JP5111229B2 - Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof - Google Patents

Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5111229B2
JP5111229B2 JP2008122764A JP2008122764A JP5111229B2 JP 5111229 B2 JP5111229 B2 JP 5111229B2 JP 2008122764 A JP2008122764 A JP 2008122764A JP 2008122764 A JP2008122764 A JP 2008122764A JP 5111229 B2 JP5111229 B2 JP 5111229B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
vehicle
light
distribution pattern
headlamp
area
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2008122764A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2009269511A (en
Inventor
直久 多々良
Original Assignee
株式会社小糸製作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社小糸製作所 filed Critical 株式会社小糸製作所
Priority to JP2008122764A priority Critical patent/JP5111229B2/en
Priority claimed from EP17197620.2A external-priority patent/EP3296155A1/en
Publication of JP2009269511A publication Critical patent/JP2009269511A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5111229B2 publication Critical patent/JP5111229B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Description

  The present invention relates to a vehicle headlamp device used in an automobile or the like and a control method thereof.

  In general, a vehicle headlamp apparatus can switch between a low beam and a high beam. The low beam illuminates the neighborhood with a predetermined illuminance, and the light distribution regulation is determined so as not to give glare to the oncoming vehicle and the preceding vehicle, and is mainly used when traveling in an urban area. On the other hand, the high beam illuminates a wide area in front and a distant area with a relatively high illuminance, and is mainly used when traveling on a road with few oncoming vehicles and preceding vehicles. Therefore, although the high beam improves the visibility of the driver as compared with the low beam, there is a problem that glare is given to the driver and pedestrian of the vehicle existing in front of the vehicle.

  Therefore, techniques for changing the light distribution in the high beam region have been proposed. In Patent Document 1, when there is an irradiation prohibition target in any of the plurality of high beam irradiation areas, the high beam unit for the high beam irradiation area in which the irradiation prohibition target exists among the plurality of high beam units is turned off. A vehicle headlamp is disclosed.

In addition, the degree of glare given to the driver of the preceding vehicle traveling ahead by the host vehicle in which the high beam is selected changes according to the distance. Therefore, Patent Literature 2 and Patent Literature 3 disclose a headlight device that is supposed to suppress glare by moving a cut line or controlling the brightness of a lamp according to the position of a preceding vehicle. Yes.
JP 2008-37240 A JP 2000-233684 A Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 7-101291

  The above-described technique has been made from the viewpoint of reducing glare, and further improvement is desired from the viewpoint of improving visibility.

  This invention is made | formed in view of such a condition, The objective is to provide the technique which improves visibility, reducing the glare given to a preceding vehicle.

  In order to solve the above-described problems, a vehicle headlamp device according to an aspect of the present invention is in accordance with a headlamp unit disposed in a vehicle and a region where a front vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle is present. Control means for controlling light irradiation by the headlamp unit. The headlamp unit is configured to form a low beam light distribution pattern and a high beam light distribution pattern and to make a part of the high beam light distribution pattern non-irradiated. An existing area is determined without including a preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the vehicle, and the entire existing area is included in a part of the area that can be in a non-irradiated state. In this case, the headlamp unit is controlled so that the partial area is in a non-irradiation state, and when at least a part of the existing area is included in the area of the high beam light distribution pattern other than the partial area, The headlamp unit is controlled so that the high beam distribution pattern itself is not formed.

  According to this aspect, when the entire area of the preceding vehicle is included in a part of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be in the non-irradiation state, the part of the area is in the non-irradiation state. Thus, while reducing the glare given to the preceding vehicle, it is possible to maintain the irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern and improve the distance visibility in a region other than a part of the glare. In addition, when at least a part of the area where the preceding vehicle is present is included in an area other than a part of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be in the non-irradiation state, the high beam light distribution pattern is formed. It is possible to stop and prevent glare given to the preceding vehicle. Further, for example, if the position is in the vertical direction where the high beam distribution pattern does not reach even if the preceding vehicle is present, it is not necessary to consider the glare effect that the high beam distribution pattern has on the preceding vehicle. Therefore, according to this aspect, since the control means determines the existence area without including the preceding vehicle that is not located in the predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle, the influence of glare due to the high beam light distribution pattern is determined. When there is a forward vehicle in a small number of vertical positions, irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern can be maintained, and as a result, traveling with the high beam light distribution pattern formed in more situations is possible.

  The control means may determine the existence area without including the preceding vehicle located below the horizontal line. In the case of a preceding vehicle positioned below the horizon, the vehicle is irradiated with the low beam light distribution pattern regardless of whether or not the high beam light distribution pattern is formed. Therefore, by determining the existence area without including the preceding vehicle located below the horizon, even if the preceding vehicle is included in the irradiation range of the high beam distribution pattern, the high beam distribution pattern It is possible to travel with

  Another aspect of the present invention is a method for controlling a vehicle headlamp device. The method includes a step of determining an existing region of a preceding vehicle that travels ahead of the host vehicle, a step of comparing a portion of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be in a non-irradiation state with the existing region, And a step of controlling the headlamp unit so that the high beam light distribution pattern is not formed when there is an overlap between a region other than a part of the high beam light distribution pattern and the existing region. In the step of determining the existence area, the existence area is determined without including a preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle.

  According to this aspect, in the case where at least a part of the area where the preceding vehicle is present is included in an area other than the part of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be in the non-irradiation state, the high beam light distribution pattern The glare given to the preceding vehicle can be reliably prevented. Further, for example, if the position is in the vertical direction where the high beam distribution pattern does not reach even if the preceding vehicle is present, it is not necessary to consider the glare effect that the high beam distribution pattern has on the preceding vehicle. According to this aspect, since the existence area is determined without including the preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle, the vertical position is less affected by glare due to the high beam light distribution pattern. When a preceding vehicle is present, irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern can be maintained, and as a result, traveling with the high beam light distribution pattern formed in more situations is possible.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to improve visibility while reducing glare given to the preceding vehicle.

  Hereinafter, the best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. In the description of the drawings, the same elements are denoted by the same reference numerals, and repeated descriptions are omitted as appropriate.

(Embodiment)
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an appearance of a front portion of an automobile to which a vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment is applied. The vehicle 10 according to the present embodiment includes a vehicle headlamp device 12, a lamp mode changeover switch 16 provided in the vicinity of the steering wheel 14 for switching a lamp mode described later, and a sensor (not shown) provided in the vehicle. And a vehicle control unit 18 that processes the detected information and information on the switching operation of the lamp mode changeover switch 16 by the driver and transmits the information to the vehicle headlamp device 12.

  The vehicle headlamp device 12 includes a pair of headlamp units 20R and 20L, and a headlamp controller that controls light irradiation by the headlamp units 20R and 20L, that is, the shape and position of a light distribution pattern, respectively. 22. The headlamp control unit 22 controls the headlamp units 20R and 20L according to the distance and position with respect to the preceding vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle based on the signal transmitted from the vehicle control unit 18. The headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment emits light from the headlamp units 20R and 20L according to the selected lamp mode when the lamp mode is switched by the lamp mode changeover switch 16. To control.

  Here, “running mode (high beam mode)”, “passing mode (low beam mode)”, and “automatic adjustment mode (light-shielding high beam mode)” are set as lamp modes selectable by the lamp mode changeover switch 16. . The automatic adjustment mode is a mode in which the light distribution pattern is adjusted according to the distance and position from the preceding vehicle. Although the details will be described later, the light-shielded high beam mode is a non-irradiated state of a part of the high beam light distribution pattern, thereby reducing glare on the preceding vehicle existing ahead of the host vehicle and distant. This is a mode for forming a light-shielding high beam that can achieve both improved visibility.

  FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a schematic configuration of the headlamp apparatus according to the present embodiment. The pair of left and right headlamp units 20 </ b> R and 20 </ b> L are connected to a headlamp control unit (ECU) 22. The headlamp control unit 22 is connected to the lamp mode switching switch 16 via the vehicle control unit 18, and based on a signal transmitted from the lamp mode switching switch 16, a high beam corresponding to each selected lamp mode. And switching control between a low beam and a light-shielding high beam.

  Although not shown in FIG. 1, a front vehicle detection is performed at the front of the vehicle 10 to detect the position of the front vehicle existing in the front area of the vehicle and the distance from the vehicle to the host vehicle. Means 24 are provided. Here, the preceding vehicle includes a preceding vehicle that travels in the same direction ahead of the host vehicle and an oncoming vehicle that travels in the opposite direction to the host vehicle. The headlamp control unit 22 controls the light distribution pattern formed by the headlamp units 20R and 20L based on the detection output of the front vehicle detection means 24. The headlamp units 20R and 20L have the same configuration except that the internal structure is bilaterally symmetric. The low beam lamp unit 28R and the high beam lamp unit 30R are provided in the right lamp housing 26R, and the left lamp housing 26L is provided in the left lamp housing 26L. Further, a low beam lamp unit 28L and a high beam lamp unit 30L are respectively arranged.

  Next, the headlamp unit provided in the vehicle headlamp device will be described. Since the above-described headlamp units 20R and 20L have the same configuration except that they have a bilaterally symmetric structure, the right headlamp unit 20R will be described below as an example, and the left headlamp unit 20L will be described as an example. Description of is omitted.

  FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a schematic configuration in the vicinity of the high beam lamp unit in the headlamp unit. FIG. 4A is a diagram showing a light distribution pattern by the low beam lamp unit, and FIG. 4B is a diagram showing a light distribution pattern by the high beam lamp unit. As the low beam lamp units 28R and 28L, conventional units can be applied as they are, so the description of the configuration is omitted here. However, when it is lit, as shown in FIG. Illumination is performed with a low beam light distribution pattern LBP that illuminates the area immediately in front of the.

  Next, the configuration of the high beam lamp unit 30R in the headlamp unit 20R will be described. The left high beam lamp unit 30L has the same configuration as the right high beam lamp unit 30R, and a description thereof will be omitted. The lamp housing 26 </ b> R includes a container-shaped lamp body 32 having an open front surface and a front lens 34 attached to the front opening portion of the lamp body 32. The high beam lamp unit 30R is provided inside the lamp housing 26R. As shown in FIG. 3, the reflector 36 having a paraboloid formed thereon and a light source H1 arranged at the focal position of the reflector 36. And a light source H2 disposed slightly in front of the vehicle from the light source H1.

  In the high beam lamp unit 30R according to the present embodiment, a so-called H4 bulb 38 in which two filaments are integrated is used, and the R filament 40 on the rear side of the H4 bulb 38 functions as a light source H1. The F filament 42 functions as the light source H2. An inner shade 44 is provided on the surface of the H4 bulb 38 above the F filament 42.

  In the headlamp unit 20R, when the R filament 40, that is, the light source H1 at the focal position of the reflector 36 is turned on, the light reflected by the reflector 36 is emitted as a light beam substantially parallel to the lamp optical axis Lx. Then, as shown in FIG. 4B, a light distribution pattern HBP1 that irradiates the first irradiation area SA1 that is the area of the center of the own vehicle in the left-right direction and the center of the front of the vehicle in the horizontal direction is formed. Further, when the F filament 42, that is, the light source H2 positioned in front of the focal point of the reflector 36 is turned on, the light emitted upward is blocked by the inner shade 44, so only the light emitted downward is provided. Is reflected by the reflector 36 and illuminates the front. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 4B, a light distribution pattern HBP2 for irradiating the second irradiation area SA2 having an upper semicircular shape in the horizontal direction on both sides in the left-right direction than the first irradiation area SA1 is formed. . The light distribution pattern HBP1 and the light distribution pattern HBP2 are superimposed to form a high beam light distribution pattern HBP.

  Next, the forward vehicle detection means 24 will be described in detail. As shown in FIG. 2, the forward vehicle detection means 24 includes an imaging camera 46 using a solid-state imaging device such as a CCD or MOS, and an image recognition device 48. The image recognition device 48 performs signal analysis on the image captured by the imaging camera 46, performs image analysis, and recognizes and recognizes a preceding vehicle existing ahead of the host vehicle such as a preceding vehicle or an oncoming vehicle within the imaging range. The position of the preceding vehicle and the distance between the preceding vehicle and the own vehicle (inter-vehicle distance) are detected. And if the detection signal based on the information of a head vehicle is output to the headlamp control part 22, the headlamp control part 22 will light the lighting state of the headlamp units 20R and 20L based on a detection signal, ie, The irradiation by the high beam distribution pattern and the low beam distribution pattern is switched. Note that the preceding vehicle detection means 24 may be other means such as a millimeter wave radar or a GPS device as long as it can acquire information on the position where the preceding vehicle exists.

  The headlamp controller 22 supplies power to the headlamp units 20R and 20L to light them when the switch is turned on by the lamp mode changeover switch 16. At this time, lighting / extinguishing of the low beam lamp units 28R, 28L and the high beam lamp units 30R, 30L is controlled by the switching state of the lamp mode changeover switch 16. That is, when the lamp mode changeover switch 16 is switched to the low beam mode, only the low beam lamp units 28R and 28L are lit, and the front beam is irradiated with the low beam light distribution pattern. Further, when the lamp mode changeover switch 16 is switched to the high beam mode, the low beam lamp units 28R and 28L and the high beam lamp units 30R and 30L are turned on at the same time, and the front beam is irradiated with the high beam light distribution pattern.

  When the lamp mode changeover switch 16 is switched to the light-shielding high beam mode, the low beam lamp units 28R and 28L and the high beam lamp units 30R and 30L are turned on / off based on the detection signal from the preceding vehicle detection means 24. When the position of the preceding vehicle is in a predetermined condition by turning off the light, forward irradiation with a light-shielding high beam described later is performed. Further, the headlamp control unit 22 is turned on and off when supplying power to the light source H1 and the light source H2, and when turning off the power, particularly when controlling the turning on and off of the high beam lamp units 30R and 30L. It is configured to be able to control the timing independently. In addition, it is possible to supply and stop electric power over a predetermined period of time, whereby the brightness of the light source H1 and the light source H2 can be gradually increased or decreased. ing.

(Shading high beam mode)
Next, the light shielding high beam mode will be briefly described. FIGS. 5A to 5D are diagrams illustrating a high beam light distribution pattern. Usually, the driver ensures the visibility in front of the vehicle by appropriately using the high beam in consideration of the road conditions, the presence or absence of the preceding vehicle, the distance to the preceding vehicle, and the like. However, since the high beam has a high central luminous intensity, it also gives glare to the driver of the preceding vehicle existing far away from the host vehicle. For this reason, even if the preceding vehicle is located far away from an area several tens of meters away from which the low beam can be irradiated, the high beam cannot be used, and the high beam is used less frequently.

  The simplest and most common high beam light distribution pattern is an elliptical light distribution pattern as shown in FIG. Such a high beam light distribution pattern has an elliptical shape that is long in the left-right direction, and irradiates the headlamp light above the H line (Hi beam region) to ensure visibility in front of the vehicle. For this reason, the frequency of use in the presence of a preceding vehicle was never high.

  In order to solve these problems, we devised a high-beam light distribution pattern and devised a light-shielding high beam that makes it possible to both achieve a far field of view and reduce glare on the vehicle in front. The light-shielding high beam is light that makes a part of the high beam light distribution pattern shown in FIG. For example, the light-shielding high beam in which the first irradiation area SA1 shown in FIG. 4B is not irradiated (light-shielding portion) by turning off the light source H1 in the high-beam lamp unit 30 of the vehicle headlamp device 12 described above. It is formed. The high beam light distribution pattern at this time is a donut-shaped light distribution pattern as shown in FIG. In addition, as shown in FIG. 5C, a concave light distribution pattern in which the central portion of the high beam region of the high beam light distribution pattern is in a non-irradiation state (light-shielding portion), or as shown in FIG. A one-sided light distribution pattern or the like in which one side of the high beam region is not irradiated (light shielding portion) can be formed by the light shielding high beam.

  In the case of a headlamp unit that can form a light-shielding high beam in this way, the preceding vehicle is not irradiated with the high beam light distribution pattern even if it is conventionally necessary to travel with a low beam due to the presence of the preceding vehicle. As long as it exists in the region (light-shielding part), it is possible to travel with the light-shielding high beam. Therefore, when traveling using a light-shielding high beam, the front is illuminated over a wider area than at least using a low beam. Therefore, glare on the preceding vehicle is suppressed and distant visibility is improved (on the road, shoulders, sidewalks, etc.) Early detection of pedestrians and falling objects).

  In order to positively use such a light-shielding high beam, it is desirable to accurately determine whether or not a preceding vehicle is present in a light-shieldable region in the high-beam light distribution pattern and to form a light-shielding portion. . Hereinafter, the control of the light shielding high beam will be described in detail.

(Position of the preceding vehicle)
In controlling the shading high beam, it is necessary to digitize the position of the preceding vehicle from the information detected by the preceding vehicle detection means 24. Therefore, first, the digitization of the position of the preceding vehicle will be described. Fig.6 (a) is the perspective view which showed typically the positional relationship of the own vehicle and a preceding vehicle. FIG. 6B is a side view schematically showing the positional relationship between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle.

  As shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B, the position P of the preceding vehicle is a distance r from the own vehicle, a left-right angle α indicating a left-right direction with respect to the front optical axis direction of the own vehicle, and the front of the own vehicle. It is specified by three values of the vertical angle β indicating the vertical direction with respect to the optical axis direction. The left-right direction angle α is negative on the own lane side (left) and positive on the opposite lane side (right) around the Y axis (VV line on the screen) in front of the own vehicle. With respect to the vertical direction angle β, the upward direction is positive and the downward direction is negative with respect to the X axis (HH line on the screen) in front of the host vehicle. In addition to such a polar coordinate system, there is a method of expressing the position P by an orthogonal coordinate system of (X, Y, Z). In this embodiment, the polar coordinate system (r, α, β) is used for ease of handling. ) To express the position P.

Strictly speaking, when viewed from the vehicle, the preceding vehicle is not a point but a surface having a certain extent, but the light-shielding high beam functions within a range of about 20 m to 1000 m between the own vehicle and the preceding vehicle. For this reason, the position P of the preceding vehicle is expressed as a point in polar coordinates, and the value corresponding to the area is expressed using correction values such as a left and right margin angle α m and a vertical margin angle β m . Details of the left and right margin angles α m and the vertical margin angle β m will be described later. The preceding vehicle may include not only an automobile but also a two-wheeled vehicle, a bicycle, and the like.

(Measurement area of the preceding vehicle)
Next, the range in which the position P of the preceding vehicle is measured by the preceding vehicle detection means 24 will be described. FIG. 7A is a perspective view schematically showing a measurement region in the left-right direction with respect to the preceding vehicle. FIG. 7B is a side view schematically showing the measurement region in the vertical direction with respect to the preceding vehicle.

As shown in FIG. 7A, if the measurement range α ROI in the left and right (horizontal) direction of the preceding vehicle is set, α ROI = α ROIR −α ROIL . Here, α ROIR is a detection angle on the right side of the front direction of the host vehicle, and α ROIL is a detection angle on the left side of the front direction of the host vehicle. Similarly, if the measurement range β ROI in the vertical (vertical) direction of the preceding vehicle is set, β ROI = β ROIU −β ROID . Here, β ROIU is a detection angle above the front direction of the host vehicle, and β ROID is a detection angle below the front direction of the host vehicle. In the present embodiment, a spatial region surrounded by α ROI and β ROI is referred to as a “measurement region” and is expressed as (α ROI , β ROI ).

The measurement areas (α ROI , β ROI ) are set in consideration of the performance of the high beam lamp unit 30 and the front vehicle detection means 24 in the headlamp unit 20. The vehicle headlamp device 12 according to the present embodiment irradiates the front with a normal high beam instead of a light-shielded high beam when it is determined that there is no front vehicle in the measurement region based on the detection result by the front vehicle detection means 24. Control to do. Thereby, forward visibility can be improved more.

  Next, the reason why the measurement area is provided as described above and the effect thereof will be described. The area that can be irradiated with the high beam is limited, and the irradiation area changes depending on the performance difference of the high beam depending on the lamp unit, such as whether the light source of the high beam lamp unit is a halogen bulb or a xenon bulb. Therefore, by setting a region to be measured according to the irradiation performance by the high beam, it is possible to exclude the preceding vehicle that is not affected by glare by the high beam from the measurement. In addition, even if the vehicle is a front vehicle detected by the front vehicle detection means 24, the vehicle control unit 18 and the headlamp control unit 22 can be excluded from the subsequent calculation processing if they are outside the measurement region. The calculation load in is reduced.

  In the case where the optical axis of the high beam lamp unit can be swiveled, the position P of the preceding vehicle is expressed with the optical axis direction after swiveling as the front direction of the vehicle. At this time, the measurement region also moves by the swivel angle θ. In the present embodiment, since the optical axis direction is the front direction of the vehicle, the position P of the preceding vehicle is expressed in common regardless of the presence or absence of the swivel function. It becomes.

(Determining the existence area)
Next, a method for determining the existence area will be described. Here, the presence region (presence range) is a region virtually calculated based on the position of the preceding vehicle. FIG. 8 is a diagram schematically illustrating the relationship between the positional relationship and the existence range between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle when viewed from above and from the side.

The headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment has the position P n of each front running vehicle existing in the measurement area set in front of the own vehicle based on the information detected by the front running vehicle detection means 24. Is calculated and determined as an existence region based on the existence ranges α EX and β EX including each position P n . Here, the existence range α EX = α EXR −α EXL , the right side existence angle α EXR is the angle corresponding to the position P n of the rightmost forward vehicle viewed from the host vehicle, and the left side existence angle α EXL is It is defined as the angle corresponding to the position P 1 of the leftmost of a leading vehicle when viewed from the vehicle. Note that the value of α EXR is positive, and the value of α EXL is negative.

  The headlamp control unit 22 is configured so that the entire determined existence region is, for example, a light shielding unit as shown in FIGS. 5B to 5D or a first irradiation as shown in FIG. When it is determined that the headlamp unit 20 is included in the area SA1, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that the light shielding portion and the first irradiation area SA are not irradiated. As a result, while reducing the glare given to the preceding vehicle, the light shielding portion as shown in FIGS. 5B to 5D and the high beam region other than the first irradiation region SA1 shown in FIG. Distant visibility can be improved by maintaining the irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern.

  On the other hand, the headlamp control unit 22 determines that at least a part of the determined existence area is an area of a high beam light distribution pattern other than the light shielding part or the first irradiation area SA1 (for example, the second irradiation area shown in FIG. 4B). When included in SA2), the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that the high beam distribution pattern is not formed. Thereby, the glare given to the preceding vehicle can be reliably prevented.

  Note that the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment has the first threshold value (for example, if the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle even if the determined existence region is included in the above-described light shielding unit). In this case, the headlamp unit 20 is forcibly controlled so that a high beam light distribution pattern is not formed when there is a preceding vehicle that is closer to the host vehicle than 20 m). When the entire area where the preceding vehicle is present is included in the light-shielding part of the high-beam light distribution pattern, ideally the vehicle travels in a state where the high-beam light distribution pattern itself is formed by turning off the light-shielding part. Is possible. However, since the amount of change in the position of the preceding vehicle per hour becomes large when the preceding vehicle is approaching, it may be impossible to follow the control for making the light-shielding portion of the high beam light distribution pattern non-irradiated. . Therefore, when there is a forward vehicle that is closer to the host vehicle than the first threshold, the headlight control unit 22 forcibly prevents the high beam light distribution pattern from being formed, and the low beam light distribution. The headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that irradiation with only the pattern is performed. Thereby, the glare given to the approaching preceding vehicle can be more reliably prevented.

  In addition, the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment is farther away from the host vehicle than the second threshold value (for example, a value between 200 and 500 m when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle). The car is not regarded as a preceding car. In other words, the headlamp control unit 22 does not use the position of the preceding vehicle in the calculation for determining the existence area even if it acquires information about the preceding vehicle that is farther than the second threshold. . The reason for this is that a vehicle that is sufficiently far from the host vehicle has a smaller glare degree received from the light distribution pattern formed by the host vehicle even if it is included in the existence region. For this reason, if the light shielding portion includes a region where a sufficiently distant vehicle exists, it is not possible to travel with a high beam light distribution pattern, which is not preferable from the viewpoint of improving forward visibility. Accordingly, by not considering a vehicle far from the host vehicle as the preceding vehicle compared to the second threshold, it is possible to travel with a high beam light distribution pattern in more situations.

  In addition, when the front running vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the headlamp control unit 22 compares the distance with the oncoming vehicle with a third threshold that is greater than the first threshold (when the preceding running vehicle is a preceding vehicle). When the vehicle is close to the host vehicle, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that a high beam light distribution pattern is not formed. When the preceding vehicle included in the existence area is an oncoming vehicle that runs in the opposite direction of the host vehicle, the change in position per hour when the vehicle is approaching compared to the preceding vehicle that runs in the same direction as the host vehicle The amount becomes large, and it becomes more difficult to follow the control to make a part of the high beam light distribution pattern non-irradiated. Therefore, when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the distance of the oncoming vehicle is compared with the third threshold value that is larger than the first threshold value, and the formation of the high beam light distribution pattern is controlled, so that the oncoming vehicle approaches. The formation of the high beam light distribution pattern is stopped from an earlier stage, and glare applied to the oncoming vehicle can be more reliably prevented.

  In addition, when the front vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the headlight control unit 22 compares the distance from the host vehicle with respect to the fourth threshold value that is larger than the above-described second threshold value (when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle). A car far away is not considered a preceding car. Here, the second threshold is selected from 200 to 500 m as a value when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle, and the fourth threshold is 300 to 1000 m as a value when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle. Is selected between. An oncoming vehicle that is sufficiently far from the host vehicle has less glare from the light distribution pattern formed by the host vehicle even if it is included in the existence area. For this reason, if an area where an oncoming vehicle is sufficiently far away is included in the light shielding portion, it is not possible to travel with a high beam light distribution pattern, which is not preferable from the viewpoint of improving forward visibility. However, when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the effect of glare from the high beam light distribution pattern is greater than that of the preceding vehicle. Therefore, more situations can be achieved while reducing the glare given to the oncoming vehicle by not considering the oncoming vehicle that is far from the host vehicle as the preceding vehicle compared to the fourth threshold that is larger than the second threshold described above. This makes it possible to travel with a high beam distribution pattern.

  The headlamp control unit 22 uses the first threshold value and the third threshold value when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle, and uses the second threshold value and the fourth threshold value when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle. As a result, it is possible to control the light-shielding high beam with higher accuracy. In this case, the relationship between the threshold values described above is as follows: first threshold value <second threshold value, third threshold value <fourth threshold value, and second threshold value <fourth threshold value. Each threshold may be set to an appropriate value depending on the configuration of the high beam lamp unit and the type of the light source used therefor.

(Determination of threshold value according to relative speed)
When the first threshold is used when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle and the third threshold is used when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the first threshold and the third threshold are the own vehicle and the preceding vehicle. It is determined according to the relative speed. For example, when the oncoming vehicle and the own vehicle pass each other, the higher the relative speed, which is the sum of the own vehicle speed and the oncoming vehicle speed, and the closer the inter-vehicle distance is, the more the straight line connecting both vehicles will On the other hand, the change per unit time of the angle α n (dα n / dt) becomes large. At this time, the control of the light-shielding high beam and the normal high beam cannot follow due to the limitations of the measurement capability of the leading vehicle detection means 24, the calculation capability of the headlamp control unit 22, the structure of the high beam lamp unit 30, and the like. May give glare to car drivers. Moreover, even if the control of the light-shielding high beam or the normal high beam can be followed, there is a possibility that the driver may feel uncomfortable when switching the light distribution pattern. Therefore, compared with the case where the first threshold value and the third threshold value are fixed, the first threshold value and the third threshold value for switching to the low beam according to the relative speed between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle are By being determined, the shading high beam is controlled without giving glare to the driver of the preceding vehicle and without feeling uncomfortable for the driver who drives the vehicle.

Next, a method of determining the first threshold value and the third threshold value according to the relative speed between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle will be described in detail. FIG. 9A is a diagram schematically showing a situation where the host vehicle and the oncoming vehicle pass each other when viewed from above. FIG. 9B is a graph showing the relationship between the change per unit time of the angle α n formed in the situation shown in FIG. FIG. 9C is a graph showing the relationship between the relative speed and each threshold value.

As described above, the faster the relative speed between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle, and the closer the inter-vehicle distance, the angle α n formed by the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle and the existence range α EX , The amount of change per unit time of β EX increases. Therefore, a specific example in which the first threshold value and the third threshold value are determined based on the increase in the change amount will be described below. The relative speed is positive when the preceding vehicle approaches the vehicle.

In the present embodiment, paying attention to the fact that the change per unit time (dα n / dt) of the angle α n formed by the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle becomes large, the headlamp control unit 22 performs (dα n / A limit time t LMT in which dt) exceeds the limit value is calculated, and distances (first threshold value and third threshold value) that do not exceed the limit time t LMT are determined according to the relative speed. Here, the “limit value” of (dα n / dt) is a high beam lamp in consideration of a value that the driver does not feel uncomfortable or uncomfortable with the presence of the light shielding part, or a value that the control of the light shielding part can follow. It is a value set from the structure of the unit, the processing capacity of the headlamp control unit 22, and the like.

FIG. 9A illustrates the situation where the host vehicle passes the oncoming vehicle, and the angle α n formed between the oncoming vehicle and the front of the host vehicle is represented by α n = tan −1 (w / d). Can do. Here, d is the distance between the host vehicle and the oncoming vehicle. The change in the angle alpha n which form per unit time by differentiating the angle alpha n at time forming (dα n / dt) is obtained. The obtained (dα n / dt) and the time t until both vehicles pass each other have a relationship as shown in FIG. Here, the horizontal axis of the graph shown in FIG. 9B represents the time until the two cars pass each other by minus, and indicates that the two cars pass each other at the time of t = 0.

In the relationship shown in FIG. 9B, the limit time t LMT is calculated by setting a limit value of (dα n / dt). Time On the basis of the value of the calculated limit time t LMT, the headlamp controller 22 may enable irradiation with light shielding upper beam if earlier than the limit time t LMT, exceeding the limit time t LMT To switch from low to low beam irradiation.

When the limit time t LMT is calculated, the distance d between the two vehicles, that is, the first threshold value and the third threshold value can be obtained as a function of the relative speed v (see FIG. 9C). For example, in a situation where the relative speed v = 200 km / h (55.6 m / s) and the lane width w = 3.5 m, the structure of the high beam lamp unit, the processing capacity of the headlamp control unit 22 and the like (dα n When the limit value of / dt) is set to 5 [° / s], the limit time t LMT ≈0.85 [sec]. As a result, the third threshold value is calculated as 0.85 × 55.6≈47 [m]. That is, under the condition of the relative speed v = 200 km / h and the lane width w = 3.5 [m], the headlamp control unit 22 forcibly switches to the low beam when both vehicles approach from 47 m.

  In consideration of the case where the preceding vehicle is in front of the host vehicle (α = 0 °) and the case where the relative speed is small, as shown in FIG. 9C, the first threshold value and the third threshold value are set. The minimum value is set. This forcibly switches to a low beam at a close distance. Moreover, since the first threshold value and the third threshold value are calculated without performing complicated calculation processing by mapping the functions as described above in advance, the control burden on the headlamp control unit 22 can be reduced. .

(Threshold coefficient according to the opposite angle)
When the second threshold value is used when the preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle and the fourth threshold value is used when the preceding vehicle is an oncoming vehicle, the second threshold value and the fourth threshold value are the optical axis of the host vehicle. Correction is made according to the opposing angle ω n formed by the traveling direction of the preceding vehicle. Here, to correct the threshold value according to the counter angle omega n is because the degree of influence of glare run car undergoes before the opposing angle omega n varies. More specifically, when the preceding vehicle is traveling parallel to the host vehicle (opposing angle ω n = 0), the effect of glare on the preceding vehicle is greatest, and the preceding vehicle is As the opposing angle ω n increases, the effect of glare on the preceding vehicle decreases.

For example, even if there is a road that is orthogonal to the front of the road on which the vehicle is traveling, and the vehicle that passes through the road is present at the position P included in the aforementioned existing ranges α EX and β EX as a preceding vehicle, The vehicle is almost unaffected by glare from its own high beam. Therefore, it is desirable not to include the preceding vehicle even if it exists. However, since the intersecting roads are not only orthogonal to each other, the distance coefficient R is set based on the necessity of determining whether or not to include in the existence range depending on the traveling direction of the preceding vehicle with respect to the own vehicle, and this is set as the second threshold value. Or, by multiplying the fourth threshold value, correction for reducing the values of both threshold values is performed depending on the situation. That is, the greater the opposing angle of the preceding vehicle, the less likely it is to be included in the existence range.

  FIG. 10A is a diagram schematically showing the relationship between the opposing angles of the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle when viewed from above. FIG. 10B is a graph showing the relationship between the facing angle and the distance coefficient.

As shown in FIG. 10A, angles formed by the optical axis of the preceding vehicle and the traveling direction of the preceding vehicle at the positions P 1 and P 2 are defined as opposing angles ω 1 and ω 2 . Then, in order to determine the distance factor R by the size of the opposing angle omega, is f 3 function as shown in FIG. 10 (b) are set. In addition, it is not possible to distinguish whether the preceding vehicle with the opposite angle ω = ± (π / 2) is the preceding vehicle or the opposite vehicle. However, if the preceding vehicle orthogonal to the optical axis of the host vehicle is excluded from the existing range, the opposite angle ω == (π / 2) When the function with the distance coefficient R set to 0 is not to be excluded from the existence range, the distance coefficient R at the opposite angle ω = ± (π / 2) is Use a function set to a value other than zero. Note that the distance coefficient R may be set to a fixed value 1 when the facing angle cannot be measured or when the control is not performed with the facing angle not taken into account. The measurement of the facing angle can be calculated based on, for example, the time change of the position of the preceding vehicle based on information from GPS or millimeter wave radar.

(Hysteresis characteristics)
When the preceding vehicle moves away or approaches at a distance in the vicinity of each of the above threshold values, the light distribution pattern is frequently switched. Even if the distance between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle is constant, the magnitude relationship between the threshold and the distance may be reversed due to a measurement error or the like, and the light distribution pattern may be frequently switched. Therefore, in the present embodiment, control using hysteresis characteristics is performed in comparison between the distance r to the preceding vehicle and each threshold value.

  FIG. 11 is a diagram showing hysteresis characteristics in the control of the present embodiment. As described above, switching the light distribution pattern from low beam to light-shielded high beam, light-shielded high beam to normal high beam, etc. is based on the comparison result between the distance from the preceding vehicle and the threshold value, and the comparison result between the light shielding region and the existing region. Control based on.

However, for example, in a situation in which the preceding vehicle ahead of the host vehicle is present and follow-up running only a single, if the distance r p of the preceding vehicle is changed in the vicinity of the second threshold value, the light-shielding upper beam and the normal high beam Switching of the light distribution frequently occurs, which may cause discomfort to the driver of the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle and decrease in visibility. Therefore, in order to prevent these, a width (δ 1 to δ 4 ) is provided for each threshold value in the present embodiment. Time In the example shown in FIG. 11, the threshold value 2 is 300 meters, is set to [delta] 2 ± 30 m, the headlamp controller 22, the distance r p of the preceding vehicle is gradually increased from 200 meters, became 330m To switch from light-shielding high beam to normal high beam. Conversely, the headlamp controller 22, the distance r p of the preceding vehicle gradually shortens from above 330 m, when it becomes 270m switching from the normal high beam light-shielding upper beam.

  With such light distribution switching control, even if the distance from the preceding vehicle changes near the threshold value, light distribution switching does not occur within ± δ. The value of the width δ may be determined by distance measurement accuracy, actual vehicle evaluation (for example, sensory evaluation by the driver), or the like. Further, the value of the width δ may be set for each threshold value, or may be set in common for each threshold value.

  In the case where the idea is further developed and the comparison between the light-shielding region (light-shielding part) and the existing region is the same, the case where the light-shielding region changes from the state included in the existing region to the state where it is not included, When the light shielding region changes from the state not included in the existing region to the state included in the existing region, control may be performed so that the time point at which the light distribution is switched is different using the hysteresis characteristics as described above. Also by this, occurrence of frequent light distribution switching can be suppressed.

(Margin angle)
Next, the margin angle described briefly above will be described. The margin angle is set in consideration of the measurement error of the position P of the preceding vehicle, the variation in the structure of the headlamp unit that affects the light distribution pattern, and the like. As shown in FIG. 8, the existence range is set to be larger by the left and right margin angles α m and the vertical margin angle β m than the area where the preceding vehicle actually exists, and the glare with respect to the preceding vehicle is reduced. It is surely prevented. Further, the margin angle is a parameter that also plays a role of supplementing the problem of the area (width and height) of the preceding vehicle that occurs when the position P of the preceding vehicle is expressed as a point.

In view of such circumstances, the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment is only a predetermined left and right margin angle α m and vertical margin angle β m from the reference range including the front vehicle as viewed from the host vehicle. Based on the expanded existence ranges α EX and β EX , the existence area is determined. When the whole existence area is included in the light shielding area, for example, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so as to make the light shielding area non-irradiated. When at least a part of the existing region is included in the region of the high beam light distribution pattern other than the light shielding region, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that the high beam light distribution pattern itself is not formed.

  For example, when the boundary of the light shielding region that can be brought into the non-irradiation state is close to the boundary of the existing region, the high beam light distribution pattern due to the detection error of the position information of the preceding vehicle and the tolerance of each component of the headlamp unit 20 Depending on the variation, there is a possibility that the preceding vehicle that the high beam light distribution pattern should not reach is irradiated by the high beam light distribution pattern. Therefore, in the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment, the presence region is determined wider based on the correction range that is widened by a predetermined angle from the reference range that includes the preceding vehicle as viewed from the host vehicle. Therefore, glare relative to the preceding vehicle can be prevented more reliably.

Further, the headlamp control unit 22 determines the existence region based on the vertical existence range β EX that is widened by the vertical margin angle β m from the front traveling vehicle positioned at the vertical end in addition to the reference range. Yes. Since the preceding vehicle itself has a spatial spread in the vertical direction, if the existing region is determined with the preceding vehicle as a point, the vertical portion of the preceding vehicle may be outside the existing region. Therefore, when the existence area is determined by such a method, it is avoided that the vertical portion of the preceding vehicle protrudes from the existence area. As a result, highly accurate light shielding high beam control is realized.

Further, the headlamp control unit 22 determines the existence area based on the horizontal existence range α EX which is widened by the left and right margin angle α m from the front traveling vehicle located at the horizontal end in addition to the reference range. Yes. Since the preceding vehicle itself has a spatial spread in the horizontal direction, if the existing region is determined with the preceding vehicle as a point, the horizontal portion of the preceding vehicle may be outside the existing region. Therefore, when the existence area is determined by such a method, it is avoided that the horizontal portion of the preceding vehicle protrudes from the existence area. As a result, highly accurate light shielding high beam control is realized.

  One of the purposes of the light-shielding high beam light distribution pattern is to prevent accidents caused by early detection of pedestrians and obstacles positioned in the horizontal direction with respect to the host vehicle. From this point of view, if the horizontal correction range added to the reference range when determining the existence area is too large, the light-shielding area that can be in the non-irradiation state of the high beam light distribution pattern does not include the entire existence area. The possibility increases. As a result, although glare given to the preceding vehicle can be surely prevented, there is room for further improvement in terms of early detection of pedestrians and obstacles. On the other hand, when the driver's eye point is higher than that of a normal vehicle, such as a large bus or truck, reduction of glare due to a high beam light distribution pattern is emphasized.

In consideration of such circumstances, the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment is arranged in the vertical direction which is widened by the vertical margin angle β m from the front running vehicle located at the vertical end in addition to the reference range. The existence region is determined based on the existence range β EX and the correction range α m in the horizontal direction that is widened by the left and right margin angle α m from the preceding vehicle located at the end in the horizontal direction in addition to the reference range. Here, the left and right margin angle α m is set smaller than the vertical margin angle β m . As a result, in the control of the high beam light distribution pattern for the left and right position of the preceding vehicle, maintenance of irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern has priority over the reduction of glare, and the high beam light distribution pattern for the vertical position of the preceding vehicle In the control of, glare reduction is given priority.

  When the above-described configuration is regarded as a control method, the control method for the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment includes a step of determining an existence area of a front vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle, and a high beam light distribution pattern. If there is an overlap between the step of comparing the light-shielding region (light-shielding portion) that can be in the non-irradiation state and the existing region, and the region other than the light-shielding region and the existing region in the high-beam light distribution pattern, the high-beam light distribution pattern Controlling the headlamp unit so that is not formed. In the step of determining the existence area, the existence area is determined based on a correction range that is widened by a predetermined angle from a reference range including the preceding vehicle as viewed from the host vehicle.

  For example, if the boundary of the light shielding area that can be in the non-illuminated state is close to the boundary of the existing area, the high beam light distribution pattern due to the detection error of the position information of the preceding vehicle and the tolerance of each part of the headlamp unit Depending on the variation, there is a possibility that the preceding vehicle that the high beam light distribution pattern should not reach is irradiated by the high beam light distribution pattern. Therefore, according to this control method, the presence area is determined based on the correction range that is widened by a predetermined angle from the reference range that includes the preceding vehicle as viewed from the host vehicle, and therefore the glare for the preceding vehicle is reduced. It can prevent more reliably.

  FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the relationship between the distance r from the preceding vehicle, the left and right margin angles αm, and the vertical margin angle βm. As shown in FIG. 12, the values of the left and right margin angles αm and the vertical margin angle βm are not constant, but change according to the distance r from the preceding vehicle, and become smaller as the preceding vehicle is farther away. Is set. The reason for this is that the image (area) seen from the vehicle becomes smaller the farther the preceding vehicle is located, the more the situation where it is possible to travel with a light-shielded high beam by reducing the margin angle accordingly. This is because it is possible to improve both the visibility of the vehicle in the distance and the reduction of glare on the preceding vehicle.

Thus, the headlamp control unit 22 uses the vertical margin angle β m calculated according to the distance between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle. Thus, for example, if the previous run cars and more distant, even by reducing the vertical margin angle beta m according to the distance, determining the existing area as the vertical direction of a portion does not protrude in the front vehicle Can do. On the other hand, if the preceding vehicle is closer, by increasing the vertical margin angle β m according to the distance, it is possible to determine an existing region where a part of the preceding vehicle does not protrude in the vertical direction. it can. Therefore, it is possible to vertically margin angle beta m is compared with the case of the fixed and both improvement of reducing the visibility of glare to the forward vehicle at a higher level.

Similarly, the headlamp control unit 22 uses the left and right margin angle α m calculated according to the distance between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle. Thereby, for example, if the preceding vehicle is farther away, even if the left and right margin angle α m is reduced according to the distance, the existence region in which a part of the preceding vehicle does not protrude in the horizontal direction is determined. Can do. On the other hand, if the preceding vehicle is closer, by increasing the left and right margin angle α m according to the distance, it is possible to determine an existing region where a part of the preceding vehicle does not protrude in the horizontal direction. it can. Therefore, compared with the case where the left and right margin angle α m is fixed, it is possible to achieve both higher glare reduction and visibility improvement on the preceding vehicle.

  In addition, the above-mentioned reference range is uniquely defined as a polygon that includes all the preceding vehicles. As a result, the reference range is easily determined with good reproducibility.

(Irradiation mode decision flow based on existing area)
FIG. 13 is a flowchart showing a method for determining an irradiation mode based on the area where the preceding vehicle is present. This flow is repeatedly executed at a predetermined timing when the “automatic adjustment mode (light-shielding high beam mode)” is selected by the lamp mode changeover switch 16. As the predetermined timing, for example, it may be started when the preceding vehicle detection unit 24 detects the preceding vehicle in the measurement region. Hereinafter, the process in the headlamp control unit 22 will be described.

First, the headlamp control unit 22 resets the FLAG indicating the lamp (irradiation) mode to 0, and simultaneously sets the right side existence angle α EXR to + ∞, the left side existence angle α EXL, and the existence range β EX to −∞. (S10). Here, ± ∞ may be a maximum value and a minimum value that can be handled as variables by the headlamp control unit 22.

Next, it is determined whether or not the preceding vehicle n at the position P n detected based on the information acquired from the preceding vehicle detection means 24 is a preceding vehicle (S12). As will be described later, when a plurality of preceding vehicles are detected, this process is repeated for the number of vehicles. When the preceding vehicle n is an oncoming vehicle (No in S12), a third threshold value (threshold value 3) is obtained from the relative speed v using the function shown in FIG. 9C (S14). Since the distance r n to the vehicle-in-front n if the third threshold value ± [delta] is smaller than (Yes in S16), the vehicle-in-front n and the vehicle is too close to running at high beam, low beam illumination mode FLAG Is set (S18), and this process is finished once.

On the other hand, before when the distance r n to the running vehicle n is 3 or more threshold ± [delta] in (No in S16), the distance r n to the vehicle-in-front n (R n × fourth threshold (fourth threshold)) ± δ is compared (S20). R n is a correction coefficient calculated according to the facing angle ω between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle. Distance r when n is greater than (R n × fourth threshold) ± δ (Yes in S20), and proceeds to step S22. If the distance r n is less than ± δ (R n × fourth threshold) (No in S20), the distance r lateral margin angle from n alpha m is calculated using the function shown in FIG. 12 (S24).

Next, is one minus the left margin angle alpha m from the lateral direction angle alpha n Do have been set left there angle alpha EXL smaller so far parameter indicating the position P n of a leading vehicle n It is determined whether or not the preceding vehicle n exists at a position farthest to the left from the optical axis direction of the host vehicle (S26). When (α n −α m ) <α EXL (Yes in S26), it is determined that the preceding vehicle n is located on the leftmost side, and α EXL = α n −α m is newly set to the left side existing angle α EXL (S28).

If (α n −α m ) <α EXL is not satisfied (No in S26), whether the value obtained by adding the left / right margin angle α m to the left / right direction angle α n is larger than the right existing angle α EXR set so far. That is, it is determined whether or not the preceding vehicle n exists at a position farthest to the right from the optical axis direction of the host vehicle (S30). When (α n + α m )> α EXR (Yes in S30), it is determined that the preceding vehicle n is located on the rightmost side, and α EXR = α n + α m is a new value of the left side existing angle α EXR (S32).

If (α n + α m )> α EXR is not satisfied (No in S30), the value obtained by adding the vertical margin angle β m to the vertical angle β n which is one of the parameters indicating the position P n of the preceding vehicle n is It is determined whether or not the vehicle is larger than the existing range β EX set until now, that is, whether or not the preceding vehicle n exists at a position furthest away from the optical axis direction of the own vehicle (S34). When (β n + β m )> β EX (Yes in S34), it is determined that the preceding vehicle n is positioned on the uppermost side, and β EX = β n + β m is newly set as the value of the existence range β EX Stored (S36). If (β n + β m )> β EX is not satisfied (No in S34), the process proceeds to step S22.

Next, when the preceding vehicle n is a preceding vehicle (Yes in S12), the first threshold value (threshold value 1) is obtained from the relative speed v using the function shown in FIG. 9C (S38). Since the distance r n to the vehicle-in-front n is smaller than the first threshold value ± [delta] (Yes in S40), the vehicle-in-front n and the vehicle is too close to running at high beam, low beam illumination mode FLAG Is set (S18), and this process is finished once.

On the other hand, before when the distance r n to the running vehicle n is greater than or equal to the first threshold value ± [delta] (No in S40), the distance r n to the vehicle-in-front n (R n × second threshold (threshold 2)) ± δ is compared (S42). Distance r when n is greater than (R n × a second threshold value) ± δ (Yes in S42), and proceeds to step S22. If the distance r n is less than ± δ (R n × a second threshold value) (No in S42), the distance r lateral margin angle from n alpha m is calculated using the function shown in FIG. 12 (S24). Hereinafter, the process from step S26 to S36 is the same as the case where the preceding vehicle n is an oncoming vehicle.

It is determined whether or not the above process has been repeated for the detected number N of preceding vehicles (S22). If the process has not been repeated (No in S22), the processes of steps S12 to S42 are performed again as appropriate. On the other hand, when the processes of steps S12 to S42 are repeated for the detected number N of preceding vehicles (Yes in S22), it is determined whether the left side existence angle α EXL is the same as the initial setting value −∞. (S44).

When α EXL = −∞ (Yes in S44), it indicates that there is no preceding vehicle that contributes to the determination of the existence region. For example, this is the case where the detected preceding vehicle is a preceding vehicle farther than the second threshold or an oncoming vehicle farther than the fourth threshold. In such a case, there is little possibility of giving glare to the preceding vehicle even if the normal high beam is continued, so a value indicating the normal high beam is set in the irradiation mode FLAG (S46), and this process is once completed. If α EXL = −∞ (No in S44), there is a preceding vehicle that should be shielded from light by the light-shielded high beam, and if the vehicle continues to travel normally by the high beam, glare may be given to the preceding vehicle. A value indicating the light-shielding high beam is set (S48), and this process is once completed. Note that a fail operation forcibly switching to the low beam may be included in the case where a contradiction occurs during the execution of the processing shown in the flowchart of FIG.

As described above, the left-right direction existing range of the position P n of the preceding vehicle n is a range surrounded by (α n −α m ) to (α n + α m ) with respect to the direction of the own vehicle optical axis. If there are multiple preceding vehicles, the minimum value of the total existence range obtained by overlapping the existence ranges of each preceding vehicle is the left existence angle α EXL , and the maximum value is the right existence angle α EXR , which finally exists The range α EX = α EXR −α EXL is determined.

Similarly, in the above-described process, the existence range β EX in the vertical direction of the preceding vehicle is also obtained, but the existence range is excluded without including the preceding vehicle located below the HH line (horizontal line). Has been decided. In the case of a preceding vehicle positioned below the horizon, the vehicle is irradiated with the low beam light distribution pattern regardless of whether or not the high beam light distribution pattern is formed. Therefore, by determining the existence area without including the preceding vehicle located below the horizon, even if the preceding vehicle is included in the irradiation range of the high beam distribution pattern, the high beam distribution pattern It is possible to travel with

  In consideration of these circumstances, the headlamp control unit 22 according to the present embodiment determines the existing area without including the front traveling vehicle that is not positioned above the horizon when viewed from the host vehicle, and the entire existing area. Is included in the light shielding region, for example, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that the light shielding region is not irradiated, and at least a part of the existing region is included in the region of the high beam light distribution pattern other than the light shielding region. First, the headlamp unit 20 is controlled so that the high beam distribution pattern itself is not formed, that is, the low beam is irradiated.

  When the above-described configuration is regarded as a control method, the control method for the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment includes a step of determining an existence area of a front vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle, and a high beam light distribution pattern. If there is an overlap between the step of comparing the light-shielding region (light-shielding portion) that can be in the non-irradiation state and the existing region, and the region other than the light-shielding region and the existing region in the high-beam light distribution pattern, the high-beam light distribution pattern Controlling the headlamp unit so that is not formed. In the step of determining the existence area, the existence area is determined without including a preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle.

  According to this control method, since the existence area is determined without including the preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle, the vertical position is less affected by the glare due to the high beam light distribution pattern. When a preceding vehicle is present, irradiation with the high beam light distribution pattern can be maintained, and as a result, traveling with a high beam light distribution pattern can be performed in more situations.

(Lamp unit that can be swiveled)
Hereinafter, the control of the light-shielding high beam in the case where the high beam lamp unit can be swiveled will be described. Since the lamp unit is configured to be swivelable, even when the center position of the light shielding portion cannot be moved, it is possible to increase the situation in which traveling by the light shielding high beam is possible. FIG. 14A is a view of the relationship between the existence range and the light shielding range when the optical axis is swiveled while the vehicle is traveling on a curved road (without swivel angle correction), as viewed from above. FIG. 14B is a view of the relationship between the existence range and the light shielding range when the optical axis is swiveled (with swivel angle correction) while the vehicle is traveling on a curved road, as viewed from above.

In FIG. 14A, when the own vehicle is traveling on a curved road and the optical axis is swiveled by the swivel angle θ, the entire range α EX where the preceding vehicle is present cannot be shielded. It is the figure which showed the condition which must drive | work with a low beam without being able to drive | work. On the other hand, in FIG. 14B, the vehicle headlamp device is swiveled at an angle obtained by adding the correction angle θ r to the normal swivel angle θ, and the entire existence range α EX is the light shielding range α. Since it is included in B, it is possible to travel with a light-shielding high beam. In addition, by using the swivel function that can correct the swivel angle, it is possible to increase the situation in which the vehicle can travel with a light-shielded high beam not only when the vehicle is traveling on a curved road but also when traveling straight. Can do.

  By the way, the swivel angle θ is originally intended to secure a forward field of view on a curved road and is optimized for that purpose. It is not always preferable to correct the swivel angle θ set as such in order to give priority to the traveling by the light-shielding high beam. Generally, the maximum swivelable angle is about ± 20 ° depending on the structure of the lamp unit. For example, if your vehicle is driving on the right curve with a normal high beam and the optical axis is swiveled 20 ° to the right, just because the vehicle appears far to the left, switch to the shading high beam and swivel the optical axis to the left. If it is corrected, the far viewing distance will decrease. In particular, the steeper curve having a larger curvature with a larger swivel angle is operated while paying attention to a portion closer to the own vehicle.

Therefore, a method for increasing the situation in which traveling with a light-shielding high beam is possible while preventing such a phenomenon will be described. FIG. 15 is a diagram showing the relationship between the swivel angle and the maximum correction angle. As shown in FIG. 15, the upper limit of the correction angle θ r for realizing the light-shielding high beam is the maximum correction angle θ r-max, and a function is set so that the maximum correction angle θ r-max decreases as the swivel angle increases. Has been. The correction angle θ r is set to an optimum value (minimum correction angle capable of running with a light-shielding high beam) in the range of the maximum correction angle θ r-max .

(Basic control method in shaded high beam mode)
FIG. 16 is a diagram schematically showing the positional relationship between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle and the relationship between the respective regions when viewed from above and from the side. The basic control concept of the present embodiment is that control is performed so as to maintain the light-shielded high beam state during a period in which the preceding vehicle existing area in the measurement area can be included in the light-shielded area.

  In other words, when the invention described in the present embodiment is regarded as a control method for a vehicle headlamp device, this method can be applied to an existence region where a front vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle exists and a high beam light distribution pattern. Compared to a part of the light shielding area (non-irradiation area) that can be formed, if the entire area is included in the light shielding area, the headlight is formed so as to form a high beam light distribution pattern in which the light shielding area is formed. In addition to controlling the lamp unit, the headlamp unit is controlled so that the high beam light distribution pattern is not formed when at least a part of the existing area is included in the area of the high beam light distribution pattern other than the light shielding area.

Further, when the vehicle headlamp device 12 has a structure capable of swiveling the optical axis or a structure capable of changing the light shielding area, the headlamp control unit 22 includes the existing area with the minimum light shielding area. Thus, the swivel amount (swivel angle θ + correction angle θ r ) and the light shielding region can be variably controlled. As a result, the reduction in glare applied to the preceding vehicle and the improvement in visibility can be achieved at a high level.

  FIG. 17 is a diagram schematically showing a light distribution pattern of a low beam (Lo beam), a light shielding high beam (light shielding Hi beam), and a normal high beam (Hi beam) in the vehicle headlamp device 12 according to the present embodiment. It is. FIG. 18 is a flowchart showing a method for controlling the headlamp unit in the light-shielding high beam mode according to the present embodiment.

  When the light-shielding high beam mode is selected by the lamp mode changeover switch 16, initial setting for measuring the preceding vehicle is performed (S50), and it is determined whether measurement control is executed (S52). . Note that switching of the light distribution pattern in the light-shielding high beam mode is performed when the “control OFF switch” provided on the vehicle is turned on or when the switching operation is performed at the driver's will. The content can be prioritized and switched to the low beam mode or the normal high beam mode.

  When the measurement control is not executed (No in S52), it is switched to irradiation with a low beam or a normal high beam by a preset process (S54). When the measurement control is executed (Yes in S52), the existence area is calculated by the method shown in FIG. 13, and the irradiation mode FLAG corresponding to the existence area is set (S56). In the measurement, information on cameras and radar devices mounted on the host vehicle, communication between vehicles, position information from GPS devices mounted on each vehicle included in communication between various devices installed on the road and the vehicle, road The existence range is obtained from the position and distance of the vehicle ahead of the host vehicle based on the position information included in the infrastructure information such as the vehicle detection device installed in the vehicle. The above-described processing may include fail control such as switching to the low beam mode when measurement is not performed normally.

  When the value indicating the low beam is set in the irradiation mode FLAG (Yes in S58), the irradiation mode is switched to the irradiation in the low beam mode (S60). When the value indicating the low beam is not set in the irradiation mode FLAG (No in S58), it is determined whether or not the value indicating the normal high beam is set in the irradiation mode FLAG (S62). When the value indicating the normal high beam is set in the irradiation mode FLAG (Yes in S62), the irradiation mode FLAG is switched to the irradiation in the normal high beam mode (S64). When the value indicating the normal high beam is not set in the irradiation mode FLAG (No in S62), the value indicating the light blocking high beam mode is set in the irradiation mode FLAG.

  Therefore, the headlamp control unit 22 determines whether or not the light-shielding area can be formed so as not to give glare to the front vehicle included in the calculated existing area (S66). At this time, if the shading range can be changed or the swivel angle can be corrected depending on the structure and function of the headlamp unit, whether or not the existing area can be shielded by taking such conditions into consideration. Determined. If the existing area cannot be blocked even if the light blocking area is changed or the optical axis is swiveled (No in S66), the irradiation is switched to the irradiation in the low beam mode so as not to give glare to the preceding vehicle (S68). When the existing region can be shielded (Yes in S66), the irradiation is switched to the light shielding high beam mode (S70), and visibility is improved without giving glare to the preceding vehicle.

  In the case of a vehicle headlamp device including a headlamp unit that can change the shape of the light shielding area, the shape of the light shielding area may be controlled so that the existing area is included in the minimum light shielding area. As a result, it is possible to achieve both higher visibility of the subject vehicle and reduction of glare given to the driver of the preceding vehicle at a higher level. Further, in the case of a vehicle headlamp device including a headlamp unit that can be swiveled, the swivel angle may be controlled so that the light blocking area includes the existing area with the minimum optical axis movement amount. As a result, the traveling period in the light-shielding high beam mode can be extended using the swivel function within a range that does not cause a decrease in the forward field of view. In addition, in the case of a vehicle headlamp device having a headlamp unit that can change the shape of the light-shielding area and that can be swiveled, the minimum light-shielding area exists within the maximum swivel correction range. The shape of the light shielding region may be variably controlled so as to include the region.

  As described above, the definition of each numerical value necessary for control and the basic control method have been described. Hereinafter, an example of the light-shielding high beam mode will be described in detail. FIG. 19 is a table illustrating combinations of the light distribution pattern of the light shielding high beam and the configuration of the light shielding unit.

[Example 1]
The headlamp unit according to the present embodiment is configured such that a light-shielding portion (rectangular or circular) is formed in a region inside the high beam light distribution pattern, and is provided with a swivel function. FIG. 20A is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which the own vehicle including the vehicle headlamp device according to the first embodiment is irradiating the front vehicle while traveling on a straight road. FIG. 20B is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which the own vehicle including the vehicle headlamp device according to the first embodiment is irradiating the preceding vehicle while traveling on a curved road. FIG. 21A is a diagram in which the light shielding range viewed from the own vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 20A is replaced on the screen. FIG. 21B is a diagram in which the existence range seen from the vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 20A is replaced on the screen.

  A vehicle equipped with the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment travels in a light-shielded high beam mode on a straight road as shown in FIG. To do. Further, the vehicle equipped with the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment can swivel the optical axis even when it is not possible to include the existing range on a curved road as shown in FIG. By doing so, swivel control is performed when inclusion is possible, and the vehicle travels in the light-shielded high beam mode as much as possible.

Here, the light shielding range is represented by a light shielding range α B and a light shielding range β B , and a light shielding region (α B , β B ) is formed. Similarly, the existence range is represented by an existence range α EX and an existence range β EX , and an existence region (α EX , β EX ) is formed. The light shielding range α B and the existence range α EX are:
α B = α BR −α BL
α EX = α EXR −α EXL
It is represented by

Then, by comparing the values of the right side existence angle α EXR , the left side existence angle α EXL , and the existence range β EX obtained by the processing shown in FIG. 13 with the light shielding range, it is determined whether or not light shielding is possible. The In this embodiment, not only the above-described comparison between the light-shielding range and the existing range, but also the irradiation mode is determined in consideration of the distance from the preceding vehicle determined by each threshold value shown in the flowchart shown in FIG. Selected. FIG. 22 is a table showing details of control conditions in the first embodiment.

The vehicle headlamp device having the swivel function sets the correction angle θ r within a range not exceeding the maximum correction angle θ r−max determined from the function f 4 having the swivel angle θ as a variable shown in FIG. . Then, by increasing or decreasing only the swivel angle of the optical axis theta correction angle theta r, determines whether or not it is possible to include existing range shaded range. The headlamp controller 22, the low beam mode if none are encasing an existing range in shaded range, when it is encasing an existing range in the light-shielding ranges shielding upper beam to swivel the optical axis by the correction angle theta r Switch to. At this time, the headlight control unit 22, as the absolute value of the correction angle theta r is the minimum value, i.e., to control the movement of the optical axis so that the amount of swivel is minimum angle by the correction. In addition, when the existence range is included in the light shielding range without correcting the swivel angle, the swiveling for correction is not performed.

In the case of correcting only the optical axis correction angle theta r min, combined measurement area to the optical axis after the correction is also set. However, the correction angle θ r is only for the swivel angle θ obtained from the curvature of the road on which the vehicle is running, and the control is performed such that the corrected optical axis is set as the swivel angle θ and further the correction angle is obtained. Absent. As a result, a situation in which the correction angle is added to the angle in the optical axis direction after correction and the optical axis is shifted indefinitely is avoided.

[Example 2]
The headlamp unit according to the present embodiment can change the shape of the light-shielding portion so that the light-shielding portion (recess) is formed in the central region above the HH line of the high-beam light distribution pattern. It is configured. FIG. 23 is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which the subject vehicle including the vehicle headlamp device according to the second embodiment is irradiating the preceding vehicle while traveling on a straight road. FIG. 24A is a diagram in which the light-shieldable range viewed from the own vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 23 is replaced on the screen. FIG. 24B is a diagram in which the existence range seen from the vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 23 is replaced on the screen.

  The vehicle having the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment has a change in the existence range within a period in which the existence range of the preceding vehicle can be included in the light-shieldable range on a straight road as shown in FIG. Drive in the light-shielded high beam mode as much as possible while following the light-shielding range.

Here, the existence range is represented by an existence range α EX and an existence range β EX , and an existence region (α EX , β EX ) is formed. However, the light shielding range, due to the presence to split H-H line side in the high beam light distribution pattern to the left and right, shaded range beta B indicating the vertical direction is not set, the light-shielding region (alpha in shaded range alpha B B ,-) is formed. The light shielding range α B and the existence range α EX are:
α B = α BR −α BL
α EX = α EXR −α EXL
It is represented by

In this embodiment, since the light shielding range can be changed, the variable light shielding range α LMT is
α LMT = α BRLMTBLLMT
It is represented by

Then, during the period when the existence range of the preceding vehicle obtained by the processing shown in FIG. 13 is included in the variable light shielding range (α BLLMT ≦ α BL and α BR ≦ α BRLMT ), the light shielding range is set as the existence range. The light shielding range is variably controlled so as to match, and the traveling in the light shielding high beam mode is continued. In this embodiment, not only the comparison between the aforementioned variable light-shielding range and the existing range, but also the irradiation mode in consideration of the distance from the preceding vehicle determined by each threshold shown in the flowchart shown in FIG. Is selected. FIG. 25 is a table showing details of control conditions in the second embodiment.

  In other words, the vehicle headlamp device exemplified in the above-described embodiments and examples can be understood as follows.

  In the vehicle headlamp device according to the present embodiment, the headlamp control unit 22 is a means for determining a single existence region including a plurality of front vehicles even when there are a plurality of front vehicles. And a means for setting a part of the region to a non-irradiation state when the predetermined single existence region is included in the part of the region. Thereby, when all of the single existence area including a plurality of preceding vehicles is included in a part of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be in the non-irradiation state, the part of the area It is possible to reduce glare given to the preceding vehicle by setting the non-irradiation state. In addition, even if there are a plurality of preceding vehicles, a single existence area is determined, so that it is only necessary to compare with a part of the high beam light distribution pattern that can be brought into a non-irradiation state. Therefore, the processing burden on the headlamp control unit 22 is reduced.

  Note that the relationship between the light shielding “range” and the light shielding “region” and the existence “region” and the existence “range” in the description of the present embodiment is considered to be a “range” obtained by projecting a three-dimensional “region” onto the screen. For example, the parameters can be regarded as parameters having a mutually convertible relationship.

  As described above, the present invention has been described with reference to the above-described embodiments. However, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and the configurations of the embodiments are appropriately combined or replaced. Those are also included in the present invention. Further, based on the knowledge of those skilled in the art, it is possible to appropriately change the combination and processing order in each embodiment and to add various modifications such as various design changes to the embodiment. Added embodiments may be included in the scope of the present invention.

It is the schematic which shows the external appearance of the front part of the motor vehicle which applied the vehicle headlamp apparatus which concerns on this Embodiment. It is a block diagram which shows schematic structure of the headlamp apparatus which concerns on this Embodiment. It is sectional drawing which shows schematic structure of the lamp unit vicinity for high beams among headlamp units. FIG. 4A is a diagram showing a light distribution pattern by the low beam lamp unit. FIG. 4B is a diagram showing a light distribution pattern by the high beam lamp unit. FIGS. 5A to 5D are diagrams illustrating a high beam light distribution pattern. Fig.6 (a) is the perspective view which showed typically the positional relationship of the own vehicle and a preceding vehicle. FIG. 6B is a side view schematically showing the positional relationship between the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle. FIG. 7A is a perspective view schematically showing a measurement region in the left-right direction with respect to the preceding vehicle. FIG. 7B is a side view schematically showing the measurement region in the left-right direction with respect to the preceding vehicle. It is the figure which showed typically the positional relationship of the own vehicle and a preceding vehicle at the time of seeing from the sky and a side surface, and the relationship with an existing range. FIG. 9A is a diagram schematically showing a situation where the host vehicle and the oncoming vehicle pass each other when viewed from above. FIG. 9B is a graph showing the relationship between the change per unit time of the angle α n formed in the situation shown in FIG. FIG. 9C is a graph showing the relationship between the relative speed and each threshold value. FIG. 10A is a diagram schematically showing the relationship between the opposing angles of the host vehicle and the preceding vehicle when viewed from above. FIG. 10B is a graph showing the relationship between the facing angle and the distance coefficient. It is the figure which showed the hysteresis characteristic in the control of this Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the distance r with a preceding vehicle, the left-right margin angle (alpha) m, and the up-and-down margin angle (beta) m . It is a flowchart which shows the determination method of the irradiation mode based on the presence area of a preceding vehicle. FIG. 14A is a view of the relationship between the existence range and the light shielding range when the optical axis is swiveled while the vehicle is traveling on a curved road (without swivel angle correction), as viewed from above. FIG. 14B is a view of the relationship between the existence range and the light shielding range when the optical axis is swiveled (with swivel angle correction) while the vehicle is traveling on a curved road, as viewed from above. It is the figure which showed the relationship between a swivel angle and a maximum correction angle. It is the figure which showed typically the positional relationship of the own vehicle at the time of seeing from the sky and a side surface, and the front running vehicle, and the relationship of each area | region. It is the figure which showed typically the light distribution pattern of the low beam (Lo beam), the light-shielding high beam (light-shielding Hi beam), and the normal high beam (Hi beam) in the vehicle headlamp apparatus which concerns on this Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the control method of the headlamp unit in the light-shielding high beam mode which concerns on this Embodiment. It is the table | surface which illustrated the combination of the light distribution pattern of a light-shielding high beam, and the structure of the light-shielding part. FIG. 20A is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which the own vehicle including the vehicle headlamp device according to the first embodiment is irradiating the front vehicle while traveling on a straight road. FIG. 20B is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which the own vehicle including the vehicle headlamp device according to the first embodiment is irradiating the preceding vehicle while traveling on a curved road. FIG. 21A is a diagram in which the light shielding range viewed from the own vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 20A is replaced on the screen. FIG. 21B is a diagram in which the existence range seen from the vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 20A is replaced on the screen. 3 is a table showing details of control conditions in Example 1. It is a schematic diagram which shows the state which the own vehicle provided with the vehicle headlamp apparatus which concerns on Example 2 is irradiating the preceding vehicle during driving | running | working on a straight road. FIG. 24A is a diagram in which the light-shieldable range viewed from the own vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 23 is replaced on the screen. FIG. 24B is a diagram in which the existence range seen from the vehicle in the situation shown in FIG. 23 is replaced on the screen. 10 is a table showing details of control conditions in Example 2.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Vehicle, 12 Vehicle headlamp apparatus, 14 Steering wheel, 16 Lamp mode changeover switch, 18 Vehicle control part, 20 Headlight unit, 22 Headlight control part, 24 Front vehicle detection means, 26 Lamp housing, 28L low beam lamp unit, 30 high beam lamp unit, 32 lamp body, 34 front lens, 36 reflector, 38 bulb, 40 R filament, 42 F filament, 44 inner shade, 46 imaging camera, 48 image recognition device.

Claims (3)

  1. A headlamp unit disposed in the vehicle;
    Control means for controlling the irradiation of light by the headlamp unit according to the presence area where the preceding vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle exists,
    The headlamp unit is configured to form a low beam light distribution pattern and a high beam light distribution pattern and to make a part of the high beam light distribution pattern non-irradiated.
    The control means includes
    Determine the existence area without including the preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle,
    When the entire existing area is included in the partial area, the headlamp unit is controlled so that the partial area is in a non-irradiation state,
    When at least a part of the presence area is included in a region of the high beam distribution pattern other than the partial region, the headlamp unit is controlled so that the high beam distribution pattern itself is not formed.
    A vehicle headlamp apparatus characterized by the above.
  2.   The vehicle headlamp device according to claim 1, wherein the control unit determines the existence area without including a preceding vehicle positioned below a horizontal line.
  3. A step of determining an existing area of a preceding vehicle traveling ahead of the host vehicle;
    Comparing a portion of the high-beam light distribution pattern that can be non-irradiated with the existing region;
    When there is an overlap between the region other than the part of the high beam light distribution pattern and the existence region, the headlight unit is controlled so that the high beam light distribution pattern is not formed.
    The method of controlling a vehicle headlamp device, wherein the step of determining the presence area includes determining the existence area without including a preceding vehicle that is not located in a predetermined range in the vertical direction when viewed from the host vehicle.
JP2008122764A 2008-05-08 2008-05-08 Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof Active JP5111229B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2008122764A JP5111229B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2008-05-08 Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2008122764A JP5111229B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2008-05-08 Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof
EP17197620.2A EP3296155A1 (en) 2008-05-08 2009-05-07 Automotive headlamp apparatus
EP09159676.7A EP2116421B1 (en) 2008-05-08 2009-05-07 Automotive headlamp apparatus
US12/463,357 US8562192B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2009-05-08 Automotive headlamp apparatus for controlling light distribution pattern
US13/839,514 US8870424B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2013-03-15 Automotive headlamp apparatus for controlling light distribution pattern

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2009269511A JP2009269511A (en) 2009-11-19
JP5111229B2 true JP5111229B2 (en) 2013-01-09

Family

ID=41436461

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2008122764A Active JP5111229B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2008-05-08 Vehicle headlamp device and control method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5111229B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2639105B1 (en) * 2010-11-12 2015-04-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicular light distribution control system and vehicular light distribution control method
US9415718B2 (en) 2011-06-08 2016-08-16 Denso Corporation Vehicular headlight apparatus
JP5375880B2 (en) 2011-06-08 2013-12-25 株式会社デンソー Vehicle headlamp device
JP5976345B2 (en) * 2012-03-08 2016-08-23 スタンレー電気株式会社 Lighting control device for vehicle headlamp and vehicle headlamp system
JP5768756B2 (en) * 2012-04-17 2015-08-26 株式会社デンソー Light distribution control device for vehicle headlamp
JP6453669B2 (en) * 2015-02-27 2019-01-16 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Vehicle headlamp control device

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004098970A (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-04-02 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Headlamp device for vehicle
JP4624257B2 (en) * 2005-12-28 2011-02-02 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle lighting
JP4708285B2 (en) * 2006-08-04 2011-06-22 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Vehicle headlamp

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2009269511A (en) 2009-11-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR101760995B1 (en) Driving support apparatus for vehicle
US9550448B2 (en) Light distribution control method and light distribution control device for a vehicular headlamp
US9944220B2 (en) Vehicle headlight control device
JP3839609B2 (en) Vehicle lamp device
US8552648B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp apparatus
JP5907644B2 (en) Method and controller for adapting headlight beam upper limit of headlight cone
CN102951064B (en) Vehicle headlamp apparatus and light distribution control method
EP2275305B1 (en) Automotive headlamp apparatus
JP4458141B2 (en) Light control device
US7914190B2 (en) Headlamp for vehicle
JP6001238B2 (en) Light distribution control device for vehicle headlamp
ES2367875T3 (en) Provision of headlights of projection for vehicles.
US8019512B2 (en) System for adjusting direction of optical axis of headlight
US8425092B2 (en) Headlamp control device and vehicle headlamp having headlamp control device
US7156542B2 (en) Vehicle headlight system having digital beam-forming optics
JP3546600B2 (en) Light distribution control device for headlamp
US9041808B2 (en) Headlight controller, optical unit and vehicle headlight
JP4061233B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp
JP5348100B2 (en) Headlamp device, brightness control method
US8459849B2 (en) Optical device for a motor vehicle
JP4624257B2 (en) Vehicle lighting
US6960005B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp apparatus
JP6310899B2 (en) Outside environment recognition device
JP5199781B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp device
EP2484557B1 (en) Light distribution controlling apparatus of vehicle headlamp

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20110413

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20120921

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20121002

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20121009

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20151019

Year of fee payment: 3

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 5111229

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150