JP2016016012A - Cleaning device - Google Patents

Cleaning device Download PDF

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JP2016016012A
JP2016016012A JP2014138936A JP2014138936A JP2016016012A JP 2016016012 A JP2016016012 A JP 2016016012A JP 2014138936 A JP2014138936 A JP 2014138936A JP 2014138936 A JP2014138936 A JP 2014138936A JP 2016016012 A JP2016016012 A JP 2016016012A
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dust
moving body
contact
rotation
static electricity
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JP6485851B2 (en
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祐輔 近藤
Yusuke Kondo
祐輔 近藤
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Kowa Co Ltd
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Kowa Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a cleaning device for collecting dust by electrostatic adsorption.SOLUTION: A main body case includes: a static electricity generation means storage chamber having a wide suction port in the lower surface; and travel wheels to rotatably have contact with a cleaned surface. A cleaning device includes inside the main body case: a cylindrical rotation adsorption body rotatably stored in the static electricity generation means storage chamber so as to face the suction port by non-contact with the cleaned surface; a dust movement body where multiple small-diameter brush pieces stored in parallel to allow the outer surfaces to have contact with the rotation adsorption body are radially formed; a dust collection chamber having comb-shape dust removal body to be abutted to the dust movement body; and a transmission mechanism constituted by gears, etc. for transmitting the rotation of the travel wheels so as to allow the rotation adsorption body and the dust movement body to be rotated by respective predetermined rotation frequencies. The rotation adsorption body and the dust movement body are constituted by respective materials, i.e. the rotation adsorption body is constituted by a base material to be negatively charged in rotation contact and the dust movement body is by a base material to be positively charged in rotation contact.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 3

Description

本発明は、塵埃を静電吸着して捕集する清掃具の改良に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an improvement of a cleaning tool that electrostatically attracts and collects dust.

従来の静電気を活用して塵埃を吸着する清掃具としては、静電気を発生させる駆動手段が、それぞれ異なっており、電動機やファンを電気掃除機用吸込具に用いたもの(例えば、特許文献1参照)、電池を用いたもの(例えば、特許文献2参照)、床面に回転接触させるロールを用いたもの(例えば、特許文献3)等が、提案されていた。   Conventional cleaning tools that use static electricity to adsorb dust have different driving means for generating static electricity, and use an electric motor or a fan as a vacuum cleaner suction tool (see, for example, Patent Document 1) ), Those using batteries (for example, see Patent Document 2), and those using a roll that is brought into rotational contact with the floor surface (for example, Patent Document 3) have been proposed.

特開2005−305194号公報JP 2005-305194 A 特許第3261342号公報Japanese Patent No. 3261342 実開昭62−64459号公報Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 62-64459

しかしながら、上記特許文献1に記載の電気掃除機用吸込具は、帯電順位の異なるブラシ群同士を回転接触させてマイナスイオンを発生させ、このマイナスイオンを塵埃に吸着させて、吸塵する方法であるが、前記ブラシ群を回転させるための駆動源として、ファンや電動機を用いているために、ファンの回転に伴う騒音や振動の発生、電動機による配線の複雑化等の他に、吸込具が大きくなるのと過重量に伴う操作性が低下する以外にも、必ず電源コードが必要であり、コンセントから遠い箇所での使用は不可等の課題が生じる。さらに、掃除機本体に内蔵された電動送風機による吸引風は、強力な為に、ブラシ群を通過する際に、ブラシ群に帯電した電荷を弱めて、塵埃の吸着性能を低下してしまう課題も生じる。また、上記特許文献2に記載の静電集塵機は、静電気を発生させる帯電手段及び放電手段等の電源として、充電池を用いているために、過重量になったり、充電作業の煩わしさ等の課題が生じる。また、上記特許文献3に記載の静電気式そうじ機は、床面にロールを回転接触させることで静電気を発生させており、前記特許文献1、2と異なり電源は不要であるが、床面に回転接触することで帯電されるロールは、床面の種類例えば、湿った床面や、敷居等に設けられた金属レール等により、アースとして放電されることも生じ、ロールへのゴミの吸着が出来ない等の課題が生じる。   However, the vacuum cleaner suction tool described in Patent Document 1 is a method of rotating negatively contacting brush groups having different charging orders to generate negative ions, and adsorbing the negative ions to dust to absorb the dust. However, since a fan or an electric motor is used as a drive source for rotating the brush group, in addition to the generation of noise and vibration associated with the rotation of the fan, the complicated wiring of the electric motor, etc., the suction tool is large. In addition to the reduced operability associated with excessive weight, a power cord is always required, and there is a problem that it cannot be used at a location far from the outlet. Furthermore, since the suction air generated by the electric blower built in the vacuum cleaner body is strong, when passing through the brush group, the charge charged to the brush group is weakened and the dust adsorption performance is reduced. Arise. Moreover, since the electrostatic precipitator described in Patent Document 2 uses a rechargeable battery as a power source for charging means and discharging means for generating static electricity, it becomes excessively heavy or troublesome in charging work. Challenges arise. In addition, the electrostatic scavenger described in Patent Document 3 generates static electricity by rotating a roll in contact with the floor surface, and unlike the Patent Documents 1 and 2, a power source is not required. Rolls that are charged by rotating contact may be discharged as ground due to the type of floor surface, such as a wet floor surface or a metal rail provided on a sill, etc. Issues such as inability to do so occur.

上記従来の課題を解決する為に、請求項1の発明は、下面に幅広の吸込口が設けられた静電気発生手段収納室と、被清掃面に回転自在に接触する走行車輪とを有する本体ケースに、前記静電気発生手段収納室内で、前記吸込口に対向し被清掃面に非接触となるよう回転自在に収納された円柱状の回転吸着体と、該回転吸着体にその外表面が接触するよう並列に収納された多数の小径ブラシ片が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体と、該塵埃移動体に当接する櫛状の塵埃剥離体を有する集塵室と、前記走行車輪の回転を前記回転吸着体乃至前記塵埃移動体をそれぞれ所定の回転数で回転させるギア等から成る伝達機構とを備え、前記回転吸着体と前記塵埃移動体は、その回転接触時において、回転吸着体はマイナス帯電素材、塵埃移動体はプラス帯電素材で、それぞれ構成したことを特徴としている。   In order to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, the invention of claim 1 is a main body case having a static electricity generating means storage chamber provided with a wide suction port on the lower surface, and a traveling wheel that rotatably contacts the surface to be cleaned. In addition, a cylindrical rotary adsorber rotatably accommodated in the static electricity generating means storage chamber so as to face the suction port and be in non-contact with the surface to be cleaned, and the outer surface of the rotary adsorber come into contact with the rotary adsorber. The dust moving body in which a large number of small-diameter brush pieces housed in parallel are radially formed, a dust collecting chamber having a comb-like dust peeling body that comes into contact with the dust moving body, and the rotation of the traveling wheel is rotated. A transmission mechanism comprising a gear or the like that rotates the adsorbent to the dust moving body at a predetermined rotational speed, and the rotating adsorber and the dust moving body are in a negative contact state when the rotary adsorber and the dust moving body are in rotational contact. , Dust moving body is a plus belt A material is characterized by being configured respectively.

請求項2の発明は、塵埃剥離体を塵埃移動体より帯電列でマイナス側に帯電し易い素材で構成したことを特徴としている。請求項3の発明は、被清掃面に塵埃移動体を、回転接触させたことを特徴としている。   The invention according to claim 2 is characterized in that the dust peeling body is made of a material that is easily charged to the minus side in the charging train from the dust moving body. The invention of claim 3 is characterized in that a dust moving body is brought into rotational contact with the surface to be cleaned.

請求項4の発明は、幅広の開口が設けられた静電気発生手段収納室と、多数の小径ブラシ片が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体と、前記塵埃移動体に当接する櫛状の塵埃剥離体を有する集塵室とを備えた本体ケース、及び前記開口に対向し前記塵埃移動体にその外表面が接触するよう装着されたフィルター状吸着体を備え、前記フィルター状吸着体と前記塵埃移動体は、その回転接触時において、フィルター状吸着体はマイナス帯電素材、塵埃移動体はプラス帯電素材で、それぞれ構成したことを特徴としている。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a static electricity generating means storage chamber provided with a wide opening, a dust moving body in which a large number of small-diameter brush pieces are formed radially, and a comb-like dust peeling body that contacts the dust moving body. A main body case having a dust collecting chamber, and a filter-like adsorbent mounted so as to face the opening and contact the outer surface of the dust-moving body, the filter-like adsorbent and the dust moving body Is characterized in that the filter-like adsorber is composed of a negatively charged material and the dust moving body is composed of a positively charged material at the time of rotating contact.

請求項1の発明では、回転吸着体と塵埃移動体を回転接触させる静電気発生手段の駆動源を、走行車輪の回転力を活用しており、電源が不要のため、特に使用環境を限定する必要がない。更に、床面から塵埃を静電吸着させる回転吸着体は、被清掃面とは非接触に形成されているので、被清掃面に回転吸着体に帯電している静電気がアースされることがなく、走行輪が回転できれば良いものである。さらに、回転吸着体は、塵埃と比較すると相対的にマイナスに帯電される素材で形成されているので、一般的な塵埃、例えば、紙屑や人毛、皮膚等は、回転吸着体よりも相対的にプラス側に帯電されやすいので、確実に吸着する事が可能となる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, the driving source of the static electricity generating means for rotatingly contacting the rotary adsorber and the dust moving body utilizes the rotational force of the traveling wheel, and no power supply is required. There is no. Furthermore, the rotary adsorber that electrostatically adsorbs dust from the floor is formed in a non-contact manner with the surface to be cleaned, so that static electricity charged on the rotary adsorber is not grounded on the surface to be cleaned. It is sufficient if the traveling wheel can rotate. Furthermore, since the rotary adsorber is made of a material that is relatively negatively charged compared to dust, general dust, such as paper scraps, human hair, skin, etc., is more relative than the rotary adsorber. Since it is easily charged to the plus side, it can be reliably adsorbed.

請求項2の発明では、塵埃移動体より、マイナス側に帯電される素材から形成された櫛状の塵埃剥離体を集塵室に設けたことで、塵埃移動体に付着あるいはその近辺の浮遊塵埃は、確実に集塵室に収納することができる。請求項3の発明では、被清掃面に塵埃移動体を、回転接触させているので、被清掃面の塵埃は、その回転力で強制的に掃き上げられて、回転吸着体に静電吸着させることができるので、比較的重量のある塵埃も、確実に清掃が可能となる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, a comb-like dust peeling body made of a material charged to the negative side from the dust moving body is provided in the dust collecting chamber, so that the floating dust adhering to or near the dust moving body. Can be securely stored in the dust collection chamber. In the invention of claim 3, since the dust moving body is brought into rotational contact with the surface to be cleaned, the dust on the surface to be cleaned is forcibly swept up by the rotational force and electrostatically adsorbed to the rotary attracting body. Therefore, even relatively heavy dust can be reliably cleaned.

請求項4の発明では、マイナス帯電素材のフィルター状吸着体と、プラス帯電素材の塵埃移動体を回転接触させているので、空気中の塵埃は、静電気により、フィルター状吸着体の外表面に静電吸着されると共に、塵埃移動体の回転力により、除去することができる。また、塵埃剥離体により、強制移動あるいは、静電移動して、塵埃収納室に落下収納できる。   In the invention of claim 4, since the negatively charged material filter-like adsorbent and the positively charged material dust moving body are in rotational contact, dust in the air is statically applied to the outer surface of the filter-like adsorbent by static electricity. While being electroadsorbed, it can be removed by the rotational force of the dust moving body. Further, the dust peeling body can be forcibly moved or electrostatically moved to be dropped and stored in the dust storage chamber.

本発明に関わる清掃具の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the cleaning tool concerning this invention. 本発明に関わる清掃具の底面斜視図である。It is a bottom perspective view of the cleaning tool concerning the present invention. 本発明に関わる清掃具の中央縦断面図である。It is a center longitudinal cross-sectional view of the cleaning tool concerning this invention. 図3におけるXX断面図である。It is XX sectional drawing in FIG. 本発明に関わる塵埃剥離体の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the dust peeling body in connection with this invention. 本発明に関わる他の実施例1であり、静電気発生手段の構成図である。It is other Example 1 in connection with this invention, and is a block diagram of a static electricity generation means. 本発明に関わる他の実施例2であり、静電気発生手段の構成図である。It is other Example 2 in connection with this invention, and is a block diagram of a static electricity generation means. 図7の静電気発生手段を有する清掃具を搭載した空気調和機の構成図である。It is a block diagram of the air conditioner carrying the cleaning tool which has the static electricity generation means of FIG.

以下に、本発明の一実施の形態の清掃具の構成を、図1乃至図5を用いて説明する。
Zは、被清掃面である。
Below, the structure of the cleaning tool of one embodiment of this invention is demonstrated using FIG. 1 thru | or FIG.
Z is a surface to be cleaned.

清掃具1は、上面に操作用の取っ手2と、下面の前方と後方の両側に前車輪3と後車輪4からなる走行車輪5と、後方に着脱自在に取り付けられた集塵室6とを設けた直方体状の本体ケース7より構成されている。本体ケース7の下面前方には幅広の吸込口8を有する静電気発生手段収納室9が形成されていて、該静電気発生手段収納室9には、吸込口8に対向し、被清掃面Zには非接触と成るよう両端を回転自在に支持された、帯電列でマイナスに帯電されやすい素材、例えば塩化ビニールやポリエチレンあるいはポリプロピレン等のプラスチックより円柱状に形成された回転吸着体10と、該回転吸着体10より後方で並列に、かつ、その先端部が回転吸着体10に接触するよう両端部を回転自在に支持された、帯電列でプラスに帯電されやすい素材、例えばレーヨンやナイロン等のプラスチックよりなる小径で、所定長を有する多数の小径ブラシ片11が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体12が、収納されている。なお、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12の接触回転状態を、静電気発生手段13とする。なお、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12の素材選定は、それぞれ必要に応じて自在に選定すれば良いものであるが、より静電気を発生しやすくするためには、帯電列において、前記プラスとマイナスの素材は、できるだけ離れた素材を選定することが、望ましい。   The cleaning tool 1 includes an operation handle 2 on the upper surface, a traveling wheel 5 including a front wheel 3 and a rear wheel 4 on both the front and rear sides of the lower surface, and a dust collection chamber 6 detachably attached to the rear. The main body case 7 has a rectangular parallelepiped shape. A static electricity generating means storage chamber 9 having a wide suction port 8 is formed in front of the lower surface of the main body case 7. The static electricity generation means storage chamber 9 is opposed to the suction port 8 and is to be cleaned on the surface to be cleaned Z. A rotary adsorber 10 formed in a columnar shape from a material that is easily negatively charged by a charge train, for example, plastic such as vinyl chloride, polyethylene, or polypropylene, that is rotatably supported at both ends so as to be non-contact, and the rotary adsorption From a material that is easily charged positively in a charging train, for example, plastic such as rayon or nylon, that is supported in parallel at the rear of the body 10 and whose both ends are rotatably supported so that the tip of the body 10 contacts the rotary adsorption body 10 A dust moving body 12 having a small diameter and a large number of small diameter brush pieces 11 having a predetermined length is stored therein. The rotating state of contact between the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 12 is referred to as static electricity generating means 13. In addition, the materials for the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 12 can be selected freely according to necessity. However, in order to more easily generate static electricity, For negative materials, it is desirable to select materials that are as far apart as possible.

走行車輪5を構成する前車輪3の一部には、その回転力を回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12に、それぞれ所定の回転数で回転するよう伝達する複数のギア等から成る伝達機構14が、本体ケース7に収納されている。なお、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12のそれぞれの回転数は、同じでも異なっても良いが、静電気発生効率を考慮すると、できれば、回転吸着体10より塵埃移動体12の方を高回転とするのが望ましい。また、図中の矢印Hは、回転方向を示す。   A part of the front wheel 3 constituting the traveling wheel 5 includes a transmission mechanism 14 including a plurality of gears that transmit the rotational force to the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 12 so as to rotate at a predetermined rotational speed. Is housed in the main body case 7. Note that the rotational speeds of the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 12 may be the same or different, but considering the static electricity generation efficiency, the dust moving body 12 is set to have a higher rotation than the rotary adsorber 10 if possible. It is desirable to do. In addition, an arrow H in the figure indicates the rotation direction.

集塵室6は、内部が見えるよう少なくともその上面側が透明材で構成されており、その内部には、先端部が傾斜した櫛状の塵埃剥離体15が塵埃移動体12に接触するよう設けられている。塵埃剥離体15は、塵埃移動体12より、帯電列でマイナス側に帯電し易い素材、例えばアルミニュームや鉄、あるいは塩化ビニールやポリエチレンあるいはポリプロピレン等のプラスチックで構成する。勿論、素材の選定は、必要に応じて行えばよい。なお、塵埃剥離体15の後方には、塵埃移動体12に絡みついた塵埃を収納する塵埃収納室16が形成されている。また、集塵室6の前側は、塵埃移動体12を覆うよう形成されており、塵埃移動体12から、衝撃等により落下したような塵埃をも収納することができる。なお、塵埃剥離体15は、多数の小径ブラシ片から構成しても良いものである。   The dust collection chamber 6 is made of a transparent material at least on the upper surface side so that the inside can be seen. Inside the dust collection chamber 6, a comb-like dust peeling body 15 having an inclined tip is provided so as to contact the dust moving body 12. ing. The dust peeling body 15 is made of a material that is more easily charged to the negative side in the charging train than the dust moving body 12, for example, aluminum, iron, plastic such as vinyl chloride, polyethylene, or polypropylene. Of course, material selection may be performed as necessary. A dust storage chamber 16 for storing dust entangled with the dust moving body 12 is formed behind the dust peeling body 15. Further, the front side of the dust collecting chamber 6 is formed so as to cover the dust moving body 12, and dust that has fallen from the dust moving body 12 due to an impact or the like can also be stored. In addition, the dust peeling body 15 may be comprised from many small diameter brush pieces.

この発明は、以上のように構成されており、清掃時において、清掃具1を被清掃面Z上に載置して、取っ手2を持ち、本体ケース7を走行させると、走行車輪5が回転し、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12は、伝達機構14により、所定の回転数と回転方向に回転を開始する。この時に、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体12は、接触状態で回転するので、回転吸着体10はマイナスに、塵埃移動体12はプラスにそれぞれ帯電する。これにより、被清掃面Z上の塵埃は、吸込口8を通過して、静電気により、回転吸着体10の外表面に、静電吸着される。静電吸着された塵埃は、塵埃移動体12の回転力により、塵埃移動体12に強制的に移動乃至静電気発生手段収納室9の後方に飛散させられる。多数の小径ブラシ片11間に付着した塵埃は、先端部が傾斜した櫛状の塵埃剥離体15により、強制移動あるいは、静電移動して、塵埃収納室16に落下収納される。また、浮遊している塵埃も、マイナスに帯電している塵埃剥離体15に静電吸着され、塵埃収納室16に収納される。このような清掃動作を、長期間繰り返すと、塵埃収納室16は塵埃で、一杯になるが、集塵室6を透明材で構成しているので、使用者に分かりやすく、集塵室6を本体ケース7から外し、処理すれば良い。   The present invention is configured as described above. During cleaning, when the cleaning tool 1 is placed on the surface to be cleaned Z, the handle 2 is held, and the main body case 7 is caused to travel, the traveling wheel 5 rotates. Then, the rotation adsorbing body 10 and the dust moving body 12 start to rotate in a predetermined rotation speed and rotation direction by the transmission mechanism 14. At this time, since the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 12 rotate in contact with each other, the rotary adsorbing body 10 is negatively charged and the dust moving body 12 is positively charged. Thereby, the dust on the surface to be cleaned Z passes through the suction port 8 and is electrostatically adsorbed to the outer surface of the rotary adsorption body 10 by static electricity. The electrostatically adsorbed dust is forcibly moved to the dust moving body 12 by the rotational force of the dust moving body 12 or scattered behind the static electricity generating means storage chamber 9. Dust adhering between a large number of small-diameter brush pieces 11 is forcibly moved or electrostatically moved by a comb-like dust peeling body 15 having an inclined tip, and is dropped and stored in the dust storage chamber 16. The floating dust is also electrostatically attracted to the negatively charged dust peeling body 15 and stored in the dust storage chamber 16. If such a cleaning operation is repeated for a long time, the dust storage chamber 16 is filled with dust, but the dust collection chamber 6 is made of a transparent material, so that the user can easily understand the dust collection chamber 6. What is necessary is just to remove and process from the main body case 7. FIG.

図6は、本発明の他の実施例1を示し、吸込口8に対向して、回転吸着体10と塵埃移動体121の接触回転状態からなる静電気発生手段131を設ける。この時に、塵埃移動体121のみ、被清掃面Zに接触するように形成する。この状態で、清掃具1を走行させると、塵埃移動体121は、被清掃面Zと、回転吸着体10に回転接触する。これにより、回転吸着体10は、マイナスに帯電し、比較的軽量な塵埃を静電吸着する。比較的、重い塵埃は、塵埃移動体121の回転力で、掃き上げられて前方で上方に配置されている回転吸着体10に強制吸着させられる。その後の塵埃は、前記の本発明と同じく、塵埃移動体121を介して、塵埃収納室16に収納される。このように、塵埃移動体121を被清掃面Zに回転接触させることで、重量のある塵埃も、清掃できる効果を奏するものである。   FIG. 6 shows another embodiment 1 of the present invention, in which a static electricity generating means 131 composed of a rotating rotating state of the rotary adsorber 10 and the dust moving body 121 is provided facing the suction port 8. At this time, only the dust moving body 121 is formed in contact with the surface to be cleaned Z. When the cleaning tool 1 is run in this state, the dust moving body 121 is in rotational contact with the surface to be cleaned Z and the rotary adsorption body 10. Thereby, the rotary adsorber 10 is negatively charged and electrostatically adsorbs relatively lightweight dust. The relatively heavy dust is swept up by the rotational force of the dust moving body 121 and is forcibly adsorbed to the rotary adsorbing body 10 that is disposed upward and forward. Subsequent dust is stored in the dust storage chamber 16 via the dust moving body 121 as in the present invention. Thus, by bringing the dust moving body 121 into rotational contact with the surface to be cleaned Z, there is an effect that even heavy dust can be cleaned.

なお、本発明の主旨を逸脱しない範囲で、さまざまな実施の形態をとることができるものである。   It should be noted that various embodiments can be employed without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

図7及び図8は、本発明の他の実施例2を示し、空気調和機41のフィルター状吸着体22の表面に、空気中の塵埃を吸着させると共に、吸着させた塵埃を剥離除去させる為の清掃具21が、空気調和機41内に搭載されてある。フィルター状吸着体22の近傍には、集塵室36を有する直方体状の本体ケース17が形成されている。フィルター状吸着体22は、帯電列でマイナスに帯電されやすい素材、例えば塩化ビニールやポリエチレンあるいはポリプロピレン等の材質により形成されてある。本実施例においては、フィルター状吸着体22は、プレフィルターが形成されてある。また、本体ケース17内には、開口18を有する静電気発生手段収納室19が形成されていて、該静電気発生手段収納室19には、該フィルター状吸着体22にたいして、その先端部がフィルター状吸着体22に接触するよう両端部を回転自在に支持された、帯電列でプラスに帯電されやすい素材、例えばレーヨンやナイロン等のプラスチックよりなる小径で、所定長を有する多数の小径ブラシ片31が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体122が、収納されている。なお、フィルター状吸着体22と塵埃移動体122の接触回転状態を、静電気発生手段132とする。   FIGS. 7 and 8 show another embodiment 2 of the present invention for adsorbing dust in the air on the surface of the filter-like adsorbent 22 of the air conditioner 41 and for removing the adsorbed dust. The cleaning tool 21 is mounted in the air conditioner 41. A rectangular parallelepiped main body case 17 having a dust collection chamber 36 is formed in the vicinity of the filter-like adsorbent 22. The filter-like adsorbent 22 is formed of a material that is easily negatively charged in a charging train, such as a material such as vinyl chloride, polyethylene, or polypropylene. In the present embodiment, the filter-like adsorbent 22 is formed with a pre-filter. Further, a static electricity generating means storage chamber 19 having an opening 18 is formed in the main body case 17, and the tip of the static electricity generating means storage chamber 19 is attached to the filter-like adsorbent 22 with a filter-like adsorption. A large number of small-diameter brush pieces 31 having a predetermined length and a small diameter made of a plastic material such as rayon or nylon, which is easily charged positively by a charge train, whose both ends are rotatably supported so as to contact the body 22 The dust moving body 122 formed in the is stored. The contact rotation state between the filter-like adsorption body 22 and the dust moving body 122 is referred to as static electricity generation means 132.

また、本体ケース17内には、先端部が傾斜した櫛状の塵埃剥離体155が塵埃移動体122に接触するよう設けられている。塵埃剥離体155は、塵埃移動体122より、帯電列でマイナス側に帯電し易い素材、例えばアルミニュームや鉄、あるいは塩化ビニールやポリエチレンあるいはポリプロピレン等のプラスチックで構成する。なお、塵埃剥離体155の前方には、塵埃移動体122に絡みついた塵埃を収納する塵埃収納室26が形成されている。なお、塵埃剥離体155は、多数の小径ブラシ片から構成しても良いものである。   In the main body case 17, a comb-like dust peeling body 155 having an inclined tip is provided so as to contact the dust moving body 122. The dust peeling body 155 is made of a material that is more easily charged to the negative side in the charging train than the dust moving body 122, such as aluminum, iron, or plastic such as vinyl chloride, polyethylene, or polypropylene. A dust storage chamber 26 that stores dust entangled with the dust moving body 122 is formed in front of the dust peeling body 155. The dust peeling body 155 may be composed of a large number of small diameter brush pieces.

本発明の他の実施例2は、以上のように構成されており、フィルター状吸着体22の清掃時において、フィルター状吸着体22を回転させ、フィルター状吸着体22にたいして、本体ケース17内の塵埃移動体122を回転接触させると、フィルター状吸着体22と塵埃移動体122は、接触状態で回転するので、フィルター状吸着体22はマイナスに、塵埃移動体122はプラスにそれぞれ帯電する。これにより、空気中の塵埃はファン24により発生する吸引風23により、フィルター状吸着体22の上流側の外表面に運ばれ、静電気により、フィルター状吸着体22の外表面に、静電吸着される。静電吸着された塵埃は、塵埃移動体122の回転力により、強制的に静電気発生手段収納室19内に移動させられる。多数の小径ブラシ片31間に付着した塵埃は、先端部が傾斜した櫛状の塵埃剥離体155により、強制移動あるいは、静電移動して、塵埃収納室26に落下収納される。また、浮遊している塵埃も、マイナスに帯電している塵埃剥離体155に静電吸着され、塵埃収納室26に収納される。なお、フィルター状吸着体22は、前記の如く、回転させる形態以外にも、往復移動させる構成や、フィルター状吸着体22にたいして、塵埃移動体122を相対的に移動させる形態等、適宜、設定できる。また、集塵室36は、本体ケース17から着脱自在にできるような構成も採用できる。   Another embodiment 2 of the present invention is configured as described above, and when the filter-like adsorbent 22 is cleaned, the filter-like adsorbent 22 is rotated so that the filter-like adsorbent 22 has the inside of the main body case 17. When the dust moving body 122 is brought into rotational contact, the filter-like adsorbing body 22 and the dust moving body 122 rotate in contact with each other, so that the filter-like adsorbing body 22 is negatively charged and the dust moving body 122 is positively charged. Thereby, dust in the air is carried to the outer surface on the upstream side of the filter-like adsorbent 22 by the suction air 23 generated by the fan 24, and is electrostatically adsorbed on the outer surface of the filter-like adsorbent 22 by static electricity. The The electrostatically attracted dust is forcibly moved into the static electricity generating means storage chamber 19 by the rotational force of the dust moving body 122. Dust adhering between a large number of small-diameter brush pieces 31 is forcibly moved or electrostatically moved by a comb-like dust peeling body 155 having inclined tip portions, and is dropped and stored in the dust storage chamber 26. The floating dust is also electrostatically attracted to the negatively charged dust peeling body 155 and stored in the dust storage chamber 26. As described above, the filter-like adsorber 22 can be appropriately set such as a configuration in which the filter-like adsorber 22 is reciprocated, a form in which the dust moving body 122 is moved relative to the filter-like adsorber 22, etc. . Further, the dust collection chamber 36 can be configured so as to be detachable from the main body case 17.

本発明は、走行車輪により静電気を発生させ、この静電気を利用して被清掃面上の塵埃を清掃するのでの清掃具として、広く好適に使用することができる。   INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY The present invention can be widely and suitably used as a cleaning tool for generating static electricity with a traveling wheel and cleaning the dust on the surface to be cleaned using the static electricity.

1、21 清掃具
2 取っ手
3 前車輪
4 後車輪
5 走行車輪
6、36 集塵室
7、17 本体ケース
8 吸込口
9、19 静電気発生手段収納室
10 回転吸着体
11、31 小径ブラシ片
12、121、122 塵埃移動体
13、131、132 静電気発生手段
14 伝達機構
15、155 塵埃剥離体
16、26 塵埃収納室
18 開口
22 フィルター状吸着体
23 吸引風
24 ファン
41 空気調和機
H 回転方向
Z 被清掃面
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1,21 Cleaning tool 2 Handle 3 Front wheel 4 Rear wheel 5 Traveling wheel 6, 36 Dust collection chamber 7, 17 Main body case 8 Suction port 9, 19 Static electricity generation means storage chamber 10 Rotating adsorber 11, 31 Small diameter brush piece 12, 121, 122 Dust moving body 13, 131, 132 Static electricity generating means 14 Transmission mechanism 15, 155 Dust separating body 16, 26 Dust storage chamber 18 Opening 22 Filter-like adsorbing body 23 Suction air 24 Fan 41 Air conditioner H Rotating direction Z Covered Cleaning surface

Claims (4)

下面に幅広の吸込口が設けられた静電気発生手段収納室と、被清掃面に回転自在に接触する走行車輪とを有する本体ケースに、前記静電気発生手段収納室内で、前記吸込口に対向し被清掃面に非接触となるよう回転自在に収納された円柱状の回転吸着体と、該回転吸着体にその外表面が接触するよう並列に収納された多数の小径ブラシ片が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体と、該塵埃移動体に当接する櫛状の塵埃剥離体を有する集塵室と、前記走行車輪の回転を前記回転吸着体乃至前記塵埃移動体をそれぞれ所定の回転数で回転させるギア等から成る伝達機構とを備え、前記回転吸着体と前記塵埃移動体は、その回転接触時において、回転吸着体はマイナス帯電素材、塵埃移動体はプラス帯電素材で、それぞれ構成したことを特徴とする清掃具。   A body case having a static electricity generating means storage chamber provided with a wide suction port on the lower surface and a traveling wheel that rotatably contacts the surface to be cleaned is opposed to the suction port in the static electricity generating means storage chamber. A cylindrical rotary adsorber that is rotatably accommodated so as to be non-contact with the cleaning surface, and a large number of small-diameter brush pieces that are accommodated in parallel so that the outer surface of the rotary adsorber is in contact with the rotary adsorber are radially formed. A dust moving body, a dust collection chamber having a comb-like dust peeling body that comes into contact with the dust moving body, and a gear for rotating the traveling wheel at a predetermined number of rotations of the rotating adsorption body or the dust moving body, respectively. And the rotation adsorber and the dust moving body are configured by a negatively charged material and a dust moving material, respectively, at the time of the rotation contact. Cleaning tool 塵埃剥離体は、塵埃移動体より帯電列でマイナス側に帯電し易い素材で構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の清掃具。   2. The cleaning tool according to claim 1, wherein the dust peeling body is made of a material that is more easily charged to the negative side in the charging train than the dust moving body. 塵埃移動体は、被清掃面に回転接触させたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至2記載の塵埃除去手段を備えた清掃具。   3. A cleaning tool provided with dust removing means according to claim 1, wherein the dust moving body is brought into rotational contact with the surface to be cleaned. 幅広の開口が設けられた静電気発生手段収納室と、多数の小径ブラシ片が放射状に形成された塵埃移動体と、前記塵埃移動体に当接する櫛状の塵埃剥離体を有する集塵室とを備えた本体ケース、及び前記開口に対向し前記塵埃移動体にその外表面が接触するよう装着されたフィルター状吸着体を備え、前記フィルター状吸着体と前記塵埃移動体は、その回転接触時において、フィルター状吸着体はマイナス帯電素材、塵埃移動体はプラス帯電素材で、それぞれ構成したことを特徴とする清掃具。   A static electricity generating means storage chamber provided with a wide opening, a dust moving body in which a large number of small-diameter brush pieces are radially formed, and a dust collecting chamber having a comb-like dust peeling body that contacts the dust moving body. A main body case, and a filter-like adsorbent mounted so that the outer surface of the main body case is opposed to the dust moving body, and the filter-like adsorbing body and the dust moving body are in contact with each other when rotating. A cleaning tool comprising a filter-like adsorbent body made of a negatively charged material and a dust moving body made of a positively charged material.
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