JP5147078B2 - Address list construction method, address list construction system, and program therefor - Google Patents

Address list construction method, address list construction system, and program therefor Download PDF

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JP5147078B2
JP5147078B2 JP2009156578A JP2009156578A JP5147078B2 JP 5147078 B2 JP5147078 B2 JP 5147078B2 JP 2009156578 A JP2009156578 A JP 2009156578A JP 2009156578 A JP2009156578 A JP 2009156578A JP 5147078 B2 JP5147078 B2 JP 5147078B2
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domain
set
address
list
tuple
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JP2011013873A (en
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達哉 森
治久 長谷川
亮一 川原
晃弘 下田
元 魏
寛之 石原
悠也 本嶋
滋樹 後藤
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日本電信電話株式会社
学校法人早稲田大学
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  The present invention relates to an address list construction technique for an e-mail transmission host, and in particular, an address list obtained by classifying an e-mail transmission host address that is highly scalable and applicable and has high immediacy into either a black list or a white list. The present invention relates to an address list construction method, an address list construction system, and a program therefor.

  In recent years, with the widespread use of electronic mail, delivery of electronic mail (spam) such as unsolicited advertisements that the user does not want has increased rapidly. Due to the increase in the number of emails to be processed per unit time, an increase in the load on the email receiving server and system and the influence on ordinary emails have become major problems.

  Therefore, recently, based on the analysis result of the contents of the message, a technique for classifying e-mails as unnecessary and normal has been proposed and widely used. In the analysis, since it is necessary to receive all mails first, it does not fundamentally solve the problem of increased processing load.

  In order to solve this problem, a technique has been proposed in which a black list or a white list is used to classify normal communications that are suspicious or excluded from the control target before receiving an e-mail message.

  For example, in the method described in Japanese Translation of PCT International Publication No. 2007-511183 “Dynamic Message Filtering” (Patent Document 1), a character string included in the received e-mail message is first referred to when a blacklist or whitelist is constructed. And classifying the quality of the message, and then dynamically building a blacklist or whitelist for the IP address or domain of the host that sent the message based on the quality information of the message. is suggesting.

JP-T-2007-511183

  However, in the above method, the reference data for classifying the address of the e-mail transmission host into a black list or a white list is limited to information that can be observed internally. There was a problem of lack of scalability, applicability in other networks, and immediacy of classification.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and is applicable to expandability and application in which an address list in which addresses of e-mail transmission hosts are classified according to their types (black list or white list) is constructed and output. An object of the present invention is to provide an address list construction method and address list construction system that are rich in nature and high in immediacy, and a program therefor.

  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides various resource records registered in the DNS (Domain Name System) and other black lists and white lists in addition to data observable inside the mail delivery system. The address list is constructed and output by classifying the addresses of the e-mail sending hosts into a black list or a white list.

The configuration of the present invention will be specifically described below.
In the first address list construction method of the present invention, the SMTP connection at the time of receiving an e-mail is monitored, and the domain part of the source e-mail address (a character string on the right side of “@” of the e-mail address) d A first procedure (corresponding to step S1 in the embodiment, the same applies hereinafter) for constructing a tuple (d, a) composed of an email source IP address a and collecting the set T1 of the tuples, and the first The second procedure for extracting the tuple set T2 included in the domain list D0 in which the domain part d 1 can be arbitrarily specified separately from the set of tuples (d, a) obtained in the above procedure (step S1) ( For the tuple set T2 extracted in step S2) and the second procedure (step S2), the IP address a of each tuple (d, a) is determined by the DNS SPF record of the domain part d. Authenticated Te extracts (authentication result is a Pass) IP address, building address list output by taking a third procedure that outputs a set of the IP address (step S3).

The second address list construction method of the present invention relates to a method of constructing the domain list D0 used in the second procedure (step S2) described in the first address list construction method.
In the second address list construction method, the delivery of electronic mail is monitored, the number of delivery errors e for each domain part d, the number of times f filtered by a filtering technique such as greylisting, is counted, and either e or f is The domain part d when an arbitrarily specifiable threshold is exceeded, or when (e + f) exceeds an arbitrarily specifiable threshold, or when (e + f) / n exceeds an arbitrarily specifiable threshold. To the domain list D0 (where n is the total number of SMTP communications attempted by a domain).

  In the third address list construction method of the present invention, in the construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure (step S2) described in the first address list construction method, the electronic mail delivery is monitored and the domain part d is set. The domain part d is collected, and the domain part d in which neither the DNS A (Address) record nor the DNS MX (Mail Exchanger) record exists is added to the domain list D0.

  In the fourth address list construction method of the present invention, in the construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure (step S2) described in the first address list construction method, a domain black that can be obtained from a database such as the Internet Use a specific domain list such as a list or a domain white list, and add the domain list obtained by any one of claims 2 and 3 or all address list construction methods to the acquired domain list .

  In the fifth address list construction method of the present invention, the tuple set T2 extracted in the second procedure (step S2) in the third procedure (step S3) described in the first address list construction method is used. , Refer to the SPF record for the domain part d of each tuple (d, a), extract the IP address / prefix set P1 authenticated for transmission by the SPF, and the IP address a in the tuple set T1 is A tuple set T3 included in P1 is extracted.

  Next, with respect to the tuple set which is the difference between the tuple set T3 and the tuple set T2, the IPF / prefix set P2 which has been authenticated is extracted by referring to the SPF record in the domain part in the same manner as described above. The tuple set T4 in which the address a is included in the P2 is extracted.

  The above processing is repeated until there is no difference between the new tuple sets, and an address space in which all IP address / prefix list sets P1, P2,.

  In the sixth address list construction method of the present invention, in addition to the set of IP addresses output by the first address list construction method or the IP address prefix set output by the fifth address list construction method, Add a blacklist or whitelist of IP addresses that can be acquired in the database. Alternatively, it is also possible to add an IP address list collected and created by the network administrator according to his own policy.

  In the seventh address list construction method of the present invention, in addition to the set of IP addresses output by the first address list construction method or the IP address prefix set output by the fifth address list construction method, In the tuple set T2 described in the address list construction method, the IP address designated by the DNS A record of the domain part d or the IP address designated by the A record for the DNS MX record of the domain part d is added.

  In the eighth address list construction method of the present invention, when referring to the SPF record described in the first or fifth address list construction method, an invalid value among the IP address prefixes specified in the SPF record. IP address prefix that can be specified arbitrarily is removed.

  The program of the present invention is a program for causing a computer to execute each procedure in the address list construction method according to any one of the first to eighth aspects.

  The first address list construction system of the present invention monitors an SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) connection at the time of receiving an e-mail, and sends the domain part d of the source e-mail address and the source IP (Internet Protocol) of the e-mail. ) A tuple (d, a) consisting of an address a, a first means for collecting the tuple set T1, and a set of tuples (d, a) obtained by the first means a second means for extracting a set of tuples T2 included in a set of domains D0 for which d can be separately designated, and a set of tuples (d, a) for the set of tuples T2 extracted by the second means. ) IP address a is authenticated by the DNS (Domain Name System) SPF (Sender Policy Framework) record of the domain part d (the authentication result is Pass), and the IP address is extracted. Third means (step S3) for outputting the set of IP addresses is provided.

  According to the present invention, an IP address list having the same property (whether it is a black list or a white list) as the address specified in the domain list D0 is collected based on information obtained from the email reception log. Since the address list is constructed and output, it is possible to realize an address list construction method and address list construction system, and a program therefor, which are highly extensible and adaptable and have high immediacy.

It is a figure which shows the structural example of the address list construction system which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart for demonstrating the process performed with the dress list construction system which concerns on this invention (the 1). It is a flowchart for demonstrating the process performed with the dress list construction system which concerns on this invention (the 2). It is a figure which shows the example of the tuple set T1 which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the example of the domain list | wrist D0 which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the example of the IP address prefix list P1 which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the example of the tuple set T2 which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the value of the total number n of the SMTP communication tried for every domain part d observed with the mail receiving server which concerns on this invention, the delivery error frequency e, the filtered frequency f, and ((e + f) / n). It is a figure which shows the DNS A record or MX record for every observed domain which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the example of the tuple set T3 which concerns on this invention.

(Summary of Invention)
The present invention refers to information obtained from outside such as various resource records registered in DNS (Domain Name System) and other black lists and white lists in addition to data observable inside the mail delivery system. It integrates effectively, and the addresses of e-mail sending hosts are classified into a black list or a white list and output.

(Example)
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a diagram for explaining an address list construction system according to the present invention.
As shown in the figure, the address list construction system according to the present invention includes mail sending hosts 20 and 30 (only two are shown in FIG. 1 but generally a large number), a mail receiving server 10, an external domain list. 40 and an external IP address list 50.

  The address list construction unit 11 may be built in the mail receiving server 10 or may be externally mounted according to an external form. FIG. 1 shows a built-in example. The address list construction unit 11 can arbitrarily designate and refer to the external domain list 40 and the external IP address list 50.

  As shown in the figure, the address list construction unit 11 includes a tuple set T1 collection unit 111, a tuple set T2 extraction unit 112, an SPF-authenticated IP address extraction unit 113, and an address list output unit 114.

  The tuple set T1 collecting means 111, the tuple set T2 extracting means 112, the SPF-authenticated IP address extracting means 113, and the address list output means 114 in the address list construction unit 11 constitute the mail receiving server 10. This is realized by executing a program corresponding to each means by hardware such as a CPU and a memory of a computer. In addition, when the address list construction part 11 is an external form, it implement | achieves by executing the program corresponding to each means with hardware, such as CPU and memory of an external computer which comprises the external address list construction part.

  Next, an address list construction method according to the present invention will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. 2-A and FIGS.

  In the first address list construction method of the present invention, the SMTP connection at the time of receiving an e-mail is monitored, the domain part of the source e-mail address (a character string on the right side of “@” of the e-mail address) d and the e-mail A tuple (d, a) consisting of the source IP address a is collected, the tuple is collected, and the tuple set is T1. In this embodiment, it is assumed that the tuple set T1 shown in FIG. 3 is observed (first procedure, step S1 in FIG. 2).

  FIG. 4 is a diagram showing an example of the domain list D0 stored in the external domain list 40. The set T1 of tuples (d, a) obtained in the first procedure (step S1) is compared with the domain list D0, and the tuple set T2 included in the domain list D0 is extracted from the tuple set T1 ( Second procedure, step S2 in FIG.

  Further, the SPF record is referred to for each tuple domain in the tuple set T2 extracted in the second procedure (step S2), and the IP address a of each tuple (d, a) is the DNS SPF of the domain part d. The IP address authenticated by the record (the authentication result is Pass) is output (third procedure (step S3; see steps S3a to S3e).

  If the IP addresses registered in the SPF for each domain are those shown in FIG. 5, the IP address finally output is the IP address “192” of the tuple set T2 in FIG. .168.1.3 "and" 172.16.2.44 ".

  The second to fourth address list construction methods are for construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure (step S2) of the first address list construction method.

  In the second address list construction method, as shown in FIG. 7, it is filtered by a filtering technique such as the total number n of SMTP communications attempted for each domain part d observed by the mail receiving server 10, the number of delivery errors e, and graylisting. The number of times f is counted. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a result observed by the mail receiving server 10. FIG. 7 also shows the calculated value of ((e + f) / n).

  For such an observed value, when either e or f exceeds a threshold that can be arbitrarily specified, or when e + f exceeds a threshold that can be arbitrarily specified, or (e + f) / n is arbitrarily When the specifiable threshold value is exceeded, the domain part d is added to the domain list D0. Here, when a domain having (e + f) / n of 0.9 or more is extracted, three of example_bad.jp, example_bad.org, and example_spammer.com in FIG. 7 are added to the domain list D0.

  In the third address list construction method, the DNS A record or MX record for each domain observed by the receiving server is referred to, and a domain in which neither exists is set as the domain list D0. In the example of FIG. 8, example_fake.org corresponds to this.

In the fourth address list construction method, for example,
http://spamlinks.net/filter-bl.htm#domain
http://www.joewein.de/sw/blacklist.htm
http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Spam_blacklist
A domain whitelist or domain blacklist disclosed in the above, or a domain list collected and created by a network administrator according to his / her own policy is defined as D0. It is also possible to add the domain obtained by the second and third methods to this.

  In the fifth address list construction method, in the third procedure in the first address list construction method, the domain part d of the tuple set T2 is referred to, and the IP address / prefix list registered in the SPF is designated as P1. (Step S30a in FIG. 2-B). FIG. 5 is an example of the IP address / prefix list P1 in this example.

  Next, referring to the tuple set T1, the tuple set T3 whose IP address is included in the IP address / prefix list P1 is extracted (procedure of step S30b). FIG. 9 is a diagram showing the IP address / prefix list P1 thus obtained.

  Next, it is determined whether or not there is a difference between the tuple set T2 and the tuple set T3 (step S30c). If there is a difference between the tuple set T2 and the tuple set T3 (step S30c: Y), the SPF record of the domain part d is referred to and extracted as a set P2 of authenticated IP address / prefix list (step S30d). Procedure).

  Thereafter, similar processing is repeated as shown in steps S30e to S30k in FIG. 2-A, and the IP address / prefix lists P2, P3,... Are extracted as non-overlapping address spaces, and these IPs are extracted. The address / prefix lists P2, P3,... Are output as the address list constructed according to the present invention (step S301).

  In the case of the illustrated example, the difference between the tuple set T2 and the tuple set T3 is (example_bad.org, “172.16.3.11”), and the SPF record of example_bad.org is referred to. Assuming that it is “172.30.0.1/24”, there is no IP address included in P2 in the tuple set T1, so it is terminated here, and finally only the IP address / prefix list P1 is output. To do.

  In step S30a, step S30d, step S30g, and step S30j in FIG. 2-B, if there is no SPF-authenticated address, the processing is terminated and the IP address / prefix list obtained before that is used. Output.

In the sixth address list construction method, for example, the following URL
http://www.au.sorbs.net/
http://www.dnswl.org/
The white list and black list released by the company or the like, or the IP address list collected and created by the network administrator according to their own policy is added to the output result of the fifth method.

  In the seventh address list construction method, for example, the IP address described in FIG. 9 is added to the output result.

In the eighth address list construction method, for example, the IP address specified in the SPF record of a domain example.jp is “192.168.3.72/690” (prefix length value is invalid), “11.33 If the value is invalid, such as “.209.300” (invalid because the number in the fourth octet is greater than 255), such an address or prefix is removed. Or
http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-list.html
IP addresses that match the bogon list that can be obtained from are removed.

  The first address list construction system is the system shown in FIG. 1, and each component has the processing function described in the address list construction method.

  Each procedure (first procedure to third procedure) performed in the address list construction unit 11 described above corresponds to each means by hardware such as a CPU and a memory of a computer constituting the mail receiving server 10. This is done by executing a program to execute. A program corresponding to each means can be distributed to the market via a network such as the Internet or a recording medium such as a CD-ROM, DVD, or FD.

10: Mail receiving server 11: Address list construction unit 20, 30: Mail sending host 40: External domain list 50: External IP address list

Claims (10)

  1. The SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) connection at the time of receiving the e-mail is monitored, and a tuple (d, a) consisting of the domain part d of the source e-mail address and the source IP (Internet Protocol) address a of the e-mail is obtained. Configuring and collecting a set T1 of the tuples;
    A second procedure for extracting a set of tuples T2 included in a set of domains D0 that can be separately specified by the domain part d from the set of tuples (d, a) obtained in the first procedure;
    For the tuple set T2 extracted in the second procedure, the IP address a of each tuple (d, a) is authenticated by the DNS (Domain Name System) SPF (Sender Policy Framework) record of the domain part d. A method for constructing an address list, comprising: a third step of extracting an IP address (authentication result is Pass) and outputting the set of IP addresses.
  2. In the construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure according to claim 1, the delivery of electronic mail is monitored, the number of delivery errors e for each domain part d, and the number of times f filtered by a filtering technique based on the graylisting method are counted. , E or f exceeds a threshold that can be arbitrarily specified, or (e + f) exceeds a threshold that can be arbitrarily specified, or (e + f) / n is a threshold that can be arbitrarily specified. An address list construction method characterized by adding a domain part d to the domain list D0 when n exceeds (where n is the total number of SMTP communications attempted by a certain domain).
  3. In the construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure according to claim 1, the electronic mail delivery is monitored and the domain part d is collected, and the DNS part A record and the DNS MX record are both included in the domain part d. A method of constructing an address list, wherein a domain part d in which no exists is added to the domain list D0.
  4. In the construction of the domain list D0 in the second procedure according to claim 1, using a specific domain list including a domain black list or a domain white list that can be acquired on the Internet, and for the acquired domain list A method for constructing an address list, comprising: adding a domain list acquired by any one or all of the methods according to claim 2 or claim 3.
  5. The SPF (Sender Policy Framework) record is referred to for the domain part d of each tuple (d, a) for the set T2 of tuples extracted in the second procedure in the third procedure according to claim 1. Then, a set P1 of IP addresses and prefixes whose transmission is authenticated by SPF (Sender Policy Framework) is extracted, and a tuple set T3 in which the IP address a of the tuple set T1 is included in the P1 is extracted. Similarly, referring to the SPF record in the domain part for the tuple set of the difference between T3 and T2, the authenticated IP address / prefix set P2 is extracted, and the tuple set in which the inner address a of the tuple T1 is included in the P2 T4 is extracted and the above procedure is repeated until there is no difference between the new tuple sets. Strike set P1, P2, address list construction method, characterized in that the output of the non-overlapping address space of ....
  6. In addition to the set of IP addresses output in claim 1 or the set of IP address prefixes output in claim 5, a blacklist or whitelist of IP addresses that can be obtained from a database on the Internet is added, or a network An address list construction method comprising adding an IP address list collected and created by an administrator according to his own policy.
  7. In addition to the IP address set output in claim 1 or the IP address prefix set output in claim 5, the IP address specified in the DNS A record of the domain part d in the tuple set T2 according to claim 1 Or an address list construction method characterized by adding an IP address designated by an A record to a DNS MX (Mail Exchanger) record of the domain part d.
  8.   6. When referring to an SPF record according to claim 1 or 5, an invalid value, a bongo address, or any other IP address prefix that can be arbitrarily specified is removed from the IP address prefix specified in the SPF record. An address list construction method characterized by:
  9.   The program for making a computer perform each procedure in the address list construction method in any one of Claims 1-8.
  10. The SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) connection at the time of receiving the e-mail is monitored, and a tuple (d, a) consisting of the domain part d of the source e-mail address and the source IP (Internet Protocol) address a of the e-mail is obtained. A first means for configuring and collecting the set of tuples T1;
    A second means for extracting a set of tuples T2 included in the set of domains D0 that can be separately specified by the domain part d from the set of tuples (d, a) obtained in the first procedure;
    For the tuple set T2 extracted in the second procedure, the IP address a of each tuple (d, a) is authenticated by the DNS (Domain Name System) SPF (Sender Policy Framework) record of the domain part d. An address list construction system comprising: a third means for extracting an IP address having an authentication result of Pass and outputting the set of IP addresses.
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