JP4858162B2 - Signal processing apparatus, signal processing method, and program - Google Patents

Signal processing apparatus, signal processing method, and program Download PDF

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JP4858162B2
JP4858162B2 JP2006350358A JP2006350358A JP4858162B2 JP 4858162 B2 JP4858162 B2 JP 4858162B2 JP 2006350358 A JP2006350358 A JP 2006350358A JP 2006350358 A JP2006350358 A JP 2006350358A JP 4858162 B2 JP4858162 B2 JP 4858162B2
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signal
value
specific symbol
waveform
transmitted
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JP2008160767A (en
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洋 一木
崇 中西
正紘 吉岡
成司 和田
俊助 望月
裕人 木村
亮輔 荒木
哲二郎 近藤
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ソニー株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a signal processing device, a signal processing method, and a program, and in particular, a signal processing device and a signal processing method capable of improving the quality of communication performed via a transmission path in which a signal is distorted, And the program.

  Conventionally, for example, an image signal is supplied from an external device such as a tuner that receives a television broadcast signal or a DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) player, and the signal is subjected to signal processing, and then a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) or LCD There is a signal processing device that supplies an image signal to a display device such as (Liquid Crystal Display).

  In such a signal processing device, a noise removal process for removing noise from an image signal supplied from an external device, or an image displayed on a display device with higher image quality than an image from the external device. Signal processing such as image conversion processing for converting a signal and image adjustment processing for adjusting the brightness and contrast of an image displayed on the display device is performed.

  FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a conventional signal processing apparatus.

In FIG. 1, the signal processing apparatus 11 includes a housing 12, connectors 13 1 to 13 4 , an input selector 14, a signal router 15, connectors 16 1 to 16 4 , connectors 17 1 to 17 3 , and functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3. , Connector 19, remote commander 20, operation unit 21, system control block 22, and control bus 23.

In the signal processing device 11, the connectors 13 1 to 13 4 are connected to the input selector 14 via a signal cable, and the input selector 14 is connected to the signal router 15 via the signal cable. The signal router 15 is connected to the connectors 16 1 to 16 4 and the connector 19 via signal cables, and the signal router 15 functions via the connectors 16 1 to 16 3 and the connectors 17 1 to 17 3. Connected to blocks 18 1 to 18 3 . The input selector 14, the signal router 15, the connectors 16 1 to 16 4 , and the system control block 22 are connected to each other via a control bus 23.

The housing 12 is, for example, a rectangular parallelepiped box. The housing 12 is provided with connectors 13 1 to 13 4 , a connector 19, and an operation unit 21. The housing 12 includes an input selector 14, The signal router 15, the connectors 16 1 to 16 4 , the connectors 17 1 to 17 3 , the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 , the system control block 22 and the control bus 23 are accommodated.

The connectors 13 1 to 13 4 are connection portions to which cables for connecting the signal processing device 11 and an external device (not shown) such as a tuner or a DVD player that supplies image signals to the signal processing device 11 are connected. is there.

The input selector 14 is supplied with an image signal from an external device via the connectors 13 1 to 13 4 , and the input selector 14 can select any of the connectors 13 1 to 13 4 according to the control of the system control block 22. An image signal supplied from an external device connected to the signal router 15 is supplied to the signal router 15.

The signal router 15 supplies the signal supplied from the input selector 14 to the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 via the connectors 16 1 to 16 3 and the connectors 17 1 to 17 3 according to the control of the system control block 22. . Further, the signal router 15 is supplied with the signal processed signal from the function blocks 18 1 to 18 3 , and the signal router 15 sends the signal processed signal to the connector 19 via the connector 19. Supply to a connected display device (not shown).

The connectors 16 1 to 16 3 and the connectors 17 1 to 17 3 are detachable from each other, and connect the signal router 15 or the control bus 23 and the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 . Further, a new functional block or the like added to the signal processing device 11 can be connected to the connector 16 4 .

Each of the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 has a signal processing circuit that performs signal processing such as noise removal processing, image conversion processing, or image adjustment processing. The functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 perform signal processing on the signal supplied from the signal router 15 and supply the signal subjected to signal processing to the signal router 15.

  The connector 19 is a connection unit to which a cable that connects the signal processing device 11 and a display device that displays an image output from the signal processing device 11 is connected.

  The remote commander 20 includes a plurality of buttons operated by the user, and is operated by the user, and supplies an operation signal corresponding to the user's operation to the system control block 22 using infrared rays or the like.

  Similar to the remote commander 20, the operation unit 21 includes a plurality of buttons operated by the user, and is operated by the user, and supplies an operation signal corresponding to the user operation to the system control block 22.

When an operation signal corresponding to a user operation is supplied from the remote commander 20 or the operation unit 21, the system control block 22 is input via the control bus 23 so that processing according to the operation signal is performed. The selector 14, the signal router 15, or the function blocks 18 1 to 18 3 are controlled.

In the signal processing apparatus 11 configured as described above, an image signal is supplied to the signal router 15 via the connectors 13 1 to 13 4 and the input selector 14, and the signal router 15 and the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 are connected. In between, an image signal is transmitted via a signal cable.

By the way, in recent years, the data amount of an image signal subjected to signal processing by the signal processing device 11 tends to increase as the image becomes higher in definition. In order to process an image signal having a large amount of data without delay, for example, it is necessary to transmit the image signal at a high speed via a signal cable between the signal router 15 and the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3. is there. However, when a signal is transmitted at a high speed, a problem occurs in signal transmission due to the influence of the frequency characteristics of the signal cable, crosstalk, timing shift (skew) that occurs in the parallel signal cable, and the like.

  Here, Patent Document 1 discloses a signal processing device that performs signal processing by transmitting signals by wireless communication using electromagnetic waves between substrates built in a housing.

Thus, for example, the problem that occurs when the signal router 15 and the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 transmit a signal by radio communication using electromagnetic waves, thereby transmitting the signal at high speed via the signal cable. Can be avoided.

However, when the signal router 15 and the functional blocks 18 1 to 18 3 transmit signals by radio communication using electromagnetic waves inside the casing 12 of the signal processing device 11, the electromagnetic waves are reflected by the wall surface of the casing 12. In addition, electromagnetic waves are diffracted by a substrate built in the housing 12, and a plurality of transmission paths (multipaths) having different path distances are generated. When a signal is transmitted via multipath, the phase of the signal reaching the receiving side that receives the signal is shifted, and the signal interferes.

  As described above, in the wireless communication inside the housing 12, that is, in the communication performed through the transmission path in which the signal waveform is distorted due to the interference of the signal, the reception-side board normally demodulates the signal. As a result, the quality of communication deteriorates.

  By the way, in addition to wireless communication inside the housing, interference occurs due to the signal phase being shifted due to multipath caused by reflection of electromagnetic waves by a building or other building structure in mobile communication using a mobile phone, for example. As a result, communication quality deteriorates. In addition to such wireless communication, for example, when a signal is transmitted through a cable, the signal is reflected at the end of the cable, and interference occurs between the signal to be transmitted and the reflected signal. The quality of

  Conventionally, as a multipath countermeasure by signal processing of general wireless communication, a method using OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) as a modulation method, a method using spread spectrum and rake reception, There are a method using a multi-antenna and a method using a waveform equalizer.

  However, in signal processing for a signal that needs to be transmitted at a high speed, such as an image signal, particularly an uncompressed image signal, the delay generated in the signal processing can be shortened and the delay can be made constant. Although necessary, even if these multipath countermeasures are used, it is difficult to shorten the delay caused in signal processing and to make the delay constant.

  In addition, when OFDM is used as a modulation method, a large load is applied to devices that perform FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) processing used in modulation and demodulation, and the amount of heat generated by these devices increases, resulting in cost reduction. There is a concern of becoming higher. In addition, when using spread spectrum, high-speed signal processing is required to achieve high-speed communication, but it is difficult to perform such high-speed signal processing. It was difficult to realize.

  Also, when multiple antennas or waveform equalizers are used, it is necessary to insert UW (Unique Word) into the packet or large-scale prediction to improve the accuracy of predicting changes in transmission characteristics I need a circuit.

JP 2003-179821 A

  As described above, in wireless communication within a casing of a conventional signal processing device, distortion occurs due to signal interference, and communication quality is degraded.

  The present invention has been made in view of such a situation, and is intended to improve the quality of communication performed via a transmission path in which a signal is distorted.

In the signal processing device according to one aspect of the present invention, the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol is transmitted via a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol A signal processing apparatus for processing a signal to be transmitted, an acquisition means for acquiring a signal value of the specific symbol from a signal transmitted through the transmission path, and transmitted before the specific symbol The acquisition means calculates distortion predicted to occur in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on characteristics of the distortion of the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol, which occurs according to the value of the specific symbol. Separating means for calculating a separated waveform obtained by separating from the waveform represented by the acquired signal value of the specific symbol, and based on the separated waveform calculated by the separating means, the value of the specific symbol is A determining means for constant for a receiving means for receiving a test signal comprising a plurality of said symbols take preset predetermined value, the signal value of the specific symbol of the test signal received by the receiving unit, the test Characteristic acquisition means for determining the characteristic of the distortion based on the values of a plurality of symbols of the signal .

Further, in the signal processing device according to one aspect of the present invention, the determination unit has a waveform characteristic represented by the signal value of the specific symbol corresponding to the value of the specific symbol for each value that the specific symbol can take. The comparison value calculation means for subtracting the signal value of the specific symbol predicted based on the signal from the signal value of the separation waveform calculated by the separation means, and calculating a comparison value for each value that the specific symbol can take And the comparison value for each value that the specific symbol can take, and the value of the specific symbol used for the calculation when the absolute value of the comparison value is the smallest value is And means for comparing with the value of a specific symbol of the signal transmitted through the network.

A signal processing method or program according to an aspect of the present invention provides a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in a waveform represented by a signal value of a specific symbol in accordance with the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol. A signal processing method for processing a signal transmitted via the transmission path, or a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol A program for causing a computer to perform signal processing for processing a signal transmitted via a signal, wherein a signal value of the specific symbol is obtained from a signal transmitted via the transmission path, and the specific symbol is obtained. Occurs in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on the distortion characteristics of the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol, which occurs according to the value of the symbol transmitted before A separation waveform obtained by separating predicted distortion from a waveform represented by a signal value of the specific symbol acquired from a signal transmitted through the transmission path is calculated, and based on the separation waveform Determining a value of the specific symbol , receiving a test signal composed of a plurality of the symbols having a predetermined value set in advance, a signal value of the specific symbol of the received test signal, and the test signal Determining distortion characteristics based on a plurality of symbol values .

In one aspect of the present invention, a signal value of a specific symbol is acquired from a signal transmitted through a transmission path, and a specific symbol is generated according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol. The distortion predicted to occur in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on the distortion characteristics of the waveform represented by the signal value of the signal of the specific symbol obtained from the signal transmitted through the transmission path A separated waveform obtained by separating from the waveform represented by the signal value is calculated. Then, based on the separated waveform, a value of a specific symbol is determined , a test signal composed of a plurality of symbols having a predetermined value set in advance is received, a signal value of the specific symbol of the test signal, and a test Based on the values of a plurality of symbols of the signal, distortion characteristics are obtained.

  According to one aspect of the present invention, it is possible to improve the quality of communication performed via a transmission path in which a signal is distorted.

Embodiments of the present invention will be described below .

  Hereinafter, specific embodiments to which the present invention is applied will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a configuration example of an embodiment of a signal processing device to which the present invention is applied.

In FIG. 2, the signal processing device 31 includes a housing 32, a power supply module 33, a platform board 34, an input board 35, signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 , and an output board 37.

The housing 32 is a rectangular parallelepiped box, and the power supply module 33, the platform substrate 34, the input substrate 35, the signal processing substrates 36 1 to 36 3 , and the output substrate 37 are accommodated therein.

The power supply module 33 supplies power required for driving to the platform board 34, the input board 35, the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 , and the output board 37.

Signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 are mounted on the platform board 34, and power is supplied from the power module 33 to the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 via the platform board 34, for example.

The input board 35 is connected to a connector (for example, connectors 43 1 to 43 4 in FIG. 3 to be described later) that is externally mounted on the housing 32, and the input board 35 is connected to the outside via this connector. An image signal is supplied from a device (not shown). Also, the input board 35 has an antenna 35a for wireless communication using electromagnetic waves, the signal of the image supplied from the external device, via the antenna 35a, the signal processing substrate 36 to 363 Supply.

The signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 are provided with antennas 36a 1 to 36a 3 for performing wireless communication using electromagnetic waves, and the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 are connected via the antennas 36a 1 to 36a 3 . Thus, an image signal is supplied from the input board 35. The signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 perform signal processing such as noise removal processing, image conversion processing, or image adjustment processing on the image signal from the input board 35, respectively, and the image processing signal is processed. Then, it is supplied to the output board 37 via the antennas 36a 1 to 36a 3 .

The output board 37 includes an antenna 37a for performing wireless communication using electromagnetic waves, and is connected to a connector (for example, a connector 47 in FIG. 3 described later) that is externally mounted on the housing 32. The output board 37 sends image signals supplied from the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 via the antenna 37 a to a display device (not shown) connected to a connector mounted on the housing 32. Supply.

  Next, FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the signal processing device 31 of FIG.

In FIG. 3, a signal processing device 31 includes a housing 42, connectors 43 1 to 43 4 , an input selector 44, a signal router 45, functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 , a connector 47, a remote commander 48, an operation unit 49, and a system. The control block 50 is configured.

In the signal processing device 31, the connectors 43 1 to 43 4 are connected to the input selector 44 via a signal cable, and the input selector 44 is connected to the signal router 45 via the signal cable. Is connected to the connector 47 via a signal cable.

The housing 42 corresponds to the housing 32 of FIG. 2, and the connectors 42 1 to 43 4 , the connector 47, and the operation unit 49 are externally mounted on the housing 42, and the input selector 44 is provided inside the housing 42. The signal router 45, functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 , and the system control block 50 are accommodated.

The connectors 43 1 to 43 4 are connection portions to which cables for connecting the signal processing device 31 and an external device (not shown) such as a tuner or a DVD player that supplies image signals to the signal processing device 31 are connected. is there.

The input selector 44 is provided, for example, on the input board 35 of FIG. 2 and includes an antenna 44 a for communicating with the system control block 50. The input selector 44 is supplied with an image signal from an external device via the connectors 43 1 to 43 4 , and the input selector 44 can select any of the connectors 43 1 to 43 4 according to the control of the system control block 50. The signal router 45 is supplied with an image signal supplied from an external device connected thereto.

The signal router 45 includes, for example, is provided on the output board 37 in FIG. 2, and the system control block 50, an antenna 45a for communicating with the functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3. Signal router 45 under the control of the system control block 50, a signal of the image supplied from the input selector 44 via the antenna 45a, by wireless communication using an electromagnetic wave, and transmits to the functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3.

Further, the signal router 45 receives image signals transmitted from the function blocks 46 1 to 46 3 through the antenna 45a by wireless communication using electromagnetic waves, and receives images from the function blocks 46 1 to 46 3. Is supplied to a display device (not shown) connected to the connector 47 through the connector 47.

The functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 are provided, for example, on the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 in FIG. 2, respectively, and include antennas 46a 1 to 46a 3 .

The functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 receive image signals transmitted from the signal router 45 through wireless communication using electromagnetic waves via the antennas 46a 1 to 46a 3, and perform noise on the image signals. Signal processing such as removal processing, image conversion processing, or image adjustment processing is performed. Then, the functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 transmit the signal of the image subjected to signal processing to the signal router 45 by wireless communication using electromagnetic waves via the antennas 46a 1 to 46a 3 . In addition, the functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 transmit and receive signals to and from each other via the antennas 46a 1 to 46a 3 included therein.

When there is no need to individually distinguish each of the functional blocks 46 1 through 46 3, below, as appropriate, the functional blocks 46 1 through 46 3 is referred to as a functional block 46. Similarly, the antennas 46a 1 to 46a 3 provided in the functional blocks 46 1 to 46 3 are also referred to as antennas 46a.

  The connector 47 is a connection portion to which a cable for connecting the signal processing device 31 and a display device that displays an image output from the signal processing device 31 is connected, like the connector 19 of FIG.

  The remote commander 48 or the operation unit 49 is operated by the user and supplies an operation signal corresponding to the user's operation to the system control block 50, similarly to the remote commander 20 or the operation unit 21 of FIG.

  The system control block 50 is provided, for example, on the platform board 34 in FIG. 2 and includes an antenna 50a. When an operation signal corresponding to a user operation is supplied from the remote commander 48 or the operation unit 49, the system control block 50 transmits an electromagnetic wave via the antenna 50a so that processing according to the operation signal is performed. The input selector 44, the signal router 45, or the functional block 46 is controlled by the used wireless communication.

  As described above, the signal processing device 31 is configured, and the signal router 45 and the functional block 46 transmit and receive image signals by wireless communication using electromagnetic waves inside the housing 42 of the signal processing device 31.

  When wireless communication is performed inside such a casing 42, for example, electromagnetic waves output from the antenna 45a of the signal router 45 are transmitted via a multipath by being reflected by the wall surface of the casing 42, and the like. The phase of the electromagnetic wave (signal) reaching the functional block 46 is shifted. Due to this phase shift, the signals received by the functional block 46 interfere with each other, and the waveform of the signal is distorted. For example, the symbol of the signal may be erroneously determined.

  Next, with reference to FIG. 4, distortion that occurs in the waveform of a signal transmitted by wireless communication inside the housing 42 will be described.

  Here, in wireless communication, depending on the modulation method, a plurality of bits can be transmitted by one symbol represented by a signal, but in the following, for example, 1 symbol is used for one symbol as in BPSK (binary phase shift keying). An example in which a bit (either 0 or 1) is transmitted will be described. An example in which a signal is transmitted / received between the signal router 45 and the functional block 46 or between the functional blocks 46 will be described.

  A part of the signal transmitted from the signal router 45 to the functional block 46 is shown on the lower side of FIG. That is, on the lower side of FIG. 4, 5 bits from a bit transmitted 4 bits before a specific bit of the signal transmitted from the signal router 45 (hereinafter, appropriately referred to as the current bit) to the current bit are displayed. Each bit from the bit transmitted 4 bits before the current bit to the current bit is expressed as “4 bits before, 3 bits before, 2 bits before, 1 bit before, current bit”. In other words, a 5-bit signal of “0,1,0,1,1” is shown.

  Further, the waveform of the signal received by the functional block 46 is shown on the upper side of FIG. In FIG. 4, the horizontal axis represents time, and the vertical axis represents the signal value of the signal. In FIG. 4, the thin line represents the waveform (DATA) of the signal itself received by the functional block 46 a plurality of times, and the thick line represents the waveform (AVG) obtained by averaging the waveforms of the plurality of signals.

  In the upper right of FIG. 4, the waveform of the signal received by the functional block 46 by wireless communication and corresponding to the current bit is shown. In the upper left of FIG. 4, for example, when the signal router 45 and the functional block 46 are connected via a signal cable, the waveform of the signal received by the functional block 46 via the signal cable, A waveform of a signal corresponding to each bit is shown.

  When the signal is transmitted through the signal cable, as shown in the upper left of FIG. 4, the average value of the signal value of the current bit “1” is about 0.3, and the waveform of the average value is linear. Shape.

  On the other hand, when a signal is transmitted by wireless communication, in a closed system such as the inside of the casing 42, since the divergence of the electromagnetic wave is small, the attenuation of the electromagnetic wave is small and the current bit is several bits. The previous bit, for example, each bit from the previous 4 bits to the previous 1 bit, is reflected by the wall surface of the casing 41 or reflected or diffracted by each substrate, and is transmitted with a delay. Thus, each bit from 4 bits before to 1 bit before is transmitted with a delay, and is superimposed on the current bit, whereby the signal value of the current bit changes.

  Therefore, as shown in the upper right of FIG. 4, the waveform received by the functional block 46 and represented by the signal value of the signal corresponding to the current bit (hereinafter, the waveform of the current bit as appropriate). Distortion) occurs. In particular, there are signal values that are less than or equal to the threshold (ie, 0) used to determine the value of the bit, even though the current bit is 1, thereby erroneously determining that the current bit is 0. There is a possibility that.

  However, as shown in the upper right of FIG. 4, the dispersion of the waveform in which the distortion has occurred is within a certain level, and the distortion in the waveform has a steady characteristic.

That is, as shown in FIG. 2, the power supply module 33, the platform board 34, the input board 35, the signal processing boards 36 1 to 36 3 , and the output board 37 are fixed inside the housing 32 of the signal processing device 31. Therefore, the electromagnetic waves are always reflected in the same manner on the wall surface of the housing 32, each substrate, and the like, and it can be said that the interference of these electromagnetic waves, that is, the influence due to multipath is stationary. Thereby, the distortion generated in the waveform of the current bit becomes steady.

  That is, for example, if each bit from the bit transmitted 4 bits before the current bit to the current bit is “0,1,0,1,1” as shown in the lower side of FIG. The distortion generated in the waveform of the current bit by wireless communication inside the housing 42 is constantly as shown in the upper right of FIG.

  Therefore, for example, the characteristics of the waveform of the current bit in which steady distortion has occurred due to the influence that a plurality of bits transmitted before the current bit are delayed and transmitted through multipath (hereinafter referred to as appropriate) (The delay profile) is stored in advance in the function block 46, the function block 46 determines whether the signal router 45 is based on the delay profile and the waveform of the current bit of the signal transmitted from the signal router 45. The bit of the signal transmitted from can be determined accurately.

  Such a delay profile is obtained by, for example, the signal router 45 and the function block 46 having a plurality of bits with predetermined values set in advance before the signal processing device 31 transmits and receives an image signal by wireless communication. A signal composed of a combination (hereinafter, appropriately referred to as a test pattern signal) can be acquired by transmitting and receiving a plurality of times.

  Here, for example, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, 128 (2 to the 7th power) signals when each bit is “0” or “1” are used as the test pattern signal ( For example, although it may be used as a test pattern signal in FIG. 14 described later, for example, seven kinds of signals in which any one bit is “1” may be used as the test pattern signal.

  Specifically, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, “0,0,0,0,0,0,1”, “0,0,0,0,0,1” , 0 "," 0,0,0,0,1,0,0 "," 0,0,0,1,0,0,0 "," 0,0,1,0,0,0,0 " , “0,1,0,0,0,0,0” and “1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0” can be used as test pattern signals. Then, as will be described later, the calculation of the seven delay profiles acquired by using such seven test pattern signals and a plurality of bits transmitted before the current bit (for example, Expression (1) described later) )), The distortion predicted to occur in the waveform of the current bit is removed, and whether the current bit is “1” or “0” based on the waveform from which the distortion has been removed. Is determined.

  Next, FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a configuration example of the signal router 45 and the functional block 46 of FIG. FIG. 5 shows blocks necessary for processing in which the signal router 45 transmits a test pattern signal to the function block 46 and the function block 46 obtains a delay profile.

  In FIG. 5, the signal router 45 includes an antenna 45a, a transmission side control unit 61, a test pattern generation unit 62, and a wireless transmission unit 63. The functional block 46 includes an antenna 46a, a reception side control unit 71, and a test pattern generation. Unit 72, wireless reception unit 73, statistical processing unit 74, and delay profile storage unit 75.

  The transmission-side control unit 61 controls the test pattern generation unit 62 to generate a test pattern signal, controls the wireless transmission unit 63, and transmits the test pattern signal generated by the test pattern generation unit 62 to the functional block 46. . For example, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, the transmission-side control unit 61 causes the test pattern generation unit 62 to generate the seven test pattern signals as described above.

  The transmission-side control unit 61 sets in advance a combination of values taken by the bits of the test pattern signal, the order in which the test pattern signals are transmitted, a predetermined number of times to repeatedly transmit the same test pattern signal, and the like. Has been.

  In addition, the transmission side control unit 61 specifies what bit combination is used to acquire a delay profile by transmitting a test pattern signal before starting transmission of the test pattern signal, and acquires the delay profile. A control signal (command) instructing the start of processing to be performed is supplied to the wireless transmission unit 63, and this control signal is transmitted to the functional block 46.

  Here, for example, when transmitting and receiving a signal transmitted at high speed, such as an image signal, the time length per bit is shortened, and distortion caused in the signal due to the influence of multipath is reduced. The influence is large, and the influence on the determination of the bit represented by the signal is also large. On the other hand, for example, when a signal transmitted at a certain low speed is transmitted / received, such as a control signal instructing the start of processing, it is not necessary to shorten the time length per bit. The time length per bit can be increased. Thereby, in this case, the influence of distortion generated on the signal due to the influence of multipath is small, and the influence on the determination of the bit represented by the signal is also small. Therefore, even if the transmission-side control unit 61 transmits a control signal by wireless communication, the influence of distortion is small, and the functional block 46 can receive the control signal normally.

  For example, the transmission side control unit 61 and the reception side control unit 71 are connected by a control bus (not shown), and the transmission side control unit 61 transmits a control signal to the reception side control unit 71 via the control bus. May be.

  The test pattern generation unit 62 generates a test pattern signal under the control of the transmission side control unit 61 and supplies the test pattern signal to the wireless transmission unit 63.

  The wireless transmission unit 63 transmits the control signal supplied from the transmission side control unit 61 or the test pattern signal supplied from the test pattern generation unit 62 to the functional block 46 via the antenna 45a.

  Similar to the transmission side control unit 61, the reception side control unit 71 is configured to repeatedly transmit the same combination of values taken by the bits of the test pattern signal, the order in which those test pattern signals are transmitted, and the same test pattern signal. The number of times is set in advance. When the control signal instructing the start of the process of acquiring the delay profile transmitted from the signal router 45 is supplied from the wireless receiving unit 73, the receiving side control unit 71 receives the test specified by the control signal. In order to generate a pattern signal, the test pattern generation unit 72 is controlled according to the above-described setting to generate a test pattern signal.

  The test pattern generation unit 72 generates a test pattern signal under the control of the reception side control unit 71 and supplies the test pattern signal to the statistical processing unit 74.

  The wireless reception unit 73 receives a control signal or a test pattern signal transmitted from the signal router 45 via the antenna 46a. The wireless reception unit 73 supplies the control signal transmitted from the signal router 45 to the reception side control unit 71. Further, the wireless reception unit 73 extracts the signal value of the current bit from the test pattern signal transmitted from the signal router 45 and supplies the signal value to the statistical processing unit 74.

  The statistical processing unit 74 is supplied with the signal value of the current bit of the test pattern signal transmitted from the signal router 45 from the wireless reception unit 73, and the statistical processing unit 74 is based on the signal value of the current bit. Get the delay profile.

  That is, for example, if a delay profile acquisition process has been performed in the past and the delay profile storage unit 75 has already acquired the delay profile, the statistical processing unit 74 is supplied from the test pattern generation unit 72. The delay profile corresponding to the test pattern signal is read from the delay profile storage unit 75. The statistical processing unit 74 performs statistical processing on the signal value of the current bit supplied from the wireless reception unit 73 and the delay profile read from the delay profile storage unit 75, for example, the current bit The average value of the signal value and the delay profile is calculated, and the value obtained as a result of the calculation is acquired as a new delay profile.

  If the delay profile accumulation unit 75 does not accumulate the acquired delay profile, the statistical processing unit 74 acquires the signal value of the current bit supplied from the wireless reception unit 73 as the delay profile.

  Then, the statistical processing unit 74 associates the delay profile acquired by the statistical processing unit 74 with the test pattern signal supplied from the test pattern generation unit 72 and supplies the correlated result to the statistical processing unit 74.

  Note that the test pattern signal generated by the transmission side control unit 61 in the test pattern generation unit 62 and the test pattern signal generated by the reception side control unit 71 in the test pattern generation unit 72 are generated according to the same setting. The value taken by the bit of the test pattern signal used by the statistical processing unit 74 to acquire the delay profile is the same as the value taken by the bit of the test pattern signal supplied from the test pattern generation unit 72 to the statistical processing unit 74. .

  Then, the statistical processing unit 74 performs the same process as described above on all test pattern signals transmitted from the signal router 45, and acquires delay profiles corresponding to all the test pattern signals.

  In this way, the statistical processing unit 74 has an effect that when the test pattern signal is transmitted by wireless communication inside the housing 42, the bit before the current bit is transmitted with a delay through the multipath. The characteristic of the distortion of the waveform of the current bit of the test pattern signal, that is, the delay profile is obtained.

  The delay profile storage unit 75 stores (stores) the delay profile supplied from the statistical processing unit 74 in association with the test pattern signal.

  Next, FIG. 6 is a flowchart for explaining processing in which the signal router 45 of FIG. 5 transmits a test pattern signal and the functional block 46 acquires a delay profile.

  For example, it is assumed that the signal processing device 31 is set so as to perform processing for obtaining a delay profile when the signal processing device 31 in FIG. 3 is initialized.

  After the user adds a board or the like to the signal processing device 31 and operates the signal processing device 31 to perform initialization, the processing is started when the signal processing device 31 is restarted. In step S11, the signal router 45 The transmission-side control unit 61 supplies a control signal (command) instructing the start of processing for acquiring a delay profile to the wireless transmission unit 63, and the wireless transmission unit 63 transmits the control signal to the functional block 46.

  After the process of step S11, the process proceeds to step S12, and the transmission side control unit 61 controls the test pattern generation unit 62 to generate, for example, a test pattern signal that is set to be transmitted first. The test pattern generation unit 62 generates a test pattern signal according to the control of the transmission side control unit 61 and supplies the test pattern signal to the wireless transmission unit 63, and the process proceeds to step S13.

  In step S13, the wireless transmission unit 63 transmits the test pattern signal supplied from the test pattern generation unit 62 in step S12 to the functional block 46, and the process proceeds to step S14.

  In step S <b> 14, the transmission-side control unit 61 determines whether all the test pattern signals to be transmitted to the functional block 46 have been transmitted by the wireless transmission unit 63. That is, for example, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, the transmission-side control unit 61, for example, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, the transmission-side control unit 61 It is determined whether two test pattern signals have been transmitted to the functional block 46.

  In step S14, when the transmission side control unit 61 determines that all the test pattern signals to be transmitted to the functional block 46 are not transmitted by the wireless transmission unit 63, the process returns to step S12, and the transmission side control unit 61 The test pattern generation unit 62 generates a test pattern signal to be transmitted next to the test pattern signal transmitted by the wireless transmission unit 63 in the immediately preceding step S13, and thereafter the same processing is repeated.

  On the other hand, when the transmission side control unit 61 determines in step S14 that all the test pattern signals to be transmitted to the functional block 46 have been transmitted by the wireless transmission unit 63, the processing in the signal router 45 ends.

  On the other hand, the functional block 46 waits for processing until a control signal instructing the start of processing for acquiring a delay profile is transmitted from the signal router 45. In step S11, the signal router 45 When the control signal instructing the start of the process of acquiring the profile is transmitted, the wireless reception unit 73 receives the control signal and supplies it to the reception-side control unit 71 in step S21.

  After the process of step S21, the process proceeds to step S22, and the reception-side control unit 71 controls the test pattern generation unit 72, for example, the test pattern that is set to be transmitted first from the signal router 45 Generate a signal. The test pattern generation unit 72 generates a test pattern signal according to the control of the transmission side control unit 71 and supplies the test pattern signal to the statistical processing unit 74, and the process proceeds to step S23.

  In step S23, the wireless reception unit 73 stands by until a test pattern signal is transmitted from the signal router 45. When the signal router 45 transmits a test pattern signal in step S13 described above, the wireless reception unit 73 receives the test pattern signal. Then, the wireless reception unit 73 extracts the signal value of the current bit from the test pattern signal transmitted from the signal router 45, supplies the signal value to the statistical processing unit 74, and the process proceeds to step S24.

  In step S24, the statistical processing unit 74 is a delay profile already acquired and stored in the delay profile storage unit 75, and is associated with the test pattern signal supplied from the test pattern generation unit 72 in step S22. The delay profile is read from the delay profile accumulation unit 75, and the process proceeds to step S25. If no delay profile is stored in the delay profile storage unit 75, the process skips step S24 and proceeds to step S25.

  In step S25, the statistical processing unit 74 performs statistical processing on the signal value of the current bit supplied from the wireless reception unit 73 in step S23 and the delay profile read from the delay profile storage unit 75 in step S24. For example, the average value of the signal value of the current bit and the delay profile is calculated, and the value obtained as a result is newly acquired as a delay profile. If step S24 is skipped and the process proceeds to step S25, the statistical processing unit 74 acquires the signal value of the current bit supplied from the wireless reception unit 73 in step S23 as a delay profile.

  After the process of step S25, the process proceeds to step S26. The statistical processing unit 74 newly accumulates the delay profile acquired in step S25 in the delay profile accumulation unit 75, and the process proceeds to step S27.

  In step S <b> 27, the reception side control unit 71 determines whether or not test pattern signals of all patterns have been transmitted from the signal router 45.

  In step S27, when the receiving side control unit 71 determines that the test pattern signals of all patterns have not been transmitted from the signal router 45, the process returns to step S22, and the receiving side control unit 71 returns to step S23 immediately before. The test pattern generation unit 72 generates a test pattern signal set to be transmitted from the signal router 45 next to the test pattern signal received by the wireless reception unit 73. Thereafter, the same processing is repeated.

  On the other hand, when the reception side control unit 71 determines in step S27 that the test pattern signals of all patterns have been transmitted from the signal router 45, the process ends.

  As described above, the signal router 45 transmits a test pattern signal, and the functional block 46 can acquire a delay profile corresponding to the test pattern signal transmitted from the signal router 45. In addition, since the delay profile uses the continuity of wireless communication inside the housing 42, the functional block 46 can perform high-quality and robust processing only by acquiring the delay profile at the time of initialization or the like. Value can be obtained.

  Next, FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating an example of a delay profile acquired by the function block 46 of FIG.

  The horizontal axis in FIG. 7 represents the phase of the delay profile, and the vertical axis in FIG. 7 represents the signal value of the delay profile. FIG. 7 shows delay profiles L1 to L7 acquired based on a 7-bit test pattern signal. The delay profiles L1 to L7 are acquired by sampling the signal value of the current bit of the test pattern signal at 13 sampling points.

  That is, if the bits of the test pattern signal are expressed as “6 bits before, 5 bits before, 4 bits before, 3 bits before, 2 bits before, 1 bit before, current bits”, FIG. Delay profile L1 acquired based on signal “1,0,0,0,0,0,0”, acquired based on test pattern signal “0,1,0,0,0,0,0” Delay profile L2, delay pattern L3 acquired based on test pattern signal “0,0,1,0,0,0,0”, test pattern signal “0,0,0,1,0,0,0” The delay profile L4 acquired based on the test pattern signal “0,0,0,0,1,0,0”, the delay profile L5 acquired based on the test pattern signal “0,0,0,0, The delay profile L6 acquired based on “0,1,0” and the delay profile L7 acquired based on the test pattern signal “0,0,0,0,0,0,1” are shown. Yes.

  The function block 46 uses such a delay profile to determine bits of a signal (hereinafter, appropriately referred to as a received signal) transmitted from the signal router 45 and received by the function block 46.

  That is, the function block 46 determines the current bit according to the value of the bit transmitted before the current bit based on the signal value of the delay profile and the value of the bit transmitted before the current bit. Predict the distortion that occurs in the waveform. Then, the functional block 46 separates the distortion predicted to occur in the current bit waveform (hereinafter referred to as “predictive distortion”) from the current bit waveform of the received signal, and the resulting waveform (hereinafter referred to as “appropriate distortion” as appropriate). The current bit of the received signal is determined based on the separated waveform).

For example, the signal value y k ′ at the phase k of the predicted distortion predicted to occur in the current bit due to the value of the bit transmitted n bits before and 1 bit before the current bit is The signal value at the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal in which the bit transmitted n bits before is x n and the bit transmitted n bits before the current bit is “1”. If it is an, k , it calculates | requires by calculating the following formula | equation (1).

... (1)

Further, signal values y 0 ′ to y k ′ at phases 0 to k of the predicted distortion (for example, phases 0 to 12 in the example of FIG. 7) are expressed by the following equations.

... (2)

Here, when the bit transmitted n bits before the current bit is “1”, the bit x n = + 1, while the bit transmitted n bits before the current bit is “0”. At some point, bit x n = -1. In addition, a matrix composed of an n, k for the signal value at the phase k of the delay profile in Equation (2) is referred to as a reception amplitude value prediction coefficient, for example.

Then, the signal value S k at the phase k of the separated waveform obtained by separating the predicted distortion from the current bit waveform of the received signal is the phase of the predicted distortion from the signal value y k at the current bit phase k of the received signal. It is obtained by subtracting the signal value y k ′ at k . That is, the signal value S k of the separated waveform is expressed by Expression (3).

... (3)

  Here, the waveform of the current bit of the received signal is a waveform that is distorted due to the influence of the bit transmitted before the current bit in the waveform according to the value of the current bit. By separating the predicted distortion from the current bit waveform, the separated waveform has a shape corresponding to the current bit value.

That is, when the current bit of the received signal is “1”, the signal value S k of the separated waveform is the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1”. Is substantially the same as the signal value a 0, k at. Further, when the current bit of the received signal is “0”, the signal value a 0, k at the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “0” Almost the same value. Since the received signal is affected by noise such as thermal noise in the propagation path, the signal value S k of the separated waveform is not the same as the signal value a 0, k .

Therefore, when the current bit of the received signal is “1”, the signal value a 0, k at the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1” is obtained. When the signal is subtracted from the signal value S k of the separated waveform, the value obtained by the calculation (hereinafter referred to as the comparison value B 1 as appropriate) becomes almost zero. The comparison value B 1 is expressed by the following equation (4).

... (4)

The delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “0” is obtained by inverting the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1”. It is done. Therefore, a value obtained by subtracting the signal value a 0, k at the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “0” from the signal value S k of the separated waveform. (Hereinafter, referred to as a comparison value B 0 as appropriate) is a signal having a separated waveform obtained from the signal value a 0, k at the phase k of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1”. It can be obtained by adding to the value S k . When the current bit of the received signal is “0”, the comparison value B 0 is almost zero. The comparison value B 0 is expressed by the following equation (5).

... (5)

Thus, the functional block 46 calculates a comparison value B 1 and comparison value B 0, by comparing the comparison value B 0 with the comparison value B 1, as a result, the comparison value B 1 than the comparison value B 0 0 If the comparison value B 0 is closer to 0 than the comparison value B 1 , the current bit can be determined to be “0”. .

  Next, FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing a configuration example of the functional block 46 of FIG. FIG. 8 shows blocks necessary for processing in which the functional block 46 receives a signal transmitted from the signal router 45 and determines the current bit of the signal.

  In FIG. 8, the functional block 46 includes an antenna 46 a, a reception unit 81, an A / D (Digital / Analog) converter 82, a class register 83, a waveform separation unit 84, comparison value calculation units 85 and 86, and a comparison unit 87. Is done.

  An antenna 46 a is connected to the receiving unit 81, and the antenna 46 a receives an RF signal transmitted from the signal router 45 and supplies it to the receiving unit 81. The receiving unit 81 multiplies the RF signal supplied from the antenna 46a by a signal having a predetermined frequency, and converts the RF signal into a baseband signal. Then, the reception unit 81 supplies a signal obtained by converting the RF signal received by the antenna 46 a into a baseband signal, that is, a reception signal, to the A / D converter 82.

  The A / D converter 82 A / D converts the received signal supplied from the receiving unit 81. The A / D converter 82 acquires a value obtained as a result of A / D conversion of the reception signal supplied from the reception unit 81 as a signal value of the reception signal, and supplies the signal value to the waveform separation unit 84. Here, the A / D converter 82 performs quantization by sampling (oversampling) the signal value of one bit of the received signal at a frequency higher than the bit frequency, that is, the signal value at a plurality of sampling points. And the received signal is acquired as a waveform.

  The bit value output from the comparison unit 87 is supplied to the class register 83. The class register 83 stores bit values from n bits before the current bit to 1 bit before, and supplies the values to the waveform separation unit 84 as appropriate. The class register 83 stores the current bit used by the comparison value calculation units 85 and 86 to calculate the comparison value, and supplies “1” as the current bit to the comparison value calculation unit 85. The comparison value calculation unit 86 is supplied with “0” as the current bit.

  The waveform separation unit 84 is supplied with the signal value of the current bit of the received signal from the A / D converter 82, and from the class register 83 with the bit value from n bits before to 1 bit before the current bit. Is supplied. Further, the waveform separation unit 84 reads the delay profile stored in the delay profile storage unit 75 of FIG.

  Then, the waveform separation unit 84 uses the delay profile read from the delay profile accumulation unit 75 and the value of the bit supplied from the class register 83 to calculate the above-described equation (1), and the current bit n Predictive distortion that is predicted to occur in the current bit is calculated based on the value of the bit transmitted from the previous bit to the previous bit. Further, the waveform separation unit 84 calculates the above-described equation (3), and obtains a separated waveform that is a value obtained by subtracting the predicted distortion value from the current bit signal value of the received signal supplied from the A / D converter 82. Calculate the signal value. The waveform separator 84 supplies the signal value of the separated waveform to the comparison value calculators 85 and 86.

The comparison value calculation unit 85 is supplied with the current bit “1” from the class register 83 and the signal value of the separated waveform from the waveform separation unit 84, and the comparison value calculation unit 85 is supplied from the waveform separation unit 84. A comparison value B 1 that is a value obtained by subtracting the signal value of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1” from the signal value of the supplied separated waveform is calculated, and the comparison unit 87. To supply.

The comparison value calculation unit 86 is supplied with the current bit “0” from the class register 83 and the signal value of the separation waveform from the waveform separation unit 84, and the comparison value calculation unit 86 receives the signal value of the separation waveform. From the value obtained by subtracting the signal value of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “0”, that is, the signal value of the separated waveform, the test pattern whose current bit is “1” A comparison value B 0 , which is a value obtained by adding the signal values of the delay profile obtained based on the signal, is calculated and supplied to the comparison unit 87.

The comparison unit 87 compares the comparison value B 1 supplied from the comparison value calculation unit 85 with the comparison value B 0 supplied from the comparison value calculation unit 86, and determines the current bit based on the comparison result. To do. For example, comparison unit 87, when the absolute value of the comparison value B 1 is is larger than the absolute value of the comparison value B 0, the current bit is determined to be "1". On the other hand, when the absolute value of the comparison value B 0 is equal to or less than the absolute value of the comparison value B 1 , the comparison unit 87 determines that the current bit is “0”. Then, the comparison unit 87 outputs “1” or “0” as the value of the current bit.

  Here, FIG. 9 shows an example of a waveform represented by the received signal output from the A / D converter 82, the separated waveform output from the waveform separator 84, and the comparison value output from the comparison value calculator 85. Has been.

  In the upper side of FIG. 9, the value of the bit up to 2 bits before the current bit is “0”, the value of the bit 1 bit before the current bit is “1”, and the value of the current bit is The received signal in the case of “1” is shown.

  In the middle of FIG. 9, the value “0” of the bit transmitted up to 2 bits before the current bit and the value “1” of the bit transmitted 1 bit before the current bit indicate the current bit. A separated waveform obtained by separating the predicted distortion that is predicted to occur from the received waveform is shown.

  The lower side of FIG. 9 shows a waveform represented by a comparison value obtained by subtracting the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1” from the separated waveform. Since the value of the current bit of the received signal is “1”, the comparison value is almost zero.

  Next, FIG. 10 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the waveform separation unit 84 of FIG.

In FIG. 10, the waveform separation unit 84 includes a delay profile supply unit 91, n multipliers 92 1 to 92 n , an adder 93, and a subtractor 94.

Delay profile supply unit 91 reads the signal values a 1, k to a n, k in the phase k of the delay profile stored in the delay profile storage unit 75 of FIG. 5, multipliers 92 1 to respectively 92 n Supply. For example, when the i-th multiplier is a multiplier 92 i , the delay profile supply unit 91 supplies the signal value a i, k to the multiplier 92 i .

The multipliers 92 1 to 92 n are supplied with bits x 1 to x n from one bit before the current bit to n bits before the current bit from the class register 83 of FIG. For example, the multiplier 92 i is supplied with the value of the bit i bits before from the class register 83, and the multiplier 92 i is supplied from the bit x i supplied from the class register 83 and the delay profile supply unit 91. The signal value a i, k is multiplied and the resulting value (a i, k · x i ) is supplied to the adder 93.

The adder 93 adds the values supplied from the multipliers 92 1 to 92 n to calculate the signal value y k ′ at the phase k of the predicted distortion predicted to occur in the current bit, and the subtractor 94.

The subtracter 94 is supplied with the signal value y k of the received signal from the A / D converter 82 of FIG. The subtractor 94 subtracts the signal value y k ′ at the phase k of the predicted distortion supplied from the adder 93 from the signal value y k of the received signal supplied from the A / D converter 82, and is obtained as a result. The separated waveform signal value S k is output.

  Next, FIG. 11 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the comparison value calculation unit 85 of FIG.

  In FIG. 11, the comparison value calculation unit 85 includes a delay profile supply unit 101, a multiplier 102, and a subtractor 103.

The delay profile supply unit 101 reads out the signal value a 0, k at the phase k of the delay profile stored in the delay profile storage unit 75 of FIG. 5 and supplies it to the multiplier 102.

The multiplier 102 is supplied with “1” (that is, the current bit x 0 = + 1) as the current bit from the class register 83 in FIG. 8, and the multiplier 102 receives the signal supplied from the delay profile supply unit 101. The value a 0, k is multiplied by the bit x 0 supplied from the class register 83 and the resulting value (+ 1 × a 0, k ) is supplied to the subtractor 103.

The subtractor 103 is supplied with the signal value S k of the separated waveform from the waveform separation unit 84 of FIG. 8, and the subtracter 103 uses the multiplier 102 to calculate the signal value S k of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separation unit 84. The value supplied from is subtracted, and the comparison value B 1 obtained as a result is output.

The comparison value calculation unit 86 is configured in the same manner as the comparison value calculation unit 85, and the comparison value calculation unit 86 receives “0” (that is, the current bit x 0 = −) from the class register 83 as the current bit. 1), the multiplier 102 multiplies the signal value a 0, k supplied from the delay profile supply unit 101 by the bit x 0 supplied from the class register 83, and obtains a value (− 1 × a 0, k ) is supplied to the subtractor 103. Accordingly, the subtractor 103 adds the signal value a 0, k to the signal value S k of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separating unit 84, and outputs the comparison value B 0 obtained as a result.

  Next, FIG. 12 is a flowchart for explaining processing in which the functional block 46 of FIG. 8 determines the current bit of the signal.

  When the antenna 46a receives the RF signal transmitted from the signal router 45 and supplies it to the reception unit 81, the reception unit 81 converts the RF signal received by the antenna 46a into a baseband signal in step S31. The receiving unit 81 supplies a signal obtained by converting an RF signal to a baseband signal, that is, a received signal to the A / D converter 82.

  After the process of step S31, the process proceeds to step S32, and the A / D converter 82 A / D-converts the reception signal supplied from the reception unit 81 and acquires the signal value of the reception signal. The A / D converter 82 supplies the signal value of the received signal to the waveform separation unit 84, and the process proceeds to step S33.

  In step S <b> 33, the class register 83 supplies the waveform separation unit 84 with the bit values from n bits to 1 bit before the current bit. The waveform separation unit 84 calculates the predicted distortion using the delay profile stored in the delay profile storage unit 75 of FIG. 5 and the bit value supplied from the class register 83. Then, the waveform separation unit 84 calculates a signal value of the separated waveform obtained by separating the predicted distortion from the reception signal supplied from the A / D converter 82 in step S32 and supplies the signal value to the comparison value calculation units 85 and 86. To do.

After the process of step S33, the process proceeds to step S34, and the comparison value calculation unit 85 determines from the signal value of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separation unit 84 based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1”. The comparison value B 1 is calculated by subtracting the signal value of the obtained delay profile. The comparison value calculation unit 85 supplies the comparison value B 1 to the comparison unit 87, and the process proceeds to step S35.

In step S35, the comparison value calculation unit 86 adds the signal value of the delay profile obtained based on the test pattern signal whose current bit is “1” to the signal value of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separation unit 84. A comparison value B 0 is calculated by addition and supplied to the comparison unit 87.

After the processing in step S35, the process proceeds to step S36, comparison unit 87 compares the value of the comparison value B 1 supplied squared from the comparison value calculator 85, the comparison value B 0 supplied from the comparison value calculator 86 The squared value is compared, and it is determined whether or not the value obtained by squaring the comparison value B 0 is equal to or less than the value obtained by squaring the comparison value B 1 .

In step S36, when the comparison unit 87, the squared value of the comparison value B 0 is it is determined that the comparison value B 1 is less than the square value, the process proceeds to step S37, comparison unit 87, the current bit Is determined to be “0”.

On the other hand, in step S36, comparison unit 87, a value obtained by squaring the comparison value B 0, when it is determined the comparison value B 1 not less squared value as (a large), the process proceeds to step S38, the comparing unit 87 determines that the current bit is “1”.

  After the process of step S37 or S38, the process returns to step S33, and the same process is repeated hereinafter with the bit supplied next from the current bit from the A / D converter 82 as a new current bit.

As described above, the functional block 46 determines the current bit based on the result of comparing the comparison value B 1 obtained by separating the prediction distortion and the like from the received signal and the comparison value B 0 . The current bit can be accurately determined without being affected by the distortion generated in the waveform represented by the signal value. Thereby, the quality of communication can be improved.

  Also, for example, in conventional wireless communication, the transmitting side blocks a signal, adds an error correction code to each block and transmits the block, and the receiving side receives and expands the block, and uses the error correction code. It was necessary to perform processing to correct an error that occurred in the signal. On the other hand, since the signal processing device 31 can accurately determine the bits using the delay profile, the signal router 45 only needs to transmit the bits of the signal sequentially. It is only necessary to receive the signal from 45 and sequentially determine the bits of the signal. Therefore, the delay can be made shorter than that of the conventional wireless communication and the delay can be made constant, that is, the real-time property can be easily ensured. Further, since it is not necessary to perform an error correction process, the apparatus can be configured simply.

  Furthermore, in conventional wireless communication, for example, UW needs to be inserted into a packet as a countermeasure against multipath. However, since communication quality can be improved based on a delay profile, it is necessary to insert UW. Thus, packet overhead can be reduced and high-speed communication can be performed.

  Further, the signal processing device 31 is configured so that the bits of the signal are sequentially transmitted in the same manner as the conventional signal processing device that transmits the signal via the signal cable, so that the signal is transmitted via the signal cable. Instead of the inter-board harness and the board connector of the conventional signal processing apparatus, a wireless communication system performed by the signal processing apparatus 31 can be easily and inexpensively introduced. Also, in the manufacturing process for manufacturing the signal processing device 31, the harness connection step and the like necessary for the conventional signal processing device can be omitted.

  In the present embodiment, a case where a signal is transmitted from the signal router 45 to the functional block 46 has been described. However, a signal is transmitted from the functional block 46 to the signal router 45, and transmission / reception of signals between the functional blocks 46 is performed. Even in the case of performing the processing, the current bit can be accurately determined by the same processing as when the signal is transmitted from the signal router 45 to the functional block 46.

  In the present embodiment, the comparison value when the current bit is “1” or “0” is calculated from the signal value of the separated waveform output from the waveform separation unit 84, and these comparison values are calculated. Based on the current bit, for example, it is determined whether or not the signal value of the separated waveform output from the waveform separation unit 84 is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold, and based on the determination result, Bits can be determined.

  That is, FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing another configuration example of the functional block.

  In FIG. 13, the functional block 46 ′ includes an antenna 46 a, a reception unit 81, an A / D converter 82, a class register 83, a waveform separation unit 84, and a determination unit 110. In FIG. 13, portions corresponding to the functional block 46 of FIG. 8 are denoted with the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted below as appropriate.

  That is, the functional block 46 ′ in FIG. 13 is common to the functional block 46 in FIG. 8 in that it includes an antenna 46 a, a receiving unit 81, an A / D converter 82, a class register 83, and a waveform separating unit 84. However, the functional block 46 ′ is different from the functional block 46 in that the determination unit 110 is provided.

  The determination unit 110 is supplied with the signal value of the separated waveform from the waveform separation unit 84, and the determination unit 110 determines, for example, whether or not the signal value of the separation waveform is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold (for example, 0). The current bit value is determined and output based on the determination result. For example, when the determination unit 110 determines that the signal value of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separation unit 84 is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold, the determination unit 110 determines that the current bit value is “1”. On the other hand, when the determination unit 110 determines that the signal value of the separated waveform supplied from the waveform separation unit 84 is not equal to or greater than (less than) a predetermined threshold, the current bit value is determined to be “0”. .

  The functional block 46 ′ thus configured determines the current bit with less processing than the functional block 46 of FIG. 8 that calculates the comparison value on the assumption that the current bit is “1” or “0”. Can do. Therefore, the functional block 46 ′ can reduce the delay caused by the processing as compared with the functional block 46.

  In the functional blocks 46 and 46 ', processing is performed on the reception signal that has been A / D converted by the A / D converter 82, but reception is performed using an analog circuit without performing A / D conversion. Processing for separating the prediction distortion from the signal and processing for determining the current bit can be performed.

  In the above description, when the test pattern signal is a 7-bit signal, seven types of signals are used as the test pattern signal. However, as shown in FIG. It is possible to use 128 (2 to the 7th power) kinds of signals when “1” is “0” or “1”.

  FIG. 14 shows an example of 128 test pattern signals when each bit is “0” or “1”, and delay profiles acquired based on these test pattern signals.

  In this way, by acquiring in advance the delay profile corresponding to the test pattern signal when each bit is “0” or “1”, for example, without actually performing the calculation of the above-described equation (1), A delay profile corresponding to a test pattern signal composed of the same sequence of bits as the received signal can be used as a predicted distortion, whereby the current bit can be determined quickly.

  The series of processes described above can be executed by hardware or can be executed by software. When a series of processing is executed by software, a program constituting the software executes various functions by installing a computer incorporated in dedicated hardware or various programs. For example, it is installed from a program recording medium in a general-purpose personal computer or the like.

  FIG. 15 is a block diagram showing an example of the configuration of a personal computer that executes the above-described series of processing by a program. A CPU (Central Processing Unit) 201 executes various processes according to a program stored in a ROM (Read Only Memory) 202 or a storage unit 208. A RAM (Random Access Memory) 203 appropriately stores programs executed by the CPU 201 and data. The CPU 201, ROM 202, and RAM 203 are connected to each other via a bus 204.

  An input / output interface 205 is also connected to the CPU 201 via the bus 204. Connected to the input / output interface 205 are an input unit 206 made up of a keyboard, mouse, microphone, and the like, and an output unit 207 made up of a display, a speaker, and the like. The CPU 201 executes various processes in response to commands input from the input unit 206. Then, the CPU 201 outputs the processing result to the output unit 207.

  A storage unit 208 connected to the input / output interface 205 includes, for example, a hard disk, and stores programs executed by the CPU 201 and various data. The communication unit 209 communicates with an external device via a network such as the Internet or a local area network.

  Further, a program may be acquired via the communication unit 209 and stored in the storage unit 208.

  The drive 210 connected to the input / output interface 205 drives a removable medium 211 such as a magnetic disk, an optical disk, a magneto-optical disk, or a semiconductor memory, and drives the programs and data recorded therein. Get etc. The acquired program and data are transferred to and stored in the storage unit 208 as necessary.

  As shown in FIG. 15, a program recording medium for storing a program that is installed in a computer and is ready to be executed by the computer includes a magnetic disk (including a flexible disk), an optical disk (CD-ROM (Compact Disc-Read Only). Memory, DVD (Digital Versatile Disc), a magneto-optical disk, a removable medium 211 that is a package medium composed of a semiconductor memory, or the like, a ROM 202 in which a program is temporarily or permanently stored, or a storage unit 208 It is comprised by the hard disk etc. which comprise. The program is stored in the program recording medium using a wired or wireless communication medium such as a local area network, the Internet, or digital satellite broadcasting via a communication unit 209 that is an interface such as a router or a modem as necessary. Done.

  In the present invention, in addition to a device using a modulation scheme in which one bit is transmitted by one symbol, for example, a plurality of one symbol such as QPSK (quadrature phase shift keying) or 8PSK (quadrature phase shift keying). The present invention can also be applied to an apparatus using a modulation scheme in which bits are transmitted.

  Further, the present invention can be applied not only to wireless communication inside a housing such as a signal processing device but also to outdoor wireless communication in an environment where the delay profile is constant. In addition, when transmitting a signal via a cable, the signal is reflected at the end of the cable, and interference caused by the signal to be transmitted and the reflected signal is also steady. Thus, the communication quality can be improved by applying the present invention to communication.

  Further, for example, in proximity communication using a magnetic field, the communication distance is limited, and thus there is a limitation on the arrangement of antennas used for communication, but the signal processing device 31 is not limited in the arrangement of antennas. High quality communication can be performed.

  Note that the processes described with reference to the flowcharts described above do not necessarily have to be processed in chronological order in the order described in the flowcharts, but are performed in parallel or individually (for example, parallel processes or objects Processing).

  The embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

It is a block diagram which shows the structural example of the conventional signal processing apparatus. It is a perspective view which shows the structural example of one Embodiment of the signal processing apparatus to which this invention is applied. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a signal processing device 31. FIG. It is a figure explaining the distortion which arises in the waveform represented by the signal value of the bit transmitted from the signal router 45 to the functional block 46. FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a signal router 45 and a function block 46. FIG. It is a flowchart explaining the process which the signal router 45 transmits a test pattern signal and the functional block 46 acquires a delay profile. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of a delay profile acquired by a function block 46. FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a functional block 46. FIG. It is a figure which shows the example of the waveform which a received signal, a separated waveform, and a comparison value represent. 4 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a waveform separation unit 84. FIG. 7 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a comparison value calculation unit 85. FIG. It is a flowchart explaining the process which the functional block 46 determines the present bit of a signal. It is a block diagram which shows the other structural example of a functional block. It is a figure which shows the example of a test pattern signal and a delay profile. And FIG. 11 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a configuration of a personal computer.

Explanation of symbols

31 signal processor, 32 a housing, 33 power supply, 34 the platform substrate, 35 an input substrate, 35a antenna, 36 to 363 signal processing board, 36a 1 to 36a 3 antennas, 37 output board, 37a antenna, 43 1 43 4 connector, 44 input selector, 45 signal router, 45a antenna, 46 1 to 46 3 function block, 36a 1 to 36a 3 antenna, 47 connector, 48 remote commander, 49 operation unit, 50 system control block, 50a antenna, 61 Transmission side control unit, 62 Test pattern generation unit, 63 Wireless transmission unit, 71 Reception side control unit, 72 Test pattern generation unit, 73 Wireless reception unit, 74 Statistical processing unit, 75 Delay profile storage unit, 81 Reception unit, 82 A / D converter, 83 class register, 84 waveform separation unit, 85 and 86 comparison value calculation unit, 87 comparison unit, 91 delay profile supply unit, 92 1 to 92 n multiplier, 93 adder, 94 subtractor, 101 delay profile supply unit, 102 multiplier, 103 Subtractor, 110 judgment unit

Claims (5)

  1. In a signal processing device that processes a signal transmitted through a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in a waveform represented by a signal value of the specific symbol according to a value of a symbol transmitted before the specific symbol ,
    Obtaining means for obtaining a signal value of the specific symbol from a signal transmitted through the transmission path;
    Predicted to occur in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on the distortion characteristics of the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol that occur according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol Separating means for calculating a separated waveform obtained by separating the distortion to be obtained from the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol obtained by the obtaining means;
    Determining means for determining a value of the specific symbol based on the separated waveform calculated by the separating means;
    Receiving means for receiving a test signal composed of a plurality of the symbols having a predetermined value set in advance;
    A signal processing apparatus comprising: characteristic acquisition means for obtaining characteristics of the distortion based on a signal value of a specific symbol of the test signal received by the reception means and values of a plurality of symbols of the test signal.
  2. The determining means includes
    For each value that can be taken by the specific symbol, a signal value of the specific symbol predicted based on a waveform characteristic represented by a signal value of the specific symbol corresponding to the value of the specific symbol Subtraction from the signal value of the separated waveform calculated by, and a comparison value calculation means for calculating a comparison value for each value that the specific symbol can take,
    The comparison value for each value that the specific symbol can take is compared, and the value of the specific symbol used for calculation when the absolute value of the comparison value is the smallest value is obtained via the transmission path. The signal processing apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a comparison unit configured to set a value of a specific symbol of the transmitted signal.
  3. When possible values of the specific symbol are a first value and a second value,
    The determining means determines whether the value of the specific symbol is the first value or the second value based on a result of comparing a predetermined threshold value with the signal value of the separated waveform calculated by the separating means. The signal processing device according to claim 1, wherein the signal processing device is determined.
  4. In a signal processing method for processing a signal transmitted through a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in a waveform represented by a signal value of the specific symbol according to a value of a symbol transmitted before the specific symbol ,
    Obtaining a signal value of the specific symbol from a signal transmitted through the transmission path;
    Predicted to occur in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on the distortion characteristics of the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol that occur according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol A separated waveform obtained by separating the distortion to be obtained from the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol acquired from the signal transmitted through the transmission path,
    Determining a value of the particular symbol based on the separated waveform;
    Receiving a test signal composed of a plurality of the symbols having a predetermined value set in advance;
    A signal processing method including a step of obtaining the distortion characteristic based on a signal value of a specific symbol of the received test signal and values of a plurality of symbols of the test signal.
  5. A computer performs signal processing for processing a signal transmitted through a transmission path in which steady distortion occurs in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol in accordance with the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol. In the program to be executed
    Obtaining a signal value of the specific symbol from a signal transmitted through the transmission path;
    Predicted to occur in the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol based on the distortion characteristics of the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol that occur according to the value of the symbol transmitted before the specific symbol A separated waveform obtained by separating the distortion to be obtained from the waveform represented by the signal value of the specific symbol acquired from the signal transmitted through the transmission path,
    Determining a value of the particular symbol based on the separated waveform;
    Receiving a test signal composed of a plurality of the symbols having a predetermined value set in advance;
    A program comprising a step of obtaining the distortion characteristics based on a signal value of a specific symbol of the received test signal and values of a plurality of symbols of the test signal.
JP2006350358A 2006-12-26 2006-12-26 Signal processing apparatus, signal processing method, and program Expired - Fee Related JP4858162B2 (en)

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