JP4396473B2 - Holographic recording / reproducing apparatus - Google Patents

Holographic recording / reproducing apparatus Download PDF

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JP4396473B2
JP4396473B2 JP2004295169A JP2004295169A JP4396473B2 JP 4396473 B2 JP4396473 B2 JP 4396473B2 JP 2004295169 A JP2004295169 A JP 2004295169A JP 2004295169 A JP2004295169 A JP 2004295169A JP 4396473 B2 JP4396473 B2 JP 4396473B2
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phase modulation
phase
light
reproducing
pixels
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JP2006107663A (en
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直人 小島
敦 福本
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ソニー株式会社
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03HHOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS
    • G03H1/00Holographic processes or apparatus using light, infra-red or ultra-violet waves for obtaining holograms or for obtaining an image from them; Details peculiar thereto
    • G03H1/04Processes or apparatus for producing holograms
    • G03H1/10Processes or apparatus for producing holograms using modulated reference beam
    • G03H1/12Spatial modulation, e.g. ghost imaging
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/12Heads, e.g. forming of the optical beam spot or modulation of the optical beam
    • G11B7/135Means for guiding the beam from the source to the record carrier or from the record carrier to the detector
    • G11B7/1365Separate or integrated refractive elements, e.g. wave plates
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/004Recording, reproducing or erasing methods; Read, write or erase circuits therefor
    • G11B7/0065Recording, reproducing or erasing by using optical interference patterns, e.g. holograms

Description

The present invention relates to a sulfo b graphic recording equipment to apply the collinear holographic memory device according to phase correlation multiplexing.

In a recording / reproducing apparatus that performs recording or / and reproduction using a hologram, that is, a holographic memory device, there is a phase correlation multiplexing system as one technique for improving the recording density (Non-patent Documents 1 and 2 and Patent Document 1). .
In this phase correlation multiplexing method, multiplex recording is performed by shifting the hologram recording medium in the surface direction while applying phase modulation to reference light irradiated to the hologram recording medium together with the recording light during recording.

In this case, the size of a light flux region (referred to as speckle) that can be regarded as coherent changes in the reference light at the position of the hologram recording medium in accordance with the phase modulation applied to the reference light, that is, the phase change period and intensity distribution of the reference light. To do. Then, in the region where the speckles of the signal light and the reference light overlap, optical interference occurs, and hologram recording becomes possible.
Therefore, in this case, the recording density in the holographic memory can be increased by reducing the speckle size.

In reproducing the holographic recording information recorded in this way, the reference light hologram recording medium to which the same phase modulation as that at the time of recording is applied is irradiated. Only the information of the irradiated portion of the reference light that has undergone phase modulation that matches the phase modulation of the reference light at the time of recording can be selectively read out, so that multiplex recording is possible and high density recording is achieved. It is what
As a method for applying phase modulation to the reference light, there is a method in which an optical element called a phase mask is arranged on the optical path of the reference light, and the phase change period and intensity distribution of the reference light are controlled.

  In addition, applying phase modulation to signal light is also effective in achieving high recording density. That is, by applying phase modulation to the signal light, the DC (direct current) peak intensity on the Fourier plane can be suppressed, the dynamic range of the signal light inside the recording medium is ensured, and the hologram is excellent in S / N. Recording is possible.

On the other hand, in the holographic memory, a so-called collinear method has been proposed in which signal light and reference light are composed of one light beam having the same optical axis.
This is because the optical system can have a simple structure as compared with the conventional method in which the signal light and the reference light are made of separate light beams, and is sufficient for various general-purpose optical recording / reproducing apparatuses such as optical disk recording / reproducing apparatuses. The optical system currently being researched and developed, or its technology can be applied.

However, when the above-described phase mask element is introduced into the collinear method, the signal phase mask and the reference light phase mask are individually aligned on the common optical axis and are not only complicated to manufacture. , Will affect the accuracy.
Optics Communications 175 (2000) 67-74, "Diffraction selectiveholograms with random phase encoding" 10 March 2oo1 / Vol.40, No.8 / APPLIED OPTICS, pp1253-1260 "Thhree-dimensional shifting selectivity of random phase encoding in volume holograms" US Patent US 6,281,993 B1

  As described above, in the collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus using the phase correlation multiplexing method in which holographic recording and / or reproduction is performed, the DC peak intensity on the Fourier plane is suppressed by applying phase modulation to the signal light. The holographic recording / reproducing apparatus aligns both the phase mask for applying phase modulation to the signal light and the phase mask for applying phase modulation to the reproduction light to the optical axes of the signal light and the reproduction light. However, there are problems of manufacturing complexity and accuracy reduction.

  The present invention is a collinear holographic memory device using a phase correlation multiplex method, and as described above, phase modulation is also performed on signal light to suppress DC peaks and improve the dynamic range of signal light. In this case, it is possible to reliably perform phase modulation on the signal light and the reference light, and further simplify the configuration, simplify the manufacturing, and the above-described manufacturing complexity. The present invention provides a phase modulation apparatus, a collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus using a phase correlation multiplexing method, and a method for manufacturing the phase modulation apparatus, which can solve the problem of accuracy degradation.

The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to the present invention is a holographic recording and reproducing equipment collinear type by phase correlation multiplexing method holographic recording and / or reproducing is performed, the spatial modulator for performing a laser light source, a light intensity modulation A phase modulation element, an objective lens, a hologram information recording medium, and a photodetector. The phase modulation element is disposed coaxially with the spatial modulator, and the phase modulation element includes signal light. and wherein a signal for phase modulation unit having a phase mask structure for giving a phase modulation, the reference light that is the reference light phase modulating portion having a phase mask structure giving phase modulation made is configured as one of the phase modulation element To do.

The holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention is characterized in that the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation section are arranged concentrically in a plane.
In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention , each of the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit includes phase modulation pixels arranged two-dimensionally, and the signal light phase modulation unit a phase modulation pixel parts, the phase modulation pixel of the reference light phase modulation unit, characterized in that it is a different pitches.
In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation section are equal to the length of each side of the two-dimensionally arranged pixels of the spatial modulator, or Phase modulation pixels having an integral multiple of the side length are two-dimensionally arranged at equal pitches, each phase modulation pixel has a constant phase modulation, and each phase modulation pixel has a random phase modulation degree. It is characterized by having a configuration having the following arrangement.

In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, the phase modulation degree of the signal light phase modulation unit and the phase modulation pixel of the reference light phase modulation unit is discrete and has N levels, and 2π / N (N is an integer). ) That is an integer multiple of.
In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, a difference between adjacent phase modulation degrees of each phase modulation pixel of the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit is 2π / N (N is an integer). It is characterized by that.
Further, in the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, each phase modulation pixel of the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit is configured to detect reflected light or transmitted light on the surface of each phase mask structure. The present invention is characterized in that phase modulation is performed by depth modulation by unevenness.

In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation section are equal to the length of each side of the two-dimensionally arranged pixels of the spatial modulator, or Depth-modulated phase modulation pixels having side lengths that are integral multiples thereof are two-dimensionally arranged at an equal pitch, each phase modulation pixel has a constant phase modulation, and each phase modulation pixel is random. It is characterized by having a configuration with an array of various phase modulation degrees.

In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, when the depth modulation degree of the phase pixel with respect to the transmitted light is discrete and has an N level, the wavelength used is λ, and the refractive index of the constituent material of the phase mask structure is n. , The depth of each phase pixel is
It has a value that is an integral multiple of λ / (n−1) / N (N is an integer).
In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, when the depth modulation degree of the phase pixel with respect to the reflected light is discrete and has an N level, the wavelength used is λ, and the refractive index of the constituent material of the phase mask structure is n. , The depth of each phase pixel is
It has a value that is an integral multiple of λ / 2N (N is an integer).

In the holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, the difference in the depth modulation degree of the phase pixel adjacent to the phase pixel with respect to the transmitted light is λ / {N (n−1)} (N is an integer). Features.
The holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention is characterized in that a difference in depth modulation degree between adjacent phase pixels with respect to reflected light is λ / 2N (N is an integer).
The holographic recording / reproducing apparatus according to the present invention includes a phase modulation element configured by a phase mask structure that applies phase modulation to the signal light and a phase mask structure that applies phase modulation to the reference light. And being integrated on the same axis.

  The phase modulation apparatus according to the present invention includes a phase modulation element having a signal phase modulation unit that performs phase modulation on signal light and a reference light phase modulation unit that performs phase modulation on the reference light. With this configuration, high-density hologram recording can be achieved with a phase correlation multiplexing holographic memory that performs random phase modulation on the reference light, and random phase modulation can also be performed on signal light. As will be apparent from the following description, the effect of suppressing the DC peak intensity on the Fourier plane can be obtained, the dynamic range of the signal light inside the phase correlation multiplex hologram recording medium can be secured, and the SN ratio High hologram recording can be performed.

In the phase modulation device according to the present invention, the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit are integrated as one element, so that the structure can be simplified and assembled and manufactured. Alignment of the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation section with respect to the signal light and the reference light is avoided, and assembly accuracy is improved.
Further, the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation section are arranged concentrically as one element, so that the signal light and the reference light in the collinear configuration have a concentric positional relationship. Therefore, the positional relationship between the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit can be set easily and accurately with respect to the signal light and the reference light, thereby improving productivity and reliability. Improvement in yield and yield.

Further, the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit are configured to limit the difference in the phase modulation degree between the adjacent phase modulation pixels, thereby reducing the contrast due to interference between adjacent pixels, that is, SN. A reduction in the ratio can be avoided.
Further, by integrating the spatial modulator (SLM) and the phase modulation element, it is possible to achieve adhesion between them and pixel matching between the spatial modulator and the phase modulation element. Since the emitted light from one pixel can be incident on one corresponding pixel of the phase modulation element, holographic recording and / or reproduction with a high S / N ratio can be performed.

  In addition, according to the method for manufacturing a phase modulation element according to the present invention, the phase mask structure is formed by the photolithography process and the vacuum etching process, so that the phase modulation unit for the signal light and the phase modulation unit for the reference light described above are formed. At the same time and with high precision, and can be manufactured in a mass-productive manner with good reproducibility.

Embodiments of a method for manufacturing a collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus and a phase modulation apparatus using a phase correlation multiplexing system according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to this embodiment.
FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an embodiment of a collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus using a phase correlation multiplexing system according to the present invention.
In this example, a reflection-type holographic recording / reproducing apparatus using a reflection-type hologram recording medium 1 having a reflection film 1R on the back surface of a hologram recording layer is shown, and FIG. 1 shows the basic configuration thereof. Yes, for example, a laser light source 2, a collimating lens 3, a spatial modulator (SLM) 4, a phase modulation element 5, an objective lens 8, a condenser lens 9, and an imager such as an CCD sensor, a CMOS sensor, etc. And a major photodetector 10. In the example of FIG. 1, a mirror 11 that directs the optical path in a required direction is disposed.

The spatial modulator 4 can be configured by, for example, a liquid crystal spatial modulator of a two-dimensional spatial modulator, a spatial modulator using a ferroelectric, DMD (Digital Micro Mirror), or the like.
Laser light from the laser light source 2 is converted into parallel light by the collimator lens 3 and introduced through the mirror 11 into the spatial modulator 4.

The spatial modulator 4 is a laser beam introduced into the spatial modulator 4 as shown in FIG. 2 which is a schematic front view on the light emitting surface side from the spatial modulator 4 and a schematic optical path diagram in FIG. On the other hand, light intensity modulation is performed for each spatial modulation unit element constituting the spatial modulator, that is, for each spatial modulation pixel.
In this spatial light modulator, the pixels in the central circular area are modulated by, for example, on / off control using, for example, “1” and “0” signals according to the recording information signal, and distributed in the central circular area. Signal light S is generated. At the same time, in the outer peripheral ring-shaped area concentric with the above-described central circular area of the spatial modulator 4, a reference spatial distribution is performed by a similar spatial modulation pixel and distributed in the ring-shaped area. Light R is generated.

Although the spatial modulation pixels for the central area and the peripheral area by the spatial modulator 4 can have the same configuration, for example, the spatial modulation pixels in the reference light generation unit in the peripheral part are signals of the central area. The pitch may be different from the pixels of the light generation unit, for example, a narrow pitch.
The temporal period of the spatial modulation of the central area and the outer peripheral area in the spatial modulator 4 is synchronized and selected, for example, as one screen of hologram information, so-called one page period.

  In the present invention, the phase modulation element 5 that performs phase modulation on the signal light S and the reference light R is joined and integrated on the light emitting surface 4a side of the spatial modulator 4, and the signal light S and the reference light described above are integrated. For example, the signal light S and the reference light R can be substantially randomized or pseudo-random, which will be described later, by combining, for example, the on / off modulation by the spatial modulator 4 with respect to R and the phase control by the phase modulation element 5. A phase modulation device 6 that performs phase modulation is configured.

  FIG. 4 shows a front view of the phase modulation element 5 on the light emitting surface 5a side. FIG. 5 shows a schematic diagram of the signal light S and the reference light R from the phase modulation device 6 by the spatial modulator 4 and the phase modulation element 4. As shown in the optical path diagram, the signal phase modulation unit 5S using a phase mask that performs phase modulation on the signal light S directly opposite to the area of the signal light S of the spatial modulator 4 and the reference light at the outer periphery thereof A reference light phase modulation unit 5R by a phase mask that performs phase modulation on the reference light directly facing the R-shaped link area is arranged in a plane.

The respective phase modulation pixels 5P of the phase modulation element 5 and the pixels 4P of the spatial modulator 4 are selected to have corresponding shapes and sizes as shown in the respective pattern diagrams in FIGS. 6A and 6B. That is, the reference phase modulation element 5R of each signal phase modulation element 5S and each phase modulation pixel 5P in the signal phase modulation element 5S include each central area in the spatial modulator (SLM) 4 and each space in the outer ring area. In the size of the modulation pixel 4P, specifically, for example, a square pixel, phase modulation pixels in which the length of each side is the same or an integral multiple of the length are arranged two-dimensionally.
Each pixel has a required phase modulation degree, and each pixel has a random phase modulation degree.
Further, each pixel has a phase mask structure in which the phase modulation degree is discrete and is composed of N (N is an integer) level, and has a value that is an integer multiple of 2π / N, whereby a phase mask having the number of pixels M 2. Thus, the signal light can suppress the peak intensity on the Fourier plane to 1 / M 2 .

By the way, when there is a large modulation jump in adjacent phase pixels, interference occurs between adjacent pixels, that is, between the pixels, and the contrast, that is, the SN ratio is lowered in the image formation on the imager.
In order to avoid such an inconvenience, it is desirable that the difference in the degree of phase modulation between adjacent pixels, that is, the magnitude of the jump is set to the minimum difference of 2π / N.
As a specific structure of the phase modulation element 5, that is, the phase mask, the surface of the phase mask has a depth modulation, that is, a structure having irregularities, and the phase modulation is performed on the reflected light or transmitted light on the mask surface. The structure can be given.
7A is an enlarged plan view of a part of the phase modulation element 5, FIG. 7B is a sectional view of an example in which the phase modulation pixel 4P has a completely random configuration, and FIG. 7C has a pseudo random configuration. FIG.
In the case of the completely random configuration in FIG. 7B, there is a portion where the step between the adjacent pixels 5P, that is, the phase modulation degree of the adjacent phase modulation pixel has a large jump.

  However, when there is a large modulation jump in adjacent phase pixels as described above, as described above, interference occurs between adjacent pixels, that is, between the pixels, and the image formation on the imager has a contrast, that is, an SN ratio. In order to avoid the above-described inconvenience described above, the difference in the adjacent phase modulation degree as shown in FIG. 7C can be avoided. Limit. Specifically, it is desired to suppress the phase jump to a certain value or less. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 7C, adjacent phase pixels reduce the difference in phase depth between predetermined modulation degrees. A pseudo-random configuration with a unit phase depth d of 2π / N is adopted.

As described above, when a depth-modulated phase mask structure with unevenness with respect to transmitted light is used, the depth of each pixel is (0, 1, 2, 2) with a phase mask structure having a phase modulation degree of N phase levels. 3,... (N-1)) × d1 (d1 is a unit depth), the unit depth d1 is
d1 = λ / {N × (n−1)} (1)
(Λ is the wavelength of the laser beam, n is the refractive index of the constituent material of the phase mask), and the maximum difference between adjacent phase pixels is the unit depth d1.

Further, when a phase mask structure of depth modulation by unevenness with respect to reflected light is used, the depth of each pixel is (0, 1, 2, 3,...) With a phase mask structure having a phase modulation number of N phase levels. (N-1)) × d2 (d2 is a unit depth), the unit depth d2 is
d2 = λ / 2N (2)
The difference between adjacent phase pixels is the maximum unit depth d2.

In the above-described collinear holographic memory device using the phase correlation multiplexing method, in order to perform holographic recording on the hologram recording medium 1 shifted in the plane direction, the above-described random phase modulated signal light S and reference light are used. The hologram recording medium 1 is irradiated with R to perform holographic recording by interference in the pixel area.
In order to reproduce the hologram information recorded on the hologram recording medium 1, the signal light is stopped and only the same random phase-modulated reference light R at the time of recording described above is similarly shifted in the direction described above. The hologram recording medium 1 on which the holographic recording is performed is irradiated, the reproduction light based on the hologram recording is taken out, and a hologram recording information pattern is obtained by the photodetector 10 (imager).

FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 show the intensity spectrum of each Fourier plane in the above-described apparatus of the present invention when the phase modulation element configuration is based on the complete random phase mask configuration and when the phase modulation element configuration is based on the pseudo random phase mask configuration. Show.
Further, FIG. 10 shows a similar spectrum that is not based on the configuration of the present invention, that is, when random phase modulation is not performed on the signal light.
8 and 9 and FIG. 10 clearly show that the DC peak in FIG. 10 is suppressed according to the present invention.

FIG. 11 shows an intensity histogram on the imager. On the horizontal axis, the origin position at the left end indicates an information position of “0”, for example, and the right end position indicates an information position of “1”, for example. In the case of a completely random configuration, if the curve 11B is in a pseudo-random configuration, the curve 11C is not according to the present invention, that is, due to a configuration without a phase mask.
In this case, the recording portion of the information “1” has a shape that skirts due to light bleeding and interference, but as shown by the curve 11B, the pseudo-random configuration is compared to the complete random configuration. Shows a steep rise. When this is based on complete randomness, there is interference between adjacent pixels due to the presence of a large difference in the degree of phase modulation between adjacent pixels, but when using a pseudo-random configuration, interference between adjacent pixels is good. This is thought to be due to being avoided.

Next, an embodiment of the manufacturing method according to the present invention of the phase modulation element 5 of the phase modulation device 6 described above, that is, the phase mask will be described with reference to the process diagram of FIG.
In the manufacturing method of the present invention, the phase mask structure for applying phase modulation to the signal light and the phase mask structure for applying phase modulation to the reference light are optimized on the substrate constituting the phase modulation element, that is, the same substrate surface. The depth modulation pattern is configured as one phase modulation element at the same time in the same process by a combination of a photolithography process and a vacuum etching process.

First, as shown in FIG. 12A, a substrate 21 that constitutes a phase modulation element, for example, a glass substrate is prepared, and a resist layer having resistance to later-described vacuum etching on the substrate 21 is provided on one smooth main surface. A photoresist layer 22 is applied.
The photoresist layer 22 is exposed to a two-dimensional pattern through an exposure mask 23 by a known exposure apparatus such as an aligner or a stepper.
As shown in FIG. 12B, the photoresist layer 22 is developed to form a first opening pattern 22 a in the photoresist layer 22.

Using the photoresist layer 22 as an etching mask, through the opening, vacuum etching, for example, ion milling or RIE (Reactive Ion Etching) is performed on the one principal surface of the substrate 21 as shown in FIG. 22 is removed, and a first concavo-convex pattern 24 having a pattern corresponding to the first opening pattern 22a and having a required depth is formed.
Further, as shown in FIG. 12D, a photoresist layer 25 is again formed by embedding the first concavo-convex pattern 24 on the entire surface of the substrate 21.
Although not shown, the photoresist layer 25 is exposed to a two-dimensional pattern by a known exposure apparatus such as an aligner and a stepper through a required exposure mask as described with reference to FIG. 12A.
Thereafter, development processing is performed on the photoresist layer 25 to form a second opening pattern 25 a in the photoresist layer 25.

Next, the photoresist layer 25 is subjected to vacuum etching, for example, the above-described ion milling or RIE, to the above-described one main surface of the substrate 21 through the opening as an etching mask, and as shown in FIG. 25, and a second concavo-convex pattern 26 having a pattern corresponding to the second opening pattern 25a and having a required depth is formed so as to overlap the first concavo-convex pattern 24.
In this manner, the above-described depth modulation phase modulation element 5 having the target size, depth, and pitch is obtained by the first and second uneven patterns 24 and 25. In this case, the signal light phase modulation unit that performs phase modulation on the signal light and the reference light phase modulation unit that performs phase modulation on the reference light can be formed simultaneously.
In the example described with reference to FIG. 12, the case where the phase modulation element 5 having a difference in modulation degree of two or more levels by the first and second concavo-convex patterns is manufactured is illustrated. The pattern having the phase modulation degree difference can be formed by repeating the above-described formation of the photoresist layer, that is, the photolithography process and the etching process.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 13, the phase modulation element 5 manufactured in this way has a predetermined positional relationship, that is, the above-described space of the spatial modulator 4 by an optical adhesive or the like on the light emitting side of the spatial modulator 4. The modulation pixel 4P and the corresponding phase modulation pixel 5P of the phase modulation element 5 are joined and integrated so as to face each other to constitute a phase modulation device. In this case, in the spatial modulator 4 and the phase modulation device 5, the alignment reference mark of the spatial modulation pixel and the phase modulation pixel is formed together with the formation of each pixel, thereby increasing the alignment of both. It can be set to accuracy to form an integral structure.

  As described above, the phase modulation element 5 according to the present invention includes the signal phase modulation unit 5S and the reference light phase modulation unit 5R, so that both the reference light and the signal light in the hologram recording / reproducing apparatus. Random phase modulation can be performed, and as described above, high-density recording can be performed by collinear holographic recording / reproduction using the phase correlation multiplexing method by random phase modulation with respect to the reference light, and random phase with respect to the signal light. By modulation, the DC peak of the Fourier intensity spectrum can be suppressed, narrowing of the dynamic range can be avoided, and the SN ratio can be improved.

  Then, by forming the phase modulation element 5 by the above-described manufacturing method of the present invention, the signal phase modulation section 5S and the reference light phase modulation element 5R can be reliably formed simultaneously, that is, in a predetermined positional relationship. As a result, it can be manufactured with high accuracy, mass production, and good reproducibility.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 13, the spatial modulator 4 and the phase modulation element 5 have an integrated structure, so that the spatial modulator 4 and the phase modulation element 5 are brought into close contact with each other without generating a gap therebetween, and a predetermined spatial modulation pixel and phase modulation It is possible to realize exact pixel matching with pixels. That is, when there is a gap between the spatial modulator 4 and the phase modulation element 5, light emitted from one spatial modulation pixel is not incident on the corresponding one phase modulation pixel, and is caused by a light diffraction phenomenon. Although incident on the adjacent phase-modulated pixels, the required holographic recording and reproduction are hindered, but such an inconvenience is avoided by the integrated configuration described above.

  Further, by adopting a configuration in which the signal light phase modulation section and the reference light phase modulation component are integrated as one element, the structure can be simplified and the manufacturing can be simplified. By adopting a configuration integrated with the spatial modulator 4, it is possible to further improve accuracy and simplify manufacturing.

  Further, as described above, in the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit, the contrast due to interference between adjacent pixels is configured by limiting the difference in the phase modulation degree between the adjacent phase modulation pixels. Decrease, that is, the SN ratio can be avoided.

The configuration shown in FIG. 1 is a case of a collinear holographic memory device configuration based on a phase correlation multiplexing system using a transmission type configuration using a reflection type hologram recording medium, but a transmission type configuration using a transmission type hologram recording medium. It is also possible to adopt a collinear holographic memory device configuration based on the phase correlation multiplexing method.
In the above-described example, the phase modulation element is configured by a difference in depth. However, the phase modulation configuration is not limited to the case of such an uneven configuration, but is changed by the change in optical characteristics due to a change in the impurity doping amount or the like. In the present invention, various changes can be made in the manufacturing method.

1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an embodiment of a collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus using a phase correlation multiplexing system according to the present invention. It is a typical front view by the side of the light emission of an example of the spatial modulator in the holographic device by this invention. 1 is a schematic optical path diagram of signal light and reference light of an example of a holographic device according to the present invention. It is a typical front view by the side of the light emission of an example of the phase modulation element of an example of the holographic device by this invention. FIG. 3 is a schematic optical path diagram of phase-modulated signal light and reference light of an example of a holographic device according to the present invention. A and B are schematic views showing patterns of pixels of a spatial modulator and a phase modulation element, respectively, as an example of the device of the present invention. A is a plan view of a main part showing an example of an arrangement pattern of pixels of a phase modulation element, and B and C are cross-sectional views when a completely random structure and a pseudo-random structure are used, respectively. It is a Fourier spectrum of the collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus provided with the phase modulation element by the phase mask of a completely random structure. It is a Fourier spectrum of the collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus provided with the phase modulation element by the phase mask of a pseudo-random structure. It is a Fourier spectrum in the collinear holographic recording / reproducing apparatus which does not comprise a phase modulation element. It is the intensity | strength histogram on each imager when a phase modulation element is a random structure and a pseudo-random structure, and when a phase modulation element is not provided. A to F are process diagrams of an example of a method for manufacturing a phase modulation device according to the present invention. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a phase modulation apparatus according to the present invention.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Hologram recording medium, 1R ... Reflective film, 2 ... Laser light source, 3 ... Collimating lens, 4 ... Spatial modulator (SLM), 4a ... Light-emitting surface, 5 ... Phase modulation element, 5a ...... Light exit surface, 6 ... Phase modulator, 7 ... Beam splitter, 8 ... Objective lens, 9 ... Converging lens, 10 ... Photo detector (imager), 11 ... Mirror, 21 ... Substrate, 22... Photoresist layer, 22 a... First opening pattern, 23... Exposure mask, 24... First uneven pattern, 25 .. photoresist layer, 25 a. …… Second uneven pattern, S …… Signal light, R …… Reference light,

Claims (13)

  1. A holographic recording and reproducing equipment collinear type by phase correlation multiplexing method holographic recording and / or reproducing is performed,
    A laser light source, a spatial modulator for performing light intensity modulation, a phase modulation element, an objective lens, a hologram information recording medium, and a photodetector;
    A phase modulation element is disposed coaxially with the spatial modulator,
    The phase modulation element includes a signal phase modulation unit having a phase mask structure that applies phase modulation to signal light and a reference light phase modulation unit having a phase mask structure that applies phase modulation to reference light as one phase modulation element formed by configuration
    Holographic recording and playback device.
  2. And the signal light phase modulation unit, and the reference light phase modulation unit, Ru are arranged in a planar manner concentric
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 1.
  3. Each of the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit is composed of phase modulation pixels arranged two-dimensionally,
    A phase modulation pixels for the signal light phase modulation unit, and the phase modulation pixel of the reference light phase modulation unit, the holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to claim 1 which is different pitches.
  4. The phase modulation unit for signal light and the phase modulation unit for reference light have a side modulation length equal to or an integral multiple of the length of each side of the two-dimensionally arranged pixels of the spatial light modulator. Pixels are arranged two-dimensionally at an equal pitch,
    Within the respective phase modulating pixel has a constant phase modulation, and Ru formed are each phase modulated pixels configured with an array of random phase modulation index
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 1.
  5. And the signal light phase modulation unit, the phase modulation depth of the phase modulation pixels of the reference light phase modulation unit consists discrete and N levels, 2 [pi / N (N is an integer) single lifting the integral multiple of
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 4.
  6. And the signal light phase modulation unit, the difference is 2 [pi / N adjacent phase modulation of the respective phase modulating pixels of the reference light phase modulating section Ru (N is an integer) der
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 5.
  7. Each phase modulation pixel of the signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit applies phase modulation by depth modulation by unevenness to reflected light or transmitted light on the surface of each phase mask structure; has been
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 1.
  8. The signal light phase modulation unit and the reference light phase modulation unit have a depth that is equal to or an integral multiple of the length of each side of the two-dimensionally arranged pixels of the spatial light modulator. Phase modulation pixels by modulation are arranged two-dimensionally at an equal pitch,
    Within the respective phase modulating pixel has a constant phase modulation, and Ru formed are each phase modulated pixels configured with an array of random phase modulation index
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 7.
  9. When the depth modulation degree of the phase pixel with respect to the transmitted light is discrete and consists of N levels, the wavelength of use is λ, and the refractive index of the constituent material of the phase mask structure is n, the depth of each phase pixel is
    λ / (n-1) / N (N is an integer) single lifting the integral multiple of
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 8.
  10. When the depth modulation degree of the phase pixel with respect to the reflected light is discrete and consists of N levels, the wavelength used, and the refractive index of the constituent material of the phase mask structure is n, the depth of each phase pixel is
    lambda / 2N (N is an integer) single lifting the integral multiple of
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 8.
  11. The difference in the depth modulation of the adjacent phase pixels of the phase pixels for transmitted light, λ / (n-1) / N Ru (N is an integer) der
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 9.
  12. The difference in the depth modulation of the adjacent phase pixels of the phase pixels for reflected light, lambda / 2N Ru (N is an integer) der
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 10.
  13. A phase mask structure giving phase modulation to the signal light, a phase modulating element constituted by a phase mask structure giving phase modulation to the reference light, and the spatial modulator, Ru formed are integrated coaxially
    The holographic recording and reproducing apparatus according to Motomeko 1.
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WO2007049336A1 (en) 2005-10-25 2007-05-03 Fujitsu Limited Hologram recording device
JP4777356B2 (en) * 2005-10-25 2011-09-21 富士通株式会社 Hologram recording device
JP4899713B2 (en) * 2006-08-16 2012-03-21 新オプトウエア株式会社 Optical information reproduction device
EP1895519A1 (en) * 2006-09-01 2008-03-05 Deutsche Thomson-Brandt Gmbh Holographic storage system using destructive interference for pixel detection
JP4466632B2 (en) 2006-10-03 2010-05-26 ソニー株式会社 Recording device, phase modulation device
JP2008107599A (en) * 2006-10-26 2008-05-08 Sony Corp Recording apparatus and recording method
JP4225346B2 (en) * 2006-12-14 2009-02-18 ソニー株式会社 Playback device and playback method
JP2008210435A (en) * 2007-02-26 2008-09-11 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Spatial light modulator, and device and method for recording hologram
JP5236321B2 (en) * 2007-03-16 2013-07-17 パナソニック株式会社 Hologram recording / reproducing device
EP1983513A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2008-10-22 Deutsche Thomson OHG Apparatus for reading from and/or writing to holographic storage media
JP4830971B2 (en) * 2007-05-22 2011-12-07 ソニー株式会社 Recording apparatus, recording / reproducing method, and reproducing method
JP2009048681A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-03-05 Sony Corp Hologram recording/reproducing device
JP2009139587A (en) 2007-12-05 2009-06-25 Pioneer Electronic Corp Light controller
JP4524708B2 (en) 2008-06-19 2010-08-18 ソニー株式会社 Playback device and playback method
JP4569691B2 (en) * 2008-09-08 2010-10-27 ソニー株式会社 Recording / reproducing apparatus, recording apparatus, reproducing apparatus, recording / reproducing method, recording method, reproducing method
JP4569692B2 (en) * 2008-09-09 2010-10-27 ソニー株式会社 Playback device and playback method
JP6042255B2 (en) * 2013-03-29 2016-12-14 学校法人金井学園 Optical beam focus positioning mechanism and method for optical recording / reproducing apparatus

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