JP5117754B2 - Business process variant of software model - Google Patents

Business process variant of software model Download PDF

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JP5117754B2
JP5117754B2 JP2007105171A JP2007105171A JP5117754B2 JP 5117754 B2 JP5117754 B2 JP 5117754B2 JP 2007105171 A JP2007105171 A JP 2007105171A JP 2007105171 A JP2007105171 A JP 2007105171A JP 5117754 B2 JP5117754 B2 JP 5117754B2
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process
process component
component
outbound
business
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JP2007287151A (en
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ヨアヒム・フィッツアー
イェンス・フロイント
ヨアヒム・ケントナー
クラウス−ペーター・ラング
トマス・ライス
フランク・ヴァグナー
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エスアーペー アーゲーSap Ag
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F8/00Arrangements for software engineering
    • G06F8/10Requirements analysis; Specification techniques
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/067Business modelling

Description

  The present invention relates to a modeling software system, and more particularly, to business process variant type modeling related to configuration and component communication in a software system.

  Enterprise software systems are generally large and complex. Such a system may require many different components distributed across many different hardware platforms, possibly in several different geographic locations.

  A typical software modeling system cannot reduce this complexity for the end user. In order to design, configure, update, or implement an enterprise software system, it is necessary to understand the details of the system at various levels, depending on each person's role in designing, managing, or implementing the system. For example, a system administrator can see how various software modules are installed on physical hardware such as server equipment or a network, and how those software modules communicate with other software modules in the system Requires a high level of technical understanding. The person responsible for the software needs a high level of functional understanding of the operations provided by each functional component. Application designers require a low level technical understanding of the various software interfaces that each part of the application requires or implements. Application developers need a detailed understanding of the interfaces and functions they implement for the rest of the system.

  In one aspect, one or more process components can be defined. Each of these process components is characterized in that the software executes a respective different business process and is capable of defining at least one process agent. Each such process agent enables communication between a business object associated with the corresponding process component and a business object associated with any other process component. In addition, one or more business process variants can be defined for at least one of the process components. Each business process variant is one of the process agents defined for the corresponding process component such that selection of the business process variant causes the associated one or more process agents to be activated. Or associate multiple.

  The process component may be characterized in that an inbound operation processes an input message associated with a change or retrieval of data encapsulated in a business object associated with the process component. One or more of the inbound operations may be a synchronous operation capable of receiving a synchronization message generated by an external synchronous outbound operation defined by an external process component. In one variation, one or more of the inbound operations are capable of receiving a first type message and converting it into a second type message.

  The process component is characterized in that an outbound operation processes an output message associated with a change or read of data encapsulated in at least one business object associated with another process component. Is possible. The outbound operation can be invoked after the business object associated with the corresponding outbound operation is read or modified. One or more of the outbound operations are asynchronous outbound operations capable of generating an asynchronous message for receipt by an asynchronous inbound operation defined by an external process component. Further, in some variations, the outbound operations can send messages after they are invoked.

The process agent can comprise an inbound process agent, an outbound process agent, or a combination of both. The inbound process agent may be characterized in that an inbound operation processes an incoming message. The outbound process agent may be characterized in that an outbound operation sends an output message to an external process component.
In one variation, the first process component is associated with the first placement unit and the second process component is associated with the second placement unit. Such an arrangement unit is characterized in that the software can operate independently and can be arranged independently.

Further, the process component may define a service interface that communicates between the set of process components. In this context, it is possible to define one or more business objects, each business object being associated with a single process component alone. In one implementation, no business object of any one process component communicates directly with any business object associated with any other process component.
A plurality of process components can be logically associated to realize a business scenario. This logical association can take the form of an integrated scenario. In some variations, the process component only interacts based on the activated outbound process agent, so the logical association depends on the selected business process variation type. As a result, it is possible to limit communication between process components that do not have a business process variant that activates a process agent coupled to the process component. The business process variant can also be used to verify that the combined process component has a corresponding business process variant that activates the associated outbound process agent.

  In a related aspect, multiple process agents can be defined for each of the two process components. Each process agent is either an inbound process agent or an outbound process agent. The inbound process agent is capable of receiving messages from inbound operations. An outbound process agent is capable of actions that cause an outbound operation to send a message. Thereafter, communication between at least one inbound process agent of the first process component and at least one outbound process agent of the second process component is defined. Further, communication between at least one inbound process agent of the second process component and at least one outbound process agent of the first process component is defined. One or more business process variants are defined for at least one of the process components. Each business process variant associates one or more of the process agents defined for the corresponding process component. The selection of the business process variant causes the associated process agent or agents to be activated.

  In a further related aspect, a process interaction map is displayed in a first view, a structural design of the process component is represented in a second view, and a structural design of the communication of the process component is represented in a third view. The process communication map represents communication between a plurality of process components coupled together by a selected business process variant. Each process component is characterized by software executing a different business process from each other, and each process component defines a respective service interface for communicating with other process components. The structural design of the process component represents an inbound part, a business object part, and an outbound part for the selected process component. The inbound portion identifies all external process components that use one or more inbound operations of the selected process component. The business object portion identifies all business objects associated with the selected process component. The outbound portion identifies all external process components that are used by one or more outbound operations of the selected process component. The structural design of the process component communication represents a message transmission between exactly two process components to change or retrieve the business object associated with each business object. Each process component represents a plurality of process agents, each process agent being either an inbound process agent or an outbound process agent. The inbound process agent is capable of receiving messages from inbound operations. The outbound process agent is capable of actions that cause an outbound operation to send a message. Furthermore, only the outbound process agent associated with the selected business process variant is activated.

A computer program product encoded on a tangible computer readable medium is also described. Such computer program products can include executable instructions that cause a computer system to perform one or more of the operations and / or components described herein.
Similarly, a computer system is described that can include a processor and a memory coupled to the processor. The memory may encode one or more proslames that cause the processor to perform one or more of the operations and / or components described herein.

  The invention described here has many advantages. The model provides a modeling entity that represents an aspect of the software system. Multiple views of the model are provided in the user interface. Model views provide users with various levels of detail and allow them to focus on information that is important for their work. The model entity is reusable and corresponds to reusable software that implements functionality corresponding to the model entity. The model supports dynamic mapping between incompatible message formats. The model can incorporate external components. The model can be used to generate metadata, which is stored in a repository and can be used in various downstream processes and tools.

  Furthermore, the invention described herein provides a logical abstraction of how various software modules can communicate to achieve a business scenario. In particular, effective use can be created from process components as a unit of software reuse to provide a design that can be implemented in a cost-effective manner and with high reliability. The placement units allow for a scalable design, and each placement unit can be placed on a separate computer hardware platform independent of all other placement units. Further, the process component service interface can define communication between sets of process components that exist in different deployment units in an extensible manner.

Each embodiment of the invention described herein provides all of the above effects.
The details of one or more embodiments of the invention described herein are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. Additional features, aspects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description, drawings, and claims.

Like reference symbols in the various drawings indicate like elements.
In the context of this specification, a model represents a software system, a part of a software system, or an aspect of a software system. A model can be associated with one or more views. A model view represents a subset of the information in the model. For purposes of explanation, the term “model” is used to refer to both a model or a view of a model. Modeling systems can be used to create, modify, and validate models. The model can be used in a software development process to describe or define a software application, or parts or aspects of a software application, for a developer who implements or modifies the application. The model defines the design to an effective level of detail or granularity. An implementation that conforms to the modeled function follows the specification expressed by the model.

  FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram representing a method 100 in which one or more process components are defined at 110. Each process component is characterized in that the software executes a respective different business process and defines at least one process agent. Each process agent enables communication between a business object associated with a corresponding process component and a business object associated with any other process component. Then, at 120, one or more business process variants are defined for at least one of the process components. Each business process variant is one of the process agents defined for the corresponding process component so that the selection of the business process variant causes the associated process agent or agents to be activated. Or associate multiple.

  FIG. 2 represents a modeling system 200. An interactive graphical user interface (GUI) 204 allows a user to create, inspect, and modify models. The GUI 204 can display models in different views that provide different levels of detail. This allows the user to focus on information appropriate to the role or task at hand. The model design component 206 coupled to the GUI 204 provides one or more tools for modifying and manipulating the model as described below. The repository 202 can store one or more models and associated information. By way of example, and not limitation, a repository may incorporate one or more files, databases, services, combinations thereof, or other suitable means for providing persistent storage of model information.

  FIG. 3 represents a process component modeling entity (or “process component”) in the model. For brevity, the term “process component” is used to refer to both the modeling entity and the implementation in the software system of the process represented by the modeling entity, if clearly recognized from the context. For other terms, where the meaning is clear from the context, a similar dual use is made to refer to both the modeling entity and the implementation represented by that entity.

The process component is a software package that realizes a business process and provides its function as a service. Functions include business transactions. The process component includes one or more semantically related business objects (eg, 330, 310). A business object does not belong to more than one process component.
Process components are modular and independent of context. Independent of the context means that the process component is not specific to a given integration scenario (the integration scenario will be described later). Thus, the process components are reusable, i.e. they can be used in different integration scenarios.
A process component has one or more service interface modeling entities (316, 318, 320, 322, 336, 338) (or “interfaces”). An interface is a named arrangement of one or more operations. It defines the functions provided (inbound service interface) or used (outbound service interface). In general, a process component has a service interface, but it is allowed to define a process component that does not have a service operation. This is appropriate, for example, for process components that communicate only with process components located on the same hardware platform, either by nature or by design, in which case non-service communication, for example, through shared memory or database records. The method is preferred.

An operation belongs to exactly one process component. Process components generally have multiple operations. An operation is a minimal, individually callable function, described by a set of data types used as causal parameters that serve as inputs, outputs, and signatures. An operation can use multiple message types for inbound, outbound, or error messages. An operation is specific to one interface. That is, the same operation cannot be used on more than one interface.
Operations are described for presentation purposes with respect to process agents. A process agent (or “agent”) is an optional modeling entity that represents the software that performs the operation. The operation can be performed by other conventional techniques. Operations (and therefore agents) can be synchronous or asynchronous and inbound or outbound. As described below, process components can be characterized by more process agents than are required for a particular implementation.

A synchronous outbound operation sends a synchronization request message and processes a response message. Synchronous inbound operations respond to messages from synchronous outbound operations. Synchronous communication is when a message is sent with the expectation that a response will be received immediately. Asynchronous communication occurs in the expectation that the response will be provided by a separate operation that is invoked at a later point in time.
Asynchronous outbound operations are specific to the business object being sent. An asynchronous outbound operation is specific to the triggered process component if it causes a new communication to another process component. However, the same asynchronous outbound process operation can be used for two operations that are part of the same message composition. If an asynchronous outbound operation sends a single confirmation (not a triggering), it can be reused for different receiving process components.
Inbound operations are invoked after a message is received. Based on the state of the business object, the inbound operation initiates communication across deployment units, business-to-business (B2B) communication, or both by sending a message with a well-defined service Is possible.

A model can describe a potential invocation of an operation in one process component by another process component. This is shown schematically as a path (340, 342) connecting the two process components 306, 308 in FIG. Invoking operations in a process component is performed by another process component that sends a message to the process component whenever the two process components are part of different deployment units, as described below. On the other hand, communication between two process components in the same deployment unit can be accomplished by message transmission, as described, or both process components can be accessed when they are deployed. It can be realized by the use of resources, for example data objects, database records or memory.
A message is described in the model by a message modeling entity (or “message”).

  A process agent can be associated with a single interface. For example, interface 338 is associated with process agent 332, interface 336 is associated with process agent 334, interface 316 is associated with process agent 312, and interface 318 is associated with process agent 314. In one form, each operation is associated with a process agent.

  In general, an output operation responds to an action (eg, create, read, update, delete, etc.) using a business object associated with the operation. In general, an operation performs some processing of data of an instance of a business object, and a change in the instance of a business object causes an event. Outbound operations, using well-defined outbound services, typically cause subsequent business process steps by sending messages to another process component residing in another deployment unit, or to a business partner. For example, outbound process agent 324 at process component 306 can invoke an operation of interface 322 to send a message received by inbound process agent 312 at process component 308. The message is routed to a specific operation at interface 316 according to the signature or type of message that inbound process agent 312 processes.

  When implemented, the inbound process agent is a piece of software used for the inbound part of message-based communication. The inbound process agent is requested in the message in response to receiving the message, eg, by creating or updating one or more business object instances for the associated business object (330, 310). Start executing a business process step. When implemented, outbound process agents can send messages in response to changes in business objects or in communication with business objects. For example, inbound process agent 312 can modify business object 310, thus causing outbound process agent 314 to send a message to inbound process agent 328. If two operation calls are part of the same message composition, they are associated with the same process agent.

  A business object model entity models a business object. A business object is described by a structural model and zero or more service interfaces and represents a uniquely identifiable type of business entity (object instance). Implemented business processes operate on business objects.

A business object represents a unique view in some well-defined business content. A business object represents what a typical business user would guess or understand with a few explanations. Furthermore, business objects are classified as business project objects and master data objects. A master data object is an object that encapsulates master data (that is, data that is valid in a certain period). A business process object is an object that encapsulates transaction data (ie, data that is valid at a point in time) and is generally a type of business object found in a process component. The term business object is generally used to refer to business process objects and master data objects, unless the context requires otherwise. When implemented correctly, business objects are implemented without duplication.
A business process object is associated with exactly one process component. A master data object is associated with either exactly one process component or exactly one placement unit.

  A business object existing in the base layer is called a business base object. The foundation layer is deployed on all platforms, and its business objects, process components, and reuse services are available for use by all application scenarios. Business objects in the foundation layer are local in all integration scenarios and can be accessed simultaneously and directly from business objects in the deployment unit in the application layer. A business object in the base layer can be associated with more than one process component. Process components in the foundation layer do not have BPVT (Business Process Variant Type) because such process components do not have process agents and messages, but only direct calls.

  4A-4C represent a process interaction map 400. FIG. A process interaction map is a modeling entity that describes interactions between two or more process components. It can be represented in the GUI 204 (FIG. 2) by the model design component 206 as a circuit diagram, eg, using a path that indicates potential communication between process components. In the visual representation of the map 400, process components are represented as icons (eg, 404, 406, 408). So-called “external” process components are shown using dotted lines (eg, 406, 408). External process components are represented to deploy modeled process components in an operational context associated with another system, for example, a system belonging to another company such as a customer or other third party. ing. GUI 204 may map 400 to allow a user to connect or disconnect from a process component (ie, indicate a potential interaction), move the process component, and view more details as shown by view 414. It is possible to enlarge a specific part of.

  A group of process components can be organized into scenarios and deployment units. An integrated scenario modeling entity (or “scenario”) describes a group of process components that communicate directly or indirectly with one another (ie, through one or more other process components). Process components belong to one placement unit. The scenario is described below.

A deployment unit modeling entity (eg, 402, 410, 412) models a deployment unit, which includes one or more process components that can be deployed together on a single computer system platform. .
Individual placement units can be placed on individual physical computer systems and include one or more process components. For example, the physical system can be a group of computers with direct access to a shared database. The process component of one deployment unit communicates with the process component of another deployment unit only using messages communicated through one or more data communication networks or other suitable communication channels. Thus, a software entity of a deployment unit deployed on a platform belonging to company A can communicate with a software entity of a deployment unit deployed on a separate platform belonging to company B, enabling business-to-business communication. And Or, arrangement units in different departments of the same company can communicate with each other. More than one instance of a given deployment unit software entity can be executed simultaneously.

  FIG. 5 represents a process component model (PCM) 500. A PCM is a view of a model that incorporates model entities associated with a particular process component. PCM can also describe potential interactions between one process component and another process component in the same or different deployment units. For example, the represented process component 500 can communicate with a customer request processing component 504 and a customer billing processing component 525. In addition, the PCM can describe interactions with external process components (eg, 528) that are controlled by a third party.

  PCM models operations embedded in process components. For example, a sales order change inbound operation 508 based on a customer request satisfaction confirmation, a billing request outbound operation 520, and a sales order confirmation outbound operation 522. Path 530 coupling process component 504 to interface 502 represents that process component 504 can invoke operations on that interface. Paths 532 and 534 represent that the process component represented at 500 can invoke operations in process components 525 and 528, respectively.

  The PCM models process agents (eg, 510, 516, 518) that selectively correspond to the operation of process components. For example, a sales order modification inbound process agent 510 based on a customer request models processing or response to a message routed to inbound operations 508 or 540. The inbound process agent 510 may, for example, access and change the sales order business object 514 as part of the process, eg, change the date of provision of goods or services in the sales order.

  Process component 525 can receive one or more messages through outbound operation 520, as indicated by path 532 coupling outbound operation 520 to process component 525. The billing request outbound process agent 518 from the sales order to the customer billing process causes the operation 520 in the interface 526 to send a message to the process component 525 based on the change with respect to the business object 514. Similarly, external process component 528 can receive one or more messages via outbound operation 522, as indicated by path 534 coupling operation 522 to process component 528. Outbound process agent 516 can cause operation 522 to send a message to external process component 528 based on a state or state change with respect to business object 514.

  FIG. 6 represents a process component interaction model (PCIM) 600. PCIM can be reused in different integration scenarios. PCIM is a view of a model that incorporates associated model entities associated with potential interactions between two process components (eg, 602, 604). Interfaces, process agents, and business objects that are not related to potential communication are excluded. PCIM 600 represents the communication between the time and labor management process component 602 and the goods and service approval process component 604.

  The time and labor management process component 602 is a read-only overview of the employee based on a calendar of different time data (eg, planned working hours, absences, working hours confirmation) and reasons (eg, illness, leave, etc.). It includes an employee time calendar business object 606 that provides information. The employee time calendar business object 606 can use the product and service approval notification outbound process agent 608 to invoke the product and service approval notification operation 610 or the product and service approval revocation notification operation 612. And service approval notification operation 610 and merchandise and service approval cancellation notification operation 612 are both included in the internal service approval output interface 614. Product and service approval notification operation 610 notifies the product and service approval process component 604 of services provided by external employees. Product and service approval notification operation 610 sends a product and service approval request message 616 when the active employee time is generated or changed with the relevant information of the product and service approval.

  Goods and Service Acknowledgment (GSA) process component 604 receives product and service approval request message 616 via internal approval input interface 618. Upon receipt of the product and service approval request message 616, a product and service approval generation operation to generate product and service approval and time and labor management by initiating a GSA maintenance inbound process agent 622 based on internal approval. 620 is called. A GSA maintenance inbound process agent 622 based on internal approval updates or generates a product and service approval business object 624 to report receipt of the product and service. When company employees are able to confirm that they have received the goods and services they have ordered through internal requests, the purchaser or the recipient of the designated goods and services on behalf of the employee for whom they are responsible Confirm that they have received the goods and services they have ordered, or that the supplier or service provider has delivered the requested goods or provided the requested services Product and service approval business object 624 can be used.

  The product and service approval notification outbound process agent 608 can also cause the product and service approval cancellation notification operation 612 to notify the product and service approval process component 604 of the product and service cancellation. A merchandise and service approval cancellation notification operation 612 sends a merchandise and service approval cancellation request message 626 when the active employee time is canceled along with the related information of the merchandise and service approval. Upon receipt of the merchandise and service approval cancellation request message 626, a merchandise and service approval cancellation operation 628 is invoked to cancel the merchandise and service approval. The GSA maintenance inbound process agent 622 based on internal approval then updates the product and service approval business object 624 to report the cancellation of the product and service.

  The message format of the message sent by the outbound operation need not match the message format required by the inbound operation. If the message format does not match, the message is converted or mapped. Message mapping is indicated by the intervention of an intermediate mapping model component between the source and destination of the message in PCM or PCIM (see below).

  7A and 7B represent a business object map 700. FIG. A business object map is a view of a model that incorporates placement units, process components, and business objects. Interfaces, operations, and process agents are excluded from this view. Each model entity is represented only once in the business object map. Thus, the business object map represents all placement units, process components, and business objects. As shown in the business object map 700 and the portion 728 shown and highlighted in FIG. 7B, the customer billing process component 726 in the customer billing placement unit 704 has two business objects, a customer billing request 710. And customer billing 708. Project processing process component 724 in project management deployment unit 706 includes five business objects, project request 718, project 720, project snapshot 712, project encouragement 714, and project template 722.

  FIG. 8 represents an integrated scenario model entity 800 (or “integrated scenario”). An integration scenario is the realization of a given end-to-end business scenario. An integration scenario consists of process components and communication between them, which is required for the realization of the integration scenario. A process component is represented only once in the integrated scenario model even if the actual flow in the software system calls the same process component multiple times. The integrated scenario model entity describes at a high level the potential communication between process components in one or more deployment units that are relevant to the realization of a business scenario. For example, an integration scenario can be a collection of process components and their interactions that work together to achieve a business scenario that achieves a business purpose, such as selling a product to generate revenue. is there. It does not describe the internal details of the process component nor does it describe the details of the process component interaction (eg, interface, operation, message).

  The depicted integration scenario 800 is for a service procurement software application. A service procurement application is software that implements end-to-end processing used to procure services. Scenario 800 includes nine placement units, financial accounting unit 802, project management unit 804, purchasing unit 806, supplier billing unit 808, payment unit 810, RFQ (request for quotation) processing unit 812, delivery item. It includes a management unit 814, a purchase billing unit 816, and a human capital management unit 818.

Financial accounting placement unit 802 includes an accounting process component 803 that records all relevant business transactions. Project management placement unit 804 organizes and plans strategies or projects (eg, short-term strategies, complex projects, etc.). A project processing component 820 that serves to execute.

The purchase placement unit 806 includes four process components: a purchase request processing process component 828, a purchase order processing process component 830, a purchase contact processing process component 832, and a goods and service approval process component 833.
The purchase request processing process component 828 provides a request or instruction to the purchasing department to purchase a specified quantity of specified goods or services within a specified time.
The purchase order processing process component 830 includes a purchase order business object and a purchase order confirmation business object. A purchase order is a request from a purchaser to an external supplier to deliver a specified quantity of goods or perform a specified service within a specified time. A purchase order confirmation is a communication from a supplier to a buyer notifying that a purchase order has been received. In particular, a purchase order confirmation can be a notification to a buyer from a supplier that accepts a purchase order, or a supplier that proposes to change a purchase order, or a supplier that does not accept a purchase order.
The purchase contact processing process component 832 handles the agreement between the purchaser and the supplier detailing the supply of goods or provision of services on terms of consent. The purchase contact process component includes a purchase contact business object.
The product and service approval process component 833 includes a product and service approval business object. The merchandise and service approval business object is a document that specifies the payment obligation of the recipient, eg, the purchaser, to the supplier for the received merchandise or service performed. Invoices are typically created after product and service approval has been confirmed.

  The supplier bill placement unit 808 includes a supplier bill processing process component 836. The supplier billing process component 836 includes a supplier billing business object and a supplier billing request business object. A supplier bill is a document that specifies the recipient's payment obligations to the supplier for goods received or services performed. After the product and service approval is confirmed, an invoice is created. A supplier billing request is a document sent to billing verification notifying that a billing for a specified quantity and price is requested and will be created through valuation settlement. The system uses the claim request as a basis for claim verification along with automatic bill creation. Payment placement unit 810 includes a payment processing process component 838. The payment processing process component 838 represents the payment status in the main database and is used to process all incoming and outgoing payments.

  The RFQ processing placement unit 812 includes an RFQ processing process component 840. The RFQ processing placement unit includes a response request business object and a quote request business object. A request for quotation is a description of the goods and services used by the purchaser to request a response from a potential supplier. A request for quotation can be one of the following types: request for information (price), request for a quote that is valid over a period of time, request for a proposal in a complex purchase situation or live auction performed over a short time frame. A quote is a response to a request for a quote where a supplier offers to sell goods and services at a price. Estimates can follow complex prices and conditions.

  The delivery item management placement unit 814 includes a delivery item processing process component 842. The delivery item processing process component 842 is used to manage the corresponding sales, including all service and supply payables, accounts receivable, and withholding tax.

  Purchase request placement unit 816 includes an internal request processing process component 844. The internal request processing process component 844 includes an internal request business object. A company employee can make internal requests for the procurement of goods or services for the company. For example, an employee can order office supplies, computer hardware, or removal services by creating an internal request. Internal requirements are met by issuing purchase requests to the purchasing department, reservations of goods from inventory, or production requests.

  The human capital management placement unit 818 includes a time and labor management process component 848. The time and labor management process component 848 supports the definition of employee planned working hours, actual working hours and absences, and their assessments along with the records.

  The base layer includes a supplier determination process component 834, a customer billing process process component 837 at the supplier, a sales order process process component 846 at the supplier, a payment process process component 850 at the business partner, a bank report creation process component 852 at the bank, A payment order processing process component 854 at the house bank is included.

  The service procurement design includes a supplier determination process component 834 that uses two business objects to determine a supplier, a supply allocation arrangement business object and a supplier business object. A supply allocation arrangement is a distribution of goods requests or goods to different suppliers, business partners, or organizational units within a company. An example of the use of supply allocation arrangements is the distribution of goods requests between in-house production and different external sources. Supply allocation arrangements can also define the distribution of goods to customers in case of overproduction or shortage. A supplier is an object that describes a logical connection between possible producers and possible destinations.

  A number of external process components described below are used to describe the constructive design. These are the customer billing process component 837 at the supplier, the sales order processing process component 846 at the supplier, the payment processing process component 850 at the business partner, the bank report creation process component 852 at the bank, and the payment order processing process component at the house bank. 854.

  Supplier billing placement unit 808 receives messages from customer billing process component 837 at the supplier and is used at the supplier to bill the customer for the provision of goods or services.

  The service procurement design includes a sales order processing process component 846 at the supplier that receives messages from the RFQ processing process component 840. The sales order processing process component 846 at the supplier processes the customer's request to the enterprise for the provision of goods or services at a certain time. The request is received by the sales area and is responsible for carrying out the contact.

  A payment processing process component 850 at the business partner, a bank report generation process component 852 at the bank, and a payment order processing process component 854 at the bank can communicate with the payment processing process component 838. Payment processing process component 838 can send up-to-date information to payment processing process component 850 at the business partner, which processes all incoming and outgoing payments at the business partner. The payment status is indicated in the main database. The payment processing process component 838 also receives a message from the bank statement creation process component 852 at the bank. The message can include a bank statement for the bank account. The payment processing process component 838 sends a message to the payment order processing process component 854 at the house bank. The message may include a bank payment order, which is a payment order sent to the house bank. Bank payment orders can include bank transfers as well as direct deposits.

  The symbol for connector 829 is a drawing convention that improves the layout of the drawing for human reading. A connector is a positioning symbol for another process component. For example, the connector 829 can be a position setting symbol for an accounting process component.

  FIGS. 9A and 9B represent an integrated scenario inventory (or “scenario inventory”) 900. The scenario inventory represents an organized view of a set of integration scenarios. Views can be organized in a number of ways, including hierarchies or joins, based on one or more attributes of the integration scenario. The represented integration scenario inventory 900 represents a structured directory of integration scenarios. For example, the inventory-to-sale scenario directory 902 that represents a family of scenarios includes two entities, a reference to a sales integration scenario 904 from inventory, and a reference to a sales integration scenario 906 from inventory for a delivery schedule.

  FIG. 10 represents the GUI 204 (of FIG. 2) for providing one or more graphical representations of models and views of modeled entities. Each view can provide a different level of detail or highlight different aspects of the model. This allows users in different departments to focus on the information that is important to carry out their tasks without being distracted by irrelevant details. One or more of the following graphical displays, scenario inventory 1002, integrated scenario model 1004, PCIM 1008, PCM 1010 may be provided. In one form, the GUI 204 allows the user to “dig in” to increase the level of detail in the model. For example, selection of the scenario icon 1006 in the integrated scenario inventory 1002 can cause the associated integrated scenario model 1004 to be displayed. Selection of the graphical display of the process component 1014 in the integration scenario can cause the PCM 1010 associated with the process component to be displayed. Similarly, selection of a path 1012 that combines process components in different placement units may cause the PCIM 1008 for the process components that are combined by the path to be displayed.

In one implementation, the graphical representations described above can be displayed in the GUI 204 alone or in combination with each other. In addition, a given graphical display can display all or part of the basic information, while other parts are operational functions such as graphical components, command issuing, Or it can be displayed through other suitable means.
Information can also be represented in different colors in the model entity display. For example, colors can be used to distinguish between business object types, process agent types, and interface types.

  FIG. 11 represents the interaction of a process component with an external process component representing an external system. As described above, process components can communicate with external process components. This communication can be modeled even if the interface of the external process is unknown, as in this example. (However, if the information is known, it can be incorporated into the model.)

  In this example, potential communication is represented between a purchase order processing process component 1102 and an external, sales order processing process component 1104 at the supplier. The purchase order processing process component 1102 is a purchase order business that is a request from a purchaser to an external supplier to deliver a specified quantity of goods or provide a specified service within a specified time. Contains object 1106. A purchase order request outbound process agent 1108 to a supplier can request a call to a purchase order generation request operation 1112, a purchase order cancellation request operation 1114, or a purchase order change request operation 1116 at the order output interface 1110. .

  A purchase order cancellation request operation 1114 requests cancellation of a purchase order formally ordered at a supplier, which generates a purchase order cancellation request message 1118. A purchase order change request operation 1116 requests a change of a purchase order formally ordered at the supplier, which generates a purchase order change request message 1120. Generate purchase order request operation 1112 requests a purchase order from a supplier, which generates a purchase order generation request message 1122.

  Upon receipt of the create, modify, or cancel message, the sales order processing process component 1104 can generate a purchase order confirmation message 1123 to update the purchase order processing process component 1102. To perform the update, the purchase order confirmation generation operation 1124 included in the order entry interface 1125 can send update information to the purchase order confirmation business object 1128 by using the purchase order confirmation generation inbound process agent 1126. It is. The purchase order confirmation business object 1128 is an external supplier to a buyer's request to deliver a specified quantity of goods or provide a specified service at a specified price within a specified time. It is confirmation from.

  FIG. 12 depicts process component interaction 1200 through a mapping model component 1214 (or “mapper”). As described above, if the message format between the operations of the two process components does not match, the message can be converted by the mapper on the path from the outbound process agent to the inbound process agent. For example, outbound process agent 1216 associated with process component 1202 can send message 1210 to inbound process agent 1217 in process component 1204 through operation 1218 in interface 1206. If the message format associated with operation 1218 does not match the message format of operation 1220, the mapper intervenes between the two process agents to convert the message from the original format to a format compatible with operation 1220. 1214 can be described. The mapper 1214 generates a new message 1212 based on the original message 1210, and the new message has a format compatible with operation 1220.

  Depending on the integration scenario implemented, different message configurations may be required between process components. However, only certain outbound process agents need to be activated to allow these message configurations. In many cases, there may be a large number of out-of-band process agents defined by process components that are not required for a particular integration scenario. Keeping outbound process agents active has several drawbacks, even if they are not used. For example, the associated state of an outbound process agent is encoded so that it can be determined that the process component is not active, but calling all such outbound process agents and all associated Assessing the condition can degrade performance. In addition, encoding such related states increases development effort and system complexity. In another example, sending a message to an inactive (not configured) process component will cause a number of errors if the associated state is not defined and not examined.

  In certain variations, a process component may have one or more associated business process variants (“BPVT”). BPVT is a modeling entity that represents a typical method of processing within a process component from a business perspective. BPVT defines that a process component's process agent is activated and defines other process components with which the process component communicates. Criteria defining a BPVT can include associated message configuration or business configuration parameters belonging to different BPVTs of the process component. In some cases, a BPVT of one process component can have the same message configuration as another process component, although the business configuration settings are different. As a result, the message composition of process components is different for different BPVTs of such process components. There are two categories of BPVT, a primary BPVT that is unique for a particular business object or business object node, and an additional BPVT that is selective and exists only in combination with the primary BPVT.

  During application runtime, the BPVT is derived (based on business configuration settings, master data, input messages, or user interaction) and stored in the business object node. The derived BPVT can be communicated in the message or used as one of the parameters in the relevant state of the outbound process agent. BPVT is communicated in combination with a service and supports error tickets (eg, to enable embedded support scenarios).

  BPVT can be used to ensure consistency among different deployments based on the modeling methodology described herein. Furthermore, BPVT can be used to verify that the process interaction model associated with a particular integration scenario has been correctly assigned.

  FIGS. 13 and 14 represent partial integration scenarios 1300 and 1400, respectively, where customer billing process component 1302 includes different selected BPVTs. In the first form shown in FIG. 13, the cash sales request BPVT 1304 is selected. Using the cash sales billing, the customer billing process 1302 communicates with the delivery item processing process component 1306, the confirmation and inventory survey process component 1308, the payment processing process component 1310, and the accounting process component 1312 via four outbound process agents. . However, in the second form shown in FIG. 14, the standard customer billing BPVT 1402 is selected. Using the standard customer billing BPVT 1402, the customer billing process component 1302 communicates only with the delivery item processing process component 1306 and the accounting process component 1312 via two outbound process agents.

  The relationship between the two forms shown in FIGS. 13 and 14 is further represented in FIG. FIG. 15 provides a sample graphical user interface in which BPVT is associated with one or more outbound process agents. Using this implementation, the customer billing process component 1302 includes both a standard customer billing BPVT 1402 with two associated outbound process agents and a cash sales bill 1304 with four outbound process agents. It is expressed as In this implementation, to provide connectivity in the process agent framework that activates the customer billing notification outbound process agent 1504 to accounting and the customer billing notification outbound process agent 1506 to delivery item processing via the process agent framework 1502. Standard customer billing BPVT 1402 is selected. However, the customer billing notification outbound process agent 1508 for payments and the customer billing notification outbound process agent 1510 for inventory surveys, such outbound process agents 1508, 1510 are only used by the cash sales billing BPVT 1304. There is no activation.

  FIG. 16 represents a process component inventory 1600. The process component inventory 1600 represents an organized view of a collection of process components 1602 and their associated BPVT 1604. The view can be organized in a number of ways, including hierarchies or joins, based on one or more attributes of process components. Selection of the BPVT 1604 causes only those outbound process agents associated with the BPVT 1604 to be activated in the definition of the associated process component interaction model, process agent, and connection configuration.

  FIG. 17 depicts a sample scenario integration model 1700 that includes a plurality of interconnected process components (using arrows that define outbound operations with corresponding outbound process agents). However, many variations of the integration model are possible, and depending on the desired implementation, some of the indicated process components and associated BPVTs can be deleted and other process components and BPVTs can be added. It is understood that it is possible. The integrated model 1700 includes a supply chain control arrangement unit 1702, a customer relationship management arrangement unit 1704, a delivery execution arrangement unit 1706, a customer billing arrangement unit 1708, a delivery item management arrangement unit 1710, a financial accounting arrangement unit 1712, and a payment arrangement unit 1714. . Supply chain control placement unit 1702 includes customer request processing process component 1716 restricted by standard customer request BPVT 1718, supply and demand matching placement unit 1720 restricted by consumption-based planning BPVT 1722, outbound delivery start and response BPVT. It comprises a delivery execution control process component 1724 restricted by 1726.

  Customer relationship management placement unit 1704 is limited by sales order quote item BPVT 1730 and is further limited by available-to-promise (ATP) BPVT 1734 (in the “sale from inventory” integration scenario). A customer quote processing placement unit 1728 (which is an optional process component). The customer relationship management placement unit 1704 is further limited by sales BPVT 1732 from inventory, and further by sales order processing placement limited by inventory guarantee BPVT 1734, pricing BPVT 1736, and duty free processing BPVT 1738. Unit 1730 is included. Further, the inbound process agent of the customer relationship management deployment unit 1704 is coupled to the outbound process agent of the purchase order processing process component 1740 at the customer that is implemented at the customer site.

  The delivery execution placement unit 1706 includes a site delivery processing process component 1744 that is restricted by the standard shipment BPVT 1746 and further restricted by the warehouse order BPVT 1748. The site delivery processing process component 1744 is further coupled to an accounting process component 1742 external to the delivery execution placement unit 1706 via an outbound process agent. The delivery execution placement unit further includes an outbound delivery processing process component 1750 that is limited by the standard outbound delivery BPVT 1752 and is coupled to the inbound delivery processing process component 1759 at the customer site via the outbound process agent. Including. Further, the delivery execution placement unit includes a confirmation and inventory survey process component 1754 that is limited by a confirmation and inventory survey notification BPVT 1756 for site delivery processing.

  Customer billing placement unit 1708 is limited by standard customer billing BPVT 1760 and is further coupled via an outbound process agent to accounting process component 1742 and supplier billing process component 1715 at the customer site. A processed customer billing process component 1758.

  The delivery item management placement unit 1710 includes a delivery item processing process component 1762 that is limited by the delivery payment order BPVT 1764 and is coupled to the accounting process component 1742 via an outbound process agent.

  Financial accounting placement unit 1712 includes an accounting process component that is coupled to another accounting process component via an outbound process agent, as defined by accounting for sales BPVT 1768 and revenue center accounting BPVT 1770.

  Payment Arrangement Unit 1714 includes receiving bank transfer / direct deposit BPVT 1774, received credit card payment BPVT 1776, received direct deposit BPVT 1778, received bill of exchange BPVT 1780, received check payment BPVT 1782, and accepted safe deposit BPVT. Includes a payment processing process component 1772 restricted by 1784. The payment placement unit 1714 is also coupled to the accounting process component 1742 via the outbound process agent, coupled to the payment processing process component 1786 at the business partner via the inbound and outbound process agent, and via the inbound process agent. , Coupled to a payment order processing process component 1788 at the bank, and via an inbound process agent to a bank report generation process component 1790 at the bank. Payment processing process component 1772 must use at least one of BPVT 1774, 1776, 1778, 1780, 1782, 1784. How customers pay (using checks or credit cards) is a decision that is not specifically determined by the integration scenario.

  The invention described herein and all functional operations described herein include structural means disclosed herein, structural equivalents thereof, or combinations thereof, It can be implemented in digital electronic circuits or in computer software, firmware, or hardware. The invention described herein relates to one or more computer program products, ie, information media, for execution that controls the operation of a data processing device, eg, a programmable processor, computer, or computers. It can be implemented, for example, as a computer-readable storage device or one or more computer programs tangibly realized in the propagated signal. A computer program (also known as a program, software, software application, or code) can be written in any form of any programming language, including a compiled or interpreted language, as a stand-alone program or as a module, It can be arranged in any form, including as a component, subroutine, or other unit suitable for use in a computer environment. Computer programs do not always support files. A program holds other programs or data in a single file dedicated to the program or in multiple linked files (eg, files that store one or more modules, subprograms, or code portions) Can be stored in a part of the file. The computer program can be arranged to be executed on one computer or on multiple computers at one site or distributed across multiple sites and interconnected by a communication network.

  The process and logic flows described herein include one or more programmable processors that execute one or more computer programs that perform functions by manipulating input data and generating output. Can be performed. Also, the processing and logic flow may be performed by a special purpose logic circuit, such as a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), or implemented in a device as a special purpose logic circuit. Is possible.

  Suitable processors for the execution of computer programs include, by way of example, general purpose or special purpose microprocessors and one or more processors of any type of digital computer. Generally, a processor will receive instructions and data from a read-only memory or a random access memory or both. The essential components of a computer are a processor for executing instructions and one or more memory devices for storing instructions and data. In general, a computer also receives data from one or more mass storage devices for storing data, eg, a magnetic disk, a magneto-optical disk, or an optical disk, or one or more mass storage devices. Effectively coupled to transfer data to a capacity storage device, or both. Information media suitable for implementing computer program instructions and data include, by way of example, semiconductor memory devices such as EPROM, EEPROM, flash memory devices, magnetic disks such as internal hard disks, removable disks, magneto-optical disks, All forms of non-volatile memory including CD-ROM and DVD-ROM discs are included. The processor and the memory can be supplemented by, or incorporated in, special purpose logic circuitry.

  In order to provide communication with a user, the invention described herein provides a display device for displaying information to a user, such as a CRT (CRT) or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) monitor, which a user inputs into a computer. Can be implemented in a computer having a keyboard and pointing device, such as a mouse or trackball. Other types of devices can also be used to provide communication with the user. For example, the feedback provided to the user can be any form of perceptual feedback, such as visual feedback, audio feedback, tactile feedback, and input from the user can be acoustic, voice, tactile feedback It can be received in any format including input.

  The invention described herein can be used by a back-end component (eg, a data server), a middleware component (eg, an application server), or a front-end component (eg, a client computer having a graphical user interface, or a user Web server capable of communicating with the implementation of the described invention) or a computer system including any combination of such backend, middleware, frontend components. The components of the system can be interconnected in any form of digital data communication, eg, a medium in a communication network. Examples of communication networks include a local area network (“LAN”) and a wide area network (“WAN”), eg, the Internet.

  The computer system can include clients and servers. A client and server are generally remote from each other and typically interact through a communication network. The client and server relationship is caused by computer programs that are executed on each computer and have a client-server relationship with each other.

  Although the invention has been described in terms of particular forms, other variations can be implemented within the scope of the claims. For example, the actions recited in the claims can be performed in a different order and achieve a desired result. By way of example, the processes depicted in the accompanying drawings do not necessarily require the particular order or sequential order depicted to achieve the desired result. In some embodiments, multitasking or parallel processing is effective. Other variations are within the scope of the claims.

Represents the modeling method. Represents a modeling system. Represents a process component modeling entity. Represents a process communication map. Represents a process communication map. Represents a process communication map. Represents a process component model. Represents a process component communication model. Represents a business object map. Represents a business object map. Represents an integrated scenario model entity. Represents an integrated scenario catalog. Represents an integrated scenario catalog. Represents a GUI that provides an overview of the model and one or more graphical descriptions of the modeling entities. Represents a GUI that provides an overview of the model and one or more graphical descriptions of the modeling entities. Represents the communication of a process component with an external process component. Represents process component communication by mapping model elements. Represents a partial integration scenario based on a cash sales claim business process variant. Represents a partial integration scenario based on the standard customer billing business process variant. Represents an outbound process agent for business process variants and customer billing process components. Represents sample process components and their respective business process variants. The selected business process variant represents an integration scenario displayed within each process component.

Explanation of symbols

202 Repository 204 Graphical User Interface 206 Model Design Component 306, 308 Process Component 310, 330 Business Object 312, 328 Inbound Process Agent 314, 324 Outbound Process Agent 332, 334 Process Agent 316, 318, 320, 322, 336, 338 Interface 400 Process Communication Map 402, 410, 412 Placement Unit Modeling Entity 404 Process Component 406, 408 External Process Component 414 View 500 Process Component Model 502 Interface 504 Customer Request Processing Process Component 508 Sales Order Change Invitation Based on Customer Request Satisfaction Confirmation Inbound Process Agent 514 Sales Order Business Object 516 Outbound Process Agent 518 Invoicing Request from Sales Order to Customer Invoicing Process Outbound Process Agent 520 Invoice Request Outbound Operation 522 Sales Order Confirmation Outbound Operation 525 Customer Invoice Processing Process Component 526 Interface 528 External Process Component 540 Inbound Operation 600 Process Component Communication Model 602 Time and Labor Management Process Component 604 Product and Service Approval Process Component 606 Employee Time Calendar Business Object 608 Product and Service Service Approval Notification Outbound Process Agent 610 Product and Service Approval Notification Operation 612 Product and Service Approval Cancellation Notification Operation 614 Internal Service Approval Output Interface 616 Product and Service Approval Request Message 618 Internal Approval Input Interface 620 Product and Service Approval Generation Operation 622 Internal Approval GSA Maintenance Inbound Process Agent Based 624 Product and Service Approval Business Object 626 Product and Service Approval Cancellation Request Message 628 Product and Service Approval Cancel Operation 700 Business Object Map 704 Customer Billing Placement Unit 706 Project Management Placement Unit 708 Customer Billing Business Object 710 Customer Billing Business Object 712 Project Snapshot Business Object 714 Project Encouraged Business Object 718 Project Request Business Object 720 Project Business Object 722 Project Template Business Object 724 Project Process Process Component 726 Customer Billing Process Process Component 802 Financial Accounting Arrangement Unit 803 Accounting Process Component 804 Project Management allocation unit 806 Purchasing allocation unit 808 Supplier billing allocation unit 810 Payment allocation unit 812 RFQ processing allocation unit 814 Delivery item management allocation unit 816 Purchase request allocation unit 818 Human capital management allocation unit 820 Project processing component Nent 828 Purchase Request Processing Process Component 830 Purchase Order Processing Process Component 832 Purchase Contact Process Component 833 Goods and Service Approval Process Component 834 Supplier Determination Process Component 836 Supplier Invoice Processing Process Component 837 Customer Invoice Processing Process Component 838 Payment Processing Process component 840 RFQ processing process component 844 Internal request processing process component 846 Sales order processing process component at supplier 848 Time and labor management process component 850 Payment processing process component at business partner 852 Bank reporting process component at bank 85 Bank payment order processing process component 900 integration scenario catalog 902 sales integration scenario 1002 scenario catalog 1004 integration scenario models from the inventory on the sale integration scenario 906 delivery schedule from the sale scenario register 904 stock from inventory in the 1006 scenario icon 1008 PCIM
1010 PCM
1102 Purchase Order Processing Process Component 1104 Sales Order Processing Process Component at Supplier 1106 Purchase Order Business Object 1108 Purchase Order Request Outbound Process Agent to Supplier 1110 Order Output Interface 1112 Purchase Order Generation Request Operation 1114 Purchase Order Cancellation Request Operation 1116 Purchase Order Change request operation 1118 Purchase order cancellation request message 1120 Purchase order change request message 1122 Purchase order generation request message 1123 Purchase order confirmation message 1124 Purchase order confirmation generation operation 1125 Order input interface 1126 Purchase order confirmation generation inbound process agent 1128 Purchase order confirmation business object 1 02 process component 1204 process component 1206 interfaces 1210 message 1214 mapper 1216 outbound process agent 1217 inbound process agent 1218 Operation 1220 Operation 1302 Customer Billing Processing process component 1304 cash sales billing BPVT
1306 Delivery Item Processing Process Component 1308 Confirmation and Inventory Check Process Component 1310 Payment Processing Process Component 1312 Accounting Process Component 1402 Standard Customer Billing BPVT
1502 Process Agent Framework 1504 Customer Billing Notification Outbound Process Agent for Accounting 1506 Customer Billing Notification Outbound Process Agent for Delivery Item Processing 1508 Customer Billing Notification Outbound Process Agent for Payment 1510 Customer Billing Notification Outbound Process Agent for Inventory Survey 1602 Process Component 1604 BPVT
1702 Supply Chain Control Placement Unit 1704 Customer Relationship Management Placement Unit 1706 Delivery Execution Placement Unit 1708 Customer Billing Placement Unit 1710 Delivery Item Management Placement Unit 1712 Financial Accounting Placement Unit 1714 Payment Placement Unit 1715 Supplier Claim Processing Process Component 1716 Customer Request Processing Process Component 1718 Standard Customer Request BPVT
1720 Supply and Demand Alignment Unit 1722 Consumption based planning BPVT
1724 Delivery Execution Control Process Component 1726 Outbound Delivery Start and Response BPVT
1728 Customer Quote Processing Placement Unit 1730 Sales Order Quote Item BPVT
1730 Sales Order Processing Placement Unit 1732 Sales from stock BPVT
1734 Stock Guarantee BPVT
1736 Pricing BPVT
1738 Duty Free Processing BPVT
1740 Purchase Order Processing Process Component at Customer 1742 Accounting Process Component 1744 Site Delivery Processing Process Component 1746 Standard Shipment BPVT
1748 Warehouse Order BPVT
1750 Outbound Delivery Processing Process Component 1752 Standard Outbound Delivery BPVT
1754 Confirmation and Inventory Survey Process Component 1756 Confirmation and Inventory Survey Notification BPVT for Site Delivery Processing
1758 Customer Billing Process Component 1759 Inbound Delivery Processing Process Component at Customer 1760 Standard Customer Billing BPVT
1762 Delivery Item Processing Process Component 1764 Delivery Payment Order BPVT
1768 Accounting for Sales BPVT
1770 Revenue Center Accounting BPVT
1772 Payment Processing Process Component 1774 Receiving Bank Transfer / Direct Deposit BPVT
1776 Accepted credit card payment BPVT
1778 Direct deposit BPVT
1780 Bill of exchange BPVT
1782 Acceptance Check Payment BPVT
1784 Acceptance safe payment BPVT
1786 Payment Processing Process Component at Business Partner 1788 Payment Order Processing Process Component at House Bank 1790 Bank Report Creation Process Component at Bank

Claims (13)

  1. Users, one or more process components, and a user interface for defining at least one for one or more Business Process Variant Types of the process components,
    A repository for storing the process components and business process variants;
    With
    Each process component, its a different program Ru to execute the business process computer respectively, business objects including master data and transaction data, and includes at least one process agent,
    Each process agent causes the computer to execute an individually callable function ,
    Each Business Process Variant Types are assigned corresponding to one or more process agents defined for the corresponding process component,
    The selection of process variant type in the user interface, cause the one or more process agents associated is displayed, the system.
  2. The system of claim 1, wherein the process agent is an outbound process agent.
  3. The process component, wherein the pre-Symbol input messages associated with changes or reading the data encapsulated in a business object associated with the process component to Claim 1 including an inbound process agents Ru is processed on the computer System .
  4. It said process components also include an outbound process agents Ru is processing at least one output message that is associated with the change or read the data encapsulated in a business object associated with the Hare one process component to the computer The system of claim 1.
  5. The outbound process agent system according to claim 4, business objects associated with the outbound process agent is invoked after it is read or modified.
  6. The outbound process agent system of claim 5, the message Ru is transmitted to the computer after being called.
  7. 4. The system of claim 3, wherein one or more of the inbound process agents is a synchronous process agent that causes the computer to receive a synchronization message generated by an external synchronous outbound process agent defined by an external process component.
  8. The outbound one or more process agents A system according to claim 4 is an asynchronous outbound process agents make generate an asynchronous message for receipt by an asynchronous inbound process agents defined by an external process component to the computer.
  9. The Inbound process one or more agents, the computer system according to the first type is received the message, and claim 3 Ru is converting it to a second type of message.
  10. Wherein at least one process agent system of claim 1 wherein the inbound process agents Ru is processing input messages to the computer.
  11. Wherein at least one process agent, to the computer, according to claim 1, wherein the outbound process agents Ru is send output messages to an external process component systems.
  12. The first process component is associated with the first deployment unit, a second process components is associated with the second placement unit, the arrangement unit A system according to claim 1 to run the program independently.
  13. The process component system of claim 1, including the computer, the service interface Ru is communicated between pairs of process components.
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