JP3858017B2 - Granule storage and supply device - Google Patents

Granule storage and supply device Download PDF

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JP3858017B2
JP3858017B2 JP2003394963A JP2003394963A JP3858017B2 JP 3858017 B2 JP3858017 B2 JP 3858017B2 JP 2003394963 A JP2003394963 A JP 2003394963A JP 2003394963 A JP2003394963 A JP 2003394963A JP 3858017 B2 JP3858017 B2 JP 3858017B2
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opening
upper
lower
weighing
chute
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JP2005152283A (en
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良一 鴻池
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スケーター株式会社
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  TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a grain storage and supply device for grains and the like, and more particularly to a device configured to supply rice stored in a rice bin every predetermined amount.

  Conventionally, household rice vats have a metering mechanism at the bottom of the hopper that stores rice, and when a user operates a lever, it is usually possible to supply an amount of rice equivalent to one operation. It is comprised so that. The rice supplied by the metering mechanism is received by the detachable container constituting the drawer. Therefore, the user can supply an amount of rice corresponding to the number of lever operations to the detachable container (if the lever is operated once, one rice is supplied, and if the lever is operated twice, two rice is obtained. Supplied), the necessary amount of cooked rice can be cooked by transferring the rice in the detachable container to the rice cooker.

Conventionally, a rice weighing and feeding mechanism in such a rice bin has conventionally been provided with a cylindrical rotor disposed between a vertically disposed hopper and a detachable container, and the rotor is rotatably supported around a horizontal axis. Yes. The rotor forms an opening by notching a part of the peripheral wall of the cup portion corresponding to 1 go of rice, and after receiving a single amount of rice in the cup with the opening facing upward, By rotating the rotor and making the opening portion downward, rice is dropped and supplied from the cup portion to the lower detachable container.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-192170 JP 2002-65482 A JP 2003-116724 A

  According to the conventional metering mechanism, the rotor is rotated about the horizontal axis, the rice is received in the cup portion with the opening portion facing upward, and the rice is transferred from the cup portion to the detachable container with the opening portion facing downward. Since it is configured to drop and supply, the rotor must be configured to rotate at least 180 degrees or more. For this reason, there is a problem that the stroke of the operation lever for rotating the rotor becomes large and the operability is not good.

  In addition, it is necessary for the cylindrical cup portion to have a volume corresponding to one rice, and the size and shape of the rotor is restricted by the size of such a cup portion. In particular, there is a problem that it is not suitable for small-capacity rice bins for single persons or small households.

  The present invention provides a device that can be made compact by dividing the metering mechanism into a plurality of parts, and that can be suitably implemented for a small-capacity rice bran. At this time, the upper and lower openings of the plurality of divided measuring chutes are configured to be opened and closed by an opening and closing device that reciprocally rotates around the central longitudinal axis. Provided is a device having a small operation lever stroke and a good operability.

Therefore, the present invention is configured as a means, comprising a main body housing installed on the floor, and a detachable container disposed on the lower side, comprising a hopper for storing particles loaded on the upper portion of the main body housing, A granule storage and supply device configured such that a metering supply mechanism disposed on the upper side is provided in a retracted state at the front portion of the main body housing, and particles falling from the bottom of the hopper via the metering supply mechanism are received by the detachable container. The metering supply mechanism includes a fixed metering feeder in which a plurality of metering chutes having an upper port communicating with the hopper and a lower port communicating with the detachable container are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis; An upper and lower operation plates disposed above and below the metering supply body, and an opening / closing device provided so as to be reciprocally rotatable around the central longitudinal axis. Actuating plate , Corresponding to each of Kamiguchi of the plurality of metering chutes while spaced supply ports circumferentially allowed to open the Kamiguchi, it forms an upper shutter portion between the supply port adjacent, lower working plate of the switchgear, lower the corresponding to each of the lower openings of the plurality of metering chute chute which allowed to open the lower opening while circumferentially arranged at intervals, during the fall opening adjacent It forms a shutter portion, by reciprocally rotating the closing device about a central longitudinal axis, when the shield under outlets of the weighing chute by the lower shutter portion corresponding respectively, supply ports metering chute respectively corresponding allowed the opening on the opening to overlap the upper opening, when the shielding on the outlets of the weighing chute by respective upper shutter portion, respectively corresponding chute overlaps the lower opening of the metering chute lower the Is configured to allowed to open, said switchgear, covered the front opening of the main body housing by the upper actuating plate and a lower actuating plate Bound cylindrical wall, the cylindrical wall, said front opening It is in the point which comprises the knob | pick part which rotates this cylindrical wall to a reciprocating direction between the edge of a right-and-left wall .

  In the first embodiment of the present invention, the opening / closing device is configured to be reciprocally rotatable around a central vertical axis within a range of a predetermined angle between the start point and the end point, and when the opening / closing device is located at the start point position, When the supply port of the operation plate overlaps the upper opening of the weighing chute and opens the upper opening, and the lower shutter part of the lower operation plate shields the lower opening of the measurement chute, and the opening / closing device is located at the end position The lower opening of the lower working plate overlaps the lower opening of the weighing chute, opens the lower opening, and the upper shutter of the upper working plate is configured to shield the upper opening of the measuring chute, and the switchgear is the starting position. When the head moves forward to the end position, the lower opening of the lower working plate is configured not to communicate with the lower opening of the measuring chute until the upper opening of the measuring chute is shielded by the upper shutter portion of the upper working plate. Therefore, according to the first embodiment of the present invention, an amount of particles corresponding to the total volume of the plurality of measuring chutes is attached to the detachable container due to the forward movement of the user moving the opening / closing device from the start point to the end point. Supplied. Note that rice is not supplied in the reverse stroke in which the switchgear is moved backward from the end point to the start point.

  In the second embodiment of the present invention, the opening / closing device is configured to be reciprocally rotatable around a central vertical axis within a range of a predetermined angle between the starting point and the ending point, and when the opening / closing device is located at the starting point position, When the upper shutter part of the working plate shields the upper opening of the weighing chute, the lower opening of the lower working plate overlaps the lower opening of the weighing chute and opens the lower opening, and the switchgear is located at the end position The upper operating plate supply port overlaps the upper opening of the weighing chute and opens the upper opening, and the lower shutter plate of the lower operating plate is configured to shield the lower opening of the measuring chute, and the opening / closing device is at the end position. When returning from the starting position to the starting position, the lower opening of the lower working plate is not communicated with the lower opening of the measuring chute until the upper opening of the measuring chute is shielded by the upper shutter portion of the upper operating plate. Therefore, according to the second embodiment of the present invention, rice is not supplied in a forward stroke in which the user moves the opening / closing device from the start point to the end point, but a plurality of reciprocation strokes in which the user moves back from the end point to the start point An amount of particles corresponding to the total volume of the weighing chutes is supplied to the detachable container.

  In the case of constituting a rice bin according to the present invention, the weighing body is provided with two weighing chutes spaced approximately 180 degrees in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis so that the volume of each weighing chute corresponds to 0.5 rice. It is preferable to configure.

  At this time, each measuring chute is formed in a substantially sector-shaped cross-sectional shape having an opposing wall that gradually spreads from the narrow portion located in the vicinity of the central longitudinal axis toward the wide portion located on the outer periphery, and in the narrow portion, It is preferable that a washing-free rice adapter that is positioned and fitted into the opposing wall is detachably provided on the weighing chute. Therefore, when the user stores the non-washed rice, the volume of the metering chute can be adjusted so as to be adapted to the non-washed rice by inserting the adapter.

  Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a main body housing incorporating a weighing mechanism and a detachable container and a hopper connected to the upper portion of the main body housing are configured to be detachable from each other. It can be accommodated inside from the upper opening. Thereby, the packaging of the product at the time of storage and transportation becomes compact.

According to the first aspect of the present invention, the weighing chutes 13 and 13 constituting the weighing and feeding mechanism 7 are divided into a plurality of parts, so that the weighing and feeding mechanism 7 can be made compact. In the granule storage and supply apparatus in which the hopper 3 is loaded on the upper part of the main body housing 2, the metering and supply mechanism 7 can be provided in the retracted state at the front part of the main body housing 2, and can be suitably implemented for a small-capacity rice.
The opening / closing device 12 has a plurality of supply ports 21, 21 in the upper working plate 10 corresponding to the upper openings 14, 14 and the lower openings 15 , 15 of the plurality of divided chutes 13, 13. By providing the upper shutter parts 22 and 22 and providing the lower operating plate 11 with a plurality of drop openings 25 and 25 and the lower shutter parts 26 and 26 and reciprocatingly turning the opening / closing device 12 around the central longitudinal axis V, Since the plurality of weighing chutes 13 and 13 are simultaneously opened and closed by one-way operation in the forward or backward movement , the opening and closing device is rotated as compared with the rotor type prior art in which the stroke of the operation lever is large. This has the effect of shortening the reciprocating stroke of the knob 34 and improving the operability.
Moreover, as a result, it is possible to store the metering supply mechanism 7 in the front portion of the main body housing 2 and cover the front opening of the main body housing 2 with the cylindrical wall 29 of the opening / closing device 12. Granule storage and supply in which the granules are supplied by reciprocating the knob 34 while having a short stroke in a limited space such as between the edges 32 and 33 of the left and right walls of the front opening. Equipment can be provided.

  Therefore, as in the present invention described in claim 2, in the forward movement in which the user moves the opening / closing device from the start point to the end point, an amount of granules corresponding to the sum of the volumes of the plurality of measurement chutes is supplied. According to the third aspect of the present invention, the user supplies a quantity of granules corresponding to the sum of the volumes of the plurality of metering chutes in a reverse stroke in which the user moves the switchgear back from the end point to the start point. In any case, it is possible to provide a convenient storage and supply device.

  And according to this invention of Claim 4, since the measurement body has arrange | positioned the two measurement chutes and the volume of each measurement chute is formed so that it may correspond to 0.5 go of rice, An amount of rice corresponding to one go can be supplied by a single operation of the switchgear, which can be suitably implemented for rice bins.

  At this time, according to the present invention described in claim 5, when the user stores the non-washed rice, the volume of the weighing chute is adjusted to fit the non-washed rice by inserting the non-washing rice adapter. The adapter can be easily inserted and the adapter can be suitably placed in the weighing chute.

  Furthermore, according to the present invention as set forth in claim 6, since the main body housing can be housed inside the hopper together with the metering supply mechanism and the detachable container, the packing of the product becomes compact and can be stored and transported. Can contribute to cost reduction.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

(First embodiment)
FIG. 1 shows an example in which the granule storage and supply device 1 of the present invention is applied to a rice bin. The rice bin is detachably loaded on a main body housing 2 installed on the floor and on the upper portion of the main body housing. The hopper 3 includes an opening / closing lid 4 that covers the upper opening of the hopper.

  The main body housing 2 is formed so as to be inclined upward with the bottom of the rear part facing rearward, and includes a wheel 5 at the bottom of the rear part. When the user lifts the front part slightly, the body housing 2 travels through the wheel 5. It is free and cannot run when the front bottom is installed on the floor.

  A detachable container 6 disposed on the lower side and a metering supply mechanism 7 disposed on the upper side are provided in a retracted state at the front portion of the main body housing 2. The detachable container 6 is an upper opening-shaped container that receives particles (rice) falling from the bottom of the hopper 3 via the metering supply mechanism 7, and as shown in FIG. The drawer is slidably guided so as to be movable between a retracted position indicated by a solid line and a drawn position indicated by a chain line in FIG. 1, and can be completely pulled out from the main body housing 2.

  As shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the metering supply mechanism 7 includes a metering supply body 9 and an opening / closing device 12 composed of an upper operation plate 10 and a lower operation plate 11 disposed above and below the measurement supply body 9. It is configured.

  The metering supply body 9 is provided with a plurality of metering chutes 13 and 13 spaced apart in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis V (see FIG. 4), and each metering chute 13 communicates with the hopper 3 vertically. A mouth 14 and a lower mouth 15 communicating with the detachable container 6 are opened. In the case of the illustrated example, the pair of weighing chutes 13 and 13 are disposed approximately 180 degrees apart in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis V so that the volume of each weighing chute 13 corresponds to 0.5 rice. It is composed. In the illustrated embodiment, the metering supply body 9 includes an inner cylindrical wall 16 and an outer cylindrical wall 17 that are concentric with the central longitudinal axis V, and the inner cylindrical wall 16 is attached to the longitudinal member 18 provided in the main body housing 2. Extrapolated. At this time, a fixed wall 19 protrudes from the outer periphery of the outer cylindrical wall 17, and the metering supply body 9 is attached to the main body by fitting the fixed wall 19 to a fitting wall 20 provided in the main body housing 2. It is fixed to the housing 2. That is, the metering supply body 9 is not rotatable with respect to the longitudinal axis member 18.

  The upper operation plate 10 of the opening / closing device 12 is arranged adjacent to each other with supply ports 21 and 21 that open the upper ports 14 of the plurality of weighing chutes 13 and 13 being spaced apart in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis V. A disk part 23 having upper shutter parts 22, 22 formed between the supply ports 21, 21 is provided, and a shaft hole 24 that is rotatably inserted into the small-diameter shaft part 18 a at the upper end of the vertical axis member 18 is formed into a disk. It is established in the center of part 23.

  The lower operation plate 11 of the opening / closing device 12 is arranged adjacent to each other with the drop ports 25 and 25 that open the lower ports 15 of the plurality of weighing chutes 13 and 13 being spaced apart in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis V. A disc portion 27 having a lower shutter portion 26, 26 formed between the drop openings 25, 25 is provided, and a shaft hole 28 that is rotatably inserted in the longitudinal axis member 18 is formed in the central portion of the disc portion 27. is doing.

The upper working plate 10 and the lower working plate 11 constituting the opening / closing device 12 are configured to be rotatable integrally with each other around a longitudinal axis member 18 constituting a central longitudinal axis V. In this case, the edge of the cylindrical wall 29 provided on one of the upper working plate 10 and the lower working plate 11 (in the example shown, the upper working plate 10) is connected to the other of the upper working plate 10 and the lower working plate 11 (see FIG. In the case of the example, the upper working plate 10 and the lower working plate 11 are integrally coupled by being fitted to a dish-shaped peripheral wall 30 provided on the lower working plate 11). At this time, in order to allow the opening / closing device 12 to rotate between a starting point position S and an ending point position E, which will be described later, the cylindrical wall 29 has a notch 31 so as not to interfere with the fixed wall 19 of the metering supply body 9. Is formed. The cylindrical wall 29 remaining from the notch 31 is disposed so as to cover the front opening of the main body housing 2, and rotates around the cylindrical wall 29 between the left and right edges 32 and 33 of the front opening. A movable knob 34 is provided on the cylindrical wall 29 . The opening / closing device 12 is positioned at a starting point position S to be described later in a state where the knob 34 is in contact with one end edge 32, and will be described later in a state in which the knob 34 is in contact with the other edge 33. Although it is located at the end point position E, the notch 31 does not appear in the front opening between the end edges 32 and 33 between the start point S and the end point E, and the front opening is always formed in the cylindrical wall 29. It is comprised so that it may cover.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the weighing chutes 13 and 13 of the weighing supply body 9 are respectively separated from the narrow portion defined by the inner cylindrical wall 16 positioned in the vicinity of the central axis V by the outer cylindrical wall 17 positioned on the outer periphery. For washing-free rice having a substantially fan-shaped cross-sectional shape having opposed walls w, w that gradually spread toward the specified wide portion, and being fitted in the opposed walls w, w at the narrow portion An adapter 35 is detachably provided on each weighing chute 13. Thereby, in a state where the washing-free rice adapter 35 is inserted in the weighing chute 13, the volume is reduced so that the volume of the weighing chute 13 corresponds to 0.5 washing-free rice. At this time, the washing-free rice adapter 35 is located in the narrow portion and in contact with the inner cylindrical wall 16 so that both sides thereof are fitted into the tapered opposing walls w, w, so that it is simply inserted. It fits stably without rattling.

  The hopper 3 is fixed by the attaching / detaching mechanism 36 while being mounted on the upper portion of the main body housing 2. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the attachment / detachment mechanism 26 includes an upper wall 38 of a pocket portion 37 formed at the upper edge portion of the side wall of the main body housing 2 and a pocket portion 39 formed at the lower edge portion of the side wall of the hopper 3. The lower wall 40 and the slider 41 are detachably fixed to each other with the lower wall 40 superimposed on the upper wall 38.

  The upper wall 38 on the main body housing side is formed with a guide rib 42 bent downward along the pocket portion 37, and is notched along the longitudinal direction of the guide rib 42 while being bent upward from the upper wall 38. Receiving ribs 44, 44 arranged through the portion 43 are formed. On the other hand, the lower wall 40 of the hopper side is bent upward from the lower wall 40 and forms locking ribs 46 and 46 arranged via notches 45 into which the upward ribs 44 and 44 are fitted. is doing. Therefore, in a state where the lower wall 40 is superimposed on the upper wall 38, the receiving ribs 44, 44 of the upper wall 38 are fitted into the notches 45, 45 of the lower wall 40, and the locking ribs 46, 46 of the lower wall 40 are It is inserted into the notches 43, 43 of the upper wall 38, and the receiving ribs 44, 44 and the top surfaces of the locking ribs 46, 46 are configured to be substantially flush with each other.

  The slider 41 is provided with a guide claw 48 and a locking claw 49, 49 on an operation plate 47 that substantially covers the pocket portions 39, 37 arranged on the upper and lower sides from the side. The guide claws 48 are locked to the guide ribs 42, the locking claws 49, 49 are locked to the receiving ribs 44, 44, and the locking claws 49, 49 are The cutout portions 43 and 43 are configured to be opened in a state where the cutout portions 43 and 43 are opened.

  Therefore, as shown in FIG. 6 (A), with the notches 43 and 43 of the upper wall 38 on the main body housing being opened, the retaining ribs 46 and 46 of the lower wall 40 on the hopper side are opened on the upper wall 38. When the slider 41 is slid after the insertion, the locking claws 49, 49 of the slider 41 hold the locking ribs 46, 46 as shown in FIG. It is fixed to the housing 2. On the contrary, if the notches 43 and 43 of the upper wall 38 on the main body housing side are opened by sliding the slider 41 from this state, the locking ribs 46 and 46 can be pulled out from the notches 43 and 43. Therefore, the hopper 3 can be detached from the main body housing 2.

  As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the vertical width W1 and the horizontal width W2 related to the inner method at least in the upper part of the hopper 3, and the vertical width W3 and the horizontal width W4 related to the outer method excluding the lower end flange portion 50 of the main body housing 2. Are formed such that W1> W3 and W2> W4. Accordingly, the main body housing 2 can be housed inside the upper opening of the hopper 3 by being overturned with the metering mechanism 7 and the detachable container 6 assembled in the main body housing 2.

  The opening / closing lid 4 has an upper opening of the hopper 3 that can be attached and detached freely, and a fixing claw 52 that attaches and detachably fixes a cassette container 51 containing an insect repellent is provided on the inner surface of the opening / closing lid 4. The cassette container 51 is provided with a large number of through holes, and is useful for repelling the anteater and other pests in the rice stored in the hopper 3 with an insect repellent.

  FIG. 7 shows the operation of the metering supply mechanism 7 in the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7A shows a state in which the opening / closing device 12 (the upper operation plate 22 and the lower operation plate 11) is positioned at the start position S. In this state, the supply ports 21 and 21 of the upper working plate 10 overlap the upper ports 14 and 14 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13, and the upper ports 14 and 14 are opened. On the other hand, the lower working plate 11 shields the lower openings 15 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13 by the lower shutter portions 26 and 26. Therefore, the rice stored in the hopper 3 is supplied to the weighing chutes 13 and 13 through the opening 3a of the hopper 3, and each weighing chute 13 is filled with an amount of rice corresponding to 0.5 go.

  As shown in FIG. 7B, when the opening / closing device 12 (the upper operation plate 22 and the lower operation plate 11) is rotated to the end point position E via the knob 34, first, the upper shutter portion of the upper operation plate 10 is used. After 22 and 22 block the upper openings 14 and 14 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13 and cut off the supply of rice from the hopper 3, the dropping openings 25 and 25 of the lower working plate 11 are lower openings of the weighing chutes 13 and 13. 15 and 15 are overlapped, and the lower openings 15 and 15 are opened. Therefore, the rice filled in the weighing chutes 13, 13 is dropped and received by the detachable container 6 through the opening 2 a of the main body housing 2.

  As described above, according to the first embodiment, the forward and backward stroke of the opening / closing device 12 that reciprocally rotates between the start point position S and the end point position E corresponds to a total of 1 unit via the pair of measuring chutes 13 and 13. The amount of rice to be supplied is supplied to the detachable container 6. Therefore, if the same operation is performed twice, an amount of rice corresponding to two can be supplied to the detachable container 6.

  In the illustrated embodiment, the supply port 21 of the upper working plate 10 and the drop port 25 of the lower working plate 11 are shown as sector shapes that match the shapes of the upper and lower openings 14 and 15 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13, respectively. However, as long as the rice can be smoothly supplied and filled from the hopper 3 to the weighing chutes 13 and 13 and the rice can be smoothly dropped from the weighing chutes 13 and 13 to the detachable container 6, the shape is limited to the illustrated shape. It is not something. Similarly, in the illustrated example, the opening 3a of the hopper 3 and the opening 2a of the main body housing 2 are also shown as sector shapes that match the shapes of the upper and lower openings 14 and 15 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13, respectively. It is not limited to a simple shape.

(Second Embodiment)
FIG. 8 shows a second embodiment of the present invention. In the first embodiment described above, the opening / closing device 12 feeds and charges rice from the hopper 3 to the weighing chutes 13 and 13 at the start point position S, and at the end point E, the opening and closing device 12 supplies rice to the detachable container 6 from the weighing chutes 13 and 13. In the second embodiment, rice is supplied and filled from the hopper 3 to the weighing chutes 13 and 13 at the end position E, and the rice is fed from the weighing chutes 13 and 13 to the detachable container 6 at the starting position S. It is comprised so that it may fall, and the structure other than that is the same as that of 1st Embodiment mentioned above.

  As shown in FIG. 8A, in the state where the opening / closing device 12 (the upper operation plate 22 and the lower operation plate 11) is positioned at the start position S, the upper shutters 22 and 22 of the upper operation plate 10 are connected to the weighing chute 13, The upper mouths 14 and 14 of 13 are shielded. Therefore, rice is not supplied and charged from the hopper 3 to the weighing chutes 13 and 13, and the weighing chutes 13 and 13 are in an “empty” state.

  As shown in FIG. 8B, when the opening / closing device 12 (upper working plate 22 and lower working plate 11) is rotated to the end point position E via the knob 34, first, the lower shutter portion of the lower working plate 11 is turned on. 26, 26 shields the lower openings 15, 15 of the weighing chutes 13, 13, and then the supply ports 21, 21 of the upper working plate 10 overlap the upper openings 14, 14 of the weighing chutes 13, 13, 14 is opened. Therefore, the rice stored in the hopper 3 is supplied to the weighing chutes 13 and 13 through the opening 3a of the hopper 3, and each weighing chute 13 is filled with an amount of rice corresponding to 0.5 go.

  As shown in FIG. 8C, when the opening / closing device 12 (the upper operation plate 22 and the lower operation plate 11) is turned back to the starting position S via the knob 34, first, the upper portion of the upper operation plate 10. After the shutter portions 22 and 22 block the upper openings 14 and 14 of the weighing chutes 13 and 13 and shut off the supply of rice from the hopper 3, the dropping openings 25 and 25 of the lower working plate 11 are connected to the weighing chutes 13 and 13. It overlaps with the lower mouths 15 and 15, and the lower mouths 15 and 15 are opened. Therefore, the rice filled in the weighing chutes 13, 13 is dropped and received by the detachable container 6 through the opening 2 a of the main body housing 2.

It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the whole 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a vertical side view which shows 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a vertical front view which shows 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the measurement supply mechanism which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the attachment / detachment mechanism of a main body housing and a hopper. The operation of the attachment / detachment mechanism is shown, (A) is a longitudinal sectional view showing a state before fixing, and (B) is a longitudinal sectional view showing a fixing state. The action of the metering supply mechanism concerning a 1st embodiment is shown, (A) is an explanatory view showing the state where an opening and closing device is in a starting point position, and is supplying and filling a granular material to a metering chute, and (B). It is explanatory drawing which shows the state which the opening / closing apparatus is moved forward to the end point position, and is dropping the granule from the measurement chute. The operation of the metering mechanism according to the second embodiment is shown, (A) is an explanatory diagram showing the state where the switchgear is at the start position and the metering chute is empty, and (B) is the switchgear moving forward to the end point position. FIG. 8C is an explanatory diagram showing a state where the granular material is supplied and filled into the weighing chute, and FIG. 8C is an explanatory diagram showing a state where the opening / closing device is moved back to the starting position again and the granular material is dropped from the measuring chute. is there.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Granule storage supply apparatus 2 Main body housing 2a Opening 3 Hopper 3a Opening 4 Opening / closing lid 6 Detachable container 7 Metering supply mechanism 9 Measuring supply body 10 Upper action plate 11 Lower action plate 12 Opening / closing device 13 Weighing chute 14 Upper opening 15 Lower opening 21 Supply port 22 Upper shutter portion 25 Drop port 26 Lower shutter portion 35 Wash-free rice adapter 36 Detachment mechanism

Claims (6)

  1. A main body housing (2) installed on the floor, and a hopper (3) for storing particles loaded on the upper portion of the main body housing (2), and a detachable container (6) disposed on the lower side, A metering supply mechanism (7) arranged on the upper side is provided in a retracted state at the front part of the main body housing (2), and particles that fall from the bottom of the hopper (3) via the metering supply mechanism (7) are removed from the detachable container ( 6) Granule storage and supply device configured to be received by
    The weighing supply mechanism (7) has a plurality of weighing chutes (13) (13) having a central longitudinal direction having an upper opening (14) communicating with the hopper (3) and a lower opening (15) communicating with the detachable container (6). A fixed metering supply body (9) arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction of the shaft (V), and an upper operation plate (10) and a lower operation plate (11) arranged above and below the measurement supply body (9) An opening / closing device (12) provided so as to be reciprocally rotatable around the central longitudinal axis (V).
    The upper working plate of the switchgear (12) (10) has a plurality of metering chute (13) (13) each Kamiguchi (14) corresponding to the supply port allowed to open the Kamiguchi (14) of (21 ) (21) are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction, and upper shutter parts (22) (22) are formed between adjacent supply ports (21) (21),
    The lower working plate (11) of the switchgear (12) has a plurality of metering chute (13) (13) under each of ports (15) said lower opening in correspondence with (15) allowed to open the chute (25 ) (25) are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction, and the lower shutter part (26) (26) is formed between the adjacent drop openings (25) (25),
    By reciprocatingly rotating the opening / closing device (12) around the central longitudinal axis (V), the lower shutter part (15) of the weighing chute (13) (13) by the corresponding lower shutter part (26) (26), respectively. The corresponding supply ports (21) and (21) overlap the upper ports (14) of the weighing chutes (13) and (13) to open the upper ports (14), and the corresponding upper shutter portions ( 22) When the weighing chute (13) (13) is blocked by the upper opening (14) by the (22), the corresponding drop opening (25) (25) is connected to the lower opening (15) of the weighing chute (13) (13). ) overlap and lower opening (15) is configured as allowed to open,
    The opening / closing device (12) covers the front opening of the main body housing (2) by a cylindrical wall (29) obtained by connecting the upper working plate (10) and the lower working plate (11), and the cylindrical wall (29 Is provided with a knob (34) for rotating the cylindrical wall (29) in the reciprocating direction between the edges (32) (33) of the left and right walls of the front opening. Granule storage and supply device.
  2. The opening / closing device is configured to be reciprocally rotatable in a range of a predetermined angle between the start point and the end point around the central vertical axis,
    When the switchgear is located at the starting position, the supply port of the upper working plate overlaps the upper opening of the weighing chute and opens the upper opening, and the lower shutter part of the lower working plate blocks the lower opening of the measuring chute And
    When the switchgear is located at the end point position, the lower opening of the lower working plate overlaps the lower opening of the weighing chute and opens the lower opening, and the upper shutter part of the upper working plate blocks the upper opening of the measuring chute Has been
    When the switchgear moves from the start position to the end position, the lower opening of the lower working plate is not connected to the lower opening of the weighing chute until the upper opening of the weighing chute is shielded by the upper shutter of the upper operating plate. The granular material storage and supply device according to claim 1, wherein the granular material storage and supply device is configured.
  3. The opening / closing device is configured to be reciprocally rotatable in a range of a predetermined angle between the start point and the end point around the central vertical axis,
    When the switchgear is located at the start position, the upper shutter part of the upper working plate shields the upper opening of the weighing chute, and the lower opening of the lower working plate overlaps the lower opening of the measuring chute and opens the lower opening And
    When the opening / closing device is located at the end point position, the upper operating plate supply port overlaps the upper opening of the weighing chute and opens the upper opening, and the lower shutter plate of the lower operating plate is configured to shield the lower opening of the measuring chute Has been
    When the switchgear returns from the end position to the start position, the lower opening of the lower working plate is not connected to the lower opening of the measuring chute until the upper opening of the weighing chute is shielded by the upper shutter of the upper operating plate. The granular material storage and supply device according to claim 1, wherein the granular material storage and supply device is configured.
  4. The rice hopper is configured by a hopper, and the weighing body is arranged with two weighing chutes spaced approximately 180 degrees apart in the circumferential direction of the central longitudinal axis, and the volume of each weighing chute is configured to correspond to 0.5 go of rice. The granular material storage and supply device according to claim 1, 2, or 3.
  5. Each measuring chute has a substantially sector-shaped cross-sectional shape having an opposing wall that gradually spreads from a narrow portion located in the vicinity of the central longitudinal axis toward a wide portion located on the outer periphery, and is located in the narrow portion. The granular material storage and supply device according to claim 1, 2, 3, or 4, wherein an adapter for washing-free rice fitted in the opposing wall is detachably provided on the weighing chute.
  6. A main body housing incorporating the weighing supply mechanism and the detachable container and a hopper connected to the upper portion of the main body housing are configured to be detachable from each other. 6. The granular material storage and supply device according to claim 1, wherein the granular material storage and supply device is configured to be housed inside.
JP2003394963A 2003-11-26 2003-11-26 Granule storage and supply device Active JP3858017B2 (en)

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JP3858017B2 true JP3858017B2 (en) 2006-12-13

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106988650A (en) * 2017-04-29 2017-07-28 何金花 The penetrating mechanism of fine motion multiplication, door, window, curtain wall, quick penetrating control device

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2391590T3 (en) * 2008-05-29 2012-11-28 Nestec S.A. Device for dosing a measured amount of a powder product and beverage machine using said device
LU92097A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-19 Artur De Bastos Almeida Cylinder drawer tank for collecting leftover coffee

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106988650A (en) * 2017-04-29 2017-07-28 何金花 The penetrating mechanism of fine motion multiplication, door, window, curtain wall, quick penetrating control device

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