JP3392378B2 - Vertical roofing structure - Google Patents

Vertical roofing structure

Info

Publication number
JP3392378B2
JP3392378B2 JP33737099A JP33737099A JP3392378B2 JP 3392378 B2 JP3392378 B2 JP 3392378B2 JP 33737099 A JP33737099 A JP 33737099A JP 33737099 A JP33737099 A JP 33737099A JP 3392378 B2 JP3392378 B2 JP 3392378B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
cover member
exterior
groove
exterior material
shape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP33737099A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2001152615A (en
Inventor
元旦 舩木
Original Assignee
元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 元旦ビューティ工業株式会社 filed Critical 元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
Priority to JP33737099A priority Critical patent/JP3392378B2/en
Publication of JP2001152615A publication Critical patent/JP2001152615A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3392378B2 publication Critical patent/JP3392378B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、縦葺き外装材とカ
バー部材との接続状態において、山部と谷部が交互に形
成されて、概略波状の外観を呈し、平坦状の屋根面は勿
論、ドーム状、円錐形等の屋根面にも一定幅の外装材及
びカバー部材にて適用することができる縦葺き外装構造
に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention has a generally corrugated appearance in which peaks and troughs are alternately formed in a connected state of a vertical roofing exterior material and a cover member, and a flat roof surface is of course required. The present invention relates to a vertically-roofed exterior structure that can be applied to a dome-shaped or conical roof surface with an exterior material having a constant width and a cover member.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】近年、建築物に用いられる金属系の屋根
板は、ロール成形技術によって、長尺で同一断面形状の
屋根板を大量に成形することが可能となり、各種型式の
ものが市場に提供されている。なかでも、屋根板間の接
続部の意匠性と雨仕舞性の向上の観点から、屋根板の接
続部をカバー材で覆うものが年々増加している。一方で
建築物は、外観意匠の多様化により、ドーム状や円錐形
等の屋根、或いは部分的にドーム状、円錐形等の屋根面
を有する屋根が増加している。このような形状の屋根
に、上下方向に長尺な縦葺き屋根板とカバー材とを敷設
する場合、概ね以下の2通りの方法が採られている。 図1に示すように平面図で見た場合、円で表される
屋根面を径方向に等分に小割りして略三角形状の集合
(a)、或いはその一部を径方向に等分に小割りして略
台形状の集合(b)から成る多面体とし、拡大平面図に
示すように個別の面内を通常の左右の加工部が平行な一
定幅の屋根板によって葺く。 特開昭58−322号公報に開示される成形機等に
より、屋根板自身をテーパ状に成形して葺く。
2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, it has become possible to form a large amount of long-sized roof panels of the same cross section by the roll forming technology, and various types of roof panels have been marketed. It is provided. Among them, from the viewpoint of improving the design and the rain finish of the connecting portion between the roof plates, the number of cover members that cover the connecting portion of the roof plates is increasing year by year. On the other hand, in buildings, the number of roofs having a dome shape, a conical shape or the like, or a roof partially having a dome shape, a conical shape or the like is increasing due to the diversification of appearance designs. When laying a vertically long roofing roof plate and a cover material on a roof having such a shape, the following two methods are generally adopted. When viewed in a plan view as shown in FIG. 1, the roof surface represented by a circle is divided into equal parts in the radial direction and a set of approximately triangular shapes (a), or a part thereof is equally divided in the radial direction. A polyhedron composed of a set (b) having a substantially trapezoidal shape is subdivided into, and as shown in an enlarged plan view, individual planes are roofed with a roof plate having a constant width in which normal left and right processed parts are parallel to each other. By using a molding machine disclosed in JP-A-58-322, the roof plate itself is formed into a taper shape and thatched.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、前記2
つの従来技術には、以下のような問題があった。まず前
記の方法では、略三角形状または略台形状の面体の左
右の側縁に関わる屋根板が、必ず特殊形状となるため、
一定幅の屋根板を前記特殊形状に二次加工しなければな
らなかった。また、各面体の負担面積を細分化した場
合、両側部に位置する屋根板の二次加工範囲が全長に近
づき、また各面体の取り合い箇所が増加するという問題
があった。各面体の負担面積を細分化しない場合、加工
対象の屋根板の枚数が増加すると共に、そもそも本来意
図した建築物の屋根形状(意匠)が得難いという問題が
あった。
However, the above-mentioned 2
The two conventional techniques have the following problems. First, in the above method, since the roof plates related to the left and right side edges of the substantially triangular or substantially trapezoidal face piece always have a special shape,
It was necessary to fabricate a roof plate of a certain width into the special shape. Further, when the burdened area of each face piece is subdivided, there is a problem that the secondary processing range of the roof plates located on both sides approaches the full length, and the number of joints of the face pieces increases. When the burdened area of each face piece is not subdivided, the number of roof plates to be processed increases, and it is difficult to obtain the originally intended roof shape (design) of the building.

【0004】また、前記の方法は、この成形機が片方
のみの側縁しか成形できず、しかも成形用素材の進行方
向に沿う側縁しか成形できないので、予めテーパ状に裁
断された素材の一方の側縁を成形し、完全に素材が成形
機を通過した後で、他方の側縁が進行方向と平行となる
ように別の成形機に臨ませて成形する、という面倒な手
順を採らねばならない。要するに、他方の側縁が進行方
向と平行となるように臨ませるという作業と、その作業
を行うためのスペース(素材の進行方向の長さ)が必要
である。このため、2つの成形機を対向状に配置したと
しても、通常の一定幅の屋根板の成形のように両側縁を
同時に加工するロール成形に対して、倍の手間と倍に近
い成形スペースが必要になるという問題があった。ま
た、2つの成形機を縦列状に配置する場合には素材の進
行方向の長さを隔てて設置する必要があるので、通常の
一定幅の屋根板の成形に対して完全に倍以上の成形スペ
ースが必要となる。
Further, according to the above-mentioned method, since the molding machine can mold only one side edge and only the side edge along the traveling direction of the molding material, one side of the material previously cut into a taper shape can be formed. After the material has completely passed through the molding machine, the side edge of the other must be faced to another molding machine so that the other side edge is parallel to the traveling direction, and the molding process must be taken. I won't. In short, a work of facing the other side edge in parallel to the traveling direction and a space (length in the traveling direction of the material) for performing the work are required. Therefore, even if the two molding machines are arranged opposite to each other, there is a double labor and a double molding space as compared with the roll molding in which both side edges are simultaneously processed as in the case of molding a roof plate having a constant width. There was a problem that it was necessary. In addition, when two molding machines are arranged in a row, it is necessary to install the molding machines with the lengths in the traveling direction of the materials separated from each other. Space is required.

【0005】そこで本出願人は、特開平10−2664
80号公報に開示されるように、テーパ状に加工したカ
バー材を用いることにより、一定幅の屋根板を用いるこ
とができる屋根構造を提案した。カバー材は、外装材に
比べて形状及び形状が占める空間容積が小さいため、テ
ーパ加工時の成形スペースの増加を防止又は大幅に軽減
することができるが、テーパ加工が必要であること、屋
根形状に応じたテーパ寸法に成形する必要があることに
ついては、改善されていなかった。
Therefore, the present applicant has filed Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-2664.
As disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 80, a roof structure that can use a roof plate having a constant width by using a cover material processed into a tapered shape has been proposed. Since the cover material has a smaller shape and a space volume occupied by the shape compared to the exterior material, it is possible to prevent or significantly reduce the increase of the molding space at the time of taper processing, but the taper processing is required, and the roof shape is required. There was no improvement in the need to form the taper dimension according to the above.

【0006】[0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記に鑑み提案
されたもので、縦葺き外装材と隣接する外装材間を覆う
カバー部材とからなる縦葺き外装構造において、前記外
装材は少なくとも1つの谷部とその両端を立上げた側縁
部とを有し、前記カバー部材は、隣接する外装材の側縁
部間を覆う被覆部とその両端の側面とからなり、被覆部
には幅方向に変位可能な溝部を形成したことを特徴とす
る縦葺き外装構造に関するものである。
DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been proposed in view of the above, and in a vertically-roofed exterior structure comprising a vertically-roofed exterior material and a cover member covering between adjacent exterior materials, the exterior material is at least 1 Having two troughs and side edges that are raised at both ends thereof, the cover member includes a covering portion that covers between the side edge portions of adjacent exterior materials and side surfaces at both ends thereof, and the covering portion has a width. The present invention relates to a vertically-roofed exterior structure characterized in that a groove portion that can be displaced in any direction is formed.

【0007】[0007]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明に用いる縦葺き外装材1
は、少なくとも1つ以上の谷部11と谷部11の両端を
立ち上げた側縁部12を有する一定幅の瓦棒、折板等で
あり、特にその他の構成については限定するものではな
い。例えば外装材1は、タイトフレーム等の保持部材3
に嵌合、係合、挟着、ビス等の固着具による直止め等の
公知の固定手段で固定すれば良く、固定手段は二種以上
を併用しても良い。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION A vertically-roofed exterior material 1 used in the present invention.
Is a roof tile, a folded plate, or the like having a constant width having at least one valley portion 11 and side edge portions 12 rising both ends of the valley portion 11, and the other configurations are not particularly limited. For example, the exterior material 1 is a holding member 3 such as a tight frame.
It may be fixed by a known fixing means such as fitting, engagement, pinching, direct fixing by a fixing tool such as a screw, and two or more kinds of fixing means may be used in combination.

【0008】本発明に用いるカバー部材2は、側面21
と被覆部22からなると共に、被覆部22に幅方向に変
位可能な溝部23を形成した一定幅の部材であり、特に
その他の構成については限定するものではない。例えば
カバー部材2は、外装材1或いは保持部材3に対して嵌
合、係合、防水シール等を用いたビス止め等の公知の取
付手段によって取り付ければ良く、取付手段は二種以上
を併用しても良い。また、嵌合、係合は複数手段による
ものでもよい。さらに、取付箇所は、側面21のみに限
定されるものではなく、例えば溝部23内に段部等を形
成し、外装材1或いは保持部材3に対して公知の取付手
段により取り付けるようにしても良い。また、被覆部2
2は、略平坦状、傾斜状、円弧状等の公知の形状からな
る。この被覆部22に形成する溝部23は、特にその形
状を限定するものではないが、例えば概略V字状、U字
状、W字状、円弧状、台形状等からなり、幅方向に有効
幅が変位(調整)可能な形状、即ちテーパ状に変形可能
な形状からなる。
The cover member 2 used in the present invention has a side surface 21.
It is a member having a constant width, which is composed of a cover portion 22 and a groove portion 23 that is displaceable in the width direction in the cover portion 22, and the other configurations are not particularly limited. For example, the cover member 2 may be attached to the exterior material 1 or the holding member 3 by known attachment means such as screwing using fitting, engagement, waterproof seal or the like, and two or more attachment means may be used in combination. May be. Further, the fitting and the engaging may be performed by a plurality of means. Further, the mounting location is not limited to the side surface 21, and for example, a stepped portion or the like may be formed in the groove 23 and the mounting portion may be mounted to the exterior material 1 or the holding member 3 by a known mounting means. . Also, the covering portion 2
2 has a known shape such as a substantially flat shape, an inclined shape, and an arc shape. The shape of the groove 23 formed in the covering portion 22 is not particularly limited, but is, for example, substantially V-shaped, U-shaped, W-shaped, arc-shaped, trapezoidal, etc., and has an effective width in the width direction. Is a shape that can be displaced (adjusted), that is, a shape that can be deformed into a tapered shape.

【0009】これら外装材1及びカバー部材2は、特に
素材を限定するものではないが、代表的には概ね0.4
〜1.6mm程度の表面化粧鋼板、ラミネート鋼板、メ
ッキ鋼板、ステンレス鋼板、アルミ合金板、チタン合金
板、銅板等の公知の金属素材をロール成形その他の手段
で所定の形状に成形する。特に外装材1としては、面と
しての正負圧強度等を確保するために約0.8〜1.6
mm程度の比較的厚い板厚が好ましい。これに対し、カ
バー部材2は、幅方向への変位が容易となる約0.4〜
0.6mm程度の比較的薄い板厚が好ましい。さらに、
外装材1及びカバー部材2の裏面には、結露防止、防
音、防火対策上の理由により、必要に応じてポリエチレ
ンフォーム、グラスウールシート等の裏貼り材を添装し
ても良い。
The material of the exterior material 1 and the cover member 2 is not particularly limited, but typically 0.4.
A known metal material such as a surface decorative steel plate, a laminated steel plate, a plated steel plate, a stainless steel plate, an aluminum alloy plate, a titanium alloy plate, and a copper plate having a thickness of about 1.6 mm is formed into a predetermined shape by roll forming or other means. In particular, as the exterior material 1, about 0.8 to 1.6 to secure positive and negative pressure strength as a surface.
A relatively thick plate thickness of about mm is preferable. On the other hand, the cover member 2 is easily displaceable in the width direction by about 0.4 to
A relatively thin plate thickness of about 0.6 mm is preferable. further,
If necessary, a backing material such as polyethylene foam or glass wool sheet may be attached to the back surfaces of the exterior material 1 and the cover member 2 for the purpose of preventing dew condensation, soundproofing, and fireproofing.

【0010】図2の外装構造に用いられた外装材1は、
図3(a)に示すように略平坦状の谷部11の両側縁
に、断面略く字状の嵌合部121を有する傾斜状の側縁
部12,12を備え、嵌合部121の上端には傾斜部分
122、略水平な載置部分123を介してU字状に屈曲
する折曲部分124を形成してなる折板屋根板であり、
その施工(接続)状態において隣り合う側縁部12,1
2で山部が形成される構成である。そして、この外装材
1は、カバー部材2と同様に軒棟方向に連続する同一断
面を有する部材である。尚、図示しないが、嵌合部12
1としては、側縁部12の傾斜と略直交する角度で、外
側に狭窄部分を有して膨出する構成を採用してもよい。
The exterior material 1 used in the exterior structure of FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3A, inclined side edges 12 and 12 having fitting portions 121 having a substantially V-shaped cross section are provided on both side edges of the substantially flat valley portion 11. A folded plate roof plate having a U-shaped bent portion 124 formed through an inclined portion 122 and a substantially horizontal mounting portion 123 at the upper end,
Side edges 12 and 1 adjacent to each other in the installed (connected) state
2 is a configuration in which a mountain portion is formed. The exterior material 1 is a member having the same cross section continuous in the eaves ridge direction, like the cover member 2. Although not shown, the fitting portion 12
As 1, the configuration may be adopted in which a narrowed portion is formed outside and bulges out at an angle substantially orthogonal to the inclination of the side edge portion 12.

【0011】図2の外装構造に用いられたカバー部材2
は、図3(c)に示すように被覆部22の略中央に、左
右の側壁231と略平坦状の底部232とからなる略U
字状の形状構成を有する溝部23が形成され、溝部23
により左右に分断された被覆部22はそれぞれ外方に向
かって下降する傾斜状である。尚、図3(c)は、図2
に示す施工状態におけるカバー部材2を抜き出して示し
たため棟(奥側)から軒(手前)に向かって有効幅がテ
ーパ状に変位しているが、成型時(配設時)には軒棟方
向に亘って同一断面を有するように成形されている。ま
た、被覆部22の左右側縁に、下方に向って幅広となる
ように傾斜する側面21,21を形成し、該側面21の
下端には、側面21の内側に折返し状に屈曲する被保持
部24を形成した構成であり、この被保持部24は外装
材1の嵌合部121の裏面に弾性的に嵌合保持される。
尚、溝部23の底部232は、側面21の下端よりも下
方に位置し、即ち溝部23の深さは側面21の長さより
も深い構成である。
The cover member 2 used in the exterior structure of FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3 (c), substantially U formed of left and right side walls 231 and a substantially flat bottom portion 232 is formed at the substantially center of the covering portion 22.
The groove portion 23 having a V-shaped configuration is formed, and the groove portion 23
The covering portions 22 divided into the left and right sides are inclined so as to descend outward. It should be noted that FIG.
Since the cover member 2 in the construction state shown in Fig. 2 is extracted and shown, the effective width is displaced from the ridge (back side) toward the eaves (front side) in a taper shape. Are molded to have the same cross section. In addition, side surfaces 21 and 21 that are inclined so as to widen downward are formed on the left and right side edges of the covering portion 22, and the lower end of the side surface 21 is bent inwardly of the side surface 21 to be held. The portion 24 is formed, and the held portion 24 is elastically fitted and held on the back surface of the fitting portion 121 of the exterior material 1.
The bottom portion 232 of the groove portion 23 is located below the lower end of the side surface 21, that is, the depth of the groove portion 23 is deeper than the length of the side surface 21.

【0012】図2の外装構造にて前記外装材1を受支す
る保持部材3は、従来公知の吊子やタイトフレームと称
される部材であるが、図3(b)に示すように中央が分
割された左右で一対をなす複数部材からなる。この保持
部材3は、外装材1の大きさ、所要強度により通常0.
6乃至3.2mm程度のステンレス鋼板やメッキ鋼板等
をプレス加工する等して成型されるが、アルミニウム押
出形材を用いることもある。図示実施例の保持部材3
は、比較的厚肉の短幅材を折曲して成形されるフレーム
材3Aと、固定片30の前後に受片31,31が直立す
る断面略U字状の受部材3Bとを一体状に組合せた構成
である。フレーム材3Aは、上面部32の左右に垂直脚
部33及び傾斜脚部34を形成し、その下端に屋根下地
4に固定するための固定部35を形成してなる。このフ
レーム材3Aの上面部32に下方から固定片30を沿わ
せて適宜固着手段で固定される受部材3Bは、受片31
の外側下方に凹状の被嵌合部311を有し、外側上方に
前記外装材1の傾斜部分122を支持する第一受部分3
12を有し、さらに階段状の上縁のうち外側に位置する
上段が前記外装材1の載置部分123の裏面を支持する
第二受部分313、内側に位置する下段が前記外装材1
の折曲部分124を係合させる第三受部分314であ
る。また、第二受部分313には受片31と直交するよ
うに第四受部分315が延設されている。この保持部材
3の被嵌合部311は、前記外装材1の嵌合部121と
弾性的に嵌合するが、この嵌合部121を介して前記カ
バー部材2の被保持部24とも弾性的に嵌合している
(即ちこの場合、嵌合部121はカバー部材保持部12
6を兼ね、被嵌合部311も間接的にカバー部材保持部
を兼ねている。)。また、図示しないが、カバー部材2
の溝部23の侵入を阻害しない位置、例えば下端等に左
右の保持部材3を一体に連結すると共に配設間隔を規制
する補強兼間隔規制部材を設けるようにしても良い。
尚、従来公知の単体で山部を保持する構成でも良いが、
その場合、略中央部にカバー部材2の溝部23が収納可
能な凹部を設ける必要がある。
The holding member 3 for supporting the exterior material 1 in the exterior structure shown in FIG. 2 is a conventionally known member called a suspension or a tight frame, but as shown in FIG. Is divided into a plurality of left and right members. The holding member 3 usually has a size of 0.1 mm depending on the size of the exterior material 1 and the required strength.
It is formed by pressing a stainless steel plate, a plated steel plate or the like having a thickness of 6 to 3.2 mm or the like, but an aluminum extruded shape member may be used. Holding member 3 of the illustrated embodiment
Is a frame member 3A formed by bending a relatively thick short-width member and a receiving member 3B having a substantially U-shaped cross section in which the receiving members 31 and 31 stand up and down in front of the fixed piece 30. It is a configuration combined with. The frame member 3A has vertical leg portions 33 and inclined leg portions 34 formed on the left and right of the upper surface portion 32, and a fixing portion 35 for fixing to the roof substrate 4 at the lower end thereof. The receiving member 3B is fixed to the upper surface portion 32 of the frame member 3A from below by the fixing piece 30 and is fixed by the fixing means as appropriate.
The first receiving portion 3 which has a concave fitting portion 311 on the outer lower side and supports the inclined portion 122 of the exterior material 1 on the upper outer side.
12, the upper step located on the outer side of the upper edge of the stepwise shape is the second receiving portion 313 supporting the back surface of the mounting portion 123 of the exterior material 1, and the lower step located on the inner side is the exterior material 1
3 is a third receiving portion 314 for engaging the bent portion 124 of FIG. Further, a fourth receiving portion 315 is provided on the second receiving portion 313 so as to be orthogonal to the receiving piece 31. The fitted portion 311 of the holding member 3 elastically fits with the fitting portion 121 of the exterior material 1, but also elastically fits with the held portion 24 of the cover member 2 via the fitting portion 121. (That is, in this case, the fitting portion 121 is connected to the cover member holding portion 12).
6, the fitted portion 311 also indirectly serves as the cover member holding portion. ). Although not shown, the cover member 2
It is also possible to integrally connect the left and right holding members 3 at a position that does not hinder the intrusion of the groove 23, for example, at the lower end, and to provide a reinforcing / interval restricting member for restricting the disposition interval.
It should be noted that a conventionally known single unit may be used to hold the mountain portion,
In that case, it is necessary to provide a recessed portion in which the groove portion 23 of the cover member 2 can be housed, in a substantially central portion.

【0013】前記保持部材3を固定する屋根下地4は、
梁や母屋、胴縁等の鉄骨躯体が一般的であるが、これに
限定されるものではない。例えば木毛セメント板、木片
セメント板、軽量気泡コンクリート板等の下地材を前記
鉄骨躯体上に敷設する構成でも良いし、コンクリート造
の躯体上に鉄骨や木材の小屋組をする構成もあるし、下
地調整されたコンクリート面に直接保持部材3を取り付
けても良い。したがって、本発明における施工対象とな
る屋根下地4は、釘、ビス、アンカー、溶接、接着剤等
の固着手段によって前記保持部材3が取付可能な全ての
建築躯体をいい、前記躯体上に建築の所望性能上要求さ
れるボード等を介在させた全ての下地を含むものであ
る。
The roof substrate 4 for fixing the holding member 3 is
Steel frame structures such as beams, purlins, and furring strips are generally used, but are not limited thereto. For example, wood wool cement board, wood chip cement board, a construction such as laying a base material such as a lightweight cellular concrete board on the steel frame body, or a structure of steel frame or wood roofing on the concrete body frame, The holding member 3 may be directly attached to the concrete surface whose base has been adjusted. Therefore, the roof substrate 4 to be constructed in the present invention refers to all building structures to which the holding member 3 can be attached by fixing means such as nails, screws, anchors, welding, adhesives, etc. It includes all of the underlayers with a board or the like required for desired performance interposed.

【0014】前記各部材を用いて図2の外装構造を施工
するには、概ね以下の手順で行われる。まず、梁や母
屋、胴縁等の鉄骨下地である屋根下地4上に、前記保持
部材3のフレーム材3Aを軒棟方向に適宜間隔で取り付
けるのであるが、ここではドーム、円錐等の屋根形状を
有する屋根面を対象としているため、左右一対の配設間
隔(左右方向の間隔)が棟側では狭く、軒側では広く、
即ち棟から軒に向かって次第に拡開するように略テーパ
状に取り付ける。この保持部材3の屋根面に対する配設
間隔は、コンピュータ解析により容易に設定される。続
いて外装材1を取り付ける。外装材1は、前述のように
嵌合部121を保持部材の被嵌合部311に弾性嵌合さ
せると共に、傾斜部分122を第一受部分312に、載
置部分123を第二受部分313に支持させ、折曲部分
124を第三受部分314に係合させて弾性的に保持さ
せる。この状態では、隣接する外装材1,1の側縁部1
2,12間は、保持部材3の配設間隔と同様に棟から軒
に向かって次第に拡開する略テーパ状である。その後、
カバー部材2を取り付ける。カバー部材2の溝部23
は、前述のように幅方向の有効幅が調整可能であって略
テーパ状に変形可能であるから、略テーパ状に離間する
外装材1,1の側縁部12,12に対し、軒棟方向に亘
って同様に外装材1の嵌合部121の裏面に被保持部2
4を弾性嵌合させて弾性的に保持させることができる。
取り付けられたカバー部材2の変形状況は、図3(c)
に示すとおりであり、図中Xで示す棟側位置における断
面図が図2(a)であり、図中Yで示す軒側位置におけ
る断面図が図2(b)であり、溝部23が棟から軒に向
かって連続的に拡開し、幅方向に有効幅が変位してい
る。
The construction of the exterior structure shown in FIG. 2 using the above-mentioned members is generally performed in the following procedure. First, the frame members 3A of the holding member 3 are attached at appropriate intervals in the eaves ridge direction on the roof substrate 4 which is a steel frame substrate such as beams, purlins and furring strips. Here, a roof shape such as a dome or a cone is used. Since the target is a roof surface with a pair of left and right arrangement intervals (left and right direction intervals) are narrow on the ridge side and wide on the eaves side,
That is, it is attached in a substantially tapered shape so that it gradually expands from the ridge toward the eaves. The disposition interval of the holding member 3 with respect to the roof surface is easily set by computer analysis. Then, the exterior material 1 is attached. As described above, in the exterior material 1, the fitting portion 121 is elastically fitted to the fitted portion 311 of the holding member, the inclined portion 122 is the first receiving portion 312, and the mounting portion 123 is the second receiving portion 313. And the bent portion 124 is engaged with the third receiving portion 314 and elastically held. In this state, the side edge portions 1 of the adjacent exterior materials 1 and 1
Between 2 and 12, similarly to the arrangement interval of the holding member 3, a substantially tapered shape gradually expanding from the ridge toward the eaves. afterwards,
Attach the cover member 2. Groove 23 of cover member 2
Since the effective width in the width direction is adjustable and can be deformed into a substantially tapered shape as described above, the eaves ridge is provided with respect to the side edge portions 12 and 12 of the exterior materials 1 and 1 which are separated in a substantially tapered shape. Similarly, the held portion 2 is provided on the back surface of the fitting portion 121 of the exterior material 1 in the same direction.
4 can be elastically fitted and elastically held.
The deformation state of the attached cover member 2 is shown in FIG.
2A, the sectional view at the ridge side position shown by X in the figure is FIG. 2A, the sectional view at the eaves side position shown by Y in the figure is FIG. 2B, and the groove 23 is the ridge. It continuously expands toward the eaves, and the effective width is displaced in the width direction.

【0015】さらに、カバー部材2の取り付けについて
補足すると、この実施例ではカバー部材2の側面21と
被覆部22と溝部23の側壁231とで下方が開放する
逆U字状の半山部分が左右に形成され、しかもその形状
に応じた保持部材3に被覆させる構成であるため、例え
ば図2(a)で示すような比較的棟側の位置においても
図2(b)に示すような比較的軒側においても、上方か
らカバー部材2を下方へ押圧すると、カバー部材2の左
右の側面21の下端がそれぞれ外装材1の傾斜部分12
2や載置部分123に当接しながら下降することによ
り、カバー部材2の側面21,21をそれぞれ拡開しよ
うとする力が作用される。即ち幅方向の外方への応力が
作用される。この状態を図4に示す。その際、保持部材
3は前述のように棟から軒に向かって次第に拡開する略
テーパ状に配設されているので、棟側の図4(a)より
も軒側の図4(b)の方が、カバー部材2を下方へ押圧
するために要する力(図面では白抜き矢印で示した)
も、カバー部材2の幅方向の外方への応力(図面では斜
線矢印で示した)も強いものであり、幅方向の変形量も
大きくなる。図示実施例のカバー部材2では、この応力
に対し、主に被覆部22に対する側面21の拡開(傾
斜)、被覆部22及び底部232に対する側壁231
の拡開(傾斜)の2通りの弾性変形が考えられる。仮に
側壁231と側面21とが同程度の長さであったとして
も、側壁231の拡開(傾斜)は上端及び下端における
角度変形に分担されるので、溝部23の深さが少なくと
も側面21の長さと同程度であれば、側壁231の方が
拡開(傾斜)し易く、の変形よりもの変形が優先的
に成される。即ち溝部23の幅方向の変形が優先的に成
され、側面21の変形を抑制して嵌合不良を防止するこ
とができる。しかも、この図示実施例では、溝部23の
側壁231の方が側面21よりも明らかに長い。そのた
め、側壁231の方が側面21よりもより少ない角度変
形で大きな幅方向の変位をもたらすことができ、さらに
は側壁231の方が側面21よりも撓み易い(撓み変形
が生じ易い)。また、角度変形の方向が、側壁231の
拡開の方が側面21の拡開よりも応力方向(幅方向)に
近い。したがって、より確実に溝部23内で変形させる
ことができる。このように図示実施例では、単にカバー
部材2を上方から押圧するだけで自動的に溝部23が幅
方向に変位して外装材1及び保持部材3への弾性的保持
が成されるのであって、通常の平坦状の屋根面に対する
弾性嵌合式外装構造の敷設施工と同様に作業することが
でき、極めて施工性が優れている。尚、カバー部材2の
配設に先立って、溝部23を棟から軒に向かって次第に
拡開する略テーパ状に予め適当に(所定幅より少な目
に)変形させておいても良い。
Further, to supplement the attachment of the cover member 2, in this embodiment, an inverted U-shaped half-mountain portion whose lower side is opened by the side surface 21 of the cover member 2, the covering portion 22, and the side wall 231 of the groove portion 23 in the left and right direction. Since the holding member 3 is formed and is covered by the holding member 3 according to its shape, for example, even at a relatively ridge-side position as shown in FIG. 2A, a relatively eaves as shown in FIG. Also on the side, when the cover member 2 is pressed downward from above, the lower ends of the left and right side surfaces 21 of the cover member 2 are respectively inclined portions 12 of the exterior material 1.
By lowering while being in contact with 2 and the mounting portion 123, a force for expanding the side surfaces 21, 21 of the cover member 2 is applied. That is, an outward stress in the width direction is applied. This state is shown in FIG. At this time, since the holding member 3 is arranged in a substantially tapered shape that gradually expands from the ridge toward the eaves as described above, the eaves side of FIG. 4 (b) rather than the ridge side of FIG. 4 (a). Is the force required to press the cover member 2 downward (indicated by the white arrow in the drawing)
However, the outward stress in the width direction of the cover member 2 (indicated by the hatched arrow in the drawing) is also strong, and the amount of deformation in the width direction becomes large. In the cover member 2 of the illustrated embodiment, in response to this stress, the side surface 21 mainly expands (tilts) with respect to the covering portion 22, and the side wall 231 with respect to the covering portion 22 and the bottom 232.
There are two possible elastic deformations of expansion (inclination). Even if the side wall 231 and the side surface 21 have the same length, since the expansion (inclination) of the side wall 231 is shared by the angular deformation at the upper end and the lower end, the depth of the groove portion 23 is at least the side surface 21. If the length is about the same as the length, the side wall 231 is more easily opened (inclined), and the deformation is preferentially performed over the deformation. That is, the deformation of the groove portion 23 in the width direction is preferentially performed, and the deformation of the side surface 21 can be suppressed to prevent the fitting failure. Moreover, in this illustrated embodiment, the side wall 231 of the groove 23 is obviously longer than the side surface 21. Therefore, the side wall 231 can bring about a large displacement in the width direction with less angular deformation than the side face 21, and the side wall 231 is more likely to bend than the side face 21 (flexible deformation is likely to occur). Further, the direction of angular deformation is closer to the stress direction (width direction) when the side wall 231 is expanded than when the side face 21 is expanded. Therefore, the groove 23 can be more surely deformed. As described above, in the illustrated embodiment, the groove portion 23 is automatically displaced in the width direction by simply pressing the cover member 2 from above to elastically hold the exterior member 1 and the holding member 3. The work can be performed in the same manner as the laying construction of the elastic fitting type exterior structure for a normal flat roof surface, and the workability is extremely excellent. Prior to disposing the cover member 2, the groove 23 may be appropriately deformed (less than a predetermined width) into a substantially tapered shape that gradually expands from the ridge toward the eaves.

【0016】こうして施工される本発明の外装構造は、
軒棟方向に同一断面を有する外装材1及びカバー部材2
を用いるので、従来の外装材やカバー部材をテーパ状に
加工する場合に比べて成形加工が極めて容易である。従
来は、ドーム、円錐等の屋根形状の微細な変化に応じて
外装材やカバー部材のテーパ寸法を変更する必要があっ
て極めて面倒であったが、本発明ではそのような必要が
ないので、極めて多くの屋根形状に対してその形状の意
匠性を損なうことなく対応することができる。
The exterior structure of the present invention thus constructed is
Exterior material 1 and cover member 2 having the same cross section in the eaves ridge direction
Therefore, the molding process is extremely easy as compared with the conventional case where the exterior material and the cover member are processed into a tapered shape. Conventionally, it was extremely troublesome to change the taper dimensions of the exterior material and the cover member in accordance with the minute changes in the roof shape such as the dome and cone, but it is not necessary in the present invention. It is possible to cope with an extremely large number of roof shapes without impairing the design of the shapes.

【0017】また、本発明の外装構造は、ドーム、円錐
等の屋根形状に限定されるものではなく、通常の平坦状
の屋根面にも適用することができ、その場合、前記左右
一対の保持部材3は軒棟方向に一定間隔で配設するが、
仮にこの配設時に取付誤差が生じたとしても、或いはカ
バー部材2の成型誤差があったとしても溝部23の変位
にてその誤差を吸収することができ、嵌合不良等が生じ
ることがない。
The exterior structure of the present invention is not limited to a roof shape such as a dome or a cone, but can be applied to a normal flat roof surface. The members 3 are arranged at regular intervals in the direction of the eaves,
Even if a mounting error occurs during this disposition, or even if there is a molding error in the cover member 2, the error can be absorbed by the displacement of the groove portion 23, and a fitting failure or the like does not occur.

【0018】図5に示す外装構造は、カバー部材2を、
外装材1或いは保持部材3に対して防水シール等を用い
たビス止めによって取り付けた例であり、さらに溝部2
3は、左右の側壁231と断面略逆V字状の山部233
とからなる断面略W字状の形状構成を有するものであ
り、それ以外は前記図2の外装構造とほぼ同様であるか
ら、図面に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。この外装
構造では、カバー部材2が前記図2の例のように弾性嵌
合にて取り付けられるものでないが、側面21と被覆部
22と溝部23の側壁231とで下方が開放する半山部
分が左右に形成され、しかもその形状に応じた保持部材
3に被覆する構成については同様であるから、同様に上
方から押圧するだけで自動的に溝部23が幅方向に変位
して左右一対の保持部材3の配設間に落とし込むことが
できる。この状態でビス止めしても良いし、予め棟から
軒に向かって溝部23を略テーパ状に次第に拡開させて
おき、このカバー部材2を左右一対の保持部材3の配設
間に落とし込んでビス止めしても良い。尚、ビス止めは
図面では一点鎖線で示すように、カバー部材2の被覆部
22から外装材1の載置部分123を貫通して保持部材
3の第四受部分315に至るものとした。また、カバー
部材2の溝部23は、前記図2の例と同様に幅方向に有
効幅が変位(調整)可能であるが、側壁231に加えて
山部233を構成する傾斜片も弾性的に拡開(傾斜)可
能であり、角度変形は側壁231の上端及び下端に加え
て山部233の頂部にも分担されるものであり、より一
層確実に溝部23内で変形させることができ、さらには
より幅広い変位に対応することができる。この山部23
3は1つに限定するものではなく、2つ以上設けるよう
にしても良い。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 5, the cover member 2 is
This is an example in which the exterior member 1 or the holding member 3 is attached by screws with a waterproof seal or the like.
3 is a mountain portion 233 having a substantially V-shaped cross section with the left and right side walls 231.
2 has a substantially W-shaped cross section, and is otherwise substantially the same as the exterior structure of FIG. 2, the same reference numerals are given to the drawings and the description thereof will be omitted. In this exterior structure, the cover member 2 is not attached by elastic fitting as in the example of FIG. 2, but the side surface 21, the covering portion 22, and the side wall 231 of the groove portion 23 have left and right half mountain portions that are open downward. Since the holding member 3 is formed in the same manner and covers the holding member 3 according to its shape, the groove portion 23 is automatically displaced in the width direction by just pressing from above, and the pair of left and right holding members 3 are automatically formed. Can be dropped between the arrangements. In this state, screws may be used, or the groove 23 may be gradually expanded in a substantially tapered shape from the ridge toward the eaves in advance, and the cover member 2 may be dropped between the left and right holding members 3 arranged. You may screw it. As shown by the alternate long and short dash line in the drawing, the screws are set to extend from the covering portion 22 of the cover member 2 to the fourth receiving portion 315 of the holding member 3 through the mounting portion 123 of the exterior member 1. Further, the groove 23 of the cover member 2 is capable of displacing (adjusting) the effective width in the width direction similarly to the example of FIG. 2, but in addition to the side wall 231, the sloped piece constituting the mountain portion 233 is also elastically elastic. It can be expanded (tilted), and the angular deformation can be shared not only by the upper and lower ends of the side wall 231, but also by the apex of the mountain portion 233, so that the deformation in the groove portion 23 can be further ensured. Can accommodate a wider range of displacements. This mountain part 23
The number 3 is not limited to one, and two or more may be provided.

【0019】図6に示す外装構造は、カバー部材2の溝
部23がより深い、即ちより長い左右の側壁231から
なる断面V字状の形状構成を有するものであり、それ以
外は前記図2の例とほぼ同様であるから、図面に同一符
号を付して説明を省略する。前記図2の例も図5の例も
溝部23の深さが側面21の長さ以上であったが、この
図6の外装構造のように側面21の長さに対して側壁2
31が著しく長い場合には、より一層小さい角度変形で
大きな変形が得られ、より一層確実に溝部23内で変形
させることができる。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 6, the groove portion 23 of the cover member 2 has a deep V, that is, a left and right side wall 231 having a V-shaped cross section, and other than that, in FIG. Since it is almost the same as the example, the same symbols are attached to the drawings and the description thereof is omitted. In both the example of FIG. 2 and the example of FIG. 5, the depth of the groove portion 23 is equal to or more than the length of the side surface 21, but like the exterior structure of FIG.
When the length 31 is extremely long, a large deformation can be obtained with a smaller angle deformation, and the deformation in the groove 23 can be performed more reliably.

【0020】図7に示す外装構造は、前記図5の例と同
様にカバー部材2を、外装材1或いは保持部材3に対し
て防水シール等を用いたビス止めによって取り付けた例
であるが、略平坦状の被覆部22を、保持部材3の上端
に谷部11側へ延在するように設けた水平受部分36上
に載置してビス止めする。水平受部分36の下面には外
装材1の側縁部12の上端に折返し状に谷部11側へ延
在するように設けた水平部分125が位置しているの
で、ビス止めの下端は形成される山部の内部ではなく外
装材1の側縁部12上に至っており、この場合はビス止
め部分から山部方向への水回りを回避できるような防水
シールであれば良い。そして、このカバー部材2を取り
付ける際には、左右一対の保持部材3の配設間に落とし
込んだ状態で(或いは落とし込みながら)溝部23内に
手を挿入して壁面に手を沿わせて溝部23を幅方向に必
要量だけ変位させてビス止めしても良いし、予め棟から
軒に向かって溝部23を略テーパ状に次第に拡開させて
おき、このカバー部材2を左右一対の保持部材3の配設
間に落とし込んで変位幅を微調整してビス止めしても良
い。尚、このカバー部材2の被覆部22は幅方向にビス
止め位置をずらせることによっても保持部材3の配設間
隔の変位に対応することができる。また、外装材1は、
側縁部12が単なる傾斜面と前記水平部分125とから
なる極めて簡易な形状構成を有するものであり、前記カ
バー部材2のビス止めにて一連に固定される構成であ
る。そして、ビス止め以前には、この外装材1の側縁部
12の上端(水平部分125の基端)が保持部材3の水
平受部分36と傾斜脚部34とで形成される隅部に位置
することにより、幅方向のズレ動きが規制される。保持
部材3は、比較的厚肉の短幅材を折曲して成形されるフ
レーム材3Cのみからなり、略三角形状に連結してなる
垂直脚部33、傾斜脚部34、固定部35と、前記水平
受部分36とからなる極めて簡易な形状構成を有するも
のである。
The exterior structure shown in FIG. 7 is an example in which the cover member 2 is attached to the exterior material 1 or the holding member 3 by means of a screw using a waterproof seal or the like, as in the example of FIG. The substantially flat covering portion 22 is placed on the horizontal receiving portion 36 provided on the upper end of the holding member 3 so as to extend toward the valley portion 11 side and fixed by screws. On the lower surface of the horizontal receiving portion 36, the horizontal portion 125 is provided at the upper end of the side edge portion 12 of the exterior material 1 so as to extend in a folded shape toward the valley portion 11 side, so that the lower end of the screw stop is formed. The waterproof seal does not reach the inside of the mountain portion to be formed but to the side edge portion 12 of the exterior material 1, and in this case, a waterproof seal that can prevent water from flowing from the screwed portion in the mountain portion direction. Then, when the cover member 2 is attached, the hand is inserted into the groove portion 23 in a state of being dropped (or while being dropped) between the disposition of the pair of left and right holding members 3, and the hand is made to follow the wall surface so as to extend along the groove portion 23. May be displaced by a necessary amount in the width direction and fixed with screws, or the groove 23 may be gradually expanded in advance from the ridge toward the eaves in a substantially tapered shape, and the cover member 2 may be provided with a pair of left and right holding members 3. It may be dropped between the arrangements, and the displacement width may be finely adjusted and screwed. The covering portion 22 of the cover member 2 can also cope with the displacement of the arrangement interval of the holding members 3 by shifting the screwing position in the width direction. In addition, the exterior material 1 is
The side edge portion 12 has an extremely simple shape configuration including a mere inclined surface and the horizontal portion 125, and is fixed in series by screwing the cover member 2. Before the screws are fixed, the upper end of the side edge portion 12 of the exterior material 1 (base end of the horizontal portion 125) is positioned at the corner formed by the horizontal receiving portion 36 of the holding member 3 and the inclined leg portion 34. By doing so, the shift movement in the width direction is regulated. The holding member 3 is composed only of a frame member 3C formed by bending a relatively thick short width member, and has a vertical leg portion 33, an inclined leg portion 34, and a fixing portion 35 which are connected in a substantially triangular shape. The horizontal receiving portion 36 has an extremely simple configuration.

【0021】図8に示す外装構造は、前記図7の例と同
様に略平坦状の被覆部22を、保持部材3の上端に谷部
11側へ延在するように設けた水平受部分36上に載置
し、水平受部分36の下面には外装材1の側縁部12の
上端に折返し状に谷部11側へ延在するように設けた水
平部分125が位置する構成であるが、カバー部材2は
保持部材3に対して弾性的に嵌合して取り付けられ、外
装材1は保持部材3に弾性的に嵌合及び係合して取り付
けられている。カバー部材2は、側面21が略鉛直状で
あり、その下端には折返し片状の被保持部24が形成さ
れる形状構成を有するものであり、被保持部24は保持
部材3の水平受部分36の先端に設けられたカバー部材
保持部361に弾性的に嵌合保持される。このようにカ
バー部材2は、外装材1及び保持部材3の何れに取り付
けるようにしても良い。外装材1は、側縁部12に嵌合
部121が設けられ、上端に水平部分125が設けられ
る形状構成を有するものであり、嵌合部121は保持部
材3の被嵌合部341に弾性的に嵌合し、水平部分12
5は水平受部分36の下面に係合して保持される。保持
部材3は、比較的厚肉の短幅材を折曲して成形される2
種のフレーム材である上部フレーム材3Eと下部フレー
ム材3Dとからなる。予め屋根下地4上に固定される下
部フレーム材3Dは略三角形状に連結してなる垂直脚部
33、傾斜脚部34、固定部35からなり、傾斜脚部3
4には内側へ窪んで前記外装材1の嵌合部121と弾性
的に嵌合する被嵌合部341が形成されている。また、
外装材1を配設した後に取り付けられる上部フレーム材
3Eは、先端を折下げてカバー部材保持部361を形成
した水平受部分36を備える逆L字状であり、下部フレ
ーム材3Dの垂直脚部33の上端に形成された段状の接
合部分にて適宜手段にて一体に組み合わされる。尚、図
示しないが、前記図7の例と同様にカバー部材2の被覆
部22から保持部材3の水平受部分36、外装材1の水
平部分125にビスを打ち込んで一連に固定する方式
(防水シール等を用いたビス止め)を併用しても良い。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 8, as in the example of FIG. 7, a substantially flat covering portion 22 is provided on the upper end of the holding member 3 so as to extend toward the valley portion 11 side, and a horizontal receiving portion 36. Although the horizontal portion 125 is placed on the lower surface of the horizontal receiving portion 36, the horizontal portion 125 is provided at the upper end of the side edge portion 12 of the exterior material 1 so as to extend in a folded shape toward the valley portion 11 side. The cover member 2 is elastically fitted and attached to the holding member 3, and the exterior material 1 is elastically fitted and engaged with the holding member 3 and attached. The cover member 2 has a side surface 21 having a substantially vertical shape, and has a shape configuration in which a folded piece-shaped held portion 24 is formed at a lower end thereof, and the held portion 24 is a horizontal receiving portion of the holding member 3. It is elastically fitted and held by a cover member holding portion 361 provided at the tip of 36. In this way, the cover member 2 may be attached to either the exterior material 1 or the holding member 3. The exterior material 1 has a shape configuration in which the fitting portion 121 is provided at the side edge portion 12 and the horizontal portion 125 is provided at the upper end, and the fitting portion 121 is elastic to the fitted portion 341 of the holding member 3. The horizontal part 12
5 is held by being engaged with the lower surface of the horizontal receiving portion 36. The holding member 3 is formed by bending a relatively thick short width material 2
It is composed of an upper frame material 3E and a lower frame material 3D which are seed frame materials. The lower frame member 3D fixed in advance on the roof substrate 4 is composed of a vertical leg portion 33, which is connected in a substantially triangular shape, an inclined leg portion 34, and a fixing portion 35.
4 is formed with a fitted portion 341 which is recessed inward and elastically fits with the fitting portion 121 of the exterior material 1. Also,
The upper frame member 3E attached after disposing the exterior member 1 has an inverted L shape having a horizontal receiving portion 36 in which a tip is bent down to form a cover member holding portion 361, and a vertical leg portion of the lower frame member 3D. The stepped joint portion formed on the upper end of 33 is integrally combined by appropriate means. Although not shown, a method of driving screws from the covering portion 22 of the cover member 2 to the horizontal receiving portion 36 of the holding member 3 and the horizontal portion 125 of the exterior member 1 to fix them in series as in the example of FIG. 7 (waterproofing) A screw stop using a seal or the like) may be used together.

【0022】図9に示す外装構造は、カバー部材2の溝
部23が断面円弧状の曲面234で形成されるU字状で
あって、保持部材3を構成する受部材3Bに代えて比較
的厚肉の短幅材を折曲して成形される上部フレーム材3
Fを用いた以外は前記図2の例とほぼ同様であるから、
図面に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。このカバー部
材2の溝部23においても、曲面234の拡開並びに曲
面234上端の拡開にて溝部23の幅方向の有効幅を変
位することができる。外装材1は折曲部分が形成され
ず、載置部分123が水平状である以外は前記図2の例
と同様であり、上部フレーム材3Fは第三受部分が形成
されないが、前記図2における受部材3Bと同様に、外
装材1の嵌合部121と弾性的に嵌合する被嵌合部3
7、外装材1の傾斜部分122を支持する第一受部分3
8、外装材1の載置部分123の裏面を支持する第二受
部分39を備え、予めフレーム材3Aと一体に組み合わ
されて保持部材3を構成している。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 9, the groove 23 of the cover member 2 has a U-shape formed by a curved surface 234 having an arcuate cross section, and is relatively thick in place of the receiving member 3B constituting the holding member 3. Upper frame material 3 formed by bending a short width material of meat
Since it is almost the same as the example of FIG. 2 except that F is used,
The same reference numerals are given to the drawings and the description will be omitted. Also in the groove portion 23 of the cover member 2, the effective width of the groove portion 23 in the width direction can be displaced by expanding the curved surface 234 and expanding the upper end of the curved surface 234. The exterior material 1 is similar to the example of FIG. 2 except that the bent portion is not formed and the mounting portion 123 is horizontal, and the upper frame material 3F does not have the third receiving portion. Similarly to the receiving member 3B in the above, the fitted portion 3 elastically fitted to the fitting portion 121 of the exterior material 1
7, first receiving portion 3 for supporting the inclined portion 122 of the exterior material 1
8. The second receiving portion 39 for supporting the back surface of the mounting portion 123 of the exterior material 1 is provided, and the holding member 3 is configured by being integrally combined with the frame material 3A in advance.

【0023】図10に示す外装構造は、カバー部材2の
溝部23が左右の側壁231と底部232とからなり、
側壁231の下縁に断面略S字状のくびれ部235を有
する以外は、前記図9の例と全く同様であるから、図面
に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。このカバー部材2
の溝部23のようにくびれ部235を形成した場合、角
度変化に対する追従性が向上するので、応力歪みが生じ
にくくなり、結果として意匠性も向上する。このくびれ
部235は側壁231の上縁に形成しても良く、上縁及
び下縁の両方に形成しても良い。尚、図示しないが、こ
の図10の例並びに前記図9の例では、カバー部材2の
被覆部22から外装材1の載置部分123、保持部材3
の第二受部分39にビスを打ち込んで一連に固定する方
式(防水シール等を用いたビス止め)を併用しても良
い。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 10, the groove portion 23 of the cover member 2 is composed of left and right side walls 231 and a bottom portion 232.
Except for having a constricted portion 235 having a substantially S-shaped cross section at the lower edge of the side wall 231, it is exactly the same as the example of FIG. 9 described above, so the same reference numerals are used in the drawings and the description thereof is omitted. This cover member 2
When the constricted portion 235 is formed like the groove portion 23, the followability with respect to the change in the angle is improved, so that stress strain is less likely to occur, and as a result, the designability is also improved. The constricted portion 235 may be formed on the upper edge of the side wall 231, or may be formed on both the upper edge and the lower edge. Although not shown, in the example of FIG. 10 and the example of FIG. 9, the covering portion 22 of the cover member 2 to the mounting portion 123 of the exterior material 1 and the holding member 3 are provided.
A method of driving screws into the second receiving portion 39 and fixing them in series (screw fastening using a waterproof seal or the like) may be used together.

【0024】図11に示す外装構造は、カバー部材2の
溝部23が断面略台形状であり、被保持部24が略く字
状に形成され、保持部材3の受部材3B’には第四受部
分が形成されない以外は前記図2の例と全く同様であ
り、図面に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。このよう
に本発明の外装構造は、特許請求の範囲に記載の構成を
変更しない限りどのようにでも実施することができる。
In the exterior structure shown in FIG. 11, the groove portion 23 of the cover member 2 has a substantially trapezoidal cross section, the held portion 24 is formed in a substantially V shape, and the receiving member 3B 'of the holding member 3 has a fourth shape. The structure is exactly the same as the example shown in FIG. 2 except that the receiving portion is not formed. As described above, the exterior structure of the present invention can be implemented in any manner as long as the configuration described in the claims is not changed.

【0025】図12は、カバー部材2の各部位の形状バ
リエーションを示す部分実施例であり、同図(a)は側
面21の実施例、同図(b)は溝部23を除く被覆部2
2の左半を示す実施例、同図(c)は溝部23の実施例
である。尚、同図(b)にて本発明における被覆部22
を一点鎖線にて明確にしたが、側面21との境界は作用
面で分けられるに過ぎず、本来的に明確ではない。ま
た、同図(c)にて符号236は前記[0008]にて
説明した溝部23内の段部であり、この段部236を図
示しない保持部材3の嵌合部分等に取り付けるようにし
ても良い。このように本発明の外装構造におけるカバー
部材2は、特許請求の範囲に記載の構成を変更しない限
りどのようにでも実施することができる。
12A and 12B are partial embodiments showing the shape variation of each part of the cover member 2. FIG. 12A is an embodiment of the side surface 21, and FIG. 12B is a covering portion 2 excluding the groove 23.
2 shows an example showing the left half of FIG. 2, and FIG. In addition, in FIG. 2B, the covering portion 22 according to the present invention is shown.
Is defined by an alternate long and short dash line, but the boundary with the side surface 21 is merely divided by the action surface and is not inherently clear. Further, in FIG. 7C, reference numeral 236 is a step portion in the groove portion 23 described in the above [0008], and the step portion 236 may be attached to a fitting portion or the like of the holding member 3 not shown. good. Thus, the cover member 2 in the exterior structure of the present invention can be implemented in any manner as long as the configuration described in the claims is not changed.

【0026】[0026]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように本発明の縦葺き外装
構造は、カバー部材に幅方向に変位可能な溝部を形成し
たので、溝部の変位でカバー部材全体の有効幅を調整す
ることができ、予め屋根形状に応じてカバー部材及び外
装材をテーパ状に形成したり、屋根面を細分化しての施
工を行う必要がなく、ドーム、円錐等の屋根形状を損な
わずに対応することができる。また、屋根面に配設する
保持部材等に取付誤差が生じてもカバー部材の溝部で吸
収することができ、嵌合不良等が生じることがない。さ
らに、カバー部材及び外装材は軒棟方向に亘って同一断
面を有する形状であるため、従前の長手方向に長尺な平
行材からなる外装材、カバー等での施工を行うことがで
き、テーパ状外装材やテーパ状カバー部材を成形する加
工時間、加工場所(成型スペース)等を必要とすること
がない。そのため、外装材及びカバー部材の製造に際し
て特殊な成形を必要としないので、新規に設備投資をす
ることなく従前と同様な設備で製造することができ、製
造コストの上昇を招くことがない。
As described above, in the vertical roofing exterior structure of the present invention, the cover member is formed with the groove portion which is displaceable in the width direction, so that the effective width of the entire cover member can be adjusted by the displacement of the groove portion. , It is not necessary to form the cover member and the exterior material in a taper shape in advance according to the roof shape, or to perform the construction by subdividing the roof surface, and it is possible to cope without damaging the roof shape such as the dome and the cone. . Further, even if an attachment error occurs in the holding member or the like arranged on the roof surface, it can be absorbed by the groove portion of the cover member, so that a fitting failure or the like does not occur. Further, since the cover member and the exterior material have the same cross section in the eaves direction, it is possible to perform the construction with the exterior material, the cover, etc., which is made of a long parallel material in the conventional longitudinal direction. There is no need for a processing time, a processing place (molding space) or the like for molding the outer cover material or the tapered cover member. Therefore, since no special molding is required in manufacturing the exterior material and the cover member, the same equipment as before can be used for manufacturing without newly investing in equipment, and the manufacturing cost is not increased.

【0027】特に溝部の深さを、側面の長さと同等若し
くはそれ以上とした場合には、より一層確実に溝部内で
変形させることができ、さらに溝部の内部に1つ以上の
略逆V字状の山部を形成した場合には、より幅広い変位
に対応することができ、より曲率の高い屋根形状に適用
することができる。
In particular, when the depth of the groove is equal to or longer than the length of the side surface, it is possible to more surely deform the inside of the groove, and one or more substantially inverted V-shape inside the groove. In the case of forming a mountain-shaped ridge, it is possible to cope with a wider range of displacement, and it is possible to apply to a roof shape having a higher curvature.

【0028】また、溝部の側壁の上縁又は下縁の少なく
とも一方に断面略S字状のくびれ部を形成した場合、角
度変化に対する追従性が向上するので、より一層確実に
溝部内で変形させることができ、応力歪みも生じにくく
なり、結果として意匠性も向上する。
Further, when a constricted portion having a substantially S-shaped cross section is formed on at least one of the upper edge and the lower edge of the side wall of the groove portion, the followability with respect to the angle change is improved, so that the groove portion is more surely deformed. In addition, stress distortion is less likely to occur, and as a result, designability is improved.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】(a)従来のドーム状或いは円錐形状の屋根面
に対する施工方法を模式的に示すものであり、屋根面を
略三角形状に小割りする状態を示す平面図、及び一部拡
大平面図、(b)台形状に小割りする状態を示す平面
図、及び一部拡大平面図である。
FIG. 1 (a) is a schematic view showing a construction method for a conventional dome-shaped or conical roof surface, and is a plan view showing a state in which the roof surface is subdivided into substantially triangular shapes, and a partially enlarged plane. The figure, (b) The top view which shows the state which divides into a trapezoid, and a partially expanded plan view.

【図2】(a)本発明の外装構造を示す棟側の断面図、
(b)軒側の断面図である。
FIG. 2 (a) is a ridge side sectional view showing an exterior structure of the present invention,
(B) It is sectional drawing of the eaves side.

【図3】(a)図2の外装構造に用いた外装材の断面
図、(b)保持部材の断面図、(c)カバー部材の施工
状態における鳥瞰図である。
3A is a cross-sectional view of an exterior material used in the exterior structure of FIG. 2, FIG. 3B is a cross-sectional view of a holding member, and FIG. 3C is a bird's-eye view of the cover member in a working state.

【図4】(a)図2(a)の位置におけるカバー部材の
取り付け施工時の変形状況を示す拡大断面図、(b)図
2(b)の位置におけるカバー部材の取り付け施工時の
変形状況を示す拡大断面図である。
4A is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing a deformed state of the cover member at the position shown in FIG. 2A, and FIG. 4B is a deformed state of the cover member at the position shown in FIG. It is an expanded sectional view showing.

【図5】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図で
ある。
FIG. 5 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図6】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図で
ある。
FIG. 6 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図7】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図で
ある。
FIG. 7 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図8】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図で
ある。
FIG. 8 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図9】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図で
ある。
FIG. 9 is a sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図10】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図
である。
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図11】本発明の外装構造の他の実施例を示す断面図
である。
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing another embodiment of the exterior structure of the present invention.

【図12】本発明の外装構造に用いるカバー部材の
(a)側面、(b)溝部を除く被覆部の左半、(c)溝
部の形状バリエーションを示す断面図である。
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view showing a variation in shape of the side surface (a) of the cover member used in the exterior structure of the present invention, (b) the left half of the covering portion excluding the groove portion, and (c) the groove portion.

【符号の説明】 1 外装材 11 山部 12 側面 126 カバー部材保持部 2 カバー部材 21 側面 22 被覆部 23 溝部 233 山部 235 くびれ部 24 被保持部 3 保持部材 4 屋根下地[Explanation of symbols] 1 Exterior material 11 Yamabe 12 sides 126 cover member holder 2 Cover member 21 side 22 Cover 23 Groove 233 Yamabe 235 Constriction 24 Held part 3 holding member 4 roof base

Claims (7)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 縦葺き外装材と隣接する外装材間を覆う
カバー部材とからなる縦葺き外装構造において、 前記外装材は、少なくとも1つの谷部とその両端を立上
げた側縁部とを有し、 前記カバー部材は、隣接する外装材の側縁部間を覆う被
覆部とその両端の側面とからなり、被覆部には幅方向に
変位可能な溝部を形成したことを特徴とする縦葺き外装
構造。
1. A vertically-roofed exterior structure comprising a vertically-roofed exterior material and a cover member covering between adjacent exterior materials, wherein the exterior material has at least one valley portion and side edge portions of which both ends are raised. The cover member includes a covering portion that covers between side edge portions of adjacent exterior materials and side surfaces of both ends thereof, and the covering portion has a groove portion that is displaceable in the width direction. Thatched exterior structure.
【請求項2】 溝部の深さは、側面の長さと同等若しく
はそれ以上であることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の縦
葺き外装構造。
2. The vertically-roofed exterior structure according to claim 1, wherein the depth of the groove is equal to or greater than the length of the side surface.
【請求項3】 縦葺き外装材は0.8mm以上、カバー
部材は0.6mm以下の板厚からなることを特徴とする
請求項1又は2に記載の縦葺き外装構造。
3. The vertically-roofed exterior structure according to claim 1, wherein the vertically-roofed exterior material has a thickness of 0.8 mm or more and the cover member has a thickness of 0.6 mm or less.
【請求項4】 溝部は、左右の側壁と底部からなること
を特徴とする請求項1〜3の何れか一項に記載の縦葺き
外装構造。
4. The vertically-roofed exterior structure according to claim 1, wherein the groove portion includes left and right side walls and a bottom portion.
【請求項5】 溝部は、内部に1つ以上の略逆V字状の
山部を有することを特徴とする請求項1〜4の何れか一
項に記載の縦葺き外装構造。
5. The vertically-roofed exterior structure according to claim 1, wherein the groove has one or more substantially inverted V-shaped ridges therein.
【請求項6】 溝部は、側壁の上縁又は下縁の少なくと
も一方に断面略S字状のくびれ部を有することを特徴と
する請求項1〜5の何れか一項に記載の縦葺き外装構
造。
6. The vertically-roofed outer casing according to claim 1, wherein the groove portion has a constricted portion having a substantially S-shaped cross section on at least one of an upper edge and a lower edge of the side wall. Construction.
【請求項7】 外装材の側縁部にカバー部材保持部を形
成すると共に、カバー部材に前記カバー部材保持部に対
応する被保持部を形成し、カバー部材を外装材に弾性的
に嵌合させたことを特徴とする請求項1〜6の何れか一
項に記載の縦葺き外装構造。
7. A cover member holding portion is formed on a side edge portion of the exterior material, and a held portion corresponding to the cover member holding portion is formed on the cover member, and the cover member is elastically fitted to the exterior material. The vertically-roofed exterior structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein
JP33737099A 1999-11-29 1999-11-29 Vertical roofing structure Expired - Fee Related JP3392378B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP33737099A JP3392378B2 (en) 1999-11-29 1999-11-29 Vertical roofing structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP33737099A JP3392378B2 (en) 1999-11-29 1999-11-29 Vertical roofing structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001152615A JP2001152615A (en) 2001-06-05
JP3392378B2 true JP3392378B2 (en) 2003-03-31

Family

ID=18307992

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP33737099A Expired - Fee Related JP3392378B2 (en) 1999-11-29 1999-11-29 Vertical roofing structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3392378B2 (en)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2001152615A (en) 2001-06-05

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