JP3316833B2 - Scanning exposure method, surface position setting device, scanning type exposure device, and device manufacturing method using the method - Google Patents

Scanning exposure method, surface position setting device, scanning type exposure device, and device manufacturing method using the method

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Publication number
JP3316833B2
JP3316833B2 JP06727193A JP6727193A JP3316833B2 JP 3316833 B2 JP3316833 B2 JP 3316833B2 JP 06727193 A JP06727193 A JP 06727193A JP 6727193 A JP6727193 A JP 6727193A JP 3316833 B2 JP3316833 B2 JP 3316833B2
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Prior art keywords
exposure
object
scanning
surface
setting
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JP06727193A
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JPH06283403A (en
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健爾 西
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株式会社ニコン
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Priority to JP06727193A priority Critical patent/JP3316833B2/en
Priority claimed from KR1019930030163A external-priority patent/KR100300618B1/en
Publication of JPH06283403A publication Critical patent/JPH06283403A/en
Priority claimed from US08/345,325 external-priority patent/US5448332A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3316833B2 publication Critical patent/JP3316833B2/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03FPHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • G03F9/00Registration or positioning of originals, masks, frames, photographic sheets or textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. automatically
    • G03F9/70Registration or positioning of originals, masks, frames, photographic sheets or textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. automatically for microlithography
    • G03F9/7003Alignment type or strategy, e.g. leveling, global alignment
    • G03F9/7023Aligning or positioning in direction perpendicular to substrate surface
    • G03F9/7026Focusing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03FPHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • G03F7/00Photomechanical, e.g. photolithographic, production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. printing surfaces; Materials therefor, e.g. comprising photoresists; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
    • G03F7/70Exposure apparatus for microlithography
    • G03F7/70216Systems for imaging mask onto workpiece
    • G03F7/70358Scanning exposure, i.e. relative movement of patterned beam and workpiece during imaging

Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention is, for example, autofocus
Use in a projection exposure apparatus of the slit scanning exposure scheme with a scan mechanism or auto-leveling mechanism suitable scanning exposure
About the method . Further, the present invention relates to such a scanning exposure method.
Position setting device and scanning dew
Optical device and device using the scanning exposure method
Construction method.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art When a semiconductor element, a liquid crystal display element, a thin film magnetic head, or the like is manufactured by a photolithography process, a pattern of a photomask or a reticle (hereinafter, collectively referred to as a "reticle") is coated with a photosensitive material. A projection exposure apparatus for transferring onto a wafer (a wafer, a glass plate, or the like) is used. As a conventional projection exposure apparatus, a step-and-repeat reduction projection type in which each shot area of a wafer is sequentially moved into an exposure field of a projection optical system and a pattern image of a reticle is sequentially exposed on each shot area. An exposure apparatus (stepper) has been frequently used.

FIG. 20 shows a main part of a conventional stepper.
In FIG. 20, under the exposure light EL from the illumination optical system (not shown), the image of the pattern on the reticle 51 is transferred to each shot area on the wafer 53 on which the photoresist is applied via the projection optical system 52. Is projected and exposed. The wafer 53 is held on a Z-leveling stage 54, and the Z-leveling stage 54 is mounted on a wafer-side XY stage 55. The wafer-side XY stage 55 positions the wafer 53 in a plane (XY plane) perpendicular to the optical axis AX1 of the projection optical system 52, and the Z-leveling stage 5
4 is a focus position on the exposure surface of the wafer 53 (optical axis AX
(The position in the direction parallel to 1) and the tilt angle of the exposure surface are set to the designated state.

A movable mirror 56 is fixed on the Z leveling stage 54. The laser beam from the external laser interferometer 57 is reflected by the movable mirror 56, and the X and Y coordinates of the wafer-side XY stage 55 are constantly detected by the laser interferometer 57, and the X and Y coordinates are determined by the main control system. 58. The main control system 58 controls the operations of the wafer-side XY stage 55 and the Z-leveling stage 54 via the driving device 59, so that the pattern of the reticle 51 is sequentially transferred to each shot area on the wafer 53 in a step-and-repeat manner. Expose the image.

[0005] At this time, the pattern forming surface (reticle surface) on the reticle 51 and the exposure surface of the wafer 53 correspond to the projection optical system 5.
However, the reticle surface does not change much because the projection magnification is high and the depth of focus is large. Therefore, conventionally, in general, it is determined whether or not the exposure surface of the wafer 53 matches the image plane of the projection optical system 52 within the range of the depth of focus by an oblique incidence type multi-point focus position detection system (whether or not the image is focused). ) Is detected and wafer 5 is detected.
The control of the focus position and the inclination angle of the exposure surface of No. 3 was performed.

In the conventional multi-point focus position detecting system, unlike the exposure light EL, illumination light that does not expose the photoresist on the wafer 53 is guided from an illumination light source (not shown) via an optical fiber bundle 60. I have. The illumination light emitted from the optical fiber bundle 60 illuminates the pattern forming plate 62 via the condenser lens 61. The illumination light transmitted through the pattern forming plate 62 is projected on an exposure surface of the wafer 53 through a lens 63, a mirror 64, and an irradiation objective lens 65, and an image of the pattern on the pattern forming plate 62 is projected on the exposure surface of the wafer 53. The projection image is formed obliquely to the axis AX1. The illumination light reflected by the wafer 53 passes through a condensing objective lens 66, a rotation direction vibration plate 67 and an imaging lens 68, and
The image of the pattern on the pattern forming plate 62 is re-imaged on the light receiving surface of the light receiver 69. In this case, the main control system 58 gives a vibration as described below to the rotation direction vibration plate 67 via the vibration device 70, and detection signals from many light receiving elements of the light receiver 69 are supplied to the signal processing device 71, The signal processing device 71 supplies to the main control system 58 a number of focus signals obtained by synchronously detecting each of the detection signals with the drive signal of the vibration device 70.

FIG. 21B shows an opening pattern formed on the pattern forming plate 62. As shown in FIG. 21B, nine slits are formed on the pattern forming plate 62 in a cross shape. Opening patterns 72-1 to 72-9 are provided. The opening patterns 72-1 to 72-9 are at 45 ° with respect to the X-axis and the Y-axis with respect to the exposure surface of the wafer 53.
, The projection images AF1 to AF9 of the aperture patterns 72-1 to 72-9 in the exposure field of the projection optical system 52 on the exposure surface of the wafer 53.
F9 is arranged as shown in FIG. FIG.
6A, a maximum exposure field 74 is formed inscribed in the circular illumination field of the projection optical system 52, and a central portion in the maximum exposure field 74 and measurement points A on two diagonal lines.
The projection images of the slit-shaped opening patterns are projected on F1 to AF9, respectively.

FIG. 21 (c) shows the state of the light receiving surface of the light receiver 69. As shown in FIG.
Nine light receiving elements 75-1 to 75-
9 are arranged, and a light shielding plate (not shown) having a slit-shaped opening is arranged on each of the light receiving elements 75-1 to 75-9. Then, each measurement point AF1 to A in FIG.
The images on F9 are the respective light receiving elements 75-1 of the light receiver 69.
Re-imaged on ~ 75-9. In this case, FIG.
Illumination light reflected on the exposure surface (wafer surface) of the wafer 53 is present at the pupil position of the converging objective lens 66 and is shown in FIG.
Since the light is reflected by the rotation direction vibration plate 67 that vibrates (rotates) about an axis substantially perpendicular to the paper surface of FIG. 7
The position of the projection image re-imaged on 5-9 oscillates in the RD direction, which is the width direction of the slit-shaped opening.

Further, each of the measurement points AF1 to AF1 in FIG.
Since the image of the slit-shaped opening on F9 is projected obliquely with respect to the optical axis of the projection optical system 52, when the focus position on the exposure surface of the wafer 53 changes, these projected images are received on the light receiver 69. Changes in the RD direction. Therefore, in the signal processing device 71, each of the light receiving elements 75-1 to 75-1
By performing synchronous detection of the −9 detection signal with the excitation signal of the rotation direction diaphragm 67, nine focus signals respectively corresponding to the focus positions of the measurement points AF1 to AF9 are obtained. Then, from the nine focus positions, the average inclination angle of the surface of the exposure field 74 and the average focus position of the surface are obtained and supplied to the main control system 58. The main control system 58 Then, the focus position and the inclination angle (leveling angle) of the shot area of the wafer 53 are set to predetermined values via the Z leveling stage 54. In this way, in the stepper, the pattern image of the reticle 51 is exposed in each shot area of the wafer 53 in a state where the focus position and the tilt angle are adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system 52.

[0010]

In recent years, in semiconductor devices and the like, patterns have been miniaturized, so that it is required to increase the resolution of a projection optical system. Techniques for increasing the resolving power include shortening the wavelength of exposure light or increasing the numerical aperture of the projection optical system. It is difficult to maintain the imaging performance (distortion, curvature of field, etc.) at a predetermined accuracy over the entire exposure field. Therefore, what is currently being reviewed is a projection exposure apparatus of a so-called slit scan exposure system.

In the projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure type, a reticle and a wafer are relatively synchronously scanned with respect to an illumination area such as a rectangle or an arc (hereinafter referred to as a "slit illumination area"). Meanwhile, the reticle pattern is exposed on the wafer. Therefore, there is an advantage that an image is averaged in a region conjugate with the slit-shaped illumination region, and distortion accuracy is improved.

The size of the conventional reticle is 6
Inch size, the mainstream of the projection magnification of the projection optical system is 1
However, the size of the reticle under a magnification of 1/5 cannot be sufficient for a 6-inch size due to an increase in the area of a circuit pattern such as a semiconductor element. Therefore, it is necessary to design a projection exposure apparatus in which the projection magnification of the projection optical system is changed to, for example, 1/4. In addition, a slit scan exposure method capable of reducing the exposure field diameter of the projection optical system with respect to such a large area of the transferred pattern is advantageous in terms of cost.

In such a projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure system, the focus position and the tilt angle of the exposure surface on the wafer are measured by directly applying the multipoint focus position detection system used in the conventional stepper. Even so, there is a disadvantage that it is difficult to match the actual exposure surface with the image plane of the projection optical system because the wafer is scanned in a predetermined direction. That is, conventionally, in a projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure type, a method for adjusting the focus position and the inclination angle of the wafer to the image plane of the projection optical system has not been established.

[0014] The present invention has been made in view of the points mow斯, in the projection exposure apparatus of the slit scanning exposure type, the scanning exposure such as may be used for intended to adjust with high accuracy the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate with the image plane of the projection optical system The aim is to provide a method . Further, the present invention provides a method for implementing the scanning exposure method.
Surface position setting device and scanning type exposure device that can be used, and
Devices can be manufactured with high precision using the scanning exposure method.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a device manufacturing method that can be used.

[0015]

According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided an illumination optical system for illuminating an illumination area having a predetermined shape with exposure light, and a pattern for exposure is formed on the illumination area. A mask-side stage (10) for scanning the mask (12), a projection optical system (8) for projecting a pattern of the mask (12) in the illumination area on a photosensitive substrate (5),
An exposure apparatus having a substrate-side stage (2) for scanning the photosensitive substrate (5) in synchronization with the mask (12) is provided. A surface position setting device for adjusting the position of the photosensitive substrate (5) at a plurality of measurement points (AF11 to AF59) including a plurality of points in a direction intersecting a scanning direction of the photosensitive substrate (5). Multi-point measuring means (62A, 69A) for measuring the height in a direction parallel to the optical axis of the projection optical system (8)
And a calculating means (71A) for calculating a difference in inclination angle between the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate (5) and the image plane of the projection optical system (8) based on the measurement result of the multipoint measuring means.

Further, according to the present invention, the scanning direction (Y direction) of the photosensitive substrate (5) is provided on the substrate side stage (2) and based on the difference between the inclination angles thereof obtained by the calculating means (71A). Setting stage (4) for setting the tilt angle in the direction (X direction) orthogonal to the scanning direction of the camera (4)
For example, as shown in FIG. 5, the response speed when the inclination setting stage (4) sets the inclination angle θ Y of the scanning direction (Y direction) of the photosensitive substrate (5), and the scanning speed This is different from the response speed when the inclination angle θ X in the direction (X direction) perpendicular to the direction is set.

In this case, when the photosensitive substrate (5) is being scanned via the substrate stage (2), the multi-point measuring means uses a plurality of measurement points based on the position of the substrate stage (2). The height of the photosensitive substrate (5) may be sampled. The multi-point measuring means is configured to detect a plurality of points in the exposure area (24) conjugate with respect to the illumination area of the predetermined shape and the projection optical system (8) and the conjugate exposure area to the photosensitive substrate (5). The height of the photosensitive substrate (5) may be measured at a plurality of measurement points including a plurality of points in a region in front of the scan.

It is desirable that the multipoint measuring means sequentially changes the positions of the plurality of measurement points in the process of sequentially exposing the pattern of the mask (12) to one shot area of the photosensitive substrate (5). . A second surface position setting device according to the present invention scans an illumination optical system for illuminating an illumination area of a predetermined shape with exposure light, and a mask (12) on which an exposure pattern is formed for the illumination area. A mask-side stage (10), a projection optical system (8) for projecting a pattern of a mask (12) in an illumination area on a photosensitive substrate (5), and a photosensitive substrate (5) in synchronization with the mask (12). ) Is provided in an exposure apparatus having a substrate-side stage (2) for scanning the surface of the substrate, and a surface position setting device for adjusting the height of the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate (5) to the image plane of the projection optical system (8). And an illumination area having a predetermined shape and a projection optical system (8).
At a predetermined measurement point in a measurement area consisting of an exposure area (24) conjugated with respect to and an area immediately before the photosensitive substrate (5) is scanned with respect to this exposure area (5).
Height measuring means (62A, 69A) for measuring the height in the direction parallel to the optical axis of the projection optical system (8), and the photosensitive substrate (5)
The average height of the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate (5) and the projection optical system (8) are determined based on the maximum value and the minimum value among the plurality of height measurement results obtained by the height measurement means when scanning is performed. )
Calculating means (71A) for obtaining a difference from the height of the image plane of
Arithmetic means (71A) provided on substrate side stage (2)
And a height setting stage (4) for setting the height of the photosensitive substrate (5) based on the difference between the heights obtained by the above. Next, the first scanning type exposure apparatus according to the present invention moves the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the first object with respect to the exposure beam. Detecting means for detecting position information of the second object in a plurality of measurement points in the optical axis direction of the projection system at a plurality of measurement points while the second object is moving; Setting means for setting the inclination of the second object based on the detection result of the detection means during the movement of the second object, wherein the setting means sets the inclination of the movement direction of the second object. And the response speed when setting the inclination in the direction intersecting the moving direction of the second object.
The second scanning exposure apparatus according to the present invention moves the second object with respect to the exposure beam that has passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In a scanning type exposure apparatus that scans and exposes the second object, the second object passes through the projection system while moving .
Multiple detections located away from the exposure beam irradiation area
Detecting means for detecting information on the position of the definitive its second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system at a point during movement of the second object, the position information detected by the plurality of detection points of the detection means Adjusting means for adjusting the positional relationship between the image plane of the projection system and the second object based on the maximum value and the minimum value. The third scanning exposure apparatus according to the present invention moves the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In a scanning exposure apparatus for scanning and exposing the second object, an irradiation area of an exposure beam passing through the projection system while the second object is moving.
From a detecting means for detecting information on the position of the definitive its second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system at a plurality of detection points that are located remotely, during movement of the second object, a plurality of the detection means Positioning means for weighting the position information detected at the detection point and positioning the desired surface on the second object with the image plane of the projection system. The fourth scanning exposure apparatus according to the present invention moves the second object with respect to the exposure beam that has passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. A scanning type exposure apparatus that scans and exposes the second object, detecting means for detecting position information of the second object with respect to an optical axis direction of the projection system at a plurality of detection points while the second object is moving; Setting means for setting the surface of the second object with respect to the image plane of the projection system based on the detection result of the detecting means while the second object is moving, and setting the surface of the second object The response speed at that time is changed according to the moving speed of the second object. Further, the fifth scanning type exposure apparatus according to the present invention moves the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam, In a scanning type exposure apparatus for scanning and exposing the second object, a detecting means for detecting unevenness information on an exposure surface of the second object, and a second means for scanning and exposing the second object during the scanning exposure of the exposure surface of the second object.
Setting means for performing surface setting of the exposure surface based on the unevenness information detected by the detection means in order to perform alignment between the exposure surface of the object and the image surface of the projection system, and the setting means includes: Based on the unevenness information, a surface setting that degrades the alignment accuracy between the image plane and the exposure plane is suppressed.
The response speed of that surface setting is set . Next, in the first scanning exposure method according to the present invention, the second object is moved with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the scanning exposure method of scanning and exposing the second object, when setting the inclination of the second object while the second object is moving, the response speed and the response speed when setting the inclination of the moving direction of the second object are set. The response speed at the time of setting the inclination in the direction intersecting with the moving direction of the second object is made different. In the second scanning exposure method according to the present invention, the second object is moved with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the scanning exposure method for scanning and exposing a second object, when setting the inclination of the second object during the movement of the second object, the response speed when setting the inclination of the movement direction of the second object is set to This is changed according to the moving speed of the second object. In the third scanning exposure method according to the present invention, the second object is moved with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In a scanning exposure method for scanning and exposing a second object, an exposure beam having passed through the projection system
At a plurality of detection points set apart from the irradiation area, while the movement of the second object, information on the position of the second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system is detected, and Based on the maximum value and the minimum value of the position information detected at the plurality of detection points, the image plane of the projection system and the second
It adjusts the positional relationship with the object. Further, the fourth scanning exposure method according to the present invention provides the first
By moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the object, the second object is moved.
In a scanning exposure method for scanning and exposing an object, a projection system is provided.
At a plurality of detection points set apart from the irradiation area of the exposure beam that has passed through, the information on the position of the second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system during the movement of the second object.
Detecting the broadcast, by weighting the position information detected by the detection point of the plurality, it is to align the desired surface on the second object and the image plane of the projection system. In the fifth scanning exposure method according to the present invention, the first
By moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the object, the second object is moved.
In a scanning exposure scanning exposure method for scanning and exposing an object, in order to align an exposure surface of the second object with an image surface of the projection system, a surface setting of the exposure surface is performed based on unevenness information of the exposure surface. When performing scanning exposure on the exposed surface while performing the exposure , based on the concavo-convex information so as to suppress the surface setting that degrades the alignment accuracy between the image surface and the exposed surface.
The plane setting is performed at a response speed based on this . next,
A first device manufacturing method according to the present invention uses the above-described scanning exposure apparatus of the present invention. A second device manufacturing method according to the present invention uses the above-described scanning exposure method according to the present invention.

[0019]

According to the present invention, the mask (12) as the first object and the photosensitive substrate (5) as the second object are scanned synchronously to form a mask on the photosensitive substrate (5). When exposing the pattern image of (12), for example, the height of the photosensitive substrate (5) is measured at a plurality of measurement points including the measurement point in front of the scanning direction by using the multi-point measuring means. Then, by obtaining height information a plurality of times along the scanning direction at each of the plurality of measurement points, the inclination angle of the photosensitive substrate (5) is obtained. Thereafter, when exposing the pattern image of the mask (12) to the region where the inclination angle is obtained in such a manner, the inclination angle of the region is set based on the inclination angle obtained in advance. Thus, even in the slit scan exposure method, the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate (5) is set parallel to the image plane of the projection optical system (8).

In the present invention, when performing such leveling, the response speed of leveling in the scanning direction is different from the response speed of leveling in the non-scanning direction.
In order to explain the effect of this, an error factor of focusing and leveling at the time of slit scan exposure will be described. The following errors can be considered in the slit scan exposure type exposure apparatus. Focus offset error and vibration error The focus offset error is the difference between the focus position between the average exposure surface and the image plane of the projection optical system, and the vibration error is the focus direction of the substrate-side stage during scanning exposure. This is an error caused by vibration of the device. This will be described in more detail, assuming that only the auto-focus control is performed, for the case of performing batch exposure like a stepper and for the case of performing exposure using a slit scan exposure method.

FIG. 14A shows a case where batch exposure is performed.
(B) shows a case where exposure is performed by a slit scan exposure method. In FIG. 14A, although the average surface 34 of the exposure surface 5a of the photosensitive substrate matches the image surface of the projection optical system,
The focus positions of the positions Ya, Yb and Yc are respectively -ΔZ1, 0 and ΔZ2 with respect to a constant average surface 34.
Only different. Therefore, the focus offset errors at the positions Ya and Yb are -ΔZ1 and ΔZ, respectively.
2.

On the other hand, in the case of FIG. 14 (b), a series of partial average surfaces 35 on the exposure surface 5a in the scanning direction.
A, 35B, 35C,... Are sequentially adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system. Therefore, the focus offset error at each of the positions Ya, Yb and Yc becomes zero due to the averaging effect. However, since the focus position moves between the height ΔZB from the average surface 35B to the average surface 35D to form the image on the position Yb, the image on the position Yb has a variation in the focus direction by ΔZB. It becomes an image. Similarly, the images on the positions Ya and Yc are images having variations in the focusing direction by ΔZA and ΔZB, respectively.

That is, in the slit scan exposure method, the focus offset error becomes almost zero with respect to the unevenness of the photosensitive substrate surface at a certain frequency or less, but the rolling, pitching, and focusing directions (Z-axis direction) of the substrate-side stage. The error component caused by the auto-focus mechanism and the auto-leveling mechanism following the vibration and the low-frequency air fluctuation error, and the short-term wavelength fluctuation of the exposure light (KrF excimer laser light, etc.) cause a new error (vibration error). Occurs.

Focus following error, air fluctuation error,
This is a typical example of the vibration errors referred to in the stage vibration error, which depends on the response frequency of the autofocus mechanism and the autoleveling mechanism, and can be further classified into the following errors. (1) High frequency stage vibration error that cannot be controlled by the control system, short-term wavelength fluctuation error of exposure light (KrF excimer laser light, etc.), etc. (2) Low air-fluctuation error that the substrate stage follows. (3) Measurement errors that are included in the measurement results of the focus position detection system or the tilt angle detection system, but do not result in focus errors because the substrate side stage does not follow.

This error is caused by the fact that the exposure field by the projection optical system is a two-dimensional surface unit and the focus position on the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate is measured by a finite number of measurement points. The error is caused by performing the slit scan exposure, and can be classified into the following two errors. (1) For example, as shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B, a case in which focus positions are measured at multiple points on an exposure surface 5a of a photosensitive substrate to obtain alignment target surfaces (focus surfaces) 36A and 36B (2) Difference between the scanning speed and the following speed of the auto-focus mechanism and the auto-leveling mechanism due to the error of the focus plane 36A and the ideal focus plane due to the calculation method for the position of the measurement point, Error due to response speed etc.

In this case, the response speed (focus response) when the focus position is adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system is:
The time delay error as shown in FIG.
It is determined by the servo gain as shown in FIG.
That is, in FIG. 15C, a curve 37A indicates a drive signal (target focus position signal) for a focus direction for sequentially adjusting a series of partial areas of the exposure surface 5a of the photosensitive substrate to the image plane of the projection optical system. , Curve 38A is the exposure surface 5a
Signal obtained by converting the amount of movement of a series of partial areas in the focus direction into a drive signal (following focus position signal)
Is shown. Curve 38A lags curve 37A by a fixed amount of time. Similarly, in FIG.
7B is a target focus position signal of a series of partial regions on the exposure surface 5a of the photosensitive substrate, and a curve 38B is a follow-up focus position signal of a series of partial regions on the exposure surface 5a.
The amplitude (servo gain) of the curve 38B is smaller than B by a certain amount.

In the present invention, in order to eliminate these errors, the responsiveness of the leveling mechanism in the scanning direction and the responsiveness in the non-scanning direction are changed. The multipoint measuring means for the auto-leveling mechanism in the present invention is based on an oblique incidence type multipoint focus position detection system. Also, instead of considering the average surface of the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate in a predetermined region in the exposure field of the projection optical system, each point of the exposure surface in the predetermined region and the image plane of the projection optical system are considered. The goal is to minimize the maximum value of the deviation from. As described above, in a predetermined region in the exposure field of the projection optical system, the exposure field in the case where the maximum value of the deviation between almost all points on the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate and the image plane of the projection optical system is minimum It is called "Good Field".

First, as shown in FIG. 16, it is assumed that there are a large number of measurement points (not shown) of the focus position in the slit exposure field 24 conjugate with the slit illumination area and the projection optical system. In FIG. 16, it is assumed that one shot area SA ij on the photosensitive substrate scans the slit-shaped exposure field 24 in the Y direction at a speed V / β, and the width of the shot area SA ij in the scanning direction is WY,
The width in the non-scan direction is WX, and the width of the exposure field 24 in the scan direction is D. Also, by averaging the focus positions at a number of measurement points in the central area 24a in the exposure field 24, the average surface focus position at the center point of the exposure field 24 is determined, and the scanning of the exposure field 24 is performed. Measurement areas 24b, 24c at both ends in the direction
The inclination angle θ Y of the average surface in the scanning direction is calculated based on the least squares approximation from the focus positions at the measurement points in the measurement area 2, and the measurement areas 2 at both ends of the exposure field 24 in the non-scanning direction are obtained.
It is assumed that the average surface inclination angle θ X in the non-scanning direction is obtained from the focus positions at the measurement points in 4b and 24c based on the least squares approximation. Further, the response frequency of leveling in the scanning direction is fm [Hz], and the response frequency of leveling in the non-scanning direction is fm [Hz], and the values of fm and fn are set independently.

Then, the shot area SA ij on the photosensitive substrate
The period B of the periodic bending in the scanning direction is represented by a bending parameter F as a value of a ratio with respect to the width WY in the scanning direction (the same bending period is also set in the non-scanning direction). The focus error at each measurement point in the exposure field 24 is expressed by the sum of the absolute value of the average value of the focus error when scanning and 1/3 of the amplitude of the focus error when scanning. Further, the amplitude of the periodic bending of the bending parameter F is normalized to 1, and when the bending parameter is F, an error parameter S indicating the maximum value of the focus errors at each of the measurement points is converted to a bending parameter F. Expressed as a ratio to
That is, the following equation holds. F = Bending period / WY (1) S = Maximum focus error / F (2)

FIG. 17A shows an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when the response frequency fm of leveling in the scanning direction and the response frequency fm of leveling in the non-scanning direction are equal and large. The error parameter S in the direction, the curve B1 is the absolute value of the average value of the normal focus error in the error parameter S in the non-scanning direction, the curve A2 is the error parameter S in the scanning direction, and the curve B2 is the error parameter S in the scanning direction. Shows the average value of the normal focus error in the middle. Curve A
1 and curve A2 each represent a more realistic focus error. When the value of the meter F is small and the period of the unevenness on the exposure surface is small, the followability of the leveling control in the scan direction is poor (curve A2). As the period of the unevenness increases, the leveling control in the scan direction follows the curve. It turns out that it becomes. In addition, since the focus position does not change sequentially in the non-scanning direction as in the scanning direction, even if the period of the bend increases, it is worse than the followability in the scanning direction (curve A1). As described above, it is desirable that the focus error be set so that the parameter S becomes 0.5 or less, but the focus error is large as a whole in both the scan direction and the non-scan direction.

On the other hand, FIG. 17B shows that the response frequency fm of leveling in the scanning direction is higher than the response frequency fm of leveling in the non-scanning direction, and both response frequencies fm
, Fn is small, the error parameter S with respect to the bending parameter F, the curve A3 is the error parameter S in the non-scan direction, the curve B3 is the absolute value of the average value of the normal focus error in the non-scan direction, and the curve A4 is the scan. The error parameter S in the direction and the curve B4 indicate the absolute value of the average value of the normal focus error in the scanning direction. FIG.
7 (a) and FIG. 17 (b), the error parameter S is 0 when the response frequency is lower (FIG. 17 (b)) than when the response is almost complete (FIG. 17 (a)). .5, which indicates that the focus error is small. This is because when the auto-leveling mechanism follows fine irregularities on the photosensitive substrate, the slit-like exposure field 24
This is because a point at which the accuracy is deteriorated occurs. However, if the response frequency is too low, it is not possible to follow the low frequency projections and depressions, so the response frequency must be set to an appropriate value.

In the example of FIG. 17B, the response frequency fm of leveling in the scanning direction is set higher than the response frequency fn of leveling in the non-scanning direction. This is because even in the case of unevenness with the same bending parameter F, the response frequency for satisfactorily following the unevenness of the exposed surface is smaller than that in the non-scanning direction because the period is substantially shortened in the scanning direction according to the slit width. Is also required to be higher in the scanning direction.

Further, the multi-point measuring means for the auto-leveling mechanism includes a plurality of points in the exposure area (24) conjugate with the illumination area of the predetermined shape and the projection optical system (8) and the conjugate exposure area. On the other hand, when measuring the height of the photosensitive substrate (5) at each of a plurality of measurement points including a plurality of points in an area before the photosensitive substrate (5) is scanned, the measurement is performed at the near measurement point. Pre-reading of the focus position is partially performed. This is called "split look-ahead". Therefore, as compared with the technique of performing pre-reading at all measurement points (complete pre-reading), the length (running distance) when the focus position is read by the multi-point measuring means before exposure is reduced.

In the case where the multipoint measuring means sequentially changes the positions of the plurality of measurement points in the process of sequentially exposing the pattern of the mask (12) to one shot area of the photosensitive substrate (5), For example, divided pre-reading is performed at the end of the shot area, complete pre-reading is performed after the center of the shot area, and open control is confirmed by the exposure position detecting unit. This makes it possible to increase the exposure throughput by reducing the approach distance at the end of the shot area while maintaining high leveling accuracy.

Next, the autofocus control in the present invention will be discussed. Good field mentioned above (Good F
If the concept of “ield) is adopted, as shown in FIG. 16, the focus position of each measurement point in the central portion 24a of the exposure field 24 is averaged, and the plane indicated by the average value of the focus position is projected. Adjusting to the image plane of the optical system may deteriorate accuracy. That is, FIG.
Indicates a surface 34A corresponding to the average value of the focus positions of the respective measurement points on the exposure surface 5a having the concave portion having the depth H of the photosensitive substrate, and the difference ΔZ3 in the focus direction between the surface 34A and the concave portion.
Is larger than H / 2.

On the other hand, in the present invention, the exposure surface 5
The maximum value and the minimum value of the focus position of each measurement point in the predetermined measurement area on a are obtained, and the surface corresponding to the focus position intermediate between the maximum value and the minimum value is aligned with the image plane of the projection optical system. So that it fits. FIG. 18 (b), the exposure surface 5a with a recess depth H of the photosensitive substrate, corresponding to the intermediate focus position between the maximum value Z max and the minimum value Z min of the focus position of each measurement point surface 34B shows the surface 34B
The focus position Z 34B can be expressed as follows. Z34B = ( Zmax + Zmin ) / 2 (3)

Thereafter, the surface 34B is adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system. The difference ΔZ4 in the focus direction between the surface 34B and the surface of the exposure surface 5a and the difference ΔZ5 in the focus direction between the surface 34B and the concave portion thereof are substantially H /
It is 2. That is, since the maximum value of the focus position error at each point on the exposure surface 5a is smaller in the surface 34B in FIG. 18B than in the surface 34A in FIG. According to the concept of Field), the present invention makes it possible to adjust the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate to the image plane of the projection optical system with higher accuracy.

Further, as shown in FIG. 17A, the leveling response frequency fm in the scanning direction and the leveling response frequency fn in the non-scanning direction are made equal and large to perform the auto-leveling control, and at the same time, FIG. Auto focus control based on the averaging processing of a) or FIG.
FIGS. 19A and 19B show the characteristics of the error parameter S with respect to the bending parameter F when the autofocus control is performed based on the average value of the maximum value and the minimum value in FIG. That is, FIG. 19A based on the averaging process
, Curves A5 and B5 respectively represent error parameters S in the non-scanning direction, and curves A6 and B6 respectively represent error parameters S in the scanning direction. In FIG. 19B based on the average value of the maximum value and the minimum value, a curve A
7 and B7 represent error parameters S in the non-scanning direction, respectively, and curves A8 and B8 represent error parameters S in the scanning direction, respectively.

As is clear from FIG. 19 (b), when the autofocus control is performed based on the average value of the maximum value and the minimum value, the error parameter is obtained for all the bending parameters F, that is, for all the frequency bands. The value of S is close to 0.5, and the maximum value of the focus error is smaller than in the case where the autofocus control is performed based on the averaging process.

Returning to FIGS. 15A and 15B, only the auto focus control is performed based on the average of the maximum and minimum values of the focus position obtained at the measurement points in the predetermined measurement area. In this case, as shown in FIG.
With respect to the exposure surface 5a having a bend having an amplitude of 2 · ΔZa,
The surface 36A whose difference between the maximum value and the focus position is ΔZa is adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system. On the other hand, the amplitude 2 · ΔZ
For the exposure surface 5a having the curvature of a, the autofocus control is simply performed based on the average value of the focus positions obtained at the measurement points, and the autoleveling control is performed based on the least square approximation of the obtained focus position. Is performed, the amplitude ΔZc (> 2 ·
In a range of ΔZa), the surface 36B having a difference of the focus position from the maximum value of ΔZb (> ΔZa) may be adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system. Therefore, regardless of whether the auto-leveling mechanism is used or not, the focus error is reduced by performing the auto-focus control based on the average value of the obtained maximum and minimum focus positions.

In the present invention, the surface determined by (maximum value of focus position Z max + minimum value of focus position Z min ) / 2 is controlled so as to match the image plane. In some cases, the depth of focus of either the convex portion or the concave portion of the exposure surface 5a of the substrate is required. Therefore, it is desirable to perform control such that the plane of the focus position Z MN determined by the following proportional distribution is adjusted to the image plane using the predetermined coefficients M and N. ZMN = ( MZmax + NZZmin ) / (M + N) (4)

[0042]

An embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In this embodiment, the present invention is applied to an autofocus mechanism and an autoleveling mechanism of a projection exposure apparatus of a slit scan exposure system. FIG. 1 shows a projection exposure apparatus according to the present embodiment. In FIG. 1, a reticle 12 is formed by a rectangular illumination area (hereinafter, referred to as a “slit illumination area”) by exposure light EL from an illumination optical system (not shown). The upper pattern is illuminated, and an image of the pattern is projected and exposed on the wafer 5 via the projection optical system 8.
At this time, with respect to the slit-shaped illumination area of the exposure light EL,
Synchronously with the reticle 12 being scanned at a constant speed V in the forward direction (or the far side) with respect to the plane of FIG. 1, the wafer 5 is kept constant in the far side (or the forward direction) with respect to the plane of FIG. Scanning is performed at a speed V / β (1 / β is a reduction magnification of the projection optical system 8).

The drive system for the reticle 12 and the wafer 5 will be described. A reticle Y drive stage 10 that can be driven in the Y-axis direction (a direction perpendicular to the plane of FIG. 1) is mounted on the reticle support 9. A reticle minute drive stage 11 is mounted on the reticle Y drive stage 10, and a reticle 12 is held on the reticle minute drive stage 11 by a vacuum chuck or the like. Reticle micro drive stage 1
1 controls the position of the reticle 12 with a very small amount and high precision in the X direction, the Y direction, and the rotation direction (θ direction) parallel to the plane of FIG. 1 in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis of the projection optical system 8. Do. A movable mirror 21 is disposed on the reticle minute drive stage 11, and an interferometer 14 disposed on the reticle support 9 is provided.
Thus, the positions of the reticle minute drive stage 11 in the X, Y, and θ directions are constantly monitored. The position information S1 obtained by the interferometer 14 is stored in the main control system 22A.
Is supplied to

On the other hand, a wafer Y-axis drive stage 2 which can be driven in the Y-axis direction is mounted on the wafer support table 1, and a wafer X-axis drive stage 3 which can be driven in the X-axis direction is mounted thereon. A Z leveling stage 4 is provided thereon, and a wafer 5 is held on the Z leveling stage 4 by vacuum suction. The movable mirror 7 is also fixed on the Z-leveling stage 4, and the interferometer 13
Thus, the positions of the Z leveling stage 4 in the X, Y, and θ directions are monitored, and the position information obtained by the interferometer 13 is also supplied to the main control system 22A. The main control system 22A receives the wafer Y via the wafer driving device 22B or the like.
In addition to controlling the positioning operation of the axis driving stage 2, the wafer X-axis driving stage 3, and the Z leveling stage 4,
Controls the operation of the entire device.

In order to establish a correspondence between a wafer coordinate system defined by coordinates measured by the interferometer 13 on the wafer side and a reticle coordinate system defined by coordinates measured by the interferometer 14 on the reticle side, A reference mark plate 6 is fixed near the wafer 5 on the Z leveling stage 4. Various reference marks are formed on the reference mark plate 6. Among these reference marks, reference marks illuminated from the back side by illumination light guided to the Z leveling stage 4 side, that is, luminescent reference marks are also provided.

Above the reticle 12 of this embodiment, reticle alignment microscopes 19 and 20 for simultaneously observing the reference mark on the reference mark plate 6 and the mark on the reticle 12 are provided. In this case, deflecting mirrors 15 and 16 for guiding the detection light from the reticle 12 to the reticle alignment microscopes 19 and 20, respectively, are movably arranged, and when the exposure sequence is started, a command from the main control system 22A is also issued. And the mirror driving devices 17 and 1
8, the deflection mirrors 15 and 16 are retracted, respectively.

The conventional oblique incidence type multi-point focus position detection system described with reference to FIGS. 20 and 21 is mounted on the slit scan type projection exposure apparatus shown in FIG. However, in the multipoint focus position detection system of this example, the number of measurement points is larger than in the conventional example, and the arrangement of the measurement points is devised. FIG. 2B shows a pattern forming plate 62A of the present example corresponding to the conventional pattern forming plate 62 of FIG. 21B, and as shown in FIG. Eye has 9 slit-shaped opening patterns 72-1
1 to 72-19 are formed, and nine opening patterns 72-12 to 72-59 are also formed in the second to fifth columns, respectively. That is, a total of 45 slit-shaped opening patterns are formed on the pattern forming plate 62A, and the images of these slit-shaped opening patterns are displayed on the exposure surface of the wafer 5 in FIG. Are projected obliquely with respect to.

FIG. 2A shows an exposure surface of the wafer 5 below the projection optical system 8 of this embodiment.
The reticle 12 of FIG. 1 is placed in a rectangular exposure field 24 long in the X direction inscribed in the circular illumination field 23 of the projection optical system 8.
Is exposed, and the wafer 5 is scanned (scanned) with respect to the exposure field 24 in the Y direction. With the multipoint focus position detection system of this example, the exposure field 24
, The nine rows of measurement points AF11 to AF19 extending in the X direction above the Y direction, and the measurement points AF21 to AF2 in the second row.
9. Measurement points AF31 to AF3 in the third column in the exposure field 24
AF39, measurement points AF41 to AF49 in the fourth row below the exposure field 24 in the Y direction, and measurement points AF5 in the fifth row
An image of a slit-shaped opening pattern is projected on each of 1 to AF59.

FIG. 2C shows a photodetector 69A of the multi-point focus position detecting system of this embodiment. On the photodetector 69A, nine light receiving elements 75-11 to 75-19 are arranged in the first column. Are arranged, and nine light receiving elements 75-12 to 75-59 are also arranged in the second to fifth columns. That is, a total of 45 light receiving elements are arranged in the light receiver 69A, and a slit-shaped diaphragm (not shown) is provided on each light receiving element.
Is arranged. Further, the light receiving elements 75-11 to 75-1
The measurement points AF11 to AF11 in FIG.
The image of the slit-shaped opening pattern projected on the AF 59 is re-imaged. Then, the light reflected on the exposure surface of the wafer 5 is rotationally vibrated by a vibration plate corresponding to the rotation direction vibration plate 67 in FIG. Vibrates in the RD direction, which is the width direction of.

The detection signals of the respective light receiving elements 75-11 to 75-59 are supplied to a signal processing device 71A, and the signal processing device 7A
In FIG. 1A, each detection signal is synchronously detected with a signal of a rotational vibration frequency, so that each measurement point AF11 on the wafer is detected.
45 focus signals corresponding to the focus positions of AF-59 are generated, and the tilt angle (leveling angle) and the average of the exposure surface of the wafer are determined based on a predetermined focus signal among the 45 focus signals as described later. Calculate a proper focus position. The measured leveling angle and focus position are supplied to the main control system 22A of FIG. 1, and the main control system 22A transmits the measured leveling angle and focus position via the driving device 22B and the Z leveling stage 4 based on the supplied leveling angle and focus position. The leveling angle and the focus position of the wafer 5 are set.

Therefore, in this example, the focus positions of all 45 measurement points AF11 to AF59 shown in FIG. 2A can be measured. However, in this example, as shown in FIG. 3, a point (hereinafter, referred to as a focus point) for actually measuring the focus position among the 45 measurement points according to the scanning direction of the wafer.
(Referred to as the "sample point"). As an example, as shown in FIG. 3A, when the wafer is scanned in the Y direction with respect to the exposure field 24, and when divided prefetching as described later is performed, the measurement points in the second column 25B are measured. Odd-numbered measurement points AF21, AF23,.
F29 and even-numbered measurement point A in exposure field 24
F32, AF34,..., AF38 are sample points. Also, as shown in FIG.
In the case where the wafer is scanned in the −Y direction with respect to No. 4 and division pre-reading as described later is performed, the fourth column 25
The odd-numbered measurement points AF41, AF43,
AF, AF49 and even-numbered measurement points AF32, AF34, ‥‥, AF38 in the exposure field 24 are sample points.

Further, the measurement result of the focus position at the time of the slit scan exposure changes sequentially according to the movement coordinates of the stage on the wafer side. The two-dimensional map including the coordinates of the measurement points in the scanning direction is stored in the storage device in the main control system 22A of FIG. The focus position and the leveling angle of the wafer at the time of exposure are calculated using the measurement results stored in this manner. When the Z leveling stage 4 of FIG. 1 is actually driven to set the focus position and the leveling angle of the exposure surface of the wafer, the operation of the Z leveling stage 4 is controlled by open loop control according to the measurement result. In this case, the exposure field 24 is determined based on a result measured in advance.
Exposure is performed within. That is, as shown in FIG. 4A, for example, the focus position of the region 26 on the wafer is measured at a predetermined sampling point of the measurement points in the second row 25B, and thereafter, as shown in FIG. Area 26 on wafer
Is reached in the exposure field 24, focusing and leveling control of the region 26 on the wafer is performed based on the measurement result in FIG.

FIG. 5 shows the Z leveling stage 4 of this embodiment and its control system. In FIG. 5, the upper surface member of the Z leveling stage 4 has three fulcrums 28A to 28A on the lower surface member.
28C, each fulcrum 28A-28C
Can be expanded and contracted in the focus direction. By adjusting the amount of expansion and contraction of the respective fulcrums 28A to 28C, the focus position of the exposure surface of the wafer 5 on the Z leveling stage 4, the inclination angle of the scan direction theta Y and the inclination angle theta X in the non-scanning direction to a desired value Can be set. Near the fulcrums 28A to 28C, height sensors 29A to 29C capable of measuring the displacement amount of each fulcrum in the focus direction with a resolution of, for example, about 0.01 μm are attached. Note that a high-precision mechanism with a longer stroke may be separately provided as a positioning mechanism in the focus direction (Z direction).

In order to control the leveling operation of the Z leveling stage 4, the main control system 22A includes a filter 30A.
And 30B are supplied with the tilt angle θ X to be set in the non-scan direction and the tilt angle θ Y to be set in the scan direction, which change every moment. The filter units 30A and 30B supply the inclination angles obtained by filtering with different filter characteristics to the operation unit 31, and the main control system 22A sends the operation unit 31 the coordinates W of the region to be exposed on the wafer 5 to be exposed.
(X, Y). The calculation unit 31 calculates the coordinates W (X,
Y) and the drive units 32A to 32C based on the two inclination angles
Is supplied with information on the amount of displacement to be set. Each drive unit 32A
To 32C are also supplied with information on the current height of the fulcrums 29A to 29C from the height sensors 29A to 29C, respectively, and the driving units 32A to 32C set the heights of the fulcrums 29A to 29C in the calculation unit 31 respectively. Set to height.

As a result, the inclination angle of the exposure surface of the wafer 5 in the scanning direction and the inclination angle in the non-scanning direction are respectively set to desired values. The response frequency fm [Hz] of the leveling in the direction is set higher than the response speed fn [Hz] of the leveling in the non-scanning direction. As an example, the leveling response frequency fm in the scanning direction is 10 Hz, and the leveling response speed fn in the non-scanning direction is 2 Hz.

When the positions where the fulcrums 28A, 28B and 28C are arranged are called driving points TL1, TL2 and TL3, the driving points TL1 and TL2 are arranged on one straight line parallel to the Y axis. TL3 is located on a perpendicular bisector between the driving points TL1 and TL2. Assuming that the slit-shaped exposure field 24 by the projection optical system is located on the shot area SAij on the wafer 5, in this example, leveling control of the wafer 5 is performed via the fulcrums 28A to 28C. At that time, the shot area SA
The focus position of ij does not change. Therefore, the leveling control and the focus control are performed separately. The focus position of the exposure surface of the wafer 5 is set by displacing the three fulcrums 28A to 28C by the same amount.

Next, the leveling operation and the focusing operation of this embodiment will be described in detail. First, a method of calculating a tilt angle for leveling and a focus position for focusing will be described. (A) Calculation Method of Tilt Angle As shown in FIG. 4, the X coordinate of the m-th sample point in the non-scanning direction is X m , and the Y coordinate of the n-th sample point in the scanning direction is Y at the measurement points in each column. n is the X coordinate X
The value of the focus position measured by sample point m and Y coordinate Y n expressed by AF (X m, Y n) . The following calculation is performed, where M is the number of samples in the non-scan direction and N is the number of samples in the scan direction. However, the sum calculation sigma m represents the sum of up to 1~M about subscript m.

[0058] SX = Σ m X m, SX2 = Σ m X m 2, SMZ = Σ m AF (X m, Y n), SXZ = Σ m (AF (X m, Y n) · X m) (5 Similarly, assuming that the sum operation Σ n represents the sum of 1 to N relating to the subscript n, the following operation is performed. SY = Σ n Y n, SY2 = Σ n Y n 2, SNZ = Σ n AF (X m, Y n), SYZ = Σ n (AF (X m, Y n) · Y n) (6)

Then, the following calculation is performed using the equations (5) and (6). An = (SX · SMZ-M · SXZ) / (SX 2 -M · SX2) (7) Am = (SY · SNZ-N · SYZ) / (SY 2 -N · SY2) (8) Next, each From An, the non-scan direction (X direction) at the n-th sample point in the scan direction by least square approximation
The tilt angle determine the AL (Y n), from each Am, obtains the scan direction in the m-th sample point in the non-scanning direction inclination angle (Y-direction) AL (X m) by least squares approximation. Then, determine the inclination angle theta Y tilt angle theta X and the scanning direction in the non-scanning direction by the averaging process as follows. θ X = (Σ n AL (Y n )) / N (9) θ Y = (Σ m AL (X m )) (10)

(B) Focus Position Calculation Method The focus position can be calculated by an averaging method or a maximum / minimum detection method. In this example, the focus position is calculated by the maximum / minimum detection method. For reference, in the averaging method, the focus position <AF> of the entire exposure surface of the wafer 5 is calculated from the following equation using the focus position value AF (X m , Y n ). <AF> = (Σ n Σ m AF (X m, Y n)) / (M · N) (11)

Next, in the maximum / minimum detection method, the functions representing the maximum value and the minimum value are defined as Max () and Min (), respectively, and the focus position AF ′ of the entire exposure surface of the wafer 5 is calculated from the following equation. . AF '= (Max (AF ( X m, Y n)) + Min (AF (X m, Y n)) / 2 (12) Then, as shown in FIG. 4 (b), measured regions 26
Reaches the exposure field 24, the expression (9)
The detection results θ X , θ Y and A of Expressions (10) and (12)
Based on F ′, the three fulcrums 28A to 28C in FIG. 5 are driven in an open loop based on the measurement results of the height sensors 29A to 29C, respectively. Specifically, the auto focus control is performed by simultaneously driving the three fulcrums 28A to 28C, and the auto leveling control is performed by:
This is performed so that the focus position in the exposure field 24 shown in FIG. 5 does not change.

That is, in FIG.
The distance in the X direction between the center point of the lens and the fulcrums 28A and 28B is X 1 ,
The distance between the center point of the exposure field 24 and the fulcrum 28C in the X direction is X 2 , the distance between the center point of the exposure field 24 and the fulcrum 28A in the Y direction is Y 1 , and the distance between the center point of the exposure field 24 and the fulcrum 28B in the Y direction. Is defined as Y 2 , based on the result of the tilt angle θ X in the non-scan direction, displacements in the opposite direction are given to the fulcrums 28 A, 28 B and the fulcrum 28 C at a ratio of X 1 : X 2 respectively, and the tilt angle in the scan direction Based on the result of θ Y , displacements in opposite directions are given to the fulcrum 28A and the fulcrum 28B at a ratio of Y 1 : Y 2 , respectively.

In the above-described processing method, the measured value of the actual focus position needs to be corrected because the focus position and the tilt angle change every time depending on the exposure apparatus. FIG.
FIG. 6A shows a state in which the focus position and the tilt angle of the entire area 26 on the exposure surface 5a of the wafer are measured at a measurement point (AF point) at a certain focus position, and FIG.
In the state of (a), the driving amounts <TL1> and <TL in the focus direction of the fulcrums at the driving points TL1 to TL3 in FIG.
2> and <TL3> are each assumed to be 0 (reference position). When the area 26 reaches the exposure point in the exposure field as shown in FIG. 6B, the driving amounts for the exposure are respectively <TL1> = a,
<TL2> = b and <TL3> = c are set. In this case, the focus position of the area 26A measured at the focus position measurement point (AF point) has changed by ΔF as compared with the case of FIG. Since the influence of the driving amount at the driving points TL1 to TL3 is included, the next time the region 26A is exposed,
Leveling and focusing must be performed in such a manner that the drive amounts of the respective drive points TL1 to TL3 in the state of FIG. 6B are corrected.

That is, the focus position, the tilt angle in the X direction, and the tilt angle in the Y direction measured with respect to the region 26A are defined as F 1 , θ 1X and θ 1Y , respectively, and the focus position, the tilt in the X direction measured with respect to the region 26A. The angles and the inclination angles in the Y direction are F n ′, θ nX ′ and θ nY ′, respectively. In addition, X between the measurement point (AF point) of the focus position and the exposure point
Assuming that the intervals in the direction and the Y direction are ΔX and ΔY, respectively, the correction amount ΔF1 of the focus position is as follows. ΔF1 = −F 1 −θ 1X · ΔX−θ 1Y · ΔY (13)

Using the correction amount ΔF1, the area 26A
Focus position, X-direction tilt angle and
And corrected values F of the inclination angles in the Y directionn, ΘnXPassing
And θ nYIs as follows. Fn= Fn'+ ΔF1 (14) θnX= ΘnX'-Θ1X (15) θnY= ΘnY'-Θ1Y (16) Further, the high-frequency uneven surface of the exposure surface of the wafer 5 is additionally
It is necessary to manage responsiveness so as not to obey. That is,
Corresponds to stage position even when the scanning speed of c5 changes
Response is required, the measured focus position
And the angle of inclination for the fast Fourier transform (FFT)
Or the three fulcrums 28A-28C in FIG.
Mechanism that can change the servo gain of the drive unit according to the speed
To However, the numerical filter for FFT is
Required because the servo gain has a phase delay.
A mechanism that takes these factors into account is required.

(C) Variable Servo Gain Method Here, an example of a method of varying the servo gain of the drive units of the three fulcrums 28A to 28C in FIG. 5 according to the speed will be described. Assuming that the response frequency when the scanning speed of the wafer is V / β is ν, the transfer function G (s) is expressed as follows. G (s) = 1 / (1 + Ts) (17) where T = 1 / (2πν) and s = 2πfi.

According to the analysis result, the scanning speed V / β was 80 mm
In the case of / s, the response frequency ν in the non-scanning direction is optimally 2 Hz, and the response frequency ν in the scanning direction is optimally 10 Hz. However, if the unevenness of the exposure surface of the wafer is represented by a sine wave with a pitch p and the length of each shot area on the wafer in the scanning direction is L 0 , the frequency f in the expression (17) is as follows. f = (V / β) / L 0 · (L 0 / p) = (V / β) / p (18) Therefore, when the scanning speed V / β changes, the frequency f also changes. Need to be newly sought. The servo gain is determined from the response frequency ν thus obtained.

(D) Numerical filtering method Here, the pitch p of the concavities and convexities on the exposure surface of the wafer is a function dependent on the stage position. Control independent of V / β becomes possible. That is, in order to obtain the same filtering effect as the transfer function G (s) in the position function, the transfer function G (s) is subjected to an inverse Fourier transform to obtain a position function F (x). ) Is used to perform numerical filtering. Specifically, an example of the transfer function G (s) of the response frequency ν is shown in FIG. 7A, and the corresponding position function F (x) is shown in FIG. 7B. However, at the time of numerical filtering, it is necessary to keep the approach scan distance, and if this is not performed, a phase delay will occur.

In each of the above-described servo gain variable method and numerical filtering method, the responsiveness is managed by the phase delay and the filtering effect. The phase delay (time delay) is defined between the signal corresponding to the target focus position indicated by the curve 37A in FIG. 15C and the signal corresponding to the actually measured focus position indicated by the curve 38A. Is a time delay that exists. The filtering effect is represented by curves 37B and 38B in FIG.
Is to reduce the amplitude of the actual focus position with respect to the target focus position by a predetermined amount.

As described above, in this example, when exposing each shot area of the wafer, a preliminary scan, which is a preliminary scan, may be performed. Therefore, a method of setting the approach scan distance will be described. 8 (a) is after the end of exposure of the shot area SA 11 on the wafer, showing a scanning method when exposing the reticle pattern to a shot area SA 12 and SA 13 of sequential next. In this FIG. 8 (a), scanning the wafer in the -Y direction, after the end of exposure to the shot area SA 11 on the wafer, acceleration and deceleration period T
W1 wafers between moved obliquely with respect to the X-axis and Y-axis, arranged in the vicinity of the lower end of the next shot area SA 12 in the exposure field of the projection optical system. First shot area SA
After the end of exposure to 11, the Y direction movement distance ΔL is performed while moving to the vicinity of the lower end of the next shot area SA 12. Further, at the end of the acceleration / deceleration period T W1 , the movement of the wafer in the Y direction is started.

Subsequent enactment (settling) period TW2During the time
The scanning speed of EHA reaches almost V / β, and the subsequent exposure period
Interval TW3Shot area SA12Reticle putter to
Exposure is performed. In this case, acceleration / deceleration on the wafer side
Period TW1, Enactment period TW2And exposure period TW3From FIG. 8 (c).
And the acceleration / deceleration period T on the reticle sideR1, Enactment period T R2
And exposure period TR3Is shown in FIG. The reticle
On the side, move to the adjacent shot area as shown in FIG.
Stage on the reticle side is Y axis
It is a reciprocating motion along. On the wafer side, FIG.
As shown in (c), the acceleration / deceleration period TW1From the enactment period TW2
Time t for transition tosMulti-focus position detection
The sampling of the focus position by the system is started.
You.

In this example, the response at the time of leveling and focusing is managed by the phase delay and the filtering effect, so that the starting point when sampling the focus position on the wafer differs depending on the situation. For example, assuming that sampling is synchronized with the stage position and numerical filtering is performed, the sampling start position is determined in the following procedure.

First, as shown in FIG.
(S) is given, a position function F (x) of FIG. 7B is obtained from the transfer function G (s) by an inverse Fourier transform, and a length from the origin to the zero cross point of the position function F (x) is obtained. ΔL
Ask for. This length ΔL is, as shown in FIG.
Equal to the movement amount ΔL in the Y direction when moving diagonally for exposure to the shot area SA 12 next.

Since the wafer acceleration / deceleration period T W1 is smaller than the reticle acceleration / deceleration period T R1 , the time (T R1
−T W1 ) is the waiting time on the wafer side. In this case, ΔL
<(V / β) (T R1 −T W1 ), the throughput does not decrease, but ΔL> (V / β) (T R1 −T W1 ),
In the case of, the throughput is reduced. Note that ΔY = ΔL
The length ΔY represented by − (V / β) (T R1 −T W1 ) may be treated as a phase lag, and may be a fixed function if a filtering effect similar to that of the transfer function G (s) is obtained. .
By performing these filterings, an effect of reducing the influence of air fluctuation on the multipoint focus position detection system and the control error of the multipoint focus position detection system can be expected.

Next, the arrangement of sample points among the measurement points of the multi-point focus position detection system in the projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure type of this embodiment will be examined. First, FIG.
In (a), when using the measurement results of the focus positions of the measurement points AF31 to AF39 in the slit-shaped exposure field 24 among the measurement points AF11 to AF59 by the multipoint focus position detection system, that is, the measurement points AF31 to AF
When 39 is used as the sample point, control is performed by the same “exposure position control method” as in the case of the conventional stepper. Further, since the wafer is scanned in the Y direction or the −Y direction in the present example, by arranging the sample at the measurement point in front of the exposure field 24 in the scanning direction, it is possible to perform pre-reading control, time-division leveling measurement, And averaging of measured values.

The pre-reading control means that when a wafer as shown in FIG. 2A is scanned with respect to the exposure field 24 in the -Y direction, the measurement points AF 41 to AF 49,
This means that a sample point is selected from AF51 to AF59. By performing the look-ahead control, the transfer function G of the auto-focus mechanism and the auto-leveling mechanism is obtained.
For (s), the tracking error with respect to the actual response frequency is | 1−G (s) |. However, since this tracking error includes a phase delay and a filtering error factor, it is possible to remove the phase delay by performing read-ahead control.
Since this error is 1- | G (s) |, it is possible to provide approximately four times the transmission capability.

FIG. 9A shows a curve 39A corresponding to a target focus position and a curve 38B corresponding to an actually set focus position when the same exposure position control as in the related art is performed. b) a curve 40A corresponding to the target focus position and a curve 40 corresponding to the actually set focus position when the prefetch control is performed;
B shows a phase shift in the exposure position control. Therefore, the difference F between the target position and the following position in the case of the exposure position control is obtained.
a is the difference F between the target position and the follow-up position in the case of the prefetch control.
It is about four times b. Therefore, in the pre-reading control, it is possible to provide about four times the transmission capacity.

However, as described above, the response frequency of the auto-leveling is appropriately about 10 Hz in the scanning direction (in the position control method). Therefore, when the pre-reading control is performed, the filtering response of about 2.5 Hz in the scanning direction is sufficient. Will be. When this filtering is performed by a numerical filter or a control gain, the scanning speed of the wafer is reduced to 80 m.
As m, an approach scan length of about 5 ((80 / (2π * 2.5)) mm is required before exposure. Below, by both control methods,
Indicates a focus error.

Therefore, as in the case of FIG. 17, the period of the periodic bending in the scanning direction of the shot area SA ij on the wafer is represented by a bending parameter F as a value of the ratio to the width in the scanning direction. The focus error at each measurement point when there is a typical bend is represented by the sum of the absolute value of the average value of the focus position error at each measurement point and 1 / of the amplitude of the focus position error. Further, the amplitude of the periodic bending of the bending parameter F is normalized to 1, and when the bending parameter is F, an error parameter S indicating the maximum value of the focus errors at each of the measurement points is converted to a bending parameter F. Expressed as a ratio to

FIG. 10A shows the response frequency fm of the leveling in the scanning direction when the exposure position control is performed.
Represents the error parameter S with respect to the bending parameter F when the response frequency fn of the leveling in the non-scanning direction is 2 Hz. The curves A9 and B9 are both error parameters S in the non-scanning direction, and the curves A10 and B10 are both in the scanning direction. 2 shows the error parameter S at the time. on the other hand,
FIG. 17B shows a case where the pre-read control is performed, and the response frequency fm of the leveling in the scanning direction is 2.5 Hz,
The response frequency fn of the leveling in the non-scan direction is 0.5
Represents the error parameter S with respect to the bending parameter F in the case of Hz. Curves A11 and B11 both show the error parameter S in the non-scanning direction, and curves A12 and B12 both show the error parameter S in the scanning direction.

As described above, removing the phase delay by the prefetch control is good for improving the response, but is not suitable for reducing the response. However, the read-ahead control has a high degree of freedom in terms of software, and it is also possible to perform temporal averaging and predictive setting of a measurement point of a focus position at the start of exposure as shown in FIG. That is, in FIG. 11A, at a sample point (AF point) before the scanning direction of the multi-point focus position detection system with respect to a certain area 26B on the exposure surface 5a of the wafer, the length of the width ΔL Only the focus position is detected. Then, as shown in FIG. 11B, when the region 26B reaches the exposure point, leveling and focusing are performed with high accuracy by averaging information of the focus position detected in the range of the width ΔL.

Further, as shown in FIG. 11C, when the measurement point and the exposure point are equal by the exposure position control method, and the step 26C is present on the exposure surface 5a of the wafer, FIG. As shown in the figure, the surface to be focused (focus surface)
The AFP only gradually rises, and exposure is performed in a defocused state at the step 26C. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 11E, when the measurement point and the exposure point are separated by the look-ahead control method and there is a step 26D on the exposure surface 5a of the wafer, the step is adjusted to the step in advance. FIG.
As shown in (f), the focus surface AFP is gradually raised, so that exposure is performed in a focused state at the step 26D.

It is desirable to provide not only a pre-reading control method but also a normal exposure position control method so that the system can select one of the two control methods. Since the autofocus and autoleveling mechanism of the present example has the functions described above, in order to actually control the exposure surface of the wafer,
Three types of control methods including exposure position control, complete prefetch control, and divided prefetch control can be considered. Below, these three
The types of control methods will be described in detail. (F) Exposure position control method This method does not consider the response performance of the auto-focus and auto-leveling mechanism at all, and uses the focus position value obtained by measurement during exposure to obtain the focus position and leveling of the exposure surface of the wafer. Control the angle. That is, FIG.
As shown in FIG. 2A, the even-numbered measurement points in the second row 25B on the near side in the scanning direction (Y direction) with respect to the exposure field 24 are set as sample points 41, and the third row 25C in the exposure field 24 is used. The odd-numbered measurement points are also sample points. Then, leveling control in the scanning direction of the exposure surface of the wafer is performed based on the measured value of the focus position at the sample point in the second column 25B and the measured value of the focus position at the sample point in the third column 25C.

Further, the inclination in the non-scanning direction is obtained by the least squares approximation from the measured values of the focus positions at the sample points in the second column 25B and the third column 25C, and leveling control in the non-scanning direction is performed. In the focus control, the focus control is performed using the measured value of the focus position at the measurement point in the third column in the exposure field 24. FIG.
As shown in (b), when the scanning direction of the wafer is the −Y direction, the sample points are selected from the measurement points in the third row 25C and the fourth row 25D. This method is the easiest to control, but has the disadvantage that the tracking accuracy varies depending on the wafer scanning speed and the like. Also, the second
It is necessary to calibrate the focus position at each measurement point in the column 25B and the third column 25C.

(G) Complete look-ahead control method In this method, as shown in FIG. 12C, all measurement points in the first column 25A on the near side in the scanning direction with respect to the exposure field 24 are used as sample points. Before exposure, first row 2
All the values of the focus position at the sample point of 5A are measured. Then, an averaging process and a filtering process are performed, and an open auto focus and an auto leveling mechanism are controlled at the time of exposure in anticipation of a phase delay. That is, the measured value of the focus position at each sample point in the first column 25A is stored, the inclination in the scan direction is calculated from the value of the focus position measured on the time axis, and the leveling control in the scan direction during exposure is performed. Is performed by open control.

At the same time, the inclination in the non-scan direction is obtained by the least squares approximation from the measured value of the focus position at each sample point in the first column 25A, and the leveling control in the non-scan direction is performed by open control. Since it is a look-ahead, averaging on the time axis is also possible. Further, a measured value of the focus position at each sample point in the first column 25A is stored, and the focus adjustment is performed by open control at the time of exposure. In addition,
As shown in FIG. 12D, when the scanning direction of the wafer is the −Y direction, all the measurement points in the fifth row 25E are selected as the sample points.

In this method, nine sample points can be secured in the first column 25A, so that a large amount of information can be expected to improve accuracy. In addition, since the number of sample points is one line, there is an advantage that calibration is unnecessary and responsiveness can be managed. On the other hand, if the measurement is properly performed on the sample points in the first row 25A, the distance to be scanned (the approach scan length) for exposing the end of each shot area becomes longer, and there is a disadvantage that the throughput is reduced. In addition, because of the open control, there is also a disadvantage that confirmation by the multipoint focus position detection system cannot be performed.

(H) Divided look-ahead control method In this method, as shown in FIG. 12E, the odd-numbered measurement points of the second row 25B on the near side in the scanning direction (Y direction) with respect to the exposure field 24. , And the even-numbered measurement points in the third column 25C in the exposure field 24 are also set as sample points. Then, the second row 25B and the third row 2
At the sample point of 5C, all the values of the focus position are measured before exposure. Thereafter, averaging processing and filtering processing are performed, and control is performed by open control at the time of exposure in anticipation of a phase delay. That is, the second row 25B and the third
The measured value of the focus position at the sample point in column 25C is stored, the inclination in the scan direction is calculated from the value of the focus position measured on the time axis, and leveling in the scan direction is performed by open control during exposure.

Further, the inclination in the non-scan direction is obtained by the least squares approximation from the measured values of the focus positions at the sample points in the second and third columns 25B and 25C, and leveling in the non-scan direction is performed by open control. Since it is a look-ahead, averaging on the time axis is also possible. In addition, the measured values of the focus positions at the sample points in the second column 25B and the third column 25C are stored, and the focus adjustment is performed by the open control during the exposure. In addition, as shown in FIG. 12F, when the scan direction of the wafer is the −Y direction, the sample points are selected from the measurement points in the third row 25C and the fourth row 25D.

In this method, since the second row 25B (or the fourth row 25D) is close to the exposure field 24, the approach scan distance for exposing the end of each shot area of the wafer can be reduced, and There is an advantage that responsiveness can be managed. Further, it is possible to confirm the result of controlling the exposure surface by the open control from the measured value of the focus position at the sample point in the third column 25C at the time of exposure. On the other hand, there is an inconvenience that it is necessary to calibrate the focus position at the sample point in the second column 25B and the focus position at the sample point in the third column.

In the complete look-ahead control method, FIG.
As shown in (a) to (d), more accurate autofocus and autoleveling control is performed by changing the sample point of the focus position at the start of exposure, during exposure, and immediately before the end of exposure. That is, as shown in FIG. 13A, the shot area SA to be exposed is the exposure field 2
4 reach the position of the interval D (same as the width of the exposure field 24 in the scanning direction).
The measurement of the focus position by the multipoint focus position detection system is started in the sample area 42 at an interval D from 4. An example of the width D, that is, the width of the exposure field 24 in the scanning direction is 8 mm. Then, as shown in FIG.
When the tip of the shot area SA comes into contact with the exposure field 24, the detection area 4 between two sample points on the wafer
Leveling control in the scanning direction is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in 4, and autofocus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 45 including one sample point.

Next, as shown in FIG. 13C, when the leading end of the shot area SA enters the exposure field 24, the focus position in the detection area 44 between two sample points on the wafer is determined. Leveling control in the scanning direction is performed based on the measured value, and autofocus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 45 between the two sample points. As shown in FIG. 13D, when the shot area SA covers the exposure field 24, the leveling control in the scanning direction is performed based on the measurement value of the focus position in the detection area 44 covering the exposure field 24. Is performed, and autofocus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 45 covering the exposure field 24.

On the other hand, even in the divided look-ahead control method, FIG.
As shown in (e) to (h), more accurate autofocus and autoleveling control is performed by changing the sample point of the focus position at the start of the exposure, during the exposure, and immediately before the end of the exposure. That is, as shown in FIG. 13E, the shot area SA to be exposed is the exposure field 2
When the position reaches the position of the interval D / 2 (1 / of the width of the exposure field 24 in the scanning direction) with respect to 4, the sample area 43A with the interval D / 2 outside the exposure field 24 and the inside from the exposure field 24. The measurement of the focus position by the multipoint focus position detection system is started in the sample area 43B at the interval D / 2. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 13F, when the tip of the shot area SA comes into contact with the exposure field 24, leveling in the scanning direction is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 46 covering the exposure field 24. Control is performed, and autofocus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 47 including one sample point.

Next, as shown in FIG. 13 (g), when the leading end of the shot area SA enters the exposure field 24 by the width D / 2, the detection area 46 covering the exposure field 24.
, Leveling control in the scanning direction is performed based on the measured value of the focus position, and autofocus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in the detection area 47 having the width D / 2. Further, as shown in FIG. 13H, when the shot area SA covers the exposure field 24, the leveling control in the scanning direction is performed based on the measurement value of the focus position in the detection area 46 covering the exposure field 24. Is performed, and the detection area 47 covering the exposure field 24 is
The auto focus control is performed based on the measured value of the focus position in. From FIG. 13, in the divided look-ahead method, the approach scan length (= D / 2) is 1 / compared to the complete look-ahead method.
It turns out that it can be made into 2.

In the above-described embodiment, in order to measure the multi-point focus positions on the exposure surface of the wafer, a multi-point focus position for projecting a two-dimensionally arranged slit-shaped opening pattern image onto the wafer. A detection system is used. However, instead, a one-dimensional focus position detection system that projects an image of a slit-shaped pattern elongated in the non-scan direction on the wafer and measures the entire focus position in the non-scan direction is used. Is also good. Further, even when the two-dimensional distribution of the focus position on the exposure surface of the wafer is measured by using the focus position detection system of the image processing method, the division pre-reading and the like similar to the above-described embodiment are applied. Accurate focusing and leveling can be performed. Further, in this example, FIG.
As can be seen, since the leveling error in the scanning direction is smaller than the leveling error in the non-scanning direction, the leveling operation only in the non-scanning direction may be performed without performing the leveling operation in the scanning direction.

The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment.
It goes without saying that various configurations can be taken without departing from the gist of the present invention.

[0097]

The first surface position setting device of the present invention, the first
According to the scanning exposure apparatus, the first scanning exposure method, and the like ,
In a projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure system, the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate is corrected with respect to the image plane of the projection optical system by correcting the unevenness of the surface of the photosensitive substrate, the measurement accuracy of the multi-point measuring means, errors due to air fluctuations, etc. There is an advantage that it can be adjusted in parallel with high precision.

In the case where the multi-point measuring means samples the height of the photosensitive substrate at a plurality of measurement points based on the position of the substrate-side stage while the photosensitive substrate is being scanned via the substrate-side stage, The inclination angle in the scanning direction can be measured with higher accuracy. In addition, the multi-point measuring means may include a plurality of points in the exposure area conjugate with respect to the illumination area of the predetermined shape and the projection optical system and an area in the area before the photosensitive substrate is scanned with respect to the conjugate exposure area. When measuring the height of the photosensitive substrate at each of a plurality of measurement points including a plurality of points, there is an advantage that the leading scan distance at the start of exposure can be shortened by divided prefetch control.

In the case where the multi-point measuring means sequentially changes the positions of a plurality of measurement points in the process of sequentially exposing the mask pattern to one shot area of the photosensitive substrate, for example, the divided pre-reading and the complete pre-reading may be performed. Can improve both leveling accuracy and throughput. Also, a second surface position setting device of the present invention,
According to the second scanning exposure apparatus, the third scanning exposure method, and the like , in the projection exposure apparatus of the slit scan exposure method, the unevenness of the surface of the photosensitive substrate, the measurement accuracy of the multipoint measuring means,
There is an advantage that the focus position of the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate can be accurately adjusted to the image plane of the projection optical system by correcting an error due to air fluctuation or the like.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram illustrating a projection exposure apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention .

FIG. 2A is a plan view showing a two-dimensional slit-shaped opening pattern image projected on a region including an exposure field by a projection optical system in an embodiment, and FIG. FIG. 3C is a diagram illustrating an opening pattern on a pattern forming plate, and FIG. 3C is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of light receiving elements on a light receiving device.

FIG. 3A is a diagram illustrating sample points when performing divided prefetching in the embodiment, and FIG. 3B is a diagram illustrating sample points when performing reverse scanning and performing divided prefetching.

4A is a diagram illustrating a case where a focus position is pre-read, and FIG. 4B is a diagram illustrating a case where exposure is performed using the pre-read focus position.

FIG. 5 is a configuration diagram illustrating an autofocus and autoleveling mechanism and a control unit thereof according to the embodiment.

FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram of a method of correcting a measured value of a focus position.

7A is a diagram illustrating a transfer function when the response frequency ν is 10 Hz, and FIG. 7B is a diagram illustrating a position function obtained by performing an inverse Fourier transform on the transfer function of FIG. 7A; .

8A is a diagram showing a trajectory of a wafer when an adjacent shot area is exposed, FIG. 8B is a timing chart when a reticle is scanned, and FIG. 8C is a timing chart when a wafer is scanned. .

9A is a diagram illustrating tracking accuracy when performing leveling and focusing by an exposure position control method, and FIG. 9B is a diagram illustrating tracking accuracy when performing leveling and focusing by a look-ahead control method.

10A is a diagram illustrating a calculation result of an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when an exposure position control method is used, and FIG. 10B is a diagram illustrating an error parameter S with respect to the bending parameter F when a look-ahead control method is used. It is a figure showing the calculation result of.

11A and 11B are explanatory diagrams of an averaging effect in the prefetch control method, FIGS. 11C and 11D are diagrams illustrating a focus plane when performing exposure position control, and FIGS. () Is a diagram showing a focus surface when performing prefetch control.

FIGS. 12A and 12B are plan views showing sample points of a focus position when performing exposure position control, and FIGS. 12C and 12D show sample points of a focus position when performing complete read-ahead control; (E) and (f) are plan views showing sample points of a focus position when performing divided prefetch control.

13 (a) to 13 (d) are explanatory diagrams of a control method in the case of performing exposure by a complete look-ahead control method, and FIGS. 13 (e) to (h) are descriptions of a control method in the case of performing exposure by a divided look-ahead control method. FIG.

14A is a diagram illustrating a focus error when performing batch exposure, and FIG. 14B is a diagram illustrating a focus error when performing exposure by a slit scan exposure method.

15A is a diagram illustrating a focus error when performing autofocus control using the maximum value and the minimum value of the measurement values, and FIG. 15B is a diagram illustrating a case where autofocus is performed using the average value of the measurement values. FIG. 3C is a diagram showing a time lag error, and FIG. 3D is a diagram showing a change in servo gain.

FIG. 16 is a plan view showing a state where a shot region on a wafer is exposed in a slit-shaped exposure field.

FIG. 17A is a diagram illustrating a calculation result of an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when leveling control is performed by setting a response frequency in a scanning direction and a response frequency in a non-scanning direction to be equal, and FIG. FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a calculation result of an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when a leveling control is performed with a response frequency in a scanning direction higher than a response frequency in a non-scanning direction.

18A is a diagram illustrating a state in which autofocus control is performed using an average value of focus positions, and FIG. 18B is a diagram illustrating a state in which autofocus control is performed using an average value of maximum and minimum values of a focus position. FIG.

19A is a diagram showing a calculation result of an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when autofocus control is further performed by averaging processing in the state of FIG. 17A, and FIG. FIG. 14 is a diagram illustrating a calculation result of an error parameter S with respect to a bending parameter F when autofocus control is further performed using an average value of the maximum value and the minimum value of the focus position in the state b).

FIG. 20 is a configuration diagram showing a multipoint focus position detection system in a conventional stepper.

21A is a plan view showing a two-dimensional slit-shaped opening pattern image projected on a region including an exposure field by the projection optical system in FIG. 20, and FIG. 21B is a multi-point focus position in FIG. FIG. 21C is a diagram illustrating an opening pattern on a pattern forming plate of a detection system, and FIG. 21C is a diagram illustrating an array of light receiving elements on the light receiving device in FIG.

[Explanation of symbols]

 2 Wafer Y axis drive stage 4 Z leveling stage 5 Wafer 8 Projection optical system 10 Reticle Y drive stage 12 Reticle 22A Main control system 24 Slit exposure field 62A Pattern forming plate 69A Light receiver 71A Signal processing device AF11-AF59 Measurement points

Continuation of the front page (56) References JP-A-4-277612 (JP, A) JP-A-4-354320 (JP, A) JP-A-3-256317 (JP, A) JP-A-1-170022 (JP) JP-A-2-28312 (JP, A) JP-A-2-198130 (JP, A) JP-A-4-196513 (JP, A) JP-A-5-62871 (JP, A) 3-179723 (JP, A) JP-A-4-350925 (JP, A) (58) Fields investigated (Int. Cl. 7 , DB name) H01L 21/027 G03F 9/00

Claims (38)

    (57) [Claims]
  1. An illumination optical system that illuminates an illumination area having a predetermined shape with exposure light; a mask-side stage that scans a mask on which a pattern for exposure is formed with respect to the illumination area; A projection optical system that projects a pattern of a mask onto a photosensitive substrate, and a substrate-side stage that scans the photosensitive substrate in synchronization with the mask are provided in an exposure apparatus, and the projection optical system projects the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate. A plane position setting device for adjusting the projection optical system of the photosensitive substrate at a plurality of measurement points including a plurality of points in a direction intersecting a direction in which the photosensitive substrate is scanned by the surface position setting apparatus. Multi-point measuring means for measuring the height in a direction parallel to the optical axis, and a difference in the inclination angle between the exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate and the image plane of the projection optical system based on the measurement result of the multi-point measuring means. Arithmetic means for finding Setting an inclination angle of the photosensitive substrate in the scanning direction and an inclination angle of the photosensitive substrate in a direction orthogonal to the scanning direction, based on the difference between the inclination angles obtained by the arithmetic means, provided on the substrate-side stage; A response speed when the tilt setting stage sets the tilt angle of the photosensitive substrate in the scanning direction, and a response speed when setting the tilt angle in a direction orthogonal to the scanning direction. A surface position setting device having a different response speed.
  2. 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the multi-point measuring unit is configured to detect a height of the photosensitive substrate at the plurality of measurement points based on a position of the substrate-side stage when the photosensitive substrate is being scanned through the substrate-side stage. The surface position setting device according to claim 1, wherein sampling is performed.
  3. 3. The multi-point measuring means scans the photosensitive substrate with respect to a plurality of points in an exposure area conjugate with respect to the illumination area of the predetermined shape and the projection optical system and in the conjugate exposure area. The surface position setting device according to claim 1, wherein the height of the photosensitive substrate is measured at a plurality of measurement points including a plurality of points in a region in front of the surface.
  4. 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the multi-point measuring means is configured to detect one of the photosensitive substrates.
    2. The surface position setting device according to claim 1, wherein in the step of sequentially exposing the pattern of the mask to one shot area, the positions of the plurality of measurement points are sequentially changed.
  5. 5. An illumination optical system that illuminates an illumination area having a predetermined shape with exposure light, a mask-side stage that scans a mask on which a pattern for exposure is formed with respect to the illumination area, and A projection optical system that projects a pattern of a mask onto a photosensitive substrate, and a substrate-side stage that scans the photosensitive substrate in synchronization with the mask are provided in an exposure apparatus having a height of an exposed surface of the photosensitive substrate. A surface position setting device for adjusting to an image plane of a projection optical system, the exposure substrate being conjugated with respect to the illumination region having the predetermined shape and the projection optical system and the photosensitive substrate being scanned with respect to the exposure region. At a predetermined measurement point in a measurement region consisting of a region in front of the height measurement means for measuring the height of the photosensitive substrate in a direction parallel to the optical axis of the projection optical system, when scanning the photosensitive substrate Above A difference between an average height of an exposure surface of the photosensitive substrate and a height of an image surface of the projection optical system based on a maximum value and a minimum value among a plurality of height measurement results obtained by the height measurement means. A surface provided on the substrate-side stage, comprising a calculating means, and a height setting stage for setting the height of the photosensitive substrate based on the difference between the heights obtained by the calculating means. Position setting device.
  6. 6. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the pattern exposure apparatus, while the second object is moving, detecting means for detecting position information of the second object with respect to an optical axis direction of the projection system at a plurality of measurement points; Setting means for setting an inclination of the second object based on a detection result of the detecting means, wherein the setting means is configured to set a response speed when setting the inclination of the moving direction of the second object and the second object A response speed for setting a tilt in a direction intersecting a moving direction of the scanning exposure apparatus.
  7. 7. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the pattern exposure apparatus, an exposure camera that has passed through the projection system while the second object is moving.
    Position of the second object in the direction of the optical axis of the projection system at a plurality of detection points located away from the irradiation area of the camera.
    Detecting means for detecting information about the position, while the second object is moving, based on a maximum value and a minimum value of position information detected at a plurality of detection points of the detecting means, Adjusting means for adjusting a positional relationship between an image plane and the second object.
  8. 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the adjusting unit weights the maximum value and the minimum value so that a desired surface on the second object substantially matches an image surface of the projection system. A scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 7.
  9. 9. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with the movement of the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the pattern exposure apparatus, an exposure camera that has passed through the projection system while the second object is moving.
    A plurality of detection points that are located remotely from the irradiation area of the over arm, the second object position which definitive in the optical axis direction of said projection system
    Detection means for detecting information about the position, while the second object is moving, weighting the position information detected at a plurality of detection points of the detection means, the desired surface on the second object and the And a positioning means for performing positioning with respect to an image plane of the projection system.
  10. 10. An image plane of the projection system, wherein the positioning means supports the second object and has support points that can move independently of each other, and adjusts a movement amount of each of the support points. The scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 9 , wherein a position between the scanning exposure apparatus and a desired surface on the second object is aligned.
  11. 11. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the pattern exposure apparatus, while the second object is moving, detecting means for detecting position information of the second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system at a plurality of detection points; Setting means for setting the plane of the second object with respect to the image plane of the projection system based on the detection result of the detection means, and setting the response speed when setting the plane of the second object to the second plane.
    A scanning exposure apparatus that changes according to a moving speed of an object.
  12. 12. The scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 11 , wherein the response speed is managed by a filter.
  13. 13. The scanning type exposure apparatus according to claim 11 , wherein the change of the response speed includes a change of a servo gain of a drive unit of the setting unit.
  14. 14. The detection means, scanning exposure according to any one of claims 6 to 13, characterized in that it has the detection points in the irradiation area of the exposure beam having passed through the projection system apparatus.
  15. 15. The apparatus according to claim 15, wherein the detecting unit is separated from an irradiation area of the exposure beam passing through the projection system in a direction parallel to a scanning direction.
    The scanning exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 6 to 13 , wherein the detection point is provided in a specified area and on areas before and after the irradiation area .
  16. 16. The plurality of detection points, scanning exposure according to any one of 15 claims 6, characterized in that it is set apart in the direction intersecting the movement direction of the second object apparatus.
  17. 17. The scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 16 , wherein the plurality of detection points are arranged two-dimensionally.
  18. 18. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In a mold exposure apparatus, a detecting unit that detects unevenness information of an exposure surface of the second object, and during scanning exposure of the exposure surface of the second object, an exposure surface of the second object and an image surface of the projection system. Setting means for performing surface setting of the exposure surface based on the unevenness information detected by the detection means in order to perform the alignment of the image surface and the exposure surface. so to suppress the surface set as exacerbate the concave
    A scanning exposure apparatus, wherein a response speed of the surface setting based on convex information is set .
  19. 19. In order to suppress the setting of the surface, prior to the scanning exposure of the second object, the unevenness information of the exposure surface of the second object is detected by the detection means while moving the second object. 19. The scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 18 , wherein
  20. 20. The detection means, by measuring the position information of the exposure surface of the second object relative to the optical axis of the projection system at a plurality of measurement points during the movement of the second object,
    19. The method according to claim 18, wherein the unevenness information is detected.
    19. A scanning exposure apparatus according to item 19 .
  21. 21. the setting means, according to claim characterized in that it has a restraining means for restraining the plane setting 18
    21. The scanning exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 20 to 20 .
  22. 22. The scanning exposure apparatus according to claim 21 , wherein the suppression unit performs the suppression of the surface setting by performing a filtering process on the information detected by the detection unit.
  23. 23. The setting means has a drive unit for moving a support point of the second object in the optical axis direction of the projection system, and adjusts the servo gain of the drive unit to set the plane. The scanning exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 18 to 21 , wherein the scanning type exposure apparatus performs the suppression.
  24. 24. The servo gain, claim 2, characterized in that is variable according to the moving speed of the second object
    Scanning exposure apparatus according to 3.
  25. 25. The apparatus according to claim 18 , wherein the setting unit suppresses setting of the inclination of the exposure surface of the second object.
    25. The scanning exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 24 to 24 .
  26. 26. A device manufacturing method using the scanning exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 6 25.
  27. 27. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the exposure method, when the inclination of the second object is set during the movement of the second object, the response speed when the inclination of the movement direction of the second object is set intersects with the movement direction of the second object. A scanning exposure method, wherein a response speed at the time of setting a direction inclination is made different.
  28. 28. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the exposure method, when setting the inclination of the second object during the movement of the second object, the response speed when setting the inclination of the movement direction of the second object depends on the movement speed of the second object. A scanning exposure method, characterized in that:
  29. 29. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the exposure method, a distance from an irradiation area of the exposure beam that has passed through the projection system
    Movement of the second object at a plurality of installed detection points
    The position of the second object definitive in the optical axis direction of the projection system during
    And adjusting the positional relationship between the image plane of the projection system and the second object based on the maximum value and the minimum value of the position information detected at the plurality of detection points. A scanning exposure method.
  30. 30. A scan for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam having passed through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the exposure method, a distance from an irradiation area of the exposure beam that has passed through the projection system
    Movement of the second object at a plurality of installed detection points
    The position of the second object definitive in the optical axis direction of the projection system during
    It relates detects information, by weighting the position information detected by the detection point of the plurality, characterized by aligning the desired surface and the image plane of the projection system on the second object scan Exposure method.
  31. 31. The scanning exposure method according to claim 29, wherein the plurality of detection points include detection points in an irradiation area of the exposure beam that has passed through the projection system.
  32. 32. The plurality of detection points are arranged in a direction parallel to a scanning direction from an irradiation area of the exposure beam having passed through the projection system.
    The scanning exposure method according to any one of claims 29 to 31 , comprising a detection point in a region separated from the irradiation region and in a region before and after the irradiation region .
  33. 33. The scanning exposure method according to claim 31 , wherein the plurality of detection points include a plurality of detection points separated in a direction intersecting a moving direction of the second object.
  34. 34. Scanning for scanning and exposing the second object by moving the second object with respect to the exposure beam passing through the projection system in synchronization with moving the first object with respect to the exposure beam. In the exposure method, the exposure surface is scanned and exposed while setting the surface of the exposure surface based on the unevenness information of the exposure surface in order to align the exposure surface of the second object with the image surface of the projection system. In order to suppress the surface setting that deteriorates the alignment accuracy between the image plane and the exposure plane ,
    A scanning exposure method , wherein the surface setting is performed at a response speed based on the scanning speed .
  35. 35. A method according to claim 35, wherein, prior to the scanning exposure of the second object, the unevenness information of the exposure surface of the second object is detected while moving the second object before performing the scanning exposure of the second object. 35. The scanning exposure method according to claim 34 , wherein:
  36. 36. the uneven information that is determined by detecting the position information of the exposure surface of the second object relative to the optical axis of the projection system at a plurality of measurement points while moving the second object 36. The scanning exposure method according to claim 35 , wherein:
  37. 37. The method according to claim 37, wherein suppressing the setting of the plane includes suppressing setting of the inclination of the exposure plane of the second object.
    The scanning exposure method according to any one of Items 34 to 36 .
  38. 38. A device manufacturing method using the scanning exposure method according to claim 27 .
JP06727193A 1993-03-26 1993-03-26 Scanning exposure method, surface position setting device, scanning type exposure device, and device manufacturing method using the method Expired - Fee Related JP3316833B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP06727193A JP3316833B2 (en) 1993-03-26 1993-03-26 Scanning exposure method, surface position setting device, scanning type exposure device, and device manufacturing method using the method
KR1019930030163A KR100300618B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1993-12-24 Exposure method, exposure device, and device manufacturing method using the device
US08/345,325 US5448332A (en) 1992-12-25 1994-11-21 Exposure method and apparatus
US08/482,555 US5693439A (en) 1992-12-25 1995-06-07 Exposure method and apparatus
US09/276,441 US6433872B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-25 Exposure method and apparatus
KR1019990010827A KR100306310B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-29 A scanning type exposure apparatus, a method of fabricating a device using the same, and a scanning exposure method
KR1019990010828A KR100307049B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-29 A scanning type exposure apparatus, a scanning exposure method, and a method of fabricating a device
KR1019990011934A KR100306311B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-29 A scanning type exposure apparatus, a method of fabricating a device using the same, and a scanning exposure method
KR1019990010829A KR100325182B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-29 A scanning type exposure apparatus, an exposure method, and a method of fabricating a device
KR1019990011935A KR100311427B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-03-29 A scanning exposure method, and a method of fabricating a device using the same
KR1019990015291A KR100325184B1 (en) 1992-12-25 1999-04-28 An exposure method, an exposure apparatus, and a method of fabricating a device
KR1020010009582A KR100313732B1 (en) 1992-12-25 2001-02-26 Scanning type exposure apparatus, method of fabricating a device using the same, and scanning exposure method
KR1020010009581A KR100300627B1 (en) 1992-12-25 2001-02-26 Scanning type exposure apparatus, method of fabricating a device using the same, and scanning exposure method
KR1020010009876A KR100325193B1 (en) 1992-12-25 2001-02-27 Scanning type exposure apparatus, method of fabricating a device using the same, and scanning exposure method
US10/186,687 US6608681B2 (en) 1992-12-25 2002-07-02 Exposure method and apparatus

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