JP3070342B2 - Air quality control machine - Google Patents

Air quality control machine

Info

Publication number
JP3070342B2
JP3070342B2 JP5181158A JP18115893A JP3070342B2 JP 3070342 B2 JP3070342 B2 JP 3070342B2 JP 5181158 A JP5181158 A JP 5181158A JP 18115893 A JP18115893 A JP 18115893A JP 3070342 B2 JP3070342 B2 JP 3070342B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
adsorbent
blower
damper
heater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP5181158A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0735379A (en
Inventor
稔也 藤戸
知正 万代
輝明 伊藤
泰昭 田和
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Panasonic Corp
Panasonic Holdings Corp
Original Assignee
Panasonic Corp
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Panasonic Corp, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Panasonic Corp
Priority to JP5181158A priority Critical patent/JP3070342B2/en
Publication of JPH0735379A publication Critical patent/JPH0735379A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3070342B2 publication Critical patent/JP3070342B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/1411Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by absorbing or adsorbing water, e.g. using an hygroscopic desiccant

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、除湿、加湿、換気等の
機能を有し、湿度、清浄度など室内空気の質をコントロ
ールする空質調節機に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an air conditioner having functions such as dehumidification, humidification, and ventilation, and controlling the quality of indoor air such as humidity and cleanliness.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、除湿、加湿、換気等を一台の機器
でできるものは見られないが、これに類するものとして
例えば特開昭63ー286634号公報に示される様な
TSA方式の乾式除湿装置がある。
2. Description of the Related Art Heretofore, there has not been found any device which can perform dehumidification, humidification, ventilation, etc. with a single device. As a similar device, for example, a dry type of TSA system as disclosed in JP-A-63-286634. There is a dehumidifier.

【0003】この乾式除湿装置について、図4を用いて
説明すると、1は風路を形成するケーシングである。同
ケーシング1は外壁5に設置されており、この外壁5に
設けられた開口部AおよびBには、それぞれ、室外空気
取入口8および室外空気吐出口9が連通するようにケー
シング1に設けられている。また、ケーシング1には、
室外空気取入口8と対応して室内空気取入口6が設けら
れており、上記室外空気取入口8と室内空気取入口6と
は、ケーシング1に設置されたダンパー1Aによって交
互に開閉できるようになっている。同様に、ケーシング
1には室外空気吐出口9に対応して室内空気吐出口7が
設けられており、上記室外空気吐出口9と室内空気吐出
口7とは、ケーシング1に設置されたダンパー1Bによ
って交互に開閉できるようになっている。また、ケーシ
ング1により形成された風路内には、上流側から順に送
風機2、ヒーター3および吸着材4が配設されている。
[0003] This dry dehumidifier will be described with reference to FIG. 4. Reference numeral 1 denotes a casing that forms an air passage. The casing 1 is installed on an outer wall 5. Openings A and B provided on the outer wall 5 are provided on the casing 1 such that an outdoor air inlet 8 and an outdoor air discharge port 9 communicate with each other. ing. Also, in the casing 1,
An indoor air intake 6 is provided corresponding to the outdoor air intake 8, so that the outdoor air intake 8 and the indoor air intake 6 can be alternately opened and closed by a damper 1A installed in the casing 1. Has become. Similarly, the casing 1 is provided with an indoor air discharge port 7 corresponding to the outdoor air discharge port 9, and the outdoor air discharge port 9 and the indoor air discharge port 7 are connected to the damper 1 </ b> B installed in the casing 1. Can be opened and closed alternately. In the air path formed by the casing 1, a blower 2, a heater 3, and an adsorbent 4 are arranged in this order from the upstream side.

【0004】上記装置においては、室内空気取入口6と
室内空気吐出口7とが開の状態であれば、室内空気取入
口6を介して室内空気がケーシング1内に入り、この室
内空気は、ケーシング1内の風路を送風機2によって流
されて室内空気吐出口7まで至り、同室内吐出口7を介
して室内へ吹出される事になる。従い、風路たるケーシ
ング1内に設けられた吸着材4内を室内空気が通過し、
同吸着材4によって室内空気の湿気が除去され室内に乾
燥空気を放出する事となる。
In the above device, if the indoor air inlet 6 and the indoor air outlet 7 are in an open state, the room air enters the casing 1 through the indoor air inlet 6, and this indoor air is The air is blown through the air passage in the casing 1 by the blower 2 to the indoor air discharge port 7, and is blown into the room through the indoor discharge port 7. Accordingly, room air passes through the adsorbent 4 provided in the casing 1 serving as an air path,
The adsorbent 4 removes the humidity of the room air and discharges the dry air into the room.

【0005】逆に、上記室内空気取入口6および室内空
気吐出口7が閉の状態であり、室外空気取入口8および
室外空気吐出口9を開の状態にしてヒーター3を発熱さ
せると、上記室外空気取入口8を介して加熱空気が吸着
材4に入り、この加熱空気は、吸着材4に吸着されてい
た湿分を脱離して室外吐出口9を介して室外へ排出させ
る。このようにして、室内空気の循環と室外空気の循環
とを繰り返しながら室内の除湿を行っていた。
Conversely, when the indoor air inlet 6 and the indoor air outlet 7 are closed, and the outdoor air inlet 8 and the outdoor air outlet 9 are opened and the heater 3 is heated, Heated air enters the adsorbent 4 through the outdoor air intake 8, and the heated air desorbs moisture adsorbed by the adsorbent 4 and discharges the air outside through the outdoor discharge port 9. In this manner, indoor dehumidification is performed while repeating the circulation of the indoor air and the circulation of the outdoor air.

【0006】こうした従来の乾式除湿装置では、図5に
示す様に風路を形成するケーシング1と吸着材4との間
には隙間がなく、吸着材4はケーシング1の断面一杯に
配設されていた。従い、送風機2によって送風された空
気Cは吸着時と脱離時のどちらにおいても全て吸着材4
を通過していた。
In such a conventional dry dehumidifier, as shown in FIG. 5, there is no gap between the casing 1 forming the air passage and the adsorbent 4, and the adsorbent 4 is disposed over the entire cross section of the casing 1. I was Therefore, the air C blown by the blower 2 is completely absorbed by the adsorbent 4 both during adsorption and desorption.
Had passed.

【0007】[0007]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記従
来の構成では、脱離工程終了時に吸着材4は加熱されて
高温になっているから、吸着等圧特性から明かなように
湿分を吸着できる状態ではない。また、吸着時に吸着材
4より発生する吸着熱や脱離時にヒーター3で発生した
熱により、吹出空気温度が高くなったり、熱が風路外に
漏れて風路表面温度および本体内温度を上昇させてい
た。このため、以下記述する課題があった。
However, in the above-mentioned conventional structure, the adsorbent 4 is heated to a high temperature at the end of the desorption step, so that moisture can be adsorbed as is apparent from the adsorption isobar characteristic. Not a state. In addition, due to the heat of adsorption generated by the adsorbent 4 during the adsorption and the heat generated by the heater 3 during the desorption, the temperature of the blown air increases, or the heat leaks out of the air passage to raise the air passage surface temperature and the temperature inside the main body. I was letting it. For this reason, there is a problem described below.

【0008】1.吹出口部分を耐熱性のある別部品に変
える必要がありコストがかかる。 2.使用者が吹出口で火傷を起こす危険性がある。
[0008] 1. It is necessary to change the outlet portion to another heat-resistant part, which increases costs. 2. There is a risk that the user may get burned at the outlet.

【0009】3.室温が上昇し、除湿による快適感を損
ねる。 4.P板雰囲気温度が上昇し、マイコンなどの素子温度
を耐熱温度以内に抑える手段を講じる必要があった。
3. Room temperature rises, compromising the comfort of dehumidification. 4. As the P-plate ambient temperature rises, it is necessary to take measures to keep the element temperature of the microcomputer or the like within the allowable temperature range.

【0010】5.本体内部に蓄積した熱により吸着工程
での吸着材の温度が降下しにくくなり、吸着性能を劣化
させる。即ち、除湿の能力低下を招いていた。
[0010] 5. The heat accumulated in the main body makes it difficult for the temperature of the adsorbent to drop in the adsorption step, and deteriorates the adsorption performance. That is, the dehumidifying ability was reduced.

【0011】本発明は上記課題を解決するもので、室内
側吹出空気温度ならびに風路表面温度を低減しつつ除湿
能力を向上させることを第1の目的とし、機器のコンパ
クト化を第2の目的としたものである。
A first object of the present invention is to improve the dehumidifying capacity while reducing the indoor air temperature and the air passage surface temperature, and a second object of the present invention is to make the equipment compact. It is what it was.

【0012】[0012]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記目的を達成
するために、風路と、風路に配設した吸着材及びヒータ
ーから構成される吸着部と、前記吸着部に空気を送る送
風機と、前記風路を室内側と室外側とに切り替えるダン
パーと、前記ヒーターと送風機とダンパーとを連動制御
して前記吸着材に湿分を吸着させる吸着工程と同吸着材
の吸着湿分を脱離させる脱離工程とを交互に繰り返し行
わせるコントローラーとから構成され、前記吸着材はそ
の外周と風路との間に空隙を設けて配設した構成として
あり、さらに第2の目的を達成するため上記構成に加
え、前記吸着部の上流側に整流板を設けた構成としてあ
る。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides an air path, an adsorbing section comprising an adsorbent and a heater disposed in the air path, and a blower for sending air to the adsorbing section. A damper for switching the air path between the indoor side and the outdoor side; an adsorption step of interlocking control of the heater, the blower and the damper to adsorb moisture to the adsorbent; and removing the adsorbed moisture of the adsorbent. And a controller that alternately and repeatedly performs a desorption step of desorption, wherein the adsorbent is provided with a gap provided between its outer periphery and an air passage, and further achieves a second object. Therefore, in addition to the above configuration, a configuration is provided in which a rectifying plate is provided on the upstream side of the suction section.

【0013】[0013]

【作用】本発明は上記構成によって、送風機を動作さ
せ、ダンパーにより風路を切り替えるとともにヒーター
への通電を制御することによって室内空気の循環と室外
空気の循環とを交互に繰り返して、除湿や加湿等を行う
ことができる。
According to the present invention, dehumidification and humidification are performed by operating the blower, switching the air path by the damper, and controlling the power supply to the heater to alternately circulate the indoor air and circulate the outdoor air. Etc. can be performed.

【0014】この際、ヒーターと吸着材とからなる吸着
部の外周空隙には送風機からの空気がそのまま流れるこ
とになり、吸着部が高温になっていても風路壁は低温に
維持できるとともに、室内に吹き出す空気の温度を低い
ものとすることができ、かつ脱離工程終了後の吸着材は
風路壁から余熱を受けるようなことがほとんどなくなる
ので急速に温度低下し、吸着工程に入ると同時に湿分を
効率よく吸着できるようになる。
At this time, the air from the blower flows as it is into the outer peripheral space of the adsorbing section composed of the heater and the adsorbent, so that the air path wall can be maintained at a low temperature even if the adsorbing section is at a high temperature. The temperature of the air blown into the room can be lowered, and the adsorbent after the desorption step hardly receives residual heat from the air path wall, so that the temperature drops rapidly, and when entering the adsorption step At the same time, moisture can be efficiently adsorbed.

【0015】また、吸着部の上流側には整流板を設けて
あるので、送風機からの空気流に分布ムラがあってもこ
れを均等に吸着部ならびに空隙に送り込むことができ、
吸着材はその全域において偏りのない効率的な湿分の脱
離、吸着が行えるようになると共に、送風機と吸着部と
の間の距離を大きくして空気流分布ムラを少なくするよ
うなことをしなくてもよいので機器のコンパクト化が推
進できる。
Further, since a flow straightening plate is provided on the upstream side of the suction section, even if the air flow from the blower has uneven distribution, it can be uniformly sent to the suction section and the gap.
The adsorbent can perform efficient desorption and adsorption of moisture without bias over its entire area, and increase the distance between the blower and the adsorption unit to reduce airflow distribution unevenness. Since there is no need to do so, it is possible to promote downsizing of the equipment.

【0016】[0016]

【実施例】以下本発明の第1の実施例を図1および図2
を参照して説明する。図1から図2において、吸着材1
1を備えた保護ケース12とヒーター13は、風路14
内に全周一様な空隙Tを設けて配設してある。そして吸
着材11、保護ケース12、ヒーター13、風路14で
吸着部16を構成している。送風機17は吸着部16に
ヒーター13の側を上流にして空気を送風する位置に配
設してある。送風機17の吸込口に接続された吸込風路
18は、室内吸込口19および室外吸込口20を備え、
第1のモーター21で駆動される吸込ダンパー22によ
って室内か室外のいずれか一方のみを送風機17と連通
させる。風路14に接続された吹出風路23は、室内吹
出口24および室外排気口25を備え、第2のモーター
26で駆動される吹出ダンパー27によって室内か室外
のいずれか一方のみを風路14と連通させる。
1 and 2 show a first embodiment of the present invention.
This will be described with reference to FIG. 1 and 2, the adsorbent 1
1 and the heater 13 are connected to the air passage 14
A uniform gap T is provided all around the inside. The adsorbent 11, the protective case 12, the heater 13, and the air passage 14 constitute an adsorbing section 16. The blower 17 is disposed at a position where the air is blown to the adsorption section 16 with the heater 13 side upstream. The suction air passage 18 connected to the suction port of the blower 17 includes an indoor suction port 19 and an outdoor suction port 20,
Only one of the room and the outside is communicated with the blower 17 by the suction damper 22 driven by the first motor 21. The outlet air path 23 connected to the air path 14 includes an indoor outlet 24 and an outdoor exhaust port 25, and only one of the indoor and outdoor paths is provided by an outlet damper 27 driven by a second motor 26. To communicate with

【0017】上記ヒーター13、送風機17、第1のモ
ーター21、第2のモーター26は、コントローラー2
8によって連動制御される。コントローラ28に対する
命令の入力は、操作部29によって行う。以上の構成要
素は外装たるベース30とキャビネット31内に配設さ
れる。キャビネット31には前述の操作部29が配設さ
れるほか、室内吸込口19が室内と連通する部分に吸込
ルーバー32を設け、室内吹出口24が室内と連通する
部分に吹出ルーバー33を設けてある。
The heater 13, the blower 17, the first motor 21, and the second motor 26 are
8 for interlocking control. An instruction is input to the controller 28 by the operation unit 29. The above components are disposed in the base 30 and the cabinet 31 as the exterior. The cabinet 31 is provided with the above-described operation unit 29, a suction louver 32 is provided at a portion where the indoor suction port 19 communicates with the room, and a blowout louver 33 is provided at a portion where the room outlet 24 communicates with the room. is there.

【0018】上記構成において、次に動作を説明する
と、まず操作部29において、運転電源(図示せず)を
オンにし、除湿、加湿、換気のいずれかの運転モードス
イッチ(図示せず)を選択オンすると、以下説明する内
容に従って選択したモードの運転を行う。 (除湿運転)除湿運転は、以下説明する吸着工程と脱離
工程とを交互に繰り返し運転して室内の除湿を行う。
The operation of the above configuration will now be described. First, the operation power supply (not shown) is turned on at the operation unit 29, and one of the operation mode switches (not shown) of dehumidification, humidification, and ventilation is selected. When turned on, the operation of the selected mode is performed according to the contents described below. (Dehumidification Operation) In the dehumidification operation, the adsorption step and the desorption step described below are alternately and repeatedly operated to perform indoor dehumidification.

【0019】脱離工程においては、吸込ダンパー22は
室外吸込口20を送風機17に連通させ、吹出ダンパー
27は室外排気口25を風路14に連通させた位置にあ
る。この状態でヒーター13および送風機17を動作さ
せると、送風機17によって室外吸込口20を介して導
入された室外空気34はヒーター13で加熱され温風と
なった後、吸着材11を通過する。この際、吸着材11
に吸着されていた湿分は、吸着時に吸着熱として放出し
た熱量と湿潤熱との総量分の熱を受けると、順次、吸着
材11から通過空気中へ脱離して行く。この加熱された
室外空気は、脱離した湿分とともに室外排気口25を経
て室外へ排気35として放出される。
In the desorption step, the suction damper 22 is in a position where the outdoor suction port 20 communicates with the blower 17, and the blowout damper 27 is in a position where the outdoor exhaust port 25 communicates with the air passage 14. When the heater 13 and the blower 17 are operated in this state, the outdoor air 34 introduced through the outdoor suction port 20 by the blower 17 is heated by the heater 13 to become hot air, and then passes through the adsorbent 11. At this time, the adsorbent 11
Moisture adsorbed on the surface of the sheet, when receiving the heat of the total amount of the heat released as heat of adsorption and the heat of wetting at the time of adsorption, sequentially desorbs from the adsorbent 11 into the passing air. The heated outdoor air is discharged to the outside of the room as the exhaust air 35 through the outdoor exhaust port 25 together with the desorbed moisture.

【0020】この脱離工程の際、吸着部16に入った送
風空気36は吸着材11を通過する主空気37と外周の
空隙Tを流れる冷却空気38とに分かれる。上述の動作
は主空気37が行ない、冷却空気38は保護ケース12
と風路14との間を断熱するとともに吹出風路23内で
合流し、ヒーター13で加熱された主空気37の温度を
降下させる。
At the time of the desorption step, the blown air 36 entering the adsorbing section 16 is divided into main air 37 passing through the adsorbent 11 and cooling air 38 flowing through the gap T on the outer periphery. The above operation is performed by the main air 37 and the cooling air 38 is supplied to the protective case 12.
And the air path 14 are insulated from each other and merged in the outlet air path 23 to lower the temperature of the main air 37 heated by the heater 13.

【0021】吸着工程においては、吸込ダンパー22は
室内吸込口19を送風機17に連通させ、吹出ダンパー
27は室内吹出口24を風路14に連通させた位置にあ
る。この状態でヒーター13は動作させず送風機17の
み動作させると、送風機17によって室内吸込口19を
介して導入された室内空気39は、吸着材11を通過す
る。この際、通過空気は含有する湿分を吸着材11に吸
着、すなわち除湿され乾燥空気となる。この乾燥空気
は、室内吹出口24を経て室内に吹出空気40として供
給される。
In the suction step, the suction damper 22 is located at a position where the indoor suction port 19 is communicated with the blower 17, and the blowout damper 27 is located at a position where the indoor outlet 24 is communicated with the air passage 14. In this state, when only the blower 17 is operated without operating the heater 13, the room air 39 introduced by the blower 17 through the indoor suction port 19 passes through the adsorbent 11. At this time, the passing air adsorbs moisture contained in the adsorbent 11, that is, dehumidifies and becomes dry air. This dry air is supplied to the room through the indoor outlet 24 as blown air 40.

【0022】この吸着工程の際、吸着部16に入った送
風空気36は吸着材11を通過する主空気37と外周の
空隙Tを流れる冷却空気38とに分かれる。上述の動作
は主空気37が行い、冷却空気38は保護ケース12と
風路14との間を断熱するとともに吹出風路23内で合
流し、吸着時に発生する吸着熱により加熱された主空気
37の温度を降下させると共に、運転によって本体内部
に蓄積した熱により吸着材11の吸着性能が劣化するこ
とを防ぐ。 (加湿運転)加湿運転は、以下説明する吸着工程と脱離
工程とを交互に繰り返し運転して室内の加湿を行う。
During this adsorption step, the air blown into the adsorption section 16 is divided into main air 37 passing through the adsorbent 11 and cooling air 38 flowing through the gap T on the outer periphery. The above operation is performed by the main air 37, and the cooling air 38 insulates between the protective case 12 and the air passage 14 and joins in the blow-out air passage 23 to be heated by the heat of adsorption generated at the time of adsorption. Is lowered, and the adsorption performance of the adsorbent 11 is prevented from deteriorating due to the heat accumulated inside the main body due to the operation. (Humidification Operation) The humidification operation is performed by alternately and repeatedly performing an adsorption step and a desorption step described below to humidify the room.

【0023】脱離工程においては、吸込ダンパー22は
室内吸込口19を送風機17に連通させ、吹出ダンパー
27は室内吹出口24を風路14に連通させた位置にあ
る。この状態でヒーター13および送風機17を動作さ
せると、送風機17によって室内吸込口19を介して導
入された室内空気39はヒーター13で加熱され温風と
なった後、吸着材11を通過する。この際、吸着材11
に吸着されていた湿分は、吸着時に吸着熱として放出し
た熱量と湿潤熱との総量分の熱を受けると、順次、吸着
材11から通過空気中へ脱離して行く。この加熱された
室外空気は、脱離した湿分とともに室内吹出口24を経
て室内へ吹出空気40として供給され、加湿を行う。
In the desorption step, the suction damper 22 is in a position where the indoor suction port 19 communicates with the blower 17, and the blowout damper 27 is in a position where the indoor blowout port 24 communicates with the air passage 14. When the heater 13 and the blower 17 are operated in this state, the room air 39 introduced by the blower 17 through the indoor suction port 19 is heated by the heater 13 to become hot air, and then passes through the adsorbent 11. At this time, the adsorbent 11
Moisture adsorbed on the surface of the sheet, when receiving the heat of the total amount of the heat released as heat of adsorption and the heat of wetting at the time of adsorption, sequentially desorbs from the adsorbent 11 into the passing air. The heated outdoor air is supplied to the room through the indoor air outlet 24 as the blown air 40 together with the desorbed moisture to perform humidification.

【0024】この脱離工程の際、吸着部16に入った送
風空気36は吸着材11を通過する主空気37と外周の
空隙Tを流れる冷却空気38とに分かれる。上述の動作
は主空気37が行ない、冷却空気38は保護ケース12
と風路14との間を断熱するとともに吹出風路23内で
合流し、ヒーター13で加熱された主空気37の温度を
降下させる。
At the time of this desorption step, the blown air 36 entering the adsorbing section 16 is divided into main air 37 passing through the adsorbent 11 and cooling air 38 flowing through the gap T on the outer periphery. The above operation is performed by the main air 37 and the cooling air 38 is supplied to the protective case 12.
And the air path 14 are insulated from each other and merged in the outlet air path 23 to lower the temperature of the main air 37 heated by the heater 13.

【0025】吸着工程においては、吸込ダンパー22は
室外吸込口20を送風機17に連通させ、吹出ダンパー
27は室外排気口25を風路14に連通させた位置にあ
る。この状態でヒーター13は動作させず送風機17の
み動作させると、送風機17によって室外吸込口20を
介して導入された室外空気34は、吸着材11を通過す
る。この際、通過空気は含有する湿分を吸着材11に吸
着され乾燥空気となる。この乾燥空気は、室外排気口2
5を経て室外に排気35として放出される。
In the suction step, the suction damper 22 is located at a position where the outdoor suction port 20 communicates with the blower 17, and the blow damper 27 is located at a position where the outdoor exhaust port 25 communicates with the air passage 14. In this state, when only the blower 17 is operated without operating the heater 13, the outdoor air 34 introduced by the blower 17 through the outdoor suction port 20 passes through the adsorbent 11. At this time, the passing air adsorbs the moisture contained in the adsorbent 11 and becomes dry air. This dry air is supplied to the outdoor exhaust port 2
After that, the air is discharged outside as room air 35.

【0026】この吸着工程の際、吸着部16に入った送
風空気36は吸着材11を通過する主空気37と外周の
空隙Tを流れる冷却空気38とに分かれる。上述の動作
は主空気37が行い、冷却空気38は保護ケース12と
風路14との間を断熱するとともに吹出風路23内で合
流し、吸着時に発生する吸着熱により加熱された主空気
37の温度を降下させると共に、運転によって本体内に
蓄積した熱により吸着材11の吸着性能が劣化する事を
防ぐ。 (換気運転)換気運転においては、ヒーター13は動作
させない。吸込ダンパー22は室内吸込口19を送風機
17に連通させ、吹出ダンパー27は室外排気口25を
風路14に連通させた位置にある。この状態で送風機1
7を動作させると、送風機17によって室内吸込口19
を介して導入された室内空気39は、送風機17、吸着
部16および室外排気口25を経て室外へ排気35とし
て放出される。この際、導入空気は吸着材11を通過さ
せるため、運転初期においては導入空気中の含有湿分を
吸着除去するが、脱離を行わず換気運転のみを継続する
場合においては吸着材11はしだいに吸着湿分で飽和し
て行き、ついには破過状態に達して吸着しなくなる。従
い、吸着材11を通過する構成ではあっても、一般の換
気装置と同様の換気を行う事ができる。
In this adsorption step, the air blown into the adsorption section 16 is divided into main air 37 passing through the adsorbent 11 and cooling air 38 flowing through the gap T on the outer periphery. The above operation is performed by the main air 37, and the cooling air 38 insulates between the protective case 12 and the air passage 14 and joins in the blow-out air passage 23 to be heated by the heat of adsorption generated at the time of adsorption. Is lowered, and the adsorption performance of the adsorbent 11 is prevented from being deteriorated by the heat accumulated in the main body due to the operation. (Ventilation operation) In the ventilation operation, the heater 13 is not operated. The suction damper 22 is located at a position where the indoor suction port 19 is communicated with the blower 17, and the blowout damper 27 is located at a position where the outdoor exhaust port 25 is communicated with the air passage 14. In this state, blower 1
7 is operated, the blower 17 causes the indoor suction port 19 to operate.
The indoor air 39 introduced through the air outlet is discharged as exhaust 35 to the outside of the room via the blower 17, the suction section 16, and the outdoor exhaust port 25. At this time, since the introduced air passes through the adsorbent 11, the moisture contained in the introduced air is adsorbed and removed in the initial operation, but when only the ventilation operation is continued without desorption, the adsorbent 11 is gradually increased. The water is saturated with the adsorbed moisture, and finally reaches a breakthrough state and stops being adsorbed. Therefore, even if it is the structure which passes through the adsorbent 11, ventilation similar to a general ventilation device can be performed.

【0027】以上説明した様にこの空質調節機は、給水
やドレン水の処理の手間がかからない除湿、加湿および
換気の機能を有しつつ、吹出ルーバー33から放出され
る空気温度ならびに風路14の表面温度を低減すること
ができる。また、冷却空気38を流し、吸着材11と吸
着部16の外周とを遮蔽しているため、吸着工程での吸
着材11の冷却が急速に行え吸着量が増加し、除湿およ
び加湿能力が向上する。
As described above, this air conditioner has a function of dehumidifying, humidifying and ventilating which does not require the treatment of water supply and drain water, while maintaining the temperature of the air discharged from the outlet louver 33 and the air passage 14. Surface temperature can be reduced. In addition, since the cooling air 38 is flown to shield the adsorbent 11 and the outer periphery of the adsorbing section 16, the adsorbent 11 can be cooled quickly in the adsorption step, and the amount of adsorption increases, thereby improving the dehumidifying and humidifying ability. I do.

【0028】また、吸着材11は保護ケース12内に収
納しているため、衝撃や摩擦で破損あるいは摩耗しやす
い吸着材11をこうした外界の応力から保護し、耐久性
を向上させることができる。
Further, since the adsorbent 11 is housed in the protective case 12, the adsorbent 11 which is easily damaged or worn by impact or friction can be protected from such external stress, and the durability can be improved.

【0029】図3はさらなる性能向上と共にコンパクト
化を図ったもので、以下その構成を説明するが、上記第
1の実施例と同じ部分には同一の番号を付記して説明は
省略し、異なる部分のみ説明すると、この空質調節機は
吸着部16の上流端に多孔性の整流板15を配設してあ
る。
FIG. 3 is a diagram for further improving the performance and reducing the size. The configuration will be described below. The same portions as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted. Explaining only the part, this air quality controller is provided with a porous straightening plate 15 at the upstream end of the suction section 16.

【0030】この構成によれば、送風機17からの空気
は整流板15によって均一に分散され、ヒーター13な
らびに吸着材11の全域はもちろん、吸着部16外周の
空隙Tにも均一に空気が流れることになる。従って、空
気流が偏ることによって吸着材11や風路14の一部が
局部過熱するようなことがなくなると共に、吸着材11
はその全域において効率よく湿分の脱離や吸着が行える
ようになり、除湿、加湿性能の向上が果たせる。また、
送風機17と吸着部16とを近接配置しても上記のよう
に吸着部16や空隙Tに均一に空気を供給することがで
きるから、送風機17と吸着部16との間の距離を大き
くして空気流の分布均一化を行わなくてもよく、機器の
コンパクト化が図れる。このように搭載する吸着材11
の容積に対して、あるいは単位時間当たりの除湿および
加湿の効率を向上させることができる。
According to this configuration, the air from the blower 17 is evenly dispersed by the rectifying plate 15 so that the air uniformly flows not only in the entire area of the heater 13 and the adsorbent 11 but also in the gap T on the outer periphery of the adsorbing section 16. become. Accordingly, localization of the adsorbent 11 and a part of the air passage 14 due to uneven air flow is prevented, and the adsorbent 11
Can efficiently desorb and adsorb moisture over the entire area, thereby improving dehumidification and humidification performance. Also,
Even if the blower 17 and the suction unit 16 are arranged close to each other, air can be uniformly supplied to the suction unit 16 and the gap T as described above. Therefore, the distance between the blower 17 and the suction unit 16 is increased. It is not necessary to equalize the distribution of the air flow, and the equipment can be made compact. Adsorbent 11 mounted in this way
The efficiency of dehumidification and humidification per unit time or per unit time can be improved.

【0031】なお、本実施例では風路14を切り替える
ダンパーとして吸込ダンパー22と吹出ダンパー27の
二つを設けた場合を示したが、ダンパーは二つに限ら
ず、一つあるいは二つ以上設けた場合も考えられる。例
えば、空質調節機の機能を除湿に限定した場合では、風
路14の吸込側は室内にだけ連通すれば室内空気の循環
および室外への脱離空気の排出を行うことが可能で、除
湿の機能を果たすことができる。従い、ダンパーは吹出
ダンパー27を一つ備えるだけで良い。
In this embodiment, the case in which the suction damper 22 and the blowout damper 27 are provided as the dampers for switching the air path 14 is shown. However, the number of the dampers is not limited to two, and may be one or more. It is also conceivable. For example, when the function of the air conditioner is limited to dehumidification, if the suction side of the air passage 14 is connected only to the room, circulation of room air and discharge of desorbed air to the outside can be performed. Function can be performed. Accordingly, the damper only needs to have one blowout damper 27.

【0032】[0032]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように本発明の空質調節機
によれば、給水やドレン水の処理の手間がかからない使
い勝手のよい除湿、加湿、換気が1台で実現できるうえ
に、送風機から空隙に流れる空気によって室内への吹出
空気、風路表面などの温度を低減でき、しかも本体内部
に蓄積される熱量が少なくなるので熱の影響を吸着材が
受けにくく、かつ吸着工程に入る際に冷却空気によって
速やかに吸着材を冷却することができるので、吸着現象
が迅速に進行し除湿および加湿の能力が向上する。
As described above, according to the air quality controller of the present invention, easy-to-use dehumidification, humidification, and ventilation that do not require the processing of water supply and drain water can be realized with one unit, and the air conditioner can be easily installed. The air flowing into the air gap can reduce the temperature of the air blown into the room and the temperature of the air path surface, and the amount of heat accumulated inside the main body is reduced, so that the adsorbent is less susceptible to the influence of heat, and when entering the adsorption process Since the adsorbent can be quickly cooled by the cooling air, the adsorption phenomenon proceeds quickly, and the dehumidifying and humidifying ability is improved.

【0033】さらに吸着部の上流側に整流板を設けたも
のにあっては、送風機と吸着部とを近接配置していても
吸着部等に均一に空気を送り込むことができるので、機
器のコンパクト化が図れると共に吸着材による湿分の脱
離、吸着を効率的に行うことができ、除湿、加湿性能を
一段と向上させることができる。
Further, in the case where a rectifying plate is provided on the upstream side of the suction section, even if the blower and the suction section are arranged close to each other, the air can be uniformly blown into the suction section and the like, so that the equipment is compact. In addition, desorption and adsorption of moisture by the adsorbent can be efficiently performed, and dehumidification and humidification performance can be further improved.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明の一実施例における空質調節機の構造図FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of an air quality controller in one embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】同空質調節機の吸着部を示す拡大斜視図FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view showing a suction unit of the air quality controller.

【図3】同第2の実施例における吸着部の拡大斜視図FIG. 3 is an enlarged perspective view of a suction unit in the second embodiment.

【図4】従来の乾式除湿装置を示す断面図FIG. 4 is a sectional view showing a conventional dry dehumidifier.

【図5】同乾式除湿装置の要部を示す拡大斜視図FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view showing a main part of the dry dehumidifier.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

11 吸着材 13 ヒーター 14 風路 15 整流板 16 吸着部 17 送風機 22 吸込ダンパー 27 吹出ダンパー 28 コントローラー T 空隙 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 Adsorbent 13 Heater 14 Air path 15 Rectifier plate 16 Adsorption part 17 Blower 22 Suction damper 27 Blow-out damper 28 Controller T Void

フロントページの続き (72)発明者 田和 泰昭 大阪府門真市大字門真1006番地 松下電 器産業株式会社内 (58)調査した分野(Int.Cl.7,DB名) F24F 6/08 F24F 3/14 Continuation of front page (72) Inventor Yasuaki Tawa 1006 Kazuma Kadoma, Kadoma-shi, Osaka Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. (58) Field surveyed (Int. Cl. 7 , DB name) F24F 6/08 F24F 3 / 14

Claims (3)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 風路と、風路に配設した吸着材及びヒー
ターから構成される吸着部と、前記吸着部に空気を送る
送風機と、前記風路を室内側と室外側とに切り替えるダ
ンパーと、前記ヒーターと送風機とダンパーとを連動制
御して前記吸着材に湿分を吸着させる吸着工程と同吸着
材の吸着湿分を脱離させる脱離工程とを交互に繰り返し
行わせるコントローラーとから構成され、前記吸着材は
その外周と風路との間に空隙を設けて配設した空質調節
機。
1. An air passage, an adsorbing portion including an adsorbent and a heater disposed in the air passage, a blower for sending air to the adsorbing portion, and a damper for switching the air passage between an indoor side and an outdoor side. And a controller that alternately repeats an adsorption step of adsorbing moisture to the adsorbent and a desorption step of desorbing adsorbed moisture of the adsorbent by interlocking control of the heater, the blower, and the damper. An air quality controller, wherein the adsorbent is arranged and provided with a gap between its outer periphery and an air passage.
【請求項2】 風路と、この風路との間に空隙を設けて
配設した吸着材及びヒーターから構成される吸着部と、
前記吸着部に空気を送る送風機と、前記風路を室内側と
室外側とに切り替えるダンパーと、前記ヒーターと送風
機とダンパーとを連動制御して前記吸着材に湿分を吸着
させる吸着工程と同吸着材の吸着湿分を脱離させる脱離
工程とを交互に繰り返し行わせるコントローラーとから
構成され、かつ前記風路の上流側には整流板を配設した
空質調節機。
2. An air path, and an adsorbing section comprising an adsorbent and a heater disposed with a gap between the air path and the air path,
A blower for sending air to the adsorbing section, a damper for switching the air passage between the indoor side and the outdoor side, and an adsorbing step of adsorbing moisture to the adsorbent by interlocking control of the heater, the blower, and the damper. A controller for alternately and repeatedly performing a desorption step of desorbing adsorbed moisture from the adsorbent, and a flow straightening plate disposed upstream of the air passage.
【請求項3】 前記風路内に空隙を設けて配した前記吸
着材は、外周に保護ケースを備えた請求項1および2記
載の空質調節機。
3. The air conditioner according to claim 1, wherein the adsorbent provided with a gap in the air path has a protective case on an outer periphery.
JP5181158A 1993-07-22 1993-07-22 Air quality control machine Expired - Fee Related JP3070342B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5181158A JP3070342B2 (en) 1993-07-22 1993-07-22 Air quality control machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5181158A JP3070342B2 (en) 1993-07-22 1993-07-22 Air quality control machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0735379A JPH0735379A (en) 1995-02-07
JP3070342B2 true JP3070342B2 (en) 2000-07-31

Family

ID=16095908

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP5181158A Expired - Fee Related JP3070342B2 (en) 1993-07-22 1993-07-22 Air quality control machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3070342B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3436189B2 (en) * 1999-06-21 2003-08-11 日本電気株式会社 Electric double layer capacitor and method of manufacturing the same
JP4832674B2 (en) * 2001-07-23 2011-12-07 パナソニックエコシステムズ株式会社 Vaporizing humidifier

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0735379A (en) 1995-02-07

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