JP4694356B2 - Wireless terminal having wireless telephone function and IP telephone function, and roaming method between public wireless line and wireless LAN - Google Patents

Wireless terminal having wireless telephone function and IP telephone function, and roaming method between public wireless line and wireless LAN Download PDF

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JP4694356B2
JP4694356B2 JP2005337305A JP2005337305A JP4694356B2 JP 4694356 B2 JP4694356 B2 JP 4694356B2 JP 2005337305 A JP2005337305 A JP 2005337305A JP 2005337305 A JP2005337305 A JP 2005337305A JP 4694356 B2 JP4694356 B2 JP 4694356B2
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wireless lan
wireless
radio wave
threshold
received power
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JP2007143038A (en
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正明 滝沢
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株式会社日立製作所
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  The present invention relates to a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN, and a roaming method for switching between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in this wireless terminal, The present invention relates to a method for restricting unnecessary roaming in order to reduce the charge of connection charges due to Internet.

  In recent years, wireless terminals have been commercialized that use IP phones using wireless LAN, which is free of charge on the premises, and are charged outside the premises but can be used anywhere, such as mobile phones and PHS public telephone lines. ing. This wireless terminal automatically switches to a public wireless line when it moves outside a wireless LAN radio wave reachable range during a call on a wireless LAN IP phone, and conversely moves during a call on a public wireless line. When the wireless LAN radio wave is within reach, it automatically switches to the wireless LAN.

  When switching from a wireless LAN to a public wireless line after wireless LAN radio waves cannot be completely received, a time during which communication cannot be performed occurs, and sound breaks out. Therefore, in actuality, when the reception power of the wireless LAN radio wave becomes equal to or lower than the threshold value, the connection to the public wireless line is started, and the wireless LAN is disconnected after confirming the connection to the public wireless line.

  In the above, when the user who is using the wireless terminal is moving to a place where the wireless LAN radio wave does not actually reach, there is no problem even if the switching time to the public wireless line is slightly changed. However, even if the user happens to be in a place where the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is small, but does not move to a place where the wireless LAN radio wave does not reach, the user is connected to the public wireless line and is charged a communication fee. Further, when the user makes a round trip between the area where the reception power of the wireless LAN radio wave is low and the area where the reception power is high, the wireless LAN and the public wireless line are repeatedly switched, and the communication fee for the public wireless line is charged for each switching. Furthermore, a voice interruption may occur with the switching.

In order to solve the above problem, the present invention is directed to a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN. The received power is measured and compared with the first threshold. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is higher than the first threshold, a call is made using the wireless LAN, and the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is lower than the first threshold. If it is low, a call is made on the public wireless line, and during wireless LAN communication, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the second threshold. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the second threshold, When a request for switching to a public wireless line is displayed and a switching approval operation is detected, the communication is switched to the public wireless line, and the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured during communication via the public wireless line. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is greater than or equal to the third threshold value, a request for switching to the wireless LAN is displayed. If an approval operation for switching is detected, the wireless LAN communication is switched to communication. The second threshold is lower than the first threshold, and the third threshold is higher than the first threshold .

  According to the present invention, when the reception power of the wireless LAN radio wave is reduced, unnecessary switching between the public wireless line and the wireless LAN can be prevented, thereby preventing unnecessary charging of the usage fee associated with switching to the public wireless line. be able to.

  The present invention relates to a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN, a means for measuring the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave, A means for comparing received power with a predetermined threshold; a means for inquiring switching between an IP telephone function by a wireless LAN and an IP telephone function by a wireless LAN based on the comparison result; and the presence or absence of an auxiliary signal from the outside. Means for detecting whether or not switching is approved, and means for switching connection between a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN in accordance with the comparison result and the presence / absence of switching authentication.

  According to the present invention, in the above wireless terminal, the means for inquiring about switching between the IP telephone function using the wireless LAN and the IP telephone function using the wireless LAN based on the comparison result displays on the display unit whether the switching is possible or not. The means for detecting the presence / absence of an auxiliary signal from the outside and detecting the presence / absence of switching approval is a means for detecting that the user has depressed a specific key. further. According to the present invention, in the wireless terminal, the means for inquiring about switching between the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN and the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN based on the comparison result makes an inquiry about the position of the wireless terminal, and the auxiliary signal from the outside The means for detecting the presence / absence of the switch and detecting the approval / non-approval of the switching is a means for detecting that the entrance / exit of the area where the wireless LAN is installed.

  According to the present invention, in the wireless terminal, the means for inquiring about switching between the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN and the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN based on the comparison result makes an inquiry about the position of the wireless terminal, and the auxiliary signal from the outside The means for detecting the presence / absence of the switch and detecting the approval / non-approval of the switching is a means for detecting that the entrance / exit of the area where the wireless LAN is installed.

  The present invention relates to a roaming method for switching between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN. Measures the received power of the LAN radio wave, compares the measured received power of the wireless LAN radio wave with a predetermined threshold, and switches between the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN and the IP telephone function by the wireless LAN based on the comparison result. When the presence / absence of user switching approval is detected, the connection is switched between the wireless telephone function using the public wireless line and the IP telephone function using the wireless LAN according to the comparison result and the switching authentication presence / absence.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 shows a configuration when a wireless terminal performs communication by switching between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN. The wireless terminals 1-1 and 1-2 in the wireless LAN radio wave reachable range 6-1 are connected to the AP 2-1 or the AP 2-2. The AP is connected to the router 3-1 by a wired cable such as an ether. The router 3-1 is a wired cable and is connected to a remote router 3-2 via a public wired network 5 such as a wired terminal 4-1 or the Internet. The router 3-2 is further connected to the AP 2-3 and the wired terminal 4-2 by a wired cable. The AP 2-3 is connected to the wireless terminal 1-4 within the wireless LAN radio wave reach 6-2.

  Since the wireless terminal 1-3 has gone out of the wireless LAN radio wave reachable range 6-1, it is connected to the public radio network base station 7-1, and the wireless terminal 1-5 goes out of the wireless LAN radiowave reachable range 6-2. Therefore, it is connected to the public radio network base station 7-2. The public radio network base stations 7-1 and 7-2 are connected by a public radio network 8. The public wireless network 8 is further connected to a public wired network so that all wireless terminals can be connected to each other.

  In this way, a communication system that includes a wireless LAN and a public wireless line can switch between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN according to the location where the wireless terminal is located, thereby enabling a variety of wired and wireless connections at an optimal usage fee. It becomes.

  Next, a hardware configuration of a public wireless line and a wireless terminal compatible with a wireless LAN to which the present invention is applied will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of the wireless terminals 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4, and 1-5 that are compatible with public wireless lines and wireless LANs to which the present invention is applied.

  A wireless terminal 1 compatible with a public wireless line and a wireless LAN includes an information communication terminal unit 1A and a wireless unit 1B. The wireless unit 1B includes a wireless LAN block 17 and a public wireless line block 29. The wireless LAN block 17 corresponding to the wireless LAN includes an antenna 11, an RF (Radio Frequency) unit 12, and a reception unit. The power measurement unit 12-1, the baseband unit 13, a MAC (Media Access Controller) layer processing unit 14, and an upper layer processing unit 15 are provided. The radio unit 1B includes a public radio channel block 29 corresponding to a public radio channel, an antenna 21, an RF (Radio Frequency) unit 22, a baseband unit 23, and a MAC (Media Access Controller) layer processing unit 24. And an upper layer processing unit 25. Further, the wireless unit 1B includes a terminal interface unit 16, a communication processing unit 10, a program memory 10-1, and a work memory 10-2 shared by the wireless LAN block 17 and the public wireless line block 29. And.

  RF unit 12 and RF unit 22, baseband unit 13 and baseband unit 23, MAC layer processing unit 14 and MAC layer processing unit 24, upper layer processing unit 15 and upper layer processing unit 25, and terminal interface The unit 16 is connected to the communication processing unit 10 via the bus 19.

  The communication processing unit 10 uses the work memory 10-2 according to the control program and setting data in the program memory 10-1, while using the RF unit 12 and the RF unit 22, the baseband unit 13 and the baseband unit. 23, the MAC layer processing unit 14 and the MAC layer processing unit 24, the upper layer processing unit 15, the upper layer processing unit 15, and the terminal interface unit 16 are controlled as a whole.

  The information communication terminal unit 1A is an information processing apparatus such as a personal computer, an information terminal such as a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), or a telephone terminal such as an IP telephone, and data and audio sent from these information terminals or telephone terminals. The encoded signal is transmitted to the terminal interface unit 16, or the data and voice encoded signal from the terminal interface unit 16 are received and transmitted to the information terminal or the telephone terminal.

  In the radio unit 1B, the terminal interface unit 16 is a means for performing processing related to an interface for transferring data and speech encoded signals between the information communication terminal unit 1A and the radio unit 1B. is there.

  The upper layer processing unit 15 is a means for performing IP packet processing related to the network layer / transport layer and transmitting between the network layer / transport layer, and includes an IP address, TCP port number or It is a means for performing processing for adding or deleting an IP header including a UDP port number.

  The MAC layer processing unit 14 is a means for performing IP packet processing related to the data link layer, and assembles or disassembles IP packets storing data and voice bucket data in accordance with IEEE802.11, and data links. A means for assigning or deleting a MAC address for transmission between layers.

  The baseband unit 13 is means for modulating the IP packet to generate a baseband signal, or demodulating the baseband signal to restore the original IP packet.

  The RF unit 12 puts the baseband signal received from the baseband unit 13 on the carrier radio frequency in accordance with IEEE 802.11, transmits the radio signal from the antenna 11 as a radio signal, and conversely converts the radio signal received from the antenna 11 into a baseband signal. It is means for restoring and sending it to the baseband unit 13.

  The upper layer processing unit 25 is a means for performing packet processing related to the network layer / transport layer of the public wireless line and transmitting the data between the network layer / transport layer.

  The MAC layer processing unit 24 is a means for performing processing related to the data link layer of the public wireless line.

  The baseband unit 23 is a unit that modulates the signal from the MAC layer processing unit 24 to generate a baseband signal, or demodulates the baseband signal, restores the signal, and sends the signal to the MAC layer 24.

  The RF unit 22 puts the baseband signal received from the baseband unit 23 on the carrier radio frequency in accordance with the standard of the public radio channel, sends it out as a radio signal from the antenna 21, and conversely, converts the radio signal received from the antenna 21 into the baseband A means for restoring the signal and sending it to the baseband unit 23.

  Next, an operation when data and a voice encoded signal generated by the information communication terminal unit 1A are transmitted to the wireless LAN via the antenna 11 will be described. The terminal interface unit 16 sends data and a voice encoded signal from the information communication terminal unit 1A to the upper layer processing unit 15.

  The upper layer processing unit 15 generates an IP packet by performing IP header processing such as IP address assignment / TCP / UDP port number assignment, and then sends the IP packet to the MAC layer processing unit 14.

  The MAC layer processing unit 14 subjects the IP packet from the upper layer processing unit 15 to MAC processing such as MAC address assignment according to the IEEE 802.11 processing procedure, and sends the IP packet to the baseband unit 13.

  The baseband unit 13 modulates the received IP packet according to IEEE 802.11, generates a baseband signal, and sends the baseband signal to the RF unit 12.

  The RF unit 12 places the baseband signal from the baseband unit 13 on the carrier radio frequency in accordance with IEEE 802.11, and directs the antenna 11 to the access points 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 and 2-4 as a radio signal. And send it out.

  Next, an operation in the case where data and a voice encoded signal generated by the information communication terminal unit 1A are transmitted to the public wireless line via the antenna 21 will be described. The terminal interface unit 16 sends data and a voice encoded signal from the information communication terminal unit 1A to the upper layer processing unit 25.

  The upper layer processing unit 25 performs a transport layer / network layer process to generate a signal, and then sends the signal to the MAC layer processing unit 24.

  The MAC layer processing unit 24 performs data link layer processing on the signal received from the upper layer processing unit 25 in accordance with the processing procedure of the public wireless line, and sends the processed signal to the baseband unit 23.

  The baseband unit 23 modulates the received signal to generate a baseband signal and sends it to the RF unit 22.

  The RF unit 22 puts on the carrier radio frequency according to the public radio line, and transmits the radio signal from the antenna 21 toward the public radio line.

  Next, the operation when receiving a signal transmitted from the access point and outputting it to the information communication terminal unit will be described. The antenna 11 transmits the radio signal received from the access points 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 to the RF unit 12.

  The RF unit 12 removes the carrier radio frequency from the received radio signal, restores it to a baseband signal, and sends it to the baseband unit 13.

  The reception power measurement unit 12-1 detects reception power from the baseband signal from the RF unit 12.

  The baseband unit 13 demodulates the received baseband signal, restores it to the original IP packet, and sends it to the MAC layer processing unit 14.

  The MAC layer processing unit 14 deletes the MAC address from the received IP packet according to IEEE 802.11, and sends it to the upper layer processing unit 15.

  The upper layer processing unit 15 deletes the TCP / UDP header and the IP header from the IP packet from the MAC layer processing unit 14 based on the setting data, and the obtained data and voice encoded signal are transmitted to the terminal interface. The information is sent to the information communication terminal unit 1A via the unit 16.

  Next, an operation when a signal transmitted from a public wireless line is received and output to the information communication terminal unit 1A will be described. The antenna 21 transmits the radio signal received from the public radio network base stations 7-1 and 7-2 to the RF unit 22.

  The RF unit 22 removes the carrier radio frequency from the received radio signal, restores it to a baseband signal, and sends it to the baseband unit 23.

  The baseband unit 23 demodulates the received baseband signal, restores the original IP packet, and sends it to the MAC layer processing unit 24.

  The MAC layer processing unit 24 processes the received signal according to the data link layer standard of the public wireless line and sends it to the upper layer processing unit 25.

  The upper layer processing unit 25 processes the signal from the MAC layer processing unit 24 according to the standards of the network layer and the transport layer for public wireless lines, and sends the signal to the information communication terminal unit 1A via the terminal interface unit 16. send.

  Next, the roaming operation in the first embodiment of the public and wireless LAN will be described with reference to FIG. In a state where wireless LAN is communicating between the moving wireless terminal and another wireless terminal (S1), the moving wireless terminal gradually moves out of the wireless LAN area, and the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave. When the wireless LAN radio wave reception power measuring unit 12-1 detects that the value becomes equal to or less than the threshold value TH1 (S2), the communication processing unit 10 is notified of the result. The communication processing unit 10 displays a request for switching to the public wireless line to the user (S3). As the display of the switching request, the wireless terminal is vibrated, a warning sound is output, or in combination therewith, or alone, the display screen 52 in the wireless terminal is displayed on the other party as illustrated in FIG. It may be possible to display the telephone number of the previous public wireless line, the name of the other party, and the operation method of “switching approval” or “switching disapproval”.

  When the user approves the switching request by pressing the operation key 51 in the wireless terminal (S4) or the like (S5), the communication processing unit 10 of the moving wireless terminal passes the wireless LAN block 19 through the wireless LAN block 19. The other wireless terminal is requested to disconnect (S6), and when the acknowledge signal is returned (S7), the wireless LAN block 19 is stopped and the wireless LAN communication is disconnected. The communication processing unit 10 activates the public wireless line block 29 to make a call to another wireless terminal (S8). When an acknowledgment signal is returned from the other wireless terminal (S9), the communication processing unit 10 performs communication via the public wireless line. Start (S10).

  If the user does not approve the switching request in step S3, communication via the wireless LAN is continued without switching to the public wireless line, although not shown.

  If the user does not approve or reject the switching request in step S3, this display may be automatically stopped after the switching request is displayed for a certain period of time, or immediately if the user disapproves. The display may be canceled.

  In addition, when the wireless LAN radio wave reception power measurement unit 12-1 detects that the reception power of the wireless LAN radio wave has increased again and notifies the communication processing unit 10, the communication processing unit 10 stops displaying the switching request. May be.

  When the wireless terminal is configured to be able to make a call on the public wireless line and the wireless LAN at the same time, the processing from step S6 to step S10 performs a call on the public wireless line after making a call on the public wireless line, and then the wireless LAN. May be cut off.

  Next, the wireless LAN radio wave reception power measuring unit 12-1 detects that the moving radio terminal again approaches the wireless LAN area and the radio LAN radio wave reception power becomes equal to or greater than the threshold value TH2 (S11). ) When notified to the communication processing unit 10, the communication processing unit 10 displays a request for switching to the wireless LAN to the user (S12). An example of a case where a request for switching to a wireless LAN is displayed on the display screen 52 is shown in FIG. When the user approves the switching request (S14) by pressing the operation key in the wireless terminal (S13) or the like (S14), the communication processing unit 10 of the moving wireless terminal passes the public wireless line via the public line block 29. When the other wireless terminal is requested to disconnect (S15) and an acknowledgment signal is returned from the other wireless terminal (S16), the public line block 29 is stopped to disconnect the public line. Next, the communication processing unit 10 activates the wireless LAN block 19 and makes a call to another wireless terminal via the wireless LAN block 17 in the wireless LAN (S17), and when an acknowledgment signal is returned from the other wireless terminal. (S17) Communication is started over the wireless LAN (S19).

  If the user does not approve the switching request in step S12, communication via the public wireless line is continued without switching to the wireless LAN, although not shown. The display method in that case may be the same as the display method in step S3. In other words, if the user does not approve or reject the switching request, the switching request may be displayed for a certain period of time, and then the display may be automatically stopped. If the user does not approve, the display is immediately stopped. May be.

  In addition, when the wireless LAN radio wave reception power measuring unit 12-1 detects that the wireless LAN radio wave reception power has decreased again and communication via the wireless LAN has become difficult and notifies the communication processing unit 10 of the communication processing, The unit 10 may cancel the switching request display.

Note that the thresholds TH1 and TH2 in step S2 and step S11 have the following magnitudes in order to provide hysteresis so as not to switch between the public wireless line and the wireless LAN.
TH1 <TH2

  When the wireless terminal is configured to be able to make a call on the public wireless line and the wireless LAN at the same time, the processing from step S15 to step S19 performs a call on the public wireless line after making a call on the public wireless line, and then the wireless LAN. May be cut off.

  Next, the roaming operation in the second embodiment between the public wireless line and the wireless LAN will be described with reference to FIG. In a state where the wireless terminal is in communication with the wireless terminal that is moving and another wireless terminal (S21), the wireless terminal that is moving is gradually removed from the wireless LAN area, and the wireless LAN radio wave reception power is increased. When the wireless LAN radio wave reception power measuring unit 12-1 detects that the threshold TH1 or less is reached (S22), the communication processing unit 10 is notified of the result. The communication processing unit 10 inquires of the AP position management (presence server) about the position of the AP to which the wireless terminal is connected (S23). As for the position of the connected AP, an AP identification number (physical address or the like) and position may be registered in advance in the wireless terminal. When there is an AP position response from the AP position management (S24), it is confirmed that the AP is in the vicinity of the entrance, for example (S25). When the AP is in the vicinity of the entrance, the moving wireless terminal is also moving around the entrance. It is expected that the mobile phone will move further and completely move out of the wireless LAN area. Therefore, the communication processing unit 10 of the moving wireless terminal requests other wireless terminals to disconnect the wireless LAN via the wireless LAN block 17 (S26), and when an acknowledgment signal is returned (S27), the wireless LAN block 17 To stop the wireless LAN communication. Next, the communication processing unit 10 activates the public wireless line block 29 to call another wireless terminal (S28), and when an acknowledgment signal is returned from the other wireless terminal (S29), communication via the public wireless line Is started (S30).

  If it is confirmed by the position response in step S24 that the AP is not installed near the entrance, communication via the wireless LAN is continued without switching to the public wireless line, although not shown.

  When the wireless terminal is configured to be able to make a call on the public wireless line and the wireless LAN at the same time, the processing from step S26 to step S27 is performed after the call is made on the public wireless line and then on the public wireless line. You may make it cut | disconnect.

  Next, the wireless LAN radio wave received power measuring unit 12-1 detects that the moving wireless terminal is within the wireless LAN radio wave reach again and the wireless LAN radio wave received power is equal to or greater than the threshold value TH2 (S31). When the communication processing unit 10 is notified, the communication processing unit 10 again inquires the AP position management of the position of the AP to which the moving wireless terminal is connected (S32), and by the AP position response (S33), the AP Check the position of.

  If it is determined that the connected AP is near the entrance, for example, it is assumed that the moving wireless terminal is also moving around the entrance, and further moves and enters the wireless LAN radio wave reachable range. is expected. Therefore, the communication processing unit 10 of the moving wireless terminal requests the other wireless terminal to disconnect the public wireless line via the public wireless line block 29 (S34), and when the acknowledgment signal is returned (S35). Block 29 is stopped and the public line is disconnected. Next, the communication processing unit 10 activates the wireless LAN block 17, calls the other wireless terminal via the wireless LAN block 17 (S36), and when an acknowledgment signal is responded (S37), performs communication via the wireless LAN. Start (S38).

  If it is determined in the position response of step S33 that the connected AP is not installed near the entrance, communication via the public wireless line is continued without switching to the wireless LAN, although not shown.

  When the wireless terminal is configured to be able to make a call on the public wireless line and the wireless LAN at the same time, the processing from step S34 to step S38 is a call made on the wireless LAN after making a call on the wireless LAN, and then the public wireless line is disconnected. You may make it do.

  The operation of the first and second embodiments described above will be described with reference to the flowcharts of FIGS. First, the first embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. First, wait for the user to make a call. When the user performs a call operation (S41), the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a predetermined threshold TH0 (S42). When the threshold value is TH0 or more (Yes), since the area is communicable with the wireless LAN, a call is made with the wireless LAN (S43). If it is less than the threshold TH0 (No), since the reception power of the wireless LAN radio wave is small and communication by the wireless LAN is difficult, a call is made on the public wireless line (S49).

  After calling on the wireless LAN, it is monitored whether or not the user performs a disconnection operation (S44). If the disconnection operation is performed (Yes), the wireless LAN communication is disconnected (S56), and the process returns to step S41. If the disconnection operation is not performed in step S44 (No), the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the threshold value TH1 (S45). If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is equal to or greater than the threshold value TH1, the process returns to step S44, and communication by the wireless LAN is continued while monitoring the presence or absence of a disconnection operation.

  When the comparison result in step S45 is less than the threshold value TH1 (No), a feature of this embodiment is to display a request for switching to a public wireless line to the user (S46) and monitor user approval (S47). To do. If the user approves switching to the public wireless line (Yes), after disconnecting the wireless LAN communication, a handover call is initiated on the public wireless line and communication is started. If started (S48), the process proceeds to step S50. If the user does not approve (No), the process proceeds to the disconnection operation monitoring in step S44 without switching.

  If the disconnection operation is detected in the disconnection operation monitoring in step S50 (Yes), the communication on the public wireless line is disconnected and the process returns to step S41.

  In the disconnection operation monitoring in step S50, when the disconnection operation is not performed (No), the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the threshold value TH2 (S51). When the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the threshold value TH2 (No), the process returns to the disconnection operation monitoring in step S50, and the communication via the public wireless line is continued.

  If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is greater than or equal to the threshold value TH2 in step S51 (No), a request for switching to the wireless LAN is displayed to the user as a feature of this embodiment (S52).

  If the user approves (S53), and the user approves the switch to the wireless LAN (Yes), after disconnecting the communication of the public wireless line, a handover call is made in the wireless LAN. When communication is started and communication by wireless LAN is started (S54), the process proceeds to step S44 to perform communication by wireless LAN. If the user does not approve switching to the wireless LAN in step S53 (No), the process proceeds to step S50 without switching to the wireless LAN.

  If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the threshold value TH0 in step S42 (No), the process proceeds to step S43 and a call is made on the public wireless line (S49). When shifting to communication, the process proceeds from step S54 to step S44, and communication by the wireless LAN is continued.

Note that the value of the threshold TH0 that newly appears here has the following order of magnitude in order to avoid complicated switching between the public wireless line and the wireless LAN.
TH1 <TH0 <TH2

  Next, a second embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. First, it waits for the user to make a call operation (S61). When the user performs a call operation (Yes), the wireless LAN radio wave reception power is measured and compared with a predetermined threshold TH0 (S62). When the received power of the radio wave of the wireless LAN is equal to or higher than the threshold TH0 (Yes), since the area is communicable with the wireless LAN, a call is made on the wireless LAN and the process proceeds to (S63). When the received power of the radio wave of the wireless LAN is less than the threshold TH0 (No), since it is an area that is difficult to communicate with the wireless LAN, a call is made on the public wireless line (S69), and the process proceeds to step S70.

  In the wireless LAN communication, it is monitored whether or not the user performs a disconnecting operation (S63). If the disconnecting operation is performed (Yes), the wireless LAN communication is disconnected (S75), and the process returns to step S61. If there is no disconnection operation in step S64 (No), the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the threshold value TH1 (S65). If it is equal to or higher than the threshold value TH1 (Yes), the process returns to step S64, and communication by the wireless LAN is continued.

  In step S65, if it is less than the threshold TH1 (No), as a feature of the present embodiment, the position of the AP to which the moving wireless terminal is connected is confirmed (S66). It is determined whether the position of the connected AP is near the entrance (S67), and if the connected AP is installed near the entrance (Yes), for example, after disconnecting the wireless LAN communication, the public When a handover call is made on the wireless line and communication is started, and communication is started on the public wireless line (S68), the process proceeds to step S70. For example, if it is not installed around the entrance in step S67 (No), the process proceeds to step S64 without switching to the public wireless line, and communication by the wireless LAN is continued.

  It is monitored whether the user disconnects during communication by calling to the public wireless line (S70). If the disconnection operation is performed (Yes), the communication on the public wireless line is disconnected (S76) and the process returns to step S61. . In step S70, when the disconnection operation is not performed (No), the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the threshold value TH2 (S71).

  In step S71, if the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the threshold value TH2 (No), the process returns to step S70, and communication via the public wireless line is continued. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is greater than or equal to the threshold value TH2 in step S71 (Yes), as a feature of the present embodiment, the AP to which the moving wireless terminal is connected is confirmed (S72). Next, it is determined whether or not the position of the connected AP is near the entrance (S73). If the connected AP is installed near the entrance (Yes), for example, the communication of the public wireless line is performed. After disconnection, the wireless LAN block 17 is activated, a handover call is made in the wireless LAN to start communication, and when communication by the wireless LAN is started (S74), the process proceeds to step S64. In step S73, for example, when it is not installed around the entrance (No), the process proceeds to step S70 without switching to the wireless LAN communication, and the communication via the public wireless line is continued.

  In the determination in step S73, “for example, the vicinity of the entrance” is a case where the user moves and the wireless LAN radio wave can be expected to disappear completely with the movement, or conversely, it can be expected to become sufficiently large. If an equivalent result can be expected, it is clear that the position of the AP is included in the vicinity of the entrance.

1 is a configuration diagram of a communication system including a public wireless line and a wireless LAN. The hardware block diagram of the wireless terminal corresponding to a public wireless line and wireless LAN. FIG. 3 is a sequence diagram of roaming between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in the first embodiment. FIG. 10 is a sequence diagram of roaming between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in the second embodiment. 6 is a flowchart of roaming between the wireless LAN and the public wireless line in the first embodiment. 10 is a flowchart of roaming between a wireless LAN and a public wireless line in the second embodiment. An example of the switch request screen to the public wireless line in the first embodiment. An example of the switch request screen to the wireless LAN in the first embodiment.

Explanation of symbols

  1: wireless terminal, 2: access point (AP), 3: router, 4: wired terminal, 5: public wired network, 6: wireless LAN area, 7: public wireless network base station, 8: public wireless network, 1A: Information communication terminal unit, 1B: Wireless unit, 10: Communication processing unit, 10-1: Program memory, 10-2: Work memory, 11: Antenna, 12: RF unit, 12-1: Reception of radio wave Power measurement unit, 13: baseband unit, 14: MAC processing unit, 15: upper layer processing unit, 16: terminal interface unit, 17: wireless LAN block, 19: bus, 21: antenna, 22: RF unit , 23: Baseband unit, 24: MAC processing unit, 25: Upper layer processing unit, 29: Public wireless circuit block

Claims (5)

  1. In a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a cellular phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN,
    When a call operation is detected, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a first threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is higher than the first threshold value, a call is made using the wireless LAN, If the received power of the LAN radio wave is lower than the first threshold, a call is made on the public wireless line,
    During wireless LAN communication, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the second threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the second threshold value, a request to switch to the public wireless line is displayed. If switching approval operation is detected, switch to public wireless communication,
    During communication over a public wireless line, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the third threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is equal to or higher than the third threshold value, a request to switch to the wireless LAN is displayed. When switching approval operation is detected, switch to wireless LAN communication,
    The wireless terminal, wherein the second threshold is lower than the first threshold, and the third threshold is higher than the first threshold .
  2. The wireless terminal according to claim 1, wherein
    Display of the switch request is carried out by means of querying and displaying whether the switching on the display unit, the detection of the switching of the authorization operation, the <br/> be carried out by means for detecting that down the particular key Features wireless terminal.
  3. In a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a cellular phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN ,
    When a call operation is detected, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a first threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is higher than the first threshold value, a call is made using the wireless LAN, If the received power of the LAN radio wave is lower than the first threshold, a call is made on the public wireless line,
    During wireless LAN communication, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a second threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the second threshold value, the access point of the connected wireless LAN If the location of the access point is a fixed location, switch to public wireless communication,
    During communication over a public wireless line, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a third threshold. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is greater than or equal to the third threshold, access to the connected wireless LAN Check the position of the point, and if the access point is a fixed position, switch to wireless LAN communication,
    The wireless terminal, wherein the second threshold is lower than the first threshold, and the third threshold is higher than the first threshold .
  4. In a roaming method for switching between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN,
    The wireless terminal is
    When a call operation is detected, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a first threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is higher than the first threshold value, a call is made using the wireless LAN, If the received power of the LAN radio wave is lower than the first threshold, a call is made on the public wireless line,
    During wireless LAN communication, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the second threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the second threshold value, a request to switch to the public wireless line is displayed. If switching approval operation is detected, switch to public wireless communication,
    During communication over a public wireless line, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with the third threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is equal to or higher than the third threshold value, a request to switch to the wireless LAN is displayed. When switching approval operation is detected, switch to wireless LAN communication,
    The roaming method, wherein the second threshold is lower than the first threshold, and the third threshold is higher than the first threshold .
  5. In a roaming method for switching between a public wireless line and a wireless LAN in a wireless terminal having both a wireless telephone function using a public wireless line such as a mobile phone and a PHS and an IP telephone function using a wireless LAN,
    The wireless terminal is
    When a call operation is detected, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a first threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is higher than the first threshold value, a call is made using the wireless LAN, If the received power of the LAN radio wave is lower than the first threshold, a call is made on the public wireless line,
    During wireless LAN communication, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a second threshold value. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is less than the second threshold value, the access point of the connected wireless LAN If the location of the access point is a fixed location, switch to public wireless communication,
    During communication over a public wireless line, the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is measured and compared with a third threshold. If the received power of the wireless LAN radio wave is greater than or equal to the third threshold, access to the connected wireless LAN Check the position of the point, and if the access point is a fixed position, switch to wireless LAN communication,
    The roaming method, wherein the second threshold is lower than the first threshold, and the third threshold is higher than the first threshold .
JP2005337305A 2005-11-22 2005-11-22 Wireless terminal having wireless telephone function and IP telephone function, and roaming method between public wireless line and wireless LAN Expired - Fee Related JP4694356B2 (en)

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