JP4393280B2 - Key input device - Google Patents

Key input device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4393280B2
JP4393280B2 JP2004178222A JP2004178222A JP4393280B2 JP 4393280 B2 JP4393280 B2 JP 4393280B2 JP 2004178222 A JP2004178222 A JP 2004178222A JP 2004178222 A JP2004178222 A JP 2004178222A JP 4393280 B2 JP4393280 B2 JP 4393280B2
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button
buttons
material
display
pressed
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JP2006004063A (en
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善也 加藤
充一 小野
直文 福山
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加藤 俊司
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Description

  The present invention relates to a key input device and, for example, to a key input device used for character input in a portable electronic device such as a mobile phone, a remote control for controlling an electric product, and the like.

  In recent years, portable information devices typified by mobile phones and PDAs have rapidly spread. In particular, mobile phones have not only functions as telephones, but also have advanced functions such as being able to browse homepages by connecting to the Internet and sending and receiving mails, and are generally recognized as important information terminals. The high functionality of this mobile phone continues, and it has been expanded to all digital fields such as cameras, TVs, remote control of home appliances, security management, electronic lock, electronic money, electronic maps, location information management, etc., in the ubiquitous era Taking the lead.

  Compared to such enhancement of the functionality of the mobile phone itself, the operation buttons (key input devices) serving as the user interface generally follow the conventional dial buttons for calls. That is, numbers, English letters, and kana characters are written on the surface of the dial button, and it is common to operate while looking at these fixed displays.

  Also known is a liquid crystal display type key part that can switch the display of characters on the key surface (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP 2002-287881 A

  When the character display on the surface of the button is fixed as in a general mobile phone, there is a problem that it cannot meet the diversified needs and functions of the mobile phone. For example, when using a mobile phone as a remote control for home appliances, even if various functions are assigned to each key, the key display remains fixed, so the user can easily grasp the function. However, even if the function is improved, there is a problem that the operability is not improved.

On the other hand, when the display of the key can be switched using the liquid crystal as in Patent Document 1, there is a problem that the key touch is not excellent and the input operability is lowered.
That is, in Patent Document 1, the specific structure of the key portion is unknown, but a key input device using liquid crystal usually has a pressure-sensitive touch sensor sheet stacked on the liquid crystal screen and touches this touch sensor. It is common to detect the input at.
In such a touch sensor detection method, an input is detected simply by touching the liquid crystal screen, so that the key touch when pressed with a finger is lower than that of a normal keyboard and when a predetermined key is pressed. The input may be detected by touching the adjacent key by mistake, and there is a problem that the input operability is lower than that of the key input device that detects the input by pressing the key.

  In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a key input device that can improve input operability.

The key input device of the present invention includes a display device, a transparent touch sensor disposed on the surface side of the display device, a transparent rebound material disposed on the surface side of the touch sensor, and a surface side of the rebound material. A plurality of buttons and a guide frame for guiding each button are provided on the surface side of the display device, the touch sensor, and the rebound material, and the rebound material and each button The characters displayed on the display device can be visually recognized through the touch sensor, the repellent material, and the button, and the repellent material can be removed from the touch sensor when the button is not pressed. When the button is pressed against the urging force of the repellent material when urged away, the repellent material comes into contact with the touch sensor so that the input of the button can be detected. It is characterized in.

Here, as the display device, a thin sheet-like material such as a liquid crystal display or an organic EL display can be used. Moreover, as a transparent rebound material, a transparent resin material such as polyester can be used. Further, as the transparent button, for example, a hard resin material such as acrylic or a soft resin material can be used.
Further, in the present invention, the touch sensor, the repellent material, and the button are each transparent. This transparent means that the characters displayed on the display device have a transmittance that can be visually recognized through the touch sensor, the repellent material, and the button. Means that Therefore, the display character is not limited to being colorless and transparent as long as the display character can be visually recognized even if it is colored.

In the present invention, a touch sensor, a repellent material, and a button are arranged on the surface side of the display device. Since these parts are made of a transparent material, characters displayed on the display device are used. The person can visually recognize. Therefore, by switching the display of the display device according to each function, the function of each key can be shown, and the input operability can be improved.
In addition, since it will input by pressing the button urged by the rebound material, it can realize the same key touch as a normal keyboard, and since the input is not done unless the user presses the button consciously, Input errors can be reduced and input operability can be improved compared to a liquid crystal touch type that can be input by simply touching the screen.
Further, since a guide frame for guiding each button is provided, each button can be guided by the guide frame when the button is pushed or when the button is urged by a repulsive material, and can be moved smoothly.
In addition, the display device, the touch sensor, and the repellent material need only be prepared and incorporated so as to span the entire button, so that the assemblability of the key input device can be improved accordingly.
Furthermore, since the repellent material and each button are joined with the joining pins, the release of the button to the surface side can be prevented. For this reason, it is not necessary to provide protrusions on the guide frame, the guide frame can be slimmed, and the buttons can be enlarged correspondingly, thereby improving the input operability and improving the design.

  Here, it is preferable that the repulsion material is composed of a sheet having a dome-shaped repulsion portion formed in a portion corresponding to each button. As the repellent material, a plurality of repellent materials may be individually arranged on the bottom of each button corresponding to each button, but it is composed of a sheet in which a dome-shaped repulsive portion is formed on the portion corresponding to each button. If so, the number of parts can be reduced and the key input device can be easily assembled.

Moreover, it is preferable that the said guide frame has a protrusion which engages with each button and controls the movement of the urging | biasing direction of the button by a repulsive material.
For example, a guide frame having a substantially T-shaped cross section may be formed by projecting a protrusion in a direction along the surface of the key input device at an edge on the surface side of the guide frame.
In this embodiment, when the button is urged to the surface side by a repellent material, the button is engaged with the protrusion, so that further movement of the button to the surface side is restricted, and the button Can be reliably prevented from falling off.

Furthermore, the key input device may include an elastic material that is disposed along the guide frame and that is bonded to the buttons and the repelling material to restrict movement of the button in the biasing direction by the repelling material.
Since the movement of the button is regulated by an elastic material arranged along the guide frame, it does not affect the visual recognition of characters in the central part of the button, the restriction on the material of the elastic material is reduced, and an appropriate material Stretch material can be used. Further, it is not necessary to provide a protrusion on the guide frame, the guide frame can be made slim, and the buttons can be enlarged correspondingly to improve the input operability and the design. Furthermore, since the space between the button and the repellent material can be sealed by the elastic material, the invasion of dust can be prevented and the generation of scratches due to the dust can be prevented. In addition, it is possible to prevent the characters from becoming cloudy due to condensation and not being visible.

Moreover, it is preferable that the back surface of the button is formed with a convex portion that contacts the repellent material when the button is not pressed, and a concave portion that stores a repellent material that is deformed when the button is pressed. .
With such a configuration, the convex part comes into contact with the touch sensor when the button is pressed, so that the force at the time of pressing the button can be concentrated on the convex part and the touch sensor can be surely pressed. The touch sensor can also reliably detect an input.
In addition, since the recess for storing the repellent material is formed, the rebound material can be smoothly stored in the recess when the button is pressed, and the repulsive force when the button is pressed can be reduced. Input can be performed, and input operability can be improved.

[First Embodiment]
DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows a mobile phone 1 to which a key input device 10 according to this embodiment is applied.
On the front side of the mobile phone 1, a display unit 3 such as a liquid crystal display for displaying characters and images is arranged on the upper side, and a plurality of buttons 21 to 35 constituting the key input device 10 are arranged on the lower side. ing. In addition, predetermined function buttons 4 and 5 and a cursor button 6 are provided between the display unit 3 and the key input device 10.

[Button structure]
Next, the structure of each button 21-35 in the key input device 10 of 1st Embodiment is demonstrated with reference to FIG.
In the case 2 of the mobile phone 1, a liquid crystal panel 11 as a display device in the key input device 10 and a control unit 12 that controls driving of the liquid crystal panel 11 and executes various functions of the mobile phone 1 are provided. It has been.

  The liquid crystal panel 11 is a single sheet arranged over the entire area where the buttons 21 to 35 are arranged, and the control unit 12 displays the display contents (characters, images, etc.) for each area corresponding to the buttons 21 to 35. ) Can be changed.

A transparent touch sensor 13 is laminated on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 11. The touch sensor 13 may be one that detects that the touch sensor 13 is pressed using radio waves or magnetism, but is usually a transparent sheet whose electric resistance value changes depending on the location where pressure is applied. A pressure-sensitive touch sensor 13 utilizing the above is used.
The touch sensor 13 is configured to detect, for each button 21 to 35, that at least each button 21 to 35 has been pressed.

  A transparent rebound material 15 is laminated on the surface side of the touch sensor 13. The rebound material 15 is made of a resin sheet having elasticity, such as polyester. And the repulsive material 15 of this embodiment has the dome-shaped (bowl-shaped) repulsion part 15A in the part corresponding to each button 21-35, respectively. Therefore, in this embodiment, 15 repulsion parts 15A are integrally formed according to the buttons 21-35.

The buttons 21 to 35 and the guide frame 16 that guides the buttons 21 to 35 are disposed on the surface side of the repulsion material 15.
The buttons 21 to 35 are made of a hard transparent resin material such as acrylic resin. The upper surface (front surface) 201 of each button 21 to 35 is a flat surface, and the lower surface (back surface) 202 has a cross-sectional shape (cross-sectional shape along the cross-sectional direction of the mobile phone 1) shown in FIG. The curved surface has a substantially arc shape. The buttons 21 to 35 have a shape in which the cross-sectional shape shown in FIG. 2 is continuously formed in the direction orthogonal to the plane of FIG. Accordingly, the buttons 21 to 35 can be manufactured by injection molding into a mold corresponding to each button shape, or after being extruded using a mold having the cross-sectional shape of FIG. It can also be produced by cutting every ~ 35. These manufacturing methods should just select an appropriate thing according to the resin material etc. to be used.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 3, a protrusion 203 that engages with the guide frame 16 is formed on the side surfaces of the buttons 21 to 35. The protrusion 203 is formed on at least two opposing faces among the four side faces of the buttons 21 to 35, and preferably on the four faces.

The guide frame 16 is made of metal or plastic, and is formed in a lattice shape along the outer periphery of the buttons 21 to 35. That is, the guide frame 16 includes a frame main body portion 16A along the outer periphery of each button 21 to 35, and a protrusion 16B protruding from the frame main body portion 16A.
As shown in FIG. 3, the guide frame 16 is fixed to the case 2. The buttons 21 to 35 are urged upward (surface side) by the repelling portion 15A of the repelling material 15, but the upward movement is restricted by the protrusion 203 being locked to the protrusion 16B. And is held so as not to drop out of the mobile phone 1.
Further, the side surfaces of the buttons 21 to 35 (protrusions 203 and the like) are guided by the guide frame 16 and are configured to move smoothly up and down without tilting.

  Further, an expandable / contractible material 17 is bonded between the bottom surface of the guide frame 16 and the outer peripheral edges of the lower surfaces of the buttons 21 to 35. The stretchable material 17 seals the space between the buttons 21 to 35 and the repellent material 15 so that dust or the like does not enter from the gap between the guide frame 16 and the buttons 21 to 35.

  In the present embodiment, the touch sensor 13, the repellent material 15, and the buttons 21 to 35 are made of a transparent material so that characters or the like displayed on the liquid crystal panel 11 can be visually recognized through these members. In addition, the transparency in this embodiment should just be what can visually recognize the character of the liquid crystal panel 11. FIG.

[Input operation]
In the present embodiment having such a configuration, when the buttons 21 to 35 are not pressed, the buttons 21 to 35 are attached to the surface side of the guide frame 16 by the repelling material 15 as shown in FIG. Since the pressure is not applied to the touch sensor 13, the touch sensor 13 can detect that the buttons 21 to 35 are not pressed.
On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 3B, when each of the buttons 21 to 35 is pressed, the repulsive portion 15A is pushed at the most projecting central portion (convex portion) of the lower surface 202 and comes into close contact with the touch sensor 13, thereby touching the touch sensor. A predetermined pressure is applied to 13. For this reason, the touch sensor 13 senses that the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, and can detect an input.
When the button that was being pressed is released, the rebound material 15 repels and returns to its original shape, and the button is urged upward to return to its original position, and the touch sensor 13 has the buttons 21 to 35 pressed. It can be detected.

Next, various input operation controls in the mobile phone 1 using the key input device 10 of the present embodiment will be described.
As shown in FIG. 4, the mobile phone 1 of the present embodiment is a multi-display type that can switch the display of the buttons 21 to 35 to various types. Accordingly, the cellular phone 1 can be used not only as a telephone but also for various uses such as an Internet connection terminal, a camera, a security device, a remote controller for various electric appliances such as a television, and an electronic money device. Each button 21-35 is a multi-display button that can switch the display, so the display can be switched in the language of each country such as Japanese, English, etc. The mobile phone 1 can be used.

[Menu display]
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, a main menu may be displayed on each button 21 to 35. This menu display may be set to be displayed, for example, when a predetermined menu button 5 of the cellular phone 1 is pressed, or set to be displayed as an initial display when the cellular phone 1 is turned on. May be.
Note that the menus shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 are examples, and the menu content may be set according to the function incorporated in the mobile phone 1.
In the menu shown in FIG. 5, the telephone list is displayed when the button 21 is pressed, the voice memo function is executed when the button 22 is pressed, the camera function is executed when the button 23 is pressed, and the movie function is executed when the button 24 is pressed. When the button 25 is pressed, the television function is executed, when the button 26 is pressed, the radio function is executed, and when the button 27 is pressed, the music function for reproducing the music data stored in the memory or the like is executed.
When the button 28 is pressed, a navigation function indicating the current position is executed using GPS or the like. When the button 29 is pressed, an electronic lock function for locking / unlocking is executed. When the button 30 is pressed, the remote control function is activated. When the button 31 is pressed, the home management function is executed, and when the button 32 is pressed, a credit function for charging electronic money or the like is executed.
Further, when the button 33 is pressed, the telephone function is executed, when the button 34 is pressed, the mail function is executed, and when the button 35 is pressed, a network function for connecting to the Internet and viewing information with a browser or the like is executed.
Accordingly, characters indicating the respective functions are displayed on the buttons 21 to 35.

[Phone display]
As shown in FIGS. 1, 4, and 5, when the telephone display is selected, numbers and symbols for inputting telephone numbers are displayed on the buttons 21 to 32, and symbols for making a call are displayed on the buttons 33 to 35. , Clear, and hang up symbols. This telephone display may be performed by pressing the telephone display button 33 from the main menu. Since the cellular phone 1 is mainly used for the telephone function, the initial display when the power is turned on may be the telephone display.
The control unit 12 presses the buttons 33 to 35 in a state where the buttons 33 to 35 are displayed for the telephone function. When the input is detected by the touch sensor 13, the control unit 12 Performs functions such as entering displayed numbers and symbols, making calls, and hanging up.

[Phone list display]
In the menu display, when the button 21 displayed as “telephone list” is pressed, a telephone list is displayed on each of the buttons 21 to 35 as shown in the lower left of FIGS. 4 and 5. When the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed while the telephone list is displayed, a call is made to the place displayed on the button with one touch, and the operation of making a call can be performed very easily.

[TV remote control display]
When the button 30 labeled “remote control” is pressed in the menu display, the names of the television stations are displayed on the buttons 21 to 35 as shown second from the upper right in FIG. 4 or the lower left in FIG. When each of the buttons 21 to 35 on which the TV station name is displayed is pressed while the mobile phone 1 is directed to the TV being viewed, the station displayed on the button can be switched to operate the TV by remote control. it can.

[Home management display]
When the button 31 labeled “Home Management” is pressed in the menu display, each button 21 to 35 has a control target in the house as shown in the third from the lower right in FIG. 4 or the lower left in FIG. Is displayed on each button 21-35.
When the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, the buttons 21 to 35 are displayed in accordance with the operation objects, and the selected operation objects can be controlled by remote control by pressing the buttons.

[Kana mode display, English mode]
When entering the character input state, the buttons 21 to 35 are switched to the kana mode display or the alphabet mode display in the upper right of FIG.
In the alphabetic mode, a plurality of alphabetic characters are set for one button 22-29, and the characters set for each button 22-29 are pressed by pressing each button 22-29 one to four times, as in a conventional mobile phone. Are sequentially input.

  On the other hand, character input in the kana mode is performed by setting a plurality of kana characters to the buttons 21 to 31 and pressing the buttons 21 to 31 1 to 5 times, like the conventional mobile phone. In addition to the normal input method in which characters set to .about.31 are sequentially input, a method of inputting more efficiently is also employed. This efficient input method will be described later.

  4 and 5 show the button display of typical functions. However, for other functions, when a function is selected by pressing a button, an operation necessary to realize the function is performed. It is displayed on each button so that the user can easily perform each operation.

[Efficiency input: 2-touch input]
Efficiency input (2-touch input) in the “kana mode display” shown in FIG. 5 will be described with reference to FIGS.
In the 2-touch input, as shown in FIG. 6, characters representing each line of Japanese 50-sound are written on each button 21-29, 31, and when each button 21-29, 31 is pressed, that line is pressed. Are displayed on the buttons 21 to 31, and the input is determined by pressing the buttons 21 to 31. That is, since each character can be input by pressing the buttons 21 to 31 twice, the efficiency input of the present embodiment is expressed as “2-touch input”.
That is, in the “Kana mode standard arrangement (first display)” in which “A, K, S, T, N, H, Ma, R, Wa-on” is displayed on each button 21 to 29, 31, When the button 21 is pressed, as shown in “A line display (second display)” in FIG. 7, the vowel “A, I, U, E, O” is displayed on the buttons 21 to 25, and the buttons 27 to 31 are displayed. Lowercase letters “A, I, ぅ, E, ぉ” are displayed. When the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are pressed in this “A line display”, the characters displayed on the buttons are input. Accordingly, the button 21 is pressed in the “Kana mode standard layout (first display)” (first touch operation), and any one of the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 is pressed in the “A row display (second display)”. By (second touch operation), that is, each character of “A line” can be input by two input operations.

Similarly, in the “Kana mode display”, when the button 29 is pressed, the display is switched to “Ra line display”, and further, by pressing each button 21 to 25, the characters “Ra, Ri, Ru, Re, and R” are displayed. Can be entered.
In the “kana mode display” of FIG. 5, when other buttons are pressed, the display is switched to the same character display of each line as shown in FIG. 8.

That is, when the buttons 22 to 24 are pressed in the “kana mode display”, the “ka line display, the line display, and the line display” of FIG. 8 are displayed. In each of these displays, the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are displayed. When pressed, it is possible to input the clear sound and muddy sound of “ka line, sa line, ta line” displayed on each button.
When the button 25 is pressed in the “Kana mode display”, the “Na line display” in FIG. 8 is displayed. When each of the buttons 21 to 25 is pressed in the “Na line display”, the clear sound of the “Nana line” displayed on each button is displayed. Can be entered.
When the button 26 is pressed in “Kana mode display”, “ha display” is displayed in FIG. 8. When the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are pressed in this “ha display”, “ha” displayed on each button is displayed. You can input the clear sound and muddy sound of "Line".
When the button 27 is pressed in the “Kana mode display”, the “ma-pa line display” of FIG. 8 is displayed. When the buttons 21 to 25, 27-31 are pressed in the “ma-pa line display”, the buttons are displayed. You can input the clear sound of “Ma line” and the semi-turbid sound of “Pa line”.
When the button 28 is pressed in the “Kana mode display”, the “Ya line display” in FIG. 8 is displayed. When each button 21 to 25, 27 to 31 is pressed in the “Ya line display”, “Ya, Yu, Yo, Yu , Yo, nya, yu, yo, yuu, u "can be entered.
When the button 29 is pressed in the “Kana mode display”, the “Ra row display” in FIG. 8 is displayed. When each button 21 to 25 is pressed in the “La row display”, “La, R, R, R, R” is selected. You can enter.
When the button 30 is pressed in the “Kana mode display”, the “Wamon display” shown in FIG. 8 is displayed. When each button 21 to 29 is pressed in this display, the “Wa, a, a, a, a, a, a b, ”,”, “” Can be entered.

As described above, when each of the buttons 21 to 29, 31 is pressed in the “kana mode display (main display)”, the display is switched to the “line display” corresponding to each line of the kana.・ Select and input repellent sound (n), prompt sound (t), long sound (-), and lower case letters.
In the “line display”, the clear sound of each line is displayed on the upper two buttons 21 to 25, the muddy sound, the semi-turbid sound, etc. are displayed on the lower two buttons 27 to 31. It can be input with a single touch.
The “line display” always returns to the main display when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed once.

[Effect of the embodiment]
According to this embodiment, there are the following effects.
(1) Since the key input device 10 of the present embodiment enables the display of the liquid crystal panel 11 to be visually recognized from the front side of the buttons 21 to 35, the display of each button 21 to 35 is displayed according to the function and the situation. It can be changed freely. Therefore, each button 21 to 35 can be used as a multi-display button capable of various displays, and when performing various operations, each button 21 to 35 can display only necessary functions one by one for easy viewing. The user can easily grasp the function when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed and can improve the input operability. In addition, since the buttons 21 to 35 are energized by the repulsion material 15, the same key touch as that of a normal keyboard can be realized, and an input is performed unless the user presses the buttons 21 to 35 consciously. Therefore, it is possible to reduce erroneous input and improve input operability as compared with the liquid crystal touch type that can be input only by touching the screen.

(2) By using the liquid crystal panel 11, the display of characters and the like on each button 21 to 35 can be changed according to the function or language used, so when the button is pressed on each button 21 to 35 Since only the functions can be displayed one by one, the operator who operates by pressing each of the buttons 21 to 35 can easily grasp the function when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, and the operability can be improved.
Furthermore, by switching the display and function of each button 21 to 35, it is possible to prevent a decrease in operability even if the number of keys is reduced. Therefore, character input and various operations can be performed while the number of keys can be operated with one hand.
For this reason, it is possible to provide the key input device 10 that can be operated with one hand while looking at the characters displayed on the buttons 21 to 35 for the elderly and the disabled. be able to.

(3) Since the display of each button 21-35 can be switched, the button display can be changed according to the language of each country. For this reason, the cellular phone 1 (key input device 10) of the world common specification is made, and the manufacturing cost of the cellular phone 1 can be greatly reduced.
Furthermore, since the display of the buttons 21 to 35 can be switched, the character input method in the mobile phone 1 (key input device 10) can be easily changed. Therefore, if a plurality of character input methods are incorporated in the mobile phone 1, the character input method that is most convenient for the user can be selected and used, and the input operability can be improved.

(4) Since the display of each button 21 to 35 can be switched, various remote control functions and home management functions can be incorporated into the mobile phone 1.
Therefore, it is possible to easily perform a remote operation of the home appliance while viewing the display of each button 21-35. In addition, since the mobile phone 1 has a built-in communication function, it can be configured so as to be able to perform data communication with each device via a telephone line, for example, air conditioning from the outside, hot water in a bathroom, lock management, etc. It is possible to easily manage various homes in the home. Therefore, the mobile phone 1 can be used as an input device in home automation that will be used in the future.

(5) In addition, by using the infrared communication function or the wireless communication function of the mobile phone 1, the mobile phone 1 can be connected to a personal computer or an Internet TV, so that the mobile phone 1 can input characters in these devices. be able to. For this reason, since it is possible to input characters using the mobile phone 1 without operating the keyboard in a living room or the like, mail operations and Internet browsing operations can be easily performed.

(6) Since the buttons 21 to 35 are made of a transparent resin material such as acrylic and are urged upward by the repelling material 15, when the input person presses the buttons 21 to 35, the repelling material The input operation is performed while receiving a repulsive force of 15. Accordingly, as with a general keyboard, since a button pressed by a spring is pushed in for input, a good key touch that is less fatigued can be realized, and the key input operability can be improved.

(7) Since the repelling material 15 is formed by forming a plurality of repelling portions 15A corresponding to the respective buttons 21 to 35 on a single transparent resin, for example, an individual spring for each of the buttons 21 to 35. Compared to the case where materials are arranged, the number of parts can be reduced, the assemblability can be improved, and the manufacturing cost can be greatly reduced.

(8) Since the lower surface 202 of the buttons 21 to 35 is formed in a convex shape that is curved and protrudes at the center, only the convex portion of the buttons 21 to 35 passes through the repulsive material 15 when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed. Therefore, the pressure applied to the touch sensor 13 can be increased, and the input can be reliably detected by the touch sensor 13.
Further, since the buttons 21 to 35 are in contact with the touch sensor 13 through the repellent material 15, it is possible to prevent the hard resin buttons 21 to 35 from being in direct contact with the touch sensor 13 and damage the touch sensor 13. 15 can also be used as a protective sheet for the touch sensor 13.
In addition, since each of the buttons 21 to 35 is formed in a convex lens shape, the buttons 21 to 35 can be used as a magnifying glass, and characters and the like displayed on the liquid crystal panel 11 are enlarged and viewed. The key input device 10 is easy to use even for elderly people.

(9) Since the protrusion 16B is formed on the guide frame 16 and the movement of the buttons 21 to 35 in the urging direction by the repelling material 15 is restricted, the buttons 21 to 35 are reliably prevented from falling off with a simple structure. Can do.
Further, since the buttons 21 to 35 are guided by the frame main body portion 16A of the guide frame 16, the buttons 21 to 35 can be smoothly moved up and down, and the input operability can also be improved in this respect.

(10) Furthermore, in this embodiment, since the expansion / contraction material 17 is provided and the space between the repulsion material 15 and the buttons 21 to 35 is sealed, entry of dust can be prevented and condensation can also be prevented. .

(11) In the two-touch input in Japanese of the embodiment, each character can be input by only two input operations by switching the display of the buttons 21 to 35. For this reason, as compared with the case of inputting each character by pressing each button 1 to 5 times as in the conventional mobile phone 1, the average number of input when inputting a sentence can be reduced, and the input operability is improved. it can.

(12) In the two-touch input in Japanese of the embodiment, in the main display, the characters indicating each line (the characters in the upper row of each line) are described, and the buttons 21 to 32 on which the characters indicating each line are displayed are pressed. Then, each character of the pressed line and muddy sounds, lowercase letters, stuttering, etc. related to the line are displayed, so that the input operation can be easily grasped and input with good operability can be performed.

(13) With the two-touch input in Japanese of the above embodiment, the kana character's muddy sound, semi-voiced sound, roaring sound, etc. can be input with the same two-time input operation as the clear sound. The input operability can be further improved as compared with an input method that requires the user to separately input.

(14) In the Japanese 2-touch input of the embodiment, in each line display, the clear sound of each line is displayed on the upper two buttons 21 to 25, and muddy sound, semi-turbid sound, etc. are displayed on the lower two buttons 27 to 31. Since it is displayed, it can be divided into two columns and displayed in a pattern, making it easy to distinguish and remember the position of each character. Therefore, if the user gets used to the input operation, the user can input without looking at the button. In this respect, the key input device 10 with good operability can be obtained.

[Second Embodiment]
Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the following embodiments, the same or similar configurations as those of the above-described embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted or simplified.
As shown in FIG. 9, the key input device 10 </ b> A of the second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in the shapes of the buttons 21 to 35, but the other configurations are substantially the same.
That is, also in the key input device 10 </ b> A, the liquid crystal panel 11, the touch sensor 13, and the repellent material 15 are sequentially laminated, and the buttons 21 to 35 and the guide frame 16 are disposed.

Each of the buttons 21 to 35 is made of a transparent acrylic resin or the like as in the first embodiment, and only the shape of the lower surface 202 is different from that of the first embodiment.
That is, the lower surface (back surface) 202 of the buttons 21 to 35 stores the convex portion 202A that contacts the repellent material 15 in a state where the button is not pressed, and the repellent material 15 that is deformed when the button is pressed. A recess 202B is formed.

Also in this embodiment, the same operational effects as those of the first embodiment can be obtained. Furthermore, since the recessed part 202B is formed in each button 21-35, when the button 21-35 is pushed, as shown in FIG.9 (B), the repulsive material 15 which was pushed and deform | transformed by the convex part 202A is shown. It can be stored in the recess 202B. For this reason, the buttons 21-35 can be pushed in easily and input operation can be performed with comparatively light force.
Moreover, since the unevenness | corrugation matched with the curvature of the repulsion material 15 is attached, the thickness of the buttons 21-35 can be reduced.

[Third Embodiment]
Next, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
As shown in FIG. 10, in the key input device 10 </ b> B of the third embodiment, the central part of each button 21 to 35 and the central part (repulsive part 15 </ b> A) of the repellent material 15 are joined by a transparent joining pin 40. . Thereby, since each button 21-35 is joined to the repulsion material 15, it is not necessary to perform movement regulation of the urging direction by the repulsion material 15. For this reason, in 3rd Embodiment, the guide frame 160 is comprised only by the frame main-body part, and is not provided with protrusion. The other configuration is substantially the same as that of the key input device 10A of the second embodiment, and a description thereof will be omitted.

Also in this embodiment, the buttons 21 to 35 are guided by the guide frame 160 so as to be movable up and down, and the upward movement of the buttons 21 to 35 is joined to the repulsion material 15 by the joining pins 40. It is regulated by being.
Therefore, when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, the convex portion 202 </ b> A presses against the touch sensor 13 through the repellent material 15, and thus the input can be detected by the touch sensor 13. Further, when the pressed buttons 21 to 35 are released, the deformed rebound material 15 returns to its original shape, and the buttons 21 to 35 return to their original positions by the repulsive force.

In this embodiment, the same operational effects as those of the first and second embodiments can be obtained.
Further, since it is not necessary to form a protrusion on the guide frame 160, the width dimension of the guide frame 160 can be reduced. Therefore, in the key input device 10B, the guide frame 160 is not conspicuous when viewed from the surface of the buttons 21 to 35, and the buttons 21 to 35 can be formed larger correspondingly, so that the input operability and design can be improved.

[Fourth Embodiment]
Next, a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
As shown in FIG. 11, in the key input device 10 </ b> C of the fourth embodiment, the peripheral portions of the buttons 21 to 35 and the repellent material 15 are joined by a Σ-type elastic material 41. Thereby, since each button 21-35 is joined to the repulsion material 15, it is not necessary to regulate the movement of the urging direction by the repulsion material 15, and the same guide frame 160 and buttons 21 to 35 as the key input device 10B are used. Can be used. Other configurations are substantially the same as those of the key input devices 10A and 10B, and thus description thereof is omitted.

Also in this embodiment, the buttons 21 to 35 are guided by the guide frame 160 so as to be movable up and down, and the upward movement of the buttons 21 to 35 is joined to the rebound material 15 by the elastic material 41. It is regulated by being.
Therefore, when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, the convex portion 202 </ b> A presses against the touch sensor 13 through the repellent material 15, and thus the input can be detected by the touch sensor 13. At this time, the stretchable material 41 is configured to be stretchable, so that it is in a crushed state.
Further, when the pressed buttons 21 to 35 are released, the deformed rebound material 15 returns to its original shape, and the buttons 21 to 35 return to their original positions by the repulsive force. At the same time, the elastic member 41 also returns to its original shape, thereby restricting further movement of the buttons 21 to 35.

In this embodiment, the same operational effects as those of the above embodiments can be obtained.
Further, since the stretchable material 41 is bonded between the periphery of the buttons 21 to 35 and the repellent material 15, the space between the lower surface 202 and the repellent material 15 can be sealed. For this reason, it is possible to prevent dust and the like from entering and scratching, and to prevent the occurrence of condensation.

[Fifth Embodiment]
Next, a fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
In the key input device 10D of the fifth embodiment, each of the embodiments uses a plurality of buttons 21 to 35 that are configured separately, whereas, as shown in FIG. The difference is that an integrally formed one is used.
That is, in this embodiment, each button 21 to 35 is configured by the soft resin sheet material 50. The soft resin sheet material 50 is configured by injection molding or the like using a transparent soft resin material, and includes a button main body portion 51 and a button partition portion 52. The button main body 51 is formed with a bulge like a convex lens at the center, and when the button main body 51 is pressed, the touch sensor 13 is pressed through the repulsive material 15 and an input is detected.
Further, since the button partitioning portion 52 is formed in a concave groove shape and has a smaller width dimension than the button main body portion 51, it hardly deforms when the button main body portion 51 is pressed. The button partition 52 forms a concave groove.
When the pressing of the button body 51 is released, the button body 51 returns to the original position by the repulsive force of the repelling material 15.

Also in this embodiment, the button main body 51 of each button 21 to 35 is provided to be movable up and down with the button partition 52 as a fulcrum. Therefore, when the button main body 51 of the buttons 21 to 35 is pressed, the buttons 21 to 35 are made of a soft resin material, so that the button main body 51 is slightly recessed, but the central portion of the button main body 51 is inflated and thick. Therefore, even if it is slightly recessed, it is further deformed downward, and the convex portion 202A on the lower surface is pressed against the touch sensor 13 via the repulsive material 15, so that the input can be detected by the touch sensor 13.
When the pressed buttons 21 to 35 are released, the deformed rebound material 15 returns to its original shape, and the button body 51 also returns to its original position by the repulsive force.

In this embodiment, the same operational effects as those of the above embodiments can be obtained.
Furthermore, since each button 21-35 is comprised with the integral soft resin sheet material 50, the operation | work which assembles a button can be performed easily and cost can be reduced.
In addition, since the buttons 21 to 35 are continuously formed, there is no gap between the buttons 21 to 35, and it is possible to prevent dust and the like from entering and scratching, and to prevent the occurrence of condensation.

[Sixth Embodiment]
Next, a sixth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the following embodiments, the same or similar configurations as those of the above-described embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted or simplified.
As shown in FIG. 13, the key input device 10 </ b> E of the sixth embodiment includes a liquid crystal panel 11, a touch sensor 13, and integrally formed buttons 21 to 35 that are sequentially stacked. That is, this embodiment is different from each of the above embodiments in that it does not include a repellent material.

Each button 21-35 is comprised with the soft resin sheet material 60 similarly to the said 5th Embodiment. The soft resin sheet material 60 is configured by injection molding or the like using a transparent soft resin material, and includes a button main body portion 61 and a button partition portion 62. The button body 61 is a protrusion curved in a bowl shape (dome shape). When the button body 61 is pressed, as shown in FIG. The touch sensor 13 is recessed and touched, and the touch sensor 13 is pressed to detect an input.
Further, the button partition part 62 is formed in a planar shape and is affixed on the touch sensor 13 with an adhesive or the like.
When the button body 61 is released, the button body 61 returns to its original position by the repulsive force of the button body 61 itself.

  When the touch sensor 13 detects a touch input, the touch sensor 13 itself is vibrated by a piezoelectric element or the like. In particular, the touch sensor 13 is configured to perform high-frequency fine vibrations (fine vibrations), and without touching the user who touches the touch sensor 13 by pressing the buttons 21 to 35, the touch sensor 13 is provided. It is comprised so that it can notify that 13 is pushed. Therefore, notification means is constituted by vibration means for vibrating the touch sensor 13.

In this embodiment, the same operational effects as those of the above embodiments can be obtained.
Furthermore, according to the key input device 10E of the present embodiment, since the repellent material 15 can be made unnecessary, the number of parts can be reduced, and the thickness dimension from the touch sensor 13 to the upper surfaces of the buttons 21 to 35 can be reduced. Compared to the key input device of the embodiment, a thinner key input device can be obtained.

Further, since the buttons 21 to 35 are formed of the soft resin sheet material 60 having the bowl-shaped button main body portion 61 continuously formed, when the button main body portion 61 is pressed, the button is pressed with its elasticity. A repulsive force is applied to the finger to be pressed. Therefore, although it is small as compared with the case where the repellent material 15 is provided, a click feeling can be obtained by the shape of the button main body portion 61, and thus a feeling of pressing the button can be obtained.
Furthermore, in this embodiment, since the touch sensor 13 is configured to vibrate when an input is detected, the user can surely understand that the input is detected and can cover the small click feeling. . For this reason, it is possible to reduce erroneous operations and to prevent a decrease in input operability.

  Furthermore, since the buttons 21 to 35 are formed of the soft resin sheet material 60 having the bowl-shaped button body portion 61 that is continuously formed, the manufacture becomes easy, and the buttons 21 to 35 are configured by separate parts. Compared to the case, the cost can be greatly reduced.

[Seventh Embodiment]
Next, a seventh embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 14, a key input device 10F according to the seventh embodiment includes a button main body 61A composed of a box-shaped (box-shaped) protrusion, and a flat button partition that connects the button main bodies 61A. Only the point where the soft resin sheet material 60A provided with 62A is used is different from the key input device 10E. Therefore, description of other configurations is omitted.

  Also in this embodiment, the same operational effects as in the sixth embodiment can be obtained. Further, since the button main body 61A is formed in a box shape, it can be formed into a general key shape, and as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, when the display area of each key is rectangular in the liquid crystal panel 11. The key display can be made easier to see by combining the display area with the area of the button main body 61A.

[Eighth Embodiment]
Next, an eighth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 15, the key input device 10 </ b> G according to the eighth embodiment includes a button body 61 </ b> B having a thick central portion and a convex shape, and a flat button that connects the button body portions 61 </ b> B. Only the point in which the soft resin sheet material 60B provided with the partition part 62B is used is different from the key input devices 10E and 10F. Therefore, description of other configurations is omitted.
Also in this embodiment, the same operational effects as the sixth and seventh embodiments can be obtained.
Further, since the button body portion 61B has a convex shape with a thick central portion, when the center portion of the buttons 21 to 35 is pressed, the depression of the central portion can be reduced, and the end of the button body portion 61B can be reduced. The thin-walled portion of the edge is deformed and the central convex portion is lowered to contact the touch sensor 13 so that an input is detected. For this reason, when the user presses the buttons 21 to 35, it feels like the center part of the button main body 61B is moving up and down. An input operation feeling similar to that of the form can be provided.

[Ninth Embodiment]
Next, a ninth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 16, the key input device 10H according to the ninth embodiment includes a button main body portion 61C formed in a sheet shape and directly placed on the touch sensor 13 and pasted thereto, and between the button main body portions 61C. The key input devices 10E to 10G differ from the key input devices 10E to 10G only in that a soft resin sheet material 60C having a thin button partition 62C as compared with the button main body 61C for connecting the two is used. That is, each button main body 61C is partitioned by the groove of the button partition 62C.
In this embodiment, when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, the pressing force is transmitted to the touch sensor 13 via the button body 61C and detected. Then, since the touch sensor 13 vibrates, the user can obtain the same operational effects as the sixth to eighth embodiments, such as being able to reliably grasp that the input has been detected.
Moreover, since the soft resin sheet material 60C can affix the button body 61C portion having a larger area than the button partition part 62C to the touch sensor 13, the affixing strength can be improved.

[Tenth embodiment]
Next, a tenth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 17, the key input device 10I according to the tenth embodiment includes a button body 61D that is formed in a sheet shape and is directly placed and pasted on the touch sensor 13, and between each button body 61D. The key input device 10 </ b> H is different from the key input device 10 </ b> H only in that a soft resin sheet material 60 </ b> D provided with a thick button partition part 62 </ b> D is used as compared with the button body part 61 </ b> D for connecting the buttons. That is, each button body 61D is partitioned by the convex portion of the button partition 62D.
Also in this embodiment, when the buttons 21 to 35 are pressed, the pressing force is transmitted to the touch sensor 13 via the button body 61D and detected. Then, since the touch sensor 13 vibrates, the user can obtain the same operational effects as the ninth embodiment, such as being able to reliably grasp that the input has been detected.
Furthermore, since the button partition part 62D is a convex part, the area of the button body part 61D can be grasped only by the touch of the fingertip. For this reason, a key input operation can be performed without directly looking at the buttons 21 to 35, and an input operation close to a so-called blind touch can be easily realized.

It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and modifications, improvements, and the like within the scope that can achieve the object of the present invention are included in the present invention.
For example, the key input devices 10 to 10I of the present invention are not limited to those incorporated in the mobile phone 1, but as key input devices for various devices such as a general-purpose remote controller, a PDA, and a handy terminal that can be used to control various devices. Can be used.
If the key input devices 10 to 10I of the present invention are used for these devices, the characters, icons, images, photos, etc. that are to be displayed on the operation buttons can be freely changed according to the functions and words to be used. It is possible to construct an easy-to-use key input system even if there is little. Therefore, it is particularly suitable for a key input device for portable equipment.

Moreover, what is necessary is just to select suitably the input method of the character at the time of utilizing the key input devices 10-10I of this invention.
For example, the input method of Japanese (kana characters) is not limited to the method of inputting each button 21 to 35 by pressing the buttons 21 to 35 once as in the conventional mobile phone, or the two-touch input method of the first embodiment. .
For example, as shown in FIGS. 18 to 27, an input method that can efficiently perform kana input and alphabet input by using as few as 12 buttons 21 to 32 based on Roman character input may be adopted. .

  This input method will be described in detail below. In this input method, the characters shown in the main display of FIGS. For example, in the “main display” for inputting kana characters, “A, I, U, E, O” representing vowels are displayed on the buttons 21 to 25. The buttons 27 to 32, 26 have consonant keys “KG”, “SZ”, “TD”, “NP”, “HB”, “RM”, “YW” which represent Japanese consonants when inputting Roman characters. Is displayed.

  In this input method, when the mode is switched to the numeric mode, the alphabetic mode, or the symbol mode, the buttons 21 to 32 are displayed as “numeric mode display”, “alphabetic mode display”, and “symbol mode display” in FIG. Characters are displayed.

  Since each character of the main display in FIGS. 18 and 19 is a vowel in Japanese and a consonant representing each line, it is equivalent to the “kana mode display” in FIG. Accordingly, the buttons 21 to 32 in the main display may be displayed in kana characters as shown in FIG.

In this main display, each vowel is input by pressing each button 21-25. When the buttons 21 and 24 are pressed twice, a long sound “-” and a prompt sound “tsu” are input, respectively.
On the other hand, when the buttons 26 to 32 are pressed, the display of each button 21 to 32 is switched to the display corresponding to each row as shown in FIG. For example, when a button 27 displayed as “KG” or “ka line” is pressed, each button 21 to 32 is switched to “ka line display”, and a button displayed as “RM” or “la line / ma line”. When 32 is pressed, each of the buttons 21 to 32 is switched to “RA / MA line display”.

  In these displays, when the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are pressed, the displayed characters are input. Further, when the button 26 displayed as roaring is pressed, the display is switched to character display such as roaring in each line, and when the respective buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are pressed in the display state, the displayed roaring is input.

  Specifically, when the button 27 labeled “KG” is pressed in the main display of FIGS. 18 and 19, the characters shown in “KA line display” of FIG. 21 are changed to the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31. When the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31 are pressed, the clear and muddy sounds of the lines are input. Further, when the button 26 displayed as roaring is pressed, each character shown in “KARO roar” in FIG. 21 is displayed, and is input by pressing each button 21 to 25, 27 to 31.

  Similarly, when the buttons 28 to 32 are pressed in the main display of FIGS. 18 and 19, “sa line display”, “ta line display”, “na-pa line display”, “ha The characters shown in "Line display" and "Ra-ma line display" are displayed on the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31, respectively. By pressing these buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 31, they are displayed on the buttons. Characters are entered. In addition, when the button 26 displayed as roaring is pressed, the “sa line roar”, “ta line roar”, “na-pa roar sound”, “ha line roar”, “ra ma line” of FIGS. 22 to 26 are displayed. Each character shown in “Sound” is displayed, and the character displayed on each button is input by pressing each button 21 to 25, 27 to 31.

When the button 26 is pressed in the main display of FIGS. 18 and 19, the characters shown in “Ya-wa line, lower case” in FIG. 27 are displayed on the buttons 21 to 25 and 27 to 32. By pressing 25, 27 to 32, the characters displayed on each button are input.
In these inputs, when characters are input, the display returns to the main display.

  In such an input method, the vowels can be entered with a single key input operation, and clear letters, muddy sounds, semi-voiced sounds, long sounds, prompt sounds, sound repellents, lower case letters can be entered twice, and roaring sounds can be entered three times. It is possible to achieve the same keystroke efficiency as the Romaji input on a general full keyboard set to. On the other hand, since the number of keys (buttons) may be twelve, the number of keys can be greatly reduced, and it is suitable for a key input device incorporated in a small portable device.

In addition, the input of alphabetic characters and symbols in the present invention may be performed by pressing each button 21 to 35 once or a plurality of times in the same manner as a conventional mobile phone, or each button may be input in the same manner as the input of kana characters. When 21 to 35 are pressed, a plurality of alphabetic characters and symbols set for each button may be distributed and arranged on each button, and input may be performed by pressing each displayed button 21 to 35.
Furthermore, the arrangement order and contents of the characters displayed on each button are not limited to the above-described embodiment, and may be set according to each language.

  In the above embodiment, when the repellent material 15 is not provided, the touch sensor 13 is vibrated to notify the input detection. However, the notifying means is not limited to the one that gives vibration, but the sound (click sound) ) May be generated, or both vibration and sound may be generated. Further, even when the repellent material 15 is provided, a notification means for notifying input detection by generating at least one of vibration and sound may be provided.

In the key input device of the present invention, the structure of the button is not limited to that of the above embodiments. For example, the display device is not limited to the liquid crystal panel 11, and may be an organic EL panel or the like as long as it can display characters or the like. In particular, when a liquid crystal panel or an organic EL panel is used, there is an advantage that it can be thinned and easily incorporated into a small device.
Moreover, as a structure of the repulsion material 15, it is not restricted to what was formed in one sheet | seat like the said embodiment, Even what was comprised with the several sheet material provided for every 2 to 3 buttons. Alternatively, it may be provided for each button. In short, the display of the buttons 21 to 35 can be visually confirmed. When the button is pressed, the touch detection of the touch sensor 13 by the pressing operation is not hindered, and when the button is released, the button is smoothly moved. What is necessary is just to be able to return to the original position.

  Further, each of the buttons 21 to 35 can be used as a function button or a cursor button in the mobile phone 1 or the like. Therefore, the planar shape of the button is not limited to a quadrangle, and can be applied to various shapes such as a circle, an ellipse, and a triangle.

The present invention is not limited to being applied to the mobile phone 1 but may be applied to other portable information devices. Here, examples of the portable information device include a mobile phone, an electronic notebook, and a portable personal computer. Further, the present invention may be applied not only to a portable information device but also to a numeric keyboard connected to a desk phone, a FAX, a wristwatch, a calculator, a personal computer, or the like, or a remote controller for various electric products.
In short, the present invention can be applied to various devices that require character input and various operations, and can be input with about 12 buttons especially in Japanese kana character input, and thus is suitable for an input device of various small information devices.

  The present invention can be used for various key input devices incorporated in a mobile phone or the like or a remote controller.

1 is a schematic perspective view showing a mobile phone using a key input device according to a first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is an exploded cross-sectional view illustrating the structure of the key input device according to the first embodiment. Sectional drawing which shows the structure in the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Explanatory drawing explaining the change of the display of the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Explanatory drawing which shows the character etc. which are displayed on the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of a display when a button is pushed in the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of a display when a button is pushed in the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Explanatory drawing which shows the character etc. which are displayed when the button is pressed once in the key input device of 1st Embodiment. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 3rd Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 4th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 5th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 6th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 7th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 8th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 9th Embodiment of this invention. Sectional drawing which shows the key input device of 10th Embodiment of this invention. The figure explaining the modification of the key input system in this invention. The figure explaining the modification of the key input system in this invention. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification. Explanatory drawing which shows the change of the display at the time of pushing the button in a modification.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Mobile phone, 10-10I ... Key input device, 11 ... Liquid crystal panel, 12 ... Control unit, 13 ... Touch sensor, 15 ... Rebound material, 15A ... Repulsion part, 16 ... Guide frame, 17 ... Stretch material, 21- 35 ... button, 40 ... joining pin, 41 ... elastic material, 50, 60, 60A-60D ... soft resin sheet material, 51 ... button main body, 52 ... button partition, 61, 61A-61D ... button main body, 62 , 62A to 62D ... button partitioning part, 160 ... guide frame.

Claims (5)

  1. A display device, a transparent touch sensor disposed on the surface side of the display device, a transparent rebound material disposed on the surface side of the touch sensor, and a transparent button disposed on the surface side of the rebound material With
    A plurality of buttons and a guide frame for guiding each button are provided on the surface side of the display device, the touch sensor, and the rebound material,
    The rebound material and each button are joined with a joining pin,
    The characters displayed on the display device are visible through the touch sensor, the repellent material, and buttons,
    In the state where the button is not pressed, the rebound material urges the button in a direction away from the touch sensor,
    When the button is pressed against the urging force of the repelling material, the repelling material comes into contact with a touch sensor, so that the input of the button can be detected.
  2. The key input device according to claim 1,
    The key input device according to claim 1, wherein the repulsive material is formed of a sheet having a dome-shaped repulsive portion formed in a portion corresponding to each button.
  3. The key input device according to claim 1 or 2,
    The key input device according to claim 1, wherein the guide frame has a protrusion that engages with each button and restricts movement of the button in a biasing direction by a repulsive material.
  4. The key input device according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    A key input device comprising: an elastic member disposed along a guide frame and bonded to each of the buttons and the repellent material to restrict movement of the button in the biasing direction by the repellent material.
  5. The key input device according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    The back surface of the button is formed with a convex portion that contacts the repellent material when the button is not pressed and a concave portion that stores a repellent material that is deformed when the button is pressed. Key input device.
JP2004178222A 2004-06-16 2004-06-16 Key input device Expired - Fee Related JP4393280B2 (en)

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KR101176532B1 (en) * 2005-04-01 2012-08-24 삼성전자주식회사 Terminal having display button and method of inputting key using the display button
WO2007084078A1 (en) * 2006-04-22 2007-07-26 Simlab Inventions & Consultancy Private Limited A keyboard for a mobile phone or other portable communication devices
WO2009028585A1 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-03-05 Kyocera Corporation Electronic device and input interface switching method
US20090062004A1 (en) * 2007-09-05 2009-03-05 Nvidia Corporation Input Terminal Emulator for Gaming Devices
US8825015B2 (en) 2008-09-18 2014-09-02 Nvidia Corporation Accessing web pages on communication paths with low bandwidth
KR100952221B1 (en) * 2009-10-19 2010-04-09 주식회사 엘파니 Multi-mode key input device using transparent electrode and character display method thereof
US9870066B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2018-01-16 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Method of manufacturing an input device
US9075566B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2015-07-07 Microsoft Technoogy Licensing, LLC Flexible hinge spine
US9460029B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2016-10-04 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Pressure sensitive keys
US20130300590A1 (en) 2012-05-14 2013-11-14 Paul Henry Dietz Audio Feedback
US10031556B2 (en) 2012-06-08 2018-07-24 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc User experience adaptation
JP2016151896A (en) * 2015-02-17 2016-08-22 グンゼ株式会社 Touch input device

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