JP2747981B2 - Vertical roof structure - Google Patents

Vertical roof structure

Info

Publication number
JP2747981B2
JP2747981B2 JP6259598A JP25959894A JP2747981B2 JP 2747981 B2 JP2747981 B2 JP 2747981B2 JP 6259598 A JP6259598 A JP 6259598A JP 25959894 A JP25959894 A JP 25959894A JP 2747981 B2 JP2747981 B2 JP 2747981B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
support member
roof
flow direction
plate
upper support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP6259598A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH08100491A (en
Inventor
元旦 舩木
昇 山坂
渡辺  悟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GANTAN BYUUTEI KOGYO KK
Original Assignee
GANTAN BYUUTEI KOGYO KK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GANTAN BYUUTEI KOGYO KK filed Critical GANTAN BYUUTEI KOGYO KK
Priority to JP6259598A priority Critical patent/JP2747981B2/en
Publication of JPH08100491A publication Critical patent/JPH08100491A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2747981B2 publication Critical patent/JP2747981B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は、縦葺き屋根構造の改
良に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an improvement of a vertical roof structure.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術とその解決すべき課題】従来、建物の表面
がほぼ平坦に表れる外装構造として、実開平3−316
26号、特開平5−86695号に示されているような
ものが提案されている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as an exterior structure in which the surface of a building appears almost flat, it has been disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 3-316.
No. 26 and JP-A-5-86695 have been proposed.

【0003】この種の外装構造は、左右に隣接する外板
の側縁同士を接続、または下地上に取り付ける際に、外
板に直接ビスやボルト等の固定具を貫通させる構造とな
っている。
[0003] This type of exterior structure has a structure in which a fixing tool such as a screw or a bolt is directly penetrated into the outer plate when connecting the side edges of the outer plates adjacent to each other on the left and right or mounting the outer plate on a base. .

【0004】ところで、このような外装構造を屋根に適
用した場合、屋根板は長尺に形成されていて屋根の流れ
方向の寸法が大きいので、気象変化等による温度変化に
伴って長手方向の熱伸縮量が大きく、したがって上述し
た外装構造のように屋根板をビス等により直接的に固定
する構造とした場合には、ビス孔が拡大したり屋根材が
歪んだりして防水性や外観性能が低下する恐れがある。
[0004] When such an exterior structure is applied to a roof, the roof shingle is formed to be long and has a large dimension in the flow direction of the roof. The amount of expansion and contraction is large, so if the roof panel is directly fixed with screws etc. as in the above-mentioned exterior structure, the screw holes will expand or the roof material will be distorted, and the waterproofness and appearance performance will be reduced. May drop.

【0005】また、ビス孔部分からの雨水の侵入を防ぐ
ためにカバー部材で固定部を覆っているが、この種の表
面が平坦に表れる屋根にあっては、完全な防水を行なう
ことは困難であり、拡大したビス孔から室内側への漏水
が避けられない。
Further, the fixing portion is covered with a cover member in order to prevent rainwater from entering from the screw hole portion. However, it is difficult to completely waterproof the roof of this type having a flat surface. Yes, leakage of water from the enlarged screw hole to the indoor side is unavoidable.

【0006】さらに、定尺の縦葺き屋根板を流れ方向に
接続して屋根面を形成する場合には当該流れ方向の接続
部分において防水を図るために接続部分の防水構造が複
雑化するという問題も生じる。
[0006] Further, in the case of forming a roof surface by connecting fixed-length vertical roofing shingles in the flow direction, the waterproof structure of the connection portion is complicated because the connection portion in the flow direction is waterproofed. Also occurs.

【0007】本発明はこのような従来の問題点に着目し
てなされたもので、主たる目的は、熱伸縮に対する構造
的信頼性を高めて防水性及び外観性能に優れた縦葺き屋
根構造を提供することにある。また、付加的には、ビス
等により屋根板を直止めする場合の防水性を確保し、ま
たは定尺屋根板を使用する場合の流れ方向の接続部から
の水の侵入に対して室内側への漏水を防止することを目
的とする。
The present invention has been made in view of such conventional problems, and a main object of the present invention is to provide a thatched roof structure which has improved structural reliability against thermal expansion and contraction and is excellent in waterproofness and appearance performance. Is to do. Also, in addition, ensure waterproofness when fixing the roof shingle directly with screws, etc., or enter the indoor side against water intrusion from the connection part in the flow direction when using a fixed-size roof shingle. The purpose is to prevent water leakage.

【0008】[0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】前記した課題を解決する
ために、請求項1の発明として、屋根の下地上に支持部
材を配設し、縦葺き屋根板をその両側縁を折り下げて形
成した係合部を介して前記支持部材に固定した縦葺き屋
根構造とし、前記支持部材を、下部支持部材と上部支持
部材から構成するとともに、上部支持部材を下部支持部
材に対して流れ方向に摺動可能に取り付け、前記縦葺き
屋根板の一方の側縁の第1係合部を上部支持部材に固定
するとともに、隣接する縦葺き屋根板の他方の側縁の第
2係合部を前記第1係合部に係合させた。また請求項2
の発明として、屋根の下地上に支持部材を配設し、縦葺
き屋根板をその両側縁を折り下げて形成した係合部を介
して前記支持部材に固定した縦葺き屋根構造であって、
前記支持部材は、下部支持部材と上部支持部材からなる
とともに、上部支持部材が下部支持部材に流れ方向に摺
動可能に取り付けられ、前記縦葺き屋根板の一方の側縁
の第1係合部を上部支持部材上にビス等の固定具を介し
吊子部材とともに固定し、隣接する縦葺き屋根板の他
方の側縁の第2係合部を前記吊子部材に係合させた。
According to a first aspect of the present invention, a support member is provided on a lower surface of a roof, and a vertical roofing plate is formed by folding down both side edges thereof. A vertical roof structure fixed to the support member via the engaged portion, wherein the support member comprises a lower support member and an upper support member, and the upper support member is slid in the flow direction with respect to the lower support member. Movably mounted, fixing the first engaging portion of one side edge of the vertical roofing shingle to the upper support member, and connecting the second engaging portion of the other side edge of the adjacent vertical roofing shingle to the first One engaging portion was engaged. Claim 2
As a invention of the vertical roof structure, a support member is disposed on the underground of the roof, and the vertical roof plate is fixed to the support member via an engaging portion formed by folding down both side edges thereof,
The support member includes a lower support member and an upper support member, and the upper support member is slidably attached to the lower support member in a flow direction, and a first engagement portion on one side edge of the roofing shingle. On the upper support member via a fixture such as a screw.
And the second engaging portion on the other side edge of the adjacent roof shingle was engaged with the hanging member.

【0009】また、請求項の発明として、上記発明の
下部支持部材に、流れ方向に沿って、上方に開放した断
面形状を有する流水空間を備えるものとした。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, the lower support member of the above invention is provided with a flowing water space having a cross-sectional shape that is open upward along the flow direction.

【0010】さらに、請求項の発明として、上記発明
の桁行方向に隣接する支持部材間に、流れ方向から見て
略波形の断面形状を有する水漏り防止板を、その側縁が
該支持部材の流水空間に臨むように配設するものとし
た。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a water leakage preventing plate having a substantially corrugated cross-sectional shape as viewed from the flow direction, between the supporting members adjacent to each other in the row direction. It was arranged so as to face the running water space.

【0011】[0011]

【作用】上記請求項1又は請求項2の発明によれば、下
地上に固定される下部支持部材に対して上部支持部材を
摺動可能としたことにより、当該上部支持部材に係合さ
れる屋根材の熱伸縮に対応して上部支持部材が摺動して
変形を許容するので屋根材を痛めるようなことがない。
According to the first or second aspect of the present invention, the upper support member is slidable relative to the lower support member fixed on the base, so that the upper support member is engaged with the lower support member. The upper support member slides and deforms in response to the thermal expansion and contraction of the roof material, so that the roof material is not damaged.

【0012】また、上記請求項の発明によれば、ビス
等の孔から雨水が侵入した場合であっても、流水空間に
よりこれが受け止められ軒先方向に排出されるので、侵
入した雨水が室内側に漏出するようなことがない。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, even when rainwater enters through holes such as screws, the rainwater is received by the running water space and discharged toward the eaves, so that the intruded rainwater can enter the indoor side. There is no such thing as leaking.

【0013】さらに、上記請求項の発明によれば、屋
根板と下地との間に支持部材の流水空間と水漏れ防止板
とによる連続した防水構造が構成されるので、屋根板を
定尺にして流れ方向に継いだ構造とした場合にあって
も、接続部から侵入した水が確実に流水空間に導かれ、
したがって当該流れ方向の接続部を複雑な耐水構造にす
る必要がない。
Further, according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a continuous waterproof structure is formed between the roof plate and the groundwork by the running water space of the support member and the water leakage prevention plate. Even when the structure is connected in the flow direction, the water that has entered from the connection part is surely guided to the flowing water space,
Therefore, there is no need to provide a complicated waterproof structure for the connection part in the flow direction.

【0014】[0014]

【実施例】以下、本発明のいくつかの実施例を添付図面
を参照しながら詳細に説明する。なお、各図につき互い
に対応する部分には原則として同一の符号を付して示す
ことにする。
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Some embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Note that, in each figure, parts corresponding to each other are indicated by the same reference numerals in principle.

【0015】まず、各実施例につき共通する構成につい
て説明すると、図において1は建物の屋根構造の基礎部
分を構成するC形鋼材などからなる母屋材であり(図1
参照)、この母屋材1の上に敷設した木毛板などからな
る野地材2により屋根下地が形成される。3はこのよう
な屋根下地上に桁行方向に所定の間隔をあけて配設され
た樋部材、4(41,42)はこの樋部材3を跨ぐよう
に配設された支持部材、5は隣接する支持部材4の間に
設けられた水漏り防止板、6は水漏り防止板5の上に葺
かれた屋根板をそれぞれ示している。
First, the structure common to the embodiments will be described. In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a purlin material made of a C-shaped steel material or the like constituting a foundation portion of a roof structure of a building ( FIG. 1 ) .
See), roof bed is formed by sheathing material 2 made of laid wood wool board on the haze material 1. Numeral 3 is a gutter member arranged on the roof foundation at a predetermined interval in the girder direction, 4 (41, 42) is a support member arranged to straddle the gutter member 3, and 5 is an adjacent member. The reference numeral 6 denotes a water leakage prevention plate provided between the supporting members 4, and a roof plate laid on the water leakage prevention plate 5.

【0016】樋部材3は、鋼板系、アルミ、ステンレス
等の金属板材を略U字形の断面形状を呈するようにロー
ル形成した長尺材からなり、図示したようにその長手方
向が流れ方向に沿うように下地上に配設されて後述する
支持部材の一部を構成する。
The gutter member 3 is made of a long material in which a metal plate material such as a steel plate material, aluminum, stainless steel or the like is formed into a roll so as to have a substantially U-shaped cross section, and the longitudinal direction thereof is along the flow direction as shown in the figure. The support member is disposed on the base as described above and constitutes a part of a support member described later.

【0017】支持部材4はこの場合下地上に固定される
下部支持部材41と屋根板6の取付部としての上部支持
部材42とからなり、それぞれアルミ合金の押し出し形
材あるいは合成樹脂等により流れ方向の寸法が小さいピ
ース材として形成されている。下部支持部材41は、流
れ方向から見て上方が開放した略U字形状の溝状部41
aの両側に平面部41bを形成し、さらに平面部41b
の両端から垂下した脚部41cの下端部から外側水平方
向にフランジ部41dを形成してあり、前記フランジ部
41dを図示しないビス等の固定具を介して野地材2上
に締め付けることにより固定される。
In this case, the supporting member 4 comprises a lower supporting member 41 fixed on a base and an upper supporting member 42 as a mounting portion of the roof plate 6, and each of the supporting members 4 is formed by extruded aluminum alloy or synthetic resin. Is formed as a small piece material. The lower support member 41 has a substantially U-shaped groove-shaped portion 41 that is open at the top as viewed from the flow direction.
a, a flat portion 41b is formed on both sides of the flat portion 41b.
A flange 41d is formed in a horizontal direction outside from the lower end of the leg 41c hanging down from both ends of the leg 41c. The flange 41d is fixed by tightening the flange 41d on the field material 2 via a fixing tool such as a screw (not shown). You.

【0018】水漏り防止板5は、鋼板系、アルミ、ステ
ンレス等の金属板材、あるいは合成樹脂からなり、流れ
方向に沿った、上に凸の保持部5aを桁行方向に所定間
隔で複数形成して波板状に形成したもので、その両端部
5bは前記保持部5aと同一の高さに立ち上がる起立部
5cと、起立部5cから側方に伸びて上記支持部材平
部41bに重合するように形成された平面部5d、及び
この平面部5dから同じく支持部材溝状部41aに臨む
ように折り下げられた縁部5eとが一体的に設けられて
いる。
The water leakage prevention plate 5 is made of a steel plate, a metal plate material such as aluminum or stainless steel, or a synthetic resin, and is formed with a plurality of holding portions 5a which are upwardly convex at predetermined intervals along the flow direction. which was formed on the corrugated Te, a standing portion 5c at both ends 5b are rising at the same height as the holding portion 5a, extending from the standing part 5c on the side the support member flat surface <br/> portion A flat portion 5d formed so as to overlap with the flat portion 41b and an edge portion 5e folded down from the flat portion 5d so as to face the support member groove 41a are integrally provided.

【0019】以上が各実施例に共通する構成部分であ
り、次に個々の実施例に固有の構成につき説明する。
The above is the components common to the embodiments. Next, the configuration unique to each embodiment will be described.

【0020】図1に示したものでは、下部支持部材41
の溝状部41aの底面に1対の係合腕部41eを形成す
るとともに、上部支持部材42を逆U字形に形成してそ
の両端垂下部内側に前記係合腕部41eに外側から弾性
的に係合する鈎状部42aを形成して、これら係合腕部
41eと鈎状部42aとの係合関係に基づき、下部支持
部材41に対して流れ方向に摺動自在に係合した上部支
持部材42に屋根板6を取り付けるものとしている。
In the embodiment shown in FIG.
A pair of engaging arms 41e is formed on the bottom surface of the groove-shaped portion 41a, and the upper support member 42 is formed in an inverted U-shape. Is formed on the lower support member 41 based on the engagement relationship between the engagement arm portion 41e and the hook portion 42a. The roof plate 6 is attached to the support member 42.

【0021】屋根板6は、鋼板系、アルミ、ステンレ
ス、銅等の金属板材をロール成型により加工したもの
で、平板状の本体部6aの両縁部にそれぞれ第1係合部
6b、第2係合部6cが形成されている。第1係合部6
bは本体部6aの端部から折り下げた垂下部6dの下端
から内側向きに水平に薄い溝状部6eが形成されてお
り、さらにこの溝状部6eから外側に水平に伸びる取付
部6fと、この取付部6fの端部から上方に立ち上がる
起立部6gとが形成されている。他方、第2係合部6c
は、垂下部6hの下端部から外側向きに、前記第1係合
部6bの溝状部6eに嵌合する形状の係合片部6iが形
成されている。
The roof plate 6 is formed by processing a metal plate material such as a steel plate, aluminum, stainless steel, copper or the like by roll forming, and has a first engaging portion 6b and a second engaging portion 6b on both edges of a flat main body 6a. An engagement portion 6c is formed. First engagement portion 6
b has a thin groove portion 6e formed horizontally inward from the lower end of the hanging portion 6d folded down from the end of the main body portion 6a, and a mounting portion 6f extending horizontally outward from the groove portion 6e. An upright portion 6g that rises upward from the end of the mounting portion 6f is formed. On the other hand, the second engagement portion 6c
An engagement piece 6i is formed outwardly from the lower end of the hanging portion 6h so as to fit into the groove 6e of the first engagement portion 6b.

【0022】屋根板6を取り付けるには、その第1係合
部6bを、下部支持部材41を介して流れ方向の要所に
配設された上部支持部材42上に図示しないビス等の固
定具を介して締着したのち、溝状部6eに隣接する他の
屋根板6の第2係合部6cの係合片6iを弾性的に係
合させて接合部分を固定する。このようにして桁行方向
に複数の屋根板6を連続して葺いて行くことにより縦葺
き屋根が構成される。
In order to attach the roof plate 6, the first engaging portion 6b is fixed to the upper support member 42, which is disposed at a key position in the flow direction, via the lower support member 41 by a fixing tool such as a screw (not shown). After that, the engaging portion 6i of the second engaging portion 6c of the other roof plate 6 adjacent to the groove portion 6e is elastically engaged to fix the joint portion. In this manner, a vertically-roofed roof is constructed by successively roofing a plurality of roof boards 6 in the girder direction.

【0023】この場合、屋根板6と水漏り防止板5の保
持部5aとの間には所定の厚さを有する空間が確保され
ており、この空間には前記保持部5a上に載置する態様
で断熱材、遮音材などからなる内層材7が取り付けられ
ている。
In this case, a space having a predetermined thickness is secured between the roof plate 6 and the holding portion 5a of the water leakage prevention plate 5, and the space is placed on the holding portion 5a in this space. In this embodiment, an inner layer material 7 made of a heat insulating material, a sound insulating material, or the like is attached.

【0024】次の図2〜図5に示した各実施例は、下部
支持部材41として、その溝状部41aの上面に互いに
対向するように1対のガイド溝41fを形成するととも
に、このガイド溝41fに流れ方向に沿って摺動自由に
嵌合するスライド片42bを底部に備えた箱状断面の上
部支持部材42を設け、この支持部材42の上面両側方
向に、下部支持部材41の平坦部41bとの間に水漏り
防止板5の平面部5dを挟み込む押さえ部42cと、屋
根板6ないしは内層材7の桁行方向の位置決めをする当
接部42dを設けている。また、これらの実施例では、
図示したように上部支持部材42上にビス等の固定具を
介して屋根板6の一方の係合部6bを共締めする態様で
吊子部材43を設けている。
In each of the embodiments shown in FIGS. 2 to 5, a pair of guide grooves 41f is formed as the lower support member 41 on the upper surface of the groove 41a so as to face each other. An upper support member 42 having a box-shaped cross section is provided at the bottom with a slide piece 42b slidably fitted in the groove 41f along the flow direction, and the lower support member 41 is flattened on both sides of the upper surface of the support member 42. A holding portion 42c for sandwiching the flat portion 5d of the water leakage prevention plate 5 between the portion 41b and a contact portion 42d for positioning the roof plate 6 or the inner layer material 7 in the row direction is provided. Also, in these examples,
As shown in the drawing, a suspender member 43 is provided on the upper support member 42 in such a manner that one of the engaging portions 6b of the roof plate 6 is fastened via a fixing tool such as a screw.

【0025】吊子部材43は、図2と図3に示したもの
では、固定具により固定されるフランジ部43aの一端
から脚部43bを立ちあげ、さらに脚部43bの上端か
ら水平方向に延設した屋根板係合部43cの下面に下方
に開放した溝部43dを形成した断面形状を有する。前
記溝部43dには流れ方向に長尺のゴム等からなる止水
材9が嵌装され、この止水材9を屋根板6の第1係合部
6b上に弾接させることにより屋根板接続部の防水性を
向上させている。なおこの場合、屋根板6の第2係合部
6cは屋根板係合部43cの先端部との係合により係合
固定される。
The retaining clips member 43, shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, one end set up a leg portion 43b from the flange portion 43a which is fixed the fixed again and again, further in the horizontal direction from the upper end of the leg portion 43b It has a cross-sectional shape in which a groove 43d opened downward is formed on the lower surface of the extended roof plate engaging portion 43c. A water-stop material 9 made of rubber or the like which is long in the flow direction is fitted in the groove 43d, and the water-stop material 9 is elastically contacted with the first engaging portion 6b of the roof plate 6 to connect the roof plate. The waterproofing of the part is improved. In this case, the second engaging portion 6c of the roof plate 6 is engaged and fixed by engaging with the tip of the roof plate engaging portion 43c.

【0026】他方、図4に示した吊子部材43は、止水
材9を設けない点で図2,3に示した吊子部材43と異
なっている。図5は、図1〜図4に示した吊子部材43
が押し出し型成型により形成してあるのに対して、屋根
板6の一方の係合部6cに係合する係合部43cを備え
た吊子部材43をプレス成型により形成した例である。
On the other hand, the suspension member 43 shown in FIG. 4 is different from the suspension member 43 shown in FIGS. FIG. 5 shows the suspension member 43 shown in FIGS.
In this example, the suspension member 43 provided with the engaging portion 43c that engages with the one engaging portion 6c of the roof plate 6 is formed by press molding, while the extrusion member is formed by extrusion molding.

【0027】また、図3に示したものは、屋根板6の裏
面側に発泡ポリエチレン材などからなる裏打材10を貼
付して内層材7を併用することにより防音、断熱性能を
高めるようにしている。
In the structure shown in FIG. 3, a backing material 10 made of a foamed polyethylene material or the like is attached to the back surface of the roof plate 6 and the inner layer material 7 is used in combination to improve the soundproofing and heat insulating performance. I have.

【0028】次に、以上に示した各種の態様を有する実
施例が奏する作用効果について説明する。
Next, the operation and effect of the embodiment having the various aspects described above will be described.

【0029】すなわち、上記各実施例の構成によれば、
下部支持部材41に対して上部支持部材42を流れ方向
に摺動可能に支持して屋根板6をビス等により上部支持
部材42に締着することにより、当該上部支持部材42
が下部支持部材41に対して摺動することで流れ方向の
熱伸縮を許容するので、屋根板6等の熱伸縮に原因する
屋根面の変形や強度低下、防水性の低下を回避すること
ができる。
That is, according to the configuration of each of the above embodiments,
The upper support member 42 is slidably supported in the flow direction with respect to the lower support member 41, and the roof plate 6 is fastened to the upper support member 42 with screws or the like, whereby the upper support member 42
Slides with respect to the lower support member 41 to allow thermal expansion and contraction in the flow direction. Therefore, it is possible to avoid deformation of the roof surface, reduction in strength, and reduction in waterproofness due to thermal expansion and contraction of the roof plate 6 and the like. it can.

【0030】また、屋根板6と屋根下地を構成する野地
材2との間に、支持部材41の一部を構成する樋部材3
により上方に開放した流水空間A(図1参照)が形成さ
れるとともに、この流水空間Aとこれに両縁部5eを臨
ませた水漏り防止板5とが桁行方向に連続した防水構造
を構成するので、仮に屋根板6のビス孔や接続部分等か
ら水が侵入しても室内側に漏出するようなことがなく、
侵入した水は流水空間Aにより屋根の軒方向へと流れて
排出される。
The gutter member 3 constituting a part of the support member 41 is provided between the roof plate 6 and the field material 2 constituting the roof base.
As a result, a flowing water space A (see FIG. 1) opened upward is formed, and the flowing water space A and a water leakage prevention plate 5 facing both edges 5e thereof constitute a waterproof structure in which the running water space A is continuous in the row direction. Therefore, even if water invades from the screw holes and the connection portion of the roof plate 6, it does not leak to the indoor side,
The intruded water flows toward the eaves of the roof by the flowing water space A and is discharged.

【0031】さらに、定尺の屋根板6を複数枚連接して
流れ方向の屋根寸法を確保するようにした縦葺き屋根構
造においても、上記流水空間Aと水漏り防止板5とによ
り流れ方向の接続部で水が侵入しても室内側に漏水する
ことを確実に防止でき、またこれにより当該接続部分の
構成を複雑な耐水構造にする必要がなくり、具体的に
は、図6と図7に例示したような簡略な接続構造とする
ことができる。
Further, even in a vertical roof structure in which a plurality of fixed-sized roof slats 6 are connected to each other to secure a roof dimension in the flow direction, the flowing water space A and the water leakage prevention plate 5 allow the flow direction to be increased. Even if water invades at the connection part, it can be surely prevented from leaking into the room, and it is not necessary to make the structure of the connection part a complicated water-resistant structure. A simple connection structure as exemplified in FIG.

【0032】図において、11は定尺屋根板6の流れ方
向の接続部分に位置するように桁行方向に沿って配置さ
れた樋状のジョイント捨板であり、その桁行方向の端部
11aは樋部材3の流水空間Aに臨むように設けられて
いる。このジョイント捨板11の中央部底面には、隣接
して2条の挟持部12aを備えたゴム等の弾性材からな
る固定部材12が桁行方向に沿って取り付けられてい
る。一方、屋根板6はその平面部6aの流れ方向の前後
端部に折り下げ部6eが形成されており、流れ方向に隣
接する屋根板6のそれぞれの軒側と棟側の折り下げ部6
eを前記固定部材12の挟持部12aに挟持させること
により、複数の定尺屋根板6を流れ方向に連結する構成
となっている。
In the drawing, reference numeral 11 denotes a gutter-shaped joint discarding plate arranged along the girder direction so as to be located at a connection portion in the flow direction of the fixed-size roof slab 6, and an end 11a in the girder direction is a gutter. It is provided so as to face the flowing water space A of the member 3. A fixing member 12 made of an elastic material such as rubber and provided with two adjacent holding portions 12a is attached to the bottom surface of the central portion of the joint discarding plate 11 in the row direction. On the other hand, the roof plate 6 has a folded portion 6e formed at the front and rear ends of the flat portion 6a in the flow direction, and the eaves side and ridge side folded portions 6 of the roof plate 6 adjacent to the flow direction in the flow direction.
By holding the holding member 12 with the holding portion 12a of the fixing member 12, a plurality of fixed-size roof shingles 6 are connected in the flow direction.

【0033】このような構成において、もし流れ方向の
接続部B(図6参照)から雨水が侵入するようなことが
あっても、この雨水はジョイント捨板11により受け止
められ、その端部11aから樋部材3の流水空間Aへと
排出される。また、仮にジョイント捨板11から雨水が
溢れたり、あるいは屋根板6の裏面側に結露水が発生し
たりするようなことがあっても、これらの水は水漏り防
止板5により受け止められて、やはり軒方向に排出され
る。したがって、このような簡略な接続構造において
も、室内側への漏水を確実に防止することができるので
ある。
In such a configuration, even if rainwater intrudes from the connecting portion B in the flow direction (see FIG. 6), the rainwater is received by the joint discard plate 11, and the rainwater is received from the end 11a. It is discharged to the flowing water space A of the gutter member 3. Also, even if rainwater overflows from the joint waste plate 11 or dew condensation water is generated on the back side of the roof plate 6, these waters are received by the water leakage prevention plate 5, After all it is discharged to the eaves direction. Therefore, even with such a simple connection structure, it is possible to reliably prevent water leakage to the indoor side.

【0034】なお、上記各実施例では下部支持部材41
の一部を構成する樋部材3により流水空間Aを形成する
ようにしているが、下部支持部材41自体を長尺材とし
て形成することにより、その溝状部41aを流水空間A
とすることが可能であり、これにより樋部材3を省略す
ることもできる。
In each of the above embodiments, the lower support member 41 is used.
The flow space A is formed by the gutter member 3 which constitutes a part of the lower surface. However, by forming the lower support member 41 itself as a long material, the groove 41a is formed in the flow space A.
Thus, the gutter member 3 can be omitted.

【0035】また、実施例の屋根下地としては母屋材1
の上に野地材2を敷設したものを示したが、本発明はこ
れに限られず、RC構造等の屋根下地上にも構成するこ
とが可能である。
In addition, the purlin material 1
Although the field material 2 is laid on the roof, the present invention is not limited to this, and the field material 2 can be configured on a roof foundation such as an RC structure.

【0036】[0036]

【発明の効果】請求項1又は請求項2の発明によれば、
下地上に固定される下部支持部材に対して上部支持部材
を摺動可能として、当該上部支持部材に係合される屋根
材の熱伸縮に対応して上部支持部材を摺動させることに
より屋根板の変形を吸収するようにしたので、縦葺き屋
根の構造的信頼性を高めて防水性の悪化や屋根面の変形
を回避でき屋根板の耐久性を向上できる。
According to the first or second aspect of the present invention,
The roof plate is slid by making the upper support member slidable with respect to the lower support member fixed to the lower ground, and sliding the upper support member in response to the thermal expansion and contraction of the roof material engaged with the upper support member. Since the deformation of the roof is absorbed, the structural reliability of the vertically-roofed roof can be improved, and the deterioration of waterproofness and the deformation of the roof surface can be avoided, so that the durability of the roof slab can be improved.

【0037】また、請求項の発明によれば、下部支持
部材に流れ方向に形成した流水空間により、ス等の孔
から侵入した雨水を軒先方向に導いて外部に排出するよ
うにしたので、室内側への漏水をより確実に防止するこ
とができる。
Further, according to the invention of claim 3, the water flow space formed in the flow direction to the lower support member. Thus discharged outside guides the rainwater that has entered the hole, such as bi-scan in the eaves direction In addition, water leakage to the indoor side can be more reliably prevented.

【0038】さらに、請求項の発明によれば、屋根板
と下地との間に支持部材の流水空間と水漏れ防止板とに
よる連続した防水構造を構成するものとしたので、屋根
板を定尺にして流れ方向に継いだ構造とした場合にあっ
ても、接続部から侵入した水を確実に流水空間に導いて
室内側への漏出を確実に阻止でき、したがって当該流れ
方向の接続部を簡潔な構造とすることができる。
Further, according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a continuous waterproof structure is formed between the roof plate and the groundwork by the running water space of the support member and the water leakage prevention plate. Even in the case of a structure that is connected to the flow direction, it is possible to surely guide the water that has entered from the connection portion into the flowing water space and prevent leakage to the indoor side, and therefore, to connect the connection portion in the flow direction. It can be a simple structure.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明に係る縦葺き屋根構造の第1の実施例の
要部正面断面図。
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of a main part of a first embodiment of a vertical roof structure according to the present invention.

【図2】同じく第2の実施例の要部正面断面図。FIG. 2 is a front sectional view of a main part of the second embodiment.

【図3】同じく第3の実施例の要部正面断面図。FIG. 3 is a front sectional view of a main part of the third embodiment.

【図4】同じく第4の実施例の要部正面断面図。FIG. 4 is a front sectional view of a main part of the fourth embodiment.

【図5】同じく第5の実施例の要部正面断面図。FIG. 5 is a front sectional view of a main part of the fifth embodiment.

【図6】本発明に係る縦葺き屋根構造の流れ方向の接続
部に関する実施例の要部側面断面図。
FIG. 6 is a side sectional view of a main part of an embodiment relating to a connection part in a flow direction of a vertical roof structure according to the present invention.

【図7】同実施例の組み立て状態を示す要部斜視図。FIG. 7 is an essential part perspective view showing the assembled state of the embodiment.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 母屋材 2 野地材(屋根下地) 3 樋部材 4 支持部材 41 下部支持部材 42 上部支持部材 43 吊子部材 5 水漏り防止板 5e 水漏り防止板の縁部 6 縦葺き屋根板 6b 屋根板の係合部 6c 屋根板の係合部 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Purlin material 2 Field material (roof base) 3 Gutter member 4 Support member 41 Lower support member 42 Upper support member 43 Hanger member 5 Water leakage prevention plate 5e Edge of water leakage prevention plate 6 Vertical roofing plate 6b Roofing plate Engaging part 6c Engaging part of roof plate

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (56)参考文献 特開 平7−150698(JP,A) 実開 昭62−88016(JP,U) 実開 平1−171815(JP,U) ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continuation of the front page (56) References JP-A-7-150698 (JP, A) JP-A-62-188016 (JP, U) JP-A-1-171815 (JP, U)

Claims (4)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】屋根の下地上に支持部材を配設し、縦葺き
屋根板をその両側縁を折り下げて形成した係合部を介し
て前記支持部材に固定した縦葺き屋根構造であって、 前記支持部材は、下部支持部材と上部支持部材からなる
とともに、上部支持部材が下部支持部材に流れ方向に摺
動可能に取り付けられ、 前記縦葺き屋根板の一方の側縁の第1係合部を上部支持
部材に固定するとともに隣接する縦葺き屋根板の他方
の側縁の第2係合部を前記第1係合部に係合させたこと
を特徴とする縦葺き屋根構造。
1. A vertical roof structure in which a support member is disposed on a lower ground of a roof, and a vertical roof plate is fixed to the support member via engagement portions formed by folding both side edges thereof. The support member includes a lower support member and an upper support member, and the upper support member is slidably attached to the lower support member in a flow direction, and a first engagement of one side edge of the roofing shingle is provided. parts is fixed to the upper support member, the other of the adjacent longitudinal roofing plate
Characterized in that a second engaging portion of a side edge of the roof is engaged with the first engaging portion .
【請求項2】屋根の下地上に支持部材を配設し、縦葺き
屋根板をその両側縁を折り下げて形成した係合部を介し
て前記支持部材に固定した縦葺き屋根構造であって、 前記支持部材は、下部支持部材と上部支持部材からなる
とともに、上部支持部材が下部支持部材に流れ方向に摺
動可能に取り付けられ、 前記縦葺き屋根板の一方の側縁の第1係合部を上部支持
部材上にビス等の固定具を介して吊子部材とともに固定
し、隣接する縦葺き屋根板の他方の側縁の第2係合部を
前記吊子部材に係合させたことを特徴とする縦葺き屋根
構造。
2. A vertical roof structure in which a support member is disposed under the roof, and a vertical roof plate is fixed to the support member via engagement portions formed by folding both side edges thereof. The support member includes a lower support member and an upper support member, and the upper support member is slidably attached to the lower support member in a flow direction, and a first engagement of one side edge of the roofing shingle is provided. Part is fixed on the upper support member together with the suspender member via a fixing tool such as a screw , and the second engaging portion on the other side edge of the adjacent roofing shingle is engaged with the suspender member. Vertical roof structure.
【請求項3】下部支持部材には、流れ方向に沿って、上
方に開放した断面形状を有する流水空間を備えたことを
特徴とする請求項1または請求項2に記載の縦葺き屋根
構造。
The wherein the lower support member, in the flow direction, the longitudinal roofing structure according to claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising a water flow space having a cross section that is open upward.
【請求項4】桁行方向に隣接する支持部材間に、流れ方
向から見て略波形の断面形状を有する水漏り防止板を、
その側縁が該支持部材の流水空間に臨むように配設した
ことを特徴とする請求項1乃至請求項3の何れかに記載
の縦葺き屋根構造。
4. A water leakage prevention plate having a substantially corrugated cross section viewed from the flow direction is provided between support members adjacent in the row direction.
The vertical-roofed roof structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the side edge is disposed so as to face the flowing water space of the support member.
JP6259598A 1994-09-30 1994-09-30 Vertical roof structure Expired - Fee Related JP2747981B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6259598A JP2747981B2 (en) 1994-09-30 1994-09-30 Vertical roof structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6259598A JP2747981B2 (en) 1994-09-30 1994-09-30 Vertical roof structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08100491A JPH08100491A (en) 1996-04-16
JP2747981B2 true JP2747981B2 (en) 1998-05-06

Family

ID=17336330

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP6259598A Expired - Fee Related JP2747981B2 (en) 1994-09-30 1994-09-30 Vertical roof structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2747981B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4839297B2 (en) * 2007-11-15 2011-12-21 株式会社日立産機システム Dry transformer device

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH049777Y2 (en) * 1985-11-22 1992-03-11
JPH0629327Y2 (en) * 1988-05-20 1994-08-10 吉田金属工業株式会社 Long metal roof forming plate mounting device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH08100491A (en) 1996-04-16

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