JP5221174B2 - Vehicle headlamp - Google Patents

Vehicle headlamp Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5221174B2
JP5221174B2 JP2008064077A JP2008064077A JP5221174B2 JP 5221174 B2 JP5221174 B2 JP 5221174B2 JP 2008064077 A JP2008064077 A JP 2008064077A JP 2008064077 A JP2008064077 A JP 2008064077A JP 5221174 B2 JP5221174 B2 JP 5221174B2
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Prior art keywords
mirror
light
light source
vehicle
light emitting
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JP2009224039A (en
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典子 佐藤
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株式会社小糸製作所
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/67Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on reflectors
    • F21S41/675Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on reflectors by moving reflectors

Description

  The present invention relates to a vehicle headlamp that reflects light from a plurality of light emitting elements with a mirror and scans an illumination area in front of the vehicle.

  Conventionally, a technique for forming a light distribution pattern in front of a vehicle using a plurality of light emitting elements or mirrors is known. For example, Patent Document 1 describes a vehicular illumination device that divides a matrix in which a large number of semiconductor light sources (light emitting elements) are arranged into a plurality of regions, controls the operation of the light sources for each region, and switches the light distribution pattern. Has been.

Patent Document 2 proposes a vehicular illumination device that individually controls the direction of a large number of reflecting elements (mirrors) arranged vertically and horizontally to form a light distribution pattern suitable for the surrounding environment.
JP 2001-266620 A JP-A-9-104288

  However, the conventional vehicular illumination device has a problem that a large number of light emitting elements and mirrors are required to illuminate a wide range in front of the vehicle. In addition, there is a disadvantage that the control for changing the irradiation range and the illuminance distribution of the light distribution pattern becomes complicated according to the number of light emitting elements and mirrors.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a vehicle that can illuminate a wide area in front of the vehicle with a relatively small number of light-emitting elements and can change the illumination range and illuminance distribution of the light distribution pattern in various ways according to the surrounding environment and road conditions. The purpose is to provide a headlight for the use.

  In order to solve the above problems, a vehicle headlamp according to the present invention includes a light source including a plurality of light emitting elements, a mirror that reflects light emitted from the light source toward the front of the vehicle, and a light source that matches the size of the mirror. And a scanning actuator that scans an illumination area in front of the vehicle using reflected light from the mirror.

  Here, various optical elements can be adopted as the molding optical system in consideration of the number of light emitting elements and the size of the mirror. For example, a condensing lens, a diffusing lens, a free-form surface lens, an ellipsoidal reflecting mirror, a parabolic reflecting mirror, or the like can be used alone or in combination. From the viewpoint of effectively using light from the light source, an optical system (for example, a plano-convex lens, a Fresnel lens, or the like) that forms light emitted from a plurality of light emitting elements into parallel light and enters the mirror can be preferably used.

  Moreover, it is also possible to use an optical system (for example, a biconvex lens, a concave reflecting mirror, or the like) that collects light emitted from a plurality of light emitting elements and enters the mirror as the molding optical system. In this case, it is preferable to use together a projection lens for shaping the reflected light from the mirror into parallel light. In particular, it is more preferable that the condensing point of the molding optical system (focal point when a biconvex lens is used) is set on the incident side of the mirror and the focal point of the projection lens is set on the rear side of the mirror.

  Moreover, the vehicle headlamp according to the present invention provides means for eliminating a stripe pattern and a dark part from a light distribution pattern formed in front of the vehicle. Specifically, an element arrangement is provided in which a boundary line between at least two light emitting elements adjacent to the light source intersects with the rotation direction of the mirror. Alternatively, an element arrangement is provided in which a boundary line between at least two light emitting elements adjacent to the light source is blocked from the rotation direction of the mirror.

  Furthermore, the vehicle headlamp according to the present invention includes an element array in which a light source includes a plurality of light emitting elements arranged in the rotation axis direction of the mirror so that the front of the vehicle can be scanned in a wide range in the horizontal and vertical directions. A vertically long irradiation pattern is reflected, and the scanning actuator scans the illumination area in the horizontal direction by the irradiation pattern.

  In order to change the light distribution pattern in front of the vehicle in various ways, the vehicle headlamp according to the present invention includes control means for individually controlling the light output of the plurality of light emitting elements in association with the rotation angle of the mirror. . For example, the control unit individually controls the light output of the plurality of light emitting elements based on the imaging data of the vehicle front area.

  According to the vehicle headlamp of the present invention, the light source is provided with a plurality of light emitting elements, and the light emitted from the light emitting elements is shaped by the shaping optical system, so that a wide range in front of the vehicle can be illuminated with a relatively small number of light emitting elements. In addition, there is an effect that the illumination range of the light distribution pattern and the illuminance distribution can be variously changed according to the surrounding environment and road conditions.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 1 to 6 show a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1 shows an overall configuration of a vehicle headlamp, FIG. 2 shows a mirror unit and a light source unit, and FIG. 3 shows a light source and molding optics. FIG. 4 shows the optical action of the headlamp, FIG. 5 shows the element arrangement of the light source, and FIG. 6 shows dimming control of the light source. 7 to 9 show a second embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 7 shows an overall configuration of a vehicle headlamp, and FIG. 8 shows a combination of a light source, a molding optical system, a mirror, and a projection lens. FIG. 9 shows a modification of the molding optical system. In each figure, the same code | symbol shows the member provided with the equivalent function.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the vehicle headlamp 1 according to the first embodiment includes a housing 2 installed at the front portion of the vehicle body. The front surface of the housing 2 is covered with a translucent cover 3, and a mirror unit 4 is installed at the center of the housing 2. The base 5 of the mirror unit 4 is attached to the housing 2 by a bracket 6 in an inclined state, and an extension 7 is disposed between the base 5 and the translucent cover 3. Below the mirror unit 4, a light source unit 8 and a control unit 9 are installed on the bottom wall portion of the housing 2. The installation site of the light source unit 8 is not limited to the illustrated example, and may be the side wall portion of the housing 2.

  The control unit 9 includes a CPU 10, a ROM 11, and a RAM 12, and controls an actuator controller 14 that controls the scanning actuator 13 (see FIG. 2) of the mirror unit 4 and a light source 15 of the light source unit 9. A light source control unit 16 is provided. The ROM 11 stores a plurality of light distribution control programs. The CPU 10 selectively executes these programs and outputs operation commands to the actuator control unit 13 and the light source control unit 16 to control the light distribution pattern in front of the vehicle. To do. The control unit 9 is connected to an image processing device 17 of the automobile, and the image processing device 17 analyzes imaging data of the in-vehicle camera 18 and provides road surface information in front of the vehicle to the control unit 9.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the base 5 of the mirror unit 4 includes a rotating body 21 inside the opening 20, and a mirror 22 is attached to the surface of the rotating body 21 by means such as plating or vapor deposition. The rotating body 21 is supported by a vertical torsion bar 23 so as to be rotatable left and right with respect to the base 5, and permanent magnets 24 that form a magnetic field orthogonal to the torsion bar 23 are disposed on the left and right sides of the base 5. A coil 25 is wired to the rotating body 21 and is connected to the control unit 9 via a terminal portion 26. The permanent magnet 24 and the coil 25 constitute the scanning actuator 13, the actuator control unit 14 controls the magnitude and direction of the drive current flowing through the coil 25, and the rotating body 21 is integrated with the mirror 22 in the vertical axis (O). It is designed to reciprocate around.

  The light source unit 8 includes a light source 15 at a lower portion of a casing 28 (see FIG. 1), and a plano-convex lens 29 as a molding optical system at an upper portion of the casing 28. The light source 15 includes a plurality of light emitting elements 30. The light emitting elements 30 are arranged on a light source substrate 31, and a heat sink 32 that cools the light emitting elements 30 is provided on the lower surface of the light source substrate 31. LEDs that emit diffused light DR are used as the light emitting elements 30, and a plurality of LEDs are arranged on the light source substrate 31 in an element array to be described later. Then, the plano-convex lens 29 shapes the light from the light source 15 in accordance with the size of the mirror 22 and enters the mirror 22. Therefore, the reflected light of the mirror 22 can be brightened by effectively using the light of the plurality of light emitting elements 30.

  In the vehicle headlamp 1 of this embodiment, since the plano-convex lens 29 is used in the molding optical system, the light emitted from the light source 15 (the diffused light DR of the LED) is used as the plano-convex lens 29 as shown in FIG. And then enters the mirror 22 as parallel light PR. For this reason, the mirror 22 reflects the parallel light as it is, and can directly scan the reflected light RR in front of the vehicle. Therefore, the condensing optical system such as the projection lens is omitted from the front of the mirror 22, and the number of optical system components of the headlamp 1 can be reduced. Further, there is an advantage that the mirror 22 can be rotated at a large angle without being limited by the condensing optical system, and the front of the vehicle can be scanned over a wide range. However, since the plano-convex lens 29 allows parallel light to enter the mirror 22, even if the lens diameter is increased, a light beam that does not fully enter the mirror 22 may be generated.

  As shown in FIGS. 2, 4, and 5, the light source 15 includes an element array that can form a light distribution pattern suitable for a vehicle in combination with a molding optical system. For example, in the light source 15 shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, a plurality of light emitting elements 30 are arranged in two horizontal rows in the vertical direction (rotation axis direction of the mirror 22), and the vertical boundary line 33 is set in the rotation direction of the mirror 22. (HH) is provided, and an element array is provided that blocks the horizontal boundary line 35 from the rotation direction of the mirror 22 by the light emitting elements 30 adjacent to the left and right. The plano-convex lens 29 shapes the light emitted from each light emitting element 30 in accordance with the size of the mirror 22 and projects a vertically long irradiation pattern IP on the mirror 22. Then, the mirror 22 reflects the irradiation pattern IP to the front of the vehicle, and the scanning actuator 13 rotates the mirror 22 to scan the illumination area S (an alternative screen is shown) in the horizontal direction by the irradiation pattern IP. Therefore, a horizontal stripe pattern and a dark part can be eliminated from the light distribution pattern P formed in front of the vehicle.

  The light source 15 shown in FIG. 5A includes an element array in which two light emitting elements 30 are arranged side by side and a vertical boundary line 33 intersects the rotation direction of the mirror 22 at a right angle. In this case, the light emitted from the light emitting element 30 has a short vertical width due to the horizontal placement of the element, but is expanded by the plano-convex lens 29 according to the size of the mirror 22. The light source 15 shown in FIG. 5B includes an element array in which two light emitting elements 30 are arranged in an oblique shape and the boundary line 34 is obliquely intersected with the rotation direction of the mirror 22. In the light source 15 shown in FIGS. 5C and 5D, a larger number of light emitting elements 30 are arranged in the vertical and horizontal directions, the vertical boundary line 33 intersects with the rotation direction of the mirror 22, and the horizontal boundary line 35 is obtained. Is arranged from the both sides in the rotational direction of the mirror 22 by the light emitting elements 30 adjacent to the left and right. Regardless of the element arrangement, the reflected light from the mirror 22 overlaps in the vertical direction in the illumination area S, so that the horizontal stripe pattern and the dark portion or the color unevenness of the light emitting element 30 are eliminated from the light distribution pattern P, and the vehicle front is visually recognized. Can increase the sex.

  As shown in FIG. 6, the vertically long element arrangement shown in FIGS. 2 and 4 can scan the vertically long irradiation pattern IP in the horizontal direction and scan the illumination area S in front of the vehicle in a wide range in the horizontal and vertical directions. There are advantages. Moreover, the light distribution pattern P can be changed according to the road surface condition by individually controlling the light outputs of the plurality of light emitting elements 30. Specifically, a road surface ahead in the traveling direction is imaged by the in-vehicle camera 18, and the control unit 9 controls the scanning actuator 13 and the light source 15 based on the output of the image processing device 17. The light outputs of the plurality of light emitting elements 30 are individually adjusted in association with.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 6A, the light output of the light emitting element 30 that irradiates the passing light distribution region 36 is increased, the light output of the light emitting element 30 that irradiates the white line 37 is further increased, and the other light emitting elements. By performing control to turn off 30, the white line 37 and the road shoulder can be easily seen. Further, as shown in FIG. 6B, the light distribution pattern P can be changed in accordance with the road alignment by adjusting the light output of the light emitting element 30 by following the white line 37 on the curved road. Therefore, a wide range in front of the vehicle can be illuminated with a relatively small number of light emitting elements 30, and the illuminance distribution of the light distribution pattern P can be variously changed according to the road conditions. In addition, by dynamically changing the amplitude of the scanning actuator 13 that drives the mirror 22, an illumination area and illuminance distribution suitable for the surrounding environment and road conditions can be easily obtained.

  As shown in FIGS. 7-9, in the vehicle headlamp 41 of Example 2, the biconvex lens 42 is used for the shaping | molding optical system. A projection lens (plano-convex lens) 43 for shaping the reflected light of the mirror 22 into parallel light is installed in front of the mirror 22. Other configurations are the same as those of the vehicle headlamp 1 of the first embodiment, and the configurations and operations of the biconvex lens 42 and the projection lens 43 will be described below.

  In the molding optical system shown in FIG. 8, the focal point F <b> 1 of the biconvex lens 42 is set on the incident side of the mirror 22, and the light source 15 is disposed near the other focal point of the biconvex lens 42. Light emitted from the plurality of light emitting elements 30 of the light source 15 is shaped by the biconvex lens 42 according to the size of the mirror 22, condensed at the focal point F <b> 1, and then enters the mirror 22. The reflected light RR of the mirror 22 is shaped by the projection lens 43 and is projected forward of the vehicle as parallel light PR. The projection lens 43 is held on the headlamp housing 2 by a holding plate 44 (see FIG. 7) so that the focal point F2 is located on the rear side of the mirror 22. The distance L1 from the point O on the axis of the rotating body 21 to the focal point F1 of the biconvex lens 42 is set to be equal to the distance L2 from the point O to the focal point F2 of the projection lens 43. Thereby, the reflected light RR of the mirror 22 behaves as if it is emitted from the focal point F2 of the projection lens 43, and the emission point reciprocates on the focal plane FP of the projection lens 43 by the rotation of the mirror 22.

  According to the molding optical system shown in FIG. 8, since the biconvex lens 42 condenses the light from the plurality of light emitting elements 30 on the incident side of the mirror 22, the light source 15 is compared with the planoconvex lens 29 of the first embodiment. The emitted light can be used more effectively. For this reason, even when the number of the light emitting elements 30 is increased, all the light from the light source 15 can be put into the mirror 22 by using the biconvex lens 42 having a large lens diameter. In particular, since the focal point F1 of the biconvex lens 42 is set on the incident side of the mirror 22, the mirror 22 and the projection lens 43 are brought close to each other so that the reflected light PR is easily incident on the projection lens 43, and a bright light distribution pattern is obtained. Can be formed. In addition, since the focal point F2 of the projection lens 43 is set on the rear side of the mirror 22, the distance (D1) between the mirror 22 and the projection lens 43 can be shortened, and the downsizing of the vehicular headlamp 1 can be promoted. There is also.

  In the molding optical system shown in FIG. 9, the focal point F <b> 1 of the biconvex lens 42 is set on the rear side of the mirror 22. According to this configuration, although the light condensing action by the biconvex lens 42 is obtained, the light from the light source 15 is condensed near the focal point of the projection lens 43, so that the focal plane FP of the projection lens 43 moves to the front of the mirror 22. For this reason, the distance (D2) between the mirror 22 and the projection lens 43 becomes relatively long, and the installation space of the entire optical system becomes large.

The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and can be implemented by appropriately changing the configuration and shape of each part without departing from the spirit of the present invention, as exemplified below.
(1) Install a plurality of mirror units 4 in the headlamp housing 2 shown in FIG.
(2) In the housing 2, the mirror unit 4 is combined with another illumination unit to function as a part of the vehicle headlamp 1.
(3) The light source unit 8 is arranged in the lateral direction of the mirror unit 4 and the rotation axis of the mirror 22 is formed in the vertical direction.
(4) Use a biaxial scanning actuator instead of the uniaxial scanning actuator 13 shown in FIG.
(5) Use an electrostatic drive type actuator as the one-axis or two-axis scanning actuator 13.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS It is a general view of the vehicle headlamp which shows Example 1 of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows a mirror unit and a light source unit. It is an optical path figure which shows a light source, a shaping | molding optical system, and a mirror. It is an optical path figure which shows the optical effect | action of a headlamp. It is a schematic diagram which shows the element arrangement | sequence of a light source. It is a schematic diagram which shows dimming control of a light source. It is a general view of the vehicle headlamp which shows Example 2 of this invention. It is an optical path figure which shows a light source, a shaping | molding optical system, a mirror, and a projection lens. It is an optical path diagram which shows the example of a change of the shaping | molding optical system.

Explanation of symbols

1 Vehicle headlamp (Example 1)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 2 Housing 4 Mirror unit 8 Light source unit 9 Control unit 13 Actuator for scanning 15 Light source 21 Rotating body 22 Mirror 29 Plano-convex lens 30 Light emitting element 41 Vehicle headlamp (Example 2)
42 Biconvex lens 43 Projection lens

Claims (4)

  1. A light source composed of a plurality of light emitting elements, a mirror that reflects the light emitted from the light source to the front of the vehicle, a molding optical system that shapes the light emitted from the light source according to the size of the mirror, and a mirror that reciprocally rotates. A scanning actuator that scans the illumination area in front of the vehicle with the reflected light of the mirror ,
    A vehicular headlamp comprising an element array that crosses a rotation line of a mirror with a boundary line between at least two light emitting elements adjacent to the light source .
  2. A light source composed of a plurality of light emitting elements, a mirror that reflects the light emitted from the light source to the front of the vehicle, a molding optical system that shapes the light emitted from the light source according to the size of the mirror, and a mirror that reciprocally rotates. A scanning actuator that scans the illumination area in front of the vehicle with the reflected light of the mirror,
    A vehicle headlamp comprising an element array that blocks a boundary line between at least two light emitting elements adjacent to each other from the light source in a rotational direction of the mirror.
  3. The light source includes an element array in which a plurality of light emitting elements are arranged in the direction of the rotation axis of the mirror, the mirror reflects a long irradiation pattern in the vertical direction, and the scanning actuator scans the illumination area in the horizontal direction by the irradiation pattern. the vehicle headlamp according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that.
  4. The vehicle headlamp according to any one of claim 1 to 3, characterized in that a control means for controlling individually in association with the light output of said plurality of light emitting elements in rotation angle of the mirror.
JP2008064077A 2008-03-13 2008-03-13 Vehicle headlamp Active JP5221174B2 (en)

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