish moving in the directions of arrows H1 and H2, respectively. Thereby, the plurality of packages 800 starts free fall in the direction of the arrow V1, and the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200 moves in the direction of the arrow V1 at a speed faster than the free fall speed of the plurality of packages 800. Moved.

さらに、図7に示すように、箱詰装置100の鉛直下方に搬送されたダンボール箱500の内部に複数の包装物800が落下される。この場合、箱詰装置100の板部材210により複数の包装物800の上端が押され、ダンボール箱500内に複数の包装物800が収納され始める。この動作のさらに詳細は、後述する。   Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 7, a plurality of packages 800 are dropped into a cardboard box 500 conveyed vertically below the boxing device 100. In this case, the upper end of the plurality of packages 800 is pushed by the plate member 210 of the boxing device 100, and the plurality of packages 800 starts to be stored in the cardboard box 500. Further details of this operation will be described later.

最後に、図8に示すように、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210がさらに矢印V1の方向に移動し、複数の包装物800がダンボール箱500の内部に収納される。そして、モータ250が逆駆動され、支持部材230が鉛直上方向(矢印V1と逆方向)に移動され、図3の箱詰装置100の状態に戻される。   Finally, as shown in FIG. 8, the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200 further moves in the direction of the arrow V <b> 1, and a plurality of packages 800 are stored inside the cardboard box 500. Then, the motor 250 is driven reversely, the support member 230 is moved vertically upward (in the direction opposite to the arrow V1), and returned to the state of the packaging device 100 of FIG.

次に、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210の複数の孔220の効果について説明する。図9および図10は、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210の複数の孔220の効果を説明するための模式的断面図である。   Next, the effect of the plurality of holes 220 of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200 will be described. 9 and 10 are schematic cross-sectional views for explaining the effects of the plurality of holes 220 of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200. FIG.

図9に示すように、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210には、複数の孔220が設けられているので、板部材210が矢印V1の方向に高速移動された場合、点線矢印BL1の方向に気流の流れが発生する。矢印BL1の流れにより複数の包装物800には、矢印F1の方向の力が発生し、複数の包装物800がまとまって落下される。   As shown in FIG. 9, since a plurality of holes 220 are provided in the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200, when the plate member 210 is moved at high speed in the direction of the arrow V1, the direction of the dotted arrow BL1 An air flow is generated. A force in the direction of arrow F1 is generated in the plurality of packages 800 by the flow of the arrow BL1, and the plurality of packages 800 are dropped together.

次に、図10に示すように、板部材駆動装置200の板部材210は、複数の包装物800の自然落下よりも高速で移動されるので、板部材210の裏面に複数の包装物800が接触される。
また、複数の包装物800の下端がダンボール箱500の収納口に収納され始める。
Next, as shown in FIG. 10, the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200 is moved at a higher speed than the natural fall of the plurality of packages 800, so that the plurality of packages 800 are placed on the back surface of the plate member 210. Touched.
Further, the lower ends of the plurality of packages 800 start to be stored in the storage port of the cardboard box 500.

図10のようにダンボール箱500内に短時間で複数の包装物800を収納する場合、ダンボール箱500内に存在していた空気が複数の包装物800により押出され、矢印BL2および矢印BL3の方向に流れる。
例えば、仮に複数の孔220が設けられていない場合、矢印BL3の方向にのみ気流が流れるため、整理された複数の包装物800の姿勢が乱れる場合がある。しかし、図10の板部材210には、複数の孔220が設けられているので、ダンボール箱500内の空気の大部分は、矢印BL2の方向に流れる。
その結果、複数の包装物800がまとまって、かつ短時間でダンボール箱500内に収納させることができる。
When a plurality of packages 800 are stored in the cardboard box 500 in a short time as shown in FIG. 10, the air existing in the cardboard box 500 is pushed out by the plurality of packages 800, and the directions of the arrows BL2 and BL3 Flowing into.
For example, if the plurality of holes 220 are not provided, the airflow flows only in the direction of the arrow BL3, so that the postures of the arranged packages 800 may be disturbed. However, since the plate member 210 of FIG. 10 is provided with a plurality of holes 220, most of the air in the cardboard box 500 flows in the direction of the arrow BL2.
As a result, a plurality of packages 800 can be collected and stored in the cardboard box 500 in a short time.

(第2の実施の形態)
次に本発明に係る第2の実施の形態について図面を用いて説明する。第2の実施の形態においては、第1の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置100と異なる点について説明を行う。
(Second Embodiment)
Next, a second embodiment according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the second embodiment, differences from the boxing device 100 according to the first embodiment will be described.

図11は、本発明に係る第2の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置100aの一例を示す模式的外観図であり、図12は、図11に示す板部材駆動装置200の板部材210の裏面を示す模式的斜視図である。   FIG. 11 is a schematic external view showing an example of the boxing device 100a according to the second embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 12 shows the back surface of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200 shown in FIG. It is a typical perspective view which shows.

図11および図12に示すように、箱詰装置100aの板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210の中央部には、複数の孔220が設けられる。また、板部材210の裏面外縁部にリブ270が設けられる。   As shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, a plurality of holes 220 are provided in the central portion of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200a of the boxing device 100a. In addition, ribs 270 are provided on the outer periphery of the back surface of the plate member 210.

次に、板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210の複数の孔220およびリブ270の効果について説明する。図13および図14は、板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210の複数の孔220の効果を説明するための模式的断面図である。   Next, effects of the plurality of holes 220 and the ribs 270 of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200a will be described. 13 and 14 are schematic cross-sectional views for explaining the effect of the plurality of holes 220 of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200a.

図13に示すように、板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210には、複数の孔220およびリブ270が設けられているので、板部材210が矢印V1の方向に高速移動された場合、点線矢印BL11の方向に気流の流れが発生する。矢印BL11の流れにより複数の包装物800には、矢印F2の方向の力が発生し、複数の包装物800がまとまって落下される。
なお、第2の実施の形態においては、リブ270により矢印BL11の方向の気流の流れは、矢印BL1の方向の気流の流れよりも大きく、矢印F2の方向の力は、矢印F1の方向の力よりも大きい。
As shown in FIG. 13, since the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200a is provided with a plurality of holes 220 and ribs 270, when the plate member 210 is moved at high speed in the direction of the arrow V1, a dotted arrow An air flow is generated in the direction of BL11. Due to the flow of the arrow BL11, a force in the direction of the arrow F2 is generated in the plurality of packages 800, and the plurality of packages 800 are dropped together.
In the second embodiment, the rib 270 causes the airflow in the direction of arrow BL11 to be larger than the airflow in the direction of arrow BL1, and the force in the direction of arrow F2 is the force in the direction of arrow F1. Bigger than.

次に、図14に示すように、板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210は、複数の包装物800の自然落下よりも高速で移動されるので、板部材210の裏面のリブ270の内側に複数の包装物800が接触される。
また、複数の包装物800の下端がダンボール箱500の収納口に収納され始める。
Next, as illustrated in FIG. 14, the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200 a is moved at a higher speed than the natural fall of the plurality of packages 800, so The package 800 is contacted.
Further, the lower ends of the plurality of packages 800 start to be stored in the storage port of the cardboard box 500.

図14のようにダンボール箱500内に短時間で複数の包装物800を収納する場合、ダンボール箱500内に存在していた空気が複数の包装物800により押出され、矢印BL2および矢印BL3の方向に流れる。
例えば、仮に複数の孔220およびリブ270が設けられていない場合、矢印BL31の方向にのみ気流が流れるため、整理された複数の包装物800の姿勢が乱れる場合がある。しかし、図14の板部材210には、複数の孔220およびリブ270が設けられているので、ダンボール箱500内の空気の大部分は、矢印BL21の方向に流れる。
その結果、複数の包装物800がまとまって、かつ短時間でダンボール箱500内に収納させることができる。
When a plurality of packages 800 are stored in the cardboard box 500 in a short time as shown in FIG. 14, the air existing in the cardboard box 500 is pushed out by the plurality of packages 800 and the directions of the arrows BL2 and BL3 are shown. Flowing into.
For example, if the plurality of holes 220 and the ribs 270 are not provided, the airflow flows only in the direction of the arrow BL31, and thus the postures of the arranged packages 800 may be disturbed. However, since the plate member 210 of FIG. 14 is provided with a plurality of holes 220 and ribs 270, most of the air in the cardboard box 500 flows in the direction of the arrow BL21.
As a result, a plurality of packages 800 can be collected and stored in the cardboard box 500 in a short time.

次に、図15は、図12に示す板部材駆動装置200aの板部材210の裏面の他の例を示す模式的斜視図である。   Next, FIG. 15 is a schematic perspective view showing another example of the back surface of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving apparatus 200a shown in FIG.

図15に示すように、箱詰装置100aの板部材駆動装置200bの板部材210の中央部には、複数の孔220が設けられる。また、板部材210の裏面外縁部にリブ270bが設けられる。また、図12の板部材駆動装置200aと異なり、図15の板部材駆動装置200bには、一対の開閉機構260,261の開閉部に対応するようにリブ271bが設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 15, a plurality of holes 220 are provided in the central portion of the plate member 210 of the plate member driving device 200b of the boxing device 100a. In addition, ribs 270 b are provided on the outer periphery of the back surface of the plate member 210. Further, unlike the plate member driving device 200a of FIG. 12, the plate member driving device 200b of FIG. 15 is provided with ribs 271b so as to correspond to the opening / closing portions of the pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260, 261.

このリブ271bにより、包装物800の上端部が、一対の開閉機構260,261の開閉部(シャッタ)に挟まらないように、鉛直下方向に押すことができる。   By this rib 271b, the upper end portion of the package 800 can be pushed vertically downward so as not to be sandwiched between the opening / closing portions (shutters) of the pair of opening / closing mechanisms 260, 261.

次いで、図16から図18は、図11に示すダンボール箱500の蓋を開く機構を説明するための模式的外観図である。   16 to 18 are schematic external views for explaining a mechanism for opening the lid of the cardboard box 500 shown in FIG.

図16に示すように、蓋開機構900は、引掛け脚901,902,903,904および蓋開駆動部905からなる。そして、ダンボール箱500は、蓋を閉じた状態でローラ600上を搬送される。図16に示すように、蓋開機構900の引掛け脚901,902,903,904が閉じた状態(鉛直方向に沿った状態)で、蓋開機構900がダンボール箱500の鉛直上方向から矢印V1の方向に移動する。それにより、蓋開機構900の引掛け脚901,902,903,904がダンボール箱500の内側に入る。また、この場合、当て板951,952,953,954が水平面上を移動してダンボール箱500の各蓋の下近傍に配置される。すなわち、ローラ600によるダンボール箱500の搬送の邪魔にならないように配設されている。例えば、90度水平回転させることにより、ダンボール箱500の搬送の妨げを防止できる。   As shown in FIG. 16, the lid opening mechanism 900 includes hook legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 and a lid opening drive unit 905. The cardboard box 500 is conveyed on the roller 600 with the lid closed. As shown in FIG. 16, with the hook legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 of the lid opening mechanism 900 closed (in a state along the vertical direction), the lid opening mechanism 900 moves from the vertical upward direction of the cardboard box 500 to the arrow. Move in the direction of V1. Accordingly, the hook legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 of the lid opening mechanism 900 enter the inside of the cardboard box 500. Further, in this case, the contact plates 951, 952, 953, 954 move on the horizontal plane and are arranged in the vicinity of the bottom of each lid of the cardboard box 500. That is, the roller 600 is disposed so as not to obstruct the conveyance of the cardboard box 500. For example, it is possible to prevent the cardboard box 500 from being hindered by being rotated 90 degrees horizontally.

次に、図17に示すように、引掛け脚901,902,903,904が開き始め、蓋開駆動部905により鉛直上方向に移動し始める。この場合、引掛け脚901がダンボール箱500の一の蓋を引掛け、引掛け脚902がダンボール箱500の他の蓋を引掛け、引掛け脚903がダンボール箱500のさらに他の蓋を引掛け、引掛け脚904がダンボール箱500のさらに他の蓋を引掛ける。そして、ダンボール箱500の各蓋が直立姿勢(鉛直方向姿勢)を超えるまで、継続して引掛け脚901,902,903,904が開き動作を行う。   Next, as shown in FIG. 17, the hooking legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 begin to open, and the lid opening drive unit 905 starts to move vertically upward. In this case, the hook leg 901 hooks one lid of the cardboard box 500, the hook leg 902 hooks another lid of the cardboard box 500, and the hook leg 903 pulls another lid of the cardboard box 500. A hanging leg 904 hooks another lid of the cardboard box 500. Then, the hooking legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 are continuously opened until each lid of the cardboard box 500 exceeds an upright posture (vertical posture).

続いて、図18に示すように、ダンボール箱500の各蓋が直立姿勢(鉛直方向姿勢)を超えた場合、引掛け脚901,902,903,904がさらに開き、蓋開駆動部905により鉛直下方向に移動し始める。この場合、引掛け脚901がダンボール箱500の一の蓋を下方向に押し、引掛け脚902がダンボール箱500の他の蓋を下方向に押し、引掛け脚903がダンボール箱500のさらに他の蓋を下方向に押し、引掛け脚904がダンボール箱500のさらに他の蓋を下方向に押す。
この場合、当て板951,952,953,954が、各蓋の根元を支持しているので、容易にダンボール箱500の蓋を開いた状態にすることができる。そして、その後、当て板951,952,953,954が90度水平回転され、ローラ600によりダンボール箱500が図11の箱詰装置100に搬送される。
Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 18, when each lid of the cardboard box 500 exceeds the upright posture (vertical posture), the hook legs 901, 902, 903, and 904 are further opened, and the lid opening drive unit 905 vertically Start moving down. In this case, the hook leg 901 pushes down one lid of the cardboard box 500, the hook leg 902 pushes down the other lid of the cardboard box 500, and the hook leg 903 moves the other side of the cardboard box 500. The lid is pushed downward, and the hook leg 904 pushes the other lid of the cardboard box 500 downward.
In this case, since the contact plates 951, 952, 953, and 954 support the base of each lid, the lid of the cardboard box 500 can be easily opened. Then, the contact plates 951, 952, 953, and 954 are horizontally rotated 90 degrees, and the cardboard box 500 is conveyed to the boxing device 100 of FIG.

また、図15から図18においては、図示していないが、ダンボール箱500の下方で、ダンボール箱500の重量を計測するロードセルAを設け、さらに、図8に示すように、ダンボール箱500内に包装物800を収納させた後に、ダンボール箱500および包装物800の重量を計測するロードセルBを設けてもよい。   Although not shown in FIGS. 15 to 18, a load cell A for measuring the weight of the cardboard box 500 is provided below the cardboard box 500. Further, as shown in FIG. After the package 800 is stored, a load cell B for measuring the weight of the cardboard box 500 and the package 800 may be provided.

この場合、ロードセルBの計測値からロードセルAの計測値を減算することにより、包装物800の重量を算出することができ、ダンボール箱500内の包装物800の個数が規定範囲内であるか否かを判定させることができる。   In this case, the weight of the package 800 can be calculated by subtracting the measurement value of the load cell A from the measurement value of the load cell B, and whether or not the number of the packages 800 in the cardboard box 500 is within the specified range. Can be determined.

以上のように、第1および第2の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置100,100aにおいては、複数の包装物800を鉛直上方向から板部材210を用いて押下する場合、複数の円形の複数の孔220が設けられているので、板部材210にかかる空気抵抗を低減することができ、複数の包装物800の自由落下スピードよりも速いスピードで板部材210を容易に移動させることができる。また、空気の流れが、一定になるので、複数の包装物800に対する乱れを低減することができる。   As described above, in the boxing apparatuses 100 and 100a according to the first and second embodiments, when a plurality of packages 800 are pressed down from the vertical direction using the plate member 210, a plurality of circular plural The air resistance applied to the plate member 210 can be reduced, and the plate member 210 can be easily moved at a speed faster than the free fall speed of the plurality of packages 800. In addition, since the air flow is constant, turbulence with respect to the plurality of packages 800 can be reduced.

また、複数の包装物800を個々の自由落下によりダンボール箱500内に箱詰させるのではなく、複数の包装物800を能動的に箱詰することができるので、安定した箱詰作業を行うことができる。その結果、複数の包装物800を短時間で箱詰することができる。また、真空吸引装置を使用しないので電力を削減することができる。   In addition, since the plurality of packages 800 can be actively packed instead of being packed in the cardboard box 500 by individual free fall, a stable boxing operation is performed. Can do. As a result, a plurality of packages 800 can be boxed in a short time. Further, since no vacuum suction device is used, power can be reduced.

また、第2の実施の形態に係る箱詰装置100aにおいては、板部材210の裏面外縁部にリブ270が設けられるので、空気の流れがより安定し、包装物800の外周側に対して最初にリブ270が接触し、その後板部材210の裏面により力が付与されるので、複数の包装物800がまとまりやすくなる。すなわち、整列された複数の包装物800をばらつかせずダンボール箱500に収納させることができる。   Further, in the boxing device 100a according to the second embodiment, the rib 270 is provided at the outer peripheral edge of the back surface of the plate member 210, so that the air flow is more stable and the first is performed with respect to the outer peripheral side of the package 800. Since the rib 270 comes into contact with the plate member 210 and then a force is applied by the back surface of the plate member 210, the plurality of packages 800 are easily collected. That is, a plurality of aligned packages 800 can be stored in the cardboard box 500 without being scattered.

本発明の好ましい一実施の形態は上記の通りであるが、本発明はそれだけに制限されない。本発明の精神と範囲から逸脱することのない様々な実施形態が他になされることは理解されよう。さらに、本実施形態において、本発明の構成による作用および効果を述べているが、これら作用および効果は、一例であり、本発明を限定するものではない。   A preferred embodiment of the present invention is as described above, but the present invention is not limited thereto. It will be understood that various other embodiments may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Furthermore, in this embodiment, although the effect | action and effect by the structure of this invention are described, these effect | actions and effects are examples and do not limit this invention.

100,100a 箱詰装置
200,200a,200b 板部材駆動装置
210 板部材
220 複数の孔
230 支持部材
240 保持部材
250 モータ
260,261 一対の開閉機構
270,270b,271b リブ
300 包装物移動装置
400 保持板
500 ダンボール箱
600 ローラ
800 包装物
100, 100a Boxing device 200, 200a, 200b Plate member driving device 210 Plate member 220 Multiple holes 230 Support member 240 Holding member 250 Motor 260, 261 A pair of opening / closing mechanisms 270, 270b, 271b Rib 300 Package moving device 400 Holding Board 500 Cardboard box 600 Roller 800 Package

Claims (2)

複数の包装物を整列させる整列装置の下流に備えられる箱詰装置であって、
前記整列装置から搬送された前記複数の包装物の鉛直下面に設けられた開閉機構と、
前記開閉機構の動作に同期して、前記複数の包装物の鉛直上方向から板部材により前記複数の包装物を箱内に押下する板押下装置と、を含み、
前記板部材は、前記箱内に突入する大きさであり、
前記板部材の中央部には、複数の孔が形成され
前記板部材の外縁部の鉛直下面には、前記板部材の全周にわたって凸形状が設けられる、
ことを特徴とする箱詰装置。
A packaging device provided downstream of an alignment device for aligning a plurality of packages,
An opening and closing mechanism provided on a vertical lower surface of the plurality of packages conveyed from the alignment device;
In synchronization with the operation of the opening and closing mechanism, a plate pressing device that presses the plurality of packages into the box by a plate member from the vertically upward direction of the plurality of packages,
The plate member is sized to enter the box,
A plurality of holes are formed in the central portion of the plate member ,
On the vertical lower surface of the outer edge portion of the plate member, a convex shape is provided over the entire circumference of the plate member.
A boxing device characterized by that.
前記板押下装置を制御する制御装置をさらに含み、A control device for controlling the plate pressing device;
前記制御装置は、前記板部材の移動速度を制御することを特徴とする請求項1に記載の箱詰装置。  The boxing device according to claim 1, wherein the control device controls a moving speed of the plate member.
JP2009000029A 2009-01-05 2009-01-05 Boxing equipment Active JP5395442B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009000029A JP5395442B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2009-01-05 Boxing equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009000029A JP5395442B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2009-01-05 Boxing equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2010155647A JP2010155647A (en) 2010-07-15
JP5395442B2 true JP5395442B2 (en) 2014-01-22

Family

ID=42573876

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2009000029A Active JP5395442B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2009-01-05 Boxing equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5395442B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012131544A (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-07-12 Yamato Scale Co Ltd Boxing apparatus
CN113212858A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-06 江苏食品药品职业技术学院 Food vanning production line

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4236736B2 (en) * 1998-08-04 2009-03-11 大和製衡株式会社 Boxing method and boxing device
JP3626964B2 (en) * 2001-10-31 2005-03-09 伊藤忠テクスマック株式会社 Boxing equipment
JP4570901B2 (en) * 2004-04-28 2010-10-27 大和製衡株式会社 Insertion device and automatic boxing device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2010155647A (en) 2010-07-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP5016275B2 (en) Glove packaging equipment
JP4308136B2 (en) Device for guiding an object into a container
US6719519B2 (en) Apparatus for loading packing carriers into a packaging machine
JP6161410B2 (en) Boxing equipment
JP2012111500A (en) Boxing apparatus
JP5411507B2 (en) Boxing equipment
JP5395442B2 (en) Boxing equipment
GB2508100A (en) Two fingers moving apart to separate opposed sheets of a bag handle
JP3025552B2 (en) Apparatus for bi-directionally transporting planar articles, especially blister packs, between a tablet conveyor and a magazine
JP2015020777A (en) Boxing device
JP2019043591A (en) Egg pack boxing system
JP6395223B2 (en) Boxing device and boxing method
KR101125154B1 (en) Apparatus for lining up cartons
JP5848899B2 (en) Article input device
JP4403751B2 (en) Method and apparatus for loading articles and paper pieces
JP2010058848A (en) Box packing apparatus
JP2010155648A (en) Attitude changing device
JP6006604B2 (en) Storage device
JP7180882B2 (en) liquid bag cartoning equipment
JP5819267B2 (en) Packaging equipment
JP3208782U (en) Boxing equipment
KR102294935B1 (en) Multi-Row Apparatus for Folding Box
JP5084415B2 (en) Bag box packing machine
JP2009208784A (en) Method for storing article in container and apparatus for storing article in container
JP2011219124A (en) Boxing device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20111116

RD02 Notification of acceptance of power of attorney

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A7422

Effective date: 20120302

RD04 Notification of resignation of power of attorney

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A7424

Effective date: 20120307

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20130212

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20130219

A521 Request for written amendment filed

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20130402

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20131015

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20131018

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 5395442

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250